Until chapter 4 only.

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Until chapter 4 only.

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1. Base Quantities- Quantities that cannot be defined in terms of other base quantities

2. Derived Quantities- Quantities that are obtained by combining base quantities

3. Scalar Quantities- Quantities that have only magnitude

4. Vector Quantities- Quantities that have both magnitude and direction

5. Consistency- Ability of an instrument to register same reading when a measurement is

repeated

6. Accuracy- Degree of how close a measurement is to the actual value

7. Sensitivity- Ability of an instrument to detect a small change in the quantity measured

Chapter 2: Forces and Motion

1. Speed- Rate of change of distance

2. Velocity- Rate of change of displacement

3. Acceleration- Rate of change of of velocity

4. Deceleration- Rate of decrease in velocity

5. Inertia- Tendency of an object to remain at rest or continue moving

6. Newton's First Law- Inertia

7. Linear Momentum- Product of mass and velocity

8. Principle of Conservation of Momentum- Total momentum of a system remains unchanged if

no external force acts on the system

9. Force- Anything that changes the state of rest or motion of an object moving in a straight line

10. Newton's 2nd Law- Acceleration, a, is directly proportional to the net force acting on it, F,

and inversely proportional to its mass, m

11. Impulse- Change in momentum

12. Impulsive force- Rate of change of momentum

13. Gravitational Force- Pulled force towards centre of earth

14. Free fall- Object falling under the force of gravity only

15. Gravitational Acceleration- Acceleration of falling object due to gravity

16. Gravitational Field- Region around the earth in which an object experience gravitational

attraction

17. Resultant Force- Single force that represents the combined effect of two or more forces

18. Unbalanced Force- Produce an acceleration to the object

19 Forces in Equilibrium- When resulting force acting on the object is zero

20. Newton's 3rd Law- To every action, there is an equal but opposite direction

21. Work- Product of force, F, and its displacement, s, in the direction of applied force

22. Energy- Ability to do work

23. Gravitational Potential Energy- Energy stored in object due to its position in a force field

24. Kinetic Energy- Energy possessed by an object due to its motion

25.

26. Power- Amount of work done per second

27. Efficiency- Percentage of the energy input that is transferred into useful energy

28. Elasticity- Ability to return to its original shape after external force is removed

29. Elastic Limit- Maximum force that can be applied to a spring such that the spring will be able

to restored to its original length when the force is removed

30. Hooke's Law- Extension of a spring is directly proportional to the applied force

31. Spring Constant- Force that is required to produce one unit extension of the spring

32. Elastic Potential Energy- Energy stored in a spring when it is extended or compressed

Chapter 3: Force and Pressure

1. Pressure- Force acted on a unit of surface area

2. Atmospheric Pressure- Weight of the air on the Earth's surface

3. Gas Pressure- Force exerted by gas molecules as they collide with the walls of their container

4. Pascal's Principle- When pressure is applied to an enclosed fluid, pressure will be transmitted

equally throughout the whole enclosed fluid

5. Buoyant Force- Upward force resulting from an object being wholly or partially immersed in a

fluid

6. Archimedes' Principle- When an object is immersed in a fluid, buoyant force on the object is

equal to the weight of fluid displaced by the object

7. Bernoulli's Principle- Pressure of a moving liquid decreases as the speed of the fluid increases

Chapter 4: Heat

1. Temperature- Degree of hotness of an object

2. Heat- Energy transferred from hot to cold object

3. Thermal equilibrium- Rates of heat transfer between two objects is equal

4. Thermometric Property- Subtance which is sensitive and varies linearly with changes in

temperature of the material

5. Ice Point- Temperature of pure melting ice

6. Steam Point- Temperature of water steam that is boiling under standard atmospheric pressure

7. Heat Capacity- Amount of heat that must be supplied to increase its temperature by 1*C

8. Specific Heat Capacity- Amount of heat required to to increase temperature by 1*C for 1 kg

mass of subtance

9. Latent Heat- Heat absorbed or released at a constant temperature during change of phase

10. Specific Latent Heat of Fusion- Amount of heat required to change the phase of 1kg of a

substance from solid to liquid

11. Specific Latent Heat of Vaporisation- Heat required to change phase of 1kg of a substance

from liquid to gas

12. Specific Latent Heat- Heat required to change phase of 1kg of a substance

13. Boyle's Law- Pressure is inversely proportional to its volume when temperature is kept

constant

14. Charles' Law- Volume of gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature when its

pressure is kept constant

15. Pressure Law- Pressure of gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature when

volume is kept constant

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