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LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS (LET

)
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION REVIEWER [SET 2 -
PART 1]

LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS (LET)
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION REVIEWER
[SET 2 - PART 1]

1. Which assumption underlies the teacher's use of performance objectives?

A. Not every form of learning is observable.
B. Performance objectives assure the learrier of learning.
C. Learning is defined as a change in the learner's observable performance.
D. The success of learner is based on teacher performance.

2. In the parlance of test construction what does TOS mean?

A. Table of Specifics
B. Table of Specifications
C. Table of Specific Test Items
D. Team of Specifications

3. A student passes a research report poorly written but ornately presented in a folder to make up for the poor
quality of the book report content. Which Filipino trait does this practice prove? Emphasis on __________.

A. art over academics
B. substance overporma
C. art over science
D. pormaover substance

4. In a criterion-referenced testing, what must you do to ensure that your test is fair?

A. Make all of the questions true or false.
B. Ask each student to contribute one question.
C. Make twenty questions but ask the students to answer only ten of their choice.
D. Use the objectives for the units as guide in your test construction.

5. Which does Noam Chomsky, assert about language learning for children?
I. Young children learn and apply grammatical rules and vocabulary as they are exposed to them.
II. Begin formal teaching of grammatical rules to children as early as possible.
III. Do not require initial formal language teaching for children.

A. I and III
B. II only
C. I only
D. I and II

6. Which Filipino trait works against the shift in teacher's role from teacher as a fountain of information to
teacher as facilitator?

A. Authoritativeness
B. Authoritarianism
C. Hiya
D. Pakikisama

7. If a teacher plans a constructivist lesson, what will he most likely do? Plan how he can

A. do evaluate his students' work
B. do reciprocal teaching
C. lecture to his students
D. engage his students in convergent thinking

8. Who among the following needs less verbal counseling but needs more concrete and operational forms of
assistance? The child who __________.

A. has mental retardation
B. has attention-deficit disorder
C. has learning disability
D. has conduct disorder

9. How would you select the most fit in government positions? Applying Confucius teachings, which would be
the answer?

A. By course accreditation of an accrediting body
B. By merit system and course accreditation
C. By merit system
D. By government examinations

10. Which types of play is most characteristic of a four to six-year old child?
A. Solitary and onlooker plays
B. Associative and coooperative plays
C. Associative and onlooker plays
D. Cooperative and solitary plays

11. A teacher's summary of a lesson serves the following functions, EXCEPT

A. it links the parts of the lesson
B. lt brings together the information that has been discussed
C. it makes provisions for full participation of students.
D. it clinches the basic ideas or concepts of the lesson.

12. All of the following describe the development of children aged eleven to thirteen EXCEPT __________.

A. they shift from impulsivity to adaptive ability
B. sex differences in IQ becomes more evident
C. they exhibit increase objectivity in thinking
D. they show abstract thinking and judgement

13. Teacher T taught a lesson denoting ownership by means of possessives. He first introduced the rule, then
gave examples, followed by class exercises, then back to the rule before he moved into the second rule. Which
presenting technique did he use?

A. Combinatorial
B. Comparative
C. Part-whole
D. Sequence

14. "In the light of the facts presented, what is most likely to happen when ... ?" is a sample thought question on

A. inferring
B. generalizing
C. synthesizing
D. justifying

15. Teacher E discussed how electricity flows through wires and what generates the electric charge. Then she
gave the students wires, bulbs, switches, and dry cells and told the class to create a circuit that will increase the
brightness of each bulb. Which one best describes the approach used?

A. It used a taxonomy of basic thinking skills
B. It was contructivist
C. It helped students understand scientific methodolgy
D. It used cooperative learning

16. Teacher B uses the direct instruction strategy. Which sequence of steps will she follow?
I. Independent practice
II. Feedback and correctiveness
III. Guided student practice
IV. Presenting and structuring
V. Reviewing the previous day's work

A. V-II-IV-III-I
B. III-II-IV-I-V
C. V-lV-III-II-I
D. I-V-II-III-IV

17. Which are direct measures of competence?

A. Personality tests
B. Performance tests
C. Paper-and-pencil tests
D. Standardized test

18. Under which program were students who were not accommodated in public elementary and secondary
schools because of lack of classroom, teachers, and instructional materials, were enrolled in private schools in
their respective communities at the government's expense?

A. Government Assistance Program
B. Study Now-Pay Later
C. Educational Service Contract System
D. National Scholarship Program

19. Which activity should a teacher have more for his students if he wants them to develop logical-
mathematical thinking?

A. Problem solving
B. Choral reading
C. Drama
D. Storytelling

20. An effective classroom manager uses low-profile classroom control. Which is a low-profile classroom
technique?

A. Note to parents
B. After-school detention
C. Withdrawal of privileges
D. Raising the pitch of the voice

21. Your teacher is of the opinion that the world and everything in it are ever changing and so teaches you the
skill to cope with change. What is his governing philosophy?

A. Idealism
B. Existentalism
C. Experimentalism
D. Realism

22. To come closer to the truth we need togo back to the things themselves.This is the advice of the
A. behaviorists
B. phenomenologists
C. idealists
D. pragmatists

23. Test norms are established in order to have a basis for __________.

A. establishing learning goals
B. interpreting test results
C. computing grades
D. identifying pupils' difficulties

24. A stitch on time saves nine, so goes the adage.. Applied to classroom management, this means that we
__________

A. may not occupy ourselves with disruptions which are worth ignoring because they are minor
B. must be reactive in our approach to discipline
C. have to Jesolve minor disruptions before they are out of control
D. may apply 9 rules out of 10 consistently

25. Which criterion should guide a teacher in the choice of instructional devices?

A. Attractiveness
B. Cost
C. Novelty
D. Appropriateness
LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS (LET)
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION REVIEWER
[SET 2 - PART 2]

26. Based on Piaget's theory, what should a teacher provide for children in the sensimotor stage?

A. Games and other physical activities to develop motor skill.
B. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and ordering.
C. Activities for hypothesis formulation.
D. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with.

27. Who among the following puts more emphasis on core requirements, longer school day, longer academic
year and more challenging textbooks?

A. Perennialist
B. Essentialist
C. Progressivist
D. Existentialist

28. The search for related literature by accessing several databases by the use of a telephone line to connect a
computer library with other computers that have database is termed __________.

A. compact disc search
B. manual search
C. on-line search
D. computer search

29. With synthesizing skills in mind, which has the highest diagnostic value?

A. Essay test
B. Performance test
C. Completion test
D. Multiple choice test

30. Based on Piaget's theory, what should a teacher provide for children in the concrete operational stage?

A. Activities for hypothesis formulation.
B. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and ordering.
C. Games and other physical activities to develop motor skills.
D. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with.

31. Read the following then answer the question:
TEACHER: IN WHAT WAYS OTHER THAN THE PERIODIC TABLE MIGHT WE PREDICT THE
UNDISCOVERED ELEMENTS?
BOBBY: WE COULD GO TOTHE MOON AND SEE IF THERE ARE SOME ELEMENTS THERE WE DON'T
HAVE.
BETTY: WE COULD DIG DOWN TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH AND SEE IF WE FIND ANY OF THE
MISSING ELEMENTS.
RICKY: WE COULD STUDY DEBRIS FROM THE METEORITES IF WE CAN FIND ANY.
TEACHER: THOSE ARE ALL GOOD ANSWERS BUT WHAT IF THOSE, EXCURSIONS TO THE MOON, TO
THE CENTER OF THE EARTH, OR TO FIND METEORITES WERE TOO COSTLY AND TIME CONSUMING?
HOW MIGHT WE USE THE ELEMENTS WE ALREADY HAVE HERE ON EARTH TO FIND SOME NEW
ONES?
Question: Which questioning strategy/ies does/do the exchange of thoughts above illustrate?

A. Funneling
B. Sowing and reaping
C. Nose-dive
D. Extending and lifting

32. Which is NOT a sound purpose for asking questions?

A. To probe deeper after an answer is given.
B. To discipline a bully in class.
C. To remind students of a procedure.
D. To encourage self-reflection.

33. The main purpose of compulsory study of the Constitution is to __________

A. develop students into responsible, thinking citizens
B. acquaint students with the historical development of the Philippine Constitution
C. make constitutional experts of the students
D. prepare students for law-making

34. A child who gets punished for stealing candy may not steal again immediately. But this does not mean that
the child may not steal again. Based on Thorndike's theory on punishment and learning, this shows that
__________

A. punishment strengthens a response
B. punishment removes a response
C. punishment does not remove a response
D. punishment weakens a response

35. As a teacher, you are a reconstructionist. Which among these will be your guiding principle?

A. I must teach the child every knowledge, skill, and value that he needs for a better future.
B. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full.
C. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven.
D. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of anything.

36. How can you exhibit expert power on the first day of school?

A. By making them feel you know what you are talking about.
B. By making them realize the importance of good grades.
C. By reminding them your students your authority over them again and again.
D. By giving your students a sense of belonging and acceptance.

37. A sixth grade twelve-year old boy comes from a dysfunctional family and has been abused and neglected.
He has been to two orphanages and three different elementary schools. The student can decode on the second
grade level, but he can comprehend orally material at the fourth or fifth grade level. The most probable cause/s
of this student's reading problem is/are __________.

A. emotional factors
B. poor teaching
C. neurological factors
D. immaturity

38. Teacher Q does not want Teacher B to be promoted and so writes an anonymous letter against Teacher B
accusing her of fabricated lies Teacher Q mails this anonymous letter to the Schools Division Superintendent.
What should Teacher Q do if she has to act professionally?

A. Submit a signed justifiable criticism against Teacher B, if there is any.
B. Go straight to the Schools Division Superintendent and gives criticism verbally.
C. Hire a group to distribute poison letters against Teacher B for information dissemination.
D. Instigate student activists to read poison letters over the microphone.

39. In self-directed learning, to what extent should a teacher's scaffolding be?

A. To a degree the student needs it.
B. None, to force the student to learn by himself.
C. To the minimum, to speed up development of student's sense of independence.
D. To the maximum, in order to extend to the student all the help he needs.

40. If your Licensure Examination Test (LET) items sample adequately the competencies listed in the syllabi, it
can be said that the LET possesses __________ validity.

A. concurrent
B. construct
C. content
D. predictive

41. Which guideline must be observed in the use of prompting to shape the correct performance of your
students?

A. Use the least intrusive prompt first.
B. Use all prompts available.
C. Use the most intrusive prompt first.
D. Refrain from using prompts.

42. It is not wise to laugh at a two-year old child when he utters bad word because in his stage he is learning to
__________.

A. consider other's views
B. distinguish sex differences
C. socialize
D. distinguish right from wrong

43. In a treatment for alcoholism, Ramil was made to drink an alcoholic beverage and then made to ingest a
drug that produces nausea. Eventually, he was nauseated at the sight and smell of alcohol and stopped drinking
alcohoL Which theory explains this?

A. Operant conditioning
B. Social Learning Theory
C. Associative Learning
D. Attribution Theory

44. Which is a true foundation of the social order?

A. Obedient citizenry
B. The reciprocation of rights and duties
C. Strong political leadership
D. Equitable distribution of wealth

45. As a teacher, what do you do when you engage yourself in major task analysis?
A. Test if learning reached higher level thinking skills.
B. Breakdown a complex task into sub-skills.
C. Determine the level of thinking involved.
D. Revise lesson objectives.

46. In instructional planning it is necessary that the parts of the plan from the first to the last have
__________.

A. clarity
B. symmetry
C. coherence
D. conciseness

47. In a study conducted, the pupils were asked which nationality they preferred, if given a choice. Majority of
the pupils wanted to be Americans. In this case, in which obligation relative to the state, do schools seem to be
failing? In their obligation to __________.

A. respect for all duly constituted authorities
B. promote national pride
C. promote obedience to the laws of the state
D. instill allegiance to the Constitution

48. The best way for a guidance counselor to begin to develop study skills and habits in underachieving student
would be to __________.
A. have these underachieving students observe the study habits of excelling students
B. encourage students to talk about study habits from their own experiences
C. have them view film strips about various study approaches
D. give out a list of effective study approaches

49. What is most likely to happen to our economy when export continuously surpasses importis a thought
question on __________.

A. creating
B. relating cause-and-effect
C. synthesizing
D. predicting

50. Direct instruction is for facts, rules, and actions as indirect instruction is for __________, __________,
__________.
A. hypotheses, verified data and conclusions
B. concepts, patterns and abstractions
C. concepts, processes and generalizations
D. guesses, data and conclusions

LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS (LET)
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION REVIEWER
[SET 2 - PART 3]


51. Why should a teacher NOT use direct instruction all the time?
A. It requires much time.
B. It requires use of many supplementary materials.
C. It is generally effective only in the teaching of concepts and abstractions.
D. It reduces students engagement in learning.

52. The principle of individual differences requires teachers to __________.
A. give greater attention to gifted learners
B. provide for a variety of learning activities
C. treat all learners alike while in the classroom
D. prepare modules for slow learners in class

53. Which questioning practice promotes more class interaction?

A. Asking the question before calling on a student.
B. Focusing on divergent question
C. Focusing on convergent questions.
D. Asking rhetorical questions.

54. Teacher F wanted to teach the pupils the skill to do cross stitching. Her check up quiz was a written test on
the steps of cross stitching. Which characteristic of a good test does it lack?

A. Scorability
B. Reliability
C. Objectivity
D. Validity

55. The attention to the development of a deep respect and affection for our rich cultural past is an influence of
__________.

A. Confucius
B. Hegel
C. Teilhard de Chardin
D. Dewey

56. How can you exhibit legitimate power on the first day of school?

A. By making your students feel they are accepted for who they are.
B. By informing them you are allowed to act in loco parentis.
C. By making them realize the importance of good grades.
D. By making them feel you have mastery of subject matter.

57. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following results, then answer the question.
Subject Mean SD Ronnels's Score
Math 56 10 43
Physics 41 9 31
English 80 16 109
In which subject(s) did Ronnel perform most poorly in relation to the group's performance?

A. English
B. English and Math
C. Math
D. Physics

58. Which holds true to standardized tests?
A. They are used for comparative purposes
B. They are administered differently
C. They are scored according to different standards
D. They are used for assigning grades

59. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following results, then answer the question.
Subject Mean SD Ronnels's Score
Math 56 10 43
Physics 41 9 31
English 80 16 109
In which subject(s) were the scores most homogenous?

A. Math
B. English
C. Physics
D. Physics and Math

60. What can be said of Peter who obtained a score of 75 in a Grammar objective test?

A. He answered 75 items in the test correctly.
B. He answered 75% of the test items correctly.
C. His rating is 75.
D. He performed better than 5% of his classmates.

61. Quiz is to formative test while periodic is to __________

A. criterion-reference test
B. summative test
C. norm-reference test
D. diagnostic test

62. Which applies when skewness is zero?

A. Mean is greater than the median
B. Median is greater than mean
C. Scores have three modes
D. Scores are normally distributed

63. Value clarification as a strategy in Values Education classes is anchored on which philosophy?

A. Existentialism
B. Christian philosophy
C. Idealism
D. Hedonism

64. Out of 3 distracters in a multiple choice test item, namely B, C, and D, no pupil chose D as answer. This
implies that D is __________

A. an ineffective distracter
B. a vague distracter
C. an effective distracter
D. a plausible distracter

65. All men are pretty much alike. It is only by custom that they are set apart, said one Oriental philosopher.
Where can this thought be most inspiring?

A. In a multi-cultural group of learners
B. In multi-cultural and heterogeneous groups of learners and indigenous peoples' group
C. In a class composed of indigenous peoples
D. In heterogeneous class of learners

66. Which group of philosophers maintain thattruth exists in an objective order that is independent of the
knower?

A. Idealists
B. Pragmatists
C. Existentialists
D. Realists

67. Each teacher is said to be a trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation and is, under
obligation to transmit to learners such heritage. Which practice makes him fulfill such obligation?

A. Use the latest instructional technology.
B. Observe continuing professional education.
C. Use interactive teaching strategies.
D. Study the life of Filipino heroes.

68. Teacher B engages her students with information for thorough understanding for meaning and for
competent application. Which principle governs Teacher B's practice?

A. Contructivist
B. Gestalt
C. Behaviorist
D. Cognitivist

69. In which competency do my students find the greatest difficulty? In the item with a difficulty index of
__________.

A. 0.1
B. 0.9
C. 0.5
D. 1.0

70. Rights and duties are correlative. This means that __________.
A. rights and duties regulate the relationship of men in society
B. rights and duties arise from natural law
C. each right carries with it one or several corresponding duties
D. rights and duties ultimately come from God


71. Which describes norm-referenced grading?

A. The performance of the group
B. What constitutes a perfect score
C. The students' past performance
D. An absolute standard

72. Teacher U teaches to his pupils that pleasure is not the highest good. Teacher's teaching is against what
philosophy?

A. Realism
B. Hedonism
C. Epicureanism
D. Empiricism

73. Standard deviation is to variability as mode to __________.

A. level of difficulty
B. discrimination
C. correlation
D. central tendency

74. Which test has broad sampling of topics as strength?

A. Objective test
B. Short answer test
C. Essay test
D. Problem type

75. I combined several subject areas in order to focus on a single concept for inter-disciplinary teaching. Which
strategy/method did I use?

A. Problem-entered learning
B. Thematic instruction
C. Reading-writing activity
D. Unit method

LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS (LET)
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION REVIEWER
[SET 2 - PART 4]

76. Which teaching activity is founded on Bandura's Social Learning Theory?

A. Lecturing
B. Modeling
C. Questioning
D. Inductive Reasoning

77. For which may you use the direct instruction method?

A. Become aware of the pollutants around us.
B. Appreciate Milton's Paradise Lost.
C. Use a microscope properly.

78. We encounter people whose prayer goes like this: "O God, if there is a God; save my soul, if I have a soul"
From whom is this prayer?

A. Stoic
B. Empiricist
C. Agnostic
D. Skeptic

79. What measure of central tendency does the number 16 represent in the following data: 14, 15, 17, 16, 19, 20,
16, 14, 16?

A. Mode
B. Median
C. Mode and median
D. Mean

80. Availment of the Philippine Education Placement Test (PEPT) for adults and out-of-school youths is in
support of the goverriment'S educational program towards __________.

A. equitable access
B. quality
C. quality and relevance
D. relevance

81. Which one can best evaluate students' attitudinal development?

A. Essay test
B. Portfolio
C. Observation
D. Short answer test

82. Which is a form of direct instruction?

A. Discovery process
B. Problem solving
C. Programmed instruction
D. Inductive reasoning

83. History books used in schools are replete with events portraying defeats and weaknesses of the Filipino as a
people. How should you tackle them in the classroom?

A. Present them and express your feelings of shame.
B. Present facts and use them as means in inspiring your class to learn from them.
C. Present them and blame those people responsible or those who have contributed.
D. Present them as they are presented,and tell the class to accept reality.

84. Standard deviation is to variability as mean is to __________.

A. coefficient of correlation
B. central tendency
C. discrimination index
D. level of difficulty

85. A mother gives his boy his favorite snack everytime the boy cleans up his room. Afterwards, the boy cleaned
his room everyday in anticipation of the snack. Which theory is illustrated?

A. Associative Learning
B. Classical Conditioning
C. Operant Conditioning
D. Pavlonian Conditioning

86. Bruner's theory on intellectual development moves from enactive to iconic and symbolic stages. In which
stage(s) are diagrams helpful to accompany verbal information?

A. Enactive and iconic
B. Symbolic
C. Symbolic and enactive
D. Iconic

87. Teacher A discovered that his pupils are very good in dramatizing. Which tool must have helped him
discover his pupils' strength?

A. Portfolio assessment
B. Performance test
C. Journal entry
D. Paper-and-pencil test

88. Which one can enhance the comparability of grades?

A. Using common conversion table for translating test scores in to ratings
B. Formulating tests that vary from one teacher to another
C. Allowing individual teachers to determine factors for rating
D. Individual teachers giving weights to factors considered for rating

89. In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers, which is NOT said of teachers?

A. LET passers
B. Duly licensed professionals
C. Possess dignity and reputation
D. With high-moral values as well as technical and professional competence

90. Which is the first step in planning an achievement test?

A. Define the instructional objective.
B. Decide on the length of the test.
C. Select the type of test items to use.
D. Build a table of specification.

91. A teacher who equates authority with power does NOT __________.

A. shame
B. develop self-respect in every pupil
C. retaliate
D. intimidate

92. Which is a major advantage of a curriculum-based assessment?

A. It is informal in nature.
B. It connects testing with teaching.
C. It tends to focus on anecdotal information on student progress.
D. It is based on a norm-referenced measurement model.

93. Which does NOT belong to the group of alternative learning systems?

A. Multi-grade grouping
B. Multi-age grouping
C. Graded education
D. Non-graded grouping

94. Theft of school equipment like tv, computer, etc. by teenagers in the community itself is becoming a
common phenomenon. What does this incident signify?

A. Prevalence of poverty in the community.
B. Inability of school to hire security guards.
C. Deprivation of Filipino schools.
D. Community's lack of sense of co-ownership.

95. Which can effectively measure students' awareness of values?
A. Projective techniques
B. Moral dilemma
C. Likert scales
D. Anecdotal record

96. Based on Edgar Dale's Cone of Experience, which activity is closest to the real thing?

A. View images
B. Attend exhibit
C. Watch a demo
D. Hear

97. Teacher B is a teacher of English as a Second Language. She uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-the-blank
sentences, dictation and writing exercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this
information, which of the following is a valid conclusion?

A. The teacher is reinforcing learning by giving the same information in, a variety of methods.
B. The teacher is applying Bloom's hierachy of cognitive learning.
C. The teacher wants to do less talk.
D. The teacher is emphasizing listening and speaking skills.

98. Helping in the development of graduates who aremaka-Diyosis an influence of

A. naturalistic morality
B. classical Christian morality
C. situational morality
D. dialectical morality

99. From whom do we owe the theory of deductive interference as illustrated in syllogisms?
A. Plato
B. Scorates
C. Aristotle
D. Pythagoras

100. Studies in the areas of neurosciences disclosed that the human brain has limitless capacity. What does this
imply?

A. Some pupils are admittedly not capable of learning.
B. Every pupil has his own native ability and his learning is limited to this nativeabilty.
C. Every child is a potential genius.
D. Pupils can possibly reach a point where they have learned everything

LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS (LET)
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION REVIEWER
[SET 1 - PART 1]

1. Which is one role of play in the pre-school and early childhood years?

A. Develops competitive spirit.
B. Separates reality from fantasy.
C. Increases imagination due to expanding knowledge and emotional range.
D. Develops the upper and lower limbs.

2. Student Z does not study at all but when the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) comes, before he
takes the LET, he spends one hour or more praying for a miracle, i.e. to pass the exam. Which attitude towards
religion or God is displayed?

A. Religion as fake
B. Religion as magic
C. Religion as authentic
D. Religion as real

3. As a teacher, you are a rationalist. Which among these will be your guiding principle?

A. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of anything.
B. I must teAch the child to develop his mental powers to the full.
C. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven.
D. I must teach the child every knowledge, skill, and value that he needs for a better future.

4. All men are pretty much alike. It is only by custom that they are set apart, said one Oriental philosopher.
Where can this thought be most inspiring?

A. In a multi-cultural group of learners
B. In multi-cultural and heterogeneous groups of learners and indigenous peoples' group
C. In a class composed of indigenous peoples
D. In heterogeneous class of learners

5. Teacher A discovered that his pupils are very good in dramatizing. Which tool must have helped him
discover his pupils' strength?

A. Portfolio assessment
B. Performance test
C. Journal entry
D. Paper-and-pencil test

6. NSAT and NEAT results are interpreted against set mastery level. This means that NSAT and NEAT fall
under __________.

A. intelligence test
B. aptitude test
C. criterion-referenced test

D. norm-referenced test

7. In a social studies class, Teacher I presents a morally ambiguous situation and asks his students what they
would do. On whose theory is Teacher I's technique based?

A. Kohlberg
B. Bandura
C. Piaget
D. Bruner

8. Which is a sound classroom management practice?

A. Avoid establishing routines
B. Establish routines for all daily needs and tasks.
C. Apply rules and policies on a case to case basis.
D. Apply reactive approach to discipline.

9. A sixth grade twelve-year old boy comes from a dysfunctional family and has been abused and neglected. He
has been to two orphanages and three different elementary schools. The student can decode on the second
grade level, but he can comprehend orally material at the fourth or fifth grade level. The most probable cause/s
of this student's reading problem is/are __________.

A. emotional factors
B. poor teaching
C. neurological factors
D. immaturity

10. Teacher U teaches to his pupils that pleasure is not the highest good. Teacher's teaching is against what
philosophy?

A. Realism
B. Hedonism
C. Epicureanism
D. Empiricism

11. With which goals of educational institutions as provided for by the Constitution is the development of work
skills aligned?

A. To develop moral character
B. To teach the duties of citizenship
C. To inculcate love of country
D. To develop vocational efficiency

12. Direct instruction is for facts, rules, and actions as indirect instruction is for __________, __________,
__________.

A. hypotheses, verified data and conclusions
B. concepts, patterns and abstractions
C. concepts, processes and generalizations
D. guesses, data and conclusions


13. To elicit more student's response, Teacher G made use of covert responses. Which one did she NOT do?

A. She had the students write their response privately.
B. She showed the correct answers on the overhead after the students have written their
responses.
C. She had the students write their responses privately then called each of them.
D. She refrained from judging on the student's responses.

14. What should you do if a parent who is concerned about a grade his child received compared to another
student's grade, demands to see both students' grades?

A. Refuse to show either record.
B. Show both records to him.
C. Refuse to show any record without expressing permission from principal.
D. Show only his child's records.

15. John Watson said:Men are built not born.What does this statement point to?

A. The ineffectiveness of training on a person's development.
B. The effect of environmental stimulation on a person's development.
C. The absence of genetic influence on a person's development
D. The effect of heredity.

16. A guest speaker in one graduation rites told his audience: "Reminder, you are what you choose to be." The
guest speaker is more of a/an __________.

A. realistic
B. pragmatist
C. idealist
D. existentialist

17. The best way for a guidance counselor to begin to develop study skills and habits in underachieving student
would be to __________.

A. have these underachieving students observe the study habits of excelling students
B. encourage students to talk about study habits from their own experiences
C. have them view film strips about various study approaches
D. give out a list of effective study approaches

18. Principal C shares this thought with his teachers:Subject matter should help students understand and
appreciate themselves as unique individuals who accept complete responsibility for their thoughts, feelings,
and actions.From which philosophy is this thought based?

A. Perennialism
B. Essentialism
C. Existentialism
D. Progressivism

19. The search for related literature by accessing several databases by the use of a telephone line to connect a
computer library with other computers that have database is termed __________.

A. compact disc search
B. manual search
C. on-line search
D. computer search

20. Teacher W wants to review and check on the lesson of the previous day? Which one will be most reliable?

A. Having students identify difficult homework problems.
B. Having students correct each other's work.
C. Sampling the understanding of a few students.
D. Explicitly reviewing the task-relevant information necessary for the day's lesson.

21. During the Spanish period, what was/were the medium/media of instruction in schools?

A. The Vernacular
B. English
C. Spanish
D. Spanish and the Vernacular

22. With indirect instruction in mind, which does NOT belong to the group?

A. Problem solving
B. Lecture-recitation
C. Inductive reasoning
D. Discovery

23. I combined several subject areas in order to focus on a single concept for inter-disciplinary teaching. Which
strategy/method did I use?

A. Problem-entered learning
B. Thematic instruction
C. Reading-writing activity
D. Unit method

24. Read the following then answer the question
TEACHER: IN WHAT WAYS OTHER THAN THE PERIODIC TABLE MIGHT WE PREDICT THE
UNDISCOVERED ELEMENTS?
BOBBY: WE COULD GOTO THE MOON AND SEE IF THERE ARE SOME ELEMENTS THERE WE DON'T
HAVE.
BETTY: WE COULD DIG DOWN INTO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH AND SEE IF WE FIND ANY OF THE
MISSING ELEMENTS.
RICKY: WE COULD STUDY DEBRIS FROM THE METEORITES IF WE CAN FIND ANY.
TEACHER: THOSE ARE ALL GOOD ANSWERS. BUT WHAT IF THOSE EXCURSIONS TO THE MOON, TO
THE CENTER OF THE EARTH, OR TO FIND METEORITES WERE TOO COSTLY AND TIME CONSUMING?
HOW MIGHT WE USE THE ELEMENTS WE ALREADY HAVE HERE ON EARTH TO FIND SOME NEW
ONES?

Question: The Teacher's questions in the above exchange are examples of __________ questions.
A. fact
B. concept
C. direct
D. closed

25. In his second item analysis, Teacher H found out that more from the lower group got the test item # 6
correctly. This means that the test item __________.

A. has a negative discriminating power
B. has a lower validity
C. has a positive discriminating power
D. has a high reability

LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS (LET)
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION REVIEWER
[SET 1 - PART 2]


26. For maximum interaction, a teacher ought to avoid __________ questions.

A. informational
B. rhetorical
C. leading
D. divergent

27. The teacher's first task in the selection of media in teaching is to determine the ______.

A. choice of the students
B. availability of the media
C. objectives of the lesson
D. technique to be used

28. Principal B tells her teachers that training in the humanities is most important. To which educational
philosophy does he adhere?

A. Existentialism
B. Perennialism
C. Progressivism
D. Essentialism

29. Who among the following needs less verbal counseling but needs more concrete and operational forms of
assistance? The child who __________.

A. has mental retardation
B. has attention-deficit disorder
C. has learning disability
D. has conduct disorder

30. After giving an input on a good paragraph, Teacher W asks her students to rate a given paragraph along the
elements of a good paragraph. The students' task is in level of __________

A. application
B. analysis
C. evaluation
D. synthesis

31. In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers, which is NOT said of teachers?

A. LET passers
B. Duly licensed professionals
C. Possess dignity and reputation
D. With high-moral values as well as technical and professional competence

32. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following results, then answer the question.
Subject Mean SD Ronnels's Score
Math 56 10 43
Physics 41 9 31
English 80 16 109
In which subject(s) did Ronnel perform most poorly in relation to the group's performance?

A. English
B. English and Math
C. Math
D. Physics

33. Teacher G's lesson objective has something to do with the skill of synthesizing? Which behavioral term is
most appropriate?

A. Test
B. Assess
C. Appraise
D. Theorize

34. Standard deviation is to variability as mean is to __________.

A. coefficient of correlation
B. central tendency
C. discrimination index
D. level of difficulty

35. If you agree with Rizal on how you can contribute to our nation's redemption, which should you work for?

A. Opening our doors to foreign influence
B. Upgrading the quality of the Filipino through education
C. Stabilizing the political situation
D. Gaining economic recovery

36. Teacher T taught a lesson denoting ownership by means of possessives. He first introduced the rule, then
gave examples, followed by class exercises, then back to the rule before he moved into the second rule. Which
presenting technique did he use?

A. Combinatorial
B. Comparative
C. Part-whole
D. Sequence

37. Theft of school equipment like tv, computer, etc. by teenagers in the community itself is becoming a
common phenomenon. What does this incident signify?
A. Prevalence of poverty in the community.
B. Inability of school to hire security guards.
C. Deprivation of Filipino schools.
D. Community's lack of sense of co-ownership.

38. As a teacher, what do you do when you engage yourself in major task analysis?

A. Test if learning reached higher level thinking skills.
B. Breakdown a complex task into sub-skills.
C. Determine the level of thinking involved.
D. Revise lesson objectives.

39. With-it-ness, according to Kounin, is one of the characterestics of an effective classroom manager. Which
phrase goes with it?

A. Have hands that write fast.
B. Have eyes on the back of your heads.
C. Have a mouth ready to speak.
D. Have minds packed with knowledge.

40. Ruben is very attached to his mother and Ruth to her father. In what developmental stage are they
according to Freudian psychological theory?

A. Oedipal stage
B. Latent stage
C. Anal stage
D. Pre-genital stage

41. Teacher Y does norm-referenced interpretation of scores. Which of the following does she do?

A. She describes group performance in relation to a level of mastery set.
B. She uses a specified content as its frame of reference.
C. She compares every individual students' scores with others' scores.
D. She describes what should be their performance.

42. As a teacher, you are a reconstructionist. Which among these will be your guiding principle?

A. I must teach the child every knowledge, skill, and value that he needs for a better future.
B. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full.
C. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven.
D. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of anything.

43. From whom do we owe the theory of deductive interference as illustrated in syllogisms?

A. Plato
B. Scorates
C. Aristotle
D. Pythagoras


44. Teacher B engages her students with information for thorough understanding for meaning and for
competent application. Which principle governs Teacher B's practice?

A. Contructivist
B. Gestalt
C. Behaviorist
D. Cognitivist

45. What was the most prominent educational issue of the mid 1980s?

A. Bilingual Education
B. Values Education
C. Accountability
D. Mainstreaming

46. A teacher/student is held responsible for his actions because s/he __________.

A. has instincts
B. is mature
C. has a choice
D. has reason

47. For which may you use the direct instruction method?
A. Become aware of the pollutants around us.
B. Appreciate Milton's Paradise Lost.
C. Use a microscope properly.
D. Distinguish war from aggression.

48. The concepts of trust vs. maturity, autonomy vs. self-doubt, and initiative vs. guilt are most closely related
with the works of __________.

A. Erikson
B. Piaget
C. Freud
D. Jung

49. What measure of central tendency does the number 16 represent in the following data: 14, 15, 17, 16, 19, 20,
16, 14, 16?

A. Mode
B. Median
C. Mode and median
D. Mean

50. The principle of individual differences requires teachers to __________.

A. give greater attention to gifted learners
B. provide for a variety of learning activities
C. treat all learners alike while in the classroom
D. prepare modules for slow learners in class

LICENSURE EXAMINATION FOR TEACHERS (LET)
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION REVIEWER
[SET 1 - PART 3]


51. Which of the following propositions is attributed to Plato?

A. Truth is relative to a particular time and place.
B. Human beings create their own truths.
C. Learning is the discovery of truth as Iatent ideas are brought to consciousness.
D. Sense perception is the most accurate guide to knowledge.

52. Which is one characteristic of an effective classroom management?

A. It quickly and unobtrusively redirects misbehavior once it occurs.
B. It teaches dependence on others for self-control.
C. It respects cultural norms of a limited group students.
D. Strategies aresimple enough to be used consistently.

53. Out of 3 distracters in a multiple choice test item, namely B, C, and D, no pupil chose D as answer. This
implies that D is __________

A. an ineffective distracter
B. a vague distracter
C. an effective distracter
D. a plausible distracter

54. I drew learners into several content areas and encouraged them to solve a complex question for inter-
disciplinary teaching. Which strategy did I use?

A. Problem-centered learning
B. Unit method
C. Reading-writing activity
D. Thematic instruction

55. Value clarification as a strategy in Values Education classes is anchored on which philosophy?
A. Existentialism
B. Christian philosophy
C. Idealism
D. Hedonism

56. Teacher A is a teacher of English as a Second Language. She uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-the-blank
sentences, dialogues, dictation and writing excercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on
this information, which of the following is a valid conclusion?

A. The teacher is applying Bloom's hierachy of cognitive learning.
B. The teacher is teaching in a variety of ways because not all students learn in the same
manner.
C. The teacher wants to make herteachirig easier by having less talk.
D. The teacher is emphasizing reading and writing skills.

57. If teacher has to ask more higher-order questions, he has to ask more __________ questions.
A. closed
B. fact
C. concept
D. convergent

58. Are percentile ranks the same as percentage correct?
A. It cannot be determined unless scores are given.
B. It cannot be determined unless the number of examinees is given.
C. No
D. Yes

59. Which method has been proven to be effective in courses that stress acquisition of knowledge?

A. Socratic method
B. Cooperative learning
C. Mastery learning
D. Indirect instruction

60. A teacher's summary of a lesson serves the following functions, EXCEPT

A. it links the parts of the lesson
B. lt brings together the information that has been discussed
C. it makes provisions for full participation of students.
D. it clinches the basic ideas or concepts of the lesson.

61. Which is a true foundation of the social order?

A. Obedient citizenry
B. The reciprocation of rights and duties
C. Strong political leadership
D. Equitable distribution of wealth

62. Which one can enhance the comparability of grades?

A. Using common conversion table for translating test scores in to ratings
B. Formulating tests that vary from one teacher to another
C. Allowing individual teachers to determine factors for rating
D. Individual teachers giving weights to factors considered for rating

63. Who among the following puts more emphasis on core requirements, longer school day, longer academic
year and more challenging textbooks?

A. Perennialist
B. Essentialist
C. Progressivist
D. Existentialist

64. Which test has broad sampling of topics as strength?

A. Objective test
B. Short answer test
C. Essay test
D. Problem type

65. Read this question:How will you present the layers of the earth to your class?This is a question that

A. directs
B. leads the student to evaluate
C. assesses cognition
D. probes creative thinking

66. In Krathwohl's affective domain of objectives, which of the following is the lowest level of affective
behavior?

A. Valuing
B. Characterization
C. Responding
D. Organization

67. Rodel is very aloof and cold in his relationships with his classmates. Which basic goal must haye not been
attained by Rodel during his developmental years, according to Erikson's theory on psychological
development?

A. Autonomy
B. Trust
C. Initiative
D. Generativity

68. Two students are given the WISE II. One has a full scale IQ of 91, while the other has an IQ of 109. Which
conclusion can be drawn?

A. The second student has significantly higher intellectual ability
B. The first student is probably below average, while the second has above average potential
C. Both students are functioning in the average range of intellectual ability
D. Another IQ test should be given to truly assess their intellectual potential

69. To come closer to the truth we need togo back to the things themselves.This is the advice of the

A. behaviorists
B. phenomenologists
C. idealists
D. pragmatists

70. Which guideline in test construction is NOT observed in this test item: Jose Rizal wrote __________.
A. The central problem should be packed in the stem.
B. There must be only one correct answer.
C. Alternatives must have grammatical parallelism.
D. The alternates must be plausible.

71. In what way can teachers uphold the highest possible standards of quality education?

A. By continually improving themselves personally and professionally
B. By wearing expensive clothes to change people's poor perception of teachers
C. By working out undeserved promotions
D. By putting down other professions to lift the status of teaching

72. Each teacher is said to be a trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation and is, under
obligation to transmit to learners such heritage. Which practice makes him fulfill such obligation?

A. Use the latest instructional technology.
B. Observe continuing professional education.
C. Use interactive teaching strategies.
D. Study the life of Filipino heroes.

73. Studies in the areas of neurosciences disclosed that the human brain has limitless capacity. What does this
imply?

A. Some pupils are admittedly not capable of learning.
B. Every pupil has his own native ability and his learning is limited to this nativeabilty.
C. Every child is a potential genius.
D. Pupils can possibly reach a point where they have learned everything.

74. In a treatment for alcoholism, Ramil was made to drink an alcoholic beverage and then made to ingest a
drug that produces nausea. Eventually, he was nauseated at the sight and smell of alcohol and stopped drinking
alcohoL Which theory explains this?

A. Operant conditioning
B. Social Learning Theory
C. Associative Learning
D. Attribution Theory

75. The following are used in writing performance objectives, EXCEPT

A. delineate
B. diagram
C. integrate
D. comprehend

PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION REVIEWER
[SET 1 - PART 4]


76. Which guideline must be observed in the use of prompting to shape the correct performance of your
students?

A. Use the least intrusive prompt first.
B. Use all prompts available.
C. Use the most intrusive prompt first.
D. Refrain from using prompts.

77. On whose philosophy was A. S. Neil's Summerhill, one of the most experimental schools, based?

A. Rousseau
B. Pestalozzi
C. Montessori
D. John Locke

78. "In the light of the facts presented, what is most likely to happen when ... ?" is a sample thought question on

A. inferring
B. generalizing
C. synthesizing
D. justifying

79. Which applies when skewness is zero?
A. Mean is greater than the median
B. Median is greater than mean
C. Scores have three modes
D. Scores are normally distributed

80. Whose influence is the education program that puts emphasis on self-development. through the classics,
music, and rituals?

A. Buddha
B. Mohammed
C. Confucius
D. Lao Tsu

81. Which is an appropriate way to manage off-task behavior?

A. Make eye contact.
B. Stop your class activity to correct a child who is no longer on task.
C. Move closer to the child.
D. Redirect a child's attention to task and check his progress to make sure he is continuing to
work.

82. In Krathwohl's taxonomy of objectives in the affective, which is most authentic?

A. Characterization
B. Organization
C. Responding
D. Valuing

83. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following results, then answer the question.
Subject Mean SD Ronnels's Score
Math 56 10 43
Physics 41 9 31
English 80 16 109
In which subject(s) were the scores most homogenous?

A. Math
B. English
C. Physics
D. Physics and Math

84. We encounter people whose prayer goes like this: "O God, if there is a God; save my soul, if I have a soul"
From whom is this prayer?

A. Stoic
B. Empiricist
C. Agnostic
D. Skeptic

85. The test item "Group the following items according to shape" is a thought test item on __________.

A. creating
B. classifying
C. generalizing
D. comparing

86. Teacher B is a teacher of English as a Second Language. She uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-the-blank
sentences, dictation and writing exercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this
information, which of the following is a valid conclusion?

A. The teacher is reinforcing learning by giving the same information in, a variety of methods.
B. The teacher is applying Bloom's hierachy of cognitive learning.
C. The teacher wants to do less talk.
D. The teacher is emphasizing listening and speaking skills.

87. What is the mean of this score distribution: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10?

A. 7
B. 6
C. 8.5
D. 7.5

88. Teacher P wants to develop the skill of synthesizing in her pupils. Which one will she do?

A. Ask her students to formulate a generalization from the data shown in graphs.
B. Ask her students to answer questions beginning withWhat if ...
C. Tell her pupils to state data presented in graphs.
D. Directs her students to ask questions on the parts of the lesson not understood.

89. Bruner's theory on intellectual development moves from enactive to iconic and symbolic stages. In which
stage(s) are diagrams helpful to accompany verbal information?

A. Enactive and iconic
B. Symbolic
C. Symbolic and enactive
D. Iconic

90. Which holds true to standardized tests?

A. They are used for comparative purposes
B. They are administered differently
C. They are scored according to different standards
D. They are used for assigning grades

91. An effective classroom manager uses low-profile classroom control. Which is a low-profile classroom
technique?

A. Note to parents
B. After-school detention
C. Withdrawal of privileges
D. Raising the pitch of the voice

92. Which type of report refers toon-the-spotdescription of some incident, episode or occurrence that is being
observed and recorded as being of possible significance?

A. Autobiographical report
B. Biographical report
C. Value and interest report
D. Anecdotal report

93. By what name is Indirect instruction the Socratic method also known?

A. Mastery learning
B. Indirect Method
C. Morrison method
D. Questioning method

94. Teacher A knows of the illegal activities of a neighbor but keeps quiet in order not to be involved in any
investigation. Which foundational principle of morality does Teacher A fail to apply?

A. The end does not justify the means.
B. The principle of double-effect
C. Always do what is right.
D. Between two evils, do the lesser evil.

95. What should a teacher do for students in his class who are not on grade level?

A. Give them materials on their level and let them work at a pace that is reasonable forthem,
trying to bring them up to a grade level.
B. Give them the same work as the other students, because they will absorb as much as they are capable of.
C. Give them the same work as the other students, not much, so that they won't feel embarrassed.
D. Give them work on the level of the other students and work a little above the classmates level to challenge
them.

96. A child who gets punished for stealing candy may not steal again immediately. But this does not mean that
the child may not steal again. Based on Thorndike's theory on punishment and learning, this shows that
__________

A. punishment strengthens a response
B. punishment removes a response
C. punishment does not remove a response
D. punishment weakens a response

97. Helping in the development of graduates who aremaka-Diyosis an influence of

A. naturalistic morality
B. classical Christian morality
C. situational morality
D. dialectical morality


98. Teacher H gave her first-grade class a page with a story in which pictures take the place of some words.
Which method did she use?

A. The whole language approach
B. The Spaulding method
C. The rebus method
D. The language experience approach

99. Soc exhibits fear response to freely roaming dogs but does not show fear when a dog is on a leash or
confined to a pen. Which conditioning process is illustrated

A. Generalization
B. Extinction
C. Acquisition
D. Discrimination

100. Teachers often complain of numerous non-teaching assignments that adversely, affect their teaching.
Does this mean that teachers must be preoccupied only with teaching?

A. Yes, if they are given other assignments, justice demands that they be properly compensated.
B. Yes, because other community leaders, not teachers, are tasked to leadin community activities.
C. NO, because every teacher is expected to provide leadership and initiative in activities for
betterment of communities.
D. Yes, because teaching is enough full time job.