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Classwork

2-4

Name:_____________________ Date:__________________

Proving Angle Relationships

We’re going to do proofs of angle relationships today the exact same way we did word proofs yesterday.
Proof 1: Prove that vertical angles are congruent using the following rules
(1) Linear pairs are supplementary
(2) Supplementary means the two angles add to 180 degrees
(3) Subtraction property of equality lets us subtract the same thing off of both
sides of an equals sign.
(4) Substitution property of equality says that if two things are equal to each
other, they can be replaced by each other.

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Start: ∠1 and ∠2 are a linear pair, ∠2 and ∠3 are a linear pair
_____∠1 and ∠2 are a linear pair ______ because____it was given_______
________________________________ because____it was given_______
________________________________ because _Statement 2: Def of supplementary___
________________________________ because______________________________
________________________________ because______________________________
________________________________ because______________________________
Finish: ________𝑚∠1 = 𝑚∠3_________ because______________________________
Proof 2: Prove that if two angles are both congruent and supplementary, then each is a
right angle.
(1) Supplementary means the two angles add to 180 degrees
(2) Substitution property of equality says that if two things are equal to each other,
they can be replaced by each other.
(3) Combining like terms- two things that are of the same type can be added
(4) Division property of equality lets us divide the same thing from both sides of an
equals sign.
Start: ∠1 and ∠2 are suplementary, 𝑚∠1 = 𝑚∠2

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_____∠1 and ∠2 are supplementary ____ because____it was given_______
________________________________ because____it was given_______
________________________________ because _Statement 1: Def of supplementary___
________________________________ because__Statement 2: Substitution property___
________________________________ because______________________________
________________________________ because______________________________
Finish: ________𝑚∠1 = 𝑚∠2 = 90°____ because______________________________

Proof 3: Prove that if ∠1 and ∠3 are supplementary, and ∠2 and ∠3 are supplementary, then ∠1 = ∠2
(1) Supplementary means the two angles add to 180 degrees
(2) Subtraction property of equality lets us subtract the same thing off of both sides of an equals sign.
(3) Substitution property of equality says that if two things are equal to each other, they can be replaced
by each other.
Start: ∠1 and ∠3 are supplementary, ∠2 and ∠3 are supplementary
_____∠1 and ∠3 are supplementary ____ because____it was given_______
________________________________ because____it was given_______
________________________________ because _Statement 2: Def of supplementary___
________________________________ because______________________________
________________________________ because______________________________
________________________________ because______________________________
Finish: ________𝑚∠1 = 𝑚∠2_________ because______________________________
Proof 4: Prove that if ∠1 and ∠3 are complementary, and ∠2 and ∠3 are complementary, then ∠1 = ∠2
(1) Complementary means the two angles add to 90 degrees
(2) Subtraction property of equality lets us subtract the same thing off of both sides of an equals sign.
(3) Substitution property of equality says that if two things are equal to each other, they can be replaced
by each other.
Start: ∠1 and ∠3 are complementary, ∠2 and ∠3 are complementary
_____∠1 and ∠3 are complementary ___ because____it was given_______
________________________________ because____it was given_______
________________________________ because _Statement 2: Def of complementary__
________________________________ because______________________________
________________________________ because______________________________
________________________________ because______________________________
Finish: ________𝑚∠1 = 𝑚∠2_________ because______________________________

Practice

2-4

Name:_____________________ Date:__________________

Proving Angle Relationships

N

O

(1) Do the following proof using the statements below:
 Thm 2.1: If two angles are vertical angles, then they’re
congruent
 Substitution property: If two things are equal, then they can
be replaced by each other.
Given: ∠1 and ∠2 are vertical angles, 𝑚∠2 = 𝑚∠3
Prove: 𝑚∠1 = 𝑚∠3

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L

E

_______________________________ because____it was given_______
________________________________because Thm 2.1: Angles are vert. angles they’re congruent.
Finish: ________𝑚∠1 = 𝑚∠3_________ because_____________________________________

I

(2) Do the following proof, but this time, you need to identify the statements

E

P

C

you’re going to need.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

Given: ∠𝐸𝑃𝐼 and ∠𝐼𝑃𝐶 are a linear pair
Prove: ∠𝐼𝑃𝐶 = 180 − ∠𝐸𝑃𝐿
_______________________________ because____it was given_______
________________________________because _____________________________________
Finish: ___________________________ because_____________________________________

(3) Do the following proof, but this time, you need to identify the

O

statements you’re going to need.

_______________________________________________

_______________________________________________

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D

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E

______________________________________________________________________

Given: ∠2 and ∠3 are a linear pair. ∠1 and ∠3 are supplementary
Prove: 𝑚∠1 = 𝑚∠2
_______________________________ because____it was given_______
________________________________because _____________________________________
________________________________because _____________________________________
Finish: ___________________________ because_____________________________________

R

2

1

Extra Credit

3

(1) Do the following proof, but this time, you need to identify the

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H

E

statements you’re going to need.

M

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

Given: ∠3 and ∠4 are a linear pair, 𝑚∠3 = 𝑚∠4 and 𝑚∠1 + 𝑚∠2 = 𝑚∠3
Prove: ∠1 and ∠2 are complementary
_______________________________ because____it was given_______
________________________________because _____________________________________
________________________________because _____________________________________
________________________________because _____________________________________
Finish: ___________________________ because_____________________________________

Y