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Math4030SAProbabilityandStatistics

Assignment#4

(Due:4:00PM,Thursday,May16,2013)

1. ProvethatforPoissondistribution

( 1; )

,

( ; ) 1

f x

f x x

+

=

+

for 0,1,2,3,... x =

2. Use the recursion formula in above question 1 to calculate the probability values of a

Poisson distribution with 2.5 = , for 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 x = . Draw the probability

histogramofthedistribution.

3. UseTable2tofind

(a) (4;7) F ;

(b) (4;7) f ;

(c)

19

6

( ;8)

k

f k

=

.

4. At a checkout counter customers arrive at an average of 1.5 per minute. Find the

probabilitiesthat

(a) Exactly1willarriveinanygivenminute;

(b) Exactly2willarriveinanygivenminute;

(c) Atmost5willarriveinanygivenminute;

(d) Atleast4willarriveduringanyintervalof3minutes;

(e) Atmost10willarriveduringanyintervalof10minutes.

5. In a given city, 5% of all drivers get at least one parking ticket per year. Use the Poisson

approximation to binomial distribution to determine the probability that among 90

randomlychosendrivers:

(a) 4willgetatleastoneparkingticketinanygivenyear;

2

(b) Atleast3willgetatleastoneparkingticketinanygivenyear;

(c) Atmost8willgetatleastoneparkingticketinanygivenyear.

6. Inatorturetest,alightswitchisturnedonandoffuntilitfails.Iftheprobabilitythatthe

switchwillfailatanytimewhenitisturnedonoroffis0.0015,whatistheprobabilitythat

theswitchwillsurvive1000turningsofonoroffwithoutfail?(Assumingthattheconditions

forgeometricdistributionaremet.)

7. RandomvariableXisdefinedbelow.Foreachcase,identifythedistributionofX(Binomial,

Hypergeometric, Poisson, Geometric, or Negative Binomial), as well as the values of the

parameters.

(a) Flipabalancedcoin400times,letXbethenumberofheadsobserved.

(b) A class has 12 female students and 42 male students. Randomly select 6 students to

formateam.LetXbethenumberoffemalestudentsontheteam.

(c) A basketball player makes 85% of her free throws. Let X be the number of successful

shotsshewillmakebeforethefirstmiss.

(d) Computer breakdown happens randomly, 1.5 times a week on average. Let X be the

numberofbreakdownshappenedinanygivenday.

(e) Acandidateinvitedforavisithasprobabilityof0.3ofbeinghired.LetXbethenumber

ofcandidateswhohavebeeninvitedforavisitbefore2ofthemarehired.

8. As can easily be shown, the probabilities of getting 0, 1, 2, or 3 heads from tossing 3

balancedcoinsare0.125,0.375,0.375,and0.125.Whatistheprobabilityofgetting2heads

twice,1head3timesin6tossesofthese3coins?

9. Theprobabilitydensityfunctionofarandomvariableisgivenby

2

, 0 2,

( )

0, .

kx x

f x

elsewhere

< <

=

Find

(a) Theconstant k ;

(b) (0 1) P x < < ;

(c) (1 6) P x < < ;

3

(d) MeanoftherandomvariableX;

(e) VarianceofthevariableX.

10. If a random variable has the standard normal distribution, find the probability that it will

takeonavalue(s)

(a) Lessthan1.25;

(b) Greaterthan2.5;

(c) Lessthan1.2;

(d) Greaterthan3.1;

(e) Between0and2.3;

(f) Between1.22and2.43;

(g) Between1.45and0.45;

(h) Between1.70and1.35;

11. Find z if the probability that a standard normal distributed random variable will take on a

valueis

(a) Lessthanzis0.98;

(b) Greatthanzis0.21;

(c) Greaterthanzis0.5;

(d) Greaterthanzis0.65;

(e) Lessthanzis0.025.

12. Given a random variable having the normal distribution with 15.2 = and

2

1.56 = , find

theprobabilitiesthatitwilltakeonavalue

(a) Greaterthan15.1;

(b) Lessthan12.5;

(c) Between12.0and17.5;

(d) Between16.5and16.8.

4

13. Findthequartilesofthestandardnormaldistribution

0.25

z ,

0.50

z ,and

0.25

z .

14. A stamping machine produces can tops whose diameters are normally distributed with a

standarddeviationof0.01inch.Atwhatnormal(mean)diametershouldthemachinebe

setsothatnomorethan5%ofthecantopsproducedhavediametersexceeding3inches?

15. Ifarandomvariablehasthebinomialdistributionwithn=40andp=0.36,usethenormal

approximationtodeterminetheprobabilitiesthatitwilltakeon

(a) Avaluegreaterthan20;

(b) Avaluelessthan15;

(c) Thevalue15.

Note: in this question np is not large enough to use normal to approximate the binomial,

butforpracticepurposewewilldoitanyway.

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