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HINTS AND SOLUTIONS

CHEMISTRY
1.

Anti-Markornikoff addition occurs in Karash effect, which proceeds through free radical mechanism.
v

CH3  CH 2  CH  CH3 is a secondary free radical and is more stable than CH3  CH 2  CH 2  CH 2
2.

Magnetic moment, N  n(n 2) . If N = 5.97BM, n = 5


Number of unpaired electrons will be 5 if configuration of Mnx+ is 3d5. Therefore, x is 2.

3.

Epsomite, MgSO4. 7H2O is in rhombic system. Zinc blende, ZnS is in cubic system. White tin, Sn is in
tetragonal system. These may crystalline in body centred lattice. Blue vitriol, CuSO4.5H2O is in triclinic
system and has only primitive lattice.

4.

X = CaC2; Y = CaCN2 and Z = NH3. NH3 has pyramidal shape.

5.

X is C6H5NH2; Y is C6H5N = NCl; Z is C6H6


Benzenediazonium chloride is directly reduced to benzene in the presence of hypophosphorous acid.

6.

RNA contains all the bases present in DNA, except thymine. In the place of thymine, RNA contains the
base uracil.

7.

XeO4 has four double bonds. All 8 electrons in the valence shell of Xe atom are used in bonding. Hence
no lone pairs are present on the central atom.
Ammonical cupric salt with tartarate is Fehlings solution. It is a mild oxidant. It oxidises aldehydes, but
not ketones.
Hybridisation of B in BF3 is sp2
Hybridisation of N in NH3 is sp3
Hybridisation of B in H3N.BF3 is sp3
Hybridisation of N in H3N.BF3 is sp3

8.
9.

x1 P1

10.
x 2 P2

1 1

2 2

1/ n

0.1 100

(or)
0.2 400

1/ n

2/n

(or) n = 2

11. %G 0  2.303 RT logK = 2.303 2 298 log1023= 13,580 cal mol1


12. 2-Butene (cis and trans), 1-butene and methyl-1-propene

CH3 CH3

CH3
C=C
H

C=C

CH3

CH3
C = CH2

, CH3 CH2 CH = CH2 and

CH3

13. X = adipic acid and Y = hexamethylene diamine


Molecular formula of Y is H2N(CH2)6NH2
14. At equilibrium, the rate of the forward and backward reactions is the same. No condition of identical
concentrations of reactants and products at equilibrium.
15. Chlorine at anode oxidises ethanol to chloral
CCl3CHO + 5HCl,
C2H5OH + 4Cl2
Chloral on base hydrolysis with caustic soda finally gives chloroform
HCOONa + CHCl3
CCl3CHO + NaOH

}}m
}}m

14

16. Silver has anomalous configuration


Ag(Z=47):1s 22s 22p 63s 23p 63d 104s 24p 64d 105s 1
Principal quantum number of outer electron that is removed in the ionisation is 5. Azimuthal as well as
magnetic quantum numbers of 's' orbital is zero.
Spin quantum number of lone electron in an orbital is usually denoted as +1/2.

}}m

17. 2C(s) + O2(g)


2CO(g); %H is negative.
is
positive
due
to
increase in number of gaseous moles. Hence
%S
temperature.

%G decreases with increase in

[salt]
[salt]
(or) 4.8 = 4.8 + log
[acid]
[acid]
[salt]
[salt]
log
= 0 (or)
=1
[acid]
[acid]

18. pH = pKa + log

50 s M 100 s 0.2

50 100 50 100

M

100 s 0.2
 0.4M
50

19. Basic nature of the oxide decreases and acidic nature increases, from left to right in a period.
eg : MgO, Al2O3 and SiO2
20. CO2 is gas, but SiO2 is a solid. CO2 is a linear molecule, but SiO2 is the simplest formula of Silica. C in
CO2 is sp hybridised, but Si in SiO2 is sp3 hybridised. C and Si both forms a total of 4 bonds.
21. Metal with lower reduction potential can reduce all metal ions with higher potential
Reduction potential is least for Al. Hence it reduces all other given metal cations.
22. With HCl, the reaction is to be catalysed using anhydrous ZnCl2. With HBr and HI, no catalyst is
required. With HI, the reaction is very fast.
23. [Mn(CO)5]2 is the complex. Each complex unit is square pyramidal. Two complex units are joined by
metal-metal bond.
24. For BaCl2, B  0.8 and n = 3
i 1
i 1
B
(or) 0.8 =
n 1
3 1

2 0.8 = i 1.Van't Hoff's factor (i) = 1.6 + 1 = 2.6

25. Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is a familier additive used to preserve food.


26. A = C2H5HSO4; B = CH3CH2OH;
C = CH3COOH; D = CH3COCH3 and
E = CH3CHOHCH3
Compounds A and C do not give positive iodoform test.
27. The solubility product of Mg(OH)2 is high. In group 3 cations, NH+4 acts as common ion and suppresses
the ionisation of NH4OH giving less OH.
28. For a first order reaction log

a
(a  x)

vs time, is a straight line with positive slope.

29. Oxidation state of C in H2C2O4 is + 3


Oxidation state of C in CO2 is + 4
The change in the oxidation number of carbon is, that it increases from +3 to +4.
However, one mole H2C2O4 releases two moles of electrons.
30. Mg is insoluble in dilute NaOH solution
Al is soluble in dilute NaOH solution, forming sodium meta-aluminate
15

PHYSICS
31. d1 : d2 : d3 = eV01 : eV02 :eV03
V01 : V02 : V03 = 0.001 : 0.002 : 0.004 = 1 : 2 : 4
hc vq
  W0
By photoelectric equation
eM e
Compare the above equation with y = mx + c
hc
 tan R
m
e
1
 0.001m 1  1000nm

M 01
1

M 02

 500nm ;
 250nm
M 03

The wavelength of violet colour is 400 nm.


32. P1

V0
V
 n1 Rt and P2 0  n2 RT
2
2

n1 P1

n 2 P2
P1V1 = n1RT1 and P1V2 = n2RT1

V1 n1 P1
 
V2 n 2 P2
But V1 + V2 = V0

= V1 

P1V0
PV
V2  2 0
and
P1 P2
P1 P2

33. Conceptual
34. N 

RD
; RD  NAD
AD

RD1 

3
s 6  9cm
2

RD2 

3
s 4  6cm
2

= RD1 + RD2 = 15 cm
35. Because the system is accelerating upwards, tension at any point will be T = m(g+a)

=TA = 3(9.8 + 0.2) = 30 N


TB = 5(9.8 + 0.2) 50 N

16

36. Acceleration of a body rolling down incline


2
k2 2
gsin R
. For hollow cylinder: k  2 . For solid cylender: 2  Hence their accelerations are different.
a
5
r
k2
r2 3
1 2
r
Solid cylinder reach earlier
37. R = m(ga)
38. (4) P 

dW
di
 Li
dt
dt

L1l1 = L2 l2

l1 L 2
di

V  L
;
l2 L1
dt
V1 L2

V2 L1 ;

W
L l
1
= W  Ll 2 ; 2  2 2
W1 L1 l1
2

39. t = ax2 + bx

dt
dx
dx
 2ax b  V(20x b)
dt
dt
dt
V = (20 x + b)1

a

40. n 

dv
dx
 (2ax b) 2 s 2  2av3
dt
dt

1 F
1 stress 1 Y.strain


2l AS 2l
2l
S
S

41. PT2 = constant. For an ideal gas

V
T3

PV
 constant . From the above equations
T

 cons tan t (or) V= KT3

dV
dT
3
V
T
But dV = vr dT

r%T 

42.

3dT
T

MR 2
MR 2
M[4R 2 ] 
Md2
2
4

17

G
G G
uv G uv G
j  2(xi  y j)
43. y   i 
ux uy

JG
E  2 x2 t y2

JG
JG
G
JG
For points : x = 0; E  2yJ and E is along positive y-direction for points y > 0 and E is along negative
y-direction for points y > 0.
JG
G
JG
JG
Similarly : For point y = 0 E  2xi and E is along negative x-direction for points x > 0 and E is along
positive x-direction for points x < 0

44. Potential at infinity = VB  0


Potential at the surface of the sphere = VS  K

Q
R

3 Q
Potential at the centre of the sphere = VC  K
2 R
Let m and - q be the mass and charge of the particle respectively.
Let V0 = speed of the particle at the centre of the sphere

1
Q
mV2  q(VB  Vs )  qk
2
R

1
3 Q
mV02  q(VB  VC )  q s k
2
2 R
V02 3
Dividing 2   1.5 (or) V0  1.5V
2
V
45. Conceptual
46. Rate of cooling

eB

dT eA

(T4T04)
dt ms

dT
dt

= for x ;

dT
is more, therefore ex > ey and since absorptivity is proportional to emissivity, hence
dt

Ax > Ay

1
1 1
1 1
1 1 N1  N 2
47. Feff  f f = (N1  1) (N 2  1)  
B R
R B
R
1
2
48. x is greater than 28
R
x

l 100  l

=l 

200
x 2

When the resistances are interchanged the key shift 20 cm. Therefore
x
2

80 x lx = 2l + 40
l 20 80  l
80x = l(x + 2) + 40
On solving x = 38
49. R P  18; R Q  18; R R  28
RQ < RP < RR ; P2 < P1 < P3
18

50.

%g
g

s 100 

Case C :
g

s 100 2

%T
T

s 100

%l  0.1cm; l = 64 cm; %T  0.1s; T  128sec Case B : %l  0.1cm; l = 64 cm; %T  0.1s; T  64sec

Case:A

%g

%l

%l  0.1cm; l = 20 cm; %T  0.1s; T  36s

s 100 will be lease in case ( A)

51. Conceptual
52. The situation is shown in figure given below. (x, y) represents the point at which the collision takes
place. Let, for the first particle time of flight before collision be t, so the time of flight for the second
shell be (t  %t) , for the first shell x  u cos R1t .....(1)
For the second shell x  u cos R 2 t (t  %t)

I

cos R1
t
s
cos R2 t  %t

(x,y)

t  %t cos R1

t
cos R2

%t

R1

cos R2  cos R1
.............. (3)
cos R2

substituting the value of t in eq (1), we get

%t  u
x

cos R2  cos R1
cos R1 .cos R2 .......... (4)

Further y  x tan R1 
y  x tan R2 

gx 2
2u 2 cos2 R 1

gx 2
2u 2 cos2 R 2

On solving

sin(R1  R2 )
gx cos R2  cos R1
gx 4 %x
 2
 2s

cos R1 cos R2 2u cos R1 cos R2 2u


x

%t 

2u sin(R1  R2

g cos R1  cos R2

53. Time constant is same


54. C 

DM
d

19

R2

55. Let x be the compression of the spring, when the block m2 is about to shift. Therefore, for the block m2
kx = N N2 and N2 = m2g ................. (1)
Let F be the constant minimum force, then on application of F on m1 it should starts moving and should
comes to rest. This means that F  NN1  Nm 1g . Now for the block m1 from work-energy theorem.
WF + Wmg + Wsp + Wfr + WN =
Fx + 0

%T

1
kx2 N m1gx + 0 = 0
2

kx
 F  Nm1g .............. (2)
2
From eq (1) and (2)
F  Ng(m 1

m2
)
2

56. The outer circle is traversed in the anticlockwise direction while the lower circle in traversed with
clockwise direction.
JG Q
G
A  (a 2  b 2 )k
2
JJJG Q 2
G
Pm  (a  b 2 )Ik
2
57. Conceptual
58. As the inclined plane is frictionless

1
mv 2  mgh
2
A

V  2gh

In

300

%ADB tan

600

h
3

h = 3m; V  6g  60m 1

600

3m

mk
E

300
3 3m

The component of velocity along BC remain constant Vcos30 0  60 s


59. tan 300 =

BE
CE

=BE = 3m

1
1
m( 45)2 M s 10 s 3  M VC2
2
2

= VC  105m 1
60. Final velocity will be horizontal, making an angle 300 with BC.

20

3
 45m 1
2

MATHEMATICS
61. The two circles intersect orthogonally
the square of the distance between centres
= sum of squares of the radii

30  1  32 42  52 30  1  5
2

30  (30  1) 1 b 30  1 1  5 1  6

30  (30  1) 1 r 30  1  1  5  1  4
62. f(x) = 4x2 16x + c
f(1) > 0, f(2)< 0, f(3)>0
c > 12, c < 16, c > 12
12 < c < 16
c = 13, 14, 15

1 M

1 M

2

4M

63. The characteristic equation is

=By clayey Hamilton theorem,


A1 

 0 M3  6M 2 11M  6  0

A3 6A2 + 11A 6I = 0

1 2
A  6 A 11I 
6

5
64. f'(x) = 2ax + b and f  0 b  5a
2

= f'(x) = 2ax 5a f(x) = ax 5ax + c


2

c = 2 and f(1) = 1 a  14 .

f(0) = 2

= f ( x) 

x2 5
 x 2
4 4

y + 2z = 4
(2), (4) (M  3) z  (N  10)

65. (1), (2)

.....(4)
.....(5)

no solution M  3 and N x 10
66.

1
12

1
32

Let x 

1
52
1
r

....d 


1
2

Q2
8

1
2

1
2

1
4

1
52

....d

1 1 1
1 1 1 1

 2 2 2 ....d 2 2 2 ....
1 3 5
4 1 2 3

Q2
8

x
4

3 x Q2
Q2
 x
4
8
6

67. The equation of the line is x + y 3 = 0 ..(1)


c
dy
c

y
x 1 dx
( x 1)2
21

Let (1) touches the curve at (B, C)

 1 and C  c and B C  3  0
(B 1)
B 1
2

B  1, c  4

Q
Q 5Q
5Q
68. f'(x) < 0 on 0, , f ( x )  0 on , and f '(x) < 0 on ,2 Q
3 3
3
3
69. Rolle's theorem doesn't explain statement I.
70. I1 

1 cos2 t

sin 2 t

1 cos2 t
2

sin t

(2  x ) f (2  x ) 2  (2  x ) on

 2 I 2  I1

(2  x ) f < x (2  x )>dx

I1
1
I2

71. Required area


2

 ( x 2 2 x 4)dx 

xdr  x 2 dx
1

= 19/3
72. 3n1  (4  1)n1  4M1 (1)n1
5n2  (4 1)n2  4 M 2 1
7 n3  (8  1)n3  4 M 3 ( 1)n3

Hence any positive integral power of 5 will be in the form 4 M 2 1


even powers of 3 and 7 are in the form 4M 1
odd powers of 3 and 7 are in the form 4M  1
Required number of divisors
= 8(35 + 35) = 240

73.

f (h )  f (0)
f (0)  Lt
 Lt
h m0
hm0
h

1
h P sin
h
h

1
 Lt h P 1.sin doesnot exist
h
hm0

P 1b 0 p b 1
1
f (0)  Lt x P sin  0 p  0
x
x m0
3

e x  1
x2
x


b
Lt
f
(
x
)
Lt
.
.
74.

2
x m0
x log(1 x ) sin(ax )

 1s1s

1
a

a

1
b

22

75. x  y

dy
 ( x 2  y 2 )2
dx

d( x2  y2 )
( x 2  y 2 )2

 dx

1
 2 x c passes through (1, 0)
( x  y2 )
2

C  3

= eqn. of the curve is (2 x  3) x 2 1 y2  0


76. Let A'(4, 3) be the image of A in y = x
B(7,11)

line joining A' B cuts y = x at P. so that AP + BP is minimum


A(4,3)

31 31
=P  ,
7 7

a = 2, c = 4
5
f(0, y) = 0 = (y2)(y3) b  , c  6
2

y=x

77. f(x, 0) = 0 = (x 2)

A(4,3)

= data is insufficient.

78. The circle passing through the end point of latusrectum and touching the directrix has center at four and
latusrectum is the diameter.
2
2
 M
79. Let R be the angle between the plane and x-axis, then sin R 
4 9 36 7
80. Lt  f ( x )  Lt  cos x  1
nmQ

nmQ

Lt f ( x)  Lt (sin x  1)  1

nmQ

nmQ

f(x) is a continuous at x  Q
hence continuous on [0, d)
81. a .b  0 x( x 1) ( x  1)1 1.a  0

x 2  2 x  (a  1) 1 0, x R

4 4(a1) < 0
a>2

82. S  P  Mn and S .n  q

Mn P  .n  q
=S  P

 P .n  n
n

83. R is reflexive, symmetric and transitive. Hence equivalence.

23

84. In this case the end digit of the product should be 5.


If the end digit of each number is either 1, 3, 5, 7 or 9 then the product of numbers will end with either
1, 3, 5, 7, 9.
Also the end digit of the product is 1, 3, 7, 9 if the end digit of each number is either 1, 3, 7 or 9.
Hence the total number of ways which the product ends with 5 is 54 44 and also number of ways of
selecting the end digit of each number is 10.
Required probability =

54  4 4
10

369
10 4

85. Required probability = 1 P


(boy and his sister are selected)

1
15
86. A.P. r G.P.
1

27csx 81sin
r 27csx.81sin
2

27csx 81sin r 2 33csx 4 sin


r 2.3

2 (3csx 4 sin)

2
9 3

87. a s d  b s d c s d  c s d

d s a s d   d s c s d   d .d  c  d .c  d

 d c  (0)d

d s a s d 
d

c

88. Let di = xi 8

=T 2x

T 2d

1
1

 di 2  di

18
18

1
9
9
s 45  
18
18
4

89. The contrapositive of p

=T x 

3
2

q is  q  p.

90. I m  (log x )m dx  x(log x )m  m (log x )m 1 dx


1
1
1
e
e
 e  m x(log x )m 1  (m  1) (log x )m 2 dx
1
1

= e me + m(m1)Im2
= (1 m)e + m(m1)Im2

Im
1
mI m 2  e K  1  m, L 
m
1 m
24