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Biomass Gasification Gas Engine

2MW Syngas Power Plant


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2MW POWER PLANT PROPOSAL
SYNGAS
2x1000KW/600rpm/0.4kV


















HENAN JIEBANG ELECTRIC TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD

October 2011


Biomass Gasification Gas Engine
2MW Syngas Power Plant


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SUMMARY

A. The technology of biomass gasification power generation
The basic principle of our biomass gasification system is to convert agriculture and forestry products and wood
processing remains (including rick husks, wood powder, branches, offcuts, corn straws, rice straws, wheat straws,
cotton straws, fruit shells, coconut shells, palm shells, bagasse, corncobs,) into combustible gas . It is then used
as fuel in gas engine to generate electricity. Biomass gasification successfully conquers the disadvantages of
biomass, such as low flammability and wide diversity. Biomass gasification system is characteristic of small land
requirement and environment friendly. It’s one of the most effective way of biomass utilization.

Our biomass gasification process includes three steps. The First step is biomass gasification, which convert
biomass into syngas. The Second step is syngas purification. The producer gas coming from gasifier usually
contains contaminants including dust, coke, tar and etc. The contaminants will be removed by the purification
system to ensure normal operation of gas engine. The Third step is power generating in gas engine. The high
temperature exhaust gas may be reused by waste heat boiler to generate steam or hot water for civil or industrial
use). Steam turbine may also be considered to make a gas-steam combined cycle power plant, which will
increase the total efficiency.

Our modularization-designed gasification system is applicable for the biomass power plant ranging from 100KW
to 20000KW. 500rpm~600rpm gas engine and Siemens generator are chosen in our gas generator sets (400KW,
500KW, 800KW, 1000KW, 1200KW). Fix bed gasification system or fluidized bed gasification system may be
chosen according to different feedstock characteristics. (single system capacity ranging from 100KW to 2MW).

Taking account of environment and raw material, this proposal adopts fix bed gasification system, power
generation method adopts gas engine.

B. Project benefits
Clean technology. Biomass, as one kind of renewable energy, may reduce the emission of carbon dioxide, sulfur
Biomass Gasification Gas Engine
2MW Syngas Power Plant


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dioxide causing from fossil fuel. Nitrogen oxides emission is very limited in our biomass gasification power
generating system because of low temperature (700 ~900 ). ℃ ℃

Economic. The capacity is flexible,even small size biomass power plant is also profitable. Simple process and
less land requirements make biomass gasification power plant more economic comparing with other renewable
energy. Generally speaking, biomass gasification power generating is the most economic technology in
renewable power generating plant, the cost of which is nearly the same as small-size conventional power plant.

C. Construction conditions
Two essential conditions are necessary as follows:
3.1 sufficient biomass material. This 2MW biomass gasification power plant will need dry biomass about
3600kg/hour,according to 7200 running hours per year(24hrs/day,300 days/year), then total consumption of
biomass will be 25920 Tons/year.
3.2 Easy to collect and transport the biomass. Such as large capacity timber mill, rice hulling mill, farm or
major agricultural growing areas.etc.


PROPOSAL

1. Processes and layout
The major equipments of the biomass gasification power plant includes gasification furnace, syngas purification,
generator set, recycling cooling pond, raw material input system,etc.
The processes as Pic 1. Power plant plane layout as Pic 2. Exact processes and layout will be designed specially
based on customer's conditions and requirements.
Biomass Gasification Gas Engine
2MW Syngas Power Plant


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Pic 1.

Pic 2.


2. Generator set proposed
2MW biomass gasification power plant
2 sets of fix bed gasification system for 1MW
2 sets of gas engine generator set
Total output capacity 2000KW

Options for heat recovery and utilization:
Waste heat boiler for steam or hot water;
Lead to biomass drier.

3. Power distribution system
Power distribution system could be designed and equipped according to customer's power demands.
Biomass Gasification Gas Engine
2MW Syngas Power Plant


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4. Technical targets
According to the technology of 2MW biomass gasification power plant and power demands at site, this power
plant could achieve such technical targets:
4.1 Total genset capacity 2000KW
4.2 Max power output capacity 2000KW
4.3 Raw material consumption 1.8-2.0kg/kWh
4.4 Raw material moisture ≤16%.

5. Major technical conditions
5.1 Gasification furnace
Technical conditions of gasification furnace:
Type: Fix bed gasification system for 1MW, with dry purification system
Qty: 2 sets
Efficiency: ≥70%
Single set gas production ratio: (Nm3/h):3000
Gas heat value:≥1200Kcal/Nm3
Tar content:≤20mg/Nm3
Single set raw material consumption: (kg/h)≤2000
Raw material moisture ≤16%.
Method of dust output: dry dust
Dust production ratio: 20%

5.2 Gas generator set
This project adopts the gas genset model 1000GFS1, technical specifications as below:



发电
机组
Gener
ator
Set
项目 Items 技术参数 Technical specification
机组型号 Type of the Sets 1000GFS1 1000GFS2
额定功率(kW)Rated
Output 1000
额定电压 (kV)Rated
Voltage 0.4 10.5
额定电流(A)Rated
Current 1804 68.7
额定频率(Hz)Rated
Frequency 50
功率因数COS¢ PS 0.8 Lagging
相数及接法Phase&
Connection 3P 4W 3P 6W
发电机型号 Generator
Model 1FC6-1000kW
外形尺寸(mm)Overall
Dimensions 8287x2421x2782
净重(kg)Net Weight 40000
Biomass Gasification Gas Engine
2MW Syngas Power Plant


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发动

Engin
e
发动机型号 Model of
Engine S16V30/38
型式 Model
4冲程V 型 火花塞点火
4 Cycle V-built Spark Plug Ignition
缸数Number cylinder 16
缸径(mm)Bore 300
行程(mm)Stroke 380
总排量(L)Swept volume 430
额定功率(kW) Rated
output 1100
转速(r/min) Speed 600
活塞平均速度(m/s) Mean
piston speed 7.6
额定负荷燃气消耗(m3/h)
(热值4180~6480KJ/m3) 2000~2500
平均有效压力(MPa ) Mean
effective pressure 0.51
转向(from flywheel end)
Rotation direction 逆时针Counter clockwise
最高爆发压力(MPa )
Max. combustion pressure 5.7
各缸排气温度(0C)
Exhaust gas 580
燃气压力(kPa)
Gas prussuer 2
机油消耗率(g/kWh)
Specific lube oil
consumption 1.6

















Biomass Gasification Gas Engine
2MW Syngas Power Plant


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6. Floor area and staff
According to the plane layout or 2MW power plant, this plant floor area will be 1450 square meters.
3 shifts for power plant operation, 5 staffs each shift, so 15 staffs in total needed.

7. Construction period
Based on our experiences, biomass gasification power plant usually needs 4.5 months to finish, and 1.5 months
for commissioning, so 6 months in total excluding delivery time.
Design: 0.5 month
Civil construction and equipments manufacture: 4 months
Installation and commissioning: 1.5 months
Total: 6 months


INVESTMENT BUDGET

1. Fix bed gasification system for 2MW

2 sets of fix bed gasification system for 1MW
设备名称 EQUIPMENT NAME
单 位
UNIT
数 量
QTY
备注 NOTES
1
生物质进料系统
RAW MATERIAL INPUT SYSTEM
组 2
1.1 生物质提升机 Raw Material Hoist 台 1
2
1000KW 下气式固定床气化炉
1000KW FIXED BED GASIFIER (Down Draft)
组 2
2.1
下气式固定床气化炉系统
Down draft fixed bed gasifier system
台 1
2.2
气化炉出灰及收灰系统 Ash Discharge System
and Ash Collecting System
台 1
3
干 式 气 体 净 化 系 统 DRY-TYPE GAS
PURIFICATION SYSTEM
组 2
3.1
旋风除尘器(连接气化炉左边出气口)
Cyclone dust collector 1
台 2
干式气体净化系
统优点:气体净
化采用气水间接
冷却,无污水产
生,无异味,焦
油单独收集与销
售。




3.2
旋风除尘器(连接气化炉右边出气口)
Cyclone dust collector 2
台 2
3.3 风冷器(降低气体温度从350到250度) Air Cooler 台 1
3.4
间冷器(降低气体温度从250到100度)
Indirect Cooler
台 1
3.5
干 式 电 除 焦 除 尘 器 Dry Electrostatic
Precipitator(ESP)
台 1
3.6
间冷器(降低气体温度从100到45度)
Indirect Cooler
台 1
Biomass Gasification Gas Engine
2MW Syngas Power Plant


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3.7 气水分离器 Gas Water Separator 台 1


3.8
缓冲罐(尺寸 Φ3000x5000mm) Buffer Tank
Φ3000x5000
台 1
4 燃气动力系统 FLEW GAS SYSTEM 组 2
4.1 风机 Blower 台 1
4.2 管道,阀门及备件 Pipes, Valves & Fittings 组 1
5
气化炉控制系统 ELECTRICALL CONTROL
SYSTEM
组 2
5.1 气化控制系统 Gasification Control System 台 1
5.2
仪表,电线,电缆等备件
Instrument, Wiring, Cable etc. Fittings
组 1
6 技术资料 TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS 组 2

系统技术资料
Technical system documentation
组 1
Subtotal 1:
Total cost for 2 set of fix bed gasification system for 1MW:
2台套1MW电站用固定床气化系统总价格为


2. 2MW syngas generator set


2 sets of 1MW syngas generator set system

Gas Generator Set 燃气发电机组系统
Quantity
数量
Unit Price
(RMB)
Total
(RMB)
1
1000KW Syngas Generator Set
(Engine:S16V30/38,600rpm,made according
to German MAN engine technology;
Ignition System: Altronic from USA; Alternator:
China Siemens
2 set


























1.1 Control panel 控制柜 2 pcs
1.2 Lubricant oil tank 机油箱 2 pcs
1.3 Air cylinders (for starters) 空气瓶(启动用) 2 pcs
1.4
Air compressor machine(for starters) 空气压
缩机(启动用)
2 pcs
1.5 Flexible coupling 联轴器 2 pcs
1.6 Universal chassis 公用底座 2 pcs
1.7 Engine Silencer 发动机消音器 2 pcs
1.8
Engine Water Cooling System 发动机冷却水
系统
2 pcs
1.9 Necessary accessories 随机附件 2 pcs
1.10 Necessary spare parts 随机备件 2 pcs
1.11 Special tools 随机工具 2 pcs
Biomass Gasification Gas Engine
2MW Syngas Power Plant


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1.12 Necessary special parts 随机专用件 2 pcs
1.13
Technical engine documentation 随机技术文

2 pcs
2
Installation materials:
Cable,Gas Pipeline,Water Pipeline,Exhaust
Pipeline,Valves,Flanges and Fittings
发电机组安装材料:电线,电缆,燃气管道,水
管,排气管道,阀门及配件
2 units
Subtotal 2:
Total cost for 1 set of 1MW syngas generator set system:
一台套1MW生物质气化发电机组系统总价格为