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ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS

Wilson Liu

Wilson Liu
大學主修數學。任教以來,學生人數倍增,課

程迅即爆滿,被學生譽為新一代數學科補習天

王。

05 年度全港最大型會考講座唯一數學科主講

嘉賓,03-05 年均獲邀為學生福利聯盟(SWA)

之會考講座作數學及附加數學科之主講嘉賓。

獲邀為明報及星島日報撰寫會考模擬試題,及

成為太陽報數學專欄主筆。

Prepared by Wilson Liu


2005 A.Maths Mock by Wilson Liu
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
8.30 am – 11.00 am (21/2 hours)

1. Answer ALL questions in Section A and any FOUR questions in Section B.

2. Write your answers in the answer book provided. For Section A, there is no need to
start each question on a fresh page.

3. All working must be clearly shown.

4. Unless otherwise specified, numerical answers must be exact.

5. In this paper, vectors may be represented by bold-type letters such as u, but candidates
are excepted to use appropriate symbols such as u in their working.

6. The diagrams in the paper are not necessarily drawn to scale.

FORMULAS FOR REFERENCE


sin( A ± B ) = sin A cos B ± cos A sin B A+ B A− B
sin A + sin B = 2 sin cos
cos( A ± B ) = cos A cos B m sin A sin B 2 2
tan A ± tan B A+ B A− B
tan( A ± B ) = sin A − sin B = 2 cos sin
1 m tan A tan B 2 2
2 sin A cos B = sin( A + B ) + sin( A − B ) A+ B A− B
cos A + cos B = 2 cos cos
2 cos A cos B = cos( A + B ) + cos( A − B ) 2 2
2 sin A sin B = cos( A − B ) − cos( A + B ) A + B A −B
cos A − cos B = −2 sin sin
2 2

Section A (62 marks)


Answer ALL questions in this section.

1. The minimum value of the function f ( x) = kx 2 + 19k − 28 x (k is a positive constant)


is 27. Find the value of k. (4 marks)

2. Solve (2 x + 1) 2 + 2 x + 1 − 72 = 0 for real values of x. (4 marks)

3. If 3 cos 4 x − sin 4 x = R cos( 4 x + θ) , where R > 0 and 0° < θ < 90° , find R and θ .
Hence find the general solution of 3 cos 4 x − sin 4 x = 2 . (5 marks)
4. Figure 1 shows the graph of y = cos x for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π .

y
1

x
π 2π
-1

Figure 1
1
(a) Copy figure 1 into your answer book and sketch the graph of y = cos x for
2
0 ≤ x ≤ 2π on the same figure.
Calculate the x-coordinates of the intersecting points of the two curves for
0 ≤ x ≤ 2π .

(b) Find the area bounded by the two curves for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π . (6 marks)

y
5.

P O x

R
S
Q

Figure 2

In figure 2, P (−8 , 0), Q(0, − 6 ) and R(0, − 2 ) are three points and O is origin. S is a
point on PQ such that the area ΔQRS equals one third of area of ΔOPQ . Find the
equation of the line SR. (6 marks)

d 4
6. Find, from first principle, (x ) (4 marks)
dx

7. Let y = 3 cos x + sin x where 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π


Find
dy d2y
(a) and ,
dx dx 2
(b) the minimum value of y. (6 marks)
8. The slope at any point (x, y) of a curve is given by
dy
= −6 x 2 − 8 x − 2 k
dx
If the curve touches the x-axis at the point (−2 , 0), find
(a) the value of k,
(b) the equation of the curve (6 marks)

1 5 − 10 x 3 + 16 x 2 − 24 x + 9
9. Prove that − =
2 x 3 (3 − 4 x) 2 32 x 5 − 48 x 4 + 18 x 3
− 10 x 3 + 16 x 2 − 24 x + 9
Hence find the value of ∫ 32 x 5 − 48 x 4 + 18 x 3 dx (5 marks)

0 .6 sin x + sin 7 x 2
10. Evaluate ∫ ( ) dx , giving your answer correct to two significant figures.
0. 2 cos 7 x − cos x
(6 marks)

11. Prove, by mathematical induction, that for all positive integers n,


1 1 1 1 1
1 + 3 + 5 + ... + [(2n − 1) + n ] = n 2 + 1 − n (5 marks)
2 4 8 2 2

1
12. In the expansion of ( x − ) 4 (2 x − 1) 3 , find the coefficient of x 2 . (5 marks)
x
Section B (48 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions in this section.
Each question carries 12 marks.

13.
R

r Y
θ
X
x
O Q
p P

Figure 3

In Figure 3, P is the mid-point of OQ and PX : XR = 1 : 3. OX produced intersect QR


at the point Y with ∠RXY = θ .
Let OP = p , OR = r , OX = x ; OP = p , OR = r , OX = x .

(a) (i) Express x in terms of p and r .

(ii) By calculating OX ⋅ PR , express cos θ in terms of x and p if


∠ROQ = 60° and r = 2 p . (4 marks)

(b) Let OY = hOX .

(i) Express QY in terms of p , r and h.

QY
(ii) Find the ratio . (8 marks)
YR
14.

S
’ ’
C P B
Q
R
D’ A’ E
π

C B

D A
Figure 4

Figure 4 shows a cube ABCDA’B’C’D’. Each of the sides is of length 12 cm.

(a) A plane π cuts the cube at points A, E, P, Q, F.

If BE = DF = 9 cm, find the value of


(i) the cos ∠EAF ,
(ii) the area of ΔAEF . (4 marks)

(b) By considering the similarity of ΔSB' E , SA' A ; ΔRD' F , RA' A ,


find the lengths of SB' and RD ' . (4 marks)

(c) Let h be the height of the trapezium PEFQ. Find the length of h, and hence find the
area of the pentagon AEPQF. (4 marks)
(Leave your answers in surd form, if necessary.)

15.
Given a family of circles
C k : x 2 + y 2 + (3k − 4) x + ( k + 2) y − 10k = 0

(a) Show that for any arbitrary constant k, the circle C k passes through two
fixed points P and Q. Find the coordinates of P and Q. (3 marks)

(b) Find the equations of the tangents of the circle C0 at the points P and Q.
Find also the point of intersection of these tangents. (5 marks)

(c) When k varies, find the equation of the locus of the centre of the circle C k . (4 marks)
16.

Y
.
B(4,2)

A(0,1)

X
P(x,0)

Figure 5

A particle travels from a fixed point A(0, 1) to a variable point (x, 0) (x < 4) on the
positive x-axis and finally to another fixed point B(4, 2) along straight paths as shown
in the figure 5.

Let S be the total distance travelled by the particle from A to B.

(a) Express S in terms of x.


dS d 2S
Hence find the expressions for and . (5 marks)
dx dx 2

(b) Using (a), obtain the position of P for S to be minimum.


What is the minimum distance? (4 marks)

(c) The position of P can also be found by a purely geometrical construction.


Describe this construction and use it to verify the position of P found in (b).
(3 marks)
17. y

x
B C

Figure 6

(a) In figure 6 the equation of the circle is x 2 + y 2 = a 2 . AB is parallel to the


y-axis and BC = h . If the area ABC is rotated about the x-axis through
one complete revolution, show that the volume of the spherical segment
πh 2
formed is (3a − h) . (4 marks)
3

(b)

20cm

20cm

10cm
A right circular cone with base diameter 20 cm, height 20 cm, is held vertex
down and completely filled with water. There is a hole at the vertex through
which water leaks at a constant rate of 10 cm3 s-1. The water leaked out is caught
in a hemispherical bowl, of radius 10 cm, being held directly below the cone.

At the moment the depth of water caught in the bowl is 5 cm, calculate

(i) the depth of water in the cone;

(ii) the rate at which water level in the cone is falling;

(iii) the rate at which water level in the bowl is rising. (8 分)

End of paper