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KING’S GLORY EDUCATIONAL CENTRE

CE MOCK EXAMINATION 2004

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
A. LEUNG
(Time allowed : 2 hours and 30 minutes)

Instruction 指示
1. Answer all questions in sections A, and any four questions in section B.
甲部各題全答, 乙部選答任何四題

2. Unless otherwise, all numerical answers should be exact or correct to 3 significant figures.
除題目特別指明外, 所有數值答案須用真確值表示或準確至三小數位

3. Unless otherwise specified, all workings must be clearly shown.
除題目特別指明外, 所有算式須詳細列出

4. The diagrams in this paper are not necessarily drawn to scale.
試卷中的圖不一定依照比例繪畫

Useful trigonometric formulae 常用三角公式
1. sin( A ± B ) = sin A cos B ± cos A sin B

cos( A ± B ) = cos A cos B m sin A sin B

tan A ± tan B
3. tan( A ± B ) =
1 m tan A tan B

A+ B A− B
4. sin A + sin B = 2 sin cos
2 2

A+ B A− B
5. sin A − sin B = 2 cos sin
2 2

A+ B A− B
6. cos A + cos B = 2 cos cos
2 2 Prepared by A. Leung
King’s Glory Educational Centre
A+ B B− A All Rights Reserved 2004
7. cos A − cos B = 2 sin sin
2 2 2004-CE-ADD.MATH-1

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Section A 甲部 (62 marks) Answer all questions 全部作答
1. Let {Tn } be a sequence such that Tn = n(n + 3) for all positive integers n, prove by mathematical
n(n + 1)(n + 5)
induction T1 + T2 + T3 + ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ +Tn = for all positive integers n 設 為 一 序 列 使 所
3
Tn = n(n + 3) 對 於 所 有 正 整 數 n, 利 用 數 學 歸 納 法 證 明
n(n + 1)(n + 5)
T1 + T2 + T3 + ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ +Tn = 對於所有正整數 n. (5 marks)
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18
⎛ 2⎞
2. Find the general term in descending powers of x in the expansion ⎜ x 2 + ⎟ . Hence find the
⎝ x⎠

coefficient of x 3 in the expansion.
18
⎛ 2⎞
求在展開式 ⎜ x 2 + ⎟ 中 x 降冪序的通項, 由此係數求展開式中 x 3 的係數 (4 marks)
⎝ x⎠

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3. Let f ( x) = x 2 + 3x − 2 + m( x + 2) , where m is a real constant. If the curve of the function

y = f (x) cuts the x-axis at 2 distinct point A, B such that AB = 2 5 , find m.

設 f ( x) = x 2 + 3x − 2 + m( x + 2) , 當中 m 為一實常數, 若函數的曲線與 x 軸相交兩相異點

A, B 使 AB = 2 5 , 求 m (5 marks)

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4. Find the equation of tangent to the curve (x 2 + x + 5)( y 3 − 2 y + 1) = 7 at the point (1, 0).
求在曲線 (x 2 + x + 5)( y 3 − 2 y + 1) = 7 在點(1, 0)的切線方程 (5 marks)

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5. (a) Using the substitution t = sin θ , or otherwise, evaluate ∫ 15 cos 5 θ dθ .

利用代入法 t = sin θ , 或其他方法 ∫ 15 cos 5 θ dθ (5 marks)

dy
(b) The slope of a curve C is given by = 15 cos 5 x . If the curve passes through the point
dx
π
( , 6), find the equation of C.
2
dy π
一曲線 C 的斜率已知為 = 15 cos 5 x , 若曲線通過點( , 6),求 C 的方程 (2 marks)
dx 2

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3
6. (a) If tan 2θ = where θ is acute, find the value of tan θ without finding the value θ .
4
3
若 tan 2θ = 當中 θ 為一銳角, 求 tan θ 的值無須求出 θ 的值 (2 marks)
4

3
(b) An inverted right circular cone of vertical angle 2θ , where tan2θ = is filled with
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water at the rate of 40 π cm³/min. Find the rate of change of height of water level when
the height of water is of water level is 8 cm.
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一倒轉直立圓錐體其頂角為 2θ , 當中 tan2θ = , 以速率 40 π cm³/min 注水, 求水位高度
4
變率當水位高度為 8 cm (4 marks)

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7. Find the general solution of the equation cos 3x + cos 7 x = 3 cos 5 x .

求方程 cos 3x + cos 7 x = 3 cos 5 x 的通解 (5 marks)

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8. (a) Find the slopes of two lines which makes an angle θ with the line L : 4 x − y + 7 = 0 ,
2
such that tan θ = .
9
2
求兩直線的斜率使它們與直線 L : 4 x − y + 7 = 0 成夾角 θ , 當中 tan θ = (3 marks)
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(b) The equation of a family of straight line F is (1 + k ) x + (7 − 2k ) y + (2 + 3k ) = 0 .
Find the equation of a straight line in F with slope less than 3, which makes an angle θ with L
2
where tan θ =
.
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一直線族 F 其方程斜為 (1 + k ) x + (7 − 2k ) y + (2 + 3k ) = 0 , 求在 F 的一直線方程其斜率少於
2
3, 使它與 L 成夾角 θ 當中 tan θ = (4 marks)
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9. In figure 1, the point P divides A(3, 11) and B(10, 4) internally in the ratio k : 1.
在圖一, 點 P 將 A(3, 11)與 B(10, 4)內分為比 k : 1
v v
(a) Express OP in terms of k, i and j .

v v
以 k, i 與 j 表 OP (1 mark)

(b) If OP ⊥ AB , find the value of k.
若 OP ⊥ AB , 求 k 的值 (3 marks)

y
A(3, 11)

k
P

1

B(10, 4)
x
O
Figure 1

(c) Using 利用 OP ⋅ OA to find 求 ∠AOP . (3 marks)

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10. A rational function y = f ( x ) has the following properties 一分式函數 y = f ( x ) 有下列特性:

(i) The horizontal asymptote is the x-axis x 軸為水平漸近線.

(ii) The graph has no vertical asymptote 圖像沒有垂直漸近線.

(iii) The behaviour 特質 of f ( x ), f '( x ) and f ''( x ) as shown in the following table 如下表示 :

x <−2 x =−2 −2 <x <−1 x=−1 − 1 < x < 0 x = 0 0 < x < 1 x =1 1 < x < 2 x=2 x >2
f (x) 2.4 3 0 -3 -2.4
f '(x) >0 >0 >0 =0 <0 <0 <0 =0 >0 >0 >0
f ' ' (x) >0 =0 <0 <0 <0 =0 >0 >0 >0 =0 <0

(a) State the turning points of the curve 舉出曲線的轉向點 (2 marks)

(b) Sketch the graph of y = f (x) 描繪 y = f (x) 的圖像 (4 marks)

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11. Solve the inequality 解不等式 ( x + 3) 2 − 7 x + 3 − 18 ≤ 0 (5 marks)

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Section B 乙部 (48 marks) Answer any Four questions 選答任何四題
12. (a) Given 3 points 已知 3 點 A(3, 7), B(0, -2), C(-2, 2),
(i) Find the equation of circle S1 with BC as diameter.
求以 BC 為一直徑的圓 S1 的方程

(ii) Find the equation of the Line L passes through B and C. Write down the
equation of family of circles through B and C, hence, or otherwise, find the equation
of circles S 2 , passing through A, B and C.
求通過 B 與 C 的直線 L 的方程, 寫出通過 B 與 C 的圓族方程, 由此或利其
他方法求通過 A, B 與 C 的圓 S 2 的方程 (5 marks)

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(b) Two tangents with slopes m1 and m2 are drawn from the D(0, 8) to S 2 . Let m be the
slope of the tangents.
兩切線其斜率 m1 與 m2 由 D(0, 8)繪至 S 2 , 設 m 為兩切線的斜率

(i) Find the quadratic equation with roots m, and m2.
求二次方程其根為 m1 與 m2

(ii) If θ is the acute angle between the tangents, find the value of tan θ .
若 θ 為兩切線的夾成的銳角求 tan θ (7 marks)

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13. The curve P : y = x 2 and the line L : y = ax , where a is a real constant, intersect at origin and
A, as shown in figure 4 (a). It is known that the area bounded by P and L is 288.
曲線 P : y = x 2 與直線 L : y = ax , 當中為一實數, 相交於原點與 A, 如圖 4 (a)所示, 已知 P 與 L
圍成面積是 288

(a) find the value of a. 求 a 的數值 (4 marks)

The area bounded by P and L is revolved about the line y = −1 for one complete revolution
P 與 L 所圍成的面積繞著直線 y = −1 旋轉一圈,
(b) find the volume of solid generated 求所形成旋轉體體積. (4 marks)

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In figure 4(b), P is revolved about the y-axis to form a bowl. If the height of the bowl is h, 在圖
4(b)中, P 繞著 y 軸形成一碗, 若碗高度為 h

(c) find the capacity of the bowl in terms of h. 求碗的容量以 h 表示 (2 marks)

(d) The solid formed in (b) is melted into a liquid form, and then poured into the bowl formed in (c),
find the height of liquid in the bowl.
在形成的實物溶成液體狀倒進在形成的碗求液體在碗的高度 (2 marks)

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14. In figure 5, A is the apex of an inverted right circular conical vessel of constant slant height
AB = l, with semi-vertical angle θ . If V is the capacity of the vessel,
在圖五中, A 為一直立圓錐容器頂點恒斜高度 AB = l, 其半頂角為 θ , 若 V 為容器的容量
1
(a) Show that 證明 V = πl 3 sin 2 θ cosθ . (2 marks)
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(b) Hence show that when V is maximum, sin θ = . If S denotes the cross sectional area
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of the vessel (area of ∆ABC ), will S attain its maximum when V attains its maximum?
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由此證明當 V 為極大, sin θ = , 若 S 代表橫切面面積 ( ∆ABC 面積), 當 V 為極大時 S
3
是否達到極大值 ? (7 marks)

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(c) Suppose l = 6, and θ increases by 0.1 rad/s, find the rate of change of capacity
π π
of the vessel when θ = 設 l = 6, 而增加 0.1 rad/s, 求容器容量變率當 θ =
6 6
(2 marks)

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1
15. In figure 6, OAB is a triangle (三角形) with OA = 1, OB = 3, cos ∠AOB = . C is a point on AB
3
such that AC : CB = 2 : 1. D is a point on OC produced (延長線) such that OC : CD = 1 : k. Let
v v
OA = a , OB = b .

v v v v v v
(a) Find a ⋅ a , a ⋅ b and b ⋅ b . (2 marks)

v v
(b) Express OC in terms of a and b . (1 mark)

v v
(c) Find OD and BD in terms of k, a and b . (2 marks)

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(d) If BD ⊥ OD , find the value of k and the length of BD. (5 marks)

(e) Explain briefly whether OADB is a cyclic quadrilateral or not. (2 marks)
試略解釋 OADB 是否一圓內接四邊形

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16. (a) Using factor theorem (利用因子定理), show that (證明) if α , β and γ are roots of the
equation (方程的根) ax 3 + bx 2 + cx + d = 0 , where a, b, c, d are real constants (實常數)
and a ≠ 0 , then
d
(i) αβγ = −
a
c
(ii) αβ + αγ + βγ = (4 marks)
a

(b) Show that cos 3θ = 4 cos 3 θ − 3 cosθ . Hence find the three smallest positive angle (三最

小的正角) such that cosθ is a root of the equation 8 x 3 − 6 x − 3 = 0 . (5 marks)

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(c) Using (a) and (b), find the value (值) of
(i) cos10 o cos 50 o cos 70 o

(ii) cos10 o cos130 o + cos10 o cos110 o + cos110 o cos130 o (3 marks)

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17. If α and β are the roots of the equation x 2 + 4 x + 2 = 0 , let Sn = α n + β n , where n is a
positive integer (正整數).

(i) Find S1 and S 2 . (2 marks)

(ii) Show that Sn + 2 + 4Sn +1 + 2 Sn = 0 (3 marks)

(iii) Using (i) and (ii), find S 3 and S 4 . (3 marks)

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( ) (
5
(iv) Without using binomial theorem (無須利用二項式定理), evaluate 2 + 2 + 2 − 2 )
5

(4 marks)

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