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INTRODUCTION

According to HPV Information Centre, Cervical Cancer ranks as the second most frequent cancer
among women in the Philippines ages 15 to 44. Although considered as a preventable disease, the burden of
cervical cancer in the Philippines remains to be moderately high, where the cost of nationwide organized cytology
screening has been a significant limitation. In a country where existing health infrastructure is not sufficiently
developed to support cytology-based screening program, the use of alternative screening modalities, such as
visual inspection of the cervix aided by acetic acid (VIA) with or without magnification, is currently under
evaluation. In addition, prophylactic Human Papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination for the prevention of infection and
related disease is being considered as an additional cervical cancer control strategy.

Cervical Cancer is a cancer that forms in tissues of the cervix (the organ connecting the
uterus and vagina). It is usually a slow-growing cancer that may not have symptoms but can be
found with regular Pap tests. One of the most common symptoms of cervical cancer is abnormal vaginal
bleeding, but in some cases there may be no obvious symptoms until the cancer has progressed to an advanced
stage. Treatment usually consists of surgery (including local excision) in early stages, and chemotherapy and/or
radiotherapy in more advanced stages of the disease.

Patient X, 48 years old, a resident of Matina Aplaya, Davao City. She was admitted at Metro Davao
Medical and Research Center, Inc. for complaints of hypogastric pain on June 6, 2014, 2:53 pm. She was
diagnosed with Cervical Cancer on May 2013.

Worldwide, Cervical Cancer ranks fifth among the most common cancer affecting women. There are
about 500,000 reported cases of cervical cancer each year, resulting in 270,000 deaths. In Philippines alone,
there are 32.70 millioins of women and 6670 died each year approximately 12 deaths per day. The incidence of
cervical cancer in the Philippines has remained unchanged since 1980, with an overall survival rate of 51.7 %, or
about 10 per 100,000 women dying from the disease over 5 years. About two-thirds of cervical cancer cases in
the Philippines are diagnosed at an advanced stage; owing to inadequate radiotherapy facilities in the country,
mortality is high. In comparison, cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in
Eastern, Western and Middle Africa; Central America; South-Central Asia and Melanesia. The highest incidence
rateis observed in Guinea, with 6.5% of women developing cervical cancer before the age of 75 years. India is
the country with the highest disease frequency with 134 000 cases and 73 000deaths. Cervical cancer, more
than the other major cancers, affects women less than 45 years of age.

The group chose Cervical Cancer as our case presentation because it tends to be the leading mortality
in the country. We wanted to learn more in order for us to give health teachings to every individual especially
women on how to prevent or somehow cure those who already have cervical cancer. We want to increase their
knowledge about the disease process and how it occurs in the body since most of the Filipinos lack knowledge.
We strongly believe that this case study will be very helpful in our career someday as registered nurses as well as
help us in taking extra care of our bodies.