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1.

Important categories of Profile Parameters in SAP
These are important categories of system parameters. You can access and change them
using RZ11. To display you can use report RSPFPAR which can be run thorough SA38.
Not all parameters can be changed. Using RZ10 (profile maintenance). You can change
parameters that are dynamically switchable and they are activated immediately.

ES/* : Related to extended memory settings
INSTANCE* : Identify an instance or server
ABAP/* : Related to program execution, including heap settings
AUTH/* : Related to authorization
DBS/<DB Type/* : Database specific parameters
EM/* : General system related settings
ENQUE/* : Settings for the enqueue WP (or standalone ENQ server)
GW/* : SAP Gateway related settings
ICF/* & ICM/* : Settings for the Internet control framework and ICM
LOGIN/* : Controls the logon environment (such a multiple sessions etc)
MS/* : Message server related settings
RDISP/* : Controls the dispatcher & dispatcher controlled processes
STAT/* : Statistics collector related parameters
SCSA/* : Shared common system area parameters
ZTTA/* : Extended memory related parameters

2. What are the tools used in SAP Implementation?
One of the Tools being used for SAP Implementation is QuickSizer, which is used to size
the SAP Server based on number of users using various modules in SAP.

3. How do you create Alert Messages?
Alert Message is created in the CCMS monitor using TCodes RZ20 and RZ21. The
values for Alert AutoReaction Methods are defined using the TCode RZ21, while this
particular method is assigned to the Monitoring Tree Element (MTE) in the TCode RZ20.
One can have an Alert Management System, where alerts from the Entire Landscape can
be configured in a Central Monitoring System from where it can trigger a alert mail or
SMS to the concerned Administrator

4. When spool buffer is full and new spool request is raised what happens to the request?
Where does the request stored?
The new spool request will be in the queue. If it is urgent request then the current request
will be stopped and new request will be send.
Control information for the spool requests and the output print data itself, are generally
stored in database tables.
Output print data is stored in the Temporary Sequential Objects (TemSe) database.

5. How should I set priority for printing say like user, team lead and project manager?
There's nothing like "priority" settings for spool processes. Just define more (profile
parameter rdisp/wp_no_spool) processes so people don't need to wait.

6. What is the difference between R3trans and tp in SAP-DBA?
R/3trans is the R/3 system transport program which can be used for transporting data
between different SAP systems, even when they don’t belong to the same group. R3trans
normally is not used directly but called from the tp control program or by the R/3 upgrade. tp
is the basic tool for the transporting the request and this can be used directly.

7. What is “Group by” in Select statement?
Answer1:
Group by is used to fetch a unique data from a column.
Answer2:
A "group by" is used to group selected rows in a table to perform arg functions on them.
Rows not included in the "group by" clouse and not part of ARG functions cannot be used
...(logical grouping of data) or orerations performed (on groups of data) can be used with the
"HAVING" clause to further refine the output.
ex of some ARG functions : SUM() , MIN(),MAX(), AVG()

8. Select statement to read data into internal tables. Types of Select statements
select * from database table into (internal table name)
the above statement collects data into the header area of the internal table and select * from
database table into table (internal table name)
the above statement collects the data into the body area directly .

9. Explain “Commit” and “Roll back”
The Oracle RDBMS provides a transaction model based on a unit of work. Transactions
begin with the first change to data and end with either a COMMIT or ROLLBACK.

COMMIT makes the database changes permanent and visible to other database sessions.

ROLLBACK undoes the changes made in the current transaction either to the beginning of
the transaction or to a savepoint. A savepoint is a named processing point in a transaction,
created with the SAVEPOINT statement. Rolling back to a savepoint is a partial rollback of a
transaction, wiping out all changes (and savepoints) that occurred later than the named
savepoint.

10. What happens “Update” command is used without where clause?
It will update all the records with same name in the particular field of the table.

11. Difference between UNDO and REDO in Oracle.
REDO => Commited transactions
UNDO => UnComited Transactions.