# JEE (main) Syllabus for Physics

The syllabus contains two Sections - A and B. Section - A pertains to the Theory Part having
80% weightage, while Section - B contains Practical o!ponent "#\$peri!ental S%ills&
having '0% weightage.
SECTION – A
UNIT 1: P!SICS AN" #EASU\$E#ENT
Physics, technology and society, S ( units, )unda!ental and derived units. *east count,
accuracy and precision o+ !easuring instru!ents, #rrors in !easure!ent, ,i!ensions o+
Physical -uantities, di!ensional analysis and its applications.
UNIT %: &INE#ATICS
)ra!e o+ re+erence. .otion in a straight line/ Position-ti!e graph, speed and velocity.
0ni+or! and nonuni+or! !otion, average speed and instantaneous velocity 0ni+or!ly
accelerated !otion, velocity-ti!e, position-ti!e graphs, relations +or uni+or!ly
accelerated !otion. Scalars and 1ectors, 1ector addition and Subtraction, 2ero 1ector,
Scalar and 1ector products, 0nit 1ector, 3esolution o+ a 1ector. 3elative 1elocity, .otion in
a plane, Pro4ectile .otion, 0ni+or! ircular .otion.
UNIT ': (A)S O* #OTION
)orce and (nertia, 5ewton6s )irst *aw o+ !otion7 .o!entu!, 5ewton6s Second *aw o+
!otion7 (!pulse7 5ewton6s Third *aw o+ !otion. *aw o+ conservation o+ linear !o!entu!
and its applications, #-uilibriu! o+ concurrent +orces. Static and 8inetic +riction, laws o+
+riction, rolling +riction. ,yna!ics o+ uni+or! circular !otion/ entripetal +orce and its
applications.
UNIT +: )O\$&, ENE\$-! AN" PO)E\$
9or% done by a constant +orce and a variable +orce7 %inetic and potential
energies, wor%energy theore!, power. Potential energy o+ a spring, conservation o+
!echanical energy, conservative and nonconservative +orces7 #lastic and inelastic
collisions in one and two di!ensions.

UNIT .: \$OTATIONA( #OTION
entre o+ !ass o+ a two-particle syste!, entre o+ !ass o+ a rigid body7 Basic concepts o+
rotational !otion7 !o!ent o+ a +orce, tor-ue, angular !o!entu!, conservation o+ angular
!o!entu! and its applications7 !o!ent o+ inertia, radius o+ gyration. 1alues o+ !o!ents
o+ inertia +or si!ple geo!etrical ob4ects, parallel and perpendicular a\$es theore!s and
their applications. 3igid body rotation, e-uations o+ rotational !otion.
UNIT /: -\$A0ITATION
The universal law o+ gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude
and depth. 8epler6s laws o+ planetary !otion. :ravitational potential energy7 gravitational
potential. #scape velocity. ;rbital velocity o+ a satellite. :eo-stationary satellites.
UNIT 1: P\$OPE\$TIES O* SO(I"S AN" (I2UI"S
#lastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, <oo%e6s *aw, =oung6s !odulus, bul% !odulus,
!odulus o+ rigidity. Pressure due to a +luid colu!n7 Pascal6s law and its applications.
1iscosity, Sto%es6 law, ter!inal velocity, strea!line and turbulent +low, 3eynolds nu!ber.
Bernoulli6s principle and its applications. Sur+ace energy and sur+ace tension, angle o+
contact, application o+ sur+ace tension - drops, bubbles and capillary rise. <eat,
te!perature, ther!al e\$pansion7 speci+ic heat capacity, calori!etry7 change o+ state, latent
heat. <eat trans+erconduction, convection and radiation, 5ewton6s law o+ cooling.
UNIT 3: TE\$#O"!NA#ICS
Ther!al e-uilibriu!, >eroth law o+ ther!odyna!ics, concept o+ te!perature. <eat, wor%
and internal energy. )irst law o+ ther!odyna!ics. Second law o+ ther!odyna!ics/
reversible and irreversible processes. arnot engine and its e++iciency.
UNIT 4: &INETIC TEO\$! O* -ASES
#-uation o+ state o+ a per+ect gas, wor% doneon co!pressing a gas.8inetic theory o+ gases -
assu!ptions, concept o+ pressure. 8inetic energy and te!perature/ r!s speed o+ gas
!olecules7 ,egrees o+ +reedo!, *aw o+ e-uipartition o+ energy,applications to speci+ic heat
capacities o+ gases7 .ean +ree path, Avogadro6s nu!ber.
UNIT 15: OSCI((ATIONS AN" )A0ES
Periodic !otion - period, +re-uency, displace!ent as a +unction o+ ti!e. Periodic +unctions.
Si!ple har!onic !otion "S.<...& and its e-uation7 phase7 oscillations o+ a spring -restoring
+orce and +orce constant7 energy in S.<... - %inetic and potential energies7 Si!ple

pendulu! - derivation o+ e\$pression +or its ti!e period7 )ree, +orced and da!ped
oscillations, resonance. 9ave !otion. *ongitudinal and transverse waves, speed o+ a wave.
,isplace!ent relation +or a progressive wave. Principle o+ superposition o+ waves,
re+lection o+ waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, +unda!ental !ode and
har!onics, Beats, ,oppler e++ect in sound
UNIT 11: E(ECT\$OSTATICS
#lectric charges/ onservation o+ charge, oulo!b6s law-+orces between two point charges,
+orces between !ultiple charges7 superposition principle and continuous charge
distribution. #lectric +ield/ #lectric +ield due to a point charge, #lectric +ield lines, #lectric
dipole, #lectric +ield due to a dipole, Tor-ue on a dipole in a uni+or! electric +ield. #lectric
+lu\$, :auss6s law and its applications to +ind +ield due to in+initely long uni+or!ly charged
straight wire, uni+or!ly charged in+inite plane sheet and uni+or!ly charged thin spherical
shell. #lectric potential and its calculation +or a point charge, electric dipole and syste! o+
charges7 #-uipotential sur+aces, #lectrical potential energy o+ a syste! o+ two point
charges in an electrostatic +ield. onductors and insulators, ,ielectrics and electric
polari>ation, capacitor, co!bination o+ capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance o+ a
parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric !ediu! between the plates, #nergy
stored in a capacitor.
UNIT 1%: CU\$\$\$ENT E(ECT\$ICIT!
#lectric current, ,ri+t velocity, ;h!6s law, #lectrical resistance, 3esistances o+ di++erent
!aterials, 1-( characteristics o+ ;h!ic and nonoh!ic conductors, #lectrical energy and
power, #lectrical resistivity, olour code +or resistors7 Series and parallel co!binations o+
resistors7 Te!perature dependence o+ resistance. #lectric ell and its (nternal resistance,
potential di++erence and e!+ o+ a cell, co!bination o+ cells in series and in parallel.
8irchho++6s laws and their applications. 9heatstone bridge, .etre bridge. Potentio!eter -
principle and its applications.
UNIT 1': #A-NETIC E**ECTS O* CU\$\$ENT AN" #A-NETIS#
Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. A!pere6s law and its
applications to in+initely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. )orce on a
!oving charge in uni+or! !agnetic and electric +ields. yclotron. )orce on a current-
carrying conductor in a uni+or! !agnetic +ield. )orce between two parallel current-
carrying conductors-de+inition o+ a!pere. Tor-ue e\$perienced by a current loop in uni+or!
!agnetic +ield7 .oving coil galvano!eter, its current sensitivity and conversion to
a!!eter and volt!eter. urrent loop as a !agnetic dipole and its !agnetic dipole !o!ent.
Bar !agnet as an e-uivalent solenoid, !agnetic +ield lines7 #arth6s !agnetic +ield and
!agnetic ele!ents. Para-, dia- and +erro- !agnetic substances. .agnetic susceptibility and
per!eability, <ysteresis, #lectro!agnets and per!anent !agnets.

UNIT 1+: E(ECT\$O#A-NETIC IN"UCTION AN" A(TE\$NATIN- CU\$\$ENTS
#lectro!agnetic induction7 )araday6s law, induced e!+ and current7 *en>6s *aw, #ddy
currents. Sel+ and !utual inductance. Alternating currents, pea% and r!s value o+
alternating current? voltage7 reactance and i!pedance7 *3 series circuit, resonance7
@uality +actor, power in A circuits, wattless current. A generator and trans+or!er.
UNIT 1.: E(ECT\$O#A-NETIC )A0ES
#lectro!agnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature o+ electro!agnetic
waves. #lectro!agnetic spectru! "radio waves, !icrowaves, in+rared, visible, ultraviolet,
Arays, ga!!a rays&. Applications o+ e.!. waves.
UNIT 1/: OPTICS
3e+lection and re+raction o+ light at plane and spherical sur+aces, !irror +or!ula, Total
internal re+lection and its applications, ,eviation and ,ispersion o+ light by a pris!, *ens
)or!ula, .agni+ication, Power o+ a *ens, o!bination o+ thin lenses in contact, .icroscope
and Astrono!ical Telescope "re+lecting and re+racting& and their !agni+yingpowers. 9ave
optics/ wave+ront and <uygens6 principle, *aws o+ re+lection and re+raction using <uygen6s
principle. (nter+erence, =oung6s double slit e\$peri!ent and e\$pression +or +ringe width.
,i++raction due to a single slit, width o+ central !a\$i!u!. 3esolving power o+ !icroscopes
and astrono!ical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polari>ed light7 Brewster6s law, uses o+
plane polari>ed light and Polaroids.
UNIT 11: "UA( NATU\$E O* #ATTE\$ AN"\$A"IATION
,ual nature o+ radiation. Photoelectric e++ect, <ert> and *enard6s observations7 #instein6s
photoelectric e-uation7 particle nature o+ light. .atter waves-wave nature o+ particle, de
Broglie relation. ,avisson:er!er e\$peri!ent.
UNIT 13: ATO#S AN" NUC(EI
Alpha-particle scattering e\$peri!ent7 3uther+ord6s !odel o+ ato!7 Bohr !odel, energy
levels, hydrogen spectru!. o!position and si>e o+ nucleus, ato!ic !asses, isotopes,
isobars7 isotones. 3adioactivity-alpha, beta and ga!!a particles?rays and their properties7
radioactive decay law. .ass-energy relation, !ass de+ect7 binding energy per nucleon and
its variation with !ass nu!ber, nuclear +ission and +usion.
UNIT 14: E(ECT\$ONIC "E0ICES
Se!iconductors7 se!iconductor diode/ (-1 characteristics in +orward and reverse bias7
diode as a recti+ier7 (-1 characteristics o+ *#,, photodiode, solar cell and 2ener diode7 2ener

diode as a voltage regulator. Bunction transistor, transistor action, characteristics o+ a
transistor7 transistor as an a!pli+ier "co!!on e!itter con+iguration& and oscillator. *ogic
gates ";3, A5,, 5;T, 5A5, and 5;3&. Transistor as a switch.
UNIT %5: CO##UNICATION S!STE#S
Propagation o+ electro!agnetic waves in the at!osphere7 S%y and space
wave propagation, 5eed +or !odulation, A!plitude and )re-uency .odulation, Bandwidth
o+ signals, Bandwidth o+ Trans!ission !ediu!, Basic #le!ents o+ a
o!!unication Syste! "Bloc% ,iagra! only&.
SECTION –6
UNIT %1: E7PE\$I#ENTA( S&I((S
)a!iliarity with the basic approach and observations o+ the e\$peri!ents and activities/
C. 1ernier callipers-its use to !easure internal and e\$ternal dia!eter and depth o+ a vessel.
'. Screw gauge-its use to deter!ine thic%ness?dia!eter o+ thin sheet?wire.
D. Si!ple Pendulu!-dissipation o+ energy by plotting a graph between s-uare o+ a!plitude
and ti!e.
E. .etre Scale - !ass o+ a given ob4ect by principle o+ !o!ents.
F. =oung6s !odulus o+ elasticity o+ the !aterial o+ a !etallic wire.
G. Sur+ace tension o+ water by capillary rise and e++ect o+ detergents.
H. o-e++icient o+ 1iscosity o+ a given viscous li-uid by !easuring ter!inal velocity o+ a
given spherical body.
8. Plotting a cooling curve +or the relationship between the te!perature o+ a hot body and
ti!e.
I. Speed o+ sound in air at roo! te!perature using a resonance tube.
C0. Speci+ic heat capacity o+ a given "i& solid and "ii& li-uid by !ethod o+ !i\$tures.
CC. 3esistivity o+ the !aterial o+ a given wire using !etre bridge.
C'. 3esistance o+ a given wire using ;h!6s law.

CD. Potentio!eter J
"i& o!parison o+ e!+ o+ two pri!ary cells.
"ii& ,eter!ination o+ internal resistance o+ a cell.
CE. 3esistance and +igure o+ !erit o+ a galvano!eter by hal+ de+lection !ethod.
CF. )ocal length o+/
"i& onve\$ !irror
"ii& oncave !irror, and
"iii& onve\$ lens using paralla\$ !ethod.
CG. Plot o+ angle o+ deviation vs angle o+ incidence +or a triangular pris!.
CH. 3e+ractive inde\$ o+ a glass slab using a travelling !icroscope.
C8. haracteristic curves o+ a p-n 4unction diode in +orward and reverse bias.
CI. haracteristic curves o+ a 2ener diode and +inding reverse brea% down voltage.
'0. haracteristic curves o+ a transistor and +inding current gain and voltage gain.
'C. (denti+ication o+ ,iode, *#,, Transistor, (, 3esistor, apacitor +ro! !i\$ed collection o+
such ite!s.
''. 0sing !ulti!eter to/
"i& (denti+y base o+ a transistor
"ii& distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor.
"iii& See the unidirectional +low o+ current in case o+ a diode and an *#,.
"iv& hec% the correctness or otherwise o+ a given electronic co!ponent "diode, transistor
or (&