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Designation: A 959 – 00

An American National Standard

Standard Guide for

Specifying Harmonized Standard Grade Compositions for
Wrought Stainless Steels1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 959; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

1. Scope
1.1 This standard provides a guide to ASTM Subcommittees
A01.06, A01.10, A01.17, A01.22, and A01.28 for specifying
chemical composition limits of wrought stainless steels. It is
intended that these recommended grade composition limits be
suitable for adoption by other standardization bodies that
prepare standards for stainless steel products.
1.2 Included in this guide are the recommendations for
determining the number of significant figures for specifying
chemical composition from Test Methods, Practices and Terminology A 751.
1.3 All stainless steel UNS numbers and the stainless steel
grades in all standards overseen by the aforementioned ASTM
subcommittees have been included, except those grades applicable to restricted special end uses and alloys containing less
than 10.5 % minimum chromium.
1.4 Not addressed are minor composition modifications
which a specific product subcommittee may find necessary to
accommodate effects of normal processing or to enhance
fabricability by the producer or user, or both.
1.5 Also not generally addressed (except when established
by ASTM product subcommittees) is a complete rationalization
of all limits, especially when such would conflict with longstanding practices and is not justified by special technical
effect.
1.6 Excluded from this guide are cast material and welding
filler metal.

2.2 SAE Standards:
J 1086 Recommended Practice for Numbering Metals and
Alloys3
HS-1086 FEB93 Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System3
3. Terminology
3.1 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard:
3.1.1 austenitic grade, n— is a metallurgical term meaning
that the material is usually predominantly face-centered cubic
in structure and hardenable only by cold working.
3.1.2 austenitic-ferritic (duplex) grade, n—is a metallurgical term meaning that the material is a mixture of austenitic and
ferritic structures, with at least one-fourth of the lesser phase,
and hardenable only by cold working.
3.1.3 ferritic grade, n—is a metallurgical term meaning that
the material is body-centered cubic in structure (with little, if
any, tempered martensite) and hardenable only slightly by cold
working (responding little or only slightly to conventional heat
treatment by quenching and tempering).
3.1.4 martensitic grade, n—is a metallurgical term meaning
that the material is capable of being produced in a distorted
body-centered cubic structure by conventional heat treating
and quenching, and that the quenched structure is capable of
conventional tempering. Martensitic grades are delivered in the
annealed (ferritic) condition or the hardened and tempered
(martensitic) condition.
3.1.5 precipitation hardening grade, n—is a metallurgical
term meaning that the material may be basically austenitic or
martensitic in structure and hardenable by precipitation hardening (sometimes called age hardening).
3.1.6 standard stainless steel grade, n—the listed chemical
composition associated with a stainless steel grade identified
by a particular UNS number appearing in SAE publication
HS-1086 FEB93, except as modified by an ASTM subcommittee having oversight of a wrought stainless steel product where
such a modification is justified by a specific technical effect.

2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards:
A 751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for
Chemical Analysis of Steel Products2
E 527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)2

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This guide is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,
Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee
A01.96 on Harmonization of Wrought Stainless Steel Requirements.
Current edition approved April 10, 2000. Published June 2000. Originally
published as A 959 – 96. Last previous edition A 959 – 98.
2
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.01.

4. Significance and Use
4.1 It is anticipated that the ASTM Subcommittees A01.06,
A01.10, A01.17, A01.22, and A01.28 will use the standard
3
Available from Society of Automotive Engineers, Commonwealth Drive,
Warrendale, PA 15096.

Copyright © ASTM, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

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and 0. The composition limits have been established with the intent that each product subcommittee will find it necessary to require only a minimum number of changes to reflect specific technical effects.6 Chromium—A composition spread of 2 % is recommended.1 Carbon—It is recommended that limits be to only two decimal places for levels of 0. 5. Use of lower or higher limits should be based on specific technical effect. 4.3 Phosphorous—It is recommended that 0.7 Nickel—It is recommended that the composition spread not exceed 3 % unless a broader (generally higher) spread is justified by specific technical effect.9 Nitrogen—It is recommended that nitrogen limits having only a maximum limit but no minimum should not be used unless justified by specific technical effect. 6. General Guidelines Used for Determining Composition Limits 5. it is recommended that prior listings of these two elements together be limited to listing only columbium.04 % maximum.2 Unless adopted by the appropriate product subcommittee in a product standard.030 % and lower. Within those groups.1 The harmonized composition limits are shown in Table 1. 5. 5. the limits established in this guide are based on these guidelines. Harmonized Standard Grade Stainless Steel Compositions 6.04 % and higher because it is not necessary to control to such precision at levels above 0.5 Silicon—Past practice has been to establish 0. 5. 5.060 % maximum. except for the free machining grades with high sulfur or selenium.3 Not included in this standard stainless steel grade harmonization effort is an attempt to unify stainless steel compositions in ASTM product standards by any means other than recognizing current industry practices.035 % is satisfactory. or when necessary to promote nitrogen solubility. that is.04 %.10 Copper—It is recommended that copper limits having only a maximum limit but no minimum should not be used unless justified by specific technical effect.030 % maximum be applied to all grades except the free-machining grades unless lower limits have been required for specific technical effects. ferritic stainless steels. 7. harmonized stainless steel compositions. austenitic.2 Assuming that uniform compositions among the many product standards for stainless steel are desirable.045 % maximum may also be simply stated as 0. etc. 5. duplex stainless steels. the compositions described in this guide shall not be used for specifying an ASTM product. Keywords 8. 5. and 1.00 % maximum for long products and forgings. the composition limits provided in this standard are to be used as guides in determining limits for each of the elements included in the total composition of each grade. 6. composition limits listed in this guide for the grades identified by the corresponding UNS designation in the product specification unless there is a specific technical justification for doing otherwise. for example.4 Sulfur—It is recommended that 0.A 959 5. (It should be recognized that limits such as 0. martensitic stainless steels. 5.045 % maximum be applied to austenitic grades. 5.11 Columbium and Tantalum—Except for special applications requiring positive identification of tantalum.) It is also recommended that three decimal places be used at levels of 0. it is clearly recognized that 0. grouped by metallurgical classification. austenitic-ferritic. 4.75 % maximum for tubular related products such as flat rolled and tubulars.1 austenitic stainless steels.2 Manganese—Except for the Cr-Ni-Mn grades (S2XXXX). existing broader limits were not reduced to less than a 3 % spread. 5. austenitic-ferritic or ferriticaustenitic stainless steels. Molybdenum limits having only a maximum limit but no minimum should not be used unless justified by specific technical effect. Section 5 lists the general guidelines followed for determining the limits for each element. The words “columbium” and “niobium” refer to the same element. in numerical order. it is recommended that limits of 2 % maximum and 1 % maximum be used for the austenitic and other grades respectively. precipitation hardening stainless steels. Exception—some of the Cr-Ni-Mn austenitic grades have always been produced to 0. The compositions in this guide shall not be considered as chemical requirements for any particular product until adopted by the subcommittee overseeing that product. 8. unless a broader range is justified by specific technical effect. unless.03 % maximum means that 0. standard stainless steel grade compositions 2 . 1 % maximum was chosen since it will also include products melted to lower limits.8 Molybdenum—It is recommended that the composition spread not exceed 1 %. grades are listed by UNS designation.040 % maximum to other grades unless the sponsoring producer recommends a lower limit for specific technical effect. For grades produced both as long and flat-rolled products.

0 17.0–10.0–10.020 0..10 0..40.0 2.0–26.0 16.0–24.0–8.0 11.030 0...04–0.15–0.0 19.00 14.00 UNS Designation TypeB S16800 S20100 S20103 S20153 S20161 S20200 S20300 S20400 S20430 S20500 S20910 16-8-2HC 201 201L 201LNC .5–18.08 0.045 0..00 2. .0 10.50 1.70 17.00 1..0–16.045 0.5 1.0–20..00 2..0–16.5 19.18–0. S31400 S31600 S31603 S31609 314C 316 316L 316H 0.08–0..0 17..40–0.. ... 308 . .00 2.0 19. ...040 0... Cu 0..030 0..40 0..5 7.00–3..10 0. .20 0.. .045 0..00 15.25.15 0. .. .40 XM-31D XM-14D .030 0.0 19.0–19..0 17.....00 2...5–7.06 2.0 ..0–14. ...50–3... .... .00 1. .20 0. . .0–19.00 2.0–11. Se 0...25 0...25 0.. .0 .. ..045 0.32–0..25–0.5–9...00 1... .. .00 .0 1..5 17.0–10..0 24. 1.08 ..045 0.50 .020 0.0 17.0 10.08 0... .060 0. .0 4.2–1.030 0.030 0... . .0–14.5–5.045 0. .10–0..0–24.060 0.015 0..00 1.0–25.00 3.030 0.. 2.030 0. 0.3 5..00 2...00 2.030 0.5–13.00 .0 14.05 0.A 959 Precision and Bias TABLE 1 Chemical Composition Limits.060 0.00–3.30 .00 2..5 16.50 .030 0.030 0..0 14.00 1..20 0...16–0.0 16.5 2.04–0.0 1... S21600 S21603 S21800 S21900 S21904 S24000 S24100 S28200 S30100 S30103 S30153 S30200 S30215 S30300 S30310 S30323 S30345 S30400 S30403 S30409 S30415 S30430 S30451 S30452 S30453 S30454 S30500 S30600 S30601 S30800 S30815 S30900 S30908 S30909 S30940 S30941 S31000 S31008 S31009 S31040 S31041 S31042 S31050 S31254 S31266 S31272 XM-17D XM-18D ..0 17..0–19.045 0.0–24.10–0.0–10.08 0.. .0–18.10 0.0–4. Ce 0.... .0–20..00 2.030 0. ..10 .. .08 0. 301 301LC 301LNC 302 302B 303 XM-15D 303Se XM-2D 304 304L 304H . ...030 1.10 .030 0.0–19.03 0..60.75–1. 205 XM-19D S21400 S21460 S21500 Carbon Silicon Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Nitrogen Copper Other Elements Austenitic Grades 3 .. ....03–0..5–5. .75–1.0 19.. .00–3.030 0..5 5.30 .0–10.045 0..030 0.0–18. .0–22.20 .0 18.10 2..10 0.5–14.0 12. 0.00 1.. .0–14.16 0.0–14......08D 0..030 0. ...08 ...0 19. .030 0.5 5.0 24.00 0.12–0.0 4.00 1. Cb 0.00 1. ...0–5.0 19.018 0.060 0.060 0...5 16.0 0.5–18.00 2..0–16.00–3. .045 0.5 6..00 1.04 0.0 19..11–0.80 2.0–9.10 0.0–6..0 18.05–0.15 0.0 19...5 1...0 16..0 17.0–18.15–0.00 .40 0. ..00 1..0–22.15 0.0–8....5 17.045 0. 0.00 2.0–4. .030 0.00 1.00 1.0 8.6 1.0–19.0–8.30–0.030 0.. .08 0. ..4–7.030 0.5–4. ..0–18.030 0.00 1. . ... 0. 6..045 0..0–12. . .00 2..25 0.0 17..0 22.00–3. ..00–2..35 0.06–0..0–22..0–21.045 7. .. Cb 10xC-1..0 17.. .0 11.0–23. .0 21.5 4..00 2.00 2.0 5.. 309 309S 309HC 309CbC 309HCbC 310C 310S 310HC 310CbC 310HCbC 310HCbNC 310MoLNC . ...0–19.00 0.5–7. ..0–15.50–1.0–6.10–0..0–18.10 . 2.. .30–1..05–0.020 0.0 5..030 0... . ..14–0.0 24..0 16.00 2.08–0.5 15.0 5.25–0.030 0. ...0 22.030 0.5–20.50–2...00 1.75–1.0 16..22 0.0–11.. .25 ....0 18.5 5. ...00 1.0–15. 0.. .0 7.045 0..5 17.15 14.10 0.5–9.0–12.0–6. ...0–22. ..030 0.030 0..0–18.0 8. .045 0.00 2.00 0...7 0.20 0.00 0. .0 4.60 0.045 0..045 0..20 0. ..50–2....7–4.. . .03 0.045 0.00 1.0–4... .0–6.045 0. .0–26..50 0. .00 1.0–15.00 1.0–26..0–4.00 0.00 0.60 .0 5..0 8.16 0.030 0. .045 0.0–10...045 0.18 0.0 17.0–20..0 24..5–20. .15 0.045 0.030 0.. .. . ..030 0..00–2.060 0.0–24.08 0..00 1..5–4..80 2.07–0. .0–15..00 2..45 0.5 23..030 0..00 1.25 0..0–18.0 8. . . Cu 1.00 1.. Cb 10xC-1.08 0. 0..0–26.045 0..25 0..80 2.....80 1. .00 1.0–18.08 0. . .0 18....0–26.0–15. 0.0–11.045 0.0 19.030 0. .045 0.0–21.0 5.25 .0–5.50 1. .0–9...030 0.0–10.00 2.. ...50 .045 0..00 2....0–10..030 0. ..5–17..0 12.00 1.25 0.0 18.015 0..0 7...03 0.50 .00–1..015 1..03–0.0–20. ..5–7.06 0..0–26.030 0.60 ...00–1..00 2. 2.00 5..045 0.0 8..5 3.20–0.. .00 ...00 .50 W 1. Ti 0.0–6. . 0.. .04–0...030 0..20–0.20 0.0–6.045 0....04–0.06 0. .5–7. .05 ..030 0.0–19.00 1.030 0.0–19.0–18....00–3.05–0. 0.. 0.5 0..030 0.0 12.60–1.00 1. B 0.0 8.00 6.0 22.008 .08 0.0 24..10 0.009 .0 24.0–19.030 0.0–10.30–0..045 0.030 0. V 0..15 0. Ce 0. .5–10. 1.. .00 1. V 0. . Cu 0.00–3.10 ..030 0. .045 0.0–18.. .18 .00 1.0 17.00 2.. .00 1...10 0. .40–0.0–19.0 16.0 8..15 0.5–19.0 5.0 .20 .0 2..0 20. Cb 0.0–11. .0 7..030 0.00 2.0 17. 0.0–16.0 8...00 3.045 0. ...40 .00 2.0–7...5 16.0 18. ..030 0..0–13.045 0. Cb 10xC-1.20–0..35–0.00 2. Cu 0. Cb 10xC-1..04–0..12–0. .030 0.0–18.0 8.0 1.16 0.030 0.030 0.0–16.0–21.0 17.00 1.. Cu 0.010 0.0–20.045 0. ...00 1.0–18. .10–0..2 1....0–19.030 0. .16–0.12 0..... .00 1.030 0.0 9.....0 16.00 1. . ..0 16. .50–3.0 20... . .0–22.03 0. .3–3.0–18. .0 24.20 0.0 10. 0.20–0... .0–11.00 2.10–0.0–17.00 2.0 17.030 0.40 0.045 0. .060 0.0 16.045 0.5–7.... ..045 0.0 14.5–20.08 ...00 0.035 0.00 1.030 0.0–19.0–18.0 16....40–2.030 0. . ..15 0. .030 6...00 2.5–9..08 0.0 18.20 0. .0–18. .0–17. . .5–9.00 2.00 5.2–6.10 0....15 0. .030 1..0 17...0 8.030 0. 202 XM-1D .04–0.. .5 2. ...0–22. Cu 3.00 1.00 1.00 2.5 4.50 0.0–7.0 14. .5–23.25 ...50–0.12 0... ..045 0.35 0..40 0.015 0. .15–0.0–6.15 0.25 0.00 2.00 1.00 2.0–20. XM-10D XM-11D XM-29D XM-28D ...00 0..030 1.0 0..15 min .35 . .00 3.045 0.60 .045 0. .030 0.15–0..0 .03D 0..12 0..04–0.00 1.045 0..00 1.50–2.15 0. 0. .5–16.20 0.30 0..12 7..0–20.15 min 0....0 7.045 0.00 1.00 1...0 22.80–1. Al 0.08–0..0 0. ..35–0.004–0..0–26.04–0..045 0.10 0.... .5 15.003–0.00 1. .0 10.5 17..0–9.0 5.0–9.0 9..00 2. Cb 0.0 18.10 .030 0.. B 0.0–19..00 2.15 0.0 14.00 23. .00 1...08 0.030 0. ..50–3.00 1..00 2. Cu 1.0 8. . .. ..0 1.013 0.030 0.40 0.15 0.030 0... 0.16 0.030 0.00 1... .25 0.. .50–2...50–3..10 0. ..0–10.045 0.. .0–26.0–24.0 22.0 5.030 0.5 3.0–12. 0..0 8.35 min 0..25 min 0...045 0.0 12.0 8.0 8.00 .. . .0–16.. 304N XM-21D 304LN 304LHNC 305 .0–6.0 19. %A Manganese Phosphorous Sulfur 0.0 10...020 0.15–0. .045 0.030 0.0 8... . .30 .30.00 2..0–22.75 11.045 0.0–24.0 1.045 0.0–19.. .0 12..0 8..10–0.00 1.00 0.00 1.5 21..0–22.15 0. ..0–16.030 0.75–2.0 14.0–11.18–0. . .. ..5 11.5 17.

00.030 0.045 0.60–1.. 0.10.0 10.030 0.60 Cb 0..00 2..20 0..0 3. .35..030 0.0 16.30 .. 622C 0...00 0.75 N08904 N08926 .0–12.12–0..05–0.0–22.32 0.030 0. . W 0.00 1.0–6. Ta 0.10 2.15–0.045 0. Cu 0.5 17.60 Al 0.005 0.00 0.030 0.5–6. 0. .. S31500 S31803 S32001 S32205 S32304 S32520 S32550 .5–19. .0 1..16 0.00 1..030 0.30 16.0 24.21–0.5 1.. .5 .50 1.0 .5–16.50 0.25 .04 1. 2.50 S31100 S31200 S31260 XM-26D .. Other Elements Ti 5x(C+N)0..030 0.0–27.5 min Al 0.0–28.60 (Al+Ti) 0.00 1.5 3.5–18.17 0.0–4.0–4.07 2.0 5. ..0–7.0 19.045 0.5–8.0 10..00 2..040 0. .10 0.04 0..0 19..0 22.0 23. . .20 0. Ta 0.010 Cb 8xCmin.0 4. .35.50 Cu 0..00–3.08 0.0–7.10 2.0 6.00.5–6.00 2.60 Ti 0.030 0..10 0..08 0. Ti 1.0 24.08 0.0–19..0 9.5–3.045 0....90–2... .00 0.030 1..25 .00 0..05–0.20 0..30 .045 0.00 19.3–5...030 0.0–20.0 24.020 0.0 0..60 Ti 0.030 0.8–6.030 0. V 0.20–2...0–5..20 Ce 0.0 ..00–3... .10 Cb+Ta-10xC1.00 max Cu 0. .0 17.5–25.10..00 2.0 26.0 0.0 10.. . Cu 0.5 5.030 0..0 3.0–26.10–0.50–3..50–2.00 .10 .00 ...5 0.15–0.0–5.15–0.0 .00 4.00 1.60 3.00 0.030 0.040 0.0–23.08 2. 0.030 0.. .50 23..0 6.0 2.8 .00 S32615 S32654 S33228 .20 0. .040 0.00 .00 1.030 0...020 0.0 17.15–0.0–18.0–14..04–0.030 0.5 .00 2.00 2. .0–28.00 . 0.0 19. .5–3.030 0.10 Cb 8xC-1.00 1.0 10.0–19.10 .030 0.045 0.00–3.00 2.0–21.. S34809 348H 0.0–23.00 1.5 11.045 0.00 24.5 22..08 2.5–17..0–18. . .00 0.60 Ti 0. .00 1.10–0.. 800C 0.0 .0 19. .0 34.0–27.05–0.0 4...0 4.030 0...030 0.00 1.10–0.0–13.00 0..5 24.50–3..0–19.75 FeE 39. .00 0.20 0. ..0 16.00 18..04–0.07 0.03–0.0–28.0–7.0 9.010 Ti 1.5 30.. .. ..0–20.80.00 19.35 0.030 0...030 0.00 3..20 0. . . Ti 5x(C+N)0.040 0.10–0. .0–26.. . .00 1.0 32.5–3. ..60 0.08–0. 0.... 1.0–33.0 21. ..20 Cb+Ta 8xC1.00 0.00 1.0 16.0 2.0–23.2 4.20 Cu 1.0 24.030 1.030 0...15–0. B 0.40–2.030 0.16–0.030 0.0 20.40–0.15–0. Co 0.0 2. N08020 . .0 ..45–0.00–3.50–2.00–1.030 0.00 1.08 2..040 0..05–0.0–25..0–19.18 .50 0.....60 FeE 39.5–6.00 1.10–0.9 0.20–2.. 321 0.16 0.03 0.0–13.0–15.. .75 25. 255C 0.0–36.0–12.00 2.0–5.22 0. ..00 17....0–12..0–18.0 4.50 0. ...0 21.0–21.04–0..0–6.0–19.10 Al 0.20–2.030 S31640 S31651 S31653 S31654 S31700 S31703 S31725 S31726 S31753 S32050 S32100 316Cb 316N 316LN 316LHNC 317 317LMNC . 3.030 0...0 17. . .045 0. 1.85–1.. .00 2. 0. 0.0–20...00 13.030 0.0 18.. .00 18..00 2.70 Cb 10xC-1..0–17.. . .10 .010 1.06–0. Ce 0.0 2.50.14–0.0 .0–12...10–0.5 24.0 11. . Al 0.030 0.5 0.50 0.. 347 347H 348 0.5 min Al 0.75 N08810 800HC 0.50.020 0.00–2.55–2.0–4.0–4.0–21.015 4.5 2.. 0.0–19..5 0.50 1. ..00 1....00–3. .. .0–23.0 2.10 0. 2..0–5.030 1..0 16..5–6.08 0.0–18.35.030 0.020 0.. 0.030 1.50 2.10 2.045 0..030 0.00 2.030 0.08 0.030 1.0–23. .10 1.00 1..00 1..10.00 1.0–22.0 1.10–0.0 12.00 0. .5 5.....030 0.00 1.30–0.15–0.60 .00 2.00 16..5–24. .020 0.045 0.10 0.0 19.00 1.30–1..08 5.. . . 1.. .045 S32109 321H 0.025. .0–24.0 11.0 17. XM-15D .00 1.0 . 0. Cu 1.. .00 2.0–12.5 min Ti 0.030 0. .... 0. Austenite-Ferritic (Duplex) Grades 4 Ti 0. .045 0.00 2.0 9.20–0.0 30.030 0..0 24.10.030 0.015 1. .0–8.15–0..50–2.. .0 6.035 0.020 0.0 17.05–0.5–17.....5–21.0–23..08 1...030 0.0–12..00 2..0–7.70 Cu 1..020 0.... . ...010 0.0–38.00 0. 0.0–15.0–20..50 .0–19.00 2.030 1.14–0.035 1..030 0..0 .00 0.040 0..0 4.00–3.0–15.50 1.08 S33400 334C S34565 S34700 S34709 S34800 Chromium Nickel 1.0–23. 0.0–35.. .05–0..0–18.0–3.00–3..0 .015 1.030 1.00 2.04–0. 0. .030 0. 0.. 317LNC .00 0. . ..0 6.10–0.001–0.A 959 TABLE 1 Continued PhosManganese phorous UNS Designation TypeB Carbon S31635C 316Ti 0.0 17.80 1.045 0..045 0. .. S66286 .06 0.60 Cb 0..0 30.0–20..00 2.00 2..0–4.0 24. 0.. .045 0..0 31.045 0.00 17.003–0.08 . 2205C 2304C .00 1.0–20.0 17.0 10.045 0.0–23.0 2.0 18. . ..5–7.0–27.035 0.50 1.. 0.00 20..0 18.75 N08811 .0 15.9–3.040 0.045 0.0–5.0–26.030 0..50 7.. 0.030 0.00 0.0–18.00 19. Al 0.030 1.030 0..030 0.00 16. .10 Cb 10xC-1.08 0.40 .. .045 0..05–0...60 FeE 39..00 4.045 0.5 14.04–0.040 0.. 0.0 9.15–0.00 1..0–13.045 0.0–26..00 1.030 0..0–25.. .0–19.0–35. B 0.00 1.50 0.0 N08367 N08800 . .030 0.00 2.015 1.50 . ...50 .00 23.08 2. Cu 0.10 1.0–14..10 .0 18...00 1...0 0.55 ..0–35.25 C Sulfur Silicon Molybdenum Nitrogen Copper . Al 0. .045 0.60 3. 0.0 9..0–26. Co 0.20–0.0–19.18–0.040 0.0 21.0 19.0 4..00 2.00 2. .030 1.015 1..0–5.0 9..020 2.0 13.. S35315 S38100 S38400 S66220 .. 0.50 0.25 . .045 0.030 0.0–14.70 Ti 4x(C+N)0.

00 0. Cu 0.5–13.80 0.00–2.50–2.0–8..0–8.. 409 ....015 1.025 0..00 1.00 0.00 17.06 0... 0. . .00 1. ...00.75 max. .50–1.0 3.50 0.010 .025 .10 Ti 5xC-0.030 0.7 0. ..20 2...5 0.00 1..00 1...00 10..80 0....05 min Cb 10xC-0.00.0 17.030 1.15 min 0.. 2507C ..0 16.00 1. 0.8–7.030 1.00.0 18. ..025 1.0–8. .0–26.015 0.3x%Mo +16x%N$40 .030 . Ti 0..75 . 0.00 1. ..04 .00 0.025 1.7 10... S41050 S41603 S42035 .030 0.040 0. S40930 ..5 12...030 ...0–18.75 max Al 0.030 1.020 0.030 0..50 2.25 .10 .040 0. 0.030 1.00 1.045 0..50 .00 10.040 0.... Se 0..0–4. 6..... 0. .00 ... ....00 11..50 S43036 S43400 S43600 430TiC 434 436 0. .12 0... S43932 ... 0.. 0.. Cb 9x(C+N)0..5–11.040 0. 0.50 0. 0. .00–2.50–1.. . .0 .045 0..50 . S40940 S40945 409CbC .5–11.7 0.08 1...00 0..5–11.20 .. 0..00 .5–14.030 0..0–23.00 0..030 1.75 0..5–11.. 1. .0–18.030 0.030 1.030 .040 0.. 0.30-0...00 1. 0.5 .030 0. 0. W 0. S40976 .0 .030 1.50 .0–19..00 .040 0.00 1.025 2.15 min Al 0..60 1.30–0.. 0.12 0. 0..0–13... ...80 .045 0. .00 0.00 1.75–2. Ti 0.0 13.0 1.0 6.20+4x (C+N)-0.. 1.040 0..0–16. S40977 S41045 . 0..20 0.5–11.50 0.040 0..5 3.00 14.06 0.20–0.030–1. Carbon Sulfur Silicon Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Nitrogen Copper Other Elements .00 18. . .12 1..50–2.0–4..040 0.....030 0. 0. S43940 .... ..32 0...50 .7 0.0–23.040 0... . 0.0 24.35 1...00 1.. 0. .00 1.5–19. .06 0.040 0.50 1.25 1.0–18..00 1...030 0.00 0.. 3.00 10.08 0..80 W 1.5 3..030 1...00–2.. ....045 0.08+8(C+N) min.0 10.08 0..5–5.5-11.08 0.5–11.030 1. 0.030 0.040 0.. ..0–19. .60 0.12 0.0–19.00 0..80 max Ti+Cb 0. .. . Cb 5xC min. Ti 0.035 .00 17.5–5. .0 16.00 1.0 .0–14.. ..80–1.030 1.5 12.25 0.. . .5 16.20+4(C+N) min....0–5.. .50 2.08 0. .25 1.5–3... ..040 .30+33C min .0 5.030 1..045 0.00 1..0–26.20 1.20 1.06 0... 0. .50 1. S18200 S18235 XM-34 .. .5 .50 1...00 1. 1. .0–30. %Cr+3. .15 min 0... 0.04 0.80 1.20 Ti 6(C+N) min.040 0.75 max Ti 0. 0. 24.5 .12 0.80–1.7 10..030 0...0 0.0–29.18–0.33 1.. .00 0... . Cu 0.60–1.0 28.. .040 0..0 0..00 10.035 Al 0. S40500 S40800 S40900 S40910 .17 max Ti 8x(C+N) min.5–11.030 0.0–18.0 6..030 1.05 min Cb 103(C+N)0. 0.00 0.00 0.10 Ti 6xC-0. . 0.00 1.50 max Cb 0.15–0. . . 0..24–0. Ti 0...030 .20 0.50 0. .020 1.23–0.10–0.75 Cb 0.0 .50–1. 0. .5 11.00 0. .50–2..030 .06 0.030 0.030 1.80 ....60 Cb 0.75-1.040 0.25 1..030 0..50 .5-12.0 0...10 max (Cb+Ti) 0.08 0.0 0..7 0.00 1.00 .5–19. .0 2. .A 959 TABLE 1 Continued PhosManganese phorous UNS Designation TypeB S32740 S32750 S32760 ...0 16. .. .07 1.040 0.00 1.80 . S40975 ... 0...00 1.15 max Ti 0. ...25 (Ti+Cb) 0.20+ 4x(C+N) -1.30 Ti 12xC-1...10 . ..50 .0 24.30 S32900 S32906 S32950 S39274 S39277 329 .030 0.. C 5 . ..0 17. Ti 0. 1.. ..030 ..030 .00 10.00 10.20 W 0. ..030 . 0.00 1.75–1. .30-1.....50 2. 0.00 1..05–0. .50 Cu 0...75 ..00 1.020 1.00 2. 0.7 0..35 0.. S40920 . .030 1..00 16. ..50 0.00 1. .5-15..00 1.. C+N 0..5–8. 0. . ..00 0. .00 1...00 0.00 1.040 0...0–26.2 6....0 16.00 1.00 10. S44200 S44300 S44400 442C 443C 444 0. .030 1.60 0.15–0.040 0. ..040 0.030 1. . .040 0.020 1..040 0.002 0.5–18..08 0.. 0.10 0..75 Ti 6x(C+N) min.50 Cb 0.030 0. ..32 0.030 ..40.. ..0 24. . .5 17....0–28. 0.60 .... .7 0..00 405 .50 .. .20–0.50 .50 0...030 1. 0.80 23.50 .030 0.15 min 0. .. . 0.010 0. 0.030 0. .90–1. .0 26... 0.50 ...035 0.15..00 0..00 .5–12.24–0.. 0....80 0.5-18.40 0.020 0.040 0.045 0..040 0...030 0....10-0. S42900 S43000 S43020 S43023 S43035 429 430 430F 430FSeC 439 0. 0.15–0.0–26.75–1...040 0..00 1..0–18.00 17.00 0.030 1.040 0.00 Ferritic Grades D 0. .035 0.12 0.

00 .5–3.040 0.5–4. 0.00 12.20 0.040 0.. .00–3. ..020 0.15 min W 2.15 0.45 Al 0..045 . ...030 .0–30.15 min 0.10–0.20 min Cu 0.15. . .0 2. .25 1.95–1.75–1.030 0. .040 0.00 0.5–5.. 1..040 0..20 0. and Ti+Cb 0.. .0–21.0 16. .0 0.0–5. . Ti 0.. . .00 . C+N 0.030 0.20.20 0.0 12..0 13.85 0.50 0. S44600 S44626 446 XM-33D 0. . ..0 0.. Cb 0.32 0...0–3.20 1. S17600 635C 0.07 1. ..00 1. 0. . . 0.030 0.0 0.0 12.0–14.25–2.40 0.00 1...030 1.50–3..75 0. . ..025 Ti+Cb 6x(C+N)1. S46800 .15 0.5 11....90–1.012 1.00 3.5 1...030 1. Se 0...25 0. ..95–1.08 0.. ..50 Ti+Cb 0. .90 0.35 11..50 1. . 0.025 0.040 0...040 ..030 0.20+4x (C+N)-0. 1.95–1.. Ti 7x(C+N)1.5 3. . .35–0. .. ...040 0...0–12.035 .15 min 0.5–13.. .030 1. ...50–1.. Ni+Cu 0.35 Cu 2.00–3.040 0..00 1.07–0.0–16.5 11..75 0.0–7.010 0...30.020 .20 .40–0.040 0.50 .5–13.06 0. ... 0... .040 0.00 18..60.0 0. .50 11.00 19.. ..20.40 Precipitation Hardening Grades D S13800 S15500 XM-13 XM-12D 0.30–1.030 1. . 0..5 0.95–1.0–5.15 0.06 0. . 0.5–13.020 1..00 1.5–13.5–4.2 0..50 1.00 0.5–12...030 0. . . .020 1.27–0... 420F 420FSeC 616C 0. 0.90–1..05 0. .. 416 XM-6D 416SeC 615C 420 . Cu 0. 0.030 ..025 0. . Cb 10x(C+N)0.5 0....0 12.40–0.30 0. 1.040 0. .0 2..20 28.0–30..50 0.20 min Cu 0.06 0. .05 Carbon Sulfur Silicon Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Nitrogen Copper Other Elements Cu 0.50 Cb 0.20–0.00 1.00 1.50 .00 0.75 0.. . ..0 12. 0.30 0.20–0.00 1. ..0–12.15–0. .50 1. .00 0. 0.5–5.06 0.00 1..030 0. and Ti-Cb 0. ..5 3.40–0.0–20..010 0. . . C+N 0..02 0..15 min 0.50–1. .00 1.20 min Cu 0. .0–28.0 12.00 0.05–0.00 .50 . S44627 XM-27D 0.30–0. . . .30–0.15 min V 0.5..040 0.. .25 V 0.80–2...0–18.06 1. .0 15.5 10.00 1..25 0.00..50 .040 0.0–14.0–17.00 .020 0. W 0.0 1. .40–0. XM-32D 0.040 0. .05. Cb 0.06 0.00 1.25 1.00 0.030 0..040 0.06 0.0 11.75 23..3–13.0 16. . 410CbC .030 0.030 0.0 11.030 0.030 0.5 .90–1.20+4x(C+N) -0.0 16. ..0 16. .030 0.95–1.30.05 0.13–0.....5 0.5 2..00 0.30 .85 .50 .030 1.60 0. . .18 1.0 16.50 3.. Cb 0.040 0..08–0.030 1. ..00 0.40 0..25 0.75 2...50–0.06 0.30–1.00–2.15 0.25 1. .50–1.25 0.00 0..15 0..0–27.030 0.75–1.... Se 0..00 1.15.030 0. 0.80 Ti+Cb 6x(C+N)1.030 0.0–30.0–18.50 1.30 Al 0. .60.00–3....00 1.. 410S .00 1..0–14.025 1. .20 0.0–18. . .50–1.0–17.015 .0 3.0–18.. .50–2. ..60 .5–15. .. .0 .030 0..15 min 0..65 1.010 0.00 1.. . . . .00 0...020 ..25–0..00 1. 0.00 0.040 0..20 0.. . . . Cb 0. . .. .0–14.40 0.. . .75–1.50 0.0 25.. and Ti-Cb 0.50 V 0. ..5–8..5 11.45 Al 0..00 0.040 0..010 0.5–13.5 6.15 3. .50–2.040 ..5 11. .00 25... .15 0.50 0..00–2..040 0.00 0..0 11.. .0–27. S40300 S41000 S41003 S41008 S41026 S41040 S41041 403 410 .50 Cu 3.025 0..030 0.0 15.025 Ti 0...75 . .040 0.040 0.20–0....50 1.00 0.030 1...6–4..08 1.. .. .01–0.15–0. 0. Se 0..06 0..5–4....00 1.00 1...040 0. . .0 12.0 1. . S41400 S41500 S41600 S41610 S41623 S41800 S42000 S42010 S42020 S42023 S42200 414 .5–7. 0..0 12..75 24. .45 .50 0.0. ... . and Ti 0..0 0..030 1.. S44735 29-4CC 0.00 .40. ...025 0. .50 1..50 3.00 1..60 1.7 3.15 min Cu 0....00 1.0 11. S44635 25-4-4C 0.20 28..00.02 0. .00 2. . S44700 29-4C 0.10 0.20 0..95 0.50 0. . 0.80 Martensitic Grades . .20 .00 1.07 0.30 0..5–13..50 11.030 0.5 ... S44800 29-4-2C 0. . ...5–14.18 0..75–0.5–26..00 14.15–0.. 0. . . .20 .00 28. .0–18..15 min 0..025 0.00 . .040 0. ..030 0. 0. .5–13.. .0–4.0 6..15 0. ..025 1..025 0..5–4. ...15–0.. Cu 0..01 .. Cb 0.60 .00 1...2 0..0–14.2 14.75 0. .35 1....50 1.5–4..06 0...025 0.05–0.030 0.0 16.. 6 Al 0. . . .25–2.025 0.5 .10 1.040 0.020 0.40 25. ..0–15. .80 .00 1.06 0. ....00. 0.. .03 .A 959 TABLE 1 Continued PhosManganese phorous UNS Designation TypeB S44500 ..00 0.00 16... . .5 7. . . 0.5 3.0–12.25 1.00 0.20.025 0.00 0.15 0.030 0..040 0.2 0.00 1.20–0.00 1.00 1..40–1.75 0.0–27..0–18.25 S42300 S43100 S44002 S44003 S44004 S44020 S44023 S44025 K64152 619C 431 440A 440B 440C 440FC 440FSeC .00 1.00 0.09 0.0–14. . .030 0.. S15700 S17400 632C 630C 0...60–0.0–14.15–0.50 .00 0.00 .020 0. S44660 26-3-3C 0.0–17.008 0..

5 0..0–5.040 0. . 0. 0.5 .0 15.5 7.astm. or service@astm. D Numbering system developed and applied by ASTM. Cb 0.25–0.0–28.0–15. at the address shown below..15 0.5 0.28–0.0 6.00–1. 0.50 ..00 16.030 1.50.50–1.00–1.75–1.80–1.00 0. Cb 0. Cb 0.07–0. not a trademark... .30–0.80 12.50 11. widely used.0 2.0–7.0–28.030 0.50 . Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at 610-832-9585 (phone).001–0.0 1.7 4.25 0.0–15.0–12.25–2.5–3.10–0.25–1.040 0.040 0. West Conshohocken. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights. Unless otherwise indicated.80–2...13 0. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM Headquarters.50 1.040 0.07 ...5–9. S45503 .00 0.35 Al 0.0–27.35 V 0.00 0. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and if not revised. S45500 XM-16D 0. A Maximum.030 0.07–0.7–3.0–11.0 1.10–0.0–18.org). are entirely their own responsibility..75 .0–21.60 Ti 1. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards. Ti 1.030 0.75 Ti 0.01–0.0–16.0 24.40–1.75. 0.0 4. ..00–1..00 .030 0.00–1.10–0.0 .030 1. 2. .50 0. .00 12.040 0. E Iron shall be determined arithmetically by difference of 100 minus the sum of the other specified elements.50 0.08 2. S63198 651C 0. PO Box C700.0–16. .11 0.0 8..25 B 0.00 0.040 0..5 7.10–0.2 2...07–0. This standard is copyrighted by ASTM. .75–1.0–3.50 .010 Ti 1.50 Cu 1.040 0.040 0.5–7.0 14. a grade designation originally assigned by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI). PA 19428-2959. United States.010 0.50 ...10–0.50 B 0.. .35 0.50 0.0 16.40.50 0.0 1.0 5.00 0.40–1. Cb 8xC min Cu 1..030 0.50 S66220 662C 0. .0–5.08 1..03 0.5–3. .50 S66286 660C 0.5–16.010 Ti 2.001–0.00 13.35 B 0. 100 Barr Harbor Drive.09 0.3 Al 0. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee.0–17.50 W 1.A 959 TABLE 1 Continued PhosManganese phorous UNS Designation TypeB S17700 S35000 S35500 S45000 631C 633C 634C XM-25D 0.80 18.20 11. 7 Other Elements Al 0. Common type number.90–2.25 . which you may attend.030 0. Ti 0. either reapproved or withdrawn..2 0. S66545 665C 0.. .010 0. and the risk of infringement of such rights. .25 1...org (e-mail).05 1.08 0.50 Cu 1.030 0. 610-832-9555 (fax).25–2. or through the ASTM website (www...0–12.0 24.50–2.50–2.35 Cb 0. B C The American Society for Testing and Materials takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard. not associated with any one product.10 Al 0. ..50–1.10–0.010 0.50.50–1.0 24. unless range or minimum is indicated.00 0.13 .040 0. 0.5–9. .10–0.25 Carbon Sulfur Silicon Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Nitrogen Copper .35.