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HIDDEN WIRE DETECTOR

INTRODUCTION
If you need to find the wires inside your walls, you'll probably want
a non-invasive way to look for them. After all, without a method to
your madness, you'd just be hammering unsightly holes through
your drywall in a vain attempt to cross paths with your wires.
Instead, there's a better way: With the right tools and techniques,
you can locate, or trace, your wiring without damaging your walls.
Tracing electrical wiring in walls can be tricky, and it involves more
than just looking for the wires themselves. To figure out exactly
where the wires are, you'll look for the outlets and appliances that
each wire connects to. You'll also figure out which circuit breaker
applies to which section of your home's wiring.
APPLICATIONS
You may be wondering why someone would go through all that
trouble just to figure out the locations of wires. Knowing where
your wires are can
(1) help you make repairs, plan for home improvement projects
and even make your home safer.
(2)By knowing which outlets are on which circuits, you can decide
where to plug in power-hungry appliances without overloading your
electrical system.
(3)If one of your outlets is on the fritz and you don't have an
electrical blueprint of your home to use as a reference, tracing the
wiring can help you figure out exactly where the problem is.
(4) If you want to run new wires to a home theater system or other
electronics, knowing your current wires' locations can help cut
down on electrical interference, which can lower the quality of your
picture and sound.
(5)And you'll definitely need to know where the wires are if you
plan to do any renovation or demolition projects to your inside
walls. Breaking into a live wire could damage your home and cause
serious injury.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM















WORKING
If you want to drill a hole in the wall then you must be sure that
there's no electrical wiring. This simple device, a hidden wire
detector, can detect electrical wiring in the walls or ceiling. A rigid
copper piece of wire works as antenna. When the antenna is placed
near the electrical wiring, then the circuit produces a sound with 50
Hz. This device can detect broken wires in cables-near the broken
wire the sound is off. The Buzzer is connected to the bridge circuit
to achieve higher loudness. The electrical signal receiver consists of
a IC comprising 4 NAND Gates, out of which two are used in the
model. The first NAND Gate detects the signal radiated by the
mains, and a output at the last NAND Gate is given, which is a
square wave of frequency 50 Hz. LED VD1 doesn't have a resistor in
series with it, because IC CD4011 can limit the current. Resistance
of the resistor R1 should be more than 50 Megohms.