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ON CD! PhotoImpact 6 85 cameras rated inside!
New! Pentax *ist D SLR, Olympus mju 400 & more!
Th !
e secrets
metering re of plus much mvealed,

Your practical guide to better pictures


Photoshop lighting
How to create radial lighting effects on underwater scenes
PLUS! Mapping realistic shadows onto faces, bodies, objects and more...
Your complete guide to taking better sunset photos!
MASSIVE 10-PAGE GUIDE How to get richer colours ■ Capture
dramatic clouds ■ Best exposure settings ■ Enhance in Photoshop

Paint Shop Pro tricks
Master layers with our in-depth guide to advanced PSP

How to shoot NOW

Revealed! How to get great photographs of
148 PAGES!
the UK’s top 10 most-loved landmarks
PLUS photo showcase packed with reader shots!

Camera help!
The UK’s biggest Q&A section Get professional depth-of-field effects
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digital camera’s aperture settings

The world’s best A4 photo
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9 771477 172002


7 7 7
Improve your pics in Paint 31 pages of expert photo We rate all the latest cameras, e: inspirational
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Shop Pro and Photoshop! advice, tips and techniques! including the new Pentax SLR! locations for stunning photographs
1 1

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The photographer was shaking,
the image stayed sharp.
Introducing Anti-Shake, the sharpest thing in digital photography.

Minolta’s innovative Anti-Shake system marks a revolution for low light and long lens
shooting, with incredible stability for pin sharp shots. Using the new DiMAGE A1, it’ll be far less The essentials of imaging
necessary to turn to your tripod or fumble for your flash.
The secret of Anti-Shake lies in a CCD sensor that shifts two dimensionally along the X
and Y axes compensating for shake during hand-held shooting. Put simply, it delivers the
stability of 1/200th of a second when lighting conditions only permit 1/25th. Never before has the
camera had such control over a single moment - whether it be a simple sunset or staring at the eye
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The fastest autofocusing in its class.

Like the subject pictured, the DiMAGE A1 has lightning-fast reactions. Autofocusing starts as
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utilises a middle row of seven focusing areas, with three above and one below. Metering
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For added refinement an enhanced stepping motor moves the focus mechanisms ultra-quietly.

Innovative predictive focusing for moving subjects.

As the cat creeps forward, Minolta’s unique 3D AF captures every stealthy step towards the
camera with unprecedented accuracy. That’s because autofocusing starts the very moment you grip
the camera and look through the viewfinder. Even fast moving subjects are kept firmly in
focus. The split second you’re ready to shoot, the predictive focus control accounts for
any time lag between shutter release and image capture, and the shot is yours.

High quality continuous shooting.

Hi-speed mode enables fast, high resolution continuous shooting. In this mode you can
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A new breed of digital system camera.

The new Minolta DiMAGE A1 is the most advanced digital SLR type camera available at under
£1,000. Prominent features include a high resolution 118,000 pixel LCD monitor. This can be
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head you can see 100% of the field of view.
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And that’s what the new Minolta DiMAGE A1 is all about - stunning quality with unrivalled
In fact, with a digital system putting you so much in charge of the action, the future for some
systems looks decidedly shaky.
The Dimage A1.
It lives at the sharp end.

*The Dimage A1 £999.99. Camera shown with optional accessory grip/battery pack BP-400.

The Olympus C-750
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We’ve already had a great response to our Photographer of the Year competition, but
don’t worry, there’s still plenty of time to enter – you could be our £1,000 prize winner!

can’t tell you how delighted I am with
The photographs we wish the response to our new Digital Camera

we’d taken this month! Magazine Photographer of the Year
competition. We announced it in last month’s issue and

Adam Evans
we got our first dozen entries on the first day of sale –
check out page 53 for a sneak preview! As well as being impressed (though not
There’s still
This is just a fantastic
surprised) by the quality of entries, I was particularly pleased by the number of
you who entered, given that we hadn’t yet released details of the prizes!
plenty of time
image. From the action-
packed sharp silhouette in Your trust in us was well placed, though – I can now reveal that the grand to target that
the foreground to the prize for the overall winner is a whopping £1,000 in Jessops vouchers.
graduated greys of the
people in the background,
Someone, somewhere, will be a very happy snapper in six month’s time! In huge first prize
addition, the winner of each issue’s competition gets £200 of vouchers, with
it’s sheer class. TELL US WHAT YOU THINK OF
two runners-up prizes of £50 each. THIS AND OTHER
IMAGE ON PAGE 12 If you’re worried that it’s too late to enter, don’t be – there’s still plenty of
time to target that huge first prize. We keep track of all your entries and
average your best four in order to calculate your final score. This means that
you only need to enter four stages in order to be in with a shout of £1,000
in vouchers! Meet the team…
Liz Raderecht
Best wishes
Operations Editor
Douglas Kirkland’s striking
portrait of Audrey Hepburn.
Although the hat and glasses
look dated, Kirkland has
captured her elegance and
timeless beauty.
Adam Evans Editor
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Our promise to you Meet your experts
■ We will show you how to capture and create better pictures, give clear, TIM DALY Photographer and writer ROD LAWTON Camera expert
independent buying recommendations on the latest kit, and deliver two CDs or one Tim is one of the UK’s leading digital photography Rod has reviewed virtually every digital camera ever
DVD packed with the best PC software. experts. He’s written numerous books on the released. A self-confessed technical nut, he reviews
subject, and his photos have exhibited across Europe five new cameras each and every month for us
■ We use boxes, tips, quick fixes, quality photography, walkthroughs and diagrams
to show you how to improve your photographic and image-editing skills. STEVE BAVISTER Photographer and editor CHRIS STOCKER Magazine cover guru
■ We have a cast-iron policy of editorial independence. All our kit is reviewed as- Steve is one of the UK’s best-known photographic Chris is one of the country’s leading image experts.
writers. He has edited Photo Answers in the past, His tutorials are packed with the kind of experience
sold. We discourage our journalists from accepting gifts from advertisers. and now writes for us every month that only 100s of magazine covers can provide
■ We welcome your opinions on the magazine, ideas for articles, photography,
AIDAN O’ROURKE Technical expert
thoughts and questions.
■ Send them in today – see the email addresses opposite.
Aidan is a freelance photographer and contributor to
the Manchester Evening News. He lectures on digital
photography around the UK
Get in touch...
■ Articles/ideas for publication and general enquires
GEORGE CAIRNS Image-editing guru
■ Customer services/subscriptions departments
George is an expert in producing amazing artwork
using Photoshop. He welcomes your suggestions for
future creative projects… Visit us online at
Contents DCM#13
What’s hot inside your magazine this November

Your complete guide to taking better sunset photos! STARTS PAGE
MASSIVE 10-PAGE GUIDE How to get richer colours ■ Capture
dramatic clouds ■ Best exposure settings ■ Enhance in Photoshop 20
PC & INTERNET p107 Buyers’ guide
Getup&go PULL OUT
Photo PAGE 113 Golden autumnal forests, beautiful
buildings and fungi forays
Impact 6 Some features and functions are must-haves
for the creative digital photographer. We’ve
trawled our review pages to give you the
PLUS: 4 free tip cards p98
Create amazing images and
108 polish your photographs to most comprehensive buyers’ guide to
perfection with this month’s full digital cameras on the market
software giveaway – Ulead’s
108 superb PhotoImpact 6!
* UK editi

Create videos! PicaLoader 1.25 SE
ons only

Make your own mini-movies PAGE
Get picture-perfect results: this
110 using your digital camera’s 111 essential web utility searches the
built in video functions! net for the images you need, fast!

HotShots The best photos we’ve seen this month p12
Eyewitness The latest breaking news p16
Trailblazers Travel shots from around the world p50
Viewfinder Reader letters p52
FOR YOU TO Subscribe Save money and don’t miss an issue! p64
COLLECT AN Back issues Complete your collection p78

Next month The lowdown on issue 14
Back page The big picture

Independent testing NEW NEW
Toddler terror! All about layers
George Cairns shows you how to create a Lori Davis explains how adjustment layers
picture that’ll leave King Kong in the shade and blend ranges work in the second part
of our A-Z layers guide, and shows you
how to create a ‘hand-tinted’ image


The Pentax *ist D is the SLR that sets new
standards for size, control and capabilities p34
Your photos
Take a look at a showcase of
85 your photographs, all cleverly
enhanced in Paint Shop Pro

58 Combining images
Photoshop plug-ins Joe Apice helps you paint a scene,

86 placing a new subject against a
PAGE Chris Schmidt shows you different backgrond

A-Z of layers 88 how to use them in PSP
Derek Lea explains how to use layer sets and
merge functions to create a fantasy image

We check out six of the best A4 high-speed,
photo-quality inkjet printers p44
Camera controls Camera controls
Tim Daly takes you through the ins
Tim Daly exposes everything you
Photoshop Lighting and outs of the aperture
92 need to know about making the
best use of your camera’s aperture
Add a brilliant backlight to give your images
a dynamic touch
Photo clinic
Our very own resident expert,
FUJIFILM FINEPIX MICROSOFT DIGITAL PAGE 96 Andrea Thompson gives her expert
F700 p38 IMAGING SUITE p48 PAGE 92 advice in her photography surgery

Pentax *ist D p34
72 Top 10 landmarks Home studio
Tim Daly reveals how to set up a

Fujifilm FinePix F700 p38 100 studio on a budget, and what
Minolta DiMAGE S414 p40 equipment and techniques are essential
Olympus mju 400 p42
Canon I470D p45
Canon I950 p45 Q&A
Epson 900 p45 PAGE
Aidan O’Rourke tackles your digital
Epson 950 p46 PAGE George Cairns scours the land 102 photography problems and queries
HP 5150 p46 94 for his favourite landmarks with the help of his trusty team of experts
Lexmark P707 p46
Microsoft Digital Imaging Suite 9.0 p48

The eye’s the limit Your photos
Chris Stocker reveals his beauty tips on
how to enhance a subject’s eyes
We cast an eye over this month’s
reader photos TURN OVER FOR

76 75

Your discs
More videos, full software, project files and plug-ins than any other magazine!

PhotoImpact 6
Everything you need to create
stunning digital images
■ Doesn’t need complex filter settings
■ Extensive image-editing tools
■ Easy to use FULL 01 Kid Kong at the
London Eye
Digital artist, George Cairns, shows you
TUTORIAL how to create a fantasy image of a
ON PAGE toddler causing chaos in London


02 Combine the
three elements
All the elements that you need to

DVD BONUS!Your exclusive extras... create your own terrible toddler are on
the cover CD/DVD.

500 Hemera Photo
Objects FREE!
• PicaLoader Download free photos
from the internet quickly and easily FULL 03 The final
toddler image
• Photoshop book Full companion SOFTWARE Once you’ve followed the tutorial and

software to this month’s free guide! WORTH created your image, why not send us
in your efforts?

View the images from Be inspired! Take a look Check the specifications
each featured camera at the showcase of your and performance for
and compare the photographs, and send every camera we’ve
performance for yourself us your best shots ever reviewed

PC and Mac Plug-ins Files on the disc
Lunarcell (Dual)
Create planets and terrain instantly with this plug-in
from Flaming Pear. DVD only
Forget King Kong. Kid Kong
makes a far more interesting
shot, especially against
the contemporary setting
of the London Eye.
Full software Trial software
Discover how to create Ulead PhotoImpact 6 Ulead PhotoImpact 8
this fantastic scene

AliveColors (PC)
Make your pictures more vibrant with this digital
colour-correction tool. DVD only
Photoshop skills Full software
PicaLoader 1.25 SE
Pxl Smartscale
A-Z of layers AliveColors
Create a moody, mystical scene Trial software Lunarcell
using Photoshop’s layer sets and Ulead PhotoImpact 8 FocusFixer
Picaloader 1.3 MRWFormat
merge functions. Everything you PhotoMix 3.2.5 Flood
need is on the coverdisc Pixarra Sketchbook Xenofex 2
Imagematics Photo Plugin Galaxy
Beauty secrets Slideshow Color Darkroom
Minolta DiMAGE Panopticum PhotoFX
Become a virtual Messenger
beautician, and ABC Image Videos
create the perfect Browser 4.4 Kid Kong 1
PhotoDruid 1.0 Kid Kong 2
eye make-up for
Plus trials of these plug-ins: Photo2VCD Kid Kong 3
FocusFixer, MRWFormat, FLood, Xenofex 2, Plugin Galaxy, a model. We show Professional 2.66 Kid Kong 4
Color Darkroom and Panopticum PhotoFX. DVD only you how Shutterfly Express 3.0
Alivecolors 1.0.30 Photoshop Focus

Paint Shop Pro
Mac Library Adobe Photoshop 7.0
EasyBatchPhoto 1.2.5
30-DAY Cumulus
TRIAL Filling the generation gap ThumbsUp 3.2 Electroplate
Adobe Photoshop 7.0 Use Paint Shop WE ImageSurfer 2.0 Sphere Warp
Full working trial of the Pro to place a
subject against
GIVE YOU PStill 2.8
Toyviewer 4.4
industry-standard image-
a different
EVERYTHING PDFCompress 4.2 Total Training Video
editing application. DVD only
background –
follow our step- THE DISCS DISC SUPPORT
by-step guide In the event of a disc fault, please see the back
of your disc case for help and contacts

Images with impact


“This image was shot at the fountain at the Seattle Center.
I positioned myself for the strong backlighting, in order to
silhouette the subjects coming around the fountain. I got
a series of shots that I'm quite happy with – the boy came
into the frame as I was setting up the shot.”
Canon EOS D60 with a Canon ef70-200 2.8L IS lens


02 COLIN MINTON Black Watch
“This was taken on the Isle of Mull in January this year, near a beach at
Torloisk. The conditions were windy: just after a gale, the sun was setting,
throwing the shapes into sharp relief. I think that it’s a change from the usual
Highland cattle pictures on postcards…”
Canon D60

03 QUENTIN ROBINSON Pastoral rainbow
“This panorama image consists of eight frames that encompass about 180
degrees of the horizon. When I took the shot, it had been overcast and raining all
afternoon. At sunset, the weather began to clear and the result was a bright,
setting sun casting a double rainbow in the east. I took a series of panoramas, all
handheld because I didn’t have my tripod with me. I learned a long time ago
that it pays to take a lot more images than you think you’ll need…”
Fuji S2 Pro, AF-S Nikkor 24-85mm lens. Photoshop 7.0/Panorama Factory

NEXT 04 GERALD RODGERS Golden playground
“This image is a combination of two sunrise shots; both were taken on

MONTH! misty mornings. Sunrise is my favourite time to shot, especially when there's
mist on the water. I also like to capture waterfowl because they always take
flight when the sun rises. This lakeside setting is near my home, and it offers a
Black & white wide variety of landscape and wildlife pictures, allowing me to showcase the
beauty of nature.”
special issue Nikon Coolpix 990


05 FRANK WHITTLE Rotten banana
“This is an owl butterfly taken at the Felinwynt Rainforest
Centre, in Cardigan, Wales. Anyone who has tried to photograph
butterflies will know that they’re not the most cooperative subject,
but this one couldn’t resist a rotting banana, and it posed for me
while it had its lunch.”
Canon EOS 10D. Clour adjustment; contrast and levels;
sharpened in Photoshop

06 HEATHER MCFARLAND It’s lonely at the top
“There is a small ski hill near my home. With the skiers
permission, I’m able to stand on the back of the jump to shoot
them as they fly overhead – I’m amazed by the daring and skill of
these athletes…”
Nikon D1X, Nikkor 35-70mm F2.8 lens

07 ILONA WELLMANN Church on a hill
“This was taken near Scheßlitz in Germany. I used a Canon G1
with a Hoya R72 infra-red filter and a tripod. The photo is the
unmodified digital file, with just the contrast adjusted. The colours
are achieved using the custom white balance on the G1.”
Canon Powershot G1

Email us a JPEG (max 500K) of your best shot! Include your
name, the title of the shot and the digital camera you used.
The best photo each month wins a 128MB Crucial memory
card (all types available) and Crucial USB card reader!




Carl Zeiss Vario Sonnar lens
5 effective megapixel image resolution
Gets up at 4am for a good sunrise

With full manual control, a rotating Carl Zeiss lens and 5 x optical zoom,
the Sony DSC-F717 has features that mark it out as a serious camera
for serious photographers. Alas, the ability to use these features to take
a great photo is not one of them, but luckily, you can do that.
32mb Memory Stick supplied. ‘Sony’, ‘Memory Stick’ and ‘Cyber-shot’ are trademarks of the Sony Corporation, Japan.
EyeWitness Got a news story? Email
EOS 300D expected to grow an
unexploited segment of the
digital camera market
Adobe has released a design
and publishing one stop
shop with its Creative Suite
Naked anti-globalisation
activists spell out their
message in sunburnt flesh

Canon’s new digital QUICK
Plug-in promises
clearer pictures
SLR snaps consumers NEW DUO
A couple of new
storage devices from
AutoFocus enables you to repair
blurred snaps
AutoFocus is a new plug-in for full-
blown Photoshop, Photoshop Elements
Brand new and affordable 6-megapixel SLR now a reality with EOS 300D SanDisk have and Paint Shop Pro, which offers a trio
been created with of features designed to sharpen

anon has launched the EOS 300D, a camera is fronted with a lens system totally
EOS 300D IS 6.3-megapixel digital SLR aimed squarely compatible with Canon’s renowned EF lenses of
smaller, high-capacity
consumer devices
imperfect images. Kicking off with
DeBlur, why not try cleaning up your slightly blurred
THE BEST at a previously unexploited consumer which there are currently 60. This fact will no in mind. The digital snaps? If noise is more of a problem, one of the

PROOF end of the digital market. Retailing at £1,000 with doubt tempt any analogue snappers making the
MemoryStick Duo
and the Pro Duo
other two functions of AutoFocus may be the ticket:
DeNoise removes the grain, while preserving the edges
CANON CAN a custom-built lens (£900 without the lens), it’s on
sale now.
move to digital, although be aware that the lens
included in the box, the EF-S, has been made
cards suit new-
generation mobiles
of the image; the advanced version of Sharpener works
without creating grain all over your sharpened image.
GIVE TO THE The camera combines high-end technologies, specially and solely for the 300D. as well as digital This powerful new plug-in is selling for $70 from
MARKET such as seven-point high-speed predictive auto- The 6.3-megapixel CMOS sensor on this cameras and come in
sizes from 32MB to

THAT THE focus, 2.5 frames per second burst rate, 35-zone desirable-looking camera is almost identical to 512MB, with prices
AGE OF metering and Canon’s DIGIC image processor with that found on the award-winning and rather

ranging from $34.99.

a price point that the imaging giant believes is more high-end EOS 10D, and the 300D supports Go to www.sandisk.
DIGITAL SLR affordable to everyone. Canon’s PictBridge print standard, which lets com for more detail.
supplied by

HAS ARRIVED In Europe, Canon owns 40 per cent of the SLR users print directly from camera to printer,
BAG A SAFE Best sellers
market and it expects to see at least 400 per cent eliminating the need for a computer. Using AND STYLISH
growth in the digital SLR segment between 2002 the model’s 1.8-inch LCD screen, you can set CAMERA
CARRIER Top camera in
and 2003. “History will remember the launch of print variables and review the snaps you want the market
Airbag has come up Canon Powershot A70
the EOS 300D as the point in time to send immediately to the printer. And there
with some rugged 3.2MP
when the imaging is an APS-C sized digital sensor on the 300D, bags for fashion- £254.99
market shifted giving the camera 1.6x magnification over 35mm conscious gadget
irrevocably from film format. owners. Urban styling
is mixed with top- Sub-£150
analogue to digital,” The 300D’s DIGIC imaging processor is claimed Kodak Easyshare CX6230
notch protection
The EOS 300D is a lot claims Alessandro to deliver superb image quality and results in 2MP
systems to make sure
Stanzani, Head of faster camera performance, faster AF, faster £129.99
lighter than previous your camera is
digital SLRs, although Marketing for continuous shooting and extended battery life. carried in style and
Canon Consumer DIGIC replaces the process that used to occur in safety. Find out more
it has the same about the range of Sub-£300
quality feel in use Imaging Europe. the analogue darkroom and deals with complex Canon Powershot A70
backpacks and bags
The body functions such as white balance and colour at 3.2MP
of the rendition. As Hiroshi Komatsuzaki, Head of Canon or bag one for £254.99
new Consumer Imaging Europe says: “Superior lens yourself at PC World.
and sensor technologies ensure the best raw
ingredients. It is what DIGIC does with these that
THE GREAT Sony DSC-V1 Cybershot
gives the EOS 300D the edge.” OUTDOORS 5MP
The black and silver body of the camera Ricoh’s new 300G, £465.99
is well shaped, reminiscent of EOS priced at £349.99,has
been released. This
predecessors but considerably lighter in
beast of a camera is
weight than those that have gone before. best suited to rainy,
Stanzani continues: “The EOS 300D is the Over-£500
sandy and dusty
Canon EOS 300D SLR
best proof Canon can give to the market environments. It can (body only)
that the age of digital SLR has arrived.” We even survive and £879.99
perform at depths of
can’t wait to get our hands on it – look out
1m underwater for
for the review in next month’s issue, on up to 30 minutes!
sale 30th October.
Adobe’s creative
one-stop shop is here
New version of Photoshop is bundled with all Adobe’s big-name
creative titles in Creative Suite
Aficionados have been waiting for Adobe is continuing to sell each component palettes. It also PRICING
the release of Photoshop 8.0 for individually, but its pricing structure makes its means that Premium edition
most of the year (it’s expected to strategy crystal clear: its future lies in the suite you can Full version £949
arrive this autumn), but Adobe has and it wants to discourage people as much as exchange Upgrade version £565
brought something new to market in the form of possible from buying standalone apps. With the artwork Standard edition
its Creative Suite. A complete design and release of Creative Suite, Adobe has aligned the between Full version £775
publishing solution, Adobe claims its Creative point product releases of all its main creative Illustrator and Upgrade version £409
Suite is more than the sum of its parts. It not products (all versions are called CS now) and Photoshop Educational edition
only includes a new version of Photoshop, but introduced some invaluable new features to all Adobe’s new Creative more easily than ever, and you can Special edition £330
also Illustrator, InDesign, GoLive, Acrobat and a of them. It has also used those products to Suite design package is rely on more intangible shared, yet core
new file management and workflow utility create a one-stop shop for design and publishing out this autumn… technologies like the Adobe Color Engine for
called Version Cue. professionals – and at really reasonable prices. consistency. You can buy the suite this autumn
In the past, Adobe has trumpeted itself as We give pricing information for the suite although exact dates are as yet unconfirmed.
a step ahead of its rivals is the integration below but the upgrade path is more than
between its creative products, and that generous. Adobe’s Mark Hilton says: “90 per cent
integration is the raison d’etre for the new suite, of Adobe’s customers own a copy of Photoshop,

with the common interface and toolset, native so making the upgrade path via Photoshop
file format support, shared core technologies, seemed the easiest catch-all solution.”
automated web production and packaging print This means that owners of any version of
pages for the web. Photoshop can upgrade to the Creative Suite for
£500 (Standard Edition lacking Acrobat and
GoLive) or £700 (Premium edition). Even with
the Standard iteration, the bang per buck is huge
when you consider the benefits of integration.
Maybe the launch of Creative Suite marks the
beginning of the ascendancy of Adobe to total
domination of the creative-software market.
Adobe looks set to deliver the tight integration
it promises with this suite, primarily by virtue of
the fact that it has invented and evolved each
component itself. Tight integration means that
you can switch applications without slowing
down, thanks to common commands, tools and

Creative Suite includes new versions of Photoshop,
Illustrator, InDesign, GoLive and Acrobat

Select, group and Use the Filter Gallery in design variations as Customise keyboard A group of naked anti-globalisation activists write in the sand the sentence
manipulate multiple order to browse and individual Layer Comps shortcuts. Search, edit
‘No to the World Trade Organisation (WTO)’. They are demonstrating against
objects using automatic plan stacked effects in a single file, then and customise file
Smart Guides and with a new and quickly output them to metadata. Also features the WTO’s latest global summit.
organise nested object larger preview. provide alternates for on-screen lightbox and

groups up to five client review. track edits.
levels deep. SHADOWS/


Modify shadows and
All core Photoshop highlights while Create and manipulate Apply the colour
features are now preserving existing fully editable text on scheme of one image
available to 16-bit image midtones and any path, or inside to another, or one layer Tell us what you think! Our website forum at
images, including correcting over- or any shape, for some to another, to easily is just the place. Add your comments, ideas and more and
layers, filters, painting, under-exposed areas in really eye-catching achieve a consistent join the Digital Camera Magazine club!
text and shapes. any image. typographic designs. look between shots.

Straight to the heart of the chatter

SPARROW’S At last – a camera
Mark’s friend, Reg,
on a keyring!
gets the digital bug… Philips unlocks the problem of digital photo storage on the move
You can store MP3 audio files or example, the KEY006 offers 128MB of flash
THAT’S A digital images on the new keyfob memory capacity, which is enough for four hours of
MASSIVE devices from Philips. But you can WMA music files or two hours of MP3 audio. All the
1,600 HARDWARE also do a lot more besides. controls are integrated into the neck strap, which
My friend Reg is a bit of a stick
in the mud. For years now he’s
picture. You see, Reg isn’t the
most computer literate of
IMAGES ON With the same footprint and the similar styling
to the other USB storage devices, the KEY007
means the controls are always within convenient
reach. The KEY004 has the same neck strap remote
been snapping away with his souls and approaches technology A CAMERA and KEY008 have in-built 1.3-megapixel equivalent control but with 64MB of flash memory.
Canon EOS 1n, clicking through with the sort of deference that THAT FITS cameras and store 64MB and 128MB of photos, The KEY005 and KEY003 have 128MB and 64MB
countless rolls of film that Alan Bennett reserves for a ONTO YOUR respectively. For the latter, that’s a massive of flash memory, respectively, and include a five-
he then takes to his local
camera shop to have dipped in
macaroon and a nice cup of
tea. He doesn’t like technology
KEYRING 1,600 images on a camera that fits onto
your keyring. Both cameras
key in-cord remote control, which means that

smelly chemicals and turned into all that much and only has a use VGA picture-capture
colour photos. computer because he writes technology, allowing
words for a living. Reg is an the images to be
“You can’t go on like this,” I old-school journalist, brought converted to 1.3
told him recently over a pint in up in newsrooms filled with megapixels resolution
the Rat and Ferret. “You’ve got ranks of manual typewriters, on the PC for
to go digital.” clouds of cigarette smoke and MOBILE enhanced picture quality.
miserable Scottish subs with SNAPPER Their size and
Reg snorted and screwed up his blue pencils behind their ears. convenience makes the new
face. Reg doesn’t really like Getting Reg to go digital wasn’t products ideal for those on the move who The new Philips mini camera takes the well-
change very much. However, going to be easy. want to transfer picture files to and from exploited idea of USB storage a step further
after some gentle nagging I their computers and digital cameras. Plugging
eventually managed to drag him But we managed it…. eventually. straight into a USB port without the need users on the move can keep the player out of
into a camera shop to see a Once he’d got his head around for drives and no bigger than a pack of harm’s way in a pocket or bag while easily
digital camera in the flesh… so the fact that he wouldn’t need chewing gum, you can attach them to a accessing its functions. All models from Philips run
to speak. to buy or process film any more keyfob or lanyard. on rechargeable batteries that can be charged via
he took to it like a duck to water. Philips doesn’t miss a trick, and ultra- USB although you can also buy an extra clip-on
“Have a look at this one,” I Soon he was firing off photos portable digital cameras are not the only things it pack for AA battery extended life. Prices for the six
urged, passing him a Minolta to the editors of every local It must be love, at has produced from a magician’s hat. These devices models range from around £79 to £119.
DiMAGE 7. newspaper he could find least according to Nick come in the form of solid state MP3 players. For
an email address for. In fact, Jones and his mobile
“What do I do with it?”
he asked.
the digital bug bit Reg so hard
that he went out and bought
himself a Canon EOS 10D and
Energizer rechargeables
“You take pictures with it. Just several lenses to go with it. A new range of high-tech battery packs and charges from Energizer
like your film camera,” I Now he calls every other night
explained gently. for advice. Digital photography is a no-no Three types of charger unit, used with a series of
unless you get yourself fully loaded adaptor plates, cover the whole photographic
“But where does the film go?” “Do you think I ought to go up with loads of rechargeables and range. The same charger charges camcorder and
for an EZ or EX SpeedLite?” he HARDWARE a charger. Well, an amazingly large digital camera batteries and if you change digital
Aah… poor Reg. It took him a asked me on the phone the THE SHADOWS range of rechargeable batteries and chargers have camera equipment in the future, you need only
little while to grasp the concept other evening. “I thought I’d go Liam Barris took this now been launched by Energizer. buy a new adaptor plate to become compatible.
moody street scene.
of filmless photography, but once for the EX so I can have TTL Nice lens glare, Liam!
The company claims the range includes
I’d explained about CompactFlash metering. What’s your view?” batteries for every digital camera, camcorder and
cards and showed him how easy cordless phone made in the last 15 years – there
it was to transfer photos to his My view… I wish I’d never are over 200 different battery types for digital
computer he began to get the handed Reg that DiMAGE 7. cameras and camcorders alone.
The batteries are made from state-of-the-art
technologies, including Nickel Metal Hydride (Ni-
Mark Sparrow is an experienced film Member of the Master Photographers’ Send us your mobile
and digital photographer. Billions of Association. Discuss the column at phone photos and MH) and Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) along with Nickel
years ago, when he was 18, he or email we’ll print them! Cadmium (Ni-Cd) and Sealed Lead-Acid (SLA).
qualified as the youngest ever Email to editor.dcm Energizer also provides an ingenious solution for Energizer’s Managing Director, Arvind Patel, promises to clean up his office soon
all camcorder and digital camera charging needs.

A80 heads Pentax WHAT’S ON
PowerShot releases three Mark Harris rounds up the latest exhibitions, events and training to
get you out from behind your PC.
HP has launched 60
new consumer
range new digicams EXHIBITIONS
Kyoichi Tzuki: Happy Victims
technology products What: Innovative artist, Tzuki, has his first
in a bid to increase Canon claims new mode is ideal Optio range expands with new solo UK exhibition with this intimate
glimpse into the lives of shopaholics in his
seamless integration for developing skills high-performance models native Japan
between devices and
Where: The Photographers’ Gallery,
make digital imaging Canon has launched the PowerShot A80, Pentax has launched three new Optio Newport Street, London
accessible to all. a 4-megapixel flagship camera which digital cameras. First, the Optio 555 When: Until 16th October
There’s the boasts a newly designed 3X optical (£500) is the successor to the 550 and Price: Free
Photosmart 945 Details: 020 7831 1772
HARDWARE zoom with fast f/2. aperture, vari-angle HARDWARE excels in high performance in a compact
digital camera, a 5.3- LCD monitor and state-of-the-art artificial and lightweight enclosure. It boasts 5 © Kyoichi Tzuki 2003
megapixel unit intelligence auto focus. The first of Canon’s compact effective megapixels, a powerful 5X optical zoom and Boyle Family
bursting with features digital still cameras to do so, the A80 is compatible with looks cool, cloaked in aluminium with stylish, circular What: The Boyle bunch take their film,
and with enhanced PictBridge which enables PC-free printing via direct grooves on the front. photography and extraordinary ‘earth categories – People, Places, Still Life and
manual controls. surfaces’ north of the border in this first The Natural World – plus a Special Award
camera to printer connection and it also has the ability Second up is the 4-megapixel Optio 54 (£380), again
major retrospective for image manipulation. The overall winner
Then there’s the HP to take three minutes of movie clips with full sound. a slimline and stylish camera, it has a myriad features,
Where: Scottish National Gallery of will receive £2,000, with £250 for each
Photosmart 7960 You can take advantage of any one of 14 shooting functions and filters, plus loads of brilliant shooting Modern Art category winner
8-ink photo printer, modes, but the one that most caught our attention modes, including night scenes and panoramas. When: Until 9th November When: Until 19th November
which claims to offer was Stitch Assist, a mode that enables you to precisely And finally, the Optio 33WR (£300) is perfect for the Price: £4/£3 concessions Price: Free, but students must enter
the ultimate in colour align multiple snaps for panoramas. You can buy great outdoors as it’s not only waterproof but manages Details: 0131 624 6200 through their college or university
photo quality, as well an optional waterproof case that is submersible to to operate through the entire zooming range without Fay Godwin: Landmarks Details:
as the first true black- 40 metres and you can also buy a bayonet mount protruding from the body. Loads more info to be found What: Another chance to see a stunning
and-white prints. It adaptor to fit this groovy camera so that you can extend about all three cameras at retrospective of one of our best (and most TRAINING
uses HP’s new grey its use with a choice of zoom or macro lenses political) photographers
Royal Photographic Society
ink cartridge and as add-ons. Where: Scottish National Portrait Gallery Digital Photography Course
When: 10th October to 1st February 2004
if you combine it What: An introduction to digital
Price: TBC photography, with one day spent
with two new A4 Details: 0131 624 6200
papers, you’ll get investigating and experimenting with your
Anderson & Low: Form camera, and one day manipulating your
photographic The A80 is in This camera What: A beautiful series of images from images in Photoshop
results like the shops from likes a dip Jonathan Anderson and Edwin Low Where: Royal Photographic Society, Bath
never before. Where: The Photographers’ Gallery, When: 9am to 5pm, 25th and 26th October
October, priced in the water
Newport Street, London Price: £120 for two days but spaces limited
SMALL at £349 When: Until 11th October Details:
SIZE, BIG Price: Free Kodak Photoshop Training
PERSONALITY Details: 020 7831 1772 What: Kodak is offering two-day, entry-
Hitachi’s new Photojournalism 1930-1970 level courses in Digital Imaging
Microdrive has a 4GB
capacity in just a
Email your weird images to What: A show focusing on key areas such
as celebrity, the photo story, politics and
Where: Kodak Imaging Training
Centre, Harrow
one-inch diameter! modernity to chart the rise of topical
photography using hand-held cameras
When: Digital Imaging 1 on 11th
November; Digital Imaging 2 on
drive and transfer Where: Victoria & Albert Museum, South 24th November
speeds have risen by Kensington, London Price: £390 (TBC) for two-day course
an amazing 70 per When: Until 2nd November Details:

cent from the Price: Free Nikon Digital Imaging Training
previous incarnation. Details: What: Learn how to make the most of your
The brand new 3KS Terry O’Neil: Celebrity Nikon camera with a selection of three-
series is expected to What: Intimate portraits of celebrities, hour seminars and one-day digital imaging
hit the shops in spanning 40 years. O’Neil’s double portrait courses this autumn.
November for the series features David Bowie and Elizabeth Where: Nikon House, Richmond Road,
Taylor; Peter Cook and Dudley Moore; and Kingston upon Thames
equivalent of $499.
Michael Caine and Bob Hoskins When: Throughout the autumn
Where: Porter Gallery, The National Portrait Price: Seminars are from £30, whole day
FUJIFILM MAKES Gallery, London courses between £120 and £160
A SPLASH When: Until 14th March 2004 Details: 020 8541 4440
Fujifilm has released Price: Free
a smart underwater Details: EVENTS
casing for its FinePix
Paris Photo 2003
F410 and F401 Zoom COMPETITIONS
What: Over 93 galleries and 10 publishers
cameras. You can Lumix Awards 2003 from 15 countries celebrate pioneers like
dive down to a depth What: Fantastic digital-only competition Eugène Atget
of up to 40 metres, with monthly prizes of Panasonic FZ1 Where: Carrousel du Louvre, Paris, France
whilst maintaining cameras and Tungsten T PDAs, plus a Lumix When: 13th-16th November
the photographic LC5, more PDAs and a photo workshop. This Price: TBC
clarity you expect year’s theme is ‘Man and Machine’ Details:
When: Until 30th November MacExpo 2003
from your camera.
Price: Upload your images to the Lumix What: All the latest hardware and software
The casing is also website for free for the Apple mad. The exhibition includes
ideal for sailors and Details: several digital photography seminars (free)
those who’ve been lumix/awards and masterclasses (£60)
bitten by the annual This month’s FreakyScene is courtesy of Ray Houser. Student Digital Photographer Where: Business Design Centre, Islington
skiing bug. More info Ray, what on earth were you doing to that cat? Of The Year 2003 When: 20-32 November
at What: A competition rewarding the Price: £10
creative use of digital technology in four Details:
DCAM13.feature 16/9/2003 6:32 PM Page 020


The sky’s the limit
Whether you're an early bird a night owl, photographing sunrise and sunset is a sure-fire
way of adding some scorching images to your collection, says Steve Bavister

hat’s the main difference between is that it’s more likely to be cold and damp. In you’re working in daylight, and you’ve got plenty of

W photographing a sunset and a sunrise? A
good night’s sleep! Joking apart, the fact
summer you may have to rise in the wee, small
hours, but it’s often warm and pleasant. Besides, if
time in which to take your pictures. The colours are
often richer and more dramatic too. And during autumn
that you have to drag yourself from your bed at some you pick a day when you’re not at work, you can and winter the sun sets relatively early, so you can get
ungodly hour to capture the splendour of the sun always go back to bed afterwards. your sunsets in the bag and still be home for dinner.
peeping over the horizon is surely part of the reason Of course, you do need to be at your location and You still need to plan, though, where you’re going to
why sitting patiently with a drink while you wait for have everything set up before the sun rises. But it’s a go to get the best results.
it to go down is a lot more popular. magical time, which few people these days manage to The ideal time to shoot sunsets is when you’re
That said, in practice it’s no big deal getting up for a experience. It goes without saying that it’ll be dark, so having a holiday, because you’ve got time on your
sunrise. No worse than when you have an early holiday you may need a torch to adjust the settings on your hands and may be in an interesting and photogenic
flight. All you have to do is turn in at a sensible camera, and then everything happens quickly. And it’s location. No set of holiday snaps is complete without a
time, set your alarm clock, have everything packed, soon all over. Once the sun is a few degrees above the sunset or two. But you don’t need swaying palm trees
and know where you’re going. The advantage of horizon, its warmth disappears and it’s time to pack up. to bring your sunset and sunrise images to life. With a
shooting a sunrise in autumn and winter is that you If you’re more of a night owl than an early bird, then little thought and imagination you’ll be able to produce
don’t have to get up quite so early. The disadvantage sunsets are for you. There’s no need for an early start, some stunning pictures wherever you are.

DCAM13.feature 16/9/2003 6:32 PM Page 021

The basics
Shooting sunsets is easy; shooting excellent sunsets and
sunrises demands a little more care and attention…

ABOVE It’s essential to choose a he first question is where to find the best ‘afterglow’ period, the sky is still illuminated, and the the difference between artificial tungsten and natural
location where you have a clear locations to shoot. It goes without saying earth only receives indirect lighting from it. sunset – they’re both the same colour temperature –
view of where the sun will set that you’ll need to have a clear view of Another question to ask yourself is what colour and if you’re not careful the atmospheric colours
where the sun is going to rise or set – and that’s you’d like your sunset to be. If you don’t think about that made you want to take the picture will all be
BELOW RIGHT The ‘afterglow’ difficult, though not impossible, in many built-up areas, it, you may get a shock when you check your pictures removed. So override the system if necessary to
period, once the sun has because of all the clutter in the way. later. Many digital cameras have an auto white-balance ensure the colours are faithfully reproduced.
slipped below the horizon Obvious places to go are the east and west coastlines, system, which automatically compensates for the While nature is wonderful most of the time,
where you’re guaranteed sunrises and sunsets. And casts caused by different light sources, such as sometimes it doesn’t quite deliver. And if a sunrise or

there’s little to beat a blaze of colour over a stretch of
water – not least because you often get double value
household lamps Unfortunately, the system can’t tell sunset doesn’t live up to your expectations, you can

thanks to the reflection. Inland, there are lots of lakes
PRO ADVICE and rivers where you can achieve the same thing.
In general, any vantage point that’s raised off the
If you want the sun to appear ground – whether it’s a hill or a skyscraper – will be
large in your frame, you’ll need a perfect, providing you have a clear view of the horizon.
decent zoom As with most subjects, there are many ways you can
compose a sunset. If the sun is hanging like a ball of fire
in the sky and you want it to be the focal point of the
picture, you’ll need to use your longest telephoto setting
or lens – and even then you may be disappointed how
small it looks when you bring it up on screen. Do take
50mm lens care, though, when photographing the sun in this way,
as the optical system of the camera can act like a
magnifying glass and you can blind yourself.
© Laurence Bowen 2003

Often you’ll want to show the sun as part of the
overall scene, with plenty of sky and some foreground
interest, so experiment with the full range of focal
lengths at your disposal to find out what works best.
300mm lens In fact, some of the best sunsets are actually taken
after the sun has slipped below the horizon. In this

a Whatever you do, don’t look directly at the sun through any kind of lens, even when
it’s low in the sky. It can blind you in moments

Since you’re shooting towards the light
source, there’s a serious risk of underexposure –
dial in some compensation if necessary
always give it a helping hand – either with an orange light, but little scattering of red light – so the sky glows
warm-up or special Cokin sunset filter over the lens, or orange and red. Why are sunsets generally more vivid
later in the computer. than sunrises? Because there’s more airborne pollution
Since you’re shooting towards the light source, at the end of the day, which scatters the blue light
there’s a serious risk of underexposure. So check one even more. And the reasons the sunsets you get
or two shots as you’re getting set up, and dial in some while on holiday in the tropics are so awesome is
compensation if necessary. And if you’re still not sure, thanks to the humidity, which has a similar effect.
do some ‘brackets’. Shoot at a range of exposures, and That’s all well and good, but saying that light is
choose the best one later. You can’t always tell from the slightly orange or rather blue is a rather vague way of
camera’s preview screen which is best. going about things. Which is why a more scientific
And, finally, don’t just think of sunsets and sunrises description has been developed – the Kelvin Scale. This is
as subjects in themselves. The warm, soft light they based around noon daylight, which has a temperature of
produce is perfect for a wide range or pictures – 5,500K (Kelvins). Most digital cameras are calibrated for
everything from buildings to people. use in this light, as are the majority of photographic
films. As the red content of the light increases, so the
The techie bit temperature falls. At sunrise, the colour temperature is
Have you ever wondered why sunrises and sunsets often 3,500K, and around 3,000K at sunset – nearly as
are orange? Or perhaps you know already. It’s a result warm as household tungsten lighting
of what’s known as Rayleigh Scattering, named after On a bright summer’s day with vivid blue sky, or at
Lord Rayleigh, no less. When sunlight enters the high altitude in mountainous regions, the colour
atmosphere, it gets scattered by particles. For obscure temperature can be as high as 10,000K. Images taken in
scientific reasons, the blue wavelengths gets scattered such conditions can exhibit a strong blue cast. One of the
more than the red wavelengths, which is the reason great things about digital photography is that such casts
the sky is blue most of the time. However, during are quickly and easily removed – or enhanced.
sunset and sunrise, the sun’s light has to pass through
a greater thickness of the atmosphere before reaching The warm, soft light produced by a sunset is perfect
the ground, which causes multiple scatterings of blue for capturing buildings, such as this Greek church

2 Sunsational shots
You can experiment using filters with the camera, or
using the computer once the shot is taken

Sunsets give you more
time to experiment. This
silhouette set against
glowing waters was
captured before the sun
reached the horizon
Without these cumulus clouds, this shot would be
somewhat ordinary. The fiery clouds contrasted by the
indigo sky make it something extra-special
a A ‘big sky’ landscape is where digital SLRs really score. Being able to fit an ultra-wide-angle
zoom enables you to open up the perspective enormously

How to shoot
Cloud formations

© Steve Bavister
Cloudy skies needn’t spoil a shot – they can provide a
dramatic touch to a sunset, adding focus and interest

louds are often thought of as a problem in High cloud types, such as cirrus, are more delicate
ABOVE Stunning colours together with the birds
photography, especially in landscape work. and less defined. Often there are wispy streamers wheeling above give this image a feeling of depth EXPERT TIP
And while you don’t really want heavy, grey threading across the sky. Sometimes these clouds BELOW The dipping sun gives a ‘halo’ to these clouds
overcast clouds, a sky that’s nothing but solid blue add mood, but sometimes they’re just a pain in the STEVE BAVISTER’S
can be rather boring. It’s great if you’re looking to neck – especially when they occupy a sizeable at equal intervals – say one minute. On some cameras
shoot stock images that you’re hoping to sell – proportion of the sky. you will need to time this manually. On others it may THE SKY’S THE LIMIT
Photograph interesting skies when
because that’s what buyers usually want – but if your However, they are good news when it comes to the be possible to set things up so it happens automatically. you see them – you can always
aim is to produce a range of appealing photographs, end of the day, because they’re often still lit up some All being well, the exposure for each shot will be copy them into other images
then more variety is essential. 30 minutes after the sun has actually gone down. This identical. If it’s not, tweak any images that need it in where the sky’s not so good.
Probably the most valuable cloud type is the makes it easier to shoot silhouettes, because the land your image-editing program and then stitch them
cumulus. Sitting low in the sky, these fluffy, cotton wool and everything on it is not directly illuminated, but the together to create your animation.
clouds make most subjects instantly photogenic. Crisp, sky is still bright. Because they’re so much lower,

white, and with sharp outlines, they’re often luminescent cumulus clouds only remain lit for about 10 minutes
when illuminated by the sun. A great way of making after sunset. Clouds that are above cumulus and below
the most of them is to fit a polarising filter over the lens cirrus, such as altostratus and altocumulus, don’t usually
to deepen the blue of the sky, and so increase the add much to the picture. They tend to clump together,
contrast with the clouds. Or you can produce a similar, and can look greyish and uninviting.
though not identical, effect on the computer.
To make the most of cumulus formations, use a Animations
wide-angle lens and tip the camera back. This will The problem with sunsets is that one image can never
exaggerate the perspective, and make it look as if the begin to capture the sheer majesty of the experience –
clouds are zooming off into the distance. so why settle for just one? Why not shoot a sequence
As cumulus clouds pass over the sun, they also cast of images, and then stitch them together in your
atmospheric shadows on the ground. This ‘dappling’ favourite image-editing program. To make sure they’re
effect makes the landscape a lot more interesting than all taken from exactly the same spot, start by mounting
unfiltered sunlight. the camera on a solid tripod. Then take a series of shots
BELOW It may take many shots to capture the perfect
one when your silhouetted object is on the move!


How to shoot
Sunrise and sunset are an ideal time to shoot silhouettes –
you get the richness of colour that helps bring them to life

ABOVE People, such as this f you want to photograph successful What’s essential is to choose the right subject. You subjects – a statue, such as the Angel of the North in
fellow photographer, make silhouettes – dark subjects, often in profile, need something with an interesting shape which, Gateshead, a crane on a building site, or the bare
ideal subjects for silhouettes with no detail – you need to start by when reduced to pure black, will produce a dramatic winter branches of a tree. When you notice something
finding a scene in which the background is much and appealing graphic composition. Don’t wait until with potential, you’ll need to check which direction it
BELOW RIGHT If you’ve got brighter than the main subject. Without something there’s a vivid sunset before looking round for faces. When the best angle to shoot from has you
interesting clouds, you can do in the foreground, those early and late shots can something to use as a silhouette, however. As you looking eastwards, you can put a sunrise behind it.
away with the land... easily lack a sense of depth. travel around, keep your eyes peeled for suitable When you’re pointing to the west it’s clearly a sunset.

Once you’ve taken your sunset shot,
follow these tips for the best result:

To get the full range of colours in the
image, use Auto Levels for a quick fix.
This may dull down the colours,
though, so make sure you...

If your colours come out a bit wishy-
washy, boost them in Photoshop. Go
to the Channel Mixer tool and boost
the red channel for cool effects.

There’s nothing quite so dramatic as a
© Steve Bavister

sharp sillhouette against a colourful
sunset. To sharpen without affecting
the sunset, create a selection around
the sillhouette and sharpen its edges.

Of course, with a little imagination you can create ABOVE A thoughtful figure, contemplating the scene
your own silhouettes by placing something suitable in adds added focus to a sunset-scape
front of the scene. If you can find a willing subject, the RIGHT This child running on a sunset-lit beach
nude human body can make for a great composition, makes the perfect, atmospheric silhouette

2 THE LIGHT FANTASTIC or you can use a simple object such as household fan.
Generally, you won’t have to adjust your meter. The
camera will expose for the background, and your
curves and textures of the earth. And while such
pictures are often successful, there’s another way
of thinking about your scenic work – and that’s
subject be recorded without detail – which is what by concentrating more on the sky element.
you’re after. In addition, the colours of the sunrise
or sunset will be rich and vivid, which is also what
Such ‘big sky’ landscapes often have a sense
of expansiveness that better captures the experience
you want. Small errors can be tweaked in the we have when we’re in a place. Because the STEVE BAVISTER’S
computer, but if the exposure is badly out, make panoramic vision of our eyes takes in so much around PRO ADVICE

adjustments at the time you take the shot. us, the results from even a wide-angle lens can SUNRISE & SUNSET TIMES
When shooting silhouettes, you need to take sometimes be disappointing. There are lots of internet sites that
good care to avoid flare. Because the light is pointing Generally, the land element takes up at least half, allow you to check the sunrise and
sunset times for a specified location.
directly at the camera, it can bounce around inside and often two-thirds of the composition. But simply
Here are a couple worth checking out:
the lens and reduce contrast. To minimise the risk reversing the ratio, so there’s two-thirds sky, changes
of this, fit a good lens hood. the dynamic completely. Of course, you need the
Colour temperature describes thexxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx warmth of a scene. While you don’t actually want flare, because it’s right kind of landscape, and there usually has to worldclock/astronomy.html?n=136
Most digital cameras are calibrated at 5,500K, which Nice, straightforward website that
xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
is why colours can sometimes appearxxxxxxxxxxxxx
washed out. difficult to control, the effect can be appealing. Some be something interesting happening in the sky for
gives you sunrise and sunset times
software programs have a ‘flare’ filter, which lets it to work – a sunset or a strong cloud formation. Flat
in the UK.
Kelvin Source you, at the click of a mouse, produce the effect areas, such as The Fens or The Netherlands, offer
10,000K Blue Sky in a controlled way. particularly good potential, but it’s an approach you
7,500K Shade under blue sky can use pretty much anywhere. docs/RS_OneDay.html
7,000K Shade under cloudy sky Big sky landscapes Obviously you’ll need to use your widest lens You can obtain the times of sunrise,
sunset, moonrise, moonset, transits of
6,500K Deep shade in daylight Maybe it’s the ‘land’ in the name – but most setting, and finding a vantage point where you can
the Sun and Moon, and the beginning
6,000K Overcast weather landscape images seem to concentrate on the look down on the subject can also help. and end of civil twilight, along with
5,500K Noon Daylight/Electronic Flash information on the Moon’s phase by
Afternoon sunlight
Fluorescent tube
Because the panoramic vision of our eyes specifying the date and location.

Morning/evening sunlight
takes in so much around us, the results from
Does just what it says on the tin.
2,500K Tungsten lighting even a wide-angle lens can be disappointing
Create a magical landscape with the
clever use of filters and just a few
tweaks in a photo-editing program
a To see more examples of Laryl Hancock’s photography, visit
Personal messages can be emailed to Laryl at

Expert Eye
Laryl Hancock
© Laryl Hancock 2003

Arizona-based pro, Laryl Hancock, began her obsession with sunsets after experiencing her first Mexican
Monsoon. Andrea Thompson finds out why tropical thunderstorms make for such sensational sunsets

aryl Hancock runs a successful photography next will be deep golden yellow and orange, and the So you must use Photoshop to enhance your shots?
business in Yuma, a small agricultural town next a deep purple. We even get green sunsets. Yes, I do use Photoshop to apply some basic curves,
located in the Sonoran Desert of South From July through January is the only time to shoot levels and intensity, but that’s because I shoot in RAW
Western Arizona. Renowned for her magnificent sunset sunsets here. In Spring and early Summer there aren’t mode so that the camera isn’t predetermining those
photography, Hancock uses a Nikon D1x with anything any clouds, so the sunsets are kind of boring. things. My saturations and hues are actually done
from a wide-angle 18-35mm up to an 80-200mm zoom. afterwards, so if I want to enhance say, the reds, I’ll
Laryl freely admits that she’s achieved her best results Do you find that pollution helps to create more grab the red channel and intensify or apply a curve
since switching to digital back in 1999, because of the spectacular sunsets? to it, or use a graduated filter on that area.
sheer freedom to shoot and experiment more. I live in a really small town in the middle of nowhere,
and there is no city pollution. If we have a particularly Do you play around with white balance when
What do you think is the key meteorological windy day, the farm fields are being turned over and I shooting sunsets?
ingredient that makes a great sunset? know there’s a lot of dirt in the air, I do expect to get I shoot in RAW mode so it doesn’t really matter – I
For me, it’s the height of the clouds. Unless I’m hiking more intense colours in the sky. can apply the white balance later, but I will change
up in the mountains, if the cloud cover isn’t good then Overall, though, it’s pretty unusual to get any effects the white balance from the cloudy to the fluorescent
I don’t even try. We have very little water here as from pollution, and our skies are normally very clean or incandescent settings to bring out the reds or the
we’re in the desert, so aside from the clouds there’s and clear – it’s just the light and the clouds that are blues, depending on what’s in the sky.
nothing else to reflect the light and create colours, going to give you any colour.
patterns and texture. Because of the air currents here, Do you keep shooting after the sun goes down BELOW This moody sunset
the clouds build and grow, and blow away really fast, How do you overcome the metering problems below the horizon? appears in Hancock’s 2004
sometimes within an hour, so I travel everywhere with caused by shooting into the sun? Usually I’ll wait for the light to totally go through its Sunset Snapshots calendar,
my camera, just in case. If I have a really bright sun that’s not quite down yet cycle, because some of the prettiest light from a sunset which showcases a selection
I’ll spot meter alongside it, or put it slightly off the is well after the sun has gone down, when it will of her best sunset shots from
Did the unique climate extremes in your area fire frame and shoot alongside it. If I can look at the sun bounce and come back up and around and bend over – the last four years. Laryl prints
your interest in sunsets? with my naked eye, then I’ll point the camera at it. totally different colours. I’ll start watching anything up and puts together all the
Yes. I started my real fascination with sunsets when I I never shoot directly into a bright sun unless clouds to two hours before sunset to see what the sky is doing, calendars by hand, using
lived in Tucson, because of the Monsoon season in late thickly veil it, and then I’ll reduce the aperture to really and I won’t leave until nightfall. The sunset itself only Epson’s double-sided matt
summer. Every evening at four o’clock it would bring in filter it down. By doing that, I can also make sure that lasts about a half hour of real prime time, where you white inkjet paper and an
the most amazing cloud formations, which would build I keep as much highlight detail as possible. get the sun on the horizon. Epson 1280 printer
© Laryl Hancock 2003

I’ll start watching anything up to two hours
before sunset to see what the sky is doing,
and I won’t leave until nightfall
and change really quickly. Then you’d get the sunset Do you ever use coloured grads or neutral density
colours coming through the thunderstorms at the same filters to enhance your sunset photographs or to
time, together with white billowy clouds and streaks of help control the light ?
lightning – it was really wild. No, no, I really never use anything like that when I’m
Here in Yuma we don’t get as much extreme shooting sunsets. I completely rely on my own exposure,
Monsoon weather, but late summer is still the best which is really nice because people often ask me
time of year to shoot sunsets, because we’ll get so “How do you do it? You must have a lot of fancy
many different shapes and types of clouds, all coming equipment”, and the answer is “No, you can do it with
in at different heights. With a really low cover that’s a little 2-megapixel camera with no filters. You just have
thin, the light will bounce through them and turn to meter really carefully and shoot in the highest
through all kinds of vivid colours. It’s a real resolution you can, and then a do little post-processing
kaleidoscope – one night we’ll get a fiery red, the to pull out what’s there.”


KIT REVIEW Section highlights…
The digital SLR camera that sets new standards
for size, control and capabilities 34
The first camera to use Fujifilm’s new HR SuperCCD
has been a long time coming. Was it worth the wait? 38
Photo-quality inkjets deliver high-speed, high-quality
prints. We check out six of the best 44
Is the latest incarnation of Microsoft’s image-editing
program a threat to Elements and Paint Shop Pro? 48


40 44 48

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The Pentax rounds off its
impressive features with a set
of dimensions that put the
shed-like properties of its older
rivals into stark perspective
Price £1,400 body only, £1,530 with 18-35mm zoom
Resolution 6.1 megapixels
Lens Various (Pentax 18-35mm f4.0-5.6 tested)
Memory CompactFlash (not supplied)
Battery Life 450 shots (NiMH)

Pentax *ist D
Pentax enters the digital SLR arena with a camera that sets new standards for size,
controls and capabilities…

he digital SLR market is hotting up. Nikon’s
been soldiering on for some time with the The *ist D is aided by a fast and responsive
D100, Fujifilm’s been doing well with the S2
11-point AF system that makes action and
* ON
Pro and Canon’s replaced the D60 with the 10D. OUR
However, two cameras are poised to upset the apple
cart in spectacular fashion: one is the Canon EOS 300D, candid shots much easier to capture
the first sub-£1,000 digital SLR (see our review next
month); the other is Pentax’s first digital SLR, the *ist D. Digital lenses compared with its rivals and, indeed, Pentax is claiming
The Canon EOS 300D is going to make its own splash It looks like digital SLR makers have settled on the that it’s the world’s smallest, lightest digital SLR body.
because of its price, but the *ist D will do it with a smaller-than-35mm CCD size used in the *ist D, EOS 300 What’s more, its controls are designed to avoid reliance
subtler blend of qualities. and other more affordable SLR models. And digital- on menus during shooting – one of the bugbears of
At £1,400 – or £1,530, including an 18-35mm designed lenses are now appearing from Nikon, Canon compact digital cameras.
zoom providing a sensible focal length range (27-42mm and Pentax that give the wide-angle zooming ranges ZOOM & COMPARE
Check out our brand new image
equivalent) for a 23.7 x 15.6mm CCD – the *ist D that SLR owners have come to expect, without the Old-style build comparison system on the disc!
is certainly very competitively priced. And then astronomical price tags. The *ist D feels solid and ‘dense’, as if it’s been cast out
there’s the build quality – the *ist D gives you The *ist D is, nevertheless, compatible with the of iron rather than screwed together. The controls are
a serious bit of engineering for your money. The feature
set is another major plus point, with Pentax slotting
full Pentax SLR lens range, and it’s available with other
lens bundles. There’s the focal factor (1.5x) to take
solid, positive, devoid of any kind of sloppiness and they
reinforce the impression that you’re handling a real
everything but the kitchen sink into this camera into account, but that won’t trouble wildlife or camera, rather than a box full of electronics. OPINIONS & SHOPPING
(we’ll be looking at this in more depth shortly). And sports photographers looking for longer focal lengths, Even the shutter/mirror response sounds ‘right’ – a Post your views, see what other
readers think then buy this camera!
finally, the Pentax rounds off its features with a set of and with the inexpensive 18-35mm in their kit bags, really crisp but well damped action with a metallic edge.
dimensions that put the shed-like properties of its older photographers will have a full lens range. Whether it’s a characteristic of the mechanism or it’s
rivals into perspective. We’ve mentioned the compact size of the *ist D been ‘dialled in’ by the engineers, it’s very satisfying.
The *ist D is aided by a fast and responsive 11-point DIGITAL RANGE
AF system that makes action and candid shots much PENTAX
PENTAX *IST D KEY POINTS easier to capture. It really throws the sluggish reactions *IST D
of compact digital cameras into perspective and it’s one Price: £1,400
of the best reasons for upgrading from a compact to a Megapixels: 6
digital SLR. The focus points are highlighted in red in the
viewfinder, and they’re selected automatically by the Price: £500
camera or manually by the user. Megapixels: 5

Exposure options OPTIO 450
Price: £450
However, the Pentax’s metering system is, on the face
Megapixels: 4
of it, less sophisticated than a compact’s. It uses a 35-
zone system that’s a long way short of the 250-zone OPTIO 430RS
matrices in many compacts. It does a good job, though, Price: £350
following the usual digital SLR tendency towards slight Megapixels: 4
underexposure. It means more tweaking in Photoshop,

2 2 2
SIZE AND BUILD QUALITY LENSES CONTROLS but safeguards highlight detail much better.
The size of the *ist D makes you The *ist D is compatible with the Designed like a film camera rather £ Price: £350

wonder why its digital rivals are so existing Pentax film SLR lens range than a digital compact, the *ist D If you don’t quite trust the meter reading, there’s Megapixels: 3.2
bulky. The quality of the build and – it’s the digital body Pentax handles brilliantly, and you scarcely plenty that you can do about it. You can switch to the
controls belies its price owners have been waiting for need to access the menu system
during normal shooting
centre-weighted metering option, for example. It sounds REVIEWED! Go to p113
See Buyers’ guide for full rating
cockeyed, swapping from a sophisticated multi-segment


Auto-exposure control is good but not The *ist D captures fine detail fairly well,
exceptional – and anyone who tells you but edge definition could be a lot better.
that any SLR, digital or otherwise, is However, you can afford to sharpen up
perfect needs to take more photos. The images still further using the Unsharp
*ist D will underexpose if the shot has Mask in Photoshop before the artefacts
bright areas. A bit of curves adjustment start creeping in.
works wonders, though, as with most
digital shots.

At the standard ISO settings, tones are
[02] DYNAMIC RANGE very smooth. Noise increases with higher
Another strong point in this camera. ISO ratings, but it’s better than camera
Bright highlights can blow out, but not as shake and with six million pixels you can
easily as they do on many rivals. afford a little speckling.

A perennial problem with digital SLRs is In ordinary daylight conditions the Pentax
the collection of dust and dirt on the CCD performs excellently, with less of a
chip, which really shows up on a bright tendency to murkiness than the Nikon
blue skies like this. You can clean the CCD 10D and without the occasional green
with the Pentax, but it could become an shifts of the Fujifilm FinePix S2 Pro.
obsession. Instead, a few moments with
06 However, in other situations you’ll
the Clone Stamp tool will fix it. need to adjust the white balance
carefully and not rely on the automatic
white-balance setting.

pattern to a cruder one, but the point about centre- aperture-priority modes for, while staying within the
weighted metering is that it’s much easier to predict the aperture/shutter speed combinations allowed by the
situations where the camera will be fooled, and to work prevailing light levels.
out what you need to do about it. Failing that, there’s The hyper-manual mode is more interesting. On a
the spot-metering mode for spot-lit performers and basic level, it works as you’d expect. You turn one wheel
other tricky subjects. to change the shutter speed and the other to change
What’s good is that swapping metering modes is very the aperture, all the while watching a bar graph in the
straightforward – you just rotate a collar under the main viewfinder to check when the exposure is ‘correct’. You
mode dial at the far left of the top plate. The mode dial just press a small, green button on the top plate to set a
itself is a masterpiece of simplicity. There are no scene ‘correct’ shutter speed/aperture combination for the
modes to clutter it up, just PASM settings for the light levels, then adjust both manually from there. Hold
program, aperture-priority, shutter-priority and manual down the AE Lock button while you’re in hyper manual
modes. Actually, the program mode and manual mode mode, adjust the shutter speed or aperture, and the
are ‘hyper’ modes (more on these below). Also on the other is adjusted automatically to maintain the current
mode dial is a raised green auto-everything setting. And, exposure. It can take a little while to get your head
separated from the rest, ISO, quality and white-balance around some of these ‘hyper’ operations, but it’s worth
settings. You switch to these, then use the camera’s the effort because they introduce some real flexibility
front-mounted control dial to alter the parameters. and speed of operation to your photography.

Hyper modes Neat touches
Now then, these ‘hyper’ modes. We’ll start with the The Pentax is crammed with neat little touches. The
hyper-program mode, where the camera sets the power switch is a collar around the shutter release, with
aperture and shutter speed combinations, as you’d an extra, spring-loaded stop beyond the ‘on’ position.

7 7
expect, according to the light levels. But if you turn This activates the lamp for the mono LCD panel on the
the front control wheel, you can change these top plate (it switches off again after a short delay), and
LENS combinations towards faster shutter speeds or smaller it stops down the lens to the currently-set aperture for a
The 18-35mm zoom is an
extra but recommended as FLASH HOUSING apertures. This kind of ‘program shift’ function is far depth-of-field preview. Remember those?
a comparatively The built-in flash is from unique and has been a fixture on SLRs for some Other aspects of the Pentax’s control layout are less
inexpensive (on a digital effective, especially in fill-
SLR) wide-angle zoom flash mode. time. It’s worth exploring properly, though, because it convincing. You have to press a small button on the top
does much of what you’d use the shutter-priority and plate repeatedly to cycle through the camera’s various


The ISO, white balance and
image quality can be
adjusted quickly via the 1
mode dial

5 PRO The skin tones are warm and natural looking,
and the Pentax doesn’t oversharpen facial details

6 CON The colour balance can go awry in
challenging lighting conditions


7 7
3 The *ist D’s LCD is clear
and functional, but
This is paired with one on
5 PRO Vibrant colours, good exposure accuracy and
high levels of sharpness

the front to offer quick
displays some sporadic and intuitive control over CON Like other digital SLRs, the Pentax’s weak
point is overcast skies
rippling effects many functions

your image editor before edge effects and artefacts
It does offer fine detail that will stand degrade the image. It delivers good contrast and

sharpening in your image editor before edge saturation, too, and generally accurate colour
rendition. It slips up now and again (we’ve got some

effects and artefacts degrade the image greenish-yellow shots), but so do its rivals.
The Canon EOS 10D is prone to heavy, gloomy
results, while the Fujifilm S2 Pro can generate some
‘drive’ modes – single shooting, continuous (2.6fps), locks both. On the *ist D it only locks the focus. To distinctly odd greenish tints. The Nikon D100’s
self-timer and remote. Wouldn’t this be better lock the exposure you need to press the AE Lock images can look on the soft side, too. The Pentax’s
situated on a rotating dial, like the metering button, which actually makes a good deal of sense. shots can definitely hold their own against this
5 PRO The slow flash mode did a great job of
balancing the flash against daylight in this shot

patterns? Moreover, the five-way control pad at the Other sensible features include Pentax’s use of AA particular bunch, and does so through a balance of CON The fairly murky f4 aperture means available-
light shots need higher ISO settings
back is extremely clunky and fiddly to use, and not batteries. They might not last as long as lithium cells qualities. The 18-35mm lens no doubt has to take
conducive to quick and easy menu navigation or
selection. The white-balance options seem to get
or have the same reliability, but they’re cheaper and
easier to find in an emergency, and affordable to
some of the credit, though it is a little prone to flare
when shooting into the light – ignore the lenshood 2 IMAGE QUALITY
more prominence than usual, too, with a row of buy as spares, too. The remarkable thing, though, is supplied at your peril.
icons under the LCD on the top plate. These are how energy-efficient this camera is. Pentax quotes a The *ist D is a good buy for two types of
quoted in terms of common conditions (cloud, sun, life expectancy of 450 shots for freshly-charged photographer: owners of Pentax film SLRs will be
tungsten and so on) rather than in degrees Kelvin, NiMH cells, and this goes up to around 1,000 shots over the moon at an opportunity to go digital while
which is the scale usually favoured by pros. with photo-lithium AAs and CR-V3 cells. retaining their existing lenses; and those people
The EV compensation control is easy enough to looking to upgrade from a compact digicam to a
operate – you hold down a button on the back and Image quality digital SLR that’s crammed with features, and fully
rotate the front command dial. The AE/focus-locking All these clever features are fine, but it’s the image equipped for both studio and location work. That
system doesn’t follow the usual pattern, though. In quality that’s going to make or break the *ist D. It said, at this price we’d be inclined to hold fire – just
most cameras, half-pressure on the shutter release does offer fine detail that will stand sharpening in until we road-test the EOS 300D next month… 5 PRO The physically larger size of the CCDs in digital
SLRs makes a big difference to image definition

6 CON Few visible sharpening effects. If anything,
they’re a fraction on the soft side for most tastes

features and

Sensor 6.1-megapixel, 23.7mm x 15.6mm 6.31MP CCD Other features Flash sync socket, cable release socket
Lens Tested with Pentax 18-35mm f4-5.6 Image storage CompactFlash BUILD 92 1
Exposure modes
Dependent on lens
Program AE, shutter-priority, aperture-priority,
Battery life
4x AA or 2x CRV-3
450 shots (no flash, NiMH cells) design set new VALUE 92 1
‘hyper-manual’ AC adaptor Yes
SLR standards

Matrix, centre-weighted, spot
1.8-inch, 118,000 pixels
550g body only, without batteries or memory card
129mm(w) x 94.5mm(h) x 60mm(d) FINAL
AE compensation
+/-3EV in 0.5 (default) or 0.3EV steps
Auto, on, off, SlowSync, red-eye
Pentax Photo Lab, Pentax Photo Browsers, RAW
The Pentax *ist D isn’t just a terrific SCORE
Video output PAL or NTSC file converter Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP, Mac
camera to use, it produces very
Movie recording No OS 8.6 or later good results, too. At its price point, only
the Fujifilm FinePix S2 Pro is better, and

WORTH £1,820 £1,350 £1,300 (body only), 6MP £1,250
then only just…
A LOOK (inc lens), 5MP (body only), 6MP (12MP output) (body only), 6MP


Price £500
Resolution 6 megapixels
Lens f2.8 3x zoom
Memory 16MB xD Picture card
Battery Life 135/270 shots LCD on/off

Fujifilm FinePix F700
The first camera to use Fujifilm’s new HR SuperCCD has been a long time coming.
Was it worth the wait?

ujifilm’s F700 is the first camera to use the
COVERDISC company’s revolutionary ‘HR’ SuperCCD chip. It
uses not one, but two sensors at each
photosite. There’s a main, ‘primary’ sensor for recording
the majority of the image information, and a smaller,
‘secondary’ sensor for capturing extreme highlight detail.
The camera then combines the data to produce an
image with a higher dynamic range and better highlight
rendition than conventional cameras can manage.
Check out our brand new image
Highlight rendition is indeed a problem for all digital
cameras. The longer you spend with them (especially if
comparison system on the disc!
you’re an ex-film user), the more you notice their
tendency to produce blanked-out highlights – and no
amount of Photoshop fiddling can restore detail that
was outside the CCD’s dynamic range in the first place.
OPINIONS & SHOPPING Admittedly, it’s a bit of a surprise to find such
Post your views, see what other revolutionary technology in a compact camera. We
readers think then buy this camera!
might have expected Fujifilm to launch it in a higher-
end enthusiasts’ camera first.
There’s a possible source of confusion we need to
DIGITAL RANGE clear up, too. Strictly speaking, the HR chip has three 7 7
FUJIFILM million photosites and, in usual Fujifilm fashion, the LENS
FINEPIX F700 SuperCCD data is processed to produce six-million pixel CONTINUOUS AF BUTTON The F700 comes with a Super
Hold down this button and EBC Fujinon 3x zoom, but the

Price: £500 files. The confusing part is that the HR CCD really does
the F700 will maintain real star is the new HR
Megapixels: 6 have six-million picture sensing elements. Hence why focus on a moving subject SuperCCD inside
we refer to it in the specs table as a 6-megapixel CCD.
Price: £430 Also, although the F700 might look initially like a
Megapixels: 3.1 high-class point-and-shoot snapshot camera, there’s an The F700 does share one oddity with other current Mean on memory
awful lot more to it than that. Fuji models – the mode dial has a scene setting at one The F700 can store RAW images, capturing the
FINEPIX F410 end, with further icons indicating the scenes available. maximum possible image information for you to process
Price: £330
Megapixels: 3.1 Design and features You can’t turn the mode dial to these settings, they’re manually later. This does highlight another shortcoming
The slick, all-metal exterior of the F700 incorporates the purely illustrative. In fact, you have to set the dial to in this particular bundle – the size of the memory
FINEPIX A303 usual auto-everything exposure options, but adds scene mode, then use the menus to change them. This card supplied.
Price: £250
shutter-priority automation, aperture-priority and full is very confusing. So much so that Fujifilm’s had to add The 16MB xD Picture card supplied with the camera
Megapixels: 3
manual control. That’s not unique among high-end a sticker to the top plate to explain it… is so small as to be almost derisory. It can manage ten
FINEPIX F401 compacts like this one, but while rival cameras offer It’s a minor black mark in an otherwise impressive high-quality JPEGs and no more, and you can forget
£ Price: £230 these features within menus and sub-options, they’re list of qualities. There’s a high-resolution, high-speed about saving RAW files until you’ve invested in a much
5 Megapixels: 2.1 directly accessible via the main mode dial. Like the rest
of the camera’s controls, the mode dial is firm, positive
movie mode (640 x 480 pixels at 30fps) for those
interested in movie clips, a sophisticated and effective
bigger card. Indeed, if you buy this camera, you
shouldn’t even leave the shop without getting one.
REVIEWED! Go to p113 and well-weighted. This camera exudes class and, multi-point AF system and a USB picture cradle for It’s easy to forgive the F700 for flaws like this,
See Buyers’ guide for full rating
despite its small size, it’s easy and efficient to handle. charging the battery and transferring images. because it’s such a nicely designed camera. And the



The confusing
labelling of the
scene mode

markings has led
PRO Saturated tones are pleasing, and The HR
Fujifilm to add a SuperCCD has controlled the contrast very well, too
warning sticker

3 6 CON Colour rendition with this camera veers
towards the lurid on occasion


7 7

The F700’s LCD is extremely The ‘F’ (Photo Mode) button
PRO The increased dynamic range of the F700’s
good, both in daylight and dim controls some shooting SuperCCD pays off out of doors

indoor lighting. It’s sharp, crisp settings, though others are
CON Sometimes the colour rendition is a little too
and colourful and especially accessed using the menu
enthusiastic – the reds in this shot are luminous
impressive during playback button instead

But the F700’s imaging technology is the key, and
The HR SuperCCD hangs on to highlight detail it really does make a big difference. The HR

well beyond the point where rival cameras SuperCCD hangs on to highlight detail well beyond
the point where rival cameras simply give up. Take a

simply give up close look at the front bumper on the model 4x4
shots on the CD. The F700 shows highlight detail and
reflections, where the others don’t.
start-up time (1.2 seconds) is awesome. The AF accessible and both are only active while you’re Elsewhere, the F700 displays an excellent,
system is fast and reliable, too. It takes about half a holding them down. dynamic range, good contrast and very powerful
second to ‘lock on’ to your subject both indoors and
The F700 in use
colour. The colour’s typical of the SuperCCD chips,
5 PRO Ultra-fast start-up time, slim design and easy
operation – the F700 is a take-anywhere camera

out at the wide-angle end of the zooming range, and occasionally it’s a bit too much. Reds can be CON Some shots show warmish/pinkish tinge, but
it’s far from objectionable
and no longer than a second at the telephoto end. The navipad’s a bit on the small side but, like the very lurid and lacking in tonal separation, while
The 1.8-inch LCD is larger than most makers
provide these days, and it’s exceptionally bright,
rest of the F700’s controls, very positive. Oddly, the
shooting functions are split between the menu
overcast scenes can take on a bluish hue that’s not
unattractive, but not exactly representative either. 2 IMAGE QUALITY
sharp and colourful. It’s particularly impressive in button (self-timer, WB, focusing mode, bracketing, The detail rendition is extremely good. The
playback mode. The optical viewfinder’s less sharpness, flash compensation) and the blue photo camera’s 6-megapixel files are generated from
impressive. Not only is it a bit small, but for some mode button marked ‘F’ (image quality/size, ISO, 3-megapixel data, but the SuperCCD is designed
reason, you keep finding yourself putting your eye to image effect). There seems no obvious reason why specifically with this in mind. Detail rendition is very
the green LED alongside it instead. these functions should be split like this, but you soon much what you’d expect from a good 4-megapixel
Elsewhere, the F700 has buttons for two functions get used to it. or 5-megapixel camera.
normally consigned to the menus: press one button Even without the HR SuperCCD you’d have to say Frankly, for £500, it’s doubtful you can do better
on the front to activate the continuous focusing the F700 is a nice camera. It incorporates high-end than this. Cheaper, yes, but you’d be sacrificing build
system; and one on the top plate for continuous photographic controls in a user-friendly compact quality, design, image quality or all three. This is a
shooting. It’s quite smart because both are very design, without making them inaccessible or fiddly. very good camera. 5 PRO Highlights are very well controlled, and the
camera captures details that others will miss

6 CON The SuperCCD’s 6-megapixel output isn’t really
on a par with that of a real 6-megapixel model

1 The HR SuperCCD
does exactly

Sensor 6-megapixel, 1/1.7-inch 6.2MP SuperCCD SR Other features Docking cradle, HR CCD
Lens Super EBC Fujinon f2.8 3x zoom Image storage xD-Picture Card BUILD 95 1
Exposure modes
Auto, 9cm in macro mode
Program AE, aperture-priority, shutter priority,
Battery life
Lithium ion rechargeable (NP 40)
135/270 shots LCD on/off what it says VALUE 89 1
manual, scene modes AC adaptor Yes

Multi-pattern, average, spot
1.8-inch, 134,000 pixels
170g (without battery or card)
108mm(w) x 54mm(h) x 28mm(d) FINAL
AE compensation
+/-2EV in 0.3EV steps
Auto, on, off, slow flash, red-eye
FinePix Viewer, ImageMixer VCD, RAW File
Video output PAL or NTSC Converter LE
The extended dynamic range isn’t this
Movie recording 640 x 480 at 30fps with sound OS Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac) S8.6-9.0, OSX camera’s only merit. It’s also an
extremely well made, well designed

camera that’s a pleasure to use
A LOOK £430, 5MP £500, 5MP £380, 5MP £500, 5MP


Price £300
Resolution 4 megapixels
Lens f3.0-3.6 4x zoom
Memory 16MB CompactFlash
Battery Life 160 shots with LCD on

Minolta DiMAGE S414
Fed up with dainty little digital cameras? The S414 offers a beefy alternative that’s also
capable and rather good value…

* ON M
inolta produces some very dainty, and
COVERDISC very advanced cameras. The F200 and
F300 offer high-end photographic tools in
compact bodies, while the Xt is just about the smallest
and slickest digital camera you can get. And then
there’s this camera.
The S414’s got a big, hefty body and an even
bigger, heftier handgrip on one end of it. It’s not big
in absolute terms – not when compared with traditional 2
ZOOM & COMPARE 35mm film compacts, for example – but it dwarfs most
Check out our brand new image
of its rivals.
comparison system on the disc!
That’s no bad thing. If you’re fed up with trying to 2
press tiny buttons with your big, fat fingertips, the S414
C WEBSITE will be a welcome relief. Not that the buttons are any
bigger, but they do have room to spread out.
Post your views, see what other
readers think then buy this camera!
Value for money
You get more than just bulk for your £300 – it’s a pretty
good price for a 4-megapixel camera, but it looks even
better when you examine this camera’s specifications.
There’s the lens, for a start. It has a 4x zooming range 7 7
(equivalent to 35-140mm) where its rivals can only DESIGN LENS
DIMAGE F300 manage 3x, and the lens has a fast f3.6 maximum Significantly bulkier than many of The Minolta’s lens offers a 4x zooming
its rivals, the S414’s chunky feel range (which is unusual at this price),
Price: £380 aperture at the telephoto end of the range, so your might be a disadvantage to some, and a fast f3.6 maximum aperture at
Megapixels: 5 sports and action shots come with a far lower risk of but an attraction to others the telephoto end of the range
camera shake.
Price: £350 There’s more sophistication inside the camera. Take
Megapixels: 4 the 270-segment metering system, for example, and Cutting corners? concern. The alkaline AAs supplied with the camera
the 5-point AF system. As well as program AE exposure, Something’s got to give, of course, and the most started to fail even in the early stages of testing – like all
DIMAGE S414 the Minolta also has an aperture-priority mode and a expensive thing to incorporate in any camera is build other cameras that can run on AAs, it’s certain that the
Price: £300
manual mode to go with it. quality. The S414 is chunky and solid, but it’s also S414 will prove much more reliable if fed NiMH
Megapixels: 4
There are limitations, mind. You can only choose from cheap feeling in places. The mode dial is clear and rechargeables instead.
DIMAGE XT two different apertures, so the control’s not as positive, admittedly, but the navipad on the back is The start-up time won’t break any records, either. At
Price: £300 sophisticated as it might be, but it’s better than having very poor. There’s too much movement, it’s too spongy around three seconds, it’s bearable, but not especially
Megapixels: 3.2 no aperture control at all – at least you can arrange and it’s too easy to press it in the wrong direction, quick. The AF system is good but unremarkable, taking
shallow depth of field for portraits, for example, and especially when you’re trying to press it dead centre to around half a second to focus at the wide-angle end of
extra depth of field for landscapes. ‘OK’ an action. the range and a second or so at the telephoto end. The
£ Price: £150
Megapixels: 2.1 The 1.6fps continuous-shooting mode and real-time The battery compartment door is a definite weak zooming action isn’t very fast, but perfectly usable,
histogram add to this camera’s credentials for serious spot. It fits badly and it’s very difficult to get it back on while in playback mode, the image cycling, zooming

5REVIEWED! Go to p113
See Buyers’ guide for full rating
users. For £300 you’re getting a lot of camera, in more
ways than one.
properly. Normally this wouldn’t be a big issue, but the
S414’s appetite for batteries gives some cause for
and panning are all good without being great. The S414
doesn’t feel especially responsive but, to be fair, it



The mode dial is big
and clearly labelled. 3
The aperture-priority
mode is limited to
just two aperture
1 3 5 PRO Digital noise and sharpening effects are
barely visible, so skin tones look smooth

settings, though
6 CON A little undersaturated, maybe, and the fine
detail could also be a little crisper


7 7

Like other Minolta LCD The navipad’s a weak
PRO The Minolta’s metering system seems to
panels, this one has a high spot on the Minolta, as favour shadow and mid-tone areas

resolution (122,000 pixels) it is with so many
CON The metering system can be very accurate,
but a slightly ‘woolly’ look other cameras. It’s just
but it can also be a little unpredictable
about it too vague and stodgy

£300 cameras. Actually, it takes rather good shots. It
It’s a pretty good price for a 4-megapixel did trip up occasionally, particularly in our indoor

camera, but it looks even better when you tests, where its metering system proved a bit too
susceptible to bright windows and the slow flash in

examine this camera’s specifications night portrait mode was far too weak.
Otherwise, though, it turned in some well-
exposed, sharp shots. The colour rendition’s not as
performs typically for a camera in this price range. The trouble (if you can call it that) starts when punchy as, say, that of current Olympus compacts,
The LCD looks good on paper, both in terms of size you switch to manual mode. Now the menu system but it’s accurate and provides a good basis for any
and resolution. In practice, though, it’s got a slightly expands to include metering mode options (multi- subsequent tweaks in your image editor. Take a look
5 PRO You can take slow sync shots by using the
S414’s night portrait mode

flat, soft look that we’ve seen on other Minolta LCDs. segment and spot), autobracketing, colour mode, for yourself, using the new shot-comparison system CON Our test shot revealed a pretty lacklustre
performance, though. The flash power’s too low
It does the job fine, especially when compared with sharpness, white balance, focus mode and more. on our coverdisc.
those fitted to similarly price rivals, but it’s not great. However, at the same time the scene modes are
deactivated – the mode button now just switches
Definition is good, too, and well up with other
4-megapixel cameras. If the Minolta’s not sharp 2 IMAGE QUALITY
Ease of use the camera in and out of macro mode. enough, the next big leap would have to be to a
The Minolta is quite straightforward to use, but you’ll EV compensation is easy to apply – you hold 6-megapixel digital SLR.
have to spend a little time getting your head around down the button and use the navipad – and there’s
the control system early on. In the full auto mode, a drive button for the self-timer, sequence shooting Overall
you can press the mode button to cycle through the and bracketing. Actually, putting the autobracket Minolta has done with the S414 what it does with
camera’s various scene modes (macro, portrait, option here makes it much more accessible than it is other cameras in its range – produced a well
landscape, night portrait and text) but the menu on most cameras (the bracketing option in the specified, well built camera with good performance
options available are limited to image size, image menus simply sets the EV interval). at a low price. However, the S414 has some rough
quality, voice memo, date imprint, digital zoom The key point is image quality. Is the S414 really a edges and, value-wise, it’s not as impressive as the
on/off, instant playback on/off. bargain, or are the results no better than any other (slightly) more expensive F200 and F300 models. 5 PRO Pretty sharp images and, given its price,
you’ll be pleasantly surprised with the results

6 CON Occasionally unpredictable exposures can trip
you up, but you can’t expect more from a 4MP chip

you a lot of

Sensor 4-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 4.1MP CCD Image storage CompactFlash
Lens Minolta GT f3.0-3.6 4x zoom Batteries 4x AA BUILD 74 1
Exposure modes
Auto, manual, 10cm in macro mode
Program AE, aperture-priority, manual
Battery life
AC adaptor
160 shots using 1850mAh NiMH cells, LCD on
No camera for VALUE 83 1
Metering Multi-segment, spot Weight 335g (without battery or card)
the money

AE compensation
1.8-inch, 122,000 pixels
+/-2EV in 0.3EV steps
113.5mm(w) x 64.5mm(h) x 58.5mm(d)
Video output
Auto, on, off, slow flash, red-eye
DiMAGE Viewer
Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac OS9.0-9.2.2,
Movie recording 320 x 240 at 15fps with sound OSX 10.1.3-10.1.5, OS 10.2.1-10.2.2
A bit crude in places, the S414 takes
Other features None good shots but isn’t especially rapid. A
camera you’d buy on price rather than

for its innate charm
A LOOK £300, 4MP £350, 4MP £300, 4MP £300, 4MP


Price £380
Resolution 4 megapixels
Lens f3.1-5.2 3x zoom
Memory 16MB Xd Picture card
Battery Life Not quoted

Olympus mju 400
With prices falling, Olympus’ award-winning mju 400 grows ever more tempting by
the day. But is style and quality enough…?

lympus’ highly-successful mju film cameras
COVERDISC first appeared in 1991, introducing a new,
compact and stylish camera to the photographic
world. It was only a question of time before the mju
design came to the company’s digital cameras too.
The mju 400 is the 4-megapixel version of the mju
300. Apart from the resolution, the only way to tell
them apart is the gold finish on the front of this camera,
compared to the silver of its 3-megapixel stablemate.
Check out our brand new image
The mju 400 has to appeal on a number of levels,
because its dinky little dimensions are no longer
comparison system on the disc!
enough. Tiny though it is, the Pentax Optio S, Casio
Exilim Z3 and Minolta DiMAGE Xt are smaller still. They
C WEBSITE don’t have this camera’s resolution, of course, or its
wonderful combination of build quality and practicality.
OPINIONS & SHOPPING The mju 400 is weatherproof, you see. Not waterproof,
Post your views, see what other
but ‘splashproof’. You needn’t worry about taking the
readers think then buy this camera!
odd snap in the rain, but don’t go falling in any rivers.

Speed and design
DIGITAL RANGE Like other Olympus compacts, the mju 400 has a sliding 7 7
OLYMPUS lens cover which doubles as the power switch. The SLIDING LENS COVER LENS
OLYMPUS C-50 startup time isn’t especially impressive at three seconds The lens cover protects the lens The Olympus’ 3x zoom may
when the camera’s not in use, look diminutive, but there’s
Price: £430 or so, especially when compared to the Fuji F700 and powers it up when you slide nothing wrong with its
Megapixels: 5 reviewed in this issue. The focussing isn’t fast by today’s it out of the way resolving power
standards either, taking about a second to lock on under
µ[MJU:] 400
indoor lighting, though it seems a little quicker outdoors.

Price: £380
Megapixels: 4 However, it’s just as fast when you set the zoom to its Control layout flash modes and press up to access the camera’s
maximum telephoto setting, (105mm equivalent). The mju’s control system is extremely good, too. This various scene modes. In each case your choice is
µ[MJU:] 300 Zooming speed and control is average – the mju is one area Olympus has been developing constantly, displayed on the LCD.
Price: £270
Megapixels: 3.2 400’s performance is distinctly mid-range, but the design and in the mju 400, the company has designed one These three buttons don’t cover all the options,
and styling is in a higher bracket altogether. The playback of its best compromises yet between simplicity and of course. For these, you’ll need to press the Menu
C-350 mode’s a bit niggly, too. The camera takes about a second accessibility. The back of the camera is notable for its button. Here, Olympus’ clever control layout reveals
Price: £200
to load saved images, and while you can zoom in on ‘bareness’. The controls are four navigational buttons, more smart design. This displays a four-way option
Megapixels: 3.2
saved images and pan around, checking their fine detail, all separate, but arranged in a circle to mimic a ‘wheel’ on the LCD, controlled now by the navipad
C-220 it’s a bit fiddly, because you have to keep clicking the conventional navipad. Because the buttons are buttons. Press left to change the image quality, up
£ Price: £170 buttons to do it – you can’t just keep them held down. separate, they’re much more positive, and you to apply EV compensation, down to adjust the white
5 Megapixels: 2 But there are compensations, and one of these is the
LCD. It’s only 1.5 inches but it’s fantastically sharp, clear
make far fewer mistakes.
These navigational buttons have other functions
balance and right to access the full menu system.
Explained on paper, this probably sounds quite
REVIEWED! Go to p113 and bright. It’s one of the camera’s high spots, whether while you’re shooting photos. You press left to switch complicated. But when you actually use the system, its
See Buyers’ guide for full rating
you’re composing shots or browsing through them later. in and out of macro mode, right to cycle through the multi-layered design proves easy to grasp and quick to



The only thing you’ll
find on the top of
this camera is the

shutter release. It’s
PRO Taken in overcast lighting, the Olympus turns
neat, clutter-free 3 in a warm-toned, but natural-looking result
and easy to use
6 CON There’s enthusiastic contrast rendition when
your subject’s face is in shadow – try fill-in flash


7 7

Measuring just 1.5 inches What, no navipad? These
PRO The mju 400 gives colourful, contrasted images,
from one corner to another, separate buttons do the same with accurate exposure and a good dynamic range

the Olympus’ LCD is job, but much more reliably.
CON Overcast skies can influence the mju 400’s
nevertheless wonderfully Note that the back of this
meter reading a little too much
crisp, bright and saturated camera is uncluttered

include areas of bright sky. Many cameras will be
The mju 400 contrives to make its numerous overinfluenced by the sky, and underexpose the

functions far more accessible than its rivals foreground to a degree that’s hard to fix – such as
the Pentax *ist D. Some metering systems,

do, using fewer buttons in the process meanwhile, will be a little too clever and expose for
the foreground, leaving the sky to fend for itself –
the Minolta DiMAGE S414 can be guilty of this. The
navigate. The mju 400 contrives to make its opens (you lift a lug at one end), you stand a good mju 400, on the other hand, chose an excellent
numerous functions far more accessible than its chance of breaking a fingernail doing it. It’s an oddly compromise that maintained useful tonal detail in
rivals do, using fewer buttons in the process. crude feature in a camera that’s otherwise built like both exposure and the maximum possible dynamic
5 PRO The straightforward design and ease of use
make it a good indoor snapshot camera

This is one of the things that’s hardest to get a little jewel. range. If there are situations that will trip the mju CON You have to use night flash mode to get a
slow sync effect with the mju 400
across in a camera review. The specifications are 400 up, they didn’t crop up in our tests.
incontrovertible, and can easily take over as the
basis for any buying advice. But more intangible
Picture quality
The picture quality is what really stands out with this
It’s a similar story with colour rendition and
saturation. The mju takes colourful, saturated shots, 2 IMAGE QUALITY
aspects of the camera operation can prove just as camera, however. Detail rendition is really crisp and but avoids some of the more lurid tendencies of the
important. Here, the mju 400 is really strong. clear – you won’t find a compact digital camera Fuji F700, for example. The Fuji model doesn’t
It’s strong in other respects, too. Olympus doesn’t much better than this. It does have a tendency produce ‘wrong’ colour, but its does ‘massage’ reds,
quote a life expectancy for the camera’s lithium-ion towards purple fringing around highlights, though. to the point where they can look a little overdone.
cell, but it seems to hold up well during a day’s This is a feature of nearly all digital cameras, but the Yes, you can get cameras with more features
typical snapshotting. More to the point, it’ll recharge Olympus suffered a little more than most in our than the mju 400 for the same money or less. If it’s
in as little as two hours. That’s handy. high-contrast test shots. specs you’re after, you should look elsewhere. This
The camera does have its niggles, mind, and one On the other hand, the exposure system, colour camera’s principally designed for those who want
of the worst of these is its bizarre and fiddly rendition and colour saturation are all bang on. Our style, pocketability, simplicity and top results. And it
card/battery cover. Once you’ve worked out how it outdoor test shots are especially tricky because they achieves those things very well indeed. 5 PRO You might expect to sacrifice definition in a
camera as compact as this, but it doesn’t happen

6 CON There’s some prominent, purple colour
fringing around very high-contrast outlines

1 It’s not the tiniest,
and not the

Sensor 4-megapixel, ?.5-inch 4.2MP CCD Image storage xD-Picture Card
Lens Olympus f3.1-5.2 3x lens Batteries Lithium-ion rechargeable, LI-10B BUILD 96 1
Exposure modes
Auto, 20cm in macro mode
Program AE, scene modes
Battery life
AC adaptor
Not quoted
Yes cheapest, so what VALUE 86 1
Metering Digital ESP, (multi-pattern), spot Weight 165g (without battery or card)
can the mju offer?

AE compensation
1.5-inch 134,000 pixels
+/-2EV in 0.3EV steps
99mm(w) x 56mm(h) x 33.5mm(d)
Video output
Auto, on, off, red-eye, slow
Olympus Camedia Master 4.1
Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac OS9.0 or
Movie recording 320 x 240 at 15fps higher, OSX 10.1
In a word, design. It’s small, smooth,
Other features 2 in 1 and panoramic modes and pocketable. It’s robust, practical
and easy to use. What’s more, it’s

image quality is very good indeed
A LOOK £380, 4MP £350, 4MP £300, 4MP £300, 4MP



The first colour test card contained
Photo-quality inkjets deliver high-speed, high-quality prints. Mark Harris sets his stopwatch on six of the best
skin tones, plus subtle variations in
light tones and colours, including
fine detail. This image was printed

at maximum resolution on the rinting an A4 colour photo used to be a good photo prints as well as crisp text. Beyond this, you’re taken to produce each print. We then rated the features
recommended glossy premium excuse to go and have a cup of tea, but some generally paying for print speed, build quality and that each printer has and combined these figures at an
paper using original inks. The modern printers can now output full-size high features such as built-in card readers, six-colour inks and overall percentage rating for each printer.
second, text page contained resolution images before you’ve even got to the kitchen. bundled software. When looking at the price, bear in Print speed is quoted in pages per minute (ppm) but
different font sizes and styles. This
They’re also becoming cheaper, with six-colour photo mind that if you do any serious quantity of photo never believe manufacturers’ figures – there are no
was printed at standard resolution
inkjets available for under £100. printing, your main expenses will be ink and good reliable standards and the performance you get also
on 80gsm bright, white paper.
But look before you leap. With 4MP CCDs and large quality paper, so buying a budget printer won’t save you depends on your computer. Resolution is important, but
memory cards becoming affordable, it’s never been a huge amount in the long run. even 2,880dpi can give great looking images from large
C WEBSITE more important to choose a printer that can make the
most of your large image files, in terms of both quality The test
files, so don’t worry about it too much, except as a way
of speeding up printing.
OPINIONS & SHOPPING and speed. In our tests, prints were assessed for colour accuracy, All but the Lexmark are capable of printing borderless
Post your views, see what other
readers think!
We’ve rounded up six A4 printers over a wide price sharpness, grain and dithering (how visible the tiny dots prints. This gives a huge range of paper size and printing range, with a variety of features. All the models on test used to create the image are, which is especially options – the best place to select these is in the printer
claim to be ‘photo quality’, so they should deliver good important in solid blacks). We also measured the time driver. The EPSONs come with roll paper holders for

CANON Price £150
CANON Price £265
Manufacturer Canon Manufacturer Canon Manufacturer EPSON
I470D Web I950 Web 900 Website DITHERING
This is when the tiny ink dots
making up a photographic image
are visible to the naked eye. It
looks worst when seen in solid
colours and blacks.

Although print speed is quoted in
pages per minute (ppm), most of
the printers take more than a
minute to print photo quality
images that are larger than 6 x 4-
inch. Never trust the
manufacturer’s figures!

Most printers combine the print
head with the ink cartridge,
making for more expensive
Canon’s direct printing i470D arrives in an impressive The more you pay, the less you get. The less gimmicks The 900 is a substantial offering from EPSON, both in
consumables but few printing
package – a smart, cream fascia sprinkled with buttons and flashing lights, that is, for the i950 is unashamedly a terms of features and sheer bulk. It boasts the highest problems. Some (notably Canon)
and a large 9cm (mono) LCD. The lightweight paper tray photo printer. It’s not a card reader, a scanner or a fax vertical resolution of the printers on test: 5,760dpi when have a separate print head –
is the only flimsy note in an otherwise solid, well-built machine. It’s not even much of a text printer, taking a used with official EPSON media. Six-colour printing is this keeps the price of new
unit. The i470D has the widest connectivity of any lethargic 68 seconds over our three-page test file. But managed via two ink tanks and six sets of 48,000 cartridges low.
printer on test, capable of printing images via USB, from what you do get is a 4,800dpi bubble-jet and six-colour nozzles. While it doesn’t offer modern card printing, it
a range of memory cards or even direct from a printing, with a mighty 512 ink nozzles per colour, in a does feature dual ports (USB 1.1 and parallel) for
compatible (Canon) digital camera. tough, metal-clad casing. compatibility with older PCs.
Setting up the 4,800dpi Canon is simple enough, It connects via USB 2.0 and is also the quietest in use, EPSON is keeping up with the times by bundling a
although you do have to perform the print head topping out at 37dBA (noise in use). Thanks to Canon handy CD media tray for printing directly to some (check
alignment manually, via an easy wizard. You can access printers’ separate print heads, the i950 is the cheapest to first!) CD or DVD faces, as well as borderless printing.
simple features (borderless printing, date-marking) run, with black ink around £7 and the coloured tanks There’s also a roll paper holder for easy 6 x 4-inch
when printing from a memory card. For cropping and only a pound more. The i950 was the fastest on test for enprints and panoramic prints. The 900’s size is reflected
editing, a one-touch button opens up the Photo Viewer A4 photo printing, outputting our large test in a zippy 66 in its measured print speed, as it took around 90 seconds
on your PC. Speedwise, the i470D was average, taking seconds, and above average for text printing, too. The for the text test and a sluggish six and three quarter
50 seconds to output our text pages and just under five Canon delivered the best photo print on test, with crisp, minutes for the A4 photo print. Photo print quality was
minutes for the test card. noise-free whites, rich colours and excellent levels of fine above average, and the 900 was particularly good at
Despite being the only four-colour printer on test, the detail. The colour balancing and accuracy was especially reproducing subtle colours and complex detail. We did
i470D held its own against other budget models. The impressive. The only concern was some very faint notice a few noisy pop-ups, though, and some faint
photo page suffered from a fine grain and slight, yellow banding, visible under magnification. Text printing horizontal banding. Text printing was a touch too bold,
tint, but text printing was superb, with solid blacks. produced superbly sharp letters and thick blacks. leading to some smearing at the edges of letters.

Great build quality and connectivity, but An extremely sound choice for anyone A solid and reliable printer with good
four-colour printing might not suit the most serious about photo quality printing. colour accuracy, but it’s over-priced for
demanding users Highly recommended what it offers

70% 5
88% 5
PRO Easy, direct printing FINAL PRO Low running costs. FINAL PRO Excellent paper- FINAL
and cheap inks SCORE Fast, high-quality printing SCORE handling options SCORE

6 CON Colours can
lack subtlety 6 CON Expensive
6 CON Sluggish printing

producing quantities of 6 x 4-inch enprints. This is the
only way to output true, panoramic prints, but it’s tricky
paper in smaller quantities to avoid it getting dusty.
Always feed glossy paper through one sheet at a time.
All the models on test claim to be
to load and use, and can be difficult to get flat again.
Paper handling is more important than you might Card sharp ‘photo quality’, so they should deliver
think – you only have to have a couple of premium
glossy sheets mangled and the cost starts to mount. The
The Lexmark and Canon i470D have slots for
CompactFlash, Microdrive, Smart Media, MemorySticks
good photo prints as well as crisp text
EPSON 950 is the only printer to come with two and Secure Digital/MMC cards, allowing you to read
separate paper trays (one for A4 and one for 6 x 4-inch data into your PC. The i470D lets you print direct from can reproduce the entire spectrum, although all the
paper), although both EPSONs have an insert for printing the cards, using a small mono LCD to select printing printers on test, except the Canon i470D, use extra cyan
directly onto the faces of suitable CDs or DVDs. The quantities and options. This is useful if you want instant and magenta tones to provide even more accurate
Lexmark has an automatic paper sensor so that you results and don’t need to edit your shots. reproduction of subtle tones.
can’t accidentally print with ‘plain’ settings on expensive Inkjet printing traditionally uses four inks: cyan, Printers with more ink tanks will be more economical
photo paper. Although all the standard paper feeders magenta, yellow and black (CMYK). When set at in the long run, as you can replace only the colours that
can accept at least 100 sheets of paper, you should add different distances from each other, these four colours have run out, rather than three inks in a combined tank.


EPSON Price £305
HP Price £80
LEXMARK Price £80
Manufacturer EPSON Manufacturer HP Manufacturer Lexmark
DPOF 950 Web 5150 Web P707 Web
Direct Print Order Form lets you use
your digital camera to select which
(and how many) images to print.
The information is stored alongside
the images on the memory card.

Some printers can print all the
way to the edge of the paper;
the rest leave a small white
border on all four sides. Borderless
printing always takes longer than
normal printing.

When I first unwrapped the 950, I was sure that EPSON How can HP make a six-colour, 4,800dpi photo printer for Although you can siphon data into your PC or Mac from
had sent me an A3 printer by mistake, so bloated is the just £80? Perhaps using the world’s dullest, grey plastics the Lexmark’s prominent forward-mounted
half-metre long, 7.5kg all-black unit. Adding the roll saved a few pennies, although, to be fair, it does feel CompactFlash, Microdrive, Smart Media, MemoryStick
paper holder and cutter supplied adds another kilogram tough enough to withstand everyday bumps. and Secure Digital/MMC slots, you can’t print directly
and a few more centimetres. The 5150 continues HP’s fascination with front- from the media themselves. Happily, this isn’t a huge
The 950 has seven ink tanks containing five colours feeding paper trays, so allow for access to the front of drawback, and the P707 remains good value, if you
(cyan, magenta, light magenta, yellow, light yellow) and the machine when you’re measuring up your desktop. It don’t already own an all-in-one reader.
two helpings of black. The 950 has by far the best does keep paper out of sight (and away from dust or Printing is managed with six inks in two tanks,
media management on test, with all you need for spillages), but we can’t help feeling nervous when feeding into 416 nozzles for black and 300 for the other
banner and panoramic prints, CD printing, a dedicated feeding delicate photo quality paper in, face down. The colours. Lexmark has put real thought into ease of use,
6 x 4-inch paper tray, as well as borderless printing on 5150 splits its six inks between just two tanks, although from the automatic print-head alignment and media
the full range of paper up to letter size (216mm). It’s no note that it claims the lowest printing capacities of any sensor, to the bundled printer cable (saving you a tenner
slouch in use, either, delivering the fastest text printing model on test (between 150 and 450 pages). or so). You can swap out the photo tank for black ink if
on test (31 seconds) and a high-quality photo print in A good optional extra at this price is an adaptor that you do a lot of mono printing, and the P707 also ships
just over three minutes. Producing clear, white areas is allows duplex (double-sided) printing. Connection is via a with a basic image editor and solution centre. When our
one of the toughest tests for an inkjet printer and the USB 2.0 port and the 5150 comes with 8MB of internal photo test print eventually emerged (after 24 minutes!),
EPSON 950 passed with flying colours on test, outputting memory. These helped the 5150 have a good print it was a little warm, with dithering and noisy whites.
smooth, noise-free highlights. Colours were spot on, too, speed of 94 seconds for the text pages and just under However, levels of fine detail were as good as any
although a critical eye might notice a sprinkling of fine four and a half minutes for the photo test. Print quality printer on test. Text printing was even and sharp but the
dither. The 950 was heavy-handed when it came to text was average: noisy blacks and patchy detail detracted Lexmark was the slowest on test, taking twice as long as
printing; the extra black caused hesitant edges. from the excellent whites; text was a bit grey and soft. the nearest printer.

A wide range of paper-handling options If you can’t afford any more, the HP is a Great value for the features, but consider
make this high performance monster the sound entry-level choice, but the print carefully whether you’ll be happy with a
0 EXPERT TIP most flexible printer on test quality is average printer that’s this sluggish

84% 64% 5
PRINT EXPERT PRO Great paper handling; FINAL PRO Sturdy and FINAL PRO Easy to use and a FINAL
high-quality photo printing SCORE reasonably priced SCORE handy built-in card reader SCORE
If you want to create photo quality
images, the minimum resolution 6 CON Big, heavy
and expensive 6 CON Front paper feeder
requires more desk space 6 CON Print speed is
painfully slow
you should look for in a printer is
2,400 x 1,200dpi (dots per inch).
Printers with 4,800dpi+ vertical
resolution will generally only The Canons have a separate print head, which means nearest rival (the EPSON 950) and 20 times faster than images, with crisp whites, plenty of detail and rich
deliver that resolution on the that their cartridges are half the price of others on test. the Lexmark. The other Canon and EPSON took between colours. The EPSON 900 was close on their heels, but
correct media – normally the most All the printers on test are a similar size, but by the five and seven minutes, with the budget HP performing the remainder had minor problems, such as banding or
expensive available – and this is
time you’ve added paper feeders and output trays, they well at four and half minutes. The EPSON 950 was excess dither. All the printers were very competent at
especially the case for the 5,760dpi
can take up a large amount of your desk. The HP’s front quickest at delivering text (30 seconds), closely followed outputting text, but the two Canons delivered especially
figures quoted for the EPSON
printers. It’s worth printing a rough feeding mechanism takes up more space than the by the Canon i470D (50 seconds). The others all took rich, dark blacks.
(draft) copy of A4 photo images on others. Inkjets are noisier than laser printers, with the between 60 and 90 seconds, except the Lexmark, which We couldn’t test lightfastness without waiting 20
plain paper first, just to check the Canon i950 and HP 5150 the quietest on test. All the limped home last in over three minutes. years or so, but current opinion is that if you use the
margins, orientation and colour printers come with driver software for PCs and Macs and All the printers we tested are capable of producing manufacturer’s recommended premium photo paper
balance. It can be extremely at least a basic image editor. good quality images that will do justice to your and inks, inkjet prints should last at least 15 years and
frustrating to waste expensive ink
photographic skills. It’s when you start demanding more probably a lot longer. We found no serious paper
and paper by accidentally printing
your masterpieces in landscape Test results of them – discriminating between similar shades, high- handling problems (tram lines on prints) with any of the
rather than portrait format. Fastest at A4 photo printing was the Canon i950 which, contrast scenes or monochrome prints – that differences printers, although the HP did print our photo test image
at just 66 seconds, was nearly three times faster than its emerge. The Canon i950 and EPSON 950 gave the best at a slight angle.

I470D I950 900
Price £150 £265 £200

Telephone 0800 289622 0800 289622 0800 289622


Maximum vertical res (dpi) 4,800 4,800 5,760

Inks CMYK CMYK, light magenta, light cyan CMYK, light magenta, light cyan

Ink tanks 2 6 2

Cards accepted CF, MD, SM, MemStick, Secure Digital/MMC None None

Min/max paper size (mm) 90 x 120 to 216 x 594 90 x 120 to 216 x 594 89 x 89 to 216 x 3,275

Memory 56KB 80KB 32KB

Interface/cable? USB 2.0, direct print USB 2.0 USB 1.1, parallel

Borderless printing Yes Yes Yes

Weight 4 4.8 6.9

Noise in use (dBA) 41 37 45

Black cart price £7 £7 £17

Colour/photo cart price £12 £8.22 x 5 £19

Other PhotoViewer one-press editor Separate print head Roll paper holder, CD face printing

950 5150 P707
Price Street inc (ex) VAT £305 £80 £80

Telephone 0800 289622 0870 5474747 01628 481500


Maximum vertical res (dpi) 2,880 4,800 4,800

Inks CMYK, light magenta, light cyan CMYK, light magenta, light cyan CMYK, light magenta, light cyan

Ink tanks 7 (inc. 2 black tanks) 2 2

Cards accepted None None CF, MD, SM, MemStick, Sec Dig/MMC 0 EXPERT TIP
Min/max paper size (mm) 89 x 89 to 216 x 3,275 77 x 125 to 216 x 355 76 x127 to 216 x 432 MARK HARRIS
Memory 256KB 8MB Not stated
Interface/cable? USB 1.1, parallel USB 2.0 USB 1.1 For some reason, printers never
come with interface cables – all the
Borderless printing Yes Yes No
models on test need a USB cable.
Weight 7.6 5.4 2.2 Buy a long one (around £10) for
maximum flexibility in placement.
Noise in use (dBA) 45 39 40 Always leave plenty of room
around your printer: if the output
Black cart price £11 £17 £14 path of the paper is blocked, it will
back up inside the unit, damaging
Colour/photo cart price £9.50 to £12 x 5 £29/£21 £26/£32
the print and possibly even fouling
Other Roll paper holder & cutter, CD face printing Optional duplex (double-sided) printing Auto media sensor, optional black tank the feeder.


Microsoft Digital Imaging Suite 9.0
SOFTWARE This new version is geared firmly towards beginners. But Mark Harris wonders whether it’s mature enough to challenge the big boys…

hether they know it or not, every new
0 INFO purchaser of a digital camera is in the market The interface in more detail
for an image editor. And it doesn’t take most
Price £69.99
of them long to realise the enormous gulf between the
Manufacturer Microsoft cut-down packages bundled with consumer compacts
Tel 0870 6010 100 and the complexity of Photoshop. The version 9 tag on
Website Microsoft’s Digital Image Suite reveals that this is not a
4 1
brand-new product, but rather an update of its
✔ Windows consumer-friendly Picture It! series. It sits somewhere 2
above the happy-clicky simplicity of Roxio’s Photosuite
✘ Mac but a long way beneath the flexibility of Paint Shop Pro.
The first thing to note is that the Suite comprises two
distinct programs: Digital Image Library 9 and Digital
Image Pro 9. The Library component is a straightforward
image-management package, with a main browse
window, preview pane holding picture data and a
navigation tree on the left-hand side. You can sort this
tree by folder, date or keyword, and Library
automatically populates itself with all the images in your
My Pictures folder. Adding star ratings and keywords to
individual images is easy, and batch adjustments include
file conversion, compression, resizing and renaming.

Focus on features
Library also has some fun features not normally found
on consumer packages. Find Similar… trawls through
all the indexed images for pictures with a similar
This shows all Click on the hand These icons give Click on the Common Zoom in and out of Import images from
composition or colour theme, which is useful for finding the objects and icon in the top right- instant access to the Tasks button in this pane, using the a camera, scanner,
all your cathedral shots or night-time portraits, for layers in the current hand corner to Smart Eraser and the toolbar and this slider above it or the file or image library
document. Click- call up this useful automatic fixes menu pops up, Photoshop keyboard program, and the
instance. The familiar slideshow function has been and-drag to change navigational aid. for levels, contrast giving access to shortcut (Ctrl +/-). thumbnails will
developed here into a Photo Story wizard (Windows XP their order. and red-eye. dozens of features. appear here.

only), where each ‘slide’ can include mouse movements
for emphasis as well as voice commentaries, music hand tool bar that occasionally intrudes into the main always tinker with them manually using graphical
and titles. work area. sliders. Selection tools include an Edge Finder and Magic
Clicking on Edit in Library calls up the main Digital The Image Pro interface is well enough designed, Wand and there are plenty of up-to-date filters
Imaging Pro package (or even Photoshop, if you prefer). so that you rarely get confused. The Common Tasks (including compatibility with Photoshop 6 and earlier
This has only a tiny Files window for browsing, so you pop-up menu contains nearly all the program’s main plug-ins). However, the lack of sophisticated layer-
might find yourself switching between the packages functions, from image formatting and manipulation, to management tools makes working with complex
more than you’d like. Above Files is the Stack window, effects, paint and text additions. Automatic fixes are documents a headache.
showing the image layers in order, and there’s a left- supplied for levels, contrast and tint, although you can There are some fantastic tools in here, though. The
Smart Erase function is simple and reliable, automatically
cloning over a selection you define using elements from
the surrounding area. This makes cloning out a lamp
post, for example, ridiculously quick and easy. The Suite

seems stable and it’s impossible to do anything drastic
to your images without a warning message flashing up.
■ Minilab A one-stop batch-adjust Online help is good and the 275-page manual has
function that can tweak levels, plenty of hints, but few walkthroughs, and the
contrast, colour and much more. newspaper-quality paper and mono reproduction don’t
■ Digital Image Library A
do the sample photographs any favours. Overall, though,
standalone browser that combines
categorisation and search functions it’s an extremely impressive package for newcomers to
with archiving and output choices. digital photography. If you want

■ Smart Erase Just sketch round an FINAL
something easy to use that does SCORE
offending object and a single click
The Find Similar function in Digital Image Library is Fixing crooked shots is as simple as drawing a line the basics well, you should
eliminates it forever.
fun, and ideal for locating themed images through the picture along the real horizon definitely consider this suite.

Travel the world, see interesting things and shoot them

“You have to set your watch back 20 years when you arrive here” Fujifilm 6900

02 Photographed by: 03 Photographed by:
Matthew Whittingham Colin Minton
Location: Nida, Lithuania Location: Tewin, Hertfordshire
Camera used: Canon EOS 10D Camera used: Canon EOS D60

Trailblazers 03



06 Photographed by:
Matthew Whittingham
Location: Vilnius Cathedral,
Camera used: Canon EOS 10D

07 Photographed by:
Johan Moerman 08
Location: Sandworld,
2 This month, you have mostly been to…
Camera used: Nikon 5700

08 Photographed by:
05 07302
Mark West
Location: Santorini , Greece 3 306
Camera used: Olympus 4040 03 3
04 08
04 Photographed by: 01
Stephen Gisborne
Location: Angostura Bridge, Trailblazers
Camera used: Olympus EOS E10
= Get your picture framed!
05 Photographed by:
Send them in and the best gets framed and returned. We’re looking for
Johan Moerman
landmarks, unusual events or just something fabulously composed. Start
Location: Lubeck, Germany
planning that trip away! ■ Email us at
Camera used: Nikon 5700 05

We want your letters! Email us at and we’ll print the best

await the delivery of a new 5-megapixel camera. and all the things that were the key points
Having recently purchased a new PC and a Sony All have been good quality and top of the semi when film was king?
Digital Camera, I was looking for a magazine to professional range. Yet, as we now see adverts David R Lewis, by email
From our online forum help me get the most out of both. Scanning the for the 6-megapixel camera and simulations to
Our website forums offer a wide range of shelves for a suitable guide, your magazine leapt greater figures, there’s a little gremlin in my DCM While we can all get great A4 prints
topics, advice and tips for newcomers and out at me. It wasn’t so much the free CD and head that says “are you wasting your money?”. from 4-megapixel cameras, the increase
experienced photographers alike. This month, software (although this would be a bonus) it was Is all we need 4-megapixel cameras, but a good in resolution is definitely still a benefit.
talk turned to the use of flash... more a case of being able to produce ‘clever’ range of them – waterproof, robust, small, control We’ve got a great example on this month’s
pictures (I refer to the fairies in the book). I spent everything, and so on? Are the higher megapixel disc, in the form of our new test shots
Lee Clayton: I have a D100 with the the evening reading through the pages in cameras really just a selling point? I have a car with comparison system.
24/85 autofocus lens. I have a DX80 anticipation of what I could soon be producing. a claimed to speed of 143mph but I will probably Compare the Pentax *ist D with a lower-res
flash that I have on a tripod pointed into a But no! Being new to the game, I hadn’t never get to two thirds of that, so can I expect the camera on detail and you’ll see that the
umbrella on the same tripod. I have a SC-17 accounted for the need to have a specific piece of same from my new 5-megapixel camera. higher-resolution Pentax has far better detail
cable connecting the flash to my D100 software. I, foolishly perhaps, had interpreted Should we just call it a day at 4 megapixels despite each of the shots being taken from
hotshoe so the D100 flash does not fire. I have Photoshop to be a section within the magazine, and then start concentrating on the lens quality the same place with the same zoom.
the camera set for centre metering and the not a £70 box of software. Despite this. I found
camera and flash are the same distance from the magazine very informative and full of the kind
my portrait subject. However, I am
overexposing the photo every time (I am
of projects I was looking forward to tackling.
Unfortunately, it may be a few months before I
Star letter Shooting children
using Program mode). Anyone have any can buy future editions. as I am now saving to buy
Where do we draw the line between what is permissible and what is
suggestions on how to get a better exposed Adobe Photoshop Elements! I’d like to reply to the Editor’s column in issue not? Should the government step in with official guidelines?
shot? Mark Alden, by email 10, about photographers being unjustly
accused of photographing other people’s
Paul Holden: If the camera cannot talk DCM Luckily for you and everyone saving up for children. I went to the park with my one
to your flash gun then the flash will set Elements or Paint Shop Pro, we’ve got the year old and my camera, intent on taking
itself to maximum power. Try to compensate fantastic full version of Ulead’s PhotoImpact 6 pictures of him having fun in the park.
your flash by setting your camera to on this month’s disc – once you’ve had a When I got there, I felt I couldn’t.
underexpose by 2 f/stops or so (see manual chance to try it out, why not email us your I was the only father there with plenty
under flash compensation or EV results at of mums, and didn’t want there to be
compensation). Alternatively use a light meter any chance of being accused of being a
and set you camera up manually? RESOLVING THE ISSUES paedophile, so I left my camera in my
This may seem a stupid question but I am not so pocket. What is it coming to, when a
Jonathan Ryan:If the camera cannot sure that it is. Let me explain. Like a lot of ex-35mm father feels guilty about taking a picture
talk to your flash gun then the flash will camera addicts, I have gone from 2.3-megapixel of his own son in a public place, just in
set itself to maximum power. Try to cameras to 3.24-megapixel cameras, and now case there happens to be someone
compensate your flash by setting your camera else’s child in the background?
to underexpose by 2 f/stops or so (see Our free version of Paul Gillard, from the forums
PhotoImpact will help
manual under flash compensation or EV you save your pennies
compensation). Alternatively use a light meter DCM We’re having an extremely interesting discussion about this topic at
and set you camera up manually? While everyone who has contributed to the topic recognises the need to be safe, there are
serious concerns about the way amateur photographers are being portrayed by the mass
Stan Walker: Oh what needless pain we media. Think of all those happy snaps you have of yourself as a child, taken by a loving
bear. All I do is set the camera to relative – do we really want to deny our own children these precious photographs? Join in
manual, a reasonable speed for sync 1/60 to the debate online and let us know what you think.
1/125. Set the aperture to smallest, then take
a few test shots. If its to dark, open up, try
LETTER The Star Letter wins an HP Photosmart 935
digital camera, worth £399.99! Sporting a
9 Now it’s your turn! PRIZE superb 5-megapixel resolution and 3x
To join this discussion and others like it, go to optical zoom, it comes complete with a
our website forums at 32MB memory card. Find out more about the Photosmart 935 at

In association with

New competition!
Two early entries from last
month’s portrait competition 64MB-128MB

Compact Flash

Over the next six months, we’ll be running a
ground-breaking competition, giving you the
Secure Digital
opportunity to become the Digital Camera out of 100. The people who score the top 64MB-512MB
Magazine Photographer of the Year. Each issue marks for a particular month are, clearly, the
features a different subject for you to photograph. winners of that issue’s competition. The scores SmartMedia
Each issue’s winner will receive £200 of Jessops from all six individual competitions will then
vouchers, and two runners-up will get £50 be added together, and averaged, giving the
worth of vouchers each. The overall winner will final positions. So, by simply entering a photo
receive a staggering £1000 worth of Jessops for each stage, you’re already going to be in
Want to ensure your photos or important files
vouchers to spend as they see fit, plus the with a great chance of snatching the coveted
kudos of being our photographer of the year! DCM Photographer of the Year title!
are stored forever? PNY has developed a cost
And so you can see how you’re doing, effective range of Flash media products to suit
How it works we’ll be printing the leading contenders in all your needs. With Compact Flash cards
To qualify for entry for the grand prize, you the magazine each month, with the full table ranging from 64MB right up to an impressive
need to enter a minimum of four out of the available on For this reason, 1GB, you can store valuable data quickly,
six stages, so don’t worry if you missed out it’s essential to you include your full name and
last month. Every entry will be awarded a mark address with every entry that you send us.
easily and safely.

Special offers available at
In conjunction with our massive Sunset feature in this issue, this
month’s competition is all about sunsets. We want your best shots of
glorious skies. The decision on how much image editing to apply to
the image is entirely up to you, but bear in mind that we’ll be judging
the quality of such work just as strictly as the initial photography. The
winners for this first round will be announced in our Christmas issue.

Send your entries to with the subject line ‘Sunset comp’. A file size of around 1MB is ideal. Only
one photo per email, and a maximum of three entries per person per month. Entries for this
issue’s Sunsets category must be received on or before 1st of November 2003.

You may enter up to three photographs each month but only the best one will count towards your points total. A cash alternative to the prizes is
not available. We reserve the right to substitute prizes of equal or greater value. The editor’s decision is final. No correspondence will be entered into.
Do not send CDs, memory cards, printed materials, etc – this is an email-only competition, and we cannot be held liable for the loss of any materials.
By entering the competition, you agree to grant us an exclusive three-month licence to publish your photographs in any manner we see fit, in any
medium, in conjunction with the competition. After three months, this changes to a non-exclusive licence on the same terms. All entries to the
competition must be previously unpublished (exceptions will be made for photographs published on hobbyist websites, where no fee was involved).
Prizes are courtesy of Europe’s leading photographic retailer, Jessops. Visit any of over 240 stores across the UK, call Jessops Direct on 0800 652 6400, Visit for the full range of PNY products
or buy on-line at

Product Showcase
HP's advances in imaging technology have fed directly into its newest products. DCM gets an exclusive first peek at what it’s got in store…

HP Photosmart 945
DIGITAL CAMERA HP’s latest flagship digicam combines a 5.1MP sensor with new image-processing technologies to deliver stunning photo quality

P’s Photosmart range just got a whole lot
0 INFO smarter, with the launch of the 5.1MP
Photosmart 945 digital camera. Inside its
HP PHOTOSMART 945 tough, black casing lurk a variety of unique systems
Price £399
Manufacturer HP designed to combine SLR-quality images with the ease
Website of use of a compact camera. These include manual 2
controls, a digital flash to improve high-contrast images,
✔ Windows plus optimised white-balance and exposure algorithms
to capture even the most complex scenes perfectly.
✔ Mac At the heart of the camera is an 8x optical zoom lens
(37-300mm equivalent) with a bright f2.8 maximum
aperture. such a long zoom benefits from an electronic
viewfinder to enable accurate framing, and the 945’s
clear microdisplay comes with diopter adjustment. The
main display is a colourful 2-inch LCD with 180,000
pixels, giving almost twice the viewing area of a
standard 1.5-inch screen. The camera can focus down to
10cm in macro mode, although you can always turn off
the TTL system and focus manually instead.

Photo power
The Photosmart 945 offers the full range of creative
photo features, from spot metering and aperture priority,
to burst mode and exposure compensation. Digital

HP’s Adaptive Lighting technology
permits photos that correspond more
closely to what we see with our eyes
enthusiasts will appreciate manual control over
7 7
sharpness, colour saturation and contrast, plus a choice 5.1MP CCD 8X OPTICAL ZOOM
HP of white-balance settings and sensitivity up to ISO400. A large sensor with custom The long zoom lens has an
white balance and exposure f2.8 maximum aperture,
But the real innovations in the Photosmart 945 come algorithms to ensure faithful with a 10cm macro and
945 colour reproduction manual focusing
Price: £399 into play after the shutter has fired. The 945 is the first
Megapixels: 5.1 camera to take advantage of HP’s patented Adaptive
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TODDLER TERROR! Section highlights…
SEE PAGE 58 Geroge Cairns shows you how to blend different PAGE
elements together to create a fantasy image
In part three of our series, Derek Lea explains how PAGE
to make the most of layer sets and merge functions
Derek Lea shows you how to create convincing PAGE
shadows using layers, masks and the liquify filter
Revitalise tired eyes and apply a touch of make-up. PAGE
Chris Stocker is your ‘virtual’ beautician!




76 66


Check out our sister title for
even more expert Photoshop,
Elements and Paint Shop Pro
solutions. In issue 5 (on sale
October 16) we give you 50
Photshop tricks to improve your
photos, plus a special montage
project for family portraits.
Inspirational projects and expert digital darkroom advice

Tutorials you can trust! Contact our editorial team

f #
Our aim is to bring you creative ideas, expert tips and image files, and full or trial software so you can try the If you have a comment, suggestion, idea or
quick fixes you can use in your own work. tutorial for yourself, delivering a complete package. submission you would like to make, please
Authoritative A leading professional in his/her field Clear Our large page size means we can add extra email us at Visit
writes every tutorial. Value-added We try to include elements, explanations and detail to each tutorial. our website at

See it done
in video on
your disc!

Toddler terror at
the London Eye
Digital artist, George Cairns, shows you how to blend a variety of photographic elements to create a fantasy image

ooks and films have long been preoccupied unlike many other landmarks, it hasn’t been wrecked in
KEY DETAILS with the fantasy of giants on the rampage – the movies yet. TOOL SCHOOL
think Jack and the Beanstalk, King Kong and This tutorial will get you combining studio-shot
2 ON OUR DISC so on. And what do giants like to do to pass the time? pictures with a location-shot background to create MAGNETIC LASSO TOOL
FIND IT in the toolbar
■ IMAGE FILES They head straight into town to demolish the nearest a photo-realistic image. As the kid in our image is
All the elements you need are USE IT to draw selections around objects
landmark. King Kong couldn’t help monkeying around on after his own Eye Pod, the image will be augmented in your scene.
on your cover CD/DVD in the
the Empire State Building. Even Kitten Kong in The with computer-generated 3D pods for the toddler MASTER IT as the tool creates anchor
‘Kid Kong’ folder
All images on discs for Goodies TV show was compelled to topple over a dodgy to hold. points that automatically stick to the
non-commercial use only model of the Post Office Tower. Once you’ve had a crack at creating the image using outline of your chosen subject…
In whatever media we read or watch, giants usually our components (they are on your cover CD/DVD),
2 SKILL LEVEL mean big trouble. Toddlers can mean trouble, too, so we there’s nothing to stop you photographing your own We want you to send us your attempts at recreating
6 thought we’d combine a kid with the ‘giant on the terrible tot, and making it a star in its own scene of this image. The best one will get printed in a future
rampage wrecks a landmark’ concept to create this movie-style mayhem. Check below for our tips on edition of DCM and we’ll send you £100 in prize money.
2 TIME TO COMPLETE month’s special effects image. shooting the toddler so that he fits in with the other We’ll even frame it and send it back to you so you can

4 HOURS Our landmark of choice was the London Eye because, elements in the scene. enjoy it for years to come…


8 8

A To control the lighting, we shot our tot in the B We decided to shoot the London Eye at night C To give the terrible tot something to hold,
studio. As he needed to match the lighting in to get some attractive interactive lighting we recreated the London Eye’s pod as a
JOE, AND ALSO PAUL HAMES AT the nighttime background, we lit him from the side with a bouncing off the pods and the toddler. The reflections in computer-generated model. We lit the model with
WALCOT STUDIOS, BATH blue-gelled light. The camera’s tripod made a handy the Thames are more attractive at night. blue light to make it fit with the studio and location
London Eye substitute for our kid to lean on. shot elements.

Techniques used
to create this image
Two key tools and techniques that this
project will help you master...

The Magnetic Lasso
tool is invaluable for
selecting well-
defined but irregular
objects in images

The Gradient tool
applies a graduated
colour to an image.
Particularly powerful
when used with
transparent layers
TOP TIP When shooting your model, try to match the lighting to the final image. Don’t forget, however, that the boy is the subject of the piece, so make sure there’s enough detail for us to see him!

Let’s kick off by removing our
would-be Goliath from the
unwanted studio background.

01 Open the Kid.psd. At this stage the background 02 Increase the size of the layer thumbnails. A 03 Normally we’d create a path to cut out the kid,
layer is locked. Double-click on the layer quick way to do this is to right-click in an but this month we’ll use the Magnetic Lasso
thumbnail in the Layers palette. A New Layer window will empty section of the Layers palette. A small pop-up menu tool (which should be faster, too). Hold down the mouse
open. Label the layer ‘Kid’. Click OK and you have an appears with various thumbnail size options. Alternatively, on the Lasso tool section of the toolbar. You’ll get a pop-
unlocked, editable layer. Right-click on the thumbnail and go to the icon on the top-right of the palette and open up window with several lasso options. Select the
use the Layer Properties to colour the layer yellow. the Layer Palette Options window. Magnetic Lasso tool.

Frequency describes the amount of
Anchor Points the Magnetic lasso
Say goodbye to the Pen tool?
tool uses to create its path around
the selected object in the scene. ON TARGET RETRACE STEPS NO FANCY FOOTWORK
The higher the frequency, the more The Magnetic Lasso creates its If the tool seems to stray too far As the kid is going to be
detailed the path. own anchor points. To stop the from the path, move it back to standing in water, you don’t
tool from getting lost, click to the last anchor point it created need to be too fussy about
place the odd anchor point and follow the outline of the accurately selecting his
manually. This will help the tool child. The tool should then stick feet – it won’t be seen in the
stay on track. to the kid’s outline fairly easily. finished piece.
04 Once you’ve selected the Magnetic Lasso tool,
go to the toolbar at the top and set the Width
to 5 pixels, the Edge Contrast to 10% and the Frequency
to 50. This will help the tool stick to the outline of the boy
like a magnet.

The Magnetic Lasso tool acts like
an intelligent version of the
regular Lasso tool. Indeed, it would
be virtually impossible to select
the outline of the child using the
regular Lasso tool. Get used to
05 Click by the kid’s head to start the selection.
using this tool and you should find Using the mouse, follow the edge of the child
it a much faster way to cut out the with the cursor. The Magnetic Lasso tool creates anchor
kid than using the traditional Pen
points that automatically stick to the outline of the child.
tool to create a path.
A path is drawn between these points.


USING USING PAINT SH0P Use Paint Shop Pro’s Lasso tool Cutting and pasting is simple in Paint Shop Pro, but
LAYERS IN… PRO TIPS to draw around your model don’t forget to feather the selection when pasting

You can access many of
Photoshop’s tool options by right
clicking on the screen when the
tool is active. This gives you a
handy pop-up menu wherever
your mouse happens to be,
enabling you rapid access to the
menu items without having to go
to the main menu bar.

07 Continue drawing the path round the outline of 08 When the Magnetic Lasso tool has made its 09 Click on the Add a Mask icon in the Layers
the kid until you come back to the point you selection, you’ll get the animated ‘marching palette. A Layer Mask will be created by the
started at. This will complete the path. Be sparing with ants’ dashes around the outline of the child. Right-click selection. Everything outside the selection will disappear,
your anchor points – we only placed ten points manually; (on Macs, it’s control-click) on the ‘marching ants’ to hidden by the mask. The selection’s feather value will
the rest were placed automatically by the Magnetic Lasso get a pop-up menu. Choose Feather and type in a value give the kid nice, soft edges, enabling him to blend in
tool (let the Photoshop do the work!). of 2 pixels. with the London Eye background.

Finish the mask
To quickly swap the brush from On the mask, spray a white brush around the area where
white to black (enabling you to the hand is holding the tripod, to make sure that you can
restore or hide layer elements), see all his hand. Swap the foreground colour to black and
press X. This swaps the carefully spray out the tripod, leaving as much of the
foreground and background hand as you can. Use this technique to restore strands of
colours in the toolbar. hair that might be hidden.

10 The Magnetic Lasso tool isn’t perfect and will
Normally a selection created by a have missed the odd bit of the boy’s outline.
Lasso tool or path has a sharp, In our example, we’ve chipped off his left thumb. Luckily
jagged edge. Soften this edge by
the Layer Mask is non-destructive so we can edit it, and
typing a value of two or more
pixels into the tool’s feather option tidy up problem areas missed by the Lasso.
in the menu bar. This will give you
softer more effective cutouts.

The Magnetic Lasso tool looks at
the contrast between the pixels it
has been told to select and the
11 Choose a soft-edged brush from the Brush
surrounding area. Adjusting the pre-set picker. Make it around 13 pixels in
edge contrast makes it more or less
diameter. Set the foreground colour to white. Click on the
sensitive to changes in the image,
helping you choose a selection. Layer Mask thumbnail to select it, then spray on the
missing thumb and watch it magically reappear.

TOP TIP If this month’s special effects spectacular has got you in the mood for more of the same, check out the world’s foremost journal on the subject – Cinefex (

Now to let the tot loose by
the banks of the Thames.
We’ll need to do a lot to
anchor him in the image in
a believable way.

13 Open the file Eye.psd from the CD/DVD. Select 14 Select the kid’s layer. Go to Edit8Transform8 15 We’ll need to create a New Layer mask to
the open kid document. Drag the Kid’s layer Scale. Drag the handles on the corner of the make the child’s feet fade into the murky
thumbnail onto the London Eye image. It will add the box to scale the kid down to size. Hold down Shift to waters of the Thames. To keep the transparent effect of
masked kid to the London Eye file as a separate layer. constrain the layer’s shape. Position the child using the the its current mask, go to Layer8Remove Layer
Move Tool [V], with his right hand overlapping the wheel. Mask8Apply.

The Gradient tool draws a pattern
that mixes gradually between Fake it!
foreground and background colours.
When applied to the Layer mask, RADIAL BLUR ADD RIPPLES LAYER BLEND
this allows you to have objects on Select the reflection using a Added a cloud filter to the To make the reflection
the layer fade smoothly from being
solid to being transparent. This is
Rectangular Marquee. Go to Layer mask to break up the more subtle, change
how we’ll create the soft edge to Filter8Blur8Radial Blur and choose reflection. Then go to its Layer Blend mode
the lad’s legs as they fade into the Zoom. This will give the reflection a Filter8Distort8Ocean Ripple to to Overlay.
Thames in Step 16. bit of perspective. fine-tune the reflection effect.

16 Add a new mask to the kid’s layer. Select the
Gradient tool (G) from the tool bar. Make sure
that it is set to a linear gradient by clicking in the relevant
box in the menu bar. Draw a short gradient in the Layer
mask to make the boy’s feet vanish into the water.

17 Drag the kid’s layer thumbnail onto the Create
New layer icon in the Layers palette to
duplicate it. Go to Edit8Transform8Flip Vertical. Use the
Move Tool to position the ‘reflection’ underneath the boy.
Label the new layer ‘Boy Reflection’.

If this month’s feature has given you a taste for a trip to the London Eye, check out its

FURTHER site ( for more information. Just make sure you take your digital
INFORMATION camera with you to capture the stunning views

If the kid’s going to play with the
3D pods he’s torn from the Eye,
we need to remove some of the
real pods from one section.

19 Use the Clone Stamp tool to remove some of
20 We’ve supplied you with the finished 3D pod
21 Poser supplies each rendered picture with an
the pods on the wheel. The best way to do this images, but you might find it useful to see Alpha channel. Using this, apply these images
is to look for patterns in adjacent sections of the wheel how they were created. To fill the 3D pods with some to simple 2D planes in Maya, a 3D package that’s popular
(like the rungs of a ladder), and Clone Stamp these over alarmed tourists, we used Poser to create and render out with the movie industry. The Alpha channel makes the
existing pods. basic characters. (More info at relevant parts of the planes transparent, enabling us to
position the characters inside the 3D pod models.


Depth and colour
The computer-generated pods are
too ‘clean’ and clinical compared FLOATING POD TRUE BLUE HAND SHADOW
with the grainier digital photos. Add a pod to the foreground On the boy’s layer, go to Use the Pen tool to draw a path on
Apply a noise filter to them to (ForegroundPod.psd), Image8Adjustments8Hue/ the child’s hand. Fill the selection
rough them up. When adding and add a reflection using Saturation. Select the Blue with black to create shadows from
grain to your computer-generated
the same technique that channel and increase the the pods. This helps sell the illusion
elements, double-click on the
Magnifying tool. This enlarges the you used for the boy. saturation a little. that he is holding the pods.
picture view to 100%, enabling
you to see the grain in the source COMPOSITE THE PODS
images. You can then experiment 22 Open the pod image (Pod01.psd). The Alpha
with using the noise filter to get
the elements to mimic the source Channel has made the relevant parts of the
image’s grain. model transparent – much like a Layer Mask. Copy the file
into the main scene. Scale down the pods to fit in the
palm of the giant’s hand.

23 Use the Magnetic Lasso to select the fingers that
should be obscuring part of the pods. Go to
Select8Inverse. How go to the pod layer and click the Add
a Mask icon. The lower section of the pods should
disappear, as if hidden by the hand.

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We’ll use layer sets, layer set masks, a range of merge
functions, and some of the tricks you’ve learned in
parts one and two in this series to turn these average
images into a compelling, fantasy scene

A-Z of Photoshop layers Part 3
Layer sets and merge functions can help you manage your layered files – in part three of our series, Derek Lea explains why we should use them

elcome to part three of the complete guide
to Photoshop layers. Last time around EXPLAINED LAYER SET DIALOG BOXES
we took you on a guided tour of layer There are three basic dialog boxes you’ll encounter frequently when working with layer sets. Here, we’ll show you
2 ON OUR DISC masks, showed you the inner workings of the blending
options, and explained how layer styles work. This time
how they are accessed and what their uses are
■ IMAGE FILES A. New Layer Set B. Layer Set Properties C. Lock All layers In Set
All the elements you need are around we will explore the wonderful world of layer This dialog box is presented when you The layer set properties dialog appears This dialog box is accessed by first
on your cover CD/DVD in the sets, how they are created, what their potential uses choose New Layer Set from the Layers when you select a layer set in the selecting a set in the Layers palette,
‘Learn Photoshop pt 3’ folder palette menu or Layer8New8Layer Set layers palette, and choose Layer Set and either choosing Lock All layers In
are, and how they can be used to create extra layer
from the main menu. You’re prompted Properties from the Layers palette Set from the Layers palette menu or
All images on discs for masks. We’ll also walk you through the intricacies of to name your layer set, adjust the menu. This dialog allows you to name choosing Layer8Lock All layers In Set.
non-commercial use only the merge functions, as well as the concept and opacity, specify a colour, and choose a or re-name your set, and again you The dialog presents you with the four

2 SKILL LEVEL procedure of linking layers. blending mode. When you click on the
Create A New Set button at the bottom
can specify the colour of the layer set
icon. The unique thing in the Layer Set
layer locks available: transparency,
image, position, or lock all. Enabling
6 Layer sets of the layers palette, this dialog is Properties dialog is that you can enable any of these will apply this lock to all

bypassed, and a set is created using or disable the blending of individual of the layers within the set.
TIME TO COMPLETE A layer set is essentially a little folder that you can all of the Photoshop default settings. colour channels here .

40 MINUTES create in the Layers palette. You can add layers to a
layer set and group them together. Layer sets are an
excellent organisational tool for your Photoshop files,
helping you to reduce the amount of layers visible in
the palette, and making large multi-layered files appear
less daunting. They can help you manage your layers
as a group, as well as add layer masks and vector
masks to your layers as a group.
Adding a mask to a layer set is done in exactly
YOUR EXPERT the same way as adding a mask to a layer, which
DEREK LEA we discussed in last month’s Layers tutorial. It’s
also possible to add a vector mask to a layer set.


Whether you’ve finalised part of the content of your layered image, or simply want to make your file smaller, merging can help you combine and simplify the layers
in your images. Have a look at the layers palette in these before and after images to get an idea of which function will best suit your specific needs The layer and vector masks are exactly the same as
those applied to normal layers and can be edited or
MERGE DOWN deleted in the same manner.
Merge down takes the layer Like many of the other Layer functions in Photoshop,
you’ve currently selected and there’s more than one way to create a layer set. You
merges it with the layer can simply click on the Create a New Set button in
underneath it in the Layers the bottom of the Layers palette. You can also choose
palette. Beware of odd results Layer8New8Layer Set from the menu or from the
if the underlying layer doesn’t Palette menu you can choose New Layer Set.
have a normal blending mode. If you choose either of the menu options for
Also, if the bottom layer has creating a set, you will be prompted to name the
a layer mask, you will be set and specify attributes like name, Blending mode,
prompted by a dialog box to colour and opacity in the resulting dialog box. It is
either preserve or apply it. possible to change the name and colour of a set at
any time by selecting the set and choosing Layer Set
Properties from the Palette menu. Here, you can also
enable or disable the blending of individual channels.
MERGE LINKED By default, when you create a new layer set, the
Merge linked will merge any Blending mode of the layer set is set to Pass Through.
group of linked layers together This is a blending mode that is available only to layer
into a single layer. Again,
beware of odd results if the
bottom layer doesn’t have a Make sure you’re
normal blending mode. Also, any
linked layers that have their
certain that you wish
visibility turned off will not
appear in the final merged layer.
to discard all of your
working layers and
sets before you
Merge visible merges all visible
flatten the image
layers in the image into one
layer, leaving untouched any sets, and not to individual layers. Pass Through is
layers that have their visibility essentially a non-existent Blending mode: it allows
switched off. That way, you the Blending modes of layers within the set to interact
can enable the visibility of the with those outside of the set, as if the set weren’t
layers at a later time if you like, there. However, it is possible to change the Blending
since they aren’t discarded. mode of the set to any of the other Blending modes
Blending modes of base layers available, making the group of layers within follow
are less of an issue when using suit. Opacity of the set as a whole can be adjusted
the merge visible option. using the opacity slider in the Layers palette.

Add the layers
Adding layers to a set is as simple as dragging their
FLATTEN IMAGE icons onto the Layer Set icon. When you drag a layer
Flatten image takes all visible icon onto the closed set icon, it’s added to the layer
layers and merges them into set at the bottom of the group. When you drag
the background layer. All invisible another layer onto the set icon, it goes to the bottom
layers are discarded, and any of the group, and so on. You can expand the Layer
remaining transparent areas set in the Layers palette by clicking on the triangle
are filled with white. This is the to the left of the Layer set icon. This will reveal all
most final merge function that of the layers inside the set. You can collapse the layer
you can perform, so be sure set at any time by clicking the same triangle.
that you’ve finished editing Duplicating a Layer Set is as simple as selecting
your individual layers before the set and choosing Duplicate Layer Set from the
you even think about using menu or from the Palette menu. The resulting
the flatten image option. dialog box will prompt you to name the duplicate
set, as well as specify a destination file. To delete
a layer set you can simply drag its icon to the trash
Next month, in part four, we’ll look at locking, grouping, rasterizing and matting layers, as well how to use adjustment layers
By holding down the control key and clicking on a layer set, you can access a pop-up menu that allows
you to duplicate or delete the current set, as well as access the layer set properties.

or select the set and choose Delete Layer Set from layers are linked. The principle is the same with Flatten the image
the palette menu or, alternitavely, Layer8Delete8Layer layer sets. To unlink layers you simply need to click When you flatten an image, all layers are merged with
Set from the main menu. on the link icons to remove them. the background. All layers that aren’t visible are
discarded, and any remaining transparent areas are filled
Link the layers Merge the layers with white. Make sure you’re certain that you wish to
It’s possible to link two or more layers or layer sets When your layered files are nearing completion or simply discard all of your working layers and sets before you
in Photoshop. Linking enables you to move the becoming too large, merging layers will enable you to flatten. Unless you keep an eye on your history states
contents of the layers and sets together. In addition finalise portions on your image by combining existing while working, there may be no turning back once you
to basic movements, it’s also possible to apply layers. A merged layer combines the content of several flatten. What a lot of users will do is to make a duplicate
transformations to groups of linked layers as well layers into one. Transparent areas of all merged layers of the file and flatten that, while preserving your original
as a number of other functions like merge and align. retain their transparency after intersection. layered file. Although flatten can be useful and efficient
Linking layers is as easy as selecting a layer in the A variety of merge functions are available in the while working, it’s always good to keep a back up copy
Layers palette, then on any layers that you want to Layers menu or the Layers palette menu. Depending on of your image with all of the layers, masks, channels,
link to the active layer, click in the column immediately your combinations of blending modes and specific and sets intact. This is especially important if you a
to the right of the visibility icon for that layer. A link needs, you can choose between: merge down, merge working on a professionally commissioned image. More
icon will appear in that column indicating that the linked, merge visible, or the ever-so-final flatten image. often than not, clients will want to make changes.

Combine the new functions, merge, and 0 EXPERT TIP
CREATE A SURREAL IMAGE link with what you’ve learned DEREK LEA
When you create a new layer set it
is important to keep in mind the
order of your layers when you’re
adding them to your set.
Remember that when you have a
stack of layers and you want to
add them to your set in their
current order, you must start from
the top and drag it onto the layer
set icon first. Then the second layer
down, then the third, etc. Make
sure you add your layers to the set,
starting with the top layer and
working your way down. Every
01 Create a new file 266mm wide by 300mm
02 Duplicate that layer and change the mode
03 Open the file: cliffs.psd. Drag the layer into your
time you drag a layer onto a layer
set icon it will automatically be
high. Open the file: sky.psd, and drag the sky to overlay. Reduce the opacity to 55%. Add working file and use the Move tool to position added to the set at the bottom.
layer into your new file. Use the move tool to position it a layer mask, select the brush tool, and use a large soft it. Duplicate the layer and choose Image8Adjustments8
at the top of the image. Duplicate the layer, change the edged brush to mask the outer edges of this layer. Create Desaturate from the menu. Use the Pen tool to draw
mode multiply and the opacity to 65%. a layer set, and drag all three sky layers into it. closed paths around both the large cliff and the small rock.
By clicking on the triangle to the
left of a layer set icon in the
Layers palette you can expand or
collapse your layer set. Holding
down the option key while
clicking the triangle will expand
or collapse all effects that have
been applied to individual layers
within the set as well.

04 With the path selected in the Paths palette, 05 Select the path you drew earlier, and choose 06 Select the layer mask in the Layers palette,
choose Layer8Add Vector Mask8Current Layer8Add Vector Mask8Current Path from and choose the gradient tool. Specify a
Path from the menu. Reduce the opacity of this layer the menu. Link the three cliffs layers and choose linear gradient with a foreground colour of 100%
to 69%. Duplicate your first cliffs layer and drag it to Layer8Merge Linked from the menu to merge them. black, and a setting of foreground to transparent.
the top of the Layers palette. Change the mode to Choose Layer8Add Layer Mask8Reveal All from the menu. Draw a short vertical gradient, from top to bottom,
overlay, and reduce the opacity to 83%. Generate a selection from your existing path, and invert it. ending just where the water meets the sky.

You can duplicate any layer set
by selecting it in the Layers
palette, and choosing Duplicate
Layer set from the Layers palette
menu or from the main Layer
menu. Another shortcut is to
hold down the control key while
clicking on a set, and selecting
Duplicate Layer Set from the
resulting pop-up menu. In the
Duplicate Layer Set dialog you
can create a duplicate within any
open file. You can also create a
new file by selecting new from the
destination pull-down menu. If you
07 Open the file: castle.psd. Generate a selection
08 Duplicate the layer, and change the mode
09 Open the file: clouds.psd. Select all and
do this, your selected set will be from the path included in the image. Use the to overlay. With the top castle layer selected, copy. Create a new channel in the channels
duplicated in a new file that has a Move tool to drag the contents of the selection into your choose ‘merge down’ from the Layers palette menu. palette and use free transform to increase the size of
transparent background, and is the
same size as the original.
working file as a new layer. Use free transform to resize You will be asked whether you wish to apply the the clouds and position them lower in the image.
the castle and position it. Add a layer mask and use a small, bottom layer’s layer mask or whether you want to Generate a selection from the channel and create a
LIMITATIONS soft edged brush to mask where it overlaps the clifftop. preserve the existing one. Click Apply. new layer in the Layers palette.
Sets are basically containers for
your layers. Even though they
offer many layer functions like
masks, opacity, and blending
modes, it’s important to keep in
mind that as they aren’t actual
layers, there are certain things that
can be done to layers that can’t
be done to sets. You can’t apply
an effect to a layer set, but you
can apply an effect to a layer
within a set. You can only use the
lock all option on a set, but you
can lock the individual attributes
of layers within a set. And you
cannot create a set within a set.

10 Fill the active selection on the layer with
11 Choose New Set From Linked in the Palette
12 Duplicate the layer, change the blending mode
white, and deselect it. Duplicate the layer, menu to create a new set out of your two to screen, and change the opacity to 19%.
then change the blending mode to soft light. Link the cloud layers. Open the file: tower.psd, and drag the image Duplicate this layer, and change the blending mode to
two cloud layers together, and use Free Transform to into your working file as a new layer. Draw a closed path overlay. Generate a selection from your tower path again,
horizontally scale the two linked layers to make them around the tower, and generate a selection, then choose and create a new layer with a colour blending mode. Fill
both a little wider. Layer8Add Layer Mask8Reveal Selection from the menu. the selection with a blue colour sampled from the castle.

NEXT MONTH 13 Create a new layer set and add all the tower 14 Choose Layer8Flatten Image from the menu 15 Use a large, soft-edged brush to paint with
LAYERS PART 4 layers to it. Select the clouds set in the Layers to flatten all the layers. Duplicate the resulting white on the Layer mask around the outside
Next month we’ll palette and choose Duplicate Layer Set from the Layers layer, select Filter8Blur8Gaussian Blur from the menu edges, revealing the contents of the Multiply layer and
look into the vast and Palette menu. Specify the current file as the destination and enter a radius of 5 pixels. Change the Blending mode making the edges look burned. Create a new layer with a
nebulous world of file and drag the duplicate set to the top of the Layers to multiply, and choose Layer8Add Layer Mask8Hide All Colour Blending mode. Select a grey colour from the Picker,
Adjustment layers
palette. Use the Move tool to position the set. from the menu. Change the blending mode to multiply. and fill the entire layer. Reduce the opacity to 55%.

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Casting realistic shadows
in Photoshop
Create these convincing shadows by making use of Photoshop’s layers, masks, and the almighty Liquify filter.
hen shadows are cast on an object they light in the shot, and the room is dark, except the across her back. Layer blending modes make it possible

reveal a little bit more about the image. highlighted areas on the model. for us to use only the dark areas of our source photos,
KEY DETAILS Shadows can give an idea of the environment Traditionally, an effect like this would be achieved in and layer masks make it possible for us to hide any

2 SKILL LEVEL in which the subject is sitting. They can also help
determine what time of day it was, or what sort of light
the studio. There would be a lot of work involved setting
up lighting and placing the shadow objects in front of
areas that we don’t want to appear in the image. Also,
by duplicating layers and using the blur tools we’re
sources or other objects were in the immediate area. the lights to cast them on the model. It may even have able to enhance the realism of the shadows.
2 TIME TO COMPLETE In the case of this image, we have cast a shadow been necessary to use multiple exposures to get things The importance of the liquify filter is paramount in an

1 HOUR of a window frame and trees across the model’s back.
The first thing it tells you is that she is indoors, perhaps
a stately home in the country with a multi-paned glass
looking just right. The advent of Photoshop certainly
makes this task easier for us. We can pick and choose
our windows and trees from separate images, and bring
image like this. It allows us to smudge and distort the
content of our shadow layers so that the tree and the
window frame shadows follow the contours of the
window and trees outside. The second thing this them into the main image as layers. Using Photoshop’s model’s back. This is the part of the effect that makes or
shadow tells you is that it is night time outside, and free-transform functions, we’re able to resize and skew breaks the image. If it doesn’t follow the contour of the
she is illuminated by moonlight. There is very little the new layers to exactly the right size and shape to run subject, then it simply won’t be convincing.

Add a Mesh to help you to see and keep track of Liquify distortions. To do this,
CLICK choose Mesh in the View Options section of the dialog box, and choose a Mesh
FIXES size, Colour and Freeze colour. To hide the Mesh, simply Deselect it.

CREATING THE IMAGE It’s time to cast some convincing shadow effects over our image by making the most of layer
blending modes, layer masks, as well as the powerful Liquify filter controls.

Just because we’re mimicking
reality with these shadows, it
doesn’t mean that we’re limited by
reality. You will notice that in our
main image we don’t have any
shadows on her face. We simply
removed them by masking out the
shadows on the appropriate layers
so that we could see her face. Not
because it looked real, but simply
because it looked better.

01 Open the file: woman.psd from the CD. Duplicate 02 Open window.psd and drag it into your file as a 03 Duplicate the layer, and use the move tool to
the background layer, and change the blending new layer. Change the mode to Multiply and drag it to the left so it looks as if there are more
mode to Hard Light. Create a new levels adjustment layer, the opacity to 71%. Select Edit8Free Transform from the panes of glass. Link the two layers in the Layers palette,
and adjust the input levels until they read: 0, .84, 255. menu. Grab the handles of the bounding box and increase and choose Merge Linked from the Layers palette menu.
Adjust the output levels until they read: 0, 231. the size of the layer and skew it so it leans to the left. Change the mode to Multiply, and reduce opacity to 79%.


When using Free Transform, a quick
way to get to the functions that
aren’t immediately apparent is to
click anywhere within the existing
bounding box while holding down
the control key. When you click
using the control key inside the box,
a pop-up menu will appear,
showing you all of the various
04 Choose Filter8Liquify from the menu. In the 05 In the tool options, set the brush size to 64, 06 Now, use the Pucker tool to pull the shadow
transform functions available.

View Options, enable the visibility of the and set the brush pressure to 20. Using a large inward in areas where it would curl around DUPLICATING LAYERS
backdrop, choose Background from the list of visible brush with a low pressure setting creates a more her arm or her neck. Use the Bloat tool to swell areas Like many functions in Photoshop,
layers, and increase the opacity to 100%. Select the believable result. Paint the shadow using the Warp tool that would be raised, like her shoulder and her hips. Use there’s more than one particular
way to duplicate a layer. The
Warp tool from the toolbar at the side. to make it follow the contour of her body a little more. a variety of size and pressure settings. Click OK. simplest is by selecting a layer
in the Layers palette and choosing
Layer8Duplicate Layer… from
the menu. This same function
can be accessed in the Layers
palette menu too. Alternatively,
you can hold down the control key
and click on Layer Title, and the
duplicate function will appear in this
pop-up menu. Also, you can simply
drag a layer onto the Create New
Layer icon in the Layers palette.

07 Add a layer mask to your liquified layer. Select 08 Open tree.psd and drag it into your file as a new 09 Enter a radius of 5 pixels. Duplicate the layer,
the Brush tool, and use a variety of soft-edged layer. Change the blending mode to Multiply and and choose Filter8Blur8Motion Blur from the CONTACT US!
paint brushes, large and small, with a black foreground reduce the opacity to 15%. Use Free Transform to resize the menu. Enter an angle of –21 and a distance of 60 pixels. DEREK
colour and various opacity settings, to mask out areas of tree, and reposition it so part of the branches cover her back. Now feel free to add a mask to either of the tree layers, LEA
the shadow that are too drastic, especially around the edges. Choose Filter8Blur8Gaussian Blur from the menu. and mask out any areas that appear overpowering.


Adding a radial backlight
Create a dazzling light source behind your central subject in four easy steps

backlight can add a dynamic feeling to a a person, fish or another type of marine life. And beams Then we’ll make use of adjustment layers and blending
NEXT MONTH stagnant image, and when you break up your of visible light are perfect for the undersea realm, where modes to create light within the selections. Next, we’ll
backlight into beams, it draws the viewer’s light passes through all sorts of microscopic organisms soften the masks to soften the edges of our light beams.
IN PART THREE: eye towards the subject. An underwater scene is the and particles, making it visible. And finally, we’ll add all of the layers to a set, and
Learn how to create
realistic light flares, and perfect place to use an effect like this. When looking up, The beams of backlight are easily achieved in create a layer set mask to control where the effect
how to hand-tint photos
the light will always be behind the subject, whether it’s Photoshop. The first step is to create basic selections. appears within our scene.

RADIAL LIGHT BEAMS Adding beams of backlight adds a dynamic feeling to your image, and draws the viewer’s eye towards the subject.
In Photoshop, it’s easy to create a marine scene with spectacular lighting – just follow the steps below

01 Open the file: diver.psd from the CD. Use 02 BEAMS 03 Duplicate the adjustment layer, and 04 Select the brush tool. Select a black
the polygonal lasso tool to draw a series In the levels dialog box adjust the input change the blending mode of the foreground colour, and choose a large, soft
of triangular selections in the image that points to levels until they read: 0, 1.83, 255. Click on the duplicate layer to Hard Light. Duplicate this layer, and brush. Starting with an opacity of around 50%, paint
the centre. Be sure to vary the thickness of your adjustment layer’s mask icon to select it, then change the blending mode of the new layer to Soft within the mask to soften the outer edges of the light
triangles. With this selection active, choose Layer8 choose Filter8Gaussian Blur from the menu. Enter Light. Create a new layer set, and add the three levels’ beams. Use a smaller brush with a higher opacity
New Adjustment Layer8Levels from the menu. a radius of 50 pixels, and click OK to blur the mask. adjustment layers to it. Add a layer mask to the set. setting to mask the light that overlaps the diver.

Adam Evans
The illustrious editor of
Digital Camera Magazine
Tom Ang
Prolific author of many
digital camera books

fJena Troelsgaard DCMAG.C
Here is a photo of a shy butterfly I saw in my garden today. I
waited for ages for it to open its wings but it never did! I used
macro and then unsharp mask in Photoshop to bring out the dcmag.c
detail in the image. My camera is a Canon Powershot G3.

TOM This is neither a snap of a butterfly nor of
a flower – this picture cries out for clarity. Overall
it’s too yellow and a touch over-exposed.

ADAM Steady on there, Tom! All the picture
needed was a closer zoom into the butterfly,
to make it the focus of the image.

fFrank Haynes fRoger Scott Have your say!
Tell us what you think of this picture.
Like it or loathe it, we want to know!
I accepted your invitation to submit an attempt at your ‘Kids on After faithfully following George Cairns’ video on the ‘Mother

Book’ project from issue 11. What do you think? Nature’ project in issue 10, I thought you’d like to see my Stuart Monk This photograph was taken with a Fujifilm S304
offering – I would be grateful for any comments! on a summer’s day in Dunfermline Glen. It’s undergone a
few Photoshop manipulations to create a very arty picture – well,
I think it’s cool, anyway! Let me know what you think!

f Mike Phillips The overall
effect is nice, but the
blurring is a little over done
f Sarah Grant I don’t know
why but I quite like it –
it’s quite a wistful effect

f Jon Fleming It’s nice
enough, I suppose but,
quite frankly, it’s pretty dull!
f Peter Osmond The
foreground and sky are so
dull, no filter can save it!

TOM Nice tones and colours in the girl,
but the different elements here do not add TOM It’s a nice idea, with the blend done
up to a particularly realistic image. well. But try darkening the bright leaves,
which distract from the main event.
ADAM It’s a good effort at producing our ADAM I agree. It’s very well executed, although ACTIVE
project but, while the girl looks great, the
lighting on the boy is all wrong.
I’d like to see a face in there, in order to make
the image look a little more human. TH READ!
stuartm .uk/
Cloning is a very acquired art and every one has a slightly different technique. Some people choose to dab areas to avoid patterns; o
sample, where you spray and the direction in which you spray with the clone tool are important: a professional pre-press operator will

Revitalising tired eyes
Looking slightly worse for wear after a hard night out? Chris Stocker reveals his tips on how to soothe tired eyes in Photoshop

All the elements you need are
on your cover CD/DVD in the
‘Chris Stocker pt 3’ folder
All images on discs for
non-commercial use only



THE CLONE TOOL The darkness beneath the eye has been
Cloning is a very acquired art, and removed, and the slight lumpiness on the
everyone has a slightly different eyelid has been smoothed out. The result
technique. Some people choose is a natural, but enhanced look
to dab areas to avoid patterns;
other people choose longer
strokes – it depends on the area
to be reworked. Where you take
the sample, where you spray, and
the direction in which you spray
with the Clone tool are important:
a professional pre-press operator
will make even the most difficult
areas look easy to achieve. The
key is experimentation…

01 Open the girl.pds and zoom into the left eye. 02 Create a new layer as before, but this time set 03 Double-click the layer, and go to the Advanced
Choose the Clone tool and select Use all Layers the Blending mode to Lighten. Set a brush size Blending section. Within the Underlying option,
CONTACT US! from the top bar. Create a new layer. With this layer active, to 21 pixels; click a sample point to the right; and click to choose the white triangle. Alt click-and-drag the right-hand
CHRIS choose the Clone tool, and select a brush size of 35 pixels. the left a small distance, following the contour of the eye. side of it (this will split the triangle in two), and drag it to
STOCKER Take a sample using the Alt key, click from under the eye, Start again a little higher up, and do the same again until 32/162. Make another layer, using the Darken Blending
and start to clone onto the darker part of the eye. all the dark pits have been removed. mode, and clone over the lid again as before.
other people choose longer strokes – it depends on the area to be reworked. Where you take ONE
Once you’ve painted on your eyeshadow, simply move the
make even the most difficult areas look easy to achieve. The key is experimentation. CLICK Hue slider bar in the Hue and Saturation dialog box to
FIX quickly view and make adjustments to the eyeshadow colour

How to apply eye make-up
No time to do your eye make-up before a photo shoot? Don’t worry – Chris Stocker shows you how to become a virtual make-up artist for the day

Check out the Context-sensitive
option on the Mac by clicking
on the screen with Control held
down. PC users will probably be
aware of this already, as its
context-sensitive menus are much
more on the surface. Go through
every tool to see all the short-cuts
are available, and pay special
attention to paths and selections.

Photoshop lets you add virtual eyeshadow,
eyeliner and mascara to any model. Whether
the colours you chose are subtle and sophisticated
or loud and punky, the effect can be dramatic

01 First create a new layer in Photoshop, and 02 Double-click the swatch, and change the 03 Click on the Eyedropper tool and select Point NEXT MONTH
choose Colour as the Blending mode. Select magenta to 90%. Create a new layer and Sample, then take a sample from one of the IN PART TWO:
a brush size of 17, and double-click the swatch to change choose Soft Light as the Blending mode. Paint this in quite bottom eyelashes. Create a new layer and change the Learn more professional
the colour. Type 100 into cyan, 50 into magenta and 0 roughly, then choose the Eraser tool with a brush size of Blending mode to Multiply in order to double up on the techniques and tricks to
touch up and enhance
into yellow and black. Start to paint onto the new layer 100 and a hardness of 0. Remove some of the colour darkening effect. Paint with a brush of 17 pixels and eyes even further
around the eyelids. using the edge of the Eraser tool to give a soft gradient. remove the overspill with an Eraser brush of 12 pixels.

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Section highlights…
SEE PAGE 80 In the second part of our series, Lori Davis shows you
how to master blend ranges and adjustment layers
Want to improve your photographs? Send them in so PAGE
Adam Evans and Tom Ang can give you their verdict
Learn how to place a new figure on a background. PAGE
Joe Apice helps you ‘paint’ a different picture
Discover how to use Photoshop plug-ins and filters in
Paint Shop Pro 8. Chris Schmidt reveals all 88

Check out our sister title for
even more expert Photoshop,
Elements and Paint Shop Pro
solutions. In issue 5 (on sale
PAGE PAGE October 16) we give you 50
Photshop tricks to improve your
86 88 photos, plus a special montage
project for family portraits.

Paint Shop Pro
Get the best from your software with our complete creative guides and expert advice

Tutorials you can trust! Contact our editorial team

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Authoritative A leading professional in his/her field Clear Our large page size means we can add extra email us at Visit
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Paint Shop
Pro Layers Part 2
Blend ranges and adjustment layers might seem arcane, but
Lori Davis shows you how to master them in minutes

n the second part of our guide to PSP layers
we’ll look at adjustment layers, which
KEY DETAILS adjust the brightness, contrast and colour of
2 ON OUR DISC a layer or group of layers. We’ll learn about blend
ranges, which you can use to restrict layer blending,
Paint Shop Pro plug-ins are based on the brightness values of a layer’s pixels.
available on CD/DVD in the
‘Layers pt 2’ folder
Quick layer review
All images on discs for An image’s layers are stacked one on top of another,
non-commercial use only with transparent areas on upper layers allowing the
‘paint’ on lower layers to show through. To add a new
2 SKILL LEVEL raster layer to your image, click the Add New Raster
X Layer on the Layers palette, or choose Layers8New
Raster Layer on Paint Shop Pro’s menu bar.
2 TIME TO COMPLETE An image’s layers are represented on the Layers

45 MINUTES palette, where each layer has a labelled Layer button
and set of controls. One of these controls is the layer’s
Opacity slider, another a Blend mode drop-down list. brightness, say only to shadows, or only to highlights, or
only to midtones and highlights. Pixels outside the DECONSTRUCTED:
Blend modes specified ranges become transparent.
You use Blend modes to modify how pixels on the layer To access the Blend ranges’ controls, go to a layer’s

? EXPLAINED are blended with pixels on lower layers. When Blend
mode is set to Normal, any fully opaque pixels on the
Properties dialog by double-clicking its layer button on
the Layers palette. Alternatively, right-click the layer
A. NEW RASTER LAYER Creates a new layer with
raster data – that is, pixels arranged in a grid
layer completely cover pixels on lower layers. Other Blend button and choose Properties, or choose Layers8Properties B. NEW VECTOR LAYER Adds a new layer with
BLEND RANGE objects, text or groups composed of lines and
A range of brightness values that modes have more complex blending effects. For example, on the menu bar. You’ll see the General tab; most controls
limits the pixels that a blend mode when a Blend mode is set to Difference, the colours of the here provide an alternative way of making adjustments C. SHOW ALL Shows all layers
affects. Pixels outside the range pixels on the layer are converted to their opposites (with that you can make on the Layers palette, such as D. DUPLICATE LAYER Copies an existing layer to use
become transparent and so green becoming magenta; blue becoming yellow; black modifying Opacity and selecting Blend Mode. To get to as a starting point for a new one
produce no effect.
becoming white, and so on). With a Blend mode set to the Blend ranges controls’, click the Blend Ranges tab. E. DELETE LAYER Removes a layer from an image
Color, the colour of the layer’s pixels are applied to lower F. TOGGLE AUTO ROLL-UP Controls auto roll-up
COLOUR CHANNEL G. LOCK TRANSPARENCY Enables you to apply tools
Each pixel in a colour image is a layers. With a Blend mode set to Luminance, you get the Controlling Blend Ranges and effects only to areas of a raster layer with data
combination of primary colours, inverse of Color: the layer’s brightness values are applied On the Blend Ranges tab you’ll see three controls. The H. BLEND MODE Contains Blends drop-down list
each colour stored in its own to lower pixels, but not hue or saturation. first is the Blend Channel drop-down list. Choose Grey I. OPACITY Controls visibility of underlying layers
bitmap or channel. In the RGB You can modify a Blend mode’s effect by lowering the Channel if you want the Blend ranges settings to affect J. VISIBILITY TOGGLE Enables you to show or
colour model, there are three
layer’s Opacity. For instance, setting a Blend mode to opacity, based on brightness values. The other options hide layers
channels: red, green, and blue.
Multiply darkens an image. Lower the layer’s Opacity, restrict the Blend ranges’ settings to F
though, and the darkening effect is lessened. one of the RGB colour channels of the
layer. (We’ll cover this another time.
Blend Ranges For now, we’ll stick to Grey Channel.) H
You have even more control over how pixels on one The next control is a bar labelled
YOUR EXPERT layer blend with those on lower ones. In addition to This Layer, and the last control is a bar I
LORI setting a layer’s Blend mode and Opacity, you can set labelled Underlying Layer. Each of
J. DAVIS Blend ranges for the layer. By specifying Blend ranges, these bars has two pairs of arrows.
you restrict blending to pixels of a certain range of The pair on the left controls how A


THE LAYER TOOLS The Layers palette displays your image’s structure, showing you Adjustment Layers
each layer, and providing controls to manipulate the layers Use adjustment layers to modify an image’s colour,
brightness, or contrast

Here’s a pinkish rose against a The simplest way to adjust
blue sky and green leaves. In your image's brightness and
each examples, we'll use an contrast is Brightness/Contrast.
NEW RASTER LAYER PROPERTIES DIALOG BOX OVERLAY TOGGLE adjustment layer to modify There are much better tools
colour, brightness and contrast. for this purpose, however.
Set a layer’s Blend ranges on the Blend Ranges tab Except for Invert, which applies immediately, each To see what lies on an adjustment layer, toggle
of the layer’s Properties dialog box by of the adjustments available as an adjustment the layer’s overlay on. (The Overlay toggle is on
double-clicking its Layer button on the Layers layer has an associated Properties dialog box. The the Layers palette, the control to the far right of a
Use Channel Mixer to
palette. Alternatively, right-click the Layer button General tab of the dialog is like the General tab on layer’s Layer button.) change the colour
and choose Properties from the context menu, or the Properties dialog of a raster layer; you can set When the Overlay toggle is on, the proportions. Here, red’s
choose Layers8Properties on the menu bar. properties such as the layer’s name and opacity adjustment layer data is represented as a increased, green and
Create transparent and semi-transparent areas there. For adjustment layers, there’s also an semi-transparent coloured gel placed on your blue decreased. You can
on the layer, based on its brightness (Grey Adjustment tab, where you’ll find the adjustment’s image. Painting or modifying the adjustment layer also create monochrome.
Channel) or the values on one of its color channels controls. And there’s an Overlay tab, where you produces changes on the overlay. Black paint
(Red, Green or Blue Channel). Set ranges within can change the colour and opacity of the layer’s removes the effect of the adjustment layer and
the given channel to limit opacity of the layer to overlay. (An overlay can be toggled on to reveal makes the overlay transparent; grey lessens the Use Color Balance to
certain pixels, based on their levels of brightness. the adjustment layer’s data.) effect, and white yields the full effect. adjust colours in an
image's shadows,
midtones, and
highlights separately.

much of the shadow range is included in the blending showing its Adjustment tab. There, you set the controls
0 EXPERT TIPS and how much is made transparent. The pair on the for the adjustment, previewing the results in the
right controls how much of the highlight range is Preview windows or, if you click the Auto Proof button
LORI J. DAVIS included and how much is made transparent. The upper below the preview windows, on the image itself. When Use Curves to adjust the
PSP EXPERT brightness and contrast of
arrows in each pair determine where 100 per cent you’re finished, click the OK button to return to your
SATURATION AND opacity begins, and the lower arrows determine where image, and apply the effect.
an image. Curves
CONTRAST provides much greater
0 per cent opacity begins. The opacity for pixels with Notice that an adjustment layer’s properties dialog has control and better results
When you increase the brightness
values in an image, the colours
brightness values in-between paired arrows gradually two other tabs besides Adjustment. One is labelled than Brightness/Contrast.
tend to become washed out,and increase from 0 to 100 per cent. General, and is just like the General tab on a raster
you'll probably also lose some Setting ranges on the This Layer bar affects the layer’s Properties dialog. The other tab is labelled Overlay.
contrast, making your image look current layer’s opacity, based on the layer’s own You can edit an adjustment layer by painting it with HUE/SATURATION
dull and flat. You can compensate Use Hue/Saturation/
brightness values. Setting ranges on the Underlying black, white, or shades of grey (black removing the
for this by slightly increasing Lightness to adjust any
Layer bar affects the current layer’s opacity, based on effect from certain areas, grey lessening the effect, and combination of the
saturation and contrast.
the brightness values of lower layers. white for the full effect). However, you can’t normally three. You can also
SELECT AREA OF see the data on an adjustment layer, only the layer’s colourise an image
ADJUSTMENT Adjustment Layers effects on lower layers. To see a representation of the with this adjustment.
You can restrict the area affected Unlike a raster layer, an adjustment layer seems to adjustment layer’s data, click the layer’s Overlay button
by an adjustment layer by using a modify the brightness, contrast, or colour of pixels on on the Layers palette. By default, a red overlay is
selection. Before adding the INVERT
lower layers. The word seems is important here. No displayed that is 50 per cent opaque in areas that are
adjustment layer, make a selection. Invert seems to create
pixels on lower layers are changed; it only appears that completely affected, with lowered opacity in areas a negative version of
Add the adjustment layer, then
they are. This is a crucial distinction – it means where the effect is lessened, and complete transparency your image. Black
turn off the selection. Only the area
that was selected shows the effect. adjustment layers enable you to fine tune your where the effect is not applied. Sometimes this overlay becomes white,
adjustment at any time, even in a later editing session. makes it hard to see the image, and in that case you magenta becomes
To add an adjustment layer, choose Layers8New can change the colour and opacity of the overlay on the green, and so on.

Adjustment Layer and choose the adjustment you want. Overlay tab of the adjustment layer’s Property dialog.
There are nine possibilities: Brightness/Contrast, Channel And when you want to turn the overlay off completely, POSTERIZE
Mixer, Color Balance, Curves, Hue/Saturation/Lightness, just click the Overlay button again. Posterize eliminates
Invert, Levels, Posterize, and Threshold. Each is equivalent Whenever you want to change the adjustment some of the colour
to the same-named adjustment in the Adjust menu. But layer’s setting, call up its Property dialog. You do gradations in your
by using an adjustment layer, you have the freedom to this just as you do for a raster layer: double-click image, simulating
what you might get
dynamically tweak the adjustment at any time. the layer’s Layer button, right-click the Layer button
in a colour poster.
Once you choose the adjustment you want, the and choose Properties, or choose Layers8Properties
adjustment layer’s properties dialog box is displayed, from the menu bar.
Next month, we’ll take an in-depth look at adding and
editing layer masks, as well as grouping and merging layers
If you want to bypass the Properties dialog when adding a new raster layer, hold down the Shift key
CLICK while clicking the Add New Raster Layer button on the Layers palette

COLOURISING A PHOTO Give a black and white photo a nostalgic touch with a sepia tint 0 EXPERT TIP
and hand-coloured effect. It’s simple, using raster layers LORI J. DAVIS
There are quite a few ways to
colourise black and white photos:
adjustment layers set to Colourise;
Blend Mode set to Color;
Adjust8Hue and Saturation8
Colourise; or even Adjust8Color
Balance8Black and White Points.

01 Begin by opening girl_bw.pspimage, available 02 Add a new raster layer to the image by 03 Now choose the Flood Fill tool from the
on the disc. We’re going to darken the image’s clicking the Add New Raster Layer button menu bar, then on the Materials palette,
midtones and highlights, and then subtly colourise the on the Layers palette, or by right-clicking on the set the Foreground colour to black. Fill the new raster
image to give it the look of an old-fashioned, hand-tinted Background’s Layer button on the Layers palette and layer with black by clicking in the image canvas with
photo. Begin by increasing the colour depth with Image8 choosing New Raster Layer. Alternatively, choose Flood Fill. Set the layer’s Blend mode to Burn, and its
Increase Color Depth816 Million Colours (24 bit). Layers8New Raster Layer. Opacity to 20.

An adjustment layer is a greyscale
bitmap. That is, its data is stored as
256 shades of grey (including black
and white). This means that any
operation that can be used on a
greyscale image can also be used
on an adjustment layer, including
making selections and adding
04 Open the black layer’s Properties dialog box 05 Use Blend ranges to restrict the effects of the 06 Make the black layer the active layer by clicking
special effects.

by double-clicking the layer’s Layer button burning to the highlights and lighter midtones. its Layer button on the Layers palette. Add a
on the Layers palette, or by right-clicking its Layer Set the left arrows of the Underlying Layer bar to 150 Hue/Saturation/Lightness adjustment layer by choosing
button and choosing Properties. Alternatively, choose (top arrow) and 33 (bottom arrow). The pixels on the Layers8New Adjustment Layer8Hue/Saturation/Lightness.
Layers8Properties on the menu bar. Now go to the black layer covering the darker areas of the Background Select the Colourise checkbox. Set Hue to 35, Saturation to
Blend Ranges tab. become transparent, and so have no effect. 45, and Lightness to 0. Keep the layer’s Opacity at 100.

07 The entire layer is now colourised. Let’s 08 With the adjustment layer still the active layer, 09 Again, remove colour from the girl’s eyes, NEXT MONTH
eliminate the tinting in some areas. Paint select the girl’s face and hand using the teeth, and sweater by painting those areas on MASK LAYERS
on the adjustment layer with black over the girl’s eyes, Freehand Selection tool, then add a second Hue/Saturation/ the adjustment layer black. As you paint, toggle the layer’s We’ll explore
teeth and sweater to entirely get rid of the tinting there. Lightness adjustment layer. Select the Colourise checkbox. Overlay on and off as needed. Afterwards, add more masking a figure
and placing it on a
Paint with grey over the tassels and light areas of the Set Hue to 34, Saturation to 23, and Lightness to 7. Set the adjustment layers to colourise other areas of the image, new background
hat to lessen the tinting there. layer’s Opacity to 78 and Blend Mode to Lighten. De-select. editing the adjustment layers as needed.

Adam Evans
The illustrious editor of
Digital Camera Magazine
Tom Ang
Prolific author of many
digital camera books

fScott Mawson DCMAG.C
The bug was selection-sharpened, and had some colour auto-
enhancement as well. The bug was shot in macro mode with dcmag.c
a digiscope and tripod, as it was too skittish to get in close with scottma
a regular lens. I was actually on the river bank to try some wson
landscape shots (issue 10 tips) and spotted some bugs and
their unusual shadows (from issue 11). The landscape shots are
still in need of more work!

TOM Beautifully caught in lovely light and very
nicely sharp. Can’t really be faulted, though you
could retouch the hairlines by the right leg.

ADAM The detail in the shot is excellent, but the
whole thing would benefit from tighter composition.
The dark shadows to the right are a distraction.

fMalcolm Pugh fRobert Clark Have your say!
Tell us what you think of this picture.
NAME OF PICTURE Comma butterfly NAME OF PICTURE Tic-toc Like it or loathe it, we want to know!
Here’s a photo I took in the wild (Thetford Forest, Norfolk) in July. Further to your Paint Shop Pro sharpening tutorial, here’s my attempt.
I used an HP Photosmart 850, using optical zoom only. I then
used Paint Shop Pro 8 to select areas and reduce the file size.
All the elements of the clock face (hands, minute ring, bezel,
background, text) were copied to their own layers and enhanced f Paul Iddon This shot of a statue has been altered in Paint
Shop Pro to bring out the colours of the wood, making the
statue more natural looking. What do you think?
Although it’s not ‘macro’ as in your article, it shows what you separately – I spent over three hours on it (must get a life!).
can do in an hour’s walk in the sun.
f to think of this. The flash fimposing photo but I
Rob Grant Not sure what

is quite harsh and the statue
Chris Hyatt It’s an

don’t think I’d have it on my
itself is quite menacing wall, to be honest!

f Sandra Jones I think a bit
less flash would have
captured better detail in the
f Lucy Swift I really like this
shot. The catchlights in
the eyes make the statue look
texture of the wood almost human!

TOM Is the picture missing something?
TOM Be more patient: wait for them to be Whatever it’s about – only a record
perfectly positioned and you’ll have a magical perhaps – the reflections are distracting.
shot. The image is rather over-sharpened.

ADAM The shot has really caught the colour ADAM While this is a good example of O.UK
and the texture of the wings, but the sharpening, Tom makes a good point – the ACTIVE
composition lets the whole thing down. photo itself is pretty uninspiring, isn’t it?
paulidd .uk/

Filling the
generation gap
If you’ve ever wanted to put someone in a different background, and couldn’t
decide what to use, try something different. This tutorial will show you how

henever I’m chatting about image-editing together. Paint Shop Pro offers a variety of tools for
software, one of the things I’m usually asked manipulating almost any kind of effect you can imagine.
is, "If I give you a picture of myself, can you You should always pay attention to detail if you want
put me in a different setting?” To those of us familiar the end results to be convincing. In this tutorial, we will
with photo-editing techniques, this may seem like a demonstrate how to combine two images together by
tired old trick, and yet few people can do it convincingly. merging a modern day image of a young girl with a
More often than not, novice users of photo-editing painting of the early 1700s. The girl will first be
software concentrate on object selection and forget extracted from her background. We’ll apply some effects
some of the key elements necessary to combine two or to give her a painted look, then we’ll place her in the
more images together, these being image resolution painting along with the other subjects, as if she was
and lighting. It’s intuitively evident that blending very painted there by the original artist.
high-resolution objects with low-resolution images will
produce less than convincing results. Likewise, putting a EXPLAINED
brightly lit subject in a night scene will produce results
similar to those we achieved in our childhood years
A. MOVE TOOL Moves an item around
when we cut out pictures from magazines and pasted
B. MAGIC WAND Makes a selection based on colour,
them together to make a collage. brightness or opacity
When two images differ in resolution, the answer is C. EYEDROPPER Sample a colour from the image with this tool
rather simple. Reduce the higher resolution image in D. LASSO TOOL Create a hand-drawn selection
increments until the eye cannot distinguish between the E. PAINTBRUSH TOOL Paint on to the image using this tool
two images. With lighting, the answer is a little more
complex as there are other issues that may need to be A
looked at, such as the time of day that each photograph B
was taken, the presence of shadows, whether the
subject was lit from the front or back, and how the
saturation of the colors in the two images compare. D
This isn’t to say that if the lighting conditions are not E
ideal, you shouldn’t attempt to merge the images
COMBINING IMAGES When combining images, we must first establish a location where the objects will be place, and
then we can choose our subject and make the selection

All the elements you need are
on your cover CD/DVD in the
‘Paint Shop Pro repair’ folder.

All images on discs for
non-commercial use only



01 We’ll use this scene as our base, and seat the 02 Keeping the the painting in mind, I shot the 03 Select the subject by clicking the Lasso icon on
CONTACT US! subject by the fire. When we place her in the subject in a direction away from the camera. the tool palette. Then open the Tool Option
JOE APICE chair, parts of it will be covered. We’ll need to duplicate When the images are merged together, her position will window and choose Smart edge for the selection type.
these and put them back once the subject’s in place. provide the illusion that she’s part of the conversation. Keep the Feather value at zero and check the Antialias box.

To add shadow detail,l use a medium soft brush to apply the shadow, rather than
CLICK the shadow effects filter. This will avoid creating a three dimensional effect that will
FIXES make the embedded object appear to be floating on the image.


When combining two or more
images together, pay close
attention to the colour saturation
of your subjects. Uneven colour
saturation can also produce less
than convincing results. PSP 7
offers two ways to adjust colour
saturation, manually and
automatically. Use the auto
04 Save the selection to an alpha channel or disc. 05 To soften the image, without losing too much 06 To bring out the highlights and details in the
saturation feature to obtain quick
and easy results and the manual
Now give the subject a painted look to help it detail, we can use the Salt and Pepper filter. girl’s hair and clothing, we’ll use the Clarify saturation adjustment when you
blend into the painting. The first step in applying the effect On the Main menu bar select Effects8Noise8Salt and command. Before we do, we need to clear the selection. want a little more control.

is to adjust the lightness levels slightly. On the Main menu Pepper filter. In the dialog box set the Speck Size and On the Main menu bar, choose Selections8Select None.
bar select Colors8Adjust8Levels and move the Right Input Sensitivity to Specks to 3. Include the Lower Speck size, Then select Effects8Enhance Photo8Clarify. In the Clarify
level slider to the left, until the whites are pure white. and use Aggressive Action. dialog box set the Strength of Effect to 5.

07 At this point we need to check the subject 08 We can now enhance the look of paint in our 09 In the image of the painting we need to
against the light in the painting. This is done subject by sharpening the high contrast edges select the part of the chair that would
by displaying both images on the screen and adjusting using the Unsharp Mask. On the Main menu bar select normally be in front of the subject sitting in it. The
the lightness as needed, using the Levels command. In Effects8Sharpen8Unsharp Mask. In the Unsharp Mask selection is made with the Lasso tool in Freehand mode,
this case, sliding the middle input level diamond to 1.50 dialog box, set the Radius to 1.5, the Strength to 115, and that portion of the image is saved as a separate
and the right input levels slider to 2.50 produced the and the Clipping to 5 in order to make the object appear image. Once the subject is in position, this image will
balance we needed. as if it were stroked with a brush. be copied back into its original location.

10 Using the Edit8Copy and Edit8Paste8As New 11 To add shadow detail we need to paint it 12 Open the image file containing the chair arm. SAMPLING
Layer command, the subject was copied onto manually, because the shadow effect built into Using the Edit8Copy and Edit8Paste8As New The term sample, as used in this
the image of the oil painting. Using the Deformation tool PSP is a three-dimensional effect, and will lift the subject Layer command, paste the arm of the chair back into the tutorial, refers to copying pixel
the subject was resized to fit proportionally into the from the image. A soft round brush with an opacity setting image of the oil painting, and use the move tool to colour from an area of the image
so that it can be replicated in the
painting, and then moved as needed to achieve an of 25 will work well. To select a shadow colour, sample an position it in its original location. Merge all the layers to
colour palette.
acceptable seated position. area near the subject. This produces more natural results. finalise the image. “Hey, how about another Brew-skee!”


Plug-ins and filters
Photoshop has unrivalled support for plug-ins and filters. Chris Schmidt explains how these can be used in Paint Shop Pro…

■ IMAGE FILES The lightning effect here was added through
Paint Shop Pro plug-ins are
one of the effects available in the
available on the CD/DVD in the
‘Paint Shop Pro Wow’ folder Alien Skin Xenofex 2 filters

All images on the discs for
non-commercial use only



hotoshop’s long-standing dominance of the Flaming Pear ( and Alien Skin menu and choose the File Location option. Within
image-editing market has led to huge ( They can be integrated easily into the dialogue box that appears, choose the Plug-Ins
You may need to install a couple of developments – not only in the title itself, but Paint Shop Pro 8: whereas installing such components in option to the left and add a new folder location
direct link library files into your also in third-party tools, such as plug-ins and filters that Photoshop would require a copy of the file being placed before browsing through your system to locate the
Windows/system folder, depending have been developed to enhance the functionality of within the plug-in folder before booting the software, file. Once completed, there’s no need to reboot the
on the version and how up to date the software. Paint Shop Pro enables you to store your plug-ins software – your additional filters will become available
your operating system is. For
Although Paint Shop Pro has its fair share of such independently from the title before configuring it so that under the Effects menu, ready to use. It’s a good idea to
detailed troubleshooting advice on
installing filters, check out the third-party support, its developer, Jasc, has had the it recognises where it’s located. create a plug-ins folder into which you can create
Resource Centre pages of the Paint foresight to recognise its position in relation to its more multiple sub-directories to contain your filters, otherwise
Shop Pro User Group at established rival, and improved its support for many Getting filters Paint Shop Pro will have problems determining
Photoshop-compatible plug-ins. Some .8BF plug-in files may require you to install them individual effects.
manually; while others will automate the task through As you can see on the opposite page, plug-ins and
Installing extensions an .EXE file that recognises any compatible software and filters can provide some incredible effects. All this
Paint Shop Pro 8 now has full support for the .8BF file enables you to choose the title into which you want to at the click of a button, and with many providing
CHRIS format, which is native to Photoshop. This means install the features. comprehensive management of any attributes, the
that it’s possible to make use of plug-ins and filters With a .8BF file saved on your computer, you’ll need effect should employ you’ll soon find your creativity
produced by specialist software companies, such as to head to Paint Shop Pro’s Preferences under the Edit reaching new heights...

If you're applying a filter to an original image chances are you'll need to make a
CLICK selection first to determine the region the filter will apply to – use the Selective filter
FIXES to to this


Whether you’re applying single or
multiple filters to an image, you’ll
need to be aware of any light
sources in the original image. Adjust
those required by the effect,
otherwise things will soon start to
look unnatural if your shadows and
highlights don’t match up between
your original image and the
rendered effect.
01 The puzzle filter is part of Paint Shop Pro 8. This 02 The Flood filter from Flaming Pear provides full 03 This filter is part of the Alien Skin’s Xenofex 2
one converts an image into a jigsaw-style control over various aspect of the results. The suite and incorporates more than enough
image through a series of bevelled paths. You can view can be controlled by specifying the horizon and options to emulate the effect of TV scan lines. The linea
determine various features, such as the number of perspective; the altitude (which is useful for determining strength and thickness can be determined, plus the vertical
columns used and the connector length and width. There the most appropriate height for the subject); and how the shift for those bad aerial days. Detail is further supported
are further options for randomising the connector shapes. waves are modifyed. with controls for static, ghosting and breakup.

The zoom effect explained
The provides a range of filters, many of which are compatible with Paint Shop Pro 5
upwards. The zoom effect illustrated here comes as part of the Plugin Galaxy suite of 159 filters

The effect is particularly good, for example, Controls are provided to vary the amount of zoom
when you have a detail shot that will benefit used and the size of the magnifier, while the
from an enlarged area. position of the effect can be adjusted by right-
04 The Constellation filter provides a range of
clicking on the preview that’s presented.
options for creating a star-filled sky. Star size
and variation are available, plus controls over the density of
distribution and individual star edges. You can increase the
Twinkle amount to get some real Disney-style results!

Family of digital imaging products,
including Paint Shop Pro, Photo
Album and Virtual Painter.

Plug-ins and filters. MELANCHOLYTRON (Flaming Pear)
05 This filter subdues colour and focus before
ALIEN SKIN applying colour changes and sepia-like effects
Filters for Photoshop, Elements,
to make an image appear moody and nostalgic. The focal
Macromedia Fireworks and PSP. area can be specified, and unusual effects can be created
by damping the saturation and applying sepia controls.


Section highlights…
Aperture helps you emphasise all the right elements
of your photos. Tim Daly shows you how it all works 92
George Cairns takes a photographic tour of
the UK and shares his favourite locations 94
Our resident expert Andrea Thompson helps
you make the most of digital photography 96
Adam Evans and Tom Ang hand out the verdicts
on your submitted photographs 99
In the first of a new series, Tim Daly goes through
the equipment you need for your own studio 100
This month Aidan O’Rourke looks at night
photography, digital zoom, glow, and more… 102

94 100

Issue five of Digital Camera
Shopper is on sale now for just
£3.99 at all good newsagents.
With 196 pages of the best
photographic advice, a CD
packed with full software, filters
Take better photographs… and everything you need for
cityscape shots, it’s the best
value digital photography mag
around. So if you’re looking for
a second opinion about kit,
come to the experts…

Tutorials you can trust! Contact our editorial team

f #
Our aim is to bring you creative ideas, expert tips and image files, and full or trial software so you can try the If you have a comment, suggestion, idea or
quick fixes you can use in your own work. tutorial for yourself, delivering a complete package. submission you would like to make, please
Authoritative A leading professional in his/her field Clear Our large page size means we can add extra email us at Visit
writes every tutorial. Value-added We try to include elements, explanations and detail to each tutorial. our website at
Depth of field can be used to get
some creative effects, softening
and emphasising different parts
of an image


By far the most creative camera control, aperture helps you to emphasise all
the right elements of your photographs. Tim Daly shows you how it all works

This month, issue 7 of our sister magazine, Digital Photography Shopper, shows you how to
use aperture to take better portraits. On sale 9th October

Shot with the largest With all subjects With the white tree
aperture value of f2.8, sitting in the same lying close to the lens, CALCULATOR
this image has a plane, this shot was this image was
shallow depth of field captured using an captured using
and little recognisable aperture value of f4 in an aperture of f22, hyperfocal.html
background detail order to render the which makes the A useful site that helps you to
background unsharp background sharp at measure depth of field before
the same time committing to the shot.

Shot with an aperture With two subjects With all subjects lying
value of f11, the sitting at different more than ten metres artdof.html
background in this distances away from away from the camera Plenty of clear-cut explanations on
image is starting to the camera, this lens, this image would aperture and depth of field.
become sharper image was shot with reproduce the same if
an aperture of f11 an aperture of f2.8 or
f22 was employed HYPERFOCAL FOCUSING
Maximise every centimetre of DOF
with this in-depth technique.

Shot with the smallest Faced with the deep An aperture of f22
aperture value of range of subject and a focus point
f22, background detail matter, this image one third of the

is recognisable was shot using an way in from the
aperture value of 22 foreground was
chosen to maintain
focus throughout
this vista view
If you’ve only ever used your
camera on auto exposure mode,
the precise nature of the

nlike shooting in the studio, taking lighting conditions, aperture values such as f2.8 and f4 valuable depth of field in front of the object itself, so it’s
interrelationship of shutter speed,
photographs in natural daylight can be a are used to compensate for the lack of light, but in bright better to choose a focus point about a third of a way aperture and ISO will not be
challenging process – due to the varying levels conditions aperture values such as f16 and f22 can be between the foreground and background. In theory this evident. Better digital cameras
of light. Cloud cover, time of day and seasonal employed to limit it. On budget compact cameras, the sounds easy but, in practice, this can be tricky to judge have a variable ISO setting that
differences can all change the amount of light that’s range of aperture values is rarely present – they just have without shooting several versions. calibrates your sensor against a
set range of light, so you can
available for successful photography. To help counteract two or three settings for average shooting situation.
shoot in very bright and very dark
this situation, camera lenses are designed with a variable Aperture and shooting situations conditions. If you’re trying to
opening called an aperture. Aperture and depth of field Different photographic subjects will largely determine the achieve a depth of field effect, with
Found in both conventional film and digital camera Aperture has an impact on the range of sharp focus way depth of field is used to create emphasis. Out a particular aperture and you run to
the end of your available scale,
lenses, the aperture is a circular opening that determines within a photograph, known as depth of field. Depth of on location, most subjects beyond ten metres away
simply increase your ISO value to
the quantity of light that strikes the sensor. Just like the field can be described as the range of sharp focus will be rendered in pin-sharp regardless of the focus reduce the amount of light needed
iris in the human eye, the aperture can be controlled to from the foreground of a photograph receding to the point or aperture used. But between three metres and for a correct exposure.
expand and contract to let in exactly the right amount of background. At aperture values like f22, maximum ten, you will need to pick your focus point carefully.
light in ever-changing shooting situations. In addition to depth of field is achieved, which enables both objects Aperture values like f2.8 will blur out fussy backgrounds,
framing and focusing an image, the photographer also in the foreground and background to be rendered but values such as f16 and f22 can be used to make the
has to work out a balanced quantity of light called sharp at the same time. With this effect your range background sharper.
exposure. By selecting the right combination of shutter of sharp focus could run into many miles. At the The golden rule to remember is that the closer your
speed and aperture values, a perfect exposure showing other end of the scale, aperture values like f2.8 subject is to the camera lens, the smaller the maximum
detail in both bright highlights and darker shadow areas may only create a shallow depth of field, running to a depth of field can be. In fact, when shooting really close
is achieved. matter of centimetres. up in macro mode, your maximum depth of field will
shrink to a couple of centimetres, even when using
Common values Points of focus apertures like f22. For portrait subjects, focus on the
Unlike older film cameras, where aperture values could In addition to your choice of aperture, depth of field is nearest eye and work with a mid-range aperture setting,
be selected by rotating a mechanical ring around the also influenced by your choice of focus point. Surprisingly, such as f8 and f11. If you’re still unsure about which
lens itself, modern cameras control aperture through depth of field doesn’t just occur beyond the focus point setting to use, try shooting three versions of an image
the use of a dial or button on the camera body. All in your image, but in front of it, too. Setting your focus with different aperture values and preview these on your
cameras conform to a universal aperture scale that on the nearest object in your scene will often waste LCD before getting into the shoot.
follows this sequence: f2.8, f4, f5.6, f8, f11, f16, f22.
Small aperture numbers like 2.8 result in bigger lens NEXT MONTH
openings and allow the most amount of light through Just like the iris in the human eye, the aperture SHUTTER SPEED
your lens. Bigger aperture numbers like f22 make tiny
lens openings and let the least amount of light through can be controlled to expand and contract to let in We show you how to stop
the action – or turn it into an
artistic blur
the lens. These precise quantities of light are common
between different lenses across all manufacturers. In dim exactly the right amount of light


Britain boasts a huge variety of photogenic landmarks that
make superb subjects for creative shots. George Cairns, in
conjunction with our readers, reveals the techniques you
need to capture some digital delights

he huge variety of submissions for this delay – by the time the camera clicks, the birds will have
month’s feature prove that British landmarks flown out of your shot!
come in all shapes and sizes. So how do
we approach capturing the perfect shot with such a Post production
diverse subject? In photography, there’s a school of If your camera isn’t fast enough to capture the ideal
thought that says that the secret to taking the perfect moment in time, you can, like many of our readers, use
photo is to press the camera’s shutter at the ‘decisive subtle photo manipulation to fine-tune your landmark
moment’, and this concept can certainly be applied to shots. Ian Perrin’s Angel of the North (above) is a nicely
photographing landmarks. composed shot with two silhouetted figures providing a
YOUR EXPERT You may have framed your shot to obey the rule sense of balance and scale. Ian cloned an additional
GEORGE CAIRNS of thirds, resulting in a decent picture, but if you hold figure out of the shot to achieve this ideal composition.
your horses and wait for that ‘decisive moment’, you’re While purist photographers may feel that this is cheating,
likely to get a better result. The optimum time to take all that matters to the average viewer of the photo is
NEXT MONTH the picture might come when a flock of birds passes in the finished result. Is it an image that evokes a sense of
TOP TEN front of the landmark, adding an extra sense of scale
UK CASTLES and depth to the shot. To tackle a tall landmark, position yourself to add extra
Find out more at This isn’t always easy to achieve, because of the elements to the frame adjacent to the landmark. This limitations in technology. On a mid-range digital camera balances the shot and gets rid of empty space. Shoot
we may miss our decisive moment as a result of shutter into the sun to add a dramatic lens flare to the shot

FOR The most famous practitioner of the ‘decisive moment’ was Henri
Cartier-Bresson. Indeed his exhibition, called the Decisive Moment,
was considered significant enough to be displayed in the Louvre Readers’ top 10 shots
Again, we had a great response to our request for this feature. Here’s our pick…
Think outside ‘point and shoot’ pictures and be as
creative as you can with your approach to capturing
the character of the landmark

place or a feeling? Most viewers of the photo won’t be
aware of any post-production techniques that went into
improving it.

Creative camera work
Some landmarks are photographed so often that pictures
can appear familiar and clichéd. Approach the subject
creatively to capture a unique shot, and try to photograph
the effect the landmark has on its environment, rather Separating the wheat from the chaff
than shooting the landmark itself. On a sunny day, As a digital photographer you’ll have more opportunities
distinctively shaped landmarks will cast a recognisable than traditional photographers to get the perfect shot as
shadow on their surroundings; and if the weather is wet, you aren’t constrained by a limited number of expensive ART
photograph the landmark’s reflection in adjacent puddles. film rolls. A large memory card will enable you to EDITOR’S
Tackling tall towers
capture dozens of shots. You’ll be able to delete and
refine your collection there, and then to improve the
A tall, thin landmark, such as Nelson’s Column or Big chance of taking the perfect shot home with you.
Ben, usually needs to be shot in portrait mode. The Traditional photographers can’t really criticise photo
shape of the towering landmark forces you to have manipulation anyway as it’s an age-old technique. 01 Eileen Donan Castle by Adrian Panton
empty space either side of the subject. Balance out the Well before digital technology existed, photographers You can't beat the combination of sunset, castle and loch for a romantic postcard-style
shot by framing a person or object in the foreground, so lurked in darkrooms, improving their shots. Indeed, many shot. At this time of day, a slow shutter speed is needed, increasing the risk of a blurry
that they are positioned to one side of your subject. of the manipulation tools in Photoshop are direct result. By exposing for the sky, the rest of the scene is in semi-silhouette, creating dark,
Alternatively, use the glare of the sun to fill in the empty descendants of traditional techniques, such as the dodge dramatic shapes against the skyline.
part of the frame to balance out the shot. and burn tools!
02 03

02 Brighton West Pier
By Brian Minkoff
This well composed shot shows that even
a derelict landmark can be a worthy
photographic subject.

03 Smeaton's Tower
By Paul Scott
The position of the sun behind the
lighthouse creates a sense of the light 04
being on during the day.

04 Canary Wharf
By Richard Harris

Taking the shot at the decisive moment,
02 Richard has used a passing gull to fill
empty space and balance the composition.
For dramatic contrasts between light and shadow,
shoot early or late in the day when the sun is low
in the sky. 05 06 07 08 09 10

01 Compose your shot so that other structures
create a frame for your landmark 02 Expose your
03 shot to keep the bright sky. This maintains detail
in the brightest parts of the shot while giving you
05 Eden Project by Frances Piper 06 Tower Bridge by By Jon Pink
some dramatic contrasts in the shadowed areas
07 Trafalgar Square by Colin Harvey 08 Falkirk Wheel by Neal Mealey
03 Water adds attractive light and reflections 09 Lloyds Building by Gwynne Penny 10 Edinburgh Castle by John Hastings

Photo clinic
Send us your photos and our technical expert, Andrea Thompson, will tell you what she thinks! The best
submissions each month win a full copy of Adobe Photoshop 7, so what are you waiting for?
Logick from Brian Andrews goes all Harry Cutts attempts to
out to create a magical rescue a portrait of his
Brian Andrews illusion, in this unusual baby daughter with a
homage to 17th Century Photoshop blackout
Lily from Harry Cutts Flemish painting

You can submit up to five
photos each month, but you
must include the following
details with each entry:
1) The make and model of
camera used, plus any lens
attachments and filters.
2) The exposure settings
used (EXIF data).
3) What prompted you to
take the picture.
4) What image-editing
effects and techniques you
applied, and why.
Save photos as high-res JPEGs,
TIFFs or PSD files. Submit your images and FIRST
Email all text and images PRIZE!
to: andrea.thompson@, including
win a copy of Photoshop 7!
the subject heading Yep, if we like your image, a free copy of Photoshop, worth
‘Photo clinic’.
£595, could be yours!

THE RULES Are you looking for an independent, honest of the professional image-editing suite,
A cash alternative to the prizes is and constructive diagnosis of your images? Adobe Photoshop 7, worth a cool £595!
not available. We reserve the Then why not drop into our friendly Photo Our runner up will win a hardback copy
right to substitute prizes of equal
or greater value. The editor’s
clinic, and pick up some expert technical
advice and essential tips to help you get
of Tom Ang's superb Digital Photographer's
Handbook – an accessible, jargon-free book RUNNER
decision is final. By entering the
competition, you agree to grant
even better results from both your digital
camera, and your image editor.
that covers cameras, computers, peripherals
and image-editing software.
us an exclusive three-month
license to publish your
Each month the winner of our 'Star
photo' award walks away with a full copy
So what are you waiting for? Get those
entries sent in on the double!
photographs in any manner
we see fit, in any medium,
in conjunction with the YOU’RE Succeed or fail?
Visit our forums, take a gander at
next month’s Photo clinic entries
We’ll print out the most entertaining,
well-informed, scabrous or helpful
competition. After three months,
this changes to a non-exclusive
THE JURY! We want to know what you think of your
fellow readers’ photos!
and email your thoughts to
comments in next issue. Head over to
license on the same terms.

01 The simple, yet highly effective lighting is one of
the biggest strengths of this image 02 Brian went to
a great deal of trouble to gather together suitable
antique props for the piece, and obviously took care
to choose a convincing-looking model 03 Shoddy
Photoshop work means that the hands don’t really
look as though they are holding the orb




black cloth has produced a soft and warm, yet
surprisingly high-impact lighting effect that creates real
atmosphere and drama.

Authentic props
After converting the lamp into a soft, overhead light
source, Brian carefully arranged a pile of dusty old
tomes, an inkwell borrowed from a local museum and a
goose quill. These were shot against the same black
backdrop to make it easier to paste them onto the base
of the image, but closer inspection reveals that the join
could do with tidying up. The arrangement of the props
looks somewhat staged, too, but they do play a vital
role in adding historical authenticity and visual interest.
The final stage was to create the illusion of the
glowing orb, which was in Photoshop. First, a new layer
was created and a circular marquee fitted over the curve
of the bowl. This was filled with various colours using a
large, soft brush, the Spherize filter applied and the layer
blurred and lightened. Brian then used the Eraser to
remove the parts of the orb covering the fingers.
Brian derived his original inspiration from studying the Sadly, rough and ready Photoshop work has left some

Logick work of 17th century Flemish painters and artists such
as Joseph Wright of Derby, who were intrigued by the
YOU’RE THE JURY! fingers cut off by black obstructions, and others
surrounded by ghost images of the original bowl.
Brian Andrews dabbles with Photoshop mysteries of science and alchemy. Succeed or fail? Because the hands don't look as though they are really
alchemy in this painterly image Stage one of the process involved persuading a “I’m no master in Photoshop, but holding the orb, the entire illusion breaks down, which is
friend to don a pair of antique spectacles, wrap this effort is very convincing!” an enormous shame considering how much thought,
Equipment used Olympus Camedia E20P himself in black cloth and adopt a suitably crazed Steven Hall, Poole care and attention to detail was put into the creation of
expression whist cupping a plastic, foil-lined bowl. The the photographs, and how well the image works in
“I love this image. The way it was

t's easy to conjure up an elaborate visual bowl was lit from within by an ordinary 60-watt lamp, almost every other way.
fantasy in the mind, but translating that and this was the only light source employed. A black constructed is really imaginative.”
fantasy into a 2D reality takes a lot of time, cloth was also draped over the background. Despite Bill Kirbie, Birmingham THE VERDICT
effort, skill and preparation, as this brilliantly staged the ultra-simple lighting equipment used, covering An intriguing, thoughtfully constructed image
image sent in by Brian Andrews readily demonstrates. everything but the face and hands in light-absorbent spoilt by slapdash Photoshop work.

01 The black effect looks completely fake, and doesn’t
complement the baby’s delicate, innocent nature. The
tips of the ears are covered in black paint, too 02 Use
of fill-in flash at close range has produced a harsh,
shadowy effect. Using undiffused flash on babies is
also unadvisable 03 Getting down to Lily’s eye level to
take the shot has worked really well, and her
expression is both relaxed and appealing




Over the next five months, Lily should start sitting up
and taking a real interest in the world, so provided
she’s well fed, rested and comfortable the photo
opps should be plentiful. You’ll still have to decide on
lighting, exposure and composition, and whether
you want a formal, informal or candid portrait, but
with careful pre-planning you’ll be able to concentrate
on capturing the expression. Take plenty of shots, but
allow for plenty of breaks and never force your baby to
RUNNER pose. Here, Lily is sharp and fills the frame. She looks

totally relaxed and content, and the way her hands are
folded is really cute.
Using direct flash has resulted in harsh shadows and
high-contrast, and shouldn’t be used with babies this
close because it can cause eye damage. It also
Lily least, as Lily looks as though she’s being drawn into a
black hole. Black is the worst choice of colour for a
baby and should be avoided at all costs. A far simpler Succeed or fail?
intensifies skin redness. You’ll get much softer, more
flattering results if you bathe your baby in diffused
natural light – the kind you get on an overcast day or
Harry Cutts turns to Photoshop to help and more effective solution would be to place Lily on “I don’t like the harsh contrast through a net curtain. Freeze the action with high
rectify compositional problems a light-coloured blanket, and drape a plain, light sheet between the peachy tones of shutter speeds instead of flash, moving to a brighter
the baby’s head and the dense,
over the background. area rather than using faster ISOs (the noise can make a
black background. Perhaps a
Equipment used Fujifilm FinePix 4700Z Minimal patterns and whites or pastel shades reflect baby’s skin look rough). If you must use flash, move
softer, grey background would
the light best and detract less from the subject. have worked better.” back and diffuse or bounce it.

arry took this shot of his four-month old Textured and slightly crumpled blankets work best, too, Sophie Mackenzie, Devon
daughter Lily from about four feet away, and can be laid down on carpets, beds and settees or THE VERDICT
whilst lying on the living room carpet, and even over a parent’s shoulder. To blur the background, The baby’s expression is great, but this portrait is
decided to black out the background clutter in maximise the aperture and zoom in from further back YOUR VERDICT? FAIL fraught with problems that Photoshop editing has
Photoshop. The result is rather disconcerting to say the with a longer lens. exacerbated rather than solved.


■ Map of sites
■ Top photo tips
■ Places to visit
■ Pocket guide

Where to go, what to shoot NOVEMBER 2003 FREE!

Fold out this se S
now to find yo ion
tear-out guides

Autumn foliage shoots well
in most weather – be
inspired by the New Forest

Take a woodland walk and
capture the world of
mushrooms and toadstools

Forests of gold
See why Durham Cathedral
was recently voted Britain’s WOODLAND COLOURS
LANDSCAPE The New Forest is the perfect place for autumn

Overcast conditions are perfect in woods,
favourite building deepening the colours and creating a sense of
pictures full of colour, reckons Colin Varndell the mysterious

utumn is the golden time of year, drawing October generally guarantees good shooting, the sun starts to burn through it; and overcast,
A out photographers to record the passing of and many autumn trails are documented locally drizzly days give deeply saturated, yet soft and
the seasons. For some people it's the light, for and well signposted. muted colours that evoke the mysterious nature
others the misty mornings, but for most it's the Luckily, autumn foliage shoots well in almost of woodland. Although you should forget windy
fabulous technicolour autumn foliage. any weather. When it's bright and sunny, gold days for foliage closeups, wind-blown groups of
Arboretums like Westonbirt in Gloucestershire and russet leaves look vibrant, contrasted against trees can look good at slow shutter speeds.
have spectacular autumn displays of exotic blue skies. Early morning or late afternoon sun is Many of our best forests are a mixture of open
specimens like Japanese maples, but these are perfect around woodland edges. Deeper in the woodland and heathland. Brackens and heathers
FOUR TIPS CARDS incredibly popular, making photography a forests, only the overhead midday light turn a fabulous, golden colour during autumn,
We continue our new crowded experience. Luckily, Britain is still blessed penetrates. Backlit pictures of massed trees are and offer a wider range of habitats and wildlife
series of reference cards for with many ancient deciduous forests, with effective at this time of day, but make sure that than you might expect. In sunny glades and open
you to cut out and collect traditional beech and oak woodlands, such as the you hide the sun, in order to prevent lens flare. heaths of the New Forest, keep an eye out for
New Forest and the Forest of Dean. The end of Fog and mist can be atmospheric, especially as deer and its famous ponies.
Detach this section and take it on your travels!

8 8 8 GET SOME INFORMATION Online magazine and database of woods dedicated to preserving and enjoying our woodland heritage


ALL IMAGES © Colin Varndell 2003


LESS IS MORE foliage looks great
Keep images simple. When faced with contrasted against deep,
stunning colour, it's tempting to shoot blue skies
every bit you can find, but less is

often more. Examine the scene to see
what makes it so good, and concentrate
The forest
on this element.
floor has plenty of AIM FOR LYNDHURST
close-up subjects Take the A337 from Junction 1 on the
M27 to Lyndhurst or Brockenhurst.




Sprawling across much of Hampshire,
the New Forest is the largest area of
GOLDEN BROWN lowland forest in Europe and the single

Backlight is very effective in woodlands as the afternoon sun largest forest in Britain. Created as a
sinks. Make sure that you keep flare under control, either hunting land by William the Conqueror
with a lens hood or by shading it with your hand in 1079, its 150 square miles are a
mixture of ancient medieval woodland,
heathland and plantations. It’s still
coppiced and grazed, both by deer and
the forest’s famous ponies, and it’s a
popular natural attraction. Bolder Wood
near Lyndhurst and the Rhinefield
ornamental drive near Brockenhurst
have the most outstanding displays of
autumn colour.

Nothing – it’s free.

The New Forest, Hampshire.

WILDLIFE There are several visitor centres around
Long lenses give an attractive Many of our great
the area – the main one is in the town
perspective in woodlands, making ancient woodlands are common
centre car park in Lyndhurst. Visit
trees appear denser (a 70-210mm land used for grazing, and you may for
zoom is particularly useful). Wide come across ponies and deer in
Colin Varndell accommodation links.
is a angles are better for relating, say, the glades and forest edges
professional a close up of attractive leaves to
natural history
photographer their wider environment. A tripod

will permit apertures of f16 and
above to cope with the shallow
depth of field of telephotos. INCREASE THE COLOUR
Avoid windy days for foliage POWERFUL The colours of autumn are intense, but
closeups: bright sun can be difficult COLOUR they can be punched up that little bit
to meter because heavy contrasts Use a polarising filter to more by increasing the colour saturation
between the sun and woodland remove the gleam from wet leaves in Photoshop. Don't overdo this or you
shade cause loss of detail. Use a and enhance their extraordinary might cause colours to 'posterise' or
polariser against blue skies to take colours at this time of year. This will break up when you make a print –
the sheen off wet leaves and add a couple of stops to the about 10% is plenty.
deepen the colours. exposure, so take a tripod
Side A Side A This is side A. Turn over for side B
crosses around churchyards. or archways.
to fold this booklet: about the shoot, and we'll reply! gravestones, gateways and with overhanging foliage
with your name & a few words
8 8 8 How
extra information. There are If necessary, hide them
around into a sq in half horizontally from rest of section
STEP 3: Now fold STEP 2: Fold this side STEP 1: Detach sheet main building and provide and flatten the image.
Email a small JPEG to foregrounds to frame the which can cause lens flare
■ Now send us your pictures! Do look for interesting Do avoid bland, white skies,
reach of London
woodland that are within easy
of heathland and ancient
show you four beautiful areas
5 We
how to get there
■ Detailed maps of
the light will be better.
the day, and come back later if
assess where the sun will be in
day progresses. Use a compass to
around a building as the
The light changes 03
cathedrals and churches to your architectural images.
the do and don'ts of capturing
better shots of architecture, plus
blue skies, adding more interest
5 Our top ten tips for getting glass windows and to deepen
control reflections in
■ Dos/don Use a polariser both to
■ Equipme Polarising filter
■ Tips
INDEX: down the process.
the composition better by slowing editing program.
of field. It also helps you consider them your image-
longer exposures for better depth lens; or by correcting
SIDE A: HOW TO will enable you to select and using a longer
WHAT’S IN THIS ISSUE Use of a sturdy tripod
01 point, by moving back
TOPICS COVERED Tripod finding a higher view
Do correct verticals by

better results VERTICALS
three items for
EQUIPMENT: Dos and don’ts


You'd think that a BREAK THE RULES GOOD DAY tripod and long exposure are while streets are illuminated series as the sun drops. So take
church or building
2 Sometimes it’s
5 Blue skies enhance any all you need to photograph with sodium, a difficult source plenty of pictures at different
would be easy to necessary to throw away the building and don’t cause the these, but you’ll need to assess to correct for at the best of times, from about half an hour
photograph – after all, it's not rule book and let those same general background flare the lighting to ensure that its times. Dusk is the best time, before sunset to at least 15
going anywhere and tends to verticals converge. But don’t be and loss of detail that a bright, colour is faithfully recorded. providing a deep, rich blue to minutes after the sun’s sunk
stay still while you take your half-hearted about this – fit a white sky will create. If a sky is Many modern digitals have a the sky to contrast with the beneath the horizon. The
picture. But photographing wide-angle lens, get in close bland and featureless, look for host of white-balance settings subject. Meter off the building afterglow can produce stunning
buildings brings its own set of and let rip. Tall buildings work overhanging trees or a nearby to deal with artificial lights but and bracket around the result. effects, especially if you’re
problems that have to be well for this treatment, doorway or arch to hide it. it’s generally best to use a A good starting point is 2 secs near the sea, so don’t turn
solved if you’re going to especially skyscrapers. Consider basic daylight mode or you run at f5.6 for ISO 100. your back and walk off. And
produce great images. Here are exaggerating the effect by FLOODLIT COLOURS the risk of ‘correcting’ the very remember to re-meter the
our tips for getting better shots tilting the camera or choosing
6 Many public buildings feature that you’re trying to SUNSET scene every couple of minutes.
capture. Generally, buildings
8 A sunset isn’t just one
of architecture… your viewpoint to create a are transformed at night by a
strong, central vanishing point. little artistic floodlighting. A are lit with tungsten lights, picture, but an ever-changing ALL IN THE DETAIL
VERTICAL VERTICALS 9 Details can often be
1 Get close to a building PATTERNS more effective at summing
and look up at it: you’ll notice 3 Buildings are generally RIGHT ANGLE up a building than getting
that the effects of perspective 7 Any building the whole edifice in shot.
regular structures. Enhance this
cause its upper parts to by looking for repetitions and depends on a combination Use the interplay of light
converge. The brain patterns within their facades. of camera position and and shadow to highlight
IMAGE © Mike Kipling 2003

compensates for this, and Long lenses enhance patterns lighting to look its best. gargoyles, intricate carvings
perceives the building as by condensing the various Think of it as a cube and and buttresses on churches
having parallel walls. But the elements into seemingly flatter you’ll realise that it looks or old houses; or highlight
camera has no such planes, producing more more solid when viewed the colour and materials on
compensation, and in your graphical images. from an angle rather than modern buildings.
picture the building will appear straight on, and that a
to fall backwards, particularly USE THAT TRIPOD suitable lighting direction VERTIGINOUS
when shot with a wide-angle 4 Architectural shots can enhance its appearance. 10 VIEWPOINTS
lens. To cure this, you need to demand the use of a tripod As with landscapes, a low When you’ve shot the obvious,
ensure that the camera back is wherever possible, to allow sun can add to a building, look for something different.
vertical at all times, which may longer shutter speeds and thus skimming across and One useful technique that can
mean that you don’t get the smaller apertures for better highlighting the detail. produce a whole new raft of
whole building in shot. front-to-back sharpness. Northern aspects never see creative options is to seek
Assuming that you can’t afford However, it also helps to the sun, so consider other access to the tops of buildings.
a specialist ‘perspective shift’ ensure that verticals are options, such as silhouetting Climb up church towers or take
lens, move back (using a upright and horizons level by this view against the setting a lift to a skyscraper’s viewing
longer lens if necessary) or slowing down the process, sun or shooting at night platform for rooftop cityscapes
look for a higher viewpoint, leaving you time to consider when it may be floodlit. and images looking down the
such as an upstairs window. the image before shooting. building itself.
Getup&go Pocket reference guides 05 Getup&go Pocket reference guides 06

Better photos Kit corner

All lenses should have one!
HOW TO IMPROVE WHAT IS LENS FLARE? Direct light falling onto many digital cameras, especially those where

YOUR METERING your lens causes flare – multi-faceted
aberrations. This happens when the sun is in
the picture, or when strong sidelighting is
the lens doesn’t retract into the body. The
hood should be dedicated to your lens, and
clip or screw to the lens rim.
EXPOSURE Top tips for perfect lighting used. It’s caused by stray light catching the FREE REMEDIES Try shading your lens with
With no mid tones to
meter from, it’s Your camera’s built-in exposure is calibrated as if all the tones surfaces of the glass elements inside the lens, your hand or a piece of card. Alternatively,
necessary to add a in your picture will average out as 18% grey, and it exposes creating specular reflections across the picture position yourself in the shadow of a nearby
compensation of accordingly. Faced with a white, winter landscape, the meter and generally degrading it. building or tree. Use the same process if the
1.5 to 2 stops to
reproduce the snow attempts to expose snow as if it’s 18% grey, turning that WHAT’S A LENS HOOD? A simple bit of black sun is in the picture, hiding it behind a
as brilliant white. pristine whiteness to dirty sludge. Turn over to find out how plastic that stops light falling on your lens. All convenient object, in order to prevent it
to counter this problem… SLR lenses can be fitted with one, as can shining straight into the lens.

Getup&go Pocket reference guides 07 Getup&go Pocket reference guides 08

The knowledge Fix factory
This is important in
nature photography,
where animals and
plants often need to
be separated from Don’t let a distracting background
their environment for
them to be seen. get in the way of a great shot

Control the zone of sharpness in shots
This is the area of sharpness either side of the point of focus.
quare It varies with the focal length of the lens and the aperture in
use: wide angles and small apertures produce a wider zone;
longer lenses and larger apertures produce a narrower one.
It’s also affected by the distance between you and your
subject: closer focusing gives less depth of field.

ALL IMAGES © Mike Kipling 2003

Follow the A690 into Durham from the
A1(M). There is parking in Palace Green;
and a park and ride along A690.




Regarded as the perfect example of
late Romanesque architecture,
Durham Cathedral was started in
Mike Kipling puts on his walking shoes, for the best shots of Durham Cathedral 1093. Finished in just 40 years, it
stands on the site of an earlier Saxon
ew places are as commanding as NORTH FACE church. For many centuries the abbey

Durham’s great cathedral, voted Overhanging foliage disguises a bland was home to a community of
sky and prevents flare Benedictine monks, and is now, along
Britain’s favourite building in a recent poll.
with the castle, a World Heritage Site.
Firmly anchored on a large wooded loop in
DISTANT SPIRES Much of the interior featured in the
the River Wear, known as the Peninsula, its The cathedral is visible from all over first Harry Potter film.
huge bulk and three massive towers Durham, so get walking!
dominate the city skyline for miles around. HOW MUCH DOES IT COST?
A donation is requested for the
The secret to photographing this afternoon light. There are interesting shots
cathedral. Tower (10am to 3pm) £2;
Norman masterpiece is to put in the leg in the approach streets, but the quiet Shrine of St Cuthbert (10am to 4pm)
work, timing it to coincide with the cloisters and original monastery beyond adults £2, children 50p.
the cathedral around College Green allow
the most intimate views. Unfortunately, higher ground. Silhouette the cathedral’s LOCATION
Durham, County Durham.
photography is not allowed inside the towers against the sunset from Gilesgate
cathedral itself, though it would be churlish to the east of town, or head west towards WHAT ARE THE FACILITIES?
not to visit the interior, with its superb South Street and the railway station for Undercroft restaurant open 10am to
Romanesque architecture. evening views across the rooftops. 4.30pm daily for snacks and meals.
Returning to the outside, wander down
through the woods to the riverside walk BEST RESULTS

between Prebends Bridge and

Framwellgate. From here there are classic DURHAM CATHEDRAL
A standard zoom is suitable for most
views of the west face, towering above
vistas around Durham Cathedral,
little Fulling Mill at the edge of the with perhaps a wider lens for the
Trees obscure lower parts of the
weir. It’s a fine picture at any time, but narrow medieval streets nearby.
cathedral in summer and early
superb on an autumn afternoon as the Telephotos are largely redundant
autumn. If it’s the architecture that
until evening for sunset shots from
leaves turn. Surprisingly, the riverside particularly attracts you, come in
further afield, when a tripod is
shopping centre at Framwellgate is also an late autumn or winter when the
advisable. Pay particular attention to
views are less broken up. In any case,
excellent place to capture both the castle the verticals, especially with wide-angle
pick a sunny day with blue skies to
and cathedral rising above the 12th lenses, shooting from further back on a
make the most of the golden sandstone
century bridge. Modern developments longer focal length wherever possible to
HILLSIDE COLOUR keep these upright.
of the cathedral.

The classic Durham photo is even now intrude on the Gothic east face.
better shot in the autumn As the sun sinks, it’s time to relocate to Official cathedral website with opening hours and exhibition costs
METERING MODE The secret is
to select a metering mode to
deal with the shortcomings of
built-in meters. Rather than
expose for the whole scene
with an average reading,
select a centre-weighted or,
better still, a spot-meter mode
and look for a mid tone in the
picture to take a reading from.
If there isn’t one, find a similar
Look out for bright one nearby in the same light –
reflections when fresh, green grass and red brick
shooting into the sun are both about 18% grey in
near water – they can tone. As for the snow scene on
cause lens flare… STOP OVEREXPOSURE
Zoom into fill the the front of this card, you could
frame with the view, meter as normal then
take your reading and compensate for its whiteness
trap it with your
by adding an extra 1.5 to 2
camera’s exposure
IS SUN IN THE FRAME? lock, then reframe stops to your exposure. Set this
Hide the sun behind and take the picture. manually or use your exposure
a tree or other item compensation control.
in the picture to
prevent it striking the
lens directly. TOP TIP Many photographers
use an incident light meter
instead of relying on their
camera’s reflective meter.
Rather than measure the light
reflected from the subject, this
computes the light falling onto
it, so that it’s unaffected by its
tone and gives a true reading.
A combination of a AVERAGE METERING
lens hood and a Measuring the exposure from
The shadow and
convenient tree out of your subject’s position may not highlight tones
shot to prevent strong always be possible, in which balance, making it
afternoon sidelight possible to expose a
case place yourself in a similar
from striking the lens. complex picture
light. And remember to point
with an average
the meter back towards your metering mode.
camera and not at the subject!

Get equipment advice at Find expert tips online at

Blurring out background detail TELL ME MORE Once all prime lenses
had a depth of field (DOF) scale
etched alongside the focusing ring,
Prevent your main subject getting lost in distracting detail… with aperture settings either side of
a central cursor. You focused on your
subject, then referred to the scale to
tell you how far either side of this
was also sharp. Focusing a 24mm
lens set at f8 to 1.5 metres, for
instance, produced a band of
sharpness that extended from three
metres down to one metre; closing
the aperture to f16 extended this
from infinity down to 0.8 metres.
small aperture and
Modern zoom lenses rarely have this wide-angle lens
information printed on them, making enables sharp
01 Begin by selecting your main subjects. 02 When you’ve finished, save the selection
it more difficult to employ. focus to be maintained
from foreground
HOW DO I USE IT? Strict control over
Draw a rough loop around one with the and repeat step one for the other subjects. right through to
DOF enhances any picture. Employ a distant background.
Lasso tool and click the Quick Mask button. Choose a Then load in your previous work, choosing the Add To
shallow DOF, and subjects stand out
brush and paint up to the edges – an airbrush gives a Selection option. With your main subjects selected,
from a background. A wide DOF can
soft edge to the selection. click Control + J to paste them into a new layer.
make an entire picture pin-sharp,
which is useful when you’re shooting
in a busy environment where exact
focusing may be difficult. Set a small
aperture of, say, f16 on a wide-angle
lens and it probably won’t matter
where you focus!
smaller sensor sizes, lenses in most
digital cameras have a larger DOF-to-
aperture ratio than 35mm cameras, INFINITY POINT When
making it more difficult to use DOF all the image lies
USE THE GRADIENT TOOL FINISHING TOUCHES as a creative tool. The upside is that beyond the infinity
03 In the background layer, hit the Quick 04 Draw a line from the centre of the bottom front-to-back focusing is easier to
point on the focus
ring, wider apertures
Mask button again and choose the edge, about one fifth of the way up. achieve, which is perfect for can be used to allow
Gradient tool from the Tool bar (it’s under the Fill Choose Select8Inverse, then Filter8Blur8Gaussian landscape work. If you want to use shorter shutter speeds.
bucket). Pick Foreground To Background in the Option Blur. Input an amount of about 6 and the background DOF creatively, move to an SLR digital
menu’s pull-down list (the top-left option). will blur, leaving your main subjects pin-sharp. system or use image manipulation.

For blurring techniques, go to Find expert advice on depth of field at
Getup&go... routeplanner

An autumn trail
Autumn is a great time of year for a walk in the woods – just don’t forget to take your camera

ou don’t have to drive to the back of beyond to experience the
simple pleasures of a walk in the woods. The beauty of nature
ancient woodlands within easy reach, which are all great for autumn
colour. And what if you don’t live in the great metropolis? Well, visit
isn’t restricted to wild, faraway places. If you live in our great capital city, them anyway – you’ll have a great day out and take home some
here are four spectacularly colourful and beautiful areas of heath and brilliant pictures to boot!

Epping Forest is the largest public
open space in London, with nearly
half of its 6,000 acres easily accessible
woodland served by London
Underground. Ancient beeches, oaks
and hornbeam make this a superb
day out to capture the colours of
One of the finest and best known autumn. It’s reckoned that the ancient
tracts of ancient woodland and heaths art of pollarding here has extended
the life of some of the trees in the
left in the south of England, the 2 forest to as much as 1,000 years.
Nature Reserve of Burnham Beeches,
near Slough, may be relatively small WHERE TO GO The A104 runs the
(500 acres) but it attracts half a length of the forest, accessed from
million visitors every year. Even so, it’s Junction 26 of the M25 via the A121.
a tranquil place, with a rich diversity There are plenty of car parks along
of wildlife, and spectacular golden this road.
foliage and forest floors that are at HOW MUCH DOES IT COST? Nothing –
their best in late October. 1 it’s free.
HOW TO GET THERE The main car park WHAT ARE THE FACILITIES? Information
is off the A355, a few miles south of centre and Green Tea Hut at High
Beaconsfield at junction 2 of the M40. Beach, off the A104, plus the nearby
HOW MUCH DOES IT COST? Nothing – Kings Oak Hotel.
it’s free. LOOK OUT FOR The fallow deer that
WHAT ARE THE FACILITIES? There are roam in the forest, and the ghost of
refreshments available in the wood Dick Turpin who once plied his
and the nearby Jolly Woodman serves nefarious trade along the forest roads.
pub lunches and snacks.
LOOK OUT FOR The ancient pollarded
beeches, many over 500 years old, for
which the woods are famous.
More a 100-acre
woodland garden
than a traditional
Winkworth was
created in 1938
from existing
woodlands where
Gertrude Jekyll played as a child. Now managed by
the National Trust, it’s a beautiful landscape of exotic
trees and shrubs planted on a hillside around a pair of
lakes. Gently winding paths and cobbled steps guide
you around stands of Japanese maples, birch, oaks
and larches that are spectacular in autumn.
HOW TO GET THERE Leave the A3 at Guildford and the
arboretum is two miles south east of Godalming on
3 4 the B2130.

tearoom open 11am to 4pm. Telephone 01483 208
The deep natural amphitheatre in the lowland heaths of Hinhead Common, 477 for more details.

known as the Devil’s Punchbowl, is awash in autumn with the colours of LOOK OUT FOR: The newly restored boathouse and the
dying brackens and heathers. excellent views over the North Downs.
HOW TO GET THERE The A3 between Godalming and Petersfield cuts


Hinhead Common in half, an unfortunate state of affairs hopefully soon to
be rectified by the building of a tunnel to divert the road.
HOW MUCH DOES IT COST? Nothing – it’s free.
WHAT ARE THE FACILITIES? Pay and display car park £2 (National Trust 2 KEY
members free).
LOOK OUT FOR The mists rising after a hot day to fill the great depression – they helped give the place its name. Food/drink Toilet Wildlife Historical Parking
available facilities habitats interest facilities

It’s on the A81 north of Stirling, which lies
just past the junction of the M9 from
Edinburgh and the M80 from Glasgow.


ALL IMAGES © Laurie Campbell 2003

Take an autumn walk with Pete Martin into the woodland world of mushrooms

ungi are nature’s recylers. Neither
plant nor animal, over 3,500 species
inhabit the UK, many living off the debris
5 The prettiest of mushrooms is also one
of the most toxic, so take care not to
Known as the gateway to the
and leaf litter of our broadleaf woodlands. touch it while photographing it Trossachs, the village of Aberfoyle lies
Whether your interest is in pictorial within the Lomond and Trossachs
National Park, and is renowned for its
photography or ‘collecting’ every species, TROOPING CRUMBLE

annual Mushroom Festival, held this
the best time to go hunting is after a damp You won't need a macro lens to fill the
year 24th to 27th October. Alongside
image with close-packed fungi. Aim to
spell, preferably in autumn! the various edible attractions and
keep everything in focus
The photogenic part of any fungus is its entertainments, there are guided
fruiting body, which takes a number of in good sized clumps, allowing wider fungi forays in the picturesque Queen
Elizabeth Forest Park, which surrounds
forms: mushrooms, puffballs, brackets, corals lenses to show both subject and habitat, a the village. The woods here –
or slimes. The most colourful mushrooms – particularly effective technique with bracket especially Loch Ard Forest – are good
the poisonous fly agaric – occur at ground fungi, which grow like stacks of plates from hunting grounds for mushrooms and
level in conifer woods; some, like shaggy ink dead timber. plenty more.
caps, prefer woodland edges; and button Get down low for the best viewpoints. Try
mushrooms are found in meadows. to keep backgrounds simple, either with Aberfoyle, Stirlingshire, Scotland.
Mushrooms damage and decay quickly so controlled depth of field or carefully chosen
take immediate advantage of attractive colours. Even standard lenses will allow you HOW MUCH DOES IT COST?
specimens. Many are small and grow in a to crop closely into the abstract patterns Nothing – it’s free.

busy environment, so it’s important to produced by tightly packed groups or BEST RESULTS WHAT ARE THE FACILITIES?

get close to fill the frame. A 50 or 60mm brackets; while macros take you close into Café at the visitor centre in the Forest
macro lens is fine, but take care not to details, such as the texture of gills beneath GETTING IT RIGHT Park. See for
work in your own light. Many species grow a mushroom’s cap. Light is sparse on the forest floor so details of accommodation, or try the
decent camera support is essential. If Forth Inn in Aberfoyle for rooms and
your tripod won’t go low enough, use a some of the best food in the area.
bean bag or change to the versatile
Benbo system. Cameras with swivelling
LCDs, such as Nikon's Coolpix, can prove
useful. Overcast days or woodland

shade give the best results, producing
images with deeply saturated colours,
sunlight merely serving to increase the CLONE TOOLS
contrast. Flash is rarely of use, but a Use your Clone tools to ‘clean up’ a
small reflector made from card and tin background. It can be thrown out of
foil will punch extra light into shadows. focus by selecting the main subject,
Long shutter speeds are not really a inverting it to select the background,
problem, allowing you to select then making a copy layer and applying
apertures for creativity rather than Gaussian Blur. Don't overdo this,
5 Get in close to the underside gills of
attractive specimens for cracking
5 Sometimes the colours can be rather
startling – as shown by this yellow bog
necessity. Use a cable release or the self
timer to avoid shutter shake.
especially if the transition from
foreground to background is continuous.

abstract texture shots beacon fungi Online database with pictures to help with fungi identification Great ways to eat your subject matter
Adam Evans
The illustrious editor of
Digital Camera Magazine
Tom Ang
Prolific author of many
digital camera books

fMike Zagorski TOM It’s a clean panorama but do
you really want to deny a focus for
ADAM Yes, it’s very nicely shot and
stitched together but it just doesn’t
the viewer? Try to compose future quite work as a photograph. I’d love
This is a panorama I took after reading your advice on shooting shots with a point of interest included to see some more panoramas from
this kind of photo. It was taken with a Sony S75, then stitched DCMAG.C
in the landscape. you, though, Mike. O.UK
together in my image-editing software. Hope you like it!

fRay Houser fDavid Steen Have your say!
NAME OF PICTURE Red Dragon Tell us what you think of this picture.
NAME OF PICTURE Dan the Vampire Like it or loathe it, we want to know!
I took this shot with a Fuji Finepix 3800 in telephoto, not macro,
mode. I particularly like the shadow of the wing detail on the Following your
blade of grass below the wing. The only tweaking was a slight
increase in contrast and saturation.
article on
photographing f David Graham I am rather pleased with this shot of a
dragonfly drying its wings. My wife saw it crash land into
the water and crawl out onto this leaf to dry off. I dashed off to
children, in issue 10,
here’s a photo of get my camera and took several pictures getting closer each time.
my son for your I managed to get it to crawl on to my hand at one point!
consideration. It
was taken with REACTION

f it’s a shame that the end fquite look right – maybe
an Olympus C5050 – Robin Scott I like it but Claire Hudson It doesn’t
don’t worry, the
teeth are fake! of the tail is missing rotate it 90 degrees?

f Mary Steen A nice photo
thanks to some good f Amanda Higgins The
detail on this shot is
composition and sense of depth amazing! Well done

TOM A pretty portrait, but the background TOM Why not go further – hairy face, furry
is almost too beautiful, too distracting. Try ears? Hold the camera the other way: the
to avoid over-sharpening. shadow will be less obtrusive.

ADAM I think that’s nit-picking, Tom! A tighter
crop would help but overall it’s a beautifully
ADAM This is a fun image, but a few extra
seconds of preparation, say to wrap a fake cloak ACTIVE
detailed image. Nice one, Ray. around him, would have made it even better.

Setting up a studio
on a budget If you want to push back the boundaries of your portrait
technique, why not invest in a home studio? Tim Daly looks at
the essential kit and techniques in this new, three-part series


Setting up a studio doesn’t have to be expensive,
but your shopping list should include the following
basic items…

01 Diffuser A gadget that softens the quality of
light 02 Reflector A device designed to reflect
ABOVE 04 light into a scene 03 Backdrop A material or fabric
This is a very simple and inexpensive indoor background 04 Sync lead A cable that’s used to
studio setup – it’s perfect for taking an connect a flashgun to a camera, it triggers the
informal portrait like this camera’s shutter fires.

Studio flash can rebound off your sitter’s spectacles if you position the lights incorrectly.
OUT If hotspots do occur, get your subject to tilt their head slightly downward or move the
MORE light to a sideways position

nlike location photography, shooting in the RIGHT
studio is a certainty. There’s no waiting around The garage studio is an ideal environment for starting 0 EXPERT TIP
for the right kind of light effect or struggling off and you don’t have to pack your kit away
with a wealth of distractions. With a studio setup, you’re between shoots… TIM DALY’S
the boss, and you alone can match the character of your
sitter to a photographic style. Moving up from a basic battery-powered pack, limiting the distance. Both are GARAGE STUDIO
camera and portable flash unit kit to a full-blown studio manufactured in different strengths, measured in Joules, The only drawback with setting up
a portrait studio at home is the
setup doesn’t need to be expensive, as there are plenty with a basic 500J head offering enough output for all
amount of space you need to
of budget options to choose from. types of studio portrait. Weaker strengths like 250J need do the task. Portraits are best
to be used closer to the subject and may not allow you shot with a longish telephoto lens,
Flash lighting to shoot using smaller aperture values. used at some distance from the
sitter. In a normal 12 x 12-foot
Unlike portable flashguns, which fire on and off without Throughout shooting, the light unit is connected to second and leave it there. The flash meter detects light
domestic room, full-length head to
a preview, studio lights are fitted with an extra light the camera via a synchronisation cable, attached to the levels through a fixed, white dome called an invercone, toe shots of adults are virtually
bulb, called a modelling lamp. The modelling lamp stays camera at one end, and the PC or X sync socket at the which must not be obstructed. impossible. A alternative option is
on all the time and it can help you judge the quality and other end. For cameras without these sockets, a cheap It’s only necessary to take a reading at the start of the to convert your garage…
atmosphere of your lighting style. adaptor can be inserted into the hotshoe and then shoot, or whenever you change the position of your
Flash units are supplied in two forms: cheaper, connected to the flash synchronisation cable. light or sitter. In use, the flash meter is connected to the
Monobloc lights have their own built-in power supply camera end of the synchronisation cable, where it
and can work independently from other light sources, Flash meter communicates with the flash unit. Positioned as close to
sometimes at a great distance; more expensive At the heart of a studio exposure calculation is the hand- the subject with the invercone pointing at the camera
Powerpack flashlights are plugged into a single mains or held flash meter. Unlike shooting on location with lens rather than the light, the flashmeter triggers the
continuous daylight, the burst of flash and creates an aperture value reading.
camera meter doesn’t
respond to studio flash, so an Backgrounds and reflectors
independent meter is used Professional photographers use a range of paper and
instead. With the camera set fabric backgrounds for portrait and fashion work. A much
to manual exposure mode,
the flash meter determines
better system for home use is the fold-up Lastolite
system. Backgrounds of every shade, colour and paint * WEBLINKS
the aperture value required effect can be bought in a wide range of sizes. Lastolite
for making an accurate backgrounds are lightweight and fold up ingeniously, so ELINCHROM AND
exposure. As all studio you can assemble your studio in seconds. PROLINCA FLASH LIGHTS
portraits are shot in a blackout Reflectors are designed to absorb photographic
Used by the professionals and
room, there’s no need to take lighting and not produce unwanted visible seams, folds amateurs alike, Elinchrom and its
account of a shutter speed or shiny reflections, a basic Lastolite should be the first budget brother, Prolinca, offer
setting for your camera. Set item on your shopping list. In addition to backgrounds, excellent value for money.
Check out the Style 600 series kit.
your camera to 1/60th Lastolite also makes portable circular reflectors that are
essential for controlling the contrast of your flashlight.
LEFT Held near to the subject, the reflector bounces light back
IMAGE © Lastolite

A reflector should be high onto the face and can help to avoid unflattering Designed to fit all budgets, Sekonic
on your home photo-studio shadows. Better models are two sided, with silver and flash meters offer accuracy and
shopping list… gold for an option between cool and warm tone. ease of use.

CONTROLS AND WHERE TO FIND THEM Here’s a simple three-step guide to the important
controls in your basic studio kit


01 The quality of light from a studio flash unit can 02 Light output is controlled by independent 03 Light levels are detected by the circular white SETTING UP
be modified by the attachment of various stepless sliders for both flashtube and invercone at the top of the unit, giving an A STUDIO
heads, including umbrellas. Umbrellas are made as shoot- modelling light. Basic flash heads have full, half and aperture read-out. Always check that you’re not standing in Next month’s tutorial is on
through or reflector types and can help to soften down the quarter power output options, but much better control can the passage of light when you take a flashmeter reading. light quality
quality of light. be gained with stepless sliders.


Welcome to the UK’s complete help service. We’ll tackle any problem – our unique HotLine
Network means no problem is too hard. Email us today at

NETWORK LOGO APERTURE AND SHUTTER SPEED FOR NIGHT SHOTS aperture and as long an exposure as possible
– say F32 and 30 seconds. The reason for this
Our unique HotLine
NETWORK Network draws on the
TAKING NIGHT SHOTS OF is that at the smallest aperture, the lens
MEMBER resources of over
14,000 website
NEW YORK gives the sharpest results, allowing only a
members, our writers, contributors,
I’m interested in photographing nightscapes, tiny flow of light to enter the camera,
plus industry experts. The result is the such as the beautiful, tall buildings of New building up to a perfect exposure over 30
greatest problem-solving resource in York City at night. I own a Canon A70 digital seconds or longer. Unfortunately, with most
any UK magazine.
camera that has a fully automatic control button. consumer digital cameras you can’t have an
HOTLINE NETWORK EXPERTS However, I don’t know how to set the correct aperture exposure of longer than a few seconds, due
Wherever you see the logo – in the and shutter speed to get that picture-perfect shot. to the problem of noise (see next question)
magazine or on the web – the person Can you please tell me what aperture and shutter or a minimum aperture smaller than F7 – on
next to it is a member of our HotLine
Network. This means that they know speed professional photographers use to make the yours it’s F4.8.
what they’re talking about and buildings come out like sparkling jewels in the night sky? It’s better to shoot at dusk, when there is
Digital Camera Magazine ■ Samson Fuentes still some light in the sky. Mount the camera on
is pleased to recommend their
a tripod and shoot using the self-timer with the flash
technical expertise. Shots like this one, of the Urbis Centre in Manchester, are better
How lucky you are to live in New York. I made off. The camera may tend to overexpose – compare
YOUR EXPERTS my first tentative steps in photography there what you see on the LCD with the scene in front of
taken at dusk if you’re using a consumer digital camera

AIDAN 22 years ago with my first film SLR camera. you, and use the exposure compensation to darken the select the right shutter speed. You’ll need to fine tune,
O’ROURKE As for the aperture and shutter speed settings used image if necessary. using the exposure compensation.
HotLine Network
Editor by professional photographers, it depends whether you To optimise the performance of your lens, set the For truly glittering night shots of Manhattan that are
Aidan is a photographer who works are using a compact digital or prosumer SLR camera. aperture to the narrowest value – you can do this as good enough to enlarge as posters, a professional
for the Manchester Evening News
With SLR cameras the technique is to use as small an the A70 has aperture priority – and let the camera camera may well be required! See you in New York!

HotLine Network
Phantom pixels of the night DCMAG.CO.UK
Barry is a published photographer
Noise caused by over-exposure
Grainy night pictures THREAD!
and Photoshop artist

MERRITT I have taken a couple of photographs at night, anyway. If they are more widespread, then nightshots
HotLine Network
Expert using the self-timer. They are extremely one method in Photoshop would be to set
Nick is an editor, writer and grainy and dark. I’ve tried to brighten and Photoshop Actions to record and carefully
Photoshop expert
despeckle, but it hasn’t helped. Any suggestions? clone out each pixel. You could then re-use
■ Andrew Davies this on other pictures. But Jonathan Ryan
has an altogether more cunning and
ALL SKILL LEVELS A major drawback of digital cameras is their intelligent solution for this problem – see
tendency to produce noise at exposures of On The Forums, page 105.
over a second. This is visible as a pattern of If the pictures are grainy and dark, it
dots or hot pixels. The longer the exposure, the more could be that the camera simply isn't up to
dots are produced, until you have snow – similar to taking night shots. Alternatively, you could
what you seen when a TV isn’t tuned to any channel. find night subjects that are brighter – for
CONTACT US Although the scatter of hot pixels looks random, example, neon signs, illuminated
We’re here to help! Contact HotLine it’s actually identical in every shot. Every camera windows and facades – and see how the
in one of the following ways:
By email produces its own unique signature of ‘phantom camera copes with it. But the chances are that Grainy night pictures can be improved using various methods
By website pixels’. If there are just a few here and there, the on a cheaper camera, you won’t be able to in Photoshop, but some digital cameras simply aren’t up to the
By letter HotLine, Digital Camera Magazine, task of taking them in the first place
cloning tool will remove them without any problem. expose for longer than a second or so without
Future Publishing Ltd, 30 Monmouth St,
Bath, BA1 2BW UK In light areas of the picture they’ll be concealed getting a storm of phantom pixels!

NETWORK When you’re on the forums, looks out for Hotline Expert, Jonathan Ryan. He’s full of
MEMBER useful tips and tricks – and is often on hand to solve even the most demanding problem

The frame on the left is created by Extensis
PhotoFrame, and the frame on the right is
created in Photoshop on a separate layer, by
using a combination of brushes and filters to
achieve the same, if not better result! WHERE CAN I GET MORE
Pages and pages of links to
ingenious techniques for making
edges and frames. See a review of
this excellent website in
Recommended Reading.
the picture on a layer of its own, in ■
any colour, and then add Noise. This showthread.php?s=&threadid=3244
has the effect of adding pixels of
many different colours. Use the
Magic Wand to select pixels of one
GIVE YOUR PHOTOS THE EDGE colour plus neighbouring colours,
uneven or jagged edge. Here’s one method: use the and then delete. Use the Gaussian Blur filter to
EDGES AND FRAMES rectangular marquee to select the four edges of the defocus the pixels, giving an uneven edge around
I want to add a frame or edge to my photos – photo. Do this by selecting the inner part of the photo the picture. Now create an inside edge by using the
the black, slightly uneven frames that are often – minus the edges – and invert the selection. Use Magic Wand to select the blank area in the middle.
offered with film printing. I don’t fancy Distort8Wave to create a wavy edge. Select inverse, delete the random pixels and fill the
spending $200 on a program like Extensis Photo-Frame. I Clare McFadden gives a useful link to a website area with black. You now have a rather nice random
just need one type of frame. I use Photoshop 7 for editing. with many tips and tutorials for making frames. The edge. Experiment with different settings.
■ Rafi Bryl example above is taken from there. In my opinion, if you really want the edge to look
There are many different ways of creating Another way you could do it would be to make a authentic, the best way to do it is to make a copy
an edge of this type. One of them is to use rough edge using a random pattern – I often use of an edge taken from a scanned photo. Digital
your image-editing software to make an Filter8Noise8Add Noise. First draw an edge around imaging effects can often look very artificial.


Image size vs image quality DCMAG.CO.UK
I am trying to figure out the relationship
between image size, image quality and file
number of pixels in the image – for example, 4.91
million. Multiply this by three for the red, green and
disk – maybe a third of the size of the file on screen,
and a higher quality image. If you apply greater
size. With my Minolta 7hi I can set the image
size at, say, 2,560 and 1,920 pixels, with the image
blue values – nearly 15 million bytes.
The other key factor is compression. Without
compression – the standard setting – the picture shrinks
to a smaller size, but you’ll notice a loss of picture
quality between standard to super-fine. However, the compression, each photo would take up 15 million information and a lower quality image. imagesize
image quality setting apparently does not affect the bytes (megabytes) of disk space. Compression reduces I recommend setting the camera to the largest
number of pixels in the image. How then is the image the size of the file when stored, saving precious disk image size (pixel dimensions) and highest JPEG quality
quality affected, if the PPI is not increased? space. If you apply only mild compression – the super- (lowest compression). You can always downsize a
■ Peet Marais fine setting on your camera – you get a larger file on larger image, but you can’t upsize a smaller image.

The two important factors to bear in mind
when considering digital images are, as you
say, image size and image quality. Confusion
arises from the different words people use to describe
these factors. They often talk about shooting at the
camera’s highest ‘resolution’, or ‘quality’, and also
describe file size in terms of number of ‘megs’,
without reference to the amount of JPEG compression.
A lot of confusion could be saved if standard terms
had been agreed in the early days of digital
photography, and then we wouldn’t be mystified by
‘megs’, ‘hi-res’, ‘low-res’, ‘big size’ or ‘small size’.
The most important factor in
any digital photograph is its pixel The image on the left has been
sampled up in size and has suffered
dimensions. The larger the pixel
dramatically in quality. The image
dimensions of the camera on the right, however, has been
sensor, the greater the reduced from a much larger file
amount of detail captured.
Multiplying the two
together gives you the


HotLine Network Expert Aidan O’Rourke shows you how to use Glow

Uses of glow Glow recreates the effect of a halo – a ring of
I’ve been trying to open RAW files taken on
my EOS 10D in Photoshop, but I can’t find
them in the folder. I can find them when
glowing light around a subject. Many people use it using the Canon software supplied with the camera.
for text, but it can also be used with people. Even How can I open them up in Photoshop?
the least saintly subject can be given a heavenly aura – try it ■ Hole John
on a police wanted poster or your favourite politician! It can
also be added to objects. RAW is a special file format that stores the
Here I’ve used it on a photograph of the Penshaw Monument exact output of the CCD, without any image
near Washington, in northeast England. It’s a recreation of a processing or compression. When you take a
classical temple that stands on a hilltop, not far from the A1. photograph using the TIFF or JPEG file formats, the
Using Photoshop I have cut out the background sky and placed picture information is processed, compressed and
the structure on a layer of its own. On the layer below I have
placed a different sky that we can see through the gaps between
Glow styles saved in a file format that any image editor can open.
RAW files are designed to be opened in the camera
the pillars. To add a mystical effect, I decided to use glow. The You can use the dialog box to achieve any manufacturer’s own software. The reason for this is
glow effect appears around the outer edge of the shape – here, combination of glow styles you require, and that there are different types of RAW file for different
inside the pillars. save the settings for use later. camera manufacturers.
To access the dialog, go to Layer8Layer Style8Outer Glow. One of the first things that you’ll notice about a
In Photoshop 7 there are three parameters: [1] Opacity RAW file is the complete absence of jaggies or
Works the same as layer opacity – or how visible artefacts. You can see this when you zoom to the
[1] Structure the glow is – from 0 per cent to 100 per cent. highest magnification. For this and other reasons,
With choices of blend mode, opacity and noise (which appears as the RAW file is your gateway to extremely fine
[2] Noise quality at pixel level.
a spatter effect, see right).
Adds random pixels to the glow, giving a ‘spatter’ Most people, myself included, find that the
or coarse airbrush effect. standard JPEG setting on the camera is perfectly
[3] Elements
adequate for most purposes, but it’s worth trying
With a choice between Softer and Precise (see right for an [3] Colour out the RAW file format for those extra-special,
example), spread and size. Lets you select the colour of the glow – by default extra-fine photographs.
it’s yellow. On the forum thread you’ll find some excellent
[3] Quality explanations of the advantages of RAW files from
Quality gives you a control over the glow contour, range and jitter, [4] Technique: Precise various forum members.
which varies the application of a gradient’s colour and opacity. Makes the glow reproduce the contour of the shape.

Don’t miss
next issue…
In the next Hotline we’ll be looking at
successfully printing your digital images and
shooting small, distant subjects in low light.
PLUS The pick of your digital photography
queries answered by our experts, so get in
touch and let us know how we can help!

We can see from these
screenshots of RAW files,
viewed at pixel level, that
there are no compression
artefacts. Re-saving as a
Photoshop file will preserve the compression-free image
and help to ensure the highest image quality

MORE titles for specific hardware Number one for camera and NEW TITLE! Tons of Photoshop &
HELP! and image-editing advice! accessory solutions! Paint Shop Pro ideas, tips and advice

me, ask the person who paid me £25
for an A4 size copy of this photo (misty view of ONTHEFORUMS
Manchester and Salford) to frame and put on her wall.
Most forum members don’t agree with me.
photographs at night using
WILD-EYED HOUND the self-timer. They are
extremely grainy and dark. I’ve tried to
I’m very new to photography and am learning
brighten and despeckle but it hasn’t
fast. I am attempting to photograph my dog
helped. Any suggestions?
with my Pentax Optio 550 cam. What settings
■ Andrew Davies
do I need to look at to avoid getting a glaring white eye
reflection when photographing indoors? Here’s a solution for next
■ Daniel Gwalter time. Immediately after
HOTLINE taking the shot, note the
Photographing animals with flash can MEMBER duration of the exposure.
produce weird results. Instead of red-eye, Put the camera in manual, set the
you get yellow-eye or green-eye, caused by exposure to the same length of time,
the special characteristics of an animal’s retina. The PUT THE LENS CAP ON, and then take
another shot.
same principles apply as with avoiding red-eye in
Then when you get back home, in
humans. The best way to avoid glowing eyes is not to
Photoshop, drop the second picture
use flash at all. In many cases, people don’t need to on top of the first and set the layer
I had to take this misty view of Manchester and Salford using the digital zoom, as I had forgotten to bring my teleconverter lens.
Despite the fuzzy edges, the picture is still effective, and has been quite successful use flash because there’s enough available light. mode to exclusion. This should take
If you must use it, try to increase the ambient light out most of the hot pixels.
DIGITAL VERSUS OPTICAL ZOOM quality glass, ground down to a smooth convex or levels as much as possible. Using an off-the-camera ■ Jonathan Ryan

DIGITAL ZOOM – WHAT’S concave surface to tolerance levels within microns!
However, I would still maintain that there is a use
flashgun or flash set up should ensure there’s no
reflection out of the eyes. If, despite all this, you
THE POINT? for digital zoom. First of all, it’s nice to be able to zoom have obtained glowing eyes, you can use the same MORE HELP
What is the point of digital zoom? Surely it is in on a scene and frame it on the LCD. Without digital red-eye removal techniques as used with human
better to shoot the picture at the longest zoom you would have to visualise the framing in your eyes. I wouldn’t say ’never work with animals’, but
available optical zoom with high mind. Secondly, the camera will correctly expose the if you can, avoid flash.
resolution/quality and then crop it later at your leisure? picture for whatever is inside the frame. Without
Nick Ramsden digital zoom you’d have to set the camera to centre –

Yes, digital zoom is often put forward as an
weighted or spot metering, and it may still not get it
right. Thirdly, and most interestingly, the digitally
Recommended reading
Key websites and photo books
extension or even substitute for optical zoomed picture will look smoother and have fewer
zoom. Some cameras have only digital zoom artefacts than if you took the centre of a non-digitally
– after all, you can do anything with a digital image, zoomed image and enlarged it. The reason for this is A resource for anyone interested in photo restoration,
can’t you? No; you can’t take a small rectangular that the enlargement of the pixels takes place before retouching and manipulation, with a forum where you can
selection of pixels in the centre, then stretch them to the file is saved and JPEG compression is applied. share ideas and talk to others with the same interests. The
fill the entire frame. What you get is a fuzzy, It’s not perfect, but for some subjects digital zoom floating left hand menu is a neat feature. Created by
soft-edged mess. There’s no substitute for premium can produce very good results. And if you don’t believe professional photo restorer, Doug Nelson.

Digital Image Making:
A Complete Visual Guide for
by Les Meehan Amphoto Books £16.99
A large format softback introduction to
digital imaging for people who
know the basics and
DCMAG.CO.UK would like to go

ACTIVE further. There are good
explanations of basic

concepts and useful tips,
with plenty of well-composed
images to inspire readers,
though some of the fantasy
composite images tread a fine line
Even in dull daylight, with the animal’s pupils quite small, there is still a reflection from the eyes, in this case a blue-green colour. between beauty and banality.
I removed the red-eye in the usual way by drawing over the glowing area in black


CD TUTORIAL Section highlights…
Create stunning works of art with this easy-to-use
program that doesn’t require complex filter settings
Make your own mini-movies using your digital
camera’s built-in functions!
This useful web utility helps you search the net for
the images you need and peruse them at leisure


111 110

PC & internet
Expert advice on using hardware, software and the web

Tutorials you can trust! Contact our editorial team

f #
Our aim is to bring you creative ideas, expert tips and image files, and full or trial software so you can try the If you have a comment, suggestion, idea or
quick fixes you can use in your own work. tutorial for yourself, delivering a complete package. submission you would like to make, please
Authoritative A leading professional in his/her field Clear Our large page size means we can add extra email us at Visit
writes every tutorial. Value-added We try to include elements, explanations and detail to each tutorial. our website at

PhotoImpact 6.0
Create stunning-looking works of art from your photographs with this easy-to-use
on this month’s

program that doesn’t rely on complex filter settings
KEY DETAILS With the subject selected, we can
adjust lighting and colour balances to
add life to the subject. By making use
of PhotoImpact’s EasyPalette, we’ve
2 PRODUCT STATUS framed the image with a soft border to
Full product
enhance the magical feel that the
2 CONTACT subject and lighting are suggesting

Register at




The composition’s okay, but
lack of flash means the subject
Your flexible friend
is too muted to catch the eye, o one said digital photography was an Gif Animator 4.0 and PhotoImpact Album for taking
even though the backlighting’s inexpensive hobby. For the best equipment, Fortunately, those nice people at Ulead have been kind your web-authoring options into new areas or just to
reduced by the trees the average Joe will need to consider a enough to allow us to give you a fully-functional copy keep tabs of your ever-growing image collection.
small loan for the camera alone. With software like of PhotoImpact 6.0. The software has a very different
Photoshop only adding to the financial burden, you approach to other established titles, but once you’ve Interesting effects
0 EXPLAINED may be forgiven for re-evaluating your new-found
indulgence as you consider whether train-spotting
got into the swing of things, you’ll soon find it flexible
enough to deal with most situations that your images
The walkthrough recreates the image effect above,
bringing out some of the detail in the original photo,
CHRIS SCHMIDT’S may be a more viable option… demand. Extensive image-editing tools provide control which suffers a little, due to lack of fill-in flash. It also
PHOTOIMPACT TIPS However, some impressive results are still possible over your work, while vector graphic-editing support provides a tasteful artistic frame effect, making use of
with some of the lower- to mid-range cameras, and the will ensure you keep your text clarity as you experiment PhotoImpact’s EasyPalette feature to add interesting effects
Masks allow you to paint over
range of image-editing software is now diverse enough with variations in your designs and layouts. to your work as you master your new installation.
an image to determine the for you to find the right title at the right price, offering a It also has some novel web tools, allowing you Once you’ve gone through the steps, you’ll no doubt
selection, rather like a template good balance of features for your needs. Photoshop may to take your work to new levels as you distribute be itching to find out what else the title can do, so
might. By creating a mask, you be the reserve of the pros, in terms of cost and your imagery on the internet, with the software why not experiment with your own images, and make
have much more control as you
complexity, and Paint Shop Pro and Photoshop Elements considering that fine balance of image quality against use of the extensive documentation available through
specify complex areas of an
image than might be possible may offer some powerful features, but the cost of even file size that’s essential for your work to be seen reliably the help menu? Next month we’ll be showing you how
through regular selection tools. these budget titles can cause some concern as you find over the media platform. Dig a little deeper, and you’ll to put your work online in the form of a web gallery,
the best image-editing solution for you. come across PhotoImpact’s complementary titles, Ulead courtesy of your free software.

The options available under Format8Autoprocess contain quick fixes to common problems, such as
CLICK image adjustment, as well as sharpening, straightening and cropping, reducing the amount of
FIXES repetition such routine actions often require

By making careful adjustments to the colour balance and lighting, and 0 EXPLAINED
LIGHTEN UP by making the most of the mask mode, you’ll bring your picture to life

The Format menu contains all the
image adjustment tools which, as
a photographer, you’ll undoubtedly
be making full use of. These
include options to adjust the white
points, levels, hue and saturation
of an image to get the best results
out of an original image that may
not have been captured as well
as you’d hoped.

01 PhotoImpact takes on a little more identity 02 Select the magnifying glass tool, and you’ll 03 The software image adjustment tools can be
with an image available, so open the notice that the options available at the head found under the Format menu, which contains
muse.jpg image and familiarise yourself with the of the interface adjust accordingly, to provide options to all the expected features, such as colour balance, hue and
interface elements of the tool bar, the floating panels, the current tool. Either use the slider or the drop-down saturation, along with more advanced features. There’s
and so on. To make any changes to the default layout
use the View8Toolbars and Panels option.
options to alter the image magnification to best fit
your screen resolution.
also a range of automatic processes available for one-click
fixes of common problems. * UPGRADE!
Liked version 6? Why not upgrade
your copy to version 8 for as little as
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■ Ulead® Photo Explorer® 7 – a
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that also burns photo slideshows on
CD to play in DVD players.
■ Ulead® GIF Animator® 5, the
world’s most powerful standalone
GIF animation tool.
■ One-click auto-enhance tools, such
as Focus, Straighten, Crop and Level.
■ Professional camera filters (Lens
04 Click and hold the mouse button over the 05 To refine the selection, select the Mask Mode 06 With the appropriate selection made, we can Glow) that apply lens techniques
standard selection tool for related tools, option found in the status bar in the very now exit Mask Mode to continue refining the without expensive lenses.
including the magic wand. Select this and click within bottom-right of the software interface, or through the adjustment levels of the darkened model to bring some ■ New, robust Paint, Path, Text and
3D tools.
the model to make a region selection based on colour. Edit menu. You can now add or remove sections of your life back into the focus of our image. Experiment with the
■ Complete set of Web tools for file
Click on the + symbol in the attribute toolbar to continue selection by using the paintbrush or eraser tools to remove different tools available under the Format menu, making size optimisation, JavaScript™ menus
adding to the selection, to select the entire model. any background areas that may have been included. use of their dialog boxes to preview your changes. and slideshows, image mapping
and slicing, and more.

For full product information and
upgrade details, please visit:

07 With the focal point of our image adjusted, we 08 Drag the Square03 mask onto the image and 09 You can now lose the selection by choosing ONLINE

can now enhance the final image through you’ll notice the outline presented. Choose the None from the Selection menu, to reveal your
other methods. If the EasyPalette isn’t visible, activate it resize tool and drag the mask’s bounding box to surround completed image. The EasyPalette provides further creative Discover how to
create an online
through View8Toolbars and Panels, and select Mask Library the subject neatly. Invert the mask through the Selection options, including image, shape and path libraries, so why image library
to view available options in the right-hand preview pane. menu and hit the delete key to soften the image’s edges. not experiment and bring new life to your old images?


Using digital camera video
You’ve probably experimented with your digital camera’s
movie mode, but what if you want to take things further?

ost digital cameras have basic support
for creating short movies of about a
minute. They enable you to produce
MICROSOFT MOVIE clips of around 320 x 240 pixels at ten frames per
MAKER second, which is roughly half that of a dedicated
camcorder. Although this isn’t large or smooth
As well as allowing the free enough to play back without pixellation through
download of the software, the site your TV, movie mode might be just the thing to
provides some useful advice for help you bring to life a holiday moment or
new filmmakers.
capture an occasion that might otherwise be
missed. Think of it as an additional bonus to a
still camera.
The Apple equivalent is more And, if you want to keep your audience
powerful and aimed at DV content, entertained for longer, you can record a
although the process is similar. sequence of clips that can be easily edited
together to form a more cohesive whole. There
THE ART & CRAFT OF are various software titles around that
MOVIE MAKING will do this for you, from entry-level programs,
such as Apple’s iMovie and Microsoft’s Movie
Learn from the masters and discover Maker (which you’ll probably have installed
some tricks of the trade that will on your system), to dedicated professional
enhance your movies. titles, such as Adobe’s Premiere and Apple’s
Final Cut Pro.

Which program to use
Movie Maker and iMovie are much easier to get to grips this – we’ve used a skateboard to move around a Movie Maker enables you to import your camera’s
with if you’re a novice user, allowing you to import clips subject in the past, and it enabled us to produce some AVI clips and insert them into your preferred
from your camera, before deciding on the order that surprisingly stable motion shots! sequence, using the simplified timeline at the
you want them to be organised. Both titles enable you bottom of the interface. Scene transitions, titles and
to drag and drop common transitional effects between Get creative credits can also be dragged into place
clips, add titles and credits, plus they let you include And once you understand the rules (see the web links
music and a voice-over to enhance the final sequence. opposite), you can start to bend them for some more
The audio capabilities of these titles is a real bonus imaginative shots. The shot illustrated above is from a
because the sound quality from most cameras is pretty video sequence taken while on a fairground ride, using
poor at the best of times. And even if your camera does a Fujifilm s304. The camera was
support an external microphone, it’s unlikely that you’ll held stable against the ride’s
be organised enough to have this at your disposal when carriage, while the other car’s
little Millie decides to speak her first words. position help to maintain a
sense of location.
Like a pro Making movies with
As a stills photographer, you’ll instinctively turn your your digital camera might
camera on its side for portrait shots, but movies need to not provide spectacular
be landscape. Using editing software to rotate a moving results, but it can bring a
image is nowhere near as straightforward as it is for still new angle to your
images, so unless you want your viewers to get a sore creative output. Just
neck, keep things horizontal. make sure that you’ve
This isn’t to say that camera movement is always a got a decent-sized
bad thing, but digital cameras don’t have the motion- memory card to contain
stabilising features that camcorders have to smooth a all those movie clips –
CHRIS tracking shot and, inevitably, any jolts and shudders will they’ll soon take over
appear exaggerated when the clip is viewed back. A even the biggest
little common sense and creative thinking can overcome card’s capacity…

To speed up searching, limit your searches to specific areas of
the web and use keyword filters

PicaLoader 1.25 SE
Get picture-perfect results every time: this useful web utility helps you search the internet for the images you
need and lets you flick through them at your leisure…

hile the internet is a rich
tapestry of information, it
appears to have been
directly from the preview.
Each project can comprise
several tasks – for example,
on this month’s
crudely stitched together with threads if you are searching for coverdisc!
of sheer uselessness. To help you pictures relating to a
unravel the tangle, it’s handy to have movie, you may wish to
a utility to scour your selected include tasks that search
area, teasing out the little pieces of for the film, its director PICALOADER 1.25 SE
information you require and promptly and its stars. If you KEY DETAILS
disposing of the remains. PicaLoader is want to keep your
a step in the right direction, trawling photo searching to 2 PUBLISHER
VOW Software
the internet for the images you need yourself, the password-
and enabling you to flick through them protection function 2 PRODUCT STATUS
at your leisure. enables you to keep your Full product as sold for £21
Simply choose the area to be
searched (this can be confined to a
search results hidden.
Much easier than
single web page or an entire website scanning through your
and all its links) and begin searching. Temporary Internet Files 2 SERIAL NUMBER INFO
It’s possible to specify what sort folder every five minutes… None required
of images you wish to search for,
using either preset defaults, such as ABOVE
1,024 x 768 wallpaper and thumbnails, Use detailed search 3
or by creating a custom-sized search
criterion. To narrow down the search,
criteria to make sure you
only download what you
you can specify keywords to be
included or excluded from images and
really want 15 MINUTES

URLs searched. LEFT
Results are displayed as thumbnails Admire your findings as
and can be deleted, modified in your thumbnails or double-click
default image editor or set as wallpaper to view in full-screen glory

PICTURE PERFECT Use Picaloader to search for pictures, getting exactly the results you want. And once
you’ve found your pictures, you can quickly download and manage them…

Had fun scouring the net for new
pictures? Then consider upgrading to
PicaLoader 1.3, a 30-day trial of
which is included on our disc. Not
only will you enjoy free access to
future versions of the software, but
there’s also unlimited image
downloads, frequent upgrades and
priority email support. There’s also a
queue browser to enable you to
CHOOSE YOUR WEBSITE SPEED LIMIT FILTER UP eliminate URLs while searching and
01 We began by choosing a website of royalty-free 02 Select Followed Links to specify the depth of 03 The Page URL Filter and Picture URL Filter enhanced search capabilities. DCM
images to have a look at, in this case your investigation, by identifying which pages enable you to specify keywords to narrow readers can upgrade at www.reg Click the New Task button and input the URL are to be searched and to limit linking to the immediate down your search. When you’re all done, click OK and 1241&pc=V6N57 for £18.42, saving
of your chosen site. Also specify the Picture Filter Profile domain or site. Limiting the number of pages to be watch your new task appear in the Project Window. Click £12.30 on the usual price.
you require. We chose the 1,024 x 768 wallpaper. searched can help you get more precise results. the Play button and PicaLoader begins searching for you.

5 steps to safe shopping PENTAX *IST D
To prevent or handle the unlikely event of receiving faulty or THIS SLR SETS NEW STANDARDS
damaged goods, why not follow our checklist below – you’ll WITH ITS SIZE, CONTROL AND
reduce whatever slight chance there is of problems:

Overleaf, you’ll find pages of camera retailers who offer
competing prices and levels of service.

If you are buying goods worth more than £100 in total, use a
credit card. This is because in the event of any problems, you are
entitled to claim against the credit card company as well as the
seller (you won’t get your money back twice but the company is
there to claim against if the seller has gone bust.) You might also
get extra insurance, so check with your credit firm.

If you can’t pay by credit card, use a cheque or postal order
instead. Don’t send cash through the mail, even by registered
post. Apart from the risk of theft, you can’t stop payment if you
need to, and it’s impossible to prove how much you sent.

Keep records if you’re paying by credit card over the phone. Print
off web pages after you have entered your details on them. Keep
notes of exact times and the name of the person who took your
order, if you’re paying by phone. Always keep your receipts.

Many debit cards don’t have the protection or insurance options
afforded to credit cards, so avoid using one.


115 116 117

Turn the page for in-depth reviews of over 85 top digital cameras

How to use the Buyers’ guide
Over the page, you’ll find info on over 85 top products, To advertise in our Dealerbank section contact
all of which have been reviewed in Digital Camera Magazine. Once you’ve
decided on the camera you want to buy, flick through our packed advertising
our sales team on 020 7317 2600 or email
section to find yourself the best deal on price and service.
Buyers’ guide

£200 – £300
POWERSHOT A300 £200 | 3.2 megapixels £250 | 3.2 megapixels £250 | 3.2 megapixels £250 | 3.2 megapixels
£200 | 3.2 megapixels |

You can maybe get more for your £200 than this One of the best entry-level cameras on the Other 3-megapixels offer these features but its £250 is a rock-bottom price for a 3-megapixel The Caplio G3 is by no means a bad camera, but
if you shop smartly, but the A300 still represents market right now. It’s solid, well made and construction and build quality is out of the camera, and while it feels a little plasticky, it’s its worst problem is its general lack of appeal
a good performance, quality and value produces really good-looking shots ordinary, and its startup time is breathtaking.FULL solid, easy to use and produces great images when it’s up against some seriously tasty rivals
FULL REVIEW: issue 09 FULL REVIEW: issue 10 FULL REVIEW: issue 10 FULL REVIEW: issue 10 FULL REVIEW: issue 08
Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/2.7-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/1.2.7-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel 1/1.8 inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2 megapixel 1/25-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/2.7-inch 3.3MP CCD
Canon f3.6 fixed focal length lens Focus Auto, 5cm Pentax f2.6-5.0 3x zoom Focus auto, macro Exposure Hexanon Focus auto, 10cm in macro Exposure Olympus f3 1-5.2 3x zoom Focus auto, 20cm Lens Ricoh f2.6-4.7 3x zoom Focus Auto, 1cm in
in macro mode Exposure modes Program AE modes Program AE, Scene modes Metering modes Program AE Metering Centre-weighted, spot macro Exposure modes auto, program, scene macro Exposure modes Program AE, Scene
Metering Evaluative, centre-weighted, spot Monitor Averaged, spot AE compensation +/-2 EV in 0.5EV Monitor 1.5 inch AE compensation +/-1.5EV, 0.3EV modes Metering evaluation and spot Monitor 1.8 modes Metering Multi-pattern, centre-weighted,
1.5-inch 67,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in steps Flash auto, red-eye, on, off, night flash Video increments Flash Auto, on, off, red-eye, night flash inch 85,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV, 0.5EV spot Monitor 1.6-inch 80,000 pixels AE
0.3EV steps Flash Auto, on, off, slow, red-eye Video output PAL/NTSC Movie recording with sound Video output No Movie recording 320 x 240 up to steps Flash auto, on, off, slow, red-eye Video compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps Flash Auto,
output No Movie recording 640 x 480 at 15fps (duration depends on card capacity Other features 15fps Other features Dual memory card formats output PAL/NTSC Movie recording 320 x 240 at on, off, slow, red-eye Video output PAL/NTSC
with sound Other features Stitch Assist panoramic Optional camera dock Image storage Internal, Secure Image storage SD card, Memory Stick Batteries 15fps Other features 2 in 1, panoramic modes Movie recording 320 x 240 + sound Features
mode Image storage CompactFlash Batteries 2x AA Digital card Batteries 2xAA AC adaptor No Weight Lithium-ion rechargeable, DR-LB4 Battery life Image storage xD-picture card Batteries not Time-lapse mode Image storage 8MB internal,
Battery life 75/210 shots LCD monitor on/off AC 235g (including batteries) Dimensions 105mm(w) x 100/200 shots LCD monitor on/off AC adaptor Yes quoted Weight 170g Dimensions 108mm (w) x SD card slot Batteries 2x AA Battery life Up to
adaptor No Weight 175g (without battery or card) 46mm(h) x 71mm(d) Transfer USB interface Weight 198g (without battery or card) Dimensions 57.5mm (h) x 40mm (d) Transfer USB Software 350 shots AC adaptor No Weight 170g (without
Dimensions 110mm(w) x 58mm(h) x 36.6mm(d) Software HP Photo & Imaging software, HP 94(w) x 56(h) x 29.5(d) mm Transfer USB Software Olympus Camedia master 4.1 OS 9.0 or higher, battery or card) Dimensions 123.9mm(w) x
Transfer USB Software ImageBrowser EX, Memories Disc OS Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac Documentation only OS Windows 98, Me, 2000, XP, OSX 10.1 56mm(h) x 36.4mm(d) Transfer USB Software
PhotoRecord, PhotoStitch OS Windows 98/Me, 2000 OS9.1, OSX 10.1.5 or later Mac OS 9, 0-9.2, OSX 10 4-10 Image transfer software OS Windows 98/Me,
or XP. Mac OS9.0-9.2, OSX 10.1 or 10.2 2000, XP. Mac OS8.6-9.2.2, OSX 10.1.2 or later

Features 78 1 FINAL SCORE Features 75 1 FINAL SCORE Features 75 1 FINAL SCORE Features 79 1 FINAL SCORE Features 81 1 FINAL SCORE
83 % 1
84 % 1
85 % 1
84 % 1
79 %
Images 80 Images 83 Images 80 Images 84 Images 80

Build 82 1 Build 81 1 Build 91 1 Build 80 1 Build 65 1
Value 90 1 Value 1
98 Value 921 Value 93 1 Value 90 1

COOLPIX 3100 £280 | 3.2 megapixels £300 | 3.2 megapixels £300 | 3.1 megapixels £300 | 3.2 megapixels
£280 | 3.2 megapixels |

Robust and reliable, with good image quality but A rather ungainly design but it takes very good The Exilim's tiny dimensions bring compromises – There’s a lot to like in the LS633: the build quality, The PowerShot A70 is well made, well designed
if you’re expecting class just because it’s a NIkon, pictures and incorporates more photographic namely, price and versatility – but its charm and punchy images and LCD. It is flawed though, with and easy to use. It’s brimming with functions
you’ll be disappointed features than you’d expect at this price convenience are perfect for taking snapshots awkward controls and pricey tag usually only found on far more expensive cameras
FULL REVIEW: issue 10 FULL REVIEW: issue 10 FULL REVIEW: issue 09 FULL REVIEW: issue 09 FULL REVIEW: issue 08
Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/1.27-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel 1/2.7-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 3.4MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.1-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/2.7-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens
Zoom-Nikkor f2.8-4.9 3x zoom Focus auto, 4cm in Pentax f2 6-5 0 3x zoom Focus Auto, manual, 10cm f4.2 fixed focal length Focus Fixed focus, 80cm- Schneider-Kreuznach f2.7-4.6 3x zoom Focus Auto, f2.8-4.8 3x zoom Focus Auto, manual, 5cm (macro)
macro mode Exposure modes Program AE, scene in macro Exposure modes Programmed AE,, scene infinity Exposure modes Program AE Metering 13cm in macro mode Exposure modes Program AE Exposure modes Program AE, manual, Scene modes,
modes Metering multi-pattern Monitor 1.5-inch modes Metering Multi-segment, spot, centre- Multi-pattern Monitor 2.0-inch 85,000 pixels AE Metering Multi-pattern, centre-weighted, centre spot aperture-priority, shutter-priority Metering Evaluative,
110,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV weighted Monitor 1.5 inch AE compensation +/-2EV, compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps Flash Auto, on, Monitor 2.2-inch 114,000 pixels AE compensation centre-weighted, spot Monitor 1.5-inch 118,000
steps Flash auto, on, off, red-eye, Video output 0.3EV increments Flash auto, on, off, red-eye Video off, red-eye Video output No Movie recording 320 x +/-2EV in 0.5EV steps Flash Auto, on, off, red-eye pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps Flash
PAL/NTSC Movie recording 640 x 480 at 15fps output PAL/NTSC Movie recording 320 x 240 240 with sound Other features Docking cradle, world Video output PAL or NTSC Movie recording 320 x Auto, on, off, red-eye Video output PAL/NTSC Movie
Image storage Memory Stick Other features 4 without sound Other features 3D mode Image clock and alarm Image storage 10MB internal, SD 240 at 15fps Other features Optional camera dock recording 320 x 240 + sound Other features Stitch
Scene Assistance modes Batteries 2x AA or CR-V3 storage compact flash Batteries 2 x AA or Lithium CR card slot Batteries Lithium-ion rechargeable, NP-20 Image storage 16MB internal, SD card slot Batteries Assist panoramic mode Image storage CompactFlash
AC adaptor No Weight 150g (without battery or V3 AC adaptor no Weight 180g Dimensions 105(w) Battery life 80 minutes/480 shots (continuous Lithium-ion rechargeable Battery life 180 shots Batteries 4x AAs Battery life 250/800 shots with
card) Dimensions 87.5mm(w) x 65mm(h) x x 63(h) x 41.5 (d) mm Transfer USB Software snapshots) AC adaptor Supplied Weight 61g approx. AC adaptor Supplied Weight 210g (without LCD on/off AC adaptor No Weight 215g (no
38mm(d) Transfer USB Software Nikon View ACDSee, ACD Photostitcher, Photos on CD OS Windows (without battery or card) Dimensions 109mm(w) x battery or card) Dimensions 114mm(w) x 31mm(h) battery/card) Dimensions 101mm (w) x 64mm(h) x
Software OS Windows 98SE/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac 98, Me, 2000, XP, Mac OS 8.6 or higher 38.5mm(h) x 57mm(d) Transfer USB Software x 56mm(d) Transfer USB Software Kodak EasyShare 31.5mm(d) Transfer USB Software ImageBrowser
OS9.0-9.2, OSX 10.1.3 PhotoLoader, PhotoHands OS Windows 98/Me, 2000 software OS Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac OS8.6 EX, PhotoRecord, PhotoStitch OS Windows 98/Me,
or XP. Mac OS7.6.1-8.5, 8.6, 9, OSX 10.1 or 10.2 or 9.x, OSX 10.12 or later 2000, XP. Mac OS9.0-9.2, OSX, 10.1 or 10.2

Features 80 1 FINAL SCORE Features 861 FINAL SCORE Features 78 1 FINAL SCORE Features 80 1 FINAL SCORE Features 93 1 FINAL SCORE
78 % 1
86 % 1
85 % 1
81 % 1
92 %
Images 88 Images 82 Images 78 Images 79 Images 92
Build 74 1 Build 80 1 Build 97 1 Build 84 1 Build 88 1
Value 71 1 Value 94 1 Value 87 1 Value 80 1 Value 96 1

£300 – £350
£300 | 4 megapixels £300 | 3.2 megapixels £300 | 3.2 megapixels DIMAGE XT £349 | 4 megapixels TURN TO £330 | 3.2 megapixels |

A bit crude in places, the S414 takes good shots The Praktica brand’s become known for rugged, The Sony DSC-P72 is well made and well The DiMage XT has a ‘folded’ light path to produce Lots of manufacturers are producing beautifully
but isn’t especially rapid. A camera you’d buy on honest value. It’s crude in many areas, but its designed, and it does grow on you. And yet, the slimmest digital camera yet. Results are good, crafted, miniature cameras and the Ixus 400 isn’t
price, rather than for its innate charm results are good… for £300, we think you can do better operation is simple and the price tag modest. the only all-metal, pocket-sized on the market
FULL REVIEW: issue 13 FULL REVIEW: issue 07 FULL REVIEW: issue 09 FULL REVIEW: issue 10 FULL REVIEW: issue 08
Sensor 4-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 4.1MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/2.7-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/2.7-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 4-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 4.1MP CCD Lens f2.8-
Minolta GT f3.0-3.6 4x zoom Focus Auto, manual, f2.8 3x zoom lens Focus Auto, 7cm in macro mode Sony f2.8-5.6 3x zoom Focus Auto, manual, 10cm in Minolta f2.8-3.6 3x zoom Focus Auto, 15cm to infinity 4.9 3x zoom Focus Auto, manual, 5cm in macro
10cm in macro mode Exposure modes Program AE, Exposure modes Program AE Metering Not quoted macro mode Exposure modes Program AE, scene Exposure modes Program AE Metering multi- Exposure modes Program AE Metering Evaluative,
aperture-priority, manual Metering Multi-segment, Monitor 1.5-inch AE compensation +/-1.5EV in 0.3EV modes Metering Evaluative, spot Monitor 1.5-inch AE segment Monitor 1.5-inch AE compensation +/-2EV centre-weighted, spot Monitor 1.5-inch 118,000
spot Monitor 1.8-inch, 122,000 pixels AE steps Flash Auto, off, fill, red-eye Video output PAL or compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps Flash Auto, on, in 0.3EV steps Flash Auto, on, off, night flash, red-eye pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps Flash
compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps Flash Auto, on, NTSC Movie recording No Other features off, slow, red-eye Video output PAL or NTSC Movie Video output PAL/NTSC Movie recording 320 x 240 Auto, on, off, slow, red-eye Video output PAL/NTSC
off, slow flash, red-eye Video output PAL or NTSC Microphone and voice annotations Image storage recording 640 x 480 with sound Other features at 15fps with sound Other features Non-extending Movie recording 320 x 240 + sound Features Stitch
Movie recording 320 x 240 at 15fps with sound CompactFlash Batteries 4x AAs Battery life Not Smart Zoom Image storage Memory Stick Batteries lens Image storage Secure digital card Batteries Assist panoramic mode Image storage CompactFlash
Other features None Image storage CompactFlash quoted AC adaptor Yes Weight 245g Dimensions 2x AA Battery life 300/500 shots LCD monitor on/off Lithium-ion rechargeable, NP200 AC adaptor Yes Batteries Lithium-ion rechargeable, NB-1LH Battery
Batteries 4x AAs Battery life 160 shots using 112mm(w) x 44mm(h) x 77mm(d) Transfer USB AC adaptor Yes Weight 259g (including batteries and Weight 120g (without battery or card) Dimensions life 190/440 shots LCD monitor on/off AC adaptor
1850mAh NiMH cells, LCD on AC adaptor No Weight Software MGI PhotoSuite, DigiMax Viewer 2.0 OS MGI Memory Stick) Dimensions 101.3mm(w) x 85.5mm(w) x 67mm(h) x 20mm(d) Transfer USB Supplied Weight 185g (no battery/card) Dimensions
335g Dimensions 113.5mm(w) x 64.5mm(h) x PhotoSuite III, PhotoVista (both Windows only) 57.7mm(h) x 32.6mm(d) Transfer USB Software Software Minolta DiMAGE Viewer OS Windows 87mm(w) x 57mm(h) x 27.8mm(d) Transfer USB
58.5mm(d) Transfer USB Software DiMAGE Viewer Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac OS8.6-9.1, OSX Image Mixer OS Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac OS9.0-9.2.2, OSX Software ACDSee, Photos on CD OS ImageBrowser EX,
OS8.5.1-9.2, OSX 10.1 or 10.2 10.1.3, 10.2.1
OS Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac OS9.0-9.2.2, PhotoRecord, PhotoStitch OS Windows 98/Me, 2000
OSX 10.1.3-10.1.5, OS 10.2.1-10.2.2 or XP. Mac OS9.0-9.2, OSX 10.1 or 10.2

Features 80 1 FINAL SCORE Features 68 1 FINAL SCORE Features 81 1 FINAL SCORE Features 81 1 FINAL SCORE Features 80 1 FINAL SCORE
80 % 1
69 % 1
83 % 1
86 % 1
81 %
Images 81 Images 78 Images 83 Images 82 Images 89
Build 74 1 Build 71 1 Build 90 1 Build 89 1 Build 88 1
Value 83 1 Value 60 1 Value 80 1 Value 91 1 Value 67 1

£350 | 3.2 megapixels £350 | 4 megapixels £350 | 3.2 megapixels £350 | 3.2 megapixels £350 | 3.2 megapixels

There’s a lot to admire in this camera: Its size, If you’re looking for a stylish 4-megapixel camera You can get cheaper 3MP cameras, but we doubt This handles surprisingly well given its small size, Other 3-megapixels with similar specs cost £100
huge LCD, Best Shot mode, speed, ease of use, that offers more than just point-and-shoot you can get a better one. Superb build, controls and the accessibility of the EV compensation and less, but this model is so beautifully made, and so
and even its docking cradle/recharger… photography, the F200 is unbeatable and performance make the µ[mju:] 300 desirable bracketing controls are especially good tiny, that many will be happy to pay the extra
FULL REVIEW: issue 08 FULL REVIEW: issue 10 FULL REVIEW: issue 07 FULL REVIEW: issue 10 FULL REVIEW: issue 08
Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/2.5-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 4-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 4.1MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2 megapixel, 1/2.5-inch 3.34MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel 1/2.5-inch 3.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 3.2-megapixel, 1/2.5-inch 3.3MP CCD
Pentax f2.6-4.8 3x zoom Focus Auto, manual, 6cm in Minolta GT f2.8-4.7 3x zoom Focus Auto, 14.5cm in Olympus f3.1-5.2 3x lens Focus Auto, 20cm in macro Leica f2 8-4.9 3x zoom Focus auto, 10cm in macro Lens Pentax f2.6-4.8 3x zoom Focus Auto, manual,
macro mode Exposure modes Program AE, Scene macro mode Exposure modes AE, Aperture-priority, mode Exposure modes Program AE, scene modes Exposure modes Program AE, scene modes 6cm in Super macro mode Exposure modes Program
modes Metering Multi-pattern Monitor 2-inch Shutter-priority, Scene modes Metering DMulti- Metering Digital ESP, spot Monitor 1.5-inch 134,000 Metering Multi-pattern, spot Monitor 1.5-inch AE, 'scene' modes Metering Multi-pattern, centre-
85,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps segment, centre-weighted, spot Monitor 1.5-inch, pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps Flash 114,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV, 0.3EV weighted, spot Monitor 1.6-inch AE compensation
Flash Auto, on, off, red-eye Video output PAL or NTSC 110,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV Auto, on, off, red-eye, slow Video output PAL or NTSC increments Flash auto, on, off, slow red eye Movie +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps Flash Auto, on, off, red-eye
Movie recording 320 x 240 without sound Other steps Flash Auto, on, off, red-eye, Video output PAL Movie recording 320 x 240 at 15fps Other features recording 20 x 240 at 10fps Other features Voice Video output PAL or NTSC Movie recording Yes
features Cradle/camera dock Image storage 10MB or NTSC Movie recording 320 x 240 at 15fps with Splash-proof exterior Image storage xD-Picture Card memos in record and playback mode Image storage Other features Panorama Assist and 3D modes
internal, SD card slot Batteries Lithium-ion sound Other features Automatic Digital Subject Batteries Lithium-ion rechargeable, LI-10B Battery SD Batteries Lithium-ion, CGA-S001E Battery life Image storage 11MB internal, SD card slot Batteries
rechargeable, NP-20 Battery life 450 shots Program Selection Image storage SD Card Batteries life Not quoted AC adaptor Supplied Weight 165g 120/150 shots LCD AC adaptor Yes Weight 160g Lithium-ion rechargeable, D-L18 Battery life 160
(continuous snapshots) AC adaptor Yes Weight 126g 2x AA or CR-V3 Battery life 230/140 shots using CR- Dimensions 99mm(w) x 56mm(h) x 33.5mm(d) without battery or card Dimensions 104mm(w) x shots (LCD on) AC adaptor Supplied Weight 98g
(without battery or card) Dimensions 87mm(w) x V3/NiMH cells AC adaptor No Weight 185g Transfer USB Software Olympus Camedia Master 4.1 50.9mm(h) x 32.1mm(d) Transfer USB Software (without battery or card) Dimensions 83mm(w) x
57mm(h) x 22.9mm(d) Transfer USB Software Photo Dimensions 110mm(w)x52.5mm(h) x 32mm(d) OS Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac OS9.0 or later, Arcsoft Software Suite, SD viewer OS Windows 52mm(h) x 20mm(d) Transfer USB Software
Loader, Photo Hands OS OS: Windows 98/Me, 2000 Transfer USB Software DiMAGE Viewer OS Windows OSX 10.1 or later 98/Me, 2000, XP ACDSee, Photos on CD OS Windows 98/Me, 2000, XP,
or XP. Mac OS9, 0-9.2, OSX 10.1 98/Me, 2000, XP. Mac OS9.0-9.2.2, OSX 10.1.3, 10.2.1 Mac OS9.x, 10.1 or later

Features 84 1 FINAL SCORE Features 1 FINAL SCORE
93 Features 81 1 FINAL SCORE Features 80 1 FINAL SCORE Features 80 1 FINAL SCORE
86 % 1
92 % 1
90 % 1
86 % 1
89 %
Images 75 Images 89 Images 93 Images 84 Images 89
Build 92 1 Build 901 Build 94 1 Build 90 1 Build 96 1
Value 90 1 Value 1
95 Value 92 1 Value 88 1 Value 90 1

Buyers’ guide

£350 – £550
£350 | 4 megapixels £380 | 4 megapixels £400 | 5.1 megapixels £450 | 5 megapixels £450 | 5 megapixels TURN TO PAGE 42 FOR

With nice build quality, very good performance and In a word, design. It’s small, smooth, and A plain and simple camera that does exactly what It’s neat and nice to use, but it’s not exceptional. Everything about the FineCam S5 is modest: its
great photographic controls, the Digimax tops it all pocketable. It’s robust, practical and easy to use. it sets out to but it’ll need discounting to make it You can get the same performance and price and its dimensions, but also its feature set
off with remarkable value What’s more, it’s image quality is very good indeed more attractive that its premium-brand rivals capabilities elsewhere for less money and ultimate detail rendition
FULL REVIEW: issue 07 FULL REVIEW: issue 13 FULL REVIEW: issue 12 FULL REVIEW: issue 12 FULL REVIEW: issue 07
Sensor 4-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 4.1MP CCD Lens Sensor 4-megapixel, ?.5-inch 4.2MP CCD Sensor 5.1-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 5.3MP CCD Lens Sensor 5-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 5.3MP CCD Lens f2.8- Sensor 4.9-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 5.25MP CCD Lens
Schneider-Kreuznach Varioplan f2.8-5.0 3x lens Focus Lens Olympus f3.1-5.2 3x lens Focus Auto, 20cm in Pentax f2.6-4.8 3x zoom Focus Auto, 14cm in macro 5.6 3x zoom Focus Auto, manual, 10cm in macro Kyocera f2.8-4.8 3x zoom lens Focus Auto, manual,
Auto, manual, 6cm in macro mode Exposure modes macro mode Exposure modes Program AE, scene mode Exposure modes Program AE, aperture-priority mode Exposure modes Program AE, Scene modes 12cm in macro mode Exposure modes Program AE,
Program AE, aperture-priority, shutter-priority, manual, modes Metering Digital ESP, (multi-pattern), spot Metering Centre-weighted, spot Monitor 1.6-inch, Metering Multi-pattern, spot Monitor 1.5-inch, aperture-priority, long exposure Metering Evaluative,
'My Set', night scene, portrait Metering Multi-pattern, Monitor 1.5-inch 134,000 pixels AE compensation 85,000 pixels AE compensation +/-3EV in 0.5EV 123,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV centre-weighted, spot Monitor 1.6-inch 85,000 pixels
spot Monitor 1.5-inch 117,000 pixels AE +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps Flash Auto, on, off, red-eye, steps Flash Auto, on, off, slow flash, red-eye Video steps Flash Auto, on, off, slow flash, red-eye Video AE compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV increments Flash
compensation +/-2EV in 0.5EV steps Flash Auto, on, slow Video output PAL or NTSC Movie recording 320 output Via optional docking station Movie recording output PAL or NTSC Movie recording 640 x 480 at Auto, on, off, fill, night flash, red-eye Video output
off, slow, fill-flash, red-eye Video output PAL or NTSC x 240 at 15fps Other features 2 in 1 and panoramic with sound (duration depends on card capacity) 16fps with audio Other features Optional 3:2 aspect PAL or NTSC Movie recording 320 x 240 with sound
Movie recording 288 x 208 at 24fps with sound modes Image storage xD-Picture Card Batteries Other features Optional docking station Image ratio Image storage Memory Stick Batteries Lithium- Other features ‘Day-Fine’ LCD, customisable startup
Other features Voice annotations Image storage SD Lithium-ion rechargeable, LI-10B Battery life Not storage SD card Batteries 2x AA AC adaptor No ion rechargeable, NP-FC11 AC adaptor Yes Weight screen Image storage SD card Batteries Lithium-ion
card Batteries 2x AA or CR-V3 Battery life 280 shots quoted AC adaptor Yes Weight 165g (without Weight 230g (without battery or card) Dimensions 206g (including battery or card) Dimensions rechargeable Battery life 160/200 shots (monitor
AC adaptor No Weight 165g Dimensions battery or card) Dimensions 99mm(w) x 56mm(h) x 97mm(w) x 45mm(h) x 67mm(d) Transfer USB 108mm(w) x 51.5mm(h) x 35.8mm(d) Transfer USB on/off) AC adaptor Supplied Weight 165g
105.5mm(w) x 54.6mm(h) x 38mm(d) Transfer USB 33.5mm(d) Transfer USB Software Olympus Software HP Photo & Imaging software, Memories Software Pixela Image Mixer OS Windows 98/Me, Dimensions 92mm(w) x 57.5mm(h) x 33mm(d)
Software MGI PhotoSuite, DigiMax Viewer 2.0 OS Camedia Master 4.1 OS Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Disc OS Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac OS9.1, OSX 2000 or XP. Mac OS 8.5.1, 8.6, 9.0, 9.1, 9.2 Transfer USB Software ImageMixer v1 OS
Windows 98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac OS 9.x or later Mac OS9.0 or higher, OSX 10.1 10.1.5 or later Win98SE/Me, 2000, XP; Mac OS 8.6 or later

Features 80 1 FINAL SCORE Features 78 1 FINAL SCORE Features 72 1 FINAL SCORE Features 78 1 FINAL SCORE Features 75 1 FINAL SCORE
88 % 1
88 % 1
78 % 1
79 % 1
82 %
Images 86 Images 90 Images 87 Images 80 Images 80

Build 83 1 Build 1
96 Build 78 1 Build 84 1 Build 80 1

Value 96 1 Value 86 1 Value 75 1 Value 75 1 Value 941

£499 | 5 megapixels £500 | 6 megapixels £500 | 5 megapixels £550 | 5 megapixels £550 | 5 megapixels | TURN TO PAGE 38 FOR

The PowerShot S50 might be compact, but it’s so A good revamp of an excellent camera – great A good camera but its design and handling make Good value in terms of features and its 5x optical
sophisticated it’s hard to imagine what else could The extended dynamic range isn’t this camera’s
value too, especially with the bundled 64MB SD it more fiddly to use than it should be. Its rivals zoom is tempting but its design and handling
be included. Images are crisp, sharp and colourful only merit. It’s also an extremely well-made,
card. Advanced controls can be slightly fiddly are just too good in comparison don’t match up to that of its closest rivals
well-designed camera that’s a pleasure to use
FULL REVIEW: issue 07 FULL REVIEW: issue 06 FULL REVIEW: issue 12 FULL REVIEW: issue 10
Sensor 5-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 5MP CCD Lens Canon FULL REVIEW: issue 13
Sensor 5.3-megapixel 1/1.8-inch CCD Lens Minolta Sensor 5-megapixel, 1/1.8-inch 5.3MP CCD Lens Carl Sensor 5-megapixel 1/1.8-inch 5.3MP CCD Lens
f2.8-4.9 3x zoom Focus Auto, manual, 10cm in macro Sensor 6-megapixel, 1/1.7-inch 6.2MP SuperCCD SR
GT f2.8-4.7, 3x optical zoom Focus auto, manual, Zeiss Vario Sonnar f2.8-4.0 4x zoom Focus Auto, Pentax f2 8-4.6 5x zoom Focus auto, manual, 15cm
mode Exposure modes Program AE, aperture- Lens Super EBC Fujinon f2.8 3x zoom Focus Auto, 9cm
macro Exposure modes Programmed AE, shutter manual, 10cm in macro mode Exposure modes macro, 2cm super macro mode Exposure modes
priority, shutter-priority, manual, ‘scene’ modes in macro mode Exposure modes Program AE,
priority, aperture priority, manual Metering 256 Program AE, aperture-priority, shutter-priority, manual, Programmed AE, aperture priority, shutter priority,
Metering Evaluative, centre-weighted, spot Monitor aperture-priority, shutter priority, manual, scene modes
multi-segment, centre-weighted, spot Monitor scene modes Metering Multi-pattern, spot Monitor manual, Scene modes Metering Multi-segment,
1.8-inch 118,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in Metering Multi-pattern, average, spot Monitor 1.8-inch,
1.5inch 110,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV, 1.5-inch, 123,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in centre-weighted, spot Monitor 1.5-inch AE
0.3EV steps Flash Auto, on, off, slow, slow 2nd curtain, 134,000 pixels AE compensation +/-2EV in 0.3EV steps
0.3EV increments Flash auto, red-eye, slow, on, off 0.3EV steps Flash Auto, on, off, slow flash, red-eye compensation +/-2EV, 0.3EV steps Flash auto, on, off,
red-eye Video output PAL or NTSC Movie recording Flash Auto, on, off, slow flash, red-eye Video output
Video output PAL/NTSC Movie recording 320 x 240 Video output PAL or NTSC Movie recording 640 x 480 red-eye Video output PAL/NTSC Movie recording
320 x 240 at 15fps with sound Other features PAL or NTSC Movie recording 640 x 480 at 30fps with
at 15 fps with sound Other features automatic at 16fps with sound Other features NightFraming/ 320 x 420 with sound Other features Panoramic and
Panoramic mode Image storage CompactFlash sound Image storage xD-Picture Card Batteries Lithium
digital subject program selection Image storage SD NightShot infrared Image storage Memory Stick 3D modes Image storage SD card slot Batteries
Batteries Lithium-ion rechargeable, NB-2L AC ion rechargeable (NP 40) Battery life 135/270 shots
Batteries 2x AA AC adaptor not supplied Weight Batteries Lithium-ion rechargeable, NP-FC11 AC Lithium-ion rechargeable D-L17 AC adaptor Yes
adaptor Supplied Weight 260g Dimensions LCD on/off AC adaptor Yes Weight 170g (without
185g Dimensions 110mm(w) x 52.5mm(h) x adaptor Yes Weight 298g (inc. battery and card) Weight 205g (without battery and card) Dimensions
112mm(w) x 42mm(h) x 58mm(d) Transfer USB battery or card) Dimensions 108mm(w) x 54mm(h)
32.5mm(d) Transfer USB Software Minolta DiMAGE Dimensions 99mm(w) x 65.2mm(h) x 56.9mm(d) 100mm(w) x 59mm(h) x 39.5mm(d) Transfer USB
Software ImageBrowser EX, PhotoRecord, PhotoStitch x 28mm(d) Transfer USB Software FinePix Viewer,
viewer OS Windows98, Me, 2000, XP. Mac OS8.6- Transfer USB Software Pixela Image Mixer OS Software ACDSee, ACD Photostitcher, Photos on CD
OS Win98/Me/2000 Mac OS 9.0, OSX 10.1 or 10.2 ImageMixer VCD, RAW File Converter LE OS Windows
9.2.2, OS X 10.1.3 or higher Windows 98/Me, 2000, XP. Mac OS 8.5.1, 9.0, 9.1, 9.2 OS Windows 98, Me, 2000, XP, Mac OS 8.6 or later
98/Me, 2000 or XP. Mac S8.6-9.0, OSX

Features 90 1 FINAL SCORE Features 1 FINAL SCORE
95 Features 90 1 FINAL SCORE Features 90 1 FINAL SCORE Features 90 1 FINAL SCORE
88 % 93 1

87 % 1
86 % 1
82 %
93 90 89 82
Images % Images Images Images
Build 87 1 Build 95 1 Build 81 1 Build 83 1 Build 81 1
Value 81 1 Value 89 1 Value 88 1 Value 80 1 Value 7