You are on page 1of 5

Dutch cuisine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.


Dutch cuisine
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dutch cuisine is shaped by the agricultural produce and history of the
Life in the Netherlands
Netherlands. It is characterized by its somewhat limited diversity in dishes, the
high consumption of vegetables when compared to the consumption of meat,
and the wholesomeness of the dishes.
Contents Economy
1 History Holidays
2 Agricultural products Languages
3 Indonesian influence Law
4 Bread and cheese Law enforcement
5 Coffee and tea Media
6 Dinner Music
7 Alcoholic drinks Politics
8 Special occasions Religion
9 Fast food Sport
10 Footnotes Taxation
11 External links Transport
Specific policies:
History Drug policy
The modest and plain outlook of what is nowadays considered as traditional Prostitution
Same-sex marriage
Dutch cuisine appears to be the result of a fairly recent development. From the
17th century onward, the dishes of the wealthy consisted of a rich variety of
fruits, cheeses, meat, wine and nuts. The national cuisine became greatly impoverished when, at the turn of the
20th century, ever greater numbers of girls were sent to a new school type, the Huishoudschool, where young
women were trained to become domestic servants, and where lessons in cooking cheap and simple meals were a
major part of the curriculum. [1][2]

Agricultural products
Dutch agriculture roughly consists of five sectors: fishery, animal husbandry, tillage-based, fruit-based, and
greenhouse-based agriculture. The last has had little or no influence on traditional Dutch eating habits.

Tillage-based crops include: potatoes, beetroot, green beans, carrots, celeriac, onions, cabbage, Brussels
sprouts, cauliflower, endive, spinach, Belgian endive, and lettuce. Recently some initiatives have been
started to encourage interest in such "forgotten" vegetables as common purslane, medlars, parsnips, and
black salsify.

Greenhouses are used to produce tomatoes, lettuce, cucumbers, and sweet peppers.

1 of 5 1/2/2008 6:22 AM

local Chinese takeaway restaurants in the Netherlands also have considerable Indonesian influences. Café au lait is also frequently drunk. and plums. often made with milk as well as water. Coffee and tea The Dutch drink coffee and tea throughout the day. anijsmelk (hot milk with aniseed) and the very popular hot chocolate or chocolate milk .wikipedia. 2 of 5 1/2/2008 6:22 AM . became part of Dutch cuisine. treacle (stroop). chickens for their eggs and for meat. Because of this. cherries. The Dutch keep cows both for milk and for their meat. As well as cheese. Famous examples of this are cheeses with cloves (usually the Frisian nagelkaas). Hence many traditional Dutch dishes are (heavily) flavoured with Southeast Asian herbs and spices. A typically Dutch way of making cheese is to blend in herbs or spices during the first stages of the production process. sole. eels. the free encyclopedia http://en. and pigs for their meat. and sardines. rice with chicken or pork. and uierboord. mussels. and peanut butter (pindakaas). Dutch bread tends to be very airy. White bread used to be the luxury bread. Other hot drinks include kwast (hot water with lemon juice). From the 1970s onward Dutch bread became predominantly whole grain. Dutch people invite friends over for "koffietijd" (coffee time). the Dutch also use meat products and sweet spreads on their bread: typically sprinkles (hagelslag). made from cows' udders. Regionally popular hearty meats include blood sausage (bloedworst). plaice. Edamm. Willem Drees. which consists of coffee and cake or a biscuit. tuna. often served with a single biscuit. A Frisian luxury version of white bread is sugarbread. leading many restaurants to style themselves "Chinese-Indonesian". dried sausage. Rye bread is one of the few dense breads of the Netherlands. pears. Bread and cheese The Dutch are famous for their dairy products and especially for their (cow's milk) cheeses. Famous Dutch cheeses include Gouda. Fruits include apples. The fishery sector lands cod. salmon. mackerel. cumin and caraway (most famously Leyden cheese). Later Indonesian dishes such as nasi goreng. there has been a considerable Asian influence on Dutch cuisine. who thereupon became convinced that the money from the Marshall Plan was being well-spent. as it is made from yeast dough.Dutch cuisine . It is called koffie verkeerd (literally "wrong-way-round-coffee") and consists of half-and-half black coffee and hot milk. The vast majority of Dutch cheeses are semi-hard or hard cheeses. served this (coffee and one biscuit) to a visiting American diplomat. white bread with large lumps of sugar mixed with the dough. or nettles. From the 16th century onwards all sorts of spices mainly from the Dutch Indies were introduced into Dutch cuisine.Wikipedia. Indonesian influence Because of the Dutch colonial past. herring. shrimp. A popular Dutch story (that has never been confirmed) says that in the late 1940s the wife of the then Prime minister. with additional seeds such as sunflower or pumpkin seeds often mixed with the dough for taste. Leyden. oysters. Dutch thrift led to the famous standard rule of only one cookie with each cup of coffee. it has been suggested that the reasons for this can be found in the commercial mentality and Protestant upbringing.

Regular spices used in stews of this kind may be bayleaves. Before potatoes were used in Europe hutspot was made from parsnips. Broeder. made from old bread. 3 of 5 1/2/2008 6:22 AM . blinde vink.Dutch cuisine . Rijstebrij (rice pudding). The Dutch make them in several forms. juniper berries. minced meat wrapped in bacon. made from potatoes. Dinner Dinner. according to legend. Boerenkoolstamppot. onions and carrots served with slow-cooked meat or bacon.wikipedia. is butter en eek. and Watergruwel. The classical Dutch dinner consists of one simple course: traditionally potatoes. served with diced fried speck. The gravy in which the meat is produced is also eaten. is also eaten for dinner. and rookworst (smoked sausage). Karnemelksepap. kale mixed with potatoes. mustard. Hangop. pudding. left a pot of this stew behind in their abandoned trenches when the town of Leiden. Mexican enchiladas. Wentelteefjes )French toast are similar. the free encyclopedia http://en. Dinner can also consist of pancakes.Wikipedia. eaten around the IJsselmeer. If a dish consists of beans/potatoes. these vegetables are sometimes served as a stew. or yoghurt. raisins or slices of pineapple are used to give a stamppot an exotic touch. The final course is a sweet dessert: traditionally yoghurt with some sugar or vla (cooked milk with custard). Strong liquors include Jenever (gin) and Brandewijn (brandy). meat and vegetables. Famous stamppotten include: Hutspot. was liberated in 1574 – so that hutspot was one of the first foods its starving inhabitants found. grutjespap. boiled potatoes and green apples. If there is a starter. Some classical typical Dutch dishes include stamppot (Dutch stew) and pea soup. but there are many brands of beer (mainly lager) and strong alcoholic liquor. A variant of this. with vegetables and meat and gravy. including poffertjes (miniature pancakes) and spekdik (a Northern variant with bacon). Meat products include gehaktballen meatballs. sauerkraut mashed with potatoes. mainly in West Friesland. a type of liverwurst and meatloaf. Stamppot rauwe andijvie. griesmeelpudding. served with "stroop" (syrup) or tossed with diced speck Zuurkoolstamppot. who. Served with fried bacon or a sausage. Desserts often include vla. Hete bliksem. or a stew wherein potatoes and vegetables have been mixed. including zure zult or stewed pears (stoofperen). which they had been besieging. Swiss cheese fondue are commonly encountered on the Dutch dinner table and on the menus of local restaurants. cloves. served with gravy. Also a variety of bitters where Beerenburg is the most famous. Regional variants include broodpap. it is usually soup. Kraamanijs (a liquor made from aniseed). but also kandeel (made from white wine).org/wiki/Dutch_cuisine and is served between 10 and 11 a. starts at about 5 o'clock in the evening. This is a legacy of the Spanish invaders. Sometimes curry powder. carrots. Jan in de zak. Stews are often served with mixed pickle. Haagse bluf. like "rode kool met appeltjes" (red cabbage with apples). and vinegar. or "rode bieten" (red beets). Amalgams of foreign dishes such as Italian pastas. Krentjebrij. Today the meal is often heavily influenced by foreign cuisine. (before lunch). and onions. The most famous Dutch beer producers are Heineken in the west and Grolsch in the east. raw endive mashed through hot potatoes. where vinegar is added to the gravy. traditionally served early by international standards.m. Indonesian meat and rice dishes. balkenbrij. Alcoholic drinks Traditionally wine has received a modest role in Dutch cuisine. a type of cake.

most famously speciaal (special): mayonnaise. they include pepernoten (gingernut-like biscuits but made with cinnamon.Dutch cuisine . Nonnevotten. salmiak (salmiakdrop). cloves and nutmeg mix of spices). Special pastries are made and are distributed by his aide Zwarte Piet. Janhagel. apricots in brandewijn. borstplaat (discs of fondant). raisins in brandewijn. On birthdays all kinds of cakes and cookies are eaten. a very popular and several types of spiced cookies: taai-taai. Dutch houses smell of the piping hot oil used to prepare oliebollen. filled with glacé fruits. oblongs and coins. mint (muntdrop). peperkoek (gingerbread). peanut sauce or piccalilli. speculaas and Dutch cake kruidnoten. Knieperties. pieces of apple and raisins and sultanas. Bitterkoekjes. marzipan. etc. while others can be ketchup or spiced ketchup. Typical shapes are lozenges. with (spiced) ketchup and chopped onions. Krakeling. cream cake. gevulde koek (cookies filled with almond meal). Boerenjongens. A famous Dutch sweet is drop (liquorice). Ketelkoek. pastries are eaten. The Dutch festival of Sinterklaas (dedicated to Saint Nicolas) is held on the 5 December. including appeltaart {apple pie). are served with powdered sugar and are a special treat for New Year's Eve. which is served on festivities surrounding the royal family). ovals. These yeast dough balls. or laurel (laurierdrop). Oranjebitter (a type of orange brandy. appelflappen and appelbeignets (battered apple rings) in deep-fat fryers. Year's Eve. Whipped cream cake. Tompouce. Trommelkoek. honey (honingdrop). Groninger Oliebollen. Some manufacturers have introduced speciality ranges where the drop is made in thematic shapes. a Dutch pastry eaten on New koek. Rijstekoek. Spekkoek (from Indonesia). where they are now known in a slightly different form as doughnuts. Kindermanstik.Wikipedia. Krentenwegge. Fryske dumkes. When a baby is born in a family. pepper. the young parents traditionally serve their guests beschuit met muisjes (Dutch rusk covered with sugared aniseed). Sometimes the fries are served with combinations of sauces. A Dutch fast-food meal often consists of a portion of french fries (called friet or patat) with a sauce and a meat product. Drop can be either sweet or salty (or very salty). Sprits. letters made from chocolate. farm animals and farm machine rys (boerderijdrop). The Dutch also took their oliebollen to America. the free encyclopedia http://en. Ouwewijvenkoek.wikipedia. and oorlog (literally "war"): mayonnaise and peanut sauce (sometimes also with ketchup and 4 of 5 1/2/2008 6:22 AM . such as cars (autodrop). Honeycombs for honeydrop are also familiar. Special occasions On special occasions. It is sometimes flavoured with coconut fondant (Engelse drop or English drop). The most common sauce to accompany French fries is mayonnaise. Dutch drop is sold in a large variety of shapes and forms. dikke koek. made from almond meal On New Year's Eve. Bossche bol. Kletskop and Stroopwafel. banketstaaf. Kruidkoek. Fast food The Dutch have their own types of fast food. Limburgse vlaai. Boerenmeisjes.

cp-pc. a U. 5 of 5 1/2/2008 6:22 AM . is often served with mustard as a snack in bars and at official receptions.. Inc. Regional snacks include eierbal (a combination of egg and ragout) in the North and East. ^ http://www. This includes raw herring. the free encyclopedia chopped onions).wikipedia. Other regular fish snack are kibbeling (deep-fried nugget-sized chunks of cod). (See Copyrights for details. ^ http://www. which is sold in markets and eaten (often with chopped onions).) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. a sausage baked in bread. and Brabants worstenbrood.shtml) Eating the Dutch way (http://www.thehollandring.html) Retrieved from "http://en. All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. the bitterbal. and the kroket (deep fried meat ragout covered in breadcrumbs).S.htm 2. this includes the frikandel (a deep fried skinless minced meat sausage).Dutch cuisine . A smaller version of the kroket. 30 December 2007.wereldexpat. and eating it or (less messily) on a bun.Wikipedia. smoked eel. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit charity. Other snacks are the Indonesian-inspired bamihap (deep-fried mee goreng in breadcrumbs) and nasibal (deep-fried nasi goreng in breadcrumbs). The meat product is usually a deep fried snack. by lifting the herring high in the air by its tail. and rollmops. Footnotes External links Dutch food and eating habits ( Another kind of fast food is" Categories: Dutch cuisine | Dutch culture This page was last modified 20:04.