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Civil War and Reconstruction Exam

______1. The Compromise of 1820 established
A. only Georgia could sell cotton that year C. new territories only had 1/2 a vote
B. a geographic line between slave territories. D. the end of slavery in the United States.

______2. Most white southerners were
A. planter aristocrats C. non-slave-owning subsistence farmers
B. small slave owners D. industrial workers

______3. The Compromise of 1850 established _________________ as a free state.
A. Missouri C. Kentucky
B. West Virginia D. California

______4. The Underground Railroad was
A. a system to help escaped slaves C. the Confederate secret underground tunnels
B. New York's railway D. The political party in North Carolina

______5. The Fugitive Slave Law said that
A. slaves arriving in Canada were free C. runaway slaves were punished with slavery for life
B. it was a crime to help a runaway slave D. once slaves fled the Plantation they were

______5. Dred Scot vs. Sanford decided
A. abolitionists can protest freely C. Kansas' slave issue was based on popular
B. slaves are not citizens D. Uncle Tom's Cabin could be sold in the

______6. What action immediately followed Lincoln’s election as president?
A. eleven southern states seceded C. South Carolina used it as an excuse to
B. Fort Sumter was fired upon D. volunteers arrived in Washington, D.C. to escort

______7. Arrange these events in the proper time order:
A) Lincoln’s election, B) Harpers Ferry, C) Gettysburg, D) siege of Petersburg, E) SC’s secession

A. B,C,D,E,A C. A,B,E,D,C
B. B,A,E,C,D D. B,E,A,C,D

______8. Lincoln believed that secession was
A. unconstitutional C. an issue for popular sovereignty
B. a matter to be decided by the courts D. legal if put to a popular vote

______9. Match the candidate with his party in the 1860 election.
A. Lincoln 1. Northern Democrats
B. Douglas 2. Republican
C. Breckenridge 3. Constitutional Unionists
D. Bell 4. Southern Democrats

A. A – 2, B – 1, C – 4, D – 3
B. A – 2, B – 3, C – 4, D – 1
C. A – 1, B – 4, C – 2, D – 3
D. A – 2, B – 1, C – 3, D – 4
______ 10. Who fired the first shots of the Civil War?
A. United States army B. Confederate States army

______11. Who was chosen as president of the new Confederate States of America?
A. Robert E. Lee C. William Seward
B. Stephen Douglas D. Jefferson Davis

______12. The greatest weakness of the South during the Civil War was its
A. military leadership C. industrial development
B. slave population D. homefront support

______13. The North’s greatest strength in the Civil War was its
A. economy C. high morale
B. military leadership D. transportation system

______14. How could one avoid the draft in the Civil War?
A. pay a set fee or hire a substitute C. pay a bounty
B. sign a writ of habeas corpus D. serve in a non-combatant post

Match the loyalties:

______15. Missouri A. Union

______16. Virginia B. Confederacy

______17. Massachusetts C. Border

Match by order of secession:

______18. South Carolina A. first to secede

______19. North Carolina B. pre-Ft. Sumter

______20. Florida C. post-Ft. Sumter

Match by war strategies:

______21. break the blockade
A. Union
______22. establish a coastal blockade

______23. bring England into the war B. Confederate

______24. capture the Mississippi River

______25. To what does this quote refer?
“It is well that war is so terrible or we should grow too fond of it.”
A. Lee on the outstanding performance of the Confederates
B. Lincoln on the success of the Union army at Fredericksburg
C. Grant after the victory at Gettysburg
D. A 16-Game NFL season.
______26. Who won the battle between the boats listed below?
A. Neither…it was a draw C. Monitor
B. Merrimac D. Hunley

______27. The goal of the Confederate northern invasion was
A. to conquer a Union state to use to bargain with Lincoln
B. to recruit soldiers for the southern cause or to impress neutrals for southern service
C. to forage for supplies and give Virginia a chance to harvest fall crops
D. to create panic by blowing up a railroad bridge thereby putting pressure on Lincoln
to negotiate

______28. The last great infantry charge of history took place on the third day of Gettysburg. What was
it called?
A. Breckenridge’s Charge C. Cold Harbor Charge
B. Pickett’s Charge D. Assault on Missionary Ridge

______29. A parole in the prisoner of war system in the Civil War era was
A. a pardon for partisan activities C. a return to active duty
B. oath not to fight until exchanged D. terms of surrender

______30. The commander of the March to the Sea was
A. Sherman C. Grant
B. Stonewall Jackson D. Lee

______31. The war came to an end for Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia at
A. Amelia Courthouse C. Uncle Tom's Cabin
B. Bentonville D. Appomattox Courthouse

______33. Under Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction states would be readmitted when
A. 10% of the state population gave a loyalty oath
B. Jefferson Davis must publicly apologize to the Senate
C. the state gave 40 acres and a mule to each former slave
D. Union military forces had bases in the state capital

______34. Under the Radical plan for Reconstruction stated that
A. 45% of the state population must give a loyalty oath
B. no former Confederate leaders could hold office
C. restituion must be paid for all battle costs of the war
D. Confederate Generals had to serve 20 year prison terms

______35. Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by ___________________ at the _____________________.
A. John Wilkes Booth, White House lawn
B. Charles Sumner, Cemetery Ridge
C. John Wilkes Booth, Ford Theater
D. Stephen Douglas, US Senate

______36. The "Restoration Amendments" are
A. 12th, 13th, 14th B. 13th, 14th, 15th
C. 16th, 17th, 18th D. 14th, 15th, 16th
______37. The term Southerners gave Northerners who moved to the South was'

A. Scalawag B. Jim Crow
C. Free-Soiler D. Carpetbagger

______38. The image above was designed to

A. gain support for the Freedman's Bureau
B. serve as an anti-Lincoln propaganda
C. post help wanted ads for unemployed ex-slaves
D. condemn the Freedman's Bureau

______39. The Black Codes were

A. messages for runaway slaves
B. laws passes to limit the civil rights of African-Americans in the South
C. ways of assisting African Americans know how to vote
D. a secret language for African Americans to speak

______40. This President was impeached

A. Jefferson Davis B. Andrew Johnson
C. Ulysses S. Grant D. Rutherford B. Hayes

______41. A _______________ gives a percentage of their harvest to pay for the land

A. Tenent Farmer B. Free-Soiler
C. Sharecropper D. Freedman

______42. Ulysses S. Grant's Presidency was known as one of the most honest in history
A. True B. False

______43 The Compromise of 1877 gave the election to the Republican Hayes if

A. Grant resigned B. Northern troops are removed from the South
C. Sharecropping was declared legal D. a Democrat was made Vice-President

______44. Segregation in the South

A. decreased dramatically with Black Codes
B. increased after the Compromise of 1877
C. was declared illegal by the 15th Amendment
D. decreased after the Compromise of 1877

______45. The Southern economy emerged stronger than before the Civil War.

A. True B. False