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Mapua Institute of Technology
1st Place - June 2006 Architect Board Ea!ination
10th Place - March 200" Master Plu!#er Board Ea!ination

$o you are a#out to ta%e the #oard ea!& 'er(ous) *ou should #e& A fe+ !onths #efore I too%
!ine, I ha(e eperienced +hat e(ery #oard ea!inee goes through& -neplaina#le ner(ousness&
Butteflies in the sto!ach& .atatonic loo%s& A! I ready)

/or one thing, it0s #etter to #e ner(ous '12 than to feel your s+eat dripping and your (eins
popping 1' T3E 4A* 1/ T3E E5AM itself& I!agine yourself staring #lan%ly at those test
6uestionnaires& 78 !inutes ha(e past& *ou are already at 6uestion nu!#er 91, yet your ans+er
sheet re!ains #lan% - a co!plete !ental #lac%out& *our !ind then +anders& As you loo% along
the +alls of the 6uiet classroo!, you re!inisce your days in college& 3o+ you +ish you
re!e!#ered +hat that professor had taught you& *ou ga:e up the ceiling and +onder a#out the
future of your career, hanging in the #alance, through these test 6uestions you are holding right
no+& *ou inhale deeply and pour out a sigh of air& *ou pray for luc%, hoping the net 6uestion
+ould #e so!ething that you ha(e read in your 1-+ee% re(ie+& *ou turn the net page& Ts%&
2here in ;od0s na!e did they get all these 6uestions)))

Mi< ni< !i<ni< !ai< ni< !u&

This is a typical story of +hat could go through a !ind of a #oard ea!inee& A #oard ea!inee
+ho did not prepare, relied on luc%, and had no idea ho+ to go a#out ans+ering the #oard ea!
Than%fully, that did not happen to !e& 2hen I too% the Board Ea!s for Architects in June 2006
and for Master Plu!#ers in March 200", !y confidence +as s%y-high& All #ecause I +as
prepared& This leads !e to a conclusion, =Talo n preparado an !a"al#no&>

$o for al!ost 12 !onths no+, I ha(e #een sharing to others through se!inars, lectures and
infor!al discussions, ho+ I prepared for the #oard ea!ination& Allo+ !e to share +ith you
so!e tips and tric%s #ased on !y o+n eperience that can help you prepare for your o+n re(ie+&

The first and !ost i!portant tip that I +ould gi(e you is $ET *1-? ;1A@& 2hether you Aust
+ant to pass and get a license, or !ay#e land a place a!ong the top 10, or pro#a#ly get a grade
of B0C on the !ost dreaded su#Aect, it helps if you ha(e a direction& The !ore specific your goal
is the #etter& Try to +rite it on paper and feel co!!itted to it& Mine +as to top the #oard ea!s -
and I did&

'o+ in order for you to +or% on that goal, you !ust ha(e the ?I;3T M1TIDATI1'& This is the
second and e6ually i!portant tip& *our !oti(ation is your dri(e in achie(ing your goal& It could
#e anything fro! a person that inspires you Ean idol or a lo(ed oneF to a !aterial pro!ise Eli%e an
all-epense out-of-the-country trip or a #rand ne+ carF& It0s up to youG -se this to %eep you going
e(eryday& -se this to get you up early in the !orning +hen you nor!ally +a%e up late& 2hen
you are !oti(ated, you feel li%e you can do anything& This gi(es you a psychological ad(antage&

The #oard ea!ination, Aust li%e any other sport or co!petition, is all a#out ho+ you prepare for
a fight& It is all a#out setting your !ind, #ody, and e!otions straight #efore the !ain e(ent&
4uring the preparations, you are your o+n ene!y& The less you %no+ a#out yourself, the harder
it is to succeed in this underta%ing& That is +hy you ha(e to train hard& 2hat you do to your ti!e
is all up to you& *ou could sit #ac% and rela if you +ant, #ut %eep in !ind, all the others !ight
ha(e already gone far ahead in their re(ie+s +hile you are still sitting pretty +aiting for that
right !o!ent&

Ti!e is one of the !ost critical resources in your entire preparation& 1nce ti!e goes #y, it can
ne(er #e #rought #ac%& $o spea%ing of ti!e, the first 6uestion you ha(e to as% yourself isH
=23E' AM I ;1I'; T1 TAIE T3E E5AM)> It !ay sound si!ple #ut #elie(e !e, this
si!ple 6uestion +ill deter!ine ho+ !uch etraordinary effort you !ay ha(e to eert throughout
the rest of your re(ie+& I %no+ so!e people +ho spent 7 !onths studying, payed a lot of !oney
for their re(ie+ classes, only to #ac% out 9 +ee%s #efore the ea!& /or so!e uneplaina#le
reason, they found the!sel(es not yet ready and +ould Aust opt to ta%e the net #oard ea!,
+hich is scheduled 6 !onths or 1 year later& 'o+ that0s a lot of ti!e gap until the net ea!&
*ou +ould easily forget !ost of the topics discussed in the re(ie+ center and you +ould #e
forced to ta%e refresher courses again later on& If they +ere unsure, they should ha(e not enrolled
i!!ediately& It0s a +aste of ti!e and a +aste of !oney& In !y opinion, the only logical
eplanation for their #ac%ing out is that they +ere half-hearted +ith their re(ie+& *ou %no+, once
you ha(e decided that you are going to ta%e the #oard J go full-forceG As the saying goes, =Todo
'a KToG>& 'e(er e(er #e half-hearted& That0s +hy the sooner you decide, the #etter your chances
of !a%ing the !ost out of your ti!e& In !y case, I decided to ta%e the June 2006 Board Ea! for
Architects as early as 'o(e!#er 2008& I had L !onths preparation&

.o!pleting the Professional ?egulation .o!!ission EP?.F re6uire!ents for filing a #oard
ea! application is a total hassle& *ou are luc%y if you don0t encounter any pro#le!s here and
there& 4epending on the #oard ea! you are going to ta%e, the P?. re6uires certain docu!ents
you ha(e to su#!it to their office E+hich is located in MoraytaF #efore a certain deadline Eusually
9 +ee%s #efore your ea!ination dateF& .hec% the P?. +e#site for the re6uired docu!ents&

$u#!it the re6uire!ents A$AP& 4on0t cra!& ;etting all the docu!ents consu!es a @1T of ti!e
Eand !oneyF& /iling for a #oard ea! application should #e the least of your pro#le!s once you
are already studying for the #oard ea!& *ou don0t +ant this to interfere +ith your study
schedule& I!agine yourself already 7 !onths deep in your re(ie+, and in the #ac% of your !ind,
you are still +orrying if you going to #eat the deadline for application #ecause you ha(en0t got
your docu!ents yet& Belie(e !e, it +ould ta%e 2EEI$ to co!plete the re6uire!ents, +hat +ith
all the red tape in(ol(ed& The diplo!a and transcript of records usually ta%es 2 +ee%s !ini!u!&
'BI clearance can #e fro! 1 to 9 days& '$1-issued #irth certificates can ta%e 1 day to 1 +ee%
Edepending +here you +ere #ornF& And epect long line in the P?. #uilding +hen applying& It0s
not a #ree:e& *ou +ill ha(e to go fro! one place to another to #uy !etered docu!entary sta!ps,
ta%e a picture, pay the cashier, etc& By the ti!e you are finished, epect yourself to #e all tired
and s+eaty&

*ou should %no+ +hat su#Aects you are to tac%le in your re(ie+& The P?. #oard usually issues a
curriculu! sho+ing the co(erage of the ea!ination& *ou ha(e to %no+ ho+ !any days the
ea! is and +hat su#Aects +ould #e ta%en in +hich days& /or ea!ple, the Architects #oard
ea! is scheduled for 9 days& /or 4ay 1H +e ha(e the su#Aects 3istory and Theory of
Architecture, Principles of Planning, and Architectural Practice& But these su#Aects are
co!pressed into one ea! only& It is a 128-ite! ea! that starts LH00a! to 8H00p!& -nli%e the
su#Aects in the first day, 4ay 2 is di(ided into three ea!s for each three su#Aects& The 1st ea!
is Building -tilities, a 100-ite! ea! that starts LH00a! to 12H00nn& The 2nd ea! is $tructural
4esign, a 70-ite! ea! that starts 1H00p! to 2H18p!& The 9rd ea! is Building Materials and
Methods of .onstruction, a 60-ite! ea! that starts 2H90p! to 8H00p!& /or 4ay 9H +e ha(e the
su#Aect Architectural 4esign and $ite Planning, a dra+ing-type ea! that starts LH00a! to
8H00p!& ;i(en all these data, I %ne+ ho+ to #alance !y ti!e and create so!e strategies in
ans+ering co!e ea! day& I %ne+ I ha(e less than 8 !inutes to ans+er one 6uestion in 4ay 1&
/or 4ay 2, it #eco!es tighter +ith a little a#o(e 2 !inutes per 6uestion&

But going #ac% to your re(ie+, you should deter!ine +hich su#Aects co(ered #y the ea! are
you !ost co!forta#le +ith and +hich su#Aects are you ha(ing pro#le!s +ith& It0s a good strategy
to study your fa(orite su#Aects first& These su#Aects are usually the ones you are really interested
in& The idea is to get you =in the :one>& Thin% of yourself as a car that needs a Au!p start& 1nce
you get going on one su#Aect, then that0s the ti!e you a#sor# the other su#Aects along the +ay&

The %ey to a successful #oard ea! preparation is %no+ing one0s self& /ind out your strengths
and your +ea%nesses& Are you a fast reader) 4o you easily co!prehend anything that you read)
3o+ good are you at nu!#ers) .an you !e!ori:e dates +ell) 2ould you appreciate a #oo% #y
loo%ing at illustrations or reading the article)

*ou ha(e to %no+ yourself and see% for self-i!pro(e!ent& There are a lot of +ays for you to
i!pro(e& -se your strengths to concentrate on #uilding up your +ea% points&

Belie(e it or not, preparing for the #oard is not Aust a +al% in the par% Eespecially if you ha(e
high goalsF& If you really +ant to !a%e the !ost out of your re(ie+ and achie(e the goals you
ha(e set, then you !ust #e prepared in all aspectsH physical, e!otional, spiritual, !ental and e(en

Most of us are night-o+ls, +e #egin to study at night until the +ee hours of the !orning& This is
our co!fort :one& This is +here +e feel +e are !ore progressi(e studying& That0s o% as long as
you still ha(e 6 to L hours of sleep& I usually study fro! 11p! up to 6 a! the net !orning, then
sleep and +a%e up around 2 p!& 2hate(er your co!fy :one is, feel free to use it as you please&
But as the #oard ea! nears, there is a need to re-adAust your study ha#its& A#out 2 to 9 +ee%s
#efore the ea!, you ha(e to practice +a%ing up early and studying in the !orning - not at night
any!ore& The idea here is to get yourself co!forta#le =thin%ing> in the !orning #ecause the
#oard ea! starts in the !orning& Else, you0ll feel sleepy and nauseaous during the ea!& Also,
#e conscious of the food you eat 1 +ee% #efore the ea!& 'o#ody +ants to ha(e an upset
sto!ach on the day of the ea!&

The hard-core re(ie+ing should end at least 2 +ee%s #efore the ea!& This should gi(e you ti!e
to rela and psych yourself& Ideally, a +ee% #efore the ea!, you should Aust #e #ro+sing
through your notes to refresh your !e!ory& 4on0t stay up all night ehausting your energy
cra!!ing for !ore infor!ation& That +as !y !ista%e +hen I too% the Board Ea! for Master
Plu!#er last March& $ince I only had a !onth0s preparation E#ecause I +as also +or%ingF, I had
to eert !ore effort in !y studies - !ore than +hat !y #ody can ta%e& .o!e #oard ea!s, I +as
on Tylenol #ecause of a fe(er& $leep early the night #efore the ea!&

A #oard ea!inee !ust also epect pressure fro! a lot of people& There are pressures fro!
fa!ily, fro! relati(es Eespecially those successful onesF, fro! friends and #ar%adas, fro! your
office and e(en fro! your girlfriendM#oyfrien d& The !o!ent you decide you0ll ta%e the #oard
ea! and tell it to so!eone, +ord really tra(els fast& They +ould #e greeting you Kgood luc%0,
#ut others +ould also epect you to do really good& I %no+ so!e people +ho did not tell a single
soul that they0ll ta%e the #oard ea!& May#e they +ere too pressured or shy& *ou don0t ha(e to
#e !u! a#out it& Besides, +hether you pass or fail, in ti!e, e(ery#ody +ill still %no+ that you
too% the ea!s& *ou Aust ha(e to find a +ay ho+ to put these types of pressure to your ad(antage&

4epends on your religious #elief, it0s already a ha#it that #oard ea!inees #e going to Baclaran
or cele#rate 3oly 2ee% in Manaog or co!plete the !idnight !ass during ad(ent& 2e +ould
e(en #uy paraphernalia and #ring our pencils, rulers, and #oo%s #lessed& Prayers help a lot& As%
for 3is di(ine guidance& And pray for others too& But al+ays re!e!#er all these +ill #e useless
if not co!ple!ented #y studying& As the saying goesH Kgenius is 1N inspiration, and BBN
perspiration& K

Enrolling in a re(ie+ center is '1T a guarantee that you +ill pass the #oard ea!& But re(ie+
centers offer a lot of ad(antages& /or one, they ha(e a schedule& $o you are Kforced0 to pattern
your self-study +ith their schedule& Another ad(antage is the re(ie+ !aterials& *ou0ll ha(e
access to #oo%s and other references Eif they ha(e a li#raryF or photocopied handouts E+hich they
sell for a priceF& But I thin% the #est ad(antage in re(ie+ centers is you gain a lot of contacts&
$tudents fro! other schools ha(e different lecture notes and different !ethods of re(ie+ing& *ou
could echange ideas +ith the!& Through these contacts, you +ill #e a#le to create study groups&
*ou !ay also #e a#le to #orro+ re(ie+ !aterials fro! their friends +ho are enrolled in other
re(ie+ centers as +ell&

The only disad(antage is the financial aspect& *ou ha(e to shell out a lot of !oney& ?e!e!#er,
re(ie+ centers are #usinesses& Aside fro! helping you prepare for the #oards, they are there to
get your !oney& $o you ha(e to #e sure you are getting your !oney0s +orth& $cout for possi#le
re(ie+ centers to enroll& As% pre(ious #oard ea!inees the ad(antages and disad(antages of the
re(ie+ centers they enrolled into& Ino+ the centers0 strengths and +ea%nesses& In !y case, I
enrolled the #asic course in one re(ie+ center and the design course in another&

The #est strategy to !a%e the !ost out of the re(ie+ centers is that you study #efore you enroll&
The idea is to learn the su#Aects ahead #efore they e(en teach the!& 4on0t start the day in the
classroo! all a+ed and shoc%ed a#out the topic the lecturer is teaching #ecause it is the first ti!e
you heard it& ?e(ie+ centers should help you fa!iliari:e not learn e(erything fro! scratch&

This !ight still #e a #it of an understate!ent, #ut chec%, chec%, chec%, chec% your re(ie+
!aterials again and again and again& Be +ary of !isinfor!ation Eerrors on handouts, outdated
infor!ation, etc&F& It happens& 'othing is !ore sour than spending a lot of ti!e !e!ori:ing a
ta#le of infor!ation fro! a code or la+ only to find out that it is already a!ended #y a ne+er
one& E6ually da!aging is re(ie+ing notes you photocopied fro! your class!ate only to find out
that it +as a typographical error on his part& The only +ay to #e safe fro! this is to triple-chec%
your re(ie+ !aterials& .ounter-chec% e(ery infor!ation fro! other sources& 4o not rely on one
reference alone& Try to chec% other #oo%s and cross-reference it& $earch the internet& 3a(e
discussions +ith so!e professors or friends a#out inconsistent info&

4uring the course of your re(ie+, it is true that you ha(e to !a%e the !ost out of it and gra# as
!uch infor!ation as you possi#ly can& But it is also true that you can only ta%e as !uch
infor!ation for a certain period of ti!e& This happens a lot& 2e #orro+ and photocopy a lot of
#oo%s and handouts only to find itself stac%ed up on your #edroo! floor&

The inde card +ould #e your #est friend in your re(ie+& Put infor!ation that you need to
!e!ori:e in inde cards and al+ays %eep the! handy& *ou could #ro+se through the! +hile
riding the #us or Aeep& -se color-coded pens for highlighting old and ne+ data& -se post-it on
#oo%s to help you %eep trac% of notes and points of discussions&

An effecti(e #oard ea! re(ie+ relies on discipline on the ea!inees part& There are so !any
te!ptations aroundH your fa(orite TD sho+s, the #illiards hall, online ga!ing, etc& @earn ho+ to
prioriti:e& Thin% of the #oard ea! as a one-ti!e deal Ealthough if you fail, you can ta%e the
#oard ea! again - #ut no#ody really +ants to fail, right)F *ou +ill ha(e all the ti!e in the +orld
after the #oard ea!& -se your ti!e +isely& Instead of +atching TD for 9 hours, you could ha(e
understood and !e!ori:ed a large portion of the #oo% your reading already&

If you ha(e good photographic !e!ory, you ha(e an ad(antage& E6ually ad(antageous is if you
are a fast reader +ith good reading co!prehension&

Try using play of +ords and nu!#ers through +ord association& Ea!ple of 6uestions in our
re(ie+H =2ho +as is the architect of ;reen#elt 2)>, =2ho is the architect of ;reen#elt 9)>&
Through +ord association, I %no+ that the architect of ;reen#elt 2 is =?ecio C .asas> #ecause
they are t+o E2F indi(iduals Enote the nu!#er 2 in ;reen#eltF& /or ;reen#elt 9, I %no+ the
architect is ;&/& /or!oso #ecause I associate the 9; phone Enote the ; in ;&/& /or!osoF&

3ere0s another ea!ple that appeared in the Master Plu!#er ea!& =2hich is denoted #y its
Inside 4ia!eter) aF Pipe or #F Tu#e> I %no+ that the PIPE is denoted #y its Inside 4ia!eter
#ecause I al+ays +rite it =pIpe> Enote the capital I, !eaning InsideF& I %no+ the the T-BE is
denoted #y its 1utside 4ia!eter #ecause I al+ays +rite it =tu#1> Etu#o is tagalog for tu#e, note
the capital 1, !eaning 1utsideF& ;et the idea)

If your ha(ing trou#le +ith nu!#ers Eli%e dates and la+sF #ut good in !e!ori:ing (isual
patterns, try using the cellphone %eypad as a guide& *ou0ll re!e!#er the pattern you create +hile
typing in the nu!#ers !ore than the date or la+ itself& Most of the ti!e +hat is printted in #oo%s
is not the #est +ay ho+ you +ould read and !e!ori:e it& Ta%e the case of the 'ational Building
.ode& I +as !e!ori:ing 90C types of pipe and their colors& In the #oo%, it is arranged
alpha#etically #y pipe type& 2hat I did +as I arranged it #y pipe color& I found out that there are
only 7 pipe colors so its easier to !e!ori:e& $o I got 7 pieces of paper, painted the! ?ed,
1range, *ello+, and ;reen respecti(ely, and +rote in each paper the corresponding pipes& Doila&
Easier to re!e!#er and understand&

There are lots of other tric%s li%e for!ing Acrony!s or .reating a $ong or $tory& Try to create
your o+n !e!ori:ation tric%s up your slee(es&

Most people +ould say that the #oard ea!ination is not really a gauge on ho+ good a person is&
They say it only reflects ho+ good a person can !e!ori:e& 2ell, they are partly correct&

But then again, !e!ori:ing is not as easy as A-B-.& It ta%es hard+or% and a lot of patience& The
!ost co!!on !ista%e of #oard ea!inees is that they !e!ori:e Aust for the sa%e of
Kenu!erating0 it& If you as% the! +hat it0s all a#out or ho+ it +or%s, they could not fully eplain&
The #asic tric% isH DO NOT MEMORI.E/ B%T +AMI&IARI.E& 2hen you are fa!iliar +ith
the topic, you understand& 2hen you fully understand, you analy:e& *ou as% 6uestions, =2hy is
this so)> and =2hy is that so)>& Then after you ha(e achie(ed all this, you0ll find it easier to

The #oard ea! is a#out setting a goal and +or%ing hard to achie(e it&

It0s not Aust a#out !e!ori:ing& 'or is it a#out !i< ni< !i<ni< !ai< ni< !u&

$o are you ready)

Most of us na %u%uha ng #oard ea! iniisip %ung paano pu!asa< That0s a (ery pathetic +ay of
thin%ing& Mapuans tayoG 2e don0t Aust pass< +e T1PG That0s +hy I +ill share so!e
inspirational +ords of Enr. Pad#lla0 Inalter %o lang ng %onti para personali:ed %o& 'a-uplift
talaga ang pag%atao %o nung narinig %o yun&

Sab# n#ya1 #n order "o "op "2e board e3a!1 one 42o5ld 6ollo7 "2e P.A.S.S. !en"al#"y. Ano
#b# 4ab#2#n n5n,

P - pa"ay 85n pa"ay)

$a#i nga ni ?oc%y Bal#oaH =It ain’t over till it’s over!> To +hat i!plications) Iara!ihan sa Ktin,
por%e0t isang #u+an nalang ang natitira for the re(ie+ at #oard ea! na, u!aatras& Ta%ot nang
!ag#oard ea!& 2ag ganunG Ano ngayon %ung isang #u+an nalang) Maha#a pa na!an yun
ah< Ta%e this as an ea!ple< 4o you %no+ +hy na%ilala si ?o#ert Ja+ors%i as a (ery good
coach) Iasi !agaling siya sa encourage!ent sa players& In one ga!e, 26 points ang la!ang sa
%anila ng %ala#an& The pro#le! is 8 !inutes nalang ang natitira& /or a typical #as%et#all tea!,
%adalasan nadede!orali:ed na yung !ga players& But not for ;ine#ra< nila#an pa rin nila& At
the end of the ga!e, nanalo sila +ith a lead of 8 points& Another ea!ple< naaply %o na rin yan
sa paglalaro ng *ugi-1h cards ga!e +ith a friend& 600 life points nalang natitira sa%in, sa %anya
8L00 pa& I ha(e the option to surrender pero hindi %o yun pinili& Belie(e it or not, nanalo pa a%o&
Big deal para sa%in yun %asi P200 pusta %o sa laro eh<

Masyadong !alayo ang !ga ea!ples %o para sa inyo pero para sa%in ang #uhay ay isang
%o!pli%adong laro& Iung !insan pa nga eh sugal& Ang dapat niyo lang tandaan, hindi natin ala!
ang posi#leng %ahihinatnan ng lahat ng ginaga+a natin& Iadalasan %elangan nating !agti+ala
nalang sa %a%ayahan natin& Ano ngayon %ung isang #u+an %a lang nagre(ie+& 4i#a !as !asarap
pa%inggan yung natalo %a pero lu!a#an %a hanggang sa huli %aysa sa natalo %a %asi su!u%o %a&
Thin% a#out this<

A 9 a#!)

Ang pangala+a ay ai!& Magset %a ng goals !o& Mag%aron %a ng !ataas na pangarap sa #uhay&
Pag%atapos i-achie(e !o& Mali yung pag-iisip na =sapat na ang si!pleng #uhay,> = sapat na ang
%u!ain tayo ng tatlong #eses sa isang ara+,> at i#a pang %asi!plehan sa #uhay& Palagi nalang
si!ple& *an ang tinata+ag nating ME4I1.?IT*&

@et !e gi(e you so!e #ac%ground in history< 'atutunan ng !ga Pilipino ang !ediocrity sa
!ga Iastila nung sina%op nila tayo& Ano #a ang sina#i nila) $ina#i nilang !asa!a ang
!aghangad ng so#ra at %asalanan ito sa 4iyos& $ina#i nilang a!sa!a ang !aging !aya!an
dahil nga nasulat din sa #i#liya na =!as !adaling !a%apaso% ang isang #a%a sa #utas ng
%arayo! %aysa sa isang !aya!an sa %aharian ng 4iyos<> Eh %ung hindi #a na!an sang%atuta%
na sira-ulo ang !ga Iastila yun< 3indi na!an talaga yun ang gusting ipahi+atig ni Jesus sa
salitang yun eh& 'a#asa niyo #a yung para#le of talents) 4i#a ang lesson dun eh %ung anong
!eron %a, pagya!anin !o<) 4ahil sa !ga !aling turo na yun ng !ga Iastila, ano nangyari sa
!ga sinaunang Pilipino) 'aging !ga tanga, !ahirap pa sa daga, at higit sa lahat, naging sunud-
sunuran sa %anila& *un ang dahilan %aya nila tinuro yun sa atin&

But no+ I0! opening your eyes to reality& $ige nga< Mag#anggit nga %ayo ng #ansang sina%op
dati ng !ga Iastila na naging !aunlad& Philippines, Meico, .u#a, Peru, etc&) 4i#a third +orld
countries ang !ga yun) $ee) 'o progress at all #ecause of that !entality& Minsan pa nga !eron
tayong !ga narinig na ganitong scenario<

Ana%H 'anay, tatay< !ag-aa#road po a%o para !agtra#aho& Para u!asenso po ang #uhay natin&
TatayH 3indi a%o !a%a%apayag ana%< Iahit !agdildil na la!ang tayo ng asin para !ay !a%ain,
ang i!portante, #uo ang pa!ilya natinG

Minsan pa nga sa !ga pro#insya, uso rin yung !ay lulu+as %a nalang ng Maynila para !ag-aral,
isang #aranggay na yung nag-iiya%an sa ara+ ng pag-alis& 'o offense sa !ga tina!aan ha<
.ute #ang tingnan) *an ang reyalidad ng #uhay natin sa ngayon&

In rele(ance to the #oard ea!, !ag-aai! %a nalang, lu#us-lu#usin niyo na< Ai! for the top&

S 9 4ol:e)

$iye!pre hindi na!an p+edeng pana0y pangarap lang tayo tapos +ala na!ang gaga+ing paraan
para !a%a!it ang !ga yun& Ielangan din nating %u!ilos& In +hat +ay) 4i#a gusto niyong
!agtop sa #oard) Then re(ie+< sol(e pro#le!s<

It0s co!!on sense to say that to #e on top, +e should re(ie+& Ang gusto %ong sa#ihin eh %ung
!agrere(ie+ na rin lang %ayo, !agfocus na %ayo dun& Best eplained ang principle na yan sa
analytic geo!etry& Ba%it ang headlights ng %otse para#olic at hindi circular)

;ets niyo na %ung #a%it) Pag circular ang headlight, %alat ang direction ng ila+< Bala% niyo
#ang ila+an ang #uong %alsada) Iahit ga!itin niyo ang pina%a!ataas na +attage ng #u!#ilya
na p+edeng ga!itin sa %otse, 80N efficiency pa rin ang %alala#asan niyan& 'agsayang %a lang
ng pera& 2hereas pag para#olic ang headlight, 100N efficiency dahil ang para#ola ay !ay
/1.-$& As a result, isang direction lang ang ila+&

;anun din sa pagrere(ie+& Iahit i%a+ na ang pina%a!atalinong tao sa #uong !undo, %ung +ala
%a na!ang focus you0re not 100N efficient& $aying ang talino !o&

Iung sasa!ahan pa ng focus sa pagrere(ie+, !y gollyG Ba%a !aperfect pa natin ang #oard&

S 9 4;2ed5le

To co!plete the set, +e should also learn ho+ to !a%e a schedule& Mali na!an yung +ala %a
nang gina+a sa #uhay !o %undi !ag-aral& Iung ganyan ang gaga+in !o, #ale+ala rin ang lahat&
=All +or% and no play !a%es Jac% a dull #oy&> $a#i yan ng student catalogue natin& The one that
+as gi(en to us +hen +e +ere still fresh!en& =There0s a ti!e of Aoy, a ti!e of peace<etc&> yan
na!an ang Ju#ilee song noong year 2000& Any+ays, ang point %o dito is +e should learn ho+ to
#alance our ti!e& 2e should !a%e sure that +e also ha(e ti!e for other things #ut not affecting
our focus in our study& Masa!a #ang !ag-.ounter $tri%e ha#ang nagrere(ie+) 3indi %o gustong
pata!aan si pareng @a+rence dito 1I)

In a study conducted #y eperts in sociology, it +as found out that there is a co!!on ha#it on
!ost successful people& Ala! nyo %ung ano yun) Meron silang T1-41 @I$T& I0! not Ao%ing on
this< I-try niyo& 3o+) Just !a%e a list +hich should #e done the pre(ious night or at the
#eginning of the day& It should contain the things that you should acco!plish for the dayO for the
+ee%O for the !onthO o %ung gusto niyo for the +hole year na< 2ith that list, you can assess
yourself %ung naaacco!plish !o #a yung !ga dapat !ong ga+in&

Paano %ung gu!a+a %a nga nun tapos na%ita !ong ang da!i !ong hindi naacco!plish) 4on0t
gi(e upG 4i#a nga !eron %ayong =patay-%ung patay> !entality& There is al+ays ti!e& And there
are al+ays people around +ho can help you achie(e your goals&
22 June 2008
(A Sequel to the “Tips & Tricks in the Board Examination!
By Raison John J. Bassig
1st Placer – June 2006 PRC Architect Licensure Examination
10th Placer – March 2007 PRC Master Plumber Licensure Examination
4th Placer – June 200 PRC En!ironmental Planner Licensure Examination

"reparin# $or the %oard exams is one thin#& Ans'erin# the actuall( %oard exams is another&

A$ter lon# sleepless ni#hts o$ e(e%ro' %urnin# durin# (our re)ie'* (our date 'ith the %oard exams has $inall( come&
+t is a da( most people are dreadin#& But $or some people 'ho are con$ident and ha)e painstakin#l( prepared on
ho' to #o a%out in the actual %oard exams* this da( is their milestone&

+ ha)e taken a total o$ three (,! "-. /icensure Examinations as o$ this date& The $irst 'as the /icensure Examination
$or Architects in June 2000 'here + placed 1
'ith a #rade o$ 82&03 (onl( 240 out o$ the 1*105 examinees passed the
exam or a%out 223!& The second 'as the /icensure Examination $or 6aster "lum%ers in 6arch 2004 'here + placed
'ith a #rade o$ 40&13 (onl( 44 out o$ the 142 examinees passed the exam or a%out 223!& The most recent 'as
the /icensure Examination $or En)ironmental "lanners this June 2008 'here + placed 2
'ith a #rade o$ 40&03 (onl(
20 out o$ 55 passed the exam or a%out 243!&

7i)en m( experience in takin# %oard examinations* + 'ould like to share 'ith (ou* in m( o'n little 'a(* ho' + did it& +n
this article* (ou 'ill $ind pointers and pieces o$ ad)ice that 'ould help (ou prepare $or exam da(& This article is a
complementar( sequel to m( pre)ious one 'ritten a (ear a#o 8 “Tips & Tricks in the Board Examination 8 in 'hich +
talked a%out preparin# $or an e$$icient %oard exam re)ie'& +t is m( hope that as (ou read alon# (ou 'ill #ain
con$idence* stud( )i#orousl( and %e inspired e)en more to reach (our dreams o$ passin# (and hope$ull( toppin#! the
%oard exams&


9our a%ilit( to understand 'hate)er (ou read is no dou%t the most important aspect in the %oard exams (and* more
importantl(* in (our careers!& E)er( 'ord that appears in the question that (ou read ser)es as clues to the ri#ht
ans'er& :urin# the exam* (ou 'ill encounter questions 'herein (ou 'ill not %e a%le to recall the 'ord;%(;'ord
de$inition as taken $rom the %ook or re)ie'er& +$ this happens (and + am sure it 'ill happen $requentl(!* (ou 'ould
then ha)e to rel( on anal(<in# the meanin# o$ the question %ein# asked %ased on the 'ords that (ou see& The hi#her
(our comprehension o$ 'hat is %ein# asked or de$ined* the hi#her (our chances o$ #ettin# the ans'er correctl(&

There are se)eral 'a(s to impro)e (our readin# comprehension& These need not %e li$eless and %orin# like
memori<in# the enc(clopedia or the dictionar(& Tr( to #ra% (our $a)orite ma#a<ine or a ne'spaper once in a 'hile
and read some articles $ound in there& +t can %e a%out $ashion* cars* current e)ents* sho' %usiness* music* #ames=
'hate)er (our interest is& The point here is to immerse (oursel$ on tr(in# to understand 'hate)er it is that (ou read&
Also* (ou can increase (our )oca%ular( %( pla(in# #ames like cross'ord pu<<les* %o##le* han#man* scra%%le* etc&


>e)er underestimate (our %od(?s limitation& + ha)e stressed in m( pre)ious article the importance o$ %ein# ph(sicall(
prepared in (our re)ie'& The same thin# #oes $or durin# the exam itsel$& A)oid dro'siness %( #ettin# a lon#;ni#ht?s
sleep the ni#ht %e$ore the exam& +$ (ou are itchin# to do a last;minute stud( or %ro'sin# o$ notes* + su##est (ou do it
the next mornin# %e$ore (ou #o to the exam )enue&

Attend to (our personal needs %e$ore the examination %e#ins& :ependin# on the strictness o$ the assi#ned proctors*
(ou are not allo'ed to #o out o$ the room once the exam has started& So 'atch 'hat (ou eat and drink& 9ou are*
ho'e)er* allo'ed to %rin# $ood and drinks and consume them 'hile takin# the exams& + stron#l( recommend that (ou
%rin# somethin# that is @ust li#ht $or (our stomach and somethin# that is not too mess(* nois(* or smell( to eat&

:urin# the examination* (ou should %e read( $or lon# hours o$ thinkin# and ans'erin#& :ependin# on the su%@ect*
%oard exams usuall( last $rom , hours to as lon# as 0 hours (e)en A hours $or desi#n su%@ects!& Be prepared $or
uncom$orta%le seats (like dra$tin# ta%le chairs 'ith no %ackrests or 'ooden armchairs 'ith no cushions!& Bhile
ans'erin#* take some 2;minute rests once in a 'hile to rechar#e (our mind and %od(& :oin# a little stretchin# or
closin# (our e(es $or a $e' minutes mi#ht also help&

Just as much as (our ph(sical condition is important in the %oard exams so are (our mental and emotional states&
:o not let pressure and ner)ousness control (ou& 9ou must %e a%le to control them& The %oard exam is like a 'ar
and (ou 'ill %e #oin# into %attle& 9ou ha)e to release that 'arrior instinct in (ou and o'n the examination& 6ore
people 'ith positi)e mental attitudes succeed in li$e than people 'ho are pessimistic& :eclare that (ou are #oin# to
'in and that nothin# can stop (ou $rom doin# so&


Some o$ us ha)e this o%sessi)e;compulsi)e %eha)ior re)ie'in# $or the %oard exams& Be 'ould ha)e prepared a lot*
read )olumes o$ %ooks $rom co)er to co)er* and memori<ed tons o$ $ormula* ta%les and data* and still 'ould not %e
contented a%out it& That is oka(& But al'a(s remem%erC :o not expect that e)er(thin# (ou ha)e read and studied in
(our re)ie' 'ill come out in the exam& +n m( experience takin# up three (,! %oard examinations* + can sa( that onl(
a%out ,53 to 503 o$ 'hat + ha)e read* studied and memori<ed durin# m( re)ie' ha)e appeared in the actual exams&

The remainin# 503 to 053 o$ the questions 'ould comprise a com%ination o$ the $ollo'in# thin#sC
- Thin#s (ou can learn onl( $rom actual $irst;hand experience (in this case* (ou did not #et to experience it!
- Thin#s that are a %it tri)ial %ut (ou mi#ht ha)e an idea (%ut not reall( sure!
- Thin#s (ou ha)e not encountered in (our re)ie' %ut mi#ht ha)e tackled 'a( %ack in colle#e (or hi#h
- Thin#s (ou ha)e encountered in (our re)ie' %ut could not recall (%ecause (ou decided the data seemed
irrele)ant to memori<e at that time!* and lastl(
- Thin#s (ou reall( don?t kno' squat a%out

:o not #et demorali<ed i$ (ou $ind out that onl( a $e' o$ the questions in the exam 'ere co)ered in (our re)ie'& D$
course* the onl( 'a( to increase the percenta#e o$ questions (ou hope 'ill come out is to also increase (our time
re)ie'in#* readin#* and researchin# $or %oard exam topics& That means the less time and e$$ort (ou exerted in
preparin# $or the %oard exams* the less chances o$ (ou kno'in# 'hat the question is all a%out&

.onsequentl(* this is 'here (our readin# comprehension skills come in hand(& /ike + said in Tip E1* (our readin#
comprehension 'ould pla( an important role in ans'erin# questions (ou don?t kno' or ha)e not tackled in (our


9ou 'ould %e required to use pencils to shade ans'ers in (our exam %ecause ans'er sheets are checked usin#
lead;sensor machines& Erasures are prohi%ited& Dnce (ou ha)e shaded an ans'er* (ou cannot chan#e it and pick
another one& Erasin# a pre)iousl( shaded ans'er 'ill still lea)e spots o$ lead on the paper& This means that 'hen
(our ans'er sheet is processed %( the machine* it 'ill detect t'o ans'ers and 'ill automaticall( mark that item

This is the )er( reason 'h( + do not recommend usin# (our ans'er sheets immediatel(& This method is prone to
errors and is )er( risk( since (ou are alread( $inali<in# (our ans'ers 'ithout e)en seein# the rest o$ the questions
'hich mi#ht #i)e additional hints or clues&

+ kno' an examinee that has had a )er( %ad experience 'ith this& Fe 'as directl( shadin# ans'ers on his ans'er
sheet as he reads a question on his questionnaire& The pro%lem started 'hen he skipped a question he does not
kno' (sa(* Guestion E 10!& Fe proceeded to the next one (Guestion E 11! %ut su%consciousl( shaded E 10 in the
ans'er sheet& +t 'ent on $or a%out 15 more items %e$ore he reali<ed he 'as shadin# the 'ron# num%ersH

The %est 'a( to a)oid these kinds o$ errors is to use (our questionnaires as (our temporar( ans'er sheets $irst and
then trans$er them later& + usuall( allot one (1! hour $or the trans$errin# and $inal checkin# o$ m( ans'ers (as + 'ill %e
discussin# in Tip E5!& 9ou are allo'ed to 'rite on (our questionnaires& +n $act* "-. 'ould e)en ad)ise (ou to use
(our questionnaires as (our scratch papers& So use (our questionnaires as (our “thinkin# pad& Brite do'n notes
and ta%les* encircle or underline important 'ords* cross out choices (ou think does not %elon#* etc&


So much as time mana#ement is important in (our re)ie'* so is it important durin# the %oard exam itsel$& Iirst order
o$ %usiness is to kno' 'hich su%@ects (ou are #oin# to tackle on 'hich time or da(s& "-. releases an exam
schedule alon#side the s(lla%us o$ the su%@ects in (our particular licensure examination&

Ior example* in the recentl( held /icensure Examination $or En)ironmental "lanners* the exams 'ere to %e held in
t'o da(s& :a( 1 co)ers one su%@ect (i&e&* En)ironmental "lannin# "rocesses* 6ethods* and Strate#ies!& This su%@ect
is scheduled $rom 8C00am to 2C00pm (or 0 hours!& :a( 2* on the other hand* co)ers t'o su%@ects& The $irst su%@ect
(i&e&* Fistor(* .oncepts* Theories* and "rinciples o$ En)ironmental "lannin#! is scheduled $rom 8C00am to 11C00am
(or , hours!* 'hile the second su%@ect (i&e&* En)ironmental "lan +mplementation and /e#al Aspects! is scheduled $rom
12C00pm to 2C00pm (or 2 hours!&

Fa)in# kno'n the num%er o$ hours allotted* the next step is to tr( to kno' the num%er o$ questions or items $or each
su%@ect& +n the example a%o)e* the :a( 1 su%@ect o$ En)ironmental "lannin# "rocesses* 6ethods* and Strate#ies
consists o$ 200 questions& Bith 0 hours allotted $or this su%@ect* + $irst su%tract an hour $or trans$errin# o$ ans'ers
(see Tip E2!& This #i)es me 5 hours to ans'er a total o$ 200 questions (and 1 hour $or trans$errin# and $inali<in# m(
ans'ers!& So the rate in 'hich + ha)e to ans'er is #i)en at 200 questions per ,00 minutes& Simpli$(in#* this means +
ha)e 1 minute and ,0 seconds to ans'er one question in m( :a( 1 su%@ect&

The same $ormula #oes $or the other su%@ects& +n the same example a%o)e* the $irst su%@ect in :a( 2 (i&e&* Fistor(*
.oncepts* Theories* and "rinciples o$ En)ironmental "lannin#! consists o$ 100 questions& Bith , hours allotted $or
this su%@ect* + su%tract an hour $or trans$errin# o$ ans'ers& This #i)es me 2 hours to ans'er a total o$ 100 questions&
So the rate in 'hich + ha)e to ans'er is #i)en at 100 questions per 120 minutes& Simpli$(in#* this means + ha)e 1
minute and 12 seconds to ans'er one question in m( :a( 2 su%@ect&

Another )er( important thin# to remem%er is that each question* re#ardless o$ its di$$icult(* is @ust 'orth 1 point& So* +
stron#l( recommend that (ou ans'er the easier questions $irst& +$ (ou do not kno' the ans'er or (ou are ha)in#
di$$iculties decidin# 'hich amon# the choices to pick* @ust skip it immediatel( and proceed to the next item& 9ou must
not 'aste too much time thinkin# and $ishin# $or an ans'er on a )er( di$$icult question& 9ou 'ill %e #oin# %ack to it
later a$ter (ou ha)e read all the others& This is a )er( #ood strate#( %ecause sometimes there are questions or
choices similar to the one (ou are ha)in# trou%le 'ith that 'ould help (ou #et to the ri#ht ans'er (see example in Tip

Jeep track o$ (our time %( 'earin# a 'rist 'atch (not a cellular phone since (ou 'ould ha)e to turn this o$$ and
surrender to the proctors!& :o not %e $orced to $inish (our exam earl( @ust %ecause other examinees are $inishin#
their exams 'a( ahead o$ e)er(one else& 9ou 'ill encounter in (our classroom these kinds o$ examinees that 'ill
stand up and su%mit their ans'er sheets @ust one or t'o hours a$ter the exam has started& Bell* that?s their
%usiness& 9ou mind (our o'n exam& 9ou do not #et additional points $or $inishin# $irst& So make the most out o$ (our
time %( dou%le;checkin# and triple;checkin# (our ans'ers in (our questionnaire until (ou are satis$ied %e$ore
trans$errin# them to (our ans'er sheet as (our $inal ans'ers&


The 40?s %oard exam 'as all a%out identi$ication* $ill;in;the;%lanks* and 'ritten essa(s that are checked manuall(&
>o'ada(s* the %oard examinations are “moderni<ed and are checked usin# the computer& Ior ease o$ checkin#*
questions are no' prepared 'ith multiple choices& This moderni<ation o$ the %oard exam has actuall( made (our
li)es much easier in so $ar as #ettin# an ans'er correctl(& 6ultiple;choice questions* usuall( 'ith 2 choices (A* B* .
or :!* #i)e (ou a hi#her pro%a%ilit( o$ #ettin# a ri#ht ans'er than identi$ication questions= simpl( %ecause the
ans'er is alread( there 8 (ou @ust ha)e to pick it&

"ractice the art o$ elimination to increase this pro%a%ilit( especiall( $or questions (ou do not kno'& Fere is an
example o$ a question + ha)e encountered in the %oard exam in 'hich + do not kno' the exact ans'er %ut 'as a%le to
$i#ure out %( means o$ eliminationC

"uestion# $ho is this %&iss'born architect &ho (esi)ne( the %an *rancisco Museum o+ Mo(ern Art,Choices# a-
Le Corbusier b- *ran. Llo/( $ri)ht c- %antia)o Calatra!a (- Mario 0otta

Irom the question* 'e alread( kno' that 'e are lookin# $or an architect 'ho 'as %orn in S'it<erland& Amon# the
choices* + am onl( $amiliar 'ith /e .or%usier and Irank /lo(d Bri#ht (+ ha)e heard o$ the .alatra)a #u( %e$ore %ut
not in detail!& Based on 'hat + kno' in colle#e* + 'as a%le to identi$( immediatel( that Irank /lo(d Bri#ht is an
American architect 'ho 'orked durin# the late 1800?s to'ards the 20
centur(& Fa)in# eliminated choice B* m(
pro%a%ilit( o$ #ettin# a ri#ht ans'er increased $rom 1C2 (or 253! to 1C, (or ,,&,3!& + then continued anal(<in# m(
three remainin# choices&

+ then remem%ered one ma#a<ine article + read re#ardin# the 'orks o$ this Santia#o .alatra)a& Fe is an en#ineer;
architect and 'as* as + recalled* pro%a%l( a Spaniard& +$ . is the ri#ht ans'er* the question should ha)e mentioned
that he is a ci)il en#ineer %ecause + heard that his 'orks 'ere kno'n $or its outstandin# structural %eaut(& Since the
question did not mention an(thin# a%out it and + 'as con)inced he is reall( $rom Spain (@ud#in# %( his surname!* +
then eliminated choice .* lea)in# me 'ith onl( t'o options to choose $rom& 6( pro%a%ilit( o$ #ettin# a ri#ht ans'er
no' increased $rom 1C, (or ,,&,3! to 1C2 (or 503!&

Bith onl( t'o remainin# choices* + kno' that /e .or%usier is a S'iss;%orn architect& So* choice A mi#ht %e correct&
But he is one o$ the 'ell;kno'n architects durin# the 1A,0?s* and + ne)er heard o$ his desi#nin# a museum in San
Irancisco& Also* + remem%ered $rom an internet article that this museum 'as %uilt around the 80?s or A0?s (since it
'as a modern art museum!& E)en thou#ht /e .or%usier 'as %orn in S'it<erland* he mi#ht not ha)e %een ali)e 'hen
this museum 'as desi#ned& So ha)in# that anal(sis* + eliminated choice A (/e .or%usier! and decided to chose the
lesser;kno'n choice : (6ario Botta!&

A$ter the exams* + researched to see i$ + had the ri#ht anal(sis* and true to 'hat + thou#ht* + 'as ri#ht& 6ario Botta
'as that S'iss;%orn architect 'ho desi#ned the San Irancisco 6odern Art 6useum&

The a%ilit( to eliminate choices depends on ho' much kno'led#e (ou ha)e on the other #i)en choices& That is 'h(
the more (ou ha)e prepared in (our re)ie' and the more topics (ou ha)e read* the hi#her the chances o$ (ou
kno'in# 'hich choices to eliminate& Dther'ise* (ou mi#ht %e runnin# the risk o$ eliminatin# the correct ans'er&


As Sherlock Folmes put it& Fa)in# lo#ical skills is a )alua%le tool to deduce an ans'er in certain questions (ou are
not $amiliar 'ith& These* in particular* are recurrin# questions or questions 'ith similar choices& Fere is an example
o$ a recurrin# question that appeared durin# m( En)ironmental "lannin# examsC

"uestion 1 12# $hich amon) the +ollo&in) (escribes ancient 3lannin) o+ to&ns in the 4i)ris'Eu3hrates Ri!er,
5 ' At the center o+ these to&ns are A)oras
55 ' 4o&ns are enclose( b/ &alls
555 ' %tructures are usuall/ built &ith mu( bric.s
56 ' 4he streets ha!e no (e+inite 3atterns
6 ' 4he/ usuall/ ha!e tem3les

Choices# a- 57 5557 6 b- 557 5557 567 6 c- 57 557 5557 567 6 (- 57 557 555

"uestion 1 42# 5n the 3lannin) o+ ancient to&ns +oun( alon) the 4i)ris an( Eu3hrates Ri!er7 &hich amon) the
+ollo&in) characteristics are e!i(ent,
5 ' %tructures are usuall/ built &ith mu( bric.s
55 ' %treets are lai( out &ith no (e+inite 3atterns
555 ' 4o&ns are enclose( b/ &alls
56 ' 4he/ usuall/ contain tem3les
6 ' A)oras are locate( centrall/

Choices# a- 57 557 555 b- 557 567 6 c- 5557 567 6 (- 57 557 5557 56

>o' let us tr( to anal(<e these t'o questions that talk a%out the same topic and see i$ 'e can #et the ans'ers
throu#h lo#ical and deducti)e reasonin#&

+n Guestion E 15* notice that “+++ appears in all o$ the choices& This simpl( means that “555 – %tructures are usuall/
built &ith mu( bric.s must %e one o$ the characteristics o$ ancient to'ns& There$ore* in Guestion E 22* i$ “%tructures
are usuall/ built &ith mu( bric.s is correct* then* 'e can surmise that onl( either choice A or choice : is correct
(since these are the onl( choices 'hich contain that characteristic!& Be can no' sa$el( eliminate choice B and . in
Guestion E 22&

>o'* anal(<in# choice A and choice : in Guestion E 22* notice that “++ and “+++ also appear in %oth these possi%le
choices& This means that “55 – %treets are lai( out &ith no (e+inite 3atterns and “555 – 4o&ns are enclose( b/ &alls
must %e characteristics o$ ancient to'ns as 'ell& There$ore* #oin# %ack to Guestion E 15* 'e can surmise that onl(
either choice B or choice . is correct (since these are the onl( choices 'hich contain %oth those characteristics!& Be
can no' sa$el( eliminate choice A and : in Guestion E 15&

So no' 'e are le$t 'ith onl( t'o choices $or each question& +n Guestion E 15* it is either B or .& +n Guestion E 22* it
is either A or :& Dn 'e #o=

Takin# a look at Guestion E 15* notice that “K appears on %oth choices B and . (the onl( t'o choices le$t to choose
$rom a$ter eliminatin# choices A and :!& This means that “6 – 4he/ usuall/ ha!e tem3les must %e another
characteristic o$ ancient to'ns& There$ore* in Guestion E 22 'herein 'e are le$t 'ith either choice A or :* 'e can
surmise that choice : must %e the ri#ht ans'er since it is the onl( one that contains that characteristic&

+$ choice : is the correct ans'er $or Guestion E 22* 'e can sa( that “6 – A)oras are centrall/ locate( is not a
characteristic (%ecause “K does not appear in choice :!& There$ore* #oin# %ack to Guestion E 15* 'e can surmise
that choice B must %e the ri#ht ans'er since it also does not contain that same characteristic&

So our $inal ans'ers 'ould %eC Guestion E 15 is choice B and Guestion E 22 is choice :& See ho' 'e ha)e
mana#ed to #et the ri#ht ans'ers %ecause o$ deducti)e and lo#ical reasonin#L E)en thou#h 'e ha)e no idea 'hat
the characteristics o$ ancient cit( plannin# in the Ti#ris and Euphrates -i)er 'ere* 'e 'ere still a%le to #et the ans'er


-ead the question t'ice* thrice or e)en $our times %e$ore (ou ans'er& :o not %e a hi#h;speed ans'erer %( @ust
readin# the $irst $e' lines o$ the question and assumin# that (ou alread( kno' 'hat is %ein# asked& 9ou mi#ht miss
important 'ords that #i)e hints to the ri#ht choice& 9ou also ha)e to look out $or “Stin#er Bords like the 'ords >DT
and EM.E"T& Ior exampleC

"uestion# 4he 3ostmo(ern mo!ement &as an ans&er to the mo(ernists8 3rinci3les o+ mass 3ro(uction7
stan(ar(i9ation7 an( the international st/le o+ architecture – that o+ten (iminishes the architectural character o+ a
certain culture7 3romotes machines rather than human art7 an( remo!es the com3lexit/ an( !ariet/ o+ structures in
the 20
centur/- $hich amon) the +ollo&in) characteristic is not amon) the 3rinci3les o+ the 3ostmo(ern mo!ement,

"uestion# 4he +ollo&in) are exam3les o+ baro:ue churches in the Phili33ines establishe( un(er %3anish rule7 exce3t#

+n the t'o examples a%o)e* (ou ha)e to %e a'are on 'hat is %ein# asked $or& A clums( examinee 'ould o$ten miss
out the 'ords “>DT and “EM.E"T& Fe 'ould ans'er ri#ht a'a( a$ter @ust readin# a $e' lines on the question not
kno'in# he is ans'erin# the direct opposite o$ 'hat is %ein# sou#ht&

Another important tip is to anal(<e the questions and $or#et a%out “patterns& 6ost o$ us $all )ictim to these patterns&
Bherein 'e @ud#e a correct ans'er %ased on ho' it looks like& Ior example* + encountered a question in 'hich +
ha)e no idea 'hat the ans'er isC

"uestion# $hich amon) the +ollo&in) la&s7 establishe( in 1;<27 has not be amen(e( an( is still use( to(a/,
Choices# a- RA 742 b- RA 6;6; c- Common&ealth Act =o- 141 (- RA 4726

6ost o$ us 'ho look at patterns 'ould #enerall( eliminate choice . and concentrate on the other choices 'hich “look
similar& >e)er %ase (our ans'ers %ecause o$ “patterns or “'hate)er looks similar& +n the a%o)e example* there is
actuall( a clue that some'hat #i)es out the ri#ht ans'er i$ (ou onl( tr( to anal(<e it& >otice that the la' %ein# sou#ht
'as esta%lished in 1A,5& Bith the #i)en choices* + kno' that -A (or -epu%lic Acts! 'ere onl( esta%lished durin# the
post;6arcos era& Also* 1A,0?s 'as the .ommon'ealth "eriod in the "hilippines 'here 'e 'ere still under the
auspices o$ the American 7o)ernment& There$ore* throu#h anal(sis (and not %( patterns!* + 'as a%le to pick the ri#ht
ans'er %( choosin# . e)en thou#h + honestl( reall( don?t kno' 'hat that la' is all a%out&


This is m( 'a( o$ pro@ectin# m( possi%le score in the exam& 9ou ma( or ma( not 'ant to do this %ut* $or me* it is an
e$$ecti)e tool on re;e)aluatin# m( ans'ers especiall( $or the items + am not sure 'ith %e$ore + trans$er them to m(
ans'er sheet&

All o$ (our ans'ers can %e summed up into three (,! cate#ories* namel(C %ure Ans&ers* 20'20 Ans&ers* and $il(
>uesses& A$ter ha)in# ans'ered all the items in m( questionnaire and %e$ore + start trans$errin# them as $inal
ans'ers into m( ans'er sheet* + al'a(s calculate m( possi%le score %( markin# questions into these cate#ories&

Fere is ho' to do itC Dn the questionnaires* mark questions 'ith a STA- i$ (ou are A03 to 1003 sure (ou #ot it ri#ht
('hether (ou are sure %ecause (ou reall( kno' the ans'er or (ou are sure %ecause %( usin# the process o$
elimination (ou 'ere a%le to #et to the ri#ht ans'er!& >o' $or ans'ers in 'hich (ou are a %it* shall 'e sa( “50;50*
(ou mark those questions 'ith a BDM (50;50 usuall( means lea)in# (ou 'ith t'o )er( close ans'ers to choose $rom
8 and it could #o either 'a( as the ri#ht ans'er!& /astl(* $or ans'ers (ou reall( ha)e no idea* (ou mark them 'ith a

>o' that (ou ha)e cate#ori<ed all (our ans'ers* it is time to calculate (our pro@ected score& .ount the num%er o$
stars and multipl( the total %( 1& This is %ased on the pro%a%ilit( that all (our A03 to 1003 sure ans'ers are reall(
correct& >ext* count the num%er o$ %oxes and multipl( the total %( N (or 503!& This is %ased on the pro%a%ilit( that in
e)er( t'o o$ (our 50;50 #uess* one 'ill %e correct& And lastl(* count the num%er o$ circles and multipl( the total %( O
(or 253!& This is %ased on the pro%a%ilit( that in e)er( $our o$ (our 'ild #uesses* onl( one 'ill %e correct&

Fere is an example o$ m( pro@ected score durin# the actual Board ExamC (The exam has 200 items!

Stars (A03 to 1003 Sure! 82 items 1 82
Boxes (50;50 P Educated 7uess! 41 items N ,0 (approx&!
.ircles (Bild 7uesses! 24 items O 12 (approx&!
TDTA/ 200 items 1&7 8 %77 9o: /*;<

>ote that this is @ust a pro@ection& +t ma( #o up (or #o do'n 8 hope$ull( not!& +t all depends on (our 50;50 and 'ild
#uesses i$ (ou ha)e #otten them correct (or 'ron# 8 a#ain* hope$ull( not!& This is the importance o$ (our re)ie'&
9our #oal is to #et as much A03 to 1003 sure ans'ers and less o$ those 50;50 and 'ild #uesses&

The point in doin# this is not onl( to see 'hat (our possi%le score is %ut to %e a%le to re;check and re;e)aluate (our
ans'ers especiall( those that %elon# in the 50;50 cate#or(& So #et %ack at those questions and spend some time re;
thinkin# a%out (our ans'ers %e$ore (ou trans$er them as $inal ans'ers in (our ans'er sheet&


9ou 'ould not %e needin# (our ans'er sheets $or the moment until (ou ha)e read all the questions and read( to
make (our $inal @ud#ment& So the $irst step is settin# (our ans'er sheet aside and @ust $ocus on (our questionnaires&

:o a quick scan on the questionnaire& Take note o$ the num%er o$ questions and see i$ e)er(thin# is in order& .heck
i$ there are missin# pa#es or missin# num%ers& .heck also (our SET (i$ set A or set B!& Be a'are o$ corrections or
%onus questions (these are usuall( 'ritten on the %lack%oard andPor announced %( the proctor!&

+$ e)er(thin# is in order* (ou must per$orm a quick %ro'se on the questions& Startin# $rom the $irst one* read A//
questions up to the last one and onl( ans'er those that (ou kno' $irst& 6ark these questions 'ith stars (as in Tip
EA!& Skip and proceed to the next one i$ (ou are ha)in# trou%le 'ith it& 9ou 'ill %e comin# %ack to it later& /ike + said
in Tip E5* do not spend too much time thinkin# on a certain question on (our $irst %ro'se& Skip it immediatel( i$ (ou
$eel like (ou do not kno' it& :o not panic i$ in case (ou are skippin# consecuti)e questions& Just ans'er the thin#s
(ou kno' $irst& :urin# m( exam $or 6aster "lum%ers* + recall that in our 150;item su%@ect* + had no idea 'hat the
ans'ers are $or Guestion E, ($irst pa#e o$ the questionnaire! all the 'a( up to Guestion E 25 ($ourth pa#e o$ the
questionnaire!& + le$t $our pa#es %lankH That is oka(* %ecause m( #oal 'as not to ans'er immediatel( %ut to kno'
'hat questions 'ere %ein# asked&

So* a$ter (our $irst %ro'se* (ou 'ould ha)e accomplished the $ollo'in#C
- Ans'ered all questions that are eas( or that (ou are A03 to 1003 sure&
- Fa)e an idea on 'hat questions are asked and kno' 'hat topics the( pertain to&
- Taken note on repeatin# questions ((es* this happens a lot!
- Taken note on recurrin# questions 'ith similar choices (this 'ill help (ou in (our elimination process!

This $irst %ro'se is )er( important since it $unnels the topics (ou onl( ha)e to recall $rom (our re)ie'& >ote that
%e$ore the exam %e#ins* (ou ha)e a lot o$ memori<ed kno'led#e stored in (our %rain& A$ter per$ormin# this $irst
%ro'se* (ou can then $ocus on the onl( thin#s (ou need to remem%er as (ou #et read( $or (our next s'eep&

The next run;do'n 'ould %e a little %it #ritt( as this is the time 'here (ou are #oin# to spend a lot o$ ener#( anal(<in#
the question* remem%erin# 'hat (ou read in (our re)ie'* and recallin# 'hat (ou ha)e memori<ed in order to
eliminate the choices and pick the ri#ht ans'er& 9ou 'ill %e #oin# %ack and $orth the test questionnaires and reall( %e
#ettin# (our hands (and %rains! dirt(&

Tr( to #et into the examiners? minds and understand ho' the questions 'ere $ormulated& +n this part o$ the exams*
(ou are on (our o'n& Bhate)er (ou ha)e re)ie'ed* ho' much e$$ort (ou exerted in (our studies* and ho' much (our
%rain can recall and understand 'hat is %ein# asked 'ould all determine ho' (ou 'ill #et the ri#ht ans'ers&

6ark (our ans'ers 'ith a star (i$ (ou 'ere a%le to eliminate the other choices and (ou are A03 to 1003 sure o$ (our
ans'er!* a %ox (i$ it is a 50;50 ans'er!* or a circle (i$ (ou reall( ha)e no idea 'hat the ans'er is!& A$ter ha)in#
ans'ered all o$ the questions on (our questionnaires* tr( to pro@ect (our score %( usin# the method discussed in Tip

7et %ack to the questions and re;e)aluate (our ans'ers especiall( (our 50;50 and 'ild #uesses& Take (our time to
$i#ure out and recall those topics that (ou ha)e re)ie'ed& +$ (ou are satis$ied 'ith (our ans'ers* it is time to trans$er
(our ans'ers $rom (our questionnaire to (our ans'er sheet as (our I+>A/ ans'ers&

Be$ore (ou su%mit (ou ans'er sheets* check i$ (ou ha)e shaded the ri#ht set (set A or set B!&


This $inal tip takes us %ack to m( introductionC Are (ou one o$ the people 'ho dread the exam or are (ou one o$ the
$e' 'ho 'ill declare the( 'ill excelL

Be honest* $or (ou are the onl( one 'ho can ans'er this&

All + can sa( $or no' as m( $inal ad)ice is thisC >e)er look at thin#s as pro%lems or trou%les that 'ould hinder (our
de)elopment as a person& /ook at thin#s as challen#es and opportunities $or (ou to learn and #ro'&

+$ (our ans'er to m( question is the latter* then + %elie)e (ou are on (our 'a( to creatin# (our o'n milestone&

7ood luck in (our %oard examinations and al'a(s aim $or that top spotH

6apua +nstitute o$ Technolo#(* B&S& Arch& (Batch 2000!
22 June 2008

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