research on fuzzy

© All Rights Reserved

3 views

research on fuzzy

© All Rights Reserved

- performance_fuzzy
- Navigation system for an autonomous robot using fuzzy logic
- Vikram Mutneja (316049619)
- Edge_Detection_Using_Fuzzy_Logic.pdf
- control valve
- International Journal of Information Technology, Control and Automation (IJITCA)
- Fuzzy Gain Scheduling of Multivariable Processes
- IJEST10-02-08-15.pdf
- A Fuzzy Neural Joint Radio Resource Management in a MultiCell
- method fuzzy
- 10.1109@MACE.2011.5987298
- Lecture 05
- Sistema ABS Com Fuzzy-genetico Tunning
- P1000-1007.pdf
- Use of Fuzzy Logic Systems for Assessment of Primary Faults
- final_v3
- Application of Intuitionistic Neutrosophic Graph Structures in Decision-Making
- AN IMPROVED SCORE FUNCTION FOR RANKING NEUTROSOPHIC SETS AND ITS APPLICATION TO DECISION-MAKING PROCESS
- ICCICCT - 506.pdf
- automatic control

You are on page 1of 4

School of Electric Power Engineering, Nanjing Institute of Technology, Nanjing, China

e-mail:sora2008@126.com

Abstract

A design example of voltage and reactive power

fuzzy logic controller for 110kV substation based on

MATLAB is done in this paper. 56 fuzzy control rules

are extracted on the basis of nine-area diagram

divided the area of prior switching of capacitors.

MATLAB Fuzzy Logic Toolbox is used to build fuzzy

logic controllers fuzzy inference system and MATLAB

SimPowerSystems Blockset is used to set up a simulink

model of single machine-infinity bus system to validate

controllers performance, and a satisfied controlling

result is achieved. Compared with traditional nine-

area diagram strategy, the fuzzy logic controller can

reduce adjusting times of OLTC taps effectively.

Simulation course is introduced and some advertences

are pointed out that using MATLAB simulate and

analyze fuzzy control of voltage and reactive power in

substation.

1. Introduction

In order to improve the voltage quality and reduce

the power loss, local voltage and reactive power

control (VQC) carried out in substation has been

widely used. VQC adopts methods of the adjustment of

OLTC transformer taps and switch of capacitors (or

reactors) to change the voltage and reactive power in a

substation. Generally, main transformer low side bus

voltage and high-voltage side reactive power (or power

factor) are taken as the objects of regulation control in

a VQC system. VQC in substation is a multi-variable,

strong coupling of complex non-linear control problem

affected by voltage, reactive power, time, loading rate,

load voltage characteristics, switch information, OLTC

transformer taps, shunt capacitors groups switching

state and other factors. Its control rules are difficult to

express with precise mathematical model. However,

fuzzy logic control does not require a precise

mathematical model. Fuzzy controller can be seen as

an estimator mainly imitating the experience of people

and doesnt dependent on the model. It is mainly

dependent on the fuzzy control rules and the

membership functions of fuzzy variables, and does not

have to know mathematical interdependent relationship

between the input and output. Therefore the fuzzy

control theory is suitable for the study of the VQC

issue in substation. In addition, fuzzy control algorithm

facilitates the realization by using single-chip or DSP,

which from the practical and economic point of view is

very favorable.

In view of this, VQC in substation based on fuzzy

control theory is emphasized by many power

technology workers. Authors of [1]-[3] have discussed

the application of fuzzy logic control theory in VQC.

However, when the fuzzy controller of voltage and

reactive power is designed, the membership functions

of fuzzy input/output variables and the extraction of

fuzzy control rules often contain the designer's

subjective color, which can not guarantee the

controllers capability and effect. Therefore it is

necessary to adopt a method of digital simulation to

analyze and verify fuzzy controller of voltage and

reactive power. Then the membership functions and

fuzzy control rules can be modified so as to enable the

fuzzy controller achieve more satisfactory control

effect. This paper uses MATLAB Fuzzy Logic

Toolbox to design a voltage and reactive power fuzzy

controller for 110kV substation, and also uses

MATLAB SimPowerSystems Blockset (SPS) to carry

out the simulation analysis to its control performance

and the control effect.

2. Design of fuzzy controller

Suppose that a 110kV terminal substation, main

transformer rated capacity is 40MVA, voltage rating is

110 81.25%/10.5kV. The 10kV bus side has been

installed 4 groups of capacitors, each of capacity

Q

0

=6000kvar. The permissible changed range for 10kV

voltage bus is 10~10.7kV. Design of fuzzy controller

includes the determination of the controller structure

and fuzzy input/output variables, the establishment of

membership functions, the extraction of fuzzy rules

2009 Sixth International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery

978-0-7695-3735-1/09 $25.00 2009 IEEE

DOI 10.1109/FSKD.2009.132

356

2009 Sixth International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery

978-0-7695-3735-1/09 $25.00 2009 IEEE

DOI 10.1109/FSKD.2009.132

356

and fuzzy inference, and defuzzy. Design of voltage

and reactive power fuzzy controller takes main

transformer low-voltage side bus voltage deviation EU

(compared with the average voltage of the upper and

lower limits) and high-voltage side reactive power

deviation EQ (compared with the 0) as the controller's

input variables, and transformer taps controlled

quantity (TAP) and capacitors switching controlled

quantity (CAP) as the controller's output variables.

This is a dual-input dual-output structure model of

first-order.

The key of the fuzzy controller design is the

extraction of the fuzzy control rules. Therefore the

fuzzy controller is called the fuzzy rule controller. The

extraction of fuzzy rules in this design is conducted on

the base of nine-area diagram used to divide the area of

prior switching of capacitors. In figure 1, U

H

, U

L

, Q

H

,

Q

L

, denote respectively upper and lower limits of

voltage and reactive power. U

0

is the arithmetic mean

values of the voltage of the upper and lower limits. Q

0

is the capacity of 1 capacitor group. Two shadow plots

are dead zone set to prevent oscillation (That is, do not

adjust transformer taps and switch capacitors) at the

expense of sacrificing the reactive power indicators to

ensure the voltage qualified rate. But this will avoid at

least twice adjusting times of control equipments.

Figure 1 totally extracts 87=56 fuzzy IF-THEN rules,

see table 1 below.

H

U

L

U

H

Q

L

Q

0

Q

0

Q 5 . 0

0

Q

0

0

Q 5 . 1

0

Q 2

0

U

Figure 1. Fuzzy subsets division and fuzzy

rules extraction

MATLAB Fuzzy Logic Toolbox is used to establish

fuzzy inference system (FIS) file of the designed

voltage and reactive power fuzzy controller. Then save

it to the workspace of MATLAB in order to introduce

into Simulink. FIS uses Mamdani minimum engine

(and operator takes "min", or operator takes "max",

implication takes "min", aggregation takes "max"). The

defuzzy uses the centroid method (defuzzification

takes "centroid").

Table 1. Fuzzy rules

EU

EQ

NB NM NS Z PS PM PB

PB

PM

/NB*

PM

/NS*

PM

/NS*

PB

/Z

PB

/Z

PB

/Z

PB

/Z

PM

PS

/NB*

PS

/NS*

PS

/NS*

PM

/Z

PM

/Z

PM

/Z

PM

/Z

PS

Z

/NB*

Z

/NS

Z

/NS

PS

/Z

PS

/Z

PS

/Z

PS

/Z

PZ

Z

/NM

Z

/NS

Z

/NS

Z

/Z

Z

/Z

Z

/Z

Z

/Z

NZ

Z

/Z

Z

/Z

Z

/Z

Z

/Z

Z

/PS

Z

/PS

Z

/PM

NS

NS

/Z

NS

/Z

NS

/Z

NS

/Z

Z

/PS

Z

/PS

NS

/PB*

NM

NM

/Z

NM

/Z

NM

/Z

NM

/Z

NS

/PS*

NS

/PS*

NM

/PB*

NB

NB

/Z

NB

/Z

NB

/Z

NB

/Z

NM

/PS*

NM

/PS*

NB

/PB*

In table 1: The "numerator/denominator" expresses

that TAP/CAP (tap controlled quantity/capacitors

switching controlled quantity), * denotes priority

actions.

3. Simulation and analysis of fuzzy VQC

In order to perfect control performance of the

designed fuzzy controller of voltage and reactive

power and simulate and analyze its control effect,

MATLAB SPS is used to establish a single machine-

infinity bus system, then the 110kV substation is

introduced into the system [4], the simulink model is

shown in Figure 2. Figure 3 is the simulink model of

established voltage and reactive power fuzzy controller.

Supposes that the transformer tap is 0 at 0:00pm,

the capacitors are thrown 3 groups. Take 24 time

intervals (0:00~23:00) load data (which comes from

[5]) in a typical date of the 110kV substation to carry

on the simulation to the fuzzy controller's control

effect.

We can use the load flow and machine initialization

tool provided by Powergui (power system analysis

components) to run the new load and obtain generator's

steady-state value under this load. "Update Load Flow"

function can be used to auto-update the synchronous

generators initial value and its two inputs, mechanical

power Pm and internal potential E, so that the

simulation can be carried out under the steady-state [6].

The simulation uses the Phasors method that ignores

the DC component and other harmonic components to

carry out the dynamic simulation. That is, only the

voltage amplitude and phase angle are calculated and

can greatly reduce the simulation time [7].

357 357

Figure 2. Single machine-infinity bus system model

Figure 3. Fuzzy logic controller model

The simulation result shows that under fuzzy

control, load voltage values in a day all qualified and at

the same time reactive power values have been greatly

improved. The adjusting of transformer taps is 6 times,

switching of capacitor groups is only 1 time. In

addition, the simulation computation result according

to the traditional nine-area control strategy,

demonstrates that the adjusting of transformer taps is

10 times, and switching of capacitor groups is 1 time.

Figure 4 is voltage curves of the fuzzy control, nine-

area method control and without VQC. Obviously the

fuzzy control and nine-area method control can

improve voltage quality significantly. But according to

substation VQC control objectives: to ensure qualified

voltage, to maintain the reactive power basic balance,

to reduce adjusting times of the control equipments,

especially adjusting times of OLTC taps, fuzzy VQC

is obviously much better than the nine-area method

control.

Figure 4. Voltage curves of main

transformer low-voltage side

4. Conclusion

This paper designed a voltage and reactive power

fuzzy controller for 110kV substation and proposed the

method of the fuzzy sets division, the design of

membership functions, the organization and extraction

of fuzzy IF-THEN rules, on the base of nine-area

diagram used to divide the area of prior switching of

capacitors. MATLABs Fuzzy Logic Toolbox and SPS

are used to simulate and design voltage and reactive-

power fuzzy logic controller. Simulation results show

that the fuzzy control strategy can ensure qualified

voltage and improve reactive power, at the same time

effectively reduce the adjusting times of transformer

taps, which have important significance in improving

voltage quality and maintaining the gird safety and

stable operation.

Using MATLABs toolboxes, blocksets and taking

digital simulation method to analyze the research

objects will enable the designers out of a lot of

programming work, so that designers can pay more

358 358

attention to research the inherent problems of the

subjects.

The characteristics of SPS should be taken into

count when it is used to simulate and analyze the

control effects of voltage and reactive power fuzzy

controller. For example, since the three-phase load

model provided by SPS is the constant impedance load

model, so when organizing and extracting the fuzzy

control rules, we have to use the basic rules of voltage

and reactive-power control in substation: substation

synthesis load for constant impedance model, that is

shifting up (shifting down) a tap can increase

(decrease) transformation ratio, reduce (raise) the low-

voltage side bus voltage, and decrease (increase) high-

voltage side reactive power but the reactive power

property and power factor unchanged [8]. To more

tally with the actual situation, the pattern of parallel

load model of motor load and static load can be

considered.

When designing the fuzzy controller, designers act

according to their own subjective experience to carry

on the determination of membership functions and the

extraction of the fuzzy control rules. Therefore the

control effect of initial designed fuzzy controller

inevitably receives the suspicion. The method of digital

simulation may be used to verify the control effect of

the fuzzy controller. If the requirements are not

satisfied, we could go back to modify membership

functions and fuzzy control rules. The process is more

tedious, but designed fuzzy controller is more precise.

Discovered in the simulation process that bound nearby

of the voltage and reactive power is the control

sensitive region, it may need to spend massive time to

carry on the repeated simulation computation.

5. References

[1] WANG Lei, HUANG Chun, GUO Shanghua, The

design of voltage & reactive power comprehensive control

device of substation based on fuzzy control theory, Relay,

vol. 31, no.8, pp. 40-42, Aug. 2003.

[2] QI Xiaoman, LIU Dichen, and HE Sheng, A novel

comprehensive adaptive control of voltage & reactive power

in substation, Proc. of 1st International Power Electronics

and Motion Control Conference (IPEMC 2004), Xian,

China, 2004, pp. 873-877.

[3] LI Sheng, CHEN Xinji, and GAO Shan, Research on

voltage and reactive power control strategy based on FLC in

Substation, Power Capacitors, no.3, pp.21-24, Sept. 2005.

[4] LU Qiang, MEI Shengwei, and SUN Yuanzhang, Power

system nonlinear control (2nd edition). Beijing: Tsinghua

University Press, 2008.

[5] WEI Yuanhang, Research on voltage and reactive Power

control based on fuzzy neural network, Master degree

dissertation, Guangdong University of Technology,

Guangzhou, 2001.

[6] LI Sheng, A comparative study of power system

simulation based on MATLAB and ETAP, Journal of

Nanjing Institute of Technology (Natural Science Edition),

vol. 4, no.2, pp.50-55, Jun. 2006.

[7] WU Tianming, ZHAO Xinli, and LIU Jiancun, MATLAB

power system design and analysis (2nd edition), Beijing:

Defense Industry Press, 2007.

[8] LI Sheng, Effect of voltage static characteristic of load

on substation voltage and reactive power control strategy,

Proc. of 9th Youth Academic Conference of Chinese Society

for Electrical Engineering, Beijing, China, 2006, pp. 727-732.

359 359

- performance_fuzzyUploaded bysrikaanth06
- Navigation system for an autonomous robot using fuzzy logicUploaded byIJSRP ORG
- Vikram Mutneja (316049619)Uploaded byAndreea
- Edge_Detection_Using_Fuzzy_Logic.pdfUploaded byumeshgangwar
- control valveUploaded byManogya Sharma
- International Journal of Information Technology, Control and Automation (IJITCA)Uploaded byijitcajournal
- Fuzzy Gain Scheduling of Multivariable ProcessesUploaded byjiugarte1
- IJEST10-02-08-15.pdfUploaded byJos1
- A Fuzzy Neural Joint Radio Resource Management in a MultiCellUploaded bytucko123
- method fuzzyUploaded byAlejandroHerreraGurideChile
- 10.1109@MACE.2011.5987298Uploaded byVinsen Teubun Letsoin
- Lecture 05Uploaded byRavalika Yamparala
- Sistema ABS Com Fuzzy-genetico TunningUploaded byLeonardo De Assis Silva
- P1000-1007.pdfUploaded byVitthal Patnecha
- Use of Fuzzy Logic Systems for Assessment of Primary FaultsUploaded byAstana Yoga Nyen Kadens
- final_v3Uploaded byalberto719
- Application of Intuitionistic Neutrosophic Graph Structures in Decision-MakingUploaded byMia Amalia
- AN IMPROVED SCORE FUNCTION FOR RANKING NEUTROSOPHIC SETS AND ITS APPLICATION TO DECISION-MAKING PROCESSUploaded byMia Amalia
- ICCICCT - 506.pdfUploaded byGlan Devadhas
- automatic controlUploaded bymagdi elmalek
- Chap02cFuzzyUploaded byVishnuDhanabalan
- Final ReportUploaded byMaruthi Jacs
- Perception-based Intelligent Decision SystemsUploaded byTuran Muslumzade
- Fuzzy InferenceUploaded byMaulanaMuhammadIqbal
- 1-Mistake-When-Purchasing-PID-Tuning-Software.pdfUploaded bySyed Mian Fahim Kakakhail
- Fuzzy sets and logicUploaded bySelvakumari
- Fuzzy Soft Sets and Their Algebraic Structures.pdfUploaded byMunazza Naz
- Fuzzy Risk Based Assessment of Underground Assets _ GenericUploaded byChristy Powers
- correlação R vs Vp (mostrar).pdfUploaded byVictor Henrique Oliveira
- IJCCSCEUploaded byijccsce

- Sensing and Self Regulating Moisture Content of Soil for Multi CropsUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- CflalracUploaded byMijin28
- As 1457-1999 Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) - Length Standards - Gauge BlocksUploaded bySAI Global - APAC
- ASTM-C78Uploaded byavrajan
- 0625_w11_qp_61Uploaded byHaider Ali
- Radio Instructor 1922 07Uploaded byNestor Escala
- Increasing FCC Output by Oxygen EnrichmentUploaded byzsuzsapogats
- AnnotationUploaded byAmit Jain
- Giammarco VetrocokeUploaded byfree_share
- IRC-37-2017.pdfUploaded byVikas Saini
- DIRECT ELECTROCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF INORGANIC AND ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDSUploaded byPavle Radojković
- EMC Control Center TroubleshootingUploaded byImran Rentia
- vt_2010_matlabUploaded byAnindyaGhosh
- Thomas Engel's Magnet MotorUploaded byadela2012
- bresle chloride test kitUploaded byManoj Saraf
- MULTIFACTOR NAÏVE BAYES CLASSIFICATION FOR THE SLOW LEARNER PREDICTION OVER MULTICLASS STUDENT DATASETUploaded byAnonymous lVQ83F8mC
- An examination of Okun's law: evidence from regional areas in GreeceUploaded bympajovin
- Dehumidification and CoolingUploaded byTangha Muklom Kuncha
- SOKKIA Sdl30-50 Operators Manual-13th EdUploaded byAlvaro Reynaga
- Fourier SeriesUploaded bySmitha Vas
- IA6-12GM50-IU-V1Uploaded byPipe Castillo
- Crude Tower Simulation ( HYSYS V8.6 )Uploaded byFrank Quijada
- Bone, Body Weight, And Weight Reduction- What Are the ConcernsUploaded byMagda Villarreal
- Intro to SketchyPhysicsUploaded bymeelliot
- Manual Do UsuarioUploaded byTierryTorresWermelinger
- Lab03 Windows Task ManagerUploaded byLoyd Morales
- cs_7.2_dqlUploaded byAli
- Basic Setup Steps for the Bare Metal RestoreUploaded bykamakom78
- CAMD LABUploaded byM.Thirunavukkarasu
- Fatigue Strength Evaluation of the Clinch Joints of a Cold Rolled Steel SheetUploaded byNoir Hamann