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Proposal for project on:

Nanotechnology enabled RFID solution modeling and development

Objective: To develop RFID based on current developed in MEMS and Nanotechnologies

Brief Synopsis: RFID are benefitting from the current developments of MEMS and CNTs where
new antenna, transponders, low energy devices are being proposed and implemented. The
major challenge though here is Reliability and Packaging of these devices. In this project we
want to implement modeling, reliability, analysis of Nano RFID system s and foster their
integration in real devices. We have studies the comprehensively about the commercial status
of RFID which has been shown in this summary and we plan to implement real products in form
of Nano enabled RFID which will see application in d iversified areas. Preliminary work in this
regard has been done by our team (in form of research publications) and we plan to extend our
work in gathering rich IP and strong research pillars to support our project.


R FID technology is still to realize its true potential, with the growing applications and development in low
power devices RFID will integrate into many useful products and will have many features which will add
value to its current state. In this executive summary for project we have described the challenges and
planning of implementing the nanotechnology enabled RFID with special features. The market, companies,
planning and the product development has been explained. Business in Nano enabled RFID is an important area
also because its links are there with the new world order. The need for low power and highly efficient need of RFIS
is eminent, which will be used in almost all application of Business.

Objective of our project is realization, research and application. For this we are aggressively working on
enhancing our business plans as well to get groundbreaking research to be published in peer reviewed
conferences and journal. We have made a good progress currently in this regard but with no source of
external funding progress in our work have rather been some slow.

In our survey for this project we have gathered the current companies which work in RFID and will shift to nano
enabled RFID for adding more features in the current RFID technologies. The advantages of Nano RFID can be seen
with its integration in human body with sensors, medical implantation and banking. Our implantation differs from
other is that Nano RFID can enable complex features to be added in RFID to detect many components in human
body. Many companies are working on RFID but Nanotech enabled RFID is still a thing that is not worked on. The
future RFID is far beyond tag but will enabled complex sensors which will be in use with WSN wireless sensor

Cite as : Satydhar Joshi, "Research Proposal Report " [Online document], 2009 June09, Available HTTP:
The main RFID device in use is EPC (Electronic Product Code) but with added low power nanotechnology enabled
devices this scenario is bound to change. The development of standards for RFID is overseen by EPCglobal Inc.
which is a joint venture of EAN and UCC, the bodies which controls the regulation of Barcodes in US and rest of the
world [24]. In large quantities, EPC tags may even cost cheaper than 13 US cents [25] and is expected to drop to as
low as 5 US cents in a few years [26]. Many big companies are in RFID manufacturing and services today such as
IBM and Infosys . They are building RFID tags and reader system for commercial market requirements. Some
major IT enterprises also provide commercial software for RFID [2], such as IBM Websphere and SUN EPC
network provided by Sun Microsystems . Commercial status of RFID is bound to increase in the near future.

A large number of products in America are handled through retail supply chain and majority of them still rely on
manual methods of data collection [21]. Wal-mart has been studying and researching the business applications of
RFID and has become one of the biggest user in retail market [30]. Wal Mart [9] and US department of Defence
[10] ordered their suppliers for implementation and usage of RFID by beginning of 2005 which made the academic
community to shift towards it. Many retail industries such as Metro AG, Tesco and 7 -Eleven have started using
RFID in their supply chain management [31]. This not only helps them optimize their supply chain management but
helps them to know exactly where their products are at any time and these products can be tracked down in the
chain easily.

India being the second largest growing economy, RFID technology is also getting rapidly adapted in Indian market
[22]. RFID is extensively used in apparel industry in India. Many retail industries such as Pantaloon and Madura
garments have started using RFID to tag garments for SCM [22]. In Wipro’s Electronic City many stores such as
Arving Mills sell RFID tagged products. Mahindra & Mahindra is using RFID for integrated production management
[23]. Jayakar Library of Pune University and Dhanvantri Library of Jammu University are using RFID for library
management purposes. Ashok Leyland is also preparing to deploy RFID in its assembli ng centers [22]. In order to
reduce retail shrinkage many large retail outlets in India such as BIG BAZZAR and PANTALOON are using RFID [23].

The current research in RFID technology has already shown that it has a vast commercial scope. At present RFID is
an emerging technology. Its power has been realized but its capabilities are yet to be utilized completely. As this
technology gets developed, its use will eventually increase. RFID has a large business scope. In busines s, reader
reads the tag then sends the information, identification and location of the object to a computer. Now with this
information further business processes are initiated [6]. There has been an outbreak in many areas of research
with RFID such as environment management [11], project management [12], e-commerce [13], information
systems [14] [15], innovation management [16], supply chain management and warehousing [17] [18]. With the
help of a well organized inventory system RFID systems can help in preventing theft, shop lifting, error and fraud
losses, which amounts to nearly $31 billion USD in US [20]. The retail industry has been completely changed and it
is strongly believed that “Retailing in the 21 century will no doubt be very different from retailing in the 20th
century, just as retailing in the 20th century was very different from retailing in the 19th century” [19]. The
distribution of RFID tags in different industries is eminent, which clearly depicts the largest share in retail industry

Our project will result in product which will be Nano enabled RFID system with the use of MEMS and CNT
technologies. Assembling and middleware, also modeling aspects of Nano -RFID.
Our project will be first of its kind Indian project with nanotechnology enabled RFID technology. There is a need to
get our work at par with the global ones by synchronization of nanotechnology research in RFID. Currently the
realization of advantages of Nanotechnology in RFID has been felt and these remains some areas to be explored by
other companies thus starting early as per the needs of business and National will be beneficial. We have been
working on getting a rich IP in the initial stage and have research publications backin g our work [Given at last].The
things that make our group more interesting than other groups are that we have got an irreversible and strong
policy on IP which is our strength. Also the research in technology and our understanding of technology is unique.
The complex aspects have been covered in the calculation that includes increase in team members, implementing
the three phases at right months at periods, etc. The strategy for sales remains simple, get rick IP and
collaborations and provide the most sophisticated technology which can be easily converted into products.

We would like to move our work ahead in the following areas and get the technology for

 Commercial and business applications: As shown in our last work RFID recent progress and commercial
prospectus we have discussed the commercial applications of RFID (presented IIM Ahmadabad at SIM
2009), these application are spread across various domains

 Integration of MEMS devices: We have shown the modeling of MEMS devices in our last work “MEMS
and Muti scale modeling using HPC” ( CITISIA Kuala Lampur this July IEEE Xplore DL)

 Reliability, Packaging and Modeling: We have also got a base in Reliability analysis of MEMS based
devices which are the heart of Nano RFID and the main hindrance for it commercialization as shown in our
last work Reliability computations of MEMS devices (Indexed in ACM DL, IEEE Xplore)

 Nano enabled Wireless Sensor Network: In this part of our work we have described the implementation
of MEMS and CNT based Sensor nodes in a WSN and their modeling with reliability analysis

We are planning to install some infrastructure for the research & planning to send our results in High Impact factor
journals which are indexed in SCI. Our focus area still remains reliability and modeling in this regard. Also in our last
three business plan event in IIT Madras, IIT Kharagpur and IIT Bombay [cite business plan] we presented our work
in front of many experts and got useful feedback on moving ahead with our ideas. Also workshops attended in IITs
[cite workshops attended] gave us an insight on the kind of work being done in the area.

Thus we plan to provide some realistic solution that may enable realization of Nano RFID and help us to
commercialize this technology, and this can only be done by reliability analysis and pre modeling RFID as per our
needs. We plan to fill this vacuum because it is poised to see rapid growth. Preliminary work in prototype has
been shown in this work. Also the strong technical management team is one of the assets of this project. Patents
to be applied in near future: Nanotechnology based RFID using CNT and MEMS devices along with
Reliability and packaging innovations

[1] Kaya, Tolga; Koser, Hur, “A New Batteryless Active RFID System: Smart RFID,” Proc. RFID Eurasia, 2007 1st Annual,
pp.1 – 4, 5-6 Sept. 2007
[2] Weixin Wang; Jongwoo Sung; Daeyoung Kim, “Complex Event Processing in EPC Sensor Network Middleware for Both
RFID and WSN,” Proc. 11th IEEE International Symposium on Object Oriented Real-Time Distributed Computing
(ISORC), 2008 , pp. 165 – 169, 5-7 May 2008
[3] Lu, H.M.; Goldsmith, C.; Cauller, L.; Jeong-Bong Lee, “MEMS-Based Inductively Coupled RFID Transponder for
Implantable Wireless Sensor Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp. 2412 – 2414, Jun.
[4] Pereira, D.P.; Dias, W.; Braga, M.; Barreto, R.; Figueiredo, C.M.S.; Brilhante, V., “Model to integration of RFID into
Wireless Sensor Network for Tracking and Monitoring Animals,” Proc. 11th IEEE International Conference on
Computational Science and Engineering, 2008, pp. 125 – 131, 16-18 Jul. 2008
[5] Pereyma, M.; Motyka, I.; Lobur, M., “Perspectives of Smart RFID Tags Usage Fabricated by MEMS Technologies,” Proc.
International Conference on Perspective Technologies and Methods in MEMS Design, 2007. MEMSTECH 2007, pp. 113 –
113, 23-26 May 2007
[6] Kärkkäinen, M., Holmstrom J., Framling K. and Artto K., “Intelligent Products - a Step Towards a more Effective Project
Delivery Chain”, Computers in Industry, Volume 50, Issue 2, 2003, 141-151
[7] Trebilcock, B., “Will there Be Enough RFID Tags in 2005?”, Modern Materials Handling, Nov. 2004, Retrieved Jun. 5,
2007, from
[8] Swartz, J., “Changing Retail Trends, New Technologies, and the Supply Chain”, Technology in Society, 22, 2000, 123–
[9] Dillman, L., “Wal-Mart Draws Line in the Sand”, RFIDJournal, Jun. 2003, Retrieved Jan. 26, 2007, from
[10] US DoD, “Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis of Passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)”, Version 1.2, Mar.
2005, Retrieved Jun. 14, 2007, from .pdf
[11] Saar, S. and Thomas V., “Towards Trash That Thinks”, Journal of Industrial Ecology, Volume 6, Issue 2, 133–146. , 2002
[12] Angeles, R., “RFID Technologies: Supply Chain Application and Implementation Issues”, Information System
Management, 51-65., Winter 2005
[13] Bain, M. and Subirana B., “E-commerce Oriented Software Agents: Towards Legal Programming: a Legal Analysis of
Ecommerce and Personal Assistant Agents Using a Process/IT View of The Firm”, Computer Law & Security Report,
Volume 19, Issue 3, 201-211. , 2003
[14] Geng, Y. and Sirkka L.J., “Trust and radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Adoption Within an Alliance”, Proceedings of
the 39th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences - 2006 Proceedings of the 38th Annual Hawaii International
Conference on System Sciences (HICSS'05), Jan. 2005.
[15] Quaadgras, A., “Who Joins the Platform? The Case of the RFID Business Ecosystem”, Proceedings of the 38th Annual
Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS'05), Jan. 2005.
[16] Sheffi, Y., “RFID and the Innovation Cycle”, International Journal of Logistics Management. Volume 15, Issue 1, 2004, 1-
[17] Srivastava, B., “Radio Frequency ID Technology: The Next Revolution in SCM” Business Horizons, Volume 47, Issue 6,
2004, 60-68
[18] Gunasekarana, A., Ngai E.W.T., “Build-to-Order Supply Chain Management: A Literature Review and Framework for
Development” Journal of Operations Management, Volume 23, Issue 5, 2005, 423-451
[19] Peterson, R.A. and Balasubramanian S., “Retailing in the 21st Century: Reflections and prologue to research”, Journal of
Retailing, 78, 2002, 9-16.
[20] Lefebvre, L.A.; Lefebvre, E.; Bendavid, Y.; Wamba, S.F.; Boeck, H “RFID as an Enabler of B-to-B e-Commerce and Its
Impact on Business Processes: A Pilot Study of a Supply Chain in the Retail Industry” Proceedings of the 39th Annual
Hawaii. . International Conference on System Sciences, 2006. HICSS apos;06, Volume 6, pp. 104a - 104a, 04-07 Jan. 2006
[21] Quinn, P., “Bar Code: Stronger than Ever”, Supply Chain Systems Magazine, Volume 24, Issue 10, pp. 16-20. , 2004
[22] Meetali Saxena, Gayatri Doctor,”Radio Frequency Identification (RFID): Applications and Indian Scenario,” ICFAI
Business School, Ahmedabad
[23] RFID 2.0,
[24] EPCglobal Web Site (2005). [Online]. Available:
[25] Alien Technology Corporation achieves another step toward pervasive,economic RFID with announcement of 12.9 cent
RFID labels [Online]. Available:, Sep. 2005
[26] S. E. Sarma, S. A.Weis, and D.W. Engels, “RFID systems, security and privacy implications,”AutoID Center,MIT,
Cambridge,MA, Tech. Rep. aMIT, AUTOID-WH-014, 2002.
[27] K. Fishkin and J. Lundell, “RFID in healthcare,” in RFID: Applications, Security, and Privacy, S. Garfinkel and B.
Rosenberg, Eds. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, pp. 211–228. , 2005
[28] International Civil Aviation Organization ICAO, “Document 9303, Machine readable travel documents (MRTD), Part I,”
Machine readable passports, 2005.
[29] A. Juels, D. Molnar, and D. Wagner, “Security and privacy issues in e-passports,” IEEE/Create Net Secure Commun.,.
[Online]. Available:, 2005
[30] Roberti, M., “Analysis: RFID - Wal-Mart's Network Effect”, CIO Insight, Retrieved Mar. 8, 2007, from, September 2003
[31] Levinson, M., (2003). “The RFID Imperative”, CIO Magazine, Retrieved Mar. 8, 2007, from, December
[32] Raghu Das, “New RFID Market Analysis,” IDTechEx, Cambridge, UK, 2005, 18-21 April
[33] “The RFID Benchmark Report: Finding the Technology’s Tipping Point,” Aberdeen Group, December 2005
[34] “Meeting the Retail RFID Mandate,” ATKEARNEY, November 2003,
[35] “RFID / EPC: Managing the Transition,” ATKEARNEY, November 2003,
[36] “RFID and Consumers: Understanding their Mindset,” Cap Gemini Ernst & Young, 2005
[37] Rolf Appel, Eric Burgers, Sebas de Jongh, Andrew Vann Arjon Vlasblom, “RFID hardware survey 2005 is UHF technology
ready for European adoption?,” Cachet Printing B.V, Rotterdam, Netherlands, Logica CMG, 2005
[38] Matt Ward, Rob van Kranenburg, Gaynor Backhouse, “RFID: Frequency, standards, adoption and innovation,” JISC
Technology and Standards Watch, May 2006
[39] Roger Smith, “RFID: A Brief Technology Analysis,”, 2004
[40] Jerry Landt, Barbara Catlin, “Shrouds of Time the history of RFID,” AIM, The Association for Automatic Identification and
Data Capture Technologies, October 2001
[41] Rakesh Kumar, “Interaction of RFID Technology and Public Policy,” WIPRO, 2004
[42] David C. Wyld, “RFID: The Right Frequency for Government,” E-Government Series, IBM center for the Business of
Government, October 2005A New RFID Market Analysis: RFID market to reach $7.26Bn in 2008

Authors Publications:
[1] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak, and Salman Ahmed, "Wireless Sensor Network: Simulink Modeling and Reliability of Nano -
Nodes," 2nd International Workshop on Electron Devices and Semiconductor Technology (IEDST 2009), June 1-2, 2009, Indian
Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India.
[2] Rohit Pathak, Satyadhar Joshi, “'Multi Scale Modeling of Nano Enable Solar cell With Implementation on an HPC Setup,” IEE E
Symposium on Industrial Electronics & Applications (ISIEA 2009), October 2009.
[3] Rohit Pathak, Satyadhar Joshi, “RFID : Recent Prospectus and commercial applications,” International Conference On
Security and Identity Management (SIM) – 2009, Sponsored by Research Council of UK (RCUK), May 11-12, 2009.
[4] Rohit Pathak, Satyadhar Joshi, “Modeling and Reliability Analysis of MEMS Based Fuel Cells,” IEEE Symposium on Industrial
Electronics & Applications (ISIEA 2009), October 2009.
[5] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak and Salman Ahmed, , "MATLAB Modeling of HDD in light of the Advances in Nanotechnology
and MEMS-based Innovations," Conference on Innovative Technologies in Intelligent Systems & Industrial Applications,
(CITISIA2009), July 2009.
[6] Rohit Pathak, Satyadhar Joshi, “Solar Cells and Fuel Cells modeling under light of current Innovations in Nanotechnology and
HPC,” 2009 IEEE Conference on Sustainable Alternative Energy, September 2009.
[7] Rohit Pathak, Satyadhar Joshi, “Optimizing Reliability Analysis of MEMS Devices on an HPC Setup using Multi-Scale
Modeling” Internation Conference on Software Technology & Engineering ICSTE2009 Organized by the International Association
of Computer Science & Information Technology (June 2009).
[8] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak and Salman Ahmed, , "MPI and PVM based HPC Setup for Multi Scale Modeling," IEEE
International Advance Computing Conference (IACC’09) Indexed in IEEE Explore (Communicated ).
[9] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak, "Distributive Computing for reliab ility analysis of MEMS devices using MATLAB," ACM
International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication and Control, ICAC3, pp. 237, January 23 -24 2009.
Published and Indexed in ACM DL
[10 Rohit Pathak, Satyadhar Joshi, “Modeling Nano Enabled Elements of Solar Cells and Fuel Cells,” Conference on Innovative
Technologies in Intelligent Systems & Industrial Applications, (CITISIA2009), July 2009.
[11] Rohit Pathak, Satyadhar Joshi “Multi-Scale Modeling of Nano Enabled Solar Cell,” International Conference on Issues and
Challenges in Energy Conservation and Management (December 2009).
[12] Rohit Pathak, Satyadhar Joshi “Modeling MEMS Based Fuel Cell with Reliability & Multi -Scale Analysis,” International
Conference on Issues and Challenges in Energ y Conservation and Management (December 2009).
[13] Multi Scale Modeling and Intricate Study of MEMS Based Elements in RFID systems Conference on Innovative Technologies
in Intelligent Systems & Industrial Applications, (CITISIA2009), July 2009.
[14] Multi-scale Modeling and Analysis of Nano-RFID Systems on HPC Setup IC3 2009, CCIS 40, pp. 649–659, 2009.
Business Events taken part in: E-Summit IIT Bombay Jan 2009, Khsitij IIT Khragpur 2008, Shaastra IIT
Madras 2007

Workshops Proceedings Referred
 Proceedings on Course on Conventorware (MEMS design) - Coventorware MEMS design. BITS Pilani, 2007. 3 day
course on MEMS Design on Coventorware
 Proceedings of Workshop on Nanotech Status and challenges - IIT Delhi. IIT Delhi, 2007. Attended workshop on
Nanotechnology, had many lab visits
 Proceedings of Workshop on MEMS - Mech Engg IITB. IIT Bombay, 2007. Workshop organized by Radiance, dept of
Mechanical Engineering.
 Proceedings of Workshop on CNT - IIT Madras, 2006 to 2006. Workshop on Nanotechnology and CNT, Fabrication of
CNT and Physics of CNT
 Theoretical Study on CNT - Centre for Advanced Technology Indore. CAT Indore, 2007. Worked and Studied CNT and
MEMS (theoretical)



Distribution of RFID tags market

44% Retail/CGP

20% Land and Sea Logistic /
4% Postal
8% Healthcare
4% 8%


15000 Number of RFID tags in use
10000 10000
Number of RFID
5000 tags in use (in
0 6.3 80
Year 2005 Year 2010 Year 2015

Projected price of RFID tags
0.1 Projected price of
0.06 RFID tags (in USD)
0 0.01
Year 2005 Year 2010 Year 2015



RFID ratio of margin to Tag cost for
various products
50 RFID ratio of
40 margin to Tag
30 cost for
20 various
10 products
Liquor, wine …
Consumer …

Electronic …

Health &…


Fresh produce
Toys & hobies