Cite as : Satydhar Joshi, "Business Plan on Nanotechnology " [Online document], 2009 June09, Available HTTP:www.nanotechbiz.


Confidentiality Agreement The undersigned reader acknowledges that the information provided by Rohit Pathak in this business plan is confidential; therefore, reader agrees not to disclose it without the express written permission of Rohit Pathak. It is acknowledged by reader that information to be furnished in this business plan is in all respects confidential in nature, other than information which is in the public domain through other means and that any disclosure or use of same by reader, may cause serious harm or damage to Rohit Pathak. Upon request, this document is to be immediately returned to Rohit Pathak.

___________________ Signature

Rohit Pathak 25th March 2009

This is a business plan executive summary. It does not imply an offering of securities.

Cite as : Satydhar Joshi, "Business Plan on Nanotechnology " [Online document], 2009 June09, Available

Nanotechnology Enabled Solutions in Green Energy
Satyadhar Joshi INTRODUCTION Rohit Pathak


nergy from clean, non-conventional and renewable sources is of vital importance in this fuel-driven age. Green energy is considered as an environmentally friendly and non-polluting source of energy. The transformation from brown energy to green energy sources would be the next revolutionary leap into a sustainable developing world without compromising on the rate of growth. Green energy includes geothermal, wind and solar power which provides a remedy to counter global warming and pollution. Implication of nanotechnology to enhance innovations in green energy is the subject of this proposal. Since the 1970s, investments in clean technology have moved from primarily government research and development (R&D) projects to major multinationals, well-heeled venture capitalists, and savvy individual investors. While governments still have a significant role to play, this shift is changing the investment landscape and bringing clean technology to the commercial forefront. A number of leading companies, for example, are embracing clean-tech initiatives and investing billions of dollars in their efforts: General Electric (GE), the world’s largest diversified manufacturer, plans to invest up to $1.5 billion a year in clean-tech R&D by 2010 as part of its “Ecomagination” business strategy. BP recently launched an alternative-energy unit that will spend up to $8 billion over 10 years to further the company’s activities in solar, wind, and hydrogen. Spain based energy giants Iberdrola and Acciona are both poised to spend billions of dollars building out their cleanenergy portfolios, primarily wind power, over the coming years. In 2006, Toyota is reported to have spent an astounding $8 billion in R&D, much of it for hybrid and fuel-cell development. The world has seen immense funding in areas of nanotechnology and use the results in green energy is an areas which has not been thought of. The funding in Nanotechnology has been increased to manifolds in the last 5 years. Solar cells and fuel cells have benefited from these research but the implications are not reflected in today’s products. Thin film nanotechnology, research in MEMS and NEMS are areas that hold the key for green cell based technologies. Government across the Globe are becoming serious about Green renewable sources of energy. We plan to increase our overall sales, gross margin and net profit as summarized in the figure below.






Gross Margin Net Prof it



$0 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012

Fig. Projection of yearly sales, gross margin and net profit

Implications of development of Nanotechnology based green cells have been discussed in [6]. Where we have proposed modeling and reliability aspects of MEMS based Green Cells and multi scale modeling of Solar cells which is being communicated for publication. India-specific perspective on the challenges in Fuel Cell Technology has been illustrated in [13]. Multi Scale and HPC in Green Energy solutions using Nanotechnology is important as the application of quantum dots in solar cells has been practically realized thereby making this area feasible. There are many challenges on incorporating these hi tech things in a global scenario because in the age of globalization there exist some advantages and disadvantages. Also there is a monopoly of many giants in some areas which needs to countered with some smart strategy. The idea that makes our plan exclusive is that Nanotechnology needs to be linked with current computation as well as characterization techniques. And the different structure of research culture in India which makes a gap between research and business will be tackled by some novel ways. For starting the work in this area we need to understand the importance of simulation and computational technologies in emerging areas. Also the current status of research needs to be studied. The current research in place like IITs has been observed during the lab visits in the last 3 years [16-21]. With regards to these requirements we have visited the labs of IITs and have hands on experience with MATLAB, Coventerware Multi-physics etc. Similar startups on software simulation exist, but a comprehensive approach lacks in this area. Our research publications are an asset to us where we have worked on virtually all software available in this area

Start-up Requirements Start-up Expenses st Salary (for 1 year only) Legal Travel Rent (assumed to be in Hyderabad) Lab (Rent and installations) Other Total Start-up Expenses Total Requirements

$40,000 $4,000 $8,000 $8,000 $10,000 $10,000 $80,000 $80,000

$80,000 $70,000 $60,000 $50,000 $40,000 $30,000 $20,000 $10,000 $0 Ex penses Assets Inv estment Loans

We have worked on the startup requirements to optimize the expenses. Our strategy in this regard is to play controlled aggression. The total startup required is 80,000 US dollars. Details and justification of startup are described in details in this section. As we have been focusing on IP development as our main priority the requirements in our startups reflects the same. Travel includes conferences, survey (a part of which has been done), meeting and patents. Because these things will help completely in understanding the linkage of technology with business and developing IP. There are various issues that are taking into consideration while deciding the startup. As our approach is distributed for achieving various goals for the next 3 years we will start up to start our work for the first year. The other expenses include collaboration with various research institutes of India and the world. There are schemes being started by IITs and other government institutes to grant lab access to companies. Our recent visits have been on these issues.

Current Assets and Strategy
Our Current assets are the research papers that are being published in international conferences and journals. Also work which is in process for patent is one of the achievable successes and the market survey and assessments. Even if we get funds for our plan a little late we will get papers and patents and a rich IP. Our strategy to develop the prototype has also been successful where we have build a software for fuel cell and a hardware working prototype for solar cell based cars.

A part of survey has been done in the last few years, which includes lab visits in IITs. Survey on current facilities showed that the gap between research and product exists which can be filled by managing the things well. This startup was also present in Showcases in world level forums and had gone in mentoring sessions. Thus the basic starting has been given but official funding / reward is required to take the idea forward. Thus this area has been a strengthened over a period of time.

Market Analysis 2009 Potential Customers Fuel Cell Customers Solar Cells Customers Research Academia Total Growth 30% 30% 10% 19.89% 50 100 200 350 2010 65 130 220 415 2011 85 169 242 496 2012 111 220 266 597 2013 144 286 293 723 CAGR 30.27% 30.04% 10.02% 19.89%

Fuel Cell Customers Solar Cells Customers Research Academia

Market explanation of fuel and solar cells has been explained in this section. Currently we have made a data base of the list of companies which are working in these areas. The database comes under our IP which has been developed over time. We have listed the companies which are working in this area and India that may act as not only as customers but also good for collaboration. Beside this we have also worked out the market that comprises of common people who are purchasing solar cells. Some part of literature is given below

Market report of Clean Tech revolution [24] The above statistics are based on Clean Edge research [24] represents the market analysis. The statistics are for world though but it gives a rough idea of the technology that is expected to come. There are no specific and accurate Our study of Indian markets is based on the earlier reports. With the talks with many people including emails and telephonic surveys we can project the market of fuel cells and solar cells are as follows. Rural India if powered from solar energy can contribute a major to GDP and be independent of government based power structure rural India is one or the untapped markets, energy converts into running water pumps , running automobiles (fuel cells) , running electronics which are the major needs of rural and urban India. Reducing oil imports and creating jobs using alternative energy is the key advantage of our plan because the money saved from non renewable energy will create jobs as well as clean energy. Our market includes companies that plan to use nano enabled fuel cells and also our software solutions for companies working fuel cells and solar cells. We have listed all the Indian companies which can be our potential customers/partners. There are few fuel cell companies in India and fuel cell apps can be divide in top portable and non portable requirements in a product or company. We have targeted 25 solar cell companies and 5 fuel cell companies initially to target for the first phase of our plan; our income would be from a spectrum of areas. Automobile industry would be shifting to fuel cells but they need to make the right choice for their case specific applications, also cost reduction and reliability can be solved only by nanotech enabled solutions which open s a new market and adds another dimension in this area. We have also focused on developing nations to be our market. Electronics industry would be using portable NANO-enabled fuel cells. We have studied and compile d the areas which can possibly be outsourced to us. We will Hyderabad as our market base.

Sales forecast by World Fuel Cells an Industry Profile with Market Prospects to 2010 [26] In the above the forecasted sales are given from World Fuel Cells an Industry Profile with Market Prospects to 2010 [] thus the sales aspect are covered in this work.

Table 1 Photovoltaic power use in India – March 2002
Particulars Power in Megawatts Portable Lighting 4.4 Home Lighting 7.0 Street Lighting 3.2 Water Pumps 5.9 Power Plants 3.0 Telecom 16.0 Others 16.0 Exports 40.0

Report on Indian usage [23]

Table 2 Systems procured under the Solar PV Market Development Program
Type of Unit Solar lanterns Solar home lighting systems Solar street lighting systems Grid interactive solar power plants Garden lighting systems Solar water pumping systems Stand-alone solar power plants Others Total Number 39,000 3,602 1,016 344 349 86 8 33 44,438

Commercializing solar photo Voltaics : India [25]

In commercializing solar photo voltaic [25] a comprehensive report is given about this area. The figure shown above describes Photovoltaic power use in India – March 2002

Table 3 Renewable Energy in India
Source/System Wind Power Biomass power Bagasse cogeneration Small hydro (upto 25 MW) Waste to energy Municipal solid waste Industrial waste Family size biogas plants Improved chulhas Solar street lighting systems Home lighting systems Solar lanterns Solar photovoltaic power plants Solar water heating systems Box type solar cookers Solar photovoltaic pumps Wind pumps Biomass gasifiers

Estimated Potential 45,000 MW 16,000 MW 3,500 MW 15,000 MW

Cumulative installed capacity / number (as of March 2005) 3,595 MW 302.53 MW 447 MW 1,705.63 MW

1,700 MW 1,000 MW 12 Million 120 Million 140 Million m of collector area Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd [23]

17 MW 29.50 MW 3.71 Million 35.20 Million 54,795 342,607 560,295 1,566 kWp 1 Million m of collector area 575,000 6,818 1,087 66.35 MW

Renewable energy in India at a glance is given in [23], which has been given in figure above.

Sales Forecast FY 2010 Sales Consultancies Software Hardware Total Sales Direct Cost of Sales Salary Rent Lab Travel Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $120,000 $0 $0 $120,000 FY 2010 $40,000 $8,000 $8,000 $8,001 $64,001 FY 2011 $140,000 $100,000 $0 $240,000 FY 2011 $50,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $80,000 FY 2012 $180,000 $200,000 $180,000 $560,000 FY 2012 $60,000 $12,000 $12,000 $12,000 $96,000


Sales forecast are based on some research that been done in this area. There is a unique way about how we plan to distribute our work in the three years from consultancies to manufacturing because we need to be dynamic to change things. The concept here is to distribute revenues from a spectrum of areas and keep all options open to implement. Sales has been given assuming we implement the three phases of the business plan. The things that make our group more interesting than other groups are that we have got an irreversible and strong policy on IP which is our strength. Also the research in technology and our understanding of technology is unique. The complex aspects have been covered in the calculation that includes increase in team members, implementing the three phases at right months at periods, etc. The strategy for sales remains simple, get rick IP and collaborations and provide the most sophisticated technology which can be easily converted into products.

Energy will solve many needs of agriculture and renewable energy is the need of the country. With our plan we can get cheap and high products for our rural as well as industrial usages. Our plan not only creates energy but job opportunities for all sectors. As per our forecast there would be considerable job creation in the sector with 10,000 indirect in 3 years. The challenge of nano enabled manufacturing will create immense jobs in this area. Saving the foreign revenues by reducing oil imports that will be added benefit to the nation. India will need green energy in the upcoming years which is needed to reduce pollution and sustain over 10% GDP. Our plan covers solutions to all these problems from rural to environmental to jobs creation. The advantage we have is that green energy is slowly replacing oil based technologies because they are more reliable and make the community independent of oil supplies

In India, development of fuel cells is primarily supported by the Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources (MNES). Several universities and research organizations are involved in the areas of fuel cells, reformers, and hydrogen storage. Work on developing a DMFC (direct methanol fuel cell) is underway at IISc (Indian Institute of Science). In addition, research on SOFC is being done at IISc and CGCRI (Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute). Research and development on metal hydride storage is ongoing at BHU (Banaras Hindu University) [14]. Vehicular fuel technology can be derived from greener sources such as fuel cells. The power requirement of bikes and scooters is relatively small and could easily be met by Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFCs) or hydrogen-powered Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells. There is currently some discussion as to whether DMFC should be the initial route for India, followed by hydrogen-fuelled PEM units for transport in the longer term. Organizations intensively involved in fuel cells are mainly in the New Delhi which is a home to various fuel cell companies and R&D organizations and India’s most industrialized state Maharashtra which includes manufacturing centers such as Mumbai where major fuel cell activities take place. Thus seeing the prospects in purview of these developments in the contemporary Indian scenario we have developed models of Green Cells and plan to expand them and get patents from the results. Our papers have been published in international conferences regarding this matter.

Fig. Fuel cell organization [16]

Application specific areas of Fuel cells [16]

As shown in the above figures we can see the developments and distributions of areas in fuel cell. The statistics though are from June 2007 it provides some overview of the direction fuel cell industry is going. In [16] the present companies and states leading in fuel cell research are given.

Our company will be first of its kind Indian company with nanotechnology enabled green cells. There is a need to get our companies and our work at par with the global ones by synchronization of nanotechnology research in green energy. Currently the realization of advantages of Nanotechnology in Green Energy has been felt and these remains some areas to be explored by other companies thus starting early will be beneficial. Yearly sales chart has been shown in figure below. We have been working on getting a rich IP in the initial stage and have research publications backing our work [1-10].





Sof tware Hardware



$0 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012

Fig. Yearly Profit of our company

The distribution bar graph of the profits is given above. We have considered the importance of balancing and thereby making a spectrum of revenue sources. Though the profit from all sectors is bound to increase but the profit from hardware and installing of hardware units will be the most challenging work of the company. We can see that from each year we have added a new revenue source in our model and work on all have been started on a preliminary bases. Competition in this area is minimum and as we plan to add value to the current products of the companies working in this regard. We have taken in account revenues from all the sources as well as Indian and abroad.

We will get into Green Nano Cell manufacturing unit in India for our specific needs and also will setup the characterization and modeling lab for Nano enabled Green cells. Currently research in fuel cells is facing many challenges in commercialization and Nanotechnology can provide some very realistic solutions that may enable rapid commercialization of Green Nano cells. We will also plan to provide consulting services in the following product development services for Nano enabled Green Cells and; technology and Intellectual Property strategy. We will initiate with modeling area specific green cells for case to case scenarios. We have shown modeling of Green Nano Cells in [6]. Modeling can help us to facilitate integration of nano-enabled green cells in various areas. We have analyzed the market of fuel and solar cells in India in a comprehensive manner. Potential customers and growth includes not only mechanical but portable applications too. The solar cell with Nanotech enabled modeling and simulation is proving more efficient and will see application in wide domains. We have surveyed the present companies to whom we can provide the services. We have discerned and analyzed the integration of fuel cells for present times. We have surveyed the present companies working in developing green products.

The services and products can be divided into 3 areas  Consultancies  Software simulation and development  Hardware middleware and assembling The current developments with regard to the above area as follows Proto type developed for Solar cells based Cars and Software for fuel cells.


Video 1


Video 2

Solar Engine Prototype
We have built a prototype in the form of a miniature solar car exemplifying the use of Nanotechnology based solar cell. The advantage of applying Nanotechnology in existing solar cells is that it provides significant improvement in the efficiency and reliability of the solar cells used. In our prototype we have used a solar engine circuit for providing power as shown below -

Solar engine circuit consists of a nano-enabled solar cell. As light falls on the cell, the capacitor starts charging and as a result the voltage level also rises. As soon as the capacitor reaches the value of 3.9v, 1381 turns pin 1 high and also turns 3904 (NPN transistor) to ON state. When the 3904 transistor turns to ON state, it brings about the base of the 3906(PNP transistor) to low. This turns the 3906 transistor to ON state. With the 3906 transistor ON, current is supplied to the base of the 3904(NPN transistor) which keeps it in ON state. Now current flows through the motor and it starts to rotate. When the voltage gets down to the level of 0.7v (due to hysteresis in 1381) the transistors turn OFF and the process is repeated again. We can modify individual components to achieve required conditions such as increase in the size of the resistor for longer running time, but lower starting torque and vice versa. We also use light seeking mechanism in our prototype for capturing solar energy. We are using photodiode as sensor. Photodiode resistance decreases when light fall on it due to the low resistance and high current flow through it. And the required voltage level is attained between the terminals 2 and 3 of voltage trigger. This causes transistor 3904(NPN transistor) to turn ON. This results a decrease in the base voltage of 3906 (PNP transistor) and as a result turning it ON. Then the motor starts rotating due to the difference in the light that falls on to the two photodiodes (left and right side of model). Both the motors rotate with different speeds to the car to take a turn. Photodiodes are cross-connect. This means that they are used to control the motor of opposite side of the car. Solar Car Components 1 - Printed Circuit Board (the PCB). 2 - 2.2 kΩ resistors (band colors red, red, red and gold). These tune the solar-engines for optimal performance. 2 - 680 kΩ resistors (band colors blue, grey, yellow and gold). 2 - 2N3906 PNP Transistors (one for each Solar-engine). 2 - 2N3904 PNP Transistors (one for each Solar-engine). 2 - 1381 Triggers (one for each Solar-engine). These components measure the stored power and as the name suggests trigger the Solar-engine to firing mode. 2 - 0.22µF (µF - microfarad) capacitors. These work with the triggers and optical components to sense which direction is the brightest. 2 - Photodiode sensor optics (light sensing components). 1 - 100 kΩ trimmer potentiometer. 1 - 4700µF 6.3 volt capacitor. This is where the Solar-engine stores the power from the solar cell until the Solar-engine fires. 3" - Fine twisted pair of wire to be attached to the solar cell. 2" - Copper wire for structural support 2 - Augat sockets. 2 - Sensor springs. 1 - 2"- 1/16" Heat-shrink tubing. 2 - High-efficiency low-voltage, high-speed coreless motors. Our software prototype includes Modeling Library- This is the main library for modeling of CNT, MEMS and other Nano-scale device based Fuel Cell and materials. A model in nano-technology is a physical, mathematical, or logical representation of a system of entities, phenomena, or processes occurring at nano level. Basically a model is a simplified abstract view of the complex reality. It consists of modules and functions which will allow easy designing of many complex Nano-scale devices and parts used in Fuel Cell. It allows making of formalized interpretations dealing with empirical entities, phenomenon, and physical processes occurring at nano level in a mathematical or logical way. It is based on "divide and conquer" principle to handle complex problems. XNA framework is used for graphical programming required in this library. This library allows to view models in a 3-

Dimensional view and to change parameters of the device or material with an interactive Graphical User Interface (GUI). It allows the visualization of 3D models of devices and their structure according to the specified parameter of the device or material, which further helps in understanding of the device. Simulation Library-This is the main library for simulation of CNT, MEMS and other nano-scale device based Fuel Cell and materials. It attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular nano level system. An external math library is used for complex computations involved in simulation and computations of nano-scale phenomenon. This library is used along with modeling library to simulate the devices and materials made using the modeling library.

Ultimately our setup will generate profit by product commercialization and by the merging of innovations in the field of Nanotechnology with our domain. Our focus also remains on the IP developments and getting patents related to this area.Requirements of Nano cell research Labs, modeling tools, application of computational nanotechnology in this area. We are going towards collaboration with major companies, research institution to successfully integrate green energy into their businesses. Revenues will be from a spectrum of areas like consultancies, modeling, middleware and in later phases manufacturing. Potential buyers will be top-end automobile companies, portable electronic companies which are working on to integrate nano based fuel cells in to their existing products. Our research collaboration and potential customers also include private and government defense agencies. We are planning to publish our work in international journals and get patents for which we have formed a team and we are working in this regard aggressively. Our team members not only hold technical expertise but also have extensive knowledge on CNT based green cells and major work would be on reliability, packaging and integration into present devices. Currently our work is being managed by around 10 people and it mainly consists of the founders and an advisory team. Major work is being done to get rich IP and spending is optimized to get rapid results.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet FY 2010 Assets Current Assets Cash Other Current Assets Total Current Assets Total Assets Liabilities and Capital Current Liabilities Accounts Payable Current Borrowing Other Current Liabilities Subtotal Current Liabilities Total Liabilities Paid-in Capital Retained Earnings Earnings Total Capital Total Liabilities and Capital Net Worth FY 2011 FY 2012

$45,708 $0 $45,708 $45,708 FY 2010

$161,720 $0 $161,720 $161,720 FY 2011

$495,331 $0 $495,331 $495,331 FY 2012

$6,509 $0 $0 $6,509 $6,509 $80,000 ($80,000) $39,200 $39,200 $45,708 $39,200

$10,521 $0 $0 $10,521 $10,521 $80,000 ($40,800) $112,000 $151,200 $161,720 $151,200

$19,332 $0 $0 $19,332 $19,332 $80,000 $71,200 $324,800 $476,000 $495,331 $476,000

Thus we plan to provide some realistic solution that may enable realization of Green Nano cells and help us to commercialize this technology. We plan to fill this vacuum because it is poised to see rapid growth. With a rich IP we plan our company to be acquired by some bigger companies and we are still working to decide a strategy to give maximum profit and value to our founders and investors. Preliminary work in prototype has been shown above in this work. Also the strong technical management team is one of the assets of this company. Pro Forma Profit and Loss Sales Direct Costs of Goods Cost of Goods Sold Gross Margin Gross Margin % Profit Before Interest and Taxes EBITDA Taxes Incurred Net Profit Net Profit/Sales FY 2010 $120,000 $64,001 $64,001 $55,999 46.67% $55,999 $55,999 $16,800 $39,200 32.67% FY 2011 $240,000 $80,000 $80,000 $160,000 66.67% $160,000 $160,000 $48,000 $112,000 46.67% FY 2012 $560,000 $96,000 $96,000 $464,000 82.86% $464,000 $464,000 $139,200 $324,800 58.00%

$350,000 $300,000 $250,000 $200,000 $150,000 $100,000 $50,000 $0 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012

M ANAGEMENT PROFILE Currently the company consists of the owners who are three in number. The details area as follows Satyadhar Joshi has been working in nanotechnology from 2006, and having attended many workshops. Being in research from a long time and have 3 papers in IEEE/ACM conferences I wish to make this company a success. He has been awarded research grant from Microsoft for carrying research in HPC (high performance computing). He is working with a group of most efficient people in Nanotechnology and getting it to market as true products. His ideas has won many prizes; we also were in Esummit Startup Showcase, Mentoring session I IIT Bombay. Our papers at student level and later in IEEE/ACM conferences have been awarded many times. Satyadhar Joshi has been working on Nanotech and MEMS. Has taken many courses on Nanotech and has many research papers to his name, which are indexed in IEEE Explore. He has won prizes in Business Plan Competitions in Shaastra IIT Madras in which he won a consolation prize and also B-Plan competition in IIT Kharagpur. Rohit Pathak is an expert in computer science and technology with several research publications worldwide. Rohit Pathak has been working on modelling and HPC, received 5000$ research grant from Microsoft in 2008. He has also published many papers among the most reputed publishers such as IEEE Xplore Journal & ACM Digital Library. He has won many prizes in computer programming. He is pursuing his Bachelors from AITR Indore. The team also has a group of PhDs who are in advisory committees.

These patents are in process and we will be filing them within the next 3 months.  Modeling of Nano enabled Solar Cells and Fuel Cells (Green Cells).  Application of High Performance Computing (HPC) in multi-scale modeling of Green Cells.

Publications in Related areas [1] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak, and Salman Ahmed, "Wireless Sensor Network: Simulink Modeling and Reliability of Nano-Nodes," Seventh Annual Conference on Communication Networks and Services Research (Communicated ) Indexed in IEEE Explore [2] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak and Salman Ahmed, , "”Secure Multi Party Computation using Virtual Parties for Computation on Encrypted Data," IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering 2009 -- Computers, Software and Applications Symposium - CCECE '09 (Communicated ) Indexed in IEEE Explore [3] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak, and Salman Ahmed, "Business and Commercial Prospects of RFID," International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Governance 2008 RGTU Bhopal (accepted) [4] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak and Salman Ahmed, , "Commercial Prospects of RFID and a Java based Software Framework for RFID integrated Mobile Phones," IEEE Sarnoff Symposium 2009 (Communicated ) Indexed in IEEE Explore [5] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak and Salman Ahmed, , "MATLAB Modeling of HDD in light of the Advances in Nanotechnology and MEMS-based Innovations," 6th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications, and Information Technology (Communicated ) Indexed in IEEE Explore [6] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak, and Salman Ahmed, "Modeling Nano Enabled Solar and Fuel Cell," 6th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications, and Information Technology (Communicated ) Indexed in IEEE Explore [7] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak , and Salman Ahmed, "Micro Electro Opto Mechanical System Micro Mirror: Fabrication and Actuation" Conference on Nanotechnology and Its Applications in Quantum Computing-(NAQC-2008) Published [8] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak and Salman Ahmed, , "MPI and PVM based HPC Setup for Multi Scale Modeling," IEEE International Advance Computing Conference (IACC’09) Indexed in IEEE Explore (Communicated ) [9] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak, "Distributive Computing for reliability analysis of MEMS devices using MATLAB," ACM International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication and Control, ICAC3, pp. 237, January 23-24 2009. Published and Indexed in ACM DL [10] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak, and Salman Ahmed, "Optimizing HPC and parallelization for Nanotechnology," INDIACom-2009 BVP New Delhi (accepted) Business Plans Referred [11] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak and Salman Ahmed, “Nano Wave CNT manufacturing” Bplan Shaastra 2007 (consolation prize)uploaded on [12] Satyadhar Joshi, Rohit Pathak and Salman Ahmed, “Nano Wave MEMS” Bplan Kshitij 2008 IIT Kharagpur uploaded on

References Cited [13] Jonathan Butler, "Fuel Cells in India: A survey of current developments," Fuel Cell Today, June 2007. [14] Economic Times Article on India green spending retrieved 28 Jan 2009 [15] Technical Advisory team - Prof. Manish Sharma (Pursuing PHD from IITB), Dr. Shukla (PHD in Chemistry) , Dr. D.K. Mishra (PHD in CSE) Workshops Proceedings Referred [16]Proceedings on Course on Conventorware (MEMS design) - Coventorware MEMS design. BITS Pilani, 2007. 3 day course on MEMS Design on Coventorware [17] Proceedings of Workshop on Nanotech Status and challenges - IIT Delhi. IIT Delhi, 2007. Attended workshop on Nanotechnology, had many lab visits [18] Proceedings of Workshop on MEMS - Mech Engg IITB. IIT Bombay, 2007. Workshop organized by Radiance, dept of Mechanical Engineering. [19] Proceedings of Workshop on CNT - IIT Madras, 2006 to 2006. Workshop on Nanotechnology and CNT, Fabrication of CNT and Physics of CNT [20] Theoretical Study on CNT - Centre for Advanced Technology Indore. CAT Indore, 2007. Worked and Studied CNT and MEMS (theoretical) *21+ NSTC Noida “Nanotechnology sensitization program”. Project on Nanoelectronics submitted in 2006 [22] Microsoft Research Grant 2008 Reports Cited *23+“Renewable energy in India” Indian Renewable Energy Development Ltd., Government of India, Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources *24+Ron Pernick and Clint Wilder, “The Clean Tech,” RevolutionThe next Big Growth and Investment Opportunity, Harper Collins e-books *25+“Commercializing solar photovoltaics: India” Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. (IREDA), Vol. 8: Examples of successful uses of renewable energy sources in the South *26+Graham Weaver, “World Fuel Cells: An industry profile with Market Prospects to 2010,” Elsevier Advanced Technology, December 2002 Note:- All graphs have been made in Business Plan 2007 Pro.

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