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org 1
The ABCs of UCC Standards:
An Overview of EAN.UCC Product and
Logistics Identification
InsightU Class #A205
Presented by
BRUCE PHILPOT
Managing Director,
Center for Automatic Identification at Ohio University
philpot@ohio.edu
www.ent.ohiou.edu/autoid
© 2001 InsightU.org. Copies are not to be made, nor distributed, without the consent of InsightU.org 2
Data Structures Data Structures Data Carriers Data Carriers
Electronic Commerce/EDI) Electronic Commerce/EDI)
Supply
Chain
Business
Processes
GTIN
. UCC-12 (U.P.C.)
. EAN/UCC-13
. EAN/UCC-14
. EAN/UCC-8
SSCC
Application Identifiers
EAN/UPC (item)
ITF-14 (case)
UCC/EAN-128 (case/pallet)
RSS/CS (not addressed here)
Technology
Application Standards and XML
“EAN.UCC Core Technologies”
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212345 678907 2 212345 678907 2
Supplier
Customer
Physical Goods & Data Flow
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Mfg Item Case Pallets Trucks Distributor Trucks Pallets Case Item Store User
212345 678907 2 212345 678907 2
Supplier
EAN/UPC ITF-14 or
UCC/EAN-128
SSCC IN UCC/EAN-128
SYMBOLOGY
ITF-14 or
UCC/EAN-128
EAN/UPC
Customer
Physical Goods & Data Flow
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Mfg Item Case Pallets Trucks Distributor Trucks Pallets Case Item Store User
Fixed
Data
(GTIN)
Variable
Data
(SSCC)
Fixed
Data
(GTIN)
Fixed &
Variable
Data (GTIN+)
Fixed &
Variable
Data (GTIN+)
212345 678907 2 212345 678907 2
Supplier
EAN/UPC ITF-14 or
UCC/EAN-128
SSCC IN UCC/EAN-128
SYMBOLOGY
ITF-14 or
UCC/EAN-128
EAN/UPC
Customer
Physical Goods & Data Flow
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Mfg Item Case Pallets Trucks Distributor Trucks Pallets Case Item Store User
Fixed
Data(GTIN)
Variable
Data (SSCC)
Fixed
Data (GTIN)
Fixed &
Variable
Data (GTIN+)
Fixed &
Variable
Data (GTIN+)
212345 678907 2 212345 678907 2
item, promo, pricing, shipping, invoice, transport
item, promo,PO, planning, payment, sales
EDI Information Flow
Supplier
EAN/UPC ITF-14 or
UCC/EAN-128
SSCC IN UCC/EAN-128
SYMBOLOGY
ITF-14 or
UCC/EAN-128
EAN/UPC
Customer
Physical Goods & Data Flow
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GTIN Requirements
• Item Level
§ UCC-12 (U.P.C.)
§ EAN/UCC-13
§ EAN/UCC-8
• Carton/Logistics Level
§ EAN/UCC-14
• SSCC (NOT a GTIN, used for Logistics)
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Symbology Requirements
• EAN/UPC
§ UPC-A
§ UPC-E
§ EAN-13
§ EAN-8
• I TF-14 (Interleaved 2 of 5, I 2 of 5)
• UCC/EAN-128
• RSS (Reduced Space Symbology) – not
addressed in this session
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GTINs (Data Structures)
and Symbols (Data Carriers)
Bar Code Symbols CARRY GTIN Data Structures
• Both UPC-A and UPC-E carry UCC-12
(structure)
• EAN-13 carries EAN/UCC-13 (structure)
• EAN-8 carries EAN/UCC-8 (structure)
• Both ITF-14 and UCC/EAN-128 carry EAN/UCC-
14 (structure)
• UCC/EAN-128 carries SSCC (not a GTIN)
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UPC-A Symbol
• The symbol contains
30 bars and 29
spaces.
• Carries UCC-12
GTIN Structure
• UCC Company Prefix
• Item Reference
Number
• Check Digit
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EAN-13 Symbol EAN-8 Symbol
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Think of these “Unit Level Boxes” as
your product at its lowest level
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Your Individual Product’s Bar Code Symbol is
UPC-Aintended to be scanned at POS
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ITF-14 Symbol
(UCC’s and EAN International’s use of the Interleaved 2
of 5 Symbology)
• The ITF-14 symbol is frequently printed
direct on corrugated.
• Carries EAN/UCC-14 GTIN Structure
• Indicator digit
• UCC Company
Prefix
• Item Reference
Number
• Check Digit
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ITF ITF- -14 is used at the Receiving Dock 14 is used at the Receiving Dock
with fixed mount scanner with fixed mount scanner
1 06 14141 54321 9 1 06 14141 54321 9
4 Pack - I TF-14 Intended to be
scanned at Receiving Dock
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UCC/EAN-128 Symbol
• The UCC/EAN-128 symbol is label-based.
• Carries both EAN/UCC-14 and SSCC
structures.
(01) 3 00 12345 67890 6
EAN/UCC-14
SSCC
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6 Pack - UCC/ EAN-128 Intended to be
scanned at Receiving Dock
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SSCC
• Application Identifier (00)
• Extension digit
• UCC Company Prefix
• Serial Reference Number
• Check Digit
• Used in conjunction with EDI/ASN
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“Logistics Unit” UCC/ EAN-128
Intended to be shipped
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EAN/UCC-14 (GTIN)
• “Give me three, it doesn’t matter which
three”
Tan Tan
Tan Tan
Tan Tan
Tan Tan
Tan Tan
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SSCC (NOT a GTIN)
• “I need to be able to identify that one
specifically”
Speckle Speckle
Bars Bars
Dots Dots
Bricks Bricks
Lines Lines
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Which Code Do I Use and
Where?
• Different
situations call
for different
approaches -
but they all fit
together
Standard Pack Container
Pick & Pack Container
Perishable Container
One-of-a-Kind Pallet
Truckload Shipment
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Standard Pack Container
• EAN/UCC-14 (GTIN)
• Excellent candidate
for ITF-14 direct
print on corrugated
• “Content”
information
established through
EDI 888 (Item
Maintenance) or 832
(Price/Sales Catalog)
EAN/UCC-14
UCC-12
UCC-12 UCC-12 UCC-12
UCC-12 UCC-12
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Pick & Pack Container
• SSCC (NOT a GTIN)
• One-of-a-Kind
content, routing,
and/or destination
• “Content” information
established through
EDI 856 (Ship
Notice/Manifest)
• UCC/EAN-128 (Label)
SSCC
UCC-12
UCC-12
UCC-12
UCC-12
UCC-12
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EAN/UCC-14 + DATE +
WEIGHT + SERIAL
SSCC
UCC-12
UCC-12
UCC-12
UCC-12
UCC-12
EAN/UCC-14
UCC-12 UCC-12 UCC-12
UCC-12
SSCC
One-of-a-Kind Pallet
• SSCC
• EDI 856
• UCC/EAN-128 (Label)
• Content, routing, and/or
destination might be
one-of-a-kind
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Truckload Shipment
SCC-14 + DATE +
WEIGHT + SERIAL
SSCC
EAN/UCC-14
U.P.C.
U.P.C. U.P.C. U.P.C.
U.P.C. U.P.C.
SSCC
EAN/UCC-14
U.P.C.
U.P.C. U.P.C. U.P.C.
U.P.C. U.P.C.
EAN/UCC-14
U.P.C.
U.P.C. U.P.C. U.P.C.
U.P.C. U.P.C.
SSCC SSCC
U.P.C.
SCC-14 + DATE +
WEIGHT + SERIAL
SCC-14 + DATE +
WEIGHT + SERIAL
SCC-14 + DATE +
WEIGHT + SERIAL
SCC-14 + DATE +
WEIGHT + SERIAL
SCC-14 + DATE +
WEIGHT + SERIAL
SCC-14 + DATE +
WEIGHT + SERIAL
SSCC
SSCC SSCC
SSCC
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
U.P.C.
© 2001 InsightU.org. Copies are not to be made, nor distributed, without the consent of InsightU.org 27
Where Do I Start?
• InsightU and its Sponsors
• Trading Partner Requirements
• Industry Trade Association Guidelines
• Uniform Code Council
§ “ANSI/UCC 6 - Application Standard for
Shipping Container Codes”
§ “ANSI/UCC 4 - UCC/EAN-128 Application
Identifier Standard”
§ “Guidelines for Producing Quality Symbols”
§ “Guidelines for Supply Chain Identification”
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Thank You! Any Questions?
• Check out these online resources
by visiting the Library at
www.InsightU.org

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