You are on page 1of 12

White Coal

Page 1 of 12

Biomass Briquettes & Biomass Briquetting Plant
As we are well aware with the importance of fuel, it is the heart of the any of the Industries. Of course, there is a huge shortage of Coal, Natural Gases, Kerosene,
Diesel, Lignite etc. But the Prices of these fuels are very high. Due to the high increasing demand of energy, people started showing interested in Biomass
Briquettes. The Biomass Briquettes are eco-friendly and renewable energy in our Country. It is also used in bulk quantity in Developed countries. So, we can say
that there will be worldwide necessity of Biomass Briquettes to fulfill the alternate source of other fuels. Previously it was used as an option to the fuel but in
improper way. Now-a-day it is the basic fuels for the Industries. The Biomass Briquettes fulfill the necessity of fuels, giving best results and also available at
cheaper rate than any other fuels. Developed countries are aggressive user of these briquettes in terms of alternate source of energy is concerned.

What is Biomass Briquettes?
Biomass Briquettes are made from the Agriculture Waste, Forestry Waste and Industrial Waste. It is been converted
into solid cylindrical shape. The major residues which can be used are, Rice Husk, Coffee Husk, Coir Pitch, Jute Sticks,
Sugarcane Baggasse, Groundnut Shell, Mustard Stalks, Cotton Stalks, Sawdust, Caster Seed Shells / Stalk, Wood
Chips, Bamboo Dust, Tobacco Waste, Tea Waste, Paddy Straw, Wheat Straw, Sunflower Stalk, Palm Husk, Soyabean
Husk, Veneer Residues, Barks & Straws, Forestry waste, Seeds Cases etc. Briquettes are only the bindings. Means it is
made from residues and gives high calorific value cal/kg. The Technology that binds the wastage is called the Binder
less Technology. It does not required any kind of Binder or Chemical / Adhesive. Many of the developing countries
have now diversified to promote this technology, because it has low pollution and easy in use. Also in India it is very
fast moving product, as States Government also are encouraging this Industry by giving incentives to the
manufacturer, plant holder and Briquettes user. Briquettes are widely used for steam generation in boilers, heating
purpose etc. As a fuel, Biomass Briquettes / White Coal are giving best results. At present in Indian Territory it is being
used in the Industries such as Paper Mills, Solvent Extraction Plants, Vegetable Plant, Chemical Plant, Textile Units,
Dying House, Food Processing Units, Milk Plant, Sugarcane Mills, Leather Industries, Laminating Industries, etc. It
shows that the Briquettes are very useful in each and every Industry which serves us every moment. In our regular
life, the different product we use is made by using Briquettes as fuel. Government is giving 100 % text holiday up to 5
What is Biomass Briquetting Plant?
The Machine to make the Briquettes from Agricultural Waste, Forestry Waste, and Industrial Waste is called the Biomass Briquetting Plant. There are many types of
Briquetting Plants. Even the manufacturers are producing the Machines as per the Wastages and demand available in their territory. At present mostly three types
of Briquetting Plants are running. In India the Agro Waste is available in bulk quantity and so the suitable machines are also provided. The Biomass Briquetting
Plant is running without any Bindings or Chemicals. It binds the raw material it self by heating and giving high pressure. It does not required heat by any other
instrument or electric equipment. So, the technology of this Plant is called binder less technology.

White Coal
Page 2 of 12

Gasifier System applications Textile Unit
Ceramic Industries Spinning Mill
Refractory Industries Lamination Industries
Solvent Extraction Plant Leather Industries
Chemical Industries Brick making units
Dyeing Units Rubber Industries
Milk plant

Any Industrial thermal
White Coal
Page 3 of 12

Food processing Industries Vegetable plants

Bio coal is a forth coming fuel of the world. Its a high quality asset towards economical, ecological, & advanced environmental company policy.

The demand of finished product briquettes is increasing day by day. It is available in various type of raw material easily in bulk. It is promoting to the Industries as a
prime renewable energy project throughout the world. The project gives excellent viability. The total payback period of the project is apx. 2 year. It is pollution free and
no hazard in this project.
It is eco friendly renewable green energy project.Governments are declared Incentives and Tax Benefits time to time for this project. The Incentives are such as
White Coal
Page 4 of 12

Income Tax, Depreciation, Sales Tax, VAT, and Excise Duty. The Pollution Control Board also granted to run the plant without NOC from the board.
NGO or nationalized banks are giving priority to finance the project.
Demand oriented
Renewable resource of energy
High viability
Tax benefit
No certification
Best substitute source of energy.
Pollution free because there is no sulfur content.
Easy for transportation
Contain high density
Higher fixed carbon value
Demandable market due to high rise in fossil fuels price.

The flagship product of Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools is JUMBO-BRQ 9050 & JUMBO-BRQ 9075 Model. It has Jumbo production capacity with minimum
operation cost in compare to above two models. Some latest modifications make it more economical and most effective model.
Our New Research
To make low production cost with the nearer same production capacity of 75 HP Model.
Production Capacity :1100-1200 Kg/Hr.
Finished product Size :90 mm Diameter
Raw Material form :Cylindrical
Process Cost/MT (Approx) :IRS. 300/-
White Coal
Page 5 of 12

The Feature of Jumbo-BRQ 9050
Maximum Production Capacity.
Heavy structure with standard design.
Acceptability up to 20 mm size of Raw Material (NO need of powder Form).
Easy Operating system.
High-density of finished product with 90 mm diameter
Lowest production Cost per MT due to state of art technology
Low Electric consumption due to direct feeding without hammer Mill
Low maintenance cost.
Low management cost due to high production capacity.
No loss of production & Air pollution due to direct feeding system

Country Name

Palm husk Rice husk char
Rice husk Saw Dust
Labakshi Lantana
Banmara Water hyacinth
Agerntum Ficus
White Coal
Page 6 of 12

Thakalkanda Katra Ghass
Cotton Husk Saw Dust

Miscalthus [ Elephant grass ]

Corn cob
Corn cob waste

Ceder cones
Saw Dust

Saw Dust Cottan Husk
Ghass Rice Husk

Rice husk Rice char [ash]
Rice stem Rice Busha
Saw Dust

Amla Seed Almonds
Babool Bagasse
Bamboo dust Bark
Beehive briq. Besaram
Cashew shell Castor seed shell
Coconut shell Coffee husk
Coir pitch Cotton shells
Jute waste Paddy Straw
Palm Husk Rice husk
White Coal
Page 7 of 12

Saw dust Soyabean husk
Sugarcane Tea waste
Tobacco waste Wheat stalk
Corn cob Corn cob waste
Mustard Stalk Mustard Shell
Wood Chips Sunflower Stalk


This Project is called Biomass Briquetting Plant and is simply a process of converting Agro waste and Forestry waste into biomass Briquettes / Bio-coal. The
Biomass Briquetting is the best renewable source of energy for healthy environment and economy. Its a complete Eco-friendly green energy project.
We all are well aware with the importance of Energy and its sources. Energy is the key factor in the economic development of every country. The demand of energy is
increasing day by day and the supplies of sources are limited. It is globally red alert for fossil fuel like Petrol, Kerosene, Natural Gas, LPG, and Lignite etc. This has
made a huge gap between the demand and supply of energy. Renewable energy is the ultimate solution, which can fill this gap. Most of advanced countries has
adopted this concept, accepted this project and have retained their natural resources to get the solution of energy and fuels.
This renewable energy project is ideal for the agriculture based countries like India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Europe and African countries as there is a huge availability of
agro-forestry waste. And Of course it is quite good for the industry based countries. It is the best project to generate revenue from agro-forestry waste, saving the
Global environment and to produce green energy.
Main concept of this project is to produce the material as a bio-coal, which is made from the wastages. We cannot destroy the wastages totally. But we can use it with
the help of Briquetting Plant and produce the Briquettes, which ultimately produce the energy. We can say that To provide the energy in low cost is the main
concept of the project.

Energy is the key factor in economic development and as we approach the dream year of 2020, when India will be a developed nation, our
requirement of energy will increase rapidly. It is expected that approximately 669 million tones of Coal, 234 million tones of Crude oil and 223
White Coal
Page 8 of 12

million tones of firewood and 67 Billion cubic meters of Gas will be required at that time to meet the domestic demand.
It is unlikely that we can meet this requirement of firewood or coal if we have to stop the already deteriorating ecology. Denudation of forests and
green cover has resulted in precarious imbalance, threatening the very root of our existence.
Developments in recent years have demonstrated our dependence on fossil fuel with their uncertainties of prices, availability, transportation and
other difficulties. Reserves of fossil fuels are also limited, which has resulted in the universal recognition of the need to tap energy from non-
conventional sources.
Among the non-conventional forms of energy, agricultural/industrial waste and municipal solid waste offers vast potential under Indian conditions,
due to the wide spectrum of residues available in different Agro-climatic regions of the country. It is estimated that presently around 500 millions
tones of agricultural and forest residues are generated annually and about 50 million tones of industrial waste consisting of Press mud, food & fruit
processing waste, willow dust DGDS, spent wash and others.
Earlier most of these were dumped as waste or burnt to reduce fire hazards or used inefficiently. Handling and transportation of these materials is
difficult due to their low bulk density and irregular sizes. These wastes are being converted after processing into high density fuel
pellets/briquettes and be efficiently used to replace firewood, coal, liquid fuel and gas.


The process of Pelletising is the physical transformation of the loose raw material into a compactly compressed unit. The form change
results in a much higher specific density of the material which increases its combustion efficiency as compared to the loose material.
Depending upon the type of waste binder may be added.
The following agro crop residues, agro industrial residues and other process by products can easily be converted into fuel pellets.

Variety of Biomass availability in India
Agro Industrial Residues
Husks Rice, Soya, Mustard, Coffee etc.
Shells Coconut, Groundnut, Cotton etc.
Seeds Castor, Rapeseed, Linseed, Soya bean etc.
White Coal
Page 9 of 12

Others Bagasse, Bagasse Pith, Coir Pith, Saw Dust, Press Mud, Sludge etc.

Agro Crop Residues
Straws Rice, Wheat, Jowar, Millet, Ragi, Barley, Gram, Khesri etc.
Stalks Arhar, Bajra, Castor, Cotton, Jute, Maize, Mustard, Sunflower etc.
Spent Cobs Corn, Maize, Bajra, Ragi etc.
Cane tops, Cane trash, Tea Plant wastes, Wood waste, Leaves, Needles and
Husk etc.


Pellet fuel is an ideal and ready substitute for Coal, Firewood and Lignite etc. and easily replaces these
conventional fuels for heating, steam generation etc. The fuel offers numerous advantages mentioned below,
other than consistent quality and economical prices.

High Calorific Value ranging between 3500-5000 kcal/kg depending on material.
Low Ash Content of 10-15 % as compared to 20-40 % in coal.
Non-Polluting as it does not emit any sulfur phosphorus & Nitrogen Oxide fumes and fly ash, eliminating the need for expensive pollution
control equipment.
Efficient as the fuel is ideally sized in 8-25 mm in dia and 25 to 50 mm in length.
Ease of handling & storage due to its size and as it can be packed in bags thereby reducing labor costs in handling, sorting & breaking.
Clean to handle and keeps the surrounding environment clean.
Availability of the fuel is better as it is usually produced near the consumption center, reducing cost of storage and space.
Cheaper than coal as it utilize wastes and residues usually disposed off at NO or LOW cost.

White Coal
Page 10 of 12

Since biomass fuel pellets is a alternate source of energy its demand arises from shortage of conventional fuels and their escalating prices. Not only
biomass fuel pellets are economical, convenient to use but being carbon neutral its use generates CERs. Major thrust market area for fuel pellets are.

Increasing cost of boiler fuel has generated demand for efficient boilers. Efficient boilers require designated fuel and fuel pellet being specified fuel in
many cases.
1) TRAVELLING GRATE BOILER: 15 20 MT/Hr boilers having traveling grate have combustion time of 8 10 minutes. Maxm size to combust is
around 25 mm. 20 25 mm biomass pellet are ideal for such boilers. Efficiency is higher and SPM generation negligible.
2) FLUIDISED BED BOILERS: Under bed fired boiler require fuel size less than 6 mm and 6 mm granules or 5mm pellets are ideal for such
boilers. For over fired boiler fuel size is 8 10 mm pellets.
Pellet fired heating system for residential and commercial area can easily replaced conventionally oil fired system with pellet fired heating system. Even
direct fired system for residential area is quite common.
Direct firing of biomass is not permissible in Europe and pressurized large capacity gasifiers are being installed. In these state of art gasifiers having
pressurized system, Pellet are most desired fuel and 18-20mm pellet have good application.
As compared to conventional wood burning stoves, improved pellet fired are three times more efficient. Flame temperature is high and pollution is in
significant as compared to conventional stoves. Non-availability of firewood has made fuel-efficient pellet stove quite popular. Pelletised fuel is in good

The concept of Pelletising is fairly old. Coal dust and other materials have been pelletised for a number of years using binders. However the
binder less technology has been found to be the most economical and suited to the various biomass materials available in the country.
Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools has under taken various commercial projects in the country and now perfected the technology and machinery to
suit the various bio materials available in the country. It has also exported machines to other countries of Asia, America and Africa.

White Coal
Page 11 of 12

Waste materials are tested for their chemical composition to decide on their suitability and to select a proper mix.
Sun dried materials containing approx. 10-15 % moisture is suitable for Pelletising. However if material has higher moisture content it needs to be
dried before use.
Material is screened, chopped and ground to get the desired size and bulk density and is pneumatically transported into storage bins. This helps in
separation of the heavier & metallic particles and also unifying the moisture content in the material. Air used is hot or wet as the case may be, for control
of moisture.
Material from bin is discharged to the Pelletising machine through extraction and conditioning screw. Binder and steam may be added. Pelletising is
achieved at very low speed of pelletising.
Pellets are cooled by pellet cooler or ambient air and packed in bags.

The plant and machinery required for Pelletising different material is as under:-

It is a rotary machine in vertical construction; fixed flat horizontal die gives it stability in operation. Unique feature of pellet press as compared to other densification
is, it is not size specific. Any Pellet mill can give pellet output of 8mm 25 mm dia. Die of different thickness can be accommodated in same frame with no effect on
Vertical construction of pellet press, houses speed reduction unit at bottom of press. Three support vertical shaft is used to transmit power to pelletising rollers. 2-4
rollers depending upon size of unit, run at very slow speed on surface of fixed die and forces the material in die holes. In built lubrication is incorporated in small press
while pressurized lubrication with optional cooling facility is provided in large units.
Power from electrical drive motor is transmitted to pellet press by belting.
White Coal
Page 12 of 12

For size reduction of incoming biomass and converting them ito granules, swing hammer grinder are used. Light hammer moving at high speed cut the straw/husk etc
into granules. Hammer is provided with feeding screw, discharge screw and dust separation & filtering system.
For cooling the incoming pellet at 80 850C, ambient air fans are used. Pellet travels on screen conveyor and Axial flow fan forces the air through pellets. Cooling of
hot pellets increases the strength of pellet. Free moisture on pellet surface is reduced on cooling conveyors.
For conditioning the incoming granular material low-pressure steam is generated in fire tube boilers. Pellet is used for giving the required thermal energy. Boiler has
three compartments, water heating water boiling and steam compartments.
Central control panel consisting of following control is provided.
Incoming MCCB 200A
MCB for cutter chipper, Grinder, cooling conveyor
Star Delta starter for Pellet Mill
Star Delta starter for grinder
DOL starter for cooling conveyor
MCB for non IBR boiler
3MCB for cooling fan
Start/stop switches, running and non working light.
Incoming supply indicator, overload trip indicator
Emergency off push button
All controls are either Semen, CH, S&S etc.