1

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
SAN ANTONIO DIVISION

THE STADIUM CHAIR COMPANY LLC,

Plaintiff,

v.

COSTCO WHOLESALE CORPORATION
and CASCADE MOUNTAIN
TECHNOLOGIES, LLC,

Defendants.
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§


CIVIL ACTION NO.
05:14-cv-630

JURY TRIAL DEMANDED

PLAINTIFF’S ORIGINAL COMPLAINT

Plaintiff THE STADIUM CHAIR COMPANY LLC (“Plaintiff”) files this Original
Complaint against Defendants COSTCO WHOLESALE CORPORATION and CASCADE
MOUNTAIN TECHNOLOGIES, LLC alleging as follows:
I. THE PARTIES
1. The STADIUM CHAIR COMPANY LLC (“Plaintiff”) is a corporation organized
and existing under the laws of the State of Kansas, with a principal place of business in Wichita,
Kansas and an office within this district.
2. Upon information and belief, Defendant COSTCO WHOLESALE
CORPORATION (“Costco”) is a Washington corporation with a principal place of business in
Issaquah, WA. Costco may be served with process by serving its Registered Agent, CT
Corporation System, 1999 Bryan Street, Suite 900, Dallas, TX 75201.
3. Upon information and belief, Defendant CASCADE MOUNTAIN
TECHNOLOGIES, LLC (“Cascade”) is a Washington limited liability company with a principal
place of business in Snoqualmie, WA. Cascade may be served with process by serving its
Registered Agent, Lawrence F. Brown, J r. at 4318 Preston Fall City Road SE, Fall City, WA
98024.
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 1 of 6
2

II. JURISDICTION AND VENUE
4. This is an action for infringement of a United States patent. Federal question
jurisdiction is conferred to this Court over such action under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1338(a).
5. Upon information and belief, Defendants have had minimum contacts with the
San Antonio Division of the Western District of Texas such that this venue is fair and
reasonable. Defendants have committed such purposeful acts and/or transactions in this district
that they reasonably should know and expect that they could be haled into this Court as a
consequence of such activity. Upon information and belief, Defendants have transacted and, at
the time of the filing of this Complaint, are transacting business within the San Antonio Division
of the Western District of Texas.
6. Both Plaintiff and the inventor of the patent, H. Wayne Head J r., office within this
district.
7. For these reasons, personal jurisdiction exists and venue is proper in this Court
under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1391(b) and (c) and 28 U.S.C. § 1400(b).
III. PATENT IN SUIT
8. On J anuary 14, 2003, United States Patent No. D468,548 (“‘D548 Patent”) was
duly and legally issued for “PORTABLE STADIUM SEAT.” A true and correct copy of the
‘D548 Patent is attached hereto as Exhibit “A” and made a part hereof.
9. By way of assignment, Plaintiff is the exclusive licensee from the inventor, who
resides in this district, of all right, title and interest in and to the ‘D548 Patent, with all rights to
enforce them against infringers and to collect damages for all relevant times, including the right
to prosecute this action.

IV. INFRINGEMENT OF THE ‘D548 PATENT

10. Plaintiff repeats and realleges every allegation set forth above.

11. Defendants have infringed and continue to infringe the ’D548 Patent by using,
selling and/or offering to sell in the United States, and/or importing into the United States the
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 2 of 6
3

Cascade Mountain Tech Stadium Seat, which embodies the design covered by the ’D548 Patent.
Such conduct constitutes, at a minimum, patent infringement under 35 U.S.C. §271(a).
12. The foregoing chart demonstrates via side-by-side comparisons that Defendants
have misappropriated Plaintiff’s patented product designs in the Cascade Mountain Tech
Stadium Seat:
‘D548 Patent



Cascade Mountain Tech Stadium Seat

‘D548 Patent



Cascade Mountain Tech Stadium Seat

Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 3 of 6
4

‘D548 Patent

Cascade Mountain Tech Stadium Seat


‘D548 Patent

Cascade Mountain Tech Stadium Seat



13. Plaintiff is informed and believes, and on that basis alleges, that Defendants’
infringement of the ‘D548 Patent has been and continues to be intentional, willful, and without
regard to Plaintiff’s rights.
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 4 of 6
5

14. Defendants have knowledge of the ‘D548 Patent at least as early as the filing of
this Complaint.
15. Plaintiff is informed and believes, and on that basis alleges, that Defendants have
gained profits by virtue of their infringement of the ‘D548 Patent.
14. Plaintiff has sustained damages as a direct and proximate result of Defendants’
infringement of the ‘D548 Patent.
16. Plaintiff will suffer and is suffering irreparable harm from Defendants’
infringement of the ‘D548 Patent. Plaintiff has no adequate remedy at law and is entitled to both
a preliminary and permanent injunction against Defendants’ continuing infringement of the
‘D548 Patent. Unless enjoined, Defendants will continue their infringing conduct.
V. JURY DEMAND
16. Plaintiff hereby requests a trial by jury pursuant to Rule 38 of the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure.
VI. PRAYER FOR RELIEF
WHEREFORE, Plaintiff prays for relief, as follows:
A. A judgment that Defendants have infringed the asserted patent;
B. An order and judgment preliminarily and permanently enjoining Defendants and
their officers, directors, agents, servants, employees, affiliates, attorneys, and all
others acting in privity or in concert with them, and their parents, subsidiaries,
divisions, successors and assigns from further acts of infringement of Plaintiff’s
asserted patent;
C. A judgment awarding Plaintiff all damages adequate to compensate for
Defendants’ infringement of Plaintiff’s asserted patent, and in no event less than a
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 5 of 6
6

reasonable royalty for Defendants’ acts of infringement, including all pre-
judgment and post-judgment interest at the maximum rate permitted by law;
D. A judgment awarding Plaintiff all damages, including treble damages, based on
any infringement found to be willful, pursuant to 35 U.S.C. § 284, together with
prejudgment interest;
E. A judgment awarding Plaintiff all of Defendants’ profits, pursuant to 35 U.S.C.
§ 289 together with prejudgment interest.
F. That the Court declare this an exceptional case and award Plaintiff its reasonable
attorney’s fees and costs in accordance with 35 U.S.C. § 285;
G. Costs of suit and reasonable attorneys’ fees; and
H. That Plaintiff be granted such other and further relief as the Court may deem just
and proper under the circumstances.
Dated: July 11, 2014. Respectfully submitted,

/s/ J . Phil Watkins
State Bar No. 20927400
J . Phil Watkins, P.C.
926 Chulie Drive
San Antonio, TX 78216
(210) 225-6666
phil@philwatkins.com

J onathan T. Suder
State Bar No. 19463350
Glenn S. Orman
State Bar No. 24074838
FRIEDMAN, SUDER & COOKE
604 East 4th Street, Suite 200
Fort Worth, Texas 76102
(817) 334-0400
(817) 334-0401 - fax
jts@fsclaw.com
orman@fsclaw.com

ATTORNEYS FOR PLAINTIFF
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 6 of 6
EXHIBIT “A”
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 1 of 15
( 1 2 ) United States Design Patent ( 1 0 ) Patent N 0 . :
H ead, J r .
USO0 D468548S
US D468, 548 S
( 45) Date o f Patent: * * J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3
( 54)
( 7 6)
( * * )
( 2 1 )
( 2 2 )
( 51 )
( 52 )
( 58)
( 56)
PORTABLE STADIUM SEAT
Inv ento r : H . Wayne H ead, J r . , PO. Bo x 468,
Ar tesia, N M ( US) 882 1 0
Ter m : 1 4 Year s
Ap p l . N o . : 2 9 / 1 61 , 2 82
F il ed: May 2 5, 2 0 0 2
LOC( 7 ) Cl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 6-0 1
US. Cl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D6/ 368
F iel d o f Sear ch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D6/ 333, 334, 335,
D6/ 336, 362 , 367 , 368, 37 4, 37 6, 37 9 ,
50 0 — 50 2 , 60 1 ; 2 9 7 / 2 50 . 1 , 2 52 , 4, 1 7 , 45,
1 6. 1 , 352
Ref er ences Cited
U. S. PATEN T DOCUMEN TS
D1 2 1 , 2 66 S * 7 / 1 9 40 Ar cher . . . . . . . . . . . D6/ 368
2 , 7 2 9 , 87 5 A * 5/ 1 9 57 Pir r o ne . . . . . . 2 9 7 / 2 52
D2 52 , 658 S * 8/ 1 9 7 9 Kr essin . . . . . . . . . . D6/ 368
D2 9 0 , 7 9 7 S * 7 / 1 9 87 H ar tt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D6/ 50 2
D2 9 3, 2 82 S * 1 2 / 1 9 87 Ashf o r d . . . . . . . . . . D6/ 368
D31 6, 1 9 0 S * 4/ 1 9 9 1 Sadan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D6/ 335
D340 , 81 4 S * 1 1 / 1 9 9 3 Gr ant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D6/ 368
5, 433, 50 2 A * 7 / 1 9 9 5 Co ndo r o dis et a1 . . 2 9 7 / 1 7
6, 352 , 30 6 B1 * 3/ 2 0 0 2 Dr eil ing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 9 7 / 2 52
OTH ER PUBLICATION S
8 Pho to ’ s o f p r ev io u sl y so l d chair , u ndated.
* cited by exam iner
Pr im ar y Exam iner — Do r is V . Co l es
Assistant Exam iner — Mim o sa De
( 7 4) Atto r ney, Agent, o r F ir m — Step hen D. Car v er
( 57 ) CLAIM
The o r nam ental design f o r a p o r tabl e stadiu m seat, as sho Wn
and descr ibed.
DESCRIPTION
F IG. 1 is a f r o ntal , to p iso m etr ic v ieW o f m y neW p o r tabl e
stadiu m seat, With the seat dep l o yed f o r u se;
F IG. 2 is a r ear , to p iso m etr ic v ieW ther eo f ;
F IG. 3 is a bo tto m iso m etr ic v ieW ther eo f ;
F IG. 4 is a l ef t side el ev atio nal v ieW ther eo f ;
F IG. 5 is a r ight side el ev atio nal v ieW ther eo f ;
F IG. 6 is a r ear p l an v ieW ther eo f ;
F IG. 7 is a f r o nt p l an v ieW ther eo f ;
F IG. 8 is a to p p l an v ieW ther eo f ;
F IG. 9 is a bo tto m p l an v ieW ther eo f ;
F IG. 1 0 is a f r o ntal , iso m etr ic v ieW o f m y neW p o r tabl e
stadiu m seat, With the seat f o l ded f o r tr ansp o r tatio n o r
sto r age;
F IG. 1 1 is a r ear , to p iso m etr ic v ieW o f the seat disp o sed in
the f o l ded o r ientatio n o f F IG. 1 0 ;
F IG. 1 2 is a f r o nt p l an v ieW o f the seat disp o sed in the f o l ded
o r ientatio n o f F IGS. 1 0 -1 1 ;
F IG. 1 3 is a l ef t side el ev atio nal v ieW o f the seat disp o sed
in the f o l ded o r ientatio n o f F IGS. 1 0 -1 2 ;
F IG. 1 4 is a r ear p l an v ieW o f the seat disp o sed in the f o l ded
o r ientatio n o f F IGS. 1 0 -1 3;
F IG. 1 5 is a to p p l an v ieW o f the seat disp o sed in the f o l ded
o r ientatio n in F IGS. 1 0 -1 4; and,
F IG. 1 6 is a bo tto m p l an v ieW o f the seat disp o sed in the
f o l ded o r ientatio n o f F IGS. 1 0 -1 5.
The f r agm ented cr o ss-hatching o n the seat and back r est o f
the stadiu m seat is u nder sto o d to r ep r esent f abr ic and Wo u l d
be co ntinu o u s thr o u gho u t the cir cu m scr ibed ar ea.
1 Cl aim , 1 3 Dr awing Sheets
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 2 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 1 0 f 1 3 US D468, 548 S
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 3 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 2 0 f 1 3 US D468, 548 S
F ig. 2
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 4 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 3 0 f 1 3 US D468, 548 S
p
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 5 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 4 0 f 1 3 US D468, 548 S
i.
o |
\ l \ n
Il l l l l l l l l l l l il l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l ' l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l j l l ‘ l l l l
l I
F ig. 4
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 6 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 5 0 f 1 3
US D468, 548 S
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . m m m m m m u m u l l m IIIIIIH H IH H H H H H
F ig. 5
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 7 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 6 0 f 1 3 US D468, 548 S
F ig. 6
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 8 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 7 0 f 1 3 US D468, 548 S
F ig. 7
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 9 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 8 0 f 1 3 US D468, 548 S
F ig. 8
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 10 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 9 0 f 1 3
US D468, 548 S
T
I81 1 “ ! H l l l l l il l l l l nnu n. u . “
I I
, , , , v .
KW
k ” )
@
@C
@
@’
E)
w
l ? im l l l l l l l u l l l l l l l l l | | | u u m m u gm m m .
F ig. 9
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 11 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 1 0 0 f 1 3 US D468, 548 S
F ig. 1 0
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 12 of 15
US D468, 548 S
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3
F ig. 1 1
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 13 of 15
Sheet 1 2 0 f 1 3 US D468, 548 S J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 U. S. Patent
I | l l IH H 1 1 1 m m m m u l l l m m m 9 l
‘ i a x 2 1
F ig. 1 2
l m l l l l l l l l l ? u u m
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 14 of 15
U. S. Patent J an. 1 4, 2 0 0 3 Sheet 1 3 0 f 1 3 US D468, 548 S
1 6
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-1 Filed 07/11/14 Page 15 of 15
OJ S 44 (Rev. 12/07)
CIVIL COVER SHEET
The J S 44 civil cover sheet and the information contained herein neither replace nor supplement the filing and service of pleadings or other papers as required by law, except as provided
by local rules of court. This form, approved by the J udicial Conference of the United States in September 1974, is required for the use of the Clerk of Court for the purpose of initiating
the civil docket sheet. (SEE INSTRUCTIONS ON THE REVERSE OF THE FORM.)
I. (a) PLAINTIFFS DEFENDANTS
(b) County of Residence of First Listed Plaintiff County of Residence of First Listed Defendant
(EXCEPT IN U.S. PLAINTIFF CASES) (IN U.S. PLAINTIFF CASES ONLY)
NOTE: IN LAND CONDEMNATION CASES, USE THE LOCATION OF THE
LAND INVOLVED.
(c) Attorney’s (FirmName, Address, and Telephone Number) Attorneys (If Known)
II. BASIS OF JURISDICTION (Place an “X” in One Box Only) III. CITIZENSHIP OF PRINCIPAL PARTIES(Place an “X” in One Box for Plaintiff
(For Diversity Cases Only) and One Box for Defendant)
’ 1 U.S. Government ’ 3 Federal Question PTF DEF PTF DEF
Plaintiff (U.S. Government Not a Party) Citizen of This State ’ 1 ’ 1 Incorporated or Principal Place ’ 4 ’ 4
of Business In This State
’ 2 U.S. Government ’ 4 Diversity Citizen of Another State ’ 2 ’ 2 Incorporated and Principal Place ’ 5 ’ 5
Defendant
(IndicateCitizenship of Parties in ItemIII)
of Business In Another State
Citizen or Subject of a ’ 3 ’ 3 Foreign Nation ’ 6 ’ 6
Foreign Country
IV. NATURE OF SUIT (Place an “X” in One Box Only)
CONTRACT TORTS FORFEITURE/PENALTY BANKRUPTCY OTHER STATUTES
’ 110 Insurance PERSONAL INJURY PERSONAL INJURY ’ 610 Agriculture ’ 422 Appeal 28 USC 158 ’ 400 State Reapportionment
’ 120 Marine ’ 310 Airplane ’ 362 Personal Injury - ’ 620 Other Food & Drug ’ 423 Withdrawal ’ 410 Antitrust
’ 130 Miller Act ’ 315 Airplane Product Med. Malpractice ’ 625 Drug Related Seizure 28 USC 157 ’ 430 Banks and Banking
’ 140 Negotiable Instrument Liability ’ 365 Personal Injury - of Property 21 USC 881 ’ 450 Commerce
’ 150 Recovery of Overpayment ’ 320 Assault, Libel & Product Liability ’ 630 Liquor Laws PROPERTY RIGHTS ’ 460 Deportation
& Enforcement of J udgment Slander ’ 368 Asbestos Personal ’ 640 R.R. & Truck ’ 820 Copyrights ’ 470 Racketeer Influenced and
’ 151 Medicare Act ’ 330 Federal Employers’ Injury Product ’ 650 Airline Regs. ’ 830 Patent Corrupt Organizations
’ 152 Recovery of Defaulted Liability Liability ’ 660 Occupational ’ 840 Trademark ’ 480 Consumer Credit
Student Loans ’ 340 Marine PERSONAL PROPERTY Safety/Health ’ 490 Cable/Sat TV
(Excl. Veterans) ’ 345 Marine Product ’ 370 Other Fraud ’ 690 Other ’ 810 Selective Service
’ 153 Recovery of Overpayment Liability ’ 371 Truth in Lending LABOR SOCIAL SECURITY ’ 850 Securities/Commodities/
of Veteran’s Benefits ’ 350 Motor Vehicle ’ 380 Other Personal ’ 710 Fair Labor Standards ’ 861 HIA (1395ff) Exchange
’ 160 Stockholders’ Suits ’ 355 Motor Vehicle Property Damage Act ’ 862 Black Lung (923) ’ 875 Customer Challenge
’ 190 Other Contract Product Liability ’ 385 Property Damage ’ 720 Labor/Mgmt. Relations ’ 863 DIWC/DIWW (405(g)) 12 USC 3410
’ 195 Contract Product Liability ’ 360 Other Personal Product Liability ’ 730 Labor/Mgmt.Reporting ’ 864 SSID Title XVI ’ 890 Other Statutory Actions
’ 196 Franchise Injury & Disclosure Act ’ 865 RSI (405(g)) ’ 891 Agricultural Acts
REAL PROPERTY CIVIL RIGHTS PRISONER PETITIONS ’ 740 Railway Labor Act FEDERAL TAX SUITS ’ 892 Economic Stabilization Act
’ 210 Land Condemnation ’ 441 Voting ’ 510 Motions to Vacate ’ 790 Other Labor Litigation ’ 870 Taxes (U.S. Plaintiff ’ 893 Environmental Matters
’ 220 Foreclosure ’ 442 Employment Sentence ’ 791 Empl. Ret. Inc. or Defendant) ’ 894 Energy Allocation Act
’ 230 Rent Lease & Ejectment ’ 443 Housing/ Habeas Corpus: Security Act ’ 871 IRS—Third Party ’ 895 Freedomof Information
’ 240 Torts to Land Accommodations ’ 530 General 26 USC 7609 Act
’ 245 Tort Product Liability ’ 444 Welfare ’ 535 Death Penalty IMMIGRATION ’ 900Appeal of Fee Determination
’ 290 All Other Real Property ’ 445 Amer. w/Disabilities - ’ 540 Mandamus & Other ’ 462 Naturalization Application Under Equal Access
Employment ’ 550 Civil Rights ’ 463 Habeas Corpus - to J ustice
’ 446 Amer. w/Disabilities - ’ 555 Prison Condition Alien Detainee ’ 950 Constitutionality of
Other ’ 465 Other Immigration State Statutes
’ 440 Other Civil Rights Actions
V. ORIGIN
Transferred from
another district
(specify)
Appeal to District
J udge from
Magistrate
J udgment
(Place an “X” in One Box Only)
’ 1 Original
Proceeding
’ 2 Removed from
State Court
’ 3 Remanded from
Appellate Court
’ 4 Reinstated or
Reopened
’ 5 ’ 6 Multidistrict
Litigation
’ 7
VI. CAUSE OF ACTION
Cite the U.S. Civil Statute under which you are filing (Do not cite jurisdictional statutes unless diversity):

Brief description of cause:
VII. REQUESTED IN
COMPLAINT:
’ CHECK IF THIS IS A CLASS ACTION
UNDER F.R.C.P. 23
DEMAND $ CHECK YES only if demanded in complaint:
JURY DEMAND: ’ Yes ’ No
VIII. RELATED CASE(S)
IF ANY
(Seeinstructions):
J UDGE DOCKET NUMBER
DATE SIGNATURE OF ATTORNEY OF RECORD
FOR OFFICE USE ONLY
RECEIPT # AMOUNT APPLYING IFP J UDGE MAG. J UDGE
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-2 Filed 07/11/14 Page 1 of 2

THE STADIUM CHAIR COMPANY LLC
Jonathan T. Suder, Friedman Suder & Cooke, 604 E. Fourth Street, Suite
200, Fort Worth, TX 76102, 817.334.0400

COSTCO WHOLESALE CORPORATION et al
35 USC Sec. 271 and 281
Patent Infringement

05:14-cv-630
07/11/2014 /s/ J. Phil Watkins
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J S 44 Reverse (Rev. 12/07)
INSTRUCTIONS FOR ATTORNEYS COMPLETING CIVIL COVER SHEET FORM JS 44
Authority For Civil Cover Sheet
The J S 44 civil cover sheet and the information contained herein neither replaces nor supplements the filings and service of pleading or other papers as required
by law, except as provided by local rules of court. This form, approved by the J udicial Conference of the United States in September 1974, is required for the use
of the Clerk of Court for the purpose of initiating the civil docket sheet. Consequently, a civil cover sheet is submitted to the Clerk of Court for each civil complaint
filed. The attorney filing a case should complete the form as follows:
I. (a) Plaintiffs-Defendants. Enter names (last, first, middle initial) of plaintiff and defendant. If the plaintiff or defendant is a government agency, use only
the full name or standard abbreviations. If the plaintiff or defendant is an official within a government agency, identify first the agency and then the official, giving
both name and title.
(b) County of Residence. For each civil case filed, except U.S. plaintiff cases, enter the name of the county where the first listed plaintiff resides at the time
of filing. In U.S. plaintiff cases, enter the name of the county in which the first listed defendant resides at the time of filing. (NOTE: In land condemnation cases,
the county of residence of the “defendant” is the location of the tract of land involved.)
(c) Attorneys. Enter the firm name, address, telephone number, and attorney of record. If there are several attorneys, list them on an attachment, noting
in this section “(see attachment)”.
II. Jurisdiction. The basis of jurisdiction is set forth under Rule 8(a), F.R.C.P., which requires that jurisdictions be shown in pleadings. Place an “X” in one
of the boxes. If there is more than one basis of jurisdiction, precedence is given in the order shown below.
United States plaintiff. (1) J urisdiction based on 28 U.S.C. 1345 and 1348. Suits by agencies and officers of the United States are included here.
United States defendant. (2) When the plaintiff is suing the United States, its officers or agencies, place an “X” in this box.
Federal question. (3) This refers to suits under 28 U.S.C. 1331, where jurisdiction arises under the Constitution of the United States, an amendment to the
Constitution, an act of Congress or a treaty of the United States. In cases where the U.S. is a party, the U.S. plaintiff or defendant code takes precedence, and box
1 or 2 should be marked.
Diversity of citizenship. (4) This refers to suits under 28 U.S.C. 1332, where parties are citizens of different states. When Box 4 is checked, the citizenship of the
different parties must be checked. (See Section III below; federal question actions take precedence over diversity cases.)
III. Residence (citizenship) of Principal Parties. This section of the J S 44 is to be completed if diversity of citizenship was indicated above. Mark this section
for each principal party.
IV. Nature of Suit. Place an “X” in the appropriate box. If the nature of suit cannot be determined, be sure the cause of action, in Section VI below, is sufficient
to enable the deputy clerk or the statistical clerks in the Administrative Office to determine the nature of suit. If the cause fits more than one nature of suit, select
the most definitive.
V. Origin. Place an “X” in one of the seven boxes.
Original Proceedings. (1) Cases which originate in the United States district courts.
Removed from State Court. (2) Proceedings initiated in state courts may be removed to the district courts under Title 28 U.S.C., Section 1441. When the petition
for removal is granted, check this box.
Remanded from Appellate Court. (3) Check this box for cases remanded to the district court for further action. Use the date of remand as the filing date.
Reinstated or Reopened. (4) Check this box for cases reinstated or reopened in the district court. Use the reopening date as the filing date.
Transferred from Another District. (5) For cases transferred under Title 28 U.S.C. Section 1404(a). Do not use this for within district transfers or multidistrict
litigation transfers.
Multidistrict Litigation. (6) Check this box when a multidistrict case is transferred into the district under authority of Title 28 U.S.C. Section 1407. When this box
is checked, do not check (5) above.
Appeal to District J udge from Magistrate J udgment. (7) Check this box for an appeal from a magistrate judge’s decision.
VI. Cause of Action. Report the civil statute directly related to the cause of action and give a brief description of the cause. Do not cite jurisdictional statutes
unless diversity. Example: U.S. Civil Statute: 47 USC 553
Brief Description: Unauthorized reception of cable service
VII. Requested in Complaint. Class Action. Place an “X” in this box if you are filing a class action under Rule 23, F.R.Cv.P.
Demand. In this space enter the dollar amount (in thousands of dollars) being demanded or indicate other demand such as a preliminary injunction.
J ury Demand. Check the appropriate box to indicate whether or not a jury is being demanded.
VIII. Related Cases. This section of the J S 44 is used to reference related pending cases if any. If there are related pending cases, insert the docket numbers
and the corresponding judge names for such cases.
Date and Attorney Signature. Date and sign the civil cover sheet.
Case 5:14-cv-00630 Document 1-2 Filed 07/11/14 Page 2 of 2

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