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REDHOUSE'S TUEKISH

DICTIONARY,
En foo
^parts,
ENGLISH AND
TURKISH,
AND
TURKISH AND ENGLISH.
fREDHOUSE'SJ
TURKISH
DICTIONARY,
En
ENGLISH AND
TURKISH,
AND
TURKISH AND ENGLISH.
IN WHICH
THE^
TURKISH WORDS ARE REPRESENTED IN THE
ORIENTAL
CHARACTER,
AS WELL AS THEIR CORRECT
PRONUNCIATION AND ACCENTUATION
SHOWN IN ENGLISH LETTERS.
BY J. W.
EBDHOrSE,
M.R.A.S.
MEMBBB OF THE IMPEBIAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCB OF
CONSTAlfTINOPLB,
ETC.
Wtitian,
Ee&t^etr antr
CHARLES
WELLS,
Ph.D.
(Leipsic),
Formerly Professor
at the
Imperial
Naval
College, Constantinople,
Author
of
Ci)l*^-J^
**
(An Essay
on Political
Economy
in
Turkish), of'Mehemet
the Surd and other
Tales
from
Eastern Sources." Late Private
Secretary
to Lieut.-General
Sir Arnold Kemball on the Turco-Persian Frontier
Commission,
%
Turkish Prizeman
of Sing's College, London, <5fo.
^X^^-^""*
LONDON:
BERNARD
QUARITCH,
15 PICCADILLY.
1880.
PL
f?6'4
pf-f
WYMAN AND
SDKS,
ORIENTAL, CLASSICAL,
AND GENEBAL
PBINTBBS,
GBEAT
QUEEN STBBET, 1OWDON,
W.C.
INTKODUCTION
TO THE SECOND
EDITION.
IT
is an
extraordinary
and lamentable fact that the
language
of the
Turks has hitherto received little or no attention in
England,
although
it is
spoken by
millions of
people belonging
to a vast
empire
with
which we are
closely
connected
by
mutual vital
interests,
and is more or
less
used,
in official
circles,
from Tunis in Africa to the walls of China.
It is the Court
language
of
Persia,
and in
many provinces
of that
country
is
spoken
as much as Persian. It is difficult to account for
the absolute
neglect
of the
study
of such an
important language,
considering
that it is used
by
a
people
who once influenced half the
world,
who overturned and established
empires,
who have
possessed
the
thrones of
Persia, Syria, Greece,
and
Arabia,
whose
power
was once
dreaded
by Italy, Germany
and
France,
and to whom our
proud
Queen
Elizabeth
applied
for aid
against
the
Spanish
Armada. The Turkish lan-
guage
has
always
been of the
greatest consequence
to
us, owing
to the
importance
of our
political
and commercial relations with the Ottoman
Empire,
and the
complete ignorance
of it on the
part
of our
countrymen
has
greatly impeded proper
communication and intercourse between the two
nations and
given
rise to most serious
misunderstandings
and
difficulties,
both
in the
diplomatic
and commercial world.
Hitherto,
the
only
means of com-
munication between the two
peoples
has been the
employment
of Levantine
interpreters,
who seldom or never know either
English
or Turkish
properly,
and
speak
the latter
unidiomatically
and with a
vulgar
accent
peculiarly
dis-
tasteful to the educated Osmanlis. Recent events in the
East, by
which we
have become in one sense identified with the Turkish
Empire through having
undertaken the Protectorate of Asia Minor and the administration of
Cyprus,
now render the
acquisition
of the Turkish
language by English
officials and
commercial men more
urgent
than
ever,
and indeed it is
absolutely
indis-
pensable
if we wish to fulfil our task
efficiently
and avoid endless
complica-
tions with the natives and the Turkish Government. We
may
therefore
hope
that this
subject
will at last receive the attention it deserves on the
part
of the Government and the
nation,
that
proper
facilities will be afforded
for the
acquisition
of the
language by
a
Professorship
of Turkish
being
vi REDHOUSE'S TUEKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
founded at one of our
Universities,
and
encouragement
and reward
being
offered to those who devote themselves to this arduous
study.
Persons
wishing
to become
student-interpreters,
or officials in
any part
of
Turkey,
in Asia
Minor,
or in
Cyprus,
should be
required
to
possess,
at
least,
some
knowledge
of Turkish before
being appointed
and before
leaving England,
as
they
will find the want of
proper
teachers in
Turkey
an
insuperable
barrier
against beginning
its
study
in that
country.
The
only persons
who teach
Turkish in the East are Greeks and
Armenians,
most of whom
appear phys-
ically incapable
of
pronouncing
Turkish
correctly,
and
possess
in
general
little
or no
knowledge
of the
literary language.
As we have in
English nearly every
sound
existing
in
Turkish,
an
Englishman,
if
properly taught,
can
pronounce
far better than a Greek or an Armenian. For the same
reason,
as I found from
experience
in
instructing
the students at the
Imperial
Naval
College
of
Constantinople,
Turks can
pronounce
our
language
far more
purely
than the
Christian races under their
government.
A
good dictionary
is
indispensable
for
acquiring any language,
and Mr. REDHOUSE rendered a national service
when he
produced
his excellent
work,
which I hesitate not to
say
is incom-
parably
the most correct and
trustworthy
Turkish lexicon in
any European
language.
The
original
edition
having
been
exhausted,
I
willingly
consented to Mr.
QUARITCH'S
proposal
that I should edit a second
issue,
as
all students of the
language
would find such a book most
necessary,
and the
learned author sanctioned
my undertaking.
While
preserving
all the valuable
matter contained in the first
edition,
I have
attempted
to increase its use-
fulness
by
the addition of a considerable number of words omitted
originally
for want of
space,
or which have been coined
by
the Turks
during
the
last
twenty years
to meet the
requirements
of their
advancing
civilisation.
Amongst
other
things,
the names of
countries, towns, rivers, mountains,
and
other
geographical
words were
entirely
left out of the
English-Turkish part,
and
nearly completely
omitted in the other
part.
These I have
supplied,
giving special
attention to names of
places
in the East. The
English-Turkish
portion being scarcely copious enough
to enable a Turk to read an
English
book,
or an
Englishman
to write or
speak
on all
subjects
in
Turkish,
I have
introduced a
large
number of fresh words into
it,
and I have
also,
to some
extent, augmented
the Turkish-
English part.
Thus,
the
present
edition will
be found to contain several thousand more words than the
original
work
published twenty-five years ago,
which,
however,
was far more correct and
copious
than
any
other
European
Turkish lexicon.
It is a
strange
fact that the number of
Englishmen
who can read and
write Turkish is so small that
they
can be counted on the
fingers
of one
hand. The
English public,
and what is more
astonishing,
the
English
INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION,
Vll
residents in
Turkey,
know
scarcely anything
of this curious and
interesting
tongue,
and
rarely
succeed even in
speaking
a few words
properly
; yet
to understand a nation
rightly
a
knowledge
of its
language
is most
essential. As I once remarked in an article in the Gentleman's
Magazine
published
some
years ago,
the
physical
features of the
East,
the
length
and
breadth of its
rivers,
the
height
of its
mountains,
and the costumes of its
peoples,
have been ascertained and described
by enterprising European
travellers
;
but the
spirit
of the
East,
which
only
can be
comprehended by
a
thorough acquaintance
with its
language
and familiar intercourse with the
natives,
has remained a sealed book to
Europe.
Indeed
many
works
which have been written for the
purpose
of
enlightening
us with
regard
to
the
East, have,
with rare
exceptions, only misrepresented
and
burlesqued it,
although,
I
admit,
that the writers did this in all
sincerity
and unconscious-
ness. If
Europeans
ever learn what the inner life of the East
is, they
will find that their ideas have been
wonderfully
narrow and
one-sided;
that
many things they
believed to be
universally
true
are,
under certain cir-
cumstances and in certain
places, absolutely false;
and
they
will discover
much that is
good
and valuable in the
institutions,
and much that is
admirable in the manners and customs of the
Turks,
as well as some
things
which we
might
with
advantage
imitate.
A
lengthy
discourse on the
language
and literature of the Osmanlis would
be somewhat out of
place
here,
but a brief account of them
may
be interest-
ing
to the
general
reader
and, especially,
to those about to commence the
study
of Turkish. The Turkish
language
is of Tartar
origin,
as the Turks
came from Central
Asia,
and is
consequently quite
distinct from Arabic and
Persian
; although
it is true that in modern times the Arabic characters have
been
adopted
for all three
languages,
and that the
Constantinople
dialect is
half filled with Arabic and Persian
words,
but these have been
incorporated
without
affecting
the nature or framework of the
Turkish,
which is as
different from Arabic and Persian as
Anglo-Saxon
from Latin and Greek.
The
original
Turkish
tongue
was somewhat
barbarous,
but
extremely
forcible
and concise when
spoken. Very often,
in
colloquial language,
a whole
sentence in a
European language
can be
expressed by
one or two words in
Turkish.
For
example,
the
phrase
"
The book which I have
written,"
can
be
expressed
in Turkish in two
words, viz.,
yazdighim
kitab. In
fact,
Turkish is a
language
in which
pronouns personal
and
relative,
conjunctions,
and other
parts
of
speech
constantly recurring
in
European languages
are
almost
entirely dispensed with, by
the
help
of certain
peculiar
inflections of
which the verb is
capable.
Unfortunately,
this
superiority
in Turkish has
been more than
counterbalanced
by
the cumbersome and inflated
style
which
viii
REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
has become
prevalent
in
writing, especially
in official
documents,
sentence on
sentence
being strung together
into
one,
until the reader is at a
complete
loss
to catch the writer's
meaning.
Another mistake the Turks have made is
in
adopting
Arabic and Persian words ad libitum
;
so that to understand their
language
it is
absolutely necessary
to be
acquainted
with
nearly
all the words
in the other
two,
and
something
of their
grammars.
Thus in
reality
to
comprehend
written Turkish
you
have to
acquire
three
languages,
in
great
part,
instead of one. This
fact,
no
doubt,
is one
great
reason
why
so few
Europeans
have succeeded in
mastering
Turkish
;
and a Turk must
study
his
own
language many years
before he can either read or write it
properly.
There are almost
always
in Turkish three names for
everything
the
original
Turkish,
the
Arabic,
and the Persian and thus the student has a
triple
vocabulary
to
acquire.
Had Persian and Arabic words been taken
only
when there was no Turkish word to
express
what was
required,
Turkish
would have become an
extremely
rich and
powerful language ;
but words
having
been
adopted indiscriminately
has led to a
redundancy
which is
only
embarrassing
both to the native and the
foreigner,
while thousands of abstract
but most useful words are still non-existent in Turkish.
Notwithstanding,
therefore,
the enormous number of words to be found in a Turkish
dictionary,
it is an
extremely
difficult
thing
to
express
one's self in Turkish on
any
civilised
subject,
or to translate
any ordinary European
work into it. Great
progress,
however,
has been made
during
the last
twenty years
in
simplifying
the
Turkish
style,
and in
coining
words to
express
scientific ideas. Ali Pasha
and Fuad Pasha took the initiative in this
matter,
and
they
have since had
many worthy imitators,
such as Ali* Suavi
Effendi,
Kemal
Bey,
and Zia
Bey.
The
Imperial Military
and Naval
Colleges
have also been most
useful laboratories for the
production
of new
words,
the
necessity
for
which was found in
instructing
the students in
European
arts and
sciences,
and in
translating
French and
English
works for them. A
great
number
of
very
useful books have been
prepared by
the
professors
of those excellent
institutions,
and
although generally
not
original, they
are
very creditable,
and have done much
good
in
shaping
and
improving
modern Turkish.
Some
enlightened
and
unprejudiced
officials,
such as Said
Pasha,
who was
Minister of Marine in
1878,
and
formerly
Governor of the Naval
College,
*
Ali Suavi
Effendi,
a well-known Turkish savant and a
very
able
writer,
was the editor of
a Turkish
newspaper,
called the
"
Mukhbir" f
^s"
),
published
some
years ago
in
London,
to which I
myself contributed,
which aimed at
introducing
not
merely political
reforms
into
Turkey,
such as
parliamentary government,
financial
control, &c.,
but also recommended
and
inaugurated
a reform of Turkish
composition, orthography, &o.,
and the introduction
of a clear and
simple style
similar to that
approved
of in most
European languages.
INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION.
IX
have also
lately
set the
example
of
writing
Turkish in a
simple
and
practical
style,
and
encouraged
and
promoted
this
improvement.
This able statesman
(Said Pasha)
is a
striking
illustration of what I have stated
above,
that Turks
and
Englishmen
can
acquire
each other's
language
with remarkable
purity,
as
he
speaks
and writes
English
like an
Englishman.
Yet, notwithstanding
the eumbrousness I have above
complained
of,
the
language
of the Turks
possesses
a
great
and
interesting
literature
;
works
on almost all
subjects
known to Orientals :
history, geography,
astronomy,
mathematics, logic, theology, geometry, arithmetic, &c.,
were to be found in
Turkish hundreds of
years ago
in
manuscripts only,
of course.
Indeed,
books on those
subjects
had been written at so remote a
period
as a
century
prior
to the
conquest
of
Constantinople,
and some
historical, astronomical,
and
poetical
works
by
celebrated writers of that
day
are still in existence.
It is also to the credit of the Turks that
they always
had in ancient
times,
and still
have,
a
deep
reverence for
learning
and
literary men,
while their
sovereigns
have been
great patrons
of
literature,
and have treated authors and
savans with the most liberal favour and munificence. It is
reported
that the
last words of Sultan Othman to his son Orkhan
were,
"
Be the
upholder
of
the faith and the
protector
of science
;
"
and no sooner had the crescent been
planted
on the walls of Broussa than Orkhan
gave
orders for the erection of
a
royal college.
This
example
was followed
by
his
successors,
who have vied
with each other in the
protection
and
encouragement
of letters.
The Turkish writers excel
particularly
in historical
composition. They
have
many
valuable works of
history,
written
by private
individuals,
and
a
regular
series of
public
annals from the most remote times to the
present,
compiled by
the official
historiographers
of the
empire.
Among
their most celebrated historians are
Sead-u-din,
the historio-
grapher
of Murad the
Third,
the author of
"
Taj-u-Tevarikh," ("The
Crown
of
Histories,")
Jelal
Zade,
the author of
"
Tarikhi Jelal
Zade,"
the Annals
of the
reign
of Suleiman I. and
Selaniki,
whose works are
only
to be found in
manuscript,
and Kashid
Effendi, Sami, Shagir,
and
Subhi,
whose works have
been
printed by
the
Imperial press. Amongst
historians also must not be for-
gotten
the learned
Haji Khalife,
who wrote several historical and
geographical
books,
and a work on Oriental
bibliography,
a universal
history
in
Arabic,
and also the
History
of the Maritime Wars of the
Turks,
the
History
of
Constantinople,
and the celebrated Oriental
geography
called
"
Jihan Numa"
("
The
World-Shewer").
The Turks have
always
cultivated
poetry
with the
greatest
zeal and
considerable success. Poets have ever been
greatly
honoured and muni-
ficently
rewarded
by
them. Their
poetry,
it is
true,
is somewhat wild and
extravagant,
but full of
power
and
imagination. Amongst
others,
Fazli's
version of the Gul-u-Bulbul
("
The Rose and the
Nightingale ")
is a
really
beautiful
poem,
and a mere list of Turkish
poets
of
respectable ability
would
fill
pages.
In
conclusion,
the Turkish
language,
in the
simplicity
and
regularity
of
its
original
framework and
mechanism,
is
only equalled among European
languages by
the
Spanish,
in the attention it
pays
to
euphony by
no
European language, except perhaps Hungarian,
and in the richness of its
resources,
if it would make but
proper
use of
them,
it
might
rank with
any
language
of
Europe
or Asia.
To cement the alliance and the
friendship
which have existed for so
many
years
between
England
and
Turkey,
and to
promote
the interest of both
nations, nothing
is more
indispensable
than that
they
should
acquire
each
other's
language.
The Turks have made
great
efforts and
spared
no
expense
to this end. Hundreds of
young
Turkish officers studied
English
under
me,
after
my appointment by
the Turkish Government as Professor of the
English
Language
at
Constantinople,
and
nearly
all of them
displayed
the
greatest
zeal
and
ability.
It is to be
hoped
now that the same ardour will be shown and
the same attention
given,
on the
part
of the British Government and
people,
in
promoting
the
study
of the Turkish
language
in
England.
Having
had
great experience
in connection with the
acquisition
of Turkish
and other Oriental
languages,
I venture to call the attention of the Govern-
ment and the
public
to the fact that
sending
out
gentlemen
to
Turkey
who
have
merely given proof
of
possessing
an
ordinarily good European education,
and who have evinced no
special aptitude
for
acquiring
Eastern
languages,
is
not the best method
they
could have
adopted
for
obtaining
a
body
of Oriental
scholars who would be
really
useful to them. Facilities should be afforded
for
studying
Turkish in
England,
and then
only
those who
gave proof
of
capability
to master Turkish a feat
by
no means in
everybody's power
should be
appointed student-interpreters.
Austrian and Russian officials in
the East learn Turkish at their
respective
universities before
going
to
Turkey,
and Russia and Austria have
consequently
had for
many years good
Turkish
scholars in their service. We shall never have
good
Oriental scholars in ours
until we
adopt
the same
system.
No one can learn to
speak
and write
Turkish
by
mere residence in the
country,
as is
proved by English
and other
European
residents in
Turkey
not
being
conversant with the
language
who
have lived there for
twenty
and
thirty years.
But
any
one who
goes
to
Turkey, having already
studied the
language
successfully,
will
speedily
become
thorough
master of it. He will find
plent)
of
opportunities
for
practising
his
knowledge
of
Turkish,
if he have
any ;
but
INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION. XI
if he have
none,
he will never
pick
the
language up,
as it is
called, by merely
breathing
the air of
Constantinople.
Without
study,
Turkish,
as written
and
spoken
for
diplomatic purposes,
can never be
mastered,
and facilities for
this
study
at
first,
at
least,
are best found in
England. Moreover,
it is far
better that the
government
should
only help
those who have
given proof
of
their
ability,
and this could be tested
by establishing
a Turkish
Professorship
here,
and
sending
out
only
those who should have
passed
an examination in
Turkish the
plan already adopted,
I
believe,
in the case of Chinese students.
CHARLES WELLS.
LONDON, December,
1879.
CONTENTS.
INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION
NOTICE
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION
REDHOUSE'S DICTIONARY. ENGLISH AND TURKISH
TURKISH AND ENGLISH
ERRATUM . .
APPENDIX.
PAGE
V
. . . XIV
... 1
... 25
... 383
... 882
. 883
NOTICE.
The abbreviations \ and
j\
in the Turkish
character,
and et and 61 in the
English,
used in both
parts of
this
Dictionary,
stand
respectively for
the
auxiliary
verbs C^XtiLH and
^L4\\
t
and their
pronunciations
fetmek and olmak.
KEDHOUSE'S TUEKISH DICTIONAEY.
PREFACE TO THE FIEST EDITION.
TN
the
spring
of
1855,
on the occasion of the formation of the Turkish
Legion,
the author of the
present
work
published
a
"
Yade-Mecum of
Ottoman
Colloquial Language,"
in the Preface of which he
promised
to
prepare,
"
for the information of those who
may
wish afterwards to
penetrate
deeper
into the arcana of this
really
beautiful
tongue,
a series of more
complete
and scientific works."
The
following pages
are a first instalment towards the
redemption
of the
pledge
then
given.
From the size of this
volume,
the reader must at once
perceive
that it has not the
pretension
of
being
a
complete dictionary
of the
two
languages,
which it would
require
several
years
of constant labour to
bring
into existence. But as there does not exist in
English any
similar
work,
it has been
judged
that a book which shall contain the more usual
terms of the two
languages,
and
explain
the more
striking
modifications of
their
meanings
which shall
give,
not
only
the
orthography
of the Turkish
words
(whether
of
Arabic, Persian,
or Turkish
origin),
but also their correct
pronunciation
and accentuation two
things
never
achieved,
and the latter
never
attempted,
even in the best dictionaries
published
on the continent
could not fail of
being acceptable
to the
very great
number of our
country-
men now interested in
obtaining quickly
a
competent knowledge
of the
language
of our Eastern allies
;
and the author has therefore undertaken to
provide
them with as
good
a
dictionary
as could be
prepared
within a
reasonable
space
of time.
For the materials of this book he is indebted to no
one,
even of the
continental
authors,
unless in so far as he has used two dictionaries to arrive
without loss of time at the
alphabetical arrangement
and selection of the
words contained in either
part
of this
publication.
He does not
pretend
to
be
absolutely
and
entirely
free from mistakes of
any
kind
;
but he
confidently
appeals
to all
capable
of
judging,
to
pronounce
whether the
great
number of
errors to be traced in
every page
of the more voluminous continental
works,
ancient or
modern,
is not a circumstance which
greatly
deteriorates the value
2 REDHOUSE S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
of their
productions, although,
at the same
time,
the
greatest
credit is due to
the authors for the immense labours
they
have undertaken in
preparing
their
works for the use of the
public. They
have done their
best,
and the thanks
of a host of students have
been,
and will continue to
be,
their
just
meed.
Neither is it in
any spirit
of detraction that the author here notices these
defects of his
precursors ; but,
on the
contrary, by alluding
to
them,
he
desires to stir
up
their
authors,
or
others,
to
investigate
the
subject
with
renewed zeal and
acumen,
under the conviction that the
greater
the facilities
afforded for an
interchange
of ideas between the East and
West,
the more
rapidly
will be effaced those invidious distinctions of caste or
class,
or nation-
ality,
or
religious denomination,
which
ignorance
and intolerance set
up
in
bygone times,
but which in
England
have
generally given place
to the more
becoming
rule and
feeling
of
respecting
in all the conscientious dictates of
faith and
taste,
even as we ourselves wish to have
respect
and consideration
shown to our own
by
all.
As above
noticed,
the
publication
of a
complete
Turkish and
English
Dictionary,
if ever
undertaken,
will be a work of considerable
expense,
and
will
require years
for its
performance.
Hitherto the number of those who
might
have occasion for such a book has been too limited
by
far to induce
any
one to make the
attempt.
These circumstances
appear
now
likely
to be
changed, through
the attention drawn to
Turkey by
the recent
aggressions
of
Russia,
and also
by
the
vitality
so
unexpectedly
discovered in the Ottoman
Empire
the
"
sick man
"
of the
aggressor.
The author would be
proud
to
answer this
change,
if
effective, by
an
energetic attempt
to fill
up
the void in
English
literature left
by
the want of such a work. The Turkish
language
is,
in
itself,
well
worthy
of the labour
; and,
whatever the ideas on the sub-
ject
hitherto current in
England,
as in the rest of
Europe generally,
there
exists in that
language
a
literature, mostly
in
manuscript
as
yet,
it is
true,
as
varied and as refined as that which is known to be found in the Persian
tongue, though
it does not embrace those
periods
of
time,
the middle
ages,
which render the
study
of Arabic and Persian
doubly interesting.
In a
political
and in a commercial
view,
the
tongue
of the Osmanli merits as
great
attention as
any,
since its
use,
or that of its
congeners, among
natives of
every
sect and
nationality,
or
among
official
people,
is
spread
from Tunis
in
Africa,
throughout
the Turkish
Empire,
the northern half of
Persia,
Khorassan,
to
Independent, Chinese,
and Russian
Tartary.
But-it is as
true,
as it will
appear singular,
that whether from
apathy,
or from the fatal
delivering
themselves
up
into the hands of double sets of
interpreters (one
set
consisting
of
Greeks, Armenians, Jews,
or
Levantines,
who
explain verbally
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 3
between
Europeans
and
Turks,
and the other of Turkish
writers,
who reduce
these verbal
expressions
into written forms of their
own),
the
greater part
of
our merchants and consuls
living
in
Turkey,
some for
periods
of
fifty years,
are
unable,
with a few rare
exceptions,
to read a word of the
language,
or
perhaps
to understand it when read to them
;
and
many
are even
incapable
of
uttering
a
single phrase
in common conversation. The
fact, however,
of
servants, working engineers,
and others
picking up
Turkish in a short
time,
without books or aids of
any kind,
is sufficient to indicate that there is
nothing peculiarly
difficult in the
language
itself;
while the mere mechanical
difficulty
of the
handwriting,
as is known to all
students,
is
equally easy
to
be
got
over with a little
practice.
Hoping, therefore,
that a taste for this useful
language may spread,
and
that the occasion will thence arise for the
preparation
of more extensive
works on the
subject,
to which he
engages
to
respond
to the best of his
abilities,
the author now offers the
present
work to the
public,
in the trust
that it will be found as useful in its
sphere
as he could wish or
expect.
LONDON,
1856.
c 2
REDHOUSE S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
ON THE SYSTEM OF ORTHOGRAPHY EMPLOYED TO REPRE-
SENT THE TURKISH
WORDS,
AND ON THE POWERS OF
THE TURKISH LETTERS AND ORTHOGRAPHICAL SIGNS.
IN
representing
the sounds of one
language
with the characters of
another,
we find that all or
many
of those characters
generally possess
more than
one value in their
original language.
We
observe, further,
that the authors of
pronouncing
dictionaries are
obliged
to have recourse to various
systems
of
orthography,
in order to
represent
to the
mind,
through
the
eye,
in a
way
freed
from
doubt,
the sound of
every
letter in each
separate
word
;
and that a con-
siderable difference exists between the current
orthography
and the results of
each such
system.
The reasons of this
divergence,
in
respect
to the
English
language, may
be reduced to three : 1
st,
Many
words of
foreign origin
have
preserved
their
original orthography
and
pronunciation (this
latter more or less
vitiated),
which do not follow the same rules as the words of our own
language
;
2ndly, Many
other words of
foreign origin, though they
have more or less been
submitted to a
process
of
adaptation
to our
pronunciation
and
orthography,
still
retain so
many
traces of their
origin
as to
require explanation
on the
former,
and
authority
for the
latter,
inasmuch as the two do not
agree together
with sufficient
simplicity,
or
according
to our received ideas of the fundamental values of their
component
letters
;
3rdly,
The difference of
pronunciation
of even
indigenous
words in different
parts
of the
country, whereby
an
orthography
more or less in
consonance with the
pronunciation
of one
part,
at a certain
period
of
time,
was
adopted by
some one or other of the
early English
writers,
and has since become
(either
with or without
modification) generally
or
universally
current,
although
it does not accord with the usual
pronunciation
now in use
among
the educated
classes in the
greater part
of the
kingdom.
Causes
analogous
to these have also affected the
orthography
and
pronun-
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 5
elation of the Turkish
language,
the
present alphabet
and
orthographical system
of which are
originally
Arabic. In the
pure
Arabic the
simple
short vowels are
never written,
being merely
marked over or under the consonant affected
by
them,
and are but three in number
a, i,
and u
(Latin).
When these are
long,
they
are
represented by separate
letters,
which have still their
special
values as
consonants,
viz.
\, ,
and . Of
these,
the
'\
represents
the sound of
a,
thej
of
u
(oo English),
the u5 of i
(ee English).
This
system
of the Arabic
language
(common
also to the other Semitic
dialects)
was next
adopted by
the Persians
when
they
embraced the
religion
of Muhammed
;
and
although
four consonants
(c
?,
,J
,
vJ")
were added to the
twenty-eight
of the
Arabians,
nothing
was
done to extend the number of
vowel-letters,
or of the
vowel-points, beyond
the
original
three,
excepting
the definite
adoption
of a fourth consonant
(&)
to
represent
the terminal broad e or surd a found in so
many
Persian words. The
three
original
vowel-letters received also a second value each in addition to the
Arabic
one,
viz. \ was made to
represent
the broad a of the
English,
the
j
the
of
European languages,
and the t-? the e of the same as heard in our word there.
The Turkish
nation,
coming
from the eastern
parts
of Central
Asia,
first
encountered the Arabian
system
of
writing,
under its modified
form,
in Persia.
Adopting
this, and,
by
their chief and
early conquests
in Greece and Asia
Minor,
escaping
from the direct influence of the
Arabians,
they
in their turn
gave
a new
value to one consonant
(C-!) by making
it
represent
a nasal n in addition to its
Arabic value of
k,
and its Persian value of
g
hard
(gli,
or
gu),
and
they
also
greatly
extended the use
occasionally
made
by
the Persians of the three
long
vowels as
representatives
of their
cognate
short vowels.
Passing
over, therefore,
the consideration of the true number of different
vowel-sounds which
may
exist in Arabic or in
Persian,
or of the number which
may
exist in
any
uncultivated Turkish or Tartar
dialects,
we
may
now
proceed
to
observe that there are eleven distinct vowel-sounds in the cultivated Ottoman
Turkish
language,
besides the modifications of certain of them
by
mere
prolonga-
tion of sound
;
whereas there are still but three
vowel-signs,
and but four vowel-
letters to
represent
them. This
necessarily
causes
great
confusion and
difficulty,
especially
to learners
;
and to
it,
in
great
measure,
I attribute the
prevalent
use
of Arabic and Persian words
(in writing,
much more than in
speaking)
in
preference
to
many
of their most common Turkish
equivalents.
In all three of
these
languages
a combination of
two, three,
or four
letters,
may
often be read
several different
ways,
the
signification varying
with each modification of sound
;
and there is no
system
in use
among
the nations
speaking
them
whereby
the
true
vowel-pronunciation
of each word can be
depicted
to the
intelligence
through
the medium of the
eye,
in a manner
entirely
free from doubt. The
Persians have
adopted
two terms
whereby they
describe the different values of
the vowel
j
as
representing
u and
o,
also of u as
representing
e and i
;
but
further
they
have not
gone,
and these terms have no
equivalent
mark in
writing
;
so that the number of vowel-letters remains but
four,
and of the
vowel-points
but
three,
to
represent
the eleven vowels
existing
in Turkish. At the
beginning
of words
they employ
two combinations
(j\
and u3V of these vowel-letters,
which have been looked
upon
as
diphthongs
;
but this is not
really
so :
they
represent
no
separate
vowel-sound
;
they
are
merely
used,
or rather the
j
and
the c are introduced to define the value of the
\,
which in Arabic takes the
three vowel-sounds
indifferently,
in the same
way
as the other consonants.
These, then,
are no true addition to the number of Turkish vowel-letters,
and
j!
is read u the same as
j3
is read
ku,
and L\ i as
Ji
is ki.*
The eleven Turkish vowel-sounds are the
following
:
1st,
of
a in all.
2nd,
. . a . . far.
3rd,
. . a . . about.
4th,
. . a . .
pan.
5th,
. . e . .
pen.
6th,
. . i .
,
pin.
7th,
of
i in
girl.
8th,
. . o . .
go.
9th,
. . u in the French tu.
]0th,
. . u . . full.
llth,
.. u .. fun.
Our
system
of
orthography
in this book for
representing
the
pronunciation
of the Turkish words is founded
upon
the two
following
axioms :
First,
No
character shall have two values
;
and
second,
No value shall be
represented by
more than one
special
character.
In
applying
these two rules to the eleven
vowel-sounds,
we have been led to
*
There exists even at the
beginning
of some Turkish words the combination
<-$)
>
which
may
have been considered in like manner a
triphthong ;
but in this
case,
as in
that of the two
combinations,
<-'
and
<-
at the ends of some words and
syllables,
the
^
is a trne
consonant,
and therefore we are
justified
in
totally denying
the existence of
diphthongs
or
triphthongs
in the Turkish
language.
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.
1st,
8 REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
English grammarians
have laid it down as a rule that w and
y
are consonants
at the
beginning
of words or
syllables,
but vowels at the end or in the middle.
It must be conceded that
y standing
alone in the middle of a
syllable
is a vowel
;
but w is never so used in
English.
As the second letters of
diphthongs
in the
middle of
syllables they may
be considered either as vowels or
consonants,
without much
practical
inconvenience
resulting
from the error in either case
;
and
y,
at the end of
syllables,
when
immediately preceded by
a
consonant,
may
certainly
be considered a true vowel. There remains then to be considered the
case of these two letters when
they
terminate a
syllable
and are
preceded by
a
vowel. In this case Oriental
grammarians
have
justly regarded
them as con-
sonants
;
nor would it be difficult to establish that the
practice
of the
English
tongue fully
confirms that
decision,
as
regards
the letter
y,
and also as
regards
the w if
preceded by
an o. Take for instance the words
flow
and
flay
:
now,
in
forming
from them the
participles flowing
and
flaying,
we can
perceive
that w
and
y
are as much consonants as
though
the division of the two words into
separate syllables
was
flo-wing
and
fla-ying,
when,
even
by
the admitted rules of
our
grammarians,
these letters would be consonants. This
being
established,
more as a means of
comparison
between certain conditions of our
language
and
the elements of the
Turkish,
we
may
now state that we consider the letters w
any y
as consonants in all cases where we use them in our
system
of
orthography
as here
adopted
for
representing
the sound of the Turkish
language
; and,
to
complete
our
system
of
syllabic
formation,
we have but to follow out the series
of vowels
preceding
or
following
these two letters in the same manner as for the
other consonants
;
thus :
Ab
bA
AW
WA
Ay
Y
A
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.
pay
will read like
pie, rey
like
ray, soy exactly
as in
English,
and
kz'y,
as also
muy,
will each be
readily
understood,
though
we have no similar combination in
our
language.
It will thus become
apparent
that these are not
diphthongs
com-
posed
of two consecutive or combined
vowel-sounds, but,
on the
contrary,
a
pure
and
simple
vowel,
followed
by
a
simple
consonant.
The
foregoing
remarks are of more
consequence
than
appears
at first
sight
:
not
only
is a correct
appreciation
of
any subject
a
great
desideratum in
itself,
but
this
particular
bears also in no
slight degree upon
the
question
of
reduplicated
consonants,
since we
frequently
meet with both the
j
and the t_
reduplicated,
and this could not be unless
they
were true consonants. It has also a
very great
grammatical
influence
upon
the
words,
and roots of
words,
which have these
terminations,
as it will be seen
throughout
the Turkish Grammar that affixes and
inflexions
vary, according
as
they
are
joined
on to a word
ending
with a
vowel,
or to one
ending
with a consonant
;
and it will be found that in all these cases
the doctrine here laid down
agrees
with the
principle upon
which that
language
moves. It has the further
advantage,
too,
of
confining
the letters w and
y
to
one sole
value,
instead of
using
them sometimes as
vowels,
sometimes as
consonants.
Proceeding,
now,
to a consideration of the Turkish characters in
themselves,
and of their
values,
as also of the mode of
transcription
here
adopted
for the
consonants,
we first observe that the Turkish
alphabet
consists of
twenty-eight
simple
and
primitive
characters of Arabic
origin,
the
ordinary
names and
primary
forms of which are as follows :
\
elif,
C.J
bE,
CLJ
tE,
cL>
SE,
,
jim,
_
hX,
^
kh,
J
dXl,
J
zel,
j
n,
j
ZE,
(^-
sin,
^
shin,
^a
sXd,
^a
dAd,
\s
it,
1?
z,
c
"
ayn, ghayn,
<_J
fs,
(J
kXf,
cJ
kfif,
J
lam,
*
mim,
^
nun,
^
w6w,
<-
JE.
To these
original
Arabic letters are to be added the
three
following,
received
from the
Persian,
which have a
special
form,
distinguished
from the
originals
whence
they
are derived
by
the number of dots under or over
them,
viz.
C
?
pi,
derived
from
< .> bis.
^
chim,
jim.
J
zhii
(French j)
.......
j
ZE,
The additional dots of these letters of Persian
origin
are often to be found in
written,
and even in
printed,
books. The last of them is
only
used in a
very
few
(five
or six at
most)
words of Persian
origin.
10 REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
The fourth letter added
by
the
Persians,
namely,
the
\^5,
is
generally
left
without its
distinguishing points,
and
these,
even when
added,
are sometimes
used as
marking,
not the Persian value of the
character,
but a third use to which
this letter is
universally applied by
the
Turks,
that of a nasal
n,
equivalent
to our
English ng
at the end of
sing, ring,
&c.,
but softened down to a common n in the
pronunciation
of the
capital,
and of
people
of refined manners in
many
of the
provinces.
A second method is also in
use,
by
which to
distinguish
the Persian
value of this letter : it consists in
giving
it a double dash in all its
positions,
whether
initial, medial,
or final
; whereas,
in the case of the Arabic
value,
the
dash is
single
in the two first
positions,
and
totally wanting
in the last-named
one. It
results, therefore,
that in
printing,
and in common or official
writing,
the one character cJ has three distinct
values,
for which no
discriminating signs
are
employed
;
and it is
only
in some
manuscript
books,
generally
when the
whole of the
vowel-points
and other diacritical marks are
inserted,
that
any
distinction is made of the three values of this letter.
There is also a
compound
character in
use,
which is
always
to be found
inserted in
alphabets,
and
which,
for that
reason,
cannot be
passed
over in silence.
It is the character
X
called
lam-elif, being,
in
fact,
nothing
more than
J
lam
joined calligraphically
to a
following
\
elif,
in a similar manner to that
whereby
our
printers
continue to
join the/
and / in
fl,
or the
/
and i in
fi,
&c.
Of these
thirty-one (or thirty-two
or
thirty-three)
Turkish
letters,
the \
(lif),
in its various
uses,
requires
the
greatest
amount of
explanation.
This letter is sometimes a
vowel,
and sometimes a consonant
;
the latter in
some words of Arabic
origin only,
and even then
only
in the middle or at the end
of these
words,
never as an initial. To denote this consonant value of the
',
it is
always
surmounted
by
the diacritical mark
,
named
b.EmzE,
so that no confusion
can occur between the vowel \ and the consonant. This rule of the hEmzE never
affecting
an initial
!,
is a
practical
rule of
Turkish,
and does not
apply
to the
Arabic
language,
which we are not here
considering.
The consonant 1, then,
we
proceed
to
say,
follows the same rules as do the
other consonants in
point
of
being
followed or not
by
a vowel in the same
syllable,
and we need not dwell
upon
that
subject
here : we shall
only
remark that its
power
is that of a
slight
hiatus,
or catch in the breath,
and that we have
repre-
sented it in this
work,
as in our little
"
Vade-Mecum of Ottoman
Colloquial
Language," by
an inverted
apostrophe,
thus
(').
The
sign
hEmzE
represents
in
Arabic,
I
apprehend,
the transition from the natural state of the
organs
of
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 11
speech
when in
perfect repose
and closed
against
the
passage
of vocalized breath :
it
represents,
also,
vice
versa,
the
stop applied,
when
speaking,
to cut off sud-
denly
the emission of this vocalized breath
;
and the action it
represents
differs,
therefore,
altogether
from that
whereby
a vowel-sound is made to follow the
formation of
any
definite
consonant,
or
whereby
that sound is cut off
by
such a
formation
following
it,
or
whereby
it is
simply
allowed to cease itself from
being
emitted without
any change
of
position
in the
organs
of
speech.
This view of
the value of the hEmzE
is,
as before
stated,
altogether
overlooked, however,
in
Turkish,
at the
beginning
of words
;
and the \
(e"lif)
is then
regarded always
as
a
simple
vowel.
As a vowel at the
beginning
of words the \
may represent every
vowel-
sound found in the
language,
in the same manner that
any
consonant
may
be
followed
by every
such sound. Nor does it differ from the consonants in the
modes of
determining
the vowel-sound to be
given
to it
; and,
as those modes
are
general,
we
proceed
to state them here.
It has
already
been noticed that there are three
signs
of Arabic
origin,
used
in Turkish to indicate the vowel which is to
follow
a letter. These are named
&j>-
harekE
(motion,
or
movement),
and the
first,
consisting
of an
oblique
straight
stroke marked above the letter from
right
towards the left in
descending
(thus
'),
is called
^^\
usstun and kste fetha
(t-h.)
It indicates that the
letter over which it is
placed
is to be followed in
pronunciation by
one of the
vowels, A, a, a, E,
or
6, which,
it will be
perceived,
form a series of vocal sounds
of a
cognate
character,
varying merely
in
breadth,
and
capable
of infinite sub-
modifications of tone. In
fact,
these five vowels do not
correctly
and
fully
express
all the modulations which an
experienced
ear can detect in Turkish
pronunciation,
which
may
be
truly compared,
in its
nicety
of
differentiation,
to a
violin,
in which the notes are left to be formed
by
the
player,
rather than to
any
instrument in which the notes or half-notes are
absolutely
fixed.
Therefore,
although
we have deemed it useful and
very necessary
to
indicate,
to the extent
we have
done,
the different vowel-sounds of Turkish
words,
we admit that a
still
greater variety
exists,
which we leave to
practice
and
experience
to indicate
to
learners,
believing
that the extent to which we have
pushed
the
subject
will
be found sufficient for all
practical purposes.
The second
vowel-sign
consists in a
precisely
similar stroke
placed
under the
letter,
and is called
x^A
esse^E,
or
Xj~
kessrs. It indicates that the letter is to
be followed
by
one of the vowels i or i. The third is a small character some-
thing
of the
shape
of the
figure
9,
or of the Turkish letter
j,
placed
over the
12 REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
letter it
affects,
where the usstun would otherwise be. This
sign
is called
wturu
(and rarely
<UJ damma or
zamma),
and indicates that the letter affected
is to be followed
by
one of the vowels
o, u, u,
or
u,
which it will be
perceived
are of a kindred kind.
According
to what is stated
above,
the letter
\,
when it bears the mark
usstun,
is
equivalent
to
any
one or other of the same five vowels indicated
by
the
sign
itself,
and it
may
thence be
correctly
inferred that of
itself,
and at the
beginning
of
words,
it has no real value. It is in
fact,
in that
position,
a mere
representative
of the
hemzE,
which is itself never introduced into Turkish
writings
at the
beginning
of
words,
though
in Arabic it is
figured
over or under the
1,
and in ancient
manuscripts,
and even common African
writings,
is sometimes
made to
precede
that letter.
It
may
now be
readily
inferred that
according
as the \ is affected
by
ope
of
the
remaining vowel-points
esse"rE or
wturu,
it takes the value of either i or
i,
or
x' 9
of
p, u, u,
or u. Thus \ is read
A, a, a, E,
or e"
;
\ is read i or i
;
and \ is read
o, u, u,
or u.
Not to have to
repeat
what is thus
explained,
we here
shortly
mention that
the same rule
applies generally
to the whole of the
remaining
letters,
the vowel
following,
but never
preceding
them.
Thus,
f^J
is either
bA, ba, ba, bE,
or be"
;
C-> is either bi or bz
;
and iL) is either
bo, bu, bu,
or bw
;
and so
throughout.
s
It
may
not be amiss to notice
particularly
the case of the two letters
^
and
c5,
and to remark
that,
as with their
English representatives
w and
y, they
are
always
consonants at the
beginning
of
words,
and
consequently
j
is to be
read,
?
'
VA
(or
WA,
&c.),
va, va, VE,
or v6
;
j
as vi or vz*
;
j
as
vo, vu, vu,
or \u
;
while c5
is
read,
yA, ya, ya,
VE,
or
y&\
u as
yi
or
yz
;
and as
yo, yu, yu,
or
yu.
To make certain of these vowels
long (the
others never
being prolonged
in
Turkish),
the letter
bearing
the
vowel-point
is followed
up by
that one of the
three letters
\, ,
or
<-,
which is
homologous
with that
vowel-point; namely, by
\ when the
vowel-point
is
usstun,
by
u when it is
esserE,
and
by
j
when it is
wturu. To avoid the
repetition
of the \ itself in
following
out this rule the
sign
*~
,
named J^
medd,
or *J^
me'ddE,
is
placed
over the first \ in lieu of the
usstun,
and the second
I is
suppressed.
Thus I is read A or
a,
<-i i or
?,
and
f s 9
9
u
;
b
is read bA or
ba, <J.
bi or
bz;
and
y
bu
;
&c. The combination
^
is
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.
13
not to be met with in Turkish. The u>
final,
as a vowel in some Arabic
words,
after a consonant marked with usstun,
takes the value of a or
A,
and the same
word,
adopted
into
Turkish,
is
very frequently
written with \ instead of the
c5,
in
consequence;
as,
for
instance,
^1
iila
for
^J)\,
LaJ\
AksA/or
^aA,
&c.
As, however,
these
vowel-points
are never marked in common
writing
or
printing,
the three Arabic letters of
prolongation,
\, ,
and
c5, have,
according
to what has
already
been remarked,
come to be
very frequently
used in
Turkish,
as in
Persian,
as short vowels
;
and the medd over the \ is sometimes indicative
of the short sound of
A, when,
without
it,
this letter is more
frequently
read with
one of the four
remaining
values. To obviate the almost insurmountable diffi-
culty
which hence
may
seem to arise in relation with the distinction of
long
and
short vowels in Turkish
words,
a
very simple
and seldom
varying
rule
may
here
be noticed. It
is,
that in words of
purely
Turkish
origin
there are
scarcely any
long
vowels
(European
authors
generally
state that there are
none),
whereas in
words of Arabic or Persian
origin
these letters are
generally
esteemed to be
long
vowels.
There remains now to be noticed the use of the letter Jb as a vowel. It has
been seen that
1,
as a vowel after a
consonant,
represents
one of our vowels A or
a. The other three
vowels,
of which the
vowel-point
usstun is the
representative,
are therefore left without an
equivalent.
But even in the
original
Arabic,
the
final Jb
t
in the case of feminine
nouns,
has
always
been sounded as a vowel
of the fetha
class,
when the word is final in its sentence
;
though
it is
changed
into the value of CU
(t)
on other
occasions,
and
although
this
letter,
in the case
of other
words,
even when
final,
preserves
its value as an
aspirated
h. This
value of the > was
accordingly adopted by
the Persians to
represent
the a or E
wherewith so
many
of their words are terminated
;
and the
Ottomans,
finding
it
so
used,
have extended its
sphere
of
utility by introducing
it,
in certain deter-
minate
cases,
into the middle of
words,
but
always
at the end of a
syllable,
with
the same vowel value of
a, E,
or &
; as,
for
example,
into the future active
par-
ticiple,
into the second
gerund,
sometimes into the first and second
persons (as
ttell as the
third,
where it is
final)
of the conditional
aorist,
into the root and
entire
conjugation
of the
impotential
verb,
and at the end of the roots of various
verbs. It is sometimes to be seen introduced into the
very body
of nouns at the
end of some
syllable
;
but these are
generally
words of
foreign origin,
and the
example
is never to be followed without
good
and sufficient
authority.
This
circumstance of the & vowel never
being
used unless as the final vowel of a
syllable
establishes a marked difference between itself and the three
letters,
14
REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
t
f
),
and
o,
which are
commonly
to be found in the middle of
syllables, though,
again,
\ alone is ever used as an initial vowel.
Into whatever
part
of a word this letter Jb is introduced with a vowel
value,
the
greatest
care should be taken
by
the student of Turkish
(as by
those of the
Persian, Arabic,
and
cognate languages)
never to transcribe it
by using
our
English
letter
h,
as this
practice,
more or less
followed,
has the
very great
inconvenience of
incapacitating
us from
properly distinguishing
it from the
aspirate
consonant value of that
letter,
and of its
cognate, though stronger
aspirate,
the letter ~- . This incorrect and incommodious
practice may
be
seen,
and will be felt in
use,
in almost
every English
author who has
yet
written on
the
subject
;
and even the French are
by
no means free from the
defect,
as is
noticed and
reprehended by
Bianchi in a note at the foot of
p.
xxviii of the first
volume,
second
edition,
of his
"
Dictionnaire
Turc-Frangais."
Of the mere consonants the letter *-> has the value of the
English
letter
b,
by
which it is also
represented
in our
system
of
transcription
;
although
some-
times,
at the end of
words,
and when
preceded by
certain
sharp-sounding
letters,
such as
t, ch,
or
sh,
it
acquires
the sound of
p.
c-J has
always
the sound of
p,
C-> of t
(but
is sometimes
changed
ortho-
graphically
into J
d),
and d> of s
sharp
or
double,
never
degenerating
into z
under
any
circumstances. This remark is
equally applicable
to the other two
letters which we are forced to
represent by
our s :
they
must never be
degraded
into z
;
and to avoid the
tendency,
so
strongly pronounced
in
English-
men,
to
give
to all final letters
s,
as well as to those
placed
between two
vowels,
the sound of
z,
we have
thought
it better to double that letter on all
occasions,
when it is not the first letter of a
syllable. Theoretically,
we are
wrong
to do
so,
but in this instance we
reluctantly
sacrifice
consistency
to the
practical object
of
trying
to
prevent
the
malpronunciation
of whole classes of words of which the
well-known Kars and
fez
are instances. In both these words the final letter is
5
/
and if
they
were written
according
to our
system
Karss and
fess respectively,
every
one would
pronounce
them
right
; whereas,
in the latter
word,
French
delicacy
has even
changed
the
orthography,
and our
travelling countrymen
have
adopted
it,
so
corrupted,
from the writers of our
gallant
allies. The
letter d; is
equivalent
in Arabic to our th in
think,
but that value is not known
in Turkish.
- has the value of our
English j, by
which we
invariably represent
it,
to the
exclusion of our
equivocal g,
which is sometimes
hard,
as in
gat, get, gird, got,
gully,
and sometimes
soft,
as in
gem, gin, gymnastics.
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 15
-. is our ch in
church,
and the addition of a t before these
letters,
as is often
done,
is of no use in
English, though necessary
in French.
-. has the sound of
h,
as has also the letter
Jfc when a consonant. We have
not
thought
it
necessary
to establish
any
difference between these two letters in
our mode of
transcribing
them,
as there is no difference,
perceptible
to
English
ears,
in the mode of
pronouncing
them
; and,
besides this,
the Turkish ortho-
graphy being
at
hand,
no error is
likely
to
occur,
and our
transcription
is a
system
of
guidance
to
pronunciation,
not to
orthography..
+ is
transcribed,
according
to
general
custom,
by
the letters kh : its
power
is
equivalent
to that of the combination ch in German and in Scotch. This can
only
be learnt
by practice;
but,
until the true value of this consonant be
acquired,
we recommend the learner never to sound it as a
k,
but
always
as a
strongly aspirated
h. Thus the word khan must be sounded
hXn,
and not ksn.
J is a
d, sometimes,
after
sharp
letters,
acquiring
the sound of t
;
J is a z
(its
Arabic value
being
that of our th in
though;
but it is never so used in
Turkish),
j
an
r,
and
j
another z
;
J
is
equivalent
to the French
j,
and of the
letter s in
pleasure.
We have
represented
it,
in the
very
few words where it
occurs,
by
the combination zh.
(j~
is the true Arabic
s,
^
is
equivalent
to our
sh,
and
\jz
is also a
pure
s
in Turkish. Of the difference between the
^
and the
^
we shall have occasion
to
speak
further in
treating
of the hard and soft letters,
^o
is
generally
a
z,
but in some few Arabic words has the value of d.
b is
generally
a
t,
though,
as an initial in some few words of
purely
Turkish
origin,
it takes the sound of d. 1? is another z. We
may
here
remark, that,
in
a few
words,
one of the letters t
(CL?
or
t)
is followed
by
one of the letters h
(^.
or
Jfc) forming
the succession th in our
transcription.
When this does
occur,
the t and the h are to be
kept separate
in
pronunciation,
as the t is
generally
the last letter of one
syllable,
and the h the first letter of the
following
syllable.
^
is a letter that has
generally
been considered and treated as a vowel
by
European
writers,
always excepting
the learned De
Sacy,
and a few scholars of
his
stamp. Nothing
can be conceived more
erroneous, since,
in the mouth of
an
Arab,
no consonant exists
having greater
claims to the
appellation.
It is
pronounced
in the
deepest part
of the
throat,
with an effort that must be learned
in
infancy,
or which can never afterwards be attained. In
Turkish, however,
the
letter becomes silent at the
beginning
and end of
words,
but is indicated
by
a
16 REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
kind of hiatus in the middle. We have mentioned the hiatus of the
hEmzE,
in
treating
of the
^
;
and we
may
here notice that the letter & and the hEmzE have
the same relation to each other that
^~
and
^,
and that CU and
t,
as also that
Jj
and
CJ,
and
j
and
^a
or
&,
have to each other
;
namely,
the one is hard and
the other soft in
pronunciation,
as is to be hereafter noticed. Of the
two,
the
c
is the hard
hiatus,
and we have therefore
represented
it with a double inverted
apostrophe (")
in this work
;
and we
repeat
that,
at the
beginning
and end of
words,
it is
generally quite
or almost
silent,
after the fashion of our silent
h,
but
it is never a vowel.
is a hard
g, taking
sometimes a
gliding
sound,
of which we have no
example
in
English.
The French in
Algeria
have taken it to be the
equivalent
of their r
grasseye,
or r
pronounced,
as
by
some
people,
like a w. From this
they
have formed the now so well-known word
"
razzia,"
which is the Arabic
gazya (a military expedition against
infidels,
a
crusade).
In the
present
work
we have
uniformly
transcribed this letter
by gh,
instead of
using
a
single g,
on
account of the double value of this
letter,
our
sole,
though amply
sufficient
reason,
for
rejecting
it in a
pronouncing dictionary.
This letter is sometimes
softened down to the value of w when
preceded
or followed
by
o or
u,
and even
by
i
;
at other times it becomes almost
imperceptible
in the
pronunciation.
This
we have
designated by putting
the
gh
in italics.
u-9 is our f
(it
would be mere
folly
and
pedantry
to
represent
it
by ph).
J>
and cJ are both
simple
k,
as far as the first or Arabic value of the latter letter
is concerned. We see no
advantage
to be
gained
in a
pronouncing dictionary
by using
the letter
q
for
Jj,
as is sometimes
done,
and it is a further violation of
the
special
rule which
requires
the letter
q
to be followed
by
a u. The letter
c is sometimes used for
Jj
and for
cJ,
but it has the
disadvantage
of a
double value,
being
sometimes
equivalent
to
k,
and sometimes to s.
In its
second,
or Persian
value, CJ is a hard
g,
somewhat like 4
,
and we
represent
it,
equally
with that
letter,
by gh
in all
cases,
though
with this
distinction
;
namely,
the Persian value of CJ is
susceptible
in Turkish of
being
softened down to a value
approaching
that of
y,
as the does that of
w,
and at
other times becomes
imperceptible
also. As with the
5,
so with the
cJ,
we
designate
this
by placing
the
gh
in italics. To render this
quality
of the two
letters better
appreciable by
our
readers,
we here
point
out that the
very
same
thing
obtains in our own
language
in the case of the combination
gh.
For
example,
in the word
throughout,
that combination is sounded as
w,
and in
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 17
sighing
it is
pronounced
as
y
; so,
in
Turkish,
^Ic^^? sog^An (onion)
is
pro-
nounced
sowAn,
and
Jj
J
di^Ail
is
pronounced diyil.
In both these values of
^},
the
letter,
when followed
by any
of the vowels
a, o, u, u, u,
takes before
the vowel a short and
incipient
sound of
y,
which we have denoted
by
intro-
ducing
after the
CJ,
and before the
vowel,
a letter
y
in italics. This is often
heard in
English,
as in the words
cure,
pure,
&c.,
some
persons using
it also
before an a in the same manner.
The
third,
or
purely
Turkish value of
cJ,
when it is called surd kisf
(t^&fcl*),
and even surd nun
(^y^L?),
is that of our
ng
at the end of
sing,
ring,
&c. It is never to be found elsewhere than at the ends of words or
syllables,
and
consequently
never can be initial. At
Constantinople,
and
generally among
the educated
classes,
it
loses,
almost
constantly
and
entirely,
the influence of the final
g,
and is sounded like a common n. This also we
indicate
by placing
the
g
in
italics,
showing
that
by
some
people
it is
sounded,
though dropped by
others. In the two
words,
fj^s\
and
cXc<JoJ,
where
the CJ is followed
by J,
the sound of the
J
is lost
;
and the first is
generally
pronounced
anuamak,
the second
dinEmek,
instead of
anglamak
and
dinglEmek,
their true
original,
and even now their
provincial
sounds. When followed
by
other
letters,
whether vowels or
consonants,
the
g
of this combination is never
to be sounded as a
separate
letter
;
but the
English
words
singer, ringer,
are to
be
imitated,
while those of
anger
and
finger
are the models to be
avoided,
the
division of
syllables being
different in the two classes
; as,
sing-er, ring-er
;
an-ger, fin-ger.
fj
is our
1,
/ is our
m,^a,nd
^
our n. The
only
remark
necessary
here, is,
that when the
<j
is followed
by
a
^,
or a (jJ with its Persian
value,
forming,
in
the
transcription,
the combination
ngh,
it is to be understood that the combina-
tion is not solvable into
ng-h,
but
only
into
n-gh.
Also,
as remarked
above,
the
sound of the
J
is
entirely suppressed,
in the
ordinary pronunciation
of Constan-
tinople,
in the words
(j**&s\
wnglamak,
and cX<<uj
dinglEmek (pronounced
respectively
wnnamak,
dinEmek).
The letter
^
requires
more
particular
remark,
as it has three distinct
proper
values as a
consonant,
besides one other incidental. It is sometimes a
pure
v,
sometimes,
though
not
frequently,
a
pure
w,
and more
generally
a combination
of the
two,
its
pronunciation
beginning
as a
v,
and
ending
as a w. In its value
as a
pure
v,
it
may
be classed as a soft
consonant,
since it takes this sound
before the soft vowels
<, E, i,
and u
; whereas,
before
A, a, a, o,
and
u,
it is .
sounded as a combined v and w. At the end of
syllables,
the same rules occur
D
RKDHOUSES TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
with
regard
to the
preceding
vowel,
to which we
may
add that it is a
pure
v
after i and u.
In its incidental value as a
consonant,
the letter * is
always
surmounted
by
the
sign
hEmzE,
before
mentioned,
thus
j
;
and it is
necessarily
and
constantly
a consonant when so
surmounted,
whether it be
placed
at the end of a
syllable,
or whether it
begins
one. In the former case the vowel
preceding
it,
and in the
latter case its own
vowel,
must be an wturu
(and
confined to the two branches
of that class u or
u,
to the exclusion of o and
u)
;
and this is the reason
why
the
letter^
is then selected as the
recipient
of the
hEmzE,
as is the
\
when the
vowel-point
is usstun
; and,
it
may
now be
added,
as is the e when the vowel-
point
is
esse'rE,
this letter also
being
then
always
a consonant. Whenever the
hEmzE is
used,
the letter over which it is
placed may
be considered
merely
in
the
light
of a
support,
the hEmzE itself
being
the real and true consonant
letter,
which in Arabic is
capable
even of
reduplication
in the same
way
with
every
other consonant. We have therefore
always represented
it with the inverted
apostrophe
;
but we do not recollect
many
instances of the
employment
in
Turkish of those Arabic words in which its
reduplication
occurs.
The
JJ>,
as a
consonant,
is an
aspirated
h : in
fact,
the idea of a silent h has
never occurred to an oriental
;
and whether the A consonant or the - be at the
beginning,
or at the end of a word or
syllable,
it must be
equally
and
fully
aspirated
as a rule of
grammar
and
language,
whatever
degradation
it
may
occasionally
be
subjected
to in the
tongue
of the common
people,
and of
every-
day
intercourse. It
is,
in this
respect, something
like our
English
letter r at
the end of words and
syllables,
which we so
generally
omit in
pronunciation,
but which no
grammarian
has ever held
up
to notice and imitation as a silent
letter. The two letters J* and .
are, however,
generally
sounded,
the omission
being quite
the
exception,
even at the end of words.
It
may
be as well to notice here the circumstance of the use of the
placed
over the letter
-fc,
when used as a vowel at the end of words. It
only
occurs in the case of
nouns,
substantive or
adjective,
which are connected with
the
following
word in the sentence
by
the Persian rule of
construction,
which
governs
the relation of a noun with its
qualifying
term. The
J&, then,
performs
its
proper
function of final vowel in the word where it
occurs,
and the hEmzE
takes as its own
separate
vowel the esserE,
which
may always,
in these
cases,
be
.
represented by
the letter
i,
as in the
terms,
lj^ S.XJ bendE'i-khuda
riitbE'i-saniyyE,
&c.
IM;I:KA( i; TO THK FIRST EUITIOX. 19
The 5 consonant is our
English y,
both at the
beginning
and at the end of
words or
syllables, being
in the latter case
always preceded by
a vowel. It is
really
a sad mistake for
us,
who
possess
this useful consonant,
and are aware of
its
nature,
to
adopt
the lame
expedient
to which other
languages
are forced to
have
recourse,
namely,
the use of the vowel
i,
with or without the diseresis over
it.
Take,
for
instance,
the word
<Uy,
where the consonant t_ is
reduplicated,
and
compare
the lame and erroneous
transcription by
an eminent French
author,
terbiife,
which is at variance even with the French rules of
diseresis,
with the
plain
method rendered
possible by
our estimation and use of
y,
as a consonant
equivalent
to the oriental ^J
consonant,
namely, terbiyyE,
in which the
syllables
are
ter-biy-yE, precisely
as in the
original,
the
reduplication being merely
what
we sometimes
practise
ourselves
by placing
a dash over m or
n,
when we have
omitted a second
one,
as in the word comon. This was
very frequently
practised
in
manuscripts
before the invention of
printing.
French authors have
an excuse for
not
using
the
y
in
this,
to
us,
natural
manner,
because
they
do
not
recognise
it as a consonant in their own
language
;
but for us to
adopt
their
imperfect
substitute is to abandon
gratuitously
an
advantage
of no mean
character.
When the hEmzE is
placed
over a L_ in the middle of
words,
the two dots
which
usually distinguish
the letter are omitted. But it is
frequently
the
case,
that
whereas,
in an
original
Arabic
word,
a i*J with a hEmzE is
correctly
used,
the same
word, on
passing
into
Turkish, loses its
hEmzE,
and the u5 becomes a
long
vowel,
resuming
its
suppressed
dots. Thus the Arabic word
^iifcJ
(issti zan)
becomes
generally
in Turkish
J
jui^l
(isstizan).
To finish what we have to note
respecting
the various uses of the
hEmzE,
we
may
here
say,
that at the end of a
very
few words it is found without
any
letter to
support
it,
though
sometimes a
^
is added under it to those words.
Ex.
*js>. (or^js*-)
juz',
*&
(or
j^j)
bed'. In this
case,
if the word be
alone,
or
at the end of a
phrase,
it is
very
common to add to
it,
in
pronouncing,
a vowel
homologous
to the one in the
word,
and
*j>-
is then uttered
juz'u,
*JJ as
bed'i,
and so forth. In a kind of imitation of this
rule,
a certain number of nouns
ending
in i
(but which,
in the
original
Arabic,
have a hEmzE after that
letter)
assume a hEmzE after
them,
with esserE as its
vowel-point,
when
they
are in
Persian construction with a
following
noun. Thus the word \su\ ifa
(originally
*Uul
ifa'),
in construction with the word
^
J
deyn,
becomes
^jj
J*Uj\
ifa'i-deyn.
It
is, however,
more usual
nowadays
to use a
supplemental
o instead of the hEmzE
in this
case,
so that the same two words would be written
^j
JuSlJu!
ifayi-deyn.
D 2
20 REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY,
Having
had occasion to mention the distinction of the Turkish letters as hard
and
soft,
we
may
here elucidate the
meaning
of the
terms,
as the
subject
has a
very great part
to
play
in the
euphony
of the
language. Any Englishman
can
appreciate
the distinction between the value of a in
wall, call, tall, &c.,
and of
the same letter in
father,
arm,
part,
&c.
;
and
perceive
that the first value is
broad, hard,
and masculine
;
whereas the latter is soft and feminine. So to
an ear accustomed to French is the difference between the vowels of bulle and
boule. We do
not, however,
carry
our distinctions
any
farther than the vowels
;
whereas the
Easterns,
as the
alphabet
shows,
not
having
vowel letters
by
which
to
paint
their
distinctions,
have introduced them into the consonants instead.
We will not contend that this is the correct view of the case
;
for
my practical
knowledge
of
spoken
Arabic,
in its
purest
dialect,
is not sufficient to enable me
to
judge
of the
shape
into which the
organs
of
speech
have to be
thrown,
when
pronouncing respectively
CJ and
L,
-
and
Jfc,
<j~
and
^, J
and
\ff,
J
and
viJ,
for instance. We believe
they
are
really
the
representatives
of
effectively
different modes of utterance in the
original language
;
but we are also convinced
that it would be
impossible
to
convey
to an
English,
or to
any European
mind,
a
just appreciation
of the differences.
Nor,
as far as the Turkish is
concerned,
is this
necessary
; and,
for all
practical purposes,
we are convinced that
by
throwing upon
the vowels alone the effect of the distinction of the letters into
hard and
soft,
we have
adopted
the most effective method of
rendering
the
subject
clear and
easy
to our readers. We will therefore
simply
observe that
r*
T'
U' ^'
' ^'
&
an^
O
are ^e hai>d
letters,
generally
followed
by
the
hard vowels
A, a, i, o,
u
;
whereas
CJ,
J,
u~,
^J, Us,
and
hEmzE,
are the soft
consonants,
generally
followed
by
the soft vowels a e"
,
or
E, i, u,
or u
;
and that
the
remaining
letters
may
be considered
neutral,
both because
they
are not
ranged
in
pairs,
and because
they
are followed
by
vowels,
sometimes of the one
class,
sometimes of the
other,
though
far more
frequently by
those of the soft
class. It
is, indeed,
one
great
characteristic of this beautiful
language,
to soften
and embellish
every
word it
adopts.
Reduplication
of a letter in Turkish is not the mere matter of
orthography
that it is in
English.
On the
contrary,
when a letter is doubled in
writing,
it
must be doubled in
pronouncing,
as we do with the letter d in
mid-day,
with / in
full
long,
with n in thin
nose,
with 5 in less
smoke,
or with t in
fat turkey.
In
Turkish there are two modes of
reduplicating
a letter : the first
is,
as with
ourselves,
by simply writing
the two one after the
other,
as in the word
JJ-T^y
(kullAnmak),
where the" /is
doubled,
in the word
^J^cjl
(ummak),
where the m
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 21
is
repeated,
and in
many
cases where the locative
preposition
*J
(d
or
da)
follows a word
ending
in d. The second method is of Arabic
origin,
and is
confined in use to Arabic words
mostly,
with a few Persian
exceptions. By
this
method the letter to be sounded
double,
that is once at the end of a
syllable,
and
again
at the
beginning
of the next
following syllable
of the same
word,
is
only
written once
;
but in
manuscripts
where the diacritical marks are used there is a
sign,
called
J^JuLJ (teshdld),
and
figured
thus
,
which is
placed
over the
letter
written,
just
as the dash is sometimes
employed
in our old
manuscripts
to indicate that the letter over which it is
placed
should have been
repeated
in
writing
: the difference
is,
that the Arabian
sign
indicates that the letter must be
repeated
in
pronunciation,
or so dwelt
upon
as to be
equivalent
to two letters. This
Arabian rule of
reduplication
is carried still further
;
for in cases where a
noun,
preceded by
the definite article
Jl,
commences with
any
one of the letters
CU,
Cj, J, j,
j
t
j,
^, (jZ,
(
js, yo,
L, ]0,
or
jj,
then,
in
pronunciation,
the
J
of
the article is
omitted,
and the first letter of the noun is doubled. As this rule
is of
pretty frequent application
in
compound proper
names and adverbial
expressions, adopted bodily
into
Turkish,
we have
represented
this
suppression
or conversion of the
J, by using
our own common
apostrophe,
followed
by
the
letter the sound of which takes the
place
of the
original
one of the
J
;
being
further moved to the
adoption
of this method
by
the consideration that,
in these
compound expressions,
the \ of the Arabic article is also
suppressed
in the
utterance,
and its
place
taken
by
the vowel
which,
theoretically
and
gram-
matically, always
terminates
ordinary
Arabic nouns. Thus the
proper
name
A>-j}tju
is
figured by
us,
as it is
pronounced,
"
Abdu-'r-Rahhn,
&c. In
further illustration of this
subject,
we
may explain
that in Arabic d\
(for ^\)
ilah means a
god,
and this
word,
with the article
Jl,
forms
by
contraction <d! \
All
Ah,
the
God,
the true and
very
God
;
from which
again, by composition
and
suppression,
is formed the
proper
name
"
Abdu-'llAh,"
generally
written erro^
neously
Abdalla,
or Abdallah.
We now come to the consideration of the Turkish consonants when
they
follow a vowel in a
syllable.
This
may
be divided into three branches :
First,
when the vowel
begins
a
syllable, having
no other consonant before it
(and
we
may
here remark that in Turkish a vowel can never
begin
a
syllable
which is not
the first of a
word)
;
secondly,
when the vowel has another consonant before it
in the
syllable
;
and
thirdly,
when the consonant under consideration is followed
by
another consonant in the same
syllable.
As to the first
case,
it
follows,
from what we have
already explained,
that \ is
22 REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
the
only
vowel fhat can commence a Turkish
word,
either followed
immediately
by
a consonant or with a
j
or a ^J
intervening
;
thus d^l is either At or
et,
d^
is 6t or
ut,
t>~*$
is it
; or,
as in the last
example,
the
intervening
vowel
may
be
long,
and the word read
It,
and the sole \
may
itself be
long,
as in
J
I
al,
jjl
an,
&c.
With
respect
to the second
case,
the
syllable
is
composed
of two
consonants,
the first of which bears
(or
would
bear,
if
marked)
the
vowel-point,
and
may
be
or not followed
by
one of the three vowel letters
\, ,
or
^,
and these
again may
be either
long
or short. Ex.
<^1 leb,
Jj
dil,
Jj
zull
;
^b
bXsh,
J^J!
kol,
jj
kzz;
~U-
hAjj,jjJ zvr.jJ
tlz.
In the third
case,
the final consonant follows the
preceding
one in
exactly
the same manner as in similar words of our own
language,
but with this dif-
ference,
that with us the
preceding
consonant is limited to a small class
(except
in cases of
orthographical reduplication
or
composition,
such as
11, ss, ch, sh,
ph,
th, ck,
&c.)
called
liquids, namely
1, n, r,
with
s,
and sometimes
p,
if followed
by
t
;
whereas in Turkish
every
consonant is
capable
of
being
followed
by every
other. Thus we have the words
J^-J
dakhl,
'$
"Xfv,
^
"tizv,
-j*\
emr,
j3
kAtl,
J&-j
vejh,
jjfej
rehn, &c.,
which must
appear quite
unnatural to
English eyes
and
ears,
and
which,
we
may explain,
are
generally
Arabic words of
two
syllables originally,
from which the final vowel has been
dropt.
These
words
are, however,
not in
perfect keeping
with the
spirit
of the
Turkish,
for in
that
language
we meet with a less combination of consonants than even in
English
or
any
of those derived from Latin. The
consequence
is,
that the Turks
very frequently
intercalate a vowel between the two
following
consonants,
when
a vowel does not follow the word
;
and we
generally
hear them
say
emir for
emr,
hukyum
for
hukm, &c.,
in the first
case;
though they
correct this when the
opportunity
offers,
and
say
emn'-'ali, hukmu-sherif,
&c.
This
quality
of a
consonant,
viz. its not
being
followed
by
a
vowel,
is called
its
quiescent
state
(^^1**
sukyun),
and is denoted in
manuscripts by
the
sign
o
placed
over it. The
sign
is called
*j>-
jezm.
We must here add a remark as to two circumstances which will be noticed
in the
body
of the
dictionary, by
our
readers,
as
seeming incongruities,
but
which are
only
the
necessary
and
regular consequences
of two
leading
bases of
the Turkish
language,
its
euphony
and its
euphuism.
We have
already
touched
1'KKFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 23
upon
the
sequence
of hard vowels with hard consonants,
and soft vowels with
soft consonants
;
but the first of the 'circumstances to which we now allude
is,
that in words or inflexions and affixes of Turkish
origin,
if the
syllables bearing
the
vowel-point
fesslre
(or
value of
i,
i)
be
immediately preceded,
in the same
word,
by
a
syllable having
the
vowel-point
wturu
(o,
u, u,
u),
then the
syllable
or
syllables having
the CSSLTE are influenced
by
the
preceding
wturu,
and all are
sounded as
though they
bore that
vowel-point.
The word wturu is itself an
f 9
instance : its
orthography
is
^y^>
but the last
syllable
is affected
by
the vowel
of the
preceding
one. The rule
is,
that when the value of the
preceding
wturu
is one of the hard vowels o or
u,
then the esse"rE takes the sound of u
;
and
when the
preceding
vowel is either of the soft sounds u or
u,
it takes the value
*
' " '
<\
-
of u. Ex.
^**=D&-
hukmunu,
L^^
wzrumu
;
u^JJy
kolun^ruzu,
or
kulun^uzu.
These latter
syllables
are
always
short and unaccented. Attention
to this
rule,
and freedom from obtrusiveness in the
pronunciation
of the affected
syllables,
constitutes one of the niceties of the Turkish
language
;
and I
may
add,
that after the first affected
syllable,
the sound is
again slightly
modified in both
cases
towards,
but not
to,
the value of u or i
respectively, according
as the tone
is of the hard or soft class.
The second of these two circumstances
may
be said to be the
very
reverse
of the
former,
inasmuch as it consists in the
pronunciation
as i or
i,
of the vowel-
point
Muni
accompanied by
a vowel
j.
Its occurrence is limited to one
syllable
of a few classes of
words,
viz. the last
syllable
of the aorist indicative and aorist
active
participle,
of such verbs as form them in
jj,
which is then
pronounced
ir
or ir
accordingly
as the tone of the word is soft or hard. Ex.
j^>
is
pronounced
ghelir,
jj\\\^
is
pronounced
sAllanzr. The last
syllable
of the first
gerund
is also
affected in this
way
when the tone of the verb is not that of wturu. Ex. c Ju
ghidip,
C-JjlS
ghelip,
c-Jjjl;
bXkip,
&c.
Purists, however,
pronounce
all these
words as
they
are written.
Again,
the
syllable
^1
which ends so
many adjectives,
is
pronounced
li or \i in a
general way.
To conclude these
remarks,
we have now
only
to add
that,
as in all lan-
guages,
there are in Turkish a few words of
every-day
use which have an
accepted pronunciation
more or less at variance with their
orthography.
We
have
pointed
these out in
parenthesis, by
the side of the correct
pronunciation
(when
this is also used
by persons
of
education),
or
by
itself
(when everybody
24 REDHOUSE'S TURKISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY.
uses the
incongruous pronunciation alone).
We shall not do amiss to
notice,
also, that,
in
ordinary
conversation,
a few words are used as Turkish
singulars,
which
are,
in
reality,
Arabic
plurals
;
but this is not correct in
writing.
Such are
the words
J^jl
evlad
(children)
child
;
Jl^j
rijal (men)
a state
functionary
;
jL
kibar
(great men)
a
grandee,
&c. Even in
writing,
the Arabic
singulars
of these words are not
used,
but the
phrase
is turned
; as,
one
of
the
children,
one
of
the state
functionaries,
fyc.
EEDHOUSE'S DICTIONARY.
PART I.-ENGLISH AND TUEKISH.
A, An,
art.
j>
bir.
Abaft,
ad. and
pr.
x)j
gherida,
^
HS^^s
kich-tarafznda.
Abandon,
v.a.
Jk*3|/
brakmak,
IcJy
tsrk-et,
cJ**f$j^
vaz-ghechmek
;
<j^*Ju>-
chzkmak
;
^1*^3
kXchmak
;
ed,
p.p.
t^jj^o
mEtruk
;
j~)j\c.
"arsz'z,
j^j-JuU-
chXpkm.
Abash,
v.a.
JUjJolky
utAndzrmak,
(J-**j+s
khmak,
It-Jj^:^
mahjub-et.
Abate,
v.a.
(J~(d\j\
XzAltmak,
kzrmak,
^JjJ*J
tenzil-et,
(J*
Ashaghz-varmk;
, v.n.
Azllmak.
Abbey,
5.
j^\^c
mXnastir.
Abbot,
5.
^JL}jZ~i\sc
mAnastir-bAshf.
Abbreviate,
v.a.
^^vlLaJi
kzssAltmak,
^l ikhtissar-et
; ed,
p.p.
<UaJ
sr
raukhtAssar.
Abbreviation,
s.jUiX^
ikhtissar;
-MaXsr
10
mukhtAssar.
Abdicate,
v.n. ^c^iLLs
cJy
tErki-s.\l-
tAnXt-et, cJ
Jls^JcoLL:
sXltAnXt-
dan-chekilmek.
Abdomen,
5.
^13
karn.
Abed,
ad. ^jJJl^j
yatakda.
Abet,
v.a.
CLX^yjJ^J
yuz-vErmek;
^f^V.
yardim-et.
Abhor,
v.a.
LtXcUj^-j/^^
hich-SEvma-
mek,
(j
u
fj\yjjs&<<
menfur-tutmak.
Abhorrence,
s.ybJ
ten^ffur.
Abide,
v.a.
(J^j^
3
^
oturmak,
(j-^^i
kXlmak,j1
,J^^
sakin-61.
Ability,
5.
J\
JcJi!
iktidar,
LTJ^jJ
kudret;
jJt>
hunEr, Jj^JuU
kAbiliyyet.
Abject,
a.
(^<~*
-< misskin
;
^.o ^^.^^o
misskin-ghibi.
Abjure,
v.a.
(J*$\rf
L.J>jJol
^^
yemin-
-edup-brakmak,
l(jjy
tErk-et.
Ablative,
s. or a. k*z
J^*^<
mefulun *'anh.
Ablaze,
ad.
J^C^e
miishta"il.
Able,
a.
^jljf
kldfr,
j^
jjAill
Elindan-
ghelir,jJCJUi
muktedir.
Able-bodied,
a.
^L?
sagh,
AcL?
sagh-
10m.
[ghussl.
Ablution,
s. L^-ujJj\
abdesst,
J---i
Aboard,
ad.
y<.\;.^J ^^^
ghfemi
zchinda.
Abode,
s.
j\ fev,^>
ysr,
jjC-,^
messken.
ABOLISH ABUSE
Abolish,
v.a.
(jp<jjJl3
kXldzrmak,
^iS
laghv-et
\?~* fesskh-et.
Abominable,
a. Ui
fsna,
j\j*
murdar
(mun-),
j^'&^c
menfur.
Abominate,
v.a. v. abbor.
Abomination,
s.
CU>yD
nefret :
Jfy
bok,
tJbj-j&i**
menfur-shey.
Aborigines,
s.
pi.
JjyJ
J^ Xssl-yisrliler.
Abortion,
5.
cJ-^J
dushuk.
Abortive,
a.
^*J
bosh,
<djl3
nafila,
a^fo
bihudE.
Abound,
v.w.
^Jfj-
chok-6l,
,3^^-
^Jf/i,iJy
ch6k-bulunmak.
About,
/>r.
iLJ^l
etrafma,
JJj1Jt1
etrafmda
;
Jj\
J
da'ir ;
l-J.ytf
tAkriba,
L;*/csr
takhmma
;
yj^ij^.
jzwarinda,
^JkJ^LwJij
yakmlarznda
;
JJG^,-^
uss-
tunda
;
&OJM.&
sularznda
; ,
ad.
^'^^.
L/^
Ash^Ai-yukkri;
muhztan
;
jhj ^Ju^*J^L
dolasb-
masszla-beraber
;
to
go
or set
about,
v.a.
JuLi>b
bXshlamak
;
etmek,
(J^*>^V.
yol-tutmak.
Above,
pr.
A^MJ^ljj
yukan'sstna,
SJOw^jtj^j
yukarzssmd
;
AiJJy
fev-
kz'na,
^JCJji
fevkmda
;
^
jl>J
^
dan-
ziyadE
; ,
ad.
<-^\JJj..>
yukarz,
2fJJj\5*J
yukarida.
Abrade,
v.w.
Jj4,^ij!
Ishznmak; ,
VM.
(J.scj*teJ*\
Xshmdzrmak.
Abreast,
ad. A)b
^\j
yan-yana.
Abridge,
I>.CL u. abbreviate.
Abroad,
ad.
tjo
tXshra
(d^sharz),
yJj^ll?
tXshrada
(dhharda).
Abrogate,
v.a. u. abolish.
Abrupt,
a. C3-J*> dik,
^1-2*1
^V
bXsh-
Xsha^Az;
(j-y
terss.
Abscess,
5.
j^V^"
chiban.
Abscond,
v.w.
^4.j^\Jf
kXchmak;
CJ^Jj.^
ghizlEnmek, j;^JJJ'u?
sk-
lanmak.
[ghaybubet.
Absence,
$.
J&jj.
yokluk, u^J^-^
Absent,
a.
J^
yok, u^ gha'ib
;
i
^J^\
J
dXlghm
;
-
one's self,
VM.
CJv*^
ghitmek,
j\+^t\
gha'ib-o!,
/L*.-ij\*tf sawushmak.
Absinth,
s.
^^^^
pelin-otu.
Absolute,
a.
jJJa^
mutUk,
Jii^.o
musstAkzll.
Absolutely,
aa
1
.
UU
mutlAka.
Absorb,
u.a. d)*4csrl ichmek,
dJ^,x^
chekmek,
ijd\
Xlmak.
Abstain,
v.n. *LJbJ
perhlz-et, ^Lf^l^
sakmmak,
CL)-^^>- chekinmek.
Abstemious,
a.
jKj^J
perhizkyar.
Abstinence,
5.
Jr^^
perhiz.
Absurd,
a.
{jfiXjSf**
mAsskharah'k
;
Jlsr*
muhal
(impossible).
Abundance,
5.
jll^J
bolluk,
Jjl*j>-
chokluk,
CJ
y
.i^ kessret.
Abundant,
a.
J^J
bol,
J^
chok.
Abuse,
s. JU
fessXd;
jijJo
yol-
suzluk
;
^Ulljl^JjJ
yolsuz-kul
-
lAm'sh;
S&
kyufr, ^LsL-^-j
sv-
; ,
v.a.
yolsuz-kullXnmak
;
nick.
ABUT [27 ]
ACCUSED
dayonmflk
;
varta,
Hjks>-
hufrE.
mektsb
;
<
ka'il-61,
Abut,
v,n.
(
varmak.
Abyss,
s. *k
Academy,
5.
medre"ssE.
Accede,
v.n.
muwlfakXt-et.
Accelerate,
v.n.
IjLs*-' ta"j71-et, J
dzrmak.
[bul-et;
i
Accept,
v.a.
^<*i!
Xlmak
Acceptance,
5. j^l akhz
;
Acceptation, Acception,
5.
Access,
5.
^JAJ
dukhul.
Accident,
s. (*zs kXza
;
Accidental,
a.
,<9\i^
ittiflkz,
^ij*oJ'
tessadufi
;
^j^-^
"^WBW.
Accidentally,
ac?.
Lzi^
ez-kXza,
^IJ^
kAzara,
Ij'lijl
ittiflka,
aLU^aJJ kAza-
Acclivity,
s.
^^
yokush.
Accommodate,
v.a.
-vErmek;
ClLe.*
^v .^
-ghy^rmek.
Accommodation,
5. j
yEr
;
L5"*^J!/
i
tessri"-et,
hzzlan-
akhz-et.
kX-
kXbul.
ma"na.
[ila.
ishini-
Accompany,
v.a.
CXca^M
beraber-
-ghitmek,
le^Jlij
refakXt-et.
Accomplice,
s.
( g-ilj^^c^>vl.J
kXba-
hat-arkadasht,
(jL\tej\
arkadash,
^U^s
mu"avin.
Accomplish,
v.a.
(^^ojsr
beJErmek,
(J^LSj'y
bXsharmak,
cXuS^i!^>-
hussula-ghetirmek
; LV tXmXm-et,
Ll^l itmAm-et,
1JU^\
ikmal-et,
\
J-w^Cf
tekmll-et.
Accord,
5.
J\AJ\
ittifXk,
jW^ ittihad
;
,
v.a.
(^hcjij,
VErmek,
n^k ih-
san-et,
^/*Uj^ in"am-et.
Accordance,
s. c^-JijlL^ mutAbakXt,
According (to
or
as), p\
^^^=<U
-E-gnyrE;
*j
uzerE;
ly,
ad.
Accouchement,
5.
J^^*--^
vwaz'i-hXml.
Accoucheur,
s. **^-fi> &i ebE-hfekim.
Account,
s. C->1 ,> hissXb : v.a.
Jj-.L?
saymak,
J^"^
tutmak,
Ijj:
"dd-et,
tjUs&l
i"tibar-et
; for,
v.a.
CJ<;^
demek
;
cJ^.^c-J^*^
JE-
wXb-vErmek;
LlX<jl-jy
/-*.*
sebe-
bini-ghywsstermek,
^J^l
^ix*^^-
hikmetini-n^/amak
; book,
5. ^J
J
deftEr.
Accountable,
a.
(J-
-< mess'wl.
Accumulate,
v.a.
d)^*.^=^
birikmek,
toplanmak
; ,
r.a.
birikdirmek,
fj^jjb
top-
lamak,
^^=^
jem"-et.
Accumulation,
s.
(j^j&~=:j)
birikdirish
;
^JLf^J^a
t6planish
;
^^
yzghzn.
Accuracy,
s.
^L\..^o
d6(jr7iruluk,
c^sS^
sihhXt.
Accurate,
a.
^j*$*
dbghru,
^js!
sahih.
Accursed,
a.
^.xLc
mel 'un.
Accusation,
s. LI .l-i>
shikyayet,
SJ\
issnad,
p\\
itham.
Accuse,
v.a. lc^o\C2JkX*fih hXkkenda-
-shikyayet-e-, ^/^^
itham-et.
Accused,
5. <UXc
^.x*
mudda^a-
W'
-"alevh.
ACCUSER [28] ACUTE
Accuser,
s.
l
c
c ^'< mudda"i.
Accustom,
v.a.
^j^Jk^Jl
Alzshdzrmak
;
one's
self,
v.n.
^^\
Alz'shmak,
"adet-edinmek;
i"tiyXd-et. [me'luf.
Accustomed,
a.
<J-J*
Xlzshik,
Ache,
s.
LJ\
\ghri,
,^^
sizi,
-~-j
veja",
&j
J derd
; ,
v.n.
(J~f.\
tyhrimdk,
CX*h-
s$zle"mek.
Achieve,
v.a.
(_^*>{V.
ypmak,
<U*i
CtX^
fi"lE-ghetirmek.
Acid,
a.
j^l^l
ekshi : sub-acid,
a.
^^rkrl*
maykhosh.
LhumuzXt.
Acidity,
5.
Cl^uldi ekshilik,
^^^^s>-
Acknowledge,
v.a.
\)\j*\
ikrar-et,
lu-J^c!
i^tirXf-et,
^>-i . J
tesslim-et,
C^X*Jj bilmek,
^KJ^L
tAmmak.
Acknowledgment,
5. JCM-J
sened;
^xU
teshekkyur
',
j\J*\
ikrar.
Acme,
5.
p^1
evj.
Aconite,
5. c. 53J\
^l^-
khlnik-u'zzib.
Acorn,
5.
b^b
pXlamut. [vErmek.
Acquaint,
v.a.
CX<^^*-
khXbEr-
Acquaintance,
s.ji-
khAbsr,
cuU^U^!
ma"lumat
;
<jJ^b bildik
;
L^^ill Mfet.
Acquainted,
a.
j\Aj*&*
khXbErdar,
j^i
Acquiesce,
v.n.
^K**\)
rizt-61,
j^J-Jil^
kl'il-ol,
lL^\ilJ^'<
muwAfakXt-et.
Acquiescence,
5.
\*aj
riza,
l~Us^4
muwlfakXt.
Acquire,
v.a.
^J^l
Xlmak, CL
ElE-ghetirmek,
^JuJ
peyda-et,
IL-.
kfessb-et,
I
J-^asT tahszl-et,
isstihsAl-et.
Acquit,
v.a.
^-J
tebriyye-et;
one's
self, v.n. IL^A^J*JJ-J
tebriyye-i-
-zimmet-et.
Acquittal,
s.
J^*JC~iUA*&jJ
tebriy-
y6-ma"nassinda-hukm.
Acquittance,
s.
<-J^'^jJl<>
rnXkbuz-
senedi,
L^JC**!V' ibra-senedi.
Acre,
5.
*3^J
dwnum.
Acrid, a.
^^-1
AJZ,
d^
sert.
Across,
jor.
tiUJb
-Jjl^JcJb
J
bir-yanzn-
dan-o-bir-yanzna,
\3j^j\
I
-OV^"^**
hAchwari-olarak,
^jj\
arkm
(ay--
km),
Act,
5.
(jl)^
ish,
^UJ
fi"l,
J*
"AmEl;
J^
fxssl; ,
v.n. C-ULl->! ishlE-
mek, CtX^2jl etmek,
^^jV.
Ic^^p-
har6kEt-et.
Action, .
^Lj\
ish,
Jxs
fi"l,
"XmEl
;
L^c
J da"wa
;
lc^
ghaw-
gha (kawgha),
C)j^>-
jfenk, ^
Active,
a.
kesskin,
/
nmta"ddi.
Actor,
5.
Actress,
s.
Actual,
a.
Actually,
arf.
JM
el-an;
hXktkXtan,
Acute,
a.
j
ishghyuzar
;
^*
sert;
V6r#
active,
fi
<<
li-ma"lum2-
angle,
^l oyunju,
jJjto
mukXllid.
^j:^^
oyunju-kAn.
Assl,
t!L^J zat.
>-
hala,
O(X*-i
shirndi,
Jxallj
bi-'l-fi'X
J
fi-'
sivri
;
JUs.V.1
inja
;
dirayetli
;
(disease)
JJ
yen^ri-zuhur-etmish
;
jj
zaviyye-i-haddE.
ACUTENESS [29]
ADMINISTER
AcutenesS)
ferasset,
Adamant,
5.
Adapt,
v.a.
Adapted,
a.
^
dirayet,
U^-iy
Akl.
pulld.
jj\
uydurmak.
uyghun,
<*^~i\^o
munassib,
<J^-c
muwAfz'k.
Add,
v.a.
<J/J'JJ
kAtmak,
Ujlc
"ilavE-et,
l**s zamm-et
;
up,
v.a. \
yekyun-et,
<J*^b
toplamak,
jem
-et.
Adder,
s.
C^ol
enghe"rek,
^_c*^
ef"a.
Addict one's
self,
v.n.
^j^lJl
Ah'shmak,
CJvwJolkiJjU
"adet-edinmek.
Addicted,
a.
il^c
miibtela.
Addition,
s.
XjLc
"ilavE, +*a zamm
;
(arith.)
%-*>-
j<
Additional,
s. <UJ'lJ!
kAtma,
*^lc
"ilavE,
cNjl ; za'id
; LiJjo
yedek. [churuk.
Addle, Addled,
a.
^>-
jzlk,
cJj^>-
Address,
v.a. C^X*w*->
suweylemek,
!*_j\la>-
khztlb-et;
v^X<^
Joi
ghywn-
dErmek;
(a letter)
^i-^!dXj^^o
JUjb
mektubung-usstunu-yazmak
;
,
s.
Afc hunEr,
CL^J^^C ma"rifet,
mektubAng-usstu
;
CI-^/K-J
semt,
^>
yir,
(j-j^
adress.
Adduce,
v.a.
\\j>\
irad-et.
[usstaz.
Adept,
5.1^-jjl
ussta,
J\^>\
usstad,
jl^-jl
Adequate,
a.
j^\
elvErir,
jj2*Zft yeti-
shir, jli
kyafi,
^j
wafi.
Adhere,
v.n.
^J^L.^
yapzshmak,
(J*+'Jjb
tutmak
;
\+z~~*jL
mulazemet-et.
Adherent,
s. j\J
tabz",
jlj^i
tarafdar.
Adhesion,
5.
Jj^
lussuk>
^U^l^
ya-
pzshma.
Adhesive,
a.
iJJ&J\J
ypzshkAn,
ji^-jijJ
luzujiyyetli.
Adieu,
int.
<d!i^\
ey-vl-'llah,
^\+*\
Xlllha-issmarladik;
khosh-ghMdin^
;
<iLj selametla
;
Ujll ed-du"a
;
JLJ^j
wfe-'ss-selam.
Adjacent,
a.
^*^.
yakm,
j\y>-
jzwar,
j\js*&
hemjz'war;
cXl^J bitishik,
(JM0L
mulass/k,
J^aX^
muttlsszl.
Adjective,
5. L^^A^ s?fAt.
[terflk-et.
Adjoin,
v.a.
^^J'^
kAtmak,
^<J^->
Adjourn,
v.a.
Jp*J^M'jJ?j^;ll.j
bashka-
-wAkta-brakmak
; ,
v.n. c
bashka
-
wAkzt
-
toplanmak
-
Adjournment,
5.
dll^-U^aJllj
bashka-
wAkta-ihllE.
Adjudicate,
v.n.
IJ^tJ^frJ
da"wa-fAssl-
-et
; ,
v.a. l*s- hukm-et.
Adjunct,
s. <U>^
tetimmE,
<U-***3 zA-
mimE
;
.c-^^;^
yardimji.
Adjure,
v.a.
(J^^V.
yAlvarmak,
\^>-j
rija-et,
^jlJ
niyaz-et.
Adjust,
v.a.
(J^j^-?.j\
uydurmak,
(JAskje.jo
do^Arultmak,
\^m**
i
tAsshzh-et.
Adjustment,
s.
^sf^
tAsshzh.
Adjutant,
s.
(_^*\
t->^
Alay-femini.
Admeasurement,
s. te>-\~< m^ssahE.
Administer,
v.a.
(j^b
bAkmak,
tw^j
i
ADMINISTRATION
[
30
] ADROITNESS
ru'yet-et,
\Sj\J\
idarE-et
;
vErmek,
LlX^Jo
ykdirmek,
c
ichirmek,
cXcj^sj\Jjto
tenavul-
-ettirmek.
Administration,
s.
Sj\\
idarE
;
oibj
/JfU? -viikela-takzim.
Admirable,
a.
Jjj-^=
ghyuzel, uV.^*
jj-j
asT
shayAm-tahsm.
Admirably,
ad. WcJj
pEk-a-"la.
Admiral,
s.
^llbajysr
bahriyyE-
-pashassz,
J\^?*l
amiral
;
l-LU^ljjJ
kApudana
-
pasha
;
lord
-high
,
lib^Jj-S
kXpudAn-pasha (kXptAn-
pXsha),
bjJ^\3^l
kApudXni-dErya
;
vice
- -
of the
fleet,
^^^JAJ^OS?
bahriyyE-ferikz
;
vice
,
L2U^Jw
pAtruna-pasha
;
rear
,
L&uAJLjjl
iriyala
-
pasha
; superintendant,
Ltlj
^jU^UJ
HmXn-re'yissi-pasha
;
's
ship,
^w^iJ^'ldilj
pasha-ghE-
missi,
L
s
?*&
J^-
5
SAnjak-ghEmissi.
Admiralty,
5.
^-j^-JdUy^
bahriyyE-
-kApzssz; (at Constantinople)
A/lffHjJ
diwAnkhanE
;
jfirst lord of the
,
L^-islj
AJ .rsT
bahriyyE-nazm.
Admiration,
5.
L/'.i.=uJ
b^AEnish,
^.^ssT
1
tahsin,
^^.jCL.^^
musstahsEn.
Admire,
v.a. CJv*.*^r-J
bfe^^Enmek,
l^j-
zsT tahsm-et.
[merAkH.
Admirer,
5.
J^-S\-e
"Ashzk,
^Juil^x
Admission,
5. ^\ akhz,
JJ
kAbul;
(^-^
ghirish,
J^->
dukhul;
A-L-J
tfesslim,
J^Ji
kAbul.
Admit,
v.a.
(JK*S1
Almak,
\&-\ akhz-et,
icheri-komak,
s6kmak,
^J
kXbul-et, U-l-J tess-
lim-et,
CX^jj^Jl
izin-VErmek.
Admittance,
s.
JUpt)
dukhul.
Admixture,
5. U.JIJJ
kAtma,
fUJjJw^lj}
kAHshdzrelma,
*j)U
"ilavE.
Admonish,
v.a.
hat-vErmek,
Admonition,
5.
tenbih.
Adolescence,
s.
Adopt,
v.a.
uymak,
kAbul-et;
kAbul-et.
Adoption,
s.
-imtissal;
nAssJ-
j tfenblh-et.
UaJ
nAsszhat,
<U--J
ghenjlzk.
tutmak
;
imtissal-et;
evladl^a-
Adoptive,
a.
Adorable,
a.
J..JJ
kAbul-u-
I akhz-u-kAbul.
l akhiretlik.
L>
tApinzlir,
^J^js.^
sejdE-ve-"ibadetE-
["ibadet.
sejds,
CUjL*.
sejdE-e-,
lcL?oLc
.-^
perestish-e-,
tApznmak.
Adorn,
v.a.
cXcj^il^Jj
zmetlEndirmek,
J^^jiJjS
tezyin-et.
Adrianople,
s.
<tij<3\
edirnE.
[fez/.
Adriatic,
s.
ufj?
i^ cJ^Jj
Ven6dik-kyr-
Adrift,
arf. ciU^ Ju^jjcJil
cXj^jCJl
*}J^
yaln^zz-suyung-Akmdz'ssila-ghit-
-shayAn.
Adoration,
5.
Adore,
v.a.
"ibadet-e-,
Adroit,
a. LLXjl>- chabwk, CJ^J' tetik,
^Lxto
hunErli,
j\.ijXsc
ma"rifetli.
Adroitness,
5. cJlSoU- chabwklik,
.-j&
y v J
hunEr,
L^v3.^< m;V'rifct.
: Adulation,
t
ADULATION [
31
J AERIAL
lulation,
s. fejbfju*
miidabanE.
Adult,
a. and s.
cJj-J
biyuk,
jJWJjic
"ikkr-blligh.
Adulterate,
v.a.
(j-<jtf
.yJttil*
sXfti-
ghim-bbzmak,
J^U^Si^ifl^
ichina-
-shey-kAtmak.
Adulterer,
5.
^Jl
zam,
j\$\j
zinakyar,
Adulteress,
s. &~~>)\
zaniyyE,
15-^**^^
rosspz (orosspo),
<C^-vj fahishE.
Adulterous,
a.
j&tij
zinakyar,
^^J
zina'i.
Adultery,
5.
IjJ
zina,
cJJ^--JJ
zenpa-
relik
(zampardzk),
c
pilik (orosspoluk).
Advance,
v.n.
CX*1^
ilerilEinek
;
ross-
ileri-ghfetirmek,
c
chekmek, C
^j|
ileri-
il^ri-surmek
;
der-pish-et,
!j
irad-et,
siiweylEmek,
<
il^ridn-vErmek :
ilferil^yish,
t/V^Jc
VErish.
Advancement,
5.
^i-Jjy^l
ilerileyish;
^A^j
ilerilEdish.
Advantage,
5.
jli
kyar,
^J^jli
fa'idE,
-&3
nef", c^-.%i^c
mEnfa"rtt
;
to take
SErmaye i-tijar-sssESs
; ,
v.n.
id-yl*5>"
jcssaret-et
; ,
v.a.
(Jf<ji
komak.
Adventurer,
s. ^.^.^3
sErsEri,
texsC*
^~*&
JJI\
^fr*j*j=>
bakhtzna-
ghyiighEnir-mejhulu-'l-Xssl-kiraessnE.
Adversary,
s. #&->* khassm,
.^-U
dushmEn.
[klmlif.
Adverse,
a.
^*yJ*
tferss,
u-cllsr* mu-
Adversity,
5.
cJ^~^=tT
bakhtsizlik,
cJl5j->^
dushkyunluk,
L^-^rirJ
nikbet,
c^^li felaket.
Advert,
v.n.
^>jt
fursati-kullanmak.
Advantageous,
'a.
^y
kyarK,
fa'ideli.
Advent,
s.
^^s
kudum.
Adventure,
s.
|y^-U
majera,
L^.
SErgbyuzesbt,
c
^<
Tma-et,
Advertise,
v.a.
\.>lpi
^'k7n-et
;
LiX^^>-
khbEr-vErmek.
Advertisement,
5.
(.j^i
i"lln.
Advice,
5. rs- khlbEr
;
vT
-szhat
;
j+)
jJ tedbir.
Advisable,
a.
Advise,
v.a.
munassib.
J nAss2ht-
zkbtar-et
;
^^'
tedbir- et
; ,
v.w.
U^ll--^
issti-
-sharE-et,
Jp*,.U!j
dlnzshmak. Ill-
advised,
JJjic
"aklsz'z.
Advocacy,
s.
sababet.
iltizAm,
L^
Advocate,
5.
^jJo!^
-edfin
;
,
v.a.
shabet-
da"wa-vekili
;
sahib-chik-
mak
(sa'ab),
cu-o^
sahabet-et,
\^<z^
tassabhub-et.
,
5.
^,lJ
tarikh
;
L&jUVj
mebde i-ta"dadz-evkAt.
Aerial,
a.
r
ha\va"l.
ESTHETICS [32] AFRICAN
^Esthetics,
s,
pi.
Cl^U>s>- JuC "ilrm-
jemalat.
Afar,
ad.
jjljjjl
uzXk,
*tX5V>jl
uzlkda.
Affability,
s.
^LA^
chelebilik,
tlattuf,
j^fl-Uj
tlltzf,
wazish.
Affable,
a.
L5
A^
chelebi,
^
-tzfjz
;
to be affable
with,
v.a.
tlltzf-et.
Affair,
s.
yiA
ish,
c^js.^
2^
mAsslahat
;
Ct)^^ jenk,
<U
^\5S*
muhar^bE
;
<tw
Affect,
t7. a.
l^J
U te'sir-et.
[-nezakEt.
Affectation,
s.
CU^jJ^jJIy
bokdn-
Affected,
a.
^3
l^o miit6'essir
;
<U.J lj
ypma. [dokunur.
Affecting,
.
y^
mu'essir,
j^*^
Affection,
s.
^ij^>.
hssi-kAlb!
;
c^-*^r
c
mahttbbfet,
^y^*-
khuluss,
^3^*sr>-
khussuss
;
L^Lc
"zllet,
^^-
mraz.
[bet-meshmul.
Affectionate,
a.
Jj^^jC^*^
mhb-
Affiance,
5. jUocl
i"timAd,
J^J
te-
vekkyul
; ,
v.a. 110
nikyah-et,
\*& "akd-et.
Affidavit,
5.
beyan.
Affinity,
5. ^-o
l^Js
tezevvujdan
-
hlsszl
-
61An
-
karlbet,
c^-J^*tf
sihriyyet
;
<*z-~+i\
bfet.
Affirm,
u.a.
^Juw
tXssdlk-et,
c
issblt-et, llcj|
iddi"a-et,
suwevlEmek.
Affirmation,
s.
^j<A^J
tXssdlk,
CL
issbAt
;
Ic Jl iddi"a.
Affirmative,
a. . JuJu^Jf
tlssdzkz,
^,
subuti.
Afflict,
v.a,
cX^jg^M
kEd
CX*i-5jW^J
duchar-kilmak.
Affliction,
s.
j<l
ksdEr
;
L^^sz^
miis-
slbet,
5b bela.
Affluence,
.
(iU**jj
zEnghinlik.
Affluent,
a.
.*j*Jj
zEnghin.
Afford,
v.a.
cX^j
virmek,
CiXy3^b
gh^tirmek,
!cL?^JJ
Trass-et
;
1
J./i.sr
thammul-et.
Affranchise,
v.a.
|jljl
azad-et.
Affray,
5.
Ic^c
kawgha.
Affront,
s.
^flj^je
*L'jt mu"AmEle'i-
-ghayri-layzka,
dLljcJJ bed-mu-
"AmElE
; ,
v.a.
J^jd^&jlj
karshz-
k6mak
;
i^^cjJ^^
ghyuJEndirmek,
^jp*sljU3
dlrtltmak.
Afghan,
a.
^Ui!
afghan.
Afghanistan,
5.
^l^Jlxs!
afghanisstiin.
Afire,
ad.
jy^l
yanzor.
Afloat,
ad.j^j^
yiiziyor.
Afoot,
ad. yjJbl
ayakda.
Afore-
mentioned, afore-named,
afore-
said,
a.
j&sc
mezkyur,
jj*>
mezbur,
j)L~so
messfur,
<uS!
^j*f*
muma-
ileyh,
dUJ^ll^
musharun-ileyh.
Afraid
(to be),
v.w.
j&jf
k6rkmak,
khavf-et.
Afresh,
arf.
^*Xj>
yen^idan,
*
mujedd^dan
;
U X-j miikErrEran
Africa,
s.
tAij*
afrika.
African,
a.
j!<&>
J\ afrikalu.
AFRONT [33] AGREE
Afront,
ad.
jAji
bErabEr,
fc^i^J
bir-
-hizada.
Aft,
ad.
jj+Z
gheri,
^jj^
gheriya,
*<^-
gherida,
cjy:^L<k:\
doghru.
After,
pr.
^Jl^aJJ
dan-sow^ra,
ba"da
; ,
ad.
*JLe
sbngra,
ba"dahu
; ,
a.
(mar.)
gheriki,
\^/*4**
gherideki,
Afterbirth,
s.
cJj-0
s6n^.
Afternoon,
5. o
;Jo3j._JjJ=ru!
ikindi-
-wXkttlart.
[ba"dahu.
Afterwards,
ad. ^L^
sbngra,
X^xJ
Again,
ad. &J
yinE (ghenfi),
J
1
^
tekrar,
\j\jti
tekraran,
UL>^
bir-
-daha.
Against, pr.
&
a\
)t+j3&
a-karshz
;
k*~~J4j\i
karshz'ssma
;
8>&~~J*j\J
karshzssmda
;
<Li.^--J-j: "aleyhin,
JJkifcL: "aleyhinda
;
&L>- khill-
fma,
s^a^ khiUfmda.
Agate,
s.
^Uj-La
suleyraAm. (?)
Age,
s.
^l)
ysh,
^
sbn
;
j<zz
"Xssr,j^J
devr,
^y
karn;
of
age,
a.
jJb
blhgh,
^JbjdJi^
"Akk-blKgh
;
under
age,
a.
^-^
sAbl.
Aged,
a.
cJi)/
ghyunluk
;
j!b\
aylzk
;
yjc^b
y^shmda ;
j\~-\
ikhtiyar,
&^jj
koja,
^p-^j
mussinn.
Agency,
5. <dj-U
wasszta,
c^-^Ljj
w^ss-
atet,
eu
j^x*
ma'Vifet.
Agent,
5.
jL^j
vekH,
dk^lj
wasszta,
/*J) adEm
(XdAm).
[etmek^'k.
Agglomeration,
5. c)l*-,>! c-).L?
t6p
t
V V
Aggrandizement,
5.
ii^J*Jj;J
biyut-
mekh'k,
Aggravate,
v.a.
(UfUj daha-fEna, et,
l^uUj
daha-beter-et
;
^j^
kzz-
dzrmak,
JJ^jlj
dXrzltmak.
Aggravation,
5.
^Licl igzab.
Aggregate,
a. & s. <Ksr
e
mejmu".
Aggression,
5.
jjl^
tejavuz,
'
Aggressor,
s.
^^^i^\
^Jij\ tejavuz-
VE-takhtti-birla-niza'
f
a-
-sebeb-61an.
Aggrieved,
a.
*fix*
mXzlum,
J^AXXJ
maghdur,
x&S*zi sitemdids.
Agility,
5.
CJK>1^
chabwklwk.
Agio,
5.
^Jib
bXsh.
Agitate,
v.a.
^Z^oUJl^
chXlkamak
;
l
iztzrlb
-
vErmek,
^o
muztarzb-et
;
^ojS^tj\
kXreshdzrmak.
Agitation,
s.
(JLJ\^\.^-
chXlkXnz'sh
;
l
iztzrXb; ^lioLj telatum,
^/J tfemevvuj.
Ago,
ad.
/cXLc(jAjy
bundan^mukXd-
dEm,
(Jj^-tiji
bundn-EWEl.
Agony,
s.
C-^^k^\
^Jac
"XzTm-iztzrAb
;
gyiSlilU-
hal^tu-'n-nez"i.
Agree,
v.w. 1
Jy
kXvl-et,
l^lft^o
mu-
;
CX*^j^\^J
kXrar-VErmek
;
^
raze-61,
lj^Ji3^.<
muwAfakXt-
-et;
cXiKoJ lyi-ghElmek,
(J^-^l
uymak,
cWf^yUjJ
uyghun-ghEl-
mek,
CJviKjL^
muwAfzk-ghMmek
;
^! J^lia^e
mutAbzk-61,!
j;3y
tawaffuk-et;
together,
v.n.
JP**j1
u}*ushmak.
AGREEABLE [34] ALDERMAN
Agreeable,
a.
^Jjll?
tXtlz,
Jj
&
ghyuzel,
shirin,
u-aJaS l^tif.
Agreeably
to
(or with),
ad.
tXtbzkan,
ULJy
tevfzkan.
[muklvelE.
Agreement,
s.
J^3
kXvl,
j^>
swz,
aSjU*
Agriculture,
5.
c^-c^ij
zira"at,
\~~~&j>*
and
^^j\jS>-
hirasset,
e^o-ls felah^t.
Agriculturist,
s.
L^-^jJ
Jjb!
ehli-zira'^t.
Aground,
ad.
(J^jysjitef^
kXraya-
-oturmush.
Ague,
s. <Ua-j
sztma,
<U*-J\ issztma.
Ah,
int. y\
ah,
t\j
wah,
a
<*-
hayf,
-Jj^
dirigh.
Ahead,
ad.
j^
Ahoy
! i. u^l
ey.
Aid,
s.
J;l yardam,
<G
0^/e\
imdad,
L^%3^U^
mu"av^net
;
,
v.a.
\*(3j[j
t yardam-et,
\JU
i"anE-et,
lc
Aide-de-camp,
s.
j^b
yavsr,
c.
yavEri-harb.
Ail,
v.n. what ails me ?
j*)(&
nem-var;
thee ?
j\j)ti
nen^-var
; him,
her,
it?
^
<~*te nfessi-var;
us?
J)j<&
nemiz-var
;
<
you
?
j^j&&
nen^iz-var
;
them ?
j\5^U
nel^ri-
-var.
Ailing,
a.
J**fe
keyfsiz,
<t^=J-
khXssta,
J*^5-U^o
mizajsiz,
r^j^
namizaj.
Ailment,
s.
^JJjJL$
keyfsizlik,
JJ^S^S>
khXsstalfk
;
e^Lc "illet
;
J,J
derd.
Aim,
v.n.
^/*J^,lU
nishXn-Xlmak
;
kurmak,
\
J^<!
emel-et
; ,
s.
kA?sd, J.<^ emel, <*^r<
meram,
mXksud
;
^1'^liJ
nishXn-
Xh'sh.
Air,
5.
\jb
hewa
(hawa)
;
y~Ju
nefess
;
jb
tawr; ,
v.a.
dX</s-jj
<CU\
Xtesha-ghyMSstErmek,
cJ-^-i^-^^
ghyunesha-SErmek,
cXr^-*>\*A
ha-
waya-SErmek,
ClX^y^fe
hava-VEr-
mek
;
to
give
one's self
airs,
j^^
(JK*?l*
Xtwar satmk.
Air-balloon,
5.
^V
balon.
[(tufe^rAi).
Air-gun,
5.
(
Jojtf
L(
,b
yel-tufenghi
Air-hole,
s. cJl
A3
nefesslik,
^^jL^J^-Ju
Airy,
a.
jljlyb
hawadar.
[nefess-deli^Ai.
Ajar,
a.
J>^
chzk.
Akin,
a.
^arL
khhsm.
Alabaster,
s.
j*j*$
Xk-mErmEr.
Alacrity,
.
(j>.^jL-A>
mussara'^t,
U^J^*
memnuniyyet.
Alarm,
s.
j
k6rku,
uJ^ khavf,
c^^JbO
dfihshEt;
^-ri-
khXbsr
; ,
v.a.
(J.+zijji
korkutmak,
^^^jlj^jf
k6rku-vErmek, \^J^>^sC takhwif-et,
\ti\\ ikhafE-et.
Alas,
int. L^\
ay, c5^
way,
&\j
wah,
L"-'*-
hayf,
5--!j^
dirigh.
Albania, s.
,$) ^'^
arnaw^-v^a
y
e^-
Albanian,
s. and a.
^j^j'
arnawd.
Albeit,
c.
jjjijyb
hsr-nakAdar,
issada.
Alchymist,
g.j\~4J*
kimiya-gher.
Alchymy,
s. L^-Jx
"ilmi-kimiya.
Alcohol,
5.
~jj
ruh.
Alcove,
s.
*/sr*"
hujrE.
Alder-tree,
5.
^fr\*
\"<*
murver-
Alderman,
5.
d*d a"y
Xn '
ALE
[35]
ALMONER
Ale,
5.
iy+*Jjijg
i
J
beyAz-arpa-suyu.
Alembic,
s.
(j-~j\
inbik.
Alert
(to
be on
the),
v.n.
j\ ^V.^
uyan/k-61,
jl
jjjcLJtjJ
dwrt-ghywz-6,
j'jV J/
gty*z-kulAk-61.
Algebra,
5.
^.>-
jebr.
Algiers,
s.
j>\j*r
Je*za'ir.
Alias,
ad.jjJ+\J
nAmz
Alien,
5.
,*i-1
ejne"bi
;
Alienate,
v.a.
IcXL^Jay^l
akhara-tem-
ITk-et,
\-tojJ
tebrid-et.
[mak.
Alight,
v.n. cX*jl
enmek,
(J**jy*
k6n-
Alike,
a.
jj=^
beu^zEr,
<ull** mu-
sh
abih,y
bir.
Aliment,
s. \&z
ghzda,
cJx5-<U.>
yeye"-
jek,
cX^A-Lj bessl^y^jek,
c)^j
Alimony,
$. tiisu nfaka.
[yemek.
Alive,
a.
u^J
diri,
61^
sagh,
C^L>-J
bEr-hayat,
^JuLrv.
hayatda.
Alkali,
s.
jjjiil
alkah'.
All,
a. c-^to
hep,
c
^j
bitun,
jemi",
<U^s>-
jiimlE
;
above
khususA
;
after
,
* ^^JL^. khu-
las^-'i k^lam.
Allay,
v.a.
t^^-J
tesskm-et.
Allegation,
5.
u^j-^J
da"wa,
kXziyyE.
Allege,
v.a. \3\J\ irad-e.
Allegiance,
s.
L^-.j^-J
tbb
L^S^Ju? sXdakXt.
Alleviate,
v.a. cX^A-Ari-
khXfifletmek,
l^.?.J.aT
takhHf.et.
Alley,
5.
jUj-tf
b
dar-s6kAk,
Allied,
a. ,'&< muttefik.
Alligator,
s.
Allocution,
s.
<J>
Allot,
v.a.
Allotment,
s.
Allow,
v.a.
k6mak,
timsah.
nutk.
takhsFss-et.
hissE.
brakmak,
^-c^J
izin-vErmek,
rukhsAt-VErmek,
Alliance,
5.
j\su\
ittifXk.
:,
i^^-XJ
ta
yin-et,
takhszss-et; of,
IJj-fJ
kXbul-et
;
for,
lw_>L-2*.
hisslb-et; ,
v.n.
'^Ju-J
tesslim-et,
1_J^:
Allowable,
a.jj\>-
ja'iz.
Allowance,
s.
^L1
aylek,
C.
ghyund^lik,
<jdb
yillik,
( .j^^
ta"yin>
C^L-^j ta^yinlt;
to make for,
v.a. \.\i j
nXzar-et,
l^J^^ljiiuL-^-
hissAba-dakhil-et.
AUoy,
s.
3\^lj\$J*4}JJjA\
Xltma-
ghyumisha-kAtzlAn-blkzr
;
jUc
"ayar.
AUude
to,
v.a.
IWjl
ima-et,
,j+jAisa\
Xn^d/rmak.
Allure,
v.a.
\iJ^-
jezb-et.
Allurement,
s.
foj\>-
jazibfi.
Alluring,
a.
(Jj\>-
jazib.
Allusion,
5. UM
ima,
^j&>\
an^dzn'sh.
rAbzta'i-wahidE-tahtma-idkhal-et
; ,
s.
j^<>
muttefik.
Almanack,
s.
/*>^-A-J
tXkwim,
salnamE.
Almighty,
a.
^JjJ
kXdir.
Almond,
s. *4\) badem.
Almoner,
s. *\+\ imAm.
E 2
ALMOST [36]
AMAZE
Almost,
ad.
^L*Jb
hemAn
c^JiJlSj!
Az-kAldz.
Alms, s, aJjutf sAdaka.
Aloes,
s. ~**a
sAbr;
wood of
,
Aloft,
ad.
<J>;ljJ
yukan,
SJjjljy
yu-
kart'da
(yukarda).
Alone,
a. l~dl>
yAln<7/z,
lyi?
tenha,
^bLlb
bAshh'-bAshma;
all
,
Along,
ad. cLsXjo
boyunjcc;
come
along! J ghEl-bXkXb'm
;
go
along,
>
U
q
it ^
:
<z-,
ghit-bAkAlzm,
yt-i-f<Ci,>1
ishin^a-ghit,
jJ.Cj^^l^
haydi-siktir.
Alongside,
rf. ^ijb
yanina,
^Ji3l>
ya-
nmdfl
;
one another,
*J^\3^\J
karn-karnrt,
&X3jy*jy
borda-bor-
daya.
Aloof,
arf. ^JJJI uzXkda,
* JcU^l alar-
Aloud,
pik, -^?" jehran,
sXvtz-bulend-ila.
Alphabet,
5. b\ elif-ba
(elif-b
E
).
Alphabetically,
arf.
(
Already,
i
shimdi-bilE,
61-wXkta-kllmaya-
rak.
Also,
/
kezalik,
VE-dakhi,
Altar,
5.
^fcX-o
m^zbah.
Alter,
v.a.
CX;*XL>^
dip'Aishdirmek,
(J-<ji
<Ls...Jb<UllJ
bXshka-hey
eta-ko-
mak, l,Jj<XJ tebdH-et,
mahv-u-issblt-et
; ,
v.n.
di^Aishmek,
^-jw
taghayyur-et.
Alteration,
s.
JjJuJ
tfebdH;
t
mahv-u-issbAt.
Altercation,
s.
c^
niza",
<ilcjlixj
mu-
naza"o:,
U^c
ghawgha (kawgha).
Alternate,
a.
J
jLi^
mut^badil,
c.-?ll
mut(6navib
;
on alternate
days,
Alternate,
v.w.
cJviulIiJy
nubetleshmek.
Alternately,
ad.
dl^y
nubetla,
LjL^o
mutenavib6tEn,
^LiH^
"aifi-'l-
-munavebE.
Alternative,
5.
^l^-
chars,
Jj^^iiJ
bAshka-yol
v=>-^^
tarzkz-akhar.
Although,
c.
j&tijb
hsr-nakAdar,
^t3<L-j\ issada.
Altitude,
s.
\&j\
irtifa".
Altogether,
ad.
(j^^^
bitun-bitun.
Alum,
s. t>Li shXb.
Alluminium,
^
s.
\^**}j^j.
bir-durlu
Alluminum,
)
-ma"den.
Always,
ad. U.J^
da'ima,
^^
hEr-wlkzt.
toplamak,
Amanuensis,
s. u-^Ja
kyatib.
havessli.
Amass,
v.a.
kfezilik,
(i)J.J5j
ve-
dakhj,
^^^j
Amateur,
5.
vfe-hfem-dakhi, Amaze,
v.a.
UX;Jfijrtcy**#
ta"ajjub-
-ettirmek; amazed,
a. L- ^s^ miV
hayrln
;
to be
AMAZING
[37
AMPUTATION
, \-^s*>
ta"ojjub-et,
shtfshmak,
(J^'i^j^
hayrAn-kAl-
mak,
JK*!IJ
kAlmak,
J^!lS<bb
baka-
-kXlmak.
Amazing,
a.
^^^sF" "Xjib (Aja'ib),
L_-jyi
gharib
;
ly,
ad.
,J^>-
ch6k.
Ambassador,
5.
-cf^l
elchi,
.-jLj sefir.
Amber,
s.
'j^
kchruba
(kehlibar).
Ambergrease, Ambergris
s.~.z "anbEr
Ambiguous,
a.
mughlAk.
Ambiguity,
s.
J
Ambition,
5.
-shAn,
>^~*
met.
Ambitious,
a.
Amble,
s.
^
kin
; ,
kApAnzk,
mughlaklik.
h^rssu-'sh-
h^rssz-hukyu-
[-'sh-shln.
harlssu-
j
rahwAn,
(^^\
fesh-
v.n.
C^A^I
eshmek,
\
eshkin-ghitmek,
^\f>\j
rahwAn-ghitmek,
Ambler,
Ambling-horse,
s.
^\j&\j
rabwAn,
j^J^^J^
tjsbkin-barghlr
(bEghir).
Ambuscade, Ambush,
s.
4*y
pussu
;
to
lay
an
ambush,
(j<<j v^j*
pussu kurmak;
to fall into an am-
bush,
Jh*!jjL
&^
pussuyyk
tutul-
Amen,
int.
(1^c\
amln.
[mak.
Amenable,
a.
J^--^
mess'ul.
Amend,
v.a.
JUcJjijL
doghrultmak,
\^s^
tasshih-et-,
LL?1 esslah-
et-
; ,
v.n.
y\fy
bir-Az-Iyi-61,
Amendment,
s.
^j*
fark.
[-tutmak.
Amends,
to
make,
v.n.
\++*i tAz-
Xjissini-cht-
a.^
Amerika*
and
c.jil&^J
Amerikali.
sj- jeb&okum.
ghyuzel-
min-et,
mek
;
karmak.
America,
s.
Americani
Amethyst,
5.
Amiable,
a.
-khuylu,^ij'lL?
tAtK.
[dosstanE.
Amicable,
a.
Amicably,
ad.
Ajls^J
Amidst,
pr.
*Jo^j<Gj^l
drtassmda,
a^ij|j'
arassznda.
Amidships,
ad.
^j.^s^j^ji
-yErl^rina-doghru.
Amiss,
a. Ls
fsna,
LA-J sakAt.
Amity,
5.
dossti,
mukhldenet.
Ammonia,
5.
jjliJ
nishldir.
Ammoniac,
s.
jjlU
nishAdz'r.
Ammunition,
s. ^-
harut,
6rt-
Amnesty,
s. /*lc
^A
"afvz-"amm.
Among, Amongst, jar.
fc*~:\j\
aras-
szna,
jJc^lj!
arassznda.
Amorous,
a. j^s.^\. "AshzkanE.
Amount,
s.
^L^c
meblagh
;
t^t top,
^^J
yekyun
; ,
v.n.
jl
jJt
bA-
h'gh-61.
Amphibious,
a.
jl-i^ iJiyJ
*js> ^J*^
>Jb
hem-suda-hem-karada-yshar.
Ample,
a.
J^J
bol,
^i^
ghenish.
Amplitude,
s.
Jy
.^ U-j
si"a'i-meshnk.
Amputate,
v.a. CX*~^
kessmek,
l^SaS
klt"-et.
[kit".
Amputation,
s. <ul ^
kessilmE,
r
^^
AMULET
[38] ANNEX
[mek.
Ancestry,
5.
Anchor,
s.
Amulet,
s. *?*>
nusskha
(rmsska).
Amuse,
v.a. cJ
one's
self,
v.n.
An,
art.
j>
bir.
Analogous,
a. <ul**
mushabih,
makzss.
Cu*
Analogy,
s.
c^~$ll~
mushabe'het;
Analysis,
5.
J.>-
hall.
Analyze,
v.n.
IJl^
hall-et.
Anarchy,
5. jLJ
fessad,
JL>-\
ikhtilal.
Anathema,
5. e^**J
la"net,
IcJJo bed-
-du"a,
j)jfi
aforoz.
Anatomize,
v.a.
\if2r~>
teshrih-et.
Anatomy,
s.
<f^r~3
teshrih.
Ancestor,
s. a>-
jedd (pi. J^Jc^t ejdad.)
ejdad
;
c-^-J nesseb.
tlrnur
(demir),
jU
lenghEr;
,
v.a.
viX*3jj*-5
demir-
l^mek
; ,
v.n.
LL)^j^*-J
demirl^-
mek,
JU^Uy*.^
demir-Xtmak;
at
&))***
demirli;
to cast
,
JH*?1 j*-*3
demir-atmak
;
to
weigh
,
(J*<j^\* ^j^<^
de'miri-kaldirmak.
Anchorage,
s.
(Jjjj*~j
demir-yeri,
j(^,s*-
tj>jy**3
demirle'ye'jek-yer.
Anchored,
a.
}jf**3
demirli.
Anchovy,
s.
AJJ^L;
sardela.
Ancient,
a.
(j*1
esski,
AJJJ
kXdim,
^jJ^l^
kyarz-kXdlm.
Ancients,
s.
pi.
dimin,
mAn-XdAmlari.
And,
c.
^
VE,
J dE,
Anecdote,
s. *i*
fzkra,
Angel,
s. CJi*
melek,
4#L> mela'ikE.
Angelic,
a.
^Lo
melekl.
Anger,
5.
jii^L^
darghmlzk,
^^L-.J^JJ
kzzghml/k,
L.-^^
ghAzAb.
Angina,
5.
t<ifi
(J^-
1^ khunnAk-^illeti.
Angina pectoris,
5.jJuJ^ j;^ fj^/
bir-
nev-"i-ziku-sadr.
Angle,
s.
<Li>^==>
kywshE,
<L;|j
zaviyyE
;
,
v.w.
(J^<^1 ^V ^
^^^
61ta-ila-
bXlzk-awlamak.
Angry,
a.
(1^-^
darghzn
;
to be
,
v.n.
JU)/J
darilmak,
i}*j**
kkmak,
LL)v*^^^=
ghyuJEnmek,
C-U.li<Ujji
ghXzAba-ghElmek,
CJvJ-JJkrs-
hid-
detlEnmek.
Anguish,
s.
i^JJlafi
"Azim-dErd,
mutakXd-
esski-za-
dakhi.
mankabfi.
Anemone,
5. 4JU manissa.
Angular,
a.
j&J*i
Animal,
s.
^\j.+^>-
haywln;
,
a.
l<^j*>"
haywlnl.
Animalcule,
s.
J^kMjd*
haywanjzk.
Animate,
v.a.
CX^j
jj'-s^ jXn-vErmek,
Jj;^jc\-iJjU>-
jXnlandzrmak,
ll*>-^
ihya-et.
Animated,
a.
jb^llJ
beshashetli.
Animation,
s. c^-2*l^J bfeshashet.
Animosity,
.
CLJyjLC
"adavet,
^^=5
km,
^*-^
kinE.
Aniseed,
s.
^j*^
anass6n.
Ankle,
s.
JjjJjk
t6puk.
Annalist,
s.
^jyo
muverrikh,
^~>j <Ujj
wXk"a-nuwiss.
[tawarlkh).
Annals,
s.
pi.
i&fi
tarikh
(pi.
*-?jrjJ
Annex,
v.a.
IjLffil
ilhlk-et,
1^
zamm-et.
ANNIHILATE [39] ANTiaiJITY
Annihilate,
v.a.
J^jJlS
^yjJ^j
vu-
judini-kAldirmak,
ljy
.J
y6k-et,
lUil
ifna-et.
Anniversary,
5.
^j
ghyun.
Announce,
v.a.
clX^Jjy-*^
khXbEr-
vErmek,
i^J-^J
tebllgh-et,
UjLj!
ifadE-et.
Annoy,
v.a.
Jj-^sf
ta"jiz-et
sekmti-vErmek,
L
eziyyet-VErmek, \\~x>-\j
rahatstz-et;
ghyuJEndirmek,
ghyiijuna-ghitmek.
Annoyance,
s. t-ojl
eziyyet,
Annoying,
a.
-ghyujuna-ghidEr.
Annual,
a. ^
Annuity,
s.
**$*
s^him,
irad.
Annul,
v.a. \~*
fesskh-et,
1J
\lsjl ibtAl-
et,
\
Jlkj
bXttll-et.
[minda.
Annular,
5.
iXi/4w}j
<JLJlL>- hXlka-ress-
Annum,
5. <^-j sens
;
per
annum,
^^i^
yzlda,
<*Jj~i
SEnEvi.
Anoint,
v.a. cJ-b
ya^A-surmek,
[dehhen.
tedhm-et.
Anointed,
a.
^u~<
messih,
Anomalous,
a.
Anomaly,
5.
mu-
Anonymous,
a. \(**\ imzassiz.
Another,
a.
j>&Lj
bAshka-bir,
dighEr-bir.
Answer,
s.
<-->^>-
JEwIb;
,
v.a.
CX^j
JEWAb-vErmek;
,
v.n
61mak,
(J>*Jj\
iiymak
; forj
kefTl-ol; mess'ul-ol.
Answerable,
a.
Ant,
s.
mess'ul.
kXn'nja.
Antagonist,
s. **3z>~ khAsszm.
Antarctic,
a.
.*>}*>-
jenubT.
Antecedent,
a.
salif,
^^
sabzk,
Antechamber,
5.
Antediluvian,
a.
EVVE!.
mukXddEm
; ,
s. >J& mu-
mevsulun-bih.
diwAnkhanE.
l?
tufAndan-
Antelope,
5.
\
j&\
ahu.
Antemeridian,
a.
evvel.
Anterior,
a.
jeyrAn (jeylAn),
^)<^^.j^
wylsden
salif,
^l~>
sabzk,
Anthropophagi,
s.
pi.
f
U^
Antichrist,
s.
Jlf^
dejjal.
Anticipate,
v.a.
<jU*<^
ummak,
mfi'mul-et
;
(JNVJ^j^Jj^
EWEl-daw-
ranmak
;
Lr
s>-
Jji ^JJ-fiJ,!
t^^lb
Jh*J^ ^y*-^ CJ-c^j S-'j^
tXleb-
61unmazdan-EvvEl-hisss-edwp-vErmek-
yakhud-yapmak.
Antics,
5.
pi.
J!*/
sr~
<
mASskharalzk.
Antidote,
s. -.Ic
"ilaj.
Antimony,
s.
(J^j^jy^
timur-b6zAn
(demir-b6zAn).
Antipathy,
s.
CL^iJ
nefret;
LL^W
"adavet,
L^-v<fl>- khussumet.
Antique,
5. <U^ "antika
; ,
a.
esski,
(j~z2-
"atik,
>-^^-JJ
kXdlm,
Ajjj^l^
kyar/-kXdim.
Antiquity,
5. djbi
"antika;
U esski-zamXn.
ANTLER
[40 ] APPETITE
Antler,
s.
jyj$
bdynuz.
Anus,
5. JjtJU mak"ad.
Anvil,
s.
v~jj\
wrss.
Anxiety,
5.
Cl^Usi*
kXssavet
;
^^
telashl
(telash).
Any, pro.
j
bir,
j\j)
bir-AZ;
^/Uj
bx"zz;
*j&
hich,^J-^.J&
hich-bir.
Anybody, pro.
&,.\ ... *
^
kimessnE
(kimssE).
Anyhow,
ac?.
A-^jlJ*aJ
nassl-6lursa
;
jJjJ^-AJb
hich-bir-durlu.
Apace,
ad.
C^U-
chabwk.
Apart,
ad.
u^jl
ayrz.
Apartment,
.
4?j\
6da
;
^J^J
da'irE.
Apathy,
s.
^J-sJuJ
kaydszzh'k,
,*Jtc
fcXJU
"adEmi-ttfkayyud.
Ape,
s.
^y****
maymun,
cXJ shebek
;
,
v.a. IjulaJ' tAklid-et.
Aperient,
a.
J.-~<>
miasshil
(ss-h).
Aperture,
s. dXJj
delik,
^^
aralzk,
^JjL>-l
achzkb'k, C3L-A3 nefesslik.
Apex,
5.
u~\j
re'ss,
^j
J zirvE.
Aphelion,
5.
^a^>-
haded.
Apiece,
ad.
tej^j
behErina.
Apocryphal,
a.
v^Jjx^c
meshkyuk.
Apogee,
5.
i^a~as>-
hadid.
[Ifimek.
Apologize,
v.n.
clX^^bt^nXc
"wzr-di-
Apology,
s.
6~<\jj&-
"wzrnamE
;
cJLjj
j^
"wzr-beyani.
Apoplexy,
s. AL*i>
dXmla,
Ji3
nuzul.
Apostasy,
s.
*>1jJj1
irtidad.
Apostate,
5.
Ju^
miirtedd
(mfirtXd),
<UJjt)
dwnma.
Apostatize,
v.n. cJviJJJ^iJJ
dmin-
dan-dknmek.
Apostle,
5.
(Jj~>j
ressul,
J-y*
mursel
;
the
apostles
of .
Christ,
^Jjl^-c-
hawariyyun. [isspenchiyar.
Apothecary,
s.
ig**])
3
^ ejzajz,
jLs^U*^
Appal,
v.a.
(JH**jJijjJ
k6rkutmak,
IcjbysT
takhwif-et.
Appanage,
s.
(j>&j\
arpalzk,
^jljUJl>U
bAshmaklzk.
Apparatus,
s. JJU?
takzm,
CL^ijJ^C-?^
alat-edawat.
Apparel,
s.
LL*\jJ\
esswAb
(essbAb),
^^Ul
libXss,
^L-Jl elbissE.
Apparent,
a.
yfe
Us
zahir,j^Ju)Jo
bedidar,
Wy&
huwEyda,
jl^^il
Ishikyar.
Apparently,
ad. LIU
ghAliba
;
l^JbU^
zahira.
[yals.
Apparition,
s.
j^
zuhur
;
^L^ kha-
Appeal,
v.n.
LlXfc-^t}
dushraek,
(J^J^a
sighinmali
;
id-^t>-UA!
miiraja'
at-et.
Appear,
v.n.
OX*J^^
ghywrunmek,
CLX-^_iJ
--^=>
ghywzikmek,
ij^-^J0
zuhur-et;
it
appears, v.imp.
Ulc
ghlliba
;
^^li
ghelir,
jj*Jjj=z
ghyw-
runiyor.
Appearance,
5.
^-^^
surst,
hey'et;
(J^j
ghywrunush;
zuhur.
Appease,
v.a.
^;jx-
^ tesskm-et.
Append,
v.a.
1^
zamm-et,
\
"ilavE-et.
Appendage, Appendix,
s. <Ui3'
timmE,
<U-,^
zaminiE,
*j!c
"ila
Appertain,
v.w.
j^^U
rajz"ol,
j'l
menut-ol,
^^i^Jc
muta"allik-oL
Appetite,
5.
1^-1
\ ishtzha
(ishtah.)
te-
APPLAUD [41 ]
APTLY
Applaud,
v.a.
^^Aia
sitayish-et.
Applause,
5.
^^L^
sitayish.
Apple,
5. 1*1! Mma.
Applicable,
a.
J^^
dokunur
;
j^!!L^v-jlxx)
munassbet-AKr.
Application,
5.
^iJcJitJ
dokundu-
rush,
(j^Ju^A;
yapzshdm'sh
;
^JJ*y$
dushush,
u~jj\u^-l
bXsh-urush
(wurush),
o*^-]^
muraja"at;
^..iJW
chXb'shzsh,
CLJ^CJ^JC-J
sa"y-
-u-ghayret,
^J^j^?
sarfz-zihn,
Jk$sj-
^
iX>-
jidd-u-JEhd.
Apply,
v.a.
(jU^XJjJ
d6kundurraak,
(JKCjjjb
y^ptshdtrmak
;
LlX*^
-
surmek
;
\(J~bu
tatbzk-et
;
I St
tzla-et
; ,
v.n.
($*jj\ij&
bXsh-
wurmak,
i^Lt-ij
J
dushmek,
U^-Jej^^c
muraja'^/t-et
; for,
cJv^-ct isst^-
mek, lUjaJ
isstid"a-et,
l<u!lL^c
mutal^bE-et,
1^-J^ll^o
niAtlub-et
;
,
one's
self,
JUhiJl>-
chXh'shmak,
l^yui
sa"y-et,
iCL^jfijf^JUi
sa"y-u-
-ghayret-et.
Appoint,
v.a.
I^.JU
ta"yin-et,
Ic^*a3
nXssb-et,
l^^u^^kr
takhs?ss-et.
Appointment,
s. o
jj^U
mfi'mu-
riyyet
;
(A;!
ish.
Apportion,
v.a.
hisssE-
[nassib.
< mu-
klmet-
-hisssE-taksTm-et,
Apposite,
a.
jJJjj
y611u,
Appraise,
v..
-tlkdir-et,
ClX*^ l^j
baha-bichmek
(pAha).
Appreciate,
v.a.
|^,^
;
tAkdlr-et,
kXdrini-bil mek.
Apprehend,
v.a.
J
ytfkalamak,
I^
-ghirift-et;
(annamak),
IcJ
korkmak.
Apprehension,
5.
-gbirift
;
liW^
y^y
k6rku.
Apprehensive,
a.
Apprentice,
5.
tutmak,
. 3^^^ akhz-u-
=^
anglamak
derk-et
;
akhz-u-
/ s
j f^hm-u-idrak
;
[kussu-6lAn.
i
shay^ird
; ,
v.a.
Apprenticeship,
5.
LlJ^=l-l
sha-
p'Airdlik. [mek.
Apprize,
v.a.
tX*jj*
khlbEr-VEr-
Approach,
.
J^
y61
;
<*-*j&J
takar-
rub; ,
v.a. & n.
\<*-Jj
takar-
rub-et,
/^A-i>jl^&j yakznlashmak,
cJ^ljijA
yakzn-varmak. [isstihsan.
Approbation,
5.
^
T:?
rs^
tahsm,
^LaCUJ
Appropriate,
v.a,
^^--^sr
takhsfss-et
;
,
a.
U^M*^M
miinassib.
Approval,
5.
^ugcLji
isstihsan
;
on
,
ad.
j^*
mukhXyy&r.
Approximate,
a.
^^^
tlkribi,
^j^asC
takhmini; ,
v.n.
v^jQ
takar-
rub-et.
[takhmma.
Approximately,
ad.
\+>J&
tXkriba,
l^-sT
Approximation,
5.
<-r-yi3
takarrub
;
(
j^sC
takhmm.
Apricot,
5.
,c-^ kayssz,
^<^;J
zerdali.
April,
5.
^jl
J nissan.
Apron,
5.
JUkllJ
peshtamAl.
Apropos,
a. & aa".
w^^aL^
munaszb.
Apt,
a. AJO-^O mussta"idd.
[vwejil^.
Aptly,
ad.
^4^*,
.
^U^>U<<
mun-aszb^ti-
* /
'
^ . v I
2 .
APTITUDE AROMATIC
Aptitude, Aptness,
s. )***
iss-
ti"dad.
[kEZAb-suyu,
Aquafortis,
s.
<~~>\j~i
tizib,
.yj0u^
j
Aqueduct,
s.
^jj.y*
su-y61u,
v
-*^==
Arab,
s. '-
Arabia,
s. fe
"arab.
"arabistan.
Arabic,
s.
tef^f-
"arabja.
Arable,
a.
jk*&jy*\
ekilir-bichilir
J5J!/*
mezru"
; , land,
s. *
jf"
mezra"a,
j^L
tarla.
Ararat, Mt.,
s. ,PV
U^cl
Aghri-dAghi
Arbiter, Arbitrator,
*j>- hakEm.
Arbitrate,
v.n. \
J^l ayrd-et.
Arc,
^.
(j~
kavss.
Arch,
5.
j+$>
ksmEr.
Archer,
s.
^J&)\*=,
kemankesh.
Archery,
s. cJi~lOU
kemankeshlik.
Architect,
s.
jt*Jt^
mi"mar,
<ulU kAlfa.
Architecture,
s.
c^U^o^.i
fEnni-mi"-
marl
;
LJ bina
;
J\^
bin alar.
Archives,
s.
pi.
cA^-$
kuyudlt
<Olri^Jj
deftErkhlnE,
ci/^*^'^
evrAk-makhzEni.
Arctic,
a. .
JU1
shimall.
u
Ardent,
a.ji~J'l
ateshli
;
jlil?
y^nar.
Ardour,
s.
n~+~*j*
ghermiyyet.
Arduous,
a.
^^=
ghy&cli,
^;*^>
chetin,
. JC^ muta"assir.
Arpn ^J*H
sAth
(t-h.)
-Mica,
o.
^
Argue,
v.n. !i-J>Jii
lakfrdz-et,
\AX^VM
mubah^ssE-et
;
'i*^;^^"
-yarzshz-et.
Argument,
5.
u^J^Ji!
lakirdi,
/
kelam,
j
** suz.
Arid,
a.
^
Arise,
v.n.
kuru,
kAlkmak
;
tulu"et;
Ici-llJ
j^
lazzm-ghElmek.
kibar.
kibar-den-biri.
"ilmi-hissAb
["ilmi
hissab.
^
Jjbl
ehli-
nesh'et-et,
Aristocracy,
9,j\
Aristocrat,
s.
u^
J
Arithmetic,
^. -
(hes-).
Arithmetician,
5.
Ark,
s. Noah's
,
-ghemissi
;
of the
covenant,
tabuti-sekinE.
Arm,
5. k61
; silah; ,
v.n.
silahlanmak
; ,
v.a.
silah-VErmek
;
d6natmak.
Armada,
s.
U.i3^J
d6nanma.
Arm-chair,
s.
J^y
k61tuklu,
^J!jki-tf
k61tuklu-SAndAliyyE.
Armenia,
s.
^\&MMCJ!
ermenisstln.
Armenian,
a.
,***j\
ermeni
; ,
s.
r<*^
ermeni
;
teste~<j\
ermenTJE.
Armfull,
^.
\$\>-f
kuJAk,
\e*$y \$&~j*
kuJAk-dolussu.
Armillary sphere,
s. **
s^s
kyurE-
'i-mushebb^kE.
Armistice,
Armlet,
s.
Armorer,
fenkji,
^
Armory,
s.
Armour,
s.
Armpit,
s.
J
Army,
s.jJj
Aromatic,
a.
mutarekE.
blzubend.
kzlijji,
^^yp"***
tu-
chakmakjt.
jebE-khanE.
zirh
;
.L9 silah. .
k61tuk.
6rdu,
k6kulu.
AROUND [43]
ASCENSION
Around,
ad. and
pr.
ti\Jb\
etrafa,
X*s\Jb\
etrafda.
Arouse,
v.a. kaldnrnak,
Arrange,
v.a.
cX<^
dizmek, ^c-^-
b.\
uyndz'rmak.
kArar-
Artful,
a.
toUa-j-A
sheytAn,
j\j
hilfibazlik.
Artfulness,
5.
^Jjj
Artfully,
adi
Artichoke,
s. ,[&>\
inghinar
;
Jerusalem
tErtib-et,
nizA'ma-k6mak
;
lashdt'rmak.
Arrangement,
s.
u.^.Jy
tErtib,
/
nizAm
;
j\Ji
kArar.
[
i_j2<? sAff.
Array,
5. i
-Jy
tertib,
/Ui)
nizAm, Artifice,
s.
Arrayed,
a.
^L*J
ghiyili, u~*^'*
mu
~
! Artificer,
5. uJli^l essnaf,
L^-^*:
Article,
s. -cli^e
mata",
Jto
mAl
;
^
bend,
^w
f tkra
;
definite
,
u-^
J harfi-ta"rif
;
indefinite
,
t
edati-t^bhlm.
lebbess.
Arrears,
s.
pi.
Arrest,
5.
[bAkaya.
mandfi,
\>\b
hAbss
; ,
v.a.
akhz-u-ghirift-et
;
tevkzf-et.
Arrival,
s.
kudum,
^lo
ghelish
;
sun"i,
^-i*^
mii-
-' tAklid.
ehli-san"at.
Artificial,
a. ,
sanna",
Artillery,
s.
^JojL
t6plar,
t6pjz-"AsskEri
; man,
s.
t6pji. [ehli-san"at.
vussul,
(j^j\)
var/sh.
Artisan,
5. uJlx*^
essnaf,
U&^KS^Jjbi
Arrive,
v.n. LL)vJj
ghfilmek,
(^^
var- Artist,
s. ,*L>)
ressam.
mak,
^J
wAssil-61,
wussul-bulmak.
[tfekebbur.
Arrogance,
s. Jaw
ta"azzum,
t
Arrogant,
a.
^-o
mute'kebbir.
Arrogate
to one's
self,
v.a.
(J.+.~&
kXlkfshmak,
-Xlraak.
Arrow,
5.
j^
6k,
^.J
tir,
Arse,
5. C-
uzErinE-
sehm.
slfd^run
;
j*s+
chiinku,
>- chun
;
ad.
Artless,
a.
^
hilESsiz.
As,
e.
teJj^
ijL\
iken
;
as ... as . .
.,
jjJ
kAdr
;
as soon
as,
^-0^30
J
-di^Ai-ghibi
;
as
it
were,
as
though,
A&L?
sanki;
as
for,
as
to,
*fld
ghelinJE
;
as
much,
bu-kAdr,
,J^.^ 61-kAdr
(6-)
;
^J
dubr,
^
kyun.
Arsenal,
5.
4jUr.jL
t6p-khan.
Arsenic,
5.
^y^^-
3
szchAn-6tu.
Arson,
s.
J^^lj
<OU-
khanE-yakmak.
Art,
5. L^%*.
C^'yt^o
ma"rifet;
Artery,
.4t*lA shah-dAinar.
san"at
; ..
J
finn
; Ascendency,
5.
J^ftj
as much as . .
.,
jJ kAdr
;
as well
as,
chzkmak,
i"tibar,
ghibi, jJ^J
kAdr.
Ascend,
v.a. and w.
^j
su"ud-et.
*^s- hukm.
Ascension,
5. J**^ su"ud.
ASCENT
[44] ASSISTANT
Ascent,
s.
Jyu?
su"ud
;
^^
yokush.
Ascertain,
v.a. \sT tahklk-et.
Ascribe,
v.a. \jls-1 issnad-et.
Ash, Ashes,
s.
J^
kyul
;
ash-
tree,
^^Ic^jlj^j^jJ
dish-budAk-At^AJt.
Ashamed,
a.
cJ.-s^
1
mahjub
;
to be
,
v.n.
(J.*^j\
utAnmak.
Ashore,
ad.
ty^s kAraya,
&xjs
kArada.
Asia,
5. L-J! Assia.
Asiatic,
a.
^)LJ
Assiali.
Aside,
ad. ^bj
bir-yana,
<^f*V
bir-
-tarafa
;
^^V.y
bir-yanda,
XAJjbjJ
bir-tarafda;
o^l
ayri.
Ask,
v.a.
(j**j)*e
sormak,
IJ^j-j
su'al-et;
C^Jv*>**>i isst^mek.
Askew, Aslant,
ad.
^jj\
arkuri(aykm),
C?Jj^
charptk.
Asleep,
a.
j)}J,j\
uyuyor,
^j^c^\
uyu-
mush,
xJ*i;bj\ uykuda.
Asparagus,
s-jujs^js
kush-k6nmaz.
Aspect,
s.
tj&<
mlnzara
;
^^b
bXkzsh;
w^- Jb
hey'et
;
Cl^Ui)
nezaret.
Aspire,
v.n.
ijJvi^J
j
ghyuz-dikmek,
\<jo\
emel-et.
[khar.
Ass,
s. <*^J*\
eshek,
jl^>-
hzmar,
y>-
Ass-colt,
s. <U-*?
spa.
Assail,
v.a.
\ffsP*
hujum-et.
Assailant,
s.
^?.^s&
hujumju,
AJS?*
j^Joi
hujum-edEn.
Assassin,
s.
^ijli'
kAnh',
JjU
kAtzl.
Assassinate,
v.a.
^XcjjJ^l
wldurmek,
^
Jw kAtl-et, Ifc^Jj telef-et.
Assassination,
5.
J,*^
kAtl.
Assault,
5.
(j^.jj)j
t yuruyush,
hujum
;
C^Jv4J i4-
fc*fj)
yuruyush-et,
mahekkE-tut-
<to
;
iUc
"aya-
rumek,
\
hujum-et.
Assay,
v.a.
mak
rma-bakmak.
Assayer,
s.
tf
Assemble,
v.a.
J
jem"-et
; ,
v.n.
jl^^f-
jem"-ol,
^
Assembly,
5.
Assent,
s.
L^>
riza,
,
v.n.
cX^->^
j
Iw^^AJl^o
muwAfakAt-et.
Assert,
v.a. \\c.<3\
iddz"a-et,
demek.
Assertion,
s.
L3<ljs*i
laktrdi,
Jy
kavl,
Ujl lddi"a.
Assess,
v.a. lc-il
^rj /
ta"yini-vergu-ichiN-keshf-et.
Assets,
5.
/>/.
JLssrl^Ll
JU
mAl-ila-Xkcha.
Asseveration,
s.
(
j^
tt yemln.
Assiduity,
s. *\>\s\ Tkdam.
Assiduous,
a. /JJi<
mukdim,
toplamak,
toplanmak,
mmu"-et.
jem"iyyet.
muwAfakAt;
riza-VErmek,
swz,
taym-et
j>-
hawalE-et.
=^
vekH.
. yardim-et,
Assign,
v.a.
takhsz-s-et;
\<
Assignee,
5.
J->-^
Assist,
v.a.
^/*^
mu"avenet-et,
\ jt*Xl imdad-et
v.n.
(J*+^*J
bultinmak, c3v*K
mek,
jLjU-
hlzzr-ol.
Assistance,
s.
/*^^,
yard/m,
imdad,
JjUl
i"anE,
d-OjU*
mu''a-
venet.
[mu^avin,
jj^.
yamak.
Assistant,
s.
^^js^u^b
yardzmjz,
^j\**<
ASSOCIATE [45]
ATTAIN
Associate,
s.
^^JAJjl
arkadash,
refik,
^y
kArin
; ,
v.n.
kon^ushmak,
cJ^-^^^=>
ghywrush.-
mek,
1
jLibajjl
arka-dashKk-et,
\ UL^\
ikhtilAt.et,
Ij^t ulfet-et.
Association,
5.
L^~,<
shirkfit,
LjL^JJ
k6mpanya.
Assuage,
v.a.
V.f*~
J tesskin-et.
Assume,
v.a.
(jd\
Xlmak,
\
J*-J
kAbul-
-et;
Jf^JUijjjJ
uzErinE-Almak
;
CJ^^s
ghirmek.
Assurance,
s.j^s
SMZ,
CuU-^U te'minat
(pi.)
;
ij+A^
yemln
;
jUc*c!
i^timAd,
sebat;
J^U
"ars/zlzk
;
k+~s
sighurta.
Assure, v.a.
\^<\j
te'mm-et
;
\
yemm-et
;
L^!
emm-et.
Asterisk,
5,
C-^U,^
(*)
j--&l
Astern,
arf.
<U-jOjl
arkassina,
arkassmda;
&^j\
ardma,
arcjmda.
Asthma, ^.
^^^ftj^^.^
z?ku-'n-nefess,
jkX^aJi^JU^
zzku-'ss-sXdr.
Astonish, v.a.
cXjJaJc.^.s*^ t-"j-
jub-etdirmek.
Astonished,
a. L-^^S**^
muta"jjib
;
to
be
^-, v./?. le-^s-^
ta"ffjjub-et,
J^^jli>
shshmak.
Astonishment,
s.
^-^-s^ t-'
f
ajjub,
d>^
hayrfet.
[-sXlmak.
Astound, v.a.
^*!U?
tij4>-
hayreta-
Astray,
ad.,
to
go astray,
v.n.
^/Kb
J^/Jj-L>J^j yanglish-y61-tutmak
(vanish)
.
Astringent,
a.
munfejjim.
:
"ilmi-nujum.
ehli-hey'et.
"ilmi-hey'et.
<>
iki-parcha
;
mimfXssil.
Astrologer,
5.
Astrology,
5.
Astronomer,
5
Astronomy,
s.
Asunder,
ad.
u^.;!
ayri,
Asylum,
5.
j}
Is.^
raelja.
At,
pr.
^j
E,
a
;
a J
dE,
da.
Atheism,
5. aUb
jlC\ inkyar-bi-llah.
Atheist,
s.
<d!b^^o
munkir-bi-'llah.
Athens,
s. L-J! Xtina.
Athletic,
a.
ufy
kawT,
^ijy
kuwetli.
Atlantic,
s.
,^jjS.
kJBf
^sT
bahri-
muhit-gharbi.
Atmosphere,
5. \b
*j=
kyure'l-hawa
;
Atom,
5.
IjA
zerra.
Oyi>
hawa.
Atone,
v.n.
!c^,U?
kef^ret.et.
Atonement,
5.
cl^jlfi
kefUret.
Atrocious,
a.
%-^^
sh^ni", ^-i>!
eshna".
[shena'^t.
Atrociousness,
Atrocity,
s. L^vcLi
Attach, v.a.
jj^JLcfy
iX^Alamak,
1
iaj^
rAbt-et,
^JCJ bend-et
;
-r- one's
self,
v.w.
J^jLfiLj
bX^Manmak,
"alaka-et.
Attach^,
s.
(French)
i^j*U
ma"iyyet-m4muri. [mflhabbet.
Attachment,
s. AJJlc
"alaka,
c^-^sr<
Attack,
s.
/*^s^
hujum
;
L^-oy
nubet,
j^^l?
zuhur,
tl^jU?l issabet
; ,
v.a.
!/*y?^
hujum
r et;
J^Jlo^^-lc
"aleyhina-ch^kzghmak
; \^^*i\&\ issa-
bet-et,
lj^5
zuhur-et.
Attain,
v.a.
j^J
1-9
'*
wassfl-ol;
^^
*Jb
ATTAINMENT
[46] AUGUR
baKgh-61
;
jr'Jjto
na'il-61
;
muzaffEr-61,
^^y%
muw^ffak-61
;
^L.^rsT'tahszl-et,
1t-^ kessb-et.
Attainment,
s.
(J*>^a^
>
tahsH.
Attar,
.
(Arabic)
Jaz
"hr
;
of
roses,
(C^V.
<J^
gyul-yagAi,
^cb
jac
"hr-yagAi.
Attempt,
s.
^^Lftllj
kXlkzshz'sh
; ,
v.n.
^4.^-Jilljf
kXlkzshmak.
Attend,
v.a. CX^IL b^klfimek
;
ks^iU|
refukat-et;
JPJ^
bAkmak,
lc^^^>-
khMmet-et
(hizmet).
Attendance,
s.
e^-jjlj;
refakat
;
L^-^Jo-
khzdmet
(hizmet)
;
^IjlLcljjl
etba"-
-taktmz.
[?W^
ctba".
Attendant,
s.
JH^J
refik
; attendants,
Attention,
s. L^~JL>
dikkXt,
JuJu
takay-
yud,
/%U^ ihtimam
;
to
pay
,
\
c>J}
J dikkat-et
;
to call
to,
Ij^^L:*-
c^JJJ
dikkat-jelb-et.
Attentive,
a. <xJU
mukayyed
;
to be
,
v.n. Ic^JJ dikkXt-et.
Attest,
v.a.
tlXj *,}**
yemin-VErmek
;
,
v.n.
^r*
yemm-et, Id^jl^
shahadet-et.
[shahadet.
Attestation,
5.
^.-^o
yemm
;
CUJl|^&
Attic,
s.
i**yi*}$*
tawXn-arassz.
Attire,
s. <L-J^
elbissE,
u?) ziy,
^J
kzb'k,
Cl^^...^
1
-)
kissvet
; ,
v.a.
tJMjJ*
ghiyindirmek.
Attitude,
s.
/jiJ durush, %-^^
wXz"i
(pi.
9^y
evza")
;
ti-i-A
hey'et.
Attorney,
5.
J-,^
vekH,
^JiJj
l:J da"-
wa-vekHi
;
power
of
,
vekyalet-namE.
Attract,
v.a. < >X>.
jezb-et,
d
chekmek.
[-jazibE.
Attraction,
j.
JLJjl.s~Ll^J
kuvveti-
Attractive,
a.
t_jjl=^ jazib.
Attribute,
s. ^^La szfAt
; ,
v.a.
C3*<^j
vErmek,
\j
^
"zv-et,
issnad~et.
Auburn,
a.
aji^
lipisska.
Auction,
s.
J\j*
mezad
(mezXt),
muzay^dE. [dellal
Auctioneer,
s.
t^-^j*
mezadji, J^J
Audacious,
a.
j^**^.jessur
;
'j^j^&
"arstz.
Audacity,
5.
Cl^L-j^
jessaret
;
^j^j^
"arst'zlzk.
Audible,
a. i.LjuLjl ishidilir.
JJ
*
Audience,
s. cl^lJjL* mulakAt
(interview)
;
C^\cU^ jema"at,
^-x^Lj
sami"?n
;
to hold an
,
(j*jf uyjfc^
diwAn-
kurmak.
Audit,
v.a.
jjU^J^t-^L-^
hissAb-yok-
lamak,
I cU-jls.
x'
miihASS^bE-et
;
office,
s.
,j*ks
tU-jlsr* muhass^be-
kalEmi.
Auditor,
s.
^U^^ dingl^yen (dineyen),
^-^L:
sami";
^
Auger,
s.
,fjj>
burghu.
Aught,
s.
^jfy
bir-shey
;
hich-bir-shey.
Augment,
v.n.
(J^J^
artmak,
(j^j*
izdiyad-bulmwk,
^
{
^f/
terak-
k/-et
; ,
v.a.
(J-*fj\
artzrmk,
\j~=Z
teksir-et.
Augmentation,
s.
i>b*>^1
izdiyad,
&$j/>
tezayud,
^ay
terakkt.
Augur,
s.
^jfcl^
kyahin,
AUGURY [47]
AZURE
Augury,
5.
Jls
fXl.
August,
s.
(j~j^~*\
a^osstoss
; ,
a.
JU
"all,
.^b
saml.
Aunt,
5.
(paternal)
<*ll>- hAla
;
(mater-
nal)
*|J
teyzE; (uncle's wife)
iLj
yenghe". [sa"adE.
Auspices, s.pl. <t;Lo says,
fcXfiL*" mus-
Auspicious,
a. .XcL^c mussa"id.
Austere,
a.
^l^JrCl^-j
sert-tAbz"tli
;
liJbj
riyazatli.
Austerity,
s.
L^-v4?bj
riyazat.
Australia,
5.
U^x^^
Avstralia.
Austria,
5.
b^3-jj\
Avstria.
[bfir.
Authentic,
a.
^s^
sahzh,
-** mu t^-
Authenticity,
s. c^s** szhh<it.
Author,
s. u^cb
ba"iss,
c^jb
badi,
^-Jl*o
slnz";
u-fl!^-<
mu'ellif,
u-ft
mussannif.
Authoritative,
a.
&J\j<\
amiranE.
Authority,
s.
*^-
kukm,^!
emr
;
hakim, **\
amir,
lajL? zabit
;
izn,
c^-*2_~Lj
rukhsAt
;
L^-%-3
me'zuniyyet
;
Xl^i
sened,
^
burhan.
Authorization,
5.
(*)\
izn,
L^^*a^-i
rukhsXt
;
c^J^t)
U
me'zuuiyyet.
Authorize, v.a.
CX^.;^
^jl
izn-vErmek,
\us+s>3
terkh?ss-et.
Autumn,
5.
J^^=
ghyuz,
jl^cJ^?
sony-
-bahar,
cJ.;y>^
J^
fASsh'-kharif.
Autumnal,
a.
<Ju.j*-
kharifT.
Auxiliary,
5.
^^^jb
yardzmjz'.
Avail, v.n. Uju'j fa'idE-et
;
one's self
of, v.n. \
JjJ
kXbul-et.
[2fJw!
MdE.
Available,
a. .^W
hlz/r,
^f-vc
mevjud,
kXchmmak.
^
chekinmek.
ikrar-et,
l^Jcl
Avalanche,
5.
(French)
j-^>~
chzgh.
Avarice,
s. e:^ ^-
khissset,
khXssisslik.
Avaricious,
a.
^^-*>.
kh.Xssiss.
Avenge,
v.a.
(J^\
^sc\scJ\
intiklmtni-
Xlmak;
one's
self,
v.n.
(J^\*\sc>'A
intikAm-Almak.
Average,
a.
k-jj
wXssAt,
<0'^
6rta
;
on
an
,
feaw^U^J
bir-biri-usstuna.
Averse,
a.
^J^e>\j
razi-di^M.
Aversion,
s.
Lj^AJuc
"adEmi-riza
;
i^jju
nefret.
Avoid,
v.a.
sakz'nmak,
Avow,
v.. ^
rlf-et.
Awake,
a.
\}**\iy
uyanmak;
,
v.a.
(J
uyandzrmak.
Award,
s. *>-
hukm,
\ klrar.
Aware
(to be),
v.n.
(to become),
Away,
ad.
&.\jj
\iz\gha,
to do
with,
^^.jJ
Awful,
a.
Awhile,
ad.
ti-
uyanzk
; ,
v.a.
khAbEri-61
;
uzAkda;
kaldirmak.
korkunjlu.
bir-wAk?t,J^
bir-Xz.
Awkward,
a.J^^JJ
y
akz'shmaz,
j
.,..,<?. *.. j?
Awl,
5.
J-J
biz.
[ytfkz'shzkszz.
Awning,
s. &xJ tent.
Awry,
a.
(_*/>
charpzk.
Axe,
5. <dalb bAlta.
Axis,
s.jjS^
mihver.
Axle,
s.
J6J dinghil.
Azure,
a.
^bcj^-l
achtk-ma'i
(mavi),
ghyuk-ma'lssi (mavissi).
BABBLER
[48] BARB
B.
Babbler,
s.
&jj>
gheve"zE,
J^^y
bosh-
bo^Az.
Babe,
s.
(js>-J>-
chojuk,
cXj bebek.
Balance,
s.
j\\Ji
terazi
;
^Lsi
muhass6b6-deftEri.
Baboon,
s.
^+*-~<>
maymun.
Baby,
s.
(Jfc-j>-
chojuk,
cXj bebek
Babylon,
s.
u^i
Jjlj
Babel-shehiri.
Bachelor,
s.j^Lj
bikyar (beykyar).
Back,
s. J\ ard
;
&\ arka
;
tJ>* s*rt
;
zahr
;
(j-y
tsrss
;
-<
gheri
;
gheri,
fa
; ,
ad.
gherida
; ,
v.a.
gheriya,
*^j
and n.
(a
boat in
rowing)
I&M*
siyE-et.
Backgammon,
5.
iP*-tjl
<UjU
6yunu.
Backwards,
ad. <U~
tErssina,
tawla-
tirss,
jj> *j
gh^ri-gheri,
^^
Jj kzchm-kzchm.
don^uz (do-
Bacon,
s.
muz) passdirmassi.
Bad,
a. Li fena
;
bozuk
;
k.\lp
;
kyutu,
J lU
l>l
ish-yok.
Bag,
s. fo
keyssE.
Baggage,
5. L-il
eshya,
cJy,
yuk,
^^J
Bail,
s.
Jutf
kefil.
[pirti.
Bait,
5. *J \em
; ^,
v.a.
cXoj
V
yem-VErmek
;
cJ>^x/*j
yemlEmek.
Bake,
v.a.
cX^-J^jJjJ
fmnda-pishir-
mek; ,
v.n.
tiX4-lJ
pishmek.
Bake-house,
s.
(j
ri ^rm,
Baker,
5.
^^
^ fmnji.
etmekji (ekmekji)
;
[kyani.
Balanced,
a. cJj
J denk.
Balcony,
s.
.l^&lii
shahnishm.
Bald,
a. bXshJ-tlss
;
J^
kM.
Bale,
5. C)J
J denk.
Ball,
5. L-
^^
top
;
JHCJJ
yumak
;
<d
ghyullfi;
^~>j
kurshun
;
jib
balo.
Ballad,
s.
^$j
tiirkyu.
Ballast,
. x& sXfra.
Balloon,
s.
^V>
balon,
^
JtW chAdzr.
Ballot,
s.
te-Ji kur"a,yi3l.,j
piyanko.
Bamboo,
s.
jjj~<\3
klmish.
Band,
5.
;
JlL
takim,
muzika. bMuk
;
^
Bandage,
5.
.&/<*
sarghz.
Banish,
v.a. c surmek,
surghyun-et,
^^Ai
nefy-et
;
1
t-
1*^
def"-et.
Banishment,
s.
^yjy^
surghyun, l
^Ju
nefy.
Bank,
s.
u^^s
^ su-kEnari
;
sedd
;
<^AJJ banka.
Banker,
s. uJ sarraf
(saraf).
Bankrupt,
^.
^jJ^o
mufliss.
Bankruptcy,
s. cA-fU muflisslik.
Banner,
s.
J^J
bayrak,
ju
sXnjak,
j bandara.
Banquet,
s. u^%L5
ziyafet.
Baptize,
v.a.
\j~A\)
waftiz-et.
Bar,
5. kol
;
kumsAl
;
J
szrik
;
; ,
v.a.
mant-61.
Bakery,
s.
J>
l
^^-^\
etmekji-duk-
Barb,
s.
J>\ L-^c.
"arab-Att.
BARBARIAN BEACON
Barbarian,
5.
cJ^
turk,
*jt^-J*>j
vahshi-AdAm.
{sizlik.
Barbarity,
5.
cJ^~-~?Jl~-^
insaniyyet-
Barbarous,
a.
JO-jLjl
insaniyyetsiz
;
LJ
kAba,
LccLjJ
tErbiyyessiz.
Barber,
5. JJ bErbsr.
Barberries,
5.
(j^b.*^
"anbErbariss.
Bard,
s.jS\J*
sha"z'r.
Bare,
a.
jV=*-
chiplAk
;
J^-S
achzk
;
jjs
kuru; ,
v.a.
J^*-^
achmak.
Barefoot,
ad.
jy^jJU
yAlm-ayak.
Barely,
ad.
^~- ghyuch-bela.
Bargain,
5.
J^jJ/J
pazarh'k
; ,
v.n.
WjljV,
pazarh'k-et.
Barge,
5. &j*\*
maghoua
;
sAiidAl,
^Ij
fh'ka.
Bark,
5.
ov navi
; ,
haw-
kA- lamak
; ,
v.a.
bughunu-soymak.
Barley,
s.
toj\
arptz.
Barn,
s.j(*J\
anbar.
Barometer,
s.
\^*)j\j* \j&
hawa-terazissi.
Baron,
5. ^.^A!
J bir-lakb.
Baronet,
5. C-^A!
j bir-lakb.
Barracks,
*. i^Ji
keshla,
dl^J
kzshlagh.
Barrel,
5.
^^^
fzchz,
tfe^j
varil
;
gun-
barrel,
(^^^^'cX^-i-A-j
tufe^ing-
-demiri;
double-barrel
gun,
<&zs>~
O-iAJ' cbift^-tuf^k.
Barren,
a. - Ji kssr
;
<Jj->-
ch&l,
J-J^Asr*
mahsulszz
;
J-^^-
khayrszz.
Barricade,
5.
j^>^ ^ib ^^
bir-nev'i-
Barrier,
.^J
kApi. [mani"-duwar.
Barrow,
5.
^^.ttojS.
Jl
El-"Arabassz.
Barter,
s.
<LJy
tranpa,
v.a. and n.
^<UJ^J'
tranpa-et,
dtyAish-et.
Base,
s.
^ij>
kyursi
;
^Acljj ka"idE
;
>
a -
(J-*\
Alchttk.
Base-line,
s.
*jLjt*o ^.L?
d^'z-ma^lum.
Bashful,
a.
c^sr
5-'
10
mahjub,
~.UjlLj!
utAnghAch.
Bashfulness,
5. C-jl-sr^
hijab.
Basin,
s. <LJO
kyassE, ,y+&*
chanak
;
Basis,
s.
(j~\~i\
fessass.
[^>-
hawz.
Basket,
s. +,**
seped,
&
kyufjE.
Bason,
s.
^^J
le^En.
Bassora,
s.
^2;
bassra.
Bastard,
s. and a.
-^u
pich.
Bastinado,
s.
jUt
dayak.
Bastion,
s. ^-Juz
tAbiya.
Bat,
s.
(J***^
chomak
;
&~> i J
yerassa.
Bath,
5. *Uk- hAmmAm
(hAniAin).
Bathe,
v.w.
Ci^^-ji <V.^
suya-ghirmek
;
yzkamak.
Battalion,
s.
jyb
tAbur.
Batter,
v.a.
LL^/..jJ du^^mek.
Battery,
s.
4-jjlb tAbiya.
Battle,
s.
LLXi^- jenk,
Ic^i
(kawgha)>
<oA.sr* muharebE.
[ba^Azrmak.
Bawl,
v.w.
^<Ji*>-
haykzrmak,
xi-<.clj
Bay,
5.
(gulf)JJ;^
kywrfez
;
(tree)
<U5t>
defnE;
(colour)
jj
5
J doru.
Bayonet,
5.
L ,-0^-j
sunghyu.
Be,
v.n.
(J^*\
olmak;
(JP^|*J
bulun-
mak,
j^
^Ty*
mevjud-ol.
Beach,
5.
iJ^\*3.Jb
yAh'-kEnari.
Beacon,
5.
^lU
nishAn, c^^^
"alamet.
BEAD
[50]
BEHIND
Bead,
s. J tessbih-dane'ssi ;
beads,
5.
pi.
*A+~3 tessbih.
Beak,
s.
^*jj>
burun,
^clc
ghagha
;
cJ^
emzik.
Beam,
5.
(of wood)
(J^J>
kirish
;
(of
light)
J*-$>
shu"A",^-J
pirtev.
Bean,
5.
(broad)
&i]Jb bXklo
;
(kidney)
<uLusi
fassulyflf.
Bear,
s.
y\
ayi
; ,
v.a.
<j^o^)lJJ
klld/rmak
;
(j~<*-J
L*i
dayanmak,
Cl3v*x>- chekmek,
i
cj,/.cs^
>
tahm-
mul-et; (fruit, &c.)
clX^5
vir-
mek;
(children)
<j^j^
doghur-
mak
;
to bear in
mind,
\js\^j^
der
Beard,
s.
JUus
skAl.
[khltzr-et.
Bearer,
s.
J^>-
hamil,
^JJj^J
darends.
Bearing,
s.
(direction) ^~~$FT jihet,
&J>
k^rtE;
(armorial)
^<j\
arma.
Beast,
s.
(Jj~=>~
haywAn.
Beastliness,
s.
J^j]^*
murdArlik.
Beastly,
a.
j\j*
murdar.
Beat,
v.a.
(jj^t3
du^Amek
; (over-
come)
(J-*)jj
bozmak,
Ic^J^ Alt-et.
Beating,
s.
jLL
dayak.
Beautiful,
a.
Jj^^=
ghyuzel,
Beauty,
s.
Ci)JJj/
ghyuzellik
;
c
Beaver,
5.
)j^>
kunduz.
[hussn.
Becalmed,
a.
(to be)
J^'V.
}*$)&
ruzghyarsiz yXtmak.
Because,
c.
\jj
zira,
^j->-
chunku,
ijf+~ij&
shu-sebebdan-ki.
Beckon,
v.n.
^CUj'-l!
isharet-et.
Become,
v.n.
(J^j\
olmak
;
(suit)
^i.lJJb
yak/shmak.
Bed,
s.
Jflsj
ytak, cXij^
dushek
;
(stratum)
tesC takhta.
Bedridden,
a.
Bedroom,
s.
Bedstead,
5.
Bee,
s. ^J\
Beech,
s.
Beef,
Beehive,
s.
Beer,
s.
Bees'-wax,
tAbAka
;
(of flowers)
kyuturum.
jfy,
Vtak
odassi.
ker^vet.
>j\
Jb
bXl-Xrisst.
ghyulghsn,
s^Az'r-eti.
*~j\
Xri-k6wXni.
arpa-suyu,
^-^
bira.
bXl-mumu.
Beet, Beetroot,
s.
jssrb
pXnjr.
Beetle,
s.
(insect)
C3^j
bwjek
;
(fullers', &c.)
J^CXJ*3
dlbek-Eli.
Before,
j9r. (in front)
tej\
uny\ma,
X&'*j\
wn^unda
;
(in
time)
jJ^i^jH
dan-EWEl
; ,
ad.
Jjl
Evvel,
miikAddEm,
UjJi-o -mukXd-
dErna
;
jjj
Beg,
v.a. cX*->! isst^mek,
dilEmek
; , v.n, CX.^L
J dilEnmek.
Beget,
t;.a. 1
U
UU- hlsszl-et, ^J
Trass-et
;
(procreate)
J^V.
7^P'
mak,
M*XJ
peyda-et.
Beggar,
5.
^^aclLj
dilEnji.
Begin,
v.a. and w.
^jkLl^
bXshlamak.
Beginning,
5.
^Ij
blsh
;
^i^lj
bAshlanghzj
;
Ijcjl ibtida,
Jj^
EWE!.
Behaviour,
s.
e^=r^ j j>
tawr-u-
\ Xtwar,
Le- ha-
bXshini
t boyununu
ardm,
Behead,
v.a.
kessmek,
-wurmak.
Behind,
pv.
BEHINDHAND
[51 ] BENEFICENT
arkassma,
X> ardmda
;
arkassmda
;
rfLi.-jj^O
gherissina;
Xi~sjjJ=a
gherissinda
; ,
ad.
3j*>
gheri,
iJi^Jrb
gherida,
&*\jj
VErada.
Behindhand,
ad.
^er^
ghech
;
to be
,
v.n.
K*
^
ghech-kAlmak
;
dX<ted^j
yetishEmamek.
Behold,
v.a.
<J^b
bXkmak,
cX^U=5
ghywrmek;
,
int. fc~s\
ishta,
U na.
Being,
s.
(thing) shey;
K
kya'in,
f~j*
mevjud,
^j'j^j
var-
6lAn
;
(existence)
^j\j
varlzk,
t)j>-j
viijud,
v^oJ^-^c
mfevjudiyyfet,
^^
kfevn,
1*1^3^1.0
k^ynun^t.
Being,
the
Supreme,
<d!\ All Ah.
Belabour,
v.a. cJ^J
du^Amek.
Belch, v.w.
CJ-^C^D
ghfyAirmek,
CA^,^
ghfeyirmek
; ,
s. &*.(.:==:
ghe^Airma,
i**J
gheyirma.
Beleaguer,
v.a. llsr* muhlssera-et.
Belgian,
a.
^U-.s~
Beljikali.
Belgium,
s.
Ifuy Beljika.
Belief,
5. jUifi\ i^tikld
;
^Ujl
imAn.
Believe,
v.a.
^jlij|
inwnmak,
CX^;^ Jjjy
kulXk-vErmek
;
I^^Ji
i"tikXd-et
;
l^twl
imAn-et.
Believer,
5.
^j^,
mu'min,
musslim.
Xn^
;
(small)
BeU,
5.
(large)
J^^-
chingharXk; (of
a time-
piece)
Jj
zil.
Bell-hanger,
5. LI^JC.^
Jjb!
^
chingarak-asan-ehli-san"at.
Belligerent,
a. and s.
L-^s"
muharib.
Bell-man,
5.
J!ta
tellal.
Bell-metal,
s. ~3 or
~jb
tuj (tunch).
Bellows,
s.
\#j&
kywruk.
Belly,
s.
^j\s
karn.
Belong,
v.n.
^a&*
makhsuss-61
;
muta"allik-61;
mensub-ol.
Beloved,
a.
jjjz
"AZIZ
;
^-^
SEvghili
;
(mas.)
jj^x^c
ma"shuk;
(fern.)
ma"shuka.
Below,
^r.
Aii
Altma,
*Jc^ Xltmda
;
Aijc^^
Alt-ynma,
Jf)cju^ Xlt-
yrtnmda
;
fcr+ss?
tahtena,
X&^zsT
tahtmda
;
^V
j
zirina,
^'^JyJ
zT-
rinda; ,
ac?. a^!l
v
\ zirda
;
Belt,
s.
(strap)
^\s
kayish
;
(waist-
band)
^>
kEmEr,
,3'i
kushXk.
Bench,
s.
Xj*
s^ra,
<s-j
peyks; (car-
desstghyah
Bend,
v.a. cLL*i
^Amek
; ,
v.n.
penter's,
&c.)
(tezghyah).
>*
charpzl-
mak
;
bend
down,
v.a.
(J-<^>\\
yatir-
mak
;
--
,
v.n,
^-4.5
w
ytmak.
Beneath,
pr.
teA\
Xlt/n,
iJccll Xltrnda
;
ma-dunund
;
one's
notice,
J^oJ
de^mz;
one,
J^^jjlj
ytfkzshmz. [veli-ni"met.
Benefactor,
s. Lj?<Aiii
efendi,
Beneficence,
s. l~=*-'
ihsan.
* Beneficent,
a. *K kerim.
F 2
BENEFICIAL BILGE
Beneficial,
a.
j^l;
yarar
;
to be
,
v.n.
(J^j^l
yaramak.
Benefit,
s. .->
khayr,
CiJW wilik,
menfa"at
;
(jl~>-!
ihsan,
u ni"met
; ,
v.a.
<J^e y, yara-
mak,
Ujjls fa'idE-et
;
by,
v.n.
LlX<^*Jol5
fa'idE-ghywrmek.
Benevolence,
s. cJi^-JJ^L*>-
khayr-
endishlik.
[-endish.
Benevolent,
a.
^Jjj^*-^
khayr-
Benign,
a.
J**-
khayrli.
Benignity,
5. e^&Ll shwfakAt.
Benumbed,
a.
^,*u>^J
uyushmush,
(j;*j.>jl
uyushuk
^
to be
,
v.n.
i
uyushmak
;
(with cold)
don^mak.
Bequeath,
v.a. \<^+*a*
vwXssiyet-et.
Bequest,
5.
LZ^-^j
vwAssiyet.
Bereft,
a, ** ^? mahrum.
Berry,
s.
^*?
t yemish,
<5J^ danE
(tans).
Berth,
5. j
ysr
;
(employ)
L^-^^cA>-
khMmet
(hzzmet).
Beseech,
v.a.
(J*j$\
yXlvarmak,
\
\&-j
rija-et,
|jlj
niyaz-et.
Beset,
v.a.
^^^ic^^r'^
etrafzm-Almflk,
^jLi>^J;
kushXtmak,
^^-s^
hujum-et.
Beside,
pr.
fcj u
ym'na,
iJCJu
ytfnznda,
Besides,
pr.
<L<LL
J^J
dan-bXshka,
^J
dan-ma"ada,
^LsJ^J
dan-
; ,
ad.
iiJUj^Jo^
Andan-
bXshk,
A&l.j^jO^
bundn-bXshk,
Besiege,
v.a.
\2^\JK*
muhlssara-et.
[&c.
Bespeak,
v.a.
^/iJjU^l
issmarlamak,
r
>\*-- siparish-et.
Bessarabia,
s.
*^^ bujak.
Best,
a.
jJcJ ^-Tyi,
\.\^}\
en^-a^la.
Bestow,
v.a.
CJ^j
VErmek,
\A\XJ\
in"am-et.
[\
L->ssr bahss-et.
Bet,
5. c^o? bahss
; ,
v.a. and n.
Betray,
v.a.
\
(J^J\^
kha'inlzk-et,
khzyanet-et. [kyah-et.
Betroth,
v.a.
akd-et,
n-
Better,
a.^^ltoJ
daha-iyi,
Jj^
Uj daha-
ghyuzel,
lei Uj daha-a^la.
Between, Betwixt,
jor.
di-^j!
rasszn,
^J^.-^1
arassmda
;
<UU-J
beynina,
*'^^i-J
beyninda
;
<Ui-jLo
mabeynina,
iJ^i...'!^
mabeyninda;
,
ad.
fa\J
araya,
ij'jlarada;
iJuj-jUjmabeynda.
Bevel,
5.
Beveled,
a.j--i
shev.
Beware,
z??^.
,^'^
sakz'n
; ,
v.n
Jfj)ltf
skmmak.
Bewilder,
v.a.
^^iJ^l-ij
shashirtmak.
Beyond, pr,
&*~&j,\
wt^ssinE,
&^~i<ti
j
j
Ashm.
Bias,
s.
J^*Xc
"udul
;
J-*^e meyl.
Bible,
s. a^lJlc-jl^ kitlbu-'lllh
(God's
book.
[^^/.J
VErmek.
Bid,
v.a.
^
^mr-et
;
(at
a
sale)
j
Bier,
5. t-^.jlj tlbut.
Big,
a. cJ-J
biyuk, u?'y^
i
_y...
^
>
_ - ,
kojamln; (
with
child)
<U^=
ghebE.
Bight,
s.^ij^
kywrfez,
0*3
koy
Bigot,
5.
Bigoted,
a. c^v^sx^o
miita-
Bigotry,
5.
^^^jfj
tii' ssub.
[
Assz'b.
Bile,
s.
\jk*
SAfra
(sAfra).
Bilge,
s. A^-^-J sentina
;
bilge-water,
sentina-suyu.
BILIOUS [53]
BLEACH
Bilious,
a.
Ojyu?
sAfravi
;
^L<j[^3
sAfrassz-kAbanmsh.
Bill,
s.
(account)
jziJ
deftEr,
<tL^J
pussla
;
(for advertising)
dcJb
yAfta
;
(bird's )
<Jiclc
ghagha; (for cutting)
j^LLo
sAtzr
;
of
exchange,
J*^^
1
tAhvTl
;
(cheque)
<^^>-
hawalE;
of
parcels,
<nLjJ
pussla
;
exchequer
,
^^s-Yojj^-
kh^zmE-tahvIli.
Bill-broker,
s.
c_>jL,
/*~s ^ tAhvfl-
-simsarf.
Billet,
5.
(note)
<sL?4j
pusslo,
xj*&*
tezkE>E
;
LLJoj==
or
cJjj
kyutuk
;
(soldier's )
*\J^s
konak
; ,
v.a.
V
v;Uy
konak-et.
[nama.
Billet-doux,
s.
(French)
<ulvLc "Ashk-
Bin,
s.jUj^
anbar.
Bind,
v.a.
^J^Lib
ba^Mamak
;
(
books) CXtJjuS^- jildl^mek
;
^lbti
kAblamak.
[kAb.
Binding (of
a
book),
5. jl>-
jild, ^l^
Birch-tree,
5.
^sj-lc!
^U
kayn-A^ajt.
Bird,
5.
^y
kush.
Birdlime,
5.
<L-^1
uksE.
[ladet.
Birth,
5.
^ifiji?
doghush,
(JLJJjf. vfe-
Birthday,
5.
^^
CUJjL
veladet-ghywnM.
Biscuit,
s. CL?U*Jj
peks&net,
(iJ^Ss
ghevrek,
<fcj\5
kalyeta.
Bisect,
u.a. ^o
?
^.\7 tanszf-et.
Bissextile,
5. <L~-- kebissa.
Bit,
5.
(piece)
^jb
parcha
;
(
of a
bridle)
+=>
ghem,
tU^.llalJ!
kAntarma.
Bitch,
5.
Jscfa
kXnjik.
Bite,
v.a.
^^^^
zsstrmak.
Bitter, a.
<&-\
Xii.
Blab,
5.
^/-^
bosh-b6^AAZ
; ,
siyah
; ,
i
arab.
kara-tawuk.
derss-
[kyulkhani.
chApkzn,
^xs^i
chlpkmlik.
kundura-
[demirji
.
or
^s-^cJ
sidik-kawu-
Black,
a.
tj*
kAra,
a
(negro)
S-^
"arab.
Blackamoor,
5.
Blackberry,
s.
Blackbird,
5
Blackboard,
5.
tahtassi.
Blackguard,
s.
Blackguardism,
5.
Blacking,
s.
^
bdyassz.
Blacksmith,
s.
Bladder,
s.
^e^
ghu; (gall )
3*- "tid.
Blade,
s.
(sword )
^J^^clJ
nAmh'
;
(knife
)ji\\ghz;
(shoulder
)cJ^
kyurek
;
(grass )
J^
y^prAk.
Blame,
s.
(fault)
O-o-LJi kAbahat
;
(cen-
sure)
j\j\
Azar
; ,
v.a.
<*z~+->-^-?3
^jtj.^
kAbahat-hulmflk,
(^lj|j^
Azar-
lamak, \*._^++AJ
ttt"yzb-et.
Blank, a,
^4.'
bosh;
(without ball)
J J^.-ij^J
kurshunsuz;
point-blank,
J^.i^-c/*lj
tAmm-menzil
;
to fire with
blank
cartridge,
JUJl
4;
JL^
j^J
,
kuru-sikz'ya-Atmak
; ..
s.
(space)
Blanket, s,
^Ujy
jJjls
^neia-yurghAn.
Blaspheme,
v.a. lu-^-- sebb-et.
Blasphemy,
s.
^
kyufr.
Blaze,
s.
^Lc
"alev
;
v.n.
"alevlEnmek.
Bleach,
tf..
Jp^lil
A^^armak,
BLEACHER
[54] BODY
beyAzlanmak ;
v.a.
mk.
Bleacher,
s.
,e.f^
\j^-
chirpiji.
Bleed,
v.n. ^eliU
kXnamak; ,
v.a.
Blemish,
5. .A.^
sakAt,
Bless,
v.a.
(man
to
man)
du"a-et ;
(man
to
God)
et
;
(God
to
man)
khayr-nASszb-eylEmek.
Blessing,
s.
(prayer)
Uj^>-
khayri-
du a
;
(fruits
of God's
goodness)
C^y
bere"kEt.
Blind,
a.
j
kywr,
^f\
a"ma
; ,
v.a.
\j<>
kywr-et.
Blister,
5.
(of
the
skin)
^^jlJ
klbarpk
;
(vesicatory)
.Jil
ykz
; ,i>.rc.
(J'*;^
kXbarmak, ;
v.a.
(J}*3j\+i
kAbart-
mak.
Block,
s.
(block
of
stone)
^UrtAsh;
(of
wood)
cJyii
kyiituk
;
(mould)
L^Jlj
(kXh'p)
;
v.n.
^.^L.Jf
kXpamak,
^J^cla-b
t^kamak.
Blockade,
s.
teju\
abloka,
*j*\s.*
mu-
hlssara
; ,
v.a.
W^Ll
abloka-et.
Blockhead,
5.
cXll eshek.
Blood,
5.
JJJ
kin.
Blood-horse,
s.
L^lj^-i*-
jinss-at.
Bloodshed,
5. U^ ciXi- sefki-dema.
Blood-vessel,
s.
j*\y
dXmar.
Bloody,
a.^blJ!
kXnli.
Bloom,
Blossom s. CtX=sri.>- chichek ; ,
v.n.
^*&-\
LL^^sa>- chichek -achmak.
Blot,
v.a.
^/*JjL*L v^^o.^)
miirekkEb-
dXmlatmak
;
up,
H
kurut-
mak
; out,
ti^-"-^-
chizmek,
^i'^Jy
bozmak,
Lir?V
tErkm-et.
Blow,
5.
j^jj
(wurush),
u^l>~
chAb'sh;
of the
fist,
&x.L,,-c mushta
;
(mis-
fortune)
L^-^lj felakEt
;
(injury)
j.*^
zarar
;
<UJz-J' tekmE.
Blow,
v.w.
(wind)
c^X,*:! essmek
;
(mouth
or
bellows)
<J>*^j\
uflEmek
;
(flower)
<_*>^
achmak
;
one's
nose,
cJv^!:^J^j
burnunu-silmek
;
C-^y^-j
sumk^/urmek.
Blow
up,
v.n.
J^aijU
pXtlamak.
Bludgeon,
s.
^y*
sopa.
Blue,
a.
(light)
,JJ^<
ma'i
(mavi),
cJ^J
ghy?k,
.^..jUcJ^a
ghywk-ma'issi
(mavissi); (deep)
^jf^
lajivird.
Blunder,
s.
^i^V.
ycmgilish (yanish),
*3-o
sehv, Ua^
khlta
;
make a
,
^/iilj
yangz'lmak (yangilmak).
Blunderbuss,
s.
ix-J^J
kanzbina.
Blunt,
a.
j^
kyr,
J/*
i kfessmaz
;
(plain
spoken)
sakmmrtz.
Blush,
v.w.
Boar,
lakirdisszni-
Board,
5.
yemek,
and
pr. ^
Boast, v.n.
Boat,
5.
k/zarmak.
ferkek-donguz (d6-
Xzzlz-domuz.
takhta
;
(food) C3^.
J
yeyejek;
on
board,
ac?.
ghemiyE,
X&~*
ghe-
w^Enmek. [midE.
kayik;
JLJJ^lJ
filika,
JU^
Boat-hook,
5.
<^T
lJ5
kAnja. [sAndXl.
Boatswain,
s.
^y0jj>t
porsun.
Body,
5.
(man's living )
&fr}
vujud,
^JJ
beden,
K&
ghyuwdE
;
(dead
or
BOG [55]
BOTHER
alive) <-V~,^- jessed
;
(substance)
*>>-
jissm; (troop)
*JJlL? takzm,
<*jj~
suru,
bltaklik.
chfili.
,
v.n.
(
suda-pish-
kaynat-mak
;
Bog,
5.
jb
bXtak,
Bohemia,
5. &> chE.
Bohemian,
s. and a.
Boil,
5.
j^V^
chibXn
kaynamak
;
mek
; ,
v.a.
gJ^eL&W-
hlshlamak,
suda-pishirmek.
Boiled
meat,
5.
^J^^
suyush.
Boiler,
5.
^Uji
kAzghln (kXzAn).
Boiler-
maker,
s.
^sTlj^JJ
kAzgAnji.
Boisterous,
a.jltO'l^
shmAtali,
firtmah'.
[shmAta.
Boisterousness,
5. c^J-)J.j sertlik,
<0'l/*-2>
Bold,
a.j*-5>"
jessur,
*ljjl
j>-
jfessaretli,
khumbara
(kumbara).
Boldness,
s.
C^,^?~
jfessaret.
Bolster,
5.
JfJ^l>, y^ssdz'k.
Bolt,
5.
^$j*~*
surghu,
d-o surmE
;
(large
nail
}
yj
perno.
Bomb,
s.
Bombard,
v.a.
top-Xtmak.
Bombardier,
5.
Bombardment,
s.
^jiJUjjji
t6p-vE-khumbara-ila-wur-
maklik.
[gechmaz.
Bomb-proof,
a.
J^-^-
^,*x.>-
khumbara-
Bomb-shell,
5. x***s>~ khumbara.
Bond,
s.
(kumbarajz).
tahvTl, temessuk
;
zinjir.
Bone,
5. (j keraik.
Bone-setter,
5.
^.^
jerreh,
^s
chzkzkjz,
ic^s.'' r*J
kzr/kjz.
Book,
5.
c^'^
kitXb.
Bookbinder,
5. JkLsr*
mujellid.
Bookseller,
5.
.jflizJi kitlbjz
;
(of
Corans)
uJls.-^ sahhaf.
Boom,
5.
^*>
sferen.
Boot,
s.
&~<j>-
chizma
; , v.a.;
what
boots it?
j^j
^>SJj\J
JO na-faidcrssi-
Bootmaker,
s.
^jsf^.jb
plpuchji. [var.
Booty,
s. ^*J
yag^ma, ^^.^.^A ghnT-
Border,
5.
ju^=>
kEnar;
(frontier)
Jo-y-j
ser-hdd,
^-iljjji,-.-
sinirbAshi.
Bore,
5.
(of
a
gun)
^^
chip,
fc^XJj
delik,
^c!
a^Az; (troublesome fellow)
l>*-(J-^
sttkil
-
herif
; ,
v. a.
dfelmek
;
(trouble)
Born,
a.
^^i?
dog^mush
;
to be
,
v.n.
Borrow,
v.a.
(jJA frf^
wdunj-Xlmak,
\^jO\J&*i\
isstikraz-et.
Borrower,
5.
^1 *f^j\
wdunj-Xlan.
Bosnia,
s.
&*~ij]
B6ssn.
Bosnian,
a. and s. ) <<-**jJ Bossnali.
Bosom,
s.
(j~^
ghywkss,
^^
koyn,
<UXwJ smE.
[kalHssi.
Bosphorus,
5.
^*jd*JJs
;U>- chwnak-
Botany,
s. CUuuJj^^ 'ilmi-nebatat.
Botch,
v.a.
(J-*j)J
bozmak.
Both,
r. .
s***^^^^
ikissi
; ,
c. *Jb
O
j
. . .
*i5j
hem . . . vE-hem.
Bother,
s. Lj?JcJu*3 s^kindz
; ,
v.a.
BOTTLE
[56 ] BREAK
szkz'ndz
-
vErmek,
\jtss*
ta"jiz-et. [putkAl.
Bottle,
s. &L.~JA
shishE;
wine
,
JlsJ'tJ
Bottom,
s. u.-o^ dib
;
(fundy)
Cl^i
Bough,
s.
Jb
dAl.
[ghywt.
Bounce,
v.w.
j^iyBf*
szchramak.
Bound,
5. Jo-
hadd,
^bb
payAn,
cJj-*
s6n<7,
~>j\
uj,
Jjl>-J
bujak.
Boundary,
s. cSJo-
hudud,
j^-
sinir.
Bounteous, Bountiful,
a.
Jy
b61,
^!c>=y
bere"kEtli
;
^r<^
jwmErd,
^J-^iJ^
Mi-chik,
L
c^**
J
skhT,
j^j^
skha-
vetli.
Bounty,
s.
^L*-l
ihsan,
/U3^ in"am
;
U.-
5
skha,
ci^U-
5
skhavet.
Bouquet,
s.
(French)
,J^-<^ CJssa^-
chichek-dem^ti.
Bow,
s.
(in reverence)
<u\^lj
bAsh-
(weapon)
ol>
yay
;
(of
a
ship)
blsh
; ,
v.n.
v^XfcJ^i^j^
e^Amek
;
LlW
<
~^(j.
bAsh-kess-
mek
;
down and
worship,
Bowels,
s.
pi.
($>*>j**.
Bower,
s.
<U>lix^,<
mehtabiyyE.
Bowie-knife,
.<?.
jjW^
bzchAk.
Bowl,
s. cLili
kyassE, ^U0
tXss,
jli
chanak
;
(wooden)
AJ'UJs klwAta
;
(of
a
pipe)
<)Jj)
IU!E.
Bowline,
s.
&'+^**
bolina,
&
+lj
borina.
Bowsprit,
5. #tJur>-
jiwAdzra.
l^owstring,
s.
^J~Ji>
kirish,
^j
zih.
:,
s.
(chest)
JfJki-*
sXnktk
;
(desk)
chekmEJE
;
(small)
i^V
kutu
;
(on
the
ear)
jU->
shamar,
<'?**
slli
(SI!E)
;
(wood)
chimshir
;
(of
instruments)
usstuj (usstunj). [ghassi.
Boxing,
s.
^>\j.
<&.t~* mushta-kaw-
Boy,
s.
^^\ o^AlAn,
^^-^
chojuk.
Boyhood,
s.
^J&^-&--
chojukluk.
Boyish,
a.
,f^^^^-
chojwk-ghibi.
Brace,
s.
(pair) c^i^>-
chift
;
(tie) 4y
~bagh,
J^y
kushXk
;
(of
a
yard)
<u?\J brassa
;
braces
(for trousers)
&*^ Xsskz.
j^o
bilezik,
sherid
;
wrmek.
b6yn,
kharj
; ,
Bracelet,
Braid,
v.a. L
Brain,
5.
Bramble,
Bran,
5. LL)-^
kepek.
Branch,
s.
J!t>
dXl
;
(of
a
road,
&c.^
Jy
kol
;
(of
a
family,
science,
&c.)
<Ux-i>
shu"bE,
c^3
fEr".
Brandy,
s.
,J\j
rakz.
Brasier,
5.
^ss-ysb
bAkfrji; jU^o
mXn-
Brass,
s.
^r.i
pirinj. [ghal.
Brassfounder,
^.
^J&$*
dwkuju.
Brave,
a. L^-^-x>
yi^Ait,
j^>-
jessur.
Bravo,
int.
,.jj.j*\
afErm
(afErim).
Bray,
v^n.
^>^=^\
Xn^zrmak. [mz.
Brazen,
^,cXrsAj
pirinj
den
;
Ujby
utan-
Brazier,
s.
ij
5
^^
bXkirjt,
^srlc^JJ
Brazilwood,
s. *\&j bAkk^m.
[(kAzanjz).
Bread,
s.
tl)^1
(ekmek),^U^l5
nanz-
""Xziz.
["arz.
Breadth,
s.
^\
en,
cJ^J^lil
enlllik,
^^c
Break,
v.a. i krmak
;
-
off,
BREAKFAST [57]
BROTH
9
koparmak
;
a
promise,
khulf-et
;
- -
a
treaty, \^SAJ
n.\kz-et
; ,
v.n.
^J^^JJ
kzrzlmak,
^^jy
k6pmak,
cJ-**L-^=5 kkssilmek.
Breakfast,
s.
^^
kahwAltz.
Breast,
s.
\jL:=:
ghyfikss,
<U-~o sins
;
(teat)
<U* memE.
Breastwork,
5. .-j
sipsr.
Breath,
5.
<Jj)0
soluk,
^Ju
nefess.
Breathe,
v.n.
^<J^
solumak,
/^4Jijj-x>
nefess-Xlmak,
!
Lr
jfcJ tenefFuss-et.
Breathing,
5.
^UU^]^
solumakluk.
Breeches,
s.j\Jj* shXlwar,j^l?^
potur.
Breed,
5. L/4*s
soy,
^Jw*- jinss
; ,
v.a.
CLX^J|Lj^b
yavrz-vErmek ;
LLX.<<!h*J tiirEmek
; ,
v.a. C^)/J.j
turEtmek,
1
J*cU- hasszl-et,
yfetishdirmek ; well-bred,
a.
biyyali
;
good breeding,
5.
&+)JJ
tErbiyya.
Breeze,
5.
j&))j
riizghyar
;
(light )
kh.\f
if-ruzghyar
;
(fresh
tkz-ruzghyar.
Brethren,
5.
pi.
,.ta>l ikhwln.
Brevet,
5.
Brevity,
5.
Brew,
v.a.
Brewer,
s.
Brewery,
s.
^\
suyu-fabrikassi.
Bribe,
5.
t^Dfij
rishvet
; ,
v.a.
C-^j^ '--y^J
rishvet-VErmek.
Brick,
5. dL:*!?
tughla. [diwarjz,
Bricklayer,
s.
^r^ljlj
yapzjz,
<^rj^J<^
Bride,
s.
,. r
Ji
ghelin,
u~),z "aruss.
tEr-
berat.
kessalik.
biraji.
rpa-suyu-
[yApmaklik.
arpa-
Bridegroom,
5.
L Jo^
ghyuwe^^i.
Bridge,
s.
^j>&
kyupru.
Bridle,
s.
jl*\>
bXshlzk
; ,
v.a.
^oj^
/^
ghem-wurmak.
Brig, Brigantine,
^
t
^
ibrik.
Brigade,
s. \
J liwa.
Brigadier,
5. U! .*- miri-liwa.
[izbandut.
Brigand,
5.
j~>/>-
khzrszz,
CU^JjyJJl
Bright,
a.
(light)
^>1
chzk
;
(shining)
J^b
parlak
;
(polished)
j&-
jilah'.
Brighten,
v.?z.
^i^>-\
chzlmak.
Brilliant,
a.
J$j\]
parlak
; ,
s.
p?rlanta.
Brim,
s.
^
Brimstone,
Brine,
s.
Bring,
v.a.
Brink,
9.
Bristle,
s.
JJ
k?l,
Brittle,
a. cJi
ksnar
;
"*\
A^r^
. LT-o-^
kibrit,
c sXlamura.
[kyukyurd.
jjp
gh^tirmek.
ksnar.
[-kzh*.
(d6muz)-
pek-ghfevrek,
j
.Jj
^
.-uS^j?^Ji^Jj
pek-k61ay-k2rzlir.
Broad,
a.
^Jjl
enli,
^^
ghenish,
Broadside,
5.
(ship's)
*^,y
borda
;
(of
guns fired)
*Jjbj^ alabanda.
Broil,
v.a.
jAJ^jj*
kzzartmak,
\
bjL^\
isskra-et.
Broken,
a.
jj^J
Itirik.
[simsar.
Broker,
s.
J3b
dellal
(tfellAl),
Brook,
s. <->l=>-
chay,
^-tf
su,
Xj
J
,
v.a.
kXbul-et.
Broom,
5. ^
Broth,
s.
chorba.
chekmek,
supurghE.
^->\
et-suyu,
BROTHER
[58] BUSH
Brother,
s.
^JtljJj
karndush
(kar-
dash),jjl^
biradEr.
Brotherhood,
5.
J^-S^Ju
J karnd^shlik.
Brother-in-law,
5.
(wife's brother)
^jjli
kayn
;
(sister's husband)
&+2*J\
enishtE
;
(wife's
sister's
husband)
jli^lj
bAJantfk,
^iisf-b
bXj
Brown,
a.
j+*i\
essmEr,
kahwE-rEnghi
;
sugar,
^Li*U.
khXm-shekEr.
Bruise,
s.
^
here,
cJjj^>-
churuk
;
,
v.a. ct)^i.J
dityAmek;
cXJ\j^>-
churutmek,
LiXcl^J
berElEtmek.
Bruised,
a.
^^J*^
berElEnmish,
J*^
berEli;
cJj^-
churuk;
to
become
,
v.n.
c)*i!^J
berElEnmek.
Brush,
5.
&>y9
f h-cha
;
(fine
for
painting)
Jj kalEm
; ,
v.a.
cX^*y-
supurmek.
Brutal,
a.
JijLjl
insaniyyetsiz.
Brutality,
s.
^\y~z+j[~j\
insaniyyfetsiz-
Brute,
5.
J^*-
haywln. [lik.
Bubble,
s.
^^
kywpuk,
^^bjj.-?
kywpuk-tanESsi,
<_->u5- hrtbib.
Bucket,
5.
dlc^j
kogha.
Buckle,
s.
te^y
toka.
Bud,
s.
^*j*b
tomruk; ,
v.n.
^*Jjy*L>
tomruklanmak.
Buffalo,
s. ajjtc
mXnd,
^j*+* ^
sij-sighiri,
^j*.^W-
jamuss (jAmt'sh).
Buffoon,
5.
J^Ulb
dXlkawuk,
ij^s.-^
mXsskhara
(mAsskr)
.
Bug,
s.
^
&XST
takhta-biti,
^^
xxs?
takhta-kEhlESsi,
^jj**
<&>=*? takhtfl-
Bugle,
s.
L^JJ]
boru.
[-kurussu.
Build,
v.a.
^J,
ypdz'rmak,
Ita
bina-et,
\\LJ\ insha-et.
Builder,
5.
(founder)
^ylj
bam
;
(working )
^alli kXlfa.
Building,
s.
.jjl*
yp,
bj bina.
Bulb,
s.
^b-.*-^
so^An.
[/^rT
jurm.
Bulk,
s.
cJ-Kj-J
biyukluk,
f-s^"
hAjm,
Bulkhead,
5. <uS
Bull,
s.
lejj
boghA.
Bullet,
5.
\z)y*j
kurshun,
<0
Bullock,
5.
jf>j\
ukyuz.
Bump,
s.
^.--^
shish,
**$j*
yumru
;
against,
v.n.
^JA3\J>-
chatmak.
Bunch,
*. J&t* sXlkim
;
c^v<J demet.
Bundle,
s. &s.
^J
bo^^cha
;
L
?jt
top.
Bung,
5.
jlLi^o
mAntar.
Buoy,
5.
^jJul/wi)
shmAndara
;
up,
v.a.
^J^J^lJJ
kAldzrmak,
^*>j&
tutmak.
[(^JoJi-tf
szkzndz.
Burden,
s.
cJ^>
yuk,
^^i>-
h^mulE
;
Burglar,
s.
j^j^-
khzrsz'z.
Burglary,
s. C^Jj
j^j^"
khzrszzlzk.
Burial,
s.
.jjilajU^"
jenazE-Xlayz
;
^JJu
tedfm.
Burn,
v.n.
^J^-Jb
ynmak
;
v.a.
<J^'b
yakmak. [(pfertevsiz).
Burning-glass,
5.
Jj^^j^
pertevsuz
Burnish,
v.a.
4^>-l
chmak,
WjLa^
mXsskAl-et,
CX<^
^~ jila-VErmek.
Burnisher,
5.
(tool)
(djua^c mAsskAla.
Burst,
v.w.
^^clj'b
pXtlamak
; ,
v.a.
Jp4j)fc&
pXtlatmak. [defn-et.
i
Bury,
v.a.
CX*^^
ghywmmek,
^
Burying-ground,
5.
^j*jo
m^zarl/k.
i
Bush,
5.
7-lc! A^AAJ,
, JW chAh'.
V^.
^-^
v
BUSHEL
[59]
CAKE
Bushel,
5.
Business,
s.
(
jLj
ish,
<g
ghyuch
;
CL-vsr'*
2'10
mAsslahat
;
e^Jjxl^
meshghuliyyet.
Bustard,
s.
(greater)
<*sjb
toy
;
(smaller)
wJjkLJ.
mezmeldek.
Bustle,
s.
^JJ
telash,
As*
"AJ!E.
Busy,
a.
J^A^o
meshghul.
But,
c.
^)
lakin,
\*o\
omma,
^j
VE-
lakin,
L&J fkAt
; ,
pr.
d&j^J
dan-bAshka,
cLL-JJ^J
dan-fAzlor,
J dan-ma"ada
;
all
but,
Xz-kXldz.
Butcher,
5. t_jl^Ji klsssXb
(kAsslp).
Butchery,
s.
jJglaJ
kXsslblik;
UjLiXLo
sfefki-diraa.
Butt,
5.
^llJ
nishln,
uJ^Ji hfedef
; ,
v.a. and w.
v<^<
C~V
toss-wurmak.
Butt-end,
5.
C^^V,t} dibjik
;
c->U?
sip.
Butter,
5.
^l.>
ya^A
;
(fresh)
9^*p*
tErE-yagh,
^clj^J
tEFE-ya^rAi; (clari-
fied)
^bu^U
(say-yaghi),
^jL^,^
rughAnz-sadE.
Butterfly,
5. cJo^K kel^bek.
Buttock, s.
L?y
but
;
.jUj^
kaynak,
oy J^^
kaynak-yEri.
Button,
s. <u,j
du^AmE (duymE)
;
,
v.a. cX*)<U,=c>
CXfcliU
iliklEmek;
u..
duyniElEnmek,
cXuJdJjl iliklEnmek.
Buttress,
5. ^Jcjb
payends,
jM
ayak.
Buy,
v.a.
J.^\
Xlmak,
J^^^Ut
sA-
tm-Almak,
1^-1
1
ishtira-et,
mubaya"a-et.
Buyer,
s.
^2>\
AUn,
^jsti]
AKjz,
mushteri.
[jzzzlamak.
Buzz,
v.n.
/^^jj
wzzzlamak,
^<1^-
By, pr.
^
dan
;
<Uj| HE
;
<&J l>
yanzna,
4JGJl>
yanznda,
^^V.
bye, good-bye,
int.
AllAha-zssmarladek
;
A!J! J^^ijl
6<jrAur-
lar-olA.
Bye-and-bye,
ac?.
(^^^
bir-Azdan,
r
J bir
-
Azdan
-
sbngra,
\\ J bir-Az
-
wAk/tlardan-
Bye-law,
s. /llaj nizAm.
Bye-word,
s.
jJi^cC-^J
zarbi-messel.
Bygone,
a.
(
^'^
gechmish.
C.
Cab,
s.
fajZ
araba.
Cabbage,
5. ^xs! lahana
; ,
v.a.
^*ll>-
chAlmak.
[^olji
kamara.
Cabin,
s.
(hut)
^Jj kulubfi
;
(ship's)
Cabin-boy,
5.
^=fVc
micho.
Cabinet,
5.
(private room),
<bj\
oda,
Ll^^li-
khlvet
;
(chest)
tLsr*^^"
chekmEJE,
J^c^
swndzk
;
(cupboard)
C-^jJ^L
doUp
;
(
of
ministers)
^*jli?
M
wukEla-takzmz; council,
jjoU-jj^Lsc*
mejlissi-khASss.
Cabinet-maker,
s.
^^-^
tawshAn.
Cable,
s. ^.<i
ghomana
;
chain
,
^-ssTj
zinjir.
Cadet,
s.
j*\
sha^Aird.
Cage,
s.
^~JiJ9
kAfess.
Cake,
5.
(pastry)
^\j^
kurAbiyyE
;
(moulded form)
-^
CALAMITY [60]
CANE
Calamity,
s.
\
kXza,
^o bela.
Calcine,
v.a.
<J^V,
y#kmak
; ed,
a.
,,^*jy yanrmsh.
Calculate,
v.a. \< ?L^- hissab-et.
Calculus,
5.
fj^b
tXsh
;
C A~,o- hissab.
Caldron,
s.
^\j*
kXzghln (kXzAn).
Calender,
s.
+}.&>
tXkwIm,
&*<\jjj
ruz-
namE.
[j
4
^^
bXldir.
Calf,
s. <Glj
dXna;
of the
leg,
Calibre,
s. L.J\
chXp.
Calico,
5. Cl^JiJlj
kalinkot,
JJ
bez.
Caligraphist,
s. Lliar^ khXttAt.
Caligraphy,
s.
jiLUac*.
khXttAtlik
;
L>^j.~->-
hussnu-khXtt.
Caliph,
s. ^La-1^ khrtlifs.
Caliphate,
5. L^Jll^ khzlafet.
Call,
5.
^j.\&-
cha^^zrzsh,
^il>-
cha^'rma,
CL?^J
da'V^t; ,
v.n.
/*,!
~c^i
o^Aramak
; ,
v.a. and w.
;
on or
upon, (invite)
da"vet-et;
(visit)
(j*\fj\
; for,
cX*>3-jl isstemek
;
in, (visit)
^*[7^5
'
o^^ramak
;
(collect again)
(JP*^ j^
gheri-Xl-
(J^&^jb
toplamak
; out,
v.n.
^j^cb
da vet-et
; over,
^
yoklamak
;
JK*
okumak
;
together,
^efjjo
toplamflk; up,
1
Cl?^Ci3
da"vet-et
;
CJ-jj5^ **^>-j
vuj uda-ghktirmek.
C
'ailing,
5. L^->*i*tf
san"at,
^~>4j>-
hir-
fet,
Ll^Jyt^-^
meshghOliyyet.
[yish.
assa-
Callipers,
s.
ghyari (pErghMi).
Callous,
a.J^J^J
duymaz.
Calm,
s. and a.
(wind
or
water)
ITmXnlzk
; ,
a.
(morally)
assudE,
^.>-\j
rahat
; ,
5.
rahat, ,
j[~:\ assavish.
w
Calmly,
ad.
^tU>
yawlsh.
Calmness,
5.
(J^sJj
rahat,
(j^j
Calomel,
s.
^/Jj jb'lL
tAtli-sulumEn.
Calumniate,
v.a. \
\jzs\
iftira-et.
Calumny,
s.
\fj\
Iftira,
^j^
buhtan.
Cambric,
s. JuJJ dulbend
(tulbent)
;
Camel,
5. J devE.
[<b-Jb
batistcr.
Camelopard,
s.
te\jj
zuraffi
(zurafa).
Camlet,
s.
^lll
shlli,
uJ^
s6f.
Camomile,
s. &u>l>\J
pXpXdiyE.
Camp,
.
j^
lordu
; ,
v.n.
*jf *^j\
Campaign,
s.
j~i
sefEr.
[6rdu-kurmk.
Camphor,
s-jj*v
kyafur.
Can,
s. <&J ten^kE
;
^JL^
(mAshrab).
Canal,
s.
j\j]
bbghAz (strait),
-;Ju^
(hindek) (ditch)
;
.^3
<Wjl5
kXzma-
-nehir.
Canary-bird,
s.
Cancel,
v.a.
tErkm-et,
Cancer,
5.
(sore)
<d^\ akilE.
kanariya.
t
bozmak,
bXttXl-et.
u^. yeyEn-"illeti,
[suweylEr.
Candid,
a.
(truthful)^L^-j ^f-^
^ghrv-
Candle,
5.
*yo
mum.
[(shmdan).
Candlestick,
s.
^<3&x.*JSi
shem'^-dln
Cane,
s.
^l^oljj
kXrazsh,
^Jj*
hezarEn
;
,
v.a.
cJ^A^t)
dii^Amek,
dayak-Xtmak.
CANISTER [61 ] CARDER
Canister,
s. A&J tene"kE.
Cannibal,
s.
f^A;
yamyam,
mErdumkhor.
Cannibalism,
Cannon,
Cannonade,
5.
,
v.a.
-du^Amek.
Canon,
5.
top.
kanun,
mErdum-
[khorlik.
top-Ateshi
;
jL
top-ila-
ka"idE.
Canopy,
s.
shemsiyyE,
sayebAn,
;IL tAk.
Canter,
s.
(j~J^
tznss
; ,
v.n.
CX*c
tmss-ghitmek.
Cantharides,
5.
^^>-y\*&
kunduz-bw-
Cantle
(of
a
saddle)
>
5.
^J$3
kAsh.
Canvass,
5.
wJ^^CL
yelken-bezi.
Cap,
s.
^j-J
ffess
;
<ub-2>
shApkfl
;
v'uijj
percussion-cap,
Ic
p
i
ejza
;
of a
mast,
^.&~:
J
dsstam6ra.
Capability,
5.
L^Jj'.i' klbiliyyfet.
Capable,
a.
j^U
kAdir,
jjcju
muktedir.
Capacious,
a.
^j^-J
ghfenish,
-~^j
wassi",
cJj-J
biynk.
Capacity,
s.
(size)
CJl^-j
biyukluk
;
(capaciousness)
L^->*~JJ
vuss"at
;
(in-
telligence) JJLs "Akl,
l/j
zekya,
jlA*^J issti"dad
;
(quality)
sifAt.
Cape,
s.
(headland)
Capital,
a.
(good)
biyuk,
[cloak) -; yka.
burun
;
(of
a
.
a"la
;
(great)
AzTm,
-^
kebir
;
(principal)
^>tb
bAsh
; ,
s.
(city)
U^asX?b
payztakht; (of
a
column)
U&
bAsh,
jllb
bXshlik.
[mayE.
Capitalist,
5. ^jU ;
v^^5>-L;
sahibi-SEr-
ioV) ray-ila-tessllm-
VEra-vErmek.
"Ajayb-
bir-dAlda-
jedi,
jenkji
;
Capitulate,
mek
;
^
61
;
OX^
^
Capitulation,
5.
L^!J
ray
;
^
Capon,
5.
(jM
eblzk
(imlzk).
Capricious,
a.
-tAbi"ath',
-ishthah';
durmaz.
Capricorn (tropic of),
s.
c^J^jlj^
mexlari-jedi.
Captain,
5.
(warrior)
(army)
^c-^Vj^.
yuz-bAshz
;
(navy)
LJ^^-J
suwAri,
^^J^-J
kApudAn
(kAptAn)
;
(merchant)
^j-^j
re'iss
;
(European)
^*>^5
kApudAn (kAptAn).
Captive,
s.
j^J\
essir
(yessir).
Captivity,
s. cJL~^ essirlik.
Capture,
v.a.
^*Ji
Almak,
/LJ4i?
tutmak,
liv-*
zAbt-et
;
1^1
essir-et.
Carat,
5.
b^--J
kzrAt.
Caravan,
5.
^t^S
ksrwAn,
<dilji kAfik.
Caravanserai,
s.
^^
khAn.
Caraway,
s.
Qyf
kEraviyyE.
Carbine,
s.
k~J\J*
karabina.
Carbuncle,
s.
(disease)
J^saj
^
shlr-
/
V
v/"
penchE
;
(stone) JoJ
la"l.
Carcase,
s. b^
ghywwdE,
J^ s>-
jessed;
rf-lS lashE
(lesh); (of war)
jU\>
^Wri^
ya^Mi-pacha
vra.
Card,
5. Jc-li
kyzghid
;
\*
mukAwwa;
(comb)
j\Jy
tarak
; ,
v.a.
^'<U?
tramak,
(J^3\
atmak.
Cardamum,
s. adJJ'j kakulE.
Carder,
s. L>
hAllAj (hAUj).
CARE
[62] CASHIER
Care,
5.
(attention)
L^-\J 3 dikkXt
;
(anxiety)
J^
derd,
mek
; for,
(J*$\J
hXkmak
;
saymak
;
take
care,
v.n.
(J**H>-
-achmak,
Ic^o^)
dikkXt-et,
?
sakznmak;
(take pains)
uzEnmek
;
take care
of,
<J/*3lj
bXkmak,
^c^JU>
sklamak.
Careen,
v.a.
*J
b^Llali
kXlafXta-yatzr-
mak
; ,
v.n.
(jPi?\
yatmak.
Careful,
a. JuJU
mukayyed
;
to be
,
v.n. lu^-JJt)
dikkXt-el,jl
^^U; mukXy-
Carefulness,
s. cu-J?J dikkXt.
[yed-61.
Careless,
a.^-JJJ
dikkXtsiz.
Carelessness,
.
^h
^JJ dikkXtsizlik.
Caress,
v.a.
^^li*^-^
okhshamak
; ,
5.
&<\2+s>-j\
okhshama.
Cargo,
s.
c^J^ yuk,
<u^>- hamulE.
Caricature,
5.
L^*~J
/
>
j-sP
hijv-ressmi.
Carmine,
5.
J^l
la"l.
Carpenter,
s.
(house)
j&y$
dulghsr
;
(joiner) ;>^^L*LxjJ
d6^Aramajz
;
(ship's)
J^fli!-<
marankoz
(maran-
ghoss).
Carpet,
5.
^Jlj
kAli
(hXK),
J&
kilim,
<!l5^ kechE
;
prayer
,
tfjlsr
4
sejjadE.
Carpet-bag,
s. <uajls- chXnta.
Carriage,
s.
(vehicle) <0^
"araba,
^^>-
hint6,
<Ui-] b*
talika,
u^.l-J
fayton
;
gun
,
(field)
&-
"araba,
(ship's)
vlwiJ'J
kundXk;
(act
of
carrying)
Jl)
nXkl,
<U--1\L tXsh/ma
;
( hire)
<Lliu
nXkliyyE. [kltzrji.
Carrier,
s.
JU^-
hXmmXl
;
Carrion,
. &
lashs
(lesh).
Carronade,
5.
^jU
kulumbir.
Carrot,
s. , iU
hawuj.
Carroty,
a.
\Jty*
sXrz*.
Carry,
v.a.
J^-A^t
tXshtmak
;
ghj/Mturmek; (a gun, &c.)
c
surmek
;
(by assault)
1 ia-^ zXbt-et
;
away
or
off,
^,*Jj
c-^1
Xh'p-
ghywturmek
; on,
^4^^.
y^P^^k,
5j1
etmek,
(J*jty\
uydurraak,
sr
beJErmek
;
the
day,
ghllib-61,
Cart,
s.
tejZ
"araba.
Cartilage,
s.
Jll^lJI
kzkzrdXk.
Cartridge,
5.
(small arms)
cJ^^-i flshenk
(fishek)
;
(cannon)
^Ljl>-
hartuj.
Cartridge-box,
s. <U.Jb
pXlXsska.
Carve,
v.a.
(meat, &c.)
^c|^J
do^Ara-
mak
;
(wood, &c.)
(J^^l
6ymk.
Carver,
s.
(in wood)
^>-kAJj\
oymajz.
Cascade,
5.
^IJ^U*- chap^layXn.
Case,
s.
(box)
JJ^
sXndzk;
Alois.-
10
mahfaza
;
te>j*
kutu,
^13
kXb
;
(sheath)
^JJ
km;
(condition)
hal
;
(matter)
ftjUo
mddE,
(j
khussuss,
-1 emir
; ,
v.a.
^JseL^J
kXblamk
(kXplamak).
Case-shot,
s. L^-%X~~ misskEt.
Cash,
5. JJU
nXkd,
^>b
parE (pra).
Cashier,
s.
j^jJ^X^^
sXndekdar,
j^^jj
veznEdar,
jljJLXJJ^.
khXzmEdar
(khXznadar)
; ,
v.a.
J^
rutbEssini-Xlmak,
4
CASK [63 ]
CELEBRATED
Cask,
5.
^c=^y
fichi,
J^j^
varil.
Casket,
s.
iJt^?"
chekmEJE,
sAndzk.
Cassia,
5.
<U;JjjL>-
kheyarshenbE.
Cast,
a.
<ujJ
dukmE
j ,
5. +i\ Atz'm,
u
*}\
Atish;
(in
the
eye)
shashzlzk
; ,
v.a.
(throw)
Atmak
;
(metal)
ciX^v)
dwkmek
;
down,
(j^j!**
kzrmak;
iizmek,
cX^j J^
kfidEr-
up, (accounts)
I^^TJ
yekyun-et,
lj-*r
jem"-et,
^cL^y
toplamak
;
(vomit)
(jAtcii
kussmak
; off,
CX^jJl
ItzvErmek,
l^jj
def"-et,
1
i^Jg
tard-et;
CiX^^JU
sAKvErmek,
CXo^JU^^jlj
kApip-SAKvErmek
;
out,
JK*^
ko^Amak,
I^Jj
def"-
-et,
IL)^
tard-et.
Castle,
5. <uL- kal'a
(kayla).
Castor-oil,
s.
^e^
t
A^JS>
hind-ya^Ai.
Casual,
a.
^^^
tessldufT,
^^
Casualty,
5. \~as klza.
[IttifAki.
Cat,
s. ^J^ kedi.
Catalogue,
s.j^sJ
deftEr.
Cataplasm,
5. j*i
lApa.
Cataract,
5.
,
^>-j^
(
~^}?
a
sulfln'n^-
-uchmassz,
JjCs>- jendel. [newazil.
Catarrh,
s.
^j
zukkyam,
<Aj)
nezlE,
Jj^y
Catch,
v.a.
(j*JJb
tutmak,
(J^^
ywkalamak
;
cXoj^
A\
Ma-ghe-
tirmek
; cold,
J^\j^^
s6#Auk-
-Almak.
Catching,
a.
OjL
sari,^*^J
bulashzr.
Catechise,
v.a.
IjlLiiJ
isstintlk-et,
imtzhan-et.
Categorical,
a.
,y^2i
kAt"z.
Category,
s. &&< makulE.
Caterpillar,
s.
^jj*
kurt.
Catgut,
s.
^JLJ)
kirish.
[poss-kellssassi.
Cathedral,
s.
^LJi^^Jw
pisska-
Cattle,
5. C^
l3^->-
hay
winAt.
Caucasus,
5.
^l^
$j>-
cherkessisstan
Caulk,
v.a. \ Ll&U kAlafAt-et.
Caulker,
5. LlALj kAlafXt.
Cauliflower,
5.
c^jl^J
karnabit.
Cause,
5. ci^cb
ba"iss,
c^-lc.
"illet,
C ^-wj sebeb
;
u5^^J
da wa
; ,
v.a.
jlci^cL
ba"iss-61,
j!c-^--j
sebeb-ol,
Iv*4jt Irass-et.
nnem-
>-^ jihe
Causeway,
s.
*jtNV(
Caustic
(lunar),
s.
^
tAshz
(jihannam).
Cauterize,
v.a.
Cautery,
s.
^Jy
yakz,
Caution,
s. CL3.+<^)
bAsszret,
tE'enni,
jjo-
hazEr
; ,
v.a.
khAber-VErmek.
*-\
ihtiraz-et,
L? sakmmak.
suwan'-"ass-
Cautious
(to be),
v.n.
t^!jO>-t
ihtizar-et,
Cavalry,
s.
u^C*A
kEri,^lj!
AtH.
Cave, Cavern,
5.
^U-c
Cavity,
s.jj$^>
chukur.
Cease,
v.n. cJv*i
^
kEssilmek,
munkAU'"-61.
Cedar,
5.
\j\ jj~t
SErvi-azad.
Cede,
v.a.
\^Ji
tErk-et,
CXyj
VErmek.
Ceiling,
s.
^Ijle
tAwAn.
Celebrate,
v.a.
ILffJ ijra-et.
Celebrated,
a.i*/ meshhur.
CELERY
[64] CHAPLET
Celery,
s>*J>
kere"viz.
Celestial,
a.
ojU
j semavi.
Cell,
s.
*/*^"
hujrE
;
<OU-
khans,
j
Cellar,
s.
^jte*
makhzsn.
[ghywz
Cement,
s.
**=! Alchz,
^^^
ma
"jun
, v.a.
tutdurmak.
Cemetery,
5.
(JyU*
m
ezarh"k,
kXbristan,
^Ji*
mAkbErE.
Censer,
s>
^J^sT.
bukhurdan
(bu-
khurdanlsk).
Censure,
s. M azar:
,
v.a. \\^~++AJ
jj
ta"yib-et,
1*0
zemm-et,
!/j)
levm-et.
Census,
5.
(j^j-ftJ
t)^JcO' ta"dadz'-nufuss.
Cent,
(per cent.),
ad.
*}
yuzds.
Central,
a.
^5^^<
mErkezi.
[wXssAt.
Centre,
s-j*/*
mErkEz,
&jj\
brta,
la-^
Centurion,
5.
^yiU
)
yuz-bAshz.
Century,
s. AjU mi^.
J-.J
jy
yuz-yzl,
Cerecloth,
s. *-*** mushemma
(mu-
sh#mba).
Lteklif
;
t-JllxJ tfekelluf.
Ceremony,
s.
+~>j
rfessm
(ressim);
i^JXj'
Certain,
a. /*Lv ma
'lum, -^sz sahih,
s^
j~&Qj*
shubhEssiz
;
^JLs
filAn
;
(_/=*j
bA"zz,
AilL j
bir-takm.
Certainly,
ac?. <&J!
MbettE,
Jj^^
shub-
Certificate,
s. Jc*-j sened.
[hfssiz.
Certificated,
a.
jljo^
senedli.
'Cessation,
5. clbAil mkz'ta'
,
kessilmE.
Cession,
s.
cJy
tErk,
L^^ily
feraghXt.
Chafe,
v.a.
^^wi>l
Ishmmak.
Chaff,
5.
fUu0
smAn.
[ghAl).
Chafing-dish,
5.
(jUi-
mAnkXl (mAn-
Chagrin,
s.
(grief)
taiA-u
tE'essuf;
(kind
of
skin)
1 kelsr.
Chain,
s.
j^^j
zenjir (zinjir)
; ,
v.a.
Chair,
s. d^Jctf
SAndAliyyE
;
arm
,
ji&Sy
k61tuklu.
Chairman,
5.
(j-Lp* \j~~*j
re'issi-mejliss.
Chalk,
s.jr&Lj
tebashir
(tXbeshir).
Challenge,
v.a.
^<^^ ^'V*
meydAn-
okumak.
Chamber,
s. db*\ bda
;
(of
a
mine,
gun,
&c.) ^
i>- khAzmE
(hXzn).
Chamberlain,
s.
ij"
>
\li&'jf*
kXptjt-bldlH
Chance,
s. uJjLaJ'
tesslduf,
-s\su\ itti-
fXk,
L^sT. bakht
;
by
,
^L^-^
rXsst-ghElE
; ,
v.a. \
<&\j
bakhta-hawalE-et.
Chancellor of the
Exchequer,
s. <u
oiilj
mlliyyE-nazzri.
Chandelier,
s.
b^\
avizE.
Chandler,
s.
JU;
bAkkd.
Change,
5.
^i^
dig^ish,
^^^J
di-
^Aishish,
A^^L^zJ
di^Aishma, (JxJ
tebeddul,
^JuJ
tebdil,
C.A&1 inkz-
llb
; ,
v.n. c3v.^^
di^Aishmek,
LLX*.3^J
dwnmek
; ,
v.a.
cX<j*A.l^J
di^^ishdirmek
;
CX^^>-
chevirmek
;
1
JjxJ
tebdil-et
;
viXcJ^J
bozmk.
Changeable,
a.
jj\
kXrarsz'z,
lxjjjj
Channel,
5.
Jy
y61;
jlc
ytak,
Usr*
mejra.
Chap,
5.
J^'^
chatlAk
;
Chaplain,
5. /*U1 iniAm
;
Chaplet,
s.
*%~~J
tessbzh.
hferifi
[(p.Xp\7)
CHAPMAN [65] CHEESEMONGER
Chapman,
s.
jbtj<X
mXdrabAz,
koltukju.
Chapter,
s. C-^b
bib,
J-AS
fXssl.
Character,
s.
(moral)
L^x--i>
IXbt'^t,
L^J.*>-
jibillet,
L^>-
khuy
;
(writing)
<-jb
yazz,
la>.
khAtt;
(letter)
u_J^-
harf
(pi.
dJ^^
huruflt).
Charcoal,
s.^c^
orj^
kyzifmur.
Charge,
5.
(employ)
Lr-v<A>.
(khiz-
met),
ci^Jj^U>
m^'muriyyet,
^.jj
ish
;
(command)
^c\
emir,
<^^J
tenbih
;
(of powder)
*j! Xtm
;
(attack)
^Jjj^j
yuruyush,
hujum
;
(thing confided)
emanet
; ,
v.a.
(fill)
^cj
J!L
d61durmak;
(attack)
^fj-s^
hu-
jum-et
;
(command)
^
L<!
emr-et,
i <*-~J
tenbih-et;
(accuse)
1 J'CM-J|
issnad-et.
Charity,
s.
(alms)
<Gj>tf
sXdaka;
(humane consideration)
insAniyyet,
uJLail insAf.
Charm,
5.
(spell)
JV
buyu,
sihr
;
charms,
s.
pi.
ghyuzellik.
Charmer,
5.
^j*-^
sihrbAz;
(beloved)
hussn,
buyuju,
ma"-
dilbEr.
Charming,
a.
Jj^
ghyuzel,
cj^y latif.
Chart,
5. 4aJj^. kharlta.
Charter,
s. U
fErmXn, bsrat
;
(navluna),
tutmak.
nevla-tutmak
kzra-ila-
lAf, lakirdf;
llf-et,
ujuz.
Chase,
s.
j\
Xv,
jK->
shikyar
; ,
give
chase
to,
v.a.
lamak
;
away,
^
Chasm,
s.
Vjb ^^
biyuk-yarik.
Chaste,
5. ^o,
;
,,o.c "af
if,
(woman)
"af TfjE
;
(simply elegant)
sadE-ghyuzel.
Chasten, Chastise,
v.a.
tErbiyyE-vErmek,
f^-J/
tErbiyyE-et.
Chastisement,
s.
Oy
tErbiyyE,
;l-L
dayak. [met.
Chastity,
s. e
Chat,
5. uj
,
v.n. \(
konpushmak.
Cheap,
a.
Jj=*
Cheapness,
s.
^j^
5
-^
ujuzluk.
Cheat,
5.
(fraud) ^>-
hzls
;
(knave)
J&&+>-
hzlfikyar;
,
v.n. \ <d-^
hzlfi-et.
Check,
s.
(pattern)
^J^
shXtrenj
(sXntrench)
;
(in accounts)
^j^
mizln
;
(upon conduct)
t^
ghem
;
(slight defeat)
jUwl
shamar,
(banker's)
<*S1jj>-
hawIlE
; ,v.a.
\ L-^J
zXbt-et,
^j^c^SJl
Xlzkomak,
^J^J^J^J
durdurt-
mak
;
(defeat)
<J**j}>
b6zmak
;
(the
king
at
chess)
1
^
kish-et.
Checkmate,
v.a. IcuLo mAt-et.
Cheek,
s.
jljj
y^nak.
shenlEndirmek,
ferahlandzrmak.
shen,
\ ferah
;
Cheer,
v.a.
Cheerful,
a.
Cheese,
penir.
Cheesemonger,
s.
JUu
niuferrih.
CHEMIST [66] CHRONOLOGY
Chemist,
s.
j=L*+
kimiyaghEr
;
1&?\j9Z\
kjzajz,
jLsVl
isspenchiyar.
Chemistry,
s.
J^Jc^-t^U^Ap
"ilmi-
-kimiyayi-jedid.
Cherish,
v.a.
J^tjijf
"Aziz-tutmak
;
CX*L-J besslEmek.
[vishna.
Cherry,
?.j]j>
kiraz
;
morella
,
<^-t
Chess,
5.
^J^>
shAtranj (slntranch)
;
board
^tedC^f^L-S*
sAntranch-
-takhtassz.
Chest,
s.
(box)
jj^^
sAndzk
;
(bosom)
(j- ghywkss,jJ.-tf
sXdr,
<!&+*>
SIDE;
of
drawers, &s*^^~
chekmEjE.
Chestnut,
s. jfew
kesstanE.
Chew,
v.a.
LtX^k-^-
chine'mek.
Chick, Chicken,
s.
^
pilij.
Chickpea,
s.
Jj^
nokhud.
Chide,
v.a.
<J^j\}
Azarlamak.
Chief,
a. and s.
cJj-J
biyuk,
^b
bXsh.
Chiefly,
rf.
L?^^-
khussussa;
l^^l
eksmyya.
Child,
s.
^T>^"
chojuk
;
children
and
family,
(jfe-J^-jij^
ch61uk-
choj
uk
;
with
child,
<U^
ghebE,
jd^W hamilE.
[j^J^
so^Auk.
Chill,
v.a.
cJv*Jj<$>y
ushutmek
; ,
s.
Chilly,
a.
^f-y
s6^Auk
;
to feel
,
v.n.
CXc^-isjl
ushumek.
Chimney,
s.
J^-^
ojak, <^-b
Chin,
s. 4^>-
chen^E (chenE).
China,
s.
(old)
^J^c^^l
esski-
-ma"dEn
;
(new)
j)**3
faghfvr
;
(stone)
i^?^
chini.
Chink,
s.
jjb
yarzk,
^Ji-
chatlXk
;
,
v.n. CJvJl tictmek.
Chintz,
s.
L^-S,*^-
chit,
<Uw? blssma.
hip,
5. AAJ*
y6ngha
; ,
v.w.
^
fzrlamak
; ,
v.a.
^
hisel,
s. Jj kalEm.
Chocolate,
5.
^L^jA>-
chikolata.
Choice,
5.
jl^s^l
ikhtiyar,
inttkhlb; ,
a.
A*^
1
sechma,
e.^s^<
muntakhAb,
jtJf*
mukhtar,
y
iXjJ^s
ghyuzidE.
Choke,
v.a.
^j^c^
b6^Amak
;
up,
)U-L tzkamak
; ,
v.n.
tzkAnmak.
Choose,
v.a.
CX*^
sechmek,
J^l
ayrmak,
Ic-jlkW
intzkhlb-et,
\j\~>-\
ikhtiyar-et.
Chop (mutton),
s.
<uljjjj
J
brizolya
;
,
v.a. cXf
kessmek
;
up,
v.a.
(small)
<jA-3
kzymak, (large)
^cLiji?
do^^ramctk
;
(wood)
^^<;V.
Chopper,
s.
j^bU
sXtzr.
[yarmak.
Chopping-block,
s.
cJj^.=
kyutuk.
Chopping-knu^e,
s.j^LLs
(sXtzr).
Chord,
^.yj
veter.
Christ,
s. .
<..
CL?.^^ Hazre"ti-"lssa.
^^
"
-X
Christen,
v.a.
^J-^^lj
waftiz-et,
(J>*
<^'
ad-k6mak,
^J^.j
^^ ad-vErmek.
Christening,
s. U
2
^!?
waftiz.
Christian,
5.
^Uu-J^-
khrisstiyan
; ,
a.
u^j-M-fi.
"iss^vi,
Lysn,^
messihL
Christianity,
5.
.^jljL^-J^c*.
khrissti-
yanlzk. [-passkalya.:
Christmas,
5.
aJljLjbcJ^f^
kuchuk-
Chronicle,
5.
tfeft
tarikh.
Chronology,
s.
<^}$\
>& Ac
"ilmi-
-Ukvim-u-tewarikh.
CHRONOGRAM [67] CLASP
Chronogram,
s.
tfZj^
tarikh.
Chronometer,
5.
rA*^-*(JJ*
tul-sa"ati.
Church,
s. <L-J kilissE.
Churchyard,
s.
(J\j\j<*
mezarlzk.
Chyle,
5.
(j~^
keyluss.
Chyme,
s.
(j~j*j>
keymuss.
Cicatrize,
v.n.
^**jL-Js
kApAnmak,
(J^JjJj-j
kAbuklanmak.
[kywmur.
Cinder,
5.
j)+=z^i/4Jj~
swnmush-
Cinnamon,
5.
(^>-J
(
^ darchin
(tarchin).
Cipher,
s.
(zero)
JL?
szfr;
(secret
writing)
<$&>-
jifnz; (initials)
\jb
tijghra (for
the
Sultan),
^
sahh
(for
a
high officer),
\*e*\ imza
(for any
individual).
N.B. These are not
initials in
Turkish,
but each a kind of
signature.
Circle,
5.
yij
da'irE; ,
v.a.
kushAtmak,
\<b\sJ\ ihata-et.
Circuit,
s. Li>
kAza,
L^^
da'irE'i-hukyumet
;
to make a
,
dolashmak.
dolashzk.
mudevvEr,
\4*r
Circuitous,
a.
Circular,
a.
de^irmi.
Circulate,
v.n.
money)
Circulation,
s.
devEran-et
;
(as
tedavul-et; ,
v.a.
neshr-et.
3 devEran
;
(of
money,
books,
&c.)
Jj^JJ
tedavul.
Circumcise,
v.a. \(^~*~i
sunnet-et,
khztln-et.
Circumcision,
.
Circumference,
s
sunnet,
chevrE,
L*
muhit.
Circumlocution,
5. 1^
lashikli-lakzrdz.
Circumnavigate,
v.a.
d6-
Circumstance,
s.
^^^
khussuss,
*ol<
mlddE,
C^*-A-^
keyfiyyet.
Cistern,
s.
ffj^>
sarnij, k+].\=>- (khXzna).
Citadel,
s.
<^^\
ich-kal"a.
Cite,
v.a.
ij&J
zikr-et;
^CL^cJ
da"vet-et.
Citron,
s.
^J^
City, s.&2
shehr,
L
Civil,
a.
^JjU?
tXtlz,
^\
edebli,
chel^bi
;
(not military)
ghayrz-
"AsskEri.
Civilian,
s.
J^j^^c-^^
bAshz-bozuk,
^LJj^J^^ri*,^
"AsskEridan-ol-
mayAn.
Civility,
s.
jLLflt
tAtlzlzk,
^i
Civilization,
5.
<LJ^J
tErbiyyE.
Civilize,
v.a.
^Jy
tErbiyyE-et.
Claim,
s.
L^cJ
da"wa,
lcJ*^-j\
isstid^a;
C-^lk*
mAtlub
; ,
v.a.
IL^CJ
da-
"wa-et,
llcJCu-j!
isstid"a-et,
matlub-et,
Wlk^ mutAl
Claimant,
s.
icPT^jzA
da
(<
wajz,
Clamp,
s. L^%i.=> kinet.
[mudda"i.
M-Altmda,
skb', .c^-
khafT.
Clandestine,
a.
ghizli,
Clap,
s.
(disease)
^C4j^>.J
bel-so^^u-
ghv
; hands,
v.n.
(J-^l-^J!
M-chAl-
mak,
^^\JL^\
Alkzshlamak.
Clarify,
v.a. IdULaJ
tAssfiyyE-et.
Clasp,
5.
&sf
t
*i
kopcha ; ,
v.a.
kujAklamak.
o 2
CLASS [68]
COAL
smf; ,
v.a.
*'> tanzzm-et.
-
chatirdi,
pAtirdt.
Class,
5.
tErtib-et,
Clatter,
s.
takirdi,
Clause,
s. <XJ
bend,
Xj&
ftknz.
Claw,
^. '^jl? tzrnak
$
&saj
v.a.
^Jl<^>
tzrmalamak.
Clay,*.
JfSb
bllchzk,
J^
prak,
(-^cl>-ifrty
lulEJi-chamuru.
Clean>
a.
J*AJ
temiz, <jJb
pak,
tAhtr; , cleanse,
v.a.
temizlemek.
Clear,
o.J^J
temiz-,
j^J
berrXk;
(free)
^5>-l
achzk
;
up,
v.n.
^*1>-^
chzlmak.
[^^4-ljb
yapzshmak.
Cleave,
v.a.
^<j\
t yarmak
; to,
v.n.
Cleaver,
s.
j^LL
sXtir.
Clemency,
s. t*z-**y~^c mErhamet.
Clergyman,
s.
(jM*
pXpAss.
Clerk,
5. u.^^
kyatib,
^ss?
jb
yazejz.
Clever,
a.
jmt>
hunErli.
Cliff,
s.
jl>
yar,
*jy>-j\
uchurum.
Climate,
s.
yb
hawa.
[su"ud-et.
chzkmak,
\4j**y
J
pErchin-et.
sXrzlmak.
[kessmek.
Sf
khkmak,
cJv*~*==
shinel,
t*-JJ
kXpud.
u^i
meydAn-sa"atz.
Clog,
5.
(^M
(nXlm)
; ,
v.a.
J
d61durmak,
^<liu^
tzkamak
Close,
a. ~e szk
;
(^jA-,-^
szkz
;
s^ktnttli;
jlUJi
kXpAlz;
(^^
t yakm
;
,
v.a.
(J^>\+*
kXpAmak;
,
v.n.
klpAnmak;
in,
v.a.
Climb,
v.n.
Clinch,
v.a.
Cling,
v.n.
Clip,
v.a.
Cloak,
5.
Clock,
s.
chevirmek
; ,
v.n.
lJL*&&ie
sMashmak,
^V4->^LJb
ya-
kznlashmak
;
(the evening)
/*l~>)
^^JjljjJ
Akhsham-(tez)-61mak
;
up,
v.a.
(j^+*
kXpAmak;
,
v.n.
^J^jLj
klpAnmak
; with,
v.a.
(in
agreement)
<J^-$^!
uyushmak; (in
fight)
(JiAj\j0
SArzlmak.
Closet,
5.
(room)
J^>-^j\
6dajzk; (cup-
board)
i-J^tt
dolAp.
Cloth,
s.
(broad)
<^^
(choha)
;
(cotton)
Jj
bez;
(table )
(^Sji^Jua
s6fra-bezi.
Clothe,
v.a.
JuAjVj^
ruba-y^pmck,
CA^j*A-.^=!b^
ruba-ghidirmek, b^j
C^^j ruba-vErmek,l^.Lll
ilblss-et,
1 1^=1 iksa-et
;
LlXiJjjl
^rtmek.
Clothes,
Clothing,
s.
\]jj
ruba
(uruba),
c
>lyl
esswAb
(essbAb),
<L-J! elbissE.
Cloud,
5.
L^b
bulut,
L-jls.**
3
sihlb.
Clout,
*.
*)j^^
pachavra.
Clove>
5.
J^JJJ
kXrEnfil.
Cloven,
a.
(J^>~
ch^tAl.
Clover,
s.
&=};>
yonja.
Club,
5.
^~*-
chomak;
by way
of
clubbing together,
<0l^l&
"arifanE.
Clue,
s.
i^Tj
'
Sr^
^P"^J
U'
Clumsy,
a.
(person)
j/i.~
(thing)
Cluster,
s.
Coach,
5. &.
"araba,
^4lajlJ fay
ton.
Coagulate, v.w./^iS
*o
donpnnflk;
C^v*J->*
kessilmek
5
CJv^=r;
pekishmek.
Coal,
5.
j%/^ kywmur, u5<4i^;A*-
ma-
t6p.
hmt6,
COAL-HOLE [69] COLT
CoaUhole, Coal-house,
5.
cJ^j^-^
kyu-
murluk.
[kyumur-madEni.
Coal-mine,
Coal-pit,
5.
^j&t* JJ^j*
Coarse,
a. LJ kXba
;
\J!j\
iri.
Coast,
5.
(J^Ls
sahil,
t-^liji
J
den^zz-
-kEnari
;
Ub
yaka,
^s
kzyz.
Coat,
s.
LJ^M-J
setri,
^Ojye
surtu;
fijsjye
surtiko
;
tej>-
khzrka
;
(of
a
horse)
jji?
don.
[-tokhmu.
Cocoa,
s.
i**?
ti'ijSL^-
chikolata-
Cocoa-nut,
s.
*-$jj>~
(jli^JJJb
CJj-J
biy
uk-hin
dostan-j
evizi .
Cobbler,
5.
^s^jjb
papushju (plpujju),
*s\~i\
esskiji.
Cobweb,
5.
Cochineal,
s.^cjs
kzrmzz,
Cock,
5.
(bird)
<j~)J>-
khoross
;
(tap)
^Lax>
mussluk
;
(of
a
gun)
^~)f>*
khoross
;
(penis)
cX-j sik
;
a
gun,
v.a.
Xlmak.
Cock's-comli,
5.
Cocoon,
5. SS
kdza,
Cod,
s.
(of beans)
wJ> kXbuk
;
(scrotum)
khoross-
k6zalXk.
Coffee,
s.
*j{
kahwE.
Coffee-pot,
s.
**j>-
JCZWE
;
(large)
ghyii^/iyum,
^*J\
ibrik.
Coffer,
5. vJC-tf sXndzli.
Coffin,
s.
tl^y^J
tXbut.
Cog,
s.
(A>^
dish.
"
J
j Cogent,
a.
+$*
muhimm, \^*^e mu"tEna,
mubrim
(mybrem).
Coil,
5.
JlcJ kXnghXl;
,
v.a.
kXnghXl-et.
Coin,
5. ajLs sikkE
;
Xj\j
para,
Xkcha
;
(of
a
gun) J-*-o
sil
; ,
v.a.
Ic-^J
dar6-et, cXf*-^
kessmek,
^4-K?b
bAssmak.
Coincide,
v.w.
y^Ua^c
mutAbtk-61.
Coition,
5.
^Cj
sikish,
^l^>-
jima".
Cold,
a. and 5.
^fy<0
s6^7*uk
;
(in
the
head)
Jj^y
new^zil,
<Jj3
nezlE,
/*l^J
zukkyam.
[-A^Arzssz.
Colic, 5,
LysT^
sAnjz,
L5
*wj
/
c:!
u
^lj
karn-
Collar,
5. Ub
yaka
;
(horse
r
)
\y^>-
h^mut ; ,
v.a.
<J-*JUb,
yakalamak.
Collate,
v.a. i/L(ft
mukADElE-et,
Colleague,
s.
(J+Sj
refzk,
i~\A&}\
arka-
dash.
[toplamak.
Collect,
v.a.
\^*>~
jem"-et,
<^<kj^o
Collection,
s. %-+>-
Jem"
;
<U^sr*
mej-
ma"a;
^alL
tak/m;
^?
ska.
[dressE.
College,
5. i^^iCc mektEb
;
Jy-s;'^<
me-
Collier,
5.
^^blS
J^^
Jcyumur-kav \gh\
;
^MM^Hli ^3<Xv<j^<^
kyumur-ma"-
dEni-ishjissi. [dEni.
Colliery,
5.
^Jo^^xi^D
ky&mur-ma"-
Collision, s;.
&*2J\j>-
chatz'shma,
/*jLa3'
tassAdum
;
to come into
,
v.n.
^JU^Ul^-
chatzshmak,
\*S
(
* tas-
sldum-et.
[^.^
ighmazz-"ayn.
Collusion, s, ^sr*L^<
mussamaha,
^Uxl
Colonel,
5.
o^--<
mlr-Xlay
;
lieutenant-
,
5. /U^^j'Js ka'im-makAm
(kay-
Colony,
5.
J^y
ojak. [makXm).
Colour,
5.
ClXJj
rEnk.
Colt,
s. L5w
tay
;
(of
an
ass)
U-*?
szpa.
COLUMN [70] COMMEND
Column,
5.
cj-jJ
direk,
J^/4-c
"amud,
^j^**j
sutun
;
(of soldiers)
j^o
tAbur,
Jy
k61.
[taramak.
Comb,
s.
'i\J0
tarak
; ,
v.a.
^<U?
Combat,
s.
^y3
du^Aush
; ,
v.a.
Combination,
s.
\^>j>3
tErkib
;
Jfl&
ittiflk.
Combine,
v.a.
Ic-^-^J
tErkib-et,
mezj-et;
,
v.n.
Ijltfl
ittifxk-et;
\
*Jjf*d
imtizaj-et.
Combustible,
fl-j^V.
or
j^.
yanar
; ,
s.
(0*
>
'*ib
yakajak.
Combustion,
s.
^lil'
yanzsh,
<UJl>
yanma.
Come,
v.n. CXK
ghMmek
;
along,
CiJ^Oj-Af
ghMivErmek
; asunder,
^*jy
kopmak,
^J^J
aynlmak
;
at, C*X*2LS
yetishmek,
^_^<;\j <^v,
yanma-varmak
;
away,
c-yl^j
ClXJ^
brak/p-ghMmek
; back,
CXui
j^.i
ghEri-ghElmek
;
back
again,
l*XJ&
or
IfeJ^J
bir-daha or
yinE (ghens) -ghMmek
; between,
CX^<ol;1
araya-ghirmek
;
by,
v.w. cJv^jsr
ghechmek
;
--
,
v.a.
1 |ju^
peyda-et,
(J^^
bulmak
;
off,
(JK*!J!
olmak
;
(J^f
kopmak
;
^4JL^-
ch^kmak
; on,
(jAjfc
tut-
mak;
^cLislj
bXshlamakj
CX*iJ^-li
ghElivErmek
; out,
^ju>-
chk-
mak
; short, CtUi^cX-^1
eksik-
ghMmak
; to,
cXi^jl etmek,
j^bbah'gh-ol;
together,
JK^^J^
t6planmak,
cJs^S^ 2NJ J
bir-yEra-
ghElmek,
^J^J^^
bulushmak,
birleshmek
;
to
light,
<GiJk-^o
meydAna-chzkmak,
jj belli-ol
;
up,
^J^L^-
chk-
mak
;
CtX<;^vj
surmek
;
upon,
bXssmak,
(3**$
tutmak,
iu
yakalamak
; ,
#. L^J
dsy,
dEy-bAkXlz'm,
L^tX<lu^J
dsy-
-imdi
(dfiyindi).
Comet,
s.
JjJj y^y.y
kuyruklu-yzldz'z,
<uljj j
J zu-zewabE.
[kErlEniE.
Comfit,
s.j=:
shekEr,
<u!y=i-l
she-
Comfort,
s.
(ease)
m^o-\j
rahat
;
(con-
solation)
iJ-*^
tesselli
; ,
v.a.
CiX^j^ (J^
tessfelli-VErmek.
Comfortable,
a.
(*z~*>-\j
rahat.
Command,
s.
j*A
emr
(emir),
^<f
&+*+3 tenbih
;
(military)
komanda
; ,
v.a.
\j*>\
emr-
et,
\&~'*J
tenbih-et,
^l-o^J
fErmln-et,
^L<j^j
buyurmak
;
tirjulc^i
komanda-
et
;
(as
a
gun)
C^XJ.A*J
supurmek
;
dti^Amek
;
(as
a
fort)
muhlfaza-et,
(JK*^
kApA-
mak.
Commander,
s.
^o\
amir,
JajL?
zabit,
cJj.*4
biyuk
;
JL~s.j~A
spr-^AsskEr ;
(navy)
^Jj>-J'/*jx<c
mulazzm-kAp
udln
(kAptAn),
ijf&A
ikinji.
Commence,
v.a. and w.
^L2ib
bAsh-
lamak,.
IjUl
Aghlz-et,
Ujj bed'-et.
Commencement,
5,
J^l
EWE!,
^\J
bAsh,
Ija^
ibtida,
*JJ
bedX
bAshlanghij
.
Commend,
v.a.
SEna-et
;
medh-et,
tavsiyyE-et.
COMMENT
[71]
COMPARE
Comment,
s.
r
j~*
shErh,
shiyyE
;
oJ^Sl
laktrdi,
yEjek
; ,
v.a.
\<r-;
shErh-et
;
upon,
v.n.
l^lo
JSxJllx* mutala"a-
beyAn-et.
Commentary,
s.
^
shErh.
Commentator,
5.
jl$>
sharih.
Commerce,
s. C
Xh'sh-vErish,
Commercial,
.
muta'^llik.
Commiserate,
v.a.
Commissariat,
5.
emaneti
;
Commissary,
ijaret,
bXzer-ghyan/zk.
J^Wr
tijareta-
[tarahhum-et.
\
Xjimak,
iJ*^3
^j
U
Jy
niizal-
z^khlrE.
nuzul-emmi.
Commission,
s.
i/*;U*d
siparish
;
Ll^^e<A>
khzdmet,
L^OJ^-
U
me'muriyyet
;
^jjj^U
me'murin,
}j^
U me'mur-
lor
;
^<^
fErmAn,
uf
jJ^^-J
buyu-
ruldu
;
^j~~*<js
komission.
Commissioner,
s.jyo\*
me'mur.
Commit,
v.a.
etmek,
It
tesslim-et,
^
tevdi"-et.
Committee,
5.
|
irtikyab-et
;
s
siparish-et,
ayrija-vE-makhsuss-6lAn-mejliss.
Commodious,
a.
kullXntlishli,
Commodity,
s.
^^s>-\j
rahat.
Commodore,
5.
Common,
a. _.
-j
rahat,
k61ayhTdt.
mAt"a,
JU
filobXsh-
"adT,
^Uj
baya-
musht^rfek; ,
5.
chayrlik,
te~*
Commonly,
ad.
f.j
eksEriyya.
Commons,
the House of
Commons,
5.
^-Ls^
u^L
^byL^b
mebussani-
millfet-mfejlissi.
Commotion,
5.
^2^J*
telashT,
^ji^J
telash.
Communicate,
v.a. \8\\
ifadE-et,
tebligh-et
; with,
v.n.
khXbErleshmek,
l^jlsr
mukhabErE-et
;jl
J.2^<
muttXsszl-ol.
Communication,
5. ^c>U! if
ads,
CuU-i-J
teblighlt;
^jlsr*
mukhabErE
;
Jy.
y61. [millet,
c^-'^U^>-
jema"t.
Community,
s. cJ^tx-il
ishtirak;
ci-->Lo
Compact,
5.
djliU
mukAv^lE,
Jy
kXvl;
,
a.
J^tf
szk,
L5
%-tf
szk*.
Companion,
.
(Jfc&j
refzk,
jji!*>A3^1
arkadash
;
^
esh.
Company,
5.
(set)
Jilt takzm
;
(set
of
guests)
^iL~<
mussafirlEr
;
(people
present)
^Ui>-
hiizzar,
^j-^\^-
hAZtrm
;
(public)
^LjU^oJ k6m-
panya
;
(companionship)
^li*^J^I
arkadcrshlzk
;
L^oli;
rfef akXt
;
(of
soldiers)
cJjl-J
bwluk
;
to
keep
,
v.n.
J^.^-ijJ?
kon^ushmak,
cJ^-i^jJ
ghywrushmek.
Comparable,
a.^^Jix) mak?ss,jyj^^jj~U5
kyass-61unur,
j^JjltU-^J
teshblh-
olunur.
Comparatively,
ad. <U~jLj
kzyassla.
Compare,
v.a.
(jk^ttb^u
yan-yna-
k6mak,
l<djliU muklb^lE-e
mukay^ssE-et, ^^-Ui kzyass-et,
<U.
teshbih-et.
COMPARISON [72] COMPUTE
kzyass,
[bwlmE.
khanE,
Comparison,
s.
teshbih.
Compartment,
5.
Compass,
s. A>-
hadd,
9j\dJ\
EndazE
;
sJj\J
da'ira
;
(mariner's)
<^jj
pussla
;
to fetch a
,
v.n.
^tJ^jb
dolashmak; ,
v.a.
Jp*?l&jJ
kush-
Atmak
;
one's
ends,
v.n.
(j^^O
uydurmak,
j\J5\j4*\j<
meramma-
na'il-61.
[(pErghEl).
Compasses (pair of)
s.
jl^
pErghyar
Compassion,
5.
i^-vi.s*-^
niErhamet.
Compatriot,
s.
Lj^*4Jb
hemshehru
Compeer,
s.^ib
kyufv,
^j)\
Xkran.
Compel,
v.a.^^- jebr-et,^U^\
ijbar-et.
Compendious,
a. <UaJ>
khsa,
j&
mukhtASsar,
J^s^
5
miijmel.
Compensate,
t'.a. tXzmln-et
;
,
v.n. karshiltk-ol.
Compensation,
s.
^j?*^
tXzmm,
kar-
dulsk.
Compile,
v.a. t
>-
jem"-et,
tAssmf-et,
te'llf-et.
Complain,
v.a.
\t**Jb
shikyayet-et,
J
teshekki-et,
a-l
ishtikya-et.
Complaint,
s. U^oA
shikyayet,
shekwa
;
^s^
maraz, L>le "illet,
<Jj
J dfird.
pizm
;
<UcJ tetimmE.
Complement,
5.
u-^-^'
tErtib,
/^li? ta-
Complete,
a.
J^^
tekmil,
J-^=u
mukemmel,
/U tXmm,
|*UJ
tAmAm
;
-
v.a.
tJ-*&
tekmil-
et,
^Lcl-tJ
tAmAmlamak,
CJ-^IJ
bitirmek.
Complexion,
s. C3
Jj
rnk,
^
levn.
Complicate,
n.a.
dz'rmak,
karzsh-
kArzshik-et.
Compliment,
5. /*ilj selam
;
isstihsan-ifadEssi.
Comply,
v.n.
\J\2Zsc\
imtissal-et
;
luu-jiii^o
muwlfakXt-et.
Compose,
v.a. \\^
r
^ijj
tEitib-et,
tErkib-et;
^jb
yazmak,
JK
kalEma-Xlmak
;
Cl)*L^j
suweyl6-
mek,
\ Ja3 nXzm-et
;
j^
Jl^
tErkibina-dakhil-61,
jl^-J
ejzay*
-
miirekkibEssi
-
61,
^
.,
a"zassi-61;
one's
self,
sLfcUu
yatzshmak.
Composition,
5.
u-^-Sy
tErkib
;
tirtib
;.
^sf-
ejza
;
(j^^
ma'
jun
;
d^^i>
kitabet,
jui> shi"r.
Compost,
s.
Vji
gbyubrE.
Compound,
a.
c_-^^<
murekkjEb
; ,
tErkib-et. v.a.
Comprehend,
v.a. \ toW
ihata-et,
j^J^Li
shamil-ol,
jl^J^-i>
shu-
muli-61
;
^<^>\
anglamak (anna-
mak),
IcJtjjl
idrak-et.
Compress,
s.
>^j\*>
sarghz.
Comprise,
v.a.
^^JJ^
shamil-ol.
Compromise,
s.
^r^
sulh,
<U-iJ5j^i
uz-
lashma; ,
v.a.
^J^jJj^lJJ
kAnsh-
dz'rmak;
1
J^L-^c
mess'ul-et;
(J^i\^
uzlashmak,jl^^
sulh-61.
Compulsion,
s.
M-*JJ+S*
mejburiyyet,
jWr^ ijbAr,^!^!
izttrar.
Compunction,
. t^^iJj nedamet,
|
,
IJJJ
U^^J (pishmXnlik)
.
Compute,
v.a. IC-J'P* hissab-et.
COMRADE
[
73
]
CONFECTIONERY
Comrade,
s.
iJJly
arkadash,
,j
y61dash.
Concave*
a.
^xJU
muka"
"ar,
chukur.
Conceal,!;.
a. *fcs\<0
saklamak,
(^kdj<
ghizlEmek.
Concede,
v.a. \d~~3 tesslim-et.
Conceivable,
a. s&so
mutassAWEr,
Conceive,
v.a.
\j}*
tassAvvur-et,
"Akl-et; ,
v.n.
J*!U<U=
ghebE-
kAlmak,
*\ <*1*\s>- hamilE-61.
Concentrate,
v.a.
(j>*kj jb
toplamak
;
^<L^L>- khulassa-et.
Conception,
.
JJA)
tassXvvur,
J-*^
1
tflkhayyul,
^jfljUlj!
<L\>- hamilfi-
61maklk.
Concern,
5. ^jto
mwddjE,
^\
ish,
^..^^LK
mXsslahat;
CL\Lj* klssa-
vet,
jJ^
kMfir
; ,
v.a.
^J^Jy^J
dokunmak;
one's
self,
v.n. Ici^LJ}
kXssavet-et.
Concert,
5.
j\su\
ittifAk,
jlas?l ittihad
;
L^~*Ls'
Cr
(
c*!l>-
chXlghz-mejlissi
;
together,
v.w.
\J\ti\
ittifAk-et,
j\Js
CX<^>^
kXrar-vErmek.
Conciliate,
v.a.
Ic-^i^ jelb-et.
Concise,
a.
j&JsP
miikhtXssar,
&*2S kzssa.
Conciseness,
s.
^4*a!
kzssalik.
Conclude, v.a.
cXc^XJ
bitiymek ;
IjJlr.
"akd-et :
,
v.n. LtX*^J bitmek
;
(J^o
A-^= i
anglamak (
nnamak
)
,
wlykL:!
isstikhraj-et,
CiX^Jj
l^v
ma na-VErmek.
Conclusion,
5. cJ
s6n^,
\ akhir
;
J^iic "akd
;
jiy>
kArar
;
^i>l<=s1
fln^-
layz'sh (nnayfsh),
!^^V-jl
Isstikhraj.
Conclusive,
a.
^^tlajj
kAt"z, *jJU muknz".
wifAk,
c^-J jlsT mu-
[(kAlabXlzk.
izdzham,
6dalzk.
bErabEr-61.
sarszsh,
Concord,
5.
khad^net.
Concourse,
Concubine,
Concur,
v.w.
Concussion,
sarszh'sh,
Condemn,
v.a.
^*lyvj^^-Lj
kAbahat-
-bulmak
;
(J^J^^x>-l.Ji
kXbahath'-
-bulmak
;
1
>x^-
&*0jj?
j^zassma-
hukm-et
;
d</^ j\Js
*
j*\A
yara-
maz-deyM-kArar-vErmek.
Condensation,
5. <*J&& tekessuf.
Condense,
v.a. t<_jLi&' teksif-et
; ,
v.a. \ UJ&& tekessuf-et.
Condescend,
v.n. \^> tknezzul-et.
Condescension,
5. J tenezzul.
Condign,
a. xjJOrCL^.^ mussta-
Condiment,
Condition,
t^A
sbart.
Condole,
v.w.
^s^ ta"ziyyE-et,
Condolence,
5.
&j*i
ta"ziyyE.
Conduce,
v.n. l-u^;
muntij-ol,
_5
'*
mujib-ol.
har^kEt
; , v.a.
ghyuturmek.
Conduit,
5.
^J^y*
su-yolu.
Cone,
5.
W^^
makbrut.
Confectioner,
5.
^-jLt>
sbekErji.
Confectionery,
5.
^^-2
sbeker,
Conduct,
CONFEDERACY
[74] CONJECTURE
konferanss.
ikrar-et,
Confederacy,^
jlful
ittiflk;
(1^AX^
miit-
Confederate,
s.
JJ&*
muttefik.
[tfefikzn.
Confederation,
5. l&l ittiflk
;
muttefikm.
Conference,
Confess,
v.a.
i 'tiraf-et.
Confession,
s.J\Js\
ikrar,
uJtjS&l
i"tiraf.
Confide,
v.a.
^f-L-
3*
tesslim-et,
l^j^j
tevdi"-et
; ,
v.n.
lc^^
em-
niyyet-et. [i"timad.
Confidence,
s.
u^*-^
emniyyet,
Confident
(to be),
v.n.
^JJ*<U]j|l
hich-shubhEssi-olmamk.
Confine,
v.a.
^jj.!>-
hXbss-et,
^J^JLJ!
kApAtmak
;
l^*a>.
hXssr-et
;
to be
confined,
v.n.
fy*jk^o
do^^urmak
;
to one's
room,
^.ib
^oUjL^-
tlshra
(dzsharz)
chzkmamk
;
(one's bowels)
ichEri-
Confinement,
^.JjuJ
dsbarz~ch?kmamaklzk
;
(j^=>-
habss
;
^jiji^jijb
(
Jj>-^
chojuk-do^Aunnak-
Confines,
s.
pi.
4js>-
hiidud.
[h*k.
Confirm,
v.a.
(ratify)
l^JJJuaJ*
tassdlk-et;
(in ofi^ce)
\ lw! ibkA-et.
Confiscate,
v.a. \ L
zXbt-et,
\X\*a,o
mussldara-et.
Conflagration,
s.
[h^rzk.
Conflict, s.
jenk
;
munaza .
Conform,
v.w.
tassAdum;
chekishma,
imtissal-et,
iktii^,-et,
(jk*Jjl
uymak.
Conformable,
a.
Conformably,
rf.
^
iLJaJ* tXtbzkan.
Conformity,
Confound,
v.a.
mumass^let-et,
mumassil.
imtissalan
;
mumasselet.
mebhut-
kXrzshdzrraak,
1 ^-.Irsr
1
takbHt-et.
Confuse,
v.a.
JuJ,->l-2>
sbXshzrtmak
;
J^jJ^ljj
kArz'sbdzrmak.
Confused,
a.
(tbings) (J-J
to become
(a person),
v.n.
(J.
shashz'rmak.
Confusion,
s.
^lii^b
kAn'shfldtk,
Congeal,
v.n.
JJ-*.=jJ?
don^mak,
munjemid-ol
; ,
v.a.
don^durmak.
Congelation,
5. jU-s^l
injimAd.
Congestion,
s. Jus siiddE.
Congratulate,
v.a.
lcX>?2
tebrlk-et,
!***?
tehniyyE-et
;
I
you
!
CJjy
^.Jol
ghywzun^-aydm. [tehniyyE.
Congratulation,
s. C-b
;
-J
tebrik,
Congregate,
v.n.
l^^rsT
tejemmu"-et,
temz"-61.
Congregation,
Congress,
s. Cl
-meshvErEt.
Conic, Conical,
a.
makhrutz; conies,
makhruteyyAt.
Conjecture,
s.
.J&
znn
;
^+*as?
takh-
toplanmak,
muj-
jem"iyyet.
jema"t,
mejlissi-
subu,
J9/.
C^L
CONJOINTLY [75 ]
CONSIDER
mm
; ,
v.n. \
(J&
zXnn-et
;
\
(
takhmin-et.
#
Conjointly,
ad.
\*fJL
mushtErekEn.
Conjugal,
a.
\&~jj
zevji,
^x^o
te>-\*
<
Conjugate,
a.
>g*<3j<
muzdevij
; ,
v.a.
b .*o7
tXssrif-et,
ciXt^^^^Ax*^
jhasszm-chekmek.
ojugation,
s.
Ax^e szgha.
Conjunction,
s. i-oW- u-
ijS*
harfz-"Xtf.
Conjuncture,
s.
L^-Jj
wXkit,
JU*
hal.
Conjure,
v.a. \
\p-jCJ-J
pek-rija-et,
1
jUcJ-J
pek-niyaz-et,
(jrj\jfy&*
pek-yXlvarmak
; ,
v.n.
\jS-~
3
sihr-et.
Conjurer,
s.
J^-
5
^
sihrblz.
Connect,
v.a.
cX^Ju^J
bitishdirmek,
ulashdzrmak
;
Connexion,
s.
^^Jc^o
munassebet,
\y\Jj\
irtiblt,
<Gic "alaka
;
*^>-
khhsm,
ly!
Akraba.
Connivance,
s. tJLsr^L*^
mussamaha,
l*)*&uO\A\
ighmAzz-"ayn.
Connive, v.n.
cJ^^-j^^s
ghywrmEyi-
VErmek,
l^^^iUcl
ighmAzz-"ayn-et.
Conquer,
v.a.
(men)
Ic-J^LsU
maghlub-
-et
;
(places)
l.jtj
feth-et,
!k^ zAbt-
-et,
tjjji^
tesskh?r-et.
i
Conqueror,
s.
^U
fatth;
C.JU
ghAlib.
Conquest,
s.
feth,s*^
tesskhzr;
Conscience,
s. t-
ujLaj! inslf.
Conscientious,
a.
kXlb,
^4^
zamir
;
[munsif.
LaJl
insAflz,
Conscious
(to be),
v.n.
^j^tJ^J
duymak,
hisss-et;
^^SjJ>-
khXbEri-ol.
a5|i
wAkzf-61
; ,
a.
ISLS\J
wAkzf.
Consciousness,
s.
j+s-
khXbEr,
*
-yj
wukuf
;
(j^>-
hisss.
Consecrate,
v.a.
l^JjJu
tXkdTss-et
;
\ljA~ass?
takhsfss-et.
Consecrated,
a.
^fy^s?*
makhsuss,
LSK*
mukhXsssess;
.-.jJU mu-
kAddess.
Consecutive,
a.
.Jta** mutevali,
mutetali,
L^Sdc*
muta"akzb.
&
Consecutively,
ad. 1-JU^c
muta"akzbon,
<u!ui^
mut^valiyyetEn.
Consent,
5.
L^>
riza
; ,
v.n.
cX^>j t^;
riza-vErmek,
^^^j
razi-61.
Consequence,
5.
<tes^j netiJE,
X.AJ
semErE
;
of
,
j^LL?u,Ll>-
khxttrt-
-sayzh'r
;
of no
,
J^b
sayilmaz
;
that is of no
,
\^Sjj>e
zararz-yok.
Consequent,
s.
^\3
tali; ,
a. -;lJ
tab*",
k^
menut,
^^
niErbut
;
(in
word and
act)^
IL^c
^
Consequently,
ad. iLLc^Uj bina'an-
-"aleyh,
C^JJJ^^b
bina'an-^ala-
-zalzkE,
0lj$U
binabErin,
^W^jJ
bun^a-bina'an,
^^V*^
bun^a-mebni.
Conserve,
s.
J^;
rechel
;
of
roses,
J^i^
ghyul-b^-shekEr.
Consider,
v.a.
(a thing)
WHlaxc
miitala"a-et,
!<drs>OL<j
mulahaza-et,
Cj/>iJ dushunmek
;
(a person)
CONSIDERABLE
[ 76] CONSUME
saymak;
as,
\ &
"add-et,
I
jLiscI
z"tibar-et,
(JU^b
saymak.
Considerable,
a. v^X-J
biyuk,
+~~.;>-
jessim
;
.
kyulli, *^IF-
"AZZHI.
Consideration,
s. 4a=>-Lc
mulahaza,
mutala"a,
<J*
\3
te'emmul,
sayghz;
j\~&\
z"tibar
;
karshzlzk.
Consign,
v.a.
l*JuJ>
tesslim-et,
l*jJ*j
tevdz"-et
;
\(j^j\+*
siparish-et.
Consist,
v.n.
j\ CU^Uc
"ibaret-61,
jlc-^J/x^
mutErettib-ol.
[tessliyyet.
Consolation,
5.
,J~i' tesselli,
c^JJ
Console,
v.a.
cJv<^
.J^
1
'
tesselli-
vErmek,
lL^N*L-J
tessliyyet-et.
Consolidate,
v.a.
Ici^JJ tAkviyyet-
et,
CX^Jj
L^^^J
tAkviyyet-VErmek,
1 (Xa1/ te'kld-et.
[mutAbzk.
Consonant,
s.
uJ^^^
harf
; ,
a.
<jP^-<
Consort,
s.
~jj
zevj
;
^^J
ZCVJE
;
(jL\ 3i3j\
arkadash,
(J**j
ref
Ik; ,v.n.
(J*+JL=tjS
kon^ushmak,
\ L^-^l ikhti-
llt-et.
[-wn^unda,
^jJ^-^c
meydlnda.
Conspio\ious,
a.
SJ^^i
Jj^
3
ghy^z-
Conspiracy,
5. t)L9
jh
ghizli-fessad,
^^ii
Conspirator,
5.
jl<J^ii
fitnE-kyar. [fitnE.
Constancy,
5. CuLJ
sebat,
^-^j
ru-
sukh,
c^Jlju? sXdakAt.
Constant,
a.
/*jJi^l)
sabitkXdEm,
**f*\)
raszkh,
v jL sAd/k
;
AJ!J
da'im,
(
e^jlj da'iml, Ojl5 sabit,
^42--*^)
musst^mErr,
Constantinople,
5.
J^jAixJ
isstanbol
;
C^JyujjJ
dEri-sa^adet
(the
Ga,te
of
Felicity).
Constantly,
ac?. UulJ
da'ima,
^buJ^aJ
j
bir-duziyE,
^kftyJI
la-yankAtz".
Constipation,
5.
^cljijl
ink/bAz.
Constitute,
v.a. cX^yl etmek
;
\^^
nXssb-et
;
(J^j'
olmak,
i^J^U^
hAsszl-et.
Constitution,
s.
(man's)
iJjsj-j
vujud,
^loj
bunyAn,
^|^<
mizaj
;
(state's)
^ylj^^Lji
essassz-kanun.
Constitutional,
a.
^JlLsL
khzlkz,
do^Aushdan
-
6lAn
;
l essassi-kawa-
mna-mutAbfk-6lAn;
ti^l^c
meshrut
;
JuJU
mukayyed.
Constrain,
v.a. I -o-
jebr-et,
z6rlamak,
I
j\?>-\
ijbar-et.
Constraint,
s.
,Ji^>
s?kz
;
s^kmdz
;
j+s>-
jebr
;
\j^>-
hXbss.
Construct,
v.a.
IJU-cl
i"mal-et,
insha-et,
\ \u
bina-et,
^4J
l>
yapmak.
Construction,
5.
JU-d
"imal,
lljl
insha;
l^
bin^,
^c-^V,
yap/.
Consul,
5.
(^Ljjlf
konsoloss.
Consult,
v.a.
^/i-Ulj
dXneshmak,
\Zj\Lz~i\
jsstisharE-et
;
together,
v.n.
\Xjj\JL*
mushavErE-et,
IcJ^^o
meshvErEt-et
;
(doctors)
\jj~j
k6nsulto-et.
Consultation,
s.
Xj\Lz~t\
isstisharE
;
mushavErE
;
CUjjt~<
mesh-
jAj+HJji
k6nsulto.
Consume,
v.a.
clX<^J
bitirmek,
cJvi^
J
dukfetmek,
CXw
yfemek
;
-
,
v./z.
cX^bitmek,j1u-aij'
telef-61,C.
ghitmek.
CONSUMMATE [77]
CONTRACT
Consummate,
v.a.
itrriAm-et; ,
a.
Jwt^SU
muk^mmel.
Consumption,
s. ~~
jS>
kharj
;
(disease)
*j)
vErEm.
Consumptive,
a.
j^jj
vErKmli.
Contact,
5.
(j-Uj
temXsss,
,^^
telak?,
JLaJl
ittissAl.
Contagion,
s.
L^-O^
-d
sirayet, <U->^
:
*
^
"
bulsbma,
<k*^
gbechma;
<OiLjLi Lc-
"illeti-sariyyE.
Contagious,
a.
(-5^l~j
sari,
jy^^.
bulashzr,
ys-
gh^chsr,
^Jolc^oJ
^
sirayet-edEr.
Contain,
v.a.
<jul!
Xlmak;
^1 u^U>^
bavT-61,
jlJ>^eLi}
shamil-61,
j^J^i^o
mushtemil-61;
\ ]a~e
zXbt-et;
one's
self,
^*jLL
dayanmak.
Contaminate,
v.a.
(j~*j*i
b6zmak, \jLj1
ifsad-et,
^cj^\^
bulashd/rmak,
>
telviss-et.
Contaminated, a.
-ijy
boztik,
Ju*)lj
fassid;
J^jJ
bulasbzk,
cJ>*Lo mu-
levvess.
[ifsad
;
<J^^
telviss.
Contamination,
s.
^~*}\j~>
sirayet
;
jLJ^
Contemn,
v.a.
^cUoU? saymamak,
luJUsTw-j!
isstikhfaf-et,
tjU-srLs
iss-
tibklr-et.
[mulabaza-et.
Contemplate,
v.a.
\Jiu
nXzar-et,
t^b^lx
Contemporary,
s. and a.
j0\9t**
mu"Asszr.
Contempt,
s.jliirdL:!
isstihklr
;
t_jlisrLj|
isstikhfaf;
L^olcj
pte
"adEmi-ri"-
ayet,
L^^O^-AJ^
adEmi-hurmet.
Contemptible,
a.
(person)
jg\~* muss-
tabkar,
JJ
j
zelH,
JjJj
rezH;
(tbing)
c-i>^
la
-
shey-
makulEssi,
Contend,
v.n.
Ijjp
niza"-et,
I^UijU^o
munaza"^-et;
!Ut>! iddz"a-et.
Content,
a.
^>\j
razT,
Jy^l^-
kh6shnud;
Jlj
klnz"; ,
v.a.
1-
razi-et
;
"
Contention,
5.
c|jj
niza",
<lcjlx^
mu-
naza'^,
U
(kawgba).
Contentment,
5. <j^-%clijf kAna"at.
Contest,
5. ^jlsr*
mujad^lE,
4is-L<j
mubahassE; ,
v.a. 1 J\i "inad-et.
Context,
s.
JjU->
.U-j
siyAk^-siblk.
Contiguous,
a.
JLsl.*
miittXsszl,
^-<?L<
miilasszk, ClXliJ bitishik.
Continence,
s. **^*+az "zssmet.
Continent,
s.
3,3
kAra,
y
bsrr
;
Contingent,
a.
^J\su\
ittifAk?,
(jJ^Lo
meshkyuk;
,
s. <Ua?^ hissE.
Continual,
a. L^U^
mut^madl;
ly,
ad. aLtfli L
bUa-fAssilfl,
jJa&J
^
la-
jdnklts".
Continuance,
5.
/^j
J
dewam,
liu
bXkA,
j\j+2*J\
isstimrar.
Continue,
v.n.
\p\*<3
dewam^et
;
j\+3\<3
da'im-61
;
1
Jj=^
tekerrur-et
; ,
v.a. \\M\
ibka-et^,
\fys3
tekrar-et^
^^^^^^
W5^'
Alt-yanznz-suwey-
l^mek;
J^V. *~i Y
m^
(gb^ns) yp-
mak.
Contortion,
s.
L-jljj-^j
pich-tr-t5b.
Contraband,
a.
Jj^
yassXk,
tf"***
memnu";
ttc^lJJjjjk^: ghyum-
Contract,
s.
jij'jbu^j^
ghywturu-
pazarlzk, Jk^xJ
ta"ahhud
;
jb\jhj*s
CONTRACTION [78] CONVERT
konturato
; jdjjLc
mukAve'lE
; ,
v.n,
\
J^*j'
t"ahhud-et
;
(J.d\(~$.j
ghyu
turu-Almak
;
c
turu-vErmek
;
chekilmek;
J
biizulmek,
dlrXl-
mak,
\ AzAlmak
; ,
v.a.
^ Ah'shmak
;
LL^Aj edinmek,
JJuJ
peyda-et;
\ JJU
"Akd-et;
(
kAssmak;
4jJllJ
darXltmak,
CN!^*
XzXltmak.
Contraction,
s.
^ILaJ
kessAlish, ^t
chekilish,
*) bwzulush.
Contractor,
s.
J>^*>c
muta"ahhid,
wturu-XlAn.
multfezim,
Contradict,
v.a. u-^o? tekzlb-et.
Contrariety,
s. <_J)U- khHAf, cJi-
"aksTlik, CLXLJ' tErsslik.
Contrary,
a.
^Ji
tErss, ,<
Ujllfe^ mukhalif,
Juc zzdd.
Contrast,
5. v fark.
"aksl,
Contravene,
v.a. L^->=,^-AX9- khzll-
fzna-har^kEt-et.
Contribute,
v.n.
^<^;V.
yardim-et,
\<ti
VErmek,
\AJ\s\ i"anE-et.
[virghyu (vErghi).
Contribution,
s. &J\c\ i
anE,
Contrition,
s. cu-^Ju nedame
p^chimlnlik (pishmlnh'k)
.
Contrivance,
s.
J^
yol,
L^^i'
kolay,
5jl^-
charE,
c^%3yc
ma-'Vifet,
Ijad
;
^L>- hzljB.
Contrive,
v.a. 1
^^F?5
ijad-et,
bulmak
; ,
y.w.
^*;Jk/jl
uydurmak,
(JH*Jj^i_5-J^jl
y61unu-bulmak,
\^$f
<J^)j
k61aymz-bulmak.
Control,
5.
j*>
emr
;
la^J
zXbt
;
Sj
idarE
;
d^\SoJ
nAzaret
; ,
v.a. \ Lu-j
zXbt-et
; ^jilf
kullXnmak
;
1 ^1
idarE-et,
Controversy,
5.
aJ nXzar6t-et.
mubahESSE
;
x> munaza"a.
tekzlb-et.
mute"rnErrid,
Controvert, v.a.
Contumacious,
a.
_Ja^5 .-
ghayrz-mutz",
,^^
Contuse,
v.a.
cX*!^
berElemek.
Contusion,
5.
^J
berE.
Convalescence,
5. L^-^5U\ ifakXt.
Convene,
v.a.
l^i^
jem"-et,
toplamak.
Convenience,
5.
w^>-^
rahat,
^J
kolaylzk
;
ll/*^o
memsha,
<Ols:i)Jo
abdesstkhanE.
Convenient,
a.
d-o-^j
rahat
;
k61ay;
jlftljjj^l
kolay
likli.
Convent,
5. uJa-j\ix) l-J kzz-mAnasstzn.
Convention,
5.
J^c.
"ahd,
mu-
Converge,
v.w.
^_L*jibjt
toplanmak,
CjJ
birleshmek,
^^-ib
ya-
kmlashmak.
Conversation,
5. t^w^s.**
sohbet,
lakzrdz,
uJS L\f.
Converse,
v.n. tc^-^*
5
sohbet-et,
lakirdi-et,
^S laf-et,
C^^lj-
suweylEshmek
; ,
s.
^j~c
"akss,
(j-y
tErss.
Convert,
s.
u^X^o
muht^dl
; ,
v.a.
^JJb! ihtidayE-ghairmek;
chevirmek,
L^^J^j^
dwn-
dErmek.
CONVEX
CORN
Convex,
a. c-JJcs.'
10
muhMdkb,
tumsek,
i_^j<ui
kubbEvari.
Convey,
v.a.
(carry)
\
JJU
nAkl-et
;
i^)*cjf
ghetirmek
;
cX*^
ghyw-
turmek
;
(communicate)
\
%-^->
te-
bligh-et; (a meaning)
\yJ\s\ ifads-et,
^oj^3
kAldz'rmak.
Convict,
s.
jl*i3^
pranghah*
; ,
v.a.
\ CUUJI
,c^**5
tes^>-
j
unhasszm-issbAt-et.
Conviction,
5.
AJS>-
jezm,
^^AjJlAc
"ilmu-'l-yakm
; <*ai>,C^UJl issbltz-
-junha.
Convince,
v.a.
^J^jJlj
kXnd/rmak,
1
Jpi
ilzam-et, Id^lx-st
isskyat-et,
iclisl
ikna"-et.
[-jem"-et.
Convoke,
v.a.
l^^^OjjfJ
da'Vetla-
Convoy,
v.a.
liJ^Jy
convoy-et; \U^olrj
refaklt-et
; ,
5.
.g**^
convoy-ghemissi.
Convulsion,
5.
/.f^J'
teshennuj.
Cook,
5.
L
i
Ashjz;
,
v.w. CJv^lJ
pishmek;
,t;.a.
cX^ylj
pishirmek.
Cool,
a.
li^**<
sferin
;
(brave)
jy~t>-
jessur; (impudent)
J^^U
"arsz'z
; ,
s.
CSJl-JjH
serinlik
; ,
v.n.^c^^a
so-
Coolness,
5.
cJi^-j
serinlik
;
CL
jessaret
;
jj^ltf
"arsz'zb'k
;
(want
of
affection)
<-^t>jy
burudet.
Coop,
5.
jj,^i
kyumess.
Cooper,
5.
L<-=s^y
fichiji.
Co-operate,
v.n.
CJL^j^j^l ^J^^r^j
birlikdE-ish-ghywrmek.
Co-operation,
^.
c^NJ^U^o
mu"av^net.
Copal,
5. WI&M0 sXndar6ss.
Copious,
a.
^J
b61,
j-J
berekEtli.
Copper,
6\
(metal)
y
b bXkz'r
;
(boiler)
Jucji
kXzghln (kXzAn).
Copperas,
5.
(blue)
ic-^^J^
ghywz-tA-
shz;
(green)
^-J^-J^j
zAjz-kzbrzss.
Copt,
5.
^JaJi
kzbtz.
Coptic,
a.
^jLJ (J^-J
k^btz-lissani.
Copulate,
v.w.C-U-lC: sikishmek
J
cU>-
jima"-et,
CX^ffc^>-
chiftlEshmek.
Copy,
5.
(model
of
writing)
(J..2+~*
meshk
;
(writing
-
exercise)
<U>!
xjs
kXralama
;
(sample
of scholar's wri-
ting)
A*i*J ta"lim
;
(of
a
book)
&sz~
J
nusskha
;
(of
a
writing)
<*ZJjy*>
surEt
;
(of
a
drawing)
^.c
"ayn,
CJjj^^
wrnek
; ,
v.a.
(imitate)
IjuLftj tlk-
lid-et
;
(a writing)
(J-jb
or
(j^J^^>-
or
(JpA^i&J)*
1^
surEtini-Xlmak,
or
chekarmak,
or
yazmak
;
(a drawing,
&c.)
(J*b\ (^f^
-
"ay
mm
-
Xlmak,
(J^^e&Jj^
wrne^Aini-Xlmak.
Coral,
5.
(J^^-j^c
niErJAn.
Cord,
5.
L-^J!
ip. [iksir.
Cordial,
a.
^j**4>
samimi
; ,
s. .~~\
Cordovan,
5.
**$& telatm.
Core,
5.
t^\
ich.
Corfu,
s.jij
kyurfez
;
ij>j^
korfa.
Coriander,
5.
(J
L^J* kishnish.
Cork,
s.
jb^n
mAntar
;
(stopper)
Ur
tApa.
[tApa-achajak.
Corkscrew,
s.^jtf
burghu,
^^^l
LL?
Corn,
s.
Lj\.y
b6^Aday,
tdzi^
hmta,
Xj^d
zakh^rE
;
(for
horses)
<bj!
arpa
;
(on
the
foot)
^*a}
nAss/r
;
(grain)
<0lj danE
(tanfi).
CORNEL. BERRY
[80] COtJCE
Cornel-berry,
s.
<J-s!^
kzzzljik-.
Cornelian,
5.
<J-Afi
"k?k.
Corner,
s.
&
kywshE.
Cornice,
5.
jfo)
pErwAz.
Corollary,
s. As^.'iJ
netiJE.
Coronation,
s.
ifflfS
tetwlj,
~fj
te-
Coronet,
5. ~\2
tAj. [tevvuj.
Corporal,
s.
^isLj^l
onbXshz; ,
a.
^U,-*^-
jissmAni
;
punishment,
jU?
dayak.
Corporation,
5.
^jlfcl
ahali
;
(j-lsi*
m
&j-
liss,
o^M
shura;
u-JU-01 essnaf.
Corporeal,
a.
^Usf
jissmAni.
Corps,
s.
cJjb
bMuk
;
j^J^
tXbur
;
L^Sl
Xlay;
^liw^;
^Jjlis
takzm.
Corpse,
5. }l:o-
jenazE,
%X-^- jessed.
Corpulent,
a.
^Ui-ij
shishmXn,
mulahham.
Correct,
a.
u^e^0
do^Aru,
^^-^
sabzh,
^b*
tXmm,
fUi*
tXmAm; ,
v.fl.
JxJyC^l?
d^ghrultmak,
1^,^*^
tXsshlh-et.
Correspond,
v.w.
(by
letter)
cJ^^L^^U
mektublEshmek,
1*^lsr
mukhAbErE-
mukyat^bE-et
;
'(in quality)
uymak,
Li
Correspondence,
s. <L
CL-v&Ux mutAbakXt.
[mukhbir.
Correspondent,
*. jlfc*
mukhabir,
j^^
Corroborate,
v.a.
JjJjX*
tassdk-et
;
\m~ljf8
tXkviyyet-et,
\ Ju^sli* te'kid-
Corrob
oration,
s.
^'jJuaj
tassdik.
[-et.
Corroborative,
a.
^J^-^K
mussAddik
;
mukavvi.
yemek,
c
j
plsslan-'dzr-
Corrode,
v.a.
churutmek,
mak.
Corrupt,
a.
(bad)
Ju-\5
fassid,
b6zuk;
(mercenary)
^j OJ^JLj
rishvet-
-yEr;
,
v.a.
(jt-<j^
bozmak,
ifsad-et;
(with money)
c
rishvet-VErmek,
(p^ra)-yedirmek.
Corruption,
5.
^*.LA-/cjj-J
bozmaklik,
Ll)ixx>Jjj^^-
churutmeklik.
Corsair,
5.
^f-^- J^^
den^iz-khzrsz'zz.
Corselet,
5.
Xjj CJi^f
ghywksslik-zirh.
Corset,
5.
te^sjjs
k6rsetE.
Cortege,
5. i-f^l
.\lay.
Corvette,
5.
CJ^jy
kurvfet.
Cosecant,
5.
^LlSvUJ
tAmAmz-kAtz".
Cosey,
a.
^^s>-\j
rahat.
Cosine,
s.
i^>-
/*l*J*
tXmAmi-jeyb.
Cossack,
5. ;! JJ kizak.
<^j
Coss-lettuce,
s.
JljjLo
marul.
Cost,
5.
l$J
baha
'(pXha)
;
cJ^x
mXssnrf
; ,
v.a.
J^Jj^
61mak.
Costiveness,
5.
^^vJUl
InkzbAZ.
Costly,
a.
jjl^j
pXhAlii
cJlCo mukellif.
Costume,
s. Li^jUS
keyafet.
Cot,
5. <ulj
kulubE,
jCp-j!
evje^Aiz.
Cotangent,
s.
^-l^,*Uj
tXmAmz-
mumASSS.
Cotemporary,
5 and
a.^Ux;
mu"Asszr.
Cottage,
s.
u/^u^
ky^y-evi.
Cotton,
5.
J^^
pXmuk (pAmbuk),
<UiJ
penbE.
Couch,
5.
jJ^.<
mindsr;
<uli5
kanapE;
C)^jJ
dushek,
jta
COUGH [81 ]
COUSIN
Cough,
s.
c^
wksuruk
;
CX~
S wksurmek.
Council,
s.
u~^*
mejliss.
Councillor,
5.
a"zay*
-
mejlissdan
musste'shar.
Counsel,
5.
c^^La
uAut
,
v.a.
v.n.
nXsszhat,
"Akl-
Count,
s.
^Jj^^jj
rutb^'i-salissE-
-b&ghi
; ,
u.a.
^4jU>
saymak;
,
v.n.
J^JjL?
sayzlmak.
Countenance,
s.
j
yuz,
^f>-
chfihrE,
jO^o
mXnzar,
l^- sima.
Counter,
5.
J^j
pul
;
(of
a
shop)
teS3JL*J
peshtakhta; (who counts)
^sX'ltf
sayyz
;
(opposite)
^*j^
karsha.
{.(J"^^.
charE-bulmak.
Counteract,
v.a.
(J~*}jl
b6zraak,
&j\!>~
Counterbalance,
v.a.
j\(JLJS>j\$
karshzltk-
-61.
Counterfeit,
a. ^_Jlif
kXlp,
Jlir^Lj
sakhtE
; ,
s. jJjtf tAklid
; ,
v.a.
\ jJju tXklid-et.
Counterfeiter,
s.
|^--Jlj
kXlpazan,
jli<^Ls
sakhtfikyar.
Countermand,
v.a.
^J^\
^ \J^.j*\
emrini-gheri-Xlmak,
^>J ^^Ll>
U--JJ
y^pzlmassm-deyu-tenbih-et.
Countermarch,
s.
^^ JJ!^
ghbri-
dwnush.
Counterpane,
s.
^\jj}
t yurghAn.
Counterpart,
5.
(^-
"ayn.
Counterpoise,
s.
^jL^lJJ
karshzhTs:.
Countersign,
v.a.
\^\^^}^^[t
shadadet-ichun-imza-komak
;
,
s.
djj^
parola. [yhaza.
Counting-house,
s.
Aby
6da,
Xj\ksc
ma-
Country,
5.
(native)
^l?j
wAtAn,
i^-^j
wilayet (wila'at)
;
(territory)
c^jCL*^
mEmlekEt,
lil
ulkya (ulks)
;
(out
of
town)
uj
kywy
;
CLJis^b*- chiftlik
;
(open )
^j^ sahra,^JJ
k?r.
Countryman,
s.
^.^
kywylu
;
(fellow
)
wJ^L^iJb
hemshehri.
County,
s.
jjlrs^-j
sAnjak,
\^
liwa.
Couple,
s. '*z^&3- chift.
Couplet,
s.
ij^J bfeyt. [yi^r^itlik.
Courage,
s.
Cl^L*r>-
jessaret, c3l^o
Courageous,
a. C^-^o
yi^Ait,
j^
^"
jessur. [kuriyel.
Courier,
s.j\2J
tatar,
Jj-**
menzil,
J^j^
Course,
5.
(whole time)
Cl^j^ muddet
;
(of
studies)
Jwjjt) ^tf
szra-dErsslEr
;
of
,
<fcJ! ElbettE.
Court,
s.
(royal)
Lj\j~t
saray,
(1^^<
mabeyn
;
^^
dzwAn,
^
'l^j
rikyab,
^^li-J
bmish
;
(of justice)
mehk^mE
;
(martial)
<>
^>
diwan-i-harb
;
plaster,
^b
jamfess-yakzssz
;
yard,
havh'
;
to
pay
,
v.n.
(jOj&
"arzz'-"ubudiyyet-et, ^ji
C^XiJ*^
El-zipmek,
^-^*^',JV.'
^y#k-
wpmek,
cX<J^lc3^^
etek-wpmek.
Courteous,
a.
^Jjijiy
nuwazishli,
J?l>.
j\i
khxtzr-nuwaz.
Courtesy,
s.
^jij^jJ ^lai*
khAt/r-nuwazh'k.
Cousin,
s.
^Acjt
^^^ "Xmuja-6ghlu,
( J^cj!u^!j
day-6ghlu,
&c.
COVE
[82] CREATION
Cove,
s.jj
kyurfez,
^Jjs
k6y.
Covenant,
s.
J^c
"ahd,
J^Ji
kavl,
tfl^ijU
mukAve'lE.
Cover,
s.
^J>jj\
wrtu
;
(case)
c-jlj
kXp
;
(lid)
jLs
kXpAk
;
(shelter)
^j>-<fcjjlj
barinajak-yEr
; ,
v.a.
cXiJ^jl
wrt-
mek
;
J^blS kXplamak;
<J^tJJ
kApA-
Covering,
s.
^J)jj\
rtu.
[mak.
Coverlet,
5.
^^^
yurghAn.
Covert,
a.
*Jca!lJ!
M-Altrnda,
#=>
ghizli,
yjl*
sakli,
,c&>
kh^fi.
Covet,
v.a.
cX*XjJJ^
ghywz-dikmek,
^ta.
Covetous,
a.
jlxx/ib
tAma"kyar,
h^nss,
^j<>
~\
aj-ghyMzlu.
Covetousness,
s.(^j\x^b
tAma"kyarlik.
Cow,
s.
ClX^I
mek
; ,
v.a.
(J.+jj3jjS
kdrkutmak.
Coward,
5.
^y
k6rkak.
Cowkeeper,
5.
^^yff
sutji.
Cowl,
5.
^iL&b 1?^J
kAput-bAshh'^/',
^l^jb
blshltk.
Crab,
s.
-^ yenghech, ^*J\x>-
cha-
\L,
Crack,
5.
J&>l->-
chatlAk,
Jjl>
yarzk
;
Ij^ijlj
pAtlayzsh
;
(^^
wurush
;
,
v.n.
^cilJls*-
chatlamak,
(J^j\\
yarz'lmak,
(J^*^^
pAtlamak
; ,
v.a.
^^J'ij'lj*-
chatlAtmak,
(^c^\>
yarmak,
^J,4J'^Jb
pltlatmak.
Cracked,
a.
J^>^
chwtlAk,
j^l)
yarzk; (mad)
jlU-
chAKk,
J>\J
kAchik.
Cracker,
s.
^ijL'U
pAtlanghzch.
Cradle,
s. <^~) beshik.
Craft,
s.
(trade)
(cunning)
&'*&
teknE,
Crafty,
a.
sheytAn,
Cram,
v.a.
durmak.
Cramp,
s.
san"at
;
(shipping)
kayzk.
hil^kyar,
dubaroji.
sn^irlEr-tu-
tulmassz
; ,
v.a.
^A^y
sikmak.
Cramp-iron,
s.
^^^
kinet.
Crane,
s.
(bird)
^j^
turna; (ma-
chine)
&^>\A
machuna.
Crank,
s.
Jl
il,
Jy
kol,
CiX-y.*3
dirsek;
,
O'j^.j^ c5^jJi
kolay-devrilir.
Crape,
s.
cJ^J^.y
burunjuk.
Cravat,
s.
^Vii^jJ
b6yun-bl^Ai.
Crawfish,
Crayfish,
5.
CJ^j-jJ
bwjek.
Crawl,
v.n. CiX*J
j
-surun^rek
-
yurumek
Crazy,
a.
(mad)
(J*>^*
kAchzk
;
(tumble-down)
^>f-^.
yzkzkjak,
(ship) (J^T^'V
bAtfljak.
Creak,
v.n.
^J^Jj^l^-
chatzrdamak,
^c^J^s^
ghyzrdamak.
Cream,
5.
icJ^J ^y*>
sud-yuzu
;
(clotted
)
c^^
kaymak.
Crease,
v.a.
&*j*?
kkmak
; ,
s.
j*
kmm,
<^-J
kzrma.
Create,
v.a.
^^]j.
yarltmak,
\j\j
var-et,
l^jlcs-
kh^lk-et
;
(appoint
to a rank or
office)
CXcj\
etmek^L^-a;
nXssb-et.
Creation,
s.
(act of)
<JZ.<*\j>
n yarA-
dzsh,
^jlsL
kh^lk;
(being
created)
U&^.
yarAdilish,
ci-^U khilkXt,
CREATOR
[83]
CROW
afErinish
;
(thing created)
sr*
makhluk
;
(all creation)
Jlc
"alEm
;
(of officers)
c-^^3 nXssb.
Creator,
s.
^jsf^\^
t yarAdzjz,
^jlU-
khllik,
0;l)
ban,
SJuiJyT
afEri-
nendE,
^^\
afe'rin.
Creature,
s.
J^s-'*
makhluk.
[i"tibar.
Credence,
s. jU^l
i"timAd,
Credentials,
s.
pi.
JUl>i-
N
Ui-l i
-naraE.
[<U-ijrj^
vEre'ssiyE.
Credit,
s.
j\~z\
i"tibar;
on
,
Creditable,
a.
Creditably,
ad.
jA
iyi,
Jj/
ghyuzel,
5L1 a"la.
Creditor,
s.
jljU-^ll
AlajakK.
Creed,
5.
^.^jj
imAn
;
L^^Xol amEntu.
Creek,
5.
jU.j
bo^AAz,
^c\
A^Az
;
u5U-
chay,
^J
ders.
[rek-yurumek.
Creep,
v.w.
c)viJjy
t
t)j*&jj*
siirun^-
Cremation,
s.
'j\j*-\
ihrlk.
Creole,
s.JL
m^lez.
Crescent,
s.
(new moon)
Jito
hilal
;
(de-
coration) u^lay; (placed
on
spires, &c.)
jj*
"alsm.
C^f/
^
s u-tfer^ssi.
Cress, ^.
^y ^y
tferE-otu;
water
,
Crest,
s.
(ridge)
L^y?
szrt.
Cretan,
s. and a.
}&)
Ghiridli.
Crete,
s.
&J
Ghirid.
Crevice,
s.
^\J\
aralzk,
J&U-
chat-
Crew,
5. cUjlL
ta'ifE.
[L\k,
j^lj
yarik.
Cricket,
s.
(insect)
*>-
chekirghs.
Crier,
s.
Jb
dellal,
c5jl^ munadi.
Crime,
s.L^o-U
kXbahat,
(iLs?^
junha,
j>-
jurm,
-.^0
such.
Criminal,
5.
^A.x^UJ
klbahatli,
>^-LJ5
kAbahat-sahibi,
mi!ij
rim
; ,
a.
(wrong)
,-AJJ kXbih,
Ll***
1
^
kh^biss.
[
t
-^rV'
kzrmizi.
Crimson,
a.
Jl
XI,
(_/-^
ghuwess,
Cripple,
5. LA-J sakAt
; ,
v.a.
(J^cj^
,^-iOLji ,^^>
k61unu-kAnA-
dmz-kzrmak.
Crisis,
5.
(of disease)
^lArsT
buhran
;
(of events)
L^JjCJjli
nazik-wAkzt.
Crisp,
a.
cJ^^=
ghevrfek.
Criterion,
5.
jU*^
mi"yar,
<^s^ ma-
Criticise,
v.a.
\<j>-
j^rh-et. [h^kk.
Criticism,
s.
rfr
j^rh. [-mEml^kEti.
Croatia,
s.
^jiQ*** f^^
Khirvat-
Croatian,
. and a.
<-^jy^
Khirvat.
Crockery,
s.
C^l^j^^l^-
chanak-
Crocodile,
5. -L*4J timsah.
[ch^mlek.
Crocus,
s.
(flower)
/*
J^-s*'
chi^A-dem.
Crooked,
a.
^jj>\
e^Ari,
^*J^l>-
charpzk.
Crop,
s.
(produce)
J^ts.'*
mahsul,
cult's*- hasszlat
;
(bird's)
^j
kursAk
; ,
v.a. cX*i kessmek,
dX^sT.
bichmek,
(j**^
kzrkmak
;
(trees)
J^c^y
budamak.
Cross,
s.
*g\>-
hAch,
fc^j^
charmzkh
;
,
a.
J-iJ
titiz,
(j-yJ'
tisrss,
.^--c^l
^
darghm
; ,
v.a. ClX^s?
ghechmek.
Crossbow,
s.
^J^jGte
tatar-oku.
Crosslegged,
ad. to sit
,
^'<tkJ
ba^Adash-kurmak.
Crosspatch,
s.
.j^;'
Crosstree,
s.
fa^j^s
kurcheta.
Crossway,
s.
J^>
<SjU>
slpa-yol.
Crotchet,
s.
(fancy)
Jfi/*
merlk.
Crow,
s.
&.j&
kargha
;
cock's
,
H 2
CROWBAR [84]
CUMMIN
>- kh6ross-wtme'ssi
; ,
v.n.
Lt*J^
wtmek.
Crowbar,
s.
^^Sjyi+j
(demir)-k61.
Crowd,
s.
<j)Uj
or
<j3<uli
(kXlabllzk),
/U>-Jjl
izdibam; -,
v.a.
(J^j*^??*
szk-k6mak
; ,
v.n.
p,lJL-tf>
sz-
Crown,
s.
'(regal)
M\J
tXj
;
(of head)
<UJ
(tep6);
,
v.a.
(king)
WjSJ
tetvij^et,
C^X^Jui
.Jo
tXj-ghidirmek;
(heights)
J^^L.sAj&J
(tepe"yE>
Crucible,
s.
?jj
puta.
Crucifix,
. ~l:>- hXch. Crelmassi.
Crucifixion,
*-.
Crucify,
v.a.
c^
mek,
c3v^^X^;l>-
charmzkha-gher-
Crude,
a. *\s>. khXm. [mek.
Cruel,
a.J^*^-^ merhametsiz,J-^jLjl
insaniyyetsiz,
jl^^i^-
jefakyar.
Cruise,
s.
(at sea)
jJL
sefEr,
dj^
volta
;
,
v.w.
^JU^^^j
v61tfl-wurmak.
Cruiser,
s.
^^
ghemi.
Crumb,
s.
(not crust)
(ekmek)-ichi
; ,
(fragment)
c
Crumple,
v.a.
^j
^Jjj
burushdurmk,
dX<jl
ezmek.
Crupper,
s.
^Jjm
saghn.
Crush,
v.a.
LlX<)!
ezmek.
Crust,
s.
jyU
kAbuk.
Crutch,
s.
^J^i^Jsty
k61tuk-deyne#Ai.
Cry,
s.
^~~i
sess,
lju* sXda
;
IjJ
nida,
ib
ba^Airma
; ,
v.n. \ \&J nida-
et,
(J*oL>r haykirmak,
a^rmak; (weep)
J^clc a^Mamak
; out,
J^-
haykzrmak, <^<r
^
aloud,
1 1 JJ
nida-et,
JUyc
^J^.l>-
cha^Afrmak
;
up,
.
medh-et,
1 Uj sena-et.
Crypt,
s.
jj&
b6durum,
*^
Crystal,
5.
j^lb
billur
;
(of salts)
&>
Cube,
s.
^xL* miikya'''^.
Cuckold,
.
dXijjJJ
pezeVimk,
tS
kerata.
Cuckoo,
s.
L
c--
>
yJ^y
ku^Auk-kushu.
Cucumber,
s.
jb>-
kheyar.
Cud,
5.
ghev
;
to chew the
,
v.n.
iiX^j*
^
ghev-ghetirmek.
Cuddle,
v.a.
^.^JjU?
sAnlmak.
Cudgel,
5.
<U^
sopa.
Cue,
s.
L5
5rj^w
T
^l ip-uju.
Culpable,
a.
(person)
y^y^
suchlu,
^Ji^lJJ
kXbahatli
;
(act)
U
fsna,
to
n
kerlh.
Culprit,
s.
^>~ye
suchlu,
^5-Ujj
kXba-
hatlz,
j*yf^
mujrim.
Cultivate,
v.a
(sow)
cX^l ekmek
;
(plant)
dJ~i-
J dikmek
;
(the
ground)
^c^%^^
hirasset-e
zira"t-et
;
(science, &c.)
ishtighAl-et,
JJjkL*
meshghul-ol,
^J^Jl>-
chXlzshmak.
Cultivation,
5.
US^el^J
zira"t
;
ishtigAi.
Cumbersome, Cumbrous,
a.
hXntXl.
Cummin,
s.
^^
kemmun
(kimiy6n).
CUNNING [85] CYPRUS
Cupboard,
s
Cupid,
5.
(j
Cupidity,
s.
Cupola,
s. <
Cupper,
5. .
Cunning,
a.
^l^---*
sheytAn,
6rosstop611u
; ,
s.
^jJjlk^
shey-
tAnlzk.
Cunt,
s. *\
Am,
~ji
fEij, ^~
kyuss.
Cup,
s.
(jl=\3 finjAn (filjAn)
; ,
v.a.
\
y^^cUr*-
hAjamet-et (bAjamAt).
Cupbearer,
s.
^Js\~*
sak?.
doUb.
"Ashk.
tAma",
u^p"
hzrss.
kubbiii.
Hsc\P~
(hAjamAtjz).
Cupping-glass,
s.
^^Wc^o
??*"" (hA-
jamXt)-j^mij
horn,
j^jy
b6ynuz.
Curacoa,
s.
\f*\
k^ras6a.
Curb,
v.a. \ \z~e
zXbt-et,
(J"j)\
(&&}.)&
Ap'Azma-ghem-
wurmak.
Curdle,
v.n. ClX^L-
.^ kessilmek.
Cure,
v.a.
\jA
Tyi-et;
\^La\
zsslah-et.
Curiosity,
s.
(rare thing)
L$
->uJW
:
tuhaf-shey
;
^*^c
"antika
;
(inquisi-
tiveness)
'i\j*
merAk.
Curious,
a.
(surprising) I^^-JK^
"ijib
("Aja'ib),
i^ijZ
gharib
;
(rare)
^jW
1
tuhaf
;
(inquisitive)
*^\s*
merXkh',
J^jy^^^j^
hEr-shey-s6rar.
Curl,
s.
(of hair)
u-fllj
zulf
;
(general)
W
i^-J>
kzvrim,
Ji^
buklum
; :,
v.a.
^c^^i
kh'j'rmak,
cX*^J
bukmek;
,
v.n.
^Jj^^J
kzvrzlmak,
C^/*Ji^;
bukulmek.
Currant,
s.
(fresh)
^jj^CJ-Jy
firEnk-
-uzumu
;
(dried)
^jj^t/"^
kush-
-uzumu.
[ra'ij,
J^^J^<
mut^davel.
Current,
s. ^J^s\ Xkmdi
; ,
a. \
Curry,
v.a.
(comb)
j**J
tlmar-et
;
.
favour,
v.n.
^jptjJj'cL
yAltAklanmak.
Currycomb,
s. L
tarak,
Curse,
. cu^*!
la"net,
Ujjj
bed-du"a;
,r.aJc^^J la"net-et,
^J^jSjlc^uJ
la"net-6kumak.
Cursed,
a.
(jj*L<
mel"un.
Cursory,
a.
jazJss*
mukhtXssar.
Curtail,
v.a.
^J^\^
kzssAltmak.
Curtain,
s.
JJ^J
pirdE.
Curve,
a.
^si*
munh^ni; curve-rline,
^^s^U}
Lr>- khXttz-munhani.
Cushion,
5.
J0w?l>
f yassdzk, (cylindrica))
^,-JU
balin
;
(seat)
j'~*
mindEr.
Custom,
s. C-?jlc "adet.
Customer,
5.
u^i^
mushteri.
Custom-house,
5.
CJ^
ghyumruk
;
duty,
cJj*
ghyumruk,
cJ^*i *-^
ress-
mi-ghyumruk
; officer,
ghyumrukj
u,
(j
Cut,
v.a. C
-et; ,s.
(wound)
^,l>
yara
;
(shape)
Cutlass,
s. -sr-
5
kzlij.
[j*^*
bichim.
Cutler,
s.
(knife)
^^'^
bzchAkjz
;
(penknife)
^-s-^^uJj
kXlEmtrshjz
;
(sword)
^^s.-^
5
kzlijji.
Cutter,
.
(who cuts)
jjfljj\)*y*
dogh-
rayzji
;
(knife)
v
1
^
bzchXk
;
(ship)
XjjjS
kotra.
Cut-throat,
s.
Jj\5
katil;
J5l5
^iJlj
Cycle,
5.
iyb
da'irE.
[kAnli-kAtil.
Cylinder,
5. djUk-j! usstuwanE.
Cypress,
5.
u^Li
selvi,
j^-a
sErv.
Cyprus,
s.
(j~**
Kibris.
DAB
[86] DAWN
D.
Dab
down,
v.a. *3\
Xtmak, c
XtzvErmek, i^kcJ*+S\J
braldvErmek.
Dabble,
v.n.
julp^l
oynamak;
J
kXn'shmak.
Dad,
Daddy,
5.
^^bt
Daffodil,
s.
c-^^yJl
Xltm-t6p.
Dagger,
s.
jf^>-
khXnJEr (khXnchar).
Daily,
a.
^j<fj*
hEr-ghunki,
yuvmi
; ,
ac?.
^J
*
Joj
ghytmdE-bir
;
^/y*
hEr-ghyun.
Dalmatia,
s.
Ljjl^lj
Dalmachia.
Dam,
s.
(mother)
\j\
ana;
(of eartb)
<Xj
sedd
; ,
v.a. 1 L~0 *L! ^X-j sedd-ila-
zXbt-et.
[Cl^L,^
kbassaret.
Damage,
5.
jj>
zarar,
^^[J
ziyan,
Damages,
s.
pi.
cul^-/^' tXzmmAt.
Damascus,
5.
(JJL*
Damashk.
Damask,
5.
jji-ilolj
damassko
; rose,
Ji^j^
m6r-ghyul.
Damn,
v.a.
cX;JJj>
<U^sj~ ji
-ghyundErme.k
;
damn
you,
Damned,
a.
cAU^f- jihimnEmlik.
Damp,
a. and s. v nem
;
a. jJli^J nem-
nak
(nsmlXk),
fafj
rutubetli
; ,
s,
(*z~~*jaj
rutubet
; ,
v.a. cXt^LiJ
nemlEtmek,
~*~}\~e\ esslXtmak
;
Damsel,
s. L*J kzz.
\j^^-y0
so^Autmak.
Damson,
5.
i^lj^c-jY
6
mwrdum-eri^Ai.
Dance,
5.
*>- hora; ,
v.n.
%j*
>
~
CX^J h6ra-tepmek,
\^/^j
rXkss-et.
Dandelion,
5. bjoJfc hindiba.
Dane,
s. JteiUJlj Danimarkali.
Danger,
5.
lfi|7
tehlikE,
jijj'i
korku,
l^tUt*
mukhAtara.
Dangerous,
a.
}<j*jj*
korkulu,
}*&$
tehlikEli,
J^Ur
mukhAtarali.
Dangle,
v.w.
JUJjU?
sarkmak.
Danube,
s.
Ujt
Tuna.
Dapple-grey,
a.
u^-JJiJ
blklfl-kzrt.
Dardanelles,
s.
^dJj J^
Cbnak-
-kalEssi.
Dare,
v.w.
^d^l
>.
jessaret-et,
\^~5jt>-
jur'et-et
; ,
v.a.
jjO.^.M^iUV
J^t^J
yapamazsm-deyu-kzzdtrmak.
Daring,
a.
j^
>"
jessur,
,
5.
Cl^L^-
jessaret,
cJii
yi^^itlik.
Dark,
a.
<jWy
kXranltk
; lantern,
u^jUi
j^j**
kbzrs/z-fEnEri.
[zulmet.
Darkness,
s.
^jijlJ'
kXranlzk,
Darling,
s.
)ff&
iki-ghywz,
^
nuri-"ayn,
<
Darn,
v.a.
cXc^^l
wrmek.
Dart,
5.
X^s>-
jirld
; ,
v.a.
Xtmak
; ,
v.n.
^Jj!
Xtilrnak.
Dash,
v.a, \
A^yb ^->y^
parcha-parcha-
-et;
^*JL>-
chalmak,
^JL^J^Le>-
charpm^k,
Jk/|1
wurmak.
Dastard,
s.
J\*j}i
k6rkk.
Date,
5.
(fruit)
U^
khurma
;
(epoch)
^Cjb*
turikh; ,
v.a.
J^5
^;lJ
tarikh-komak.
Daub,
v.a.
JKO;^^
bulashdzrmak.
Daughter,
5.
jJ
kzz,
^'iJ/
kerimE
;
-
in-law,
^^
ghelin.
Daunt,
v.a.
(J^^j^
k6rkutmak.
Dawn,
s. A
shafAk,
DAY
[87]
DECEMBER
brtalik-tyharmassi,
v.n.
^cL^>\J
^e
bAshlamak;
Lilj
fejir
; ,
r'
sechil-
Day,
5.
^/
ghyun,
^
y^vm,
j
ruz
;
before
yesterday,
(jj
15*-^
EWElsi-ghyim
;
after
to-morrow,
L^V^
6-bir-ghyun.
Daybreak,
5. v. Dawn.
[dfilikji.
Day-labourer,
s.
Lfs^*jJj=
ghyun-
Daylight,
5.
^l^J^jJ aydmlzk,
Daytime,
s.
JjJu^
ghyiinduz.
Dazzle,
v.a.
^^cX^Ui*
J^=>
ghywz-k-
mAshdzrmak,
^ill
J^
ghywz-Almak.
Dead,
a. *\
ulu,
^/^Jjl
wlmush,
tX*
murd,
^t^o
murdfi,
U^x<
muttiweffa.
Deadly,
a.
cJl^o
muhl/k,
<U,jJl
muzzrr.
Deaf,
a.j\*a.
saghir,
^JLA
ishitmaz.
Deafness,
s.
^LrU?
saghirlik.
Deal,
5.
j^
ch6k;
(wood)
/U-
cham;
,
v.a.
^/cxAL dX^Aztmk
; in,
v.n.
(J^jL?
sAtmak,
I^JjLsr
1
tija-
retini-et.
[ghyan.
Dealer,
s.
Lys^
J
U
sXtzjz,
^l^jb
bXzzr-
Dear,
a.
(in price)
^Slg
(pAhalz)
;
(in affection)
^>J.c
"Xziz.
Dear me! tW.
e^jU^ "Ajaib.
Dearth,
5.
jJjJ'^j
pXhalilik,
jLJ
kitlik,
ks?
kaht,
1U
gnzla.
.Death,
s.
J^
Mum,
CUy
mevt,
culi.
wefat,
cJ;-*
mergh,
cJiU helak.
Debark,
v.?z.
(jA&^u^Z
ghemidan-
-chzkmak
; ,
v.a.
ghemtdan
-
chzkarmak, d
kAraya-dwkmek.
Debate,
s. tll**
meshv^rEt; ,
v.a. } j
lakz'rdz'ssmt-et,
\&s*\+<> mubahe'ssE-et.
Debauch,
s.
^LiL.c
"ayyashlzk
; ,
v.a.
(^JjW
ayartmak,
\ jLJl ifsad-et.
Debauchery,
s.
^LlLc.
"ayyashlik,
^JuU-
chApkmlzk.
Debilitate,
v.a. Ic-d-xJ
za"if-et,
^J^xU-j*^
za"iflatmak.
[za"iflik.
Debility,
s. i^Jj^a
za"f,
^Jux*e
Debt,
5.
-^-^
b6rj,
^jJ
dfeyn.
Debtor,
s.^s>-j^
b6rjlu,
(jy.iX
medyCn.
Decadence,
.
J1.J
zewal.
Decamp,
v.w.
^4,-ii^ltf
sawushmak,
J^-li*
kAchmak,
1
jly
firar-et.
Decanter,
s.
^-\f0
surahl.
Decapitate,
v.a.
^i'^J.uj
b6yunu-
nu-wurmak, t^^j....^
\*A*
bXshani-
kessmek.
Decay,
s.
jLj
zewal
;
JL-J fessAd
;
,
v.n.
(j<^j
b6zulmak, <-^v<
jj^'~
churumek,
^j^J^J^J
zewal-bulmak.
Decease,
s. Cl?ls wefat
; ,
v.n.
CiXJji
Mmek,
Icjl^
wefat-et.
Deceased,
a.
U^
mut^weffa,
/*^>^c
mErhum.
[kizb.
b
yalAnjzh'k,
yalAnjz,
iki-yiizlu.
1!
Aldatmak,
Deceit,
s.
Deceitful,
a.
kyazib
;
jlj
Deceive,
v.a.
December,
s.
Jj^J^
kyanuni-EWEl.
DECENCY
[88] DEFAMATION
Decency,
s. t-jj
fedeb,
Lr>-
haya.
Decent,
a.\+*i temiz
;
j\ edebli.
Deception,
5. <tL^-
h?lE,
'j^
dyun
;
Aldadash
;
jiJ
Aldamsh.
Deceptive,
a.
jjl
J^^J^
AdAim-Aldadz'r.
Decide,
v.a. 1
J-AJ fAssl-et,
(Jr
kArarlashdz'rmak
; ,
v.n. Ci
kXrar-vErmek.
Decimal,
a.
i-fjllxl
a"shari.
Decipher,
v.a.
J^jUu>-
chzkarmak,
**<<*\
okumak,
cJ/*5*5 swkmek.
Decision, s.^J'
kXrar
;
e^-Jli^ metanet.
Decisive,
a.
^fb&
kXt"?,
j^JJ
bitirir.
Deck,
s.
J
bezEmek.
two-deck
three-decker s.
,
v.a.
j^,f
tezym-et,
Decker, two-decker,
s. vLj
uch-
Declaration,
s.
^jsu
tXknr
;
^Lj
beyan,
Declare,
v.a.
l^lj beyan-et,
l^jUl ifadE-
-et;
\jjj& tHoir-et,cX*Jjj-i
suweylE-
mek.
[the needle)
Isllajsr! inhitAt.
Declination,
5.
(astr.) J-.^ meyl
;
(of
Decline,
s.
JViJ
zewal; uJ^a^ in-
hzraf;
v.a.
cJ^cUx^J^
kAbul-
-etmamek,
\
Aj
redd-et
;
C
ghirishraamek
; ,
v.n.
zewol
-
bulmk
;
mun-
harif-ol,
(J*jtf
bozulmak,
yjc^sr*
mukhtell-61.
[^jb
bayzr.
Declivity,
s.
[J
^\
fenish,
j^^,
y6kush,
Decoction,
s. L^-Jl.
shErbet,
*s su.
Decompose,
v.a.
Jj>-
hall-et;
cXJ
Decorate,
v.a.
\^j^f
tezym-et,
cJ^*p
bezEmek.
[nishan.
Decoration,
5.
(J*
tezyin
;
j^UJ
Decoy,
5.
(J\j$e
tuzXk
; ,
v.a.
&\jjb
CJ^C-jJ
tuzX^Aa-dushurmek.
Decrease,
s.
^\.^\
eksilish
; ,
v.n.
C-Ul~^ eksilmek,
J^])\
XzAlmak
;
,
v.a. CJ^L^l
eksiltmek,
J*A\j\
XzAltmak, cJ-**-^ kessmek.
Decree,
5.
*j|^1
iradfi
; ,
v.w. & a.
\&J\j\
iradis-et,
l;'
fErmAn-et,
buyurmak,
\^<\
emr-et,
Decrepit,
a.
^^\i^i
bunamish
;
utuh-ghetirmish.
Decrepitude,
s.
*jiX
"atuh.
Dedicate,
v.a.
^^s^
takhsiFss-et
;
^*jl>Ai^lJLLLj
[J birinin^
-
nAmma-
-yazmak
;
one's
self,
"wmrunu-sarf-et.
Deduce,
v.a.
^i'^r
anglamak (nna-
mak),
1 l^il^jl
isstintaj-et.
jU.a.J^J
tenzil-et,
^J
* k?rmak.
Deduction,
s.
isstintaj
;
^^V^
netiJE
;
Jj
UJ tenzil.
Deed,
s.
^.A
ish,
Jxi
f
i"l,
jli
kyar
;
Jcj
sened,
ei~.sP~
hujjet.
Deem,
v.a.
(J*A*
saymak,
sanmak,
^c
add-et,
zann-et.
Deep,
a.
.^
i*3
derin,
amek
;
(crafty)
^^^
sh^ytAn
; ,
s.
den^iz.
Deer,
5.
cXj gheyik
;
<^|/
karaja.
Deface,
v.a. ** bozmak.
churutmek;
v.n.
C)<j^>-
churumek.
'
Defamation,
s.
\j\
iftira,
^\+#
buhtan.
DEFAME [89]
DEJECTION
Defame,
v.a. \
\ji*\
iftira-et.
Defaulter,
s.
[^t^^J^Tj^
borjunu-
-VErme'yEn
;
^l^-lj^Jc^Jkri-
khzd-
metdan-kAchAn
(hiz).
Defeat,
s.
&*}
bozghun,
^^-)^.
b6zghunluk
; ,
v.a.
fj-<j^
b6zmak,
1
C^JjL<5
maghlub-et.
Defect,
s.
^--^ "*tyk>
JJ^*
kussur,
JU~
khifclel, CX~=1 eksik,
^LaSJ
noksan,
^jikft-j
sakAth'k.
Defective,
a. LA~J sakAt
;
jJ~-=V eksik,
^J3\j
nakzss,
^LaaJ
noksan.
Defence,
s. ^Isr
muhAfaza,
v^^jU-^
seyanet,
X>l5j
vikays
;
tJ>\y>-
jewXb.
Defend,
v.a.
<J+lj
k6rumak,
ladails^
muhAfaza
-
et, \\^i\~e
siyanet
-
et,
\
^IS, vikays-et;
\
^^^
tassahhub-
^^
sahzb-chzkraak,
himayE-et.
Defendant,
s. <Llc
<&&<
mudda"a-
Defender,
s.
,^>-
haml.
["alfeyh.
Defensive,
a. ,*3^ JJ tedafu"i
;
offen-
sive and
defensive,
.Ji*\*j(J>jAaf?
tejavuzT-VE-tedafu'
f
z
; armour,
Xjj
zirh.
Defer,
v.a.
|^-u
ta'khzr-et
; ,
v.n.
CX^^jj^J
boyun-eghmek.
Deficiency,
5.
Deficient,
a. LL)=1
eksik,
^^-oaJ
noksan.
Defile,
s.
jUy
b6^Xz, J^s^ ghechid,
derbend
(devrent)
; ,
v.a.
szchmak,
\j\Jj<
murdar-et
(mundar),
\^j~+^j
tenjiss-et.
Define,
v.n.
^^^~
tahdid-et
;
(explain)
!cji.' ,J ta"rlf-et.
Definite,
a. JJk^r mahdud
;
(fixed)
..j-**
mu"ayyen,
^^jt^ ma"lum,jIL
belli.
Definition,
s. A>- hadd
;
u-W^'
ta"rif.
Definitive,
a.
J^l
Assl,
^ytLjJ
kXt".
Deform,
v.a.
^^^
b6zmak,
l*
chirkin-et.
Deformed,
a.
^^l^
a
zassz-^ndamindan-kharij-olAn
;
j^jljj
kXnbur,
LJisj-b bXjakstz,
<^"^f-
JUJE,
^L-jii
X^Asaik.
Deformity,
5.
C)li-^;^
cbirkinlik.
Defraud,
v.a.
^j^Jj^S?
d61andtrmak.
Defray,
v.a.
clX<^
vErmek,
ghywrmek,
I^XfJFt^l
wdfimek.
Defunct,
a.
Ijj^o
muteweffa,
mErbum.
Defy,
v.a.
<^jJj! J(X-_
meydln-
okumak;
(J^^ie^j^
karshz-komak.
Degenerate,
a.
jjy
bozuk,
i/ttjjfjj
b6zulmush
; ,
v.n.
(jd)#
b6zulmak.
Degradation,
5.
<LJ^j JjpJ
tenzU-i-riitbE
;
c^-lUj
rezal^t.
Degrade,
v.a.
ljj3j
rezil-et
;
;)w^
"ayb-61
;
(J-^\ i^^j
-Xlmak.
Degree,
5.
<^-j^
dersJE,
&+
^^e
menzile,
tij
ksrtE,
tU^J
peressE.
Deign,
v.n. ^oL! lutf-et,
^
kErEm-
et, lu^oUfi
"inayet-et,
l^j^
tenez-
zul-et.
[ma"bud.
Deity,
s. rf\
ilab,
<M
Xlllh,
Deject,
v.a.
^^sr*
mabzun-et.
Dejection,
5.
<UJi>j^
dushunma,
tekessur,
*c
ghXm,
DELAY
[90] DENTIST
Delay,
s.j*~\j
ta'khzr,
^.fa
te'ekhkhur
;
*~<j^
durma,
<ullj kAlma
bekle'mE
;
L^J^-c
muhlet,
wAkzt; ,
v.n.
(J^<j*
durmak,
kAlmak, eUKj bekldmek
;
te'ekhkhur-et,^
IS^ghfec
j-j-f
gheri-kAlmak
; ,
v.a.
vekH;
"
me*-
Delegate,
s.
mur
;
(^ft**
mebuss
; ,
v.a.
\JJfj
vekH-et;
1*!^
hawalE-et
;
Ija^U
me'mur-et.
Deleterious,
a.
$jf0
zararli,
-i< muz^rr.
Deliberate,
a. ^^ais
kXssdl,
-?4X4^
"amdi
; ,
v.n.
cXd^iij
J dusbun-
mek
;
I
^li*x;
mushavErE-et.
Deliberation,
s.
^yU
te'enm
;
9j)\~*
Delicate,
a.
CJjlj
nazik.
[musbavErE.
Delicious,
a.
^b'\L
Utlz,
jj JJ lezlz.
Delight,
s.
iffj*
SEvinj,
L^Jji^c
memnuniyyet,
jj^
surur
; ,
v.a.
CJv<jjJi4-o
sEvindirmek,
^>
r
-x> mess
-
rur-et
; ,
v.n. \ }a>-
hXzz-et,
\ <5 jjj
telfezzuz-et
;
CX-*J* SEvinmek,
^^J'+ASO
mfemnun-61.
Delighted,
a.
bjias.'*
mahzuz.
Delightful,
a.
Jj/
ghyuzel,
uJ-laJ l^tif.
Delinquency,
s. ci^^-UJ kAbahat.
Delinquent,
5.
fay*
suchlu,
jil^-Lj
kAbahatl/.
Delirious,
a.
^-^f-
chzlghm. [junun.
Delirium,
5.
^jJo-^L>-
chHghmlzk,
^^^~
Deliver,
v. a.
(J^J^J^
kurtarraak,
\ljeJksC
takhlzss-et,
1^^>-
khlass-
-et;
^*-L-J tesslim-et,
C^xJj
VErmek.
Deliverance,
^.
^J^jf
kurtarzsh
;
^pJ^
kurtulush,
(jo^>-
khlass.
Delivery,
s.
\j&$j**
kurtulush,
khalass; >*Lj'
tesslim.
Delude,
v.a.
J^jJl
Xldatmak.
Deluge,
s.
(jUji?
tufln
;
(flood)
seyl (sel).
Delusion,
5.
JjU*
merak,
i&j]*
kuruntu.
Demand,
s. lcJ&~4 isstid"a
;
CJJCwyjl
isstedik
;
L^ytJ
da'Va
; ,
v.a.
(Jscjye
sormak
; cXcu1
isstEmek.
Demi,
a.
/jl>
yarzm.
Democracy,
s.
L^OJ^*J>-
jumhuriyyet.
Demolish,
v.a.
(J^)^.
bozmak,
(j*&
yzkmak,
UjJfe hMm-et.
Demolishment, Demolition,
s. /JJb hedm.
Demon,
s.
^^-^ sheytXn,
^Vj
zoblm.
Demonstrate,
v.a. Ic^Ljl issblt-et.
Demur,
v.n. \
JJ^j
tereddud-et,
U
bXkmmak.
Den,
s.
^i\
In,
^U*
Denial,
.
jl&l
inkyar; (refusal)
/^
lrsT
1
!
"tfdEtni-injaz.
Denmark,
s.
lijU-.Mj
Danimarka.
Denominate,
v.a. I<U**-J
tessmiyyE-et.
Denomination,
s. \
ad,
>1
issm,
&+*~3
tessmiyyE; (sect)
(j^L
millet,
AJy
fzrka.
Denote,
v.a.
jl
cu^lc.
"alamfet-ol,
\jL-!2!j delalet-et.
[mek.
Denounce,
v.a.
CX^jj*>-
khXbEr-vEr-
Dense,
a.
,<>y
k6yu
;
^**^
sk,
L,
o .* s
kessif,
JhJ.,f.
ghaliz.
Dentifrice,
5.
L^jy^^jJ
dish-t6zu.
Dentist,
s. .*rdS
dishji.
DENTISTRY [91]
DESCENT
Dentistry,
s. cJ*s
dishjilik.
Denude,
v.a.
^J^j^y
s6ymk.
Deny,
v.a. \
j\&\
inkyar-et
;
(refuse)
Cl*Usj|jl*fH
injaz-etmamek,
I
J;
redd-et.
Depart,
s.
^IL^-
chekish
; ,
v.n.
(JAJLs*-
chzkmak, cJv*^
ghitmek.
Department,
s.
(branch)
Jy
kol,
y
fer";
(of state)
C^UaJ
nXzaret
;
(business)
*ikj
wXzifE,
*A$c
"uhdE.
Departure,
s.
^<A-
ghidish,
*\*
kzyam,
UU/iJj.
"azimet.
Depend,
v.n.
(j-+$\j
bXkmak
;
j\%->^
tabi"61
;
j\
^y*j-*
merbut-61,
jfe^o
menut-61
;
<^J^^^
ghyu^Enmek,
\ jUi^l
i"timAd-et,
leJj
\z)j
rXbti-
-kXlb-et.
Deplorable,
a.
^5*-<^>-l
Ajtnajak,
Li
fena,
^ll-^J
penshAn.
Deplore,
v.a.
^J^Lci
A^Alamk.
Depopulate,
v.a.
(J***~s
rj^*
(j*\JW
ahalTdan-khall-kelmak.
Deportment,
s.j!jW
Atwar,
?^j^
evza".
Depose,
v.n. \ j JiJ tXkrlr-et
; ,
v.a.
j-i^
khfll"-et,
C^tXJ^Atfir
takht-
dan-endirmek.
Deposit,
s. h*-0l*l emanet
;
^J
pey
;
tortu
;
<L?^J
possa
; ,
v.a.
tesslim-et
;
^4J
komak,
'-*^j
wXz"-
-et;
(jA\ji
brakmak.
Depositary,
s.j\4cJ\**\
emanetdar.
Depreciate,
v.a.
^aJ^^c^JJ
kemetini-
-XzAltmak
;
\
j&\ ,^j^
kXdrini-
-inkyar-et.
Depredation,
s.
Cl^L-ci-
khXssaret,
^jl&bj
ziyankyarlzk;
(J^j^j>-
khzr-
sz'zKk.
Depress,
v.a. LJiJ fak?r-et
;
( IXSL-*
rmihtAj-et
;
1
jJkCo
mukEddEr-et
;
C3v<^^
J\^ kessad-vErmek.
Depression (of spirits),
s.
CUjj<=>
keduret
; (of market)
jL-^s kessad
;
(of
ground)
jfi>-
chukur.
Deprive,
v.a.
^pjj^*
mahrum-et,
^J\&~
(J-+$\jj
khali-brakmak.
Depth,
s.
CtXLjj^
dferinlik,
J^c
"umk;
of
winter,
(j~2*j$
kXra-kzsh,
J
\j$-<j
zemh^rir,
\.j+x*j\
erba"m.
Deputation,
s.
iLj
vekillEr,
meb^usslsr.
Depute,
v.a. 1
J-.^
vekil-et.
Deputy,
s.
J--j
vekil
;
judge,
na'ib
;
governor,
^IjU^jlj kx'im-
Deride,
v.a. \
\fcJ\
isstihza-et.
[makAm.
Derision,
s.
\fe~>\
isstihza.
Derivation,
s.
(source) J-^l
Xssl;
(of
words)
jlft^l
ishtiklk.
Derive,
v.a.
(J^*>
bulmak,
\
f
-\
J
ss^J\
isstikhraj-et,
\
JLa-s^J
isstihsAl-et.
Derived,
a.
<JXl*c
mushtakk.
Descend,
v.n. cX*Jl
enmek,
j\ JjU
nazil-61,
j!
lajLs
sakit-ol,
\ l?*-Jb hubut-
-et
;
^i^jJi)^!
evladindan-61.
Descendant,
s.
^ji^^J^I
evladindan-
-61An
; descendants,
oU>-!jj!
al-u-
-ahfad.
Descent,
s.
jjL'A
enish,
Jjjj
niizul,
UA-J
sukut,
Lj.Jb
hubut;
(relation-
ship)
u^L^i
intissab
;
(degree
of
DESCRIBE [92] DESPONDENCY
dere"JE,
(Jb)
bXtn,
M^J
karn
;
(attack)
*}sP
kujum.
Describe,
v.a.
It-jyyO*
ta"rif-et;
(a
circle)
L-J;
ressm-et.
Description,
s.
cjwyw
ta"rif;
(sort)
JjJ durlu,
C**P
s6y,
^>/~^f
jinss,
cy
nev".
[-gyurmak.
Descry,
v.a.
LlX;_ (j-Vj^
uzakden-
Desert,
s.
<_]>-
chwl,
<k^b
badiyyE
; ,
a.
t^^^
kharab,
.
JU* khali,
j~+J\
; >
v.n.
^4^lj
kXchmak,
irar-et; ,
v.a./JU^
) j
brakmak,
-et
; deserts,
s.
pi.
j&j
isstihklk.
Deserter,
s.
-^;^
firarl,
^p^f^
kXchkin.
Desertion,
f.j^J
firar.
Deserve,
v.a.
y^^rsL-x
musstahXkk-61.
Deserving,
a.
(J.^~*
^ musstahAkk
;
Jj-j
seza,
<teujl-i>
shayesstE,
^V.^
shay
An.
Design,
5. c^J
niyyfet,
/^-o
raeram,
4X^33
kXssd,
Jwaiu
mXksXd,
^-^s^c
mXksud,
&j
kurduk;
(drawing)
+~*j
ressim
; ,
v.a.
^c^J niyyet-et,
(J~*H-*
kurmak
;
\ Jwa-5 kXssd-et
;
(plan)
\^^.^Ji
tertib-etj
(dra
ressm-et.
Designate,
v.a. \
{j^
ta"ym-et,
C3v*i.;^-j
issmini-suweyl^mek.
Designation,
5. cM&t&d
<U4w-
miyyE-etmeklik.
Desirable,
a.
jjl;j*J
isstenilir,
jj^y
*)j\
arzu-61unur,
L-JjZfc
mErghub.
Desire,
s. ^z~\ isstek,
j\j\
arzu,
<*^^j
raghbet; (strong)
^j^-
hzrss;
(yearn-
ing)
^Ls-M ishtiyak; (concupiscence)
tess-
-i> shehvEt
;
(thing desired)
isstedik,
L-^ll^c
mXtlub
; ,
v.a. cJvC-j!
isst^mek,
^Jj^
arzu-et,
^5^
Aramak,
1
J-l
emel-et,
l^^JJb
tXleb-et;
^
emr-et,
l^ij
tenbih-et.
Desirous,
a.
<X*tJ^
arzumend.
Desist,
v.n.
CX**^J^
vaz-ghechmek.
Desk,
.
tjs*^~
ch^kmEJE.
Desolate,
a.
(person)
J-:<!L-40
kimsESsiz
;
c^^i.*
menkyub
;
c_->^>-
kharab
;
(place)
^;^j
viran,
^w
jL-?^>-
kharab-
u-yebab, u>jlr>-L!l>-
khaliy-
y^tun-khavi;
,v.a.
1^^^
kharab-
-et,
^U>j
viran-et.
Desolation,
5.
t-^^>-
kharab,
(^^Ju^
kharabiyyet
;
(desolate place)
LIU-
u^Ui-
khaliyye'tun-khavi.
Despair,
s.
^/~
b
yfe'ss,
cJoLj
Ju.<i umld-
sizlik
; ,
v.n.
j\<j-)fi*
rae'yus8-61,
\
v
;
^\ . Uj
kXt"e-umTd-et.
Despatch,
s.
(^\JjssC
tahrirAt,
Desperate,
a.
^*V<
umidsiz,
Despicable,
a.
(person) J^SM
Xlchak,
JjJj
r^zil,
JJJ
zelll;
thing,
i^J^J;
rezalet.
Despise,
v.a.
^xiUjl^
saymamak;
({
man)
k6mamak.
Despite,
s. in
despite,
<fcJ t>li^ "inadma
;
in
despite
of,
j^<U*jb^Jb
hich-bXk-
mayarak.
Despond,
v.n.
Jv~y.^
me'yuss-61,
,^4J}|
j
<^^'
kendini-brakmak.
Despondency,
5.
^u
y^'ss.
DESPONDENT
[93]
DEVISE
Despondent,
a.
(j~j}\>
me'yuss.
Despot,
s.
(tyrant)
Jll? zalim
;
(absolute
ruler)
J**&><
hakimi*mutlAk.
Despotism,
5. ^UilL^
c^-vc^G*-
hukyumet-
-mutlAka,
Ju? zulm.
Destine,
VM.\^I*<V^
takhs?ss-et;
\^j*\j
nAmzed-et
;
\j
jJl< mukAddEr-et.
Destiny,
s.j^i
kAdEr,
i^vt~J>
kzssmet,
JIL
tah'">
c^os^ bAkht.
Destitute,
a.
^^ruJ^JiJ
fakir- u-bikess.
Destroy,
v.a.
\Jy
t y6k-et,
\^^
mahv-et,
\\^\
ifna-et,
^^jJlS^j^s^
vuju-
dini-kAldzrmak
;
\<-r>\j>-
khrab-et,
\^\J^
perishln-et
;
(jh-*^. yzkmak,
{Jr))i
b6zmak
;
cX^jJj!
wldurmek,
^Jk^l^Jl*-
janznz-Xlmak,
\j&
kahr-et.
Destruction,
s.
^|/^-
kharab
;
u-^^sT
takhrib,
c^-J^
kharabiyyet
;
j?*
mahv,
Lil ifna.
Destructive,
a.
i~J\jS>-
\*L*s\) ba"iss-i-
kh<)rab
;
CLXi$*
muhlik.
Detach,
v.a.
CX-J.^-
ckwzmek;
i^^L^J^JL?
sXh'vErmek
;
J(L^l-j
.Ji
k6parmak;
^J^\
ayrmak.
Detachment,
5. Jill?
takzm,
cJ^b
bMuk,
>j]\
May,
*y
firka.
^
Detail,
5.
J-^AJ
tafszl
;
in
detail,
LaA?
;
(one by
one)
j
birEr-
-birEr
; details,
f^L^sj tafszlat
; ,
4*
v.a.
IJ.j^aJj tafszl-et,
tXfsnon-nlkl-et.
Detain,
v.a.
JPo^AJl
Xlzk6mak.
Detect, v.a.
(J^jjb
tutmak
;
bulmak.
Detective,
s.
-zXbtzyyE-neferz.
Detention,
s.
ghzzli-
[habss.
tevkzf;
Deter,
v.a.
^J^i^iulU
mani-"61mak.
Deteriorate,
v.w. c3v*,^JLj fenaleshraek
;
^Ji^oj^j
b6zmaklik.
Determination,
s.
>*^*aJ tXssmim,
sjj
niyyet
;
j\f
kXrar
;
C^Lj sebat
;
jlxc "inad
;
J-^o meyl.
Determine,
v..
v^X^J^ ^K-3
kXrar-
-VErmek; !*,*4^ tAssmim-et,
Ic^vJ
niyyet-et,
(J-<j^
kurmak
; ,
v.a.
\^
r^^i^>.^,
M3j tAssmima-sebeb-61
;
CXcpJtS^Jg* mfeyl-etdirmek.
Detest,
v.a.
^J^JjLj^A^j
menfur-tutmak,
CXW^M4 ^.Jb
hich-sevmamek.
Dethrone,
v.a. !-L>-
khaf'-et,
^JOrkT
1
CX<;JJ!
takhtdan-endirmek.
Detonation,
s.
^^~~*
<"--
>
JjV
barut-sessi.
Detract from one's
merits,
v.n.
^s\&s?
M>
\
\j\j\ isstihkAkmz-inkyar-et.
Detriment,
s.
j^e
zarar.
Deuce,
5.
^
J du
;
^^2.-i> sheytAn
;
the
deuce! int.
^^^Ufjll
AlUha-SEn;
L^J^-i^J
yo^Aundu.
Devastation,
5. C-
^1^-
kharab.
Develop,
v.a.
^I^^jL5-<U]Ju^^Jlc-ftj^
muteferri
atznz-meydAna-chzkarmak.
;
L^-v^*i3 san"at
; Device,
s.
*wj
ressim,
J.i>
shekil.
Devil,
s.
^^r^
sheytln,
u~Aj\
ibllss
;
(imp)
^Vj
z^bint.
Devious,
a.
u^^Jo^l
eghri-bw^Ari,
^-l^^ir^L?
sApzk-d61ashzk.
Devise,
v.a.
(bequeath) ivSr
wAs-
DEVOID
[94]
DIG
siyyet-et; (invent)
(J^)i
bulmak,
(^XtwMwiuJ dushunmek.
j
Devoid,
a.
^J^
khali.
Devolve,
v.n.
^JL^JjjJ
dushmek,
iCUol*^
isslbet-et,
\
Jl&Jl
intikil-et.
Devote,
v.a.
\(jc+*assC
takhszss-et,
\ IjJ
feda-et.
Devotion,
s.
(jol
>r
"
-^\ ikbtisslss
;
^jA^essC
takhszss
;
^jj^li'
Jki
fedakyar-
lik
;
e^oJ>j-
"ubudiyyet;
CUobj
diyanet
; devotions,
jL*J
nAmAz,
tUjLc
"ibadet,
IftJ du"a.
Devour,
v.a.
C3v^> yemek,
CX<^J
bitirmek,
(J^y.
yutmak.
Devout,
a.
,<Jy*
sofu,
^tjCiAd
dindar,
^^io^
muttaki,
\yujAl
ehli-tXkwA.
Dew,
5. C^X>-
chi^A,
A^-wi>
sbebnem.
Dexterity,
5.
^J&
bimer.
Dexterous,
a. CLX>1>
Diadem,
s. \J
tXj.
Diagonal
line,
*.^
vetEr.
Diagram,
5.
JiA
sbekil,
Dial,
s.
(sun)
sa"ati
;
plate,
sa"at-takbtassz.
Dialect,
5.
Jj
dil,
,
Dialogue,
5.
iki-kishi-beyninda-olAn-lakzrdz.
Diameter,
s.JaS
kutr.
Diamond,
s.
^UJl
Mmass.
Diarrhoea,
s.
J'^J
issbal,
karn-surmESsi.
Diary,
s.
&**\Jjjj
ruznamE
(juznamE),
mejma"a, Jlj>ij
zhurnal.
Eli-chabik.
ghyunesh-
[zabln.
lissan,
,.jb;
Dice
(pi.
of
die),
5.
^Jj^j &)*o
tawla-
zarlar/.
Dictate,
v.a.
^J^JjU^-JuAj
tXkrir-
-edup-yazda'rmak
; C
jebran-kXbul-etdirmek
;
v.n.
amir-ol,'^J
**!*-,= io*l^Li-ilj blsbma-
-zabit-kessilmek.
[lii ghat-kit
abi.
Dictionary,
*. CL?U1
lughat,
^l^CjU)
Die,
s.
Lj\jAju0
tawla-zan
;
(for stamp-
ing) i^^lJS klh'p, (for coining)
<ix-
sikkfi; ,
v.n.
C-L^J^l
wlmek,
CJvi^-^
ghy^chmek, Icjlij
wfefat-
-et
; (a beast)
cX^^=
ghebErmek
;
(a plant)
(Ji*jj*
kurumak.
Diet,
s.
^/^ j^j{
pErblz-yeme^Ai
;
<U4o-
himyE,
J-J^J
pErbiz.
Diflfer,
v.n. !
.IjJjJjJ
(turlu-turlu)-ol,
mukbtelif-61
;
^J
L^J
jl
biri-birina-uymamak.
Difference,
5.
jy
fark
;
cJL^l
ikhtilif,
LZJjAk*
mughlyeret
;
^j)
niza".
Different,
a. JLUlJ
blshka,
^o
J
dighsr,
j~\
akhar;
J^-J^UllJ bAsbka-bAshka,
<_iiLsr mukbtelif,
(j^^
ghyuna-
ghyun.
Difficult,
a.
<>==
ghyucb,
^>-
chetin,
^bjyua
su^ubetli,^^
c "ussretli.
Difficulty,
s.
cXL>-^=
ghyucbluk,
cbetinlik,
i^^jj**
su"ubet,
ussret.
Diffidence,
s.
u^-J^s
sr
*
mahjubiyyet.
Diffident,
a.
C-^s
5^
mahjub,yJ;L-^
jessaretsiz.
Dig,
v.a.
(J*j^
klzmak,
\j&>-
bufr-et
;
CJ^ib baifimek;
up,
v.a.
(ground;
DIGEST
[95]
DIRECTLY
;
(plants)
C.
swkmek,
(^jliu^-
chzkarmak
;
(find
by digging)
(j^tf
biilmak.
Digest,
v.a.
\
/
^^>
hAzm-et.
{Digestible,
a.
*aft>J-J
c--Ji>- khAfif-
Digestion,s.
^ito
hAzm.
[-VE-tez-hazm.
Dignified,
a.
Jjj^j
wwkaretli,
Dignitary,
s.
(J$}\^j^(j.J
rijfili-
-kibardan-olAn,
^j^Ju^l^e.-
)[s^\
AsshAbz-manasszbdan-olan.
Dignity,
s.
^^^
temkin,
^lj
wakar
;
ftl
Aghr
;
<fLJ^
rutbE.
Dike,
s. Ju*- sedd
;
(JJ^^
himdek.
Dilapidation,
s.
L-J\J-
kharab.
Dilemma,
s.
Jl~<>
mushkil.
Diligence,
5.
^UUllJl>-
chAl/shkAnb'k,
/*lfcXJi
ikdlm,
LZJj+.j^i*i
sa"y-u-
-ghayret
;
L^
-cy-j
sur'^at.
Diligent,
a.
^UiJW
chAh'shkhAn,
/%AL<
mukdim.
[sulu-et.
Dilute,
v.a.
JUJlS
j*
su-kAtmak,
Dim,
a.
yjLc^J
dumAnK,
^Ais^l
^.o
dumAn
-
ichinda
-
ghibi
;
^jJj
kAranlz'k.
Dimension,
.
C3l^-J
biyuklik;
the
three
dimensions,
<sil5jU;t eb"adi-
-selassE.
Diminish,
v.n.
(J^\j\
AzAlmak
;
LLX*J^^
kuchulmek,
(J^\j)\
ufAlmak
; ,
v.a.
kessmek,
^
.
Jj\
ufAtmak.
Diminution,
5.
<iu!lj!
eksilma;
<UJ\Jji
ufAlma,
<U^JUj
ufAltm,
tAklil
;
j**&J
tXssghzr.
Diminutive,
a.
,J^
ufXk,
jjjsf
\Jji
ufXjzk,
vJ^
kuchuk,
CJ^^f^
kuchujuk;
,
s.
j*d?*M1
issmi-tXssghtr.
Dimple,
5.jyb-
chukur,
al>- chah.
Dine,
v.n.
CX*JCJv4>
yemek-yemek,
l/l*L ta"am-et.
Dinner,
5.
C^X*J
yfemek,
,*U1?
ta"am,
Diploma,
s.
^U^J
ffirmAn,
^]jj
berat,
\j~jj
ru'uss,
Xj^U- ja'izE.
Diplomacy,
5. d-?l.a*j t ^)Jl adab-i-
-suf^rat.
Diplomatist,
5. CjlJLa L_->^1 L-^O-^
sahib-i-adab-i-suf^rat;
tI->tbJj di-
p!6mat.
Direct,
a.
^.Lyo
doghru,
u^*c.b..^JkJ
cl^
wlsszta, ,*?l3 zati,
jJc*
kendi
; ,
v.a.
(on
the
road)
CX^j ^LcL?
sa^Alzk
-
vErmek
;
(manage)
l^lj]
idarE-et,
IcL^tai
nAzaret-et
;
(point)
^Jl42JJ
Lc J?
d6^Arultmak,
I ^Q^^ 'atf-
-et,
\<Lf>-jj
tevjih-et,
lu-J^o
sarf-et
;
(a letter)
j^J\J.>lij1
usstunu-yaz-
mak
;
(order)
I
^ol
femr-et,
1^*-^
tenblh-et.
Direction,
5. u_3us
taraf,
^u
yn, L^->^^-
y<i^
emr,
<L-^J
tenbih,
Cl?UJjO' ta"-
llmat;
.JU^^C Iji^SM
mektub-usstu;
^IcU?
saghh'k,
(j-jJ^
"adress.
Directly,
ac?.
^A^WM) shimdi;
(^^Lj/Ji
^^,
^r
J
61-sa'
at,
/4JOl4^hemand
fern;
..^Jo
.c
DIRECTOR
[96] DISCONTENTED
d6ghrudan-doghru,
bila-wasszta,
lj'\ J zatan.
Director,
s.j^J^o
mudir,
jf^A
direktor.
Dirt,
s.j~=>
kir, LL)1~J
pisslik,
^J\^
murdarlzk.
Dirtiness,
s.
C^-
kirlilik.
Dirty,
a.
^J
kirli,
^
piss,
jlj^o
murdar,
Cj^Lc
mulevvess.
Disable,
v.a. \ JaiLs
skAt-et.
Disadvantage,
s.
jj*
zarar
;
jjU
mani",
<fc~j
sektE.
Disagree,
v.n.
^J^-lj^
bozushmak
;
(food)
jHcJy^aJ**
mi"de'yi-b6z-
mak.
[<0^
kerih.
Disagreeable,
a.
J-J'U?
tXts/z, Ju
bed,
Disagreement,
5. uJ)L>-! ikhtillf
;
c
tji
niza.
Disappoint,
v.a.
(J**3\
^\ Xldatmak
;
-'* 1
^
ishini-b6zmak,
jjlJi
kAzzk-sokmak.
Disapprove,
v.a. CXU^=
mamek,
^^-AJ'
takbih-et.
Disarm, v.a.
s6ymak
; c
silahmz-almak
; ,
v.n. JLo
^/CJ^-tf
silah-s6yunmak.
Disarmament,
5.
-.L*CJy
terk-i-silah
;
p-
Cjl,!jJ
te-
darukyat-barbiyyE-ber-taraf-etmeklik.
Disaster,
s. UzJ
kAza,
L
bela,
e^ila
felakEt.
Disband,
v.a. ^xi
v.w.
^J^ilcl
Disbelief,
5. jljbcUtXc "^dEmi-l"tikid.
Disbelieve,
v.a.
^Ujlij inanmamak.
Disburse, v.a.
\^j=>~
kharj-et,
sarf-et,
\>^J^2^
mAssraf-et.
Discard,
v.a.\J^>
tard-et,
J.*>j*
kbgh-
mak,
IjJj
def"-et.
Discern,
v.a.
J
CJv*^
sechmek,
Discharge,
5.
^1
izin,
<U^.J
tebriyyE
;
Atraa,
<uij|
Atzlma,
o^s^l
v^^-^J^
jerahat;
,
v.a.
izin-vErmek,
^
metdan-ch^karmak
VErmek,
^
chzkarmak
;
^J^J^
Atmak,
\
{
JS\
Atesh-et
isstlf^l-et,
ch?karmak,
^
ghywrmek.
rukhsAt
;
Atesh
;
^Uj!
jJl
Endakht;
sAh'-
-
hAbssdan-
b6shAltmak
;
Endakht-et,
\ \u\
Ifa-et,
lU-aJ
VErmek
;
! \.t>~\
ijra-
yiikunu-
Akmak.
-et; ,
v.n.
b6shAltmak
;
Disciple,
s. j
telmiz
;
(jj^j^^^
hawariyyun.
Discipline,
.
/Uai)^/lla3
nizAm-u-in-
Disclaim,
v.a. \
jl&!
inkyar-et.
Ltizam.
Disclose,
v.a.
CX^i-^
ghywstErmek,
^xsjj
<Ulju^
meydlna-k^mak,
lu-il^
keshf-et,
cLUL^->
suweylfimek,
^13
flsh-et.
Discomfort,
Discommode,
v.a.
Disconsolate,
a.
-kAbul-etmaz.
Discontent,
suzluk,
Itfj
/
Discontented,
a.
jy^u^
suweylEniyor,
khoshnudsuz.
szkmdi.
rahatszzhTc,
rahatsz'z-et.
teselli-
khoshnud-
DISCONTINUANCE [97]
DISINHERIT
Discontinuance,
s.
^Joi*
kit".
Discontinue,
v.a. cX* kessmek
; ,
v.n. cX*L- kessilmek.
Discord,
5.
jU)
nifAk.
bXsh,
^ajlJ
fa'iz
;
bXshla-Almak,
Discount,
s.
,
v.a.
^^^Ji
kzrmak.
Discountenance,
v.a.
dXixc^j j^>
yuz-
VErmemek.
Discourage,
v.a.
<J*Jj*jj*
korkutmak
;
JjJ
yuz-vErmamek.
Discourse,
5.
f
^=>
kelam,
L^C^A!
lakz'rdz;
v.n.
IfK"
ia) bASstz'-kelam-et.
ri"ayetsiz.
ri"ayetsizlik.
bulmak,
IL,O*.^
meydlna-
Discourteous,
a.
Discourtesy,
5.
Discover,
v.a.
kfeshf-et,
chzkarmak;
Discovery,
6?. b_ft* keshf.
Discreet,
a.
^Ujb
"Xklli,
JjU
"ikil;
ketum
;
^\-^3J
bXsszretli.
Discretion,
5.
JJLe
"Xkl,
j-JJ^'
tedblr,
CL^.**2J
bXssmit,
*j>-
hXzrn
;
inslf
;
to arrive at
years
of
,
yJb
"xkla-blKgh-
ol
;
to surrender
at
, CX
8jJj
VEra-vErmek,
shartszz-tesslim-61,
XmAn-demek; \^
r
^y
(J^>\
aman-tXleb-et.
Discriminate,
v.a. \
tjfcji3
tefrlk-et.
Discuss,
v.a.
cX^lL^i
suweylEshmek,
i ii2>-U^ mubahessE-et.
Discussion,
s.
Disdain,
s.
j\*zJ\
isstikbar,
isstikhfaf
; ,
v.a. lujUsdLl isstikh-
faf-et;
cXoU^J
J^J
tenezzul-etma-
mek.
Disdainful,
a.
^j&
kzbrh'.
Disdainfulness,
5. - kibr.
Disease,
5.
(jj*
maraz,
<^^Lc
"illet,
J^t)
dsrd,
LL)<Jj~JL
keyfsizlik.
Disembark,
v.w.
^J^A^^-^jS^^^
ghe-
miden-kXrayE-chikmak.
Disembarkation,
5.
^ijuA-.^^^J^^.^o
ghemiden-kXrayE-chikmaklik.
Disengaged,
a.
^j^
bosh,
*<A-ly
boshda,
jjl>.
khall,
(^^(J^-ic^J
wXkte-
khali-6lAn.
Disentangle,
v.a.
CXj^>-
ch^zmek,
^*^^
achmak.
Disfigure,
v.a.
^J^jj^J
b6zmak
;
^\^^=^-
chirkin-61,
^oU-ljb
yakzshmamak.
Disgrace,
5.
c-^^& "ayb, U^llj;
rezalet;
d--kXJ
nikbet,
dJlJ^^rruljJ
dush-
kyunluk
; ,
v.a.
)
c-^->^
ayb-61
;
IJ^Jj
rezil-et.
Disgraceful,
a.
c--^.^c "ayb,
J-JUJb
yakzshzksiz, ^r^=>
kerih,
c^/>~
chirkin.
Disguise,
5.
ij^LjJj<xJ tebdili-kzyafet
;
,
v.a.
IjJjtXsJC^iui kzyafet-tebdil-
-et
;
CiX^XC-^JO
di^hishdirmek.
Dish,
5.
^.^s.*
5
sahn,
jjy^
tXbAk.
Dishonest,
a.J-j^cs-
khzrs/z
;
^y
Iri- kh^'in.
Dishonour,
5.
L^^
rezalet,
(J^V,^-^;
russvaylzk;
,
v.a.
!jj*ij
rezil-et
;
a
bill,
CX*Wy\JjJ
kXbul-fetma-
mek,
Ll3-'<^
*-Ji XtzvErmek.
Disinherit,
v.a.
M^SL^^JO^,-^
mirass-
dan-mahrum-et.
DISINTERESTED
[98] DISPUTE
Disinterested,
a.
(
gharaz-vE-"ivezdan-khali-6lAn.
Disjoin,
v.a.
<jU^>J
ayrmak, \(jjt
tefrik-
Dislike,
v.a.
LtXU)j**j
sevmamek.
[-et.
Dislocate,
v.a.
JK;^^>
cbzkarmak.
Dismal,
a.
jJjJcJL-^
s$ktndtli.
Dismay,
s.
j
korku,
t^-^UbJ dehshet.
Dismember,
v.a. 1
/**&' taksim-et.
Dismemberment,
5. ++~A* taksim.
Dismiss,
v.a.
dX-o^ ^j
o\ izin-VErmek
;
(J^-sy
k6^Amak
;
^uU?
sawmak.
Disobedience,
%&\lpif*Ae
"
ita"atsz'zKk.
-ita"at,
Disobey,
v.a. ClXoxUiJ
dinglEmamek,
CXoUcj^L^^clLl
itA^at-etmamek.
Disoblige,
v.a.
^
khAtmni-saymank,
Disobliging,
a.j~*j)j<<
muruvetsiz.
Disorder,
5.
^jAjL^jU
kXrishiklik;
UUt-^jLihJ
JJ
perishAniyyet
;
JL^-!
ikhtilal
;
^^Uoj
nizAmszzlzk
; ,
?. a. *c<\J*\s
kArzshdzrmak,
^cUiu
(J**)j*
nizAmmz-b6zmak.
Disordered,
a.
(J->j^
klrishik
;
perTshln
;
JSLSK*
mukhtell.
Disorganization,
s.
^ji^cliaJ
nizlmsizlik.
Dispatch,
s. cJJXjl- chabtklik
;
u
cl
kyayAtd;
,
v.a.
LLX^cL^^
chabik
-
bitirmek,
1^1.^ "Xj&E-et
CX^Ju^
ghy^ndsrmek,
(J^;
chzkarmak;
cX^jJjl
wldurmek,
kltl-et.
[def"-et, \A\j\
izals-et.
Dispel,
r.a
vaz-
Dispense,
v.a.
J^c
It
dl^ztmak,
tevzi"-et
; ,
v.n.
ghechmek. [V.TZ.
Disperse,
v.a.
^J-^ill?
dA^Aztmak
; ,
Displace,
v.a.
(j^>J^u^^^J
t yErindan-
-chekarmak.
Display,s.
^ji^-.y
ghy^sstmsh,
L^-^y
sXltAnXt; ,
v.a.
CX^^
ghywss-
tErmek,
1
J^-M
ibraz-et.
Displease,
v.a.
-gbitmek,
ghy*runmek.
Displeasure,
s.
^li-^iJ
darghmlik,
ghyiijuna-
kerih-
Dispose,
v.a.
Ic-^-Jy
tertib-et,
i **h*5
tanzzm-et
; of,
v.n.
^^J'L?
sXtmak
;
VErmek;
<J^JilljJ
kullAnmak;
wldurmek
;
^^
!^Jj
def"-et,
\j*\
emr-et.
Disposed,
a.
JL< meyyal,
(
issti"dadz-6lAn
;
to be
well-disposed,
cX^j-a
SEvmek
;
to be
ill-disposed,
cJ^t^j
SEvmamek
;
-
of,
jjljjl*
SAtilmwh,
^^1/j
vEril-
mish,
^i./*^
ghitmish,
^i^J^!%.Jt)
def"-61unmush,
yiujjjljjj
kXtl-
-olunmush.
Disposition,
5.
L-^--.-^'
tertib,
/Uii3
nizAm
;
c5p-
khuy,
e^x*.!? tXbz"at,
U^L>-
jibillet,
jU.
khulk.
Dispossess,
v.a.
^
fjj^
mahrum-et.
Disproportion,
s. L-^wjliJAcXe
"adEmi-
-tenassub.
Dispute,
s.
tip
niza"
;
Uji
(kawgha)
;
DISQUALIFICATION [
99
]
DISTINGUISH
,
v.n.
p
nizii"-et,
<sr
muja-
delE-et.
[-i-ehliyyet.
Disqualification,
5.
(*<Jjbtf
Xfi "Mem-
Disregard,s.
L^oU^/J^c
"adEmi-ri'
f
ayet,
CXJj~>*lA;
ri"ayetsizlik
; ,
v.a.
^i-^l^jLj
bAkmamak,
{jpU^j$j3
kulAk-Assmamak,
<J>cUjL>
tznmamak,
J^Ujltf
saymamak,
clX^U
i"tibar-etmamek.
Disreputable,
a. <*-^+z
"ayb
;
rezil,
-jlj nlmusssiz.
Disrespect,
s.
cJJ^-Sjl^
ri"ayetsizlik,
fV
2^ AkXc "adEmi-ihtirAm.
Disrespectful,
a.j~zj\j
ri"ayetsiz.
Dissatisfaction,
5.
(j^*JjXl>
kh6shnud-
suzluk.
Dissatisfied,
a.J-jJ^l^*-
kh6shnudsuz;
to be
,
v.n.
c3v*Jjjj
suw^ylEnraek.
Dissect,
v.a. \&?\ZJ teshrih-et.
Dissemble,
v.n. \
IjliXo
mudara-et
; ,
v.a. \*z ketm-et.
[neshr-et.
Disseminate,
v.a.
(j*J\f
t yaymak,
Dissension,
s. vlaj nifAk.
Dissent,
5. L^&s
f
yc/*Ju:
"adEmi-muwA-
fakAt,
w^illsr* mukhal^fet.
Dissertation,
5.
C^s^bahss; ^L,rissalE.
Dissimilar,
a.
^ll^cc. ghayrz-mushabih,
Dissipate,
v.a.
^*
mahv-et.
Dissipated,
a.
Dissipation,
5.
e:
chApkznlz"k.
Dissolute,
a.
^Ji
-fajir-chApkzn.
[sefih
chApkzn,
<Ua
^ fasik-u-
Dissolution,
5.
Jjl
wlum,
CUlij
wefat,
Jj^
hll,
Lafi^JJ^w
tbfriki-a"za.
Dissolve,
v.a.
cXX)jl
critmek,
hall-et
;
^^caill?
dA^r^ztmak,
^
l^Jj^aJ
a"zassmz-tefrik-et
; ,
v.n.
CXi^l
erimek;
J^Icll?
dA^rMmak,
j!
Js
5^
munhaU-61.
Dissuade,
v.a.
cXo^^^JoxJ
niyye-
tindan-chevirmek,
cXc^^
j^j
vaz-
Distaff,
.
<J^j!
wrekE.
[ghfechirmek.
Distance,
5.
(jiSjj^l
uzAklzk,
iXw
bu"d,
<Gl ^
mfessaffi,
Jfc> y61,
Jj^<
menzil;
jljjl
uzAk,
j jlj^l
uzAk-bir-yEr
;
mraz,
rsnkli-
Distant,
a.
vij^i
uzAk,
sun
irAk,
Ju*J
ba 'id
; (in manners)
if-y
sbghvk.
Distemper,
s.
khAsstalzlc
;
-bAdana.
Distend,
v.a. C
shishirmek, ^
Distension,
Distich,
5. Li^-J
beyt.
Ermek, ct
kAbartmak.
shish,
cJi^^s
[ghErghilzk.
Distil,
v.a.
cXi^^-^AL-J
inblkdan-
-chekmek,
l^Jat?.?
tAkti"r-et
; ,
v.n.
l^kiu
takAttur-et.
Distillation,
s.
jAaM
tXktir.
[eden.
Distiller,
5.
^Jol^JaftJ ^ij
rakz-taktzr-
Distinct,
a.
jib
belli,
^lj
wlzzli,
(jLc "ayln
;
L^J>!
ayrz,
<ULlj bAshka.
Distinction,
5.
f
fark
;
(Jfyfu
tefrik
;
jL^cl
imtiyaz
;
"
Distinguish,
v.a.
C)^^
sechmek,
mak;
Ijy
fark-et,
i 2
ri"ayet.
ghywrmek,
chzkar-
tefrlk-et;
DISTINGUISHED [100] DO
one's
self, ii
dini
-
ghywsstErmek,
shwhret-kAzanmak,
1
nAm-et.
Distinguished,
a.
j'j^lj
nlmdar,
ken-
meshhur,
j\z*~<
mumtaz,
-iu/c mu"-
Distracted,
a.
(^J>-
chilghm.
Distraction,
s.
^^i>-
chtlghmlik,
(
..;,,
tejennun.
Distress,
5.
szkmdz,
JJ
dird,
kEdEr; ,
v.a.
^*Juo
szkmak,
Distressing,
a.
jj
ci-^b ba"iss-i-kEdEr.
Distribute,
v.a.
^J^clL
^dA^/iztmak,
1-Jjy
tevzl"-et U*^A!> taksim-et.
Distribution,
s.
^->j
tevzi;
*--JiJ'
District,
5. <^>-to
nahiyyE. [taksim.
Distrust,
5.
C^j~o^l
emniyyetsizlik,
c^-^^/Ju:
"adEmi-emniyyet
; ,
v.a. LlXUajlw^-,i^
emniyyet-et-
mamek,
-edamamek.
Disturb,
v.a. l
oc^.~
emniyyet-
"^J
rahatin*
-
b6zmak,
rahatszz-et.
Disturbance,
5.
u^JJj^i
ghy^ruldu,
shamAta
;
jilLljlJi
kXn'shiklik,
fessad,
Jib^l
ikhtilal.
Ditch,
5. VJ^=^
hEndek.
Dive,
v.w. ^11^ dXlmak.
Diver,
s.
**-$\4 dXl^Az'ch. [sXpmak.
Diverge,
v.n.
(JJ
ayrilmak,
(J^)
Divers,
a.
($&
bir-takim,
^^
ba^zz.
Diversify,
v.a.
|jul^.*3uL>.
cheshid-
-cheshid-et.
Diversion,
5.
eylsnja
;
taghHt,
JUJ^l-i.
shdshirtma,
ishghll,
JU^t ighfal.
Divert,
v.a.
cXo^>-
chevirmek,
JUajU
slpitmak;
C
dirmek.
Divest,
v.a.
^jU^*
soymak
;
ch^karmak
;
(^^
Imdan-chzkarmak.
Divide,
v.a.
bwlmek,
ayrmak,
U-
*5
taksim-et,
lunmek,
Divine,
a.
Divinity,
5. <dH Alllh
;
; ,
v.w.
Ju taksim-kAbOl-et.
ilahl,
^^J
rXbbAni
;
"ulumi-
ilahiyyet
;
Lb
"ilm-i-din.
ma'
f
budi-bAtzl;
Division,
s. >,<,..!? taksim
;
^J
bwluk,
AJ kzssm
;
^3
fgrka
;
jU3
nifak;
uJL^I ikhtillf.
Divorce,
5.
^jll^
talak,
^J-lkf
tltiik
;
,
v.a,.
<j
tltHk-et.
Divulge,
v.a.
b6shamak,
suweylismek,
\fjZ\s
flsh-et,
llli! ifsha-et.
Dizziness,
s.
LL^Uj^J^U
blsh-
-dwnmeklik,
<J*j]/}jj*
ghy&zlor-
-kArarmak.
Do,
v.a. C4Cj etmek,
XJ^l
eylEmek,
J*s
kzlmak,
1
ijra-et,
C
3
fi"lE-ghetirmek
;
j
harekEt-et;
irmek
; ,
v.n. ^
61mak,
DOCILE
[101]
DOZEN
uymak
CX^-I^J
yetishmek ;
CX*-J
v * J
y
pishmek
;
away
with,
^cj
^!U
kAldzrmak
;
how do
you
do ?
i^^u*:^].^ nassl-szn^iz,
ix-^.ju<!j
nE-y^piyor-szngzz
;
that will
do,
jj*j\
elve"rir,
j+\\
yetishir, ujJj!
oldu.
Docile,
a. /J.!x
mAzlum,
-
<
~^L
-^J
?
kuzu-ghibi,
t)liu*> munkAd.
Dock,
s.
u**^
hawz; ,
v.a.
ujunu
-
kessmek
;
hawza-komak.
Dockyard,
5.
<ULy
tErsanE.
Doctor,
s.
(of medicine)
*=uJb
heykim,
u-^-Jp tabib
;
(of
laws and
divinity)
muderriss;
(of philosophy)
JLe
"ilm-i-hikmet-
muderrissi; ,
v.a.
^<J-
"ilaj-et,
Doctrine,
s.
Jyf
kAvl,
<-^UjJi
kAv-
liyyAt,
CL?Lxlc
"ilmiyylt
;
JoliU
"Aka'id.
Document,
5. Jci^
kya^Aa'd,
<&*~t
sened,
UU^sr*^
hujjet
; documents,
^jj\
evrlk.
Doe,
s.
tiL^D^^ljJ
dishi-ghfeyik,
^-^j^ljj
dishi-kAraja. [^-vJ
it.
Dog,
s.
C)j^^=
kywpek,
t-^K
kslb,
Dog-days, 5.^/.
jj**\*p\i\
eyyAmi-bahur.
Venedik-
iriyal,
Doge,
*.
doghassi.
Dollar,
s.
Dome,
5. <L3
kubbE.
Domestic,
a.
mzsh-6lAn
; ,
s.
i.
(khzzmetkytir).
xjs
kXra-
[ghurush.
EVE-Alish-
!
ushAk,
Domineer,
v.n. CX^L*^ LjLjfU-llj bA-
shma-zabit-k(issilmek.
Dominion,
5.
C->^^r.L<
mele"kyut,
hiikyumet
; dominions,
memalik.
Don
(the river),
s.
^.*<* ^
tfen-suyu.
Donkey,
5. cX2>^
eshek,^rv. khar,jU>-
himar.
Door,
s.
^J
kApz,
j
J
dsr,
C-jb bib.
Door-keeper,
5.
L
<^-^
kApzjz,
(^Vj
4^
Dormitory,
s.
(jZjji
ko^Aush. [dErbAn.
Dose,
s. liXe.
ghida.
Dot,
s. <da& nokta.
Dotage,
s.
^l^ ^/^^ UJ^
2^ ^ ikllti
-
yarin-bungalmish-haleti. [ikhtiyar.
Dotard,
s.
jl.is.\ ^LoU^J
bunamzsh-
Double,
a. and s. CUlS.
tf
r^l iki-kAt
;
v
,
u.a. Ic^lS.
^jl
iki-kAt-et.
^^,
**
Doubt,
5.
^-i>shubhE,CJJb
shekk^U^s
ghyurnXn
; ,
v.n.
\^-2>
shubhE-et.
Doubtful,
a.
J&&J*
shubhEli
;
cJ^C^o
m&shkyuk. [shubhEssiz.
Doubtless,
ad. teJI
ElbettE,
J-jA^-i,
Dough,
.
>r
-^
(khAmur).
Dove,
5.
L^**J
kumru.
[1^3 nikyah.
Dower,
s.
J^j^-o^o
mihri-mu'ejjel,
Down,
.
c_jj'
tuy
;
^IjjJ
pufla
; ,
ad.
cl-g^
Asha^z',
Downcast,
a. ^ mahzun.
Downward,
a.
Downwards,
ad.
,f\
Doze,
v.n.
(JJ^
uyuklamak.
Dozen,
5.
fc^jyS
duzina
;
<&*>J desstE
;
\\ on-iki.
DRACHM [ 102] DRESS
Drachm,
s.
/^<^
dirhEm.
Drag,
v.a.
cJ^Ju^ij-i
suruklEmek,
CJv*,>- chekmek.
Dragoman,
s.
(jU^J*
tErjumln.
'Dragon,
s.
jj\
azhdEr,
lfc>Jj'\
ezhdiha
(ejdErha). ["Asske'ri.
Dragoon,
s. ^L~s. j\
^Ls~
kilijli-Atlz-
Drain,
s. *xi
\hghim
;
suzghe"chi,
/
jZjjbj
rutubetini-suzdur-
mek
; ,
v.n.
cX*5j*
suzmek,
CLX*K^>- chekilmek.
Drake,
s.
cJ^j^cJ^l
erkek-wrdek.
Dram,
s.
^y^
bir-raki.
Draper,
s.
^>-<Gj.>-
(chohajz);
.<ok-Jk*-lj
(tulbentji);
j\jt
bezzaz.
Draught,
s.
j&jjj
riizghyar;
*gl\
ichim,
>0J
yudum
;
^Jj*,^
mussveddje
;
LJS klba
-
ressim
;
A^A-dolussu
; board,
<*J dXma
-
takhtassz
;
%M*
horse,
kJjSjy&jS.
<f
araba-(beghiri);
draughts,
&~*\ dXma.
Draw,
v.a. cX*x>- chekmek
;
1^*^
ressm-et; ,
v.n. CLX/*>- chekmek;
t~tj
ressim-ypmak
;
away,
^==L
>4=x>-
chekup-ghywtur-
mek
; back,
cX*ix&-j^.o
gheri-
chekilmek;
ciXiC>-ji^
gheri-
chek-
mek
; breath,
(J^\
l
^fJu
nefess-
Xlmak
; out,
JkV^1
uzAmak
;
in,
^^ILsJJ
k^ssAlmak
; near,
nigh, (jptMwilljt)
yaklashmak
; on,
ghechmek
;
up,
<J
durmak
;
ctX<^J
dizmek
;
li^^J^
tErtib-et
;
(J^^
<ulJJ
kalEma-Almak,
C^V.
yazmak
;
(J^
J
^ yapmak
;
UX*i^u^l5^J
yukari-chekmek.
Drawer,
5.
^js-^^f^
ch^km^JE
;
/L^
resslm
;
^s^.^>-
chekiji.
Drawers,
.
pi.
^^^\
ich-donu,
^^>
don,
cJj^
don^.
Drawing,
5.
**^
ressim.
[fir-odassi.
Drawing-room,
s.
.^dkjl
Jl< mussa-
Dread,
5.
^jji'
korku,
uJj&-
khavf;
,
a.
fa\4*
mhabetlu,
u
r^>
muhib
; ,
v.a.
^j^jy
korkmak.
Dreadful,
a.
^fj
korkulu
;
^JcJj
pek-ffena.
Dream,
5.
Ljj
ru'ya,
(j^^
dush; ,
v.n. cXci
bjj
ru'ya-ghyMrmek.
Dreamer,
5. <U*^i
ii>^ ^J-^
ru
V^"
ghyuren-kimsE.
Dreary,
a. .ijJCsfl.*^
sikintili, U-i1 hssiz,
Dredge, Dredging-machine,
5.
I
J
^=f
i irmak
-
VE
-
limanin
-
-kum-VE -chamurini-chikarmak
-
ichin-
bir-alet.
Dredge,
v.a.
J^J^y
c^Ji
Jy&*
mez.
kyur-alet-kullanmak,
Dregs,
5.
pi.
,3jf
tortu,
*j!J
telvE
;
of the
people,
^iSlL
vW
ayak-taktmt,
Drench,
v.a.
^*J^L?1
lii fena-sslXtmak.
Dress,
5.
^j
ruba
(uruba),
(---'tjjl
esswAb
(essblb),
<L-J! elbissE
;
t-?j
ziy,
jjls
kzh'k,
c^iUi
keyafet, ClJj
i
kissvet
; ,
v.a.
cX<sj<X^ ghiyin-
DRESSER [103]
DRY
dirmek
; (a wound)
tj*j^>
sarmak
;
(food)
cJw<.lJ
pishirmek
; (with
a
dressing)
\*+lj
tErbiyyE-et
;
(smooth)
CXiJjjJ
duzetmek
; ,
v.n. C-Ui-i
ghiyinmek.
Dresser,
5.
^teJ^-^k*
(mutfAk-
-tezghyahz)
;
^^sTjL?
sArijt.
Dressing,
s.
(surgical)
^-j^
sArghi
;
(for
salad,
&c.)
<-jy
tErbiyyE.
Drift,
5.
f*^*-*
mefhum,
Lx^c
ma"na,
*\j*
meram.
Drill,
s. &*
(mXtkXb)
;
*J*J
ta"lim;
ta"lim-etdirmek.
Drink,
s.
Cjc^&srl icliEJek,
(Jfcg\
ichki
; ,
v.a.
(^A^f\
ichmek.
Drip,
v.n.
^-cLtb
dXmlamak.
Drive,
v.a.
cX^y-s
surmek
;
away,
off, out,
(J*-}i
kbghmak
;
back,
cXcj^jj^
gheri-surmek
;
on,
cX<j^-ij^ljJ
ileri- surmek.
Driver,
s.
^s^j^-j
suruju
;
^^T^.
"arabajz
;
^^f
koch^ch.
Drizzling
rain,
j^*J<t2S\jJ
inJ
Drogman, Drogoman,
s.
(jUc^-y
tErju-
DroU,
a. uJlac? tuhaf.
[mln.
Dromedary,
s.
^j^s^
hejin. [tenbel.
Drone,
s.
^~*J^l^l-J
yabAn-Xrzssz
;
J^J
Droop,
v.w.
^J^jjltf
sarkmak;
oXJjjl
uzulmek.
Drop,
5. *Ltb dXmla
; ,
v.n.
^JscL*b
dXmlamak
;
cXJi^
dushmek
; ,
v.a.
cX<^j-$jJ
dushurmek.
Dropsical,
a. <U t
shska,
musstasskz.
Dropsy,
s.
Uu*1
isstisska.
Dross,
s.
jjy
b6k,
tSjj>-
juruf.
Drought,
s.
(J$J\jj*
kurXklzk.
Drove,
5.
*-$jf*
suru.
[chobXn.
Drover,
5. ,
U^yL-0
sz^Azrtmaj,
ijl^~
Drown,
v.a.
(jAz^faja
suya-bdyfanak
;
,
v.n.
(j&zy^ye
suya-b6^Aulmak;
one's
self,
v.a.
^yl&j*?^o*x
^^ilcjJ
kendini-suya-Xtz'p-b6^Aulmak.
Drowsiness,
s. C3l/il ,
^^ ^ uykussu-
L_5^ j **J
*
[-ghMmish.
uykussu-
-ghElmekhlc.
Drowsy,
a.
Drub,
v.a.
cJvOjJ
du^Amek.
Drubbing,,
s.
jLL
dayak.
Drudge,
5. &
kywlfi,
j~~*
t yessir
;
,
v.n.
^^J\^-^+=3j+~,)
t yessir-ghibi-
-chXh'shmak.
M <!-.
JLc
ilaj. Drug,
5.
\^1
Druggist,
s.
isspenchiyar.
Drum,
. <&J
\Ji
tranpeta
;
(big)
dawul
;
(kettle)
L^XL)^ dunbelek.
Drum-major,
s.^js^Lcj^li?
tXbur-maj6r.
Drummer,
s.
^^<L^--Jyj
tranpetaji,
L5
js!^lL
dawulju,
^ysrV
J
dunbelekji.
Drumstick,
5.
^ite^\jj
tranpeta-
-deyne^Ai. [keyf.
Drunk,
a.
^t^j^
(sarkhosh),
c-L
Drunkard,
s.
^f~{
bekri.
Drunkenness,
s.
^jL^j^-j
ser-khoshlik.
Dry,
a.
jij^
or
<~$jj
kuru
;
>jL<veya
sussamz'sh
;
dry
land,
xji
kXra
; ,
v.n.
(J^jjj*
kurumak;
yV.a.^^J^j^
kurutmak
;
up,
(j*jjf
kurumak
;
kurutmak.
DRYNURSE
[ 104] DUTY
trian)
tian)
Duck,
s.
Drynurse,
s.
(woman)
4_>t3it)
dAde,
dAda
;
(man)
B lAla.
[meshkyuk.
Dubious,
a.
^J^-J*
shubhEli;
Ducat,
s.
(Dutch)
^Isj-b
J f ilEniEnk-Altz'm
;
(Aus-
mAjar-Altmz
; (Vene-
')j
VEn^dzk-Altrnz,
b
yAldz'z-Altzm.
jjj^j^
ifrdek
; ,
v.a. &U>
suya-dAldzrmak
;
(one's head)
bAshzm'-dAlmak.
Duckling,
s.
u^b^JJ^
wrdek-pAlAzz.
Duct,
5.
^Jy.
ye
su-yolu
;
j*b
dAmar.
Due,
a.
*j$
lazzni,
c^sj-lj
wajib
;
(pay-
able)
{jZ.^i^X^-j
wa"dEssi-ghEl-
mish
; ,
s.
*y
ressim,
u-c-Kj
teklif,
j>.)
(vErghi) virghyu.
Duel,5.lc
(kawgha),
.ji.^r:J
du^Aush.
Dug,
s. <U^ memE.
[-be^Ai,
tej
J duka.
Duke,
5.
^xjA-Ju &+Jj
rutbE
i-saniyyE-
Dukedom,
s.
L^-^^x^-^AJsJ
dukalik-
-hukyumet;
^^^Iv^^ijJdukalik-
Dulcimer,
s.
jb^e
sXntur.
[-payEssi.
Dull,
a.
(boy)
JjJ^i-;\
issti"dadsiz
;
(in spirits)
v^^L,^
keyfi-yok
;
(place)
szkmtzlz,
(edge)
kessmaz
;
(day)
^^
klpXnzk
;
(pain)
;
(colour)
d)^j<->
dwnuk
;
(ear)
^1
\ghir (of hearing)
.r-L?
saghir
;
(sight)
^^^ghywrmaz;
(trade)
^ij^J
durghun,
jL,^ kessXd.
Dumb,
a.j*J
J
dilsiz; creature,
i*j^j>-
haywAn
; show,
C^,Li>l
isharet.
Dung,
s.
v^J
bok,
<*z~*~s\f nejass^t
;
^<Al,J
fzshkz;
8j)ij$
ghyubrE.
Dungeon,
s.
(j~+z>-
(hXpss),
mahbess,
^1 AJJ
zindXn,
Dunghill,
s.
LL)J<djj-<
mezbElElik.
Dupe,
s.
(J^.^\
jJl Aldanmzsh
; ,
v.a.
^JL^JWI
Xldatmak.
Duplicate,
5.
(
^^j^
\^f^\
ikinji-
-surEt
;
in
,
ad.
^jtyi^jy*
3
\$
iki-surEti-61arak.
Duplicity,
s.
^jLsrL
yalXnjzlzk,
i^]^j^^j\
iki-yuzluluk,
^Ijlla.*-!
sheytXnlik,
L^oU>-
khiyanet,
L^Lo-
khbasset.
[dayanzklz.
Durable,
a.
jj>\+*
dayanz'r,
Duration,
s. OJ&o muddet
;
surek,
fc>l*XL!
imtidad,
j\j
kXrar,
J\J*Z+A\
isstimrar.
During, pr.
JO*-jW
essnassmda,
^Jc*r2^1
ichinda,
^J da
;
j&sfyte^'cJ
bitinj^yE-kAdar. [kArarmassi.
Dusk,
s.
^^oj\j ^L^-\
Akhsham-
Dust,
s.
jy
t6z,
jU^=>
ghubar
;
(sweepings)
L >>
chwp.
Dustman,
s.
^=fv^>"
chwpju.
Dusty,
a.
(superficially)
Jy
toz
;
(mixed
with
dust)
^!jy
t6zlu.
Dutch,
a. cJ>x*li
fiilEmimk.
Dutchman,
s. C^Jo**^ filEmEnk.
Dutiful,
a.
(person)
fr^j
rizaju
;
(conduct)
&}l^-L^j
rizajuyanE.
Duty,
s.
(j^^,
ish,
c^-^tJcs-
(khkmet)
;
wajib^'i-zimmet
;
C-
ghywmruk,
ressmi-ghywmruk
;
L^-oy
DWARF
[105]
EASEL
nubet
;
to be on
,
^sUjJ
niibetji-61;
to
present
one's to a
person,
ClX^J^^^J
All
EllErini-wpmek,
^
dJv*J^
ete"gAini-wpmek.
Dwarf,
s.
A^-f*-
JUJE.
Dwarfish,
a.j^^i
b6dur.
Dwell,
v.n.
(j^j) ^
oturmak,
kAlmak,
^\^Lj
sakin-61
; on,
(in thought)
cX*Jj4jJ
dushunmek,
kayd-et; (in
tekrar
-
be"
-
tekrar
-
An^dz'rmak
;
CtXj
mek
; (a note)
cfJ'jj
uzXtmak.
Dwelling,
.
^ yisr;
j!
ev,
<ul>
khanE,
(1f^^o
messken
; house,
j\
ev,
A)L>- khanE.
[^^^L^o
messken.
Dwelling-place,
s.
j^
yer,
Jj
yurd,
Dye,
s.
l^.
b6ya;
,
v.a.
(J-o^
b6yamak;
,
v.n.
^Jb^j
boyan-
mak,
JK*S^^J
boya-Almak.
Dyer,
s.
^^V.^
b6yaji.
Dying,
s.
Jj!
wlum
;
<U)j!
wlmE
;
,
a.
j^jl
wliyor.
Dyke,
5.
JXcs-
hEndek;
Juj sedd.
Dynasty,
s.
J\^l
6jak,
dU-j silsilE.
Dysentery,
5.
Jl^\
^IjlJJ
kAnh'-isshal.
Dyspepsia,
s. >*ifc cjUJ
za"f-i-hazm.
E.
Each,
pron.
s.jjto
hEr-bir; ,
pron.
a.
Jt> bEr,j.*j&
hEr-bir
;
each
other,
u^J^
bir-biri,
^J^>
yek-dighEr.
Eager,
a.
jJjjjlcXj
pek
-
arzulu,
jj
pek-isstekli.
Eagerness,
5. cJji^o
cj
pek-isstek,
^^j-V^tf
sXbrsizlik.
Eagle,
s.
(J^fXj*
kXra-kush.
Ear,
s.
JijS
kulXk; (of corn)
jllb
bAshak,
<)lLij sunbulfi
;
a box on the
^U-i
shamar.
Earl,
5.
^J^Jj^s^Jj^
Early,
a.
^J>j\
erken;
sjJli^L
tur/andE;
rs^^
ghenjlikda
;
Jj\
EWE!,
esski;
arf.
^J\
erken;
pek-sabAh.
Earn,
v.a.
(J-*>\f
kXzAnmak.
Earnest,
a.
^^
jiddi,
L5
%*
>
^L-^
ghErmiyyetli
; ,
s.
^
pey
;
<O^J
numunE.
[kulXk-klrz'shdzrajk.
Earpick,
s.
J^Jo-
khzlal,
(j^Xj^j^^j*
Earring,
s.
<U^
kyupE.
Earth,
5.
jf\^t
t6prAk
;
J
t ysr,
(^1
arz;
the
,
^jfi;}.
ycr-yuzu,
LjJ
dunya,
^J*j+*Ji
kyiir^'i-arz.
Earthen,
a.
^j^>
t6prAk.
Earthenware,
s.
i^+Ajfij?*
t6prAk-ishi,
ll-
chanak-chwmlek,
ul?
Earthly,
a.
t-^-J
J
diinyEvi,
^khaki.
Earthquake,
s.
Ajj
zelzElE
(zErz^lfi).
Earthwork,
s.
4{tt?j^JI0
toprAk-tabiya.
Ease,
5.
c^o-lj
rahat,
ji>^y
k61ayhlc,
c^)jf*3
suhulet
;
X\3j
refah,
w^x-Jbl^
ref^hiyyet
;
^.{l-J^
asayish,
^jj~i\
asud^ghT
; ,
v.a.
LlX^ L^s-^
rahat-VErmek,
J^Jci^w^
rahatlan-
d/rmak;
\
( .j+>~~3
tesskln-et;
c
ghevshEtmek.
Easel,
s.
.*U*/%lrfj
ressam
spassi.
EAST
[ 106] ELAPSE
East,
s. .*
shark,
'iJL*
meshrik,
L_f~?4jk
<
^
ghyun-doghussu (dbgh-
Easter,
s. UljLU
passkalya. [russu).
Eastern,
a.
^j~*
sharks.
Easy,
a.
u$Xy
kolay,
jM^*
suhuletli,
^U
assan
;
L^s-tj
rahat
;
CLXijji
ghevshek
;
jluflt
tAtK,
^ly,
yawAsh.
Eat,
v.a. CX*J
yemek,
\
Jjl^
tenavul-et,
t
Jfl
ekl-et.
Eatable,
a.
j^J
yenir,
C-U-4-J
yeye"jek,
d)>-&j
yenjek,
Jj^sU
mk'kyul
;
eatables,
s.j9/.
d^jL^sU
mfe'kyulat,
^L-iCXx<U>
yey6jek-sheylEr, CX^^U.'
Eaves,
5./?/.
;l>-Lj sAchak.
[yfey^jek.
Echo,
s.
^53
1>
yanko;
,
v.a. and n.
\
u
^s.
"akss-et.
Eclipse,
s.
(sun's)
<_Jj~
kyiissuf;
(moon's)
t-J^*j>.
khussuf; ,
v.a.
LlXi--^
,-^LjJol
avdmh'ghmi-kess-
^^r
** ** *
mek
;
(fig.)
JUJ^ jj
gheri-brak-
mak,
^jU-A^
Ishmak
;
to be
eclipsed,
<jk*Jj*L
tutulraak.
Economize,
v.a.
\Xj\o\
idarE-et.
Economy,
s.
Xj\J\
idarE.
Ecstacy, Ecstasy,
s.
Jc^j
vejd, (i)\<*~)
Eddy,
8.jfi>\
anafor.
[vijdan.
Edge,
.
(margin)
jli=)
kfinar;
(cutting)
J^l
Ayhiz,
.tffi^J
kzla^Az.
Edible,
a.
J^
U
m^'kyul.
Edifice,
5.
(g-jl^
ypz,
l^o bina.
Editor,
s.
<-^Jc <^c
ghazetA-miadiri.
Educate,
v.a.
(J.*3j3j\
okutmak,
ta"lim-et,
\y~Jjti
tedriss-et,
\&
tierbiyyE-et,
\(j^jjl
pErvErish-et.
Eel,
s.
EiFace,
v.a.
(J-*)jj
bozmak,
cX-j sil-
mek,
dLoj.*>.
chizmek.
Effect,
s.^JU
te'ssir;
J>\
essEr; ,
v.a.
CT*iV.
ypmak,
CX43jl etmek,
1
J-^U-
hasszl-et.
[salzh.
Effective,
a.
^U
sa^rA
;
j\^
yarar,
JU
>
**-
Effectual,
a.
j^l-^i^LK^)^
merami-
-kyulliyyan-muntij
-6lAn.
Effervesce,
v.a.
^j^Ujlj
kaynamak.
Efficacious,
a.
j*y*
mu'essir,
^^o^o\j^>
^\
meramz'-muntlj-6lAn.
Efficiency,
s. c^Jjb!
ehliyyet.
Efficient,
a.
jJaiU
muktedir,
Jjbl
ehl,
t^bjl
erblb,
-srLs salzh.
Effluvium,
8.j3j$
koku,
( .^*-''
ta"affun.
Effort,
s.
L5
x-j
sa"y>
\J***
ghyushish,
^tjjj
VErzish
;
<iJv4,p- hXmla.
Egg,
5.
te>jj<+f,
yzmurta.
Egg-plant,
s.
yLfirb pXtliJAn.
Egotism,
s. L^^Jlj!
enaniyyet,
v^XL-J^
kh6dbmlik,
c)l*Xi-JJ^
kh6dpessendlik.
Egotist,
5.
^Jjsi.
kh6dbin,
Jo*J
Jp-
kh6dpessend. [hesht.
Eight,
a.
jC-:
sekiz,
^U^
seman,
L^lLfr
Eighteen,
a.
ix-j^l
6n-sekiz.
Eighth,
a.
^sT^Lj
sekizinji,
(j-<^
*
V
samm
; ,
s. J sumn.
Eighty,
a.
^,-
seksEii.
Either,
prow.
^Vj^V.
ya-6-ya-bu;
^J^AJ
nE-6-nE-bu
;
^J
bir
;
L5*^^c
,Ja^jl
ikissindan-birissi
; ,
conj. y.
Elaborate,
a.
<tesn^ inja. [murur-et.
Elapse,
r.w.
CX^
ghechmek,
ELASTIC
[
107
]
EMBARRASSMENT
Elastic,
a.
j^J\
essnisr
;
uzXnz'r-chekilir.
Elbow,
s.
cX*j^
dirsek.
Elder,
a.
*jJj-J
biyuk
; ,
s.
^-llj
k6ja-bXshz,
^lllft^
Xk-sakAlK;
tree,
^cf-b^ J^r*
Eldest,
a.
cJj-J
biyuk;
son,
ilk-o^ul;
brother,
Icl
sister,
<ta! Xbla.
Elect,
a. t_^^lix3 muntakhab
mujteba,
^
intikhlb-et,
t^Uf.**
8
sechmek,
J.^\
ayrmak.
Election,
s. c-^Lk\j\ intikhlb.
Electricity,
s.
<jj.j&u\
ilektrik.
Electrify,
v.a.
^^Jj^W ^JJxCjJ
ilek-
trik-charpdirmak. [tzryak.
Electuary,
s.
jj^s*'
<
ma'jun,
C^.j
Elegance,
s.
cJllj^
ghyuzellik,
^^i>\^
zarafet,
c^Jiy
latafet,
(
j^>-
hussn.
Elegant,
a.
Jjj
ghyuzel,
c.
>^
zarif,
Elegy,
s.
aJijo
mErsiyyE.
Element,
s.
^U
fessass
;
*;>.
juz"
;
elements,
^\Sj\
erkyan
;
Jj-0!
ussul
;
the four
,
^jl j*\+-
"nassz'n-
Elephant,
5.
JJ
fil.
[erba".
Elevate,
v.a.
\^J>j
ref"-et,
1^-Jy
tErfe"-
-et,
J^,^!ls
kXldzrmak,
CX^sL^jJ
yukseltmek.
Elevation,
5.
C^ow^
rif"at
;
jLc
"uluvv
;
CJiC-^j
yukseklik;
<OJ
(teps).
Eleven,
a.
j ^\
6n-bir.
Elicit, v.a.
JU^LiL^
chzkarmak,
1
Uadul
isstikhraj-et.
Eligible,
a.
j)\z~i\
isstEnilir, LL)
isstEnilEjek,
j^J\j\
Xr^nzlir.
Elixir,
s.j~~&\
ikslr.
[-nak/ss.
Ellipse,
s.
,"4^ beyzT,
^^aJJ
lj *JaJ kXt"z-
Elm,
5.
-UUy
kAra-A^Ach.
Elogy,
. -tXo
medh,
LJ
ssna,
jj^.
sitayish
;
iUo-J^tj
medhiyyE.
Eloquence,
5. e^r^Loi
fAssahtft,
belaghAt,
fyj^r
JErbe'zE.
Eloquent,
a. /
li^-^3
mlri-kElam,
!
fyj^
jerb^z^li.
Else,
^row.
ajLJbJ
bXshka,
^Ot)
dighEr,
u^c
ghayri
:
,
c.
<*~^.
yokhsa.
Elsewhere,
ad.
Xjf
t &AZ+t bXshka-yEra,
Elucidate,
v.a.
l^-^l
izah.
Elucidation,
s.
*~\^\
izah.
Elude,
v.a.
(J^iJfU?<djlL^oC*3
san'^at-
-ila-sakinmak
;
J>*bjy
kurtulmak.
Emanate,
v.w.
j\ j
jL?
sldzr-ol,
1
j^^
sudur-et.
Emancipate,
v.a. 1
4\j\
azad-et
(XzXd).
Embark,
v.n.
cJv*^^^*^
ghemiya-
-binmek;
v.a.
ghfemiya-komak
;
^J
ghemiya-bindirmek.
Embarkation,
s.
^r,
CXi-L^JCJ
ghemiya-binmeldik-VE-
bindirmeklik.
Embarrass,
v.a.
cJ^^ju^JcJu^
stkmdt-
-VErmek
;
to be
embarrassed,
^JjL-tf
J^|j^
b6zulmak,
^J
jjb
dili-tutulmak.
Embarrassment,
s. oJoJL<? sikmdt*
;
J dili-tutulmassz.
EMBASSY
[108] ENCAMP
Embassy,
s.
Cl^U^
sefaret,
djskjL:
sefaret-khanE.
Embellish,
v.a. \
( .j-+-f
t
jJ
tkzym-et,
CX-c^k^J^Jj
zinetlEndirmek.
Embellishment,
s.
(^
t
^
tezym.
Embers,
s.pl.
u^jyCJoJLjIj^^
6dun-
Ateshinin^-korlan,
ypfijji
k6r-Atesh.
Embezzle,
v.a.
^J^Sl*-
chXlmak.
Emblem,
s. L*vc)lfi. "alamet,
C-^li>l
isharet.
Embrace,
v.a.
^*lJJW^5
kujXklamak
;
J^jb
sXrzlmak;
cXfclJ*!
w
mek;
JUjLiy
kushXtmak
;
ihatA-et,
j\
J^cll
shamil-61,
shumulz-61.
Embrasure,
5.
<Jlcj<
mXzghAl.
Embroidery,
s. .
JL>\te*\ InE-ishi,
<uilj!
''
"
ishlEinE,
^.A)
nAksh
(na^Aash).
Embryo,
s.
^^>-
jenm.
Emerald,
s.
Jycj
zumrud.
Emerge,
v.n.
<j^JL>-
chzkmak.
Emergency,
5. U->Wl
ijab
;
in case of
,
te*-j)
M
&
^J^^
ijabi-tXkdzrja.
Emery,
.
^U^-J
simparE (zhnpara).
Emetic,
a. and s. .-JL*
mukayyz.
Emigrant,
5.
.s-l^e muhajir.
Emigrate,
v.w.
IJ^cJ^
tErki-wXtAn-et,
l^j^^c.
jUi>-!
ikhtiyarz-ghurbet-et,
ICL^JB*
hijret-et.
Emigration,
5.
^tj
L
-V-'
terki-wXtAn.
Eminence,
s.
vyu
tefevvuk
;
ilL
dXgh,
<UJ
(tepE).
Eminent,
a.
^Uljjls
fa'iku-'l-XkrAn
;
j^l^o
meshhur.
Emissary,
s.
^-.Ip- jassuss (shashid).
Emolument,
s.
wa"id.
Empale,
v.a.
Empalement,
5.
lama-siyasseti.
Emperor,
s. *
hukyumdar,
Empire,
s.
hukyumet;
m^"ash;
kXzzklamak.
-j
<uJj)lJ5
kXzik-
padishah,
J\
impErat6r.
devlet,
LZ~~CJ
j
impEratorluk;
memalik.
Employ,
v.a.
(J.^j^^s
kullAnmak
;
(per-
sons)
)
xU\.^Ly>l isstikhdAm-et
;
(things)
Iffl^! isste"mal-et
;
^1)1
CX^Jj
ish-VErmek
; ,
s.
^J\
ish,
c^^cJci-
(khizmet).
Employment,
s.
^jL)\
ish;
L^-^*%^^
v
t
(khzzmet),
u^J
tyU
mk
muriyyet
;
C^-JyclAj
meshghuliyyet.
Empress,
s.
&sgljb\j+*)\
imperat6richa,
(regnant)
aLiJb
padishah.
Empty,
a.
^^
bosh,
^J^
khali,
L^
tehi
; ,
v.a.
^J^JUuJ
boshAltmak
;
itself,
v.n.
^JlA^J
boshAlmak,
^^JUjy
boshAnmak
;
(by flowing)
(jAi\
Xkmak
;
(by flowing into)
jt
c.^^31^ munsabb-61.
Emulation,
s.
CU^c
ghayr^t.
Enable,
v.a.
^Ijjl
ikdar-et,
J^Ljlj^XiiU
muktedir-kzlmak.
Enamel,
5.
L^J
mina
(minfi)
; ,
v.a.
C^/illjll^j
minE-ishlEmek.
Enamoured,
a.
^jLilc
^Ashzk;
to be
(delighted) ^^.J-jlj
bay?lmak,
(j.AjkXif:*-
kkoshlanmak.
Encamp,
v.n.
<j*)f y^
ordu-kyrmak.
ENCAMPMENT
[109]
ENFILADE
kh6-
Encampment,
s.
jj\
6rdu
;
6rdughyah
;
^j^>- -^
kurulmish-bir-kAch- chAdzrler.
Enchant,
v.a.
^s^
3
sihr-et;
C.
sevindirmek
;
LlXtJi A
^
shuna-ghMmek.
Enchanter,
5.
jU^stf**
sihrbaz.
Enchanting,
a.
^J<J
dilbEr.
Enchantment,
s.^s^
1
sihr;
ff^y*
9
sevinj
;
^.ijLi^^
kh6shlanzsh.
Enclose,
v.a.
C-Lc^j>-
chevirmek,
kushXtmak;
^uJJ
leff-et,
Ucsr! ichina-komak.
Enclosure,
5. L5l>- ha'it.
Encore,
int.
(French)
j.^/1 jjjdj*'
afErim-afErim
;
IfcJ J bb?-daha.
Encounter,
s.
^JOs^i-^j^
rlsst-ghfilish,
c JusJ tesslduf
;
\jZ*^
du^ush
;
,
VM.
cJ^ic^-j^
rlsst-ghMmek,
'<_JjW>* tessAduf-et
;
CJv4*l^SjJ
dii^Aushmek.
Encourage,
v.a.cX^Jj j^J
yuz-VErmek;
CX^JuJi^^j
yureklEndirmek,
C.
cL^^Jj
jessaret-VErmek ;
VErish-et.
Encouragement,
s.
J^j-U
teshvik.
Encumber,
v.a.
j\ jb
bar-61
;
^
S2kz'ndz-61, L^X<r>
j
^&*3u*o sekmdz'-
-VErmek.
End,
5. ,
j!
uj
;
CJyo
sdn^r
;
C^ol^3
nihayet, d^^Vc ghayet, /*^^i enjam;
,
v.n. CX*CJ
bitmek,
tlX^Ju-^:
kessilmek,
CiX*i.^=^J
dukfinmek,
kAriz-61
; ,
v.a.
CJ^J
bitirmek
;
kessmek; ciiJ dukEt-
mek;
!/l^J'l itmam-et
;
to make an
end of . . . .
,
C-Li ,==
kessmek,
CA^J
bitirmek;
of
one's
self,
cX^^^^^'Jo^
kendi-kendini-Mdurmek
;
to
put
an
end
to,
cX^xj
bitirmek,
i3*$\j
wngunu-llmak,
^_^o
men"-et,
Xj\>-
(j*\
charE-bulmak
;
to
life,
dXjjJj\
wldurmek;
to suf-
ferings,
tJ'OJ^jj*^^:^
eziyyetdan-
kurtarmak,
cX^jJ^l
*jJ
^-Jjj^-j
kurtulsun-deyu-wldurmek. [-komak.
Endanger,
v.a.
{j*f
JU^J^J' tehlik^yE-
Endeavour,
v.n.
^*jl>-
chXh'shmak,
\\^~*
sa"y-et,
^*^V
bXkmak.
[tassz.
Endive,
.
^Al^iXy
firEnk-sXla-
Endless,
a,
J*-Jjl^3
nihayetsiz,
UJ^J
dukEnm^z,
4J\|},J bi-nihayE.
Endow,
v.a.
julebj^jj
Irad-bA^A-
lamak
;
JpLj'i_
o>r?';^
muttAsszf-kzl-
mak.
Endure,
v.w.
jj^ijLl?
dayanmak,
surmek,
j^l?
bakt-61,
o
paydar-61.
Enemy,
s.
^j^-lJ
dushmEn,
.>^3.<.
khXssm,
jtXc
"adiivv.
Energetic,
a.
^
j^llj!
ishghyuzar
;
^UJl^
chXb'shkln.
[I!E.
Energetically,
arf.
aLlc^-ji
ghayret-
Energy,
s.
CL^s.
ghayret
;
CLJyi
kuvvet.
Enfeeble,
v.a. \<~JLx*y za"if-et.
Enfilade,
v.a.
(J^^^'^ yndn-
-Almak,
cJ^^^^^JJb yandan-
ENFORCE
[110] ENTER
Enforce,
v.a. \
\^\
Jjra-et,
(J^<j\su^
(&xi hukmunu-fi"la-chkar-
mak.
Engage,
v.a.
JP*?j}*
tutmak
;
\JjitZ~4
meshghul-et, 1JU-M ishghal-et
;
Jk<;V.
yazmak,
^J.j^C
tahrir-et
;
lcl^>.
jenk-et;
,
v.n.
CXc^J^
SMz-vErmek,
I
J^t7
ta"ahhud-et;
J^b
yazzlmak;
\<&\Lo
muklvelE-et,
1
Jy
kavl-et
;
one's
self,
C-U^Jj j-
swzlEshmek,
cX^JjJ^-s
swz-vErmek.
Engaged,
a.^jtszA
A$XJ
ta'ahhad-etmish
;
N^j
va"d-vermish
;
meshghul-olmish.
Engagement,
s.
^j\
ish,
U
m^shghuliyyet
;
J^-o
s^z,
*\cj
va"d;
LLX^^- jenk,
*>ji+
muhare'bE
;
<djUU
mukAv^lE,
Jy
'
kavl.
Engine,
s.
+f>-
charkh,
uJi alet.
Engineer,
5.
Lys
r
^f-
charkhji; (civil
or
military)
^-JO^o
muhEndiss.
England,
s.
9J&j\
Inghilterra.
English,
a.
jJ&!
Inghliz. [hkk-et.
Engrave,
v.a.
fj*fi*
kXzmk,
Engraver,
s. cJ&>-
hekkyak.
Engraving,
s.
*~}j&**>\)
bXssma-r^ssim.
Enjoy,
v.a.
(possess)
^C)!U
malik-61,
jlj
na'il-61;
(derive pleasure)
kh6shlanmak,
dJ/*cJo!
^
jjix< miit61ezziz-ol
;
one's
self,
^f^ci-i^i.
khoshlanmak,
eghlEnmek,
IU^
safa-et,
Enjoyment,
5.
Enlarge,
v.a.
telezzuz.
biyutmek,
Cvi^-l^i
ghenishlEtmek ; ,
v.w.
CXe^J
biyumek
;
upon,
iO'L^aAj
C^UJ^s
tXfszlAta-ghirishmek.
Enlightenment,
5.
CuUjU^
ma^lumlt.
Enlist,
v.a.
J^jU*fl^Lx
"XsskEr%Aa-
-yazmak, .^ tahrir-et; ,
v.n.
-yazzlmak.
Enmity,
s.
dushniEnlzk,
l J^c
'
'davet,
nefsaniyyet.
U-
jan-
Ennui,
s.
(French)
^
sekmdzssz.
Enormity,
s. c^&-lc3 fXzahat.
Enormous,
a.
Ll-WCJj
p^k-biyuk,
Enough,
a. and ad.
f^y. yetishir,
yu
yetEr,
j
&s
C^^JJLz.\ yetish&j
ek-kXdar,
u^ljJuij^jU^ kifayet-mikdarz.
Enquire,
v.n.
^jye
s6rmak
; for,
or
after,
^cjt^>
sormak.
Enrich,
v.a.
l^-^ruj
zEnghin-et
;
(embellish)
^^
tezym-et
;
(with
jewels)
\*-+*> r
'J tersz"-et.
Ensign,
5.
jjlr^V^
sXnjk,
jVJ
bayrak,
3b bandara
;
jljJl^-j
bayrakdar,
sAnjakdar.
Enslave,
v.a.
\j~*\
esslr-et
(yessir).
Ensue,
v.n.
^J^u^
chzkmak,
hasszl-61,
Ic-^J/
terettub-et.
Enter,
v.a.
tiX<^
ghirmek,
dukhul-et,
^
Jr^b
dakhil-ol
;
(write
down)
1 JuJi
kayd-et
;
into
(com-
mence),
LlX/-^
j-^ ghirishmek,
Ici-SiU^ mubash6ret-et.
ENTERPRISE
[111] ERRONEOUS
Enterprise,
s.
^L\\
ish,
jK
kyar,
CL^-lL^
miibashe'ret.
Entertain,
v.a. \
Jj-3
kXbul-et;
Jf^S-ll
Xlzkomak
;
cXc;
jJa
CX*^
cX^yeinek-VErmek;
C,
besslEmek
;
IjU*^
izmar-et
,1
"Xklma-kXbul-et.
[L^iLJ ziyafet.
Entertainment,
s. <)L2
Entice,
v.a.
It-Jjs*-
jezb-et,
*
Enticing,
a.
i^o
&&
dilfirib.
[datmak.
Entire,
a.
Xj\**
t yekpars, \^&J
bitun,
l*\j
tXmm,
J-AO
tekmil
; horse,
d>\
Xt,
jkA
ayghzr.
Entrails,
s.
pi.
Jj^-yV
ba^Azrsak.
Entrance,
5.
(act)
^j+^>
ghirish,
i- J dukhul
;
(place)
j-J
kXpz,
medkhal.
i Entreat,
v.a. \
\s>-j
rija-et,
\
jl-3
niyaz-
;
Entry,
s.
y
kXpz, J.>-
J^ medkhal
;
(registering)
<xJ
kayd. [ta"dad-et.
Enumerate,
v.a.
(j^ul* saymak,
Ij^J^j
I
Envelop,
v.a.
J-;U
sarmak.
Envelope,
5. uJi zarf.
[hassud.
,
Envious,
a.
^^
kezkXnj,
Jj-^-
| Environs,
s.pl.j\f>-
jzwar,
uJtJW
etraf,
c-y
kurb.
j Envoy,
5.
^*dl<J^y
6rta-elchi,
^tf^VJ^o^asr
makhsuss-^lchi.
'
Envy,
5.
<UJl^J!
kzzkXnma,
Ju^j^
hassed;
,
v.a.
^^)\sji
kizkXnmak,
Vv.v.r-
j
Epilepsy,
5.
^^
sXr"a.
[hassed-et.
!
Equal,
a.
j
bir,
t^jL-tf
mussavi
;
(in
a
S
e
)
u!/^
Xkran;
(in rank)
.=>
kyufv;
,
v.a. !(^
5
L^o
mussavi-61.
Equality,
*. dAL~ m6ssavat.
Equalize,
v.a.
IcJjl
^> mussavl-et.
Equally,
ao
7
.
^jjlLU^L^)
mussavat-
-UZ^FE.
Equalness,
5.
d^^L^j
mussavat.
Equator,
s.
\ji*\
L>- khXtt-i-isstiwa.
Equatorial,
a.
C-.^>.^< A>^-*'
^^ khatt-
-i-isstiwaya-mensub.
Equilateral,
a.
cLJi\i*Sj\~s*c
mutessa-
viyyu-'l-Azla".
Equinoctial,
a.
C-.^\< <b^^j!
ia^ kbatt-
-i-isstiwaya-mensub. [-leyl-u-nihar.
Equinox,
5.
jl^jJJ-^^Lj
tessavl'i-
Equip,
v.a.
<J^l)j
J
donatmak,
!
J-fsT
tejhiz-et.
[hXkklniyyet.
Equity,
*.
U*j)&c "adalet,
C^JU>-
Equivalent,
a.
tJjL^
mussavi
; ,
5.
^ojc
"zvez,
jL^jlJJ
karshilik.
Era,
s.
j\j
\^> mebd^'i-tarlkli,
Erase,
v.a.^oj^
bozmak,
^iy
tErkm-
-et, IcL^ hakk-et.
Erect,
a. C)oJ
dik,
-^cjt
do^Aru,
Jljj
ka'im,
J^c
"amud
; ,
v.a.
dzkmek,
\i^^zj
nXssb-et
;
kXld/rmak
;
^J^V.
y^pmak,
lliJ bina-
-et,
1 lUl insha-et.
Erivan
(capital
of Persian
Armenia),
s.
L^^-i (J^j
Rfevan-shehiri.
Ermine,
s.
fja\J
kakiim.
Err,
v.n.
(mistake)
<J^
\ \L>.
khXta-et;
(wander)
d61ashmak.
[khAta-sawAb.
Errata,
5.
pi.
erratum,
5. <
>l^*
Uari.
Erroneous,
a.
^/J^V,
yan^flish (yanish).
ERROR [
112
] EVAPORATE
Error,
s.
^j.
y^n^zlzsh (yanish),
jlliflj
(yanishlik)
Uas^
khXta,
^
sehv,
c^Jl*
dAlalet,
J5U
dXlal
;
one
in
error,
JU?
cUll
;
one who leads
into
error,
J*J*
mudell.
[bahhir.
Erudite,
a. Jlc
"ialim,
^^V
2^3 route"-
Erysipelas,
5.
^jjsrib
yilAnjtk. [-shehiri.
fjjuj\
Erzrum-
kurtulush,
U
^1U.
selamet;
firar
; ,
v.n.
khalass-
^i yakayz-kur-
-JJ
kXchmak,
\
^. yassAkjz;
ihtiylton-
tErfik-
,
v.a.
C^/i^y^
bErabEr-ghitmek.
[khlsss.
Especial,
a.
^y*^
makhsuss,
^U
&
Especially,
ad.
U^AS--*
makbsusson,
l*tfj^r>-
kbussussa,
^L>- khAsssatan.
Espouse,
v.a.
J^JI
Xlmak,
Wjj?
tezev-
vuj-et
;
(a cause)
^^
'
iltizam-et,
Ic.^^
2''
tssahhub-et.
Essay,
s.
^y^
tejribE
;
^Lj^
rissals
;
,
v.n. and a.
(<*s\t
bXkmak,
denEmek,
imtzhan-et,
yoklamak.
Essence,
s.
Essential,
a.
tejribE-et
;
b tartmak,
J^4%
[^jj
rub.
Issl,
^
kyunh
;
(spirit)
*! Assli
;
(volatile) jLt
tayyar
;
(necessary)
*fi
lazz'm
miitahXttim.
Establish,
v.a.
(J-^^-\
achmak,
^
kurmak,
l^j-^-oU
te'siss-et,
paydar-et. [diikkyan.
Establishment,
5.
jj~-*,-jG
te'siss
;
^^^
Estate,
s. cJW emlak,
,^^
arazT,
i^jLc mulk
;
L&1;JU
mAl-u-eshya
;
-haysiyyet
;
*-J;
rutbfi.
Esteem,
s.
j\~-\
i"tibar;
J&)
nXzar;
,
v.a.
\j\~s-\
i"tibar-et,
^'^.^
say-
mak,
\J&
nXzar-et,
\ Ac 'Ydd-et.
Estimate,
s. u.a.1^ keshf,
(j^^
takh-
mm; ,
v.a. \
(j~*sC
takhmin-et.
Eternal,
a.
^Jj\
j
L^JJ! eb6di-vE-ez61i.
Eternity,
s.
(past)
Jj!
ezel
;
(future)
Jul
ebed;
(state of)
u^oJo^
ebediyyet,
CuJjl
ez^liyyet.
Ether,
5.
^^jj
u;^
16kniAn-ruhu;
(ethereal matter)
^Jl
essir.
Ethics,
5.
J9/.
jil^Ac
"ilmi-akhlak,
Cl^Ljjl
ed^biyyat.
Ethiopian,
5,
^-V
:
^^r-
5
siyah-"arab.
Etiquette,
s. cUjlc "adet.
Etymology,
.
jlsh-lUshtikak;
uJ
Eulogy,
s.
jjj2jli-j
sitayish. ["ilm-i-sarf.
Eunuch,
s.
(^^
khasi;
/*jU-
khldzm;
^^>'h
tawashi.
Euphrates (the river)
s.
uf^J
Cl^y
furat-nehri.
[takhliyyE-et.
Evacuate,
v.a.
^4JL>^-
chzkmak;
\^s^
Evacuation,
s. <ui^sT
takhliyyE.
Evaporate,
v.n.
^A^*-^
uchmak,
(J^>jjj*
kurumak; ,
v.a.
^/*Jlx)lJJ
kaynat-
mak,
(JsCj>-*\
uchurmak,
^J,
kurutmak.
,
EVAPORATION
[113]
EXASPERATE
Evaporation,
s.
uchup-bukhar-61maklik.
Eve,
^.
|*ll^>-!
Akhsham.
Even,
5. /ll^l Akhsham
; ,
a.
Jj
J
duz,
iU4Jb hemvar
;
<*-!?
d6g^ru
;
*jJfL^~
>jj
bzr-siyAkda
;
<jlj<L-lj
bAsha-bAsh
; ,
ad. <d-j
bils,
is J
da,
lh_c
=*-^ dakhi
;
even
so,
ad.
J\Jj\
uy\E.
Evening,
s. /*ll.^!
Akhsham,
^xSj/UrM
Akhsham-wAktz.
Event,
5.
UJj
wak"a.
Eventually,
ad.
L^-^lfr
"akzbet.
Ever,
ad. Ujlj
da'ima;
^JCJ^^J
bir-
-wAkztda
;
for
ever,
1 Jo! eb^dsn
;
for ever and
ever,
tib^Jo! eb^de-
?
l-
-abad;
ever and
anon,
fy)jj>
bir-
-duziyE
;
ever
since,
^-JJcjjJj!
61-
-wAkztdan-beri.
Everlasting,
a.
J^i^jJ
dukEnmaz,
j!jj^
bi-zewal,
JjJ.J
lEm-yezil.
Evermore,
ad. J^jU,-J fimaba,
ff
d,
il^-'l-ebed.
Every,
a.
j&
hsr,
^jyb
hsr-bir;
day,
\jfjb
liEr-ghyiin;
other
day,
LjjJ*\^p3
ghyun-Xshzrz,
^j
X Ju
j^^r^f.
\ iki
-
ghy
unda-bir
;
thing,
^<_5~>/k
hJEr-shey
; one,
-
body,
u~jlb
hEr-kess
; where,
Xj)Jb
hEr-yEra,
iftyjjb
hEr-yErda,
-
whit, bit,
&p*-jJb
hir-
-wejhila
;
jji^V^sj
bitun-bitun.
Evidence,
s. CJ
J\^&
shahadet
;
Vi^lSJ
delalet.
Evident,
a. SJoJ
J
ifjjlju^
meydAnda,
jl
Ashikyar,
y&ll?
zahir,
^.JJ
bedlhi,
^tX>*V
bedldar,
lfcX>y&
huweyda.
Evil,
s.
CJiJ^>
kywtuluk, <jiLi
fenalzk,
^j
su*
;
jjo
z^rar,
iJl^io
mXzarr^t
;
L
bela, CL^**^ musstbet;
s
felaket;
^^c
"Ulet,
^^
; ,
a.
^J>
kyutu,
LJ
fena,
uJ kXblh
;
the evil
one,
^.^xl^lk.-*
sheytlm
-
la "in
;
the evil
eye,
JaJ
nXzar
; evil-doer,
s.
fjS?
m^jrim
;
evil-
speaking,
5.
^^
buhtan.
Ewe,
5.
l^U
mariya,
\*f\t
***f*
dishi-
Ewer,
5.
(JJj>\
ibrik.
[k6yun.
Exact,
a.
u^c^L
do^Aru,
/%uJ
tlniAm,
/*lj
tAmm,
^^
sahzh
; ,
v.a.
(_*)!
Xlmak,
^jjJic-J^Dj-a
swkyub-
Xlmak,
^J^c.J^.^l^^Ua^
mutlXk-
-isst6yub-Almak
; !J.
r
^rsr
>
tahszl-et
;
Iv^Jit
Oleb-et.
Exactly,
ad. A\J
tlmm,
/Uj tAmAm
;
U^
5
sahzhan.
Exactness,
s.
jpjjjt
d6^Aruluk.
Exaggerate,
v.a. l^ulU^j
mubAligha-et.
Exaggeration,
5. <ull-^
mubAligha.
Examination,
.
<uljj.>
yoklamak,
^jls^l^i
imtzhan.
Examine,
v.a.
^J^^.
yoklamak,
JUJ^
bXkmak,
!<!UjW
mu"ay^nE
-
et
;
IjjlsdLot
imtzhan-et.
Examiner,
s.j+**>
mumeyyiz.
Exasperate,
v.a.
&*jj3*
kizdzrmak,
dAnltmak.
EXASPEKATION [114] EXERTION
Exasperation,
s.
^li-^lj
Ui
darghmlik. [6ymak
;
Las*- hufr-et.
Excavate,
v.a.
,J^J3
kXzmak;
JUJ^
Exceed,
v.a. CJvks?
ghechmek,
(J^>\
Asbmak,
\
j^f
tejavuz-et.
Exceedingly,
ad.
Cl*-^ ghayet, <jd^>lc
gbayetla,
u^-olu
beghayet.
Excel,
v.n. and a.
jl Jjls
fa'ik-61.
Excellence,
5.
cJJjjl
lyilik,
<j!W
a"lal*k;
jyJ
tefevvuk,
L^-jUfT;
rujhaniyyet.
ExceUent,
a.
j^Ck
pek-iyi,
IWcJj
pek-a"la,
jd'j^>-
ch6k-Tyi.
Except,
arf.
(UllJ^J
dan-bXshka,
tj^Ui^J
dan-ma'
'ada,
<d*3i(jJ
^an-
fXzla,
L^i^J
dan-ghayri
; ,
v.a.
Ui2o\
isstissna-et,
^J^lgl^>r.^^
musstessna-tutmak.
Excepting,
arf.
JLjllJ^J
dan-bAshka,
Ijccl^^t)
dan-ma"ada,
J^Lai^J
dan-
-flzla,
u^c^J
dan-gh^yrz.
Exception,
s. L.lJ isstissna.
Excess,
5. *Lai
fazla;
t^l
ifrXt;
to
commit
excesses,
^4^2>lb
tXshztmak,
(J*jy*\
Ashirmak.
Exchange,
s.
^^4
dtyAish,
<^5/
Ji!jL
miibad^lE;
bill of
,
p61icha
;
course of
,
y^\
kanbiyo
;
,
v.a.
cX*)J&gj
dighishdirmek,
!Jj
JuJ tebdH-et
; ,
v.n.
\\j&3
di-
^Aish-et,
\&?>\J>
tranpa-et,
Wjl-^mu-
Exchequer,
.
fcJJs*
kh^zinE.
[bade"lE-et.
Excise,
s. L-jl^^-1 ihtissab.
Exciseman,
s.
<*3+<
^ C-^L-^>-l ih-
tissab-me'muri.
Excite,
v.a.
IcX^/a^
tahrlk-et
;
\j\>
te'sir-et.
Exclaim,
v.n.
^J^cU*-
cb^Azrmak,
^J^iU
ba^Azrmak,
\\AJ nida-et.
Exclamation,
s. \ Jo nida
;
note of
,
IjJ t-J
y
^>- harf-i-nida.
Exclude,
v.a.
^^\ jf^
icheri-alma-
mak, cX**cjl
J^-J
kabul-et-memek.
Exclusion,
5. 'adm-i-kabul.
Excusable,
a.j^J^o
mazur.
Excuse,
s.
j&&
"uzr-,
<Gl#
bahanE;
,
v.a. \ *$. "Afv-et.
Execute,
v.a. \
\j&-\
ijra-et,
c
fi'lE-ghetirmek; \J
kXtl-et;
J
Execution,
5.^5*-!
ijra; JcjkXtl. [Assmak.
Executioner,
s. <SL>-
jellld.
Exemplify,
v.a.
<^**jf&
J'd^
missal-
-ghetirmek, \^t^j
temsil-et.
Exempt,
a.
t^J
beri,
uJ^ mu"Af,
jjjl
azad; ,
v.a. 1
^ic
"Afv-et,
lu^lx^ mu^lf-et.
Exemption,
5. u^-ilxo
mu^Afiyyet.
Exercise,
s.
(bodily)
L^*^-
har(6kEt
;
(for improvement)
++^ ta"lim
;
(military)
*-L*Jta"lim;
(performance)
\j>~\
ijra
;
(lesson)
^P
derss,
^J
ta"llm,
<ull!a^ mutala"a
; ,
v.a.
ta"lim-etdirmek
;
(a
profession)
cXcjl
etmek
;
(a
horse,
&c.)
Cj^o;^
ghezdirmek.
Exert,
v.a.
luJ^
sarf-et
;
1
jl^l
:
ibraz-et;
one's
self,
\^_^
sa"y
et
!d^c
ghayret-et, J^
1
^
chabAla-
mak.
[<u]L^>-
chabAlama.
Exertion,
5. x-s
sa"y*
^-
ghayret,
EXHALATION [115]
EXPLODE
Exhalation,
s.
j\sT
bukhar.
[bitirmek.
Exhaust,
v.a.
CXii
J
dukEtmek,
c
Exhaustion,
s. C
J bitirmeklik.
Exhibit,
v.a. c
dukEtmeklik;
ghywsstermek,
,--J
seyr-etdirmek
;
j-
ibraz-et.
Exile,
s.
jf*
surghyun,
j
nefy,
J&*
menfI
; ,
v.a. c
mek,
\o
nefy-et.
sur-
Exist,
v.n.
j\j\)
vftr-61,
j^tf
kya'in-61,
T^*
mevjud-61,
bulun-
mak;
CJ
ghfechinmek,
\
(
J~*3
t^"ayyush-et.
varlzk, kevn,
[Existence,
s.
i^oy**}
keynunet,
L^*oJy>-^
mev-
judiyyet,
<^-j
vujud.
corbitant,
a.
Jjjlrs^.* ^J^s*-
hadden-
-mutejaviz
;
jllg
^J
pek-plhAli.
ixotic,
a.
xpand,
v.w.
JKWJW
yayzlmak.
pansion,
s.
^LsULb yayzlmaklzk.
ect,
v.a.
(J*-!\)
bAkmak,
ummak,
I^JA^UJ
me'mul-et.
xpectation,
s.
jj^t<
me'mul,
|
unrid
(umut),
^j^ry
terejjT,
c.
terakkub.
Expectorate,
v.a.
cJ^^j
tukyurmek.
pxpediency,
5.
L^wsU^o
munass6bet,
luzum.
Expedient,
s.
Xj\>-
charE,
<_$j3
kolay,
i4.>
y61
; ,
a. C_^VM:W<
munassib,
i>
>j^
laztm.
Hi
xpedite,
v.a. !
J^js:^
ta'
jfl-et.
xpedition,
s.
L^vC^o
siir"at
;
Jcs
"AJ61E;
irsal;
yL
seffir
;
W sefEr-arkadash-
[sri".
larz-takzmz.
Expeditious,
a. CX'Isw chabzk,
Expel,
v.a.
J^^ji'
k6^Amak,
def'-et.
Expend,
v.a.
lp- kharj-et,
sarf-et,
^U-^.
kharjamak.
Expense,
s.
</=>-
kharj,
u-o^o mXss-
raf,
u_^La
mXssarif,
mXssarifAt.
Expensive,
a.jtij^o
mXssraflz.
Experience,
5.
^j
ghy^rghi,
C
ma"lumAt,
<sT
tejrub^;
,
v.a.
ghywrmek,
c
bAshma-ghMmek,
l^sT
tejrubE-et,
>-
chekmek; , CX<UJ
d^nsmek.
Experienced,
a.
^Ij'UjU^o
ma"lumAtK,
E,
c_^^
mujerreb.
Experiment,
s.
tejsz?
tejrubE,
Expert,
a. j^o iisstaz
(ussta).
Expire,
v.n.
C3^)jl
wlmek
;
c3v*3j-s
s^nmek,
jlj^kuj
muntafi-61;
(a
term)
C-L*Ju
ghfilmek,
j!j*Uj
tXmAm-61,
\&~<} munklzz-61.
Explain,
v.a. !ujl>
yt7
ta"rif-et,
anglatmak (annatmak).
Explanation,
s. cjj;j ta"rif.
Explicit,
a.
<fl>j*
slrzh,
^J^-^
achik
Explode,
v.n.
^<
pXtlamak
; ,
v.a.
LlX*^ ^f!
Xtesh-VErmek,
Xtmak
;
CX*jjj^=-
churutmek,
ibtAl-et.
K 2
EXPLOEATION
[
116
] EXTRAORDINARY
Exploration,
s. <Ujl*^
j
u-Q^ keshf-
-VE-mu"aye'nE.
Explore,
v.a.
<J*ksj}.
yoklamak,
\teJ\x.*
mu"aye*nE-et,
\^
......
*rf tejesssuss-et.
Explosion,
s.
^Stb
pAtlayish,
^1
Atzsh
;
y~~>
sess,
\ Ju<? sAda.
Export,
s.
C-?U-^1
ikhrajat (p/.)
;
,
v.a*
CX^^JJjic^llbjl?
dzsharz-
ghywndErmek.
Exportation,
s.
*^jt
ikhraj,
t^b
&*jAJZ
dzshan-ghy^ndErma,
L
Exporter,
s.
cJ
-61an-bAzzrghyan.
Expose,
v.a.
(to view)
<J>y
^3^ Ju^j
mey-
dAna-k6mak,
^<;VJu>-
<OiJu^o
mey-
dAna-chzkarmak
;
(to shame)
!(Jj3;
rezil-et,
CX*^ydl
Ela-vErmek,
<OLJ
CX<^^
lissAna-ghetirmek
;
(explain)
l^lo
beyan-et,
U^Jj^i
suweylfimek,
I la*J
bAsst-et,
(J*^
achnwzk.
Express,
a.
\^yej&
makhsuss
; ,
s.
j\j\3
tatar,
^jfljf*
suruju
; ,
v.a.
i!
ifadE-et,
l-ajyw
ta^rif-et,
lj
beyan-et,
\^*^
ta"bir-et,
j
siiweylEmek,
J^
mak;
^jAA-Mtf
szkmak,
suyunu-Xlmak.
[ujb^*J
ta"rif.
Expression,
5. -.-*}
ta"bir;
^J\j\
ifadE,
Exquisite,
a.
<jJjl>C>J
pek-nazik,
CJJ
uJJal
pek-l^tzf.
Extempore,
a.
^&
j
<u!\L L bila-
-mutala"a-vE-bedihi.
Extend,
v.a.
(J^V,
yaymak
;
uzXtmak
;
-
,
v.w.
^*j> yayzlmak
;
^J^^j
varmak.
Extensive,
.
^lj
VASZ",
^j^&
ghenish,
<jJ
;
-J
biyuk
;
J
kyuUI.
Extent,
s. jlja^l imtidad
;
mikdar
;
<L^
Extenuate,
v.a. \ i*Jj*&ss? takhflf-et.
Extenuation,
s. u.o
i ;0'^
1
takhflf.
Exterior,
s.
^^>
dzsh,
^j^>-
kharij
>
o.
i^c
5
^^"
kharijT.
Exterminate, v.a. c
^^.J
kzrmak,
(J^J^.
-kXzzmak.
isstlssAl.
bitirmek,
unu-
Extermination,
s.
^
External,
a.
<^TJ\*~
khariji,
Extinction,
s. UW itfa
;
^lylil
inkerAZ.
Extinguish,
v.a.
LlX^jJ^-j
swndurmek,
llstl itfa-et.
Extirpate,
v.a.
c^^^swkmek,^jlJL>-
chzkarmak,
l^Jj
kXl'
c
-et.
Extort,
v.a.
^J^L^
jebran-Xlmak
;
CXicd^-j^Ls*-!
ijbaran-suweylEtmek.
Extortion,
s.
^ijull ^jb \j+s>-
jebran-
-parE-Almaldik.
Extra,
a.
Juij
za'id,
<UuoJ
fAzla,
^JoL-^-
-^.jl^.
hissAbdan-kharij.
Extract,
v.a.
^^\JL->-
chzkarmak;
^J'./*J1
Xlmak
;
I l-ri-l
ikhraj
-et,
\,
l^sdLJ
isstikhraj-et,
s. 8&*J
nebzE;
jtjJt^J
bir-mzkdar
;
<U?iL>- khulassE.
Extraordinary,
a. ^jUJt
j^3
fevka-'l-
'
gharib.
EXTRAVAGANCE [ 117] FAIL
issraf
;
deli-sXch-
Extravagance,
s.
sXchma,
^->
massi.
Extravagant,
a.
deli,
u^-s?"
mejnun
;
&j\jj*s?
mej-
nunanE.
Extreme,
5. c:
-fy nihayet, <^y.lc
mussrif;
ghayet,
tej-jJd-ol^J
nihaye'ti-derejE;
,
a.
ly,
ad. a
jj^JJu*-
hadddan-
-ziyadE,
u&!
Xshiri;
Jo<xi> shedid.
Extremity,
5.
C^olf
nihayet,
^1
uj
;
cyjJb
shiddet,
L
fErt,
L\ ifrAt.
Extricate,
v.a.
&*J5jf
kurtarmak,
1^^>-
kh^lass-et.
Exult,
v.n.
dX*3^-o
SEvinmek,
\ }e>- hXzz-
-et,
\ ~~*
messrur-61,
AJ^)
khdshlanmak.
Exultation,
s. &*+J~i SEvinmE.
Eye,
s.
)
ghywz,
^
"ayn,
cheshm
;
(hook and)
kopcha;
,
v.a.
JK*?^
bAkmak,
j
ghywz-dikmek.
Eyeball,
s.
j
ghywz.
Eyebrow,
s.
^15
kXsh.
Eyelash,
s.
CJ-J/
kirpik.
Eyesight,
5.
J^
ghyuz,
^
bAssar.
Eye-witness,
s. cJJ!>l$>
J
-shahidi,
JJbll
shahid,
shahidu-'l-'
f
ayn.
F.
Fable,
5.
Jli^
missal,
Fabric,
5. A
ypz,
LJ bina
;
(J^
hey'et, jCfc heykM; ^il^JJ
kumXsh.
Fabricate,
v.a.
CXJ^
duzmek,
J^.
ypmak.
Fabulous,
a. 'i
j*e\
Assh'-yok
j
,J^^
i^fjg
Xssh'-y6k-ghibi,
mXssAl-ghibi.
Face,
5.
J^>
yuz,
^f>-
chehrE,
surEt
(surXt)
; ,
v.a.
^j^Jd^jJ*;
yuzuna-bXkmak
;
(J^j^^f^^
kar-
shz-durmak,
^J4JL.J?
dayanmak
;
l
wrtmek,
^<ibljj
kXplamak.
Facet,
8-. &>-\* facheta.
Facetious,
a.
^
Facetiousness,
s. c
Facilitate,
v.a. \
J-f-J
tesshil-et.
pet.
Facility,
.
^j^Sjj
k61ayh"k,
L^l^^-j
suhu-
Facing,
5.
j^>
yiiz,
<tcil;U
kAplama
; ,
pr.
<!&~++ijs
karshissma,
8&>~*+}jJ
karshzssznda.
[-hal.
Fact,
5.
<UJ>j
vak"a
Factor,
s.
^jsnj'U?
sXtzji.
Factory,
5. <&>li fabrika.
Faculty,
s. tUslsi-
khlsssa,
Cl?j3
kuwet
;
j\^j>\
ikhtiyar,
^J\j
re'y
;
(^.0.:^ smf.
Fade,
v./z.
^ju)j-tf
solmak,
^*Jl
Xtmak
;
7=-
away,
j^Jj|j
za'il-61,
jlc-^jU
gha'ib-61. [-ghibi-chXlzshmak.
Fag,
v.w.
JH^LJI^I^JU^
hXmniAl-
Faggot,
5.
^^<!J^jLjl
JL^jJ
inja-odun-
-dem^ti.
Fail,
v.n.
(j.+&+>-
tJ*jj
bosha-chzkmak,
^JxiU.Jjl
uymamak;
^*jj^
bozulmak;
^jU^^jJOj!
uyduramamak;
jt^^Lftxi
mufliss-61,
J^j)t-J^L
top-Xtmak
;
kussur-et
;
!c3JuU^l etma-
mazlzk-et.
FAILING [118] FALSEHOOD
Failing,
s.
jy
kussur,
c,^*?.
ayb,
C^s-LS kAbahat.
[lik.
Failure,
5.
^/Jls!
iflass, C^UJU
mufliss-
Faint,
a.
^j^^Lb
b&ytlajak
;
(colour)
v_p.i^-
khAflf,
(j^~\
tichik
\
(smell)
-c\
\ghir
;
(voice)
tecu!
inja,
,.^\>
bayghm
; ,
v.n.
(j*4iH
bayzlmak.
Fainting-fit,
s.
<UJjlf bayzlma.
Fair,
a.
(beautiful)
Jj^
ghy&zel,
^Jj
dilbEr;
(fine)
(^jy
ghyuzel,
<^>-\
;
(favorable)
^^Vjl
uyghun,
muwAfzk
;
(not dark)
o^Ltf
sAri,
^t^J
beyAz
;
(bair)
d&lj
lipisska
;
(kind)
^Ijll?
tAth"
;
play,
hil^ssizlik
;
to
give
fair
play,
<-
hilE-etmamek,
ur&TJ***
kharijdan-kXn'sbmamak
;
the fair
sex,
J^j^
kXrzlar,
LJ^^UjlL
ta'ife'i-nissa,
^^J^j^s
kXri-kzssmi;
,
s.jf\u
pXnayir.
Fairy,
s.
i-^J
peri.
Faith,
s.
^Uj!
ImAn
;
^J
dm
;
i^tikAd;
C^vJwol
emniyyet,
l"timid
;
bad faith,
ji-rsri)
yalAn-
jilik, J^jU-
khi'inlik,
khzyanet.
Faithful,
a. -i
;
the
faithful,
s.pl.
musslimm,
(j~~yo
mii'minm.
Faithfulness,
s. L^o sXdakAt.
Falcon,
s.
u^MA
shahin,
jjlc^t
do^An.
FaU,
5.
<U-i>j
J
dushmE; ,
v.a.
C-U^j
J
dushmek;
^J^iw
yzkzlmak
;
cXwl
fenmek;
cX^Jl^ol^
pahassi-enmek
;
*\j
bXshlamak; asleep,
^
uykussu-ghMup-
-uyumak;
cXJj!
wlmekjc-jlijvefat-
-et;
away,
^4j|^c.-y^J
dwnup-
-brakmak
;
cX/
J
dushmek,
^Jjy
y^kilmak
;
^J*^Jux*a
za"iflan-
mak,
J^llif^Jft^^llj
yAltn^tz-kemik-
-kAlmak; back,
C^^K^-j^
gheri-
-chekilmek
; down, LLX*-iJ dush-
mek,
(Jjksij
yzkzlmak
;
in
with,
luJjLaJ*
tessaduf-et,
C-Ul^Ptft-w^,
rXsst-ghElmek
;
\ U^tAfU* muwAfkXt-
* -et
; off,
jul^
XzAlmak
;
<
yl^
brakzp-chekilmek
;
--
out,
tessAduf-et,
j^j-J\j
wAki"-
-61;
^^-tjy
b6zushmak,
llc^c
(kaw-
gha)-et;
short, CtUi^LL)-^ eksik-
-ghElmek,
^^l/Jy^^jl^J
nissAbmz-
-bulmamak; to,
J^.Llb
bXsh-
lamak;
to
leeward,
fcalljld^j
CiXi^
ruzghyar-Xltma-ghitmek.
False,
a.
jj-i^b
y^n^tlish (yanish),
JujlJ fassid
;
^1)
yalXn
;
^c^^.
yalXnj/; J^jliij
tAklid;
<Ujl>
yapma,
<tjj
J
duzniE,
<t^Jjjl
dydurma
;
U..JIJJ
kAlp;
<U>>L
sakhtE;
^SlsL
khl'in
;
U^-,J
biwefa,
J^SJ^J^
sAda-
kAtsfz
;
j
U muzevvir
;
-
witness,
j^j^X&Lij
shahidi-zur,
c_?*^Jil-i>
jjX>
yalAn-shahidi
; false-witness,
s,
\JJ\
iftira,
^li^J
buhtan,
^L yalAn.^j^
tezvlr.
Falsehood,
s.
JL
yalAn,
<?j kizb
;
jLsrL
yilAnjflik; ji^l^
khl'm-
lik;
^5|j^ sAdakAtsizl/k,
U *J^
adEmi-wefa.
FALSENESS [119]
FARRIER
Falseness,
5.
^Jb
yalXn
;
y/B*\i
yan-
gftish (yanish),
lli>.
khAta,
<jd-Jju
(yanishlik).
[fli
nlm.
Fame,
s.
d^->
shuhret,
jl^a-ll
ishtihar,
Familiar,
a.
L^v-^J
dosst, c^
s*kt-d6sst
;
<Oli~cjJ
dosstanE
;
j
A~
tekllfsiz
;
US kXba.
Familiarity,
s.
t^j~&&
tekllfsizlik.
Familiarize,
v.a.
^jJwJl
Ah'shdzrmak;
one's
self,
^*-lJl
Ah'shmak.
Family,
s.
^J>-^>-
chojuk,
j>y
evlad
;
tJfJ^iA^
1
ch61uk-chojuk,
JjV^^
fev-bark,
^JL^j^Jjbi
ehl-u-
ayal,
j^
ev-takimi;
J^j^
ojak,
silsilfi,
<ul>-
khanE,
^'jjU-
khan^dan,
^LoJ^J
dudmln,
Jl
al
;
c*3 nev
,
L^ytf
soy,
i*}}*o^*>c
s6y-
-sop,
(^-^"
jinss. [Ic ghila.
Famine,
5.
^d^*-^
achl/k;
\z*z
3
kaht,
Famish,
v.a.
(J<*3~\
aj-k6mak;
,
v.n.
/^i!l5-p.i aj-kAlmak,
(JL*&&-\
ajfk-
mak,
cX*^r^^d^\
achlzk-chek-
mek.
[pek-aj/kmzsh.
Famished,
a.
^^CiX>
pek-aj.
Famous,
a.
j*~<
meshhur
;
pek-iyi,
IctcXj
pek^a"la.
v
Fan,
s.
^y^
yelpazE;
j**^*
kAlbur
;
,
v.a.
^c^JLtfijlJj
yelpazE-SAlla-
mak.
Fanatic,
s.
i^naxz*
muta"Xsssb
; al,
a.
Fanaticism,
5. c_,
^.n^T ta Xssub.
Fancy,
s.
Jjic
"Xkl,
^J
zihn
;
tl^
&J^l
kuvveti-miitekhayyilE
;
merAk
;
.
,-^J
*J
kuruntu,
sXchma; ,
v.a. *
kurmak,
z^nn-et
;
mek
;
CX^iSo
be^AEnmek
;
to take
a
fancy
to . . .
,
CX*^^
W~
JAnt-
-isstemek
;
ClUjXj
be^r^Enmek.
Fanfaronade,
s. u_$ iXf.
Far,
a.
jjj^l
uzXk,
j^>!
irXk,
ba"id;
and
wide,
ad.
etrafa,
^jjs!
etrafda; ,
ad.
(much
more)
v^>-fcJ
daha-chok;
(very)
C)j
pek,
j^
ch6k.
Fare,
5.
(food) C^-^CXsr^U yey6-
jek-ichfejek
;
(reception)
^Lelco mu"-
am^lfi
;
(carriage-hire)
^-j
nubet-parassz
;
(passenger)
mushteri; ,
v.n.
yeyup-ichmek;
LlXfUs:^
ghechinmek;
(^A*\
olmak
;
(j*f.j\
uymak.
Farewell,
int. JUj
du"akr,
Farm,
s.
cXi^
chiftUk
;
Aja
iltizam;
utli< mukAta"a
; ,
v.a. <0j|
l^=
^J^JjL
kira-ila-tutmak
;
cX*^>^<Oy
kb-aya
-
VErmek
;
\*}jA\
iltizam-et
;
JUJjall
iltizama
-
VErmek
;
kullAnmak,
^J^V
bAkmak,
fJ
zba^at-et; out,
<ujy3
-
VErmek;
c
iltizama-VErmek.
Farmer,
s.
^jf\J&~
chiftji
;
u
ehli-zira"^t
;
/^^l^
multezim.
Farrier,
s. JcJju
(nXlbXn, nXlbXnt)
na"lbend.
FARTHER [120] FAVOUR
Farther,
a. ll bbJ daha-iJrzAk
; ,
ad.
&<tfjl
l&J
daha-wteya,
daha-wte'dE
; ,
v.a.
Vi*^v
yardzm-et.
Farthermore,
c. &J
j
VE-yinE (vE-gheni:),
vE-hem-
dakhi,
\& vekeza.
Farthest,
a.
JfC
en^-uzXk
;
at
farthest,
ad. duA* olsa-olsa.
Farthing,
5. &s"l Xkcha.
Fascinate,
v.a.
^Icbj^=
ghy
lamak,
I&&JI
ferifte-et.
Fascine,
s.
i**^i
chibuk-deme'ti.
Fashion,
s. CJjU
"adet,
^
ressim,
^
bichim,
I
J^<
moda,
jjo
tarz
;
,
v.a.
bichim-vErmek.
Fast,
a.
(tight)
Lyu*e
sikt
;
(firm)
miihkEm
;
(quick) C3^l>-
chabtk
;
,
s.
uruj,
us
siyam
;
Christian
,
J^J
pErhiz
; ,
v.n.
^-'
aj-durmk,
^Li^l
aj
kAlmak
;
uruj
-tutmak
;
Jbj)
pErhiz-tutmak.
Fasten,
v.a.
^J^oL-cLj
bA^lamak
;
^^lA^JL^
szkishdzrmak.
Fastidious,
a. l-iJ titiz.
Fasting,
a. , 1
aj
;
^y^Tjj;^
urujlu
;
Fat,
5. Q\J
ya^A;
,
a.
(meat)
^Lcl>
t
;
(man) u^-i
shishmAn
;
(beast)
****)
semiz,
^!b'
tawli
; ,
semirmek
; ,
v.a.
besslEmek,
ClX/fJ4**s semirt-
mek.
Fatal,
s. murissi-mevt
;
b6zulmassma-sebeb-6lAn
;
<^c mu-
mu"ayyen
;
A
mesh'um.
Fatality,
^.
u^x^ll^e
mesh'umiyyet
;
i sh^ amet.
[enjami-kyar.
Fate,
s.
jjJ
kXdEr
;
J.)
Mum;
li
Father,
s. bb
bXbA,
jJo
pHEr
;
wife's
k'
1^.13
kayn-ata; step
,
,X^
Fatherland,
5. vuAtAn.
kulaj
; ,
v.a.
Fathom,
s.
\
Jj
JjljLsl isskAndil-et
;
nglamak (wnnamak). [maz.
Fathomless,
a.
j*Ay. \^?t.^
dibi-bulun-
Fatigue,
s.
^JJJ^c^
y6rghunluk,
u-^xJ
ta"b;
Ci-Al^c
meshakkXt; ,
v.a.
(3*J&
y^
rma^-
Fatigued,
a.
t^^-j^ ybrghun.
Fatiguing,
tfjyj
y6rar.
Fatten,
v.w. c
- semirmek
;
besslEmek, c v.a.
semirtmek.
Fault,
s. Li^r-Lj
klbahat,
^^
such,
j^5
kussur,
<)irs^5j- junha,
*j>-
jurm
;
^jilaiuj
sokAtlzk
;
to find
,
v.n.
L jpj
|y
c^->-U> kXbahat-bulmak
;
jl^j
bahanE-bulmak, ^
>
kussur-bulmak.
Faultless,
a.j^j^
kussursiz.
Favour,
s.
*j*
kErEm,
u^\Xe "inayet,
lutf;
^JoiL-^j mussa"adE
;
hussnu-nXzar
;
J^J
yuz,
chEhrE,
CI^i*tf
surEt
;
<U
J^i
sb
kordela-bX^^z
;
to
curry
,
v.a.
FAVOURABLE [121]
FENCE
CiX*ij, yeltenmek
;
&Jbj^ muda-
hgnE-et.
[mussa"id,
(J^jl
uyghun.
Favourable,
a.
^J^*
muwlfik,
tXcL^o
Favourite,
s.
CJ^-J
SEvdik.
Fawn,
5.
-JjjbcX^
gheyik-yawrzssz,
v.n.
^iJii
yXltAklanmak.
Fear,
5.
^y>
k6rku,
t_5j-
khavf,
A-.J
him,
L^vlJ&t)
dehshEt; ,
v.n. and
a.
^J^JJ^jJJ
korkmak.
Fearful,
a.
$jf
korkulu,
JLsf^jf
korkunjlu,
uJ^s-*
makhuf.
Feasible,
a.jjHjtfJlj
ydkz'shzk-AKr,
j^lj!
61
ur,
^X'*^
mumkin.
Feast,
s. CU*iL-<?
ziyafet; (religious)
M\J+J
bayram
;
LJ^y.
y6rti.
Feather,
s.
uy
tuy.
Features,
s.
pi.
U--; sima.
February,
s. LLi shubAt.
Fecund,
a.jjC.o c^J?" ^"^"
chokJE-
ch6juk-d6ghurur ;
J\^J-AS*
mah-
suldar.
Federation,
s.
jUil
ittiflk
;
^.Jii^
muttefik?n.
[t_^j
ayak-tEri.
Fee,
s.
*~ij
ressim,
Jo^c
"awa'id;
-Aj\
Feeble,
a. U-AX<?
za"if,
J-Jy
kuvvetsiz.
Feebleness,
5. cJx*?
za"f,
(JjJ^-Jy
kuwetsizlik.
Feed,
s. eXu
yemek ; ,
v.n. cXw
yemek,
cXwC^-J
yemek-yemek ;
,
v.a. (jAA-j besslEmek
;
cJ>j
Jo
yedirmek.
Feel,
r.a.
J^j^
duymak,
l
t>/
->.
hisss-et;
JUiJjt)
dokunmak,
J^b
bakmak
;
->
yoklamak.
Feeling,
a.
J&AS>-J>
mErhametli;
hXsssass
; ,
5.
j^^f-^-
hisss
;
CL
<IL*<^ kuvveti-lamissE
;
^j-L^l
..... --^
hAsssasslik
;
\^**&-j*e
mErhamet,
L^N&A-i>
shefakAt,
c-^lJJc^J
rikkXtz-
-kllb.
[-ydpmak,
U-iiJ tXklid-et.
Feign,
v.a.
^~*-jL>^JJ^L>
yalAndan-
Feigned,
a.
(jJo)b
yalAndan,
y^pma,
Jul&Jf tXklid.
Felicitation,
s.
cJy^-J
tebrik,
tehniyyE,
^jJulcJj^.
Felicity,
s. Cl^jUo s"adet.
[aydm.
FeUoe,
s. JwJ\
ipsid.
Fellow,
s.
^^p-
herif,
^IjJL^l
arka-
dash,
^^jJJl;! ayakdash,
(j^^^.
yoldash
;
j&^Z
ghedikli
; fellows,
^j-^M
ikhwXn.
Fellow-citizen,
s.
u^fC*^>
hem-shehri.
Fellowship,
s.
(jkJ*\Atej\
arkadashlzk
;
^L)^>-1
ikhwAnlek;
cJjo
ghedik.
Felon,
5. /*jV
^^JixjJjlJJ^^^
kh?r-
khabiss.
[khabassetli.
Felonious,
a. L2~++<-
khbiss,
Felony,
s.
L5
-^
<jl
<LrsX^-
khersz'zlek
-
yakhud
-
kltillik
-
-ghibi-junha.
Felt,
s. te*
kechE,
<U= kebfi.
Female,
a. and s.
^jl^J
dishi
;
c^U
kXrz
;
^*J>
kzz.
Feminine,
a.
(gram.)
HESS
;
(womanlike)
kXrzyA-yakzshtr.
Fence,
5.
^J^^isTtakhta-
parmaklfk,
j^.^
diwar,
L^w->- chit
;
FENCING
[122] FIELD-PIECE
,
v.a.
v.n.
Fencing,
s.
.Fennel,
5.
chevirmek
; ,
mech-ta"limi-et.
mech-ta"liini.
derE-6tu.
Feoff,
s.
jU-J
timar,
e^-clcj
zi"amet;
^jUWy (J^^j^.
yurdluk-ojaklik.
Ferment,
s. 4>U
mays (maya)
;
kaynama
;
<Ujj^s>-
churuniE,
kkma
;
^jOti
telash
; ,
v.n.
(J-
kXbarmak
;
^_^>l_i->U
kaynamak
;
takhammur-et
; ,
v.a.
kXbartmak;
J^JfUjlj
kay-
natmak
;
\
*+*? takhmir-et.
Fermentation,
s.
j^sC
takhmlr,
takhammur;
<U^LJi
klbarma,
kaynama
;
Ferret,
s.
jLa3o
sXnsar
(?). [churumE.
Ferrule,
s.
^j>J^
prXzwXna.
Ferry,
s.
c5^*X-jsr
ghechid-yeri.
Ferry-boat,
5.
^U
kaytk,
jV^y
tom-
bXz,
CA1^= kelek.
Fertile,
a. L^-s-*i^
munbit,
^3^
bfer^-
kMi,
jtj^z^-'*
mahsuldar.
Fertileness,
Fertility,
s. CiXix^o mun-
bitlik,
LLtt^J
ber^kEtlilik.
Fester,
v.n.
^^L^L^^oJ^
jerabat-
-t6planmak.
CL//^
y^
rtu-
Festival,
s.
^^
gbyiin
;
J^-J
bayram
;
Fetch,
v.a.
ClX<j^L.->jJ^
gbidup-
-ghetirmek, C^viKt-J^J^C-
gbidup-Alzp-ghMmek. pty
Fetid,
a.
j\3y
lij
fena-k6kar,
Fetlock,
.
jj^
t6puk.
Fetters,
s.
pl.j^J (demir),
j^j
zin.
jir,
Feud,
5.
C-|j3
niza".
Fever,
s. U>-
humma;
(ague)
issztma
(shma)
;
(heat)
Feverish,
a.
*j\f>-
hrareth.
[hararet.
Feverishness,
s.
CL2j\jS>-
hararet.
Few,
a. \\ Xz
;
a
few,
J\^J
bir-Az,
7^^
Fibre,
s.
JJ
tel; uJ.-l
Hf.
[bir-kXch.
Fibrous,
a.
JJJJ
tel-tel,
j!Jj
teUi,
^^
j^j
Hf-ghibi.
Fickle,
a.
J-jL5
sebatsiz,jU^c> JjJb^J
bir-dAlda-durmaz,
^^
mut^levvin.
Fictitious,
a.
<Uj^^
duzma,
<U;JOj\
Fiddle,
s.
^U^
kfirnXn.
[uydurma.
Fiddler,
s.
kEmXnjz,
[kEmXn-6ku.
Fiddlestick,
s.
J^
6k,
Fiddlestring,
s.
Jj^US
kEmXn-teli.
Fidelity,
s. t*z~>3\&>
sXdakXt,
BlcUkltk.
Fidget,
s.s\j*
merXkli;
jU^Jcuo-^
rahat-durmaz
; ,
v.n. \
j\j*
mferXk-
-et
;
/J^C\-I)JL^^>~M
rahat-durma-
jnakj f
v.a.
(JscjJ*j\i
kXrz'sh-
dz'rmak;
(j^\*^\-i(~*j**\j
rahat-
-brakmamak.
Fief,
s.
j\A*3
timar;
(J^^ryfjp^j^.
yurdluk-ojaklzk
;
*jlflU
malikyanE.
Field,
5.
*$J0
tarla;
Sj^
owa,
r>,b-
chayzr;
\j!*
sahra.
Field-day,
5.
^^JlAjjJvJ
biyuk-
Field-marshal,
s.jL~>j~i
SEr-"XsskEr.
Field-officer,
.
lajU?LtJ^-J
biyuk-zabit.
Field-piece,
s.
^J^^^V**
charkha-
-t6pu, (j~**\ (kubuss).
PIERCE [123]
FIREARMS
Fierce,
a. CLJ--J
sort,
Jo Jo-
hadid,
<X><x>
Fiery,
a.
*J*tJ&\
Xtesh-ghibi. [shedid.
Fife,
s.
cjy>
duduk.
Fifer,
5.
^ty
dudukju.
Fifteen,
a.
^^\
6n-besh.
Fifty,
a.
,JM
elli.
Fig,
5.
.-^l u\jir.
Fight,
s.
Uj
(kawgha),
^/^^
du^h-
ush;
C>isj- jenk,
<U^lsr
muhare'bE;
dup'Aushmek,
i
(kawgha)
-et, )Ooj>-
jenk-et,
miihare'bE-et
;
one's
way,
,<xlj!
ishini-uydurmak.
Figure,
s.
JL& (shekil)
shekl
;
=?
t
bichim,
/^Jo\
endam,
jjoyu^y
b6y-
-b6ss,
U^-^> hey'et
;
+Sj
rakAm
;
,
v.n. }
(
CXfcJ^ji
ghy^runmek.
Filbert,
s.
jJ^J ^
Filch,
v.a. / L*JU- chXlmak.
File,
5.
; (of soldiers)
a
y^
sba
;
(of papers)
Jill? takz'm
; ,
v.a.
;
(papers)
L-ty
t6playup-tErtib-et.
Filial,
a.
L^^J
ben^vl.
Filings,
5.
Fill,
v.n.
(j^b
dolmak
; ,
v.a.
doldurmak.
FiUy,
s. u5t
j^J
kzssrXk-tay.
Film,
g.j\j
zar.
Filter,
5.
,^=j^*j
suzghech
; ,
v.a.
C3vj suzmek
; ,
v.n.
suzulmek.
[lik (mun-),
-1 evsakh.
murdar- Pilth,
5. CJ~
pisslik,
Filthy,
a.
^~)
piss,
J!L>^O
miJrdar.
Fin,
s. bAlzk-kXnAdz,
j
Final,
rf.
c^ s6npr,^c^
akhir.
Finally,
ad. e^JiU "akibet,
^Jd
"aktbfetdo; J-tfU'i
el-hASSzl,
Finance,
5.
minister of
,
Find,
v.a.
^^^
bulmak.
[-nXziri.
umuru-mAliyyE
;
maliyyE-
Fine,
a.
j
ghyuzel
;
A0
inja
;
-
khXsss
;
jU-
khaliss
; ,
s.
; ,
v.a.
jerimE-Xlmak,
lJsT
tejrim-et;
l<U&^aJ'
tXssfiyyE-et.
Finedraw,
v.a.
(&*}$
wrmek.
Finedrawer,
s.
^f^lj^
wruju.
Finger,
s.
(J--*^
parmak
; ,
v.a.
(J*j^
d6kunmak,
JwjU kXrzsh-
dzrmak.
Finger-post,
s.
-ghyusteren-direk.
Finish,
.
j-tf
sn^-E
; ,
r.n.
CXcJ bitmek
;
CJyk^J
dukEnmek
;
jUUJ
tXmAm-61,
^1J-^J
tekmil-61;
,
v.a.
ClX^J
bltirmek
;
klX*^.
J
dukEtmek
;
1
J-*&
tekmH-et.
Finite,
a.
J^J^sr*
mahdud,
^JbUl-
mut6-
Fir,
s. /*U- cham.
[nahT.
Fire,
s.
^Sj!
Xtesh
; ,
v.a.
fJ*J\
Atmak,
Ic^c^lJul Endakht-et
;
1,^1
I
Atesh-VErmek;
hiddetlEnmek.
Firearms,
s.
pi.
tesrUlcJo
FIRELOCK
[124] FLAMBEAU
esslihe"'!-
V
-nariyyE.
Firelock,
s. t^kJtf tufenk
(tufek).
Fireman,
s.
,&~*&-
^-^C^^M
b
y^nghm-
-tulumbajzssz. [missi.
Fireship,
s. .>**l
--
(
jtj\
Atesh-ghe-
Firewood,
s.
^^^
6dun,
c^Ls*.
hXtAb.
Firework,
s. CJsXlJ fishenk
(fishek).
Firing,
s.
j^^y^
6dun-kyttmur.
Firm,
a. AXST*
muhkEm,
t_ji'
kawi
;
,c%*5
stki
;
La3 ub
dayanzklz,
*bJ l^^<
metanetli,
^.p?**
metin
;
L^ob
sabit;
!^\j
rasikh,
j^;b
paydar
; ,
s.
\*a*c\
imza;
L^^-i
shirkfit.
Firmament,
5.
L^J^jJ^
ghywk-yuzu,
1^,-j
sema,
^W;i
assman
;
cJ^WlLl^Jj
feleku^l-eflak.
Firmness,
5. Cl^lJ
s^bat,
L^-Ol^< meta-
net
;
<^\.*Ls? muhkEmlzk.
First,
a.
^rs^Jbirinji,
(*^\ ilk,
Jjl
EWE!.
Firstborn,
a. jUi^-skT
nukhusstzad,
sT
nukhusstzadE,
C-^-J
biyuk,
ilk.
Firstfruits,
s.
pi.
SJJljjy
turfXndfi.
Fish,
s.
^b
bXlzk; ,
v.n.
Xvlamak,
Fishbone,
5.
.Jt
Fisher, Fisherman,
s.
* '
-
^5^-,^(j^V
bAlzk-Xvlayyz. [dXlyXn.
Fishery,
5.
u5^<jlb
bXlzk-lvi
;
^U
Fishmonger,
s.
,o^b
^rsaJ'l-^
bXlzk-sXtzjz.
Fishpond,
5.
<^>^>-
hawz.
Fissure,
s.
Jjb
yarzk,
J^'^-
chatlXk.
Fist,
5. &x~<!
mushta,
^j*
yumruk.
Fit,
a. t^
r
^t\^o
munassib,
j^lJta
ykz-
shzr,
(J$
layzk,
^L^-cj-
jussbln
;
Jjb!
ehl,
c-
>ljl
ErbAb
; ,
s.
nubet
;
tej*
sXr"a; ,
v.a. C
lyi-ghElmek;
jJI^J^
uymak;
uydurmak.
Fitness,
5. L^--jl^< munassebet,
<j
yakzshzk;
L^>JlU
liyakAt,
ehliyyet.
Fitting,
a. <--**>\^c munassib
; ,
s.
^iH?
takzm
;
(
J^si<j&j\
uydurmaklzk.
Five,
a.
^
besh,
(j-^o-
kh^mss,
^
penj.
Fix,
v.a. !L^-O\J
sabit-et;
^r***J'
ta"ym-
-et;
(jX*w~.^ kessmek
;
lZk*j*jj\j}
kXrar-VErmek
; ,
one's
self,
v.n.
(J>*j^
6turmak
;
l^lCc
jlsr! itti-
khazz-mekyan-et;
,
5.
CJ1>-^
ghyuchluk, J^JLx)
mushkil.
Fixed,
a. L^-J\J sabit
;
(j^<
mu^ayyen,
(J
t^L^ kessilmish
;
cXu> dik.
Flag,
s.
jlsi-
sXnjak,
j^-J
bayrak,
^jJub
bXndara
;
jL*
sXz
; ,
v.w.
y
kuvveti
-
kfessilmek
;
J
yorulmak
;
^/i^l-tf>
sarkmak
;
jl
jLf kfessXd-61.
Flagship,
s.
^^.^A^ib
pasha-ghemissi.
Flagstaff,
s.
^^^Jjl^Ls
sXnjak-
-dire^Ae
;
u;
jJ^=
jlsAi
sXnjak-
-ghywndEri.
Flake,
s.
(of snow)
^b^y
kush-
bXshi
; (of pastry)
C^l5 kAt.
Flaky,
a.
(pastry)
4^)\5^J kXt-kXt.
Flambeau,
s. <d*^o
mesh"alE(mlshAla).
FLAME [125] FLOUNDER
Flame,
s.
^lc
"alev,
<0
bj
shu"lE;
JJLs-
"Xshk;
tejL*~
ma-
"shuka
; ,
v.a.
ClX^>j ^&
"alev-
VErmek;
to burst into flames, C
"alevlEnmek.
Flaming,
a.
jl^Lc
"alevli,
ne'kesh,j^<d*-2
shu"levEr.
Flank,
s*
^b
yan
;
^.Lc>-
jenah
; ,
v.a.
(_*Nlj-kV.
yandan-Almak.
Flannel,
s. <OjlJ fanela.
[mek.
Flare,
v.n.
cXJjLcC)j
pek-"alevlEn-
Flash,
s.
j^-
"alev
; ,
v.n.
cX^J^jLc
"alev
-
vEnnek
;
(J^j^
parlamak
;
^^4jl>-
chakmak
;
to flash in the
pan,
^^Ull
Almamak.
[^Jj
veznE.
Flask,
5. *~J*
shishE;
(powder )
Flat,
a.
Jj
J duz
;
,j#\>
jasssi
;
J*J
3J
lezzetsiz,
j~*j$o j~
3\\y tAtszz-tuzsuz
;
Flat-iron,
s.
^^1
wtu.
[J*Afta
"xklsz'z.
Flatten,
v.a.
ClUslj^
duzletmek,
du-
zeltmek
^
^^L<?\j
y^sszlatmak.
Flatter,
v.a. \teJt\&< mudahanE-et
;
one's
self,
v.n.
<j^jL?
sanmak;
^A^C\
ummak,
\ Ju^l timid-et.
Flatterer,
s.
^y^fefcU*
mudahonEJi.
Flattery,
5. fcJt>\&< mudahanE.
Flavour,
s. C^jj
lezzet,
Lci--^
chashni
(ch^shni)
tulL Ut.
Flaw,
5. iaJLs
sakAt,
c.^** "ayb,
kussur,
CU^cla-j sakamet.
Flax,
s.
^
(kEtsn).
Flay,
u.a.
cXoji^
yuzmek,
^J
Flea,
.
2^j
plrE. [derissini-s6ymak.
Fleabane,
s.
^^\ XjJ
pirs-6tu.
Flee,
r.w.^J^-'Jj
kAchmak,
\j\ji
firar-et.
Fleece,
5.
i^w^J
posst
; ,
v.a,
s6ymak. [chabzk,
j&c-j**
sur"atlz.
Fleet,
s.
UiJjJ
d6nanma
; ,
a. CJoU-
Fleeting,
a.
j^(^j(^-
chabzk-ghechEr,
Jy^ti/^
s^ri"u
-
z
-
zew
^>
15^^
fani.
Flesh,
s. d?!
et,
>J
lahm,
<*z^
ghy6sht.
Fleshy,
a.
jbl
etli
;
^s.^
mulahham.
Flexible,
a.
j^>\
fe^Ailir,
j
yimushlk.
Flight,
s.
^rf-15
kAchzsh,
^
firar;
(of birds)
L^^-J
suru
;
(of arrows)
Jjl>
yayzh'm
;
(of stairs)
cula kXt.
Flimsy,
a.
cJ^-j
seyrek,
C^
r
*-'
L^U5
kumAshz-
seyrek.
Fling,
v.a.
(J*J\
Atmak.
FHnt,
5.
j^llL^jU-
chakmak-tXshi.
Float,
s.
^JjtiJ*
shamAndara; ,
v.n.
L^X<jy
f yuzmek;
,
v.a.
cLX^jJS^
yuzdurmek. [ushushmek.
Flock,
s.
L-$j)~>
suru
; ,
v.n.
CLU^-Jj^l
Flog,
v.a.
C-U^jO
du^mek,
1
^J^jljU?
dayak-Xtmak.
Flogging,
5.
\J*$
kAmchz.
Flood,
s.
J-~j
seyl (sel)
;
^jb
tufXn
;
J^ medd
; ,
v.a.
(J^>\^ ^
su-bAss-
mak
;
^oj
J*-tfb
j-o
su-bXssdzrmak.
Floor,
Flooring,
5.
<U<LjjJ
dushEmE,
iic^r
takhta; ,
v.a.
CiU^jJ
Florid,
a.
u^I-^J
kzrmzzz.
[dushEmek.
Florist,
5.
^^^V^^S^"
chichekji-
, inja-d6nanma.
yzwarlanmak.
Flotilla,
s. ^J
Flounder,
5.
,
v.n,
FLOUR
[126] FOLLOW
Flour,
s.
^
un,
Flourish,
v.n.
-nema-bulmak
-61.
Flourishing,
a.
(
dXkzk.
< neshv-u-
bEr-hayat-
[-hald-6lAn.
hussnu-
Flow,
s. Ju medd
; ,
v.n.
(J**
Xkmak,
^U^rT"
j&reyan-et;
j\
c,
&'* + mun-
s^bb-ol
;
\ tX medd-61.
Flower,
chichek
; ,
v.n.
chichek-achmak.
sXksz.
Flowerpot,
5.
Fluctuate,
v.n.
^U
-kArarda-durmamak.
Flue,
5.
^lj bAja. [vE-suhulet.
Fluency,
s.
u^J^-j j Cl^lf*
maharet-
Muently,
ad.
aljlc^!^
suhulet-ila.
Fluid,
a.
JL-o seyyal
; ,
5.
JL-o>~>-
jissm-seyyal. [k6rkutmak.
Flurry,
s.
^\b'
telash
; ,
v.a.
Flush,
a.
jjJ
duz
; >
v.w.
birdan
-
jevelan-et ;
up,
kkarmak.
Flute,
s. L^U
nay,
^y
ney,
<d>j
Fluting,
5.
j-^ yiw, yiv.
Fly,
s. CJVM-O sinek
;
^bjf- \j=>
kira-
-"arabassz'j ,
v.n.
(j**>-j\
uchmak;
kAchmak
; about,
&s\Jb]
i etraf-firlamak
; at,
Qj)^
uzErinE
-
Xtzlmak
;
away,
uchmak; back,
gheri-fzrlamak ;
for
refuge,
slghiumak,
\\sti\
iltija-et;
in
pieces,
cX*i!^>b
parElEnmek
lonmak);
into a
passion,
(J
parlamak,
cXcJjJc^ hiddetlEnmek
;
flawta.
off,
(J^-
uchmak
;
(J*^
ftrla-
mak
;
^J^>-\s
kXchmak
;
open,
chnzvErmek
; out,
j Xtzlmak
;
(J*\jf*
szchramak
;
s ferlamak
;
up,
^^SLJ^^
yukare-fzrlamak.
Flying-bridge,
s.
^j^fi ^J^J^
"^riy-
yeti-kywpru.
Foal,
s. L^ll?
tay;
,
v.n.
Foam,
s.
cJ^^
kywpuk
; ,
v.n.
CX^-J==
kywpurmek.
[J*j*
merkEz.
Focus,
s.
J^jz.^ttbjaj
nokta'i-ihtirAk
;
Fodder,
s.
C-Jj!
6t,
,^U^
&J
j\
arpa-samAn.
Foe,
s.
^j/fc-iJ
dushniEn.
Foetus,
s.
{
j^>-
jinm,
^J^-^-
ch6juk,
^jV.
yawrz. [siss.
Fog,
.
Foggy,
a.
,jUjJ
dumln,
Foible,
s.
^\^o
merlk.
Fold,
5. CUlj
kXt;
sheep
,
Jil
t6plamak,
cXo^-i>j
J devshirmek
;
J^oj^ff
slrmak,
cX*jJ
bukmek
;
^^-J
kzrmak
; ,
v.n.
jlcuUci>lJJ
kAt-kat-61
;
^ijilj^i>
toplanmk,
L^U^-ib^^
devshirilmek,
(J^\*a
sX-
rzlmak,
CX*^
bukyulmek,
kzrzlmak.
[(J
Folk,
s.
jU.
khXlk,
jl^jjl
6rtolik,
Follow,
v.a.
CX*J*jJAiMj<iJ^
arkassma-
-dushmek,
C^Xtw&jJ ^.^^
ardma-
-dushmek,
cJvi^=>
<^^
ardzna-
-ghitmek,
LlXji^^ ^sJ^I
arkassz-
-sera-ghMmek
j
^l_j\J
tab^'-ol; ,
v.n.
(J*JL+^-
chekmak, C
lazim-ghElmek.
FOLLOWING [127]
FOREFINGER
Following
1
,
a. <tfj\ ertis
;
^J)\
ati
;
j -sr^aJ^J
zirdE-muharrEr.
[lilik.
Folly,
.
jljJjic
"iklsizlik, CJJJj de-
Foment,
v.a.
{j^l&ALL* ^
s
*y-
i'
szjAk-
-su-ila-yzkamak
;
(troubles)
dX^j
fit-vErmek,
cX
mak-vErmek,
\(^j
>
j2sf
tahrik-et.
Fond,
a.
j^C^J
pek-SEver,
u-o
^>-
chok-SEver
;
^^
JJ delissi
;
b6sh,
*Jj$j
bihudjG.
Fondle,
v.a.
J^llr^jl^j
kuj A^Ama-AKp-okhshamak.
Food,
s. C)o-<U
yeyejek,
cX/*J
yemek,
l*Xc
ghida. [diwanE.
Fool,
s.
jjjis.
"Xklsz'z,
Jj
deli,
ajljjJ
Foolery,
s.
^JJ^s
^
mAsskharalik.
Foolhardy,
a.
^J
J
J^J
JJ
^T jessur-
di^M-deli.
Foolish,
a.
(person)
J~iSu
"Xklsz'z,
^Jj
deli,
^1j^<3
diwanE
;
(thing)
J-Jjic
"iklszz.
Foot,
s.
jbl
ayak,
/JkJi
kXdEm,
b
pa,
c^bpay,
^
pey; (of hiU)
C)Jl etek.
Footing,
s.jJJhf-^VjVl^
ayak-blssajak-
-yEr
;
C^AC?
szfkt,
L^%1^
menzelet.
Footman,
5.
jl$^
ushAk.
Footpath,
.
(^jjjJla
jU
piyadE-kAl-
dtrt'mt
;
^J^j
^jl.J
piyadE-y61u.
Footstep,
5.
^JjM
ayak-izi;
y!
essEr
;
j
\ issr.
[di^Ai.
Footstool,
s.
,JUA>J$
ayak-yass-
For,
^r.
(j)^
(ichin)
ichun
;
^5
a,
<U
ya
;
^J
dan
;
^^jt^J
dan-d61ayz
;
'
c*
>J
z' r^
^^^
c^unku
;
for
all
that,
ad. <fcj
yin (ghena).
Forage,
s.
CL3j\
6t,
^Utf>
^J\
arpa-
yeye'je'ghini-Aramak
; about,
v.n.
-kArzshdz'rarak-Aramak.
Forbear,
v.n.
CXt*srj1j
vaz-ghechmek
;
t
kendini-zAbt-et,
j+>-
su
jebri-nefss-et. [hammul.
Forbearance,
s.
j~a
sAbr,
J*ix^
ta-
Forbid,
v.a. 1
4-^J
jj
J
'Ui.'J etma-deyu-
-tenbih-et,
Ij^^
nehy-et,
l,J^--l
yassAk-et.
Force,
^.
jjj
z6r,
-^
ghyuch,
CJy>
kuvvet
;
^-^-
jebr
;
j\?>-\
ijbar
; ,
v.a.
<j^jrjj
z6rlamak
;
J^>-
jkbr-et,
bV^T^
ijbar-et
;
by
,
ad.
^J>\jjj
z6raki, ^o<U/t}j
isstem^yerek, itf5>-
jebrcn ;
to force a
sale,
s^JJjL
(j^4jU><fc^jL tutdura-bildi^Aina-
sAtmak
; back,
cXcjJ
jj
gheri-
itmek,
cX^j
)**=> gheri-surmek
;
down,
(
J^>\^^\Mi\
Asha^Ai-bAss-
mak; in,
J^U
^cf\
icheri-kAk-
mak
; out,
cXi^-o
swkmek.
Forceps,
s. &i\*>
mAsha,
^l^sjj
kzssAj.
Ford,
s.
Ju^
ghechid,
cj^j
Ju^ ghe-
chid-yeri,
**^ ma bEr
; ,
v.a.
CJv**s?
ghechmek;
ij$f&
"ubur-et.
Fore,
a.
^s^\
^n^d^ki,
\jj^\
ileriki,
bj
ilerideki;
and
aft,
Forefather,
s. Jc>-
jedd(pl.
jl^l ejdad).
Forefinger,
5.
iCUjl^i
shahadet-
FOREGO
[128] FORTH
Forego,
v.a.
Ovfc^ Jj
vaz-ghechmek.
Forehead,
s.
^\
Aim
(Ann),
^^^r
jebin,
*&>- jebhE.
Foreign,
a.
Foreigner,
s.
^g~&-\
ejnebi.
Foreland,
s.
^jj*
burun.
Forelock,
s. <L*?li
nassiyyE.
Foreman,
s. J\sJ
(ussta),
<Hs]li' kAlfa.
Foremast,
s.
^J>j>,^ &)jj>t
pruwa-dire^rAi,
,J?^
^b
bAsh-dire^i.
Foremost,
a.
^*^W
cJl
en^-ilerideki.
Foresail,
s.
L^jy
trinket.
Foresee,
v.a.
^^r^fj^j^J^
kAbla-'l-
-vuku"-hiss-et.
Foresight,
s.
Cl^aJ
bAsszret.
Forest,
s.
i^oj^
drmAn.
Foretell,
v.a. c
Forge,
s.
^liJ^^-ji^/^-J
demirji-duk-
kyani
;
^^T^ L/T^^"'
demirji-
-6jayAz
; ,
v.a.
CX*ilj1 ish!6mek,
du^r^mek; (a forgery),
v.a.
M tAklid-et
; ,
v.n. !!
sakhtEkyarlzk-et.
Forger,
s.
L5=
S
^V.
sakhtfikyar.
Forgery,
s.
^SjK^>-Lj
sakhtEkyarlzk
;
<te^L sakhtE.
Forget,
v.a.
(JL4jj)j\
unutmak,
^^^l^j
feramush-et,
^,1*
j
nissyan-et.
Forgetful,
a.
jJy^S
unudur.
Forgetfulness,
s. k&J&c
ghAflet.
Forgive,
v.a. 1
^A^
"Afv-et,
l^s^
bakhsh-et,
^^L^T
(bA^Azshlamak)
.
Forgiveness,
s.
j&
"Afv
;
(by God)
d^AJt<
maghferet,
^^AC
ghufrln.
Fork,
5.
Jta>-
chatAl
; (for digging) Jj
Forked,
a.
Jli^.
chatAl.
[bel.
Forlorn,
a.
J*--i>-l^
sahibsiz.
Form,
s.
J.-2> shekil,
>^
bichim,
CL^yitf
surJEt,
e^i,*Jl>
hey'et
;
*~^
(ressim),
Cl^jU
"adet;
m*jye
surEt;
^
sba,
dCj
peykeh;
i_&*
smf;
,
v.a.
IJ-ilJ teshkil-et,
J^^U
yapmak
;
(j*+^)\
olmak, dL^3LJLj)
dXo^,^D
hey'etina-ghirmek.
Formal,
a.
^c^*^;
ressmT
;
^ suri.
Formality,
5.
>^
(ressim),
<
Formally,
ad.
U*^
ressmon.
Formation,
s.
(j-^V.
y^P^'sh
;
pzlz'sh
;
J-XlJ
teshkH.
Former,
a.
^x^jJU
mukAddEmki, L
slbik
;
(j+~*\
essbAk.
Formerly,
ad. LcJ^L
mukAddEma,
Ub
1
SAbzka
;
/^jJl^Jkj^
bundan-AkdEm,
^J^UjI
EWEllErda,
^r^Ljs^
ghechEn-
lErdE
;
SJyjtcj ^jX*j^
esski-zamAn-
larda.
[makhuf.
Formidable,
a.
j^j^
k6rkulur,
L-JjS?*
Fornication,
s.
l)J
zina,
cJ^taj
(zam-
paralzk)
.
[para)
.
Fornicator,
s.
^J\j
zam,
Xj\*j
(zam-
Fornicatress,
5.
^-jlj
zaniyyE,
\&**j
(orosspo),
<H.a-U fahishE.
Forsake,
v.a.
^^J
brakmak,
IC-y
terk-et,
cJyi^j^j
vaz-ghechmek.
Fort,
5. <ul3 kal'^a
(kaylfi),
*wL
pA-
langha.
Forth,
ad.
Xj^o
tAshra,
iJj\LJb
dzsharz;
to set
,
l^lo
beyan-et.
FORTHWITH
[129 J
FOWLINGPIECE
Forthwith,
ad. uJ-J^-l
shimdi,
t-^Ji^jJ
dEr-"0kab,
AJuLtJfc
hemandem,
e^cLojl
6-sa"at.
[mat.
Fortification,
s. LL*'UlrUj\
isstihkya-
Fortify,
v.a.
dX^j/^lGsaJ
isstihkyam-
VErmek,
^4jli<ulj
kaT'a-yapmak
;
D*
tAkviyyet
-
vErmek,
kuwet-VErmek,
u^ota
metanet-vErmek.
Fortitude,
s.^0
slbr, J**sr tah^mmul,
cuLJ
sebat,
L^Jl^uo metanet.
Fortnight,
s. te&St>\ iki-hAfta.
Fortress,
s.
Fortuitous,
a.
ittiflkJ,
i
Fortunate,
a.
Fortune,
5.
kal"
t^ssldufi,
bakht-yar.
bakht,
^JlL
tali";
JU
mAl,
Xj\J
(para),
ClXL-Xjj
ZED-
ghinlik ;
itJij**
mirass.
[Jf>-
chehil.
kzrk,
^^1
erba"m,
Heri-ghElmish,
y^^^l
Erken-
"arsz'z,
J*-J
j| edebsiz
;
Forty,
a.
Forward,
a.
-yetishir ;
,
ad. I
ileriyE-
dErmek;
yards'm-et.
Forwards,
ad.
Fossil,
a.
-etmish-61an
; ,
s.
tahajj
ur-etmish-n&ssnE.
Foster,
v.a.
cX*l~J besslemek
;
dXc^
sud-vErmek.
Foster-brother, Foster-sister,
s.
.^fciJuJ
sud-(kardashe).
Foster-
daughter,
s. *-
Foster-mother,
5. \J\4
Foster-son,
s.
j-Lcj^J
Foul,
a. J
kirli,
J^->
sud-kzzi.
sud-ona.
sud-6ghlu.
^-J
piss,
j\^j
murdar
(mundar)
;
jj^f$-
chapariz
;
LJ
fsna,
jj^j
b6zuk;
(j~ji
terss,
mukhllif
; ,
v.a. C
; ,
v.n.
mek
;
to run foul
of,
xLJl>-
chatmak,
CX*->jJ&Jjjj\
uzEruiE
-
dushmek;
jl J^Us-
chapariz-61.
Foundation,
s.
J**J
tfemel;
^^Lsl
essass,
jj~-^lj
te'siss
;
pious
,
t
MJ
wAkf,
CL2\j+s~
khayrat,
CUjU-c-
"imaret.
Founder,
s.
^ib
bam,
^LaUky^|j
VAZZ-
"u-'l-fessass
;
->
fy-Lg^o.^
wAkf-
-sahibi,
d>\ -J:M e-^s^^ sahibu-'l-
-khayrat
;
(^57^^^
d^tkuju
; ,
v.n.
^JP-fb
b^tmak,
^J^l^ljj
kaynamak.
Foundered,
a.
kft-JuJ^JJW
ayaklarz-sakAt;
dumb
,
\jL*kjjb
J J dili-tutulmush.
Foundry,
s.
<Ol>-|^J
d^kyum-khanE.
Fount, Fountain,
s. <tC*>-
cheshnus;
jlxj
(pun^ar),
<^jM
ayazma.
Four,
a.
chiAar.
Four-cornered,
a.
Fourfold,
a. C-jU
Fourfooted,
a.
-
Fourteen,
a. C
Fowl,
s.
d^rt-
^ ^x'
dwrt-kAt.
) dwrd-ayak.
6n-dwrt.
tawuk;
(JZ.<ji
kush
; ,
v.n.
\(J^ kush-Avma-ghitmek.
Fowler,
s.j\+>ji
kushblz.
Fowlingpiece,
5.
^&
j\ Av-(tufe^Ai),
filinta.
L
FOX
[130] FRET
Fox,
s.
^
J or
L
c
tilki
;
J
shey-
tAn,
jjj
veled.
Foxglove,
$$p*^S$
Xrz-k6wAni.
Fraction,
5. -
kessir;
*->yk
parcha,
j>-
juz',
A-J kzssm.
Fractions,
5.
Cl^j
*
kyusurAt
;
vulgar
,
ji
kessr;
decimal
,
kessri-a"shari.
Fractious,
a.
(j*-y
terrs.
Fracture,
s.
u^jy-j
km"k-yeri,
kmk
; ,
v.n.
J-^*J
kbmak
; ,
v.n.
(Jjkj**
kmlmak.
Fractured,
a.
j^J
kzrzk.
Fragile,
a.
j^Uji^ljii
k61ay-km*Kr
;
&fy\
inja,
^A3jJ
yufka
;
i-Jux^ za"if
;
***!i3l ,< metanetsiz.
Fragment,
5. u^jJ.J
kmntz,
dwkuntu
;
^->-^^
parcha,
A^J kzssm.
Fragrance,
jj^5
k6ku,
Fragrant,
a.
mu"attar,
ghyuzel-k6ku,
ra'iha,
u5^J
buy.
ghyuzel-k6kulu,
koshbu.
Frail,
a.
&z&>?\ inja,
^AJ^J
yufka
;
za'if,J*-ijl^
metanetsiz;
cJju
nazik
;
a^.ic
pi
ghayri-"afifE.
Frailness,
Frailty,
s. c^-jli-</J^"adEmi-
-metanet
;
L^AC^LXC "adEmi-"iffet.
Frame,
.
^>-^-
chErchivE;
^I-IJ
bunyan,
t>l-^J
bunyad
; ,
v.a.
!
L_^-jy
France,
5. <Ljl J Fransa.
[tErtib-et.
Franchise,
5. L^-xJLx^
mu^lfiyyet;
Juix^c'
imtiyaz.
Frank,
a.^J^^^L^^^j^
ketm-
-etmeyub-d6^Aru-suweyler.
Frankincense,
5.
LLXU4 srhvunluk,
J
O *
^ j
Fraud,
5. &*>- hilE.
[bukhur.
Fray,
s. li.
kawgha.
Freckle,
s.
J^
sfl.
Free,
a.
ei^jjs
sErbesst,
A\j\
azad
;
(of
a
trade)
^lj
ghedikli
; ,
v.a.
\
A\j\
azad-et.
Freebooter,
s.
JjJus*- hay
dud.
Freedom,
5.
cXLi.~-.)y}
sirbesstlik,
L^-.^J.J
SErbesstiyyet,
\j\
azad,
(j!^
azadlzk; (of
a
trade)
^Jj
Freehold,
a. & 5. C)l mulk.
[ghedik.
Freemason,
5.
^jMtft^U
farmasun.
Freewill,
s.
rfUj^-^J^
irade'i-juz'iyyE.
Freeze,
v.n.
dX^b
don^mak,
^^ Ju^t
munjemid-61;
,
v.a.
(J^j^jo
dong-
durmak.
Freight,
s.
Jy
nevl
(navlun)
;
cJy,
C3>'<^
nevla
-
VErmek
;
^*Jjb<d)y
nevlla-tutmak
;
C^^J^J
yuklEtmek,
(jh^jJjL
doldurmak.
French,
a.J-Jlyi
fransiz.
Frenchman,
5.
L-J^i
fransiz.
Frenzy,
5.
J|iL.**!>-
chelghmlik,
i
jinnet,
u^f
junun.
Frequent,
a.
J^-tf
szk
; ,
v.a.
ch6k-ghitmek,
J^-Uc
[ch6k.
Frequently,
aa*.
(^^(J^^
s?k-sk,
.
Fresh,
a.
*j\3
tazE
;
(water)
^b'lL
tXtlz
;
(new)
^^o
y^n^i
;
(cool)
^j*
serin
;
(horse)
.J^.jl
6ynk; (wind)
kAssavet-et, Fret,
v.n.
FRIABLE [131]
FUNDAMENTAL
kiider-et
; ,
v.a.
ghyiiJE-ghitmek.
Friable,
a.jjj\$ij$
k&lay-e"zilir,
jyljjl
k61ay-ufAm'r.
Friction,
5.
<UJji^>
surunmE,
surushniE.
jjum/'a-ghyunu.
Friday,
s. &AAS>-
jum"a,
^y^<U^5>-
Friend,
s. e^w*J
dosst,
-^
muhibb,
(j^^
mukhliss.
Friendly,
a.
(person)
cu^J
dosst
;
(thing)
(Jj'^jJ
dosstanE.
Friendship,
5.
^^>^
dosstluk,
(.**+??*
moh^bbet;
(j ^-
khuluss.
Frigate,
s.
\>pj*
fzrkatin.
Fright,
5.
jijjS
k6rku,
<
)}>
khavf.
Frighten,
v.a.
^4jJj5
k6rkutmak,
lujijysT
takhwif-et,
l^W ikhafE-et.
Frightful,
a. *$
>ja
korkulu,
*rtfj
korkunj,
u_?^s-'*
makhuf.
Fringe,
s. *l>l* sXchak
; ,
v.a.
^
te**
j\*jl &jJ,W
etrafma
-
perwlz-
ghibi-61.
Fro, ad.,
to and
fro,
^<tf^
M^-beri,
u^M^clll
Xsha^Ai-yukari,
tejyfcj]
enina-b6yuna.
Frock,
5.
u
lkJ fisstAn.
Frog,
s.
*Ajj)i
kurbA^Aa; (horse's)
From,
j5r.
^jJ
dan.
[u .
^AhAn.
Front,
s.
cJjl
zing,
j^>
yuz,
^i-J
pish.
Frontier,
s.j^
sinir,
J^-j
ser-hadd.
Frost,
5.
cJ^l?
d6n^,
^\^
khaghi.
Frosty,
a.
j^^L
d6n^iyor,
J^^
1
s6^Auk.
Froth,
5.
CJ;-^
kywpuk.
Frown,
^.
^^j^^s
kXsh-ch^tmassz;
,
v.n.
.15 kXsh-chdtmak.
Frozen,
a.
(jZ*j&
d6nymush,
miinjemid.
Fruit,
s.
^j^*J
yemish,
y^
meyvE,
^J
sem^rE
;
J^AST*
mahsul.
Fruitful,
a.
jl-^J
ber^kfitli,
j\^^zsf
mahsuldar.
Fruitless,
a.
(JL^
b6sh,
^<^^
bihudE,
JjU
nafilE,J-j*Jjl3
fa'idEssiz.
Frustrate,
v.a.
^j^
b6zmak,
&xC
ClX^^
sektE-
vErmek,
! Jl mani' '61.
Fry,
s.
(of fish)
^jV-J^
bXlzk-yaw-
rzssi
;
(lamb's, &c.)
^rc>-
ji^AEr
;
(dish)
*jlJ
tXwa; ,
v.a.
X4&j\j
CX^lJ
tlwada-pishirmek,
(*j'fi
kawunnak:
,
v.n. (jJv4wljaJilj
V
>
tXwada-pishmek,
(J^^w
kawrulmak.
Fryingpan,
s. &*\j tXwa.
[j^^
kywrnur.
Fuel,
s.
^J"<^V.
y^koj^k,
^j0j\
6dun;
Fugitive,
s. and a.
^p^^
kAchkin,
t^ly
firari.
Fulcrum,
5. JC~~ messned.
Fulfil,
v.a.
cJw^ji^^^
yErina-ghe-
tirmek,
\
\j>-\
ijra-et,
1 li>\ Ifa-et.
Full,
a.
^
d61u,
^yijt
d61ghun,
^U^
memlu
; moon,
jJJ
bedr,
C3yJ
t^iitf^
ayin$r-6n-beshi.
Fuller's-earth,
s.
J^
kil.
Fumigate,
v.a. cXilL
Jy
tutsulEtmek,
C)v*L--jy
tutsulEmek,
^-^J^^y
tutsu-vErmek.
Fumigation,
5.
^s
^y
tiitsu.
Fun,
5. lft-1
sh^ka,
<^i^
eylfinja.
Function,
s.
\J!!J\
ish,L^^cJkw
(khezmet).
Fund,
s.
^.^j->
sermayE,
^^-
(khAzna).
Fundamental,
a.
,J**\ XsslT,
,c-jl-l
essassi.
L 2
FUNERAL [132] GALLERY
Funeral,
s.
^HJ^Usf-
jenazE-Xlayz.
Funk,
s.
fj
korku.
Funnel,
5.
\J*f>-
huni
;
^j^.
boru.
Funny,
a. < Jlccr
1
tuhaf.
[*** possa.
Fur,
s.
C^jjZ
kywrk
;
(dirt)
^^=
kir,
Furious,
a.
j5jJ^~
hiddetli,
(
j^-j^
kzz-
gb/n
;
CL^-J CJ^
pek-sert,
<&
t
^>-
h^did,
JoJ^ shedid.
Furnace,
s.
^>~^
ojak.
Furnisb,i?.a.
(give)
cJ^jVErmek;
(sell)
^jl-tf
sXtmak
;
(a house)
LlXL*-iJ
dushEmek
;
(a
house
by
the
agency
of another
person) cX*-*^
dush-
Furniture,
s.
^<LljJ
dushjEmE.
[stmek.
Furrier,
s.
^^^
kywrkju.
Further, Furthermore, Furthest,
v.
Farther,
&c.
[c
*&
ghXzAb.
Fury,
s. CUJo- hiddet
;
C^J^ij shiddet
;
Fuse,
v.n.
C^^Jjl
erimek
; ,
v.a.
eritmek
; ,
s.
J-.
1
^ fitil
;
[erimish.
Fusion,
s.
#\$\
izabE
;
in
,
\jZ*jj\
Fuss,
s.
^lJ
telash
;
to make a
,
v.n.
\
fjLk*
telash-et.
Fustian,
s.
t^^lk^i*
sheytln-bezi.
Futile,
a.
<jj^
bosh,
a^^i
bihudE,
JMijyiU
fa'idEssiz,
^JjU nafilE.
Futility,
.
ct^^J^-J
bihudElik;
ifJ^J
^ijj
bihudE-ish.
Future,
a. lJJ-4&
ghMejek,
^1
ati,
61ajak;
,
s.
^UjC
mAn
;
in
,
ad.
atida,
Jk*jU-J
fT-ma-ba"d,
bundan
-
bwylE,
CoJAv
bundan-
Futurity,
s.
^
-zamln.
Fye,
int.
t^^e
"ayb>
^jUsjl
utXn.
G.
ghElejek-
Gabion,
s. i_f
J^
<Uj?
tXbiya-sepedi.
Gad
about,
v.n.
cJv^
haylAzh'k-edup-ghezmek.
Gadfly,
s.
^Jj~*
C^l
Gaiety,
s. ~\J
ferah,
(jJLksj-
junbush.
Gain,
s.
j&
kyar,
ff^j*
kAzAnj
; ,
v.a.
kXzAnmak,
ljl
kyar-et;
vasszl-61,
CX**1^J
yetishmek
;
ayartmak;
over,
ayartmak
;
upon,
ground,
<J^J^J> ^
yier
-
kAzAnmak,
CXJj^M
il^rilemek
;
- -
time,
L^Jj
^*jljjf
wAkzt-kXzAnmak.
[tekzib-et.
Gainsay,
v.a.
\jfa\
inkyar-et;
li^.^ojkxj
Galata
(a quarter
of
Constantinople),
s.
aiaLc. Ghalata.
[bor,
*J^i
ftrtma.
Gale,
s.
j
(
*jjj^J
i
t*
a
szkz-ruzghyar
;
Xjg
Gall,
s.
J^c
"zid,
i^fcj
zehrE
;
C^_l^
meraret
;
(rub)
^U
yara
; ,
v.a.
CX*aacL!
injitmek,
1
^l>
yara-et
;
cJv*cte-j
ghyuJE-ghitmek
; nut,
nutgall,
s.
LJ?|L<
mazz.
Gallant,
a. e^Jl.)
yi^Ait,
j^->-
jessur,
jjj(
J
dilavEr,
jt>l^J
bahadir
; ,
s.
(J}A\&
"ishzk;
Xj\+*}
(zampra).
Gallantry,
s. jJluC)
yip'Aitlik,
cl
jessaret;
ji*)^
(z^mparal/k)
.
Gallery,
*. ^ulsrUjJ diwAnkhanE
;
Z) minarE
-
shurfESsi
;
GALLEY [133 ]
GAY
usstu
-
rtuhuy61,
Jf^j^
sokAk,
^j^f
kywpru.
Galley,
s.
<UjjJ^5--
chektirma.
[prangha.
Galleys,
5.
pi.
CJ;^
kyurek
;
Galley-slave,
s.
fi\
kyiireklu
;
pranghali.
Gallipoli (town of),
s.
J;^
GhElIboli.
Galloon,
s.
0^-^
sherid.
Gallop,
s.
JjcCi^t)
dttrt-(nXl);
,
v.n.
eX*sj*j<J^J
durt-(nXl)-ghitmek.
Gallows,
5,
,eS-lcy<J
dar-X^AJz.
Galvanic,
a.
.JLJljLc,
ghalvaniki
;
battery,
^iSvb
J^J\jLfi
ghalvanik-
Galvanism,
5.
JiJl^lc
ghalvanik. [takimi.
Gamble,
v.n.
J^U^US
kumar-oyna-
mk.
[kumarbXz.
Gambler,
5.
\J?j***
kumarjz,
J^j^*^
Gamboge,
s.
<U^lk^
pantal6mba.
Game,
5.
^j^jl
6yun; (chase)
jl
Xv,
jlx-i
shikyar,
cX--tf
sayd. [kumarjz.
Gamester,
s.
jl^Uj
kumarblz,
r^yUJ
Gander,
s.^JCX?^
erkek-kXz.
[bMuk.
Gang,
5. *Jilb
takim,
*-^;^
sum,
cJjb
Gangrene,
5.
^^Ijs
kanghrina.
Gaol,
s.
(jtajj
4
zindln,
Ajlsrr
5*"
hXbss-
-khanE,
u^^
mahbess.
Gaoler,
5.
^^^Joj
zindAnji.
Gap,
s.
^\J\
aralzk,
<J&>\
achiklik,
jl (Jfc^
achzk-yEr.
Gape,
v.n. C3>^iijl
essnEmek;
^JL^i^l
achzlmak,
J^JljJ^I
chzk-kXlmak
;
after, at,
v.a.
<J^b
bAkmak.
Garb,
5.
oj ziy,
^JL3
kilik,
^uoLi'
kzyafet,
d?*^ kissvet.
[/?/?.
uJ^sr*
muharref.
Garble,
v.a. ^cji
t
as? tahrif-et
; ed,
Garden,
5.
kitchen
b6sstan
;
i
(zerzawXt)
.
oturmak
;
oturmak,
Gardener,
Gargle,
s.
Xf-jZ
gharghara
; ,
v.a.
and n. \
Xj^jZ
gharghara-et.
Garlic,
5.
jj^c^-o
sarzms^k.
Garment,
5.
<0^j
ruba,
S-'y
sfevb.
Garnet,
s.
J*l
la"l.
Garret,
s.
1**]^^$*
tawAn-arassz.
Garrison,
5.
jZ=z*~c.^ij\ '-V^-^-o
^<^<uJj
-
mevjud
-
6lXn
-
"XsskEr,
musstahfzzm-
oturXk-
-
'Xsskeri
; ,
v.a.
"XsskEr-komak
;
^M
to be in
,
v.n.
^J
-?'
jbW
oturXk-61.
Garter,
s.
Gash,
s.
^tXjiJ
b^chXk-yarassi.
Gasp,
s.
jj-^3
nefess
; ,
v.w.
^jUjb
^j^Uxdl ^
AJ
(hEmEn)-nefess-Xlama-
Gate,
5.
^J
kXpz,
c->lj
bib,
j^
dsr.
[mak.
Gateway,
5.
^tj-J
kXpz-Xltz.
Gather,
v.a.
(pluck)
J^Uy
koparmak
;
up, together,
^cLjL
toplamak,
C^X^-i>y
f
t>
devshirmek,
-et
; ,
v.n.
(fester)
[v.a.
chXp
;
t6planmak.
Gauge,
s. c-;
Gauntlet,
s.
Gauze,
s.
gauze,
<
Gay,
a.
toplanmak
;
jerahat-
^
wlchmek.
Mchu;
&jj
zirh-eldiveni.
bwrumjik
;
wire-
teldan-MrmE.
junbushlu,
GAZE
[134] GET
eylEnjfili
;
L_fi-
keyf;
^^
jll
parlak
;
^y
ferah.
Gaze,
s.
^^b^^^^^-j
seyrji-ghibi-
-bAkish
; ,
v.n.
(J**\*
^f> 't^y?*
3
seyrji-ghibi-bAkmak. [ahu.
Gazelle,
s.
\J*j~T
jfyran (jeylln),
^\
Gazette,
s.
<tfj
ghazeta,
^j
tAkwimi-vakaY'.
Gear,
f, >l\!b takzm,
Ll^jW
edawat
awadAnh'k;
in
,
tfckili
;
out of
,
Jj
jLSlk
takilz-
dfy/til. [lanm-kessmek.
Geld,
v.a. CtU^^r.U'dg
tXshak-
Gelding,
5.
^J^l
^Adzsh,
-^b
(bfeghir.
Gem,
s>
jfewahir).
Genealogy,
5. L-^v-J nesseb.
General,
* . llj
pasha
;
^~
mushir
;
sErkirdE
;
lieutenant
,
<_>
ferik
;
major
,
or
brigadier
,
miri-liwa
; ,
a.
\**5*
s- "umumi
;
in
,
generally,
ad.
\j
Generalissimo,
s.
Generate,
v.a.
irass-et.
Generation,
s.
^Js
karn
;
* SErdar-ekr^m.
hasszl-et,
IC^Il
z-wahid-XdAmlarz
;
& tekev-
vun
;
^-jiJ tenassul
;
organs
of
,
J~jlx>tJL^|
alati-tenassul.
Generosity,
s.
CJjlsr'
sakhavet,
^jJ>-
CJJ
jwmErdlzk
;
^sJ^^
-'sh-shiyem.
Generous,
a.
^Jjls***
sakhavetli,
kErimu-'sh-
Genesis,
. tS-J tevrat.
[-shiyfem.
Genie,
s.
^^
jin,
j^^^s-
jinnT.
Genius,
s. .Ub hunEr
;
jlkX-CM-sl issti"dad
;
^OK>Wj&ft
hunEr-sahibi.
Genoa,
5.
J^f-
jenviz.
Genteel,
a.
J^**3
temiz
;
(person)
,c^
*jlj
kishi-zadE,
i^JcJl efendi
;
(lady)
AJW hn/m.
Gentle,
a. >?Lc
mulayim,
^^.
yawXsh;
a^j mXzlum
;
5jlL tAtlz.
Gentleman,
5. aj l
khhi-zadfi,
irJ^o
be^AzadE,
t^JcJt efendi.
Genuine,
a.
jjdl^-
khaliss,
^-
s-*
tf
sahih.
^U-
khlsss.
Geography,
s.
l^^r
jaghrafiya.
Umi-tXbA-
Geology,
s.
(^oj^d^U
kAti-arz.
Geometer, Geometrician,
s.
muhindiss,
ehli-hEndssE.
Geometry,
5. <LoJuJb himdessE.
Georgia,
s.
^J^^-jf
ghurjistan. [ghurji.
Georgian,
s.
^frj
ghurji
; ,
a.
^
Geranium,
s.
^L=\.>~dJt^Lj
sardelya-
-chiche^Ai,
^sr*j^<iU\
ebE-ghyumeji.
Germinate,
v.n. cX->
surmek,
(j
J^IU,
ky^k-sXlmak,
cAJ
filiz-
lEnmek.
Get,
v.a.
(procure)
!
l^^H peyda-et,
n-et; ,
v.n.
(go)
CX*
ghitmek
;
(become)
^fJ^I
61mak
;
-
above,
J^f^^^l^^^J^
dan-
-ziyadE-yukarzya-chzkmak
; abroad,
CXJJLj
>j
suweylEnilmek, ^-^Jj
i
^CJ
neshr-61unmak
;
JK*^*
duyulmak
;
CJ/KX^ril^Js
dzsharz-ghitmek
;
-
a
fall,
cXi-i*
J dushmek
;
a foot-
GHOST [135]
GIRDLE
ing,
CXttaJJ
yErleshmek
;
away,
v.n.
(J-^Jjj*
kurtulmak
;
J^l/j
ayrzl-
mak
;
<_**Ju>-
chzkmak
; ,
v.a.
j\
ayrmak,
kurtannak
;
before,
(J~<j\jA^*\
wnguna-varmak;
by
heart,
lJ*tL)Jf1
ezberlEmek
;
clear,
v.
away
; down,
v.n.
LlXiJi
enmek;
v.a.
CX*)^'
endirmek;
forward,
CX*l*jW
ile'rilEmek
;
in,
CX*^
ghirmek
; off,
v.
away
; on,
CJU.W
ile'rilEmek
;
J^+JL;*-^*.:.
r.
*j\
usstuna-chzkmak
;
CX*iJ binmek
;
CJvi*^~>
ghiymek
;
out,
v.
away
;
ready,
v.n.
^,4.-) *c?l>-hazz*rlaninak,
yj&\5>-
hazz'r-
-61
; ,
v.a.
{jp*L*l-
hazzrlamak,
\
j*^
hazir-et;
the better
of,
dXiK^jJcJb*-
kXkkzndan
-
ghElmek
;
LlXcj
yenmek
;
j!
i*_J
U
ghllib-61
;
^JJ^ cV-.Jbj
l_0 sawushdurmak
;
through,
v.n.
dX*-^
ghechmek;
,
v.a.
LtXtfj^dr
ghechirmek
;
to-
gether,
v.n.
^*J^J^9
t6planmak
; ,
v.a.
(Js^jo
toplamak; up,
v.n.
^4Jills
kXlkmak; ,
v.a.
^jP^Af^
chzkarmak;
^xcjjJLJJ
kXld/rmak
;
C3*x*^ru J dikmek
; well,
^\
lyi-
61,
J^lyu^lls!
ifakXt-bulmak;
with
child,
V.H.
^Jl3<L^
ghebE-kXl-
mak
; ,
v.a.
\ &*
ghebE-et
;
you
gone,
int. L^-,^=uJo
f
lto
haydi-ghit,
(-iJJu> yikzl-shuradan
;
u^JoU
haydi-sikdir.
Ghost,
s. <sJLi-
khayalE; T*j
ruh,
^lr>-
jXn
;
Holy
Ghost,
^.jJz^jj
ruhu-'l-kuduss
;
to
give up
the
,
J tesslimi
-
ruh-et
;
.y^"
>.>-
jXnz-chzkmak.
Giant,
5. /J
Gibbet,
s.
L5
P-U
1
Gibraltar,
5.^11
Jy3j-
Jebel-tar.
Giddiness,
5.
LiAl^Uy^
SErsEmlik
; //^
mevhib^'i-
ghywzlar-kXrarmassz
;
^jjj.,jjlr.
"xkl-
sizlzk,
l^<L^sa>
khzffeti-mizaj.
Giddy,
a.
*~>j**
SErsEm
;
J-JJLc
^Xklszz
;
to be
,
c3vJ^
J^-ilj
bXshz-dwnmek,
(^cj3
L^
Jj^^=
ghywzlari-kXrarmak.
Gift,
s. &JJb
hediyyE;
A-la^
^Lj>-l
ihsan,
*\xj\ in"am
;
bakhshish;
t**$\ *+&**
ilahiyyE. [A*;*- jessim,
LX mefret.
Gigantic,
a. cX*J
biyuk,
*.Jae
"Xzzm,
Gild,
v.a.
^^JjjJLj
yXldz'zlamak,
luj^-JbjJ
tezhlb-et.
Gilding,
5,
JO>SI>
yAldiz. [kulXklan*.
Gills,
s.
^/.
L^jU^yjJ^llj
bXlz>Amg-
Gimlet,
5.
,jj*
burghu.
Gimp,
.
^IcuJ
(ghaytAn).
Gin,
s.
(spirit)
^Ja\j
raki,
jj^c
"arak
;
(trap)
J\j^
tuzAk
;
(machine)
/?"
Ginger,
5.
J^ftaT) zenjeTII. [charkh.
Gipsy,
5. ^^=>-
(chinghEni)
^JaJ
kzbti".
Giraffe,
5.
tiKjJ
zurafa
(zurafa).
Gird,
v.a.
(J**j\J*ji
kushXtmak
;
up
(a horse)
cX*>-.c*i<|jJ
kolXnmi-
-chfekmek,
one's
self,
kushXnmak.
Girdle,
5.
J^jJ kushXk,^
kEmET.
GIRL
[
136
] GLAZIER
Girl,
s.
j
klz.
Girt,
v.a. v. Gird.
Girth,
s, Vu'*'*
muhzt,
*jf>~
chevrE;
horse's
bands,
s kolAn.
Give,
v.a.
\ Ike! i"ta-et
;
v.n.
(stretch)
(frost)
VErmek, virmek;
hasszl-et
; ,
i\
essnmnek;
ghevshEmek;
a
call, LlX>flcl>
cha^fo'nvErmek
;
CJ-^jf^l-P^
6^Arayz
VErmek
;
a
guess,
CXc^Jjbili
VErmek;
bir-takhmm-et
;
a
look,
bAkt
VErmek;
^aportion/^
jihaz
-
VErmek
(chehiz)
;
away,
CiX^WjJjJj
VErivErmek,
1<U&> hibE-et
;
back,
back
again,
CX^j j^-i
gheri
-
VErmek
; battle,
<LxJ*.rs-
ijb
jengtiE-bAshlamak
; ear,
ily
kulAk-VErmek
; forth,
^/lJ^
dzsharz-VErmek
;
ilan-et
;
ground,
gheri
-
chekilmek
;
swzundan-dwnmek
;
a
hand,
/*<^j
I
-"
"
yardzm-et
; heed,
^L^^JJJ dikklt-
-et
;
in
charge,
^/*1
^ tesslim-et
;
judgment,
l/lc1 i"lam-et
;
the
lie,
\ c
-o J^ tfekzib-et
; notice,
kbXbEr-VErmek
;
one
tebrik-et; leave,
izin- VErmek
;
Jj^^s^j
rukhsAt-vErmek
;
one's
mind,
^.j-J^^I
efkyarmz-beyan-
-et
;
one's mind to
(a thing),
t^jJJOujLtf
sarfz
-
zihn
-
et, C-U-ij.J
diishmek,
tj-^^jf
tevghghul
-
et,
oy,
tesslim-et,
waz-
kessilmek
;
meshghul-61
; out,
v.a.
^llJ?
dzsharz-vErmek
;
1
^^
^lan-et
; ,
v.n.
(J^j.
y6rulmak,
jH*JLs^
ussXnmak
;
mek
; over,
v.a.
IjjJ
devr-et; ,
v.n.
-ghechmek
;
place,
LlX*^^
U-^ii^-
chekilup-
-yEr
-
VErmek
; suck,
(X*J1
emzirmek, cXfL-J bessljemek
;
the
slip,
(jk*-^^
sawushmak;
up,
t^-L-j
tesslim-et
;
cXJj^i
suweylE-
mek
;
warning,
-VErmek
;
way,
JUjy
kopmak
;
(J^j^
bozulmak.
Glad,
a.
(j^i^*^< memnun,^--*^
messrur;
to be
,
\ k-
hXzz-et,
khoshlanmak.
Gladness,
Glance,
s.
sekmek
Gland,
s.
Glare,
yekzlmak
;
memnuniyyet,
bXkish
; ,
v.n. cXi-j
over,
^^^ j<>
ghywz-
^ beyz (bez). [Xtmak.
^J
pek-parlayzsh
-
^.i
pek-parlamak
; at,
IjEri-Xtesh-ghibi-olarak-bAkmak.
Glass,
5.
|L*-
jam,
j^Ji-J
billur
;
(drinking)
.JJ kXdeh
;
(looking)
*i.ol
ayina
;
(eye)
CJjj^
ghy^zluk
;
(telescope)
^jy$
durbin
(durbun)
;
(hour)
t^i^cL?
/y
kum-sa"at.
Glaze,
s.j*
sirr
; ,
v.a.
cXj^fW
j^m-ghechirmek;
^^cLll^U-
jam-
Glazier,
s.
^s^U-
jmjz. [-kXplamak.
GLEAM [137]
GO
shii' a
; ,
v.n
Gleam,
s. cU-i>
^}-<y>j\i
parlamak. [Xkip-ghechmek.
Glide,
v.n.
(JHuti
kaymak
;
cX**?
<
-y
\
Glitter,
s.
(j^-^j^
parlayish
; ,
v.n.
^c3jb
parlamak.
Globe,
5.
Xjj*
kyurE.
Globular,
a.
<-~j>
kyure"vl. [habab.
Globule,
s.
<Us-habbE,
Aj'J
dans;
Gloom,
s.
(jfc^Js
kXranlzk
;
kfidEr,
<*^^<j*k.<
maghmumiyyet.
Gloomy,
a.
(jfij\f
kXranlik
;
maghmum. [temjid-et
Glorify,
v.a. \ &K>-
h^md-et,
Glorious,
a.
j\J~cl5
nlmdar,
meshhur
;
*^&
v
revnXkli.
Glory,
s. tX**- hamd
;
tXs:
10
mejd
;
cuo^j
shevkst
;
(J^jj
revnXk,
^'-1
shAn,
CL^^Ja
shiihret.
Gloss,
s. )b>-
jila,
jd&[)U
parlaklik
;
over,
v.a.
L^LiJj^l
wrtmek.
Glove,
s.
i^uJOi (MdivEn), /^JjUjJ!
(MdivEnlik). [Xtesh-k^ssilmek.
Glow,
v.n.
(JAJ^
y^nmak,
f_lWV-
^^/'"\
Glue,
s.
Jl'*L
tutkXl;
v.a.
pzshdfrmak.
Glutton,
5.
j 4j^t
obur,
J^\
ekyul.
Gluttony,
5.
J^yjl
oburlik.
Gnat,
s.
Lt3-i}Lj?j4^
sivri-sinek.
Gnaw,
v.a.
CX*^
ghemirmek.
Gnomon,
5. $Jui
"izads.
Go,
v.w. CX^==
ghitmek,
yiirumek
; about,
dolasbmak
;
^Ix^Llb
bAshlamak
;
abroad,
^JL -llJ? dzshari-
-chzkmak
;
CXiS>U^C-t
deshari-
-ghitmek
;
x^-^J-c
u?
dXgrMmak,
/ I-^.'.J^ . .^.3 neshr
-
61unmak
;
L? v
J^^
against,
CiXi2^^-i^^
karshi-ghitmek
;
Jo
bed-ghMmek; along,
Uft
(hEmEn)-ghitmekda-61;
ashore,
'gj*5u^to1t
kXraya-
-chekmak
;
(J*jfo\ &*J*
kXraya-
-6turmak
;
astray,
^J^lUi^i^
y61unu
-
shoishirmflik
;
/L4jwiU.*UJ
fsna
-
y61a
-
sXpmak
;
asunder,
kopmak,
CJviL-^
kessilmek
;
away,
cX*i^
ghitmek
; back,
>a? i
^.S
gheri-ghitmek
;
back-
wards,
ClX^iJj
r*r^ gherilEmek
;
CX*Jj^ ^^-.y
t^rss
-
yurumek
;
backwards and
forwards,
t^Jui
ghidup-ghElmek
; down,
enmek
;
^f*J
V
D^tmak
5
for,
<_4^ c_Ji^JO
ghidup-Xlmak
;
forth,
<^*^
^2-3
neshr-61unmak
;
A'SUS>- chzkmak
; from,
dXtJjc)
dwnmek,
/Li)j!
ayrilmak
;
-
halves,
^*->Ll.>
paylashmak
;
in,
c3v^
ghirmek
;
icheri-ghitmek
; off,
ghidivErmek
;
(J^jtf
bozulmak,
^^xUj^
uymamak,
^cU]^t
olmamak
;
CX*^
ghechmek
;
cJ-'ilJ kessil-
mek
;
(jd\(
j!\
Xtesh-Xlmak;
^^b
pXtlamak
;
(jAs*~*\
uchmak
;
-=
on,
CX*s
^\
il6ri-ghitmek
;
^oUe^^J
durmamak,
J^<1^
Hi
kXlmamak,
^oUJjl^jlj
f
arigh-olmamak
;
^JM*>^
uymak,
/^jl
olmak,
GOAD
[138] GOVERNOR
ghiyilmek;
out,
<J*Ju^
dzshan-chzkmak
;
cJvJ^~>
swnmek,
jl^y&ti**
muntfi-ol; over, CX*.s?
ghechmek
;
CJ
^
$
^tes~sj\
usstun-
dan
-
ghechmek
;
c
ghyuzdan
-
ghechirmek
;
ghezmek
;
J^cLS^j
y6klamak
;
through,
tfcJUkflr^J&^l
ichindfln-
-ghechmek;
CX^^^L>j^=
ghywz-
dan-ghechirmek
;
let
go
the anchor !
JJjjj
f6nda.
Goad,
^.
^jiAifjl
w^Ende'rE
; ,
v.a.
CtUjjjJ
durtmek,
C-UjtXLJ^J
dur-
tushturmek.
[mahalK-rnAksud.
Goal,
s.
J^c^-s
SEr-menzil,
jy^jU
J^sr
Goat,
s.
^^kechi;
he
,^^
erghech.
Goblet,
s.
^.JJ
kXdeh,
^U-
jam,
dJUj
piyalE. [ilah.
God,
s. <d!\
Xlllh,
c^J
tanghrz,
Jl
Godhead,
.
L2JybS
lahut.
Godly,
a. JW
salzh,
jljCJJ
dmdar.
Goitre,
5.
^l
ur.
Gold,
s.
^jA\
Altzn,
jj
zsr, L-^^3 zeheb.
Goldbeater,
s.
^??jj
vtirakji.
Golden,
a.
^jpH
Xltm,
^jj
zerm.
Goldfinch,
s.
^jttji
U-j saka-kushu.
Gold-lace,
5.
<tc^*5
sirma.
Goldsmith,
5.
^^*f
kuyumju.
Gonorrhoea,
s.
^f-f-y*
Jj bel-s6^u^Au.
Good,
.
~^-
khayr,
LL)>5jjl
iyilik,
^.l?
felah
; ,
a.
y\
lyi
;
J\^
t yarar.
Good-humour,
s. i B.O
keyf
;
to be in a
Good-humoured,
a.
j^
ghyulEr-
dXn'lmoz.
Goodly,
a.
Jj^=
ghyuzel
;
biyujek,
.Jus*-
khayh*.
Good-nature,
s. L^->x-~b
jA
Iyi-tXbi"at.
Good-natured,
a.
y\
lyi,
^Ijflt
tXtlt'j
jL>^r- Jj^
ghyuzel-khuylu.
Goodness,
s.
CJ^
iyilik.
Goods,
5.
jo/.
L^>!
eshya,
<U^J
emta"a,
Jl^cl
emval,
JU
mXl.
Goose,
s.jli'
kXz;
tailor's
,
^Jfj(
wtu.
Gooseberry,
s.
^o^J^t^-ijuaxj
bek-
tAshi-uzumu.
Gorge,
5.
J^-^
b6^AXz
; ,
v.a.
(J^V&J^
d6yurmak; ^<lJLl?
tzka-
mak
; ed,
^.^.
u^+jj^
d6ymush
;
ttkAnmtsh
;
to become
,
d6ymak
;
(j**J\Lb
UkXn-
mak.
j
injili-sherif.
sheytAn-
[eniss.
shikemperesst.
Gosling,
s. <-ib lS
Gospel,
5. u-
Gossamer,
5.
-"arabassz.
Gossip,
s.
Gourd,
s.
j\J
klbAk.
Gourmand,
5. L
Gout,
5.
^j-J
\j&
nikriss.
Govern,
v.a.
Ic^^xrs-
hukyumet-et,
\Xj\
J\
idarE-et,
\
laJj
j
Sa-^ zXbt-u-
-rXbt-et.
Government,
s. (^^*^-
hukyumet,
Xj\4\
idare",
\&j j
u^JjJ
devlet
;
u
-devlet,
Ly*J
Governor,
*
iJ
sarrif,
Ju~x mut^ssellim
;
lieutenant
zXbt-u-rXbt;
vukela'i-
vuk^la-takemz.
miitas-
GOWN
[139]
GRATE
Gown,
s.
(woman's) (jU2*J
fisstAn
;
(man's outer) <Usj- jubbE
;
blnish;
(inner)
t^jbj!
Entari.
Grace,
5.
*j*
kErEm,
i_aM
lutf,
"inayet,
^L
z>-\ ihsan
;
latafet,
\^\jj
nezakfit,
l
.
r
->-
hussn,
!t>] eda
;
^ClJ
teshekkyur,
IcJ du"a
;
^&c
afv
;
tr-? ^i^
maghf^ret,
^
'
Lie
ghufran; your
,
u^LJlcCJlt)
zatz-
"ain^ri,
u^-xjJjO
tjb zatz-dev-
letl^ri
;
his
,
^Jjuls-
*
fakhametlu
;
,
r.a. \
(j^,^
tezyin-et,
zinet-61.
Graceful,
a. ~*>-
hussunlu,
nazik,
^>\j>
nezakEtli.
Gracious,
a.
(person)
+>J*
kerim,
c-fl-!
latzf,
jcj\i&
"inayetkyar,
cJjl5
nazik
;
(act
or
word)
e^-oliji
cU
j~<\
lutf-ve-"inayet-amiz,
<UUjp
kerlmanE,
AJ^l^jL^
"inayetkyaranE,
<0lijli
nazikyanE.
Gradation,
s.
&>-j<3
der^JE;
^j&J
tedrij.
Gradual,
a.
^s?jS5
tedrij
I
;
ly,
ad.
f*.j&&\^c.
"al^-'t-tedrij.
Graft,
s.
(jt>\
Xshz,
^--^IJjl
kalEm-
-Ashzssi; ,v.a.
(J*j'L>\
Ishlatmak;
(Jsc\J*\
Xshlamak.
Grain,
s. <Ub danE
(tans),
<Ur>- habbs
;
^*>-<j
zakhlrE
;
A^kT
1
tokhum
;
(of
wood)
j+b
dAmar
;
to
go against
the
grain,
dXti&^--jiC^X<.)l AdAnn'n^-
-ghyujuna-ghitmek.
Grammar,
s.
^sC^^jc
sarf-u-nahv.
Grammar-school,
5.
\j*j-
C-^^C< mek-
Granary,
5. \*J\ anbar.
[tEb-i-"irfan.
Grand,
a.
cJ**J biyuk
;
jii-ellac
"Xza-
metli
;
^l^ukJ?
tXntAnali.
Grandee,
s.
^^^V^J^Tj
ri
J
alz
'-
kibardan-biri,
u^J^jJl^y^W
^"azimi-rijaldan-biri.
Grandeur,
5. c^-^Uic
"Azamet,
<t;hvV>
tXntAna,
C^-Jb heybet.
Grandfather,
5.
bbcJj-^
biyuk-bXbA,
^JJ
dedE,
Jc>-
jedd. [turXk-kelam.
Grandiloquence,
5. /*^
jjl^k^l?
torn-
Grandiloquent,
a.
Jj^larfi ,^<^
kelami-
-t6mturak.
[^J^lUcJ^J
biyuk-validE.
Grandmother,
5. l3\L^J*.J
biyuk-
ana,
Grandson,
s.
^jjb
t6run,
XjAs^
hafld,
^J
nebirE.
Grand-
Vizier,
5. Aes\
j&a
sXdr-a"zam.
Grant,
5.
^1*>-I
ihsan
;
^o/
f^rmAn,
Cul^J
berat; ,
v.a.
CX^j
vErmek,
l^L*:*-!
ihsan-et;
l/^iJ
tesslini-et,
\^i\j^\
i"tiraf-et
;
\^0j*
farz-et.
Grape,
s.
/j>J^
uzum
; shot,
t^%~~
misskfit,
Jill* sllk/m.
Grapple
with,
v.a.
^*-i>^c^
o^Arash-
mak, cXwlJl>- chfekishmek.
Grasp,
v.a.
(J^^>
tutmak,
<J^\jj^*
kawramak,
\^/^3
kabz-et.
Grass,
5.
c2J^l
6t.
Grasshopper,
5.
tej&-
chekirghs.
Grassplot,
s.
A-^-
chim.
Grate,
s.
J^-^
6jk
;
J^Uul
isskara
;
,
v.a. cJv.]iJj
v.n.
C^^3j**
surunmek,
ghyzrdamak;
on one's
feelings,
-ghztmek.
GRATEFUL
[140] GRIEF
Grateful, a.
jlLt*?*-*
mute'shekkir,
^Uw-CJ^ilS)
shakiru-'n-ni"mE.
Grater,
5.
*jJj
rendE.
Gratification,
5. ci^\-jl**.-o memnu-
niyyet,
U-0 sAfa
;
L^-~*x3 ni"met
;
^jtJLss?*
bakhshish,
(^L*s-\
ihsan,
/Ujl
in"am;
C^.t)^lj>- khosh-
nudiyyet
;
\2^>-
hAzz,
\j~su
ia hAzzz-
-nefss.
Gratify,
v.a. \
^.^^,^
memnun-et,
1
t^wl^s-
kh6shnud-et
;
ciX-c^Jj
l^
sAfa-VErmek
;
^^Joi-i)^.
khosh-
landzrmak;
IJ^U-
hasszl-et
;
1 \.=>-\
ijra-et;
\
\jj^\^L^eb}\
iktizassini-
-ijra-et
;
j^J\J
tabr'ol,
J^.^
uymak.
Gratis,
ad.
ljJb*>b
badi-hewa
(bedawa),
uLsr*
mejanan.
Gratitude,
s. &
shukr,
^.Clj
teshek-
kyur,
C^J^rr-i>
shukraniyyet.
Gratuitous,
a.
^Jfcjb
badi-hewa
(be-
dawa)
.
Gratuity,
s.
(
jtJLs^i
bakhshish,
^
ihsan,
^Ixil
in"am.
Grave,
s.
j\j*
mezar,
^-J>
kAbr,
^
?E
; ,
a.
(person)
j&\
aghir,
teinkinli
;
(affair)
jjiJjjJ
korkulur,
(Jl>-<&5jj3
k6rkuljk;
,
v.a.
<^<fii
kAzmak, 1c^>^ hakk-et.
Gravestone,
s.
^J*b> j\j*
mezar-tAshz.
Graving-
tool,
s. JJs' kalEm.
Gravity,
s.
(personal)
.s\
aghir,
^JLri
temkm
;
(of affairs)
J^>y^^"^jij^
korkukjak-bir-hal ;
(of substances)
cj^liO szklet
;
specific
,
szkleti-zatiyyE.
Gravy,
s.
ye
su.
Grease,
s.
^b
ya^A
; ,
v.a.
^JU'
Great,
a.
cJj*J
biyuk,
~~
kebir,
**^
"Azim
;
J^
ch6k
;
the
,
5.
pi.
jUi
kibar,
^^JslL^L^
kibar-takzmz,
\j
kyub^ra
;
a
many,
a
deal,
v^-^J
bir-ch6k
;
grandfather,
grandson,
if^
{
^^jj
torunun^-
u
;
Alexander the
,
jJcLJ
Isskender-rwmi
;
Peter the
deli-PEtro.
Great-coat,
5.
J^J
kapot. ["Azamet.
Greatness,
s.
CJiSj-J
biyukluk
;
L
Greece
(kingdom of),
s.
Yunanisstan
;
(ancient)
/j
rum.
Greedy,
a.
}jf^ flch-ghywzluj^j^
chok-yEr,j^jl
obur.
Greek
(in general),
a.
+jj
rum,
^jj
rumi
;
(of
the
kingdom)
(^li^J
yunan
;
(language)
s.
^srjj
rumJE.
Green,
a.
J..1J yeshil
;
/*l> khXm.
Greengrocer,
s.
\J**\jj+*
sebzEwatjz.
Greenhouse,
s.
JpJ^J
limonluk.
Greens,
5.
pL
*? lahana.
Greet,
v.a.
(jJsAyj ^L:
selam-vErmek.
Grey,
a.
y-J
k?r
;
Jy
boz
;
^*^^
ghyumishz
;
\J?y*j
kurshuni
; ,
s. of the
morning,
^ibj
JoJ_Lp
sabAh-aydm%fo'
;
of the
evening,
xb
^
j All.:>!
Greybeard,
.s.
^Uliu>
j!
Greyhound,
s.
ojlj
tAzi.
Gridiron,
5.
Xj\JLa\
isskara.
Grief,
s. ^
kider,
tJ
dErd,
C-?
GRIEVANCE [141]
GUARD
kAssavet,
J!
elem, *c
ghAm, *jAJ\
enduh.
Grievance,s.
^J^j^^^-^o
mujibi-tesh-
ekki
;
L
bela,
J>
J dsrd
;
j
Ac
ghAdr
;
JI? zulm.
Grieve,
v.a.
CiX^j j^
kEder-VErmek
;
,v.w.
^>j
ksder-et,
(iLiJ^Ci^LJ
kAssavet-chekmek,
cXtJ.
A
ghAm-
-yemek,
jl j
JkC mukEddEr-61.
Grievous,
a.
^J^^lar.
"Aznn-VE-elim,
LJ fsna.
[kzzartmak.
Grill,
v.a.
(Jp*3j\j* tXj\JL\
isskarada-
Grind,
v.a.
(flour, &c.)
CiX^l^sjl
w^Aut-
mek;
jjv^^^-
chekmek
;
(colours,
&c.)
cXj!
ezmek,
^J^-***
sahk-et
;
(u-on, &c.)
fjAJ^oiJ^o
tAsha-tutmak;
(the teeth)
^iS\^jaf
ghyzrdAtmak.
Grindstone,
s.
^jilt
tAsh,
^-?i.j
bile^Ai,
^^-i'vL^^JJ
bile^Ai-tAshz.
Gripe,
s.
Jl
M,
^saj
penchE,
^JJ kAbza
;
,
v.a.
(jk*7^L.JL*tf
szkz-tutmak
;
^^Jyil^ylJJ
karn-A^rztmak
;
gripes,
Gristle,
.
J^i^J
kzkzrdAk.
[slnjt.
Groan,
s. ujlL1
in^ilti,
^1
enm
;
Grocer,
.
JlftJ
bAkkll.
Groin,
.
Jn^lJJ
kAsszk.
-r>,
* f_ 4 .
Grroom,
s.
(j~-
se
iss,
,-wJi
isspir.
Groove,
*.^-J
yiv, yiw.
Gross,
5.
^j^ic^y^jj!
6n-iki-duzina,
<LJ^Jd^J^Jj^j
yuz
-
kzrk
-
dwrt-
-(tanE)
; ,
a. Li'
kAba,
lii
fsna,
^^L^JUH^-^M^^IJ
darassz'-chzk-
mamish.
Grot, Grotto,
.
^,^o
ma^Aara,
^
In.
Ground,
5.
^J
yr,
<U?^c
arsa
;
^^J
zemm;
^j-Lsl
essass;
u.^^^*
mujib,
^_^-u-j sebeb,
c^-w-jL
munass^bet;
,
a.
jjwJju^:j!
w^udulmush;
^jL^J-=jJ
du^Aulmush,
^wlx>-
chekilmish,
^i-Jjl
ezilmish
; ,
v.a.
~*
S
\j
tk'slss-et; ,
v.n.
(a ship)
Grounded,
a.
^~~i\Zso
mut^'fesssiss,
^J~
mubteni
;
j]%^A
Assh'-var.
Groundless,
a.
j~*?]4
dibsiz,
J^.^J^'^
AssK-y6k,
^y
b6sh.
Grounds,
s.pl.
uJj telvi,
j^^t
t6rtu,
Ground-swell,
.
j*
sXlintf.
Ground-work,
s.
J-4J
temel.
Group,
5.
<t<^
kyiimE,
cJyJ
bMuk
; ,
v.a.
^<>jl?
t6p-et;
,
v.n.
^^L-J^b
Grove,
5.
\*)^*)$
6rmAn.
[t6p-61.
Grow,
v.n.
CJ^^-J
biyumek
;
b6ylanmak
;
C^-^/j-J
surmek
;
61mak,
LLJ^L- kessilmek.
Growl,
v.n.
^cij^-
khblamak.
Gruel,
s.
[ijj^-^jj
yawAn-chorba.
Gruff,
a.
'i}-
b^Auk
;
J~*^>-
khuysuz.
Grumble,
v.n.
LlX*Jjy-j
suweylEnmek.
Guarantee,
s.
(person) J-^kefil; (thing)
t^JU^kefalet;
(^Jbj
r^hm.
Guard,
5.
(man)
^
,jfl^ klWASS,^
A
"isskET,
nubetji
;
(soldiers)
kiri-khlsssa
;
(time
or
duty)
L^-Jy
nubetj
(of
a sword-
handle)
jljl>-
GUARD-HOUSE [142] HABITATION
chAprXz
;
(of
a
gun-trigger)
$$jf
korkuluk
; ,
v.a.
(*&&*
saklamak,
\ Soa>-
hefz-et,
l^diJl&r muliAfaza-et
;
<J*3lj
bXkmak.
Guard-house,
s.
(J&
kulluk.
Guardian,
s.
^c^
wAssz
;
kJlsr* muhAfz'z.
Guerilla,
s.
Jjjj ^>\J
bAshi-bozuk.
Guess,
s.
^
zdhin,
( ^ss^
takhmm
;
',
v.a. C-UJj bilmek
;
\
(
j^s^
takh-
Guest,
s. JL~ mussafir.
[min-et.
Guidance,
s. L^-o|jJ&
hidayet;
L^-Jj&J
delalet.
Guide,
s.
jj&
k^A^Auz, JJt>
delil,
hadi,
U;
rehnuma
; ,
v.a.
t y61-ghy<)tsstErmek
;
Guild,
5. u-JUwtf essnaf.
Guile,
.
jj^jj-c
ghHl-u-ghzsh,
Guilt,
5. L^o-Uf kXbahat,
A^*-
jurm,
X^
ghyunah.
Guiltless,
a. :....... r..
~*^s
kXbabats2'z,
J^JiL^s
ghyunahsiz,
*li=uJ bi-
ghyunah.
[junhalr.
Guilty,
a.
jla^AJ
kXbahath',
jlfcrtjfc?
Guinea-fowl,
5.
[
^fj^^
bech-tawu^Au.
Guitar,
5.
;^
ghitAra.
Gulf,
s.
(bay)
^j^
ky^rfez
;
(abyss)
<d^jj
varta,
i^ft>-
hufrE.
Gull,
s.
(bird)
^>j\*
martz;
(dupe)
^.jj^ll
sh^shkm
; ,
v.a.
jpj1^\
lldatmak.
Gullet,
.
jtojs.
gh^rtlXk,
jUy
UghAz.
Gum,
5. _^*tf
samgh (zamk)
;
(of
the
eyes)
jV?"
C
^P
A^
'>
(f
t^e
teeth)
i) J dish-etl^ri
; ,
v.a.
lj > ^
(zamk)
-
ila
-
yapzshdzr-
mak.
Gun,
s.
L-)jb
top
;
cJiAj tufenk
(tufek).
Gun-barrel,
s. u-xJ ClXkAJ* tufenk-
Gun-carriage,
5.
jjcjf
kundAk.
Gun-cotton,
5.
,yjjV O>^^
pamuk-
baruti.
[t6pji-bAshz.
Gunner,
s.
^y^jjt
t6pjz;
^b^^jL
Gunpowder,
*.
<-^^;b
bant.
Gunshot,
*.
(distance)
^J^cc-^
t6p-
menzili
;
^'j^^^jfi
kurshun-men-
zili
; wound,
,g**ij\jA
ghyullE-
yarassi
;
^^V.
\i)?*J$
kurshun-
-yarass/.
[^s?UA>-
chakraakjz.
Gunsmith,
s.
^f*&
tufenkji (tufekji),
Gunstock,
s. ^Jo (^kJi> tufenk-
Gush,
v.n.
*js&&
fzshk/rmak.
Gust,
s.
^)&*~i\j)^j&j
*j
ruzghyann^-
-bir-essmassz
;
^J
b6r.
Gut,
s.
(J*0j\3
or
J)W*J
ba^Azrs^k.
Gutter,
s.
^\
61uk,
j^l
XwlXk.
Guzzle,
v.n. and a.
cX*a;|
ichmek,
^^jl>-
chakmak.
Gymnasium,
5.
^^ i^c^r*^
U^
bedEn-ta' 'limi-mahali.
H.
Haberdasher,
s.
ij^jj*
X^/>-
khurdfi-
furush.
Habit,
s. CJJlc "adet
;
jy^
khuy.
Habitable,
a.
jjjfo\
6turulur,
Jjla
^c^Lo
kabili-sukna.
[me'va.
Habitation,
s. .^ru**
messken,
u^U
HABITUAL [143]
HANDSOME
,
ad. Al
Half-moon,
s.
Half-pay,
5.
Halfpenny,
5.
Habitual,
a.
^.^A^L^CJjU
"adet-
-hukmuna-ghirmish.
Habituate,
v.a.
^^^JuJl
Ah'shdz'rmak
;
one's
self,
^4-lJ^
Ib'shmak.
Hack,
v.a.
CXc^^-
chentmek
; ,
hackney,
s.
j**j\)
barghir (beyghir),
^j}*.\3
f
r\
kiraji-(beyghiri).
Hail,
s.
^
J or
^
d61u
; ,
v.n.
^j^il)
d61u-yaghmak
; ,
int. /
LlXlc ess-selamu-
"aleykE
; ,
v.a.
\
JjJf ^
i
J
cJ^-J ^j_*^
buyurunp'-bu-
yurun^-deyu-kXbul-et
;
(JK*^^
cha-
Hale,
a. *=^c>
dinj. [grAzrmak.
Half,
a.
*jl> yanm
; ,
s.
<^lj
yAn
;
. . . and a
half,
Jj*^
. . buchuk
;
b
yarz-yarzya.
L
yarz'm-ay.
hAzar-m"ashi.
6n-parE.
Half-seas-over,
a.
&*ss~f>-j~>
SErkh6shJE.
Half-witted,
a.
<*S!jy
budAla.
Hall,
s.
aJUr^O
diwAnkhanE.
Halloo,
int. L^\
ey,
jb
10 bana-bAk.
Hallow,
u.a.
l^jjJO*
tXkdiss-et,
lcJ;L<
mubarek
-
et
;
\ <^o
t
Icj
ri*
'ayet
-
et,
1
tXccJ^Lo
mubarek-
"dd-et; ed,
pp.
cJ;L^
mubarek,
(j*JJU
mu-
kXddess.
Halt,
s.
JbkA eylEnish;
,
a.
Jbjt
,
v.n.
cX*JjJ eylEnmek
;
.?
t6pXllamak,
^J^^~~^
Aghsz-
mak
; ,
int. iaJ-U- hXlt.
Halter,
s.
j^L>
yular
;
t_^oj ip.
Halve,
v.a.
viXJy^O^^ol
ikiya-bMmek
;
*L\J
paylashmak.
Ham,
5.
y
but,
Jj.
kaynak
;
J^=j<^
^^ejj^lj ^y
d6nguz-butu-pAss-
dermassz
(d6muz).
Hamlet,
s.
j^sf^jZ
kywyje^iz,
Hammer,
s.
f^^
chekij
;
t6km^k
;
sledge
,
(j~j*.^)
variyoss
;
,
v.a. cJv*L>
dw^Amek.
Hammock,
s.
X3J\j)
branda.
Hamper,
5.
v^^iJfLJ}
klpAkh'-seped
; ,
v.a.
cX<^
L^JcJL^
szkmtz-vErmek,
Hand,
s.
Jl
E!,
C^.O
desst,
JJ
yed
;
(man)
/ j| Ad
Am,
Ju
nefEr,
(
^js:
<
--:ll
ishji
;
(signature)
Li! imza
;
hour
,
c-^i&
"akreb
;
minute
,
^j&J
yelkowXn
; ,
v.a.
CX<->j
VErmek
;
over,
tjtJu.
J tesslim-et
;
in
hand,ac?.
)jty*j4\$
El-Ela-vErErek;
jUj'^J^'^-'l-ittifAk;
to live from
hand to
mouth,
J^S-<LJ <0
*ll^>-!
Aksham-nE-yey^-
Handful,
5.
(
_>^\
awuj-dolussu.
Hand-grenade,
s.
^iifj^^.
^\
E!-
khumbarassi.
Handicraft,
s. (^~x*a san"at.
Handkerchief,
s.
JjJ&* niEndil,
Sjj>.
chevra,
^j^V.
yEmEni,
(J^\)t ya^Ah'k,
ksoj&c
makrflmfl-(mah-).
Handle,
s. L-A0
sip,
L-J^J
kulp,
,J^*3
kulAk,
<UiJf kAbza
; , v.a.
(J^b
tutmak,
^J^jiUy
kullAnmak.
Handsome,
a.
Jj^
ghyuzel,
A^u
ghy^ssterishli,
^JLljb
ycMu'shiklt*.
HANDSPIKE
[144] HARDY
Handspike,
s.
*Jy
to manavela.
Handy,
a.
(man)
(j
s
jj&
hezar-fEnn
(hezarifend)
;
(thing)
C^~1^
rahat,
^if
kolay,
j\j>
t 4*-^ isha-yarar.
Hang,
v.a.
(J^\
Xssmak
; ,
v.n.
(J**b0\
Asszlmak; about,
^J^J^^y
dolashmak; back, cJ*U
ile"ri-ghElmamek,
(j^j^ }j&
-durmak
; down,
(J**J>j\*a
sarkmak;
out,
v.a.
(J**p\
Assmak,
c3-*<^-
SErmek;
^4cJi^U?
sarkztmak,
^^jj^ljj
kAldirmak,
(tyit
ghywsstErmek
;
,
v.n.
(J^jj^
sarkmak
;
^jul^l
Asszlmak
; over,
^J^J^io
tXshmak
;
/L4JLtf sarkmak
;
together,
t_j
^UJ!^j^j^
biri-birini-brakmamak
;
up,
^4^1
Xssmak.
[kzltj.
Hanger,
5. -r*
5
j
^3JUaJ
kzssajek-bir-
Hangman,
5. tAti-
jellAd.
Hank,
5.
JU^>
kXnghAl,
xjo
turrE
(tura).
Hanker after,
v.a. cJv*^-j|
isst^mek,
arzukmak,
^^^1
Aramak,
^>- vL^-i>^
ishtiyAk-chekmek.
Happen,
v.n.
<J^jl
olmak,
chzkmak,
j'^^
VAki"61,
tesslduf-et,
\j$>
zuhur-et,
^
vuku"-bulmak.
Happily,
ad. 4jjU-j sa"adetla
;
L^.
Happiness,
s. Cl^jl x_-j sa^adet
;
c^>Jyx^3
meranuniyyet.
Happy,
a.
^^'
^uX
^/
>
.
i^
5
^^ J
LT*"
ishi
-
yolunda
-
rahatz
-
yerinda
-
oUn,
tXx~9 sa
'id,
Jjjc..^
mess"ud
; L._j
memnun
; ) ^^ messrur.
Harass,
v.a.
(j*j
yormak,
L^.
OXtc^>j
rahat
-
VErmamek,
iJ*-lXi
rahatsz'z-et,
^-^
ta'jiz-et.
Harbour,
s.
(jUJ
limAn,
,^-yo
or
Lyo
mersa
; , v.a.
(Jp*jjb
tutmak,
)\
tj
yatak-61. [dip6rto.
Harbour-master,
.
jft> ^^
kaptan-
Hard,
a.
.gj
kAti,
CL^-o
sert, vi)J
pek
;
jS-Mtf
S2ke
;
-..jS
ghyuch,
C1^^^
fc-
chetin,
Jxl^e
mushkil
;
of
belief,
jyL>J^-^
ghyuch-
in
anz'r,
j*J\J\
inan-
maz;
to be
believed,
j^JjL.^^.^
ghyuch-inanzh'r,
^JjUjJ
inanilmaz
;
of
hearing,
-c-U?
saghir.
Harden,
v.a.
L$*)Aj*Lz
kXtzlashdtrmak,
J'^-o
SErtlEshdirmek,
J
pekishdirmek
; ,
v.n.
kltilashmak,
cX.lJj^-j
SErtlEshmek,
d)v*.^xj
pekishmek.
v
-1
Hard-favoured, Hard-featured,
a.
,.,
chirkin.
Hard-hearted,
a.j~z*>-j*<
mErhametsiz.
Hardihood,
s.
C-^l
d-
jessaret.
Hardiness,
s.
^^LajUL
dayanzklzk.
Hardly,
ad.
^U^
heman
(hEmEn)
;
^^^
ghyuch-bela
;
X&^
hich-mussa
<<
adE-ghywss-
Hardness,
s.
JP^J
kXtzlik,
C
sertlik;
^L^
7
szkilik; C^la
chluk,
C^L..^>- chetinlik,
(J
mushkillik,
c:^J^x^
su"ubet.
Hardship,
5. cJcJL*tf s^kmdz,
meshakkXt.
Hardy,
a. AjijLL
dayamkh',
^J
dinj.
HARE
[145]
HAZE
Hare,
s.
^L2i^lb
tawshAn.
[kulXk-VEr.
Hark,
int. <UiJ
dinglE (dins),
^j,J^3
Harlot,
s. <C-c^U fahishE.
Harm,
5.
^-^
zarar,
^^J
zi
y
an
> >
v.a.
CjJw4^^bl
injitmek,
|^J
z^rar-et.
Harmless,
a.J-^J
zararszz.
[muwafakXt.
Harmony,
s.
^jJJjlt
tXtlzlzk;
OA3^
Harness,
s.
+ja
or
f^-2^
k6shum
;
Jilt
takz'm; ,
v.a.
^4^3
koshmak
;
(3*J^\
tJ*
A^ takzmznz-wurmak
;
maker,
^U-
sarraj.
Harp,
s. CJo*>-
chengh.
Harpoon,
s.
^+$Jj
zzbkzn.
Harpooner,
5.
^acCjbj
zzbkmjz.
Harpsichord,
s.y
LJ *J
J^IS"
kyar-kXdim-
-piano.
Harrow,
s.
.^clkt^^i>-
chiftji-tara^Az
;
,
v.a.
^JKoy?
taramak;
one's
feelings,
/jUJulj.^0
*->C
Harsh,
a. CU^-o sert.
Hartshorn,
^.
^<jlU
nishXdzr;
(spirit
of)
^^>^j^vlJ
nishadir-ruhu.
Harvest,
5. oL^.-v.
hlssld,
J^tsr*
mahsul
; time,
^^ij^sr
bichim-
wlktf,
ijjj\to\
6rAk-wXkt.
Hash,
s.
^j^sT
yahni
; ,
v.a.
\^^
yahni-et.
Haste,
s.
<d^ "XjelE; CJJ^U-
cha-
biklik,
C^cyo
sur^at
; ,
v.n. \&s?
"AJ6lE-et
lc)oU chabzk-61.
Hasten,
v.n.
cJ-^C^Xjl^-
chabik-
ghitmek;
,
v.a.
\J~&*>
ta'
jil-et.
Hastily,
ad.
JjWt^ "ijflfe-ilo,
Hasty,
. LL)jU- chabik
;
J*^.
j^jJi^joU-
chabz'k-kkar.
Hat,
5. ajuLi>
shXpka.
Hatch,
v.a.
<_^ljL>-Lj>^lj
yawrz-chz-
karmak; ,
s.
^-J
kXpz
;
^cLj^Lj'
Hatchet,
5. <da!b bXlta.
Hatchway,
s.
c^cl
jLj]
Hate,
5.
(^/aij bughz,
CJ>j\J^
"davet
;
Cl^w
nefret
; ,
v.a.
LLXcLci^^vJb
Tiich-SEvmamek
;
Ic^j^Ac
"adavet-et.
Hateful,
a.j^i^c
menfur,
}*
noXkbuh.
Hatred,
s.
t^aki bughz,
d^l
Jtf
"adavet;
d^ii
nefret.
[(kibir).
Haughtiness,
s.
'j**3
tekebbur,
j*
kibr
Haughty,
a.
j*z~<
mutekebbir,
j
kibirli,
(jfy*
fir"awn,
^l^y
ndbran.
Haul, v.a. cLU^>- chekmek
;
l^L^Ji)
Haunch,
s.
LJ^U?
s^ghri. fhisa-et.
Haunt,
v.a.
jluJjlt
ta'if-ol.
Have,
v.a.ycJJU
malik-61.
Havoc,
.
^tj
ziyan,
C1^L*>-
khXssaret.
Hawk,
5. ilLs^l
Atmffja
; ,
v.a.
L-J^AJ*
^JUJL? ghezdirip-sXtmak.
Hawker,
5.
^^jVi^V
1
^
ghezdiriji-
Hawser,
s.jL)L>
pXlamar. [bXzirghyan.
Hay,
s.
tl^l jjy
kuru-6t.
Haycock,
s.
,^-^V. C->j\
bt-yighmi.
Haymaking,
s.
cX*^ CU^I
6t-bichmek.
Hayrick, Haystack,
s. CL
Hazard,
5. L^rkT bakht
;
uJjLaj tessa-
duf
; ,
v.a.
J^yJU^l^?
tehlikeyE-
Hazardous,
a.
jJ*lff
tehlikEli.
[k6mak.
Haze,
5.
(j~^-j
siss,
^U^J
dumXn.
HAZEL
[146]
HEEL
Hazel,
5.
jjJoj
fhidik
; ,
a. tiz
jKjj
kesstanE-rEnkli.
He,j9r.^
6,
Jj!
61
; ,
a.
C^
erkek.
Head,
5.
^b
bXsh
;
.*
SET,
y\)
re'ss;
(of
a
ship),
^b
bXsh;
(of
a
cask)
L-~~t> dib
;
(of
an
arrow)
^
temrEn
; ,
a.
^b
bXsh,
birinji
; ,
v.a.
j\ ^ib
bAsh-ol,
J^J^M)
SErkErdE-61.
Headache,
5.
(J**JycV(jt
Headland,
s.
jj^j^
burun.
Headlong,
ad.
l-i^b
Head-
quarters,
s.jZjsc
merkEz.
Headstrong,
a.
j*o<f.ljjj
s&z-dinglEmz
Headway,
.
J^J
yol
;
&*>j)*
yuruma.
Heal,
v.n.j\jj\
iyi-61
; ,
v.a.
\^\
ip-et.
Health,
s. c^s^s^
szhhat,
<*^-JU
"afiyyet;
u-fl-^
k^yf>
T^J*
miz
^j>
Jb tXb"
;
your
health ! la^c
Healthy,
a. 4L?
sa^A,
A^Lc
Heap,
.
<U^^
kyumE,
(j^
t y^ghzn
; ,
v.a.
(Jp**Jt yzghmak.
Hear,
v.a. cXc-M ishitmek,
IcU^-s!
isstima"-et;
CJvd^J
dinglEmek (di-
nEmek),
CtX*^ ^y
kulXk-VErmek
;
1
JjJ>kAbul-et,
Ic^jU-l
ijabet-et.
Hearing,
5.
<U-*L*CJ^i*
kuvveti-sami"a
;
in one's
,
halda
;
to
give
a
,
izin
-
VErup
-
suweylEtmek,
(dinEmek). [mek.
Hearken,
v.n. CiX*
S kulAkvEr-
Hearsay,
s.
Ci^Uj/*****
messmu"At.
Heart,
s.
CJ^JJ
yurek,
t_^Jj
kXlb,
<Jt>
dil
;
(of
a
plant)
ClJ-Jj
ghyubek
;
(middle)
<d^l
or
<U^^1
orta
;
by
,
^jJ^jl
ezbErden
;
to learn
by
,
v.a.
ctXf^Jj^
ezbErlEmek.
Heart-breaking, Heart-rending,
a. LL
maz.
Heart-broken,
a.
J
Jd^jlij shikesstE-dil.
Hearth,
s.
J
W-^
ojak.
[J-iLaJ
1 insAfsz'z.
Heartless,
a.
J~JLJl
insaniyyetsiz,
Heart's-ease,
s.
ilfiiJ^W^
her-ja'i-
benefshE
(menekshE).
Hearty,
.
u?y
kawi,
*lc.U
sa^7ilm;
j^i-^tf
samimi,
^^^>
yurekdan.
Heat,
5.
jl^U
sijXk,
jlSls^o
siJ
C^l^-
hararet;
^1
Atesh;
kkghznlzk
; ,
v.a.
(j*'~>\
issztmak,
(J*jj**
kzzdirmak,
\
(j+st~
t
tesskhzn-
-et.
[^il^jl^
kitlbssz-kyafir.
Heathen,
s. and a.
jj ghyawr,^sl^
kyafir, |
Heave,
v.a.
(J*J\
Xtmak
; ,
v.n.
^b
(j*>jj\
bAsh-wurmak.
Heaven,
s.
(*^>i>-jennEt,
(j"}j*
firdavss.
Heavy,
a.j&\
tyhir, JJil
;
skzl.
Hectic,
a.
j^jj
verEmli;
fever,
<U^j|
jlj-^
ghizli-isshma.
Hedge,
s.
^^^
chit.
Hedgehog,
s.
^^J^
ufAk-kirpi.
Heed,
s. L^oJ
dikklt,
JUA?
t^kayyud,
Jujj
kayd
; ,
v.a. and n. \ ^
dikkAt-et,
\ JuJ!
kayd-et.
Heel,
s.
Atf^j)
wkchs;
over,
v.n.
J
yatmak
; ,
v.a.
J^/^
yatzrmak
HEGIRA
[147]
HEBE
Hegira,
s.
CJ^p*
hijret
;
^j-Jci^
hijre'ti-nebe'viyyE. [C3-X> ghenj-inek.
Heifer,
s. JG
dishi-dAna,
^i
Height,
s.
LJ*
b6y
;
cJ-K...
^ty
yuk-
seklik,
ctojl
irtifa";
\1
(tepE),^>lj
bayzr,
Oy*
szrt
;
-y!
evj,
zirvE
;
AJ\
drta,
ko wAssAt.
Heinous,
a. ,-A.JcJj
pek-kAbzh
;
sheni";
^Jwil
eshna".
Heir,
s.
(after possession) *^;ij
variss
;
(before possession)
J^c^JI^
veli-"ahd.
Heiress,
s.
f.
tij\)
varissE
;
veliyye'tu-'l-
"ahd.
Heliotrope,
s.
^j^zste* <ulj^
vanilya-
Hell,
s.
*+$> jihennem (jib^nnam),
cha-
>^srT jahim.
Hellenic,
a.
^^
yunani.
Hellespont,
s.
cfjVcJ
Helm,
5.
dumEn-yekfissi,
Helmet,
s.
<j*lJ
tAss,
fix
mighfisr,
Helmsman,
s.
^f&**)A
dumEnji.
Helot,
s.j~i\
essir.
Help,
5.
/*-^V.
yardrai,
j!*X!
imdad,
^3lc) i
anE,
c^-0l*^ mi
*'avn;
^sr^t^b
yardzmjz,
..^
mu"m,
mu"avin; ,
v.a.
dzm
-et,
ianE
-
et
;
mu"av^net
-
et
;
imdad
-
et,
imdada
-
yetishmek ;
charE-bul-
<
men-et, h
mak.
Helpless,
a.
Helpmate,
s. \ J<\ arkadash.
Hem, s-.
-kEnar
; ,
v.a.
(
khrnlmz'sh-
kEnarmz-kzv/rmak
; in, C
chevirmek, kushAtmak,
Hemisphere,
s.
Hemistich,
5. imssra".
Hemorrhoids, s.
J^j<uLo mayEssil,
Hemp,
s.j&
kendir.
[j^V
oassur.
Hen,
5.
jjjll?
tawuk.
Hence,
ad.
^j-*J^
bundan
;
<UXs ta
bina'an-^aleyh,
^l^y
bun^-bina'an,
( -i^l^j
bun^a-mebni,
v^J)<3
(
J^ Uj
bina'an
-
'
'ala-zalikE.
Henceforth, Henceforward,
ad.
u^
J shimdidan-
<dj^J
bundan
-b^ylE,
^La3Jj^j
bundan-
sbngra,
Jk*jUj
fi-ma-ba"d,
bir-daha,
j-.^Dc
j
-ghen.
Her,
pr.
s.
^J\
Anz, 6nu;
(Ana), 6n^a (6na)
;
pr.
a.
si,
Co
anin^,
Herald,
s. ujlx* munadi
; ,
v.a.
Herb,
5.
CJ>j
6t,
CUJ nebat.
Herbalist,
^.
^^j*
kywkju.
Herd,
5.
(J^^i
suru
;
together,
v.n.
sum
-
suru-ghez-
mek.
Herdsman,
8.
Here,
ad. \
bura, burassz;
burayi,
^ci^
burassznz
;
*V,^
buraya
;
^<^^
bwrada
;
<U-jjj^J
burassma
;
*Jc--j^
burassmda
; ,
int. &J*\
ishtE,
U na
;
and
there,
M 2
HEREABOUTS
[148] HIEROGLYPH
&tE-beri;
L^J'eJJ
tek-tek;
here
is,
te-i>l
ishtE,
li na.
[buralara.
Hereabouts,
ad.
^j^j^.
buralarda,
tjhjj*
Hereafter,
ad. *.rs^JJ*J bundan-
,
s.
d^M
akhiret.
Hereby,
ad.
Ak-wA^cjJ
bu-nmnasse'-
betla
;
<W<*kJj jJ
bu-WASszta-ila.
Hereditary,
a.
^jjj*
mevruss,
tjj\fc
mute*variss
;
i-^/j
variss
;
J^&
^Jlj
veli-^ahd.
Herein,
ad. *^ bunda
;
(j-^^
bundan
;
^
bun^a
^
.y^J
bunu.
Hereof,
ad.
tiJjjJ
bunun.
Hereon,
adf.
&^\\^^^^
bunun-uzErinE.
Heresy,
s. tJ-*JiLtf
dAlalet,
^*^i
shi
a,
l"tizal.
[mii"tezil.
Heretic,
5.
JU
dall,
^^--
shi"z,
J
Heretofore,
ad.
-kXdar,
>
shimdiya-
shimdiya-
-ghelinja
;
AJ JcJ
j^
ez-kAdim
(ab
antiquo), i.-JJ^
^tEdon-beri.
Herewith,
arf.
(inclosed)
Ui
leffan,
mblfufAn.
Heritage,
s.
<-Aj~*
mirass.
Hermaphrodite,
s.
^J&-
khunsa.
Hermetically,
ad.
djjft^^J^^U^j)
hich-hewa-Xlmayajak-surEtla.
Hermit,
s.
^jj~o
nwnze'vi.
Hermitage,
s.
ty\j
zaviyyE,
<tjls?^e
"uzletkhanE.
[jd^
Jsj
fetk-"illeti.
Hernia,
s.
LC
*.>
ju/^tf\j
kXsszk-yarz^Ai,
Hero,
5.
L^-^^XJ yi^Ait, j^^
bahadir
;
mahkiyun-fih.
Heroic,
a.
<U<jl^J
bahadiranE.
Heroine,
5. bahadir^klrz
;
mahkiyetun-fiha.
Heroism,
s. cJ>J&-x>
4 yi^Aitlik.
Hers,
J9r.
C-^3^
Xnzn^r,
Xnzn^ki, 6nun^ku.
Herself,
pr.
L^JOi
kendi,
kendissi,
-i JJc^ kendissini.
Herzegovina,
5.
CJ-^A
Hersek.
Herzegovinian,
^ix-yb
Hersekli.
Hesitate,
v.n.
JP*^^V
l>Akinmak
;
I
JJy
tereddud-et;
\j=>-\>
te'ekhkhur-et ;
isstEmamek
;
^J*k-&i\}
t
ti
j nE
-
yapajaghtm
-
bilmamek
;
Hesitation,
s.
Heterodox,
B.
[shubhE.
tereddud
;
A*&.
ummeta
Hetman,
s.
^IcJb
hetman.
[mukhAlif
Hew,
t;.a.
kV. yarmak
;
down
v.a. kessmek
;
^^
Hexagon,
5.
^Ju~*
musseddess.
Hiatus,
5.
jj^l
draltk.
Hibernate,
v.w.
^<ll-Jf
khhlamak.
Hibernation,
. <U)^Ll-.J kishlama.
Hiccough, Hiccup,
s.
?&&-
hmchkz-
rzk
; ,
v.n.
(j^j&^z*-
hmchkzrmak.
Hide,
s.
^$j
J deri
; ,
v.w.
J^jiiU
s<
^4JJ.oghizlEninek;
,v.fl.
'
saklamak,
cJvJj-^
ghizlEmek.
Hideous,
a.
^s*-^{
pek-chirkin;
kerihu-'l-mXnzar.
Hieroglyph, Hieroglyphic,
s.
u^jl> ^3
-ll
surEtlu-yazi-ishareti.
HIGH [149]
HOCUS-POCUS
HigK
a.
cX*^=y.
yiiksek,
"^j*
murtefi",
^
bala
;
JU
"all,
^L
sami,
^Jj
refi"
;
^j*^
d61ghun,
l^yi-kjsr
joshkun,
^JL-Salb
tXshkm
;
J^>-
ch6k,
CJ>J
pek;
the Most
High,
.
JU5
J>-
hXkk-t^'ala;
tide, water,
Jtf\
<X medd
kyamil.
Highland,
a.
^jasr**jJjict
-yEra-makhsuss,
^c^l^
dXghi.
Highlander,
5.
^jlilt
dA
5.
^/.
j^JWp^
9
dA^r^-ahalissi.
Highlands,
.
^.
J^jUU?
d^Al/k-
-yErlEr,
^Ir^.,
f.ll?
da^Aistan.
Highly,
ac?.
,J^>-
chok,
,^>~
khayli.
Highness,
s.
CJjjLJ^J
yiikseklik
;
I shEvket
-
ma'ab
;
Highway,.
5.
yjsf jaddfi,
^>
y61,
^IcJ^t
tarzkz-"amm,
J^JkLj*
shahrah.
Highwayman,
5.
^sX,*^ Jy
yol-kessiji,
Hill,
5.
^
da^A,
<UJ
(%E).
Hillock, ^.
<IU
Hilly,
a.
jU
Hilt,
s. <U-J
Hind,
5. d)-
^^
dishi,gheyik
;
j
kywylu
; ,
a.
Oj^
ard,
^v,5
kch.
Hinder,
a.
^$}j
gheriki,
^sAjjA
gheridEki;
,
v.a.
j^*jU>
mani"-61,
(j*o\A!\ji
brakmamak,
^L<y
k6ma-
mak,
CJ^J^
Jc^L* sektE-vErmek.
Hinderance, Hindrance,
s. jl
mani",
sektE.
Hindermost, Hindmost,
a.
Hindoo,
s. t-JCJZ> hindi.
[Ussani.
Hindoostanee,
6-.
\^\~^
&>& Hind-
Hinge,
s.
Xjj
rezE
;
&Lx~o ment^shfi
;
,
v.n.
LtJv4JjtJ
dwnmek
;
^j^V^
bXkmak.
Hint,
s.
ajlsljLjfji^
wrtulu-ifadE,
UjJ
ima
; ,
v.a.
\8\3\^jjj\
wrtulu-
-ifadE-et,
lUjl Ima-et.
Hip,
s. <JjsJlS kXlcha.
Hire,
s.
\j>
kira
; ,
v.n.
CXJj>j4^
kiraya-VErilmek
; ,
u.a.
LlX^Jj^J^j
kiraya
-
VErmek
;
^^J^L<Uj!^i
kira-
-ila-tutmak
; out,
LlX^j^^i
kiraya-VErmek. [Xnzn^kz, ^nun^ku.
His,
J5r.
a. LlW
Xnzn^, 6nun^
;
^^wl
Historian,
s.
jyo
muv^rrikh.
History,
s.
f^j^
tarikh,
tawarikh
(pi.)
;
&.&&- hikyayE.
Hit,
v.a.
t+^j^
wurmak
;
de^Amek, Iv^jU
issAbet-et.
Hither,
ad.
j^>
beri,
<U *
beriya,
JGu
y
bu-y^na,
tijy y
bu-tarafa.
Hitherto,
ad.
j<^<V.
<-$>**'">
shimdiya-
-kXdar,
<trsil
J^UjJ y
bu-zamlnfl-
-ghelinja.
Hive,
s.
^\jS
kowAn,
Hoarfrost,
5.
Hoarse,
a.
(person)
^j^LaJf^---*}
sessi-
-kzsszlimsh
;
(voice)
>^cjJ
b6^rAuk.
Hoary,
a.
^l
Ak,
(j^c^lcl
A^rAarnush,
Hobgoblin,
s.
^l^j
zeblni.
[^Js
kzr.
Hock,
5.
L-9^
jy^
bir-nev-"i-sherab.
Hocus-pocus,
s.
HOD
[150] HONORARY
Hod,
s. && teknE.
Hodge-podge,
5. /UL
9y^
bir-aev"i-
ta"am;
(jisLS^U
kXn'shzklek.
Hoe,
s. <U\-
chXpa. [(d6muz).
Hog,
s.
j>b(jL3*j\
ighdish
-
donguz
Hogshead,
s.
c^-j-S C-j-J
biyuk-ftchz,
manjana. [chekarmdk.
Hoist,
v.a.
(j^jjJlS
kXldsrmak,
^
Hold,
s. tj<& tutush, i>43
kXbz,
zXbt;
(ship's)
jlJl
anbar; ,
v.a.
tutmak,
\
u
a^s
kXbz-et,
zXbt
-
et
;
^<LiJ
LJ
brakmamak,
^Jltf
sXlzvErmamek
; back,
v.n.
(j^jy }j
gheri-djurmak
; ,
v.a.
(JK<yi-^
Xlzk6mak
; forth,
v.n.
\
}&.j
va^'z-et
; ,
v.a.
(J**3])J
uzXt-
mak; in,
lla-u?
zXbt-et; on,
v.n. ,'L,
vaz-ghechmamek
;
one's
breath,
& nefessini-hXbss-et
;
one's
tongue,
(J^cya
sussmak;
^JJJ*-\
dilini-tutnuzk
; out,
v..
^jAJ^
dayanmak
; ,
v.a.
(j*i\jj\
uzXtmak
;
!>\ Irad-et
; true,
good,
v.n.
kAvh"-sahzh-61
;
up,
v.n.
achftmdk; ,
v.a.
tutmak
; with,
Hole,
s. CJJj
delik,
^
surakh;
^ji
kuyu,
j^^->-
chukur.
Holiday,
s.
J-laxj
ta'^tzl
;
^^jJ
yortu.
Holland,
s.
^U^
cX^J
-memlEketi.
Hollander,
s. CJ^Lj filEniEnk.
Hollow,
a.
ichi-b6sh,
muj^vf
;
jijA>-
chukur,
^^
oyuk
;
,
S*
jyi>-
chukur
; ,
v.a.
kXzmak,
Jt^.jl
6ymak.
Holy,
a. <
i^-S*
sherif,
^j*,JJl<
mii-
kXddess,
cJjLe
mubarek
; Ghost,
t**$%
ruhu-'l-kuduss, Land,
dari-filastm.
Homage,
.
i^^oJ^c^jc
"arzz-".ubi7-
diyyet;
u^oJ^%c
"u
bend^ghT.
Home,
5.
^1
ev
;
^s^
wXtXn
; ,
ad.
o J
yerinda
;
Xj\
eva.
Homely,
a.
<bj-U kXbaja
;
a^u
chirkinja
j
^^aj
fukaraja. [pilmish.
Home-made,
a.
l-^^V.
*^^
evda-yX-
Homeward,
a.
kendi-vwltAnina-
doghru. [kendi-vwAtAnina-d6ghru.
Jiomeward-bound,
a.
Homicide,
s.
J
kXtl
; JjflS
kltil.
HomogeneouSj
a.
jj-js^^
mutajaniss.
Homogeneousness,
5.
(j-Jlssr
tEjlnus.
Hone,
^.
Honest,
a.
(person)
\JzjZ
Jjfcl
ehh'-"zrz,
tenaiz
;
(-^CjL
do^Aru,
^.t-^o
1
emin
;
(living) J^U-
halal.
[luk,
Honesty,
s.
^jS.
"hz
;
J
Honey,
5.
Jb
bXl,
,^--^3^
enghyubm,
assel
; comb,
; dew,
ghyubm;
suckle,
l! Jl^- hanzm-
-Mi.
Honorarium,
5. if^U A'idE.
[ba-payE.
Honorary,
a.
u^U^cl
i"tibari,
HONOUR [151]
HOT
isstikAmet,
Honour,
5. e
"hz,
^yffo
nlmus
;
>u nlm,
|^>w>
shAn;
uJ^-$
sheref,
C^c.
"izzet;
,
v.a.
\A\^S>-}
mtiram-et, p
SAymak
;
Iwjl^lJ
teshrif-et,
tebjll-et.
Honourable,
a.
(person)
**3
temiz,
^
doghru,
>J&~*
musstaktm,
ehli-'
f
rz,
sahib-nAmuss
;
u.u J*
sherif,
t-^jsr
nejib; (thing)
uJ^tJ^^b
ba"issi-
-sheref
;
the
Right
,
jkAjA
devletlu.
Hood,
s.
jLib
blshlzk,
tdjsjs
kuku-
Hoof,
s.
,k
zzfr.
[leta.
Hook,
5. >-
chenghel;
<Lsr
klnja;
3i>1 ilik
;
*yy
olta,
<U3j>j
zonka
;
iliklEnmek
; ,
v.a.
CJ^JwJji
ilish-
dirmek
; cXd^W iliklEmek.
Hoop,
s.j~j>-
chenbEr
;
aL- hXlka.
Hooping-cough,
s.
cJ^-^l^sr
4
^
bo^A-
maja-wksuruk.
Hope,
s. Ju^l
umid,
CL^^\
umut
; ,
v.a. \ Juxst
umid-et, (+**Q*\
ummak
x
memul-et.
Horizon,
5.
(ji\
ufuk.
Horizontal,
a.
j^ail
itfukz,
ufuka-muwazi.
Horn,
s.jjiJj)
boynuz
j
<-^)^
b6ru.
Horoscope,
s.
^srij
za'ijE.
Horrible, Horrid,
a. U^CJj
pek-fEna,
V
*
AjC*J pek-kerlh,
^-CXj
pek-
-chirkin,
jiyjy
C)j
pek-k6rkulu,
i-J^i^CJ^
pek-makhuf,
c-^f<C)-^
pek-muhib.
Horror,
5.
(active)
C
Li ^..,h
heybet
;
(passive)
jijjs
korku,
L^^lfcJ
dehshst;
C-^iJ n^fret,yij
teneffur.
Horse,
s. d?l At
;
^\J
barghlr (bfey-
ghir)
;
^b'l
Xtle
;
LJ^^-J
suwari
;
clothes
,
Jjj klfess
;
blood
^
,
C
jinss-Xt
;
led
,
cjo
yfedek
;
light
"Asskeri
;
race
,
-Xti. At-
khafif-atlu-
k6shu-
Horse-breaker,
s.
jisj-
*X
Horse-cloth,
s.
J.>- jull,
J^'
chul.
Horse-dealer,
s.
L^jj-
CL?
At-janbazi.
Horse-guards,
^.
^*i0\
suwari -"assker
-
khAssassi
;
SEr-^Assker-kApissi.
.o
Horseman,
s.
j
Atli;
u^J^ jindi,
^^^sa-J
biniji.
[clXL^Uj
binijilik.
Horsemanship,
s. C>^^>-
jindilik,
Horse-shoe,
s.
J>*J
na"l
(nXl).
Hose,
s. C->l>- chorab
;
^- khor-
Hosier,
s.
^jsfljjs>-
chorabjz. [turn.
Hospitable,
a.
j^u^^c
gharib-pErvEr,
mihmAn-niiwaz.
Hospital,
s. 4jU.&~*r>-
khXssta-khlnE,
iLll^jl
isspitalya.
Host,
s.
^f+s>-\*0
<0l>- khanE-sahibi
;
^iL^o
miissafir
;
^J\
6rdu.
Hostage,
5.
^r^
rehm,
j-^i
ghiriv.
Hostile, a. 4^t^ dushmim.
Hostility,
s. C)^*-i>J dushmEnlik
;
ties,
s.
pi.
<-r^r*-
harb.
Hot,
a.
^V^V-
5
szjXk
;
^f-j^
kzzghm
;
i
;
U- harr.
HOTEL [152] HUMANITY
Hotel,
s.
**x3\ij!
lokanda.
Hothouse,
s. ti*o s6ba.
Hough,
s.
<-$j*
J^c
Hound,
s.
,.j
zaghar.
Hour,
s.
ei^b
sa"t
;
[-ard-dizi.
Hourglass,
s.
iji^^Lj/*y
kum-sa"at.
House,
s.
j\
ev,
Jj^y
konak,
cUl>-
khanE,
d^-J
beyt,
i\ J dar
; ,
v.a.
Jt^
wrtu-Altma-k6mak
;
icheri-Xlmak.
House-breaker,
s.j~ij~
khzrszz.
Household,
s.
^^iLj^
ev-takzim,
j\
^J&\JSj\
ev-ushXklan,
^s>-^^^
ch61uk-ch6juk,
J^j
^
ehl-u-
"^yal-
stuff,
LA!
eshya,
Cjlj|
^ssass.
Householder,
s.
^>\a j\
ev-sahibi.
Housekeeper,
s.
^.^
\J^s\J ketkhuda-
kXdm.
Housekeeping,
5.
^-jij^ljl
ev-idarEssi.
Housemaid,
s. <uL*J bessl^mE.
Hovel,
5.
AJyi
kulubs.
Hover,
v.w.
^^-i)j!>^b
d61ashraak
;
^xjUJ^j
ayr^lmamak
;
^(Ml-jj'
Jua
(J^cj^
kXnAd-usstunda-durmak.
How ? ad.
Jy^u
nassl,
^^Vi
niJE,
^Jj
J <D
nE-durlu
(turlu),
ajj^
<df>-j
<G
ne-vejhla
;
jJJi3
na
much ?
J&AJ
nakAdar
;
many
?
^.lli
kAch,
j
jJo nakAdar
;
many
times?
*j*~^
kXch-kErrE,
J^JJ^lj
kAch-def"a,
^^^^
kXch-nubet,
j*~>>^*
kXch-sefEr
; long
?
j^AJ
nakAdar,
C1?J^.0 HE
-
muddet
;
often ?
frequently
?
j>
^j
,_.
kAch-wAkztd0-bir.
However,
c.
(^^
vE-lakin,
foij
VE-yinE,
&J
yinE (ghenE),
t**c "amma
;
*-*
<UsUi
ma"a-ma-f]h,
^J^ddxj^j
bu-
nassl,
J^sj
nassl
;
^JJiJyb
hEr-nakA-
Hdwitzer,
5.
(j~}jj\
6boss
(kubuz). [dar.
Howl,
5.
(^^.^jl
uluyush
; ,
v.n.
(J*>y^
ulumak.
Howsoever,
ad.
J--a3.i>
hEr-nassl,
jJJD
hEr-nakAdar.
Huckster,
s.
jWjJU>
mXdrabXz,
k61tukju,
,
csQ^jZ
ghezdiriji.
Hue,
5.
LL^
rEnk,
^J
levn.
Hug,
5.
^jl^?
sAnlz'sh
; ,
v.a.
j;
sXrzlmak
;
^Jjy5
.Jb
yakzn-sokul-
mak.
Huge,
a.
cJ^.JLLX>
pek-biyuk,
^Ute-j3
kojamln,
bL
mefret,
>^h,c
*
Azlm.
Hulk,
5.
^^^dj*^-fa\2J
kzshlaya-
-chevirilmish-ghemi
; about,
v.n.
CX*x^*s
surtunmek.
Hulks,
5.
4*^
prangh.
HuU,
s. *iO teknE.
Hum,
s.
^jj^!
Arz-sessi
;
J
y
teren-
num
; ,
v.n.
C^L*Jj!
wtmek
;
\
*Jy
terennum-et.
Human,
a.
c^lJ
beshEri,
^c<^l
adfim?,
,<3Lj| insani,
cJ<X mErdi
;
a
being, ^;Lj!
insan.
Humane,
a.^lxJLjl
insaniyyetli,
^fi^^
mushfik,
JcJu-i> shafakAtlz.
Humanity,
5.
L^jLjt
insaniyyet,
C^vftAA shafakXt
;
L^o^lJ
beshE-
HUMBLE [153]
HYPOTHESIS
riyyet,
^JW-^LJl
Insan-hali;
Cl
nassut;
(j*\j
nass.
Humble,
a.
j**(J^\
Xlchk-ghywn-
gullu,
^e\j*
miitlwazt",
JM
kEm-
tEr;
&\jj&
kEmtEranE,
j+su
fakir,
U nachizanE
; ,
v.a.
<f*f,r**
kibrini-kzrmAk,
^^j^^J^J^
burnunu-ezmek.
Humbug,
5.
^sTJJu
yalanp,
^^y,
yalAn.
Humid,
a.
y^,^=>j
rutubetli.
Humidity,
s. *3
nem,
\*>^yoj
rutubet.
Humility,
s.
j-^^
tewazu",
5y0j
wiizu",
?^-^>-
khushu".
Humour,
s.
c^y>-
khuy,
^ji^
khulk,
tXbl"at;
UsL khilt
(pi.
=^
akhlat);
yo
su.
Hump,
Hunch,
s.
<f?jj\
t^rghyuj
;
jj+*\3
kXnbur; backed,
j^J
15 kXnbur.
Hundred,
a.
jy
t yuz,
<^U or <C^o
mi's,
J-osXd.
Hunger,
s.
ji^-1
achlzk,
c^>-
ju",
^
ghyurissn^ghi
; ,
v.n.j\~\
aj-61.
Hungered, Hungry,
a. -\
aj,
^V
ja'i",
te*ij>
ghyurissnE.
[unt,
s.
(jiJu^l
Xva-ghidish
;
(jt]j\
Xrayzsh
; ,
CJUsgj1
Xvina-ghit-
mek
;
jU^jil
Xramak.
Hunter,
5.
^j^jl
Xvji
;
^yl
^
Xv-Xtz.
Huntsman,
s.
(j^V^T^
Xyjt-bXslii.
Hurricane,
s.
A^^J
kXsszrgha (sker-
gha).
Hurry,
s. <LsP
"AJ&E
; ,
v.a.
c,
1
J^sr
"
ta'
jH-et.
Hurt,
s.
jj&
z^rar,
jjl>J
zlyan;
^b
yara
;
^'*1>
^
^l^lij
J dukulmush-
k^rzlmzsb
; ,
v.n.
(Jfa&-\
Xj/mak
;
,
v.a.
(J*z>-\
Xjftmak; cXc^bl
injitmek.
Hurtful,
a.^U
muzzrr,
^jj*
zararK.
Husband,
s. &&-
k6ja,
^J
zevj,
Jbj-S
shevhEr;
sister's
,
&*U!
enishtE;
wife's sister's
,
^lisj-b
bXjanak,
L^-b bajanakh, li^fV ba-jenab
;
,
v.a.
\xj\A\
idarE-et,
Xz-kullXnmak.
Husbandman,
s.
^s^si^-
cbiftji,
ebli-zira'^t.
Husbandry,
s. LL)I..r^U>-
chiftjilik,
\&*&\jj
zira-"at,
b**M)j?
and
L^J|^
hirasset,
L^o-lJ felahat.
Hush,
zw#.
jjfl^
suss
; ,
v.n.
^J^^^a
sussmak
; ,
v.a.
^cj&eye
sussdur-
Husk,
s.
J^-JJ
kXbuk.
[mak.
Hut,
s.
<LSy
kulubE.
Hyacinth,
s.
Ji-j
siinbul
(zunbul)
.
Hybrid,
s.J^*
melez
; ,
a.
^
melez.
Hydrogen,
s.
Uitjjj*
muwellidu-'l-ma.
Hydrophobia,
s.
j^s
kuduz.
Hyena,
s.
^Jj**
szrtlln.
Hymn,
s.
^>^\
ilahi.
Hyperbola,
s.
Jo!j*JaJ
kXt"z'-za'id.
Hyperbole,
. <UlL^
mubaligha.
Hypocrisy,
s.
\^j
riya,
Ciljlj^^ol
iki-
-yuzluluk.
Hypocrite,
s.
j^\*,j
riyakyar,
.^.V*
murayi,
Jj^J.^
i
iki-yuzlu.
Hypothenuse,
s.
<UolJ^?
vetEri-ka'imE.
Hypothesis,
s.
^^ farz,y
4
JJi5 tXkdir.
[154] IMAGE
I.
I,
pr.
^
ben.
Ice,
s.
j
buz.
Iceberg,
s.^&ib\j
buz-Xdassi.
[durma.
Ice-cream,
s.
<^jjL^Jjjs
sutlu-d6ng-
Idea,
s.j&
fikr
;
J--^
takhayyul
;
jyaj
tassavvur,
<ullk
mutala"a; zonn;
I have an
idea,
j
'
'Akh'ma-bir-
shey-gheliyor,
/^j!
bir-shey-t#ss#vvur-etdim.
Ideal,
a.
^j+io
zanni,
ijtjfai
tassovvuri,
^LdEr
takhayyuli.
Identify,
v.a. eJv*L
bilmek,
sechmek,
^K*jlL
tXnzmak,
Idiot,
.
*Jb^
budXla.
[teshkhzss-et.
Idle,
a.
JJi
ishsiz,
c^
b6sh,
^4\-i^
boshda
; ,
v.n.
i^<j^ 'j~J#\
ishsiz-
durmak
; ,
v.a.
cXc^s^^^j
b6sh-
-ghechirmek.
Idleness,
s.
C)5j
21
ishsizlik,
b6shluk,
L^llioc ^Xtalet.
Idol,
s. e^o
(put),
*^o
sanem,
<
Idolater,
s.
cj^-^j
putpe>esst
; s,
s.
pi.
*\J\ ^Ju^
"abede'i-Xssnam,
^j\
*Ju "ab^de'i-evsan.
Idolatry,
s.
CLU^-^J
putpe"resstlik,
)
peresstishi
-
Xssnam,
"ibadeti-evsan.
If, ;
(even though)
=
eghsr,
e
jSj
VE-lev.
Ignite,
v.n.
J^JI
Xlmak,
J^Jj^
tutush-
mk
; ,
v.a.
J^fXUjJb
tutushdur-
mak';
^^jJ!
Xldirmak;
Xtesh-vErmek.
Ignominious,
a.
Joj^rezil,
Ignominy,
s.
LsJIJ^-
rezalet,
^j->
russvaylzk.
Ignorance,
s.
J^5>-JEhl, e^Sl^>- jehalet,
ma"luniAtsz'zlik.
Ignorant,
a.
^Jb- jahil,
J*j
ma* lumAtszz.
IU,
s.
jlLi
fEnalzk
;
j^
z^rar
;
L
bela,
J^t3
dird; ,
a. LJ
fsna;
<^:;>^rv.
khAssta,
j
, o. * ^
keyfsiz,
^>-\yo
Ill-bred,
a. LJ> kaba.
[mizajsiz.
Illegal,
a.
J-JjJ
y61suz,
c^l-c^
ghayrz-
-meshru",
^.U^o <OyU
kanuna-mu-
Illegible,
a.J^^JJjl
okMnmaz.
[ghayir.
Illegitimate,
a.
>^u
pich
;
J !^>
yolsuz
;
/*^p-
haram.
Illicit,
a.
zj***>
memnu",
^l-*^
yassXk,
j~^ji
yolsuz
;
p^f*-
haram.
Illnature,
s.
J^*Xj
bed-khuy.
Illness,
s.
j!<to~=i.
khAsstaltk,
C)Jj-^
keyfsizlik,
c^XJj*-.^-^-*
mizajsizlik.
Illuminate,
v.a.
^4.J'UjjJ.JJai'
kAndH-
-d^natmak;
IjJu^JJu!
aydmHk-e^
\jtf3
tenvir-et;
(a book)
c-^JfeJJ
^(rtijh
tezhib-vE-tezyln-et.
Illumination,
s.
^U^JjJ
Jj<^J
kAndH-
-donanmassz*.
Illustrate,
v.a.
cX^fJll^
missal-
-ghetirmek,
\
J-^^'
temsil-et.
Illustration,
5.
*-^
ressm.
Illustrious,
a.
jy~*
meshhur;
jlJ^U
"ali-tebar.
["adavet,
(joyi
gharaz.
Illwill,
. C3ii^>
J
dushmEnlik,
C-
Image,
.
^jy&
suriet,
j^,,y^
ST*
mujessem;
^^c-
"ay
n-
IMAGINARY [155]
IMPERIAL
Imaginary,
a.
^^
bdsh,
J
J^ dibsiz
;
-Jurs^
1
takhayyuli,
^^
zdnnl.
Imagination,
s. <OursX
mutakhayyilE,
kuvveti
-
mutakhayyilE
;
"Akl,^G fikir,^Lftj
tefekkyur,
tassavvur,
J-^sT takhayyul
;
Ja
zann,
\jpjf
kuruntu,
.jV*
merak.
Imagine,
v.a.
\j*&
tassavvur-et,
\
J-^sT
tflkhayyul-et
;
<>
kurmak,
<Jj
Imbecile,
a. d\
Jy
Imbecility,
5.
J^^lj^
bucUlalik.
Imbibe,
v.a.
LLUrsrJ
zchmek.
Imitate,
v.a. \ Julju
tAklld-et,
aymm-y^pmak.
Imitation,
s. Julju tXklid.
Immaterial,
a.
^\=>jj
rlJhAm,
ghayrz
-
heyyulanT
;
^LJ^
pekda
-
luzumi
-
olmayAn
;
^U^Jj! pekda-zararz-olmayAn
;
it is
which,
(^yJjt <t~,jjjj!jl
L5.-r
J^
kXnghzssz-61ursa-51sun
;
---
how,
j^^Jjl <Lj|^jl
J^
nassl-olursa-olsun.
Immature,
a.
p\~
khAm, J^k;l3
na-
-pukhtE.
Immediate,
a.
Immediately,
ad.
t-^Jlc^
J
dEr
-"kab,
L^sLs
J^l
61
-
sa"at,
^Ls^r
jx
"al^-'l-^Aj^lE;
^Ju3l
^>
anida
;
oj^-ij
shimdi,
LL^l^
chabzk,
Immense,
a.
cj-JCJ-J
pek
-
biyuk;
jkle^
pek-kyMliyyetli.
Immerse,
v.a.
Jpc^jJlL
dXldfrmak,
^J^jb
bXtzrmak.
[-yemut.
Immortal,
a. d\
ulmaz,
CLJ^J^l la-
Immunity,
s.
^U!
eman;
mu"afiyy6t,jL^<!
imtiyaz.
Impair,
v.o.
<j^j
b6zmak,
Impale,
v.a.
(juSja
kXzzklamak.
Impalement,
s.
<C*JjJjlJf
kAzikloma.
Impart,
v.a.
CX^j
VErmek;
^
tebligh-et,
cX^.^Mj
suweylEmek.
Impartial,
a. c-Q^T><
munszf,
munszfanE.
{.j*j*J
ghechid-VErmaz.
Impassable,
a.^*l^
ghechilmaz;
Impatience,
s.
(^j^j**
sXbrszzlek.
Impatient,
a.
\~>j~0
sXbrszz.
Impeach,v.a.
\\j-
J
millet-mejlissi-huzurinda-da"wa-et.
Impeachment,
s.
^Jjj^^^*Jjs^cu*%L<
CJl^*cjJl^cJ
millet
-mejlissi-huzur-
inda-da"wa-etmeklik.
Impede,
v.a.
jlJt
mani*'-61,
!*-i^j
men"-et,
cX^j
te~> sektE-vErmek.
Impediment,
s.
^Jt<
mam",
<tex-a
sekts;
of
speech,
C^&dj
pelteklik.
Impel,
v.a.
^^-9
sevk-et.
Impenitent,
a. /jl) -.-c
ghayri-nadim.
Imperative,
a. <uLl
amiranE;
<-^H/^
zaruri; mood,
s.
j^
&**0
sJgha-
-i-emr.
Imperceivable,
0"jAj
ghyMrulmaz.
Imperfect,
a.
ip^ajl)
nakiss,
eksik,
j*L*J\J
na-tAmAm,
ghayri-tAmm.
Imperfection,
^J^a&
noksan,
eksiklik,j^ai
kussur, !*-*+
"ayb.
Imperial,
a. <0la>li
shahanE,
padishahanE.
IMPERTINENCE
[ 156] IMPROBABILITY
Impertinence,
s
Impertinent,
a.
Impervious,
a.
rain,
j^sr^
Impetuous,
a.
sbiddetli,
Impetus,
5. L
Impiety,
s. c
Impious,
a.
"arszzlzk.
2z,J*Jt>l
edebsiz.
f
ghechilm^z
;
to
*
ya^mur-ghechm^z.
JJo-
hiddetli,
JjJui
hzzlz.
[kuvvet,
iJ
zor.
sur'^t,
j>-
hiz;
Cijy
*~:J^
dinsizlik,
Ji
kyufr.
kyafir,
~~O
dinsiz,
kyafir
anE.
Implement,
s. c^J! alet
(;?/.
tjj!l
alat).
Implicate,
v.a.
^j&J*j\s
kArzshdzrmak.
Implicit,
a.
J^l^ kyamil,
/\J
tAmm;
^A^
zzmni.
[niyaz-et.
Implore,
v.a.
<Jk^yV.
y^lvarmak,
tjLj
Imply,
v.a.
^\
(^4^^>
mutaz^mmin-61,
^
1 X jli! L^
zzmnan-if^dE-et,!
t^Jil J de-
Impolite,
a.j^^Jj
terbiyyEsiz. [lalet-et.
Impoliteness,
.
cJl^<UJ^terbiyy^sizlik.
Import,
s. lijc<
ma"na;
A^^<
mefhum;
-J\ idkhal
; ,
v.a.
kharijdan
-
ghetirmek
;
dXiJj^=(jJc>-^l>-
kharijdan-ghe-
tirtmek,
\
JU-jl
idkhal-et
;
^^^^^^
hukmu-61,j!
JtsL
J
dMdili.61,j!
J^J^
medkh^lz-61.
Importance,
s.
quXtAJbt
ehemmiyyet;
J^i3
nufuz
;
of
,
j^L^u^LU-
khl-
tm-saylir
; +* muhimm.
Important,
a. +< muhimm
;
j^LU
khAtm-sayilir,^!*^
mu"t6bEr.
Importer,
s. ^
r
^>~ &xz><\
^J^lL
j^l^jb ^J^l dzsharidan-emti^a-jelb-
-eden-bXzzrghyan.
Imports,
5.
^/.
C^^IU^J^
idkhalat.
Importunate,
a.js** mu"jiz,jJ
ta"jiz-eder.
Importune,
v.a.
J^ojAl.^^
szkz'shdzrmak,
l^js^
ta"jiz-et,
l/^^
ibram-et.
Impose,
v.a.
<j!^*J
k6mak,
^i'^^Lcb
bX^Alamak,
\
^e$
wXz"-et
;
upon,
\i)j?j\
6yun-et,
^'/ijWl
Aldat-
Imposing,
a.
^uJ^
heybetli. [mak.
Imposition,
5.
^?j
wlz"
;
(jj^
6yun,
CJ^
dek,
<d.o- hflE.
[imkyan.
Impossibility,
s.
^jlC^I
^Jor
"adem-i-
Impossible,
a.
Jlsr*
muhal,
ghayri-mumkin,
-'1-imkyan. [kyaz
Impostor,
5.
.^r^,
yalXnjz,
C-^Jo
Imposture,
s.
^s>-
hzlE,
(^^
6yun,
CJ^ dek,
c-$jJ
or
<>^L
d6Ub.
Impotence, Impotency,
5.
CJi^lc
"inmnlik.
[ghayrz-muktedir.
Impotent,
a.
(^z
"innin
;
jAzLo j+s.
Impracticable,
a.^xxiLb
yXpilamaz.
Impregnable,
a.
^c&A\
Xlmam^z,
i^jL^j+z^j+s?**
tesskhzri
-
ghayri
-
-mumkin.
Impregnate,
v.a.
|^tf
te'sir-et
;
jj\3
CL>\
te'slr-etdirmek,
<^'UL-xo
s^
messammatma-.ghechirmek
;
L?
gbebE-et.
Impression,
5.
j-3
U te'sir
j
yl
esssr
;
^
z^nn,
(j^Uj kzyass.
Imprison,
v.a.
\\j~+s>-
hXbss-et,
l
ti
^jsr*
J
tessjln-et,
(J~*\**
kApAinak.
Imprisonment,
.
(j~^>-
hlbss.
[mal.
Improbability,
5.
JU-^1
/*J^ "admiihti-
IMPROBABLE [157]
INCENSE
Improbable,
a.
-muhtemil,
Improper,
a.
Impropriety,
5.
betszzlik.
Improve,
v..
ghayri-
ghayn-me'mul.
layzkszz,
J*&&
munasse'betszz.
U-yU* munasse'-
ilerilEmek
;
l^
lyilEshmek;
ghyuzellEshmek
;
LLX-<j
.;
^t-j^
yoluna-ghirmek;
,
v.a.
cJ^j
Jol
ilerilEtmek
;
viXe^*Xliij\
TyilEshdir-
mek,
(jJv^tXlJJj^^s
ghyuzellEsh-
dirmek,!
J-tf!
zsslah-etj^^J^J^bbJ
daha-bir-y61un-k6mak.
Improvement,
5. -.^Lj^ ?sslah.
[iktiyylt.
Improvidence,
s. ^\*&>-\
/*Ac
"dm-i-
Imprudent,
a.J*Jjlc
"iklszz, ,Jt>
deli.
Impudent,
a.
j~J^-
"arss'z,
J**^jl
edebsiz,
JjL>-
hayasszz.
Impulse,
5.
<dfcj
vehlE;
on the first
,
*t$jU<djbj
vehlE*i-ulada.
Impunity,
s.
^liuJj!
u^J (jJjJjW*
mujazatdan-beri-61maklik ;
with
,
<djUU ib
bila-muklbelE,
^Ls^
L
bila-mujazatin.
Impure,
a.
j^-j
piss,
j\^j*
murdar,
(j-^sT nejiss,
cJbli
na-pak.
Impurity,
s. CJi--J
pisslik
;
C)J^b \3
na-paklik.
Imputation,
s. jli 1 issnad
;
lc
"azv.
Impute,
v.a.
ClX^^
vErmek, ULJ
issnad-
et,
1
jj
"azv-et.
In,
jor.
<L>
E, a,
JJ
dE, da;
^icsr!
ichina,
ichinda,
teJjjJ
derunina,
deruninda;
Ko
zarfma,
A
jo
zarfznda
;
8&>jjj*>
mururinda
;
ALJ
ila;
^.^ol
iken.
Inability,
s.
LL^~--ijlj
kAbiliyye'tsizlik
;
Inaccuracy,
s.
^l^V.
yang^feh,
JQA
sehv.
Inaccurate,
a.
,^-^V.
y&ngilish (yanish),
-iVs^^-x.
ghayn-sahih. [-hor^kEt.
Inaction,
s.
L^-OJ=>-
/*Xc "adm-i-
Inactive,
a.
J-^J
tenbel.
[-kifayet.
Inadequacy,
5. eu-olft
^Jk^
"adm-i-
Inadequate,
a.
yetishmaz,
,
Inattention,
5.
^j
Inattentive,
a.
J
Inaudible,
a. \
Inaugurate,
v.a.
Inauguration,
i
kyiishad.
Inauspicious,
a.
^^^rsU;
menhus.
Inborn, Inbred,
a.
^>_cL>-
khzlkz,
jibilli, ,<*^
tXbi"z.
Incapable,
a.
UJi(jAil\ Elindan-ghEl-
maz,
jJa^o^c
ghayn-muktedir, Jjblli
na-ehl,
Js^lc
"ajiz.
Incapacitate,
v.a.
(j*>jjj ^^cu^-^L?
sXla-
hiyyetmi-b6zmak.
Incapacity,
s. c^-^L?/**
-sllahiyyet, t^-ltoUtX
-ehliyyet.
Incendiary,
5.
^s?'^y
kundAkji;
mufsid,
cJ^s.'*
muharrik.
Incense,
5.
cJJj^
ghyunluk,
bukhur
;
cs^o
Jj^fi
'ubudiyyet
; ,
v.a. /
^jtS-J kizdirmak,
ghayrz-kyafl.
J dikkAtsj'zlik.
dikkXtsfz.
ishidilmaz.
kyushad-et.
ressmi-
INCENTIVE
[158] INCREASE
dXnltmak,
cXc^J^r>-4^=
ghyuJEndir-
mek.
[(J^L
sa"ik,
*3^J^
taziyanE.
Incentive,
s.
-"?~'
sebeb,e
r^-j'
mujib,
Incertitude,
5.
&&>
shiibhE, cXl
shekk,
LT-^jyil^
meshkyukiyyet.
Incessant,
a. 9\iQ\t la
-
yihikAtz'",
ardi
-
arassz- 61
-
mayAn.
Inch,
5.
(jAj)
parmak,
^**t
ussbu".
Incident,
s. *jtc
madds,
X&s
fzkra,
; ,
a
*$
lazzm.
[ittif
akz.
Incidental,
a.
i^j^
"^razf,
Incite,
v.a.
\<^ij2*?
tahrik-et,
\
tahriz-et,
Ic-^^cy
terghzb-et.
Inclement,
a. l^LJ
fzrtznalz;
-
Inclination,
5.
Ju* meyl
;
c^--^
ragh-
bet,
C3cwil isstek,
^iJbl^rs-
khahish.
Incline,
u.w. !
J^< meyl-et, ^^'V.
yt-
raak
;
^
J-jUj
ma'il-61,
jljkwst
issti''dad-ghyusstErmek;
+j
raghbet
-
et,
cXiSu!
\^J^T
jAni
-
isstEmek
; ,
v.a.
J^y
l>
yab'rmak,
1^1 tl
imalE-et,
c3"^^
J-^<
meyl-vErmek.
Inclined,
a.
JSU
ma'il
;
Jjeu^o mussta-
"idd;
jj^a-i^
isstekli,
^^A
isste^Ai-6lAn,
(^>^(^^J
raghbeti-
-6Un.
[lef-et.
Inclose,
v.a. \ 4?1>-1 ihatE-et
;
\ c-fiJ
Include,
v.a. \
Jib
dakhil-et
;
shamil-61,
_jl.J^*J
shumuli-61, K
Xlmak,
!^Ux\
ihata-et,
mushtemil-61.
Incog, Incognito,
a.
J^.<Xo
tebdH.
Incoherent,
a.
j~b*j
rXbtsiz.
Incombustible,
a. UJb
yanm^z.
Income,
s.
j|^j!
rrad
;
C^Oj^j
variyyet,
j^K
ghelir. [-vErghissi.
Income-tax,
s.
\^*$ji) &j*\
irad-
Incompetence, Incompetency,
5. *Jai
tr ->-^
"adm-i-sAlahiyyet.
Incompetent,
a.
J&1U
na-ehl,
J^J^ljjl
erbAb'-di0rM,
^ul^
SAlahiyyetsiz.
Incomplete,
a. cX-^i eksik,
nakiss,
/Ujl)
na-tAmlm,
ghayrz-tAmm.
Incomprehensible,
a.
j**L$ij==i
shilm^z
(ann^shzlmaz).
Inconsiderable,
a.
j\
Xz,
JJJ>
^^
kuchuk, rA*tf
s^ghzr
;
\
*-
JUZ
1.
Inconsistent,
a.
J^Uai^^c
ghayn-muta-
tabzk,
j^^^J^^5%^
bir-WAktz-
-bir-wXkt/na-uym^z,
iLJj^-^L-^-o^
bir
-
swzu
-
bir
-
siizuna
-
uym^z,
Inconstancy,
s.
j\Js
A^Xa "adm-i-klrar.
Inconstant,
a.
j^j*
kXrarsiz,
J*-J\-J
sebatsz'z
;
lJ^*J
bi-wefa.
Inconvenience,
s.
C^v^>-j
zahmet.
Inconvenient,
a.
J-r-.
>
>^
rahtsz'z,
szkfndz,
AJ JCsiu-o s^kmdtlt.
15 klrishdtr-
Incorporate,
v.a
mak,
\^o
mezj-et; JUJ'li'
kltmak.
Incorrect,
a.
^j^^.
yangilish (yanish)
^s*j+e.
ghayri-sahih.
Increase,
s.
^jbj
ziyad^,
^V.^j^
izdiyad,
z
; ,
v.n.
CX^-J
biyu-
INCREDIBLE [159]
INDIGESTIBLE
mek;
^>\
artmak,
^!U>- ch6-
,
CJ^Vj
ziyadElEnmek,
CX*jJ*J\jj
ziyadElEshmek,
(J^j>
izdiyad-bulmak,
trkk/-bulmak,
jlj\J^o
muzdad-61,
mutorakki-61
; ,
v.a.
J
biyutmek
;
(j*<*j\
arti'rmak,
Incredible,
a.
JA\J\IJ\
inamlm^z,
Incredulous,
a.
J^j
inanm^z,
jyUjJ
ghyiij-inanzr.
Incubation,
5.
^**z>-
huzun.
Inculcate,
r.a.
^*^i*J
ta"lira-et,
Incumbrance,
s.
jb
bar,
cJ^>
yiik,
Incur,
v.a.
^Jjjc.-y^l
Xrayub-bulmak,
rmek,
cl
Incurable,
a.
J^cjl J^JU-i
shifa-kAbul-
Incursion,
5. ..J^ Akm.
[-etmaz.
Indebted,
a.
Tj^.
b6rjlu,
medyun
;
j^^
mejbur.
Indecent,
a.
^--^ "ayb,
C->jt
^
mughayiri-fedeb.
Indeed,
ad. <j^Jusb~
hlklkXt,
hlkikltcn,
dAJis fl-'l-hAkika
;
,
c. Jlj bHE
;
'
?
^i^j^s
ghErchekmi,
^e<djjl
wylEmi.
Indefatigable,
a.
**lj
y6rulm^z,
J
y6rulmak-bilm^z.
Indefinite,
a. U
na-mahdud,
.*c
ghayri-mahdud,
-
ghayrz
-
mu"ayyen
; article,
5.
harf-i-tenkir.
Indemnify,
v.a. \+MJ tXzmin-et.
Indemnity,
s.
(
^^
tXzmln,
lJ+
j^J
bera'atu-'z-zimmE.
Independence, Independency,
s.
Isstiklal.
Independent,
a. <fcJbb
L
Julb
bXshlt-
-bXshma,
JsTJ
kh6d-b^-kh6d,
c
kendi-kendina;
c
SEr-besst,
^jiii^
mutlAk,
musstAkzll
;
J^UJS^^<i^l^l
kim-
SEyE-muhtaj-di^rAil;
^rjj
zEnghin.
Index,
5.
^^U^dJjl^
sbwhadet-
-parma^Az;
(j-y^i
fihriss,
L^-w^3
fihrisst.
[tan.
India,
5. JCJ&
hind,
h^J>:A hindiss-
Indiaman,
5.
-sefer-eden-gbemi.
hinda-
Indian,
a.
Indian-corn,
s.
Indian-ink,
s.
hindi.
missir-
chmi-
-murekkfib.
India-rubber,
5.
pUriU komnastik.
Indicate,
v.a.
l isharet-61.
Indifference,
s.
delalet-et,
kaydsizlzk,
"adEmi-temeyyul,
AAC
m
~+r.j
"adEmi-raghbet.
Indifferent,
a.
J-3A.J
kaydsiz,
JuS^I la-
-kayd,
J^J^Jo^JLLi^
wlzifEssindE-
-di^Ail
;
^
t ^
hep-bir,^j|y
bErabsr,
v^^
la-fark; -c^l-J
baya^rAi,
"adl,
^U
Indigenous,
a.
jL>
yi;rli.
Indigestible,
a.
j\
A^
hAzmf-ghyiich.
t,
U
fina,
\J
[klba.
INDIGESTION
[160]
INFERNAL
Indigestion,
s. u^jLJ^J^co mi"dE-fes-
sadi,
fcw<! imtila.
Indignant,
a.
^j^i>.^i
ghyuJEnmish,
jjjL*!^J
dXrelmzsh.
[dlrghznlzk.
Indignation,
s.
e^^ic ghAzAb,
^*~&j\
^
Indignity,
s. A*U^oJo
bkd-mu"am6lE,
Indigo,
s.
<^.f>-
chivid.
Indispensable,
a. +&\ ehemm,
*irU>
mutahAttem,
AjS
UUx< mutlAka-lazzm.
Indisposition,
s. cJh**&-^
keyfsizlik,
inhzrlfz
-
mizaj
;
isstEmameklik,
*Ju:
'adEmi-raghbet.
Indisputable,
c. J ,< musellem.
Indistinct,
a.
J*^L
bellisiz.
Indistinctness,
5.
CJ^-*jUJ
bellisizlik.
Individual,
5.
t^S
fsrd,
^fij
nefsr,
L^
kishi
; ,
a.
y^l
ayrz,
J^fti^o
mun-
Indolent,
a.
J.oJ
tenbel.
[ferid.
Indorse,
v.a.
\
&<*& j J^
kXbul-vE-
-tAssdlk-et.
Induce,
v.a.
\(Jj*
s^vk-et,
tahrlk-et,
jl^-^
sebeb-61.
Indulge, v.w.j!
$z~*
mubt^la-61,
CX<;^
kendini-vErmek
; ,
v.a.
\ *JucL~ mussa"adE-et.
[M
ibtila.
Indulgence,
s. ^J^L^c mussa"dE
;
Industrious,
a.
^IfcJU*
chAh'shkAn,
jUtCl^t
ishghyuzar,
/tXJU mukdim.
Industry,
5.
^jLliUJl^
chAlzshkXnlzk,
CJ-^J^ljl
ishghyuzarlik,
^1^1
ik-
dAm
;
t^^Jp-
hirfet,
L^vdx^ Sana-
Inebriated,
a.
ij^f>~j*
ser-kh6sh.
["at.
Inefficient,
a.
<J.J^
^ na-ehl.
Inert,
a.
<^J
tenbel.
Inertia,
5. c^!lki "italet.
Inestimable,
a.
J^
ti-tXkdir-61unamaz.
Inevitable,
. e<tjj
kurtulunamaz,
Inexact,
a.
i>~&\\ yangzlizsh.
Inexcusable,
a.
J*odJJjk
JJ&A*
ma"zur-
-tutulam^z.
Inexperienced,
a.
L^p
c
"iJEmT,
uJa-*
miibte'di,
L-^jsr ^.^
ghayri-mujerreb.
Infamous,
a. v_^-*c
"ayb, <Jj<3;
rezil,
i^$\j~ij
russvay,
J*j^l)
namussuz.
Infamy,
.
<*z^\<Jj
rezalet,
(J^^j
russvaylik,
^j~~ij<*\j
namusssuzluk.
Infancy,
s.
^Jjb>^>-
ch6jukluk,
C^?jLtf
sAbavet,
d^J*A
tufuliyyet.
Infant,
s.
^Js>-^
ch6juk,
(J^Tj^iJ^y
ufXk-ch6juk,
cXo bebek.
[k6ri.
Infantry,
s.
L^SL-c^jLj
piyadE-"Ass-
Infatuation,
s. C-XLl^ delilik.
Infection,
s.
<bjL:<j^Lfr
"illeti-sariyyE
;
ljfisi$ji
bulashzklzk
;
L^oL-s
sirayet.
Infectious,
a.
<-jLj
sarz,
j?
ghechEr,
j*$
bulashzr.
Infer,
v.a.
(J*>^\
anglamak (annamak),
^<^\ju>.
ch^karmak,
IJ^Ja-jl
isstid-
lal-et.
[isstidlal.
Inference,
s. li** ma^na
;
J)I
JCL-J!
Inferior,
a.
^\~>\
Xsha^z,
^
J dun
;
^clj
baya^Az,
Lsfsna; ,
s.
<jJys?
kuchuk,
dbw-4o
^j jj
1
a 4^3
j
J L ma-
-dunda-olAn-kimessnE.
Infernal,
a.
^^>~
jihEnnEmT,
^yUo-2>
;
UicJj
pek-fina.
V
f
INFIDEL [161]
INHERIT
[nfidel,
s.^ili
kyafir,
-bi-'llah.
Infidelity,
s. S&
kyufr,
mimkir-
wefa
;
adEmi-"hsmet
;
adEmi-"iffet.
[nfinite,
a. iuU
na-mute'nahi,
&lg*J bi-nihayE,
&lO
bi-ghayE.
infirm,
a. LA-J
sakAt,
UJ
"nfirmary,
5. <5jl>-<u*,;=U khlssta-khanE.
[nfirmity,
5. ui^Lc,
"illet,
t3^c)
d^rd;
kussur,
inflame,
mek; t
mek.
"alevlEndir-
[nar,
inflammable,
a.
pll iltihab-ghetir-
tutushur.
"alev-ila-ya-
'nflammation,
s. t
>l^s!|
iltihab,
C
hamret.
nflate,
v.a. C
wa-d61d
urup-
shishirmek.
'nflexible,
a. UJal
e^Ailmaz
;
.jJOJwaJ!
ha-
nflict,
v.a. I
-et,
'
tertlb-VE-ijra-
nfluence,
s. JAJ
nufuz;
Jf\j
te'sir;
hukm
; ,
v.a. C
swz-ghechirmek,
CJ^/c
mek
(dinEtmek)
;
l^Jt
te'slr-et.
nfluential,
a. &j
nufuz-sahibi,
nfluenza,
s.
*\j
zukkyam,
&j)
nezls,
j^J
n^wazil.
nform,
v.a. tj3*
*
mek,
cJ**JJ^**j
suweylEmek.
Informant,
5.
(j^,^ jf>
s:
<
mukhbir.
Information,
s.
ma"lumAt,
JLC "ilm.
[-har^kit.
Infraction,
s.
d~^>-
.jU^c
miighayzr-
Infringe,
v.a.
^)$
b6zmak,
IJL^l
ikblal-et,
!c^^>-
t^U^o
mughay/r-
-har6kEt-et.
Infringement,
s.
^3
nXkz.
Ingenious,
a.
(person)
jJb
hunErli,
hezar-ffinn
(hezarifJEnd)
;
ma"-
(thing)
jJb
hunErli,
rifetli,
Ingenuity,
s.
jJt>
hunEr,
ma"rifet, e^-*i*? san"ot,
Ingenuous,
a.
sadE-dil,
-suweylEr.
Ingot,
s.
&^ kywlchs,
^--.-j seblkE.
Ingraft,
v.a.
J^JLfcl
Ishlamak.
uz'u-murekkib
Ingratitude,
5.
(jjjj^jlj
nan-kywrluk
(nAmkyMuk),
c^^^i^A^
kyufr
Anz-
-m"met.
Ingredient,
5.
L-
(pi.
rfL^ou^j^-l
ejza'i-murekkibE)
Ingress,
5.
^A,-,^
ghirish
; cX
ghirEJek-yEr
;
medkhal.
Inhabit,
v.a.
oturmak,
X0 mut^mekkin-61.
Inhabitant,
s.
^
ysrli,
^L
sakin
(pi.
sekEnE), Qj/.)
JW
Inhale,
v.a.
cX^^j^^ljlL-^)
nefessla-
-icheri-chekmek.
[mirass-yemek.
Inherit,
v.a.
INHERITANCE
[162] INSANITY
Inheritance,
s
verasset
;
t.
Inheritor,
5.
mirasskh6r.
Inhuman,
a.
i
i
Inimical,
a.
khAssm,
Inimitable,
a.
j
mz,
t*i
mirass,
L^Jijj
irss,
CJj^J'
tevaruss.
\*
variss,
insaniyyetsiz.
dushmEn, *-->
khussumetli.
jjju tXklld-oluna-
Iniquitous,
a. Jc-'U fassid.
Iniquity,
s. *U
ghywnah,
fissk-u-fujur, L^-x-^a*^ ma"siyyet.
Initiate,
v.a.
CX*-^
yolunu
-
ta"llm-et.
Injudicious,
a.
jJjlc
"Xklszz,
uyghunsuz,Ju."..>^U^)
munass^betsiz.
Injunction,
5.
^of
emr
(emir),
tenbih,
(j^j\*~*
siparish.
Injure,
v.a.
\jj*
z^rar-et,
1
'
i^*\
bozmak,
cX*^,j
Ji>-
khalel-
vErmek,
IJirM
ikhlal-et.
Injurious,
*>}/*
zaraili,
j*d*
muzirr.
Injury,
s>jj&
zarar,
Jir^.
khalel,
d-'^U-j
skamet,
^^UaJL;
sakAtlfk.
[hXkkszzlzk.
Injustice,
s..*&
ghXdr,
J^
zulm,
Jpj*Ji>-
Ink,
5.
L^i^o
murekkEb
; ,
v.a.
red
,
5.
iyj
surkh.
Inkstand,
5.
^-j^Ubs-c-^J
-hokkassi,
<U^- hokka.
Inlet,
5.
j\
\ghiz,
jl^^J
Inn,
s. ,.A>-
khln,
murekkEb-
[ky^rfez.
16kAnda,
z^rarsiz.
bid"dt,
u
sayzlmoiz,
la-yuhsa.
lL&l
Inner,
a.
^jj/sT
icheriki,
JU^b
dakhilT.
Innermost,
a.
^aJ^csHcJi
en^-iche-
rid^ki.
Innkeeper,
5.
.^yjjljj
16kXndaji.
Innocence,
5.
jji^-S^-lj
kXbahatszzlzk,
L^
^...-^^j-x-^c
ma"sumiyyet,
t^.
L^-v<J bera'^ti-zimmet.
Innocent,
a.J
^>-LJJ
kXbahatszz,
.
beriyyu-'z-zimmjE,
*y&x..<
ma sum.
Innocuous,
a.
Innovation,
s.
yen^i-ussul.
Innumerable,
a.
la-yu"dd,
Inoculate,
v.a.
J^elL&l
Xshlamak
;
chichek-Xshlamak.
Xshlamaklik.
9 z^rarsiz.
teftish-ressmT.
Inquire,
v.a.
^ojy^
sormak,
\
J
>J-
sii'al-
-et;
\j\~Ja*A
isstifsar-et;
ULe 1 issti-
"lam-et
;
1 IXA^J! isstifta-et
;
\^~r^
tejesssuss-et,
\^js^
tah^rrT-et.
Inquiry,
5.
(J^jye
s6rush,
J!jj
su'al
;
isstifsar
;
/iL-J issti"lam
;
isstifta,
(j~
-sT
1
tejesssuss,
u^o^
t^harri
;
(j^j^
pursish.
Inquisitive,
a.
y$\j*
merXklz,
^Sajj^-
j\j*>e
ch6k-shey-sorar.
Inroad,
s.
^JJl
Xkm.
Insane,
a.
^J^
deli,
(j^^f"
chilghin,
^^s-ljj
kXchzk,
cj)*-?*
mejnun.
Insanity,
s. cJLJj delilik,
chilghznlzk,
J^Sa^Vj
kach&h'k,
jinnet,
^y&r
junun.
Inoculation,
Inoffensive,
Inquest,
5.
INSATIABLE [
163
]
INSTINCT
Insatiable,
a.
jjjjp*.^
doymak-bilmrtz,
.1 U5^J
da'ima-aj.
Inscribe,
v. a.
J-cjV.
yazmak,
\ Jui*
kayd-
-et,
1
jijoc
tahrir-et.
Inscription,
s.
oj^.
yaz<
;
&li kitabE.
bwjek, (pi.)
C^l^Lr*-
hAsharAt.
[emm-di^il.
kdrkulur,
J^J^j-^ol
emniyyetsizlik;
hisss-etmz
;
bayzlimsh,
sokmak,
Insect,
s. LL
hXsharAt.
Insecure,
a.
Insecurity,
s. C.
a^Lls"
mukhAtara.
Insensible,
a.
y
bilmaz
;
B<
blkh&d.
i Insert,
v.a.
***
sokushdurmak
\
Insertion,
5.
~j
derj. [idkhal-et.
ll
Inside,
s. *\
ich,
)j*f\
icheri,
(*jjj<3
derun,
J^^J
dakhil; ,
a.
^J^J
dakhill.
I Insinuate,
v.a.
<J-4J^!A^
JjJ>
J
bir-y61-
ila-anglrttmak (annatmak), i^j
Tma-
-et
;
one's
self,
J>/*JJ^
s6kulmak.
|
Insipid,
a.^
jib tatsz'z.
Qezzetsizlik.
!
Insipidity,
5.
cJ>Jj
Jib
tats/zlzk,
cJl^-
J3J
vaz-ghechma-
mutlXk-isstEmek.
SErkhosblik.
edebsizlik,
Insist,
v.w.
mek,
Insobriety,
Insolence,
s.
"irstzltk.
Insolent,
a.
J
J j!
edebsiz,
J-^lc
"arsz'z,
^.l^-^
kyusstakh
;
OU-li-^
kyussta-
khanE.
[(j-i^o
mufliss.
Insolvent,
.
^^-la^,
mufliss
; ,
s.
Inspect,
v.a.
J^c^J
yoklamak
;
Ici^lkJ
n.\zaret-et,
U^>U^c mu"ayenE-et.
Inspection,
s.
<Ujy.
y6klama,
cl^ai
nAzaret
;
<^jU^e
mu"aydnE.
Inspector,
s.
( ^^<ul5y
t yoklamji
;
of
schools,
J+A-*
mumeyyiz.
Inspiration,
5.
.c^-j
vahy,
/
^iX^-j^ij
nefess
-
chekishi
;
ta"lim,
(JP^-J
teshvzk.
Inspire,
v.a.
1*1$
ilham-et,
id-Jb
j
vahy
-
tarzkJla
-
bildinnek
;
j
yure^ina-k6mak
;
1**
ta"lim-et, IJjU teshvlk-et,
; ,
v.n.
nefess-hekmek,
^
s61uk-Xlmak.
Instalment,
5.
k^*
Ju
tXksit,
kJI kzsst.
Instance,
5.
l>-j
rija,
jL)
niyaz
;
u-oJ>,j
teklif
;
C-y
J da'Vet
;
Jll
missal,
i3^/*3
numune
;
<UJJ
def"a,
^kEiTE;
,
v.a.
IjjyJ
Jli^o
missal-irad-et.
Instant,
5.
^
an,
<ULJ-5
dXkika,
*J
dem
; ,
a.
^yu*
skz,
/*y^
mubrem.
Instantly,
arf.
(J^>^^
dEr-hal,
t-^&C;t}
dfir-'^zkab,
^J^l
anida.
Instead,
arf.
^>r> yfirina,
(J^^^J^
<#
bedel-61arak,
JjJ
bedel,
JJjJ bedelan.
Instep,
s.
( JX-i^cJxl>\
aya^Aenp'-iisstu,
ClXacbl
injik.
Instigate,
v.a.
^JK^JU^J
kmdzrmak,
(J"*fy
ayartmak,
J^iLo^J
parmak-
lamak,
IcJoys^
1
tahrlk-et,
tahriz-et,
l^Jj^LJ
teshvzk-et.
Instigation,
s.
CJJ^asT
tahrik,
j^/a?
tahriz,
^^J
teshvzk.
Instinct,
5.
^N-T^
hisss,
(
hisssz-haywAnl.
N 2
INSTITUTE
[164] INTERCESSOR
Institute>
s. L-^-X,* mektEb
;
ka-"idE,
$y0y*
mevzu"
; ,
v.a.
^c^U-5>-
chzkarmak,
^LL$>lj
bXsh-
lamok,
\ 9\&->\ ibda"-et,
ikhtira"-et
;
\^*&j
wXz"-et,
tErtib-et,
^^.^b'
te'siss-et.
Instruct,
v.a.
C^^^^l
wp^retmek,
1*J
\
ta
lim-et,
'j^-JjjJ
tednss-et.
Instruction,
s. Ac.
"ilm,
Cl^LejLcma"lu-
mlt
;
*!*'' ta"lim,
(j~}j<
tedriss
;
d^zss?
tahsil
; ~s,
s.
pi.
ta"lmiAt.
Instructor,
s.
te>-\js>-
kh6ja
;
Instrument,
s. L^!l alet
(pi.
Cl?^1
alat).
Insubordinate,
a.J
SLclk! ita"atsiz.
Insubordination,
s.
^jjl-afi
Ibl ita"atsizlik.
Insufferable,
a.
J^o^uJj^J^aer
t^hammul-
-61unamaz.
Insufficient,
a.
v*jlj\
elvErmaz,
U-i*^>
yetishmaz, U^iu^oUd kifayet-etm^z,
<^\ jt^
ghayn-kyafl.
Insult,
5.
C-jU" hXkaret; ,
v.a.
nlmussa-d6kunmak.
Insupportable,
a.
^-/*J^
chfekilm^z,
L^^lj^J^rsr
tahammul-olunamflz.
Insurance,
s.
&j)*~>
sighurta
;
com-
pany,
s.
^**j<U3 U'-ejJ <Oj4X*-j
sighurta-
c6mpanyassi.
Insurgent,
s.
^^Vc
"assz.
Insurrection,
5.
^3^1)1
ayaklanzsh,
^jLa^
"zssyan, (jl^*k tughyan.
Integer,
s.
-^^^
^^ "adedi-sahlh.
Integrity,
5. L^-w^eUj
tXmAmiyyet
;
doghruluk,
L^vftl-> issti-
klmet.
Intellect,
s.
JAC "aid,
^3
zihn.
Intellectual,
a.
L
Jjb "Xkli,
Jl'U
"ikfl.
Intelligence,
s.
Jic "ikl,
<Uji-CJ^
kuvveti-"AkliyyE, +p
fehm,
cJ^jl
idrak,
uJ
zekya,
Cl^Uj
zekyavet,
L^-^^jJ
dirayet,
LS^OlLi
ftanet;^^
khXbEr,
d^lxcjbt^)
ma^lumAt.
InteUigent,
a.
^Jjb
"ildlf,
JSU
"ikfl,
^J
zekl^bljJ
dirayetli,
^Ja-
fatm.
Intemperance,
5. c3i' Cj bekrilik.
Intemperate,
a.
c^-j
SErt,
Jj<Xl
shedld,
&&&- hadid
;
u^J
bekri
;
na-pErhlzkyar.
Intend,
v.a.
^Cl^j niyyet-et,
niyyetinda
-
61,
\ >->/^' tXssmim
-
et,
J^y
kurmak.
[^5%^
s^z'-
Intense,
a.
L2-?^s
SErt,
iXr<x>
shedld;
Intent, Intention,
5. c^.J
niyyet,
>A^*^'
tXssmim,
Jl^c
murld,
JusS kXssd.
Intentional,
a. L^JuaJi
kXssdi,
(j^^as"
6
makhsuss;
ly,
ad.
(jj^^b
bilsrek,
^ <o
Ijk/kc
"amdan,
IjwaJJ klssdan.
Inter,
v.a.
ClXi^i
gbywmmek,
^jjJt)
defn-et.
Intercede,
v.n. \^^\f^>
shifa"at-et,
CX<^ fo\j\
araja
-
ghirmek,
1
\.&-j
rija-et.
Intercept,
v.a.
{j.+5jb
tutmak,
ft
yMunu
-
kessmek
;
Intercession,
.
Intercessor,
^.
rijaji.
iA shim
"at,
l>y
* v\/?-" 1
(Ui shefi
,
c^^J
INTERCOURSE
[165] INTERVAL
Intercourse,
s. i?Ai>)
ikhtilAt,
c:
ulfet,
c^~JVj"C
mu'ane'sset.
Interdict,
s.Jjyii
aforoz,
i*x! la"net
;
,
v.a.
\
jLj
yassAk-et,
1^3
nehy-
-et,
lcji*.
memnu"-et.
Interest,
5.
^^\s
fa'iz,
^u-isj^b
ghyu-
zeshtE,
Uj nema
(nama),
^
ribv,
\jj
riba,
4LcU^> mu"am^lE
j
J^iJ
nufuz,
.LU>
khltzr,
j\~-\
i"tibar
;
L-^-s^
tassahhub,
(*]&'
iltizam,
^1
arka
;
^^sz*
mahabbet
;
<^~~+j
raghbet,
j^j
merak
;
JJJj
telezzuz,
.;.
CM^JI
Al/p-
ClX>.Ab
bilEjek,
CJ^^
ghywrEjek,
<UJb^
wAziffi,
<L^>- hisssE
;
^
r^
gharaz,
tass^hbub
-
etdirmek,
iltizam
-
fetdirmek
;
eylEnJE-VErmek,
IL-^-^^J^J
yii-
re^Aini-jezb-et,
j^tj^Jj
kllba-te'sir-
-et,
CLUjy^=L^^<Uj'
kXlba-rikkXt-
gbetirmek ;
to take an
, C-
SEvmek,
i^lj^ll
iltizam-et,
tsshbub-et
i
to have an
,
j
wXzifEssi-61
;
j\j!
J<Lo>- hisssEdar-61
;
compound , cX^jU *)j\
^^U
^^ojls
fa'iz-ila-fa
f
izin-fa'izi.
Interesting,
a.
Jj/gbyuzel
;^J
J
dilbsr;
Interfere,
v.n.
J^J^li
kArzshmak,
IdsL^ltX* mudakhala-et
;
sektE-VErmek, )\%J\*o
mant"-61.
Interference,
s.
<U->^b
kArzshma
;
<dsv.!j^ mudakhala.
Interim,
&.
^\j\
aralzk,
CLJ<X
muddet;
in the
,
gj&ri^d
dEr-iken
(dsr-'ken),
nada
;
ad
,
L^JJ-<
miiwAkkat
;
l^ijA)
muwAkkatan.
Interior,
s.
^
ich,
^.yj
derun,
J^b
dakhil
;
^Lb
bltm
; ,
a.
^jj^
deruni, .Isi-b
dakhili,
,c^^
bltmi
;
Minister of the
,
(-5.1?l> <uL>b
dakhiliyyE-nazm. [jenazE-defni.
Interment,
s.
^JJ
defn,
^^JyjL^
Internal,
a.
^i^b
dakhili,
^iLt
bAtml.
Interpose,
v.a.
J^J&Jjl araya-k6mak,
Ji^l araya-ghirmek,
tawAsssut-et.
Interpret,
v.a.
\&*>y
tErjumE-et; ,
v.n.
)^LU^>y
tErjumAnlzk-et.
Interpretation,
s.
<Uo^j
tErjume
;
^J^o
ma"na.
Interpreter,
s.
(jU5>y
tErjumln.
Interrogate,
v.a.
ijllail-sl
isstintll^-et.
Interrogation,
5.
jlk^-!
isstintAk
;
note
of
,
j*lyh<j!
L^w}Li
,"alamet-i-
isstifham.
Interrupt,
v, a.
Ci^w-J' kessmek ; \%~^-<
men'^et,
j!^3Uj
mani"-61.
Intersect,
v.a. ^Jo5
kAt"-et;
one
another,
!*J?U3' takAtu"-et.
Interstice,
s.
J^U
aralzk;
Jjl) yank,
Interval,
5.
^jllji
araljk,
^U
ma-beyn.
INTERVENE
[166] INVALIDATE
Intervene,
v.n.
CX*f
ghechmek
;
*J\j\
CX*^ tfraya-ghirmek
;
^J^JysJ^
arada-bulunmak,
j\
JjU-
ha'il-61.
Intervention,
s.
L-JJJ
tavAsssut;
to\j\
cJi*jj araya-ghirmeklik.
Interview,
s. C^tSLc
mulakAt,
ghjmrushma.
Intestines,
s.
pL
-;L?.*J
Intimacy,
s.
ja^j^
^--^
szkz-dosstluk.
Intimate,
a.
^U^sr*
mahre'manE
; ,
s.
ffz*
mahrem; ,
v.a.
LlX<;Ota
bildirmek,
(J.*3\~=\ anglatmak (an-
natmak),
cX<y^j+s*
khXbEr-vErmek,
CX*jJ^j
suweylEmek.
Intimation,
s.
j+s>-
khXbsr,
&\3\
ifads,
^.Ji-J
tebligh.
Intimidate,
v.a.
JJ^Jyj^Js
k6rkutmak,
luJjjsT
takhwif-et,
l^U-1 ikhafE-et.
Intimidation,
5. &iU^ ikhafE.
[derunina.
Into,
^rep.
Aj
E, a,
^U=sT 1
ichina,
iiji
Intolerable,
a.
J^f-
chekilmaz,
'j4^^\
thmmul-61unm^z.
Intoxicate,
v.a.
\<jZjs*-r
SErkhosh-et,
ft-^
keyf-et;
ed,
a. ^_L^
keyf,
sErkh6sh
(sar-).
Intoxication,
5. L-*i-
keyf,
^l^j^^-a
SErkhoshluk
(sar-),^L:
sekir.
Intrench,
v.n.
&H\*Hj*JfA
met^riss-
ypmak,
\
(
^assC
tr/hasssun-et
; ,
v.a.
CX^jfta^-^^W^/-^
met^-
riss-ila-isstihkyam-VErmek.
Intrenchment,
s.
(j~Z<
met^riss.
Intrepid,
a.
Li-^^U
yi^Ait,j^
.5j- jessur,
C^Uo
bibak,
^.^
blpErwa.
Intricacy,
5.
^ji-ili
kArish/kh'k.
Intricate,
a.
(j}
kXrzshzk,
d61^shzk, ciX*-^o mushtebek.
Intrigue,
s. 4iii
fitnE,
jLJ
fessad,
^
oyun;
,
v.n J fitnE-
-chzkarmak,
^J^liL^-jLJ
f^ssad-
-chikarmak,
(^<;^^> ^yj^
oyun-
-chzkarmak.
Introduce,
v.a.
^jtJ^ *js^\
icheri-s6k-
mak;
cX^yx^D jjzf\
icheri-ghetir-
mek,
\
JUr
Jl
idkhal-et;
eXjJ^=
ghyurushdurmek,
<J~*J
*X-.^
^^-^
kon^usbdirrmak,
^^jALJll?
tAm'sh-
dzrmak
;
J>;^?"
ch^karmak,
la^Jol
ibda"-et,
^/^^
ikhtira"-et,
1
Jlssri
Tjad-et
;
(J^-^>-^
^chmak,
^4->-!
lakirdzssmz-achmak;
et;. tvJ& tXkdim-et,
Vj^
ibraz-et.
Introduction,
5. ^UJJi^j mukXddiniE
;
Intrude,
v.n.
J.ysf
tajiz-et,
ishghal-et, j^*jU>
manz"-61.
Intrust,
v.a. ^/fr-i^'
^^^ emanetEn-tess-
lim-et.
Inundation,
s.
J-*-j seyl (sel),
^j-^-^b^
su-bXssmassz
;
^Ij^
tughiyyan.
Inure,
v.a.
^J^oj^^
Xlzshdzrmk.
Invade,
v.a.
(j*<0\]
bAssmak,
j )y^
\^xs?
tejavuz-ve-takhatti-et.
Invalid,
a.
^\*o
j+z
ghayrz-salih, ^y
bosh
; ,
5.
cJjj^^-
churuk
; ,
v.n.
(j,*A+&-tjj)>-
chiiru^Afi
-
chzk-
mak; ,
v.a.
(J^&t^tojjj^-
chu-
ru<7
AE-chikarmak.
Invalidate,
v.a.
(j^j)*
b6zmak,
<< hukmunu-b6zmk.
INVALUABLE [ 167]
ITALIAN
Invaluable,
a.
jUCJJ
pek-kzmetli,
luk^j^*^
lumeti-bilinaniflz.
Invasion,
5.
J^^^
t
tejavuz,
^J
3^ td-
khdtti,
iLxJ isstila.
[tira"-et.
Invent,
v.a. \ A\szT\
ijad-et,
I
t\p>-\
ikh-
Invention,
5. jl^rl
ijad,
^\f>>\
ikh-
tira".
[te'ri*
.
[nventor,
s.
^>-^o
mujid,
f^^*
mukh-
[nventory,
5.
j*s
deftEr.
[nverse,
a. ^
"aksi,
J tErss
;
[nvest,
v.a. \ \~*\
iksa-et,
lu^La^o mut-
tXssif-et;
^J^J'Li}^_5
kushXtmak,
chevirmek,
lpU^ mu-
VErmek.
Investigate,
v.a
\^J,csC taharri
-et.
Invincible,
a. U
Invisible,
a. '*+*
ghywzikmaz.
Invitation,
5. CL>
Invite,
u.a. lc
Invoice,
s.
AJI teftish
-
et
;
et,
\{j~~+s>?
tejesssuss-
[-da'ima.
lj J&iuJI el-muzlffEr-
gbywrunmaz,
\^\y
Involuntary,
a.
tiyari,
Involve, v.a.
IJ^-b
dakhil
Tjab-fetdirmek.
Inward,,
a.
Inwards,
ad.
Ireland,
5.
Iris,
s.
(~i\
da"vet.
da"vet-et.
Ac
"ilm-u-khXbEr,
J deftEr.
la^l -*
ghayri-ikh-
^j
kXrzshdzrmak,
et; C
J dakhili.
=jt
^tjj/sf^l
icheriya-
Irlanda.
Irish,
a.
jljJjS^I
Irlandali.
Iron,5.j^/-.J
timur
(demir), ^>^>"
h^did,
Iron-clad,
a
$*jj
zirhli.
[(^^
ahfin.
Iron-monger,
5.
^JP-JJA+J
demirji.
Irony,
s.
\\^^:\
isstihza.
Irregular,
a.
l^^\Jb\
ittiradszz
;
J-~<l!JLJ
nizAmszz,J-^ollix3!
intizamszz
;J-j^Jk^lJ
ka idESsiz
;
LJ .>
y61suz
;
JLi> shXzz
;
jjy^-ijb
bAshz'-bozuk.
Irreparable,
a.
J^cjJ J^-J>^^*j
ta"mir-
-kAbul-etmz
;
j~**j\^~
charEssiz.
Irresistible,
a.
j<kj^b>j\'i
karshz-ko-
nulm^z.
Irresolute,
a.
j^'^
f- L ^-'^
kendi-
-"Xklzm'-bilmaz,
JJ^
mutereddid.
Irritable,
a.
j\j*?j;*
>
tez-kzzar, CJjl*r
Irritate,
v.a.
(J^>j^j+*
kkdzrmak,
(J-*j
J
dAnltmak.
[km.
Irruption,
.
/^s^
hujum,
yffcA)
bXss-
Isinglass,
5.
^l&'jL^b
bAlik-tutkAli.
Island, Isle, Islet,
s.
4>l Ada,
^Jf-
jezirE.
Ispahan (town of),
5.
^l^R-tf!
issfahan.
Israelite,
5.
^<^J
yhudi.
Issue,
s. j
(>-&+&- chzkajak
-
yir,
T?J^
makhrej,
j-JJ
klpz
;
( ^~~^t
Ays?
nokhud-yakz'ssz
;
<J>-jf~
ch6juk,
j3j!
evlad,
<-^-V.j^
zurriyyet;
cJj-cJ
da"wa,
uJL^^l
ikhtilaf,
X^jU.*
mu araza
; ,
v.n.
^J^tJu^-
chikmak
;
Ic^iU nesh'et-et.
Isthmus,
<?.
jU^J
bog^Xz, Jj
dil.
It,^r.
Jjl
61
(6)
;
^1
Xnz,
6nu
;
Italian,
a. LJW Italia.
ITALY
[168]
JOINT
Italy,
s. U\sj\ Italia.
Itch,
5.
jJ\
uyuz
; ,
v.n.
ghidishmek,
(J.+J*\i
kAshznmak.
Item,
s. Jj* kalsm.
[Xnrn^ki, onun^ku.
Its,
pr.
a. dJ-Jt
Amngr, 6nun^
;
,J&>\
Itself,
pr.
LJ? Jo
kendi,
--
^-^
ken-
dissi
;
^**J
Ja^= kendissini
;
kendissinE.
Ivory,
s.
Li5
ljJ
JJ
fil-dishi.
Ivy,
s. ( Inll* il sarmXshzk.
J.
Jackal,
s.
Jlii>-
chakXl.
[himar.
Jackass,
s. cJ-i>! eshek,
.>
khar,
jl**-
Jackdaw,
s.
*c^lj
dji
Ala-kargh(?).
Jacket,
5.
j^liaix
mintXn.
Jack-ketch,
s. jL-
jellld.
Jail,
s.
^^j
zindAn,
ti\z\~*+s>- hAbss-
Jailer,
s.
(j=zT\AJj
zindAnji. [khanE.
Jalap,
5. *jk>~
jXlapa.
Jam,
s.
J^-;
rechel,
^IjlL
tXtli.
Janissary,
s.
iJtjfS^
yen^ich^ri.
January,
s.
^U^y^
kyanuni-sanT.
Japan,
s.
^jjV.
y^p6nia
;
^)j
rughln;
,
v.a.
fj^j^zjj
rughXn-wurmak.
Japanese,
a.jlw^v
yaponiali.
Japhet,
s.
<*^V. yafeth.
Jar,
s.
u~j*\f
kawan6ss
;
on the
,
ad.
(J^>-\
achik
; ,
v.n.
^*Jij^
Jasper,
s.
^-J
yeshem. [kXrzshmak.
Jaundice,
s. , iL iU? sdrtltk.
W J-/
Jaw,
5. <^>-
chen^E.
Jealous,
a.
*-^\2ji
kbkXnj
;
j^L
ghayur;
hAssud,
Ju*>- hAssedli.
Jealousy,
^.
^sTljjJJ
kzzkAnjlzk,
d^*c
ghayret
;
^*,5* hissed.
Jeer,
v.n. and a.
^4^\j^j
zevklEnmek.
Jehovah,
5.
pj$\
L5
5:^
el-Hayyu-'l-
-Kayyum. [lu"ab.
Jelly,
s. <UjUJ!
elmlssiyyE
;
t-^U!
Jeopardy,
5.
A&f?
tehliks.
[sherif.
Jerusalem,
5. uju -i>
tJ*J^
kudssi-
"j
**
Jessamine,
s.
^^A^
yasse"mm.
Jest,
. ULt
shaka,
^U-Ial ltifE.
Jesus-Christ,
.
^J
^Ji
,5^
Issa-'l-
2>- hzreti-"Jssa.
-Messih,
Jet,
5. <ULJ
Jetty,
5. JL. isskelE.
Jew,
5.
-^^j^
yahudT
; Jewess,
^~jjljj c5J^J
yahudl-kArz'ssz.
Jewel,
s.
Jewels,
s.
pi.
CJ^JJ^sT
mu-
jevh^rat. [jewahirji.
Jeweller,
s.
^sr^jj
kuyumju,
\^-J^fT
Jib,
5.
J^5
flok.
Jibboom,
5.
(jf~h
basstun.
[\J~>\
ish.
Job,
5.
<-r^>J Cl^3>-
hazreti-eyyut
;
Jobber,
s.j\~+*~i
simsar.
Jockey,
s.
,jf^^
bmzjz. [latzfEji.
Jocular,
a. ujW*
tuhaf,
^^^y
Jog, Joggle,
v.a.
(J^ffj\^>
sarssmak.
John
Bull,
s.
jiU
yyjii!
inghilterra-
milleti.
Join,
v.n.
cX^laj
bitishmek,
IjWB
iltihlk-et,
l*tfL< mulasszk
-
ol
;
;
v.a. *
bitishdirmek
;
IjU'l
ilhlk-et;
vXssl-et.
Joiner,
s.
Joint,
s.
cjJ
doghramajz.
ek-yeri;
JOINTLY [169]
JURISCONSULT
6ynak-yEri, J-^a^o
mXfsAl;
out of
,
<J%^~
chzkzk
;
get
out of
;
be
put
out of
,
<J-*%~*-
chzkmak
;
put
out of
,
fJ^j\A^>-
chzkarmak.
> #
Jointly,
ad.
%f~<
musbtere'kEn,
K^i-i
ishtirakfin.
Joint- stock
Company,
L^-^-i>
shirkst.
Jointure,
s.
c5^j^ULcb^>^>-jjj
zevje'ya-
Joke,
s. &M
shakfl,
*%
ltzfE
; ,
v.n.
\ \JL2>
shaka-et,
laiJal lattfE-et.
Jolly,
a.
jlj^J ^
ghyubr
-
yuzlu
;
JL&
keyf;
^Jjj
zevkli; boat,
Jolt,
v.a.
(jA*0j\<0
sarssmak.
[te^ii
fzlika.
Jonquil,
s.
A-Jy
fwlya.
Journal,
s.
*"^j)j
ruznamE;
*Jl^*J\^sj
tAkwimi-vflka'z"
;
J^jj?j
zhurnXl.
Journalist,
s.
^-^T <tJ^-c
ghazetoji,
^-iJj^
jeridEJi.
Journey,
s.
JjJ
y61,
JL^
y61juluk,
j~
sefEr; ,
v.n.
cXc^ ghezmek,
!
(
jLs^
yoljuluk-et,
\
j&~>
sefEr-et.
Journeyman,
s.
^js~$jJ*~b
ghyun-
Joy,
s.
^y*
SEvinj,
L^vJ^^j
mem-
nuniyyet,
j)j*
surur,
j^*>-
hubur,
^yUjLSi
shidumAni.
Joyful,
a.
^.jj***
memnun,
messrur,
jLi sbld
(shlz), j
sbAd urnIn.
Judge,
5.
f^
2"-
hakim,
,j^^
(kAdz),
Xj*
mevia
(molla)
;
deputy
, ^.^jU
*
na'ib
; ,
v.n.
!^-LS
kyass-et
;
-^
znn-et,
"add-et
; ,
v.a. mu-
hukyumet-et.
Judgment,
s. znn,
^-LJ> kzyass
;
hukyum^t;
Ijsj-
jeza,
ib bela
;
day
of
,
^Jfj*
^~\? k^yamet-
-gbyunu
j seat, \^^.<
messnedi-hukyumet.
Judicious,
a.
^DJU
Jug,
s.
^A-^
dessti,
^J~~3
tfcssti.
Juggler,
s.
jl
<U^- hokka-bAZ.
[bazlik.
Jugglery, Juggling,
s.
^j\J&>-
bokka-
Jugular-vein,
s.
<^j^\^s>-
hablu-'l-
Juice,
s.
ya
su
;
^--i>
shzra.
[-vend.
Juicy,
a.
^y0
sulu.
Jujube,
s.
cylxc
"imnlb.
July,
s.
jy
temmuz.
Jumble,
v.a.
^.-ojjJ^li'
kAr/shd/rmak
;
,
s.
^^
(J^J^ &*j
karma-kar-
isbik-shey.
Jump,
s.
(jl^rf*
szchrayish,
j^iJ^J'!
Atlayisb
; ,
v.n.
^<Lsf^
skhramak,
Junction,
s. LaJl ittissAl
; ,J^
telakz
;
Juncture,
s.
(Jp\j\
ralzk,
('*J\
essna,
d-Jj
wXkz't,
^<j
zamAn
;
J^>-
bal.
June,
s.
(^^
t
j
s>
-
baziran.
Jungle,
s.
^J^oj)\
ormAn
;
jj^JP^l^JI^
6rmAnlzk-yEr,
^'~J&^>-
chengbe-
lisstan.
[i^^^
bghlu,
*j!j
zadE.
Junior,
a.
cJ^sr
^j:CUi
sinnja-kucbuk
;
Juniper,
5.
^jf-^1
7T^
ardij-A^AJi
;
berries,
^j*sf
~J\
ardij-tokhmi.
Junk,
s.
^j~+* ^^
chin-ghemissi.
Jurisconsult,
s.
L
<^<
mufti
;
JLiJ fak'ih.
JUKISDICTION
[ 170]
KIND
Jurisdiction,
s.
<*~**<jL>-
hukyumet.
Jurisprudence,
s. ^ai Jx "ilmi-fzkh.
Jurist,
s. <Uai fkzh.
Jury,
s.
L5
~is-'
10
& *
^^i
^/^
d
6n-iki-yemmli-kimessnE-mejlissi.
Juryman,
s.
^Jj cJJjU**J
j&*>
mezkyur-yemmlilerm-bm. [direk.
Jury-mast,
s.
C^J jJVj^
ariyyeti-
Just,
a.
Jjlc
"adil,
uJo-lj^.
hXkk-
-shinass,
c^c.av^
munsif,
^bwU-
hAkkAniyyetli
; ,
ac?. *UJ
tXmam,
/*tf
tAmm,
U>UJ tlmlman
; as,
heman
iken
; now,
-shimdi
; so,
heman
-
<^
/%
*by j^Ujb
heman-bwylE,
heman
-
shwylE,
<djjl ^^
heman-
Justice,
s. c
hlkklniyyet,
"dalet,
inslf,
hXkk
;
A*- hakim.
Justifiable,
a.
j^~
ja'iz. [-zimmet.
Justification,
s. L^-vj
'V.^J'
tebriyye'i-
Justify,
v.a. Icu^oJ
<^^-J
tebriyye'i-
-zimmet-et;
CJ^J.^s-hXkk-VErmek;
^/*LJjjl^-
ja'iz-kzlmak,
^^T
tfej
viz-
Juvenile,
a.
*&
ghenj,
^f>-
jiwln. [-et.
Juxtaposition,
s.
JLaJ'l
ittissll.
K.
Kalendar,
s.
+JJAJ
takvim.
Keel,
s.
tej*)\
6ngurgha (omurgha).
Keen,
a.
^^=^
kesskin,
jLfiU
kla-
biirran,
<&s>- hadid.
Keep,
8.
jij)
^.A*j' ta^MiyyE;
v.a.
lamak,
1 laA>. hzfz-et
;
Ki-ll Xh'komak,
mamak, (^
t
yeyejek,
sak-
tutmak,
brak-
; ,
v.n.
dayanmak,
J^oUJjy
bozulmamak
;
^c^jJ
durmak,
^JlS
kXlmak.
Keeper,
s. laiU-
hlfz'z,
&W*
muhAfz'z,
^j^
bekji.
Keep-sake,
5.
j^J\J
yadighyar.
Keg,
5.
^-y c*f"
!
^ ufXjek-fichi.
Kennel,
5.
J^j\
oluk.
Kernel,
5.
-^1
ich,
jx~*
maghz,
L-
lubb;
^LJ beyz (bez).
Kerseymere,
5.^-^jlJi
kXzmir.
Kettle,
s.
j\s
kXzghln (klzAn)
;
ghyu^Aum. [c3i-^->
dumbelek.
Kettledrum,
s.
&j\su
nakkars
(na^Aara)
;
Key,
5.
jl^>-l5l
nakhtar,
-\^c miftah.
Khan,
s.
^U-
khan.
Kick,
s. <U& tekmE
;
te&>- chiftE
; ,
v.n.
_4jl<u)'
tekmE-Xtmk
;
^^>-
(J/*J\
chiftE-Atmak
; ,
v.a. CX*-J
or (jJ^J
J
tepmek
; out,
v..
^.4^3
ko^Amak,
IjJkC-s
sikdir-et.
Kid,
s.
jUcjl
6^L\k.
Kidney,
5.
C-^^y
b^Arek (bwbrek)
;
beans,
^^aJ
fassulya.
Kill,
v.a.
cX;jJjl
wldurmek,
\JiJ
kXtl-et,
It^lJ
telef-et,
IcJ^
helak-
Kiln,
5.
jV^
^J
ak-
[-
et -
Kind,
5.
^IjJ
durlu,
u^-tf
s6y,
jinss,
Cy
nev"
; ,
a.
yj
iyi,
tAtlz.
KINDLE
[171] KNOWLEDGE
Kindle,
v.n.
(J.+Jjb
tutushmak
; ,
v.a.
^*^V,
y^kmak;
^J^Ju-J^L
tu-
tushdurmak,
\ J\su\ IkAd-et.
Kindness,
s.
CJ^J
lyilik,
*j*
kiirEm,
L^v;Lc "inayet,
ujiy lutf
; CJ^JCjl
efendilik.
Kindred,
s.
\3J\
Akraba,
\JjJ\^>-
khzsszm-Akraba
;
<-^-^^
kArabet,
<jL**a-
khzsszmlzk.
King,
s.
Jly
kzrll,
j\&*&s*~
hukmdar,
alSajb
padisbah,
all
shah,
cJLc
melik, dJJU malik.
Kingdom,
5.
jiJ^
kerlll/k,
^jUl-ijjb
padishahhTi,
L^-\^*X>-
hukyumet,
devlet, CAU milk or
mulk,
kyut.
King's-evil,
5.
, ,plc
^K^
Kinsman, Kinswoman,
5. **ars- khissm,
^jbyl
Xkrabadan.
Kiss,
5.
^Jjl
wpush,
jUiiLfc
sheftalz,
J bussE
; ,
r.a.
CXlJj)
wpmek,
buss-et.
Kitchen,
5.
^vk
mXtbXkh
(mutfAk).
Kite,
5.
(bird)
jll>.
chaylak
;
(toy)
<UJ^>-j!
uchurtma.
Kitten, 5.
^^j^
^^
kedi-yawrussu.
Knapsack,
5. dlajU^
chXnta.
Knave,
5.
j&L>*
hilEkyar,
^^JjW
chXpkm,
Cl)Jt|^
pezEWEnk.
Knead,
v.a.
(jjsojfZjf.
ybghirrindk.
Knee,
.Ji^
diz,
ylj
zanu
;
(of timber)
CJ^J
J dirsek.
Kneel,
v.n.
tiX^>- JjJ
diz-chwkmek.
Knife, 5.
J
1
^
bzchAk
;
(pocket )
>- chaki
;
(turkish pen )
kalEm-trash
;
(carver)
sXttr;
(long weapon)
Knight,
5. C3o
be^A,
j
kawallr;
(chess)
CJl At.
Knit,
v.a.
C^-^^l
wnnek; ,
a.
jhjj
^rulu,
(j^^l
wmlmush.
[bXbA.
Knob,
5. c_
J^s
top,
jjjjt
topuz
;
bb
Knock,
5.
(/^1
wurush
;
klpt-chAlmmasst
; ,
v.a.
wurmak
;
(J^iJL>-
chXlmak
;
against,
^4J'l>-
chatmak
; down,
(JAM
y&mak;
in,
J^jlj
^=
icheri-kAkmak
; off,
c
endirmek, C3
^-ijj
J dushurmek
;
dX*~ kessmek
;
CXy bitirmek
;
dushurmek
;
tesslim-61.
Knocker,
5.
Knot,
5.
under,
v.n.
du^Aum
; ,
v.a.
; ,
v.n.
Know,
v.a. cXj bilmek
;
^
khlbEri-61,
j!
j^f^'
khlbErdar-61,
js!
wakif-61;
^^J^l?
tXm'mak
;
ma"lumAtz'-61
;
one
another,
^j^jlkj-Jy^J
bir-birini-
-tXntmak,
j^L^l^ljco
mu"ar6fElEri-
-61
;
again,
^^-J
It tlmmak
;
carnally,
d^/..^rj
sikmek,
^Wf^
jima^-et,
^-c^j wAty-et.
Knowledge,
5. Ac
"ilm,
^s^
khXbfir,
KNUCKLE-BONE
[172] LANDLADY
ma"lumAt,
\^f
"irfan,
danish.
Knuckle-bone,
s.
J'-M
Xshzk.
Kufic,
a.
,<Jj
kyufl.
L.
Label,
s. <fcjb
yAfta
; ,
v.a.
?
yAfta-takmak,
Jp*>jjX*
yAfta-yapzshdirmak.
Laborious,
a.^cl
X^Azr,
-.^f
ghyuch.
Labour,
s. cJ>*
emek,
^\
ish,
eJ-L-s-ll
ishjilik
; ,
v.n. cULljt
ishlEmek.
Labourer,
s.
j^j
renjbEr (renchpEr),
shji, jU;! zrghad,
Lace,
s.
^Ua-J (ghaytAn)
;
sherid;
csJJJ dXntela
;
(gold)
<U.j
jj
k^lXptAn
or
(j
; ,
v.a
ghaytAmm-ghechirmek.
Lack,
s.
^LaJLJ
n6ksan,
<
eksiklik; ,
v.a.
j\^~$\
eksik-61;
j'^x^il
eksi^^i-61.
Lacker,
s.
j
rughXn
; ,
v.a.
&*3J
rughXn-wurmak.
Lackey,
s.
j^jl
ushAk.
Laconic,
a. &*3* kssa.
[c;^^
Lad,
s.
,JLcj!
6^lAn,
^J\AJj
delikXnlz,
Ladder,
5.
(jU^J
nErdibln
(mErdivEn);
^iCs!
isskele.
Lade,
v.a.
CJv*sKJ
yuklEtmek,
tahmil-et
; ,
u.n.
-Xlmak.
Lading,
5.
yuklEnmeklik
;
yuklEtmeklik
;
cJ^
yuk,
hamulE;
bill of
, l
oj
yuk-senedi
;
&j\i
^
policha-di-kariko.
Ladle,
s. te&
kefchs,
J;^
kepchE.
Lady,
s. JU- hanz'm
;
^J^jJ
kdkona
;
jt^J
dudu
;
<U>lt>l madama.
Lake,
5.
j
ghywl.
Lamb,
s. ^ kuzu
; ,
v.n.
(^Z.
Lame,
a.
topAl
;
of one
hand,
^Ls- ch6lXk
; ,
v.a.
Lameness,
5.
^>^
topXllik.
Lament,
v.a. and n. ^\^
Lamentation,
s. <Cc^Li!
X^Alama, ^JtJ
fzghln,
^b
nalish.
Lamp,
5.
J^XJ
kXndil.
[hijv-et.
Lampoon,
s.
yp^
hijv;
,
v.a.
IjJ*^
Lance,
s. * m^zrlk
j ,
v.a.
CX*>c>
deshmek,
(J}**>
Lancet,
s. A-l-^ nishtEr
(neshtEr).
Land,
5.
^5
klra,
ji
berr
;
^^t
arz
(pi.
^\j\
arazl),
liH
(ulkE),
CJd^
milk,
LT^L*w<
mEml^kEt,
Jf^*
toprAk
;
plot
of
,
^c "arsa
; ,
v.n.
(**3us>-fa& kXraya-chzkmak ;
L7
..
v
_>
/
,
v.a.
iJ^j\&^'X?.Xj*
kAraya-ch?kar-
mak.
[usstu-Xchilir-rbir-nev-"i-hinto.
Landau,
5.
^LiJ&
5-
y
^J
J^^' L^-***:?'
Landholder,
^.
,^>-l^
L^AAS'
emlak-
-sahibi.
[isskelE.
Landing, Landing-place,
s. <ci-C H
Landlady,
.
^^B ^f^*^J^
^v
-kAdm.
LANDLORD [173]
LAUDATION
Landlord,
5.
.g^-tfCJx
mulk-sahibi
;
t\
kv-sahibi,
.^-Utf>Ajl>-
st isharet.
sinir-tashi
;
emlak-
khanE-sahibi.
Landmark,
s.
^e
Landowner,
s.
Landscape,
s.
Ll^liaJ
nAzaret.
[-sahibi.
Lane,
5,
JjJ j\
dar-y61
;
C^j*
^
dar-sokAk
;
-s6kAk.
Language*
s.
<Jj
dil,
(jLJ
lissAn,
Languid,
a.
(j^^
bayghzn,
J*Jl>-
JAns/z. [-ghibi-61.
Languish,
v.n.
jl^^^^olj
bayghm-
Lantern,
5.
jLs
(fEnEr)
;
magic
,
s.
L^iJ ^s?Lft>
khayalji-fEnEri.
Lap,
s.
*^fV kujak
; ,
v.a.
^^y,
CJvffl^!<0^l>
yXlaya-yXlaya-ichmek.
Lapidate,
v.a. \
^>-j
rkjm-et,
J^Ll
tlshlamak.
Lapse,
5.
j)f<
murur; -,
v.a.
Larboard,
5. <-j isskelE.
Larceny,
s.
cAU-J^
khzrszzlzk.
Larder,
5.
j^
kilar
(kilEr).
Large,
a.
cJ^J
biyuk,
^--5
k^bir,
^-
"Azim;
J
kyiilli,
^i*^
kyulliy-
yfetli.
Larkspur,
5.
i^^i^^^yU^
hezar-
-rEnk-chich^Ae
(^j\^
bezarEn).
Lash,
s.
^f-"*^
kAmchs'; ,
v.a.
^^.L^U
kAmchzlamak
;
Lass,
5.
J-
kz.
Last,
5. t_jljj kAh'p: c
.,
f
a.
^i^CzCJ!
^n^-s6w^raki,
j^
akhzr,
^-^
pessln
; ,
v.n.
ti
surmek;
J>*iUfl
dayanmak
;
^Jjl;
^i!U
bAkl-kAlmak,
^l^Jjb
paydar-
*61,
y
./*:x~~< musst^mferr-61
;
at
>
"akzbet,
fcX^^ui-L*
,
-JS/Aefb
enjamz-kyar.
Lasting,
a.
y.&jLi:
dayanzklz;
jj^
3
^^-
ch6k-surEr,
j^.^
paydar,
^i
^
musst^merr.
Lastly,
ad.
p\Z=z
<U?}UL khulassa'i-
-kelam,
J*\J\
el-h5sszl.
Latch,
5.
J^Jo^c
mlndXl,
Jj
dil.
Late,
a.
^
ghej,
^
ghech;
slbzk;
(*j**j*
mErhum,
\sp*<
weffa
; ,
ad. libLj slbzka.
Lately,
ad.
Jj\;^H
bu?-Az-EvvEl
;
*
^L^lxJu
yakmlarda,
jy^-j'*
mu'akh-
kharon.
[-takhta,
^tjJ
padawm.
Lath,
5. ***-> shishE
;
te&C /*l>- ch^m-
Lathe,
5.
f^
charkh.
Lather,
5.
^J==>j+=> Qjijft*
sabun-kyii'-
pu^Au
; ,
v.a.
^/Ju^J^
sabunlaraak.
Latin,
a.
(
..*^^ Latin; ,
5. 4rsX*L^
LatmJE.
Latitude,
5.
^/s/
1
"arz,
JJJ
(j^
'arzi-
-beled;
LS-UU-J vuss"at
;
Latter,
a.
Latterly,
ad. ^Oojl>
yakmda,
**^i-i{ y
bu-yakmlarda,
U>-j^
mu'akhkharan.
Lattice,
5. ~s
klfess,
<*^-^-i>
shebikE,
Laud,
v.a. \~&< medh-et.
Laudable^
a.
(j~+s^~~<
musstahsEn.
Laudanum,
s.
,<
>
-jj
^^
Aiy6n-ruhu,
Laudation,
5.
^J^dLJ^UiL^
mubalagha-
-ila-medh.
LAUDATORY [174] LEAD
Laudatory,
a. **2 medh-muta-
Laugh,
s.
^.1*.=>
ghyulush,
khandfi
; ,
v.n. CXJ*
ghyiilmek,
khandE-et;
at
one,
faj
birina-ghyulmek
;
in one's
sleeve, c
^.sf\
icheriden-
gyulmek;
out
loud,
(}t)j
Afftfl
kahkaha-gyulmek.
Laughable,
a.
LL^&J^
ghyulenejek.
Launch,
5. sXndXl
; ,
v.a.
out,
v.n. I
r^*J\i
p0ra-kharj-et;
su tAfsila-bAshlamak.
Laundress,
5.
c^jls
,
^-wiU-e*-
chamA-
Laureate,
s.^li^b
bXsh-sha"zr.
Laurel,
5.
^.'^Jj^l-j
ybAn-defnESsi.
Lavender,
^.
IJJ^
lavanda.
Lavish,
a.
u-J^M.^
mussrif
;
<J*V
bezul;
,
v.a. \
Jjj
bezl-et,
^J^
Atmak.
Law,
s.
^,^j
sher",
c^*J^-i>
sheri"at,
^yljf
kanun,
/*^la3 nizlm.
Lawful,
a.
9j2~*
meshru";
jls*-
ja'iz
;
halal
;
^j^U
me'zun.
Lawgiver,
s.
^s^ilJJ
kanunji.
Lawless,
a. ^Ua3 nizlmsiz.
Lawlessness,
s. dolnizamsizlik.
Lawmaker,
5.
^sTy
kanunji.
Lawsuit,
s.
LJ^J
da"wa.
Lawyer,
5. SJL*
mufti,
^Uw
fakih;
c^y:
J
J^
da"wa-vekili;
C-?lj^j!
avokat.
Lax,
a.
CXljf
ghevshek ;
L5
mussa
adfiji,
^^-a^sr*
L-^< mussama-
hoji
;
^ji^J
linetlija.
Laxative,
a.
^-.L*
miileyyin.
Laxity,
Laxness,
5.
cJJ^-S.^
ghevsheklik.
Lay,
v.w.
^J^ll^^^j
yemurtlamak;
,
v.a.
k6mak,
JK^J
yat/rmak,
5j
wAz"-et; kurmak,
tarh-et
; aside,
tirk-et
; before,
-et
;
by,
v.a.
^
brakmak,
arz-
, v.n. cJvf-iJ^
dinEnmek,
^L
rahat-et; down,
k6mak, K*J brakmak, c tErk-
-et;
yapzshmak, <JK t yakalamak;
in,
J^^
t6plamak,
Cj^J
tedaruk-et
(tedarik)
; on,
cX^i
surmek
;
^L^Okiltf
sXldzmiak,
1^-^j
wXz"-et,
I_y5
tarh-et;
open,
JH/*^!
^chmak;
out,
l^y^
kharj-et,
Ic-JJ^
sarf-et,
(j^&-f>~
kharjamak;
over,
^l>lj
kAplamak
;
up,
v.a.
^Ul0
skla-
mak,
U-.^<.
khAssta-et; ,
v.n.
j\te~~>-
khAssta-61
; waste,
v.a.
\(-j>\j>>
kharab-et; ,
v.n.
(jkJ^J
J^Jj
viran
-
kllmak
;
^HJJ
,Jl>-
khall-
Layer,
5. C^lJs
kXt,
<&!> tlbAka.
[-kXlmak.
Lazaretto,
. Jyl^-iijbscr
1
tahafFuz
-khans,
kXrantina.
tenbellik.
Lazy,
a.
J~J
tenbel.
Lead,
5.
^-^y
kurshun,
C
^1
ussrub;
isskXndil
;
Jcilj k^
Laziness,
s. C
luk,
(jUibj
Er-bAshzlzk,
j-ibj
; ,
v.a.
turmek, jj.^jjo
yedmek;
,
v.n. 4-i
LEADER C
175
]
LED-HORSE
i]<ri-dushmek,
<J*L*-$>jJ tj\
&ngE-
dushmek,
\J^c)U
k?%Auzluk
-
et,
had!
-61;
away,
L_
Ah'p-ghywturmek;
{jf
Aldatmak,
(J*<y4j\
Azdzrmak,
idlal-et,
ULJl ifsad-et
;
astray,
^J^jUL^- (j&)j
y61dan
-
chzkarmak;
Aldatmak,
(J?*jj\
Azdirmak,
^
idlal-et,
bLJl
ifsad-et;
to
cast the
,
JpiJrt JjCJul
isskXndil-
Atmak.
Leader,
s.
^y
bAsh,
^_/~-^
re'iss,
j~a
sEr;
,jrtcJj\
fcng-lti,
^^^U
^ng-hay
wlnz,
L^JJJ
A^^LJb
'j
cJ>)
<0^^
ghazetanm^-bXshb'ja-bendi.
Leaf,
5.
jl^-J
yaprAk,
jj^
varak,
Gjj
varaka
;
gold,
,^j^ c^^
Altin-
-vdrakt
; silver,
,yjj
\
mush-v^rakt
;
copper
or
brass,
League,
5. L^^c-*
saat,
sa"fltlik-y61;
jU?l
ittifik;
to-
gether,
v.n.
\j\su\
ittifAk-et.
Leak,
s. cL)J^ delik,
ji^^
achzklzk,
s^b
yank
; ,
v.w.
^*Sl
Xkmak
;
oj-tf
sizmak
;
!j->
su-et.
Lean,
a.
^_r'^xJ
za"if,
^i^Jj
zabun,
vjj^
Ink; ,5.
Cjlj-^b
ya^Astz-et;
,
v.n.
(j^jy^^J^
e^Ari-durmak,
kiX*l^
e^Mmek,
^jh^\J
ywtmak
;
against,
v.n.
^iJLL
dayanmak,
^*J^JuaJ
yassdanmak;
,
v.a.
tj^
dayamak.
Leap,
s.
\jt&\
Atlayish,
^Jr^/f^
szch-
rayish
; ,
v.n.
J^oLI
Atlamak,
sichramak.
Leapyear,
s. &~*~ keblssE.
Learn,
v.a.
CXfc^t
u
tahsll-et,
Wjlb->l isstifadE-et,
t"tfllum-et.
[JkixCJb
danishmend.
Learned,
a.
Jle"alim,
\J^f)\
6kumush,
Learner,
5.
J^Li>
sha^Aird.
Learning,
s. Ac
"ilm,
{ftj*
"irfiin,
j^^ijlj
danish.
[-vE-isstijarin-hujjeti.
Lease,
s.
\Jpf~
^j\&sj\jj\af\
Ijar-
Least,
a.
J^j\^\
eny-ufAk,
cJ^cJl
en^-kuchuk
;
j\^}\
en^-lz
;
I) j|
edna,
,eJ>-CJ-J
pek-juz'i;
at
,
ad. **i&
JL-jUJ^l
hich-61mz-issa; ,
c.
t>^l>
yakhud
;
not in the
,
ad. *&
hich,
^-
^
)U!
assla,
Uy
kXt"a,
L
Leather,
s.
sakhtiyan,
meshm,
^J
bulghan; (sole)
Leave,
s.
^
izn, izin,
L^^Z^J
rukhsXt;
,
v.a.
fjA&j*
brakmak,
IcJ^
tsrk-
-et
; off,
<J**\j>
brakmak,
CXjs?J^
vaz-ghechmek
;
CX*L~=
kessilmek,
CXi^JJ
din^mek,^^.kft.-.<
raiinkAtz"-
-61
; out,
C-U^
ghechmek,
(JL*ki\
Xtlamak,
^c^"<j\>
yazmamak.
Leaven,
s. &U
raayE;
,
v.a. ilfetsi&l*
mayElEtmek.
Lecture,
5.
(j-jt>
dsrss
;
/U^^J
dErssi-
"amm;
lajva"z;
t
v.n.
CXc^j^jJ
dErss-VErmek
;
\
loc^
va"z-et; , v.a.
<jdj\j\
Xzarlamak, Cj^r> LH-*^\*i23
nlsszhat-vErmek.
[- "amm-kh6jassi.
Lecturer,
s.
^^^^.^U^^J
dErssi-
Led-horse,
s.
cJj^ yedek.
LEE [ 176]
LET
Lee,
5.
.j jj
Leech,
s. cJ-o suluk;
/>&
hekim,
L-^'-b
tXbib
; ,
v.a.
J^j
Jj\j
cJjSj-j
siiluk-yapzshdi'rmak.
Leek,
s.
^>\^
prassa.
Left,
s.
Jy-5
sol,
^jjc^yc
s61-tarafi,
jL-j
yessar,
c-^>-
chep
; handed,
jSj*
s6lXk.
Leg,
s.
jbl
ayak,
jU^J
bljak
;
tjj
but.
Legacy,
5.
i*^..*^
wAssiyyet.
Legal,
a.
^fj*
sher"l,
9jj2~<
meshru",
Jjlr>-
ja'iz,
^tjLc
rne'zun,
J^halal.
Legation,
s.
d^jU-j
sefaret
; house,
djl-sr^ULs
sefaret-khanE.
Legible,
a.
jj*j*^
^kunur,
yJU^JIjl
okunXklz,
^Lc
"ay
an,
^^
jell.
Legibility,
s.
^s\J^\
6kunXklik.
Legion,
s, <jft\
Alay,
1^1
liva.
Legislate,
v.n.
i^^^3\J
kanun-wXz"et.
Legislation,
5.
^yl5_^
wXz"-i-kanun.
Legislator,
.
Li-JjJ^^^^tj
vwlzi"-
kawanm-i-devlet.
Legislature,
5.
-mejliss.
Legitimate,
.
^UjJ
yollu,
**Xil^.>
y61unda
;
^c^-1
sher"i,
9^
>
r-^
meshru",
J^U-
halal.
[<*^^
khali-WAkzt.
Leisure,
s.
e^ij^~J
b6sh-WAkzt,
^U-
Lemon,
5.
^/^
limdn.
Lemonade,
s.
<^lj^/iJ
limonata.
Lend,
v.a.
CX^^
VErmek,
J^^j ij^
"ariyyetEn
-
VErmek
;
Cl)^.^
^^j^
ztdunj-
VErmek,
1
^^5
karz-et.
Length,
5.
^
b6y,
J^
tul,
uzunluk
;
at
,
ad. c^-Jc
"akibet,
c^-.'l^J nihayet.
Lengthen,
v.n.
^<\)^
uzamk,
^J^J^.^
b6ylanmak
; ,
v.a.
cX^j<J^
b6y-
-VErmek,
^*^y
uzXtmak.
Lengthy,
a.
^^\
uzun.
Lenient,
a.
^lcJU-i>
shafakAtli.
Lenity,
s. L^^A&-J sh^fakAt.
Lens,
s-. >W
jam.
Lentile,
s.
Ll)>^>yo
niErjumek.
Leopard,
s.
^-J
kAplAn.
[<j^^
Abrss.
Leper,
s. **& misskin,
^LJ
d! \
Xla-tsnli,
Leprosy,
.
^JxC3ii-~~<>
misskinlik-
"illeti
;
C^jbJ^H
Xla-tEnlilik.
Leprous,
a.
^*x*^o
misskin.
Less,
a.
cJ^s?
kuchuk,
^JysrUj
daha-
-kuchuk;
j!
Xz,
jl
W>
daha-Xz,
ClL-^=^ feksik.
Lessen,
w.n.
cXJjjsr
kuchulmek,
^J/Jlij!
ufllmak
;
^^^
XzAlmak
; ,
v.a.
eXd^s
kuchultmek,
J^^lljj^
ufXlt-
mak,
^J-/ijJijl
XzAltmak, C^^
^
kessmek.
Lesson,
s.
(j*<j&
derss;
^-^f-c
"ibret.
Lest,
c. d^Joll
shayed-ki,
*=bL
mfebada-ki,
^Jc-ajSi^S
k6rkussundan,
^<Ai:<u!lk^
mutala"assmdan.
Let,
5.
^3l*<
mane"; ,
v.a.
brakmak,
{
J<j*
komak
;
Ct
kiraya-VErmek
; ,
v.n. c
kiraya-VErilmek
; down,
Lt
^ndirmek
; loose, Ct
sXl/VErmek
;
(J**\ji
brakmak
; off,
CX^jJU>
sAl/VErmek;
^*J'1
Xtmak;
lc
"Afv-et;
fly,
J^J'l
Xtmak;
LETTER
[177]
LIBRARY
out,
(
J.j^La
dzshan-brak-
mak
;
CX^Jj&l^
kiraya-VErmek
;
in,
^^\^jaf\
icheri-Almak
;
(jl^y
ich^ri
-
k6raak
;
parcha-komak
; blood,
julj>
kXn-Xlmak
; ,
pp.
X3\J*
kirada.
,
s. t
*/>-
harf
(pi.
tJ^/*-
huruf,
hurufAt);
L_^Co
mektub
(mektup),
<Clj namE.
uce,
5.
jj>
marul,
<d?}L? sAUta.
ant,
5. 4-JUlc- c3JU^c memaliki-
ran
tine,
5.
^JtA&b
J<UJUlc. C.
.^
J
memaUki-%ssmAniyyEda-d6gh-
mish-firenk.
Levee,
s.
^J^*
bmish
;
L~
>1^>
rikyab.
Level,
s.
(j&\
ufuk
;
j*
J duz
; ,
a.
LC&JI
ufuk?,
J^t>
duz,
t-f-Ctr
1
do^rAru
;
,
v.a.
ClXcJJj<^
duzlEtmek
; at,
^JL4J)^)llJ
nishAn-Xlmak.
Lever,
s.
^Jy
k61,
^J^Jl<
manavel^.
Levity,
s. L^-\*L>- khiffet
;
-Jj^c^-&>-
kh^ffeti-mizaj.
Levy,
5.
^J^jSs?jL~.
"ASskEr-tahriri
;
jL~z ^A^jV. 1^5^.
yen^ri
-
yazzlmzsh-
"isskEr
;
^^^
sXlghm
; J.-^a^''
tahsll
; ,
v. a.
\jjaC
tahrir-et,
em
-et,
^jsckjjb
toplamak;
tahszl-et,
^jpJlt^b
t6plamak,
Xlmak.
Lewd,
a. t^llc.
^J>)&"
shehvEti-ghllib.
Lexicographer,
5.
Lc^5'
(-~^
lughat-
mu'ellifi.
j
Lexicon,
s. *z~J&
lughat.
[Liability,
s.
L^^Jjl
*
mess'uliyyet.
Libertinism,
Liberty,
s.
besslik),
( ~jj~>
SErbessti
jl
azad,
Liable,
a.
Jjjf
kAbil,
^u-^<
mussta"idd;
Liar,
5.
^^"^
yalXnjz. [
Jj
mess'ul.
Libel,
5.
\j\
iftira
; ,
v.a. \
\j\
iftira-
-et.
["inden.
Libellous,
a.
^^-^y
j^-fl
iftira-nev-
Liberal,
a.
^^^
Eli-ach^k,
jumErd,
^J^^
3
sakhavetli,
sakhz;
Jvi^
mukemmel.
Liberate,
v.a. \
jjjl
azad-et.
Liberation,
s.
\j\
azad.
Liberator,
s.
^&\ \j\
azad-eden.
Libertine,
s.
[2yAj^>-
chXpkm,
^>l-3j
zen-
parE (zampara)
.
[<j! ^LJj
zmparalik.
chApkmb'k
;
SErbesstlik
(sEr-
SErbesstiyyet,
>-
hurriyyet,
^
azad^ghT; (^jl
izn,
{
zuniyyet,
L^v^r*^
rukhsXt
;
t-)J\
cJ^J
tErki
-
edeb,
jd^lc
"arsz'zlzk,
C-^L->-
jessaret;
jU^!
imtiyaz,
L^ -jU^>
mu"afiyyet;
J^J^
hudud
;
to be at
,
ghezmek,
(JK*W^'4^Jf
61mamak
;
y*Jt}J
bdshda-61,
^^^ij
knali-wXktz-61
;
j^jt>
U mfe'-
zun-ol,
j\,j\
izni-61
;
to take the
,
\
CLJj\~~>-
jessaret-et,
I
ijtissar-et,
\(^^j>-
jur'et-et,
ijtira-et
;
to take
liberties,
^J
"arszzlanmak,
l^J^J-olc
"arsz'zlzk-et.
Libidinous,
a.
^J) lj^-i
shehwanT.
Libidinousness,
5.
d^^^>
shehvEt.
Librarian,
s. t-^o
nJU-
hafz'z-kyutub.
Library,
s. *ilaO2$
kyutub-khanE.
LICE
[178]
LIKE
Lice,
s.J hitler.
License,
5. #.JJ tezkfirE.
[fassik.
Licentious,
a.
^^^
chapkm
;
Lick,
v.a.
<JKeSt>
yAlamak
;
d^mek
;
\(^\ Alt
-
et,
maghlub-et,
CXt
yenmek.
Lid,
s.
jjLS
kXpAk,
^j^
wrtu.
Lie,
5.
^ib
yalAn,
C.JO*
kizb, ?
durugh;
^^
J^
kyul-suyu,
bughada
; ,
v..
(^J'b
yatmak
;
^J^Jjl
61mak,
^*.iJ^.j
bulunmak,
j'*-
5
^
vaki"-61:
j^?^j'<
mevzu^-ol;
LLXJj^j^lj
yalXn-siiweylEmek
;
down,
Jk^b
ywtraak,
^Jb^cl-l!
Asha^Az
-
yatmak,
^jPVJjj^
uzAnmak
;
with,
!<U^cW*
iDujama"a
-
et
;
jl
Jj-s.'
10
muh^vvEl
-
ol,
j^
\oj*c ^i^
re'yina-menut-61,
^cJ^WI^hawalE-
olunmak
;
at
stake,
j\x\j\
arada-61.
Lieutenant,
5.
(navy)
^^Vj^
yuz-bAshz;
(army)
/*J^
mulazzm
; colonel,
governor,
&c.,
of
grand-vizier,
/Uu*tjlJs ka'im-mflkAm
(kaymakAm);
of a
judge,
v^olj
na'ib
;
general,
&J
ferik ;
of a civil func-
tionary,
or
individual,
Ju^j
vekll.
Life,
s.
,^\&-
jln,
C^L^
hayat;
time,
<*&
"^mr,
^CUJkx>
muddeti-
-"wmr;
this
,
L>L>
d^nya,
U
"alEmi
-
dunya,
LiJU
"
jLJjjjji
JU "alEmi-kevn-u-fessad
;
the 'to
come,
d^p^
akhiret,
\A)
j!j
darz'-bXka.
[sighurtassi.
Life-assurance,
5. t^j^ & "wmr-
Life-boat,
s.
CJj-J
kAzazedEleri-kurtarmak-
ichin-biyuk-SAndAl.
Lifeless,
a.
j~Jlsj-
jansiz.
Lifelessness,
s.
(jbj~
jU>-
jansizlik.
Life-preserver,
s.
,yt
^
<J^ 9y
J
bir-
Lift,
v.a.
{jpvjjltil
kAldzYmak.
Light,
5.
(J--S>I
shzk,
^jlojJ^J
aydmh'k,
u*^
ziya,
iJ nur
;
i^J
l Atesh
;
/*4^
mum
; ,
a. ujLft^- khafif
; ,
v.n.
(JALjjb
tutushmak,
<j^V.
ynmak
;
^JPci^JJul
aydmlanmak;
CtX*J\ en-
mek,
(Jy*jy
k6nmak
; ,
v.a.
J^V.
yakmak,
^J^JtlJjl?
tutushdurmak,
1
jlib^
IkAd-et
;
up,
v.n.
^j^Jcj
Jo i
aydmlanmak;
,
v.a.
J^^jb
yakmak;
J^JcLjJol
aydmlandz'rmak; upon,
CXiJici^-j^j
rXsst-ghMmek,
lu-JjLsJ
tessXduf-et,
^J^y ^jj^
uzerina-
konmak.
Lighten,
v.n.
^ijls^cXl-^-i!
shimshek-
chakmak
; ,
v.a. cXcLg
r
..gX-
khaflflEtmek,
luJ-^sT takhfif
-
et
;
cxjJo
aydmlandzrmak,
tenvir-et,
U5U?1 iza'a-et
;
^^
ferahlandzrmak,
^yRJ'
tefrih-et.
Lighter,
s.
tijk*>
mayAuna,
SAlapuriya,
jU^tf
t6mbAz.
Lighthouse,
5.^jLj
fsnEr.
[bsrk.
Lightning,
5. cJ^-^-i> shimshek,
^ij*
Lignum-
vitse,
5.
Like,
s.
L
\
esh,
i&
ben^zEr
; ,
v.a.
i shibh
; ,
a.
mushabih,
&*
sEvmek,
LIKELIHOOD [179]
LION
VE-
6r.
hAzz-et,
\
JJJj
telfezzuz-et,
kh6shlanmak
; ,
ad.
.j
ghibi,
^i
vesh.
Likelihood,
s.
JUsjs-l
ihtimal.
Likely,
a.
JU^5-1
ihtimal,
miihtemil,
Jj-cU
me'mul,
melhuz
;
Jjj^
ghyuzel,
^JjLiJb
y^kz-
shzldz,
y-ij^-3^
ghywsstErishli,
^JJ
dilbEr.
^ff-^*5
teshbih-et.
Liken,
v.a. CXJLri
Likeness,
5.
e^gjll~
mushabe'hEt
;
ressm,
Jy
tAssvir.
Likewise,
ad. \&t>
hakeza,
ke*za, LtJJ 3 kezalik.
Lilac,
s. w^AJ
leylak
; ,
a.
Liliputian,
a.
Jf^
ufAk.
Lily,
s.
Ji-Jj
z^nbAk
;
of the
valley,
sn.>..sX>\
inji-chiche^Ai.
jimb,
s.
j+iz
"uzv
(pi.
Lac^
a"za)
;
Li
kenar,
^^
muhzt.
le,
s.
~J>
or
>rj
kirej
;
^^J
Iim6n
; tree,
jj-vks
filamur
(ikhla-
mur)
;
bird
,
twig,
<Ljj)
wksE.
Limit,
5. &>
heidd,
^bb payan,
,-j\
uj,
Ji^olj
ghayet, L^^.l^3 nihayet
;
J Jo-
hud
ud,
Jcs-^-o
sEr-hadd,
jj*~*
sinir
;
,
v.a. \
(^*9u&y>-
hadd-ta"yln-et
;
\j^>-
hAssr-et,
^julcb
Limited,
a. J..XS-* mahdud.
Limp,
a.
dX-jj
ghevshek,
mushAk; ,
v.n.
^*1H
mak,
(j.++2S\
Aksz'mak.
Limpid,
a.
-i\j)
berrak.
Limpidity, Limpidness,
^JW'
J
berraklik.
Linden-tree,
s. i*^li filamur
(ikhlamur).
t6pXlla-
Line,
5.
<~5j>-
chizi,
lr> khAtt
;
.k->
sAtr';
i^i\
ip,
UU- hAUt
; ,
v.a.
CJv*^r>- i\z~t\ Asstar
-
chekmek
;
v J
^J^c^U
kAplamak;
branch
,
^U*-i>
Jjj
shu"bE-y61;
main
,
J^>
b\
^na-y61
;
ship
of the
,
^^^
kaly6n.
Lineage,
5.
J-J
nessl.
Linen,
a.
^b
kstEn
; ,
s.
L^J^-IX^S
kfitEn-b^zi
;
j)
b^z
;
j~t>\4&-
chmA-
shzr
;
body
,
j+J*\*^>-
chamAshzr
;
table
,
u^J^a-j
s6fra
-
bfezl^ri,
j+=JL~ j+=z~+^
(peshghir
-
mesh-
ghir)
;
bed
,
e-^-2jjU) c^-ijU'-
(charshaf-marshaf)
;
draper,
L
cfy^
b^zji.
Linger,
v.n.
LlX<;^ e^Jj
L-J +*=>
ghitm^yup
-
wAkzt
-
ghechirmek
;
*ji)\
^J*4Jb L^OJ -ij^- ^Jjj^>-jt>
wlum-
-derejElErinda-chok-wAkzt-ytftmak.
chok-lissAn-bilir-olan-kimessnE.
Liniment,
s. 6b
ya^A.
Lining,
s.
j\z~s\
Asstar
;
<tdblJi
kAplama.
Link,
s.
.^->^fll>- vjflyTj
zinjir-hAlkassz
;
L*< mesh"alE
Linseed,
5.
^^skT^
kEtEn-t6khumu,
.^rkf^jj
bezir-tokhumu; oil,
^jib j3o
bezir-ya^Az.
Lint,
s.
(-fj.'*;b
yar-bezi,
c^J^fc^*
niErhEm
-
bezi
;
^;b^ ^jiw4,liJ
J ditil-
mish-kEtEn.
Lintel,
s.
jXu&tciu*}t
usst-eshi^Ai.
Lion,
5.
(^L^l
arssUn
(AsslAn),
-.-1
phir,
Jk-jl
essed,
jk~a.^
ghAzAnftr
;
ess,
^.JL^-^ijJ
dishi-
(AsslAn).
o 2
LIP
[ 180] LIVID
Lip,
s.
JjtapJ
dudXk,
->
shefE,
leb
;
jl*
kimar.
Liqueur,
s.
&,++
"anbEriyyE.
Liquid,
a.
JL~>
seyyal,
^JU
ma'i";
nessnE.
Liquidate,
v.a.
cX*<-^1
wdEmek,
(J^J'lJf
kXpAtmak,
llwl
ifa-et,
llLi-^ isstifa-et.
Liquor,
s.
y>
su
;
i/&l
' ichkt
;
in
,
t_jL
keyf,
^^/-
SErkh6sh.
Liquorice,
s.
^Jb
;V miyan-bXlz
;
root,
,c^
uV* niiyan-kyukyu.
List,
5.
j
J
deftEr,
^*tfjJ
pussla
;
^j>-
u^lii
(ch6ha)-kEnarz;
<Ujb
yatma,
CLXbj^l
ep'Arilik;
lists,
5.
pi
}i9u
meydln
; ,
v.w. cXcujl isstEmek,
JU-
JAm-isstEmek
;
kulXk
-
VErmek,
dinglEmek (dmEmek)
;
JK*?\
yatmak,
e^Ailmek
;
civil
,
s.
L-^=>-
)-humayun.
Listen,
v.n.
dX<^j itf
kulXk-VErmek,
CXo^^
dinglEmek (dinEmek).
Literal,
a.
^J<^
lughavi.
Literally,
ad.
u-J^x?
V
s
"
harf-b6-harf.
Literary,
a.
^xz~<
fa\'i kltAbE-mu-
ta"allik.
{danish.
Literati,
s.
pi
^\4
C-^U^I Xsshlbi-
Literature,
s.
C^Ulj-c
mu'ell^fat
;
c-flJ 13*
te'llf.
Lithography,
s.
Lj^c^J
litografia.
Litigation,
5.
^LsaJ
ihtijaj, c5j^t)
vl.
*
da wa.
Litter,
5.
UJi*J
pisslik
;
^^rujJ
dess-
kers,
j.,^
J^sT takhtz
-
rawln
;
ghyubrE,
L >U?
sXp
; down,
v.a.
C^X*^j
^Jii JU^Ji
Xltzna-ghyiibrE-SEr-
mek
(or
L_jL?
sXp)
; about,
v.a.
(J"*3\
Xtmak,
cX*^t>
dwkmek.
Little,
a.
l^J^*?
kuchuk,
jUjl
ufXk,
r**c saghzr
; ,
ad.
]\
Xz,
.
^.Jjl
^" J
\*2 J'S
Xz-bir-shey,
tes&j>-
juz'ija
;
a
,s.
j\j
bir-Xz,
i^j&i-j^
Xz-bir-shey,
,jj>-
.
<-.)
iuz'i-bir-
shey, , ^.J vs^i^
L^^s'
" *
l^j
J>
\^j
y _/
Xz-buchuk-bir-shey
; one,
*-^^V.
yavrz;
(J2^j&~
chojuk
;
by
,
jj^jl
XzEr-XzEr,
utyt^j)
yawXsh-
yawXsh,
^Ls^uXj
tedrjjk,
<&j^^z
ale
-
't
-
tedrlj,
te~->-
^^*^- jesstE-
jesstE.
Live,
v.n,
^<llj
yashamak,
jL**^5
mu'
f
ammEr-61; cX*.i^r
ghechinmek,
l^i-,*}'
ta"ayyush
-
et,
\y~Jo
< ?Ui
keflfi-nefss-et
; cX^L-J besslEnmek,
IL^J^XJ
tghaddi-et; upon,
CX*J
yemek,
cX/*^l
J besslEnmek
;
C3vjjs:^
ghechinmek.
Livelihood,
s. ctJo-^s:^
ghechinEJek,
Liveliness,
s.
-
janlulik
;
^jJljj
6ynaklik
;
~jS
firah
;
the
livelong day,
trfr Ltf^
bitun-ghyun.
Lively,
a.
j)~j.^
^yniyor,
(jW.J^
6ynok;
r)'"
3
(j"
>
shcn-shukh;
fj*-*
miiferrih,
J^^rulc^L
tarab-enghiz.
Liver,
s.jZ^
Livery,
5.
hizmetkyarin-ressmT-elbissEssi.
Live-stock,
5. d^U L>-
haywlnAt.
Livid,
a.<
m6r;
LIVING [181]
LOMBARD
Living,
s.
C^<k
d
ghechinEJek,
j^^Ju^Ui
kefZfz-nefss
;
^jLj*jCJ;j-tf
surEti
-
ty'ayyush
;
CJ^J
yemek,
^IxJ?
ta am
;
L^^cl^i imamet
; ,
a.
o^J
diri,
6L?
sa<^,
*jJLs-
hayatda,
Ci:L^- J
bEr-hayat,
,
<?> hayy, jV^"
J
*
^^,
S J
JAnvAr.
Lizard,
5. -JjJ\J:== kErtenkelEr
(kErtenkelE).
Load,
s.
cJjJ
yuk,
jb
bar,
A)J^>-
ha-
E
; ,
v.a.
cX*Jij
yuklEtmek
;
doldurmak.
Loadstone,
s.
y~Jb\&o
miknatzss
(mzkhladzz-tAshz)
.
Loaf,
5.
i^-^
s6mun
;
<Uo kEllfi.
Loan,
5.
*7^^
?ifdunj,
(joji
karz,
^ol^ai-s^
isstikrAz.
Loathe,
v.a.
cX*-5^xjj
i^ArEnmek,
CX*x~x>' tiksinmek,
U^^^x^jl
isstik-
rah-et,
\a\J\
ikrah-et.
Lobster,
s.jjs\z~i\
isstakoz.
Local,
a.
jl^>
y^rli,
(^Y
6
rnevki"z;
.^j^-
juz
I,
j*sr<\sc
munhXsszr.
Locality,
s. J
yEr, (J^"*
mhall,
^-^V*
mevki
,
_*J^
mevzz .
Lock,
s. *xJi kilid
;
^^^
chkmak
;
uOjz*-
hawuz
;
L^v<J demet
; ,v.n.
C-X*>iJ^Jj
kilidlEnmek,
kitlEnmek
; ,
v.a.
kilidlsmek,
cXils^ kitlfimek
;
in,
cXili^^^*
1
! icheri-kitlEmek
;
out,
cJ-^i^t-^llJs
disharz-
-kitlEmek
;
up,
CX*1^
kitlEmek,
CX<j>
(
Ja
kitlEyivErmek.
Locksmith,
s.jA-
chilinghir.
Locust,
s.
a^^c
kechi-b6ynuzu.
Lodge,
5.
">*kj1
kXpzjz-6dassz,
-evi; ,
v.n.
mussafir-61,
^
-
dturmak
;
mak
; ,
v.a.
6turmak,
kXl-
<JUJl
Xtmak
;
'(^/^c
arz-et.
Lodger,
5.
.c^rl;^ kbp5j,^jj-*^
mussafir.
Lodging, Lodgings,
5.
uoj\
6d,
;l5jjj
konak.
Loft,
5.
i^lj^^jt
tXwAn-^rassi.
[tefi^.
Lofty,
a.
CX^J
yuksek,
^*^/
miir-
Log,
5.
^^m
6dun;
cJj^
kyutuk
;
<t^ly
paraketa
;
c_jl-J 1 ensab
;
log.
sine,
^wL^~--J nissbeti-jey-
biyyE; log.
cosine,
^^>-
L^w*J/Uj
tXmAmz-nissbeti-jeybiyyE
j
log.
tan-
gent,
<ull?
L^-Y*J nissbeti-zilliyyE
;
to
heave the
,
^AJ\ ^^
paraketa-
Atmak. .
[t
^L-jl ensab.
Logarithm,
s.
<UJjU!
lugharitma
;
Log-book,
s.
^U^jjj^/i^ghemi-
zhurnali.
Loggerhead,
5.
(J^>-\
ahmak
;
to
fall,
go
to
loggerheads,
(jU-iJ^
b6zush-
Logic,
s.
(jdai,*
mXntzk.
[mak.
Log-line,
s.
(
<*w..s.**
s
ts\J
paraketa-
IjOgwood,
s. /Uu bAkkam.
[sijimi.
Loins,
s.
Jj
bel, t-J*.^ sulb.
Loiter,
v.n.
LL^A'^
ghezinmek,
^JA~$j\y
dolashmak,
cX^^js? ci^Jj
wXk/t-
-ghechirmek,
Ic-^jUu^ij
wXkit-
(kaib)-et.
Lombard,
s. JuJtLwcJ
lombardiali.
LOMBARDY
[ 182] LORD
Lombardy,
5.
Oj^c*
lombardia.
London
(town of),
s.
*~$j*f*> ^^JjJ
Ldndra-shehiri.
Londoner,
s.
^JjjjJjJ
londrali.
psssfz.
Lonely,
a.
IfJ
tEnha;jJl> ya\mgiz;j~*\
Long,
a.
(j}j}\
uzun,
J-^
tawll
;
as
as,
j&i
kAdar
; ,
v.n.
^i Ash
-
yErmek
; for,
isstiimek,
(jJvC^^b-
JAm-
-isstEmek
;
/-< MI Aramak
; after,
Aramak,
j\
vli^o
mushtAk-61,
j^-l
ishtiyAk-et.
Longer,
a.
&))\
\* daha-uzun
; ,
ad.
any
,
no
,
^pj\
artzk,
*^uj
ziyadE
;
a little
,
1&J
j\ j{
bir-Az-
daha.
Longevity,
s.
j*s- J^l?
tul-i-"wmr.
Longitude,
5.
J^L
tul,
jL
J^
tulibeled.
Look,
s.
(J
^i\J
bXkzsh,^lo5
nXzar,
4is^
lahza;
^$J
ben^z,
*j$>-
chehrE,
U-.-J sima
;
c^-iLs
kiyafet,
iZJjyo
surEt,
<-^^i^
hey'et,
^LjJ
kzh'k
;
,
v.n.
^J^V
blkmak,
J^laJ
nXzar-
-et
;
l^--j
seyr-et,
\ Ljl*J tXmasha-et
;
d)^
ghfilmek,
\^JUj*j
ghyuzE-
-ghywrunmek
; like,
cJ^j
ben<?-
ZEmek
; about,
JP^Jb
bAkznmak
;
fj^]j\
Aramak; after,
^JJb
bXkmak,
CJ^J^^D
ghyuzetmek
;
^j^yi
Ara-
mak
;
big,
(J'djy
kurulmak,
1^1
JU5
kXba-daylzk-et
;
down
upon,
JMb^\4i^Jkjtij
yukarz-
dan-Xsha^Az-bAkmak
;
^U^Vil
iss-
tihkAr-et,
JU^U^^
kh6r-bXkmak
;
for,
^f^
Xramak
;
c^UKj
beklE-
mek,
j\J&x~<
muntXzzr-61,
me'mul-et;
into,!^*^'
teftish-et;
\^j~~sC tejesssuss-et
; on,
(J*$\)
bXkmak,
\j+~
seyr-et
; out,
<k^j
*s\i
iyija-bakmak,lL^Jt3
dikkXt-et;
well,
j! Jj^^s
ghyuzel-61,
^jpt^lSU
yakzshmak,
^^.-i ^j
yarashmak
;
Looking-glass,
s. A*J\
ayinE,
Cl>^
Loom,
s.
^jtol^-t^J
bez-desstghyahz,
A\K&4tJ
desstghyah (tezghyah)
; ,
v.n.
CX^J^ JU^ J^>- khayal-
-mayal-ghyMzukmek.
Loop,
s. CX*J1
ilmik;
CLX^
ilik.
Loophole,
.
^^^J bXja,
(
^-c^b
c
^jJol
aydmlzk-bXjassi
;
^J^^^
kXchamak.
Loose,
s.
^^-
'i$b\ itllki- bian
; ,
a.
CJ.^^
ghevshek
;
jljj^>-
chwzulu
;
ji^jilL?
sXllanz'yor; >^
mubhem
;
J*Jajj
rXbtszz
;
J^^L.
1
^
rlbita88tz,J^>
yaramaz,
^^Jbl^-
chXpkm
; ,
v.a.
achmak,
cJ-j^^-
chwzmek ;
J brakmak
;
C3^^
J U? sXlz-
VErmek.
[LL/^jL^-oJ
linet-VErmek.
Loosen,
v.a.
ClXc-i^
ghevshstmek
;
Looseness,
5.
c^K-i)^
ghevsheklik
; (of
bowels)
L^uJ
Imet;
Jl^J
isshal;
(of morals)
^jL-.-ftjU^
chXpkmlzk.
Loquacious,
a.
^^
ghev^zs;
^\*^
lafzen.
Loquacity,
s.
cAl^j^
gheve"zElik.
Lord,
s. kJ&J\
efendi,
cJo
be^A
;
the
Lord
God,
^-^lUJl L-JJ
rXbbu-'l-
""alEmm;
the Lord of
glory,
dJ^xjic^
rXbbu-'l-"izzet
;
our
Lord,
J/*j^i
efendimiz
;
iJ^/^j
rXbbtmtz-t^"ali;
LOSE [
183
] LULL
our Lord Jesus
Christ,
s\ Issa
-
'1
-
Messlh-
-efendimiz
-
hAzretle'ri,
or
+& rAbbimi'z-t-
"ala-"issa-'l-mfessih-hAzrfetldri
;
our
Lord and
Saviour,
U^)leS*jUJj
rAbbz-
mzz-vE-khtfllasszmzz;
our
sovereign
Lord,
J-*J JJlj/*Jl>l.$
jb
padishahzrmz-
-efendimiz
;
our Lord and
Master,
UjJcJl 1^^/ixJ
jjj
veli-ni"metimiz-
-efendimiz.
Lose,
v.a.
It^jlc
gha'ib-et (kaybet),
\jL?
zaY'-et,
(jHtf^^t^H
Eldan-
-kXchzrmak,
j^^
dan-61
;
ground,
rilEmek
;
one's
way,
!L- j
y61-gha'zb-et,
(J^-i>^J^.
y61-sh-
shzrmak.
[telef
;
C^LAlj
telefiyj^at.
Loss,
s.
j>
zarar,
^b
ziyan
;
UJlU
kzssmet; lots, Lot,
.
kura;
to draw
lots,
Lotion,
5. -<? su.
[kur"a-chekmek.
Lottery,
s. ul-J
piyanko. [JJ
bulend.
Loud,
a. C>J
pfck,
y
>Cw
pek-sessli,
Louse,
s. L^-o
bit,
< kehlfi
; ,
v.n.
CJvuLrj
bitlEnmek; ,
v.a. J
Lout,
5. cJ-j eshek.
Love,
s.
Jp-c
"ishk,
C^^sr*
mhbbet; ,
v.a. C
SEvmek
;
^l^J-llc
"ashzk-61.
Love-apple,
s.
^ylacOtbcJ^
firi:nk-
-pAthjlnz
;
(green)
<0'^J>
kXwAta.
Lovely,
a.
^~*j~*
siivghili,
Jlj^
ghyuzel,
Lover,
s.
^-i>lc
"xshzk;
&j\+Jj
(zm-
para)
;
Ljyb
havessli
;
*\j*
merlklz.
Low,
a.
^f\&\
Isha^f
;
J4
Xlchk
;
lJ*6\J
bXsszk
;
j+fc>-
hkzr
;
^j
deni
;
^pibl^-
chXpkzn,
t^^l)
na-merd;
. yawXsh;
^-J
pess
; ,
v.n.
^
L^eLXx>J
mek-ghibi-sess-
VErmek.
[-diyari.
Low
Countries,
t^l)
J^^x
Lower,
a. JlltoJ daha-Xlchak
;
endirmek
;
^J^XJjL?
sarkztmak;
Ui;tc
mayna-et;
\jjjy
terzil-et,
^SL-O
muhAkkar-et
;
J^&ijLjtJ
za"iflatmak;
jV.w.^*;!^
klrarmak. jlil^o munkAd.
Loyal,
a.
jj^^
sAdzk,
^-Ja><
miitz",
Lucid,
a.
^"^j
vwazth.
Lucidity,
5.
-^j
vwuzuh.
Lucifer,
s. L^o .-^ kibrit
;
^fcj
zuhrE
;
^Ua.*-!
sheytan.
Luck,
s.
(~~^
bakht,
JH? talz".
Lucky, a.^
Lucrative,
a.
>j&
kyarli.
Lucre,
s.
j&
kyar
;
^b
pars.
Ludicrous,
a.
c3^<^^ ghyulenejek.
Luff,
v.n.
\^>j*\
6rsa-et.
Luggage,
s. L-il
eshya,
.^V
p^
JU51
esskAl,
cJ^J
yuk,
jJoU
sXndzk-mXndzk.
Lugger,
5.
JljCMtf>cJj-J
biyuk-sAndAl.
Lukewarm,
a.
^J'^-L!
ilijak
;
_c.l
\ghir,
CJwl^
ghevshek,
\*~Jj^
ghayretsiz.
Lull,
v.n.
^J^wUb
yatzshmak
; ,
s.
tesskm.
LUMINARY [184] MAGISTRATE
v.a.
Luminary,
5.
^-<^^>-
jissm-munir.
Luminous,
a. r-^
munir.
Lump,
s.
A-f-jb
parcha,
C-?jk
t6p
; ,
ghywturu
-
Almak
;
ghywturu
-
VErmek
;
ghywturu
-
yapmak;
ghywturu-yapdz'rmak.
Lunacy,
s. c^
J
delilik,
L^-U^ jinnet,
Lunar,
a.
iJfpJM
kAmri.
\_^^T
junun.
Lunatic,
a. and s.
.JJ deli,
^^sr*
mejnun. [altissi.
Lunch,
5.
jjfc-jd^J
JTj!
wylE-kahwe"-
Lungs,
5.
f>/.
^^T
ji^^Er,
J^ZTJ^
Ak-
Luscious,
o.jSJltcXj
pfek-tXtii. [ji^AEr.
Luserne, Lucerne,
5.
&ss?j)
t y6nja.
Lust,
5. CU-i> shehvEt
; after,
v.n.
Lustre,
5.
ji^b
parklzk,
^p^j
revnAk;
*J)^1
avizE.
Lusty,
a.
^
J
dinj,
^by
kuwetli.
Lute,
.jl**j
saz;
^Ltil
lawuta;
Jyi
ud.
Luxuriant,
a.
^y
kuwetli,
^c^J
bEre"-
kEtli,
J^
chok,
J^*Vo
mebzul.
Luxurious,
a.
jli^LLc
sXltanAtlt,
j!
<Uaib
tXntAnalt; ,J^^ a"la,
(j-*.^ftJ
nefiss.
Luxury,
5. e^i.laLj
sAltanXt,
iUk^b
tXntAna;
U^ft\Li se^h^t;
^nj^Ju
neflss-shey.
Lying-in,
5.
t^Oj^j^
j uk-d6ghurjak-
wXkz't
;
Lymphatic,
a.
^^J
bXlghami. [Ilk.
Lynx,
5.
^J-ij
vAshak,
J^^/
kXr-ku-
Lyre,
s.
LJ^J
berbet.
Lyric,
5.
Jki ghazel.
M.
Macaroni,
s.
<0jlft^
makarna.
Mace,
s.jjo
t6puz,
^)^*kjjy
b6zda^an;
^cjJ>
-jj^- ^k**jA*fc
hindusstan-
jevizi-kXbu^u. [liwa-i-sElamk.
Macedonia,
s. <UlJ filibE
;
ClXjLj
*ij!
Machine,
Machinery,
5.
^>-
charkh,
4i-^=Uj
makina,
c^-JI
alet,
C^iJl alat.
Machinist,
5.
^ffj^-
charkhji.
Mackerel,
s.
\^j**p*J\
usskumru.
Mad,
ff. ,J3 deli,
<^^^
diwanE
;
jjy^sr*
mejnun, (
childirmish
;
to
go
,
v.n. d
childirmek,
j^^
deli-61,
\
(^s^
te-
jennun-et,
CXc^Sd(J^l>-
jinnet-ghe-
tirmek.
C^yV
k6kona.
Madam,
5. ufJcJi vl^- khanim-efendi
;
Madder,
s.
b^JcJjf
kywk-boya.
Mad-house,
^.
<OLv.^U-J
timar-khanE,
<OL>.jU.j
bimar-khanE.
Madman,
s.
^Jj
deli.
Madness,
^. (jJlJj
delilik,
i^-^irs.
jinnet,
jj^=>-
junun. [yem.
Madona,
s.
+),*>
d^*d^-
hazreti-mEr-
Magazine,
s.
*jlv
ma^aza
;
jlj!
nbar;
(^j-^
makhzEn
;
<L^-c
ghazeta
;
powder
,
ajlss^s- jeb-khanE.
Maggot,
s.
^jj*
kurt.
Magic,
s.^^
sihr
; lantern,
^sL>-
U^Ui
khayaljz-fEnEri.
Magician,
s.jb^sr* sihrbAz^ls-^
sahhar.
Magistracy,
s. LLXL*U- hakimlik
;
/&>-
hukkyam.
[j^U
rae'mur.
Magistrate,
s.
^Is*- hakim,
kjU?
zabit,
MAGNANIMITY [ 185]
MAJORITY
Magnanimity,
s-.
C->L>.jLe
"uluwi-jenab,
Cl^LjLc
"uluwi-fitret.
Magnanimous,
a. C-Ai=>~
^^-
"ali-jenab.
Magnesia,
5.
LVMgltAL>>.f3 ghyuher-
maghnisia-kAssAbassi. pach'z).
Magnet,
s.
j^-LLiU
miknatiss
(mikh-
Magnificence,
s. c:^:.Vtl..i
sAltanAt,
fokvk
tAntAna,
<UJjJ deMe"bE
;
O^ls.-*
fakhamet.
Magnificent,
a.
Jj^^^J
pek-ghyuzel
;
jLu-LLj
sAltanAtK; *+s? fakhim,
*\& fakhametlu.
Magnify,
v.a.
cX*Jj-J
biyutmek
;
vWsT
Ijwsr*^ tahmid-u-temjid-et.
Magnifpng-glass,
s.
j^^
pertevsuz
(pertevsiz).
Magnitude,
s.
CJl^j-J
biyuklik, ^
h.Vjm
;
C^,^4fci ^hfemmiyyet.
Magpie,
5.
^U^aL? sAksa^Aan. [-
Mahogany,
5.
^^sj-lc^^U
map^on-
Mahometan,
a. oJc^^sr
^<U
isslami
; ,
s.
/*iL;^Jji>'
ehli-isslam,
liman.
Mahometanism,
5. /*U
isslam,
.^JJ
Maid, Maiden,
5.
jJ
kzz,
jJ^Li^J
kzz-6^AlAn-kzz,
*j=k
bakirE.
Maidenhead,
5.
^jW
kzzlzk,
X bikr.
Maidservant,
5.
(free)
<ul j besslemE
;
(slave)
J^iU-
khAlay/k,
<^j^ jariyyE.
Mail,
5.
<l^j
possta
;
^j
zirh.
Maim,
v.a. IkjLs
..ill
Mini
-
sakAt
-
et,
\ \3JL
^j$js
kolunu-skAt-et.
Main,
a.
cJ^-J
biyuk,
1)1
ana,
J-^l Assl;
musslim,
muss-
dmi-isslam.
;
tuy
kuwet
;
with all his
might
and
main,
<Ljj3^Jj
var-kuvvetHa
; land,
XjsJ*>\
Assl-
kAra
; mast,
wJ^*>A^l
6rta-dlrek,
L^/
jJ
u^JJlyi
ghrandi-direghT
;
sail,
t-^JjLc
ghrandi
;
topsail,
u^JoLc^Ljlc
ghabiya-ghrandi.
Maintain,
v.a. cJv*l~
j besslEmek
;
<^i
jl
arka-61,
<j**j
tutmak
;
llcjl
iddz"a-et;
!Uj!
ibkl-et;
l^^jL-tf
siyanet-et,
\*^3j
vikayE-et.
Maintenance,
5. dXs-Axs$
ghechinEjek,
ta"ayyush,
<&&
nafaka,
uJU^
fefAfi-n^fss;
Uu\
ibkl;
C^OLtf
siyanet,
<ul5j
vikayE.
Maize,
s.
^Ij^j^a^
missir-bo^rAdayi.
Majestic,
a.
^Li^j^
ghyusstEnshli
;
^ia-wJb
heybetli.
Majesty,
5.
L^%^*-i>
shfivkEt,
ci^V*
mahabet;
His
Majesty (the Sultan),
jAJj&it
^b^*-j
shfivkEtli
-
efendimiz
;
His
(or Her) Majesty
the
King,
t^JjU^J^S^CJfcl^
hAshmetli-kzrAl-
jenlbleri, (or
^iltj
kiralicha,
the
Queen,
or
jLU-*4J\
impErator,
the
Emperor, &c.)
Major,
a.
i^J^z\
feksfiri
;
Jit!
a"zam,
jf^s\
fekbEr
;
J^
kyiilll
;
jJb
baligh
;
,
5.
^iLXo
bin^r-bAshz
;
drum
,
jjj\-cjj~b
tAmbur-mazhor; domo,
IjekK
kyaya;
^^j
vekil-kharj
;
general,
L&Mjl
liwa-pasha.
Majority,
s.
c^o^i
^ksEriyy^t
;
C^J
bulugh,
c^lj^^s
sinni
-
bulugh
;
CJl-^LLj
bin^-bAshzlik.
MAKE
[186] MAN
Make,
s. *:=
bichira,
L^^L^
hey'et,
<j^V,
i"maliyyE
; ,
v.a.
<j
IJlkc!
i"mal-et;
vujuda-ghetirmek
;
surEt,
-! ^
>j
yapmak,
^li
Jf
Jjflj-j
. yerAtmak,
eyMmek,
J^i
kelmak
;
a fool
of,
J^JljJI
Aldatmak,
UjLf=kpazE-et,
CX*^^^<U*
r
s.~"'
<>
mAsskharaya-
-chevirmek
;
a
mistake,
<J*^&
yangilmak,
\j&~>
sehv-et,
!Ua- khXta-
-et,
l^jLli^b yan^zh'shlzk
-
et
;
angry,
J^sJ^
dXrzltmak,
JUjt^J
kezd/rmak,
CX^J^^^^=
ghyuJEndir-
mek
;
a
pen,
^4CJ^J
;
Jj kalEm-
-y6ntmak, (a
new
pen)
kAlEm
-
chmak
; at,
sXldermak,
^/*^s^
hujum-et; away
with,
(J*^jl
uchurmak,
It a)j telef-
-et
; for,
JUJjt
J^>
y61-tutmak
;
good,
CX*^jPM2J
J
yErina-ghetir-
mek; haste,
^l^U-
chabik-61,
Aj^lE-et;
land,
y
J^J
den^izda-kXra-ghywranmek
;
many
words,
^J^Jljjl
uzXtmak,
v^^lj^-j^^^-
ch6k-suweylmek
;
off, CJ^
ghitmek, (
J*J**\
i6 sawush-
mak
;
off
with,
(jd\
Xlmak
;
(_*!l>-
chXlmak;
one of a
company,
^iilij
refakat-et,
IJr^b
dakhil-61;
one's
escape,
^J^^-^s
kXchmak;
(JAAjjup
kurtulmak
; out,
(J
chzkarmak,
(J*>j\
okumak;
issblt-et
;
Ic-^L^.
hissAb-et; over,
devr-et;
\A\>-
hawalE-et;
towards,
up,
J^
tekmil-et,
/%
|J yol-tutmak
;
toplamak
;
\^\.+AJ
tlmAm-et
;
up
to,
^Jb
yamna-varmak ;
it
up,
^JU^jjU
bXrishmak
;
it
up
to,
^^^4^'
tAzmin-et,
^*i^UJ
tlmlm-
lamak
;
use
of,
^4J ^ji
kullXnmak,
\
JUxi,-^
issti"mal-et.
Maladministration,
5.
*^J^-j
su'i-idarE.
Malady,
5.
t^J
dsrd,
(^-^Lc "illet.
Malaria,
s.
>-.:>-ju^y&
h^wa-i-vwakhlm.
Male,
a. and 5. CJ
$j\
erkek,
J
nEr,
^J
zekEr
(pi.
j^J
ziikyur).
Malediction,
5. Uj Jo bed-du"a.
Malefactor,
5.
^s^t-^^l-tf sahib-junha,
/^jsr*
mujrim.
Malevolence,
5.
tU^J^
"adavet,
"udvln,
oJb-
hikd,
/>:Aj bughz.
Malice,
s.
su'i-niyyet,
Malicious,
a.
Maliciousness,
Malevolent,
a. t
kyutu.
su'i-kAssd,
C^-
kyutulik.
kyutu.
.
cJi-J^
kyutuluk.
Malign,
v.a. 1
\j\
iftira-et.
Malignant,
a.
^j
kyutu.
kyutuluk. Malignity,
s.
Mallet,
s.
Mallows,
s.
Malt,
s. fa
Malta,
s. <ldJU> Malta.
Malt-liquor,
5.
]^J
bira.
Maltreatment,
s.
^~+}t
^\
Mamma,
s. Ui
ana,
<fc*J
validfi.
Man,
5. *4\ adsm
(IdAm)
ebE-ghyumeji.
t* biralik-arpa.
ninE,
nsan,
MANAGE [187]
MANUSCRIPT
JP*
mErd,
f<^r
mErdum
;
of
war,
^c
s"*^
3
CX^>-
jenk-ghemissi,
^^J
kaly6n,
of war's
man,
^rs^Jli
SJ
kalyonjz-nefe'ri
; ,
v.a. W*Jl
ljj
J XdAm
-
ila
-
d6natmak,
/ jl
Am-komak;
4J^*Jl)^J
d6nat-
mak,
^^^IjtLJilj
bAshma-varmak.
Manage,
v. n.
^J^ojJUj!
uydurmak
;
dXiJJo! edinmek
;
<J-)v*^s
ghecbin-
mek; ,
v.a.
^J^J^^s
kullXnmak
;
\\3~e
zlbt-et;
\Xj\A\
idarE-et;
uydurmak,
ct^V.
ypma
Management,
s.
*^j!
idarE.
[ghywrmek.
Manager,
s.
j^^o
mudir.
Mandate,
s.
*4\j\
irads,
^Uy
fiermAn,
*^=^!>-
hukm,^*!
emr.
Mane,
5. <idj
yels.
Mange,
5.
jy^l
uyuz.
Manger,
s. CiLiJ
yemlik.
Mangle,
5.
Xj<Mz>-
jend^rE
; ,
v.a.
i yzrtmak,
ClXJ*;l>
parElEmek
;
j^jc^ jend6rdan-ghe-
Manhood,
*.
jL4\
XdAmlzk.
[chirmek.
Mania,
5. CJJJj delilik.
Maniac,
s.
^J
deli,
^.^f-
chilghm,
^IjjJ
diwanE,
^^s"
mejnun.
Manifest,
.
(
^sr^cJ^^
gheminim/-
-hujjeti
; ,
a.
jl-S!
Ashzkyar,
^.Jo
bedihT,
^fclk
zahir,
j^.Jo
bedldar,
Ijjyj)
huweyda
; ,
v.a.
cXo^w^^
ghyMsstErmek,
\j\$t\
izhar-et.
Manifesto,
s. <tliJLj
beyan-namE,
<t<bolc\
i"lAn-namE.
Mankind,
s.
^J\ ^ij
beni-adEm,
cy
S~*>
nev"i-beni-besbEr,
^.Ij
nass.
Manly,
a.
J^<
merd,
<U|j^<
mErdanE,
/j| AdAm.
[-helwassi.
Manna,
5.
^ol^ir^d^Jj
kudret-
Manner,
5.
\Ja
tarz,
^IjJ
durlu
(turlu),
<Jc*j
vejh
; manners,
5.
pi.
j\)o\
Xtwar;
ji^-l
akhlak
;
<-*\d\
adab.
Mano3uvre,
5. c-
XDjb
d6lAb,
^^j'
6yun
;
^yl
manevra
; ,
v.n.
d6Ub
-
chevirmek,
6yun
-
chekarmak
;
CX^.)j>. ^y
Uo manfevra-chevirmek.
Mansion,
s. *;l3*J k6nak.
w
>
Mantel-piece,
Mantel-sbelf,
s.
,J^jl
uJij ^j!
i
JcJX-jj!
6jak-usstindE-61an-
rXf.
[mantua-shehiri.
Mantua
(town of),
s. (
-^^ |^ut
Manual,
s.
AlL^
rissalfi
; ,
a.
<djj Jl
l^jUj!
L>4
El-ila-ijra-61unan
;
exer-
cise,
L5
*A*J ^XxaJ'
^^
"AJEmi-
tufek-ta"limi
;
sign
,
La3) imza.
Manufactory,
5.
&&j>\i
fabrika.
Manufacture,
s.
^^^
fabrika,
<OU-^
kyar-khanE ;
JU
mal,
(pi.)
Cl^UcI
i"malat,
CLJlc^^a^j
mAssnu"at
;
(Jltc!
i"mal
; ,
v.a.
^J^V.
Y^P'
mcrk,
\
JU^\
i^mal-et.
Manufacturer,
5.
^>.&ji\3
fabrikoji.
Manumission,
s.
<3\j\
azad.
Manumit,
v.a. \
J^jl
azad-et.
Manure,
s.
Xj)
gbyubrE
; ,
v.a.
dJv*^jVj
ghyubrE-VErmek.
Manuscript,
a.
,<-JjV,J^
M-yazissi
;
,
5. cA^i
Lc-^jV,
J^ Bl-ykztssf-
kitAb.
MANY
[188] MARSHAL
Many,
a.
ch6k,
i\^
wafir
;
a
great
,
Jj^-
chok,
j>^
birchok
; a,
Map,
5.
da^sf-
khflrita.
Maple,
. ~\\
(J~>~ZT j*.
bir-jinss-Aghaj.
Marauder,
5.
^-**
ya^Amaji.
Marble,
s.
March,
s. ClLc mart
;
marsh
;
"XsskEr
-
yurume'ssi
;
^.
yl
I ,
v.n.
c-ejj^.
or
yurumek
; ,
v.a.
yurutmek
;
^Jj***'
sevk-et, c
ghyuturmek
; ,
int.
^j\
arsh
;
in,
CJ-<^
ghirmek;
off,
C^^2^'
ghitmek
;
C^^Jji
ghy&tur-
mek
; on, cXc
jl/W
il^ri-
ghit-
chzkmak.
Margin,
s. \l ksnar
;
^i*oJ fXzla
;
mek
; out,
Mare,
5. -;
marginal
note,
j
kEnar;
<L->
Marigold,
s.
\j~J>
nErghiss.
Marine,
a.
L-^asTbahri, ^^
bahriyyE
;
\&
kyaffe'i-
-
tejfemmulati
-
bahriyyE
;
bahriyyE
-
tuf
fenkjissi
;
^y
b6sh-putkAl.
Mariner,
s.
c?- ghfemiji.
Maritime,
a.
^J^>
bahri
;
^Xs^Ls
sahili.
Mark,
s. chizi,
C-W isharet,
lU nishln
;
(dXmgha)
;
^as^
shakhss
;
^iD
nishAn,
uJcXfc
hedef; ,
v.w.
^J^jl>
yazmak,
ci)--<^>.
chizmek;
Ic^Jic) dikkXt-et
;
^.a.^Jd^U!
isharet-komak,
* ~* nishln-
-k6mak
;
(J
f
<j^\\k^j
dXmgha-wur-
mak;
^c
J
da^Alamak
;
^
essEr-brakmak
;
\<^^aJ dikkXt-et
;
of
>j+i*"0
mu"te'bEr,
Llb^
belli-
bXshlz,
uJjl^o
muta"arif,
ma^lum.
Market,
5.
j|j^
pazar
;
^-^
Marking-iron,
*. 4uJ
dagh.
Marmalade,
s.
J>->>
rfechel.
charsu,
Marque (letters of),
s.
^\*j*
&
kursanlik-fErmlni.
Marquee,
s.
j^l^li
JJ
L/^^
iki-direkli-
-chXdz'r;
j\&~ cJ^
: biyuk-chldzr.
Marquess, Marquis,
s.
.Jo
iiJU
*
^<ujj
Marriage,
s.
^.&
nikyah,
evanish,
^f
tezfevvuj,
izdiwAj
.
Marriageable,
a. C
CJ
ghelinlik.
Married,
fl.
^Ijl
fevli,
Jjbk<
mut^^hhil
;
Marrow,
s. C3J^ ilik,
ix
maghz.
Marry,
v.w. C*
kXrz
-
Xlmak,
\
Jjb*U
tfc'khhul
-
et
;
-
varmak
; ,
v.a.
JpJI
Xlmak,
tj?
tfezfevvuj-et
;
cJl
fevlEndirmek, \*
tfezvij-
et
;
ul)J*^^^cj-y
kojaya-VErmek
;
z
"ikd-et,
!-Kj
nikyah-et.
Mars,
^. i-jJj -^ merrikh-eldzzz ;
ma' 'budun-is'smi.
Marsh,
5.
bXtak,
Marshal,
5.
^^
chawush
;
earl
,
lord
-^,
,^V U^V
chawush-bAshi;
MART [189]
MATE
field
,
( g-i^J<ol>jbw-j
sErdar-payE-
lissi
; ,
v.a.
lu^-jy
tsrtlb-et.
Mart,
s.
^1^-jJJ
bedisstisn,
u^~^
bezisstisn,
jjk-ljj^J
bezzazisstan
;
/(i
,LJj kApAn
;
^-i^l>-
charshz.
Marten-sable,
s.jj****
(samur).
Martial,
a.
tdj*~
harbi
;
"AsskEri
;
court
,
<
diWAnz'-harb.
Martyr,
s.
X*f^
shehid.
Martyrdom,
s. CL?t)UJj shahadet,
J*Xjfr$>
shehldlik.
[^J/
gharlb.
Marvellous,
a.
c^^s^ "ajlb ("aja'ib),
Masculine,
a.
J>&*>
muzekkEr.
Mason,
s.
^s^^y
tAshjz;
r^jtJ
dzwarjz.
Masonry,
s.
j\ (j^
tXsli
-
dwar
;
J dmar-
jflik.
Mass,
s.
/^sr^
hAjm,
/^>-
jurm
;
^^J
ytghm
;
c
>jL
top,
<U^
kyiimE
;
jJb
tAbur,
^
J
fevj
;
katoliklErin^-badarakz
; ,
v.a.
t6p-et
;
Massacre,
s. /*l
v.a.
<^*j+*
kzrmak, IJaj
kXtl-et,
CX;0^
wldurmek,
mak).
[f\
tyhir,
Massive,
a.
^^o
metm,
L^-J>y
kunt,
Mast,
5.
CJ0 dzrek,
^^-j
sutun,
"amud
;
ghyulghsn
-
X^r
h
AJ znm^
-
y
emishi
;
top
top-gallant
,
^^-^^AxJbb
Master,
s. uJoj| fefendi
;
Icl
usstad
(ussta)
;
^>-
mu'
f
allim
;
iaJU? zabit
; c-^jlc
ghAlib
;
^*^J
4** ghemi
-
re'issi,
Jjj-J
kApudan (kXptAn);
,
v.a.
hXkkmdan
-
ghElmek,
ib-61
; hand,
JbLJ
usstad-Eli;
key,jl;vl}!>*lj
tAmm-
wnakhtar
;
of the
Horse,
ij>\ j~o
miri-akhor
(emrakhor).
Masterpiece,
s.
tgj
usstad-ishi.
Mastic,
5.
^JiL-^o mAsstak/,j3Lo
sakfz
;
(j^s*^
ma"jun.
Mat,
s. .*&>. hAssir
; ,
v.n. fcJ .
V
j >i>
1-^lj
bir
-
birina
-
yapzshmak,
Match,
s. kibrit
;
1
esh,
"ayn, Jl^
missl
;
}&
kyufv,
^
Xkrln,
(jib^j!
arkadash,
^
bXsh,
ErabEr,
u^L-^<
mussavi
;
chzkzshzr,
(Js>-
tJi+j>~ chz-
kzshajak,
jjJJ* ^j&^JLz*-
hAkkindan-
ghelir
;
j*JU
^JuJl Altda
-
kllmaz,
J^[s^c.\M>\
Xsha^z
-
kllmaz
;
-.^Jj?
tezevvuj
; ,
v.w.
j^>
blr-61
;
j>\j>
CX^^= bErabEr
-
ghitmek,
ji^tl
esh-61
; ,
v.a.
J^^^ll
esh-bulmak^
Lr"^
esh-Xramak;
^^J^.^^
eshi-y6k-deyu-idd2"a-et,
^1
^<yf<0^ Ju^o^.O ^>
eshi
-
y6k
-
deytr-
-meydAna-k6mak.
Matchless,
a. bi-nXzzr.
Mate,
s.
^jib&J^l
arkadash^
^L!
esh*,
;Wj
yamak;
/J\U
mulazz'm;
ij^yV.
yazzjz
;
MATERIAL [190] MEANS
Material,
a.
^y***^-
jissmlni,
}?
heyyulam
;
,J^>- khayli,
Jj
kyulll,
*Jac "Xzim,
^f>>
ch6k
; ,
s.
^Ui'
kumXsh
;
&*Z~~>j-=>
keresstE,
T^T*-
kharj
; s,
s.pl.
Cl?ljU
lewazzmat;
(old)
^Uil
enkAz.
Maternal,
a.
43^jjUj
madEranE
;
lil
^JoJ^L
ana-tarafmdffn.
Mathematical,
a. MjJCJb hEnde'ssi.
Mathematician,
s.
muhfindiss,
Jb
J&
ehli-hEnde'ssE.
Mathematics,
s.
pi.
<LoJoJ& hmide'ssE
;
ulumi-riyaziyyE.
Matrimony,
s.
^^
izdivaj,
^jj
te-
zevvuj
;
^10
nikyah.
Matron,
s. <U*J
seyyibfi,
L.^-3
seyyib,
ujljf kXrz
;
Matter,
s. -Jfc
heyyula
;
*~*
&~
jissm
;
maddE
(maddE);
^^^a^
khu-
ssuss,
LI^-AO
keyfiyyet,
^-<1
femr
(pi.
iimur),
(J
j
ish,
L^^s
3^
mXss-
lahat
;
C^o->-
jerah^t, c^
irin^
;
^L^-
chapAk
;
i.-^
z^rar,
(_/-b
be'ss
;
,
u.w.
jtt-^-tf
z^ran-61
;
no !
jiU-V
be'ss-yok;
that does not
,
*5* zarari-
y6k
;
what is the ? ^
nE-var,
dir).
Mattock,
5.
<UjlJi
kXzma.
Mattress,
s. &~* mindEr
;
<fcL$> shiltE.
Mature,
a.
^^^
61mush,
^^^
yet-
mish,
^jjJUul.rj
yetishmish,
^i^-^,)
yerishmish,
^jl<j^AlU
kEmalfl-var-
mz'sh,
Jl^l U^n kEmal-bulmush,
kzwAm-bulmush,
\j2-j]
kArarznz
-
bulmush
;
^^^J
pishmish ; ,
v.n. *
61mak,
v. a.
(Jyoj
Xj
Jji
kXrarlflshdzrmak,
!ju4& tekmll-et,
cX^j^=<u!jj
kmAma-ghetirmek.
Maturity,
5.
/*1y
kiwlm,
jly
kXrar
;
bulugh; JW
kEmal;
La&l
ink/za.
Maxim,
5. ^^15
ka"idE,
\s
kanun;
i^o
^-^
zarbi
-
messel,
[Grammar.
mevzu".
May,
s.
^r-jU mayiss
; ,
v. aux. See
Mayor,
s.
-ib^U^
"ayln-bAshz.
Me,
p.
^JJ
beni
;
l$J
Meadow,
5. jl>-
chayr.
Meal,
s. \
un,
^Jj
dAHk
;
yemek,
^Ut
ta"am,
^^1
or
(j^
Mean,
a.
^2-;^
VAssAtl,
^
orta
;
Xlchak,
J
denT;
^
r
,.. ^
khXssiss,
tXma"kyar;
J-5j^
laytksiz,
lli fsna
; ,
5. k-o
vXssXt,
AJl
; ,v.a. C demek-
isstEmek
;
CX*JJ
demek,
j
manass/-61
; CiXcjj.^ murAd-
-et,
^^^4*^7 tXssmim-et,
(J^jfi
kur-
mak,
Icu^J niyyet-et.
Meaning,
5. Ux ma"na
;
4\j*
murXd.
Meanness,
s. l33 dunluk
;
tama"kyarlik
;
(j+&
fakzrlzk.
Means,
s.
vlssz'ta,
^ vX-
ssat^t;
j&
iktidar,
CL^.JJ
kudret;
^,b
(para),
<Hs
3
| Xkcha.
MEANTIME [191 ]
MEMOIR
(6)-
5
kzzamuk.
wlchek;
Meantime, Meanwhile,
ad.
^
aralzk
;
^ol^J
J der-iken.
Measles,
s.pl.
^^
or
Measure,
5.
^f^j\
wlchu;
C.
(^)ij\
arshm,
Xj\J\
EndazE,
cljJ
zira";
+) Ju tedbir
;
(of poetry)
^j^
vezn
; ,
v.w. <JJvii
ghfilmek,
CXcjJ
etmek
; ,
v.a.
cX*js^jl
Mchmek,
<JL*i!
^M>.
?
yjl
Mchussunu-
-Xlmak.
Meat,
5. CL2\
et,
*^
lahm,
d^-i>^=
ghy6sht
;
CX*J
yemek,
/*UL ta"am.
Mechanic,
5.
L^-^J^-Jjil
ehli-hzrfet,
J-tol
L^C^J ehli-san"at.
[esskll.
Mechanics,
s.pl. J^K^/J-^ "ilmi-jerri-
Mechanism,
5.
fj^-
charkh,
^L>^-
chakhlar,
d^l
alat,
(*^>3^o
ma"-
rifet.
Medal,
s.
^^J
nishAn;
<lx-j sikkE.
Meddle,
v.n.
(j*j
^
kArishmak,
lai^lj^
mudakhala-et.
Mediate,
v.n.
(J*>j[s
klrzshmak,
fo\j\
C3v^
araya-ghirmek,
!k.y
tawXss-
Mediation,
s.
la-^y
to;wASSSut.
[sut-et.
Mediator,
s.
k-^<
mutawAsssit,
^da-olj
wasszta.
Medical,
a.
^b
tebbi
; attendant,
*-^Jb
hekim,
e-^-JL? tAbib
;
at-
tendance,
^^Jc^CJxLi-,^
hekimlik-
-khzdme"ti,
Medicine,
s.
^.Ic.
"ilaj,
l^J
dewa.
Meditate,
v.n.
c3v*o^J
diishunmek,
^jJilL tXshmmak,
l4ffUk muta-
murakaba-et.
Mediterranean,
Mediterranean
Sea,
5.
JiJ
v]
Xk-den^riz.
Medium,
s. <h~s\* wasszta.
Medlar,
s. &*>** mushmula.
Meed,
s.
^^sX-^o
musstahXkk,
Cl^UlCo
mukyafat
;
d^ljls-*
mujazat.
Meek,
a.
/*^ila^e
mazlum,
+Jb>- halim.
Meet,
a.
^^t\^<
munassib,
^J$>
layzk,
^^^T
jussbln;
,
v.n.
J*ft
kawushmak, ^,J^' telakz-et;
^4J^bi
t6plonmak,
j1^*^>-
jem"-
61,
<t>^J
bir-araya-ghElmek
; ,
v.a.
U-ji;
rAsst-ghElmek,
!ci>lJsL>
mulaklt-et
;
one
another,
L^l
bulushmak.
Meeting,
5. cl^lSLo
mulakAt;
mejliss,
l^-%*4>-
jem"iyyet;
c
jema"at
;
ft^ miiltaka
; house,
messjid,
^<^"
jami",
ma"bed.
Melancholy,
5. *
ghXmm,jtX=
\djvttj3
kAra-SEvda; ,
a.
maghmum,
j
uxCo mukeddEr
;
stkmdilt
;
Li fEna.
MeUow,
a.
\jZ*Aj\
61mush.
Melodious,
a.
jlJlt
tltii.
Melody,
5.
ti\jJ
terans
;
<U^3
naghma.
Melon,
5.
(water)
jftj^
karpuz
;
(musk)
^15
kawun.
Melt,
v.n.
LiXiJjl
erimek
; , v.a.
<^*3j\
eritmek,
\to\4\ izabE-et.
Member,
5,
^o
"uzv
(pi.
Lcc!
a"za).
Membership,
s.
^*!UAC!
a"zalik.
Membrane,
s.
j\j
zar,
LL^s^jJ
derijik.
Memoir,
s. JJ t^zk^rE
;
tesT^ la'iha.
MEMORABLE
[
192
] MERIT
Memorable,
a.
jji<~~*
meshhur.
Memorandum-book,
s. <U^sr*
mejma"a,
u^jSJj^j^^
ahmk-deftEri.
Memorial,
5.
JUtf^c
"arzzhal,
"0riza;
j\A$J
bErghyuzar;
y!
Memory,
s.
dSasWci^J
kuvveti-hlfiza
;
j^j&i
zihn,
(J-Jic.
"Akl,
^bl>.
khlt/r
;
in
of,
&**>U
nlmzna,
ALiJlAj! A^\J
nAimm'-ibkA-niyyetila
;
within the
of,
^j^Ll)vUi&JJic.
"Aklma-ghElmek-
-uze"rE,
ffJ^&ijj
wAktinda.
Menace,
s.
j
korku,
dJ'o-Wy
kAvkn-
*
ikhafE,
dilri-liw fi"kn-ikhafE
; ,
v.a.
/_*-^j}"
k6rkutmak
;
i JJl^i
ikhAffi-et;
\ 4&\&-\ dL \
JU-jjLJ
lissanz-
hal-ila-ikhafE-et.
Menagerie,
s.
J\s^L^j\
arsslankhanE.
Mend,
v.n.
j\*f\
iyi-61,
cJv*-CJyJ
Tyi-
lEshmek,
(J^j^jjl^j^
iyi%Aa-yuz-
tutmttk
;
/J^4>iJi
)Ltfi
isslah-olunmak;
,
v.a.
JL.**1
isslah-et; I^v4*5
ta"-
.mir-et,
^*^J'
tErmim-et.
Mendacious,
a.
iff*
Mendacity,
s.
jJu?JU
yalAnjilik.
Mendicant,
5.
^adiL|J
dilEnji.
Mendicity,
s.
C3l-s^,^ dilEnjilik,
Menses,
5.
;>/.
t^
"adet,
"ilmi-
ay-bXshz, ^j&+>- hayz.
Mensuration,
s.
-messaha.
Hental,
a.
^^
zihni,
Mention,
s.^J
zikr,
LJ^&l
lakzrdz; ,
make
of,
v.a.
(J^==>\
^n^mk,
(J,^*
A^Aza-Xlmak,
j^iJ
zikr-et,
w
..
^3
laker-
dtestnt-et.
[nAsszhtji.
Mentor,
5,
A^-^cs-
khoja
;
^rs^sx^'
Mercantile,
a.
-^;^r
tujjari,
Xj\^
^jA*^o
tijareta-muta"llik.
Mercenary,
a.
^y^JaL^l^-l^s^CJ^I
ujret-VE
-
bakhshish
-
emelindE
-
61an
;
,
5.jlix.-ejo-^l^>.l
ujretlu-hizmet-
yaHng/z-ujret-ichin-hizmet-eden.
Merchandise,
s.
JU>
mil
(pi.
(j\y<\
emwal)
,
&e* mAt* 'a
(pi.
tJC*\
emta"a)
.
Merchant,
s.
^^j)^
bAzirghyan (bezir-
ghEn),
j*f
tajir (pi.
j\zf?
tujjar,
generally
used as a
singular).
Merchantman,
5.
^^^j\ss^
tujjar-
-ghemissi,
.^ai^sS
^^jV
ghyan-teknESsi.
Merciful,
a.
^l^^rs^o
mErhametli,
re'fetli,
^JU-i
shefakAtlz;
the Merciful
(God)
(j*=>-j
RahmAn;
the Most
Merciful
(God)
*+&-j
Rahim.
Mercury,
s.
(metal)
Xj+z?
jiwa,
(J^J
zibak
;
(planet)
t^lL^
"iitarid.
Mercy,
s.
c^x*,^-^?
mErhamet,
L^-^Aa-i)
shefakAt,
\^\j
re'fet
;
(of
God to
the
blessed)
d-s*>y
rahmet.
Mere,
a.
jj3
kuru,
t>Us
sadE,
c^!U>
sAlt,^il>
yAln^z'z.
Meridian,
s.
^l^t
gr?J
&Ji\
da'ir^'i-
-nzssfr-nihar
; altitude,
ghay^ti-irtifa
.
^- jenubi.
Merit,
s.
,
vlftrsdJ
isstihkAk,
Meridional,
a.
MERITORIOUS [193]
MILDEW
liykAt,
L^jb!
ehliyyet
;
^Jb
hunEr,
kEmal,
ia.Ji.MflJ fXzzlet
; ,
v.a.
musstahXkk-61,
j!
\j*
seza-
-61,
jlfcu-jlfc shayesstE-61,
jl^tU
shayAn
-
61,
y,jL~>- jussbAn
-
61
;
J^3^5
kXzAnmak,
!
J-j-aas?
tahszl-et.
Meritorious,
a. c
>!y
sewAb
;
^.^sX-^-c
musstahsEn.
[keyf,
jU-
keyfli.
Merry,
a.
(^
shen>
_^j
ferah,
Mesh,
.
J^
ghyatz.
Mess,
s.
jMJ^
murdarlik,
*5
v^;
w
bErabEr-yemek-yeyan-takzm
;
,
V.H.
cX*Jjt^J
bErabEr-yemek.
Message,
s.
^^
khlbsr,
>*U
peyam
;
^^UM!
siparish,^<l
emr.
Messenger,
s. / jl IdAm
i
bfir,
(j-fv*^
peyamress
j^l
ulXk
;
Jk^U
kAssid,
Messiah,
Metal,
5.
j
Metaphysics,
s.
-hikmet.
Method,
5.
Jjj
y61,
Jj*\
ussul,
tErtib,
c-*-^5j
tXkrib.
Methodical,
a. *lu^ muntaz^m
;
nizamli.
Methodically,
ac?.
^J**^
ussul-ila.
Metre,
^.
^J^
vwezn.
Metropolis,
s. e^-^ub
payz-takht,
cu^j^- mErkEzi-hukyumet.
Mettlesome,
a.
jUjjl
6ynk; <^-^->
yi^Ait,
ji^>-
jessur.
Mews,
8'jijjS>\
*j*
szr^-akhorler.
Miasma,
s.j(ss?*+2.j
vwakhzm-bukhar.
Microscope,
s.
j.j*u>.
khurdabm.
p^yam-
tatar,
sa"i.
Hazreti-
[-Messih.
ilmi-
Mid,
a.
Midday,
6rta.
ghyunduz-
Middle,
s.
tjj
6rto,
^jjtijy
orta-
-yisri,
la^
vAssAt
;
Jj
bel,
^^
meyan
;
ages,
ku*j*A^*j*
kurun-
mutewassitE
;
aged,
j^2*j
t ^j^
6rta-yashli.
Middling,
a.
AJ^!
6rta
;
iL>y<d.>^2*
-pek-iyi-ne-pek-fEna.
Midshipman,
s. .,.,.. ."'lJ
/*J^<
^/^
bahriyyE-mulazim-sanissi.
Midst,
5.
<tf^l
orta,
k^j
vAssAt
;
\j\
ra,
<OLo
meyanE,
^U
mabeyn.
Midsummer,
5.
.^^j^ jV,
yaz-6rtassi.
Midwife,
5. <iu! ebE.
Midwifery,
5.
c^3j<^i
ebslik.
Mien,
s.
Xj#>-
chehrE,
c^Jlji* ktyafet,
UM-O sima.
Might,
s.
my
kuwet,
ti^jJi
kudret,
jljcJil
iktidar,
e^lCo
miknet,
jjj
z6r
; ,
v. aux. See Grammar.
Mighty,
a.
jj<
kudretli,
j\~"^-
m
>
-r
miknetli,
j\
JcJ^c.^o-1^ sahib
-iktidar;
cJj-J
biiyuk,
ji^i^
kyulliyyetli,
kyiilli.
Mignonette,
.
^^sk>*
LZ *+&*
bbfet-chiche^Ai.
Migrate,
v.n.
C^X^>-^
ghytahmek.
Migration,
s.
~
ghywch.
Migratory,
a.
^^f
ghywch^bE.
Mild,
a.
(J^\jl
yawlsh,
V^t<
mulayim,
yjlb
tatli.
Mildew,
s. is* or f.
^^
kyuf.
p
MILDNESS
[194]
MINISTRY
Mildness,
s.
<J--j j-J
yawlshlik
;
tl^v*jit<
miilaye'inet.
Mile,
s.
J-jx)
mil.
["Xsske'ri.
Military,
a.
^j^-
harbi,
u^u*c
Militia,
5.
t~$JL~i*JuAj
redif-"Asske"ri.
Milk,
.
tUy
sut.
Milkman,
s.
s^y*j
sutji.
Milkwoman,
s.
SJ3?j*a
siitji-klrz.
Mill,
5.
g^t)
de^AirniEn
;
rolling
,
haddfi;
hand
,
Miller,
5.
Millet,
s.
cJ-^J
darz.
Milliner,
s.
~-j
kXri-
Million,
s.
(j^J-*<}
milion.
[shXpkajissi.
Millionaire,
s.
Aj^^jcj
pek-zEn-
ghin-AdAm.
Mimick,
s. oiu: mukXllid
; ,
a. ^
Etma,
<Ujb
yapma;
tXklid,
<UJ
,
v.a. \ JulJiJ' tXklld-et.
Mimicry,
5. Juliu tXklid.
Mince,
5. <U-J
kzymo
; ,
v.a.
(j**
kzymak
; meat,
<U-3
kyma
;
it
won't do to mince
matters,
e^=lj3
nfezakEt-wlktt- di
Mind,
s.
JJb
"Akl,
^J
zihn;jl&!
efkyar
;
t^^f^;
raghbet,
^~y>
havess,
isstek; ,
v.n. jui'
kayd-et,
JviJJulJLftJ^j
wXzifE-edinmek
; ,
v.a.
^*J
bXkmak,
d-w
ghywz-
etmek,
L^JJ
dikkXt-et;
C
din^lfimek (dinEmek)
;
I have a
to . . .
,
j-l<ulsLe
"Xklzma-ghe-
liyor,
-ede'jfy&im-gheliyor;
I don't that,
6rassf-wAzif-
;
all of one
,
J>^^
\
hep-bir-efkyarda
;
to bear in
"Xklda
-
tutmak,
Lr-
"xklda-saklamak,
j
unutmamak.
Mindful,
a. *\S!
aghyah,
j\Ap-
khXbEr-
dar,
Xjjj\x\*2J\
intibah-iiz^rE
;
to be
bAkmak,
c^Jj
dikkXt-et;
(Jsc*jjjj
unutmamak;
^J^Uh^JJlc
ghlfil-
61mamak.
Mine,
p.
>io benim
;
,X*^
benimki,
JJ
benimkilar; ,
5.
^
ma"dEn
; ; ,
v.a.
Miner,
5.
ma"dEnji;
(c-
Mineral,
a.
^Jjt^
ma"dEnT; ,
s.
,)J filizz;
ma
water,
-suyu.
Mingle,
v.n.
^'-^--^U
kXrzshmak
;
^l
ikhtillt-et; ,
v.fl.
p
kXtmak,
J^A-^l5
kXrzshdzrmak,
1 kL>-
khllt-et,
\~j*
mezj-et.
Minister,
5.
jLC^c.Xj^
khzdmetkyar
(hiz-),
/*J\>
khadim,
Ju
"abd,
^"y
niikEr;
(of state)
ladan-biri,
^l?l}
nazir,
J--.J
vekH
;
(foreign )
f-V,!
elchi,
^^
sefir
;
(of religion)
c^V^i
P^pAss,
*
khAkhlm; ,
v.n.
s-
khdmet-et;
<J*&
bXk-
mak
;
C-X^Jj
isrUr>-
hawa'ijini-
-VErmek.
Ministry,
5. e^vJc>-
kh^dmet,
C^oJ
MINOR [196]
MISERY
"ubudiyyet; uuJlf,
vekyalet,
C->jl&
nAzaret
;
^J^
^=^
vuke"la-takmu ;
b
pApAssKk,
L^-vW imamet,
khAkhAmlik.
Minor,
5.
^^-^>-
chojuk,
^~o
slbi,
J*k
tzfl
; ,
a.
^j>-
juz'l,
^
ji
edna
;
Asia
,
jjjklil
anadoli.
Minority,
s.
jUJLs^^->-
chojukluk,
d^Ls
sAbavet,
v^^J^ tufuliyyet;
jljl'lzltk.
[sha"ir.
Minstrel,
s.
C-^-k-*
mutrib
;
^cli
Minstrelsy,
5.
cXLj^Luj
mutriblik
;
4 LV"
yu*>
sni r.
Mint,
s.
(herb),
and
peppermint,
4ix)
or Ux3 or -^ or c\i*3
(nanE)
;
(for
coining)
<t3ls^*?
zarb-khanE.
Minute,
5. <&~*^ dlkzka
; (paper)
<dz-wJ^
mXzbAta; ,
a.
(j^<^
dXkzk,
^jljj!
ufXk,
^s^jj inja
; down,
v.a. Ha-^J
z.\bt-et,
(_^<;V.
Minutiae,
s. oJu^ij tlfszllt.
Miracle,
5.
*js^
mu"jizE;
d
keramet;
^jUJlj^Ui-
khariku-'l-
Miraculous,
a.
t-^o^
gharib. [-"ads.
Mire,
5.
jycl^-
chamur; mired,
a.
^j*j\)&jyc\^-
chamura-bXtmz'sh.
Mirror,
s.
<^jj ayinE,
+\>-
jam.
Mirth,
s.
c-a/ keyf,
^!y
ferah,
hubur,
l?L--Jt
inbissAt,
shAdmanT.
Misanthrope,
s.
^^
J
XdAmlerden-teneffur-eden.
Misapprehend,
v.a.
^^oW (j^-^lj
ya-
nish-annamak.
[yanish-^nnamaklik.
Misapprehension,
s.
Misbehave,
v.n.
i^jy.
yaram^zltk-et.
Misbehaviour,
5.
^^/o^.
yaramazlik.
Misbeliever,
5.
yl^
kyafir,
J-JUol
imAn-
siz,
jjl^
ghyawur.
Miscalculate,
v.a. and n.
\j*
\ >U
1 c ;L->-
yanish-hissab-et. [hissab.
Miscalculation,
s.
Miscarriage,
s.
juk-dushurmESsi,
jinm.
Miscarry,
v.. c
-dushurmek
;
isskAti-
-ghitmek (yanish),
-61
;
(J*+5L&~t
Miscellaneous,
a.
Mischief,
s.
ch6juk-
j
yangzh'sh-
jlc
gha'ib-
bosha-chzkmak.
*> mut^nevvi.
yaramazlzk;
ziyankyarh'k,
C
khXssaret.
Mischievous,
a.
j*]jf
t yaram^z.
Mischievousness,
5.
(jJ/^'V-'.
yaramazlik.
Misconception,
s.
(j^^
t yanish.
Misconduct,
s.
L^-%p- ^
Misdeed,
s. &ste>-
junha.
j- jimri,
Misdirect,
v.a.
yanish-sa^l
Miser,
s.
(j--*
>
khassiss,
^JJ
pinti,
jl^il?
tAma"kyar.
Miserable,
a.
^j>J*j
dushkyun,
^^^J
perishln,
^JLJ
fakzr,
^^Jaisr*
mihnet-
kesh,
Ja^t^j
J derdmend
;
v^j.*"^.
khabTss
;
jy
b6k,
L$cX{
pek-fina,
ij+L**
misskin.
Misery,
.
J;J
dierd,
(J^^Jg
mihnet,
\s&-
jefa,
u^JkiA-**
szkmdi,
)b
bela;
^ol
eziyyet.
p 2
MISFORTUNE
C 196] MITIGATION
Misfortune,
s. LjJi
kXza,
LJ
bela,
L^=slJ
felakfit,
4-jJblj dahiyyE;
-
s,
5.
pi.
cJ^J^-ijjJ
dushyunluk,
V^++=J nikbet.
[-hukyumet-et.
Misgovern,
v.a. \
cuvj:>- Lj^>
yolsiz-
Misgovernment,
5.
e^yo- Jta
y61-
Mishap,
s. UzJ kaza.
[siz-hukyumet.
Misinform,
v.a.
CX^
.*>.
jj^i^b
yanish-khAbEr-VErmek.
Mislead,
v.a. ,
j'_/O'^jJi Xldatmak;
^J.^l>
yan^2ltmak, IJlail ighfal-et.
Misrepresent,
v.a. ,'i,
Miss,
5.
J-Jf
JU-
hanzm-kzz,
J.J
kzz,
AJW-
h^Dim; ,
v.a.
(J*\*jj\
wur-
mamak,
CXl43J^U>ol?1
isslbet-
-etmamek;
J^fcl
Xtlamak
;
S^y^J
kussur-et
;
(jpljl
Xramak
; fire,
J^oUli
Almamak,
J^UH^/Jl
Xtesh-
-Almamak
;
do not
coming,
<Ucj \ CJ
jy*
Uii J L?
sakm-ghElma-
mzlik-etm
;
I must not
seeing,
(or
^cj^^s
ghywrm^liyim)
.
Missile,
5.
^<j**~>-
jissmi-mErmi.
Missing,
a. c-^jlc
gba'ib.
Mission,
s.
d^Jj^to
me'muriyyet,
i^voJc^ khMmet
(hiz-)
;
vlXluf^l!
elchilik,
CL^U-a
sefaret;
d^U-
sefaret-taktmt
;
<UJ J.
^Ij
>
.\ nassz'-dina-da"vet-zzmnz'n-
da-ikhtiyar-61unAn- pApAss-elchili^^z
;
^jU-j^Ljbb
pApAsslar-sefareti.
Missionary.
5.
(.u^^^C^
VrV V
**
nassi-dina-dX'Vet-
-ichin-ghyMndErilEn-plpAss.
Missive,
s.
<_>yxCj
mektub,
tezk^rs,
&*0j)
pussla,
Misspell,
v.a.
(j~*j\l
&A W
yanish-imla-ila-yazmak.
Misspelt,
a.
^Uijl>
A'J
^^
yanish"imla-ila-yazilmish.
Misstatement,
5. Jjli!
jriKV,
-ifadfi
;
^b
yalAn.
Mist,
s.
jj^--5
siss,
^l^t>
dumln.
Mistake,
s.
(j^i^b
yangzh'sh (yanish),
JQ*
sehv,
lk>- khata
; ,
to be mis-
taken,
v.n.
^/iib
y^n^ilmak,
\j$~*
sehv-et,
1 UL->-
khata-et; ,
v.a.
CJvi^o
^x-j^JHj
bXshkassma*ben^-
Mistaken,
a.
,^1^^
yanish. [zstmek.
Mister,
s. lc-1
\gfiA.
;
u^JJjl efendi.
Mistranslation,
s.
<Uf^J* (j^-^b
yanish-
-tErjumE.
Mistress,
5. *i\&- hanzm,
cfJcJl
efendi,
madama
;
6ddtk
;
(orosspo),
zaniyyE
;
U?j\s
O\^3l
(ussta)-
te~ij\
ussta
;
<^fiJliJ kAlfa.
Mistrust,
s.
L^^o^Ac
"adEmi-emniy-
yet, &$+
shubhE; ,
v.a.
U^-wl
shubhE-et.
[(yanish) -(annamak).
Misunderstand,
v.a.
Misunderstanding,
s.
yanish-annamaklik
;
<J^jtf
b6zush-
luk.
[^L-fl.jbkr
takhfif-et.
Mitigate,
v.a. ClX^^La-i^ khXflflEtmek,
Mitigation,
s. uo
t;Q
>
V
>
takhfIf.
ma"shuka;
MIX [197]
MONASTERY
v.n. j kAnshmak
;
\
ikhtilXt-et; ,v.a.
^j^j\s
kXrish-
-ch'rmak.
Mixture,
s.
^&(J&fi
karzshzk-shey,
-5' tErkib
;
L^-J^l
sherbet.
Mizen,
5. ^Isr
*^^
kontra-majana.
Moan,
5.
|^A$y
in^ilti,
it
ah,
^jJt
fenm,
^Us
fzghan;
,
v.n.
cJv*^^
ah-chekmek,
uX**!^
inolEmek.
Moat,
s.
jjJc^-
(hEndek).
Mob,
s,
^^ji^^UJjy
ayak-
lanmzsh
-
khAlk
-
(kXlflbA%Ai)
j
v.a.
Jo ^ khXlk-
Mock,
a.
taklid,
B^j
yalXnjz
j
v.a. cJvf
jj
J z^vk-
isstihza-et,
<U^sr^*
mlsskharaya-cb^virmek
;
jij taklld-et.
Mockery,
5.
^d^Ja-**
mXsskharalzk.
Model,
5.
Jjyc
m6del, C^
*~ij
ressm,
c^l
munE,
ll^ missal.
nu-
mu^tfedil;
c,i'*c Moderate,
a.
khXfif;
\jj*
yawXsb,
)Lo
mulayim;
JjLajl
insAflz,
^^*^
yolunda,
klrarinda
;
c
kXrardan-ziyadE-yemaz-icbmflz
; ,
v.n. cJv*3 enmek,
kessilmek,
Js
kXlmak
;
sJis>- khXfiflEshmek
; ,
v.a.
u
ta,"dH-et,
!^.^Lj
tesskin-et,
LisT takhfIf-et.
Moderately,
ad. <Lsr jM
61dukJE. [sXbr.
Moderation,
5. 'tidal
;
Modern,
a.
^J
yen^i,
-ussul;
^X-tf
Ut
muta'akhkhir; moderns,
s.
^7.
muta'akhkhirm,
J^C^.
.>
yen^i
.ili
mahjub;
i^o
ebli-pErdE, ^
Modest,
a.
ed'ib;
"aflfE.
Modesty,
5. C-jtssr'"
bijAb,
C-^Jt edeb
j
Li' oa
"zffet,
i^i^vi^AC "essmfet.
Modification,
*.
i^j^T
J^.
4
^
tebdil-
-juz
I.
Modify,
v.a. 1
JjJuJJ^
bir-Xz-tebdil-et.
Mogul,
.
Jjt<5 mughul.
[j*ljl
isslam.
Mohammedan,
a. .<L^\
isslami; ,
5.
.Moist,
a.
jL*j
nemli,
cjj^
rutubetli;
sugar,
>- khlm-shekEr.
Moisture,
#. u^J? rutubet.
Mole,
5.
Cky3U*j
kyzlcsst^bek; (pier)
<dLjl
isskeLe,
f^.j
rekhtim
;
(on
the
skin)
^
ben or cJj
bfeny.
Molest,
v.a. lc^-J J!
eziyyet-et,
^i-llJLs
.JJ
ilishmek, sXtashmak, c
AJSijd
kXrzshmak,
\(j^fj
renjish-
-et,
Molestation,
5.
(^/^fj
renjish.
Moment,
5.
jjl
an,
<tks] lahza
;
C^v
^hemmiyyet.
Momentaneous,
a.
ani-wahid-surEr-surmaz.
Momentous,
a.
+i~<
muhimm.
Monarch,
5. *Li>jb
padishah.
Monarchy,
5.
^Lfcl-1-jb
padishahlzk.
Monastery,
5.
Jo-jl^
(or
j
mAnasstz'r,
t
J
deyr.
MONDAY [198]
MORTGAGEE
Monday,
s.
i*~*j\j\)\l
pazar-ertEssi,
<Ui.iJo
yekshenbih,
At*~\*j>
y&vmi-
-aluM.
Money,
s. te
s
\
Xkcha,
*j\J
(para)
;
JJi3
nAkd
;
ready
,
^b^..-1-.J
(peshin-
-pra)
;
changer,
uJ\^
sarraf
(saraf).
Monk,
5. L-
*~&\j
rahib,
^\?&j
ruhbln.
Monkey,
s.
^j***
maymun.
Monopoly,
s.
j
L-^-scM
inhissar,
.Jytflj^-ljJj
yedi-wahid-ussulu.
Monosyllable,
s. <ui
^W*
j
bir-hfejali-
kelimE.
Monotonous,
a.
c
XdAmin-j
anini- szkar-61an .
Monsoon,
5.
Jjlij^
nam-ru
zghy
arler.
Monster,
s.
kimessnE
;
biyuk-nessnE.
Monstrous,
a.
L^..*^>-
khabiss.
Month,
s. ^J\
ay,
*U
mah,
j$&
shehr
;
calendar
,
,yj ^Sjlyj^
allafranka-
ayi
;
lunar
,
^\ ^f-
arobT-ayi.
Monthly,
a.
*J>j.
*Jw1
ayda-bir-kerrE.
Monument,
5.
J:\
essEr,
J^&j*
hEr-
ghyuzar
;
(J^b
tXsh
;
LJ bina.
Moon,
s. kJ\
ay,
*U
mah,
^*J
kXmsr
;
new
,
.^ijlju^l
ay-bAshe;
hilal ;
full
,
jJo
bedr.
Moonlight,
Moonshine,
5.
^
ay-aydmlz^^z,
C>\.JJbls mahitAb,
L-jls^o
mehtAb.
Moor,
s.
j
kzr,
^j^
sahra; (man)
ie>j*<
maghribT
; <?,
"arab.
m6ssim-
khblss-
Mop,
.
^,1)1) pXpass;
,
v.a.
^^-.bl)
CX*L? rf^l
papass-ila-silmek.
Moral,
a. JU
salih, /Ji^-^j
musstaklm
;
ma/'ne'vi; morals,
5.J9/.
akhllk,
<_>U
adab,
C-?ljJ\
[edebiyyat.
More,
a. Uo
daha,
*J\jJ
ziyadfi,
J\j
jlfcJ
dah^-ziyadE;
no
,
not
any
,
^Jjj\
artik,
1^<^J
bir-daha
;
and
,
*jbj<Lsjc
ghitdikja-
-ziyadE. [vE-dakhi.
Morass,
. *;j bltak.
Moreover,
c.
vE-birdE,
Morn,
Morning,
5.
^-f-**
sabXh,
^xjj^jLij^j
kushluk-wlktz.
Morocco,
s.
ii)
L^s.**
s
sakhtiyan
;
^-^
maghrib
;
<-^)^j ^^^
merakesh-
shehiri.
<^^
ekshi-surEtli.
Morose,
a.
v~j
tsrss
;
J jys-khuysuz,
ekshi-surEtli.
Morrow,
s.
AJ.}\
or
tij\
fErda,
J^>
sablh
; to-morrow,
^.^V.
Morsel,
5. <UJil 16kma.
Mortal,
a.
<
[yarin.
wlfijek;
muhlik,
C^^L^^b
ba"issi-
-mevt
; ,
5.
^Lj|
insan,
/Ji.JjJ
beni-adEm,
^J
bfeshEr.
Mortality,
5.
^j^-jy*J
yemutiyyet,
uJ
fEna
;
<*^JJL)
beshEriyyet,
CL^-ju
nassut
;
^
Uju->-
jessedi-f
am
;
kmm,
iilj
telef,
C^lij
wefat.
Mortar,
5.
-^/^
kharj
;
^*AS
(artillery)
^Ifc
(hXwAn).
Mortgage,
5.
Ji^c-j! isstighlal
; ,
v.a.
\JkxzJ\ isstighlal-
et.
[lahu.
Mortgagee,
s. <d
Jxx*-^ musstaghel-
MORTMAIN
[199] MOURNING
Mortmain,
s.
uJtfj
wAkf
(pi.
cJlSj
evklf)
;
in
,
uJjJ^o
mevkuf.
Mosaic,
s.
,c^J
^s-rfUJJ^j
^JJ&
-s^Jw
sAdeQi-kyari-VE-kAkmEJi-ishi.
Moscow,
<-^">
*A
< mosskof-shehiri.
Moslem,
s. *i~>\\&\
ehli-isslani,
musslim,
^
*< mu'min.
Mosque,
s.
(large)
%~*\*>-
jami", (small)
vXsr*
messjid.
Moss,
s.
<j^y.
yossun
; rose,
J^Jj^tfjj
yossunlu-ghyul.
Most,
a. and ad. Cib
pek,
j*&~
chok,
c^--jLc.
ghayet, <LLi^Lc. ghayetla,
c^-o lw
bighayet
;
the
, cJ
1
&ng,
ajbjLtJl
en^-ziyadE;
for the
part, mostly,
b^l
eksEriyya.
Mosul,
(town of)
s.
^+y+
mossul.
Moth,
s.
*j\ji^
pErwanE;
^ghyuwE;
eaten,
^j^+jXj*
ghyiiwE-yemish.
Mother,
5. W
ana,
^^J
ninE,
2?Ju^
validE,
jjU
madsr
;
,c^y
possu,
L5V^
^or^ u
J
wife's
,
^^^Jj
kayn-ana
; ,
a. 1)1
ana,
J*s>l
Assl
;
country,
JsJj
J-^l Assl-wAtAn,
of
pearl,
<_Jju* sAdef
(sedef).
Motion,
s.
CU^^>-
har^kst,
^
kzmzldAmsh
;
J-4^
"AmEl
;
tekllf,
jlk^-1
ikhtar
;
C^UI
isharet
j
v.a.
Id^Lil
isharet-et.
Motionless,
a. \~S.s.
har^kfitsiz.
Motive,
a.
cJ^sr
muharrik
; , 5.
ba"iss,
^UJ^t)
zeri"a,
e-^r-^<
mujib,
CL^^O
muriss.
Motley,
a. CJ3
ilC^ rEnghyarEngh.
Mottled,
a.
jl&J
benekli.
Mould,
5.
^y?
toprAk
;
\_
^^
or
fc_Jy
kyiif;
c.JU kAlzb
; ,
v.a.
^jbc-^115
kAlzb
-
yapmak
;
J^J
C3v*x>-
perwAz
-
chekmek;
(J^^
6ymak.
[LlX^i^jJ
dwkyulmek.
Moulder,
v.n.
cJ^jj>-
churumek,
Mouldiness,
s. ej or
uJj^
kyuf.
Mouldy,
a.
^J*^
kyuflu.
Mound,
s. <U J
(tepE)
;
^u
Mount,
5. <UJ
(tkpE)
; ,
v..
chzkmak, CiX^J
>^V
yukselmek ;
,
v.a. CJvCJ
binmek,
^^Ji-^iUx^l
usstuna-chzkmak
;
^^jb^lL
takzm-
yapmak,
^J^j'ljj
J
donatmak
;
Ararat,
^clt u^i!
Aghrz-dA^Az
;
Carmel,
^H? J^
kirmil-dA^Az
;
Hermon,
viJ !
J^jebel-u-sheykh;
Hor,
(jj^w
J-K jebeli-harun
;
Lebanon,
^LJ
J~s>
jebeli-libnan
;
^cfiUs i-^t) durzT-dAghi; Olympus
(Bithynian),
^IL ^1*1^
keshish-
dAghi
; Sinai,
.^^
J'r?"
j^beli-
mussa.
[jebel.
Mountain,
5.
^IL
da^,
*j?
kyuh, J^5-
Mountaineer,
*. >jl
i<W ?^
dAgh-
ehli-AdAm.
Mounted,
a.
(jA/*>;j
binmish,
^.-JJ
binili;
j\j\
Atlz,
j^j
suwar
;
jLiilL
takimb",
^lljjJ
d6nAlz.
Mourn,
v.n.
fJ^Ls] Ap'Mamak, ($+^~\
Ajzmak
;
l^-b yass-et,
^"U
matEm-et.
Mourning,
s.
^l^ yass,
>!U matEm
;
CLJ,,x keduret.
MOUSE
[200]
MUNIFICENCE
Mouse,
s.
aJ\A
fane,
^Lf^ J^J
fmdz'k-
-sechAm
;
trap, ^jLJi kXpAn.
Moustache,
s.
^.j
beyzk.
Mouth,
s.
jcl
aghiz,
^Uj
dihln, *3
Mouthful,
s. <UJi! 16kma.
Mouthpiece,
s,
<j^j^
oghizlik
Move,
v.n.
m
mak,
1^
ghy&ch-et, IJju nXkl-et;
ev-d^Aishmek
; ,
v.a.
durtmek,
1
d^^rtahrik-et
;
C^4JL2
y^mushXtmak,
CJ^JcjJ>>y
terah-
hum-etdirmek,
tlX^j^c^O;
rkklt-
ghetirmek
;
begin
to
, Cjvjo
dz& ~>-
har^kEta-ghMmek.
Movement,
s.
Mow,
v.a. Cjv*2sr
bichmek,
<Uj
CLWsT
tbpXn-ila-bichmek.
Mower,
s.
^srlj^l?
tirpanji.
Much,
a.
Jj^-
chok;
jljJixi^J^
kyulli-
-mikdar
; ,
ao".
^^
ch6k,
Uo
kyiilliyyan,
Muck, s,
SjjjJ
ghyubrE, CJl-jJ pisslik.
Mucus,
5.
t^J^/f-j
sumuk.
Mud,
ff.Ji^l>.
chamur.
Muddle,
v.a.
^J^Juijli'
kXr/shd/rmak
;
,
^.
jLa-ijU
kXrishikltk.
[bulAnik.
Muddy,
a.
jl^l>-
chamurlu;
^pSjJ
Muff,
s.
^Jj^\
M-kyur^Ai.
Mufti,
s.
^JU
mufti.
Mug,
s.
J^
or
J^J
bardak,
^yl
a);
j^
yuz,
(surXt).
Mulatto,
s.
jic
melez.
Mulberry,
s.
Cl^J
dut.
Mulct,
v.a.
l^rsT
tejrim-et. [esstEr.
Mule,
s.
Jb[s
kXtzr,
Jij b^ghl,
Muleteer,
s.
^frj^i
kXtirjz.
Mullet, 5.
(grey)
^
lufEr
;
(red)
j
^
b
mErjAn-bAlz^^z,
^Jyjb
barbunya.
Multifarious,
a.
&)& ghyun-a-ghyun.
Multiplication,
s.
jLj*jjJ
tiireyish,
f*
ch6^^Alzsh,
j&i
tekessur;
J
turEdish,
^jJU^>-
choghAl-
teksir
;
(arith.)
C-^P
zarb.
Multiplicity,
s.
CJ^
kessret.
Multiply,
v.n.
ClLc^y
turemek,
J^JU^.
tekesssur-et
5 ,
turEtmek,
^c!Uj*.
f
teksir-et
;
It- ?
v.a.
zarb-et.
Multitude,
s.
kessret;
izdiham,
Mummy,
^. \+
Mumps,
s.
wefret,
(kXlabAlzk),
>-
jem"iyyet; great
mmi-ghafir.
o
mumiya.
Munch,
v.a.
Mundane,
a.
Municipality,
S.
JU!
ahall.
Munificence,
s.
-kyulliyyE,
C
sakhavet.
chm^mek.
duny^vi.
klssAba;
JL^Lfef
1
sakhaveti-
sH t^li
i
i J
de"rya'i-
MUNIFICENT [201]
MY
Munificent,
a.
L
c^-**
>
sakht,
Stfkhavetli,
(Jj^
bezul,
<
jwmErd
;
(gift)
.A
kyulll.
Munitions,
s.
pi.
LuUjj^l
lewazzmXt.
Murder,
5.
^J^jJu^Ju
^j3
kAtli-nefss-
-bi-ghayr*-hXkk
; ,
v.a.
^oj<^^\
Mdurmek, l^jilj telef-et,
IJ^Ji
kAtl-et,
CXJdjJ
tepele*mek,
cX^-i"
&jlj
kAmna-ghirmek. [-kltil.
Murderer,
s.
Jjlj
kltil,
JjlSjJjti
kXnlz-
Murmur,
s.
<u1jj^<
mmldama;
siiweylEnma
; ,
v.n
suweylEnmek,
J^jlj^*
mmldAnmak.
Muscle,
5.
^Ijl^
bXlzk-eti, eJU
kAba-et
;
<Uiifl "issaba
;
(fish)
dJ Jwo
midiyE.
Muscovy,
5. .JixL*w< ]L,-o mosskof-
-mEmlekEti.
[kuvvetlu.
Muscular,
a. cJl3<xl*oc azalEnak
;
^JJy
Mushroom,
*j^^^^j^J
yenir-61an-
-mAntar.
Music,
5.
Musical, a. c
-mensub.
Musician,
*.
.
..rsnjtlU^
chXlarhnz
;
l,_^
v
v
O J
*
Music-master,
5. .
^
^ '
'
'
^v V
chAlghi-kh6jassi.
Musk,
5. cXl^<
mishk
(misk)
;
melon,
jjjlS
kawun.
Musket,
5. cJiAj tufenk
(tufek)
;
kurshun-gech-
[Xtmaklik-san"ati.
Urfj'lciLij tufek-
dulbend
(tulbent).
[musslkz.
ehli-musiki
;
proof,
a.
Letry,
Muslin,
s.
Musquito,
s.
CiXiwM^^fy***j
sivri-sinek.
Mussel,
s.
<^<J^< midiyE.
Mussulman,
s.
*it\J&\
ehli-isslam.
J.-*K musslim,
^jUL-^o
mussliman.
Must,
v. aux. see Grammar
; ,
s.
uJ^
kyuf
;
Xj+J*
shzra.
Mustaches, Mustachio,
5.
<_^
bzyzk.
Mustard,
s.
^^j>-
khardAl.
Muster,
s.
^iSjj
y6klama
; -^,
v.a.
^^Jj..)
y6klamak,
^<U,^Jy.
yoklama-et;
^^jilj^L
toplamak;
roll,
A*lSj
u^lJJ
yoklama-deftEri.
Musty,
a.
^Jj^
kywflu,
^J^
ekshi,
cJjj^>-
churuk.
Mute,
a. and s.
j*Jj
dilsiz,
(j*>j>^
akhress
; ,
v.n.
'\*^\f0
s^chmak.
Mutilate,
v.a. cJv*^, ^ } t*u**l
bX"zz-
Mutilation,
s.
cXld-;M
laJLa
<~>j~
kes
sub-sokAt-etmeklik.
Mutineer,
5.
^P^
"ASSI,
bjjjj
z6rba.
Mutiny,
s.
^^2^
"zssyan,
^^
tughyan,
(J^.j)j
z6rbalzk; ,
v.n.
ayaklanmak,
^4^'^
<^W
:,
^L*AC
"zssyan-et,
l^LxL
tughyan-et.
Mutter,
v.n. and a.
i^kA^^XS^^^jLiA
dish-arassmda-suwfeylEnmek.
Mutton,
.
,r'^^y
k6yun-eti
;
chop,
s.
*J^y
briz61a.
Mutual, a.
cJp^<
musht^rek,
^^\
^2lt^
As^L
iki-tarafdan-6Un.
Muzzle,
s. ;.c!
aghz,
^)j
^u1
"
1711
> >
My, p.
A
im, im,
^J
beni benim.
MYRIAD
[202]
NATIVE
Myriad,
s. Cl-J
^
6n-bin
; +J
binler.
Myrrh,
s.
^\*cj*
murri-SAfi.
Myrtle,
s.
^r^\li^;
<
mErsin-A0&AJt.
Mysterious,
a.
J*L$jKl
tmglashzlmrtz
(*mnashzlmaz),j^j
m
t\j*
merAk-VErir
;
$j4
gbizli,
^JJL?
saklz,
^Jj^
khafi,
^cis.-*
makhfi.
Mystery,
s.
*jUyj*L$>l=l
(foinaslul-
maz)-bir-maddE,
l*xx>
mu"amina,
.-s
sirr,
(pi.
j\j~>\
essrar),
j>*j
rkmz
(pi.
jycj
rumuz).
Mystic, Mystical,
a.
^J^
bitim, J^
makhfi,
t^*Juc
m
tss^vvufI
;
mystic,
s.
fehli-tSS^WUf,
^^
Sufi
(pi.
^y^
sufiyyun).
Mysticism,
5.
uJ^J
tassavvuf.
Myth,
5.
JUxj
mAssal;
j
Mythology,
s.
-y
-'1-EWElin,
t^j
essatzru-
fesski-
N.
Nadir,
.
^fl;.J>>
hadzd
;
/
semti-kAdEm.
Nag,
s. m\
Xt,^-?;\J
(b^ghir).
Nail,
5.
(natural)
J^
tzrnak
; (metal)
cJj.*>-
chivi,
^*-^ol
enksEr,
^*
m?kh;
,
v. a.
(j-o
\
'<^o
mekhlamak,
CXtbj*>-
chivilEmek.
Naked,
a.
^jil-u^>-
chiplAk,
u^W
"an,
A^J
berehnE.
Nakedness,
5.
(J&J3$
chipUklik.
Namby-pamby,
a.
^^ ^^"
h6ppa-
mizaj.
Name,
5. j!
ad,
>j' issm,
/\J
nam; ,
v.a. cXtJj demek,
\<U4w^5
tessmiyyE-
et
;
J^j?*>1
ad-k6mak,
cX^j
6\ Xd-
VErmek,
J^lt
j|
ad-takmak;
to call
names,
(
^A^^-J^^>
s
l/UjJ bed-nam-et.
Namely,
ad.
^J**J
ya"nT
;
Namesake,
s.
(jL\4J\
addash,
hemnam.
Nap,
s.
juj\
uyku
; (of cloth)
^W
haw.
Nape
of the
neck,
<L-^i
en^SE,
^*lc
Naphtha,
5. L^3 neft.
["unuk.
Napkin,
5.
^1^
(peshkir).
Naples,
s.
,J^^
napoli.
Narcissus,
s.
^^(jjjj
zErm-kAdeh,
^J
ZErsn
; trumpet
,
^Gs^>- ^^
b6ru-chich^Ai
;
globe
,
or
daffodil,
L-Jjk^j,^
Altm-t6p.
Narcotic,
s.j<\s^
mukhEddJr.
[yays-et.
Narrate,
v.a.
\JsJ
nXkl-et,
l<U\i>- hik-
Narration, Narrative,
s.
<V.^* hikyayE.
Narrator,
s.
S^j
ravi.
Narrow,
a.
j\
dar,J-Jl
ensiz.
Nasal,
a.
C-j^-i^
burun^-yakhod-ghen^zE-mensub.
Nasty,
a. LJ
fsna,
jj-J
piss,
murdar
(mun-).
Nation,
s.
+js
kXvm,
^LJi
kXbilE,
L^
millet,
(j~>-
jinss.
[sub.
National,
a.
<-J^-^
Native,
a.
jl^J
yErli
;
^jir^
khilkz,
^^
tXbi"i
;
country,
^
vwXtAn.
NATIVITY [203]
NECESSARILY
Nativity,
s. (^
J^Jj
veladet,
tdyc
mevled,
mevlud,
ok+so milad
;
the
1&** milad
;
. -
ijSL*
miladi-
"issa
;
to cast a
,
1 -
\^s\^>\
issT
!j
ZAi'chE-lsstikhraj-et.
Natural,
a.
L5
*--i tXbi"f
;
^^c^U-
khilkz,
i^^T
jibillT
;
history,
C^\j
\j+>-
Jx.
"ilmi
-
haywAnlt
;
philosophy,
<U-J?
c^-v*>-
hikme'ti-tAbi"iyyE
;
child,
-*u
pzch.
Naturalization,
s.
ejn^biyyi-tfeba' 'iyy^ta
-kXbul-et
;
let-
ters of
,
<tclxu*.J
teba"iyy^tnamE
;
<^Jb
patenta.
Naturalize,
v.a. \
J^-Jf
&x-*-J
^^-i^t
ejn6biyi-teba"iyyeta-kAbul-et.
Naturalized,
a.
^AJ^
.
c-^
^>
Y^rli-
ghibi-61mush
;
^^l^-lJ^
yErlEshmish.
Mature,
5.
L^^Jb
khalzk,
^Jl XlUh.
Taught,
s. -*U> hich.
Naughtiness,
s.
(\*[j>
t yaramoizlik.
Naughty,
o.
JL>
yaramaz.
Nausea,
s.
j^-^J^jjjJ;^
yurek-bulan-
Nautical,
a. ^Jjs& bahri.
[mass/.
Naval,
a.
i-^sr?
bahri,
^jix^^UiJjJ
d6nonmaya-muta"allik.
Nave,
s.
(church)
^^s.^
sahn;
(wheel)
^L^c
muylu,
^^V
blshltk.
Navel,
5.
ClJjji
ghy^bek.
Navigability,
^. CU,l <d.>!
J^ils j
^^
^iLc! cJAJjliilf j ghemi-VE-kaytk-
ila-ghesht-u-ghyuzarinm-imkyani.
Navigable,
a.
(^^o L^jlJ^
ghesht-u-ghyuzari-mumkin.
Navigate,
v.a. (^**
^bl
^
ghemi-
ila-gezmek, [sefA'in.
Navigation,
s.
^Ji^j^i
J-c
"ilmi-seyri-
Navigator,
s. <U*
cJj?
<
ghemi-ila-gezen-kimessnE.
Navy,
5.
UjJ^J
d6nanma.
Nay,
ad.
JjJ
y6k.
Naze,
.
^j>y
burun.
Neapolitan,
a.
JJ^^
napolili.
Near,
a.
^A^.
yakm,
**-r^>j
nezdik
;
^..?
M>rs>
khXssiss,
tXma"kyar
;
J^tf
s61,
J^
s61-tarafdaki
; ,
ad.
^Ufc
L>yij
tXkriba
; ,;?r.
ii3l>
jauina,
^rJcJb
yanmda
;
tfcJ^'
kur-
bz'na,
^Jcj^i
kurbznda
;
<^.*^p
nfezdma,
^Joc>p
nezdinda
;
^jj^5>-
jiwarma,
ifJuj^j*"
jiwannda,
<U-Jt^-
hawa-
ITssina,
^JCM-J^^.
hawallssinda
; (in
time)
JrjJjJj*
sulannda,
***J$j*
kArarlar/nda.
Nearsighted,
a.
^--Jbljj^
kyutahbm.
Nearsightedness,
5.
ClL-.JilJ'^
kyu-
tahbmlik.
Neat,
a. -^J temiz
;
<J|^
ghyuzel,
sadE-ghyuzel
; cattle,
lESsi-haywAnAt.
Nebula,
s.
l?jlj
u.aJjv. khafif-bulut.
Nebular,
a.
^-^
L^L
bulut-ghibi.
Nebulosity,
5.
jJjlkjb
bulutluluk.
Necessaries,
5.J9/.
^j^y^r}^
hawa'iji-
z^ruriyyE,
djUj^
lawaz/mat.
Necessarily,
arf. *u!\
Mbetta,
bi-'z-zarur,
jjJb
bi-'z-zarurE.
NECESSARY
[204] NEST
Necessary,
a.
*fi
lazim
;
(very)
elzem; ,
s.
<Ujj
lazimE
;
kenef,
(L****
memsha,
Ajl^-jJu! ab-
desst-khanje,
[etdirmek.
Necessitate,
v.a.
cXjJ^c >^f^ yAb-
Necessitous,
a.
<^^
c
muhtlj,
-3
fakir,
Jo^C^U- hajetmend.
Necessity,
s. -\*&>-\
ihtiyaj,
d^j^?
zaruret;
L^-^-ls>- hajet.
Neck,
s.
uj)j)
b6ynn,
^J*
gherdsn,
\ -i
^p
wnuk.
Neckcloth,
s.
,c^V
&
b6yun-ba^Ai.
Necklace,
s.
C^J^
gherdsnlik
Necktie,
s.
,<^V
(^jtj*
Nectarine,
s.
,J\j4
durrakz,
tuysuz-sheftali.
Need,
s.
tf^p*^
ihtiyaj,
Cl^/*
z^uret,
t*z~+yf\>- hajet
; ,
v.a.
miihtAJ-61.
Needful,
a.
*j^
lazim;
the
,
i^^^**
3*
TJAbi'-mASslahat;
<Lsrl
Akcha,
^b
(para).
Needle,
s.
&j\ ighn&,
(^)j^
suzEn.
Needlework,
s.
^.bJ
dikish
;
fc>f\
Needy,
a.
rj-i.s'* muhtlj,
^Jii
fakir,
tM^x>-U>"
hajetmend.
Negation,
9.J&\
inkyar;
^3
nefy.
Negative,
a.
&&\
^u
nefy-eden
;
j
jjJol
redd-eden; ,
s.
^Ju t-jjp-
harfi-nefy
; ,
v.a. \
J,
redd-et.
Neglect,
s.
j!j-^J
d
v
ikkXtsz'zlzk,
JUjfc!
ihmal
; ,
v.a.
IJUjfc!
ihmal-et,
bAkmamak.
Neglectful,
a.
Negligence,
s.
Negligent,
a.
Negociate,
v.a.
ihmalji.
ihmal.
ihrn^lji.
mukyal^mE-et,
iX*wli-J
*
suweylEshmek
;
^
SAtmak, c
*5 surmek.
Negociation,
s.
^ItXo
muzake'rE,
Ai>-L^) mubahassE.
Negro,
s.
^-r-V
1
"arab,
C-^iU-j
siyah-
\ ,
arab.
Neigh,
v.n. LlXi^lj kishn^mek.
Neighbour,
s.
.^.^yi
k6ngshu (k6m-
shu),^W
jar
;
j^&*
mujavir.
Neighbourhood,
5.
^jLl^ry
kongshu-
luk
;
j\)&r
jiwar
;
t-L^jW*
mujav^ret.
Neighbouring,
a.
..^w
yakzn,
^j^
yakmda
-
6lA,n,
^ty
jiwarda-olAn.
Neither,
p.
j^j^j-^Jb
hich-birissi,
j(<u
jl^j
nE-6-nE-6
; ,
ad.
*J&j
VE-
nedE,
<0 nE.
Nephew,
s.
^x>
ye^AEn,
^jlijjUj
biradEr-zadE,
yjlj^^-jl^Jb
herashlrE-
-zadE,
^J^JijU
kayn-zadE,
^jJj^^Ul
enishtE-zadE,
2rjUr>-li5>-b
baj^nakh-
-zadE,
&c. &c.
Neptune,
s.
L_^JOJ
\*)yo
neptun-yzldz'zz.
Nerve,
s.
j+~>
sin^zr,
<Lwac "Xssaba
j
j*b
*\
Xk-dAmar;
L^Ob^j metanet,
d^,L^
jessaret.
Nervous,
a.
,J^j^
^orkak
;
jJ^Ju^o
metanetli;
^Sjlc^Lfi^i^tj!
Ak-
dAmardan
-
"ibaret
-
61An
;
*}j<b\$
(fy\^*~*
lk-dAmarlara-miita"allik-
Nest,
s.
tyt yewa,
<U ^ lanE.
[6Un.
NET
[205]
NITROGEN
Net,
5.
ji
agh
;
(cast)
<U^-?
sAchma
;
,
a.
yt*&*&'
{
^>tj\A
darassi-chzk-
mzsh
;
jjt*su>-\J?j^*
mAssrafi*-ch$k-
m/sh
; ,
v.a.
(J*j]fi
kAzanmak.
Nettle,
s.
.yjl^A^/^
zsszrghXn
-
6tu
;
,
v.a.
kunmak,
-ghitmek.
Neuralgia,
5.
Neuter,
a.
^LtJlJi
klrishmoyon,
<0
ne-erkek*ne-
ghyujuna-
dishi-61an.
Neutral,
a.
j
Neutrality,
5.
jjj
bitaraflik.
Neutralize,
v.a. \*s? mahv-et.
*
Never,
ad.
^.Jb
hich,
W
Xssla,
tol
eb6dEn.
Nevertheless,
c. &J
ylnE (ghenfi),
^o
4-jU ma"a-ma-fih.
New,
a.
^J
yen^i,
X>
J^sj- jedid,
^
n^v;
JJ^sr*
mujedded
;
^jlj
tazE.
News,
s.
pi.
j+>-
khAbEr,
LJJ!^
hawadiss.
[tXkwim,
^Jo
j>-
jeridfi.
Newspaper,
s. &\-
ghazeta,
fijS
Newsvender,
s.
u^U> <C^i
ghazeta-
sXtan.
Next,
a.
^^^V.
Jndaki
;
^^Jolt^J!
Xlt-yandaki,
^^L?
sbngrdld
; ,
ac?.
<^C<9
sbngra,
^Joo
ba"dahu,
^^J
pess
;
day,
^^^^^t
erte"ssi-
-gbyiin,
^fi ^alj^s
ferdassi-ghyiin,
6-bir-ghyun. [klt"-et.
Nib,
5.
jjjjjJ
burun
; ,
v.a.
Nibble,
v.a.
tr^(^4tjc
n-
dishlarila-yawXsh-yawXsh-
zssrmak.
Nice,
a.
^>J
Tyi,
Jj^"
gbyilzel,
tltli
;
^ijj/*
mErAklz,
Lysr;jo^
pek-dikkAt-ediji.
Nicbe,
s.
XjS*>
hujrE.
Nick>
5. CJ^x>-
chentik,
cJj^
ghedik
;
in the
very
of
time,
tXmlm-wAktmdfl!.
Niece,
s.jJ X3\jjA\ji
birad
&c. See
Nephew.
Niggard,
s.
u~+~*-
khXssiss,
tXma'
kyar,
<*5jA?
jimri.
Nigh,
a.
(^^
t yakm,
c-^j5
kXrib,
d\>Jp
nezdik
;
well
,
flrf.
L^jJlijI
Xz-kXldz.
[sheb.
Night,
5.
As^
gheyjcr, JJ leyl,
c^Jj
Nightgown,
s.
cAJ<kp gheyjalik.
Nightingale,
5.
JJj
bulbul,
"and^llb
(pi.
Nightman,
s.
Nightmare,
s.
(j*^
kyabus.
Nightshirt,
s.
C^Ursn^
gheyjalik.
Nile
(river),
s.
<-$jij
J^J
nil-nehri.
Nimble,
a.
C^U-
chabzk,
LL)cJ tetik.
Nine,
a.
J^ftL
d6kuz,
tiss'X
<0 nuh.
Nineteen,
<*"jfa^^
6n-d6kuz.
Ninety,
a.
^LJ&?
doksan,
^.^--J
tlss"m.
Nip,
v.a.
(J*~*
$ kessmak.
Nippers, s.pl.
^U
kzssAj. [-bXshz.
Nipple,
s. <U^o
memE,
^-<i>l>(iU^
memE-
Nitre,
s.
<d>-^=
ghyuhErchilE.
Nitrogen,
s.
^Ls*-^! jj^c
muweUidu-'l-
ghyuherchilE.
NO
[206] NOTHING
No,
ad.
jjj
ybk,j+*
khayr,
if la
; ,
p.
hich,
J'&b
hich-bir
; matter,
rar
-yk
J more,
ad.
artik
;
JucU-J ff-ma-ba 'd.
Nobility,
s.
l^-i
shure'fa;
Assalet
;
(jl^J^U
ASslzadE-ghian.
Noble,
a.
c_^-f^ nejib,
c-^-1
sherif,
*lj^~~'
kerim
;
<J^1
Asstl,
Assaletlu.
Nobleman,
5.
AsslzadE.
Nobody, p.
<L/t
kimsE,
hich-kimsE.
Nocturnal,
a.
^j!Jco5j^V?
gheyja-
-wXkti'nda-olAn,
(
J-J
leylT.
Nod,
5.
C^W^J^jU^b
bash-ila-
-edilEn-isharet
; ,
v.a. and n.
^b
blsh
-
ila
-
isharet
-
et;
* b a
Jyijjl
uyku-
da-bXshi-ghywkssuna-dushmek.
Noise,
5.
(j
j
sess,
\^*tf sAda
;
ghywruldu,
<0'U-i> sbo:mAta.
Noisy,
fl. <Cti-i> shamAtfl
;
shamAtah';
^^.aJ'U-i)
shamAtajz.
Nomad, Nomade,
a.
<U^^=
ghywch^bfi,
tJjJJ
bfcde'vi.
Nominal,
a.
^i&
iXfzi;
^^\
issmi;
L^Lxc!
i"tibarl.
[nXssb-et.
Nominate,
v.a.
1^^-w
ta"ym-et,
Ic.^*^
Nominative,
5. Ijo.^ mubt^da.
Nonchalance,
s.
^JsJu5
kaydsizlik.
None,
^>.
^v&
hich,
^^-^
hich-bir;
kimsE,
<L-^^Jb
hich-kimsE,
hich-bir-kunsE
(or
Nonsense,
5.
<U^-
sXchma,
t
bosh-lak/rdz,
^-Jb^Lx^
ma"nassiz-
-shey. [-bir-yEr.
Nook,
s. *J*
kywshE,
^^.^
kuytu-
Noon,
Noonday,
Noontide,
s.
^XJjAijjl
wyljE-wXktz,^^
zuhr,
,^5J\y
zewal-
Noose,
5. Cl)v*L! ilmik.
[wlkti.
Nor,
c.
*J<Gj
VE-nE-da,
<0 HE.
North,
5.
jU-ij
shimal,JJ^lj
yHdz'z;
,
a.
JU-fc
shimali; east,
p6yrAz
; west,
J^^J
kXra-yel.
Northerly,
a.
Northward,
ad.
*jjL
u^c^lj?
yzldzza-d6ghru.
Northern,
a.
,JU-^>
shimali.
Norway,
s.
L^-jjiy
n6rvejia.
Norwegian,
a.
^Ls^-jjy
n6rve'jiali.
Nose,
5.
u^
burun,
u-a3l enf.
Nosegay,
5.
^^cJC^sa^-
chichek-
-demeti,
<!^-jjJ^
ghyuldesstE.
Nostril,
s.
|j-l\.jjjy
burun-de%Ai.
Not,
ac?. See Grammar.
Notch,
5. cJj
ghedik,
C>2^
ch^ntik,
^^Jdish;
,
v.a.
(jJvCJ.^ch^ntmek.
Note,
s.
xj*
JJ
tezkerE,
dL?jj
pussla
;
i^tibar; ,
v.a. IL^JSJ dikkAt-et
;
down,
\\3+*>
zXbt-et,
cX^jyjb
yazzvErmek
;
of
,
^+*Zso
miita-
"ayyin,
J~A*
mu^
beUi-bXshli;
of
hand,
Jj
bank
,
<U>5l3 ka'imE.
Note-book,
s. <U^sr*
mejma'
a.
Noted,
a.
fl^o
meshhur.
Nothing,
5.
rfj*
hich,
t
bir-shfey;
/*t\fi
"adsm,
.^
J nisstT
NOTICE [207]
NUTMEG
Notice,
s.
j+~>-
khlbsr;
^icl
i"lan
;
c^jjJ dikkXt
;
to
give
,
cXo^^-c*-
khAbEr-vErmek
;
--
public
,
\Jk\
i"lan-et;
to take
,
IL^JJJ
Notification,
s.^>-
khAber.
[dikkAt-et.
Notify,
v.a.
CiXoj
\^iff^
khXberini-
-VErmek.
[efkyar),
jy^J
tassAvvur.
Notion,
s.
Jc
"aid,
J^
fikr
(pi.
j&\
Notoriety,
5. &
Jjd*^-S
shwhret-rediyyE.
Notorious,
a.ft*
mut^watir,
c
Notwithstanding,
c. &j
yine" (ghenE),
<LjU>^c
ma"a-ma-fih.
Nought,
5. JLs sifr
;
| c-^^^
hich-bir-
-shey;
to come to
,
^J^A^&J^^i
bosha
-
chikmak, <iUUhjl
^>&j\
arkassz-ishlEmamek.
Nourish,
v.a. cJv*Lj besslEmek.
Nourishment,
5. C3v4J
yemek,
C^>-<UJ
yeyEJek;
^-:cL5l>-clX4L-.J
besslEmek-
-khASssassz.
[hikyayE.
Novel,
a.
Novelist,
.
j^
Novelty,
5. C)u
yenyilik;
^^uJ
tuhaf-shey.
November,
s.
^^^.y^
teshrmi-sam.
Novice,
s.
L^S^
"XJEmi.
Now,
arf. L^X*-i>
shimdi,
JU.
hala,
^H!
el-an,
j*^l!
el-yevm,
*^^lU!i el-
-hale"tu-hazihi
; ,
c. L^J^l imdi
;
<?
and
then,
Ui*j
bA"zon,
*/^*J
Xj0\j\
ara-sara,
&J\j\
+
-sorada,
UL>-1
ihyanan.
Now-a-days,
ad. i_&X*-2*
shindi.
Nowhere,
arf.
tfj^j-^jb
hich-bir-yErda.
Noxious,
a.
^U
muzzrr,
jtijo*
mXzar-
rXtlt.
[(J^J^
burun.
Nozzle,
s.
ijJjA
emzik,
Ulc
ghagha,
Nucleus,
t.J^
mErkEz.
Nude,
a.
J^f-
chipUk.
Nuisance,
s. L
bela.
[jLb
bitil.
Null,
a.
^ji
b6sh,
J-^^>-
hiikmsuz,
Numb, Numbed,
a.
^&jjj!
uyushuk,
^A^j^jl
uyushmush.
Number,
5.
-y.1*
sayz,
JA^ "^ded
; ,
v.n.
iJ^j\
61mak,
j^j-^V
bXlz^A-61;
,
v.a.
jUgl*
saymak,
Ul*tJ> ta"dad-
-et
;
a
great
,
j^
ch6k,
j&
kesslr,^slj
wafir.
[kessret-uzerE.
Numerous,
a.
j^
ch6k,
^j^d^ii
Nuptial,
a.
^jLoxca^J^JJuJj!
evlEnma-
-du^Aununa-muta"allik
;
nuptials,
s.
pi.
^JjJ
<UJjl
evlEnma-du^rAunu,
<uJj
velinuE,
jj~s
stir.
Nurse,
5.
^gglalj^j^r.^^
khXsstaya-
-bAktjt;
L5
^VV ^^r^
chojuyAa-
-bXkijt,
u5Jb
dadi;
wet
-
,
u!j
day^,
UtCL^yi
sut-ana
; ,
v.a.
(J*i\j
bAkmak, lt%*%*Jk**
khzdmet-et(hiz-)
;
LLX^j
CJ^-*)
sut-vErmek,
cX^<!
emzirmek;
^lijL9
saklamak.
Nursery,
s.
<d?j! (Jflj^r?'^
ijfiff*g*
ch6-
juklera-makhsuss-6da ;
Nurserymaid,
. u^jlj dadi.
Nut,
s.
J
JcJ ftndik
;
(of
a
screw) y
Nutgall,
s.
c5jU
mAzj.
[somun.
Nutmeg,
s.
c^j^^l^JoJfc
hbdisstan-
jevizi,
\jr
jevzi-bewwa.
NUTRIMENT
[208] OBSTRUCT
Nutriment,
s.
C^X^ yemek,
L^->-&~}
t
yeyEJek;
^^^l^CJv*JujbbsslEniek-
-khASsassz.
[-VEiir-olan.
Nutritious,
u.
(^
<^ kuvvet-
0.
O,
int. L\
by,
l>
ya.
Oak,
s.
rfH^-c meyshE,
^^W
JJL+*
Oakum,
5.
,J
j2~s\
usstiipu.
Oar,
s.
<JJj/
kyurek.
Oath,
s. Jol
And,
^/u
yemm;
to take
an
,
CJv*^
\ Jj!
And-ichmek,
1^^
Oats,
s.
j?/.
< JjL>
yulXf. [y&mm-et.
Obdurate,
a.
^cs-Ju^
"inadji.
Obdurateness,
s. jlic "inad.
Obedience,
s. L^cW
ita"at,
inkz'yad, Jli^!
imtissal,
mumass^let.
[munkAd,
*\j
ram.
Obedient,
a.
^
-Ja^c mutf
, i)Us^
Obese,
a.
{jU-L-Ji
shishman.
Obey,
v.a. cJv^d^J
dinglEmek (dinE-
mek),
!c^^\t!
ita^at-et,
munkad-61.
Object,
s. * j>-
jissm,
^J^o
mfer'i
;
meram,
ol^o
murad,
J^*oiU
mXksud
;
a^ mef^ulun
-
bih
; ,
v.n.
i"tirAZ-et.
Objection,
s.
^J^
i"tirlz.
Obligation,
5.
L^JJ^S*
mejburiyyet
;
,
)
b6rj
;
Jj^^
tahvil,
CiX-^J
temessuk.
Oblige,
v.a.
\^>-
jebr-et,
\j^r\
ijbar-et;
\
jfrS?
mejbur-et
;
\*j*
kErEm-et,
"inayet-et, tl^Jal
lutf-et.
Obliging,
a,
jl^Lc
"inayetkyar.
Oblique,
a.
(Jjtc
ma'il,
c_j-stc mun-
harif,
u^l
e^Ari. [lik.
Obliqueness, Obliquity,
s.
CJ-b^l
eprAri-
Obliterate,
v.a.
(^'^,
bozmak, c3vil-
silmek,
cX*^^
cbizmek.
Oblivion,
5.
^L-J nissyan,
^^^^
feramushi.
[musstAtH.
Oblong,
a.
^jjjl
uzun
; ,
s.
JJa^-^
Obscene,
a.
^jL^
piss,
j^^i^U
fahish,
^U^<Uj|
edeba-mughayir. [shet.
Obsceneness,
Obscenity,
L^-SA-s
9
fehA-
Obscure,
a.
J^J^5
kXranh'k,
JJo^
muzlim;
^ljL< mughlak,
,
{.^
mubhem.
Obscurity,
5.
(ju\j*
kXranlzk.
Obsequious,
a.
^>\^c
mu
Observation,
s.
fa
nXzar
; C
nlzar-etmeklik
;
Jw?^
rXssAd
;
^a
mulabaza.
Observatory,
5.
<fcjU-Ju^j
rXssAd-khanE.
Observe,
v.a.
<J-^V
b^krnak,
c3vJjji
ghywzetmek,
te^JfJ
dikkXt-et;
(jrfjo
tutmak,
^L^oUj
ri"ayet-et,
l^l-Jl
ittiba"
-
et,
IJL-.^*!
imtissal
-
et
;
LL^^i-).^^-j
suweylEmek,
^J^oj^J
buyurmak.
Obstacle,
5. *JU>
mani",
&i~j sektE.
Obstinacy,
5. jLc
"inad,
C^?JjU^
mu"an^det,
J^*J
temerrud.
Obstinate,
a.
^*~<J\^-
"inadjz,
<^ix<
mu"<hmid,
J^;^
mut^merrid.
Obstruct,
i?.a. LLJv+~- kessmek,
^J^<^
kXpAmak,
^1*^
tzkamak,
1 A~ sedd-
-et.
OBSTRUCTION [209]
OCULAR
Obstruction,
s. -JLo
mam",
suddE.
Obtain,
v.a.
i^-w^sa^
tahszl-et,
isstihsal-et,
^JJU
na'il
-
61,
jlyiia*
miizAffEr
-
61,
(Jr^jj
bulmak,
<JK/*J!
Almak,
^J^by
k6parmak.
)tuse,
a.
j^i
ky^r,
J^s*-
kessmcz;
dirayetsiz,
^j^i^-1
ahmak
;
^-g-:.-><
munferij (fern.
<L5>^-ftJw
raiinferiJE).
Obviate,
v.a.
(J^^^J^^J^-
charEssmi-
-bulmak,
^J^J^J
^cj-lc.
"ilajini-
-bulmak.
Obvious,
a.
(_>~i achzk,^jlx-i>l
ashikyar,
"ay
an.
Occasion,
5. s
kErrs,
JxJJ def"a
;
c^^li^
munass^bet,
LjrJl
iktiza,
hajet
;
(^+~>
sebeb,
c:
y
fzrsAt,
<^-i> i.*j ser-rishtE
; ,
v.a.
irass-et,
intaj-et,
-et,
c
jlci-^b
ba"iss-61,
*\^~
muntij-61, ,
Occasional,
a. <^So
zuhuri,
i-61,
muriss-61,
Occupation,
5.
c^^
. Liu
ba"zan,
^
ara-szra,
lil-
ikida-bir.
hghuliyykt,
^\
ish,
J*A shughl (pi. JU^l
feshghal),
jli
kyar,
4l-J
pishE
;
zXbt-
^U^l
issti^lb
;
&
-u-muhlfaza.
Occupy,
v.a.
^^.^^/^j
ish-VErmek,
J^J^^jl
ish-bulmak,
IJU-fc!
ishghal-et
;
\^jxL.<<
m^shghul-et
;
^4J*J?
tutmak,
^^'^ (C
1
^
wAktint-
-tutmak,
dfa&Jby&^ri}
ishindan-
-Alzk6mak,^^U
mani"61;
issti^Ab-et,
(J*3^y
tutmak,
JJ
d61durmak
;
1 ^Isr* zAbt
-
u
-
1ix>
vujudi-ila-ghayrm^-dukliulini-
mkn"-et;
C^/*i-*jl isstEmek.
Occur,
v.w.
(Jr^^
61mak,
'-^j
WAkz"61,
^^
zuhur-et,
c^
fz"la-gliElmek.
Occurrence,
s.
yZA
ish,
^
shey,
wak"a
(pi.
s.pl.
zuhurlt,
c
Ocean,
s.
c^J yLb
d?sh-den^izi,
*
c
"ummln,
\
ikyanuss,
[-b6yassz.
' ASnz
'-
'j
wakaz)
; s,
wuku^At,
(^J\s
s
klmuss,
>jJ
derya.
Ochre,
s.
(red)
Octagon,
5.
Octagonal,
a.
^^A
mussemmEn,
J t,J5i
* sekiz-
October,
s.
J^lgt)"*?
teshrmi-EWEl.
Ocular,
a.
Jkj~A&J$
ghywz-ila-
ghywrulEn
;
to
give proof,
demonstration,
c
ghywz
-
ila
-
ghywsstErmek
;
to have
j\
ghywz-
-
ila
-
ghywrmek,
re'ya
-
1
-
"ayn
-
mushah^dfi-et
;
witness,
&j *".}
ghyuzfta-
o.
OCULIST
[210] OFFER
->
shahidu-l-"ayn,
shahid.
Oculist,
s. *<jb
^frjj*
ghy&zju-hekim.
Odd,
a. CX5
tek; c_~sf
"Ajlb (Xja'ib),
c_^j^c
ghflrib,
uJlsr tuhlf.
Ode,
s.
(long)
*Ju*J
kXssidE,
(short)
Jji
ghazel.
Odious,
a.ji^b*<j
menfur,
^C
mekruh,
&y
kerih,
2fjz~~o
musstekrEh.
Odorous,
a.
jiyjjJ
kokulu,
^JLss^lj
ra'ihah*.
Odour,
s.
koku,
fcs?\j
ra'iha,
bu,
u^y
buy;
sweet
,
yyjjj^
ghyuzel
-
k6ku,
a;^
^a^
1
^
ra'iha'i-
-tayyibE,
^j^ *-^
buyi
-
shirin
;
bad
,
^5}jU
fEna-k6ku,
yJ^cl
A^rAir
-
k6ku,
*i*f* &sx?\j
ra'iha'i-
-kerihE
;
in bad
,
c-J^i^B
menkyub,
LA*^J^ ^^V-
1'^' i"tibardan-dush-
mush.
Of,
pr.
jJ
in$r,
cXi
niny
;
(jJ
dan
;
y
li, lu,
<U-M Ha
;
^JJ*}^^
dan-
wturu,
^j/^L^jJ
dan-dolayi
;
ji
ez
;
.,.
mm
;
^
t
c
#n.
Off,
ad.
^JLV.*;^!
usstundan,
j^J^jJ^
iizErindan
;
,J^Jj^
uzlk;
^^|jj^
uzXkda,
<tc\j^\
uzXyAa
;
to be
,
ghitmek
;
<J^1&
yMmak,
sikdirmek,
j^^s*-
jihan-
nam-61
;
to be weU
,
hussnu-halda-61,
j^ c
uyghun-61,
jl,J U^-*l^
refahz-halz-61,
^JUslAyc
mureffahu-'l-hal-61;
to
come
,
^4JLs>-
chzkmak,
k6pmak
;
/J^Jjl
61mak,
wakz"-61,
jjjycjj}
wuku"-bulmak
;
to
go
, cXc,=
ghitmek
;
Atesh-llmak;
^J^^
61mak,
uymak
;
to take
,
(J-*j\A*>-
chikar-
mak,
(Js*jA\\s
kXld/rmak
; cX*"..^
kessmek,
l^laj
kXt"-et;
i JU!AJ
tXklid-et;
to
pull
,
^jb
J
kopar-
mak;
^j^^J^^I
usstundan-Xlmak;
,
a. U
say
A,
^yjjjbil^
sagh-
tarafdaki.
Offal,
s.
u^lijt ^UJjL
C^l
CiU^
haywAnmg-et-sayilmayAn-taraflarz.
Offence,
5. L^^^-l-Jf
kAbahat,
<i^s^
junha,
j5j-
jurm,
,.-^?
such
;
Jj^^T
tejavuz
;
to
give
,
\^<j&*!>-
ghyuJEndirmek
;
to take
,
l^^&-j
ghyuJEnmek.
Offend,
v.a.
cJ^,J^^=
ghyuJEndir-
mek; ,
v.n. tc^j^Li'
kXbahat-et;
^^
such-et;.
Uli^
ghyunah-et
;
against,
^L^-O^>^jlx^j
mughayir-
-har^kEt-et.
Offender,
s.
y^y*
suchlu,
kXbahatb',
/*/^
mujrim,
junha-sahibi;
old
,
CL^p
L5
Cl esski-kurt.
Offensive,
a.
<0^
kerlh,
JJ
bed;
cj^J^lsr
tejavuzi;
and
defensive,
jJoljJjL^yWr
tejavuzi-vE-tedafu"z.
Offer,
5. < flJ^J'
teklif;
^^j
vErish;
,
v.n.
cX*4Jj^-i
ghywrunmek,
b^
zuhur-et; ,
v.a.
VErmek;
l^jJ^f teklif-
et;
"arz-et
; violence,
(J
z6rlamak;
to one's
feelings,
OFF-HAND [211]
ON
_
j
'i
tekllf-et.
OfF-hand,
a.
j~LcJj
pek-teklifsiz
;
~i\z "arsz'z
; C^U-
chab/k
; ,
5.
sa^-tarafi.
Office,
s. JJ kalEm
;
*kj!
6da
;
*jU
a
;
L^*v<Jc^ khzdmet
(hiz-),
iU
me'muriyyet,
(^^J
ish.
Officer,
s. j zabit
;
j^oo
memur.
Official,
a.
,**^j
ressmi
;
ly,
ad.
U~^j
Offing,
5.
(j>\
enghin. [ressman.
Oft, Often, Oftentimes, Ofttimes,
ad.
chok,
^\}^
ch6k
-
kirrE,
JJj^>-
ch6k-def"a,
*/4^
niJE-
>T^*
klch-kfirfE;
^J.*^
szk,
< ^
(J^fffJ^
szk-szk,
|j^
keraran,
V>^
meraran.
Ogle,
v.a.
JH*S'J ^
*/VyK*^Uc
"ishvE-
kyaranE-y^n-bXkmak.
Ogre,
s.j^^^j^o
mErdumkhar.
Oh ! int. *1
ah,
c5\j
vay,
i\j
wah.
Oil,
5. \j
yagh,
^j
rughXn
; ,
v.a.
b
ya^Alamak,
l
(
.
r
Jj>jJ tedhm-et.
Ointment,
s.
Old,
a.
4>
esski, v
esskimish,
<)
kXdim
;
(person) te*-y
k6ja,
j^>-
ikhtiyar,
!**,
o
miissinn,
^JujJLj
sal-didf,
al-khurdE; man,
^-J
plr,
lA-i>
sheykh,
j^>
ikhtiyar
;
woman,
<*$J&ter
koja-klri,
^-J
j
pirE-zen,
j^js.
fi
"ajuz
;
Testa-
ment, tevrlt,
J^
-''^^;
of
,
esskidan,
/^.^jl
ez-kAdim,
AjJkSl!^^*
min-el-kAdlm,
J"^^^
"an-Xsslin,
fi-'l-Xssl,
^jJJAJjl
ittEdon-
jj.J
J^JLol esskidan-beri.
Oldfashioned,
a.
*J^b
^tcj
^~>\
esski-
-zeman-tarzi.
Oleander,
5. *i zakkum.
Olive,
5.
(jyjj
zeytun (zeytin)
; tree,
Ji
; oil,
Omelet,
s. &*k*s
kayghana.
Omen,
5.
Jli
fXl.
Ominous,
a.
^Jo^cy
Jli
fXl
^^j^sX
menhuss.
Omission,
s.
j^s
kussur
;
j+e&
tXkstr
;
u
>\
Xtlayzsh
;
cJ/
terk.
Omit,
v.a.
^J.^j\
Xtlamak,
(J+*\j*
brak-
mak,
ijJy
terk-et,
l^laJ^J^
sarfz-
nXzar-et;
an
opportunity,
\
kussur-et,
-kXchzrmak.
Omnibus,
s.
["arabassi.
-
charshi-
Omnipotence, Omnipotency,
5. Cl
j^l J^
kudret-"ale.-'l-itlAk.
Omnipotent,
0.^^J
kXdlr.
Omnipresent,
a.
Sji^CjjJulx*
mekyan-
dan-munezzeh.
Omniscience,
5.
^jilo^
Ac "ilmi-mutlXk.
Omniscient,
a. A.\
a"lEm,
>Jx
"alim,
** 'all am.
On,
pr.
&
E, a;
2rJ
O!E,
da
;
<
usstuna,
usstunda
;
uzErina,
XJjjj\
uzErinda
;
j)
bfir
;
"ala
; ,
ad.
^\
ilEri
;
^1
usstE,
yJCL^j!
usstdfi;
<L1J
yinE
ONCE
[212] OPIATE
j bir
-
duziyE,
mutemadiyan
; foot,
ad.
s
jjljb yayan,
L->tc
mashiyan
; ,
a.
Lj
piyadE
;
high,
AlLjZjf
yiik-
^
yuksekda
;
ghyhghv,
Xj*
ghywkdE,
d
fi-'ss-semavati
; horseback,
At-ila
;
j\
AtK,
j\j~s
suwar,
suwari
;
purpose,
^y^s^
makh-
* +
suss,
1 JuaS
kAssdan,
!*X4*c "mdan
;
that
day,
^/Jjl
61-ghyun,
^
jijij^
y^vmi-mezkyur
;
to
put
,
CJvK
ghimek;
cXjJ^=
ghidir-
mek;
to
go
,
i^cS^\A
il^ri-
ghitmek
;
^^^
olmak, cX*^se
ghechmek
;
CX*L
ghiyilmek
;
to
come
,
CX*K
ghElmek,
mek.
Once,
ad.
xj*-)
bir-kErrE,
^L^J
bir-
def"a,
j*~j>
bir-sefEr;
c^JfJ bir-
-wXkzt,
(J^jj*
bir-z^mAn,
,.r<^j
ti^UjiJ
1 wAktan
-
min
-
el
-
evkAt
;
more,
IfcJ^
bir-daha.
One,
a.J
bir;
LlX>
yek
;
Jc^l
^h^d,
4X>-lj
wahid
(fern.
c^Jk^l
ihda)
; ,
pr.
/* \
XdAm,
,^-^=>
kishi
;
some
,
u^J
biri,
^ J^J
birissi,
/*J\
XdAm
;
no
,
<L~/* kimsE
;
every
,
yjb
hsr-kess
;
any
biri,
^2~>.j*
birissi,
/*
kimsE
; 's-self,
<-(X- kendi.
One-eyed,
.
&&yekcheshm. [insAf.
Onesidedness,
s. uJUsy! /*
Onion,
5.
^l^tf
so^AAn, J*aJ
bAssl.
Only,
af?.J$3b
yllm^iz,
law
fkAt,
silt,
yjL
sadE,
^U
safi,
mujerred.
[kitlbz.
Onomasticon,
g.
^*W
C^UJ
lughAt-
Onset,
5.
^^
hujum.
Onslaught,
5.
^^
hiijum.
Onward,
ad.
^W
il^ri.
[-tlshi.
Onyx,
"s,
(^^ ^W^-
5
suleymlni-
Ooze,
v.n.
(J^jy
szzmak,
\
^^J
neshv-et
(or!c-U neshf-et),
1
\Jo\su
takltur-et.
Opal,
.
(
f
s*A^\l *#'
^aynu-'sh-shemss.
Opaque,
a.
^^
dunuk,
C_P
>;
A
^ kessif.
Open,
a.
<J^-\
achfk,
jb
biz,
x,>l
A
.<^->
kyushadE,
~&* meftuh
; ,
v.a.
,
\ f
J.s feth-et
(fet-h);
,
v.n.
^*>-
chzlmak.
Opening,
a.
J^
"< musshil
; ,
5.
^^^lii^-l
achzklzk,
(jb\j\
aralzk,
^-J
kApz
;
L^-^s
fzrsAt
;
^U^*-!
achma
;
<ui>-l achzlnifl!
;
JL
;
feth
(t-h),
jll^
ky
ushad.
Openly,
ad.
^>-\
^chzk,
'^^^^^^^
<? <*
^chzkdan-^chzp'^a,
\j%>-
jehran,
IjLc
"ayanan,
^lLi>!
Ashzkyar.
,Opera,
5. \j
^
6pEnz. [durbmT.
Opera-glass,
5.
^*+3jj
\
\Jj\
op^ra-
Operate,
v.n.
LL)-/iljJ
ishlsmek,
ytA
i^Lbcjj*
ish-ghywrmek;
LJ 0*
te'sir-et;
^ "AniEl-VErmek
;
t^ifl
Ophthalmia,
5.
J^
remed.
Opiate,
5.
^ic
y
mak-zchm-bir-"ilAJ
.
OPINE [213]
ORIENTAL
Opine,
v.n. \
^a
zthm-et.
Opinion,
s.
cjfy
rfc'y,
^
zann,
(^/-uJ
kiyiiss, J
\f*
fetwa.
Opinionated,
Opium,
5.
kAvl,
-j SMZ
r
(legal)
inadji.
Afyun. [mukhAlif.
Opponent,
s. *as>- khAssm,
liJOKir*
Opportune,
a.
^iy*Jo^*UJ
tAniAm-
-wAktinda-dlAn,
^i^-iL^o
munasse'-
betli.
Opportuneness,
s.
<j]juJj\ *JcJJ>j
/%UJ
tAmAm-wAktmda-61maklik.
Opportunity,
s.
\**oj*
fzrsAt,
L^-OJ
wXkt,
c^A.Mo>l^<i munass^bet.
-ljljj
karshz'-durmak,
mukhalefet-et,
!c
t
-
et
; C
karshz
-
ghywndErmek,
Opposite,
a.
,<-^j^
karshz,
Jj\^>
mu-
klbil,
<^l^o
muwajih.
Opposition,
s. e^-^ljsr*
mukhalefet,
e^x)U* mumana"t.
Oppress,
w.a.
cL^<Jji-^JcJl.*tf
szkmdz-
-VErmek
;
^iJu^
szkmak,
\^
zulm-
-et,
l^Juo t"ddi-et.
Oppressor,
#. Jvb zalim.
Opprobrium,
5. c--^*c
"
a
yp'
Optician,
5.
^c^ jj^
ghywzlukji.
Option,
5.
jUi^-1
ikhtiyar.
Opulence,
s.
<-^/
sfervet,
^UL
saman,
Ll3-Ii-^3j
zEnghinlik. [temevvil.
Opulent,
a.
{
j^j
zEnghin,
J^^o
mu-
Oracle,
s. C* mekhen
(k-h)
1^
Oral,
a.
^j*^l
A^zdan,
^JfttiA
shifahi;
&
ly,
arf. UU-> shifahan.
Orange,
s.
JUjj^J
p6rtakAl
;
(SevUle)
^y
turunj.
Orangoutang,
s.
^y*+<<
maymun.
Oration,
s.
^jbj
nutk.
Orator,
s. /%K
-^
mlri-kfelam.
[y61.
Orbit,
5.
fciJil
felek
;
iyl
J da'irE
;
J^>
Orchard,
5.
,c^
^^
meyvE-bA^Ai.
Orchestra,
s.
^Lrs^ilU^
chAlghfjzler.
Ordain,
v.a. \^
r
^
!
JJ
tErtlb-et, \++&J
tanzlm
-
et
;
\**\ emr
-
et
;
\\_
-*'*
nAssb-et.
Order,
s. /*Ua3
nizlm,
/U;Jl intizSm
;
w_^.Jy
tErtib,
Xj0
sira
;
S4\j\
iradjs,
L-jJ
tenbih,
siparish
;
L- P-'M^
smf,
\j~^*-
jinss
;
c^Ju^
t?)rTkAt;
^lU
nishAn
; ,
v.a.
ij..^...^
tertlb-et,
\+*n' t^nz?m-
-et;.
^
emr-et,
\XJ\j\
iradfi-et,
!<U,oJ
tenbih-et;
\(jy\+~>
siparish-et,
issmarlamak
;
to
,
a.
issmarlama.
Ordinar)',
a.
.^-^
baya^^z,
<-jl& "adi.
Ordnance,
5. L
>^t6p,
^^>
(hAvAn).
Ore,
s.
^;J^^
ma"dEn,
jls
filizz,
J*f?
jevhEr.
Organ,
s. L^J!
alet;
(^y^^
Erghanon.
Organization,
s.
c^-Jy
tertib,
^
jfcJ
tnzzm.
Organize,
v.a.
tu.^.Jy
tertib-et, ^*-ia^
tanzfm-et,
^^*-iJ
tensik-et,
k~i*j,a
(J^c^i
szrassma-k6mak.
Orgie,
5.
CL^Lc
j ^A^^
"zsh-u-'
f
ishret.
Oriental,
a. -2* shark?.
ORIENTALIST
[214] OUT
Orientalist,
s. U-ll
^j^
&M elsinE-
sharkiyyE-
ashina.
Orifice,
s. ci^b delik,
ji\
tyhz,
j/
ghywz,
jji fEm,
^IfcJ
dihan,
surakh.
Origin,
s.
JJ
assl,
iJwc
mebde',
H
menshe',
jjilj
bAsh,
^w
langhij, J/4J
temel,
Jji
EWE!,
\JCjl
ibtida,
*J^
bed'.
Original,
a.
rJu*l
Assli
;
L 5 W"
tuhaf,
^-r"^^
"ajib ( aja ib),
t-^J^pC
ghrlb;
,Jc)
deli; ,
5.
JJlssl;
ljluJlas?
tuhaf-XdAm,
^J
deli.
Originate,
v.a.
<jA&r>-
chzkmak,
\je
zuhur-et,
\c^iU
nesb'et-et; ,
v.a. -<\>~
chzkarmak,
dushunmek, letajl ibda"-et.
Ornament,
s.
^^J
ziuet,
c-^J
zib,
L>J
ziba,
^/^bjj
zibayish
; ,
v.a.
lEndirmek,
^J^jUjJ
ddnatmak
;
one's
self,
C)/*J^
bezEnmek.
Orphan,
s. *
yetim,
J*-
ijl
wksuz.
Orthography,
5. ^^ imla.
Oscillate,
v.a.
J^Jl^
sXllanmak.
Oscillation,
s. <UJL0 sXllanma.
Ostensible,
a.
<_^&U0
zahirT,
^^
"al^ni.
Ostentation,
5.
ij^f**
ghywsstErish.
Ostler,
5.
(j~**~i
se'iss.
Ostrich,
5.
.^ibJijJ
d^vE-kushu,
^x-i>
^x)
shutur-murgh.
[akhar,y
L sa'ir.
Other,
a. <UlJ
bXshka,
jCo
dighEr,
^>!
Otherwise,
ao
7
.
^JAAlJ
bAshka-(turlu)
;
,
c. J*r>-b
yakhud
;
XjJ/J
dighsr.
Otter,
s.
i~$jy4+*t40
su-samuru.
Otto of
roses,
s.
^l)
J^ ghyul-ya^Az.
Ottoman,
a.^L)Ui^
"6ssmanK.
["aliyyE.
Ottoman
Empire,
5. <uLe
ci^ljJ
devleti-
Ought,
v. aux. See Grammar.
Ounce,
s.
(troy)
j^^C)!*^)^
6n-
-dirhEmlik-tartz
;
(avoirdupois)
jC*j
^^tuJl^Oj^fls?
sekiz
-
buchuk-
-dirhEmlik-tartz
;
(animal)
u^^r^^J
bir-nev"-kAplAn.
Our,
a.pro.j* miz,J^J
imiz
; /O
bizim.
Ours,
^pro.
^
bizim
;
^~*)j
bizimki,
^LCe^
bizimkilar.
Ourself,
s.
j*i&
kendimiz.
Ourselves,
s.
pl.^*>&
kendimiz.
Oust,
v.a.
(J*j\su>*
chekarmak.
Out,
ad.
>gj\>*
kharij,
i^lL
tXshra,
L^illJ?
dzsharz;
<iUt_^liLJ?
dzsharz'ya;
dzsharda
; ,
a.
ujllJ?
dzsharz'-chzkimsh
;
\jL4Jy**
swnmush,
^ilai^s
munt^fi
;
^^
bitmish,
^i^i^J
dukEnmish,
.^sSi^e
munkXzz'i
^joj^^o
munkarz'z,
-kiu<>
munkXtz";
of,pr.^4
dan;
-rj\^^
dan-kharij
;
--
,
a. l~*
siz,
ib
bila,
^j>
bT,
u
na;
of
hand,
^<A!!
Eldan-chzkmzsh
;
to
put
mak
;
--
humour,
^t^^
darghm;
--
place,
j~)
wlkitsiz,
J
ijM-sU^
munass^betsiz,
J^b
na-be-mahdll;
^Jji^j
b6shda
;
JjiJ*,*
ma"zul
;
-
pocket,
^jj>
z^rarli,
\J^&\jj*
zrar-
etmish,
\J^&\
u^oU *ju
(pra)-
-(kayb)-etmish
;
--
sight,
c-^-jU
OUTBREAK [215] OUTWARD
gha'ib,
uyUxi
mefkud,
ghywrunmiyor,
j^^^j^=>
ghywzik-
miyor;
tune,
\j^^j^.^^
ahEnghi-b6zulmush.
Outbreak,
s.
^U^fi
"essyan
;
j^a
zuhur.
Outcast,
s. te*~*=s
jj&*
mAtrud-
-kimessnE.
Outcry,
s. ^
J^
velvet,
^^
f
Eryad.
Outdo,
v.a. dJv4-s?3JkjUjl? yXpmakda-
V V
" J
-gechmek.
Outer,
a.
i^L-t
dsh,
iffjfe-
khariji.
Outfit,
5.
if\j-j&.
kharjz-rah
;
*JI
'i takzm.
Outflank,
v.a. ClXx4-i>t)
^u>-
L&
CXi^t^pCjli^
kendi-jenAbi-dush-
mEnin-jenAbinden-gechmek.
Outgoing,
s.
-r-y^-
kharj,
u-^*^^
mAss-
raf
;
g)j>-
khuruj,
^iS->-
chekzsh.
itguard,
s.
Jyjyf^j^LI
il^riki-kAra-
kol,
^^Vy
nubetji.
Outhouse,
.
iUjJo^?
sundurma.
Outlandish,
a,J~JUJlj
yakzshzkszz.
Outlaw,
^.jljU^s
fErmAnH,
.^^
"ASSZ,
U3^J)U
JcJ
kAth'-halal-6lAn.
Outlay,
s.
cJ^-^c
mlssraf; ,
v.a.
\L-Jj0
sarf-et.
Outlet,
s.
-Try^
makhrej,
chikajak
-
ysr,
^-J
klpi
; LL
nefesslik.
Outline,
s.
>oj
^i^lu^jijy
kuru-
-chizilmish
-
ressim,
Jfl^a?
tXssUk
;
J^-i>
shekil, >csr bichim.
Outlive,
v.a. *Lj
Jf^ru^j jjJj\^-jAJLlj
^cl-ll>
bAshkassi
-
wldukdan
-
sbngra-
-bilE
-
yashamak,
L_^^ LLXl-i>^j
<Ullj
bXshka-bir-
-shey'inp'
-
ESSEH
-
bils
-
kXlmadikdan-
Outlook,
5.
CJ;lla3
nXzaret
;
laA-J
tey-
akkuz
;
on the
,
JuJto
mukayyed.
Outlying,
a.
^S^**>>"A^
kharijda-6lAn,
!2^M)Jf^j1
uzXk-dushEn.
Out
-
manoeuvre,
v.a.
-gelmek.
Outnumber,
v.a.
-ziyadE
-
61,
j\ j^s\^c
mutejaviz
61,
CXijs^
ghechmek. p4ssi.
Outport,
s.
^^CUyJ?
tAshra-isske-
Outpost,
s.
Jyy ^=>*)j\
ileriki-
-kArakol.
Outrageous,
a.
^g&%
tXshkzn,
y>~\3
fahish
;
c^}.^
kizghin,
i*r-*~j\
^
darghm.
Outreach,
v.a.
^iJ^jJ!
Xldatmak.
*
Outright,
ad.
^^U^
bitun-bitun,
Ll^
Outset,
s. tjcj! ibtida.
[kyulliyyan.
Outside,
s.
Ji^s
dzsh,
u^llJ?
dhhari,
^lt
tAshra,
rfe'
tharij,
^^
blrun
; ,
a.
^^-jl^
khariji
;
at
the
,
<LJj\<Ljy
61sa-61sa,
e^/^3
nihayet; price,
^ty
<*-^V
nihayet- pXhAssz.
Outskirt,
s.
L^Jc^llJa
dzsharz-yErt.
Outspoken,
a.
y^^- U^-CjJe
d6^^ru-
-soweyler. ["inad-et.
Outstand,
v.a. 1
j
\j\
inkyar-et,
\
jl^c
Outstanding,
a. <
j^^^Jji
<b*J
JyJb
(july L-^ila^o
henuz-tessviyyE-61un-
mayub-mltlub-bulunan.
Outward,
a.
,cf-j^
khariji.
OUTWARDS
[216] OVERLOOK
Outwards,
ad.
u^j&jl
<U
c^llJs
dzsharz'ya-
Outweigh,
v.a.
LL)v*^.Ju>j
bAsskm-
-gliElmek
;
j\
c-Jlc-
ghalib-61.
Outwit,
v.a.
^^j1u\l!<dj]<L-u*jJ
dessissE-
ila-Aldatmak.
Outwork,
s.e^UlC^uJ^l
kalE-kharijinda-olan-isstihkyaraat.
Oval,
a.
,c*2-J
beyzi
; ,
Oven,
Over,
a.
bitmish,
*Lii
fAzla,
usstuna,
ma-fevkzna,
balassma,
firm.
[kAt"z-nakess.
ghechmish,
(j^^,
Uj tAmAm-61mush
;
Mda; ,
ad.
usstunda,
ma-fevkmda
;
balassmda
;
dan-ziyadE,
avz
;
cJj^lj
tXsharak
; ,
pr.
d^vril^rek
;
V
dan,
usstundan,
above,
dan-ma"ada,
against,
^-i
karshzssma,
to run
,
v.n.
v.a.
uz^rindan
;
and
dan-fXzla,
IjkrtcuJ
dan-bXshka
;
a-karshz,
<U-*-,-2^lj
karshzssmda
;
tAshmak
;
usstun-
dan-ghechup-chin6mek
;
to fall
,
CXfcAjJc>jJjjij
ti
devrilup-dushmek
;
to
go
,
to
pass
, (^L*dS?
gb^ch-
mek
;
to
give
,
cJ./*^J^
waz-
-gb^chmek,
faj*3\4
brakmak; cX*L~
^
kessilmek
;
VyJ
devr-et,
1 *JuJ' tesslim-
-et;
all
, C-^A
hep,
j^^XJ
bitun,
J-^j
tekmil,
^Ij^Juib
bXshdan-
-bAsha
;
again, (j^J^l yen^z'dan,
jy
-
tekrar,
-blshdan
;
all is
,
^^2J
bitmish,
i-5Ja; bitdi
;
^JUoJ-jJ
ishi-bitmish
;
ish
-
ishdan
-
ghllib-61; ing,
mutahakkim.
den^/za,
-ghechmish.
Overbear,
v.a.
a. JU; zalim,
Overboard,
ad.
den^izda.
Overburden,
v.a.
CJvdiJ
tahammulinden-ziyadE-yuk-
yuklEtmek. [nzk,
^_j^-*
siinbuli.
Overcast,
a.
^^
bulutlu,
Overcharge,
v.a.
^il
ziyadE-bAha-suweylEmek-vE-Almak.
Overcome,
v.a.
^!c-Jlc
ghalib-61,
yenmek,
tuJ!
Alt-et,
(J^>)jf
b6zmak.
Overdue,
a.
jj^^^-W^j
vwa"dEssi-
-gechmish.
Overflow,
5.
J--J seyl (sel),
^l^
tughyan
; ,
v.n.
JU$>li?
tashmak
;
,
v.a.
fJ^*0\J
bAssmak.
Overgrown,
5.
^&j4i^
pek-biyu-
mish,
^^.JjyCJj
pek-b6ylanm/sh
;
^,^^^1^
kAplanmzsh,
j^/^i^jl
fertul-
mush.
Overhang,
v.n.
(J*J>j\<*
sarkmak,
(J.*La\
Issilmak
;
j\jd\j*
hawaleli-61.
Overhaul,
v.a.
JLoLl^J
y6klamak;
CXCJJ
yetishmek,
(J*3Jb
tutmak.
Overhear,
v.a. C)via--2a\ ishitmek,
1 c
isstima"-et.
Overjoyed,
a.
mish.
Overlook,
v.a.
pek-SEvin-
bAkmak,
OVERLOOKER [217]
PACKAGE
nazir-61,
"Afv-et.
aJ n.\zarkt-et
l Aldatmak.
isskyat-et,
Overlooker,
s.
J&\J
nazir,
^sCLJb
bAkzjz.
Overpower,
v. a.
j\
u^ilc
ghalib-61,
CXwo
yenmek
;
^**-
msstaghrak-et.
Overreach,
v.a.
^j
Overrule,
v.a. ta^i
jerh-et.
Overseer,
s.^lslj
nazr,
y.-
Oversight,
5.
^j
^>
sehv.
Overspread,
v.a.
Overtake,
v.a.
^i-ij^j!
ulashmak,
Overthrow,
s.
mudir.
(yanish),
kXplamak.
urtmek,
^->
yetishmek,
Ji4JJo
tutmak.
inhizam
;
<-->^>-
kharab,
flj^
inhidam; ,
v.a.
(j^jj*
bozmak,
^^s^j^e
miinhe-
zim-kllmak
;
(j*&
yikmak,
!,*JkJ&
hedm-et.
?ture,
5. c-d-IC teklif
;
Overturn,
v.a.
cX^j^J
devirmek
; ,
v.n.
C-Ui>j^J
devrilmek.
Overwhelm,
v.a.
\j*Z~~<
miisstaghrk-
-et,
(JU
Overwork,
v.a.
^
thmmulinden-ziyadE-chAlzshdzrmak.
Owe,
v.a. *\
^Ls^J
b6rjlu-61,
j\^J>-j
borju-ol,
j^i;O
dfeyni-61,
medyun-61.
f,
ad.
^j^o
mbbni,
munass^betHa,
rt-L-.-^.-o
( .j&'+++~a
sebebindan.
[bu^Au-kushu.
Owl,
s.
(jpUlj
baykush,
Own,
j9ro.
a. L^JC. kendi
; ,
pro.
s.
my
,
^l.rn^Jai
kendimin^rki,
thy
,
ir^Jo
kendin^in^rki,
his,
her,
its
,
^.Cruj
Ja^n
kendinin^ki,
&c. : see
Grammar; ,
v.a.
jlcJJUj
malik-61,
jlu-^o-U
sahib-61
;
^1
ikrar-et,
luJj^fil
i^tirlf-et.
Owner,
s. c-^^-L? sahib,
CJJU> malik.
Ownership,
s. LLXLr>-U> sahiblik.
Ox,
S.JIMO
sighir,jjZj\
ukyuz.
Oyster,
s. dUJjaJ
isstridiys.
P.
Pace,
s.
^J.Ju^D
ghidish,
(j^.J^.
ywru-
yush
;
<UJ
\^
yuruniE,
*j j]
Xdz'm,
Pacific,
a.
^j^j^jy-*^
sulh-SEver-dlan
;
(Ocean),
5.
^y-.k*^^?
bahrz-
-muhzt-gharbi.
Pacification,
5.
^*
sulh,
tlsll^^o mussa-
laha,
(J^jj^iJ^j^
bXrz'sh-ghywrush,
J^>b
bXn'shik
;
^jjbS
t^sskm.
Pacify,
v.a.
^.^-^^J
tesskm
-
et,
^4JU^xiJ
yemushXtmak.
Pack,
5. C33<^ denk
;
^^J
bog'faha;
<txoJ desstE
;
*3li? takzm
; ,
v.a.
iL-a-.ri-o! isstif-et
; ,
v.n.
isstif-ol
;
away,
*i_
-
M
=
kXldm'p-isstif-et
; off,
C.
ghitmek
;
up,
^J^i'
devshirup
-
sXndz^Aa
-
komak,
\&s
-j)
bo^cha-et.
Package,
5.
<^F^
bo^Acha,
sXndik,
^
PACKET
[218] PALSY
Packet,
s.
<Uf..j
uflk-l%Acha,
iXcl
kyaghid,
c-^k
top
; ,
packet-
boat,
^~+A=> ^^*J
yolju-ghemissi;
.g~+A&iJ)\j)
t
jssC
tahrirat-ghkmissi.
Packhorse,
s.
cj^-^jlj
*+*> skmEr-
-(beghiri),
^Jl^^-CJj^
yuk-haywAni.
Packneedle,
Packing-needle,
s.
J^jJ^>-
Packsaddle,
s.j*t
semEr.
[chuwAldz'z.
Packthread,
s. A-sr
5
sijim.
Pad,
s. .
>
Xa:CJ:s
kiichuk-y^ssdzk,
pAmuk (pAmbuk)
;
(beghir)
; ,
v.a.
^;J^k
doldur-
mak
;
foot
>j^^
kherszz.
Paddle,
s. tjj^
kyurek
; cJ
,
v.n.
cJviS^^.^
kyurek-chek-
mek
; box,
jL/J
.1 J dawlumbAz.
Padlock,
s. c^jJ<U^ Assma-kilidi.
Pagan,
s.
u^^CJ
put-perfesst.
Page,
5.
te^*
sabifE,
J^>
yuz
;
^J^U^^I
ich
-
o^AlAnz,
\^^^f^
Pail,
5.
<Uy>
ko^Aa. [ich-ApAASsf.
Pain,
5.
(j>-\
Xji,
u^
X^Arz,
vfeja",
|J\
elem,
^
r^n
J
rfenjish
;
v.w.
^J/i.,.,5^1
ajimok,
(JK*^-
;
v.a.
^^2*-i
Ajftmak
;
Painful,
a.
jy^
Ajiyor, .^- Xjzr,
>
bllm
;
jJ^d^ ^e
murissi-kEdEr.
Pains,
s.
^jt~
sa"i
;
4x*Jj^l
iiZEnmE;
to
take
,
ClX*JJ^l
uzimniek.
Paint,
s.
l)^J
b6ya
; (for
the
face)
^fijjA
duzghyun
; (for
the
eyebrows)
(J^j
rXsstzk
; ,
v.a.
(J*\]j-
boyamak
; ,
v.n.
(as artists)
Painter,
5.
(artist)
/
Painting,
s.
Pair,
s. L^
lu,-^
ressim-ypmak
;
(as ladies)
5
jji^J.J
duzghyun-kullAnmak.
(house)
^J^SJ
nXkkAsh
;
o^
resssam.
j^y
b6yab'-r^ssim.
>- chift
; ,
v.n.
j\^^&-
chift-61
; ,
v.a.
(j.4\jJ^J*\
eshini-
-bulmak
;
(j^
J^A>-
L^-^a^-
chift-
Palace,
s.
L^->
saray. [-chift-komak.
Palate,
s. cUj
dimagh.
Pale,
a.
(colour)
J>-1
^chz*k
;
(face)
<-^j^
sarz
; ,
s.
.J^-
havli,
&ji\
J
da'irE
;
(^<^
parmak,
<^,sT takhta
;
to turn
,
LLUL-=
u^^
+>
<-$*
ben^zi-bem-beyAz-kessilmek,
*-^J-^-J
^J^Ullj
ben^zi-kXlmemak.
Paling, Palings,
s.
X^tzst?
takhta-
-pErdE. [parmakl/k.
Palissade,
s.
ft*\j*>
sharampo;
JW^J
Palliate,
v.a.
\^ksC
takhflf-et;
rEnk-vErraek.
[h'ghz.
Pallor,
s. , U>
b&ngzin-sAn-
Palm,
s.
(tree)
^y^
^
khurma-
-A^AJZ; (of
the
hand)
M-ayassz
;
(measure)
Xj~a
to
palm
off,
cX<jj~s
surmek,
sXtmak.
Palpable,
a.^fete
zahir,j^Li>l
ashikyar.
Palpitate,
r.w.
^j^^ ^^
^y
nXbz-
-ghibi-wurmak, ^J^Jl&iU-
chXlkAn-
mak,
(J^l^
dynamak. [khXfakln.
Palpitation
of the
heart,
s.
^
\JLars-
Palsy (paralysis),
s.
^j&e
*
felij-
-"illeti,
^^jjb ^V.^
blr-yani-
-tutulmassz,
j c^^
ijinni-
PALTRY [219]
PARAPHRASE
-charpmassz
;
palsied,
a. ~
^JJ
men
1
uj
;
ijLitijb
tutulm
ush,
^LjjjU-
charpzlmzsh. [sAchma,
^^J
b6sh.
Paltry,
a.
^+\~+so
misskin
;
<!U>
Pampas,
s.
pi.
iJ^J
america-jenubi-kzrlen.
Pamper,
v.a.
^^\
Jj*
iJ^JuJl
lis naz-ve
-
na"imE
-
muss-
taghrak-edup-fEna-A/zshdz'rmak.
Pamphlet,
5.
aJL^
rissalE,
*j>-
jiiz'.
Pan,
5.
jU^-
chanak,
vUt
\^
V
W
*
^Tji
ghyup'A^ch
;
of a
gurtlock,
^.ijlj ^Ujb^
chakmak-(tAwssz)
;
knee
,
^ft^5ji*3
diz-kApA^'.
Panacea,
5.
(Jb*
Jkz
"ilaj-mutllk.
Pancake,
s.
<uSj^i
ghyuzlEmE.
Pandemonium,
5.
^J^L-Sj
*-*'*
mejma-
i-&heyatm.
Pander,
s.
CJjjJJ
peze"wEnk
; ,
v.n.
IcJl&jjj
pez^wenklik-^t.
Pane of
glass,
s.
/*U^ j^m.
Panegyric,
s. <t^Jc5 mfediha.
Panegyrize,
v.a. 1-wVo medh-et.
Pang,
s.
->~j
veja",
<^jJ
dsrd.
ansz'zz'n-musstevli-61an-khavf-umuml.
Pannier,
5. <W^
kyufE. [rfcssm.
Panorama,
s.
+~>j
j^****)
vwuss"atli-
Pant,
v.n.
J^c^.^C^J
pek-s61umk.
Pantaloons,
s.
^laiU
panta!6n.
Panther,
s.
(^j^
parss.
Pantile,
5.
<r*\J
kir^mid.
Pantomime,
s.
jy^ ^jl^sr^ 9y^J
.yyj!
bir-nev* 'i-mXsskharahk-teatro-
Pantry,
s.
jL (kilBr). [oyunu.
Pap,
s. &>
lApa
;
<U^c memE.
Papa,
. bb
bXbA,
jJJ
pedsr.
Papacy,
s.
^y^^V,
\*)J
r6ma-papali^i.
Papal,
a.
^W-o
Ai-sblj
Uj^
r6ma-
papassina-muta"allik.
Paper,
5. *XcK
kya^Azd,
(j^^
k^rtAss
;
tijs.
ghazfeta
;
papers,
5.
pi.
^j^
evrlk.
AJuJ\* *Xcl
ky&ghid-
katolik.
[fabrikassi.
missal,
J^^J
temsil.
< ^-V?'
1
?
kXt'V-mukyafi.
i
firdfevss,
'^~+>~
[a^U
fzkra.
bend,
<d^^- jumls,
ikhtilAfi-
Paper-mill,
s.
Papist,
s. tj
Parable,
5.
Parabola,
s.
,
Paradise,
s.
jennet.
Paragraph,
Parallax,
s.
-mAnzar.
Parallel,
a.
L^J^
muwazi
;
(similar)
JttJ
nXztr
;
to each
other,
U?jV^U<
mut^wazi
; ,
5.
u^l^Jadi-
khAtt/-muwazi
; (similar thing)
^^J
nAzzrE.
[waziyu-'l-AdlA"".
Parallelogram,
Paralysis,
5.
bir-tarafm^-tutul-
^
ijinni-
felij-"iUeti.
mut6-
masse,
-charpmassz.
Paralytic,
a.
Paralyze,
v.a. \
den-mahrum-^t.
Paramour,
s.
,j\j
zanT,
Parapet,
5. ****
sipEr.
Paraphernalia,
s.
pi.
JjlL
takzm,
U^t^tc
Paraphrase,
s. -. -<ij shErh
mfefluj
; stroke,
P
5
^^"
n r^Et-
[para).
alat-fedawat.
PARASITE
[220]
PART
Parasite,
s.
^.<)wjl
kyasse"-liss.
Parasol,
s. t~~**J*
shemsiyyE.
Parboil,
v.a.
<J*<L$>U>-
-bwchwk-hAshlamak.
Parcel,
s.
4-f-^
\>bgkcha,
Ajlb
takz'm;
jjj-J
suru.
Parch,
v.a.
^oj^s
kawurmak
;
^
sussAtmak;
^*J^i'
kurutmak
; ,
v.n.
^*l^lj
kawrulmak
;
(J*<\<0j<0
sussAmak
;
(j>*}j
kurumak.
Parchment,
5.
&J*ji
tirshE.
Pard,
5.
(jLS kAplAn.
Pardon,
s.
ylt
"afv
; ,
v.a. \
j&
"afv-et,
^lsT
bakhsh-et,
Pare,
v.a. **
n
kXbu^Aunu-soymak
;
LL/i,= kfess-
mek,
($**f
kbkmak,
^jU^JjJ
yont-
mak
;
^^J^
klzzmak.
Parent,
s. b\j
bXbA,j>J
pedsr;
U^
na,
<^3
ninE,
*jJl^
validE;
both
parents,
^Jkl^
valideyn. [madEranE.
Parental,
a.
<Ot^*X>
pedfiranE
;
^Ij^Uj
Parenthesis,
5.
<U?^x*xj
mu"t6riz.
Pariah,
^.
iSyk<
^^^.^
JOJ& hmd-
-messkin-mAtrudi.
Paring,
5.
j^JJ
kAbuk
;
^5JCw-,= kes-
sinti
;
u^JUJfjJ
kbkintt.
Paris
(town of),
5.
<-^*^-^ C^V^i
paris-
Parish,
5. ^isr mhllE.
[-shehiri.
Parity,
s.
itft-^liL*
mushab^het.
[cha.
Park,
5.
Parley,
s. <ullLc
milky
al^niE.
Parliament,
s.
^~Lsr
c^>
meb"ussam-millet-mejlissi.
Parliamentary,
a.
j;
millet-mejlissina-muta"lik.
Parlour,
5.
^-jdj^l^ji^lwj
selamh'k-
Parole,
s.
djj\J
parMa. [-6dasse.
Parricide,
s.
^^^
J^J
^^W
^^
<^~- kendi-bAbAssini-kAtl-etmish-
-khabiss
;
CLU^jl
JiS ^VV
^<^
mek-junhassi.
Parrot,
s.
^\*+*
pXpA^Aln,
IxJ
bebgha,
or
beb^gha,
^^
tut?.
Parry,
v.a.
1^3
J def"-et.
Parsee,
5.^
ghebr.
Parsimonious,
a.
jj-*-*
^-
khassiss,
j
\iic*t
tAiW'kyar,
^-i
-< misskin.
Parsimoniousness,Parsimony,
5.
Jpjlx*^!?
tAma"kyarlik.
Parsley,
s.
^yjoto
maydan6ss.
Parsnip,
*.
^^jU^-o
yabAn-hawuju.
Parson,
s.
c^V.V,
P
A
P
ASS-
Part,
5.
*^;V,
P^rcha,
^b
y<hi,
p~3
kessm,
-^5f
juz',
<Uar>-
hisssE,
la*-j
k?sst,
u^b
pay
;
c.^.s.'*
2-'
tXssahhub
;
taraf, L-^J^ janib
;
^y-
;
L^-A^C^^-
khzdmet,
wajibe'i-zimmet
;
parts,
.
pi.
J
zekya,
*>!*>-! issti"dad;
^JJ^L
taraflar,
c^oljsj-
jewanib,
J^
hawali,
jJj^yr
jiwarkr
;
privy
-
j?Jj<Jl^^e
"avret-yErle'ri
; ,
v..
^^j!
ayrzlmak, Ic^ijli*
miifara-
kXt-et;
J*J?
k6pmak,
C^UL-^D
kessilmek
; with,
Jh^J
ayrilmak
;
vErmek
;
4J'l*tf sAtmak;
PARTAKE [221 ]
PASSABLE
hisssEmend-61
;
ghay-
ghayri-tAmm
;
muhibb
;
nef-
SEV-
hisssEssi-61.
i
sherik-61,
issmi-
issmi-
Partake,
v.n.
CJ</*J
yemek.
Partial,
a.
^j^T
J
uz
''>
rz-"umuim,
meyyal,
gharazkyar,
.
saniyyetli
;
to be to
mek.
Participate,
v.n.
Participation,
s.
hissa-y
ab-61mklik.
Participle,
s.
(active)
-fa"il
;
(passive)
-mef'ul.
Particle,
5.
^J
zerrs;
Cjljt edat.
Particular,
a.
^jo^k^
makhsuss,
khXsss,
y&sP
mukhtlsss,
mukhAsssass
;
u^ji
ayri,
<Lj
bAshka
;
j\A)te&J\
inja-bXkar,
jJulc^-J>J
pek-dikkAt-edEr
merAklz
; s,
s.
pi. CL^^su
tXf-
BilAt.
Particularly,
ad.
L?j*2>-
khussussa.
Parting,
s.
^lb^
aynlz'sh,
c^-OjU^s
mufarakAt.
[ghayretkesh.
Partisan,
s.
j^Jt?
tarafdar,
<jL$jj+.
Partisanship,
s.
^j\^jb
tarafdarlik.
tition,
5.
<U^
bMmE
; off,
v.a.
LUl^
bMmek.
ly,
ad.
*jj<uaxj
ba"zz-mErt6bE,
jJsJU^L^
bir-derej'6yE-kAdar.
Partner,
s.
J^jjl
6rtk,
^L^^
sherik.
Partnership,
s.
L^^^-ij
shirkst.
Partridge,
s. L^K=
keklik,
Parturition,
s.
J^- ^^
wAz"i-haml.
Party,
s. Jl
takzm, bMuk,
Pasha,
5. l>lj
pasha.
Pass,
5.
^-sr ghechid,
&*]j^
dirbend
(devrfend),
jUjj
b6^1z,
^J
derE;
^JJ
tezk^rE,
(i^lj^j
yol-emri,
u^<Aljj-J
buyuruldu; J^*"
hal,
L^x--Jb
hey'^t
; ,
v.w. C3v*js^
ghechmek
;
(through)
1^^
murur-et
;
(over)
\J)+A
"ubur-et
;
(current)
\
Jjl<AJ
tedavul-et
; ,
v.a.
CLLc^ysf
ghe-
chirmek
;
\j\j<\
imrar-et
;
along,
<^0^>
y61unja-ghechmek,
ghechmek
;
away,
<--^.s
gheehup-ghitmek
; ClX/CJ
bitmek,
jJs/C^J
dukimmek
;
\^s
j
fena-bulmak;
by,
v.n.
zm^dan-ghechmek,
Ju
yandan-ghechmek
;
6radan
-ghechmek,
ghechmek
; ,
v. a.
ghechirmek,
\^stA
"ifv-et;
for,
v.n.
^iJj!^^
zann-olun-
mak
; ,
v.a.
cJ^y^j-O
deyu-
-VErmek,
^iJ'Lj^jJ
deyu-sAtmak
;
one's
word,
ClX^j
j^
s^z-
-VErmek,
jlj^^s
kef
3-61, over,
v.a.
\j.
A ,r "ifv-et
; sentence,
l/L-cl i"lam-et
;
to come to
,
61mak,
wuku"-bulmak, zuhur-
-et,
^^-Ju^
jayghir-61.
Passable,
a.
/^r
ghechilir,
kabili-murur
;
*^jj
\c_jl
^p-iyij^yf
ghechEr.
PASSABLY
[
222
] PATIENT
Passably,
ad.
te^-y\
c A
ep-iyija.
Passage,
5.
jj^
murur,
jj+s-
"ubur,
\jZ--f
ghechish
;
^**
memerr,
-**-
rna"bEr,
j(jJ:>-<Ls
ghechejek-yEr,
J^J
y61
;
\j^\U\
essnayi-rah
;
$*ye
sokAk,
u^JjtJ ^J
kApz-dehlizi
;
*;Lc.
"ibarE,
JCJ bend.
Passenger,
5.
^f^
y61ju.
Passer-by,
5.
CJ^?
gechen.
Passion,
5.
^L-Jijlj
darghmlzk,
^oj\
hawess,
jjj^
m^rAk
;
(_^^&
"Xshk
;
Sbl
ibtila,
JUwl
infz"al
; flower,
^saj-Cj-Lj^.
charkhz'-felek-
-chich^Ai.
Passionate,
a.
^-^j^
darghm,
ghAzub
;
ly,
ad. cJj
p^k,
Asbm*.
Passive,
a.
^jl^bJyJl
E]i-k61u-
-bX^Ah'-gbibi
;
verb
,
J^je^J&j
f
i"li-mejhul
;
participle,
^jxL<+~>\
issmi-mef"ul.
Passport,
5.
L^VJj>
y61-emri, Jo
buyuruldu,
^
Pass-word,
5.
6J/J par61a;jU->
shz"ar.
Past,
a.
(j^^
ghechmish
;
^c-^^o
mazi;
the
,
(^^^/^f-
ghech-
mish-zaniAn,
<LJLjL-j/Lj!
eyyami-
sabzka
; ,
pr.
&<fJy,.jJ
dan-wt6yE
;
.jl^^J
dan-kharij
; cure,
recovery,
j^j\^-
charsssiz,
^lc
bitmish.
Paste,
s.
-
(khAmur)
;
[pAss.
V P
A
"
chirish
; ,
v.a.
chirish-ik-yapz'shdzrmak.
Pasteboard,
s.
^iU
mukawwa.
Pastil, Pastille,
^Jj
kurss.
Pastime,
s. i^CvLl
eylEnja.
Pastor,
5.
^^
ch6bln
;
(
Pastry,
s.
^Lj*4j>
(khlmur)-isbi
;
cook,
^s?jtf
bwrekji.
Pasture,
Pasturage,
s.
J^
6tUk;
jjU-
chayr;
CU>jl
6t
; ,
v.w.
^<ib^l
otlamak
; ,
v.a.
(j-<j\lj\
6tarmak,
^4jL^
6tlXtmak.
Pasty,
.
cJ;
J bwrek.
Patcb,
5. <tcl>
yama
;
^^^
parcha
;
,
v.a.
(J^I^V,
yama-wmmak,
parcha-komak
;
up,
kXbaja-ta"mir-et
;
uydurivErmek.
Patent,
s.
Cl^^
berAt,
\J^*j*
ffermln
;
<^xJl^
patenta,
^\j)j\*z~*\
imtiyaz-
-berAtz; ,
a.
^i&^J'lj
patentah',
*i
Ju^'o!
imtiyazb'.
Patented,
a.
j!<fciJta
patentab'.
Patentee,
5.
tassz-sahibi.
[ranE.
Paternal,
a.
kJjA
eb^vi,
ti\j^
pedE-
Path,
Pathway,
s.
J^>
y61,
J^
t^rzk,
*\j
rah.
Pathetic,
^jy^^T
ji^er-suz.
Patience,
s.
j~0
sXbr,
J^or
tah^mmul,
^5L.,X-i>
shekiba'i.
Patient,
a.
4t-^ sXbrli,
j)+&
sAbur,
jJ^sTw<
mutahammil,
c-^-X-i sheklb;
,
5. &U~> khAssta.
PATRIARCH [223]
PEA
Patriarch,
5.
(j--.}^
pXtrik
; s,
5.
pi.
Jjljj^jjtjtff!
ejdadz-beni-issra'il.
Patriarchate,
5.
lik-s*fXtz;
kbnaghi.
Patrician,
s.
jflj
pXtnk-
XsslzldE.
Patrimony,
s.<^J\j~o
mirass,
C
milki-mevruss.
Patriot,
s.
k*~+*$^i*\s&'*j.+. .i?j
wXtAn-
-ghayretinda-6lAn-kimessnE.
Patriotic,
a.
^Ji^\ j^-s ^c^j
wXtAnini-
-SEVEr-61an.
Patrol,
5.
JJ
k61
; ,
v.n. CX
J.3
k61-ghezmek
; ,
v.a. sjJ
cj
^=
ghezmek,
^*,-2ljLL>
dolashmak.
Patron,
5.
cu ^-*J,
J.
vyi-ni"mfet,
L5v
Jl kffendi
;
L-^C^
raghib. [zam.
Patronage,
5.
^.Uo- himayE
;
/*5/^^
^tz
'"
Patronize,
t7.a. 1
-Jj_iJt
iltzzam-et
;
ef endilik-et
;
j!
,^^-j^l^
Patten,
s.
l ^j
(nXlrn). [miasht^rlssi-ol.
Pattern,
5.
C30j^!
wrnek;
+*aj
r^ssim;
kll/b;
dJ^yJ
numunE.
Paunch,
5.
(j^l5
karn
;
Pauper,
s.^JiJ
fakir.
Pause,
s.
^15
klh'sh;
C
,^^-j
suky
un
;
-yEri;
,
v.a.
durmak
;
^
bXkmmak,
unmek,
\^
U
te'enni-et,
1
J*
U te'em-
mul-et.
[-dushEmek.
Pave, v.a. CJv<^i
y
.J
Jj^lL
tash-ila-
Pavement,
s.
+fj^\3
kXid/n'm
;
foot
,
Lj
piyadE-kAldirim/.
sukyut,
durAk-
kllmak,
bXkmak,
O dush-
Pavilion,
5. cXi>
kywshk,
^aJJ
kXssr
;
<Ujli^ mehtabiyvE
;
j^lf~
chAdir.
Paving,
s.
<tLi^t>
dushEmE.
Pavior,
s.
,
jr^jlU
kXldirimji.
Paw,
^.
^vM
ayak,
te^^
p^nchfi,
b
pa,
^U
pay.
Pawn,
5.
^^
rehn
;
^^
rfehm
;
(at
chess)
jj^
1
^
paydak
; ,
v.a.
&*~t>j
C^X<^^
rehma
-
vErmek,
(J^jsk^Jbj
rehma-k^mak.
Pay,
s.
L^i^Ju^
ghyundfilik;
^tiJJb
hXftalzk;
J^j!
ayl/k,
<Ubto
mahiyyE,
<0^i
shehriyyE
;
jlL
yfllik
;
^Ux)
j
eda-et,
\\&\ \fa-
et,
^U
isstlfa
-
et
;
a
visit,
(J^jZ^
6^ramak,
iJl^bj
ziyaret-et;
away,
cXy
4 j
VErmek,
1^*^-
kharj-et
;
--
,
out
(a rope),
\&y*
m6la-etj down,
}+**
{tZJLtJ)
peshin
-
VErmek
; off,
karshzlz^^zni-et,
,i
-Jj-1
j*
ss*'nz
*
-
ch?karmak
;
(ji
izin
-
Payable,
a.
^Jb^iifJ^
wa"dEssi-
-ghElmish,
IjJ^t^^lj
wajibu-'l-eda.
Pay
master-
General,
s.
,<*)*
cXC-A
UytU
^iLx-o
"isskerin
-
umuml-
ma"ash-nazzn.
Payment,
s.
4jU>U tfe'diyyB.
Paynim,
5.^sli
kyafir.
Pay-office,
5.
^_c^-5
SErghi.
Pea,
s.
JysT
n6khud,
iJjJ
bezelya
;
sweet
,
liikfi
"ztri-shahl.
PEACE
[224] PENANCE
ones
Peaceable,
Peacemaker,
s.
Peach,
s.
Peace,
s.
(J-Zjy
bXrishik,
^1
bXrish-ghy&rush,
^*
sum,
mussalaha
;
go
in ! rfjcuc^Ld sela-
metla,
^WIl^Sl
bi-'l-umni-vk-'l-
.
eman
;
! int.
^yc
suss
;
to be at
bXnshzk-61;
to hold
*s sussmak.
assayzshlz.
J
bXn'shdz'njz.
shfeftali
;
melting
,
fe
yarma-sheftali
;
cling
stone
kebad,
jLt_;U>
sXn-kebad,
1>! et-sheftalissi.
Peacock,
s.
ifjio
tawuss,
^-ky^jlL
tawuss-kushu.
[tawuss-kushu.
Peahen,
s.
\^>j* (j~fiy ^^.^
dishi-
Peak,
s. <UJ
(teps),
^jj
zirvE,
&jL
kyunghyurE.
Peal,
s.
jj-*~> J/^*
niukErrEr-sess
; ,
v.n. I
i^vijjL*
mukErrEr-skss-et.
Pear,
s.
ycj\
armud,
^<^
emrud.
Pearl,
5.
j^a.^
inji,
jJ
diirr,
Jljl
lu'lu',
JjjVj.^
mErvarid.
Peasant,
5.
jU
t kyiiylu. [chakzl-tXshz.
Pebble,
s.
JjU
chokzl,
^
Peculation,
s.
^\^>-
kh^rszzh'k,
t$f*
me'mur-sirkXtz.
Peculiar,
a.
^jOj^zs*
makhsuss
;
c.
"XjTb (aja'ib),
u-^^^c
gharib,
tuhaf.
Peculiarity,
s.
<L^3^<^-\Ju=
key-
fiyyeti-makhsussa,
<L?U- khXsssa.
Pecuniary,
a.
^jljcu) ^J^
5
^
Xkchaya-
-muta"allik,
<X5*-Xsr|
Xkchaja.
Pedestal,
s. .
,~s
kyursT.
Pedigree,
s.
^s^
8
shfej^rE,
u.^
J nesseb.
Pedlar,
s.
feiMj*
k61tukju,
^J*?j*j>
ghezdiriji,
jb^U
mXdrabAz.
Peel,
s.
^i^i
kXbuk
; ,
v.a.
<J-V.^>
-s6ymak;
, off,
v.n.
^L^?
s6yulmak. [mak.
Peep,
v.n.
<jytjb^,jJiHj\
aralzkdan-bXk-
Peer,
s.
^^ji (O^^^u zadEghyandan-
6lAn
;
jS$
kyufv, ^,V
/*^>
hem-payE.
Peerage,
s.
^ljUL?t
Xsslzad%hyan.
Peeress,
s.
^~>j^ VjJjLfll
XsslzadE-
Peerless, a.
j^&> ^
bi-nXzir.
[kXr/ssz.
Peevish,
a.
{j~3
t^rss,
lJ^-
khuysuz.
Peevishness,
s.
cJly'
tfersslik.
Peg,
s.
^$ft&~
chivi.
Pelican,
^.
^-iylL-j
(saka)-kushu.
Pell-mell,
ad.
ij~j\* <U^J
karma-kXrzsh.
Pelt,
v.a.
^cLlll?
tXshlamak
; ,
v.n.
mak.
Pen,
s. Jjf kalEm
;
J.^1 A^Ail
; ,
v.a.
J^jl)
yazmak;
^UjAcl
Aghila-
kApamak
; down,
(jt^jV.
yazmak
;
up,
^olJifJiL:!
A^Ma-kXpamak
;
in,
C-^-L.j-1-j
>
chinilEmek,
:.
[nev"inden.
Penal,
a.
(jJ^&y Cjljls'
10
mujazat-
Penalty,
5.
&*}./>-
jerimE
;
ci;ljl^
)
mujazat,
U>-
jeza
;
under
,
cJLJljls^
^-Ll?^-i> ^xJ^\
mujazat
-
olunmak-
shartzla,
^^J^(J^\^y^
jerimE-
Xlmmak-shartzla.
Penance,
5.
\j>- Lj^U^-1
ikhtiyari-jeza.
PENCASE
[225]
PERCEPTIBLE
Pencase,
5.
j^s
kubur,
^
J^I kalEtn-
dan.
[ghn-lar.
Pence,
8.pl.JlJ\j
bXkzrlar,
J/i-*
m.\n-
Pencil,
5.
jJJ
kalEm
;
lead
,
^ytjf
Jj kurshun-kalEm
;
hair
,
J^o^
tuy-kalEm,
d>y
fh-cha;
slate
,
f*J&o
tAsh-kalEm;
of
light,
jAx-i
shu"a".
Pendulum,
s.
\j&j
rkklss.
Penetrate,
v.a.
cA-.p^= ghirmek,
C-UiljJ
ishlEmek.
Peninsula,
s. <&!
Ada,
*^jsj-
jezirE,
*rfJ^fP
nim-jezirE,
Xj)j*~&+J*
shi-
bhi-jezirjE.
Penitence, 5.
jjAjU-.ij peshimAnlik
chillE.
[(*
J^ nadim.
Penitent,
a.
^U-^LJ
peshiraAn
(pishmAn),
Penknife,
s.
<jJ^uJj
kalEmtrsh,
(pocket
)
^yU-
chdkf.
Penman,
s, Llk< khXttAt
;
ship,
k>.
khXtt.
[bayrak.
Pennant,
5.
^Jj^U
filandara
;
s! j
Penniless,
a.J-*jb
parsssiz.
Pennon,
5.
.J^
bayrak.
Penny,
s.ji\J
bAktr,
yc^j
mlnghir.
Pension,
5.
^-llx^
.Xc'JLJ t^ka"ud-
-ma"ashz,
^iU^o
ma"ash,
^L!
aylzk;
, off,
v.a. \ JLcli
m"ashla
-
taka"ud
-
et,
^L:
(Pensioner,
s.
^
^^ ^ ma"ash
-
ila
-
mutaka"d
-
61an-
kimessnE
;
Greenwich
,
j
^a^
k^ljui-^j
bahriyyE
-
mutaka"idi
;
Chelsea
,
k^Jcc^o <U J
berriyyE-
mutaka"idi.
Pentagon,
s.
^p^sr*
mukhammess.
Penthouse,
5.
t**j&Jyo
sundurma.
Penurious,
a.
jlx*^i?
tXma"kyar.
Penuriousness,5.
^Jjlxx^l?
tAma"kyarlik.
Penury,
5.
J$y*&
faklrlzk.
Peony,
5.
J^U-i
shwka'ik.
People,
5.
o-L* millet,
/y
kavm,
<^i--J
kAbilE,
<Ujll?
ta'ifE,
(j-^>-
jinss
;
^ji-
khllk,
jJ^jj^
6rtah"k,
^,lj/y:
"awlmmj-nass,
ayak
-
takzmz,
^r&.
US klba
-
khAlk
;
great
,
^^^ ^^**
kibar-taknm,
(j^u& ekyabiri
-
nass
; ,
v. a.
ma"mur-et,
iJ^V'
badan-et,
iJuiL.-i>
shenlEndirmek
; d,
p.p.
jj+jLa
ma"mur,
^l^^
abadan,
ljj&
shen.
Pepper,
s.
j*3
bibsr
; ,
v.a.
bibEr-kXtmak
; corn,
L
bibEr-kutussu
; mint,
<Ux) na"nE.
Peradventure,
ad. <5&J belki.
Perambulate,
v.n.
^4-S>^L
dolashmak.
Perambulator,
s.
Jl
i^^^ <J^^
|
g-jdU_c
ch6juk-ichin-El-"arabassi.
Per
annum,
ad.
H^^t yzlda,
U^IMI
SEUFV!
Perceive,
v.a.
(jX^ej^-^
ghyzirmek,
^^.*5r-~'
tfeshkhzss-et;
^e^=\ angla-
mak
(annamak),
IcJ^)
dirk
-
et,
^cJ^l
idrak-et,
^^
fehm-et.
Per
cent.,
ad.
x^jjj.
yuzda.
Per-centage,
s.
dJJ*Jj^
yuzdalik.
Perceptible,
a.
(j~j~~s?
mahsuss.
R
PERCH
[
226
]
PERMANENT
Perch,
5.
j~* (J^r <KJy
jj
tawuk-
-k6najak-smk,
'ij+*a
slrik,
_\&
-arshmlzk-messafE
; ,
v.n.
(j*jjs
konmak
; ,
v.a. CX*.=J dikmek.
Perchance,
ad. *b belki.
Percussion,
5.
^jj\
wurush.
Percussion-cap,
s.
J^-J^'
kapsul.
Perdition,
s.
t-^^p-
kharab.
Peregrinate,
v.n.
cJ~^
<tfj!
tttE-beri-
ghezmek. [brim.
Peremptory,
a.
\^jbj
kit"?,
*-~G mil-
Perfect,
a. *lj
tAmm,
J*u kyamil,
^U-^-Vjl^AJjL-^^c
"ayb-u-n6ksan-
dan-khali; ,
v.a. \A\AJ\
itmam-et,
!>-^J
tetmim-et,
^JU^l
ikmal-et,
1
J-^J
tekmil-et.
Perfection,
s.
JU
kEmal.
Perfidious,
a.
jjjl>-
kha'in.
Perfidy,
5.
^lojU-
kha'inlik.
Perforate,
v.a. CJ/^^ delmek,
(j*>-\
achmak, IL-^AJ sakb-et.
Perforce,
ad.j\^\J
na-char.
Perform,
v.a.
^J^V.
japmak, li)4Wjl
etmek,
11^1
ijra-et,
C
fi"k-ghetirmek,
l^l^
-ikhraj-et,
^^
^
^V
kuvvE-
dan-fi''la-ikhraj-et
; (as
a
machine)
CX*il->J
ishlEmek,
CJvc^
ghitmek.
Performance,
s.
\j&-\
ijra
;
^jtA
ish
;
jojjj!
6yun. [mukAllid.
Performer,
s.
^\^\
\f>-\
ijra-eden
;
Perfume,
5.
yp
koku,
^lac
"kr,
tzb
;
jjs=?
bukhur,
^^y
tiitsu
; ,
v.a. \bxso
mu"ttar-et,
l^^Ja^
mu-
tayyeb-et;
ed,
a.J&x~o
mu"ttar,
L.^.jja^c mutayyeb
;
ing
-
pan,
(Jj^rkT
bukhurdan
(bukhurdanlzk).
Perfumer,
5.
(
^>ykc
"itrji
;
Perfumery,
s. L-l!
^cJuU
"itrjinin-SAtdi^Ai-eshya.
Perhaps,
arf.
^b
belki.
Perihelium,
s.
~~j\
evj.
Peril,
5.
fj$
k6rku,
^i^>
tehlikE,
^Llsr*
mukhltara,
^L^
khAtar; ,
v.a.
(J^jS&i&^zkfJ
tehlik^yE-komak
;
at
your
!
jWjcjJ
et-da-blk,
.^-j
i
,^=if
Jcjl
et-da-ghywrursun,
^3
.yo^b
SEn
-
bilirsin,
i
J^^J^J
^^^
ghyimahz'-b6yunun^dfl. [mukhAtarali.
Perilous,
a.
jla^L^
tehlikEli
;
jl^Llsr*
Perilousness,
^. cXLl
<^f>
tehlikElilik.
Period,
5. CJJ^o muddet.
Periodical,
a.
^^
^Jf^
x3k~x*
CJ\jjl
evkat-mu"ayyenEda-vwaki"-olan
; ,
s.
evkat
-
mu"ayyenEda
-
neshr-
61unan-ghazeta-vE-emsali.
Perish,
v.n.
j]^Ji&
helak-61,
telef-61,
C-U^J
bitmek;
mek;
fj*jjj*
kurumak
;
churumek
; ,
v.a.
Periwig,
5.
^^J
peruk. [churutmek
Perjure
one's
self,
v.a. \(JL+>~ hmss-et
l^^j^-il^-
khulfi-yemin-et.
Permanence,
s.
/^J
dewam,
\&) bXka
j\*42**\
isstimrar.
Permanent,
a. *jb
da'im,
^yb
blk?
.^KX ^c musst^merr
;
yl^J
temelli
PERMISSION [227]
PERTAIN
j*&.
^^&+*Lj>-
chskmayajak,
^y^<L^jj)
b6zulmayjak.
Permission,
5.
jj^l
izn
(izin),
d*wr**-j
rukhsXt,
CL?jU-l
ijazet,
j\fr
jewaz.
Permit,
s.
*^JJ
t&zkErE
; ,
v.a.
.jjjl
CJvc^j
izin-VErmek,
LlX*^ L^wa>^
rukhsAt-VErmek,
1
iJ^-s^
tejviz-et,
Ij^s..^-^'
tErkhzss-et.
Pernicious,
a.j*d*>
muzerr,
jljj^
zararK.
Perpendicular,
5.
Jy^e
"amud
; ,
a.
*jl5
ka'im,
U'J*G>
"amudi,
d6$rAru,
cJj dik.
Perpetrate,
v.a.
<_*^V.
y^P
1
^^
^tmek,
!L->lCj\
irtikyab-et.
Perpetual,
a.
*$\J da'im
;
ly,
ad.
Uj^J da'ima.
Perplex,
v.a.
J^Jyil^b
bXsh-l^rArtt-
mak,
dXij
u JJU*0 szkzndz-VErmek.
Perplexity,
5.
c-^^L^l
izttrAb.
Perquisites,
5.
|7/.
JuJlj_
"awa'id,
*i
f<_ <.
-,_
Olc a idat.
j
Persecute,
v.a.
^4J
u
dXlma-binmek,
^>j
rahat-VErmamek,
renjidE-et,
iC-W^^aJ dushmEnlik-et,
Ict<wy0>
khussumet
-
et,
'adavet-et.
jrseverance,
s. /JjJil
ikdlm,
dewam
; re,
v.n.
JU&*S1 ikdAm-et,
dewlm-et
;
ing,
a. /JJU
sia,
5.
1*^^
iran.
[mukdim.
sian,
a.
^^
iranl
; , 5.
^
AJEm;^L>J
iranl;
^
-lisslni.
Persian
Gulf,
u^J^^aJ
bassra-kyio*-
fezi.
[vaz-ghechmamek.
Persist,
v.n. Ijlic
"inad-et,
LlLeU^rjtj
Persistence,
Persistency,
t*J[/*\
issrar.
Persistent,
Persisting,
a. -A musserr.
Person,
5.
^1^"
kishi,
^1^
kimessnE,
yes**
shakhss,
/ j|
XdAm,
jfj
nefsr
;
(hypostasis)
*j\
uknum
(pi.
++&\
akanim)
;
the three s of the
Trinity,
<&)j*jljii akanimi
-
selassE
;
(gram.)
first
,
JJO^jj-ij
nefssi-mut^kellim
;
second
,
u^LLs-*
mukhltAb
;
third
,
LM***I
gha'ib.
Personage,
s.
^J\<^J>\J
zat-"alT.
Personal,
a.
^^
zati;
pronoun,
-*/*^ zamir.
Perspective,
s.
JO\A
Ac "ilmi-menazir.
Perspicacious,
a.
^JcJlkJ
fXtanetli.
Perspicaciousness, Perspicacity,
5. L^oIks
Perspicuity,
s.
J^A>.1
dchiklik.
[rltanet.
Perspicuous,
a.
J^-l
achzk.
Perspiration,
s.J or
j^
tsr.
Perspire,
v.n. CX*L tErlEmek.
Persuade,
v.a.
^^JuLj^
in^nd/rmak,
^<^JuU
kXnd/rmak,
ld?l$Ls!
isskyat-
-et;
CJwiiiiic. "iklmz-chelmek
;
Persuasion,
5.
CtM^l^^^^lib
^dint-
Pert,
a.\3j\.
"arsz'z.
[chelmeklik.
Pertain,
v.w.
j! ^lx^<
muta^allik
-
61,
rajz"-61,
'
bi^o m^nut
-
61,
mErbut-61,
Js**
muhavvel-
mensub-61,
dokunmak.
blkmak,
R 2
PERTINACIOUS
[
228
] PHOTOGRAPHER
Pertinacious,
a.j2<<,
musssrr.
Pertinacity,
s. jL.e "inad
;
Cl^lJ
sebat,
*tjJl ikdAm.
[munasse'bet.
Pertinence,
Pertinency,
5. c^-M-
Pertinent,
a. .z~*i\^c munasse'betli.
Pertly,
ad.
^^
"arsiz
; ,
Perusal,
5.
<Ujjj\
okuma.
[arsizlzk.
Peruse,
v.a.
(^^^
okumak.
Pervade,
v.a.^^/U
te'siri-61;
&+\JLA
ishljEmek,
CXwjr
ghechmek, ^Jjlj
naftz-61.
Perverse,
a.
^.y
terss
',j^*=>-
khayrsiz.
Pervert,
v.a.
(J*3j\j\
ayartmak,
ifsad-et,
IJlil
idlal-et
; ,
.
murtedd
(murtAd).
Pest, Pestilence,
s.
bj
veba,
(j^cfc
ta^'un,
^jJdL^-i.
khlsstalik,
Pestle,
s.
,J^la>
(hXwAn)-Eli.
Pet,
5.
cJ-y
SEvdik,
^l^
jAn,
u5j
kuzu,
dLl^l*.
ji^r^Er-ky^shE,
j^^/j
iki-ghy^z
;
^l^-J^xJ^
J
darghinltk-
-haH; ,
v.fl.
cX-j-j
SEvmek
;
^ll^-jl
dkhshamak
;
CX^Jjj^C^J
pek-yuz-vErmek.
Petition,
s.
Jl^;
c
"arzz-hal,
^^
"^nza;
U-j
rija,
j\J
niyaz, jc3
LS-vJy-
dEr-khasst; ,
u.a.
Jl^y-
CJ^Jj
"arzi-hal-vErmek.
[arzuhal.
Petitioner,
5.
^- c-^o-U
sahibi-
Petrel,
5.
fzrtma-martzssz.
Petrifaction,
Petrification,
tabajjur.
Petrify,
v.a.
\
{
J&
tXsb-et
; ,
v.n.
cXiL^^lL
tXsh-kessilmek,
tabajjur-et.
Petroleum,
5.
jlc
ghaz.
ma"dEn-nefti
;
Petticoat,
s.
^IkJ^l
ich-fisstAm.
Petty,
a.
cXtfjUjI
ufXk-tefek,
^J^
juz'i,
<U^>-U>
sAchma.
Pewter,
5.
^^^^b beyAz-ma"dEn.
Pharmacy,
s.
,y^ LS^V^T kjzaj*-
dukkyam (dukkEni).
Pheasant,
s.
&j&j~*
svghlun (sulun
or
suylun),^jJJ
tezrev.
Phenix,
s. U^c
"anka,
(j~j*&
kXknuss
or
^r-.-is
kAknuss.
Phenomenon,
pi.
Phenomena,
s. Lr^lc
*'alamet,
&+>,j-
gharibE
;
pi.
>jXc
"ala'im,
\-~3\j*
gh^ra'ib.
Phial,
5.
AlMU&jUjI
ufXk-shishE.
Philanthropic, Philanthropical,
a.
JLtol
L^&Li> ehli-shafakAt.
[kAt.
Philanthropist,
s.
^^SA^Jjt>\
ehli-shfa-
Philanthropy,
s. u^U-i shafakAt.
Philology,
s.
c/~
Jj^
cJ*'.'^^''(*
"ilnai-
-tedkzkz-ghavri-lissan.
Philomel,
5.
JJj
bulbul.
Philosopher,
s. *+s*- hakim
(^/.
U^s-
nuke*
ma)
u_3j~-Li
feylas6f (/?/.
^-.-is
E)
;
's
stone,
L*^ kimiya,
ikslr,
i/j\ijfS\
Altm-6tu.
Philosophy,
5. L^v^rs-Jji "ilmi-hikmet.
Phlebotomy,
s.
J^liU! 1^,13
kX
Phlegm,
5. **b
bAlgham.
Phlegmatic,
a.
./kib
bXlghami
;
J^tf
Phosphorus,
s.
y)yujJ
f6ssfora.
Photograph,
5.
A^
ressm.
[flajL
Photographer,
5.
^fr*~*\j*ff
fotogra-
!
PHOTOGRAPHY
[229 ]
PIGEON-HEARTED
Photography,
5.
4-J^c.jji
fotografia.
Phrase,
5.
Xj\+-
"ibarE
;
j++*3
ta"bir.
Phraseology,
s.
Cl^-,*}
ta"birat.
Phrenology,
s. 4lJ c^vjLj Jis "ilmi-
-kzyafeti-diraagh. [kkat.
Phrensy,
s.
c^j^^^j-
junun-muwA-
Phthisis,
5.
^Ic
^
verem-"illeti.
Physic,
s. ~.lp
"ilaj
; s,
s.
pi.
c^/*>
<U*-J?
hikmeti-tabi"iyyE.
Physical,
a.
^^
tabl"l
;
^l^
>-
s
jissmAni
;
ly,
ao\ \xJb tAb"an.
Physician,
5. *& hekim.
Physiognomist,
5.
O>*V
-
ilmi-kzyafet,
Physiognomy,
s. c^iLS
kzyafet, *^>
sima; c^-JUJ'^Lc
"ilmi-
ehli-
Physiology,
s.
"ilmi-bahssi-hayat-bedEniyyE.
Pianist,
5.
Jc-J^ls^yLj
piano-chXlan-
Piano, Pianoforte,
s.
jJ^J
piano, [-ustad.
Piastre,
5.
iJ^jjZ
ghurush.
Pick,
(pickaxe),
s.
&*j\s
kXzma;
tooth
,
ear
,
Jl>-
khilal
; ,
v.a.
(pull off)
(
J^byJ
k6parmak
;
(a lock)
<j>*>-\
achmak;
(teeth,
&c.)^<;*X^lJJ
kXrz'sh d/r
mak,
Jl-^^LJj
! Irzklamak
(aytlamak)
;
(a bone)
Cl)vlj--4J
temiz-
lEmek
;
(a quarrel)
(J^j^
Xramak
;
pockets,
\
(jji-rs^-i
^b
yan-kessiji-
lik-et
; out,
J^l
ayrmak,
cJ^s?*'
sechmek,
!c-;ls^jl
intikhAb-et;
up,
v.a.
^ycj'i
klldzrmak
;
JU^bjL>
t6plamak,
cX^j-2jJ
dfevshirmek,
tahszl-et;
,
r.w. C>/*wlJ4j]
TyilEshmek,
C3vi^
^f^
^y
kuvveti
-
yirina
-
ghilmek
j
cX<^<*~j
semirmek
;
to
pieces,
cJ^^~>
sz!tkmek
;
dAldzrmak.
Picket,
5.
J^/j>jW
i^]
Pickle,
(brine)
^^L<?
sXlamura
;
(of
vegetables)
,<^y
turshu
; ,
v.a.
-^^a\^^ijj
turshu-bXssmak.
Pickpocket,
5.
(
g2sa*
c
jl> yan-kessiji,
j~>/>~
khzrsz'z.
Picnic,
s.
^LiJ^JJ
kfr-yem^^Az.
Picture,
s.
*~y
ressim.
[
Jj^
ghyuzel.
Picturesque,
a.
Cef*t**)
ressim-ghibi
;
Piddle,
s.
(j^^-
chish,
u^-^^j-f-
kuchuk-chish;
CJ<X.-s sidik,
J^;
bevl;
,
v.n.
liXo4*j1 ishEmek, C.
su-dMkmek,
!
J^-J
tebevvul-et.
Pie,
.
C-^
bwrek.
Piebald,
a. aj!
Ala,
^^l! Alaja.
Piece,
5.
^>^^
parcha,
^xkjf
J>-
juz',
*~3
kzssm; ,
v.a. CL
eklEmek.
Piecemeal,
ad. <^>-
,l>
^>- .b
parcha-parcha.
V J V f ^ -t
C
Pier,
s. <d J isskelE
;
^^sTj
rikhtzm.
Pierce,
v.a. cXJ
J
delmek,
-et;
dJvtllj! ishlEmek.
Piety,
5. u^sibj
diyanet,
dmdarlzk,
L^yu
tlkwa,
j.JU
sAlah.
Pig,
s.
J>^o
d6nguz (domuz),
jf.j^-
khmzir,
CJ^>-
khuk;
of
lead,
^^-rf
somun,
Pigeon,
s.
(^>
kfebutEr,
Pigeon-hearted,
a.
.^j^
korkak.
PIG-HEADED
[230] PIRATE
"inadji.
"inad.
Pig-headed,
a.
^
Pig-headedness,
s
Pigmy,
s.
<^f^>-
JUJE. [nevi"-bAlzk.
Pike,
s.
faj>-
harba;
^jlb
QJJ*
bir-
Pile,
5.
^.j-Ju
ytyAin;
LJ
bina;
jjljf
kAzzk
;
(of velvet)
^\r>-
haw
; s,
s.pLjj~>\)
bassur,
J~:<oU mayAssil;
,v.a.(j.*AJi y}ghmak,\
(jJu
t ytghm-et.
Pilfer,
v.a.
^ill^-chAlmak
; ,
v.n.
](&<**
khzrszzlzk
-
et,
tc^J-s
sirkXt-et.
Pilgrim,
s.
^.U
hljj,
L5
^hXjjI (hAJO
;
yjj
za'ir
(pl-j\jj
ziiwwar).
Pilgrimage,
5.
^~
hXjj
;
<-^;Vj
ziyaret.
Pill,
s.
^^Ubb (hAp).
Pillage,
5. LMJ
ya^Ama,
Cl^jlc gharet,
joVV.j^
soyghun
;
<0^x>J^!
femwali-
-menhubE;
r.a.
^A^y*
soymak,
ya^Ama-et,
Id^U
gharet-et,
n^hb-et.
Pillar,
5.
CJ^^
dirkk,
\^f~*
sutun,
J^^.
Pillion,
s.
j^j^J
pXlIn. ["amud.
Pillow,
s.
^jJu^JJ^
yuz-y^ssdz^Az,
balm; case, ,
y^ssdzk-yuzu.
Pilot,
s.
jj^
kzla^Auz;
,
v.a.
Pimento,
s.j$)^j
t yeii0i-bahar.
Pimple,
s.
<ls~^-o
sivilja
;
(on
the
lip)
(^^^
uchuk.
Pin,
s.
^L^L
t6plu,
*Ajb}y
t6plu-
i^^nE
;
<-^>-
chivi
;
^^*>-
jiwXta
;
,
v.a.
Cf^r^lU^LrijJLJjV
t6plu-
-ila-ilishdirmek
;
4^X*ijj-^-
chivilE-
mek,
oL^c mzkhlamak.
Pincers,
s.
pi.
-.U:
Pinch,
5. cJj^rs- chimdik
;
kzssdz'rish
;
(of snuff)
*5jL
tutum
;
(necessity)
^Ju^
sfcki,
CL^^*?
zf)ru-
ret
; ,
v.a. L^L^i^J^^- chimdiklE-
mek
;
(j>+*d*
kzssmak
;
<JK
dz'rmak
;
^JM+JU*
sskmak.
Pinchbeck,
s.
<_~y
tombak.
Pine,
s. /^^*- chm
; , <:
5^l)/V>- chm-
r
v LS
; ,
v.n.
dXiljy
uzulmek
;
dErd-chekmek
;
^V^*
CX*>-
ishtiyAk-chekmek.
Pineapple,
s.
u~\J\J\
ananass.
Pinion,
s.
(feather)
^-2*
shEh-pEr
(wheel)
JJ fEnsr
; ,
v.a.
.jj
Pink,
5.
^^^
J*^/
kXrEnfil-chi
%^i
; ,
a.
<U^
penbs
; ,
v.a
Jjl
6yma-achmak.
Pinnace,
s. &Jj filzka.
-dirhEmlik-Mlchu.
Pintle,
s.
(&}+**$
Pioneer,
s.
^fi&i\)
bXltaji.
Pious,
a.
jljcj^
dindar,
L^jfiJfJjb!
ehli-
-tlkwa,
(
A^'<
muttakz,
,c^^
s6fu.
Pip,
s.
<jJj^>-
chekirdek.
Pipe,
s.
c^J
or
^J
b6ru
;
chibuk
;
cJ^c5^
duduk
;
biyuk-^chz,
<Ucs:
Pipkin,
s.
*j&jbtJ*
t6prAk-tenJErE.
Pirate,
s.
L^J^J^
den^iz-khzrsz'zz,
Lyj >. khzrszz
;
^^^xJ^-j^-
kh^rsiz-
-teknESsi ; ,
v.a.
^j^ilU-
chAlmak,
sirkXt-et
PISS
[
231
]
PLANK
Piss,
s.
L/i-^
chish,
^JL
kilchuk
-
chish,
Jy
bevl
j ,
v.n.
\tj--
chish-et,
CX*}J ^
su-dwk-
mek,
cX^JyfCJ}*?
kiichuk-su-
dttkmek,
1
J^-J
tebevvul-et.
Pistachio,
5.
(j~J
fzsstzk.
Pistol,
5. ArsTlJb
tabAnja,
^lalJ
pishtow.
Piston,
5.
\jfc
bAkraj. [hufra.
Pit,
5.
jjjs
kuyu,
^i^-
chukur,
A
Pitch,
s.
u^Jj
zift
;
A>-ji>
derejE, <G^
*t>lj
raddE,
<CJ^
niErtebE,
x> menzilE
;
^ J^^ol^J
niha-
Atmak
; ; ,
v.o.
CXiiJj
ziftlfimek
;
{j*j$
kurmak
;
upon,
(j*j\
ayrmak,
C
sfechmek;
one's
head,
-dushmek.
Pitcher,
5. -^ dessti
(tessti).
Piteous,
^yj-1
Ajz;
g^te^
Xjmajak.
Pith,
5.
Jjl
wz,
!**<
maghz.
Pittance,
.
C^^L^J kuti-la-yemut.
Pitted with the
small-pox,
a. C^sX
^ijijy
chichek-bozu^Au.
Pity,
5.
/^>
terahhum,
L^vi. niEr-
hamet; ,
v.a.
^^^-1
Ajz'mak,
\(^~*>*z>-j*
niErhamet-et
;
what a !
Jjb
yazik.
Pivot,
s.
J^>
mil,
jjs*
mihvEr.
Placard,
s. diib
yXfta
; ,
v.a. <bJ
J^<Xljb
yAfta-ypzshdzrmak.
Place,
s.
j^
ysr, J^-*
mahll,
mevki
,
.-^4.^
mevzz",
* <
mekyan
;
j
n yir,
L^vcJcL khMmet
(hizmet),
me'muriyyet
;
v.a.
k6mak,
\^*j
wXz -et
;
oturtmak
;
CX*^
dikmek,
tt^xaJ
nAssb-et,
tf>**7
Placid,
a.
^ly.
yawAsh. [ta'
r
ym-et.
Plague,
s.
\Jj
veba,
u^^
ta"un,
^J>-^^4J
y^murjak,
^)<H-^rv.
khAss-
;
L
bela,
c^-^-a^
mussfoet,
dird
; ,
v.a.
j\ J^J
dErd-61,
bela-61.
Plain,
5.
C.J duzluk,
*!
6wa,
ker,
sahra
; ,
a. duz
;
sadfi
;
Jj^^jLs
sadE-ghyuzel
;
^/f-
chirkin
;
j;&-!
^chzk,
^lb
belli,
^u^ "ayXn, ^wO-<
musste'ban
;
"adl,
^l-J
spoken,
jL>^* ^Jji^s
dbghrv
-
su
-
weylEr,
jU^l ^^-j^iil
lakzrdz'ssmz-
essirghEmaz.
PiaintiiF,
5.
^ej-^flj
da'Vajz.
Plait,
s.
^Uf-J
kzrma
;
<tl WITHE
; ,
v.a.fj^o^s
kzrmak, zrma-
! wrmek.
Plan,
5.
*~ij
ressim,
&&y
L-^-Jy
tErtib,
j*i