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PHYSICAL EDUCATION - is an educational course related to

the physique of the human body, taken during primary and secondary
education that encouragespsychomotor learning in a play or movement
exploration setting to promote health

OBJECTIVES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION - Endurance
sports and activities have a strong, significant presence in places of
higher learning, where young adults naturally enroll themselves when
brought up within a similar environment, whilst growing up. There are
even degrees offered today for successfully completing a course under
physical education. There's a saying that rings true, that education
begins at home, where physical education is just one such thing that
parents need to enforce, by setting an example to kids at a young age.

HISTORY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION - A brief history of
physical education in the United States would kick off in the nineteenth
century. There was growing popularity of formal physical education
programs all across Europe where calisthenics and gymnastics were all
the rage. American schools looked to follow the European model by
incorporating physical education into the curriculum for primary and
secondary schools. And a brief history of physical education would not
be complete with a consideration of institutes of higher education that
gradually built up extremely successful sports programs.




FUNCTIONS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION - Physical
Education has a number of functions. The subject is taught throughout
school life and is intended to keep children healthy whilst
alsoteaching them how to keep the body in a reasonable condition.
Sportsmanship is another function of physical education, as is discipline.
The role of discipline is often undersold when people talk about physical
education. In taking part in many different sports, children learn that
rules are important and as they need to respect authority in sport, this
notion will hopefully carry over to elsewhere in school.
The demands of physical education vary from school to school, with some
schools making it compulsory to partake in after-school activities and to
play for at least one of the school teams in a variety of sports. This
encourages pupils to take pride in their school, as they will want to beat
other schools that they play against.
Some schools simply have compulsory physical education lessons in
which pupils are encouraged to try a range of different activities
including gymnastics, swimming, running and even martial arts. All
these sports require a pupil to be reasonably fit and disciplined as well as
helping to maintain good body posture.
Physical education programs are compulsory in almost all schools, with
the only exceptions being on religious grounds or if the pupil has a
medical reason not to take part.
Physical education also encourages pupils to work as a team and to
learnthat other people matter as well. Teamwork is encouraged in most
sports, and individuals can also thrive in the sports that don't require
teams. These factors mean that the pupils will grow up to be versatile
which will stand them in good stead in later life when applying for jobs
or carrying on with their education.




PHYSICAL FITNESS- Physical fitness is a general state of health and
well-being or specifically the ability to perform aspects of sports or occupations.
Physical fitness is generally achieved through
correct nutrition, exercise, hygiene and rest. It is a set of attributes or
characteristics that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to
perform physical activity.

ASPECTS OF PHYSICAL FITNESS-
Health Related components: Those factors that are related to how well the
systems of your body work
1. Cardiovascular Fitness: The ability of the circulatory system (heart
and blood vessels) to supply oxygen to working muscles during
exercise.
2. Body Composition: The relative percentage of body fat compared to
lean body mass (muscle, bone, water,etc)
3. Flexibility: The range of movement possible at various joints.
4. Muscular strength: The amount of force that can be produced by a
single contraction of a muscle
5. Muscular endurance: The ability of a muscle group to continue
muscle movement over a length of time.

Skill Related Components: Those aspects of fitness which form the basis for
successful sportor activity participation.
1. Speed: The ability to move quickly from one point to another in a
straight line
2. Agility: The ability of the body to change direction quickly
3. Balance: The ability to maintain an upright posture while still or
moving
4. Coordination: Integration with hand and/or foot movements with
the input of the senses.
5. Reaction Time: Amount of time it takes to get moving.
6. Power: The ability to do strength work at an explosive pace.