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Giloe

Tinospora cordifolia

Medicinal
Plants
of
Chandigarh

Medicinal Plants Board
UT, CHANDIGARH

Conservator of Forests & Chief Executive Officer,
Medicinal Plants Board,
Old Architect Building
Sector 19 B, Madhya Marg, Chandigarh UT, India
Tel. 0172-2700284, 2700217, Fax : 0172-2700284
Visit us at : http://chandigarh.gov.in/dept_forest.htm
E-mail : cf.chandigarh@gmail.com

Medicinal Plants Board
UT, CHANDIGARH
Barna
Crateva adansonii

refac
Sita Ashok
Saraca asoca

Preface
State Medicinal Plants Board, U.T. Chandigarh was set up in 2001.
The main objective of the Board is to promote In-situ and Ex-situ
Conservation, Research & Development, Education & Awareness amongst
various stakeholders.
A wide variety of plants-Trees, Shrubs, Herbs-are having medicinal value. For
wider publicity and knowledge of medicinal plants among the masses, Board
is publishing a small booklet, which includes the details of Medicinal Plants,
parts used and its therapeutic value in preventing and curing diseases and
promoting good health.
I am sure, that this booklet will serve as a handy guide for all the
stakeholders, which will help them in easy identification and to understand
usages of medicinal plants. This extension activity of the board will definitely
sensitize stakeholders and inculcate in them the rich & valuable knowledge
and importance of medicinal plants.
I am highly grateful to Sh. Saurabh Kumar, IFS, DCF (HQ),
Sh. Kuldeep Sharma, IFS, DCF (BG & NR), and Ms. Nitu Rani, Project Fellow,
for their valuable inputs and support for publishing this informative booklet.
Santosh Kumar (IFS)
Chief Executive Officer
Medicinal Plants Board
U.T. Chandigarh

flower purplish. isogiganterol. taraxasterol.a n d β . giganterol. Pakistan. W. Therapeutic uses: The latex and root bark used as an expectorant. Aisa. gigantin. flowers in cold. BAEL 8 NEEM 29 Distribution : Almost throughout India. tropical Africa. BAHERA 9 NIRGUNDI 30 Parts used : Root. leaf. cough and asthma.Contents Contents Index AAK 1 KALMEGH 22 AKARKARA 2 KIKAR 23 ALOE VERA 3 LAKSHMI TARU 24 AMLA 4 LONG PEPPER 25 ANTAMUL 5 MAIDEN HAIR TREE 26 ARJUNA 6 MANDUKPARNI 27 ASHVAGANDHA 7 MOR PANKHI 28 Habit : Erect. much branched shrubs. 1 . BANSA 10 PUTH KANDA 31 BARNA 11 RAM TULSI 32 BHRINGRAJ 12 RATI 33 BHUMI AMLA 13 SADA BAHAR 34 BLACK DHATURA 14 SALAR 35 DHAK 15 SATAWAR 36 GILOE 16 SHAM TULSI 37 HARAD 17 SHANKHPUSHPI 38 HENNA 18 SITA ASHOK 39 JAL BHRAMI 19 SOHANJNA 40 JAMUN 20 SWEET FLAG 41 KALA BANSA 21 AAK Calotropis procera C o n st i t u te s : α . taraxasteryl acetate.a my r i n . latex.

Flower yellow. cathartic and blood purifier. Constitute: Spilanthol. alternative. Distribution : Throughout India. flowers. Flowers white or yellow. stomachic. emmenagogue. Parts used : Pulp. Constitutes: The pulp contains glucoside. Many of the form of this species are naturalized in India and semi-arid regions and dry westward valleys of the Himalaya. anthelmintic. aphrodisiac. Therapeutic uses: Leaves are chewed to relieve toothache and affections of throat and gums. Therapeutic uses: Used as bitter. : It is found in hotter provinces in India. Distribution Parts used : Leaves. barbaloin.AKARKARA Spilanthes acmella ALOE VERA Aloe barbadensis Habit : Annual herb. purgative. It increases the flow of salvia and is useful in fever especially during summers. 2 3 . Important constituent of skin care products. b-barbaloin and aloe-emodin. Habit : Perennial fleshy plant. Tincture made from flower heads to treat inflammation of Jaw-bones.

Cachar. cardiac. leaf. Therapeutic uses: It is useful in bronchitis. laxative. Orissa. haemorrhage. Deccan. Fruits and leaves contain tannin. Myanmar. Flowers minute. It is chief ingredient of Chyavanprash Avleha. Distribution : Throughout India. : Dry forest of sub-Himalayan tracts of North and East Bengal. corialgin and ellagic acid. Useful in anaemia. 4 5 . Roots regarded as aboritifacient. cold and cough. d i a r r h o e a a n d d y s e n te r y. flower pinkish yellow. : Leaf. phospatides and an essential oil. polyphenolic compounds. Parts used Constitutes: It is a rich source of vitamin C. bark. astringent and liver tonic. irritability of the bladder.AMLA ANTAMUL Tylophora indica Emblica officinalis Habit : Deciduous tree. and plains of Tamil Nadu. root. leucorrhoea and discharge of the blood from the uterus. Therapeutic uses: It is diuretic. inflammation of the eyes. climbing shrub. Konkan. Constitutes: Alkaloids containing tylophorine. Assam. d y s p e p s i a . Habit Distribution : A small Evergreen. affects blackening of hair. Parts used : Fruits. jaundice. seeds contain fixed oil. greenish. a tonic and restorative in Indian medicine.

aphrodisiac. 6 7 . a lactonearjunetin. flowers are greenish or lurid yellow. whithaniol. heart diseases. : The plant is found in the dried parts of India. astringent. leaf. essential oil and tannin. leucorrhoea and earache. Used in for sores. North-West India. debility from old age. phytosterol. fractures of bone. hypnotic. and acts as an antidote to poisons. Constitutes: Arjunin. hentriacontane. Therapeutic uses: It is used as tonic. dropsy. useful in rheumatism. abortifacient. Distribution : Sub-Himalayan tracts. somniferene. febrifuge and deobstruent. Parts used : Root. cough. Constitutes: Essential oil ipuranol. Therapeutic uses: It is used as alternative. tonic. restoration. emaciation of children and general weakness. ascending upto 1700 m in Himalayas.ARJUNA ASHVAGANDHA Withania somnifera Terminalia arjuna Habit : Large tree. It is reported as cardiac tonic and useful in blood dysentery. Habit : Perennial shrub. diuretic. Sri Lanka. Flowers white. Distribution Parts used : Bark. blood pressure. withaninie. deobstruent. narcotic. Sedative. a crystalline alcohol.

Constitutes: The fruits contain tannin. Constitutes: The fruit contains marmalosin. chebulegic acid etc. sweet-scented. Habit : A large. Therapeutic uses: It is bitter. eye troubles. Therapeutic uses: It is useful in chronic dysentery. Locally. gallic acid. the bark decoction is taken thrice a day for one week intermittent fever. One of the component of Triphla. enlargement of spleen. and umbelliferone. Parts used : Fruit. bark contains coumarin. Distribution : Throughout the country. leprosy and headache. flowers pale-green. appetite and digestion.BAEL BAHERA Aegle marmelos Terminalia bellerica Habit : Moderate-sized tree. Distribution : Throughout India. Myanmar and Sri Lanka. deciduous tree. diarrhoea. sitosterol. pungent. Flower greenish-white. Leaves are having essential oil consisting of α and βphellandrene. astringent. Parts used : Whole plant. anthementic. The root is one of the ingredients of the 'Dasamool' of Ayurveda. laxative and are used in piles. diarrhoea. 8 9 .

Vasicinone. Constitutes: Leaves and flowers contain alkaloids vasicine. anaemia and asthma. Constitutes: Bark contains tannin and saponin. Distribution : Throughout India. blood purifier and tonic. Habit : Tree. tonic and demulcent. Parts used : Flowers. lung complaints. flowers greenish – white. Parts used : Bark. with pink stripes. 10 11 . rheumatism and as insecticidal. Therapeutic uses: It is used as bitter. leaves and roots are antiseptic. Myanmar and Sri Lanka. antispasmodic. leaf. bronchitis. Theapeutic uses: Leaves and roots are useful in cough. The twigs of the plant when used as tooth sticks offer a cure for pyorrhea. It is useful in calculus and affections of urinary organs. Flowers. fresh juice gives immediate relief. Pakistan. It is common remedy for cough. asthma. leaves and roots. Distribution : Throughout India. anti-periodic. Flowers white. allevative. α-sitosterol & kaemp-ferol. which may be followed by other preparations of the drug.BARNA BANSA Crateva adansonii Adhatoda zeylanica Habit : Shrub. For immediate expectoration in children and spasmodic attack of asthma.

It is used as a remedy for dropsical disorders. jaundice. Therapeutic uses: It is used as tonic. stigmasterol. The plant juice in combination with aromatics is administered for jaundice. Parts used : Whole herb. Root is emetic. creamy-white. gonorrhea and other genitourinary disease. Flowers very small. Constitutes: Leaves contain methanol. ascending 2000 m on the hills. its juice is used in case of liver disorder. Parts used : Whole herb. dyspepsia and dysentery. stomatic. cholagogue laxative. applied externally as antiseptic to ulcers and wounds. deobtruent and bitter tonic properties. 12 13 . Distribution : It occurs sporadic in wastelands in subtropical regions upto 1000 m elevation. constipation. β-amyrin.BHRINGRAJ Eclipta prostrata BHUMI AMLA Phyllanthus fraternus Habit : Herb with white flowers. deobstruent in hepatic and spleen enlargement. The oil prepared with this herb is of great repute as a hair dye and has cooling affect on the brain. Habit : Annual herb. Leaves are useful in scorpion sting. Therapeutic uses: The herb possesses astringent. mixture of desmethyl wedelolacetone. stomachache. Constitutes: Phyllanthusolactone and Phyllanthodocosanyl ester. Distribution : It is common in moist situations throughout India. Locally.

Distribution : Throughout India. Seeds. Distribution : It is found as weed on waste places in all over India. Sri Lanka and Myanmar. Flowers yield a brilliant but very fugitive yellow colouring matter. New Guinea and China. leaves and roots are considered useful in insanity. hyoscine. Constitutes: Butrin. Tree yields a gum called Butea gum or Bengal kino which is astringent and used in diarrhoea. Constitutes: The plant contains scopolamine. Therapeutic uses: The herb is violently narcotic. Therapeutic uses: Bark astiringent used piles. 14 15 . Steroides. When the seeds are pounded with lemon juice. Butin. Parts used: Flower. hyoscyamine. Parts used : Whole plant. fever with catarrhal and cerebral complications. Butein. bark exudation. Habit : Deciduous tree. skin diseases. occasionally grown in gardens. they act as a powerful rubefacient and have been successfully used as a cure for a form of herpes called Dhobie's itch. flowers-orange-red. atropine and vitamin C. lice infestation etc. Flavonoidees.BLACK DHATURA Datura metel DHAK Butea monosperma Habit : Herbaceous plant with pale-white flowers. tumours and menstrual disorders. diarrhoea. also eastward as far as Papua.

bile trouble. aphrodisiac. climbering. dysentery. blood pressure. berberine. piles. chebulic acid. vomiting. Flowers small and greenish-yellow. carious teeth. Distribution Parts used : Stem. cough. anthalmintic. Distribution : The climber is found throughout the tropical regions of India. diarrhoea. anti-pyretic. 16 17 . Therapeutic uses: it is an alternative. antiperiodic. digestive. anti-arthritic. Habit : A deciduous tree. Sri Lanka. colling wash of the eyes.GILOE HARAD Terminalia chebula Tinospora cordifolia Habit : A glabrous. Myanmar and Malaya. giloinin. ulcers. diuretic and expectorant. Constitutes: Tinosporin and α furanoid diterpene. burns and scalds. blood purifier. ellagic acid. Parts used : Fruits. : Abundant in Northern India from Uttaranchal to Bengal and southwards to the Deccan. Flowers dull white. succulent. giloin. Constitutes: Tannin. and worms. vaginal discharge. bitter tonic. cardiac. chebullic acid. Therapeutic uses: It is useful in asthma. gallic acid and resin. bleeding and ulceration of the gum. carminative.

scopoletin. Flowers small. Habit : Succulent herb. fragrant white or pinkish in colour. Hersaponin. Parts used : Leaves. Flowers bluish-purple or white with bluish veins. Distribution : It is found in marshy tracts in Sub-tropical region. The decoction of leaves is used as gargle in sore throat. diuretic and blood purifier. T h e ra p e u t i c u s e s : L e ave s a re astringent. Punjab. quinone and napthaquinone. Brahmine. esculetin. bark and seeds. Constitutes: Lawsone. It is used as “Memory Plus”. 18 19 . betulinic acid. Herpestine. hennadiol. Sterols. Constitutes: Saponins. Madhya Pradesh. lupeol. Paste of the leaves is applied for relieving headache and burning sensation in feet. isoplumbagin. monnierin. Parts used : Whole herb. betulin. upto 1000m elevation. Leaves are used in the treatment of typhoid and haemorragia. It also applied on boils.HENNA JAL BHRAMI Bacopa monnieri Lawsonia inermis Habit : A much branched shrub. fraxetin. Therapeutic uses: Medicine used as a nerve tonic. lacoumarin. burns and skin diseases. Distribution : Commercially cultivated cash crop in Rajasthan. Chhatisgarh and Gujrat.

Leaves chewing relieves tooththache. Flowers orange-yellow. asthma. bark. Constitutes: Phenylethanol glycoside. palmitic. oleic. linoleic. The seed powder about 15 gm is administered orally thrice a day for 3-4 months in diabetes. Acetylbarlerin. stearic. The bark is used in sore throats. Throughout India. Distribution : Distribution : India. Barlerinoside. Parts used : Whole herb. Berlerin. Shanzhiside methyl ester. flowers greenish-white and fragrant. ulcers and dysentery. Habit : Shrub with whitish bark. sterculic. Parts used : Fruit. A paste of the roots applied to boils and glandular swellings. bronchitis. Constitutes: Lauric. malvalic. vernolic acid and βsitosterol. myristic. Sri Lanka. seed. Therapeutic uses: Fresh bark juice mixed with milk is used in diarrhea. Lupulinoside. 20 21 . Roots febrifuge. Therapeutic uses: Juice of the leaves given with honey in catarrhal affections of children. Tropical Africa and Asia. South Africa.JAMUN KALA BANSA Syzygium cumini Barleria prionitis Habit : Evergreen tree.

Constitutes: It is known as 'King of bitters'. dicatechin. Therapeutic uses: It possesses bitter. Arabia and Africa. tonic. Therapeutic uses: Various plant parts are used against hairfall. antidysentric. antiperiodic properties. It is the source of several diterpenoids of which the bitter water soluble lactone and rographolide is important. anemia. 22 23 . dysentery. Distribution : It is native to tropical Asia.KALMEGH Andrographis paniculata KIKAR Acacia nilotica Habit : Annual herb. rose coloured. quercertin and tannin. jaundice. cholera. syphilis. Gum. earache. epicatechin. It is effective against chronic malaria. occurs throughout India. Constitutes: Contains several polyphenols like catechin. Distribution : Indigenous in most hotter parts of India. Flowers yellow. Habit : A moderate-sized tree. Pod and Bark. bowel complaints and loss of appetite. febrifuge. Parts used : Heart wood. leprosy and rinderpest. Flowers small. Parts used : Whole herb.

abortifacient and aphrodisiac. Kenya and Central Africa. It is effective to treat insomnia. simarolide.LAKSHMI TARU Simarouba glauca LONG PEPPER Piper longum Habit : Tree. 24 25 . glaucarubolone. canthin. Western Ghats. The fruits possess haematinic. emmenagogue. Constitutes: Ailanthinone. tonic properties and useful in inflammation of the liver. simaroubidin. Constitutes: The fruits contains piperine and piplartine alkaloid. simarubolide. Therapeutic uses: The root is used as a carminative. it is used externally for wounds and sores. digestive. It is taken internally for diarrhoea. a digestion and menstrual stimulant and an antiparasitic remedy. Bengal and Assam. Habit : A creeping aromatic herb. Introduced in India. dysentery and leprosy. melianone. diuretic. dysentery. Parts used : Fruit. seeds. pains in the joints. scorpion sting and night blindness. tonic to the liver. lower hills of W. snakebite. Flowers greenish – yellow. Therapeutic uses: An infusion of the leaves or bark is considered to be astringent. and tirucalla. benzoquinone. sitosterol. : It grows in tropical zones and distributed in Central Himalaya. Distribution Parts used : Leaves. glaucarubine. Distribution : Tropical America. stomachic. epilepsy. malaria. glaucarubinone. Khasi and Mikir hills. holacanthone. and colitis. obstruction of bile duct and gall bladder.

Seeds contain alkaloids ginkgotoxin and amino-acid. Constitutes: The herb contains bitter substance. Parts used : Whole plant. A bitter principle vallarine. Distribution : Parts used : Leaves. memory sharpener in old ages. flavonoids and also constitute phenolic components. sitosterol. sesquitepene. It is also reputed to improve the power of speech and poetic imagination. Leaves are used in cardiovascular disorders. Constitutes: Leaves contain shikimic acid. It is useful remedy for mentally retarded children. anglucoside-asiaticoside. It is a Central Nervous System (CNS) improver. Tannin and resinous substance besides an alkaloid hydrocotylin. best brain tonic. b i l o b a l i d e a n d β-sterol. pectin acid and resin are present in the leaves and roots of the plants. pinkish and red.MAIDEN HAIR TREE Ginkgo biloba MANDUKPARNI Centella asiatica Habit : Deciduous tree. Distribution : Native of China. increased cerebral blood circulation and parkinson's diseases. flowers minute. essential and fatty oil. It grows in moist places throughout India. Habit : The herb trails on ground. The seed is used as an anti-tusive and expectorant in Japan and China. 26 Therapeutic uses: The leaves or entire herb is boiled in water and this decoction is given in the treatment of leprosy and useful in epilepsy and is a tonic for brain. 27 . Therapeutic uses: Nuts are used against cancer in China.

Constitutes: Thujone. namely carvotanacetone. nimbidol. azadirachtin. tonic and antiperiodic. meliantriol. Root bark and young fruits are astringent. tannic acid and amino acids. origanes. nimbosterol kaempferol and myricetin. Therapeutic uses: Used in leprosy. fenchone. Distribution : Native of Myanmar.MOR PANKHI Thuja orientalis Habit : Distribution : Parts used : NEEM Azadirachta indica An evergreen tree. Seeds lever tonic. astringent and vermifuge. antiasthmatic. origanol.Other monoterpenes. Fruit. antibacterial. Fruit is purgative. antifungal. myrcen and camphen. Cultivated throughout hotter part of India. 28 29 . Parts used : The whole plant. China. Bark is bitter. isothujone. intestinal worms. haemostatic activities. leaf. leaf juice anthelmintic. insect repellent. emollient and anthelmintic. weakness of body. Leaves are discutient. expectorant. widely cultivated in North Indian gardens. piles and urinary diseases. Habit : Large tree. Therapeutic uses: Anti-inflammatory. sabines and α-pinen as the main monoterpenes. tonic. Flowers white. Constitutes: Leaves contain the flavanoid quercetin. Seed and oil contains desacetylnimbin.

acrdiotonic and diuretic and used to treat snake bites.NIRGUNDI Vitex negundo PUTH KANDA Achyranthes aspera Habit : A shrub or small tree with blue flowers. the decoction of the herb is diuretic and used in renal dropsy and generalized anasarca. Distribution : Throughout India. Flowers green or pinkish. tonsillitis. Parts used Constitutes: Essential oil. bowel complaints. Locally. sciatica rheumatism etc. hydrophobia and itchings. The extract of the root is used to treat menstrual disorders and dysentery. saponin α and saponin β. antiparasitic. sflavone glycosides. waste places. Distribution Parts used : Whole plant. Habit : A Herb. Its powder is used in the treatment of bleeding piles. discutient. lung diseases. anodyne. As a weed. astringent. : It is found throughout India upto 1300 m. Sri Lanka. 30 31 . urinary troubles. febrifge and nerine tonic properties. Leaf juice is useful in stomachache. piles and abscess. spenic enlargement. antiarthritic. shaded or unshaded areas. appetizer. It is also useful in asthma. Therapeutic uses: The herb possesses antidiabitic and antirheumatic properties. it is found in perennial crops. grasslands. Seeds are used as inflammatory. : Whole plant. aromatic. Therapeutic uses: The leaves possess alternative. Constitutes: Seed contains two saponins.

useful in complaints of the urinary systems. It is used in bronchitis. Roots are emetic. 32 33 . The juice or infusion of leaves possesses diaphoretic. Locally. The root used as a substitude of liquorice. alexiteric. m et hy l e u ge n o l a n d caryophyllence. demulcent. seeds. applied to skin in ringworm and other cutaneous diseases and dropped into the ear to relieve earache. Parts used : Leaves. Distribution : Throughout India. tonic.RAM TULSI Ocimum sanctum RATI Abrus precatorius Habit : Woody climber. antiperiodic. Flowers pale-violet at first. abrine and abarnin while roots contain precol. aphrodisiac in nature. simulating and expectorant properties. Parts used Seeds and Roots. Habit Constitutes: Leaves and seeds yield an essential oil containing eugenol. : Constitutes: Seeds contain abrin. T h e ra p e u t i c u s e s : S e e d s a re purgative. aromatic and erect herb with purplish or crimson flowers. Distribution : Sub-Himalayan tracts. reddish afterwards. Seeds are mucilaginous. ca r va c ro l . abrol and two alkaloids abraime & orecasine. : A much-branched. Therapeutic uses: The oil possesses antibacterial and insecticidal properties. emetic. the leaf juice mixed with oil is applied on painful swellings of the body. ascending upto 1800 m in the Himalayas.

astringent. The anti cancer drug namely Vincristine and Vinblastine are produced from Sadabahar which is helpful in the treatment of Leukemia in children and lymphoma.SADA BAHAR Catharanthus roseus SALAR Boswellia serrata Habit : Perennial Herb or undershrub. Distribution : Native of Madagascar. ulcers. stomatitis. cough. cultivated in most of the tropical countries. antipyretic. diaphoretic. flowers small. Most c o m m o n l y u s e d i n t re a t m e n t o f Lymphomas. bronchitis. dysentery. Distribution : Western Himalaya. expectorant. acrid. antidysenteric. flowers white. diaphoresis. white. lymphomasand Choriocarnciomas. Breast cancer. Constituents: Boswellic acid Therapeutic uses: The bark is sweet. stomachic and emmenagogue. tropical Africa. bitter. urethorrhea. orchiopathy. Hodgkin's disease. Central and South India. asthma. Therapeutic uses: The root bark contains the alkaloid Alstonine which has been used traditionally for its calming effect and its ability to reduce blood pressure. The gumresin is sweet. It is useful in fevers. pink or purplish Habit : Deciduous trees. convulsions. diuretic. Parts used : Leaves and Roots. It is good for vitiated conditions of pitta. Constitutes: The alkaloids like Vincristine sulphate are being marketed under the trade name ONCOVIN which is used against acuteleukemia. jaundice and arthritis. 34 35 . cooling and tonic. Parts used : Resinous exudation of bark. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia. and vinblastine sulphate as VELBE to cure Hodgkin's disease and other. outer hills. haemorrhoids and skin diseases.

36 37 . Constitutes: Alkaloids. colitis. : Roots and flowers. plant highly medicinal for fever. Flower caontains quercetin. viz. Flowers white. Sri Lanka. Saponins. believed to be instant remedy of all types of disorders. Glycosides. Australia. Ascorbic acid and Carotene. Therapeutic uses: It is regarded as a sacred plant. Flowers purplish-pink. much branched perennial Shrub.SATAWAR Asparagus racemosus Habit Distribution Parts used SHAM TULSI Ocimum tenuiflorum : Straggling or scandent. Shatavarin is glycoside of sarsasapogenin. worshipped and used in several religious ceremonies. Habit : Aromatic herb. Tannins. often conserved. W. Asia. Parts used : Leaves. Constitutes: Tuberous roots contains four saponins. Dried tuberous roots has ulcer healing resistance or cytoprotection. Shatavarin I to IV. It is said to be tonic and diuretic and used as galactogogue & aphrodisiac. : Throughout India. Therapeutic uses: It has also been identified as one drug to control the symptoms of AIDS. urinary troubles and vomiting. 30-90 cm high. Distribution : Throughout India. seeds. rutin & hyperoside. cold and cough.

for promoting growth of the ha Therapeutic uses: Powdered flowers mixed with water is given for haemorrhagic dynsentery. Sri Lanka. Therapeutic uses: Tonic and febrifuge. seeds and dried bark. Parts used : Flower. Dried bark is astringent and used to treat excessive menstruations as a uterine sedative. Distribution : Central. Eastern and South India. glucoside. Distribution : Throughout India. Seeds are used to cure urinary discharge. Parts used : Whole plant. 38 39 .The anthocyanins present are pelargonidin and cyanadin-3. Bark yields catechol and sterols. tropical and subtropical regions of the globe. flavonoids and flavones glycosidesquercetin. Habit : Small tree. Flowers in dense clusters yellow. 5diglucoside. Constitutes: Flowers give β-sitosterol.quercetin. also used as vermifuge and. Constitutes : An alkaloidshankhapushpine. Fresh plant contains volatile oil and potassium chloride. with oil.SHANKHPUSHPI Evolvulus alsinoides SITA ASHOK Saraca asoca Habit : Perennial herb with pale-blue to purplish flowers. turning red with age.kaempferol.

Distribution : Throughout the India. myristic. Therapeutic uses: Anti-inflammtory and Antitumor Activities. calamene. Therapeutic uses: Powered roots are used as vermifuge. Ovarian Cancer. stomachic and carminative. Abortifacient. Distribution : It is found Throughout India and Pakistan in damp marshy Parts used : Leaf. emetic. tannin. phytosterin. palmitic. Constitutes: contain a yellow bitter aromatic volatile oil. perennial herb. flowers. : Dried Rhizomes. d-camphene. Asthma. calamenol. fruit. Sometimes. oleic. Locally. Constitutes: Acrid and pungent alkaloid. and behenic acids. moringo-tannic acid. prefer waterlogged conditions. Habit : Semi-aquatic or marshy. Parts used open places. stearic. Flowers pinkish-white. in Kwashiorkor disease of children. small pieces of roots are tied around the neck 40 41 . Antibiotic.SOHANJNA Moringa oleifera SWEET FLAG Acorus calamus Habit : Medium-sized deciduous tree. calamenone and alcohols. starch and vitamin C. It contains αpinene. Hormonal properties. bassorin. The roots also contain a glucoside. 'Acorin'. calamene. mucilage. its paste is applied directly on the forehead during fever.

to matters related to medicinal plans which include create awareness among students and teachers promotion of in-situ conservation. Medicinal Plants Board's Nucleus of Botanical Garden. Board has cultivation. (UT) Chandigarh Chandigarh. Union Territory. A Nursery has also been Training on medicinal plants is being imparted here established in this garden. application to the CEO (MPB). Government and NonGovernment Organizations and Farmers of UT Medicinal Plants Nursery . education also distributed awareness material in the form of and awareness etc. medicinal herbs. The saplings of medicinal to all sections of the society. pamphlets and booklets consisting sector. for overall development of this tin plates. Chandigarh Administration. a 70 species of medicinal tress and 65 species of Conference Hall and Nature Interpretation Centre. With financial assistance from National information on medicinal plants. ex-situ about our rich medicinal plants heritage. To receive Plants one has to submit an For Further details one may contact the Chief Executive Officer. Medicinal Plants Board. Chandigarh The Medicinal Plants Board (MPB). the Board has created a visiting the garden on regular basis to acquaint Harbal Garden over 35 acres of land and a Nucleus themselves with various types of medicinal plants Centre near Sarangpur. Chandigarh. Educational Institutions. It has more than Centre located in the harbal Garden has a library. Chandigarh. research and development. established Harbal Gardens in 41 schools and 5 The Board is responsible for coordination of all colleges of Chandigarh and 1 in Punjab University.Activities of Medicinal Plants Board Union Territory. Board in Chandigarh was set up in 2001-02 in the Collaboration with schools and colleges has Department of Forests. Union Territory. . The students are Medicinal Plants Board. This Harbal Garden is a part available here. plants are distributed free of cost to the Residents.Botanical Garden Sarangpur.