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This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition

that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

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A VOLUME 1 – Summary of Site Review Process and Introduction

Wireless Site Walk Report

Issue Status: FINAL




This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

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Contents

1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 3
2 Background .................................................................................................. 4
3 RF Requirements for Planning & AP Layout ................................................ 6
4 WLAN & Network Equipment for Survey Planning ....................................... 9
5 Procedure for survey planning, AP layout & reporting................................. 10

OTHER REFERENCE DOCUMENTS:

 ”Company” Solution Architecture – Aruba Global Wireless Deployment
 ”Company” Design and Architecture Template
 ClearPass Design Case Descriptions and Instructions, including:
o OnBoarding Instructions
o Guest Access
 Site Survey Protocol Document
 HTF Pilot – Test Results Document

ABBREVIATIONS LIST






This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

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1. Introduction

“Company” is progressing to an ARUBA Networks Wireless Access Layer for primary
and full access to their Communications and Network Infrastructure. “Company”
operates a BYOD culture for Employees and Contractors, needing monitoring,
management, security and reporting features to maintain the network performance,
security and experience.

“Company’s” global roll-out of Aruba WLAN, Security and Management Network Suite
of Products is founded upon the Aruba Global Wireless Deployment Solution
Architecture Document completed after “Proof of Concept” and “Pilot” Projects proving
the Aruba WLAN Solution, ClearPass for Network Authorization and Access, AirWave
for Network monitoring and management; and inter-operation with existing other OEM
legacy WLANs currently in place, to allow a phased execution of their transition Plans.
These planning documents are split into a volume 1 Master Document setting out the
approach and goals for the Site Reviews, and volume 2’s which will give the specific
results, BOMs and define the Scopes of Work for individual “Company” Buildings and
Campuses.

The access network is to provide a 802.11 ac/n/a/g WLAN, achieving the highest
performance levels and identical experience to a wired environment, enabling real time
communications applications, business services functionality and application use, for
user devices, with multi-factor authentication, with monitoring and management
functionality.

This document, and its individual site report addendums, will confirm the “Company”
model of Critical Site, Medium Site or Small Site; producing the AP Layout for assigned
location, WLAN BOM, Cabling BOM, and LAN infrastructure requirements required to
support the new roll-out incorporating the requirements of the agreed Infrastructure
Architecture.

Each site will be added as an addendum to this master document and lay out the detail
and methodology of the work for completion of each assessment, whilst also giving an
over-view of the building, infrastructure and functional use – tailoring the WLAN so
performance to the Solutions Architecture Plan is achieved.

Note: Employees should be advised to purchase equipment that is dual band capable
(2.4 & 5 GHz), and be encouraged to buy ~ac and ~n devices, as these minimize “On-
Air” time and achieve the highest throughput in that minimum time.




This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

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2. Background

ABOUT “Company”:
“Company” is installing a new ARUBA Networks 802.11ac WLAN in many of their
Building location, to replace their existing legacy WLAN Networks. Also this refresh will
be undertaken at their other primary theatre Campus’s, and in some of their other Office
locations in the US and around the World.

“Company” operate a BYOD environment, where workers (employees and contract
staff) almost exclusively use personally owned devices to perform their duties; unless
security or corporate requirements predicate the use of company owned laptops.

The network is designed for building full occupancy with high capacity users, each with
multiple devices (up to 3), with the key delivery preferred layer being the high
performance 5 GHZ (a/n/ac) frequency; using data, voice and video WLAN application
services, and to allow Lync, with full quality functionality with video/voice /presentation
features, and other business services to be delivered over the WLAN.

ABOUT “Company’s” WLAN:

This Summary Design & Logistics Pre-Implementation Document is to provide
“Company” with an AP layout for a new Wireless Local Area Network matching
“Company” Requirements in their Architecture Aruba Global Wireless Deployment
Document, and to provide physical details of existing core network equipment to review
against architecture requirements, for high capacity users having multiple and different
types of devices are ranging from Laptops through tablets to phones on the WLAN. The
WLAN is to be the high availability primary network access delivery mode for all users.
Types of devices that users will use for the majority of their network requirements are:

o Laptops (Windows & MAC OSX)
Receive sensitivity usually 0-5 dBm from baseline
o Tablet Computers (Win8.x, such as Surface Pro 2 or variants)
Receive sensitivity usually 0-5 dBm from baseline
o Tablets (Droid & iPads)
Receive sensitivity usually 5-10 dBm from baseline
o Smart Phones (Droid & iPhones)
Receive sensitivity usually 5-15 dBm from baseline
o Soft VoIP phone applications
o Monitoring Devices for maintenance use




This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

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The WLAN design criterion and requirements are to provide 100% high availability
WLAN 802.11 ac/n/a/g wireless coverage in both the 2.4 GHz (g/n) and 5 GHz (a/n/ac)
frequency bands, delivering 802.11ac performance for capable devices and full
performance for the other legacy devices that are 802.11 n/a/g.

The WLAN will be configured to VoLAN standards in both frequencies, and priorities for
both Voice & Video Packet Signatures will be made; Lync optimizations will be added,
and QoS tagging set to match the “Company” end to end standards for Lync and other
prioritized services.

AP layout and density has been optimized for the plan user density, for up to 10-12
Lync users per AP with concurrent other general WLAN use; and with a very even AP
distribution and spacing to assist with service high availability, and facilitate roaming so
devices maintain the best performance by keeps the highest MCS/NSS data rates.

“Company’s” CAMPUS and OFFICE REQUIREMENTS:

The “Company” WLAN design for end user sites is broken down into three different
classes.
 Critical (Large) Sites/HQ (Multiple MPLS and Multiple Internet)
 Medium Sites (MPLS and Internet) – 100 to 500 people.
 Small Sites (Single MPLS Only) – less than 100 people

RF PREDICTIVE TOOL - VisualRF
In the Pilot phase of “Company” Aruba Project in Building HTF of their Campus, the RF
planning tool, AirWave’s VisualRF was proven against testing and AirMagnet Survey
Tool data to validate its settings and results plots created.

These are comprehensively described in those documents:
 “Company” Solution Architecture – Aruba Global Wireless Deployment
 HTF Pilot – Test Results Document




This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

6
3. RF Requirements for Planning & AP Layout

The 802.11ac design criteria metrics below will provide the highest levels of ~ac and
legacy performance meeting “Company” requirements criteria for Lync and other
Business Service requirements.

The general level of RF floor coverage, for ~.ac performance, is:
 -50 dBm to -55 dBm levels with minimum -65 dBm
 SNR values of 25 - 30 dBm
 Planned AP spacing of 40 to 50 feet (12 – 16 m) on centre
 40-50% cell overlap of graded RF dBm levels
 Planned spacing 40-50 feet center to center between AP’s

The WLAN is designed to provide multi-layered inter and intra frequency AP coverage,
that is tuned by power and OS configuration to promote fast roaming and allow sticky
clients to relocate to a near AP. Device roaming is largely controlled by the client
device, but with the features of current ARUBA OS and best practice configuration
settings clients can be directed to optimum performance.

AP layouts are also critical to achieving or maintaining these performance targets, and
can be overridden in the final design, to the detriment of the WLAN, by requirements of
undesirable numbers of APs, uneven spacing of APs, aesthetics and architectural
compromises, or impracticalities due to mounting issues – these have been mitigated in
the analysis for this building.

Each Building and layout of APs often requires different optimization and tuning due to
differing architectural features, uses of different building techniques or construction
materials, space layout and use cases.

TARGETS FOR PERFORMANCE RESULTS AND TESTING:

The High Capacity and High Availability AP Layouts designed for these buildings will be
tuned by power settings and the Aruba OS Configuration features, to the provide
coverage within the ranges of RF Levels & distance of AP individual coverage settings
defined above.

Power settings – all devices types will be used in these buildings, laptops tablets &
phones. All devices have different transmit & receive sensitivities, so tablets and phones
can register received level -5 to -15dBm lower than PCs, and PCs have variability due
to NICs and driver SW updates. AP power will be set to mirror or be slightly lower than
the median device – here a Tablet with a transmit power range maximum of +12 to
+15dBm TX.




This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

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Individual APs “cells” are to be well-defined and set to provide localized coverage for
each AP to maintain devices on high MCS/NSS rates. Then as devices move away
roaming is promoted so devices transition to other APs and maintain high rates, before
degrading service by sticking to an AP for too long and being to distant thus degrading
PHY rate with low RF dBm and SNR values.

Roaming - Devices should roam as they move 2-3 APs away on a well optimized
network. As a computer /device moves and transitions away from an AP, it needs to
decide to or be directed to change to a new closer AP with a stronger RF signal to
maintain the best PHY and Data rates for throughput and performance. Note: as a
device roams on a 802.1x WLAN a re-authorization is required.

Device Performance – Device models and classification types can have very different
performance levels and characteristics due to:
 different OS Systems or release levels
 wireless NICs (network interface cards) and driver levels
 transmit and maximum power levels available
Consequently a devices effective range is set where they can optimally be able to “talk”
bi-directionally to APs, in the 802.11 half-duplex environment.

PLANNED USE OF RF FREQUENCIES:

The WLAN and future additional WLAN clients will be directed and configured to use the
5 GHz Spectrum Band for Primary Access for delivery of voice/telephone applications
and services for optimum performance, fast throughput and carrying capacity.

Additionally the WLAN design will be VoWLAN tuned and ready on the 2.4 GHz Band
as many devices still currently only have the capability to use that g/n frequency and
modulation protocol. In a discrete location, several APs offer excellent coverage at
graduated stepped power levels (-5 to -10dBm lower each) on orthogonal channels, so
load can be shared between adjacent APs, and with Aruba OS features between
frequencies.

Note: Employees should be advised to purchase equipment that is dual band capable
(2.4 & 5 GHz), and be encouraged to buy ~ac and ~n devices, as these minimize “On-
Air” time and achieve the highest throughput in that minimum time.




This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

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This WLAN will provide 802.11a/g/n/ac wireless coverage to VoWLAN standards in both
bands, with highest available speed throughput in the 5GHz band with the following
maximum standards:
 AP-225 3x3 MIMO Antenna, 256 QAM modulation, up to 80 MHz channel
bonding
 ~ac – 1.3 Gbps max data rate
 ~a/n – 450 Mbps max data rate
 ~g/ac – 600 Mbps max data rate
 ~g/n - 150 Mbps max data rate

This WLAN is designed to support mobile potentially jitter sensitive 802.11a/g/n/ac
VoWLAN SW & HW telephone clients, mobile Wi- Fi enabled smartphones and tablets,
and portable 802.11a/g/n/ac notebook computer clients running local data applications,
email clients, normal business application software to network or cloud infrastructure,
voice video data communications software and web-browser applications.

The WLAN has had configuration compatibility with old legacy clients with ~b
performance removed, while legacy 2.4 GHz ~g/n and 5 GHz ~a/n standards for client
support have all been preserved.




This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

9
4. WLAN & Network Equipment for Survey Planning

Prior to the initial planning of each survey, reference must be made to the most current
issues of the “Company” Aruba Design and Architecture Documents.

CURRENT EQUIPMENT and INFRASTRUCTURE

The following is a guide to Aruba WLAN Equipment requirements:
 WAPs /APs /AMs – AP-225
 2x 1G new Cat6 (existing Cat5e may be approved) per WAP
 Edge Switches – 2x stacked Cisco 3750-X 24 or 48 Port
o Dual 1100W PS each
o Stacking Cables and Power
o 2x 10G links to Core each switch, 4 per stack
 Core Switch Dimensioning for Edge Switch Links and Network Traffic
 4x Aruba 72xx Controllers
 Gateway Equipment & Circuits (MPLS or ISP) of sufficient BW

This equipment will be differently distributed within the differing location sizing models,
and will be varied by location, or final agreed design




This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

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5. Procedure for survey planning, AP layout & reporting

PRE-REQUISTITES PRIOR TO SURVEY

The following are required before commencement of the survey process:
 Layout Drawings for all floors of the Location (AutoCAD preferred)
 Contact information of “Company” representative at the location

PREDICTIVE AP LAYOUT

The following are required tools or applications in this process:
 AirWave Visual RF
 Conversion or AutoCAD drawings to other bases – Visio, PDF, Word
o Snagit is a great tool for use here
 Microsoft Visio & Word

Predictive AP Layouts should be created referencing all the information of room layouts,
observed use cases, population density to site key APs, while maintaining the Aruba
802.1ac recommended spacing of 40-50 feet (12 – 16 m) center on center.

Predictive coverage models should be created in Aruba’s AirWave VisualRF Planning
tool, for each building floor. APs should be placed consistently at 40-50 feet center to
center (12 – 16m). RF planning should be performed using 5 GHz only. Once planned,
an assessment should be made to identify the best method to mitigate 2.4 GHz channel
utilization. Settings in VisualRF utilized should include AP selection AP-225 at 5 GHz
Medium power (12 dBm), with a -65dBm Signal Cutoff, with a geometric spacing of 40-
50 feet.

Visual RF predictive heatmaps to be generated are, RF coverage for 5 GHz only, and
Voice coverage for 5 and 2.4 GHz frequencies.




This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

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Additionally the following should be considered in AP placement choices:
 floor plan information
 construction type
 ceiling or atrium architectural details
 special WLAN use requirements
 room use

Conference rooms that have more than 10 chairs should have a dedicated AP, or one
that is located very close to it, while maintaining the very even AP layout, and duality of
AP service to provide resiliency and redundancy.

If there are multiple conference rooms next to each other, and/or very large meeting
rooms then sufficient APs should be located around the room grouping again to
maintain optimum even AP spacing, but also sufficient for the density of users and
devices.

LOCATION WALK:

The Site Walk Protocol Document should be used

After the AP Predictive Layout has been completed then a walk is arranged to review all
floors rooms and other space use. Appointments are booked with local staff and the visit
arranged. It is important either to have escorts with full building access, or arrange
security passes to visit all locations.

AP Mount positions must be fully reviewed and optimized to primarily use suspended
ceiling positions were the best practice AP layouts and spacing can be maintained, of
course other mount locations can be used but these will add complexity, time and cost
to the installation process where different Architectural features or ceiling types have to
be accommodated.

In all cases APs are to be mounted below ceiling surfaces, and beneath and away from
ceiling and building furniture.

During the walk, APs are moved as necessary, due to differing observed use cases,
construction materials identified, but the layout must be balanced to maintain the ideals
of ~ac design and optimal spacing of APs.

Also if circumstances are seen where different APs or Antennas are required, then
these will be changed and noted survey notes.

The AP Layout is then Finalized and a Final Predictive run to these adjusted positions,
and both these drawings and heat-maps are included in this report.




This document contains proprietary information of MSA and is provided upon the condition
that the information contained herein will be held in confidence and will not be duplicated
or disseminated to others, in whole or in part, without the written permission of MSA.

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Also during the walk the cabling and its layout should be reviewed, to see if new
Cat5e/6 cables are required and the IDF /MDFs they will aggregate to. IDFs and
MDFs should be checked for unused or re-useable Fiber, it quantity and type.

Edge, Core aggregation and Gateway Switches /Routers should be reviewed to see if
meet WLAN requirements, and to review physically to quantify additional equipment
required at each level, whether chassis, line cards, modules, optics, powers supplies,
stacking cables.

IDF and MDF space and their constraints should be reviewed to see if this impacts the
new WLAN network. Also inter closet cabling should be reviewed to see if adequate and
sufficient for new WLAN network requirements.

In many cases the walks will generate further discussions over use cases, or further L2
/L3 definition required of the core network, these should be dealt with quickly to prevent
delay in assembly of the survey findings, and allow the BOMs and Services Scopes of
Work to be developed for the Aruba WLAN deployment.

REPORTING OF SITE WALK PROTOCOL FINDINGS

The findings will be presented in the Volume 2 – Specific Building findings and
summaries.

The key initial data that defines the other report contents are:
 Final Building AP Layout
 AP aggregation to the IDF /MDFs
 Documentation of the existing Cabling, network equipment in IDF/MDFs

All other presentation materials, BOMS for WLAN and Core Network Equipment are
derived from these fundamental documents.

The format, structure and examples of the Volume 2 report will be provided to those
authoring further building investigations; so the materials can be developed and
presented uniformly for the “Company” Team.

Development of the Core Network summaries might need further analysis by the
Architecture and Operations Teams, for specific buildings and their existing
infrastructure.