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This is a lesson to introduce students to the idea and notation of congruence. It's designed for a high school geometry class that is learning about congruence for the first time.

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Date: _____________

Chapter 4.1: Congruence

1. Name the congruent triangles.

a. ∆𝑂𝐺𝐷 ≅______________

b. ∆𝑅𝐴𝐶 ≅______________

C

R

A

a. ∆𝐿𝐼𝑁 ≅______________

I

O

G

E

b. ∆𝐹𝑂𝑋 ≅______________

A

O

F

O

X

L

N

R

E

B

X

**2. Name the congruent triangle and the congruent parts.
**

a. ∆𝐹𝐺𝐻 ≅______________

b. ∠𝐸𝐹𝐼 ≅______________

c. ∠𝐺 ≅______________

d. ∠𝐻 ≅______________

e. ̅̅̅̅
𝐹𝐺

≅______________

f. ̅̅̅̅
𝐺𝐻

≅______________

̅̅̅̅ ≅______________

g. 𝐹𝐻

3. Use the congruency statement to fill in the corresponding congruent parts: If ∆𝐸𝐹𝐼 ≅ ∆𝐻𝐺𝐼

then…

a. ∠𝐸 ≅______________

c. ∠𝐸𝐹𝐼 ≅______________

b. ̅̅̅̅
𝐹𝐸

≅______________

̅̅̅

e. ∠𝐹𝐼𝐸 ≅______________

d. 𝐹𝐼 ≅______________

f. ̅̅̅
𝐼𝐸

≅_______________

4. ∆𝑃𝑄𝑅 ≅ ∆𝑀𝑁𝑅. Find 𝑥

5. ∆𝐴𝐵𝐶 ≅ ∆𝐴𝐷𝐶. Find 𝑦

Q

A

x°

R

(3y)°

M

21°

P

35o

D

**6. Try the following proof:
**

Given: ∠𝑃 and ∠𝑀 are right angles.

̅̅̅̅̅.
𝑅

is the midpoint of 𝑃𝑀

̅̅̅̅

̅̅̅̅

̅̅̅̅̅

̅̅̅̅
𝑃𝑄

≅ 𝑀𝑁, 𝑄𝑅 ≅ 𝑁𝑅

(Hint: Mark the congruent relationships on the figure.)

Prove: ∆𝑃𝑄𝑅 ≅ ∆𝑀𝑁𝑅

B

C

N

Q

R

M

P

N

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