Ministerul Educaţiei, Cercetării şi Tineretului

Centrul Naţional pentru Curriculum şi Evaluare în Învăţământul Preuniversitar

Examenul de bacalaureat 2008
Proba E/F
Proba scrisă la Limba Engleză
L1 - Intensiv 3 - 4 ore
SUBIECTUL I ( 30 puncte) Varianta 079

Read the text below and complete the following tasks.

The Europeans have lost the faculty for building up myths or dogma, and for what we want of
these (1) … . But the mind of the African moves naturally and easily upon such deep and shadowy
paths. This gift of theirs comes out strongly in their relations with white people. You find it already in
the names which they deal out to the Europeans with whom they come in contact, after a very short
acquaintance. You have got to know these names if you are to send a runner with letters to a friend, or
find the way in a car to his house, for the Native world knows him by no other name. I have had an
unsociable neighbour, who would never entertain a guest in his house, who was named Sahana Modja -
One Cover. My Swedish friend Eric Otter was Resase Modja, One Cartridge - which meant that he did not
need more than one single cartridge to kill, and which was a fine name to be known by. (2)…., who
was called "Half man - half car". When Natives name white men after animals - the fish, the giraffe, the
fat bull - their minds run upon the lines of the old fables, and these white men, I believe, in their dark
consciousness figure as both men and beasts. And there is magic in words: a person who has for many
years been known to all his surroundings by the name of an animal in the end comes to feel familiar
with and related to the animal: (3) … . When he is back in Europe it is strange to him to feel that no
one ever connects him with it. Once, in the London Zoo, I saw again an old retired

government official,
whom in Africa I had known as Bzvan Tembu - Mr Elephant. He was standing, all by himself, before the
elephant-house, sunk in deep contemplation of the elephants. Perhaps he would go there often. (4) …
in the order of things that he should be there, but probably no one in all London, except I who was
there only for a few days, would have quite understood him.

1. Four sentences have been removed from the text. Select the appropriate sentence for
each gap in the text. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. 4 points

A. he recognizes himself in it
B. There was a keen automobilist of my acquaintance
C. His Native servants would have thought it
D. we are dependent upon the supplies of our past
E. there where we are in the future

2. Explain the underlined words. 6 points

3. Sum up the text in about 50 words. 10 points

4. For the following questions, choose the answer (A, B, C, D) which fits according to the
text. 6 points

1. What was the retired government official doing at the Zoo?
A. He was sitting there admiring the animals.
B. His Native servants would think in the order of things that he should be there.
C. Because he was called Mr. Elephant.
D. Because other Natives were there.

2. Is there a reason why the Natives give names to white people?
A. They like the white people.
B. They have a special relationship with the white people.
C. They do not like the white people.
D. It is in their nature to associate the names with the white people.
Ministerul Educaţiei, Cercetării şi Tineretului
Centrul Naţional pentru Curriculum şi Evaluare în Învăţământul Preuniversitar

3. Is it absolutely necessary to know the names that the Natives give to the Europeans?
A. You have to know these names if you live in the Natives’ world.
B. It is not necessary to know the names as the Europeans have their own.
C. It is absolutely necessary for the Europeans to know the names that the natives give
to them.
D. No, it is not necessary.

5. Comment on the following statement: It is important to know who you are. (100 words)
4 points

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