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– DEVELOPING CHANGE MAKERS CENTRE FOR SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP PGPSE PROGRAMME – World’ Most Comprehensive programme in social entrepreneurship & spiritual entrepreneurship OPEN FOR ALL FREE FOR ALL

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AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS

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**mathematics for OPENMAT MAT CAT GMAT
**

AFTERSCHO☺OL

Centre for social entrepreneurship Bikaner M: 9414430763 tkjainbkn@yahoo.co.in www.afterschool.tk, www.afterschoool.tk Dr. T.K. Jain.

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AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS

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What least value must be assigned to * so that the number 197*5462 is divisible by 9?

• • • •

(1) 0 (2) 3 (3) 2 (4) 1

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SOLUTION… • Add up all the digits, we find 34, thus in order to make it 36 (which is divisible by 9, we need a number 2), thus correct option is 3.

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AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS

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Find the largest number of four digits exactly divisible by 12, 15, 18 and 27.

• • • • • •

(1) 9999 (2) 9720 (3) 9901 (4) 9980 Solution.. (2)

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• Ascending means from small to big • If we ignore the negative sign, the biggest number is 7/10, followed by 2/3 and 5/8. thus this will be the final answer in ascending order. Thus the sequence is : • -7/10, -2/3 and -5/8 answer.

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Find the two missing figures in order indicated by x and y in the given equation, the fractions being in their lowest terms--

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Solution…

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A ‘car owner buys petrol at Rs. 7.50, Rs. 8 and Rs. 8.50 per litre for three successive years What approximately is the average cost per litre of petrol if he spends Rs 4,000 each year?

• Let us take LCM of 7.5, 8, 8.5 we get : 510 • Let us assume that we have used Rs. 510 each year. Thus in the first year, we have used 8.5*8 liters and in the last year, we have used 7.5 *8 liters and in the second year we have used 7.5*8.5 liters. Thus the average cost per liter is : (3 *510)/191.75 = 7.97 answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 9

If the sum of two numbers is 22 and the sum of their squares is 404 then the product of numbers is

• • • •

(1) 40 (2)44 (3) 80 (4) 88

• Solution: • (1) 20 * 2

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Sunil’s age after six years will be three seventh of his father’s age Ten years ago the ratio of their ages was 1: 5. What is Sunil’s father’s age at present ? • • • • (1) 40 years •(2) 45years (3) 50 years (4) 55 years

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Solution… • • • • • • • • Let us assume Sunil’s age 10 year ago = x Father’s age 10 year ago = 5x After six years : (X+16) / (5x+16) = 3/7 7x + 112 = 15x + 48 -8x = - 64 X=8 Present age of his father : 10 + (8*5) =50 Answer : 50 years.

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Value of n?

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Solution… • N = 2, gives the answer.

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AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS

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A man buys eggs at 2 for Re. 1, and an equal number at 3 for Rs. 2 and sells the whole at 5 for Rs 3 His gain or loss percent is

• Let us assume that he purchased 30 eggs at each price : On first : his cost is : 15 On second his cost : Rs. 20 His total cost : 35 He will sell them at : 36. His gain is Rs. 1 on investment of Rs. 35 Gain is : 1/35 *100 = 2.85% answer.

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In an examination, 35% of the total students failed in Hindi, 45% failed in English and 20% in both. Find the percentage of those who passed in both the subjects.

• Total failed : .45+.35 – (.2) • = .6 • Thus 40% passed in both the subjects.

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AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS

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The ratio of the income of A and B is 5 : 4 and the ratio of their expenditure is 3 : 2. If at the end of the year each saves Rs. 1,600 then the income of A is

• • • •

(1) Rs. (2) Rs. (3) Rs. (4) Rs

**3,400 3,600 4,000 4,400
**

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Solution.. • 5x – 3y = 1600 • 4x – 2y = 1600 (multiply the first by 4 and second by 5) 20x – 12y = 6400 20x -10y = 8000 We get -2Y = - 1600 or Y = 800 X = 800. Thus income of A is 4000. answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 18

A and B invest in a business in the ratio 3 : 2. If 5% of the total profit goes to charity and A’s share is Rs. 855, the total profit is

• • • •

(1) Rs. (2) Rs. (3) Rs. (4) Rs.

1,425 1,500 ‘1,537 1,576

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Solution… • Total profit of A and B • 855 * (3+2) / 3 = 1425 this is 95% of total income. • Thus total income is 1425*100/95 • =1500 answer.

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Four years ago the father’s age was three times the age of his son. The total of the ages of the father and the son after four years will be 64 years. What is the father’s age at present?

• • • •

**(1) 32 years (2) 36 years (3) 44 years (4) None of the above
**

AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 21

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Solution… • • • • • • Age of son 4 years ago = x Age of father 4 years ago = 3x (x+8) + (3x+8) = 64 4x + 16 = 64 X = 48/4 = 12 Thus the age of father at present is 4+(12*3) • = 40 years. Answer.

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 22

If 80 lamps can be lighted 5 hours per day for 10 days for Rs. 21 then the number of lamps which can be lighted 4 hours daily for 30 days for Rs. 76 is

• • • •

**(1) 100 (2) 120 (3) 150 (4) 160
**

AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 23

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Solution… • 80 * (76/21) * ((5*10 ) / (4*30)) • = 120 approx. answer.

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AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS

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A does half as much work as B in three-fourths of the time. If together they take 18 days to complete the work, how much time shall B take to do it ?

• • • •

(1) 30 (2) 35 (3) 40 (4) 45

**days days days days
**

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Solution…

• Let us assume B takes X days. • A takes .75X to complete .5 work or 1.5X days to complete the entire work. • 1/X + 1/1.5X = 1/18 • (2.5 / 1.5x) = 1/18 • 1.5x = 45 • X = 30 • Thus B will take 30 days to complete the work.

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Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 6 hours and 4 hours respectively. If they are opened on alternate hours and if pipe A is opened first, in how many hours shall the tank be full?

• (1) 4 hours (2) 4 hours • (3) 4.5 hours • (4) 5.5 hours

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Solution… • 1/6 + ¼ = (10/24) or 2.4 hours. • Thus it will be approx. 4 + hours. • First 4 hours will be filled by A and B each, which will give 2/6 + 2/4 = 20/24 • Now A will fill the remaining 4/24, which will take A exact one hour. • Thus it will take 5 hours complete to fill the tank. Answer.

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If a train runs at 40 kmph, it reaches its destination 11 minutes late, but if it runs at 50 kmph it is late by 5 minutes only. The correct time for the train to complete the journey is

• (1) 13 minutes • (3) 19 minutes

(2) (4)

15 minutes 21 minutes

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Solution… • • • • • Let us assume the distance = X X/40 – X/50 = 6/60 10x / 2000 = 1/10 100x = 2000 or X = 20 20/40 gives 1/2 hours or 30 minutes, which is 11 minutes late, so correct time is : 30 -11 = 19 minutes answer.

AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 30

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The length of a train and that of a platform are equal. If, with a speed of 90 kmlhr, the train crosses the platform in one minute, then the length of the train (in metres) is

• • • •

(1) 500 (2) 600 (3) 750 (4) 900

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Solution… • In one minute the distance covered by the train is : • 90 * 1/60 = 1.5 KM. • This is length of train + length of platform. • (both are equal). • Thus the length of platform / length of train is 750 meters. Answer.

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A vessel is filled with liquid, 3 parts of which are water and 5 parts syrup. How much of the mixture must be drawn off and replaced with water so that mixture may be half water and half syrup ?

(1).5 • (2).3 • (3)1/7 • (4) .2

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Solution…

• Let us assume that total mixture is 8 liters. Now we have to have 4 liters of water and syrup each. • Thus 1 liter of syrup has to be taken out. In order to draw 1 liter syrup, we have to use this formula :

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• Solution: 8/5 * 1 = 1.6 • Thus we will draw out 1.6 liters of mixture and add this much of water and then both the quantities will be equal. • 1.6/8 or .2 is the right answer so answer is (4) option.

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AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS

The interest on a certain deposit at 4.5% p.a. is Rs. 202.50 in one year. How much will the additional interest in one year be on the, same deposit at 5% p.a. ?

• • • •

(1) Rs. 20.25 (2) Rs. 22.50 (3) Rs.25 (4) Rs. 42.15

AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 35

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Solution • We want additional interest of .5, which is 1/9 of the existing interest, so divide interest amount of Rs. 202.5 by 9, we get 22.5 of additional interest. • Correct answer : (2)

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In a l00 m race A beats B by 10 m and C by l3 m. In a race of l80 rn B will beat C by

• • • •

(1) 5.4 m. (2) 45m (3) 5m (4) 6m

• Answer : • (1)

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 37

What was the day of the week on 1 January 2009?

• • • • • •

(1) Friday (2) Saturday (3) Thursday (4) Monday Answer : Thursday

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AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS

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How many times are the hands of a clock at right angles in a day?

• • • • • •

(1) 22 (2) 24 (3) 44 (4) 48 Solution (2)

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AFTERSCHO☺OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS

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The surface area of a cube is 600 cm The length of its diagonal is? • • • • (1) 10/ sqrt (3) cm (2) 10/ sqrt(2) cm (3) 10 * sqrt(2) cm (4) 10 * sqrt(3) cm

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Solution… • Solution: • one side of cube is 10, so diagonal is 10 * sqrt(3). Answer : (4)

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About AFTERSCHO☺OL • PGPSE - World’s most comprehensive programme on social entrepreneurship – after class 12th • Flexible – fast changing to meet the requirements • Admission open throughout the year • Complete support from beginning to the end – from idea generation to making the project viable.

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Branches of AFTERSCHO☺OL • PGPSE programme is open all over the world as free online programme. • Those who complete PSPSE have the freedom to start branches of AFTERSCHO☺OL • A few branches have already started one such branch is at KOTA (Rajasthan).

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Workshop on social entrepreneurship

• We conduct workshop on social entrepreneurship – all over India and out of India also - in school, college, club, association or any such place - just send us a call and we will come to conduct the workshop on social entrepreeurship. • These workshops are great moments of learning, sharing, and commitments.

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**FREE ONLINE PROGRAMME
**

• AFTERSCHO☺OL is absolutely free programme available online – any person can join it. The programme has four components : • 1. case studies – writing and analysing – using latest tools of management • 2. articles / reports writing & presentation of them in conferences / seminars • 3. Study material / books / ebooks / audio / audio visual material to support the study • 4. business plan preparation and presentations of those plans in conferences / seminars

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100% placement / entrepreneurship

• AFTERSCHO☺OL has the record of 100% placement / entrepreneurship till date • Be assured of a bright career – if you join AFTERSCHO☺OL

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Pursue professional courses along with PGPSE

• AFTERSCHO☺OL permits you to pursue distance education based professional / vocational courses and gives you support for that also. Many students are doing CA / CS/ ICWA / CMA / FRM / CFP / CFA and other courses along with PGPSE. • Come and join AFTERSCHO☺OL

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