UNIT PROTECTION DEVICES CHECKING

STAGE 2
CONTENTS
Page Nos.
1.0 Introduction 1
2.0 Reference Documents 1
3.0 Scope 1
4.0 Instructions 1
5.0 Responsibility 1
6.0 Recording 5
7.0 Review 6
8.0 Distribution 6
UNIT PROTECTION DEVICES CHECKING
1 INTRODUCTION
Process interlock protections, which safeguards the Boiler, Turine !
"enerator against anor#al process para#eter are ter#ed as unit
protections$
% R&'&R&NC& DOCU(&NT)
Corporate Technical Co#pliance No$ OD*OP)*)+)T*,,-
. SCOPE
The scope of this /(I is applicale to the unit interlock, protections as
listed elow0
1 IN)TRUCTION)
1 2ll the interlocks and protections shall e checked after unit
o3erhauls$
% During outages e4tending #ore than 1%, hrs after 5 #onths of last
such checks all interlocks and protections will e checked$
. 2 standard check list is attached herewith which #a6 e used for
checking the oiler, turine ! generator protections$
7 R&)PON)IBI/IT+
Interlocks and protections check, listed in the scope of checking will
e done 8ointl6 as per fre9uenc6 #aintained 6 concerned Unit
Control &ngineer, C!I &ngineer :Turine side*Boiler side;, &lect$
&ngineer and T"*Boiler (aintenance &ngineer$ )hift Charge &ngineer
will coordinate the testing under his super3ision in association with
O!& engineer$
5 )COP& O' C<&C=IN"
'ollowing interlocks and protections are to e checked as per the
checklist enclosed$
- 7 BOILER PROTECTIONS CHECKING STAGE-2:
1 &#ergenc6 P$B$ on Boiler desk$$
% /oss of '))) D$ C$ suppl6 :> % sec$;
. Both 'D 'ans trip$
1 Both ID 'ans trip$
7 'urnace pressure 3er6 low trip :? 1-7 ## @C/;$
5 'urnace pressure 3er6 high trip :A 17, ## @C/;$
- /oss of all fuel trip
B 2ir flow C.,D :71, t*hr;
E Boiler fla#e failure$
B
1, Boiler dru# le3el 3er6 low trip :? .-7 ## for>1, sec$;
E
11 Boiler dru# le3el 3er6 high trip :A%7, ## for>1, sec$;
1,
1% Re?heater protection trip :1, sec ti#e dela6;$
a$
1. Both )2P< trip for 7 sec$
11 2ll B'P )top for 1, sec$
17 /ess than fireall ! loss of 11,F 2$C$in an6 ele3ation in ser3ice$
15 /oss of %1 F DC for #ore than % sec$
1- @ater wall circulations is not correct$
B TURBINE PROTECTIONS CHECKING STAGE-2:
i$
1$ /ue Oil pressure 3er6 low :C 1$% kg*c#
%;

ii$
%$ Turine oil tank le3el 3er6 low :(ore than 1,7, ## fro# top;
iii$
.$ Trip through 2TR)
i3$
1$ &4cessi3e thrust wear :A 1$, ## * ? 1$, ##;
3$
7$ 'ire push uttons :operated fro# turine desk;
3i$
5$ (anual tripping :'ro# UCB;$
-$ O3er speed trip 1 ! % : at ..,, RP(;$
B$ ('T lock out rela6 energiGed$
E$ <P e4haust stea# te#p$ <igh : > 7,, C; . sec$ ti#e dela6
1,$ "enerator protection :elect$; :Opted$;
i$
11$ Condenser press high :> ,$. =)C;
ii$
1%$ 'ire protection :Opted$;
iii$
1.$ Trip fro# UCB :Pushed;
i3$
11$ Trip fro# (OT roo#:Pushed;
3$
17$ Trip co##and fro# 2TR)
15$ Trip fro# Tur$ 1- (eter :pushed;
3i$
1-$ <ot air te#p aft #ain e4citer :> B, C;$
3ii$
1B$ /i9uid in Ter#inal Bushing top :(a4$;$
3iii$
1E$ Cold gas te#p after <
%
C/R 2*B*C*D high :> 5, C;
%,$ 2ir side )eal oil te#p$ after cooler high :> 77 C;$
%1$ P@ water te#p$ after cooler high :> -1 C ;$
%%$ P@ #ain flow low :C 1B #.*hr$ ; ti#e dela6 1 sec$
%.$ P@ ushing flow :C 1$.. #. *hr ; ti#e dela6 1 sec$
%1$ <PC t* D$T$ :> 1,, C ; when load > %, D
%7$ IPC t* '*R D$T$: >17 C ; when load > %, D$
(&C<2NI2C2/ TURBIN& TRIP
1$ O3er speed trip de3ices 1 ! % operated$
%$ /ow 3acuu# trip de3ice operated$
.$ (anual trip le3er 1 ! % operated$
E "ROUP?1 C/2)) 2 :1B52; TRIPPIN"
)$N R&/2+ NO$ R&/2+ D&)CRIPTION
1$ %*%1" "enerator ackup i#pedance
%$ B-" "enerator differential
.$ 1, "1H "en$ 'ield failure
1$ 7E " "en$ O3er 3oltage
7$ 51 " "en$ )tator earth fault
5$ 51 "IT "en$ Interter# fault
-$ 7, "D(H "en$ Dead #achine
B$ B- <F "T <F ! o3erhead differential
E$ B- T/ O3erall differential
1,$ EB "H "en$ Pole slipping$
11 E541 Tripping of 1,,=F reaker in
switch6ard: 17E5*15E5;
1% B-TTI"H Tee?1 Differential :switch6ard;
1. .,' 1*%*. "T PRF operated
11 ., " I "T 2 'ire protection
17 ., < I "T B 'ire protection
15 ., J I "T B 'ire protection
1- %*.,=1 "T co##on kiosk suppl6
changeo3er fail with ti#e dela6
1B -"1 /ow forward power
1E .,UD 1*%*. UT O/TC oil surge
%, .,UC 1*%*. UT PRF operated
%1 71 NUT UT /F ackup earth fault
%% B- UT UT Differential
%. ., K2*KB*KC "T off circuit tap changeo3er
operated
%1 E5 "H 1*% 1,,% stator earth fault or rotor
earth fault
%7 E5 "H L "&N o3er 3oltage
%5 B- "T "T Differential
%- 7% B1 /BBH 177% /BB protection :switch6ard;
%B 7% B% /BBH 157% /BB protection :switch6ard;
%E 15 " Negati3e phase se9uences
., .,U< I UT fire protection
.1 B- TT % "H Tee M% Differential :switch6ard;

GROUP – 1 CLASS B (186B) TRIPPINGS
)$NO R&/2+ NO$ R&/2+
D&)CRIPCTION
1$ .- "1 A =1 /ow forward power
rela6 A turine trip
GROUP-1 CLASS C (186C ) TRIPPING
1$ B1 " Under fre9uenc6
rela6
"ROUP?% C/2)) 2 :%B5 2; TRIPPIN"
)$N$ R&/2+ NO$ R&/2+ D&)CRIPCTION
1$ %*%1 " "en$ Backup i#pedance A ti#er
%$ 1, "%H "en$ 'ield failure
.$ 71 N"T "T ackup earth fault
1$ 7, "D(H "en$ Dead #achine
7$ EE"T "T o3er flu4ing
5$ B- T/ O3erall differential
-$ .,P1*%*. "T uch$, trip
B$ B- TT1"H Tee?1 differential :switch6ard;
E$ ., N1*%*. "T PRF operated
1,$ ., "1*% "T 2 fire
11$ ., < I "T B fire
1%$ ., 8 I "T C fire
1.$ %*., k1 "T co##on kiosk suppl6 changeo3er fail with
ti#e dela6$
11$ .- "% /ow forward power
17$ ., U"1*%*. UT uch$ Or PRF?% trip
15$ ., U< I UT fire protection
1-$ 71 UT UT o3ercurent <F side
1B$ B- UTH UT differential
1E$ ., K2*KB*KC "T off circuit tap changer
operated
%,$ E5 " "en$ Protection rela6
: )ie#ens ;
%1$ B- "T "T Differential
%%$ B- NUT UT restricted earth fault
%.$ 7% B1 /BBHO 177% /BB protection
:switch6ard;
%1$ 7% B% /BBHO 157% /BB protection
:switch6ard;
%7$ 15 " Negati3e phase se9uences
%5$ E5 H%O Tripping of 1,, k3 reaker in
switch6ard :17E5*15E5 %-$ B- TT% "HO T&&?%
differential :switch6ard;
GROUP-2 CLASS B (286 B) TRIPPING
)$N$ R&/2+ NU(B&R R&/2+
D&)CRIPTION
1$ .- "% A=. /ow forward power
rela6 A turine trip
GROUP-2 CLASS C (286 C) TRIPPING
)$N$ R&/2+ NU(B&R R&/2+
D&)CRIPTION
1$ E5 "A E5"H.*1 "en$ Protection rela6
:sie#ens;Ao3er 3oltage


1. 5.
(OD& O' C<&C=IN"
@hene3er it is possile to create actual condition, without
endangering the safet6 of plant and personnel, the protection shall e
checked 6 achie3ing the re9uired para#eter * signal$
@hene3er operation of actual condition is not possile si#ulating the
condition at sensing field ele#ent shall do the checking$
1$ 5$, R&CORDIN"
Protections checked and tested will e #aintained in a separate
logook na#ed as Protection /ogook$ This shall e #aintained
regularl6 and will e updated 6 )hift Charge &ngineer for updating
the status of protections in ser3ice, 6passed or out of order$
2n6 testing done, protections checked shall e recorded in the ao3e
said logook and will e countersigned 6 all the #e#ers of tea#$
This logook will e sent to <ead of Operation and <ead of O!( for
re3iew regularl6$
R&FI&@
T!" H"#$ %& S'#'(%) *(++ ," -"./%).(,+" &%- -"0("*()1 '!"
$%234")'. #. #)$ *!") -"53(-"$.
DI)TRIBUTION0
<$O$D$ :&lect$;
<$O$D$ :C!I;
<$O$D$ :Oprn$;
<$O$D$ :O!&;

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