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Design Information

Length b 7 m 23.0 ft
Breadth c 7 m 23.0 ft
Depth a 5.5 m 18.0 ft
Volume 269.5 m3 9517.2 ft3
d 18.0 in
Weight of water 1000 kg/m3 62.4 lb/ft3
Weigth of moist soil 15.71 kN/m3 100.0 lb/ft3
fc 4000.0 psi
60000.0 psi
Wall thickness 18.0 in
Water pressure 624.3 lb/ft
Ratio
b/a 1.27 1.25
c/a 1.27 1.25
Design for shear forces
For b/a
Bottom edge - midpoint 0.36
Side Edge - maximum 0.25
Side edge - midpoint 0.25
For b/a = 1.25
Bottom edge - midpoint 0.36
Side Edge - maximum 0.25
Side edge - midpoint 0.25
Check shear at the bottom of the wall
Maximum shear coeffiecents, Cs 0.36 long wall
Maximum shear coeffiecents, Cs 0.36 short wall
1. Check shear at bottom of the wall
Shear force, V
V 4055.3 lbs
Vu 6894.1 lbs
d 15.7 in
Vc 23830.9 lbs
fVc 20256.3 lbs
If fVc > Vu OK
2. Check shear at side edge of long wall
V 2816.2 lbs
Vu 4787.6 lbs
Shear in short side wall:
V 2816.2 lbs
Nu -4787.6 lbs
Ag 216.0 in1
Vc 22774.5 lbs
fVc 19358.3 lbs
If fVc > Vu OK
Design for vertical bending moments(determine vertical steel
DESIGN OF EQUALIZATION BASIN
Exposure Conditions
BS 8110 Severe exposure
BS 8007 Design crack width 0.2 mm
Material
Concrete grade 35 A Concrete strength: 35.00 N/mm
2
Steel grade 460
Table 2.3 Characteristic yield proof stress, fy 460 N/mm
2
pg 18 Partial factor of safety
Materials
Concrete 1.5
Steel 1.15
Loads
Water 1.4
Soil 1.4
Calculations Reference Output
Calculations Reference Output
LIMIT STATE DESIGN
Cantilever Wall
Consider 1m length of wall
Design a cantilever wall to withstand water pressure
Height H 5.5 m
Normal Height of water 5 m
Water Wg 10 kN/m3
Partical safety factors:-
Table 21 Service limit state, g
f
1.4
Ultimate limit state, g
f
1
Service moment at roote of cantilever 208.3 kNm/m
Ultimate moment, M 388.2 kNm/m
From design charts the estimated root thickess
h 700 mm
Table 3.1 T 20 100 bar spacing (mm) 1625.00
Table A.2.12 Limiting moment Ms 396.1 kNm
Service steel stress fs 222 N/mm2
Ultimate shear capcity 363 kN/m
For Ms 388.2083 ,fs 217.6 N/m2
Ok
Using the values obtained from the design tables a check on the
accuracy of the orignal assumption must be now made.
cover 40
T
T 16
distribution steel
Calculations Reference Output
Cover, c 40 mm
R1 16 mm
R2 20 mm
Effective depth,d 650 mm
Table 2 M/bd2 0.92
BS 8110 -3 100As/bd 0.25
As 1625.00 mm2
Ultimate limit state
For ulitmate limit state, recall M 388.21 kNm/m
The Ultimate moment of resistance based on the steel is given by
Maximum, Mu 2321.638 kNm/m Satisfactory
If the Design Ultimate moment < Maximum Ultimate Moment
then it is satisfactory
The ultimate moment of resistance based on the steel is given by:
Depth of neutral axis,x
pg 43
Eq 7
x= = 0.06705 d 43.6 mm
Where the lever arm , 0.97 d
But maximum value is 0.95d 630 mm
z
max
617.5 mm Use
Mu (ultimate moment of resistance) 401.6 kNm/m Satisfactory
This section is therefore satisfactory as the applied ulitmate momment
is less than the moment of resistance of the section
Ultimate shear force at root of wall, V
V 211.75 kN/m
BS8110
3.4.5.2 Therefore design shear stress,v = V/b
v
d 0.33
= 0.157

= 0.87

z
= 1 1 0.7

/0.9
= 0.45
= 0.95
Calculations Reference Output
0.25
Table 3.8 Design concrete shear stress,Vc (see Table 3.8) by interpolation
Effective
depth
0.25 0.40
0.25 vc
0.50 0.50
Gradient 0.4
vc 0.4 Statisfactory
This is satisfactory and no shear stee is necessary.
Note: As shear stress is satisfactory at the root of wall, it is not
necessary to consider the critical secion of a height 2d above root.
Limit State of Cracking
Service moment, M
s
208.3 kNm
Section Depth of neutral axis (elastic no-tension theory)
3.4
Table 3.4 Modular ratio, a
e
= E
s
/E
c
15
pg 40 Where Es - modulus of elasticity of concrete, Es modulus of elasticity of steel
0.0025
Therefore 0.0375
Depth of neutral axis is given by x/d 0.238917
And x = 155.30 mm
Lever arm z = d-x/3 598.2 mm
Moment of resistance of section
Therefore fs 214.3 N/mm2
100

1 +
2


Calculations Reference Output
BS 8007 Check steel and concrete service stress
App B fs 214.3057 N/mm2
B2 0.8fy 368 N/mm2
Fcb 2Ms/zbx 4.484945 N/mm2 fcb<0.45fu Ok Ok
0.4fcu 15.75 N/mm2 fs<0.8fy Ok Ok
Elastic strain at surface
Es 200 kN/mm
2
e
1
0.00118
e
2
0.000615
Average surface strain e
m
=e
1
-e
2
0.000565
Crack width w
Recall bar spacing,s 100 mm
c 56 mm
bar size,f 20 mm
Ca = cmin+f/2 66 mm
a
cr
72.80097 mm
Threrfore surface crack width,w 0.116165 mm 0.116165
Allowable w 0.2 mm Satisfactory
0.4
0.55 Cantilever wall
0.6
0.7
0.85
A 1 2.5
3.5

1
=



2
=
( )( )
3

( )

=
3

1 +2(


)

Calculations Reference Output
Wall Footing
Water pressure 10.00 h
Soil pressure 0.50 h
Surage
Roof load 0
Dead Load only
24 kN/m3
Case 1
Tank full
Taking moments about A
Restoring forces/ Moments about A
water 99 311.85
wall 92.4 117.81
Base 71.4 124.95
0.36 0.216
Soil 12.6 6.3
275.76 kN/m 561.126 kNm/m
Overturning Moment, 561.126 kNm/m
277.2917 kNm/m
283.8343
Factor safety against over turning 2.023595 Safe
Case2
Tank empty
Factor safety against over turning 2.251023 Safe
Footing reinforcment
Soil pressure under base
Calculate moment about centre line of base
Case1
Mc -198.746
Soil pressure 78.78857 +/- -81.1207
Soil pressure 159.9093 kN/m2
2.332109 kN/m2
Footing Reinforcement 55
Moment at root of toe -65.315 kN/m/m 17
114.8872
=
1
6

3

Calculations Reference Output
Moment root of heel 63.95095 kN/m/m 83.37178
By inspection not critical
Heel reinforcement
M 63.95095 kN/m/m
Mu 1.4xM 89.53133 kN/m/m
h 800
d 736
x1 0.026542
z = 1-0.45x 0.988056
But maxiumum value z is 0.95
Ast 228.5433 mm2
Calculations Reference Output
Tank Floor Slab
Assuming uniform ground conditions, the floor slab is uniformly loaded and has
no tranverse bending stresses.
To proivide a reasonable thickness of concrete, and allowing for possible
construction tolerances (crack tolerances)
Use 200 mm thick
Critical steel ratio r
crit
= f
ct
/f
y
Where:
f
ct
=Tensile stress in concrete
To proivde a resaonable thickness of concret and allowing for possible construction tolerance use slab 200 mm thick
rcrit = fct/fy 1.6/460 0.003478
Provie top reinforcment only based on a surface zone 100 mm
that is (one half of slab depth)
As = 0.35% x 100 x1000 347.8261 mm2/m
Use a welded mesh fabric with 10 mm wires in each direction at 200 mm
spacings (393)
Bottom zone does not require reinforcment