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# Physics Question Paper

2005
Question 1
(a) Which physical quantity does the electron volt measure? How is it
related to the S.I. unit of this quantity? !"
(#) What should the an\$le #etween force and displacement #e to \$et the
i. %inimum wor&
ii. %a'imum wor&
(c) State (ewton)s second law of motion. !"
(d) *he wor& done #y the heart is 1 +oule per #eat. ,alculate the power of
the heart if it #eats -! times in one minute.!"
(e) %ention two properties of a wave. one property which varies and the
other which remains constant when the wave passes from one medium to
another.!"
Question !
(a) /'plain #riefly what causes the twin&lin\$ of stars at ni\$ht. !"
(#) State two advanta\$es of an aneroid #arometer. !"
(c) /'plain why a \$as #u##le released at the #ottom of a la&e \$rows in si0e
as it rises to the surface of the la&e. !"
(d) What is meant #y the statement1 )the critical an\$le of diamond is !23 )?
How is the critical an\$le of a material related to its refractive inde'? !"
(e) 4 #loc& of wood of volume !5cm6 floats in water with !3cm6 of its
volume immersed. ,alculate.
i. the density and
ii. the wei\$ht of the #loc& of wood.
Question 6
(a) (ame any two electroma\$netic waves which have a frequency hi\$her
than that of violet li\$ht. State one use of each. !"
(#) State two ways #y which the frequency of transverse vi#rations of a
stretched strin\$ can #e decreased. !"
(c) Why does the temperature of the surroundin\$s start fallin\$ when the ice
of a fro0en la&e starts meltin\$? !"
(d) 7our resistances of !.3 each are 8oined end to end to form a square
49,:. ,alculate the equivalent resistance of the com#ination #etween any
(e) In a three;pin plu\$1 why is the earth pin made lon\$er and thic&er than the
other two pins? !"
Question 2
(a) State the ener\$y chan\$e which ta&es place when a ma\$net is moved
inside a coil havin\$ a \$alvanometer at its ends. (ame this phenomenon. !"
(#) :raw a la#elled dia\$ram of an 4.,. \$enerator. !"
(c) ,alculate the heat ener\$y that will #e released when 5.3 &\$ of steam at
l333 , condenses to form water at 1333,. /'press your answer in S.I. unit.
(Specific latent heat of vapori0ation of steam is !!<= >+ ?>\$.) !"
(d) How many alpha and #eta particles are emitted when @ranium nucleus
!6=
A! @ decays to Bead !3<
=!? C#!"
(e) With the help of an equation1 state the mechanism of ener\$y production
in a nuclear fusion reaction. !"
S/,*ID( II (23 %ar&s)
4ttempt any four questions from this Section.
Question 5 6"
(a) (i) State the law of conservation of ener\$y.
(ii) (ame the chief ener\$y transformation that occurs
i. in a Boudspea&erE
ii. in an /lectrical cell (Crimary).
(#) (i) :efine an Inclined plane.
(ii) :raw a la#elled s&etch of a class II lever. Five one e'ample of such a
lever. 6"
(c) *he alon\$side fi\$ure shows the com#ination of a mova#le pulley. CI with
a fi'ed pulley C! used for liftin\$ up a load W. 2"
i. State the function of the fi'ed pulley C!.
ii. If the free end of the strin\$ moves throu\$h a distance ,1 find the distance #y
which the load W is raised.
iii. ,alculate the force to #e applied at , to 8ust raise the load W G !3 &\$f1
ne\$lectin\$ the wei\$ht of the pulley C1 and friction.
Question <
(a) Water falls from a hei\$ht of 53 m. ,alculate the rise in the temperature of
water when it stri&es the #ottom.
(\$ G l3 ms
;!
Specific heat capacity of water G 2!33 +?&\$
3
,) 6"
(#) :raw a la#elled dia\$ram of a common hydrometer and state the principle used
in its wor&in\$. 6"
(c) 4 solid #ody wei\$hs !.13 ( in air. Its relative density is =.2. How much will
the #ody wei\$h if placed. 2"
1. in waterE
!. in a liquid of relative density 1.!?
Question - 6"
(a) *he ray dia\$ram \$iven #elow illustrates the e'perimental set up for the
determination of the focal len\$th of a conver\$in\$ lens usin\$ a plane mirror.
i. State the ma\$nification of the ima\$e formed.
ii. Write two characteristics of the ima\$e formed.
iii. What is the name \$iven to the distance #etween the o#8ect and optical
centre of the lens in the dia\$ram?
(#) (i) 4 \$lass sla# is placed over a pa\$e on which the word HI9FIDJ is printed
with each letter in its correspondin\$ colour.
a. Will the ima\$e of all the letters #e in the same place?
#. If not1 state which letter will #e raised to the ma'imum. Five a reason for
(ii) What will #e the colour of an o#8ect which appears \$reen in white li\$ht and
#lac& in red li\$ht?
(c) (i) What is meant #y refraction?
(ii) /'press the refractive inde' n of a medium.
(1) in terms of the velocity of li\$htE
(!) in terms of the an\$le of incidence i in air and the an\$le of refraction r in a
denser medium.
(iii) If a ray of li\$ht passes from medium I to medium II without any chan\$e of
direction1 what can #e said a#out the refractive indices of these media (an\$le i is
not 3)?
Question = 6"
(a) 4 radar is a#le to detect the reflected waves from an enemy aeroplane1 after a
time interval of 3.3! milliseconds. If the velocity of the waves is 6 K 13= ms
;1
1
calculate the distance of the plane from the radar. 6"
(#) 4 piece of ice is heated at a constant rate. *he variation of temperature with
heat input is shown in the \$raph #elow.
a. What are represented #y 49 and ,: ?
#. What conclusion can you draw re\$ardin\$ the nature of ice from the
alon\$side \$raph?
(c) If there is no heat loss to the surroundin\$s1 the heat released #y the
condensation of m!\$ of ice at1 3
3
, into water at 3
3
,. 2"
(i) 7ind.
i. the heat lost #y steam in terms of m1
ii. the heat \$ained #y ice in terms of m!.
(ii) 7orm a heat equation and find the ratio of m! . m1 from it.
(Specific latent heat of vapori0ation of steam G !!<= &+?&\$E
Specific latent heat of fusion of ice G 66< &+?&\$.
Specific heat capacity of water G 2!33 +?&\$
3
,).
Question A 6"
(a) 4n electrical appliance is rated 1533 W1 !53 H. *his appliance is connected to
!53 H mains. ,alculate.
i. the current drawn1
ii. the electrical ener\$y consumed in <3 hours1
iii. the cost of electrical ener\$y consumed at Js. !.53 per >WH.
(#) (i) State the function of a split rin\$ in a :.,. motor. 2"
(ii) %ention two reasons why a soft iron core is used within the coil of a movin\$
coil \$alvanometer.
(c) In the fi\$ure \$iven alon\$side1 41 9 and , are three ammeters. *he ammeter 9
reads 3.54. (4ll the ammeters have ne\$li\$i#le resistance.) 2"
,alculate.
1. the readin\$s in the ammeters 4 and ,.
!. the total resistance of the circuit.
Question 13 6"
(a) State the functions of the followin\$ in a nuclear reactor.;
a. %oderator1
#. ,ontrol rods1
c. ,oolant.
(#) (i) %ention two important precautions that should #e ta&en while handlin\$