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Bulk Modulus

Case study
1. Developing HYSYS Material Stream
1.1. Component and Fluid List Selection
Select the Fluid Components of the stream and Fluid Packages

Figure 1: Fluid Component

Figure 2 : Fluid package

Bulk Modulus
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1.2. Stream Composition and Operating Parameters
Provide Stream Composition of Material Stream and Operating Parameters (Pressure, Temperature, Flow
rate, Vapour fraction, etc) for which the Bulk modules to be calculated.

Figure 3: Stream composition

Figure 4: Operating conditions

Bulk Modulus
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1.3. Fluid Properties
Note the mass density of the fluid calculated at the operating conditions.

Figure 5: Fluid Properties
1.4. Property Table
In Attachment tab, click on Analysis option and Create which shall open a new window of Available Stream
Analysis. Click on Property Table and select Add.

Figure 6: Property Table

Bulk Modulus
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1.5. Property Table- Independent variables
In Property Table window, Name the table suitable.
In Independent Variable option
1) Variable 1, Temperature select Lower Bound the operating temperature of the fluid and Upper
Bound as 1 degree higher than Operating Temperature. Select # of Increment as 1.
2) Variable Option 2, Pressure select Lower Bound the vapour pressure of the fluid at operating
temperature of the fluid and Upper Bound as maximum Surge pressure estimated / Piping design
pressure. Select # of Increment as 10.

Figure 7: Property Table- Independent variables
1.6. Property Table Dep. Properties
In the same Design tab, Click on Dep. Prop (below the Connections option) and click Add which will open
another window Variable Navigator.
Scroll through variables and Select Mass Density and Click OK
Click on Calculate at the bottom of the tab.

Bulk Modulus
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Figure 8: Property Table Dep. Properties

Figure 9: Property Table Dep. Properties (Mass Density)

Bulk Modulus
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1.7. Property Table Performance
In performance tab, select the Table option, where you can find the Temperature, Pressure and Mass
Density data at Operating Temperature and 1 degree higher temperature.

Figure 10: Property Table Performance (Table)
In the same tab, click on Plots and View Plots to see graph of the Density v/s Pressure at different

Figure 11: Property Table Performance (Plot)

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2. Bulk Modulus
2.1. Bulk Modulus (K)
The bulk modulus can be formally defined by the equation

Where is pressure, is volume, and

Where is density and dP/d denotes the derivative of pressure with respect t
bulk modulus gives a substance's compressibility
2.2. Calculating dp and d
1) As per the Property Table Performance
Note down the minimum and maximum
) (ignore the Vapour phase and
2) dP = P
- P

3) d =

2.3. Calculating Bulk Modulus

K is Bulk Modulus (Pascal)
is Density at operating conditions (kg/m3)
dP is Pressure difference (Pascal)
d is density difference (kg/m3)

Bulk Modulus calculation

can be formally defined by the equation
is volume, and denotes the derivative of pressure with respect to volume.
denotes the derivative of pressure with respect to density. The inverse of the
Calculating dp and d
Performance (Table) mentioned in Figure 10,
ximum pressures (P
and P
) and corresponding Mass Densit
(ignore the Vapour phase and 2 phase L-V values)
Bulk Modulus
conditions (kg/m3) (Calculated in Figure 5)
of pressure with respect to volume.
o density. The inverse of the
and corresponding Mass Densities