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ABSTRACT:

Toll Management system



This Application can provide all the information related to Toll booth and the
passenger checks in online and pays the amount, then he/she will be provided by a receipt. With
this receipt he/she can leave the toll booth without waiting for any verification call.
This system is in the urban context of congested cities, allowing to charge tolls without
vehicles having to slow down.
This application made feasible to School or College vehicles to Pays either Monthly or Yearly.
This system can charge different rates for different types of vehicles, making it necessary to
distinguish the vehicles passing through the toll facility. Light vehicle means low cost in the single
journey, return journey and monthly pass otherwise change the different cost in the different
vehicles.
Toll management systems play an important role in the growth of infrastructure all over the
world. It is a kind of the money that a commuter has to pay to the road authorities while passing
from one city to another. This in turn is a kind of tax that is used in the construction of roads,
flyovers, and expressways.Tolling is a highly effective strategy for dealing with some of todays
most pressing transportation issues. Toll facilities help reduce congestion and improve mobility,
and provide an additional source of funding for local construction and maintenance projects.
This system has four major components: vehicle identification, Vehicle classification,
transaction processing, and violation enforcement.
Automatic Vehicle Identification: Automatic Vehicle Identification (AVI) is the process of
determining the identity of a vehicle subject to tolls. This identification is usually done through
barcodes affixed to each vehicle; to be read optically at the toll booth. Lately, AVI systems have also
been using the radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags and transponders to automatically
identify vehicles.

Automatic Vehicle Classification: This is a low-cost method of storing the records of vehicle classes
of all customers. The class of the vehicle is determined through AVI data.

Transaction Processing: Transaction processing deals with maintaining customer accounts, posting
toll transactions and customer payments to the accounts.

Violation Enforcement System: Violation Enforcement System (VES) is useful in reducing unpaid
tolls, as an unmanned toll gate otherwise represents a tempting target for toll evasion


MODULE DESCRIPTION:
1. Admin
2. User module
3. Staff module


ADMIN MODULE:
This module provides administrator related functionalities. Administrator can view the
registered user and payment model and set the amount and vehicle type and update the
amount in the admin payment mode view the customer details date wise, month wise and
year wise in the database.

USER MODULE:
In this module new user can register and existing user can view their profile and book
the gate pass. User login to search the booking page and select the journey type, view the
gate pass and then print the gate pass.



VEHICLE MODULE:
Toll facilities charge different rates for different types of vehicles, making it necessary to
distinguish the vehicles passing through the toll facility. Light vehicle means low cost in the
single journey, return journey and monthly pass otherwise change the different cost in the
different vehicles.




SYSTEM ANALYSIS:
FACT FINDINGS
Major activities involved in system analysis are fact findings & fact analysis. There are many fact
finding techniques. An analyst can collect data from two principle sources: written documents &
personnel who are knowledgeable about or involved in the operations of system under study. The
most appropriate 5 fact finding tasks are:
Data Collection
Correspondence & Questionnaires
Personal Interviews.
Observations.
DATA COLLECTION:
I have collected & organized the documents related to data such as record, reports, manuals etc of
the present system. The recent information is collected through correspondence including
questionnaire, personal interviews and direct observations.
CORRESPONDANCE AND QUESTIONNAIRES
Correspondence defines the subject area and specific topics to be reviewed. It also explains the
purpose of investigation activities and informs the staffs what is expected from them in the
interviews
Questionnaires are important and effective types of correspondence. It should be brief in order
to increase the promptness and probability of response.
PERSONAL INTERVIEWS
It is one of the fruitful methods of obtaining information. I have conducted personal interviews
with the resource person and is able to collect many useful data.
OBSERVATION
I had observed the operations of the current systems and formulated questions and drawn
conclusions on the basis of what I observed.




REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS:
Requirements analysis in systems engineering and software engineering, encompasses those tasks
that go into determining the needs or conditions to meet for a new or altered product, taking
account of the possibly conflicting requirements of the various stakeholders, analyzing,
documenting, validating and managing software or system requirements.
Effective requirements analysis includes four types of activity:
Requirements Elicitation: The elicitation activity consists of gathering information,
understanding the students need, and articulating high level requirements.
Requirements Analysis: The analysis activity examines the high level requirements and
determines if they are clear, complete, and free of contradictions, and then defines the strategy
to address these issues.
Requirements Specification: The specification activity defines the behavior of a system in
development and determines the method for requirements documentation (i.e., natural-language
documents, process models, business definitions, use cases, user stories, or process
specifications).
Requirements Validation: The validation activity involves sessions with users, stakeholders,
and functional experts to determine mitigation and issue resolution.

For the proper working of a system some requirements have to be met. These requirements
include the needs specified for the software. Apart from this some requirements have to be met for
the working of the system. Thus the requirement analysis comes under two types.


FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
Its specifies the primary requirements of the system such as the major tasks to be performed by
the system .It includes
The administrator should be able to update customer details, amount.
The users who registered should be able to login.
NON-FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
It mentions the requirements that are indirectly needed for the working of the system. The
Toll Management System requires the following non-functional requirements.
Performance Requirements
All operations and queries shall complete or present errors within one minute of their invocation.

Software Quality Attributes
This software will emphasize simplicity, modularity, correctness, extensibility, and usability.



Security Requirements
The system will check all username and password given by the users to the system to ensure
that whether the user is authorized one or not. If any mismatch occurs then the user cant login to
the system. Only authorized user can access the system.




EXISTING SYSTEM:
In existing system, current times of increasing traffic on the road, it is important to
collect the toll tax in a managed and controlled process so that it doesn't result in a total
unorganized jungle of traffic. It is very challenging to handle a vehicular flow by a
manual system of revenue collection. Poor management at toll plaza may result into
great chaos and revenue loss. This would not be desired any one.

The existing system had following Drawbacks:
It was very time consuming
Reports were generated manually.
The Activities are often prone to errors.
The speed of processing of data is very slow.
The information required was not readily available.
Lots of paper work was there.


Need for System
At present, all the operations are carried out manually. Sometimes, information is duplicated, filled
incorrectly or missed. A new computerized system is needed to handle all these data integrity and
consistency problems that arise when system is handled manually.
(a) To improve quality of work and accuracy.
(b) To improve work speed and accuracy.
(c) To provide the easy and user friendly environment.
(d) Get instant and detail information at single terminal.
(e) The project would help in effective and systematic record keeping that
is storing and retrieving of useful data.


PROPOSED SYSTEM:

Vehicles online gate pass require less time to conduct a toll transaction.
Thus the average service rate of a mixed toll lane is generally higher than a manual lane, depending
on the proportion of tagged vehicles in a mixed-use lane. Reduction in vehicle waiting times: An
increase in a toll lane service rate causes a decrease in the average waiting time of vehicles at the
toll plaza.
Vehicle emissions are reduced as vehicle speeds through the toll plaza are increased and
accelerations and decelerations reduced. Reduction of toll user costs also reduces the cost of
processing toll transactions. Simplified infrastructure and accounting system. Requires for less road
side infrastructure than manual tollbooths

In a toll pass system each vehicle consists of a specific rfid.
The control room consists of the data for toll payment balance for that particular vehicle. The
microcontroller checks the information and the due of that vehicle. For each travel the balance of
the vehicle decreases if the payment of the vehicle is having without due that allows the vehicle; if
not automatically gate closes.
The growing demand for Electronic Toll Collection systems has increasingly shifted focus
towards optimization in the areas of efficiency, faster service, and cost.

Benefits of Toll Management System
The ever-growing toll management system has served the commuters in every possible manner.
Some of the benefits offered by this system in today's modern world include-
Growth and Development: The foremost benefit of toll system has resulted in the growth and
development of a country. Today, one of the chief features of a developed country is its developed
infrastructure.
Easy to Commute: With the construction and improvement of many roads, flyover, and bridges,
the commuting has become easy. The improved and smooth roads and bridges have made
commuting an easy job.
Traffic Control and Security: With the introduction of new equipments and techniques in a toll
system, there is a constant control on the traffic running on roads and highways. Moreover, now
commuters also feel secure while driving on road.
This system is a great success due to its systematic way of working. The expertise of various toll
software and operations should be cost-effective to make functional toll facility a resounding
success, wherever installed.



Toll lane capacity: Vehicles equipped with ETC require less time to conduct a toll transaction. Thus
the average service rate of a mixed toll lane is generally higher than a manual lane, depending on
the proportion of tagged vehicles in a mixed-use lane.

Reduction in vehicle waiting times: An increase in a toll lane service rate causes a decrease in the
average waiting time of vehicles at the toll plaza.

Reduction of vehicle emissions: Vehicle emissions are reduced as vehicle speeds through the toll
plaza are increased and accelerations and decelerations reduced.
Reduction of toll user costs: ETC also reduces the cost of processing toll transactions.
Simplified infrastructure and accounting system: ETC requires far less roadside infrastructure than
manual tollbooths. It simplifies the accounting system as well as the allocation of revenue between
peak and non-peak hours by automating toll collection and vehicle counting.

FEASIBILITY STUDY:
A Feasibility Study is a test of system proposal regarding to its workability; impact on the
organization; an effective use of resources.
A well-designed feasibility study should provide a historical background of the business or project,
a description of the product or service, accounting statements, details of the operations and
management, marketing research and policies, financial data, legal requirements and tax
obligations. Generally, feasibility studies precede technical development and project
implementation.
This application made feasible to School or College vehicles to Pays either Monthly or Yearly.

Technical Feasibility:
This application is technically feasible. Technical issues involved are the necessary
technology existence, technical guarantees of accuracy, reliability, ease of access, data security,
aspects of future expansion.
Technology exists to develop a system.
The proposed system is capable of holding data to be used.
The proposed system is capable of providing adequate response and regardless of the
number of users.
The proposed system being modular to the administrator, if he/she wants can add
more features in the future and as well as be able to expand the system.
As far as the hardware and software is concerned, the proposed system is completely
liable with proper backup and security.
Hence, we can say that the proposed system is technically feasible.


Hardware Requirements:-
Keyboard
Monitor
Mouse
Pentium processor-lll
Modem
Internet connection
S/W Requirements:-

Operating System : Windows95/98/2000/XP
Application Server : Tomcat5.0/6.X
Front End : HTML, JAVA,JSP
Scripts : JavaScript
Server side script : Java server pages
Database : Mysql
Database connectivity : JDBC
Operational Feasibility:
If the system meets the requirements of the customers and the administrator we can
say that the system is operationally feasible.
The proposed system will be beneficial only if it can be turned into a system which will meet the
requirements of the store when it is developed and installed, and there is sufficient support from
the users.
The proposed system will improve the total performance because:
Toll check operation becomes faster.
Verification is also very feasible.
Customers here are the most important part of the system and the proposed system will
provide them with a convenient mode of operation for them.
The proposed system will be available to the customers throughout the globe.
The proposed system will provide a better market for different dealers.
Hence, the proposed system is operationally feasible.
Economical Feasibility:
Economic Feasibility is the most frequently used method for evaluating the effectiveness
of the proposed system if the benefits of the proposed system outweighs the cost then the
decision is made to design and implement the system.we use RFID tag is for identification.
The cost of hardware and software is affordable.
High increase in the amount of profit earned by going global.
Easy and cheap maintenance of the system possible.
Very cheap price for going global.
Hence, the proposed system is economically feasible.
Legal Feasibility:
Determines whether the proposed system conflicts with legal requirements, e.g. a data processing
system must comply with the local Data Protection Acts.
Schedule Feasibility:
A project will fail if it takes too long to be completed before it is useful. Typically this means
estimating how long the system will take to develop, and if it can be completed in a given time
period using some methods like payback period. Schedule feasibility is a measure of how
reasonable the project timetable is. Given our technical expertise, are the project deadlines
reasonable? Some projects are initiated with specific deadlines. It is necessary to determine
whether the deadlines are mandatory or desirable.