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Di y l mt t lin quan n cng trng xy dng mnh ly t cun The pictorial English Vietnamese

Dictionary (T in Anh Vit bng tranh theo ch ). Cun ny rt hay ch bn c th nhn vo hnh chi tit
bit c th v tr, hnh dng ca vt, vt..). Cun ny rt r, c hu nh tt c cc ch .

angle brace/angle tie in the scaffold : thanh ging gc gin gio

basement of tamped (rammed) concrete : mng (tng ngm) lm bng cch b tng
brick wall : Tng gch
bricklayer /brickmason : Th n
bricklayer's labourer/builder's labourer : Ph n, th ph n
buiding site : Cng trng xy dng

carcase (cacass, farbric) [ house construction, carcassing]]: khung sn (kt cu nh)
cellar window (basement window): cc bc cu thang bn ngoi tng hm
chimney : ng khi (l si)
concrete base course : ca s tng hm
concrete floor : Sn b tng
cover ( boards) for the staircase : Tm che lng cu thang

First floor ( second floor nu l ting Anh M ) : Lu mt (ting Nam), tng hai (ting Bc)

ground floor (hoc first floor nu l ting Anh M) : tng trt (ting Nam), tng mt (ting Bc)
guard board : tm chn, tm bo v

hollow block wall : Tng xy bng gch l (gch rng)

jamb : dc ca, thanh ng khun ca

ledger : thanh ngang, ging ngang ( gin gio)
lintel (window head) : Lanh t ca s

motar trough : Chu va

outside cellar steps : ca s bung cng trnh ph

plank platform (board platform) : sn lt vn
platform railing : lan can/tay vn sn (bo h lao ng)
putlog (putlock) : thanh gin gio, thanh ging

reinforced concrete lintel : Lanh t b tng ct thp

scaffold pole (scaffold standard) cc gin gio
scaffolding joint with chain (lashing, whip, bond) mi ni gin gio bng xch (dy chng buc, dy cp)

upper floor: Tng trn
utility room door : ca bung cng trnh ph
utility room window : ca s bung cng trnh ph

window ledge : Ngng (bu) ca s
work platform (working platform) : Bc k xy
Bag of cement : Bao xi mng
brick : Gch
bricklayer's hammer (brick hammer) : ba th n
bricklayer's tools : Cc dng c ca th n
Builder's hoist : My nng dng trong xy dng
building site latrine : Nh v sinh ti cng trng xy dng

cement : Xi mng
chimney bond : cch xy ng khi
Concrete aggregate (sand and gravel) : ct liu b tng (ct v si)
concrete mixer/gravity mixer : My trn b tng
contractor's name plate : Bin ghi tn Nh thu

English bond : Xp mch kiu Anh
English cross bond/Saint Andrew's cross bond : cch xy cho kiu Anh

feeder skip : Thng tip liu
fence : b ro, tng ro
first course : hng /lp gch u tin
float : bn xoa

gate : Ca

heading bond : cch xy hng ngang (gch xy ngang)
heading course : hng, lp xy ngang
hose (hosepipe) : ng nc - Ch thch y l loi ng mm nh dng ng nha dng ra xe y

ladder : ci thang
latrine : nh v sinh
laying - on - trowel : bn san va

mallet : Ci v (th n)
masonry bonds : Cc cch xy
mixer operator : cng nhn ng my trn va b tng
mixing drum : Trng trn b tng
mortar : va
mortar pan (mortar trough, mortar tub) : thng va

plumb bob (plummet) : dy di, qu di (bng ch)

racking (raking) back : u ch xy
removable gate : Ca tho ri c

shutter : cp pha
signboard (billboard) : Bng bo hiu
site fence : tng ro cng trng
site hut (site office ) : Ln (cng trng)
spirit level : ng ni v ca th xy
stack of bricks : ng gch, chng gch
stacked shutter boards (lining boards) ng van g cp pha, chng vn g cp pha
standard brick : gch tiu chun
stretching bond : cch xy hng di (gch xy dc)
stretching course : hng, lp xy dc

thick lead pencil : bt ch u m (dng nh du)
trowel : ci bay th n

wheelbarrow : Xe ct kt, xe y tay

Load - Ti

actual load : ti trng thc, ti trng c ch
additional load : ti trng ph thm, ti trng tng thm
allowable load : ti trng cho php
alternate load : ti trng i du
antisymmetrical load : ti trng phn i xng

apex load : ti trng nt (gin)
assumed load : ti trng gi nh, ti trng tnh ton
average load : ti trng trung bnh
axial load : ti trng hng trc
axle load : ti trng ln trc

balanced load : ti trng i xng
balancing load : ti trng cn bng
basic load : ti trng c bn
bearable load : ti trng cho php
bed load : trm tch y

bending load : ti trng un
best load : cng sut khi hiu sut ln nht (tuabin)
bracket load : ti trng ln dm cha, ti trng ln cng xn
brake load : ti trng hm
breaking load : ti trng ph hy
buckling load : ti trng un dc ti hn, ti trng mt n nh dc

capacitive load : ti dung tnh (in)
centre point load : ti trng tp trung
centric load : ti trng chnh tm, ti trng dc trc
centrifugal load : ti trng ly tm
changing load : ti trng thay i
circulating load : ti trng tun hon

collapse load : ti trng ph hng, ti trng
combined load : ti trng phi hp
composite load : ti trng phc hp
compressive load : ti trng nn
concentrated load : ti trng tp trung
connected load : ti trng lin kt

constant load : ti trng khng i, ti trng tnh
continuous load : ti trng lin tc; ti trng phn b u
*****(ing) load : ti trng ph hy, ti trng gy nt
crane load : sc nng ca cn trc, trng ti ca cn trc
crippling load : ti trng ph hy
critical load : ti trng ti hn
crushing load : ti trng nghin, ti trng nn v
cyclic load : ti trng tun hon

dead load : tnh ti
dead weight load : tnh ti
demand load : ti trng yu cu
design load : ti trng tnh ton, ti trng thit k
direct-acting load : ti trng tc ng trc tip

discontinuous load : ti trng khng lin tc
disposable load : ti trng c ch
distributed load : ti trng phn b
drawbar load : lc ko mc
dummy load : ti trng gi
dynamic(al) load : ti trng ng lc hc

eccentric load : ti trng lch tm
elastic limit load : ti trng gii hn n hi
equivalent load : ti trng tng ng
even load : ti trng u, ti trng phn b u

failing load : ti trng ph hy
fictitious load : ti trng o
fixed load : ti trng c nh, ti trng khng i
fluctuating load : ti trng dao ng
full load : ti trng ton phn

gradually applied load : s cht ti tng dn
gravity load : ti trng bn thn, t trng
gross load : ti trng tng, ti trng ton phn
gust load : (hng khng) ti trng khi gi git

heat load : ti trng do nhit
impact load : ti trng va p
imposed load : ti trng t vo
impulsive load : ti trng va p, ti trng xung
increment load : ti trng ph

indivisible load : ti trng khng chia nh c
inductive load : ti trng cm ng
initial load : ti trng ban u
instantaneous load : ti trng tc thi
intermittent load : ti trng gin on
irregularly distributed load: ti trng phn b khng u

lateral load : ti trng ngang
light load : ti trng nh
limit load : ti trng gii hn
linearly varying load : ti trng bin i tuyn tnh
live load : ti trng ng; hot ti

load due to own weight : ti trng do khi lng bn thn;
load due to wind : ti trng do gi;
load in bulk : cht thnh ng;
load on axle : ti trng ln trc;
load out : gim ti, d ti;

load per unit length : ti trng trn mt n v chiu di
load up : cht ti
lump load : s cht ti kt tng; ti vn cc; ti trng tp trung

matched load : ti trng c thch ng
minor load : ti trng s b (trong my th cng)
miscellaneous load : ti trng hn hp
mobile load : ti trng di ng

momentary load : ti trng trong thi gian ngn, ti trng tm thi
most efficient load : cng sut khi hiu sut ln nht (tuabin)
movable load : ti trng di ng
moving load : ti trng ng

net load : ti trng c ch, trng lng c ch
nomal load : ti trng bnh thng
non reactive load : ti trng khng gy phn lc, ti thun tr (in)
non-central load : ti trng lch tm

oblique angled load : ti trng xin, ti trng lch
operating load : ti trng lm vic
optimum load : ti trng ti u
oscillating load : ti (trng) dao ng

partial load : ti trng tng phn
pay(ing) load : ti trng c ch
peak load : ti trng cao im
periodic load : ti trng tun hon
permanent load : ti trng khng i; ti trng thng xuyn

permissible load : ti trng cho php
phantom load : ti trng gi
plate load : ti ant
point load : ti trng tp trung
pressure load : ti trng nn

proof load : ti trng th
pulsating load : ti trng mch ng

quiescent load : ti trng tnh

racking load : ti trng dao ng
radial load : ti trng hng knh
rated load : ti trng danh ngha
resistive load : ti thun tr, ti mic
reversal load : ti trng i du
rush-hour load : ti trng trong gi cao im

safe load : ti trng an ton, ti trng cho php
service load : ti trng s dng, ti trng c ch
setting load : ti trng khi lp rp
shear load : lc ct
shock load : ti trng va chm

single non central load : ti trng tp trung khng ng tm
snow load : ti trng (do) tuyt
specified rated load : ti trng danh ngha
static load : tnh ti
steady load : ti trng n nh

sudden load : ti trng t ngt, s cht ti t ngt, s cht ti t bin
suddenly applied load : ti trng tc dng t bin
superimposed load : ti trng ph thm
surcharge load : s qu ti
surface load : ti trng b mt
sustained load : ti trng tc ng lu di
symmetrical load : ti trng i xng, s cht ti i xng

tail load : ti trng ln ui (my bay)
tangetial load : ti trng tip tuyn
tensile load : ti trng ko t
terminating load : ti trng t u mt (dm)
test load : ti trng th

tilting load : ti trng lt
torque load : ti trng xon
total load : ti trng ton phn, ti trng tng
traction load : ti trng ko
traffic load : ti trng chuyn ch

transient load : ti trng ngn hn, ti trng nht thi
trial load : ti trng th
tuned plate load : ti iu hng (trong mch ant)

ultimate load : ti trng gii hn
unbalanced load : ti trng khng cn bng
uniform load : ti trng u
unit load : ti trng ring, ti trng trn n v din tch
up load : ti trng thng ng ln trn (lc nng)
useful load : ti trng c ch

variable load : ti trng bin i
varying load : ti trng bin i

wheel load : p lc ln bnh xe
wind load : ti trng (do) gi
working load : ti trng lm vic

Girder - Dm, X, Gi , Gin

articulated girder : dm ghp

bow girder : dm cong
bowstring girder : gin bin cong
box girder : dm hp
braced girder : gin c ging tng cng
brick girder : dm gch ct thp
build-up girder : dm ghp

cantilever arched girder : dm vm ; gin vm cng xn
cellular girder : dm rng lng
compound girder : dm ghp
continuous girder : dm lin tc
crane girder : gi cn trc; gin cn trc
cross girder : dm ngang
curb girder : va; dm cp b

deck girder : gin cu

end girder : dm gi tng

fascia girder : dm bin
Flat Pratt girder : dm flat phng
foundation girder : dm mng
frame girder : gin khung

half-latticed girder : gin na mt co
hinged girder : dm ghp bn l
hinged cantilever girder : dm - ghp bn l

I- girder : dm ch I
independent girder : dm ph, dm ri

king post girder : dm tng cng mt tr

lattice girder : gin mt co
longitudinal girder : dm dc, x dc

main girder : dm chnh, dm ci; x chnh, x ci
middle girder : dm gia, x gia

panel girder : dm tm, dm panen
parabolic girder : dm dng parabn
parallel girder : dm song song
plain girder : dm khi
plane girder : dm phng
plate girder : dm phng, dm tm
pony girder : dm ph
prestressed girder : dm d ng lc

riveted girder : dm ghp tn inh

small girder : dm con; x con
secondary girder : dm ph
segmental girder : dm cnh bin trn cong
semi-fixed girder : dm c nh mt u
socle girder : dm cng xn
solid web girder : dm khi
stiffening girder : dm cng
suspension girder : dm treo

T- girder : dm ch T
tee girder : dm ch T
trellis girder : gin mt co
trough girder : dm ch U, dm lng mng
trussed girder : dm vt sut; gin vt sut
tubular girder : dm ng

Vierendeel girder : gin Vierenddeel (gin B)

Warren girder : gin bin //mng tam gic
web girder : gin li thp, dm c

Beam - Dm

angle beam : x gc; thanh ging gc
balance beam : n cn; n thng bng
bond beam : dm ni
box beam : dm hnh hp
bracing beam : dm tng cng
brake beam : n hm, cn hm
breast beam : tm t ngc; (ng st) thanh chng va,
bridge beam : dm cu
Broad flange beam : dm c cnh bn rng (Dm I, T)
buffer beam : thanh chng va, thanh gim chn (tu ha)
bumper beam : thanh chng va, thanh gim chn (tu ha), dm m
bunched beam : chm nhm
camber beam : dm cong, dm vng
cantilever beam : dm cng xn, dm cha
capping beam : dm m dc
cased beam : dm thp bc b tng
Castellated beam : dm thng
cathode beam : chm tia catt, chum tia in t
chopped beam : tia t on
clarke beam : dm ghp bng g
collapsible beam : dm tho lp c
collar beam : dm ngang, x ngang; thanh ging (v ko)
combination beam : dm t hp, dm ghp
composit beam : dm hp th, dm vt liu hn hp
compound beam : dm hn hp
conjugate beam : dm trang tr, dm gi
continuous beam : dm lin tc
controlling beam : tia iu khin
convergent beam : chm hi t
crane beam : dm cn trc
cross beam : dm ngang, x ngang
divergent beam : chm phn k
double strut trussed beam : dm tng cng hai tr chng
draw beam : dm nng, cn nng
equalizing beam : n cn bng
fan beam : chum tia hnh qut
fascia beam : dm c cnh
fender beam : dm chn
fish-bellied beam : dm phnh gia, dm bng c ( c sc bn u)
fixed beam : dm ngm hai u, dm c nh
flanged beam : dm c bn cnh, dm c g; dm ch I
floor beam : dm sn
free beam : dm t do
front beam : dm trc
grating beam : dm ghi l
H- beam : dm ch H
half- beam : dm na
hammer beam : dm hng, dm cha, dm cng xn
hanging beam : dm treo
head beam : dm m cc
high beam : n ri xa, chm sng ri xa
hinged beam : dm n gnh, dm quay quanh bn l gia
hold beam : dm kh (dm tu ch kh)
I- beam : dm ch I
ion beam : chm ion
joggle beam : dm ghp mng
joint beam : thanh ging, thanh lin kt
junior beam : dm bn nh
laminated beam : dm thanh
landing beam : chm sng dn hng h cnh
laser beam : chm tia laze
lattice beam : dm li, dm mt co
lifting beam : dm nng ti
light beam : chm tia sng
longitudinal beam : dm dc, x dc
main beam : dm chnh; chm (tia) chnh
midship beam : dm gia tu
movable rest beam : dm c gi ta di ng
multispan beam : dm nhiu nhp
needle beam : dm kim
non-uniform beam : dm tit din khng u
oscillating beam : n dao ng, n lc
printing beam : (my tnh) chm tia in
radio (-frequency) beam : chm tn s v tuyn in
reinforced concrete beam : dm b tng ct thp
restrained beam : dm ngm hai u
ridge beam : n nc
roof beam : dm mi
scale beam : n cn
scanning beam : chm tia qut
scattered beam : chm tn x
secondary beam : dm trung gian
shallow beam : dm thp
slender beam : dm mnh
socle beam : dm hng; dm cng xn
split beam : dm ghp, dm t hp
spring beam : dm n hi
straining beam : thanh ging, thanh ko
strutting beam : dm ngang, x ngang; thanh ging (v ko)
supporting beam : dm , x
T- beam : dm ch T
through beam : dm lin tc, dm sut
top beam : dm sn; dm nh
transverse beam : dm ngang, ngang
transversely loaded beam : dm chu ti trng ngang
trussed beam : dm gin, dm mt co
uniform beam : dm tit din khng i, dm (c) mt ct u
wall beam : dm tng
whole beam : dm g
wind beam : x chng gi
wooden beam : x g, dm g
working beam : n cn bng; x v ( p qung)
writing beam : tia vit
Z- beam : dm ch Z
alloy steel:thp hp kim
angle bar:thp gc

built up section: thp hnh t hp

castelled section: thp hnh bng rng
channel section:thp hnh ch U
cold rolled steel:thp cn ngui
copper clad steel:thp m ng

double angle:thp gc ghp thnh hnh T

flat bar: thp dt

galvanised steel: thp m km

hard steel:thp cng
high tensile steel:thp cng cao
high yield steel: thp n hi cao
hollow section:thp hnh rng
hot rolled steel:thp cn nng

plain bar: thp trn
plate steel:thp bn

rolled steel:thp cn
round hollow section: thp hnh trn rng

silicon steel: thp silic
square hollow section: thp hnh vung rng
stainless steel:thp khng g
steel:thp
structral hollow section:thp hnh rng lm kt cu
structural section:thp hnh xy dng

tool steel:thp cng c

Concrete - B tng

acid-resisting concrete : b tng chu axit
aerated concrete : b tng xp/ t ong
agglomerate-foam conc. : b tng bt thiu kt/bt kt t
air-entrained concrete : b tng c ph gia to bt
air-placed concrete : b tng phun
architectural concrete : b tng trang tr
armoured concrete : b tng ct thp
asphaltic concrete : b tng atphan

ballast concrete : b tng dm
bituminous concrete : b tng atphan
breeze concrete : b tng bi than cc
broken concrete : b tng dm, b tng v
buried concrete : b tng b ph t
bush-hammered concrete : b tng c n bng ba

cast concrete : b tng c
cellular concrete : b tng t ong
cement concrete : b tng xi mng
chuting concrete : b tng lng
cinder concrete : b tng x

cobble concrete : b tng cui si
commercial concrete : b tng trn sn
continuous concrete : b tng lin khi
cyclopean concrete : b tng hc

de-aerated concrete : b tng (c trong) chn khng
dense concrete : b tng nng
dry concrete : b tng trn kh, va b tng cng

early strenght concrete : b tng mau cng
excess concrete : va b tng phn lp
expanded slag concrete : b tng x n
exposed concrete : b tng mt ngoi(cng trnh)

fibrous concrete : b tng si
fine concrete : b tng mn
floated concrete : (va) b tng nho/b tng chy lng
fly-ash concrete : b tng bi tro
foam concrete : b tng bt
fresh concrete : b tng mi

gas concrete : b tng xp
glass concrete : b tng thy tinh
glass-reinforced conc. : b tng ct thy tinh
glavel concrete : b tng (ct liu) si
glazed concrete : b tng trong
granolithic concrete : b tng granit
green concrete : b tng mi
gunned concrete : b tng phun
gypsum concrete : b tng thch cao

hard rock concrete : b tng (ct liu) cng
hardenet concrete : b tng ng cng
haydite concrete : b tng keramit
heaped concrete : b tng cha m
heat-resistant concrete : b tng chu nhit

heavy concrete : b tng nng
high slump concrete : b tng chy
hooped concrete : b tng ct thp vng
hot-laid asphaltic conc.: b tng atphan c nng
hot-mixed asphaltic conc: b tng atphan trn nng

incompletely compacted c:b tng m cha
In-situ concrete : b tng ti ch
insulating concrete : b tng cch nhit

job-placed concrete : b tng ti ch

lean concrete : b tng ngho, b tng cht lng thp
light-weight concrete : b tng nh
lime concrete : b tng vi
liquid concrete : b tng lng
loosely spread concrete : b tng cha m, b tng di
low slump concrete : va b tng c st hnh nn thp, va b tng kh

machine-placed concrete : b tng bng my
mass concrete : b tng lin khi, b tng khng ct thp
matured concrete : b tng cng
monolithic concrete : b tng lin khi

nailable concrete : b tng ng inh c
non-fines concrete : b tng ht th
no-slump concrete : b tng cng (b tng c st=0)

off-form concrete : b tng trong vn khun

perfume concrete : tinh du hng liu
permeable concrete : b tng khng thm
plain concrete : b tng khng ct thp, b tng thng
plaster concrete : b tng thch cao
plastic concrete : b tng do

poor concrete : b tng ngho, b tng gy
portland cement concrete: b tng xi mng pooclan
post-stressed concrete : b tng ng lc sau
post-tensioned concrete : b tng ng lc sau
precast concrete : b tng c sn

prefabricated concrete : b tng c sn
prepact concrete : b tng c tng khi ring
prestressed concrete : b tng ng lc trc
pumice concrete : b tng bt
pump concrete : b tng bm

quaking concrete : b tng do
quality concrete : b tng cht lng cao

rammed concrete : b tng m
ready-mixed concrete : b tng trn sn
refractory concrete : b tng chu nhit
reinforced concrete : b tng ct thp

retempered concrete : b tng trn li
rich concrete : b tng giu, b tng cht lng cao
rubbed concrete : b tng mi mt
rubble concrete : b tng hc

sand-blasted concrete : b tngmi bng b mt
segregating concrete : va b tng phn lp
slag concrete : b tng x
sprayed concrete : b tng phun
stamped concrete : b tng m

steamed concrete : b tng bc hi nc
steel concrete : b tng ct thp
stiff concrete : va b tng cng, va b tng c
stone concrete : b tng dm

tamped concrete : b tng m
tar concrete : b tng nha ng
transit-mix concrete : b tng trn trn xe
trass concrete : b tng puzolan
tremie concrete : b tng di nc

vacuum concrete : b tng chn khng
vibrated concrete : b tng m rung

water cured concrete : b tng dng h trong nc
wet concrete : va b tng do
workable concrete : b tng d

zonolite concrete : b tng znlit (b tng ko thm nc)
After anchoring: Sau khi neo xong ct thp d ng lc
Alloy(ed) steel: Thp hp kim
Anchor sliding: trt trong mu neo ca u ct thp
Area of reinforcement: Din tch ct thp
Atmospheric corrosion resistant steel: Thp chng r do kh quyn

Bar (reinforcing bar): Thanh ct thp
Beam reinforced in tension and compression: Dm c c ct thp chu ko v chu nn
Beam reinforced in tension only: Dm ch c ct thp chu ko
Before anchoring: Trc khi neo ct thp d ng lc
Bent-up bar: Ct thp un nghing ln

Bonded tendon: Ct thp d ng lc c dnh bm vi b tng
Bored pile: Cc khoan nhi
Bottom lateral: Thanh ging cho mc h ca dn
Bottom reinforcement: Ct thp bn di (ca mt ct)
Braced member: Thanh ging ngang
Bracing: Ging gi

Carbon steel: Thp cc bon (thp than)
Cast steel: Thp c
Cast-in-place bored pile: Cc khoan nhi c ti ch
Caupling: Ni ct thp d ng lc
Center spiral: Li hnh xon c trong b si thp

Chillid steel: Thp ti
Closure joint: Mi ni hp long (on hp long)
Coating: Vt liu ph bo v ct thp DL khi r hoc gim ma st khi cng c/font>
Composite steel and concrete structure: Kt cu lin hp thp b tng ct thp
Compression reinforcement: Ct thp chu nn

Connect by hinge: Ni khp
Connection strand by strand: Ni cc on cp d ng lc Ko sau
Connection: Ghp ni
Connector: Neo (ca dm thp lin hp bn BTCT)
Construction successive stage(s): (Cc) Giai on thi cng ni tip nhau

Corner connector: Neo kiu thp gc
Corroded reinforcement: Ct thp b r
Coupler (coupling): Mi ni cp d ng lc Ko sau
Coupler: u ni ni cc ct thp d ng lc
Coupleur: B ni cc on cp d ng lc ko sau

Cover-meter, Rebar locator: My o lp b tng bo h ct thp
Cover-plate: Bn ni p, bn m
Cutting machine: My ct ct thp

Deck plate girder: Dm bn thp c ng xe chy trn
Deformed bar, deformed reinforcement: Ct thp c g (ct thp gai)
Deformed reinforcement: Ct thp c dnh bm cao (c g)
Dile splicing: Ni di cc
Distribution reinforcement: Ct thp phn b
Duct: ng cha ct thp d ng lc
During stressing operation: Trong qu trnh Ko cng ct thp

Epingle Pin: Ct thp gm ( truyn lc ct trt nh neo)
Erection reinforcement: Ct thp thi cng
Exposed reinforcement: Ct thp l ra ngoi

Field connection use high strength bolt: Mi ni hin trng bng bu lng cng cao
Field connection: Mi ni hin trng
Fix the ends of reinforcement: Gi c nh u ct thp
Fixation on the form: Gi cho c nh vo vn khun
Flange reinforcement: Ct thp bn cnh

Flexible sheath: ng mm (cha cp, thp DL)
Form exterior face : B mt vn khun
Form removal: D vn khun
Form vibrator: m cnh (rung vn khun)
Form: Vn khun

Gluing of steel plate: Dn bn thp
Grouting: Phun va lp lng ng cha ct thp d ng lc
Gusset plate: Bn nt, bn tit im

High strength steel: Thp cng cao
Hole: L thng, l khoan
Hook: Mc cu ( u ct thp)
Hoop reinforcement: Ct thp t theo vng trn

Inclined bar: Ct thp nghing

Jacking end: im u ct thp c ko cng bng kch
Jacking force: Lc kch ( Ko cng ct thp)

Laminated steel: Thp cn
Lap: Mi ni chng ln nhau ca ct thp
Lateral bracing: H ging lin kt ca dn
Ligature, Tie: Dy thp buc
Longitudinal reinforcement: Ct thp dc

Lost due to relaxation of prestressing steel: Mt mt do t chng ct thp d ng lc
Low alloy steel: Thp hp kim thp
Low relaxation steel: Thp c t chng rt thp
Lower reinforcement layer: Lp ct thp bn di

Main reinforcement parallel to traffic: Ct thp ch song song hng xe chy
Main reinforcement perpendicular to traffic: Ct thp ch vung gc hng xe chy
Medium relaxation steel: Ct thp c t chng bnh thng
Metal shell: V thp
Mild steel : Thp non (thp than thp)
Modular ratio: T s ca cc m dun n hi thp-b tng
Movable form, Travling form: Vn khun di ng

Non-prestressed reinforcement: Ct thp thng (khng d ng lc)
Normal relaxation steel: Thp c t chng thng thng

Overlap: Ni chng

Partial prestressing : Ko cng ct thp tng phn
Perforated cylindrical anchor head: u neo hnh tr c khoan l
Pile shoe: Phn bc thp gia c mi cc
Plain round bar: Ct thp trn trn
Plate bearing: Gi bn thp

Plate: Thp bn
Plywood: G dn (vn khun)
Prestressing by stages: Ko cng ct thp theo tng giai on
Prestressing steel, cable: Ct thp d ng lc
Prestressing steel: Thp d ng sut
Prestressing time: Thi im Ko cng ct thp
Put in the reinforcement case: t vo trong khung ct thp

Ratio of non- prestressing tension reinforcement: T l hm lng ct thp thng trong mt ct
Ratio of prestressing steel: T l hm lng ct thp d ng lc
Reinforced concrete beam: Dm b tng ct thp
Reinforcement group: Nhm ct thp
Ribbed plate: Thp bn c gn
Round steel tube: ng thp hnh trn
Rupture limit of the prestressed steel: Gii hn ph hy ca ct thp d ng lc

Shape steel: Thp hnh
Shear reinforcement: Ct thp chu ct
Sheet pile: Cc vn, cc vn thp
Single wine, Individual wire: Si n l (ct thp si)
Skin reinforcement: Ct thp ph t gn st b mt

Slab reinforcement: Ct thp bn mt cu
Sliding form: Vn khun trt
Spacing of prestressing steel: Khong cch gia cc ct thp d ng lc
Spiral reinforced column: Ct c ct thp xon c
Spiral reinforcement: Ct thp xon c

Splice plat, scab: Bn ni ph
Splice: Ni ghp, ni di ra
Splicing method: Phng php ni cc
Steel elongation: dn di ca ct thp
Steel percentage: Hm lng thp trong b tng ct thp

Steel pipe filled with: ng thp nhi b tng
Steel stress at jacking end: ng sut thp u kch Ko cng
Steel with particular properties: Thp c tnh cht c bit
Stiffened angles: Neo bng thp gc c sn tng cng
Straight reinforcement: Ct thp thng

Strenghening steel: Thp tng cng
Strengthening reinforcement: Ct thp tng cng thm
Stress at anchorages after seating: ng sut ct thp d ng lc st neo sau khi tho kch
Structural steel: Thp kt cu
Stud shear connector: Neo kiu inh (ca dm thp lin hp b tng)
Successive: Ni tip nhau

Tension reinforcement: Ct thp chu ko
To extend reinforcement: Ko di ct thp
Top lateral strut: Thanh ging ngang mc thng ca dn
Top lateral: Thanh ging cho mc thng ca dn
Top reinforcement: Ct thp bn trn (ca mt ct)

Tosbou: Khoan
Total angular change of tendon profile from anchor to point X: Tng cc gc un nghing ca ct thp d ng
lc Khong cch x k t mfont>
Total angular change of tendon profile from jaching end to point x: Tng cc gc un ca ng trc ct thp
d ng lc t u kch n
Transverse reinforcement: Ct thp ngang

Unbonded tendon: Ct thp d ng lc khng dnh bm vi b tng

Vertical-tie: Neo dng thanh thng ng ni phn b tng ct thp khc nhau
Vertical-tie: Neo dng thanh thng ng ni phn b tng ct thp khc nhau

Weathering steel (need not be painted): Thp chu thi tit (khng cn sn)
Web reinforcement: Ct thp trong sn dm
Welded plate girder: Dm bn thp hn
Welded wire fabric, Welded wire mesh: Li ct thp si hn
Wind bracing: Ging gi

Yeild point stress of prestressing steel: ng sut n hi ca ct thp d ng lc
Yield strength of rein forcement in compression: Cng n hi ca thp lc nn
Yield strength of reinforcement in tension: Cng n hi ca thp lc ko

Thut ng chuyn ngnh kt cu

Abrahams cones: Khun hnh chp ct o st b tng
Accelerator, Earlystrength admixture: Ph gia tng nhanh ha cng b tng
Anchorage length: Chiu di on neo gi ca ct thp
Arrangement of longitudinales renforcement cut-out: B tr cc im ct t ct thp dc ca dm
Arrangement of reinforcement: B tr ct thp

Bag: Bao ti ( dng h b tng)
Beam of constant depth: Dm c chiu cao khng i
Bedding: Mng cng
Bonded tendon: Ct thp d ng lc c dnh bm vi b tng
Bursting concrete stress: ng sut v tung ca b tng

Cable disposition: B tr ct thp d ng lc
Cast in many stage phrases: b tng theo nhiu giai on
Cast in place: c b tng ti ch
Cast in situ place concrete: B tng c ti ch
Cast in situ structure (slab, beam, column): Kt cu c b tng ti ch (dm, bn, ct)

Cast,(casting): b tng (s b tng)
Casting schedule: Thi gian biu ca vic b tng
Cast-in-place concrete caisson: Ging chm b tng c ti ch
Cast-in-place concrete pile: Cc c b tng ti ch
Cast-in-place, posttensioned bridge: Cu d ng lc ko sau c b tng ti ch

Cast-in-situ flat place slab: Bn mt cu c b tng ti ch
Checking concrete quality: Kim tra cht lng b tng
Composite steel and concrete structure: Kt cu lin hp thp b tng ct thp
Compremed concrete zone: Vng b tng chu nn
Concrete age at prestressing time: Tui ca b tng lc to d ng lc

Concrete composition: Thnh phn b tng
Concrete cover: B tng bo h (bn ngoi ct thp)
Concrete hinge: Cht b tng
Concrete proportioning: Cng thc pha trn b tng
Concrete stress at tendon level: ng sut b tng th t cp d ng lc

Concrete surface treatement: X l b mt b tng
Concrete test hammer: Sng bt ny th cng b tng
Concrete thermal treatement: X l nhit cho b tng
Concrete unit weight, density of concrete: Trng lng ring b tng
Concrete: B tng

Concrete-filled pipe pile: Cc ng thp nhi b tng lp lng
Condition of curing: iu kin dng h b tng
Cover plate: Bn thp ph ( phn bn cnh dm thp )
Cover-meter, Rebar locator: My o lp b tng bo h ct thp
*****ed concrete section: Mt ct b tng b nt

Crushing machine: My nn mu th b tng
Cure to cure, curing: Dng h b tng mi xong
Curing temperature: Nhit dng h b tng
Curing: Bo dng b tng trong lc ha cng
Cylinder, Test cylinder: Mu th b tng hnh tr

Deep foundation: Mng su
Deformed reinforcement: Ct thp c dnh bm cao (c g)
Depth of beam: Chiu cao dm
Depth: Chiu cao
Dry guniting: Phun b tng kh

Early strength concrete: B tng ha cng nhanh
Effective depth at the section: Chiu cao c hiu
Efflorescence: mu trn b mt b tng
Elastomatric bearing: Gi cao su
Equipment for the distribution of concrete: Thit b phn phi b tng
External prestressed concrete: B tng ct thp d ng lc ngoi

Field connection use high strength bolt: Mi ni hin trng bng bu lng cng cao
Footing: B mng
Forces on parapets: Lc ln lan can
Fouilk, bouchon: B tng bt y (ca mng Cp cc, ca ging, ca h)

Foundation beam: dm mng
Foundation material: Vt liu ca mng
Foundation soil: t nn bn di mng
Foundation: Mng
Fresh concrete: B tng ti (mi trn xong)

Grade of concrete: Cp ca b tng
Grade of reinforcement: Cp ca ct thp
Grade: Cp (ca b tng, ca )

Hand rail: Lan can
HDPE sheath: V bc polyetylen mt cao ca cp d
Heavy weight concrete: B tng nng
High strength concrete: B tng cng cao
High strength steel: Thp cng cao

High tech work technique: Cng trnh k thut cao
Highest flood level: Mc nc l cao nht
High-strength material: Vt liu cng cao
Hight density: ng bng polyetylen mt cao
Hydraulic concrete: B tng thy cng

Internal prestressed concrete: B tng ct thp d ng lc trong
Internal prestressed concrete: B tng ct thp d ng lc trong
Internal vibrator: m trong (vi vo hn hp b tng)

Lean concrete (low grade concrete): B tng ngho
Leveling: Cao c
Levelling instrument: My cao c (my thy bnh)
Levelling point: im cn o cao
Light weight concrete: B tng nh

Location of the concrete compressive resultant: im t hp lc nn b tng
Loss due to concrete instant deformation due to non-simultaneous prestressing of several strands: Mt mt d
ng sut do bin dng tc thi ca b tng khi Ko cng cc cp
Loss due to concrete shrinkage: Mt mt do co ngt b tng
Lost due to relaxation of prestressing steel: Mt mt do t bin b tng
Low-grade concrete resistance: B tng mc thp

Member with minimum reinforcement: Cu kin c hm lng ct thp ti thiu
Method of concrete curing: Phng php dng h b tng
Mix proportion: T l pha trn hn hp b tng
Modular ratio: T s ca cc m dun n hi thp-b tng
Movable casting: Thit b di ng b tng

Normal weight concrete, Ordinary structural concrete: B tng trng lng thng thng

Of laminated steel: Bng thp cn
Overall depth of member: Chiu cao ton b ca cu kin
Over-reinforced concrete: B tng c qu nhiu ct thp

Parapet: Thanh nm ngang song song ca ro chn bo v trn cu (tay vn lan can cu)
Perimeter of bar: Chu vi thanh ct thp
Pile bottom level: Cao chn cc
Pile foundation: Mng cc
Plain concrete, Unreinforced concrete: B tng khng ct thp

Plaster: Thch cao
Porosity: xp rng (ca b tng)
Portland-cement, Portland concrete: B tng ximng
Posttensioning (apres betonage): Phng php Ko cng sau khi b tng
Precast concrete pile: Cc b tng c sn

Precast concrete: B tng c sn
Precasting Yard: Xng c sn kt cu b tng
Prestressed concrete pile: Cc b tng ct thp d ng lc
Prestressed concrete: B tng ct thp d ng lc
Prestressing bed: B ko cng ct thp d ng lc

Prestressing teel strand: Cp thp d ng lc
Pretensioning (avant betonage): Phng php Ko cng trc khi b tng
Protection against corrosion: Bo v ct thp chng r
Protective concrete cover: Lp b tng bo h
Pumping concrete: B tng bm

Railing load: Ti trng lan can
Railing: Lan can trn cu
Rebound number: S bt ny trn sng th b tng
Reedle vibrator: m di ( m b tng)
Reinforced concrete beam: Dm b tng ct thp

Reinforced concrete: B tng ct thp thng
Removal of the concrete cover: Bc lp b tng bo h
Renforced concrete bridge: Cu b tng ct thp thng
Retarder: Ph gia chm ha cng b tng
Rubber bearing, neoprene bearing: Gi cao su


Sand concrete: B tng ct
Sandlight weight concrete: B tng nh c ct
Segregation: Phn tng khi b tng
Shear carried by concrete: Lc ct do phn b tng chu

Sheet pile: Cc vn, cc vn thp
Slab reinforced in both directions: Bn t ct thp hai hng
Sliding agent: Cht bi trn ct thp d ng lc
Slump: st (hnh nn) ca b tng
Spalled concrete: B tng b tch lp (b bc lp)

Span/depth ratio: T l chiu di nhp trn chiu cao dm
Sprayed concrete, Shotcrete,: B tng phun
Steel H pile: Cc thp hnh H
Steel percentage: Hm lng thp trong b tng ct thp
Steel pipe filled with: ng thp nhi b tng

Steel pipe pile, tubular steel pile: Cc ng thp
Stirrup,link,lateral tie: Ct thp ai (dng thanh)
Stud shear connector: Neo kiu inh (ca dm thp lin hp b tng)
Superelevation: Siu cao

Tamping: m b tng cho cht
Tensile strength at days age: Cng chu ko ca b tng ngy
Tension zone in concrete: Khu vc chu Ko ca b tng
Tensioning (tensioning operation): Cng tc ko cng ct thp
Test cube, cube: Mu th khi vung b tng
Twist step of a cable: Bc xon ca si thp trong b xon

Unbonded tendon: Ct thp d ng lc khng dnh bm vi b tng
Un*****ed concrete section: Mt ct b tng cha b nt
Unfilled tubular steel pile: Cc ng thp khng lp lng

Vertical clearance: Chiu cao tnh khng
Vertical-tie: Neo dng thanh thng ng ni phn b tng ct thp khc nhau
Viaduct: Cu c tr cao

Wet guniting: Phun b tng t