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THE BEHAVIORIST THEORY

BY: JESSABELLE P. ESPINA


WHAT ISBEHAVIORISM?
-is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning.
Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment.
Behaviorists believe that our responses to environmental stimuli shapes our behaviors.
IMPORTANT PEOPLE IN BEHAVIORISM

Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) - did the experiment with the dogs. came up with the theory of classical
conditioning.

B.F. Skinner (1904-1990 - developed the theory of operant conditioning. operant conditioning is
the use of consequences to modify the occurrence and form of behavior.

John B. Watson- the little albert experiment. he gets credit for establishing the psychological
school of behaviorism.

Banduras focus was on social learning to see why it is that skinners theory is true for humans
and why we respond well to motivators.Observational modeling: watching something and then
mimicking best behavior.
Behaviorist Ideas!

Pavlovs Dog Experiment (1849-1936)

Ivan Pavlov Did a famous experiment that demonstrates the theory of classical conditioning (or
respondent conditioning).

Every time Pavlov would bring put out the dogs food he would ring a bell.

After doing this for a certain period of time, Pavlov would ring the bell without presenting food.
The dogs would salivate just from the sound of the bell.
The connection the dogs made between the bell ringing and the food, caused the dogs to
associate the two, so they responded to the bell even without the presence of the food.
B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) conducted experiments with pigeons through operant conditioning.
Pigeons are rewarded when behaving in desired manor. Pigeons eventually taught to dance and
bowl. Believed that behavior is shaped on positive/negative reinforcement received.
Reinforcement is a powerful motivator
banduras focus was on social learning to see why it is that skinners theory is true for humans
and why we respond well to motivators
observational modeling: watching something and then mimicking the observed behavior
Educational applications
without technology:
1. Encourage good behavior
2. Use positive reinforcement (motivators) to reward those students who follow instructions
3. Show other students they can earn the same rewards for good behaviors
4. Give the children who do not have good behavior the chance to do so and receive a motivator
Educational applications
with technology:

1. Let children use the computer programs that allow them to succeed or do well
2. Reward good grades with extra computer time
3.Loan out educational dvds to students who have good behavior throughout the week