You are on page 1of 4

RUJUKAN

Adewale, J. G. 2009. Effectiveness of Non-Formal Education Programs in Nigeria: How


Competent Are the Learners in Life Skills. Australian Journal of Adult Learning 49(1):
190-207.

Anne, M., Cox-Petersen, David, D., Marsh, J.K. & Leah, M.M. 2003. Investigation of
guided school tours, student learning, and science reform recommendations at a
museum of natural history. Journal of Research in Science Teaching 40: 200218.

Azer, S. A. 2005. Challenges Facing PBL Tutors: 12 Tips for Successful Group
Facilitation. Medical Teacher 27(8): 676-681.

Bernhardsson, N. & Lattke, S. 2011. Core Competencies of Adult Learning
Facilitators in Europe. German Institute for Adult Education.

Chin, K. 2010. Exploring Facilitators Beliefs About Human Rights Education: Evidence of
Universal and Local Influences. Human Rights Education Associates, Inc.

Chua Yan Piew. 2006. Kaedah dan statistik penyelidikan. Selangor: McGraw Hill
Malaysia Sdn. Bhd.

Cox-Petersen, A. M., Marsh, D. D., Kiesel, J. & Melber, L. M. 2003. Investigation of
Guided School Tours, Student Learning and Science Reform Recommendations at a
Museum of Natural History. Journal of Research in Science Teaching 40(2): 200-218.

Dillon, J., Morris, M., ODonnell, L., Reid, A., Rickinson, M. & Scott, W. 2005.
Engaging and Learning with the Outdoors the Final Report of the Outdoor Classroom
in a Rural Context Action Research Project. National Foundation for Education
Research.

Dyment, J. 2005. Green school grounds as sites for outdoor learning: barriers and
opportunities. International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education
14(1): 28-45.

Ebershn, L., Ferreira-Prvost, J. & Maree, J. G. 2007. Exploring Facilitation Skills
in Transdisciplinary Teamwork. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth 13:
257-284.

Eshach, H. 2007. Bridging in-school and out of school learning: Formal, non-formal and
informal education. Journal of Science Education and Technology 16(2): 171190.

Falk, J.H. & Dierking, L.D. 1997. School Field Trips: Assessing Their Long-Term
Impact. Washington, DC: Whalesback Books.

Falk, J.H., Scott, C., Dierking, L.D., Rennie, L. & Cohen-Jones, M. 2004. Interactives and
visitor learning. Curator 47: 171 198.

Fatin Aliah Phang, Mohd Salleh Abu & Mohammad Bilal Ali. 2012. Faktor Penyumbang
Kepada Kemerosotan Penyertaan Pelajar Dalam Aliran Sains: Satu Analisis Sorotan
Tesis. Seminar Majlis Dekan Pendidikan IPTA 2012. Anjuran The Zon Regency, Johor
Bahru, Johor, 7 - 9 October 2012.

Frankael, J. R. & Wallen, N. W. 1994. How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education.
Ed.Ke-2. New York: McGraw Hill Inc.

Grenier, R. S. 2005. How Museum Docents Develop Expertise. Tesis Ph.D, The
Graduate Faculty, The University of Georgia.

Jamil Ahmad. 2002. Pemupukan budaya penyelidikan dalam kalangan guru sekolah:
Satu penilaian. Tesis Dr. Fal. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Kahn, T. M. & Rockman, S. 2002. Leveraging San Francisco Bay Area Science-
Technology Museums and Other Informal Science Education Programs as a Key
Educational Resource for Student Learning and Teacher Professional Development.
The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Menlo Park, CA.

Kamisah Osman, Zanaton Haji Iksan, Lilia Halim. 2007. Sikap Terhadap Sains Dan Sikap
Saintifik Di Kalangan Pelajar Sains. Jurnal Pendidikan 32(3): 39-60.
Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia (KPM). 2012. Laporan Awal Pelan Pembangunan
Pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025.

Kidd, A.H. & Kidd, R.M. 1997. Characteristics and motivations of docents in wildlife
education. Psychological Reports 81: 383-387.

Kolb, J. A. 2004. Initial contracting issues in small group facilitation. Industrial and
Commercial Training 36(5): 207209.

Kolb, J. A., Jin, S. & Song, J. H. 2008. A Model of Small Group Facilitator Competencies.
Performance Improvement Quarterly 21(2): 119-133.

Hunter, D. & Thorpe, S. 2005. Facilitator Values and Ethics Dlm. The IAF Handbook of
Group Facilitation. http://elena.ait.ac.nz/homepages/phd-
students/stetho09/docs/IAF_book_chapter.pdf [9 November 2012].

Lyons, T. & Quinn, F. 2010. Choosing Science: Understanding the Declines in Senior High
School Science Enrolments. University of New England.




Mirrahmi, S. Z., Tawil, N. M., Abdullah, N. A. G., Surat, M. & Usman, I. M. S. 2011.
Developing Conducive Sustainable Outdoor Learning: The Impact of Natural
Environment on Learning, Social and Emotional Intelligence. The 2nd International
Building Control Conference 2011, hlm. 389-396.

Mohd. Azhar Abd. Hamid, Muhammed Fauzi Othman, Zainudin Hassan & Othman A.
Kassim. 2003. Pendidikan Bukan Formal (PBF) Di Malaysia: Cabaran Dan Hala Tuju
Wawasan 2020. Seminar Kebangsaan Memperkasakan Sistem Pendidikan. Anjuran
Hotel Puteri Pan Pacific, Johor Bahru, 19-21 Oktober 2003.

National Research Council. 1996. National Science Education Standards. Washington, DC:
National Academy Press.

Nicol, R. & Higgins, P., 2002. Nature and People: Current Outdoor Education Practice
in Scotland and its Potential for Environmental Education. International Conference on
Nature & People, Scottish Natural Heritage, Pitlochry, November 2002.

Nor Fadzila Aziz & Ismail Said. 2011. The Trends and Influential Factors of Childrens Use of
Outdoor Environments: A Review. Asian Journal of environment-Behaviour studies
2(5): 67-79.

Paulsen, D. 2004. Leadership Essentials: Facilitation Skills for Improving Group
Effectiveness. SIGUCCS '04 Proceedings of the 32nd annual ACM SIGUCCS fall
conference, hlm. 153-160.

Rickinson, M., Dillon, J., Teamey, K., Morris, M., Choi, M. Y. & Sanders, D. 2004. A
Review of Research on Outdoor Learning: Slough: National Foundation for Educational
Research and Kings College London.

Roberts, L. 1997. From Knowledge to Narrative: Educators and The Changing Museum.
Washington D.C.: Smithsonion Instsitution Press

Roberts, T. G., & Dyer, J. E. (2004). Characteristics of effective agriculture teachers. Journal of
Agricultural Education, 45(4), 82-95.

Roberts, T. G., Dooley, K. E., Harlin, J. F. & Murphrey, T. P. 2006. Competencies and Traits
of Successful Agricultural Science Teachers. Journal of Career and Technical Education
22(2): 1-11.

Schwarz, R. 2005. The Skilled Facilitator Approach. Dlm. The skilled facilitator fieldbook:
Tips, tools, and tested methods for consultants, facilitators, managers, trainers, and
coache.
http://books.google.com.my/books?id=9eHf_QoGY1MC&pg=PA3&source=gbs_toc_r&
cad=4#v=onepage&q&f=false [12 Oktober 2012]


Shulman, L. 1987. Knowledge-base and teaching: foundations of the new reform. Harvard
Educational Review 57/1: 1-22.

Stamer, D. H. 2008. An Artist in Budapest: Building a Docent Program and
Connecting Museums, Galleries, Artists, and Viewers. Ludwig Museum of
Contemporary Art.

Taylor. 2006. Teaching Emotional Intelligence: Making Informed Choices. IL:: SkyLight
Training and Publishing Inc.

Thomas, G. 2005. Dimensions of facilitator Education. Dlm. Sandy Schuman (Ed.), The IAF
Handbook of Group Facilitation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Thomas, G. 2010. Facilitator, Teacher, or Leader? Managing Conflicting Roles in Outdoor
Education. The Journal of Experiential Education 32(3): 239-254.

Thorpe, S. J. 2013. Towards Online Facilitator Competencies in Collaborative Higher
Learning Programmes. International Academic Collaborative Programmes. Anjuran
Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh University of Science, Ho Chi Minh City,
Vietnam.

Tran, L. 2007. Teaching Science in Museums: The Pedagogy and Goals of Museum Educators.
Science Education 91: 278

Zanaton Haji Iksan, Lilia Halim & Kamisah Osman. 2006. Sikap Terhadap Sains
Dalam Kalangan Pelajar Sains Di Peringkat Menengah Dan Matrikulasi. Pertanika J.
Soc. Sci. & Hum. 14(2): 131-147.