STUDENT NAME

STATE-DEVELOPED ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT

INSTRUCTIONAL LEVEL 5/6 WRITING INSTRUCTIONAL LEVEL 6 MATHEMATICS READING Administered Spring 2004

Copyright © 2004, Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. Reproduction of all or portions of this work is prohibited without express written permission from Texas Education Agency.

WRITING

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DIRECTIONS Read the passage. Then choose the answer that shows which word or words should go in each blank space.

SAMPLE A

Have you ever said to someone, “Don’t bug --(SA-1)--”? Did you think you were asking the person not to bother you the way bugs bother you? The saying, which asks people to leave you alone, is not about bugs at all. In fact, the word bug used in this way comes from a West African word. The word is bagu, and it means “to bother someone.” Over time, the word --(SA-2)-- part of the English saying.
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SA-1

A B C D*

I myself mine me

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SA-2

F G* H J

will become has become becomes is becoming

06AW06617GH99Sample-2

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DIRECTIONS Read the passage. You will see two underlined parts. Choose the answer that shows the best way to write each underlined part. If an underlined part should not be rewritten, choose “No mistake.”

SAMPLE B

Ramona’s uncle gave her a set of baseball cards that he had bought in 1985. One card was valuable. Because a player had broken an important batting (SB-1) record. Since the player had begun his career in 1985, many people wanted his card from that year. Ramona could have made a large amount of money by selling (SB-2) the card. She decided to keep it. She wanted to keep her uncle’s set complete.
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SB-1

A

One card was valuable a player had broken an important batting record. One card was valuable because a player had broken an important batting record. One card was valuable because a player had broken. An important batting record. No mistake

B*

C

D

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SB-2

F

Ramona could have made a large amount of money, and she could sell the card, and she could decide to keep it. Ramona could have made a large amount of money by selling the card, or she decided to keep it. Ramona could have made a large amount of money by selling the card, and Ramona decided to keep the card. Ramona could have made a large amount of money by selling the card, but she decided to keep it.

G

H

J*

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DIRECTIONS Read the passage. You will see two underlined parts. If an underlined part has a mistake in it, choose the answer that corrects the mistake. If the underlined part does not have a mistake in it, choose “No mistake.” SAMPLE C

Remember to look for spelling, capitalization, and punctuation mistakes.

Can you imagine building a bridge from grass? For more than 2,000 years, chinese workers have used bamboo, a kind of grass, as a building material. (SC-1) Bamboo can grow as much as three feet a day and can reach the height of a 10-story building. Layers of bamboo are nearly as strong as steel, even though (SC-2) they weigh very little. Yes, bridges have been built of grass!
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SC-1

A* B C D

Chinese worker’s bamboo No mistake

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SC-2

F G H J*

building? layers nerly No mistake

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DIRECTIONS Read each passage. Then choose the answer that shows which word or words should go in each blank space.

Paper wasps are jet black with --(1)-- yellow bands, pairs of spots, and orange wings. They build their nests from paperlike material. The female wasps chew wood and make --(2)-- into paste. The wasps use the paste to build a nest that resembles an upside-down umbrella.
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1 A* narrow B C D narrower narrowly narrowest

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2 F G

them her

H* it J him

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I didn’t want to go home after school yesterday. Mom was back from the hospital with Maria, my new baby sister. I was tired of hearing about how cute she was. As soon as I --(3)-- the door, I saw everyone standing around the little crib. Then I saw Maria. She looked just like --(4)--! Suddenly I realized that having a little sister might not be so bad after all.
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3 A

open

B* opened C D will open am opening

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4 F G H

my myself mine

J* me
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Carlos had not missed a day of school all year. Now his perfect attendance record was about to end. He had a fever and would have to stay home. Carlos was unhappy. He was surprised when his mother ran into his bedroom with a big smile on her face. She told --(5)--, “Carlos, I just heard on the radio that your school is closed today because the power is out. You --(6)-- a perfect attendance record!”
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5 A B C

he himself his

D* him
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6 F

still has

G* will still have H J was still having is still having

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Ron was the final swimmer in the relay. It was his job to keep the lead and win the race. He --(7)-- adjusted his goggles and leaned forward, ready to dive into the pool. Behind him, his teammates --(8)-- excitedly. Ron concentrated on Jack’s swim cap as it came closer and closer. At the exact moment that Jack’s fingers brushed the wall, Ron dove into the clear blue water.
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7 A* carefully B C D careful more careful most careful

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8 F G

was cheering is cheering

H* were cheering J has been cheering

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DIRECTIONS Read each passage. You will see two underlined parts. Choose the answer that shows the best way to write each underlined part. If an underlined part should not be rewritten, choose “No mistake.”

Have you ever seen a stick walking? If so, you were probably looking at a walkingstick, the world’s longest insect. Walkingsticks can be gray. They can also (9) be brown. These insects look like twigs with legs! When a walkingstick climbs a (10) tree.iIt blends in with the tree bark. In North America, these insects are from one-half inch to six inches long. However, in Asia, walkingsticks can be 12 inches long.
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9 A B C

Walkingsticks can be gray or also can be brown. After walkingsticks are gray, they can also be brown. Walkingsticks can be gray because they can also be brown.

D* Walkingsticks can be gray or brown.
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10 F

When a walkingstick climbs a tree, it blends in. With the tree bark. When a walkingstick climbing a tree and blending in with the tree bark.

G

H* When a walkingstick climbs a tree, it blends in with the tree bark. J No mistake

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Karen walked into the art room and looked around for Mrs. Garner. The art (11) teacher. Karen had arrived at school early to help set up the art exhibit in the auditorium. All the art students had entered their best work several local artists (12) were coming to judge the show. As Karen looked at all of the art, she knew the contest would be tough. She hoped that her painting would win a ribbon.
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11 A

Karen walked into the art room and looked around. For Mrs. Garner, the art teacher. Karen walked into the art room and looked around for Mrs. Garner she is the art teacher.

B

C* Karen walked into the art room and looked around for Mrs. Garner, the art teacher. D No mistake

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12 F

All the art students. They had entered their best work, and several local artists were coming to judge the show.

G* All the art students had entered their best work, and several local artists were coming to judge the show. H All the art students had entered their best work. Several local artists coming to judge the show. No mistake

J

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Softball and baseball are similar games, but they are not exactly alike. A softball team has ten players. A baseball team has only nine players. A softball is (13) larger and softer than a baseball. Also, softball pitchers throw underhand, and baseball pitchers throw overhand. Although softball and baseball are a little (14) different, both games are fun to play, both games are fun to watch, too.
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13 A

A softball team has ten players, since a baseball team has only nine players.

B* A softball team has ten players, but a baseball team has only nine. C A softball team and a baseball team have only ten and nine players. A softball team has ten players that are only nine players on a baseball team.

D

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14 F

Although softball and baseball are a little different, both games are fun. To play and to watch. Although softball and baseball are a little different. Both games are fun to play and watch, too.

G

H* Although softball and baseball are a little different, both games are fun to play and watch. J No mistake

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The body of an armadillo is covered with a hard shell that protects it from its enemies. Armadillos can swim underwater for up to 10 minutes. They can (15) run surprisingly fast. Armadillos also have a keen sense of smell. They dig with (16) their sharp claws, they can dig a burrow in just a few minutes. These are some of the characteristics that have helped the armadillo survive for 55 million years.
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15 A* Armadillos can swim underwater for up to 10 minutes and can run surprisingly fast. B Armadillos can swim underwater and can run surprisingly fast for up to 10 minutes. Armadillos can swim underwater for up to 10 minutes but can run surprisingly fast. Armadillos surprisingly can swim underwater for up to 10 minutes or can run fast.

C

D

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16 F

With their sharp claws. They can dig a burrow in just a few minutes. They dig with their sharp claws, and they can dig a burrow. In just a few minutes.

G

H* With their sharp claws they can dig a burrow in just a few minutes. J No mistake

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Anthony lived in the city and was excited about his first visit to Aunt Jane’s farm. When he arrived, the horses were waiting to be fed. He helped Aunt Jane (17) carry tubs of grain he also helped her carry bales of hay. He filled water buckets and cleaned stalls. He brushed the horses’ coats and combed their tails. Anthony couldn’t wait until the end of the day. Aunt Jane had promised to teach him how to (18) ride as soon as the chores were finished.
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17 A

He helped Aunt Jane carry tubs of grain. And bales of hay. He helped Aunt Jane carry. Tubs of grain and bales of hay.

B

C* He helped Aunt Jane carry tubs of grain and bales of hay. D No mistake

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18 F

Aunt Jane had promised. To teach him how to ride as soon as the chores were finished. Aunt Jane had promised to teach him how to ride. As soon as the chores were finished. Aunt Jane having promised to teach him how to ride as soon as the chores were finished.

G

H

J* No mistake
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DIRECTIONS Read each passage. You will see two underlined parts. If an underlined part has a mistake in it, choose the answer that corrects the mistake. If the underlined part does not have a mistake in it, choose “No mistake.”

Remember to look for spelling, capitalization, and punctuation mistakes.

Most of the grains that North American settlers used were brot from Europe. (19) Corn is different. No one knows where this tall grass came from because nobody has ever found a plant like corn growing wild. Historians know that people in south America and Mexico were growing corn before Columbus sailed to (20) America. For that reason some people think corn originally came from these geographical areas.
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19 A

settler’s

B* brought C D europe. No mistake

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20 F

peeple

G* South H J America, No mistake

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Remember to look for spelling, capitalization, and punctuation mistakes.

Rob had always wanted a dog. Robs parents decided he could adopt one. (21) However, when he went to the animal shelter, none of the dogs he saw seemed right for him. Most of them were fluffy puppys. Finally Rob reached the last cage. (22) The tag on the door said “Bouncer.” Rob knew as soon as he looked into the eyes of the strong, friendly dog that this was a dog who could play ball!
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21 A* Rob’s B C D Parents desided No mistake

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22 F

Fluffy

G* puppies. H J reeched No mistake

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Remember to look for spelling, capitalization, and punctuation mistakes.

Nova Scotia lies on the eastern shore, of Canada. This beautiful province has (23) strong ties to many nations. The first people living on the island were members of the Micmac tribe. Then settlers came from Scotland, France, Germany, and Switzerland. Following the American Revolution, some british people moved north to Nova (24) Scotia from the United States. The combination of all these cultures gives the island a unique heritage.
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Area of Enlargement

C

a

d na

a
Newf oundland

U

ed nit

St

e at

s
No

va

o Sc

tia

Atlantic Ocean
N W S E

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23 A* shore B C D canada. beatiful No mistake

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24 F

Folowing

G* British H J people, No mistake

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Remember to look for spelling, capitalization, and punctuation mistakes.

Marisa had just moved into her new house across the street from johnson (25) Middle School. She stood in her yard looking at the school. She saw plenty of students, but she did not know any of them. She took a deep breath and started walking toward the school. Just then she heard her name. “Hi, Marisa! Let’s walk together, her neighbor Joyce called out. Marisa smiled (26) and gladly joined her.
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25 A B

house, acros

C* Johnson D No mistake

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26 F* together,” G H J neighber joyce No mistake

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Remember to look for spelling, capitalization, and punctuation mistakes.

Although Venus is not the planet closest to the sun, it is the hottest. Scientists (27) think that Venus once had many volcanoes. These volcanoes left behind a gas called carbon dioxide. Thick clouds of carbon dioxide now cover the planet like a blanket. This blanket traps the sun’s heat close to the planet’s surface. Can you guess how hot the surface of Venus is. The average temperature is 900 degrees (28) Fahrenheit.
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27 A B C

sun hotest. scientists

D* No mistake
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28 F G

geuss Surface

H* is? J No mistake

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BE SURE ALL OF THE ANSWERS ARE

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RECORDED ON THE ANSWER DOCUMENT.

There are both good and bad things about spending time watching television. Write a composition for your teacher explaining both what is good about spending time watching television and what is bad about it. Be sure to write about your ideas in detail.
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BE SURE THE COMPOSITION IS WRITTEN ON

Page 38

THE TWO LINED PAGES ON THE ANSWER DOCUMENT.

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Page 42

MATHEMATICS

Page 43

DIRECTIONS Read each question and choose the best answer.

SAMPLE A

Mr. Smith mailed 82 letters on Monday and 31 letters on Tuesday. Find the number of letters Mr. Smith mailed in all.

82
A B C 51 95 111

31

D* 113
04AM-SAMPLE99

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MATHEMATICS CHART
FORMULA CHART

Perimeter Circumference Area

square rectangle circle square rectangle triangle trapezoid circle

P = 4s P = 2(l + w) C = 2πr A = s A = lw or A = bh A = A = bh 2
2

1 (b + b 2 )h 2 1 2 A = πr

Volume

cube rectangular prism

V = s3 V = lwh

MEASUREMENT CONVERSIONS
METRIC Length 1 kilometer = 1000 meters 1 meter = 100 centimeters 1 centimeter = 10 millimeters CUSTOMARY 1 mile = 1760 yards 1 mile = 5280 feet 1 yard = 3 feet 1 foot = 12 inches 1 gallon = 4 quarts 1 gallon = 128 ounces 1 quart = 2 pints 1 pint = 2 cups 1 cup = 8 ounces 1 ton = 2000 pounds 1 pound = 16 ounces 1 year = 12 months 1 year = 52 weeks 1 year = 365 days 1 week = 7 days 1 day = 24 hours 1 hour = 60 minutes 1 minute = 60 seconds

Volume and Capacity

1 liter = 1000 milliliters

Weight and Mass Time

1 kilogram = 1000 grams 1 gram = 1000 milligrams

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1 An angle that measures 110° is —

110°

A B

a straight angle a right angle

C* an obtuse angle D an acute angle

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2 Megan’s Dress Shop has 0.25 of its dresses on sale. How is this number expressed as a fraction? 25 100 2 5 10 100 25 250 10

F*

G

H

J

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3 The graph shows the average high temperatures in July for 4 counties.

Average High Temperature in July
104°F 100°F 96°F 92°F

Temperature

88°F 84°F 80°F

Barns

Dome

Elm

Fogg

County Which chart shows the same information as the graph above?

Average High Temperature in July
County Temperature
94°F 86°F 82°F 103°F Barns Dome Elm Fogg

Average High Temperature in July
County Temperature
93°F 84°F 81°F 101°F Barns Dome Elm Fogg

A

C

Average High Temperature in July
County Temperature
96°F 88°F 81°F 99°F Barns Dome Elm Fogg
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Average High Temperature in July
County Temperature
96°F 88°F 82°F 102°F Barns Dome Elm Fogg

B

D*

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4 What are the coordinates of point P in the square?

y 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1

P

Q

N
2 3 4

M
5 6 7

x

F G H

(5, 4) (4, 2) (4, 5)

J* (2, 4)
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5 Vicki’s driveway is 60 feet long. How many yards long is Vicki’s driveway? [1 yard = 3 feet] A B 180 yd 30 yd

C* 20 yd D 10 yd

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6 In which list are the numbers all factors of 36? F* 3, 6, 9 G H J 4, 9, 13 6, 8, 12 3, 6, 10

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7 The chart shows the lengths of the sides and the perimeters of some equilateral triangles.

Equilateral Triangles
Length of Side
6 cm 9 cm 12 cm 15 cm

Perimeter
18 cm 27 cm 36 cm 45 cm

Which equation shows how to find p, the perimeter of an equilateral triangle, when 1 side measures 21 centimeters? A p = 21 + 3 p = 21 + 9 p = 21 ÷ 3

B* p = 21 × 3 C D

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8 There were 4 news magazines, 3 sports magazines, 2 fashion magazines, and 1 computer magazine on a table. Rob chose a magazine without looking. What is the probability that he chose a sports magazine?

F

1 10 1 6 1 5 3 10

G

H

J*

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9 The diagram shows a circle that has a radius of 15 millimeters.

15 mm

What is the diameter of the circle? A 45 mm

B* 30 mm C D 15 mm 7.5 mm

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10 At 6:00 A.M. on a spring day, the temperature was 52°F. By 1:00 P.M. the temperature was 71°F. How many degrees did the temperature rise? F G H 71°F 48°F 29°F

J* 19°F
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11 In a survey 100 people chose their favorite flavor from 3 flavors of ice cream. The table shows the results.

Favorite Ice-Cream Flavors
Flavor Vanilla Peach Chocolate Number of People 33 20 47

Which graph best represents the information from the table above?

Favorite Ice-Cream Flavors

Favorite Ice-Cream Flavors

Vanilla A

Chocolate Chocolate C Vanilla Peach

Peach

Favorite Ice-Cream Flavors
Peach

Favorite Ice-Cream Flavors

Chocolate B* Vanilla Chocolate D Vanilla Peach

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12 Look at parallelogram KLMN. Angle K measures 65°.

N

K

M

L

What is the measure of angle M? F G 25° 35°

H* 65° J 115°

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13 In which group are all the ratios equal to 5 to 6? A* 10 to 12 B C D 10 to 12 10 to 12 8 to 12 15 to 18 15 to 18 15 to 30 15 to 18 20 to 24 25 to 32 20 to 24 20 to 24

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14 Jo slept from 8 P.M. to 10 A.M. How many hours did she sleep? F* 14 h G H J 12 h 8h 2h

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15 At Suzy’s party 35% of the children were boys. What decimal represents 35%? A B C 35.0 3.50 3.05

D* 0.35
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16 Which is the greatest common factor of 18 and 24? F G 2 3

H* 6 J 8

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17 A string of beads is 54 centimeters long. What is the length in millimeters of the string of beads? [1 centimeter = 10 millimeters] A 5,400 mm

B* 540 mm C D 5.4 mm 0.54 mm

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18 The grades for Jared’s last 5 math tests were 88, 92, 80, 96, and 99. What is the median grade for the 5 tests? F 99

G* 92 H J 88 80

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19 In Flowerville 1 out of every 7 buses is a school bus. At this rate, if there are 84 buses in Flowerville, how many are school buses? A B C 7 9 11

D* 12
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20 Mr. Roberts is a pilot. He recorded his average speed in miles per hour for each of 4 flights last week. Which list shows these speeds in order from least to greatest? F G 565 mph 561 mph 651 mph 516 mph 561 mph 565 mph 516 mph 651 mph 565 mph 561 mph 561 mph 565 mph 651 mph 516 mph

H* 516 mph J 651 mph

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21 Kit’s hair reached 4

2 1 inches below her shoulders. She had 3 inches cut off. 3 2 3 Then she let her hair grow 2 inches more. Which number sentence can be 4 used to find how far her hair reaches below her shoulders now?

A* 4

2 1 3 − 3 + 2 = 3 2 4 2 1 3 − 3 − 2 = 3 2 4 1 3 2 + 2 − 4 = 2 4 3 1 2 3 + 4 − 2 = 2 3 4

B

4

C

3

D

3

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22 The table shows the price of some supplies Frank needs for school.

School Supplies
Item Notebook Pen Price $1.50 $0.60

Which equation can be used to find p, the total price of these school supplies if Frank buys 3 notebooks and 2 pens? F* p = 3(1.50) + 2(0.60) G H J p = (3 + 2) × (1.50 + 0.60) p = 3(1.50 + 0.60) × 2 p = 3(2) × (1.50 − 0.60)

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23 Mateo had 76 extra cards in his football card collection. He gave 22 of these cards to his brother. Then he divided the remaining extra cards equally among 6 of his friends. Which equation can be used to find F, the number of football cards Mateo gave each friend? F = (76 − 22) × 6

A

B

F = (76 ÷ 6) − 22 22 6

C

F = 76 +

D* F = (76 − 22) ÷ 6
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24 Sweets Candy Store sold 75 candy bars yesterday. The graph shows how many of each kind of candy bar were sold.

Candy Bar Sales
50 40

Number of Candy Bars

30 20 10 0 Coconut Peanut Caramel Almond

Kind of Candy Bar

According to information in the graph, how many peanut and almond candy bars were sold yesterday? F G H 10 30 40

J* 50
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25 Kevin sells 15 to 18 hot dogs per inning at a baseball game. At this rate, which could be the total number of hot dogs Kevin could sell in 9 innings? A 200

B* 150 C D 50 25

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26 Peter took a science test that had 60 questions. He answered 16 of the first 20 questions correctly. At this rate, which proportion can be used to find a, the number of questions Peter answered correctly on the whole test? 16 a F* 20 = 60 G a 20 = 60 16 20 = 16 a 60 16 = 60 20 a

H

J

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27 Henry poured 2

1 3 cups of orange juice into a container. Next he added 3 cups 3 4 1 of peach juice to the container. Then he poured out 1 cups of the juice 5 mixture. Which equation can be used to find m, the number of cups of juice

mixture that remained in the container?

A

m = 2

1 1 3 + 1 − 3 3 5 4 3 1 1 + 1 + 2 4 5 3 3 1 1 + 1 − 2 4 5 3 1 3 1 + 3 − 1 3 4 5

B

m = 3

C

m = 3

D* m = 2
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28 A recipe for tomato sauce uses from 2 to 3 quarts of canned tomatoes per jar. Tabitha plans to make 5 jars of sauce. Which could be the total amount of canned tomatoes she will use? F 23 qt

G* 12 qt H J 8 qt 3 qt

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29 Joanna’s heart beats 78 times per minute. Which is the best estimate of how many times her heart will beat in 1 hour?

1 hour = 60 minutes

A

4,200

B* 4,800 C D 7,000 8,000

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30 The table shows the number of take-out orders placed at the Pancake Shop on 5 days last week.

Take-Out Orders
Day Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Number of Orders 9 17 12 8 22

Altogether, how many take-out orders were placed on Monday and Friday? F G H 9 13 22

J* 31
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31 A grocer orders 3 boxes of chocolate chip cookies out of every 11 boxes of cookies he orders. If he orders 220 boxes of cookies, which proportion can be used to find n, the number of boxes of chocolate chip cookies?

A*

3 n = 11 220 11 n = 3 220 n 3 = 220 14 n 14 = 220 3

B

C

D

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32 Mr. Jackson heated stew for his family’s dinner. He used 4 cans that each contained 475 milliliters of stew. Which is the best estimate of how many liters of stew Mr. Jackson heated? [1 liter = 1,000 milliliters] F* 2 L G H J 4L 8L 16 L

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33 During gym class Sandra ran 60 meters in 6.87 seconds. Kate ran the same distance in 6.35 seconds. How much faster was Kate than Sandra? A B 0.26 sec 0.42 sec

C* 0.52 sec D 0.55 sec

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34 A candle maker made 108 candles. The candles will be packaged in boxes of 6 each. How many boxes can he fill? F 16

G* 18 H J 102 114

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35 Tony used 3 pieces of wood to make a model ship. The lengths of the pieces were 57.1 centimeters, 85.3 centimeters, and 72 centimeters. What was the total length of the pieces of wood that Tony used? A B C 149.6 cm 157.3 cm 204.4 cm

D* 214.4 cm
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36 A travel agency ran a special on tickets for a cruise priced at $840 per person. The agency sold 22 tickets for the cruise. How much money did the travel agency collect from the sale of these tickets? F $18,964

G* $18,480 H J $17,480 $3,360

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37 Last year Mr. Glass picked 31.8 pounds of corn, 42 pounds of squash, and 17.25 pounds of green beans from his garden. What was the total weight of the vegetables he picked? A* 91.05 lb B C D 80.05 lb 59.25 lb 20.85 lb

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38 McKinley School was planning a trip to a museum for 184 students. The school principal organized the students into groups of 8. How many groups of students were there? F 32

G* 23 H J 20 16

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39 Gini bought a pair of pants for $27.92, including tax. The next week she saw the same pants on sale for $22.87, including tax. How much more did Gini pay than the sale price? A B $50.79 $5.15

C* $5.05 D $4.05

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40 The Atlantic Supply Company has 41 sales representatives. Each traveled 559 miles to a business meeting. Altogether, how many miles did the sales representatives travel? F G H 2,795 mi 20,619 mi 22,819 mi

J* 22,919 mi
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41 The Kwan family took a car trip last summer. The chart shows how many kilometers they drove each day.

The Kwans’ Car Trip
Day
Friday Saturday Sunday Monday

Kilometers Driven
426.25 397.6 438.17 255.4

How many kilometers in all did the Kwan family drive during these 4 days? A B C 929.72 km 1,396.32 km 1,496.42 km

D* 1,517.42 km
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42 A bicycle factory made 7,146 bicycles in 9 weeks. The same number of bicycles were made each week. What was the total number of bicycles made each week? F G 714 727

H* 794 J 817

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43 A scientist used 72.08 grams of a chemical mixture in an experiment. After he heated the mixture, it had a mass of 54.68 grams. How much greater was the mass of the mixture before it was heated? A* 17.40 g B C D 18.60 g 28.40 g 28.60 g

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44 Ms. Goldblum bought some balloons for the grand opening of her flower shop. She bought 26 bags of balloons, and each bag contained 32 balloons. How many balloons did Ms. Goldblum buy? F 884

G* 832 H J 822 58

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BE SURE ALL OF THE ANSWERS ARE

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READING

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DIRECTIONS Read each passage. Then read each question about the passage. Choose the best answer to each question. SAMPLE A

Blue Jays
No matter where you live, you’ve probably seen blue jays. These birds used to live mostly in forests. Now many of them live in our cities, too. From bill to tail, a blue jay is about one foot long. Its wings and tail are bright blue with black and white lines. The rest of its feathers are light gray or blue. Around its neck is a thin black band. On top of its head, blue and black feathers stick up like a little hat. Blue jays are noisy birds. They are part of the crow family. They don’t sing sweetly like many birds do. They squawk loudly! Blue jays have strong bills. This helps them eat many foods. They like to eat bugs, fruits, and nuts. They even eat other birds’ eggs. When other birds hear a blue jay coming, they know it’s time to protect their nests!
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SA-1 In this story, the word squawk means — A B C* D eat too much food fly very quickly make a loud noise protect their nests

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SA-2

Blue jays used to live mostly — F* G H J in forests by the sea in cities in deserts

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Digging for Buried Treasure
It was hard for the students of Elmwood School to hear their teachers speak. Construction work was going on across the street. First the old store was knocked down. Then dump trucks carried away the debris. When the wreckage was gone, a bulldozer came. Suddenly all the activity stopped. Mr. Nagano and his students turned toward the window. They were thankful that the racket had ceased. The workers stood in a circle, and the bulldozer sat silently idle.

The Dig Begins
On Saturday Adelita and her mother joined others to help Dr. Carstens. Adelita was given a big sieve to use. It looked like a round plate with holes in the bottom. She scooped up some dirt and let it fall through the holes. Nothing remained. Patiently, Adelita took more dirt and did the same thing. Something silver began to emerge. As more dirt was removed, she saw that it was a spoon! “Dr. Carstens, look!” she exclaimed. Adelita’s heart was pounding. Dr. Carstens looked at the spoon, handling it carefully. “This is beautiful,” she said. “Do you see that mark? It means this spoon was made in Germany over 300 years ago. German immigrants probably lost it on their way west.” Adelita gently touched the spoon. She could imagine a mother feeding her baby with it. “It really is a treasure,” she said. “It certainly is,” agreed Dr. Carstens. Adelita was excited to learn that a museum would be built on the land where she had found the spoon. Then she could find out more about the interesting pioneers.
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The Archaeologists Arrive
The next day the bulldozer was gone, and a different group of workers appeared. One of the students, Adelita, asked who the workers were. Mr. Nagano explained that they were archaeologists. “These scientists dig for a special kind of buried treasure,” he said. “We’ll attend an assembly this afternoon. Dr. Sofie Carstens will tell you all about the new activities across the street.” That afternoon the archaeologist told the students that her job was to uncover evidence of the way people lived long ago. Yesterday workers had found evidence that pioneers had stopped in the area. It was a good place to rest because the nearby river had provided water and the elm trees had protected the travelers from the hot sun. “I would like to invite you and your families to help us on Saturday,” Dr. Carstens said.

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1 This story is mostly about — A B the machines used in construction projects becoming an archaeologist

3 Dr. Carstens believed the spoon was from German immigrants because — A B C she had already found a plate the spoon was 300 years old Adelita found the spoon in the dirt

C* discovering treasures from long ago D German immigrants on their way west

D* the spoon had a mark on it
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2 Which of these is the best SUMMARY of this passage? F* When workers find an archaeological site, students at Elmwood School help with the dig. G Teachers and students at Elmwood School attend an assembly to hear a talk about buried treasure. German pioneers stopped by a nearby river and rested under the elm trees over 300 years ago. Adelita is excited to learn that a museum will be built on the land where she found the spoon.

4 The author probably believes that — F* it is important to remember and learn about the people who lived in the past G new buildings are wonderful because they mean that progress is occurring because the past is over, we should think only of the present and the future buried objects should be left in the ground out of respect for past cultures

H

H

J

J

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Summer Job
LaTisha and Mike were excited when they passed their lifeguard certification tests. Now they could get the summer jobs they had dreamed of. They hoped to be lifeguards at the community pool. The two friends visited the recreation office at the town hall to learn about available positions. Mrs. Santos, the director of recreation, gave them this information sheet.
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Community Pool Lifeguard — Job Description and Responsibilities
The community pool is open for recreational swimming, lap swimming, and other programs from May 25 to August 12. During those months lifeguards are employed to supervise and safeguard swimmers. In addition to keeping swimmers safe, lifeguards are also responsible for other duties. The recreation department is currently seeking qualified applicants for four lifeguard positions. These positions pay $8.00 an hour. Application forms are available at the recreation office in the town hall. Applications must be submitted by April 5. Qualified candidates will be called for interviews the week of April 10. Those selected will be notified by mail by April 27. Qualifications 1. All applicants must be at least 16 years old. 2. All applicants must have current certification in lifeguarding and standard first aid. 3. One year of experience as a lifeguard is preferred but not required. Requirements 1. Lifeguards must report for duty at least 10 minutes before their shift begins. 2. Lifeguards are expected to enforce all community pool rules and policies. 3. It is mandatory that all lifeguards participate in supervised swims. No one is permitted to miss these training sessions. Duties It is each lifeguard’s responsibility to: • supervise the pool area and inspect all equipment each day • report and document all accidents • clear and secure the pool at closing time • supervise one session of swimming lessons each week

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5 In this passage, the word safeguard means to — A B count question

7 The reader can tell from the passage that a good lifeguard is probably — A* responsible B C D a lot of fun younger than 16 unhappy

C* protect D teach

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6 The information sheet is mostly about — F G H recreational swimming at the community pool programs run by the town recreation department first-aid and lifeguard certification

8 In this passage, the word mandatory means — F* required G H J useful dangerous allowed

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J* summer lifeguard positions at the community pool
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Coral Reefs
A coral reef is an interesting structure located in a warm, shallow part of the ocean. It is a beautiful world of shape and motion. Sunshine pours in through the ocean’s surface, brightly illuminating the colorful scene. Many amazing plants and animals live in this underwater world. Fish swim through colorful rocky shapes, and crabs move in and out of caves.

The Barrier Reef
Reefs that are farther out from shore are called barrier reefs. The water that lies between a barrier reef and the shore is a shallow pond called a lagoon. The Great Barrier Reef is located off the northeast coast of Australia and is about 1,250 miles long. Its distance from the shoreline ranges from 10 to 150 miles. (See Figure B.)

How is a coral reef made?
A coral reef is made by tiny animals called polyps. They discharge a substance from their bodies that hardens into limestone and forms their outside covering. Each polyp attaches itself to other polyps, adding other layers to the structure. The structure continues to grow upward until it becomes the base of a new coral reef. The three main types of coral reefs are the fringing reef, the barrier reef, and the atoll.

The Atoll
The third kind of reef is called an atoll. This kind of reef forms islands in places where it rises above the ocean’s surface. An atoll has a horseshoe or circular shape. Its lagoon is in the center and always has at least one place where it is connected to the open ocean. Ocean water flows through this space, keeping the lagoon’s water fresh. The Marshall Islands, in the South Pacific Ocean, consist of many atolls. (See Figure C.) All coral reefs are important parts of our environment that continue to provide homes for many plants and animals.
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The Fringing Reef
A fringing reef is either connected to the shore or very close to it. It has a flat surface that appears at or below sea level. As it extends outward from the shore, it drops off into deeper water. It is usually divided into sections by channels of water, and it has a raised rim. There are many fringing reefs in the Hawaiian Islands. (See Figure A.)

;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;;
Reef
Land

;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;;
Re ef
Lagoo n
Land

;;;;;;; ;; ;;;;;;;; ;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;; ;; ;
R
f ee

oon Lag

Figure A: Fringing Reef

Figure B: Barrier Reef

Figure C: Atoll

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9 In this passage, the word illuminating means — A seeing

11 This passage is mostly about — A plants and animals that live in an underwater world

B* lighting C D hiding cooling

B* the three main types of coral reefs and how a reef is made C D the importance of protecting coral reefs around the world lagoons in the South Pacific Ocean

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10 Where is the Great Barrier Reef located? F* Off the northeast coast of Australia G H J Near the Marshall Islands In the South Pacific Ocean Among the Hawaiian Islands

12 A coral reef is made when — F fresh water flows through a lagoon

G* layers of limestone are added to form a base H J rocky shapes are divided into sections by channels a circular shape rises above the ocean’s surface

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Saving the Day
Steven and Beverly had been friends forever and enjoyed sharing many activities. They lived in the same apartment building and always walked home from school together. They were often mistaken for brother and sister. “Beverly,” people would say, “is the talkative and outgoing one. Steven is quiet and thoughtful.” No one was surprised when Beverly got the leading role in the school play, The Princess. Her classmate Marco Saltini got the role of King Harold. Steven didn’t try out for the play. He simply couldn’t imagine standing on the stage, pretending to be someone else with all those people watching. Steven admired Beverly’s courage. After school in the auditorium, Beverly had practice three days a week. Steven attended all of the practices. He thought it was quite impressive that a group of people with a script could put an entire play together in just a few weeks. The process was more wonderful to him than the actual performance. While the actors practiced, Steven sat in the school auditorium reading or doing homework. Even when he wasn’t consciously paying attention to the play, he often found himself saying the lines in his head. Then one day Mr. Chung, the drama teacher, was pacing up and down the aisles. “You’ve been here all along, haven’t you?” he asked Steven. “Yes. I’ve enjoyed watching,” replied Steven. “Marco is ill,” Mr. Chung said. “He’ll be fine, but he has a sore throat and can’t talk.” Mr. Chung handed a script to Steven. “Will you play the part of King Harold?” When Steven looked at Beverly, she smiled and nodded. Silently she was saying, “You can do it, Steven!” He decided to take a chance. “Okay,” said Steven. The students cheered as he walked onto the stage. They helped him put on the cape and crown. As they practiced, it soon became clear that Steven knew all the lines! Without even realizing it, he had memorized them during all those hours of watching and listening. Marco didn’t get his voice back in time for the first performance, so Steven agreed to take his place. Acting was much easier than Steven had thought it would be. As King Harold, he was amusing, kind, and powerful. When the play was over, Steven was glad he had taken the chance.
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The Pr

incess

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13 At the beginning of the passage, Steven can best be described as — A B C sorrowful eager rude

15 Mr. Chung asked Steven to take Marco’s place because — A B C Steven wanted to pretend to be someone else Marco hadn’t memorized his lines for the play Beverly told Mr. Chung that Steven could do it

D* bashful
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D* Marco was ill and Steven had attended every practice
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14 Most of the events in this passage take place in — F Mr. Chung’s classroom

16 Which of these is an OPINION in the passage? F Play practice was three days a week after school in the auditorium. While the actors practiced, Steven did his homework. Steven played the part of King Harold.

G* a school auditorium H J an apartment building Marco Saltini’s house H G

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J* As King Harold, Steven was amusing, kind, and powerful.
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Zoe Koplowitz — Famous for Being Last
Every year in early November, thousands of runners compete in a marathon in New York City. Most runners finish the race the same day they start, but Zoe Koplowitz does not finish the race until the next day. Because she has a disease called multiple sclerosis, she walks with the aid of crutches. She has become famous as the last person to cross the finish line. Koplowitz was 25 years old when she started limping. Moving around had become difficult and awkward. Her doctors told her she had multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis harms the nerves that tell muscles how to move. This disease can make the arms and legs weak and numb. People with multiple sclerosis can also get very tired. However, these symptoms can come and go. Sometimes a person with multiple sclerosis feels fine. Other times he or she feels terrible. In the 1970s, when Koplowitz first learned she had this disease, her doctors told her not to work too hard. At that time doctors believed that exercise would make the symptoms of multiple sclerosis worse. Koplowitz followed their advice. She had a job in an office, but she did not do any physical activity. Then one day in 1988, she choked on a vitamin pill and almost died. After that Koplowitz decided that she should live life to its fullest. She wanted to do things that she had been told she could not do, so she entered the famous New York City race. Every year since 1988 friends and strangers have helped Koplowitz complete the 26-mile race. The route passes through neighborhoods in every part of New York City. Koplowitz does not walk alone. Volunteers take turns keeping her company and protecting her. All along the way, people look for her in her purple jacket and matching crutches. One restaurant on the route opens at about 3:00 A.M. in case Koplowitz needs something to drink. Most runners finish the long race in three to six hours. Koplowitz completes the race in about 28 hours, long after everyone else. No matter how long it takes, she always crosses the finish line. Koplowitz wants to inspire people, especially children. By walking in the race, she hopes to show them that they can do anything they want to do, even if they have a disability.
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17 In this passage, the word marathon means — A B C a muscle crutches 28 hours

19 Multiple sclerosis affects the — A B C liver stomach kidneys

D* nerves
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D* a long race
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18 This passage is mostly about — F G the dangers of running for people with multiple sclerosis the excitement of a New York City race

20 Koplowitz has become famous because she — F* doesn’t give up G H J is so athletic smiles a lot stays up all night

H* Zoe Koplowitz living life to the fullest J how friends and strangers help Zoe Koplowitz

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What’s the Forecast?
Enrique woke up and jumped out of bed. He had been anticipating this day for weeks. Today he was taking a plane to Florida to visit his aunt and her family. Enrique was concerned because it was hurricane season. There had been a hurricane near the Florida coast just last week. Enrique knew that his flight could be canceled if another hurricane developed near Florida. Glancing at the clock, he realized that the newspaper had probably been delivered. He hurried to the front door and brought the paper inside. He looked at the index to find the page he wanted. Then he opened the paper to the correct page and studied the map attentively. After looking at the map carefully, Enrique began to smile.
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California

N
NW NE

W
SW SE

E S

Texas Florida

Gulf of Mexico

National Forecast
It will be damp in the Northwest, with showers arriving early today. A large storm system will produce heavy rain in the Great Plains. It will be warm and sunny in the Southeast. The Middle Atlantic and New England states will see cooler temperatures with a mixture of clouds and sun.

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21 This passage is mostly about — A* a boy who plans to go to Florida B C D the hurricane season a page in the newspaper a large storm system in Florida

23 What is the purpose of this page of the newspaper? A To present the editor’s opinion

B* To inform readers about the weather C D To persuade readers to buy products To challenge readers with a puzzle

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22 According to the map, what will the weather be like in Texas? F G Snowy Rainy

24 According to the forecast, there will be heavy rain in — F* the Great Plains G H J the Southeast New England Texas

H* Sunny J Cloudy

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BE SURE ALL OF THE ANSWERS ARE

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S DAA LEVEL 6 SPRING 2004

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