STUDENT NAME

STATE-DEVELOPED
ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT II

INSTRUCTIONAL LEVEL 6/7
WRITING
INSTRUCTIONAL LEVEL 7
MATHEMATICS
READING
Administered Spring 2007

Copyright © 2007, Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. Reproduction of all or portions of this work is prohibited without express written permission from the Texas Education Agency.

WRITTEN
COMPOSITION

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Write a composition about a time when you did something you were proud of.

The information in the box below will help you remember what you should think about when you write your composition.

REMEMBER—YOU SHOULD ❑ write about a time when you did something you were proud of ❑ make your writing interesting to the reader ❑ make sure that each sentence you write helps the reader understand your composition ❑ make sure that your ideas are clear and easy for the reader to follow ❑ write about your ideas in detail so that the reader really understands what you are saying ❑ check your work for correct spelling, capitalization, punctuation, grammar, and sentences

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USE THIS PREWRITING PAGE TO PLAN YOUR COMPOSITION.

BE SURE YOUR COMPOSITION IS WRITTEN ON

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THE TWO LINED PAGES IN THE ANSWER DOCUMENT.

USE THIS PREWRITING PAGE TO PLAN YOUR COMPOSITION.

BE SURE YOUR COMPOSITION IS WRITTEN ON

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THE TWO LINED PAGES IN THE ANSWER DOCUMENT.

USE THIS PREWRITING PAGE TO PLAN YOUR COMPOSITION.

BE SURE YOUR COMPOSITION IS WRITTEN ON

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THE TWO LINED PAGES IN THE ANSWER DOCUMENT.

Revising and Editing Sample
DIRECTIONS Read the introduction and the passage that follows. Then read each question and fill in the correct answer on page 2 of your answer document.

Robert read about a very old ship and wrote this paper to tell about what he learned. He wants you to read the paper and think about how he can correct and improve it. When you finish reading, answer the questions that follow.

The Belle
(1) In 1686 a French ship called the Belle sank in the water

off the coast of Texas. (2) For more than 300 years, the Belle stayed hidden under layers of mud. (3) The old ship was found in 1995, many scientists wanted to know more about it. (4) They had a huge watertight room built around the ship so that they could study it without getting wet. (5) Inside the ship the scientists found ropes, cannons, dishes, and more. (6) Thousands of items from the ship is now being cleaned and preserved.

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S-1

What revision, if any, is needed in sentence 3? A The old ship was found in 1995 many scientists wanted to know more about it. B When the old ship was found in 1995, many scientists wanted to know more about it. C The old ship was found in 1995. By scientists who wanted to know more about it. D No revision is needed.

S-2

What change should be made in sentence 6? F Change Thousands to Thousends G Change items to item’s H Change is now being cleaned to are now being cleaned J Change preserved to preserving

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REVISING
AND
EDITING

DO NOT GO ON TO THE REVISING AND EDITING SECTION. WHEN YOU FINISH YOUR COMPOSITION, LET THE TEST ADMINISTRATOR KNOW AND WAIT FOR ASSISTANCE.

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DIRECTIONS
Read the following passages and mark your answers on page 2 of your answer document.

Jamal wrote this paper about an experience he had recently. Read Jamal’s paper and look for the corrections and improvements he should make. When you finish reading, answer the questions that follow.

An Eye-Opening Experience
(1) Last month my best friend Chad injured both his legs in an

accident. (2) While he is recovering, he uses a wheelchair. (3) At the mall one day, Chad said, “I want you to see what it’s like to get around in a wheelchair. (4) “I’ll wait here in the food court for you.”
(5) I tried to come up with a good excuse. (6) I didn’t want to use

Chad’s wheelchair. (7) But he really wanted me to see what it was like, so I finally agreed. (8) I helped Chad get settled at a table hopped into the wheelchair, and took off. (9) My arms aching before the first minute had passed. (10) I had never thought about how hard it must be for Chad to keep up with me.
(11) I decided to go to the music store first. (12) It was only a

few stores away from the food court, but it seemed to take forever to get there. (13) Once I was inside the store, the real work started.
(14) It was hard to move up and down the aisles and even more

hard to turn corners. (15) To make matters worse, I couldn’t reach some of the items I wanted to look at. (16) But what shocked me

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the most was how differently people seemed to treat me. (17) I felt invisible sometimes. (18) It was as if everyone were looking right over my head.
(19) After leaving the music store, I decided to use the

restroom, which was also quiet an adventure. (20) I had such a difficult time maneuvering the wheelchair. (21) It took me forever to back it into the stall.
(22) By the time I got back to where Chad was waiting, I was

very frustratted. (23) I wondered if that was how Chad felt sometimes.
(24) I will never forget what it was like to be in Chad’s

wheelchair that afternoon. (25) Now when I see someone in a wheelchair, I’m more aware of some of the difficulties that person must face. (26) I watch to see if the person needs help opening a door or reaching an item on a shelf. (27) Thanks to Chad, I think I have become a more considerate person.

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1

What change should be made in sentence 4? A Delete the quotation marks at the beginning of the sentence B Change I’ll to Ill C Change you to them D Change the period to a comma

4

What change, if any, should be made in sentence 14? F Insert a comma after aisles G Change more hard to harder H Change to turn to too turn J Make no change

2

What change, if any, should be made in sentence 8? F Change get to got G Change settled to setled H Insert a comma after table J Make no change

5

What change, if any, should be made in sentence 19? A Change which to this B Change quiet to quite C Change adventure to adventurous D Make no change

3

What change, if any, should be made in sentence 9? A Insert were after arms B Change minute to minnute C Change passed to past D Make no change

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6

What change, if any, should be made in sentence 22? F Change was waiting to is waiting G Delete the comma H Change frustratted to frustrated J Make no change

7 Which sentence could BEST follow sentence 24? A Spending time in Chad’s wheelchair is something that I won’t forget. B It has a place on the back for Chad to hang his backpack. C I learned some important lessons. D We are both in the chess club and live in the same neighborhood.

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Gloria wrote the following paper about a new addition to her family. Read Gloria’s paper and look for the corrections and improvements she should make. Then answer the questions that follow.

My Little Sister
(1) When my parents told me that I was going to have a new

baby sister, I thought they were joking. (2) I was 14 at the time and had gotten used to being an only child. (3) But my mother had been doing some research and had convinced my father that they should adopt a little girl from China. (4) My parents’ announcement was just the beginning of a process that involved mountains of paperwork, months of anxious waiting, and a trip halfway around the world. (5) We even had to go through a home study, where social workers told all about our family to Chinese government officials.
(6) Waiting for my little sister was the hardest part. (7) I hate

having to wait for my birthday. (8) We didn’t know when we would get to meet the newest member of our family. (9) Finally the Chinese government sent us a referral. (10) This is an official document it contains a baby’s photograph and information. (11) At last there was a face and a story, Kiera, to put with the name that we had chosen. (12) Kiera had been abandoned and was living in an orphanage in nanchang, a city in central China.

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(13) Six weeks later we were on a plane with five other

adoptive families. (14) Although the flight to China was long and exhausting it was worth the effort. (15) I’ll never forget the first time I held my baby sister. (16) She smiled at me and then grabbed a handful of my hair. (17) Kiera may not look much like myself, but she is definitely my little sister.

8

What is the BEST change to make in sentence 5? F Change through to threw G Change where to were H Change told all about to described J Change Chinese government officials to them

9 What revision, if any, is needed in sentence 10? A This is an official document. Which contains a baby’s photograph and information. B This is an official document, and it contains a baby’s photograph, and it contains information. C This is an official document that contains a baby’s photograph and information. D No revision is needed.

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10 What is the BEST way to revise sentence 11? F At last there was a face and a story to put with the name that we had chosen, it was Kiera. G At last there was a face and a story, Kiera. To put with the name that we had chosen. H At last there was a face and a story, we put it with the name that we had chosen, Kiera. J At last there was a face and a story to put with the name that we had chosen, Kiera.

12 What change, if any, should be made in sentence 14? F Change Although to When G Insert a comma after exhausting H Change effort to effert J Make no change

13 What change, if any, should be made in sentence 17? A Change myself to me B Delete the comma C Change definitely to defnitely D Make no change

11 What change should be made in sentence 12? A Insert a comma after abandoned B Change and to she C Change an to a D Change nanchang to Nanchang 14 Which sentence could be deleted from this paper? F Sentence 6 G Sentence 7 H Sentence 8 J Sentence 9

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GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

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In response to a class assignment, Zane wrote this story. Read Zane’s story and look for the corrections and improvements he should make. When you finish reading, answer the questions that follow.

The Sabbatical
(1) I was in the same room as my brother Carl and his friends,

but they hadn’t hardly noticed me. (2) As usual I was listening to every word they were saying. (3) Carl is six years older than I am, and he always accuses me of snooping. (4) But I don’t think it’s snooping if you’re in plain sight.
(5) Carl is a student at Lane Community College. (6) He was

talking about his Spanish professor. (7) “I heard that Señor Alvarado is taking a six-month sabbatical,” Carl said. (8) I hate it when Carl uses words that I don’t know. (9) It makes me feel so dumb.
(10) I went straight to the dictionary, where I learned that a

sabbatical can be a period of rest. (11) The wheels in my head started to turn. (12) I had been doing chores all summer. (13) I was definitely ready for a rest. (14) That evening I decided to begin a weekend sabbatical.

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(15) On Saturday I thoroughly liked and enjoyed my sabbatical. (16) I watched TV, napped, stared out a window, took a walk, and

napped again. (17) By Sunday I was all napped out. (18) When I saw Carl raking leaves, I actually felt a little jealus. (19) I was feeling really bored. (20) How could Señor Alvarado rest for six whole months.
(21) On Sunday night I was lying around, again within earshot

of my brother. (22) Carl said to Dad, “My friend Ted got a letter from Señor Alvarado. (23) He said that building the school in Mexico has been fun, but it’s very hard work.”
(24) “I’m sure he’s exhausted,” Dad said. (25) “But I bet he feels

good about the contribution he’s making.”
(26) I had missed something. (27) A sabbatical isn’t a time to lie

around and do nothing. (28) It’s a time to contribute in a new way.
(29) Doing nothing, I had quickly learned, was pretty boring. (30) For my next sabbatical I’m going to plan an activity that is a

little more meaningfully. (31) I’m not sure I’m ready to build a school, but maybe I can find a park or a playground that needs some work.

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15 What change, if any, should be made in sentence 1? A Change his to their B Change hardly to even C Change noticed to notised D Make no change

17 What is the BEST revision to make in sentence 15? A On Saturday I thoroughly liked my sabbatical, I enjoyed it. B On Saturday I liked my sabbatical and thoroughly. C On Saturday I thoroughly liked my sabbatical that I enjoyed. D On Saturday I thoroughly enjoyed my sabbatical.

16 What is the BEST way to combine sentences 5 and 6? F Carl is a student at Lane Community College, he was talking about his Spanish professor. G Carl is a student at Lane Community College because he was talking about his Spanish professor. H Carl, who is a student at Lane Community College, was talking about his Spanish professor. J Carl is a student at Lane Community College talking about his Spanish professor.

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18 What is the BEST change to make in sentence 18? F Insert he was after Carl G Delete the comma H Change felt to feel J Change jealus to jealous

20 Which transition could BEST be added to the beginning of sentence 26? F Obviously G Furthermore H Instead J Consequently

19 What change, if any, should be made in sentence 20? A Change rest to rested B Change whole to hole C Change the period to a question mark D Make no change

21 What change, if any, should be made in sentence 30? A Change sabbatical to one B Change to plan to too plan C Change meaningfully to meaningful D Make no change

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After studying animal communities, Allison wrote this paper. Read Allison’s paper and look for the corrections and improvements she should make. When you finish reading, answer the questions that follow.

Communicating with Chimps
(1) The chimpanzee is believed to be the second-most

intelligent animal on Earth, ranked behind humans. (2) Chimps are smart enough to make tools to gather food and use them. (3) It has been shown that they use rain forest plants as medicine.
(4) And most amazing, chimpanzees are able to communicate with

one another in some surprisingly complex ways.

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© Tim Davis/CORBIS

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(5) Like some other animals, chimps use sounds and facial

expressions to convey messages. (6) A chimp will let out a special food call when it locates a food sourse. (7) It will use a pant-hoot to greet a group member that is far away. (8) Sometimes a chimp is nervous or frightened. (9) It will display an expression known as a fear grin. (10) But what makes chimpanzees different? (11) Why are scientists especially interested in how these animals communicate?
(12) Scientists believe that the sounds and gestures chimps

make are more meaningful and deliberate than those of other animals. (13) For example, a chimp will wave an arm in the direction that it wants another chimp to look. (14) It will hold out a hand to let a family member know that it needs support. (15) These gestures require the other chimp to comprehend and react.
(16) This kind of two-way communication are much more complex

than the communication that most animals exhibit.
(17) Scientists are studying chimps in research centers and

natural habitats around the world. (18) They want to know more

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about how these animals communicate. (19) Some dedicated researchers have even had success in teaching american sign language to a few chimpanzees. (20) Perhaps someday these chimps will be able to tell us exactly what they are saying to one another.

22 What revision, if any, is needed in sentence 2? F Chimps are smart enough. To make tools to gather food and use them. G Chimps are smart enough to make tools and use them to gather food. H Chimps are smart enough to make tools to gather food, they use them. J No revision is needed.

24 What is the BEST way to combine sentences 8 and 9? F When a chimp is nervous or frightened, it will display an expression known as a fear grin. G Although a chimp is nervous or frightened and will sometimes display an expression known as a fear grin. H Being nervous or frightened, a chimp is an expression known as a fear grin that it will display. J Sometimes a chimp is nervous or frightened, it will display an expression known as a fear grin.

23 What change, if any, should be made in sentence 6? A Change will let to let B Change when to a comma C Change sourse to source D Make no change

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25 What change, if any, should be made in sentence 16? A Change are to is B Change that to when C Change exhibit to exhibiting D Make no change

27 What change, if any, should be made in sentence 20? A Change will be able to are able B Change exactly to exzactly C Change are saying to is saying D Make no change

26 What change should be made in sentence 19? F Change dedicated to dedicatted G Insert they after researchers H Change success to successful J Change american sign language to American Sign Language

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Tina wrote this paper for her science class. Read Tina’s paper and look for the corrections and improvements she should make. When you finish reading, answer the questions that follow.

Luna following a Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans boat

Lonely Luna
(1) The five-year-old male killer whale swims near the boat,

bumping against the hull. (2) “What’s that?” yells a bewildered sailor. (3) This is the sailors’ first meeting with Luna, the wayward whale. (4) Luna isn’t trying to threaten the sailor; he just wants to play. (5) The lonely whale is looking for a friend.
(6) Its no surprise that Luna is lonely. (7) They are social

creatures that live in groups called pods. (8) Pod members

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© AP Photo/Richard Lam, CP

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communicate by clicking, squeaking, and whistling their own special sounds. (9) They also pat one another, they use their fins.
(10) But Luna has no pod members with whom to interact. (11) He

has been on his own since becoming separated from his pod in 2001.
(12) Luna swims around in Canada’s Nootka Sound. (13) Scientists with Canada’s fisheries department don’t know if

Luna’s pod is nearby. (14) They hope that it is. (15) They want Luna to find the other whales. (16) However, many scientists believe that such a reunion is highly unlikely. (17) Pod members would have to be making noises near Nootka Sound, and Luna would have to hear and recognize the sounds.
(18) Each year more tourists come to see Luna. (19) This
© AP Photo/Gerry Kahrmann, Pool

decreases Luna’s chances of reconnecting with his pod. (20) That’s because contact with humans can change an animal’s behavior.
(21) As a result, the pod may no longer welcome him. (22) Even

worse, Luna could get hurt trying to play with the visitors. (23) For

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these reasons some people think that tourists should leave the whale alone.
(24) Many observers are hoping that Luna will amaze the

experts and somehow be reunited with his pod. (25) The lonely whale’s long-term survival may be dependent on just such a miracle.

28 What change, if any, should be made in sentence 3? F Change sailors’ to sailor’s G Change meeting to meating H Change the period to a comma J Make no change

30 The meaning of sentence 7 can be improved by changing They to — F People G The creatures H Whales J Some

29 What change, if any, should be made in sentence 6? A Change Its to It’s B Change no to not no C Change surprise to suprise D Make no change

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31 What revision, if any, is needed in sentence 9? A They also pat one another. To use their fins. B They also pat one another with their fins. C They also pat one another and their fins. D No revision is needed.

33 Which transition word or phrase could BEST be added to the beginning of sentence 19? A Finally
B In contrast
C In the same way
D Unfortunately

32 What is the BEST way to combine sentences 14 and 15? F They hope that it is, or they want Luna to find the other whales. G They hope that it is, they want Luna to find the other whales. H They hope that it is because they want Luna to find the other whales. J They hope that it is to want Luna to find the other whales.

BE SURE ALL OF YOUR ANSWERS ARE

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RECORDED ON THE ANSWER DOCUMENT.

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MATHEMATICS

Page 33

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Mathematics Chart

LENGTH
Metric 1 kilometer = 1000 meters 1 meter = 100 centimeters 1 centimeter = 10 millimeters Customary 1 mile = 1760 yards 1 mile = 5280 feet 1 yard = 3 feet 1 foot = 12 inches

CAPACITY AND VOLUME
Metric 1 liter = 1000 milliliters Customary 1 gallon = 4 quarts 1 gallon = 128 ounces 1 quart = 2 pints 1 pint = 2 cups 1 cup = 8 ounces

MASS AND WEIGHT
Metric 1 kilogram = 1000 grams 1 gram = 1000 milligrams Customary 1 ton = 2000 pounds 1 pound = 16 ounces

TIME
1 year = 365 days 1 year = 12 months 1 year = 52 weeks 1 week = 7 days 1 day = 24 hours 1 hour = 60 minutes 1 minute = 60 seconds Metric and customary rulers can be found on the separate Mathematics Chart.

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Continued on the next page

Mathematics Chart

Perimeter

square rectangle

P = 4s P = 2l + 2w C = 2πr A = s2 A = lw
1

or

P = 2(l + w)

Circumference Area

circle square rectangle triangle trapezoid circle

or

C = πd

or

A = bh A= 2
bh

A = 2 bh or
1

A = 2 (b1 + b2)h A = πr 2 V = s3 V = lwh V = πr 2h or or

or

A=

(b1 + b2)h 2

Volume

cube rectangular prism cylinder

V = Bh* V = Bh*

*B represents the area of the Base of a solid figure.

Pi

π

π ≈ 3.14

or

π ≈ 7

22

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DIRECTIONS Read each question. Then fill in the correct answer on your answer document.

SAMPLE A

SAMPLE B

Joe’s family went to the zoo. There are 7 people in Joe’s family, and the zoo tickets cost $5.95 each. About how much did Joe’s family pay for the tickets? A B C D $35 $42 $39 $70

Mrs. Peters bought two kinds of apples at the store. She bought 2.7 pounds of red apples and 5.6 pounds of green apples. How many pounds of apples did Mrs. Peters buy in all?

Record your answer and fill in the bubbles on your answer document. Be sure to use the correct place value.

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1 The price per gallon of gas on each day of a week is shown in the graph below.

Price of Gas
$1.90
$1.89
$1.88

Cost per Gallon

$1.87
$1.86
$1.85
$1.84
$1.83
$1.82
$1.81
$1.80
$0
Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Day

Based on the information for the week shown in the graph, which statement is
true?
A B C D The price per gallon of gas more than doubled from Sunday to Saturday.
Thursday was the most expensive day to buy gas.
The lowest price per gallon of gas during the week was $1.80.
Sunday and Tuesday were the least expensive days to buy gas.

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2 Rectangle MNPQ is shown on the coordinate grid below.

y
9

M

8 7 6 5 4 3

N

Q

2 1 1 2 3 4

P
5 6 7 8 9

–9 –8 –7 –6 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –1 –2 –3 –4 –5 –6 –7 –8 –9

x

Which translation described below would result in point Q′ being located at (−5, 3)? F G H J 3 units left and 4 units down 3 units left and 2 units up 2 units left and 3 units up 4 units left and 3 units down

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3 Freida discovered that her 8-ounce bag of candies contained 7 blue, 8 red, 9 green, 7 orange, and 9 yellow candies. How many red candies should she expect to be in a 2-pound bag of the same kind of candies? A 32 B 28 C 160 D 16

4 Alexandra is remodeling her bathroom. The bathroom floor is a rectangle measuring 8 feet by 7 feet. Alexandra needs to know the area and the perimeter of the floor in order to purchase the proper amount of supplies. What are the area and perimeter of the floor? F Area: 15 ft 2
Perimeter: 30 ft
G Area: 56 ft 2
Perimeter: 15 ft
H Area: 30 ft 2
Perimeter: 56 ft
J Area: 56 ft 2
Perimeter: 30 ft

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5 The model represents the equation 3x = 9.

x

x

x

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

What is the value of x? A B C D 9
6
3
1

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6 Every Friday Mr. Garza gives a quiz that has 20 to 30 questions on it. Each question is worth the same number of points. Eric’s average quiz grade so far is 82%. Which is the most reasonable estimate of the average number of questions Eric has answered correctly on the quizzes? F G H J 22
41
8
27

8 On Tuesday Joyce spent 65% of her free time reading. What decimal is equivalent to 65%? F G H J 65.0 6.5 0.065 0.65

7 Lissa fell asleep in her hammock at 1:15 P.M. During her nap the minute hand on her watch rotated around the 1 face of the watch 1 times. At what 4
time did Lissa wake up?
A B C D 1:45 P.M.
2:30 P.M.
1:30 P.M.
2:45 P.M.

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9 Which ordered pair best describes the point where line p intersects the x-axis?

y
5 4 3 2 1 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 –1 –2 –3 –4 –5 1 2 3 4 5

p

x

A B C D

(0, 2) (−4, 0) (0, −4) (2, 0)

10 Tabitha is on vacation. At a gift shop she decides to buy 3 things: a T-shirt for $24.99, a key chain for $7.49, and a photo frame for $3.99. The sales tax is 7%. Which of the following is closest to the total cost of Tabitha’s purchase, including tax? F $31 G H J $39
$35
$4

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11 Tristan drew a large letter T, as shown below. Use the ruler on the Mathematics Chart to measure the dimensions of the letter in inches.

What is the approximate perimeter of the letter? 1 inches 2

A

5

B

10 inches

C

8 inches

D

7

1 inches 2

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12 Mrs. Swanson made a list of some numbers that are the sum of 2 consecutive perfect squares. Her list is shown below. 61, 145, 221, 5, 265, 25, 181, 13, 365 Which statement is true? F All the numbers in the list end in either 1 or 5. G The sum of 16 and 25 could be on Mrs. Swanson’s list. H All the numbers in the list have 2 or more digits. J The sum of 36 and 64 could be on Mrs. Swanson’s list.

13 Ivan takes care of several lawns in his neighborhood to earn money. The average time it takes him to mow a lawn is 1 hour. It also takes him about 1 hour to edge and rake each lawn. Last week Ivan took care of 16 lawns and earned $480. Which expression represents about how much Ivan earns per hour? A B C D 480 × 2 × 16 480 ÷ (16 × 2) 480 ÷ (16 ÷ 2) 480 ÷ 2 × 16

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14 Parallelogram ABCD has the angle measures shown below.

A 93° 28°

B

D

C

Which procedure can be used to determine the measure of angle D? F G H J Subtract 93 from 180 and then divide the difference by 2
Subtract 28 from 93
Add 28 to 93 and then subtract the sum from 180
Add 28 to 93

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15 Kareem wants to order an ice-cream cake. He can choose one flavor from each column of the table below.

Cake Selections
Cake Yellow White Ice Cream Peppermint Strawberry Frosting Chocolate Vanilla

Which diagram shows all the possible unique outcomes for an ice-cream cake?

Chocolate Peppermint Yellow Strawberry Vanilla A Chocolate Peppermint White
Strawberry
Vanilla
Vanilla Chocolate
C White Strawberry Vanilla Vanilla Chocolate Yellow Peppermint Vanilla Chocolate Chocolate

White Peppermint Yellow Chocolate Yellow B White Strawberry Vanilla Strawberry White Vanilla Yellow Chocolate Yellow Peppermint Chocolate D Chocolate Vanilla White Vanilla

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16 The planet Mercury has a diameter of approximately 3,000 miles. What is the approximate circumference of Mercury? F 10,000 miles G H J 9,000 miles
28,000,000 miles
19,000 miles

17 A jeweler recorded the sizes of the rings he sold last week in the table below.

Rings Sold
Size 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Number

Which statistic would tell the jeweler which ring size was the most common? A Range B C D Median Mode Mean

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18 Dolores has a desk that is 5.25 feet wide. What is the width of the desk in yards? F 15.75 yd G 1.75 yd H 63 yd J 1.42 yd

19 One method to determine a dog’s age in human years is to count the dog’s first 2 years as 8 human years each, and then every year after that as 5 human years. If a dog is at least 2 years old, which expression can be used to calculate the age in human years of a dog who is n years old? A B C 8(2) + 5(n − 2)
(8 − 2)n + 5n
8(n − 2) + 5n

D 8 + 5n

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20 Jude set this tray of plants on the ground.

Which represents the total number of plants in this tray? F G H J 2 8

__ √ 8

8 2
4 2

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21 Rolando can type 1,320 words in 24 minutes. At this rate, how many minutes should it take him to type 3,960 words?

Record your answer and fill in the bubbles on your answer document. Be sure to use the correct place value.

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22 Pamela wants to make a graph that shows the number of families in her neighborhood who have cars, trucks, and vans. She recorded the information she collected in the table below.
Vehicles Owned
Family Smith Hortado Garza Cardella Lesher Green Vargas Jones Papier Thomas X X X X X X X X X Car X Truck X X X X X X X Van

Which graphic display best represents the information in the table?
Vehicles Owned
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

Vehicles Owned

Number of Owners

F

H

Car 33 1 % 3

Truck 33 1 % 3

Car

Truck

Van

Van 33 1 % 3

Type of Vehicle

Vehicles Owned
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

Vehicles Owned

Number of Owners

Car

2

Truck

G

J

2 2

1 1

Van Car Truck Van 2

Type of Vehicle

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23 Mrs. Wright asked the 28 students in her science class to pick a topic for a 3 research paper. If of the students 4 chose an animal for their topic, how many students chose an animal? A B C 25
21
14

24 Which of the following describes the triangle in the diagram?

7 units

6 units

D 7

7 units

F G H J

Scalene Equilateral Isosceles Not here

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25 Which expression can be used to find the value of the nth term in this sequence?

Position Value of Term

1 1.2

2 2.4

3 3.6

4 4.8

5 6.0

n

A B C D

1.2n n + 0.2 2n n + 1

26 The admission fees for an aquarium are shown in the table below.

Aquarium Admission Fees
Adult Child Senior $22.00 $16.00 $18.00

On Monday the aquarium sold 63 adult tickets, 97 children’s tickets, and 12 senior tickets. Which is the most reasonable estimate of the amount of money the aquarium made in admission fees on Monday? F G H J $3,000 $60 $200 $2,000

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27 The side and top views of a geometric figure are shown below.

Side view

Top view

Which geometric figure could these views represent?

A

C

B

D

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28 Octavio bought a large bottle of shampoo. He wants to know how long the bottle of shampoo will last. Which piece of information is NOT necessary to help him determine how long the bottle of shampoo will last? F The number of ounces of shampoo in the bottle G The number of ounces of shampoo he uses each time he washes his hair H The number of minutes he spends washing his hair J The number of times a day he washes his hair

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29 Bill wanted to write all 2-digit numbers possible using the digits 2, 3, 4, and 5 without repeating a digit in a number. Bill made a list of all the possibilities. Which list shows all the possibilities of 2-digit numbers Bill could make without repeating a digit in the number? A 23, 24, 25, 32, 34, 35 B C D 22, 23, 24, 25, 33, 34, 35, 44, 45, 55
54, 53, 52, 43, 42, 32
23, 24, 25, 32, 34, 35, 42, 43, 45, 52, 53, 54

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30 Which graph best represents the relationship between the length of an object in feet, x, and the length of the object in yards, y?

y
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

y
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Length of Object (yards)

F

H

x

Length of Object (yards)

x

Length of Object (feet)

Length of Object (feet)

y
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

y
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Length of Object (yards)

G

J

x

Length of Object (yards)

x

Length of Object (feet)

Length of Object (feet)

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31 The table below shows the distance each of 4 students ran in 20 minutes.

32 Which two characteristics describe ∠ M and ∠ N in the triangle shown below?

Distance Run in 20 Minutes
M
Student Angela Carolyn Roberto Marc Distance (miles) 2.09 3.05 3.1 2.98

P
Which student ran the farthest? A B C D Angela Carolyn Roberto Marc F G H J

N

Complementary and acute Supplementary and acute Congruent and supplementary Congruent and obtuse

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33 Which problem situation below could be correctly represented by the equation x ÷ 3 = 18? A Three friends have 18 markers that they want to split up evenly. What is x, the number of markers each friend will get? B Becky has $18 to spend on blank computer disks. Each package of disks costs $3. What is x, the amount of money left after Becky buys 1 package of disks? C A boys’ summer camp has an end-of-season tournament. All the boys are divided into 3 teams. If each team has 18 members, what is x, the number of boys at the camp? D Peter is 3 years older than Mark. If Peter is 18 years old, what is x, Mark’s age?

34 Mrs. Chen paid $16.05 for 3 dozen paper cups and 3 gallons of juice. She wants to give each of her students an equal amount of juice. What information is required for Mrs. Chen to calculate the amount of juice to give each student? F The size of the cups G The number of students H The number of servings in 1 gallon J The price of juice per cup

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35 The model represents the equation 8x + 4 = 10x.

x x x x x x x x 1 1 x 1 1 x x x x x x x x x

What is the value of x? A B C D x = 4
x = 3
x = 2
x = 1

36 Mrs. Otalora’s class is 60% boys. What fraction of the class is boys? 6
100
60
10
6
10
0.6
100

F

G

H

J

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37 Tanya is making a bracelet that is 19 centimeters long for her grandmother. The bracelet will have 9 red beads. The rest of the bracelet will have silver beads.

0.5 cm

1.5 cm

Silver bead

Red bead

If the beads cover the entire 19-centimeter bracelet, how many silver beads does Tanya need to make the bracelet? A B C D 11 38 20 Not here

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38 A store sells different brands of soda for different prices per can. Alex recorded the number of cans of each brand sold and the price per can.

Soda Sales
Brand Fizzy Coola Fresho Frosty Thirstee Price per Can $0.18 $0.25 $0.50 $0.62 $0.65 Number Sold 32 10 48 68 27

What is the range of the prices per can? F G H J $0.58 $0.47 $0.62 $0.50

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39 Rectangle PQRS is translated on the coordinate grid below. The figure is translated 3 units right and 4 units down.

y

P

Q

9 8 7 6 5 4 3

S

R

2 1 0 –1 –2 –3 –4 –5 –6 –7 –8 –9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

–9 –8 –7 –6 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1

x

What are the coordinates of point R′? A B C D (2, −2) (−4, −2) (−1, −4) (−5, −2)

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40 Which expression can be used to find the value of the nth term in this sequence?

Position Value of Term

1 2

2 1

3 0

4 –1

5 –2

n

F G H J

2n 3 − n 2n − 3 n − 5

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41 Two sets of numbers were placed in the Venn diagram below according to a certain rule.

Set K

Set L

77 84 147 182

350 105 175 210

550 115 155 75

Which of the following is true about the numbers in the intersection of these
two sets?
A B C They are multiples of both 5 and 7.
They are factors of 700.
They are multiples of both 30 and 10.

D They are factors of 840.

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42 Sam needs to clean a small spot on the carpet. The directions for the cleaning powder call for 2 scoops of powder to be mixed with 1 gallon of water. However, the cleaning powder container is almost empty, and Sam 1 can get only scoop out of the 2 container. How much water should he use to mix the solution properly?

43 What is the value of this expression? 6 + 2(21 − 4 2) + 8 ÷ 2 A B C 44
20
12

D 588

F

1 gallon 2

G 1 quart

H 8 pints

J

16 ounces

44 Jan bought a package of 12 bottles of water for $4.50. Which is closest to the amount Jan paid for each bottle of water? F G H J $0.12
$0.45
$0.38
$0.26

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45 The manager of a gas station recorded the number of gallons of each type of fuel sold at the station in one hour.

Fuel Sold

Type of Fuel Regular Extra Premium Diesel Number of Gallons 250 50 150 50

Which graph best represents the information in the table?

Fuel Sold
Regular Extra

Fuel Sold
Extra 10%

A

Premium Diesel

C

Premium 50%

Regular 30%

Each

= 50 gallons.
Diesel 10%

Fuel Sold
Number of Gallons
250 200 150 100 50 0 Regular Extra Premium Diesel

Fuel Sold
Number of Gallons
250 200 150 100 50 0 Regular Extra Premium Diesel

B

D

Type of Fuel

Type of Fuel

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46 Which of the following nets could be used to create the three-dimensional figure shown below?

F

H

G

J

BE SURE ALL OF YOUR ANSWERS ARE

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MARKED ON THE ANSWER DOCUMENT.

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READING

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Read this selection. Then answer the questions that follow it.

Miss Information

1 Take a walk through my neighborhood on a warm summer evening and look up at the open windows of the three-story apartment buildings. The elder women of Delafield Street are poised like lookouts, elbows on pillows, spectacles balanced on their noses. These women keep track of everything that happens around here. The news then spreads quickly throughout the neighborhood. Sometimes that is a good thing, like when a streetlight burns out. Sometimes it is a pain, like when you are walking down the block with a girl. And sometimes it is just plain funny, like the time I tried out to be a batboy for the city’s minor league baseball team, the Cyclones. That Saturday morning I left my apartment to take the bus uptown to the Cyclones’ field. I had planned on riding my bike, but the weather forecast had called for rain. I wasn’t up for pedaling in a downpour. I’d heard about the tryouts from Doug, a guy on the school baseball team with me. Before the tryouts we planned to meet outside the stadium. As I was strolling down Delafield Street, Mrs. Corder waved to me from her perch on the second floor. “Hello, Ricardo!” she called. “Where you going?”
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3 4

“Hello, Mrs. Corder,” I answered. “I’m going to tryouts for the Cyclones. I want to be a batboy.” “Ah, the baseball team,” she shouted back. “You’ll do fine, Ricardo. I’ve seen your games. You’re a good ballplayer.” Just then I saw the number two bus coming up the street, so I waved good-bye to Mrs. Corder and ran to the bus stop. When I got to the stadium, Doug was there, mitt in hand. Mr. Hunnsaker, the team manager, was Doug’s father’s roommate in college. Mr. Hunnsaker had arranged for us to come by before regular tryouts the next week. We spoke with him and spent the rest of that gray afternoon chasing balls at the Cyclones’ batting practice. As practice drew to a close, Mr. Hunnsaker summoned us to his office and offered us jobs for the summer. “There’s no salary, boys, but you do get to attend all home games for free,” he said. Watching semiprofessional baseball for nothing was like striking gold for Doug and me. We enthusiastically accepted his offer and gathered our things to head home. By this time, the storm that had been predicted started in earnest. As we huddled beneath the stands, Doug used his cell phone to call his mom. Doug said his mother would be happy to drive me home. But first she took us to Nathan’s Restaurant to celebrate our new jobs. As we munched on hot dogs, the storm grew worse. Sheets of rain drenched the sidewalk, and gusts of wind turned people’s umbrellas inside out. We were reluctant to go outside until the storm had passed. Doug’s mother decided we should wait for the storm to abate before heading home. Nothing could have prepared me for the reception I got when I finally made it home. As I opened the door, my grandmother threw her arms around me and held me close.

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6

7

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8 9 10 11 12

“Ah, mi niño, mi niño!” she cried. “What’s wrong, Abuela?” I asked in alarm. “You are safe!” she said, weeping. “You were not swept away by the cyclone.” “What?” I answered, totally confused. “What cyclone?” “Mrs. Corder told me you ran away into a cyclone, and then you didn’t come back for a long time,” my grandmother blabbered. “No, Abuela,” I said. I began to explain, but then the telephone rang. I patted my grandmother’s arm and rushed to answer the phone. “Ricardo, my man,” my cousin Ernesto said. “Why didn’t you tell me?” “Tell you?” I said, once again confused. “Tell you what, Ernesto?” “Tell me that you were being recruited to play for the Cyclones,” he said. “Way to go, cuz! I knew you were a pretty good shortstop, but I didn’t know you were that good!” “I’m not being recruited by anyone,” I protested. “Wait a minute, Rico,” Ernesto said. “My mom was talking to Mrs. Corder, and she said—” “Mrs. Corder got her facts wrong,” I interrupted. “Ernesto, I’ve got to go. Abuela is upset.” As I hung up the phone, my little brother Luis charged into the apartment with two of his friends. “Where is it? Where is it?” they clamored. By this time I’d had it. “Where is what?” I groaned.

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14 15 16

17 18 19 20 21 22

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23

“The ball you got signed by the Cyclones,” Luis said. “And how come you didn’t tell me you were getting one? I want one, too.” I didn’t have to ask Luis where this misinformation had come from. There was only one possible source. After I’d calmed everyone down, I decided to visit Mrs. Corder and politely set her straight. The thunderstorm had passed, the sky had cleared, and the elder women of Delafield Street had once again taken their positions at their windows. They waved as I crossed the street. “Ricardo, Ricardo,” Mrs. Corder called, “did you hear? Marla Driscoll is going to be on television!” “No, I am going to buy a television,” Marla’s voice rang out from the apartment next door. I smiled to myself as I listened to the annoyed tone of Marla’s voice.

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24 25

26 27 28

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1 Ricardo decides to visit Mrs. Corder after tryouts most likely to — A introduce her to Doug and Doug’s mother B express his appreciation for her talking to Ernesto C let her know about the trouble her stories have caused D ask her to stop bothering his grandmother

3 In paragraph 12, the word blabbered is used to show that Ricardo’s grandmother is — A disappointed B frustrated C fascinated D concerned

2 The author organizes this selection mainly by — F describing the events of Ricardo’s day in the order they occur G expressing an opinion about Delafield Street and providing examples to back it up H focusing on what Mrs. Corder says about Ricardo’s tryout J comparing Mrs. Corder’s stories with Ricardo’s experiences

4 The reader can conclude that the people who live on Delafield Street — F know one another well G attend many of the Cyclones’ games H rely on buses for traveling in the city J are mostly senior citizens

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5 Look at this diagram of information from the selection and answer the question that follows.

Cause Ricardo tells
Mrs. Corder
that he is
trying out to be
a batboy for
the Cyclones.

Effect 1 Ricardo’s grandmother fears for Ricardo’s safety. Effect 2

Effect 3 Luis and his friends are jealous of Ricardo.

Which of the following best completes this diagram?
A B C D Doug is angry with Ricardo.
Mr. Hunnsaker hires Ricardo.
Ernesto congratulates Ricardo.
Marla is annoyed with Ricardo.

6 After reading the selection, the reader can conclude that the title of the selection shows — F the importance of keeping other people informed in times of emergency G the importance of neighbors helping neighbors H how Mrs. Corder is a respected member of the community J a difference between providing correct information and providing wrong information GO ON

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7 In paragraph 5, the author uses the words “like striking gold” to — A describe the appearance of the baseball stadium B show how Ricardo and Doug feel about their new jobs C emphasize how much the boys will be paid D show that the boys’ skills impress Mr. Hunnsaker

9 Mrs. Corder can best be described as someone who — A doesn’t like Ricardo’s family B has lived in the neighborhood a long time C knows a lot about baseball D likes to be the first to share big news

8 The author’s main purpose for writing this selection is to — F inform readers about
semiprofessional baseball
G describe life in urban
neighborhoods
H entertain readers with an amusing story about neighbors J persuade readers to go to baseball games

10 Which word in paragraph 6 helps the reader understand what the word abate means? F passed G predicted H drenched J decided

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Read this selection. Then answer the questions that follow it.

On Shaky Ground

1 Thinking about it now, years later, what I remember about the morning of April 18, 1906, is that it began like every other day. Because I lived on a farm, it was my job to rise before the sun to milk the cows and bring in wood for our stove. On the farm it really didn’t matter that I was sixteen. There weren’t many opportunities for fun anyway. I began my chores sometime around five o’clock or half-past five that morning. I was headed back to the house with my arms full of firewood when I felt the earth beneath me shake violently. A low rumbling sound came from deep in the earth. I froze in place for what seemed like an hour, but later I was told that the first tremor from the earthquake had lasted only about 40 seconds. When the shaking stopped, I dropped the wood and bolted for the house. Everyone was out of bed and huddled in the kitchen. Mother kept my sisters calm while she assessed the damage. The kitchen floor was covered with broken dishes, but everything else seemed to be intact. The water was still running from the well, and we still had electricity. I knew our family would survive. But as we stood there, another blast of shaking racked the house. I remember thinking that I had to find my father. He had gone to San Francisco the night before to meet with Mr. Dixon at the bank and wasn’t expected to return until later that afternoon. “Mother, I’m taking one of the horses and heading to the city to find Father,” I said. “We need to make sure he’s O.K.” Mother looked worried. “James, can’t you wait until we hear some news from the city?” she asked.
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But there was no time to wait. Father might need my help. Moments later, I was speeding like lightning across the fields toward San Francisco on the back of Sable, my favorite mare. I was not prepared for what I would find. 6 As Sable and I approached the city, I could see thick black smoke billowing high into the sky. Later, I learned that the violent shaking from the earthquake had caused stoves to overturn, electric wires to become twisted, and gas lines to break. As a result, fires erupted almost immediately, burning homes, office buildings, and stores. When I got to the edge of the city and saw the destruction, I knew it would be difficult to get to the Oaks Hotel, where my father was staying.

My notes about what I am reading

7

Hundreds of people wandered the streets, loaded down with their possessions. They were carrying bundles, boxes, and trunks. I saw mothers carrying their babies and little children gripping their parents’

© Bettmann/CORBIS

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hands, all of them trying to get out of the way of the spreading fires. I knew I needed to move quickly before my path was cut off. 8 I wound my way through the people, fires, and rubble and finally made it to the Oaks Hotel. The hotel manager told me that Father had left shortly after the first tremor to help at a temporary hospital. My heart sank; I had been sure that I would find him at the hotel. But now it would be hours before Sable and I reached the hospital. By now almost all of the buildings were on fire. The firemen were helpless because the main water line had been broken by the tremors. I had heard that City Hall was so badly damaged that you could see right through it. As I turned onto Market Street, I saw that the Emporium, the largest department store in California, was engulfed in flames. I was beginning to think that coming to the city wasn’t such a good idea. But I knew that Mother would at least want me to try to find Father and bring him home. Sable and I slowly made our way through the rubble. I had to stop now and then to move bricks from fallen chimneys and pull debris out of our path. Fires swept across the city behind us. Soldiers tried to keep order and help people get to shelters. Finally we reached the temporary hospital. I was elated to find that Father was safe. He was right in the middle of the injured, giving out food and blankets. I was so glad to see him, and I could tell by the huge smile on his face that he was glad to see me, too. Father and I spent the rest of the day at the hospital. There were hundreds of people who needed help, and more kept coming. By nightfall the fires were still burning across the entire city. The repulsive smell of smoke filled our nostrils, and the sound of

My notes about what I am reading

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10

11

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falling walls and explosions rang in the air. Around midnight a group of soldiers came to the hospital to relieve us. 13 Father and I were eager to start for home. We knew Mother would be worried. As Father, Sable, and I started our journey home, a light rain began to fall. What a welcome relief! In 1906 San Francisco was almost completely destroyed by the fires that erupted as a result of the earthquake. More than 3,000 people died, and damage was estimated at 400 million in 1906 dollars (over 5 billion in today’s dollars). The rebuilding of the city began almost immediately.

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11 What motivates James to travel to San Francisco? A He is curious about the condition of the city. B He wants to learn about his father’s finances. C He needs to hire a doctor for his family. D He wants to make sure his father survived the earthquake.

13 What is the turning point in the selection? A James thinks he has made a mistake by traveling to the city. B James finds his father safely working at a temporary hospital. C James sees that his mother and sisters are all right after the earthquake. D James’s mother asks him not to go to the city.

12 Why does the author include the information in italics at the end of the selection? F To describe the extent of the damage the earthquake caused in San Francisco G To emphasize what was damaged in San Francisco during the earthquake H To show that people in San Francisco were determined to rebuild the city J To compare San Francisco before and after the earthquake

14 After the earthquake, the people of San Francisco probably — F lost their homes G moved to farms H suffered from diseases J located water

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15 Which of the following is the best summary of the selection? A James’s father is not on the farm when an earthquake begins. James finds his father in San Francisco at a temporary hospital, giving out food and blankets. He and his father don’t leave the hospital until midnight. By that time, most of the city is still burning. B James convinces his mother to let him go into San Francisco after an earthquake. James sees the fires caused by the earthquake as he approaches the city. It is difficult for him to find his way through the rubble. James locates the temporary hospital and volunteers to help the injured patients. C James witnesses the damage an earthquake has caused in San Francisco. He can see the smoke from many fires when he first reaches the city. James observes people in the streets attempting to escape from the dangerous conditions. The fires caused by the earthquake result in more damage than the earthquake itself. D James is working on his family’s farm while his father is in San Francisco. When an earthquake occurs, James races off on his horse to find his father. As James rides into the city, he sees the extensive damage the earthquake has caused. James and his father help treat the wounded. Then they leave San Francisco, relieved that it is beginning to rain.

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16 Look at the following diagram of information from the selection and answer the question that follows.

18 Which sentence from the selection best shows that James’s father is kind? F He had gone to San Francisco the night before to meet with Mr. Dixon at the bank and wasn’t expected to return until later that afternoon. G As Father, Sable, and I started our journey home, a light rain began to fall. H But I knew that Mother would at least want me to try to find Father and bring him home. J He was right in the middle of the injured, giving out food and blankets.

Cause

Effect Fires begin to consume San Francisco.

Which of the following belongs in the empty box? F James hears explosions and smells smoke. G The gas lines break during the earthquake. H The firemen are unable to extinguish the fires. J People attempt to escape from San Francisco.

17 The description the author provides in paragraphs 9 and 10 is meant to present the scene as — A B C D shameful
desperate
disgusting
mysterious

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19 The author’s use of a first-person account helps the reader understand — A what James thinks about helping people in San Francisco B how James changes his views about hospitals in San Francisco C what James thinks about his father’s volunteer work in San Francisco D how James is affected by his experiences in San Francisco

20 Which was the biggest problem the firemen faced? F Victims of the earthquake crowded the streets. G There was no water available to fight the fires. H The largest store was on fire. J The debris from the burning buildings blocked the streets.

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Read the next two selections. Then answer the questions that follow them.

Looking Through Galileo’s Telescope

1 Galileo Galilei, an Italian mathematician and scientist who lived in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, had received an interesting letter. A friend had written to him about a Dutch invention called a spyglass, a simple tube with two glass lenses. By holding one end of the spyglass to the eye, his friend wrote, a person could make faraway objects seem much closer. Galileo wondered whether he could create a more powerful version of this device. It might help him in his quest to learn more about the movements of the moon, the planets, and the stars. Little did he realize the impact that the device he built would have on our understanding of the universe. On a winter night in 1609, Galileo turned his newly crafted spyglass, or telescope, skyward. He focused on Earth’s moon and was amazed at what he saw. The lunar landscape was not smooth, but instead made up of a variety of craters, hills, and valleys. Excited, Galileo shared his observations with other scholars and astronomers. Some scientists accepted Galileo’s discovery. Others found his ideas incredible and refused to even look through the telescope. Religious leaders criticized Galileo for spreading lies. His findings, after all, contradicted hundreds of years of beliefs about the structure of the solar system. Many high-ranking government and church officials refused to consider that these long-held beliefs might be mistaken. But the critics only inspired Galileo to gather more information about the solar system. He constructed an even more powerful telescope and continued his observations, not only of Earth’s moon but also of the planet Jupiter. He saw something that no one else had
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seen—not one, but four moons revolved around Jupiter. The discovery of Jupiter ’s moons was a landmark event. Up until then people thought that Earth was the only planet with a moon. In addition, most astronomers and philosophers believed that Earth was the center of the universe and that everything else in the solar system revolved around it.

My notes about what I am reading

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Galileo had a different theory. The discovery of Jupiter’s moons supported his belief that Earth was not the center of the universe. He wrote about his observations and conclusions in several books, including The Starry Messenger, published in 1610. His publications brought him both fame and ridicule. In many universities his ideas were banned or viewed as cheap entertainment. But Galileo thought that holding on to old beliefs would keep people from investigating and accepting new ideas. He believed, however, that he could change people’s minds by

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continuing to show scientific evidence that supported his theories. Galileo relied on his telescope to provide the proof. 5 Galileo persevered with his studies of the universe, and eventually many of his calculations and theories were proved correct. His telescope had explored new frontiers, influencing people to reconsider the way they thought about the universe and themselves. Today’s astronomers continue to explore the dark recesses of space using advanced technology, including spacecraft and satellites. In 1989 the Galileo spacecraft was sent to explore the planet and moons that Galileo Galilei first observed through a telescope centuries earlier.

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Section A

The Midtown Gazette
Letters to the Editor

A5

Hang Up and Drive!

Dear Editor: 1 My daughter was recently hit by a car. Thankfully, her injuries were minor. The cause of her accident, however, was quite serious. She was not hit by a drunk driver but by a perfectly sober businessman who was involved in a conference call on his cell phone. Too many drivers engage in the dangerous practice of talking on a cell phone while driving. How many is too many? Approximately 175 million people in the United States now use cell phones, and recent estimates say that about 60% of these people use their phones while driving. The modern marvel of wireless communication presents a real danger on our roadways. Driving requires a person’s full attention. Drivers distracted by cell-phone calls are less likely to see road signs and pedestrians. What conversation could possibly be more important than watching out for people crossing the street? The National Highway Safety Administration blames up to 30% of all automobile crashes on handheld cell

phones. But don’t think that wearing a headset will solve the problem. One study shows that hands-free cell phones are just as distracting. Apparently any type of phone used by drivers seriously impedes their ability to make split-second decisions. Cell-phone users take 18% more time to come to a stop than drivers who aren’t distracted. That’s a huge difference! My daughter experienced this situation firsthand. She was walking in a crosswalk at an intersection. Suddenly, she was sent sprawling by a driver who was too distracted by his phone call to see her and stop. At the hospital I was enraged to learn that a distracting cell-phone call resulted in my daughter being injured. This is why I am now involved with Drivers Against Cell Phone Danger (DACPD). We are raising a cry to outlaw cell-phone use by drivers in moving vehicles. Dozens of countries, such as Australia, Italy, and Japan, have laws regulating cell-phone use on the road. In our own country, New York, New Jersey, and the District of 4

2

5

3

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Columbia ban handheld cell-phone use by drivers. 6 Texas must be next. We don’t need drivers involved in business deals while competing with tractor trailers for space on highways. The cell phone is a great invention, and having one in a car can be a lifesaver in an accident or emergency. No one wants to be alone on a dark country road with a flat tire and no way to summon help. But the frivolous use of cell phones while driving is taking lives, not saving them. This practice must be stopped. I ask that readers contact their local political representative and help DACPD lobby for safer Texas roads. And please, for all our sakes, hang up and drive! Sincerely, Katherine Alvarez Midtown, Texas

7

8

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© Matthias Kulka/CORBIS

Use “Looking Through Galileo’s Telescope” (pp. 89–91) to answer questions 21–24.
21 The reader can conclude that Galileo — A wrote books that were popular at the universities of his time B was more interested in finding answers than in earning respect C had a reputation for being stubborn D often ignored the work of others 23 What does the word persevered mean in paragraph 5? A B C Continued in spite of obstacles Improved the quality Refused to believe

D Copied or imitated

22 Which sentence from the selection shows why Galileo wanted to create his own spyglass? F Little did he realize the impact that the device he built would have on our understanding of the universe. G It might help him in his quest to learn more about the movements of the moon, the planets, and the stars. H Others found his ideas incredible and refused to even look through the telescope. J The discovery of Jupiter’s moons was a landmark event.

24 Why was Galileo ridiculed by other scholars? F He refused to share his work with other scientists. G His findings went against what most officials believed. H He did not provide evidence for his theories. J His telescope did not work very well.

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Use “Hang Up and Drive!” (pp. 92–93) to answer questions 25–27.

25 What motivated Katherine Alvarez to write this letter? A She wanted to educate the public about laws in other states. B Her daughter was hurt in an accident caused by a driver using a cell phone. C It was her job as a member of the DACPD. D She received a report by the National Highway Safety Administration.

27 Katherine Alvarez wrote the letter to the editor probably because — A she thinks it might make her famous B her daughter asked her to write it C her daughter was too angry to write it D she wants people to know how serious the problem is

26 Which words in paragraph 5 help the reader understand what the word outlaw means? F G H J use, raising
drivers, moving
ban, regulating
cell-phone, vehicles

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Use “Looking Through Galileo’s Telescope” and “Hang Up and Drive!” (pp. 89–93) to answer questions 28–30.
28 An idea found in both selections is — F G H J a fear of the unknown a thirst for knowledge the importance of government the impact of new inventions 30 Which word can best be used to describe both Katherine Alvarez and Galileo? F Cautious G Angry H Determined J Misunderstood

29 How is the tone of “Looking Through Galileo’s Telescope” different from the tone of “Hang Up and Drive!”? A One is informative; the other is urgent. B One is hopeful; the other is harsh. C One is compassionate; the other is humorous. D One is carefree; the other is bitter.

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Read this selection. Then answer the questions that follow it.

The Academy Awards

1 As on most spring Saturdays, the fields of Hillcrest Academy were abuzz with activity. From his seat high atop the bleachers, Drew could view practically every athletic contest taking place. Off to his right the sharp crack of a bat signaled yet another hit for the Hillcrest baseball team. He could see the members of the girls’ soccer team in the far distance positioning themselves for a foul shot against their opponents. The sound of the starter’s pistol shifted Drew’s attention back to the track in front of him, and he automatically clicked the stopwatch in his hand. Drew squinted at the runners as they rounded the first curve on the way to the 200-meter mark, where each runner would hand the baton to the next runner of the relay team. As always, Drew’s younger brother Jake held the lead. As Jake passed the baton to the next Hillcrest runner, Drew looked down at the stopwatch and recorded Jake’s time on the chart stuck to his clipboard. Drew smiled and shook his head as the last Hillcrest runner maintained Jake’s lead for an easy win. There was no doubt that his brother would win Hillcrest Academy’s highest athletic honor, the Director’s Award. Their father had received this same award years before. The track meet ended with Hillcrest winning the top team title. Drew jogged down the bleacher steps and handed his clipboard to the beaming coach. “Thanks, Drew,” the coach said, slapping Drew on the back. “That little brother of yours had another great day.” “Yes, he did,” Drew agreed as he gave out towels and bottled water to the winded runners coming off
My notes about what I am reading

2

3

4

5

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the track. “And I’ll be hearing about it all through dinner tonight,” Drew thought. 6 “Hey, Drew,” Jake called from the infield. “Got any bandages in that magic bag of yours? I’ve got a gross blister on my heel.” “Sure, Jake,” Drew answered. He searched his duffel bag for the first-aid kit and took it to his brother. After he had bandaged Jake, Drew jumped into the athletic department’s golf cart and headed off to the soccer field to collect cone markers and soccer balls. He spent a few minutes giving the defensive backs some pointers on blocking shots before finishing his many tasks. By the time he cleaned and stored all the equipment, all the athletes and spectators had gone, and the sun was low in the sky. At dinner that night Jake and his father talked excitedly about the afternoon’s events. Drew’s sister Phoebe, who played forward on the soccer team, occasionally chimed in with details of her game. Drew picked at his food and said little. “You’re awfully quiet, Drew,” his mother noted. “Are you feeling O.K.?” “I’m just tired,” he muttered. Jake laughed. “I imagine being a spectator is quite exhausting,” he teased. Phoebe glared at Jake. “Drew does more than just watch, and you know it, Jake,” she said. “Without his statistics, your great performances wouldn’t be written up in the paper.” She turned and smiled at Drew. “Being assistant athletic manager is tough, too.” Jake opened his mouth to respond, but a look from his father stopped him. “I’m sure Drew would be out there running with you if he could,” his father said.

My notes about what I am reading

7

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9

10 11 12 13

14

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“He makes a valuable contribution to the athletic program in his own way.” 15 Drew felt his face flush. He hated being reminded of what could have been, what should have been. He hated thinking about a promising athletic career cut short by a bad heart. “I think I’m finished now,” he said as he got up from the table. “See you all later.” “Make sure you throw your good shirt in the wash,” his mother called after him. “You’ll need it for Friday’s banquet.” Drew had mixed feelings about the upcoming awards banquet. He was proud of his brother’s and sister’s accomplishments, but their achievements also reminded him of his own unfulfilled ambitions. There had been a time when he was a star athlete, part of his family’s tradition of athletic excellence. But that changed when he was diagnosed with an enlarged heart. No competitive athletics, the doctor had stated firmly. His words were like a punch in the stomach. In an instant Drew’s sports career was over. But his sour mood didn’t last. Like everyone else who participated in athletics, Drew was soon caught up in the preparation preceding the awards banquet. By Friday afternoon he had resolved to put on his game face and applaud as loudly as everyone else when Jake accepted the program’s highest honor. That night the gymnasium was packed with student athletes and their families. The room had been transformed into a banquet hall. A smorgasbord had been set up beneath the scoreboard. A group of students had gathered near the buffet, munching on appetizers. The athletes had abandoned their usual sports uniforms for more formal clothes. The attendees made their way to their seats when an announcement signaled the start of the awards ceremony.

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20

The smile on Drew’s face masked his sadness as he watched many of his friends receive their varsity letters. The team awards followed, acknowledging the most valuable contributor in each sport. Drew’s parents smiled as Jake and Phoebe proudly accepted their plaques. Finally Mr. Ruiz, the athletic director, moved toward the podium to announce the recipient of the Director’s Award. “It is no secret that athletic ability runs strong in the McGrady family,” Mr. Ruiz said. Drew saw Jake and his father exchange winks. “But there is one McGrady whose contribution has surpassed all others,” Mr. Ruiz continued. “His dedication has enabled teams across many sports to succeed.” Drew looked down at his shoes and thought, “Jake will be unbearable after this speech.” “This young man’s commitment to service and his devotion to helping others achieve what he cannot make him deserving of the highest honor,” Mr. Ruiz said. Drew looked up—startled. “Is he still talking about Jake?” he wondered. “Why is everyone looking at me?”

My notes about what I am reading

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31 Read this dictionary entry for the word pointer. pointer \ poin-tər\ noun 1. one who points 2. a long tapered stick for indicating objects, as on a chart 3. a breed of hunting dog 4. a piece of advice; a suggestion Which definition best matches the meaning of the word pointers as it is used in paragraph 8? A B C D Definition 1 Definition 2 Definition 3 Definition 4

.

33 Which of the following best supports the idea that Drew’s family recognizes his contributions to the athletic department? A Mr. McGrady stops Jake from teasing Drew any further during dinner. B Phoebe tells Drew that she knows athletic managers have a difficult job. C Mrs. McGrady reminds Drew about his shirt for the banquet. D Jake asks Drew to help him bandage an injury.

32 Why is Drew certain that Jake will win the Director’s Award? F G H J The award is always given to a member of the McGrady family. Jake is the school’s most accomplished athlete. Jake has also received a most valuable player award. Drew cannot win because he is not on a team.

34 At the end of the selection, the reader can predict that — F G H J Drew will storm out of the gymnasium Mr. Ruiz will give the award to Jake Drew’s friends will receive their varsity letters Mr. Ruiz will give the award to Drew

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35 What is Drew’s main conflict in this selection? A He cannot play sports because of his health. B He is constantly being teased and picked on by his brother. C His parents like Jake and Phoebe more than they like him. D His job takes up too much of his time after school.

37 Which sentence from the selection best illustrates Jake’s attitude toward Drew? A As always, Drew’s younger brother Jake held the lead. B Drew saw Jake and his father exchange winks. C “I imagine being a spectator is quite exhausting,” he teased. D Jake opened his mouth to respond, but a look from his father stopped him.

36 Paragraph 17 is important to the selection because it — F reveals the family’s plans for Drew G tells about the upcoming sports banquet H shows how Drew feels toward the members of his family J gives background information explaining Drew’s situation

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38 Look at the web of information from the selection and answer the question that follows.

Drew’s Duties as Assistant Athletic Manager
Uses a stopwatch and records times Cleans and stores equipment Hands out water and towels

Which of the following best completes the web? F G H J Writes newspaper articles about sporting events Uses a golf cart to travel from game to game Listens to the coach praise an athlete Treats minor injuries

39 In paragraph 15, Drew leaves the dinner table because he — A B C D is finished with dinner and is no longer hungry needs to get ready for Friday’s banquet feels uncomfortable remembering why he’s no longer an athlete is tired from the work he did that afternoon

40 How does Drew spend much of his time on Saturdays? F G H J Cheering for his brother’s and sister’s teams Performing his duties as assistant athletic manager Driving his brother and sister to and from practice Watching the Hillcrest baseball team

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41 Why does the author choose to tell this story from Drew’s point of view? A To compare Drew’s experiences with Jake’s B To illustrate how Drew’s family contributes to his success C To show the reader how Drew helps the athletic department D To help the reader understand the emotions Drew experiences

42 The ending of this story can best be described as — F G H J frustrating
frightening
inspiring
playful

BE SURE ALL OF YOUR ANSWERS ARE

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SDAA II LEVEL 7 SPRING 2007