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**METHOD OF THE RESEACH
**

Design of the research

This research is a quantitative approach. Design of the research is descriptive quantitative. It

means the writer will describe the correlation between variable X (English teacher’s teaching style)

and variable Y (student’s English achievement) at seventh grade of SMP N 9 Baubau.

Place and Time of the Study

This research will be conducted at Seventh Grade of SMP N 9 Baubau academic year 2013/2014.

This reseach will be held on juni,2014. After getting an agreement of the school principal and then

consult to an English teacher who is teach at the seventh Grade of SMP N 9 Baubau

Variable of the research

There are two variables on this research, namely :

Independent variable is the English teacher’s teaching style at seventh grade of SMPN 9 Baubau

symbolized by X

Dependent variable is the student’s English achievement at the seventh grade of SMPN 9

Baubau symbolized by X

Population and Sample

Population

The population in this research was all the students at seventh grade of SMP N 9 Baubau academic

2013/2014. The total number of the population was 122 student from 6 classes of seveth grade at

SMPN 9 Baubau.

Sample

The taking of the sample used the simple random sampling; as Kountur (2003: 138-139) that “simple

random sampling adalah cara pemilihan sampel dimana anggota dari populasi dipilh satu per satu

secara random (semua mendapatkan kesempatan yang sama untuk dipilih) dimana jika sudah dipilih

tak dapat di pilih kembali.” Furthermore, the taking of the sample used lottery and based on Arikunto’s

opinion (1997:107) that “apabila populasinya kurang dari 100 orang, maka dapat di ambil semua

sehingga penelitiannya merupakan penelitian populasi, dan apabila populasinya lebih dari 100 orang,

maka dapat diambil sebagian antara 10 – 15 % dan antara 20-25%)”. Because the total number of

population was 122 people, so the sample taken in 25% from the population. So the total sample are

30 students.

Instrument

The instrument used in this reseach were :

Questionnaire

Questionnaire use to find out student’s perception about English teacher’s teaching styles at seventh

grade of SMPN 9 Baubau . It was consist of 28 items of close questions and the respondents only

choosen one from five option given. Before quetionnare shared, first the essence instrument should

be made, and afterwardss, the try out will be held to obtained a valid instrument. A tested instrument

can be shared to the student to obtained the primery data.

Test use to find out students English achievement. Test that given consist of 20 items. Test will

be taken based on the material in the curriculum and syllabus for seventh grade students of junior

high school that they had learned and the test will be made by the writer.

The validity and the reliability test will be conducted through the following procedurs :

“Uji Validitas adalah suatu ukuran yang menunjukkan tingkat-tingkat kevalidan atau kesahihan

suatu instrumen. Suatu instrumen yang valid atau sahih mempunyai validitas tinggi. Sebaliknya,

instrumen yang kurang valid berarti memiliki validitas rendah” (Arikunto, 2006: 168). The instrument

validity test can be calculated using SPSS Version 18.

Instrument reliability test according to Priyatno (2010:97) “untuk mengetahui konsistensi alat

ukur, apakah alat pengukur yang digunakan diandalkan dan tetap konsisten jika pengukuran tersebut

diulang”. It means, If the data used many times will be obtained the same data. The way to measure

the level of reliability of the data collection tool was using Cronbach's Alpha. Alpha coefficient is a

measure of the level of reliability. Reliability test will be calculated using SPSS version 18. According

to sekaran (in Priyatno 2010:32) stated “untuk pengujiannya biasanya menggunakan batasan-

batasan tertentu”. The Test criteria as follows : ɑ ≤ 0,6 = kurang baik, ɑ ≥ 0,7 = dapat di terima, ɑ ≥

0,8 = baik

Technique of Data Collection

The data collecting techinique of this research described are as follows :

This research will be used are questionnaires to collect data about student’s perception about

teachers' teaching styles. It will be consisting of 28 numbers. Each question will be contained

components of the teacher's teaching style. The compositions of the questionnaire are shown in the

Table 1. The point that will be given from option is different. The score from alternative answers are

shown in the Table 2.

Table 1. the compositions of Questionnaire

No Indicator Number Total

1 Teacher’s Voice Tone 2,4,6,8, 4

2 Teacher’focusing 1,3,7,9 4

3 Pausing 5,11,12,14 4

4 Eye contact to students 16,17,18,19, 4

5 Teacher’s expression 21,22,23,24 4

6 Teacher’s gesture 25,26,10,15 4

7 Teacher’s positions 20,27,28,13 4

Total 28

Table 2. Questionnaire Scores

Score Of Postive Statement Options Score of Negative Statement

4 A 1

3 B 2

2 C 3

1 D 4

The test use to find out the student’s score of the English lesson. The test that will be given

consist of 20 items. All of the items were taken from the English books for the seventh grade students

of Junior High School based on the present curriculum. Before tests shared to the samples, the try out

will be conducted to obtained a valid instrument. The try out of the tests were addressed to the other

students who do not involve as sample of the research. determined the student’s scores in their

English learning, the writer formula :

mark = (number of correct answer )/(number of the test) x 10

Technique of Data Analysis

Pre Requirements Analysis

Homogeneity Test

The aims of homogeneity of variance test is to determined whether each sample group have the

same data or not. The variance of the data must be homogeneous. So we have to do Homogeneity

test. Homogeneity test in this research using SPPS version 18. According to Priyatno (2010:115)

hypotheses testing criteria are: “jika signifikansi > 0,05 maka data yang di uji adalah homogen. Jika

signifikansi < 0,05 maka data yang di uji adalah tidak homogen”

Data Normality Testing

The aims of normality test is to determine technique of data analysis appropriate. The normal

distribution test in this research using SPSS version 18. According to Priyatno (2010:40) hypotheses

testing criteria are: “yaitu jika signifikansi > 0,05 maka data yang di uji adalah berdistribusi normal.

Jika signifikansi < 0,05 maka data yang di uji berdistribusi normal”

Hypotheses Testing

Hypotheses testing about the correlation between English teacher’s teaching style and student’s

English achievement will be analyzed by using simple regression and The pearson product moment

analysis. The pearson product moment analysis will used to measure the correlation between two

variable (independent and dependent) by applying the following formula :

r_(xy=) (n Σxy-(Σx)(Σy))/(√({(n Σx^2- ) (Σ〖x )〗^2 }{(nΣy^2-(Σ〖y)〗^2 )})

Where :

r_xy = index score of correlation

n = number of respondents

∑xy = the number of mulitplication result between the scores of X and Y variables.

∑x = the score total number of X variable

∑y = the score total number of Y variable.

Furthermore, to test the hypotheses in this research, the writer will use t-test as written below :

t=(r √(n-2))/√(1- r^2 )

The correlation between two variable (independent adn dependent) or between x to y was a

cause and effect, the writer will use a simple linear regression analysis with the function of estimation

: y = a + bx. The simple linear regression analysis technically used spss with the testing criteria :

If probability > 0.05 , H0 is accepted

If probability < 0.05 , H0 is rejected.

The statical hypotheses as follows :

H0 : ρ = 0 (it means there is not correlation)

H1 : ρ ≠ 0 (it means there is a correlation)

The criteria that use to determine the English teacher’s teaching style were as follows :

80 < X ≤ 100 : Very Interesting

75 < X ≤ 80 : Interesting

65 < X ≤ 75 : less interesting

< X ≤ 65 : no intersting

The last, the criteria that use to determine the student’s English achievement were as

follows :

80 - 100 : very high

70 – 79 :high

60 – 69 : middle

45 – 59 : low

< 45 : very low

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