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INDIRECT /REPORTED SPEECH

Reporting Verbs

When using reported speech, most students learn to use "say" and "tell":
Examples:
John told me he was going to stay late at work.
Peter said he wanted to visit his parents that weekend.

These forms are perfectly correct for reporting what others have said. However, there are a number of
other reporting verbs which can more accurately describe what someone has said. These verbs take
a variety of structures. The following list gives you reporting verbs in various categories based on
sentence structure. Notice that a number of verbs can take more than one form.

accuse me of doing - optužiti
advise –savetovati
admit – priznati
agree – složiti se …
agree – složiti se
apologize for – izviniti se
blame me for doing - okriviti
congratulate me on/for* doing – čestitati
confess- ispovedati
decide - odlučiti
deny - poreći
encourage somebody- ohrabriti
explain – objasniti
greet – pozdraviti
invite somebody – pozvati
insist - insistirati
offer -ponuditi
promise – obećati
regret – (za)žaliti
recommend – preporučiti
remind somebody - podsetiti
refuse – odbiti
suggest – predložiti
threaten - pretiti
warn somebody -upozoriti

verb object infinitive verb infinitive verb (that) verb gerund verb object preposition
gerund
verb
preposition
gerund
advise me to do/not to do
encourage me …
invite me
remind me
warn me
agree to do/not to
do
decide
offer
promise
refuse
threaten
admit
agree
decide
deny
explain
insist
promise
recommend
suggest
deny doing/not doing
recommend
suggest
accuse me of doing/not doing
blame me for
congratulate me on/for*
apologize for
doing
insist on
Examples:
Jack encouraged me to
look for a new job.
They invited all their
friends to attend the
presentation.
Examples:
She offered to
give him a lift to
work.
My brother
refused to take
no for an answer.
Examples:
Tom admitted
(that) he had
tried to leave
early.

She agreed
(that) we
needed to
reconsider our
plans.
Examples:
He denied having
anything to do with
her.
Ken suggested
studying early in the
morning.
Examples:
They accused the boys of
cheating on the exam.
She blamed her husband for
missing the train.
Examples:
He apologized
for being late.
She insisted on
doing the
washing up.

*congratulate ON/FOR

According to Oxford Dictionaries Online the verb congratulate collocates with on and for , but the meaning
is slightly different.
When you congratulate someone ON- something you give them your good wishes because something
special or pleasant has happened to them, e.g. "I'd like to congratulate you on your marriage".
When you congratulate someone FOR something you praise them for an achievement, e.g. "I'd like to
congratulate the staff for their good job".
Congratulate on is a lot more frequent than congratulate for, but the latter is used nevertheless.

Exercise 1

1. Why don't we go to the cinema?” he said.
a) suggested going b) thanked for going
c) promised to go d) warned against going

2 “Watch out! The bull looks dangerous,” they said
They he dangerous bull.
a) denied going to b) warned us against
c) accused us of coming to
d) promised not to come

3 “Daddy, I'm going out with John,” she said.
Sue with John.
a) denied going out
b) confessed that she was going
c) apologized for going out
d) regretted going out

4) What a pity I didn't see the ceremony,” he said.
He not seeing the ceremony.
a) regretted b) accused
c) denied d) advised

5) You are right. it was a mistake to get up so early,” Chris said.
Chris early was a mistake.
a) admitted getting up b) begged getting up
c) denied to get up d) advised getting up

6) “Thank you very much indeed,” he said.
He Susan.
a) refused b) thanked
c) promised d) explained
KEY
1. Why don't we go to the cinema?” he said.
a) suggested going


2 “Watch out! The bull looks dangerous,” they said
They he dangerous bull.
b) warned us against



3 “Daddy, I'm going out with John,” she said.
Sue with John.
b) confessed that she was going







4) What a pity I didn't see the ceremony,” he said.
He not seeing the ceremony.
a) regretted



5) You are right. it was a mistake to get up so early,”
Chris said.
Chris early was a mistake.
a) admitted getting up

6) “Thank you very much indeed,” he said.
He Susan.
b) thanked



7) “Robert, welcome to our city!” the Lord Mayor said.
The Lord Mayor Robert.
a) explained b) admitted
c) thanked d) greeted

8) “Look, he is a thief!” the greengrocer said.
The greengrocer him of being a thief.
a) accused b) advised c) greeted d) regretted

9 “I will help you, Tom, for sure,” the teacher said.
The teacher to help Tom.
a) promised b) denied
c) suggested d) regretted

10) “Stay with us until tomorrow, OK. ?
The uncle on our staying with them for the night.
a) admitted b) explained
c) begged d) insisted

11) “How about having a swim?” they said.
They having a swim.
a) suggested b) warned c) refused d) accused

12) “Mummy, buy me that toy, please, please,” the kid said.
The kid her Mum to buy him a toy.
a) advised b) suggested
c) begged d) confessed

13) “It's a pity we didn't meet the president,” they said.
They not meeting the president.
a) warned b) promised c) regretted d) accused

14) “Look out! Timber!” the foreman said.
The foreman the other workers against the falling
tree.
a) promised b) insisted c) suggested d) warned

15 “You'd better start learning for the exam, Roger,” the biology
teacher said.
The biology teacher Roger to start learning for the
exam.
a) promised b) advised


7) “Robert, welcome to our city!” the Lord Mayor said.
The Lord Mayor Robert.
d) greeted

8) “Look, he is a thief!” the greengrocer said.
The greengrocer him of being a thief.
a) accused

9 “I will help you, Tom, for sure,” the teacher said.
The teacher to help Tom.
a) promised


10) “Stay with us until tomorrow, OK. ?
The uncle on our staying with them for the
night.
d) insisted



11) “How about having a swim?” they said.
They having a swim.
a) suggested


12) “Mummy, buy me that toy, please, please,” the kid
said.
The kid her Mum to buy him a toy.
c) begged



13) “It's a pity we didn't meet the president,” they said.
They not meeting the president.
c) regretted


14) “Look out! Timber!” the foreman said.
The foreman the other workers against
the falling tree.
d) warned

15 “You'd better start learning for the exam, Roger,” the
biology teacher said.
The biology teacher Roger to start
learning for the exam.
c) suggested d) denied


b) advised



Exercise 1 Choose the correct reporting verb from this list and finish the reported speech
for each example.
told said advised asked offered invited ordered suggested
warned
1. "I'd go and see a doctor if I were you," Julie said to me. Julie me to go and
see a doctor.
2. "Can you come and help me with this box?" John me to help him with the/that
box.
3. "This is an exam Mr. Jenkins!! Shut up now!!!" The headmaster Mr. Jenkins to
shut up.
4. "That road is very dangerous so just be very careful!" His mother him
that the road was very dangerous and to be careful.
5. "Liverpool won the match last night." The journalist that Liverpool had
won the match the previous night.
6. "Why don't we go and see that new film at the cinema." Bill going to see the new film
at the cinema.
7. "I can come and look after the children tomorrow night." Jane to come and look
after the children the following day.
8. "The lesson starts at six o'clock in the evening." The teacher us that the lesson
started at six in the evening.
9. "Have dinner with me," Tom said to Beth. Tom ……………… Beth to dinner.
Exercise 2
Choose the correct reporting verb from this list and report the sentences . Use GERUND or
INFINITIVE !!!
threatened refused insisted reminded promised begged denied

1. "We really must go with you," they said to Bob.
2. "I won't do it," he said.
3. "If you take my iPod again, I'll pinch you very hard," Mary to Tim.
4. "Don't forget to phone when you arrive," said Mum to us.
5. "I didn't lose your book," he said.
6. "I promise I'll take you to school," said my sister to them.
7. "Please, please, don't tell anyone what happened. !" he said to Tom.

KEY
Exercise 1
1. advised
2. asked- zamolila
3. ordered
4. warned
5. said
6. suggested
7. offered
8. told
9. invited
Exercise 2
1. They insisted on going with Bob.
2. He refused to do it.
3. Mary threatened to pinch Tom if he took her iPod again.
4. Mum reminded us to phone when we arrived.
5. He denied losing my book.
6. She promised to take them to school.
7. He begged Tom not to tell anyone.


More exercise on
http://www.grammarnet.com/ghtml/exercise12/may2012.pdf
http://esl.about.com/library/grammar/blgr_reportingverbs.htm
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=369
http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar/4g11-reporting-verbs-exercise.php
http://esl.about.com/od/esl-worksheets/a/Reported-Speech-Worksheet.htm

Basic Reported (Indirect) Speech
Indirect Speech Transformations Quiz 1
Indirect Speech Transformations Quiz 2




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