second lecture
 Firstly Dr. remember us with some information from previous lecture like Latin origin
for the world ethics & morals ( she said its going to be in the exam :D )
 Ethics is used by profession for conduct & character (in Arabic لك اهب ىلحتي نا بجي يتلا تافصلا
)هنهمل نهتمم
 & then she mention the difference between morals & ethics in different aspects
 Then she mention the virtues that important for any dentist
 Then slide 1:
 Opposite of being prudence is neglect which cause dentist to pay money for patient who
suffer a damage /injury as consequence of your neglect. Such as you didn’t apply
infection control , the patient suffer as a result , you must emprise هضوعت ( ) for every
injury as money or medical care
 Malpractice means medical errors/dental errors , reasons to get sued by your patients.
 Slide 2 :
 Even if you make a mistake your patient will be happy if your dedicated dentist.
 Slide 3:
 In most cases in dentistry the right thing to do is straight forward but in few cases you
may face dilemma like when you & your patient opinion conflict each other about
treatment plane ( like extracting the tooth or not ) , you must go as your patient want
because of importance of patient satisfaction, but when the patient refuses a lifesaving
treatment an ethical dilemma rises here ( medical practice purpose to save the life of the
patient but here it's in conflict with patient autonomy ) but you must respect patient
decision if he/she is competent
 Slide 4:
 Veracity is not a fifth principle but it’s a keyword in applying these principles.
 Slide 6:
 Competent means to be an adult ( in Jordan above 18 years of age, it varies among
different countries ) & no mental incapacity ( mental disease that affect reasons & make
decisions )
 Informed consent most important thing is to tell the patient all information’s that required
to make decisions
 Slide 7:
 Does that voluntarily without any pressure from any other else , she talk about one
example , women come to your clinic needs perio treatment as a result of husband
pressure on her but she don’t want that ….. what should you do ??? put in know that
husband will pay for that treatment & he wants that …. An ethical dilemma rises , and you
must be autonomist
 But if the medical illness compromise mental capacity of the patient & he/she refusing a
life sustaining treatment , you can do the treatment because the patient isn’t competent
at that time. But if the treatment is not lifesaving you must go to cords to take a decision
you can't take it by yourself also.

 If the patient refuses a treatment because of fear ….. you must be compassion 
 You must give information honestly without deception ( ركم( لايتحاو
 Informed consent does not mean to obtain a signature …. It means give all information’s
to the patient
 Slide 8:
 You must have all information`s required for educates the patient & do the treatment. and
having enough skills to do that treatment 
 If the patient refuse chemotherapy as an example & your obligations to save the patient
life , you must do what the patient want ; because chemotherapy has many side effects
that harm the patient emotionally, psychologically, expensively ….. so you must respect
patient decisions.
 ميحرلا توملا
Euthanasia legal made by some countries , the patient want for termination of his/her life , legal
in some countries
 Slide 9:
Needs , desires & values of the patients
 Slide 10:
Justice , we shouldn’t treat our relatives first but you must begin with more severe pain
 Slide 12:
Morals principles mean honesty, compassion, prudence, dedication, etc.
 Slide 13:
Codes of ethics is the principles that written to adhere with while ethics are not written.
Maintaining and enriching means respecting those standards also improving your skills in
knowledge is a promotion in wellbeing .
 Slide 14:
 Quasi – legal = semi-legal like law
 Example when law is in conflict with ethics …… in TORMENT IMPRISONS ( بيذعتلا نوجس
) where the patient faces body sanctions & the supervisors are doctors here there is
conflict between medical ethics ( wellbeing of the patient ) & law …. Doctors must go
with law to prevent consequences of violating it & then the doctors must work to overturn
unjust law .
 Another example , when you had treat patient at 6 o’clock in Monday for example & then
police asking you about this patient , what must you do ???
Here is an ethical dilemma ( confidentiality & right of law ) , you have to ask police about ID &
the code order to make sure he is a police officer . then if the questions was what that patient
was wearing ? you answer ; you give information`s that is necessary & proportional to achieve
the purpose which is public protections in that case …. But if police officer ask you to give him
all files of the patients at that time , you mustn’t give him that.

 How ethics become universal ??? American ethics
When start to talk about ethics ???Hippocrates who firstly talks about ethics but his oath is
modified  after world war II where there were abuse to patients a lot. then universal
declarations of human rights arise.
 Before may be syphilis patient become infected and don’t receive treatment in order to
study microorganism life. this study called Tuskegee gated.
 Who is established standard for evaluating conduct ethics / law ???
Ethics ^-^ is higher morally, a behavior can be moral but illegal.
 Autonomy is a basic human right
 You can omits( not acting from previous lecture worlds  ) treatment from HIV patient
under right of freedom from discriminations.
You must study lectures in sequence to understand little :P .
هتاكربو لا ةمحرو مكيلع ملسلاو
قيفوتلاب اعيمج 