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TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. Introduction …………………………………………………………………………..Page 2
II. Components of a Computer………………………………………………………..Page 3
III. Using the Computer and Managing Files………………………………………..Page 11
IV. Word Processing……………………………………………………………………..Page 17
V. Spreadsheet……………………………………………………………………………Page 25
VI. Presentation……………………………………………………………………………Page 32
VII. Number System Conversion………………………………………………………..Page 39
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INTRODUCTION

At this day and age, the computer has become an integral part of our lives. It’s used extensively in schools,
hospitals, banks and other institutions that require ease in transactions and other processes. Computer
literacy has indeed, become mandatory to cope up with the ever-changing technology. This manual aims to
help student understand the fundamentals of computer technology. In particular, the following topics are
addressed.

• What is a computer?
• What are the components of a computer?
• How does a computer work?
• How does software work?
• How does computer process information?
• How is data stored?
• How different software application helps us with our daily tasks?

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Activity No. 1
Components of a Computer
Course Code: CPE001 Program:
Course Title: Computer Fundamentals Date Performed:
Name: Date Submitted:
Section: Instructor:
1. Objective(s):

The activity aims to introduce the different components of a computer system.

2. Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):

The students shall be able to:
2.1 Differentiate each component of a computer system.
2.2 Set-up and operate a standard desktop computer.
2.3 Explain the importance on why each component has to work interpedently.

3. Requirement(s):
 System Unit
 Monitor
 Cables ( VGA, SVGA, Power Plug, IDE/SATA)
 Connectors
4. Discussion

A computer is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory,
that can accept data, process data according to specified rules, produce results, and stores the results for
future use. It consists of several peripheral that are tangible in nature known as hardware. These
components include input & output devices, a system unit, storage devices, and communication devices.
The figure below shows a standard component of the computer hardware.


Figure 1.1 Computer Hardware Components
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INPUT DEVICES –Any hardware component that allows you to enter data and instruction to the
computer



The mouse allows control of movement of a symbol on a screen.


A computer keyboard contains keys you press to enter data into the
computer


A Web cam is a digital video camera that allows users to create movies
or take pictures and store them on the computer instead of on tape or
film.


A microphone allows a user to speak into the computer.


A scanner converts printed material (such as text and pictures) into a
form the computer can use.










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OUTPUT DEVICES- Any hardware component that conveys information to one or more people.



A monitor displays text, graphics, and videos on screen.



A printer produces text and graphics on a physical medium such as a
paper.


Speakers allow you to hear music, voice, and other audio (sounds).

SYSTEM UNIT- It is a case that contains electronic components of the computer that are used to
process data.








It is the core of a computer system. The circuitry of the system usually is
part of or connected to the circuit board called the motherboard.














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STORAGE DEVICES- Storage holds data, instructions, and information for future use.



A hard disk drive stores information on a rigid platter or stack of platters
with magnetic surface.


A USB flash drive is a portable storage device that is small and
lightweight enough to be transported on a keychain or in a pocket


An optical drive is a flat, round, portable metal disc with a plastic coating.
CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray Discs are three types of optical discs.

An external hard disk is a separate, freestanding unit, whereas you
insert and remove a removable hard disk from the computer or a device
connected to the computer.
















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COMMUNICATION DEVICES- It is a hardware component that enables a computer to send (transmit)
and receive data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers or mobile devices
.


A router is a device that determines the next
network point to which packet should be
forwarded towards its destination.

A switch is a communication device that connects
network segments.



5. Procedures

STEP 1: Setting Up a Desktop Computer



a. Use the checklist to verify all necessary components are available.


Components
System Unit
LCD Monitor
Keyboard
Mouse
Power Supply Cables
VGA Cable



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b. Connect the keyboard, mouse, power and VGA cable at the ports designated at the back of the
system unit.


Figure 1-2 Computer Back Plate

c. Connect the speaker, microphone, and headphones.
d. Connect the power cable to the system unit and LCD monitor.
e. Press the power button on the system and LCD monitor.
f. After you turn the computer on, wait for the Windows Setup to load.












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6. Question &Answer

6.1
Recently, you purchased a USB flash drive that you plan to use to store work-related files. When you
attempt to store a file on the USB flash drive, the computer displays an error message indicating that the
file will not fit. How could a brand new USB flash drive not have enough room to store the first file you
attempted to store on it?








6.2
The power in your house has been out for the last two hours and has just come back on. When you
attempt to start your computer by pressing the power button, nothing happens. What is your next step
before calling for help?







6.3
You insert an optical disc with digital photos from your most recent family vacation and discover that your
computer will not read the optical disc. What might be wrong?













7.Assessment (Rubric for Laboratory Performance):

10

T I P – V P A A – 0 5 4 D
Revision Status/Date: 0/2009 June 15


TECNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES

RUBRIC FOR LABORATORY PERFORMANCE

Subject: _________________ Experiment No. :______________________
Name: ______________________________________________________________

Evaluated by:


________________________________________
Printed Name and Signature of Faculty Member
Date: _____________________________

CRITERIA
BEGINNER
1
ACCEPTABLE
2
PROFICIENT
3
SCORE
I. Laboratory Skills
Manipulative Skills
Members do not demonstrate
needed skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate needed skills.
Members always demonstrate
needed skills.

Experimental Set-up
Members are unable to set up
the materials.
Members are able to set up the
materials with supervision.
Members are able to set up the
materials with minimum
supervision.

Process Skills
Members do not demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate targeted process
skills.
Members always demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Safety Precautions
Members do not follow safety
precautions.
Members follow safety
precautions most of the time.
Members follow safety
precautions at all times.

II. Work Habits
Time Management /
Conduct of
Experiment
Members do not finish on time
with incomplete data.
Members finish on time with
incomplete data.
Members finish ahead of time
with complete data and time to
revised data.

Cooperative and
Teamwork
Members do not know their
tasks and have no defined
responsibilities. Group
conflicts have to be settled by
the instructor.
Members have defined
responsibilities most of the
time. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed most of
the time.
Members are on tasks and have
defined responsibilities at all
times. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed at all
times.

Neatness and
Orderliness
Messy workplace during and
after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace
with occasional mess during
and after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace at all
times during and after the
experiment.

Ability to do
independent work
Members require supervision
by the instructor.
Members require occasional
supervision by the instructor.
Members do not need to be
supervised by the instructor.

Other comments / Observations:
TOTAL SCORE
RATING = (Total Score / 20) x
100%

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Activity No. 2
USING THE COMPUTER AND MANAGING FILES
Course Code: CPE001 Program:
Course Title: Computer Fundamentals Date Performed:
Name: Date Submitted:
Section: Instructor:
1. Objective(s):

To demonstrate knowledge and competence in using the common functions of a personal computer and
its operating system

2. Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):

The students shall be able to:
2.1 Know the main features of the operating system including adjusting the main computer settings
and using built-in help features
2.2 Operate effectively around the computer desktop and work effectively in a graphical user
environment
2.3 Examine the main concepts of file management and be able to efficiently organize files and
folders so that they are easy to identify

3. Requirement(s):
 System Unit
 Operating System (XP)
4. Discussion

An operating system is a set of programs that coordinates all the activities among computer hardware
devices. It provides a means for users to communicate with the computer and other software. Many of
today’s computers use Microsoft’s Windows, or Mac OS, Apple’s operating system. When a user starts a
computer, portions of the operating system are copied into memory from the computer’s hard disk. These
parts of the operating system remain in memory while the computer is on.

A utility program allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a
computer, its devices, or its programs. For example, you can use a utility program to transfer digital
photos to an optical disc. Most operating systems include several utility programs for managing disk
drives, printers, and other devices and media. You also can buy utility programs that allow you to perform
additional computer management functions.

Application software consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them
with personal tasks. A widely used type of application software related to communications is a Web
browser, which allows users with an Internet connection to access and view Web pages or access
programs. Other popular application software includes word processing software, spreadsheet software,
database software, and presentation software.

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Installing and Running Programs
When purchasing software from a retailer, you typically receive a box that includes an optical disc(s) that
contains the program. If you acquire software from a Web site on the Internet, you may be able to
download the program; that is, the program transfers from the Web site to the hard disk in your computer.




Figure 2.1 Installing and Running a computer program.

5. Procedures
STEP 1: Checking System Properties To check which version of operating system you are using:
a. Click on the Start icon
b. Click on Control Panel button
c. Click Performance and Maintenance
d. Click on See Basic information about your computer





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5.1. What is the computer’s serial number?



STEP 2: Changing Time and Date A small clock is displayed at the bottom-right of your screen. To
change the time or date:

a. Double click on the clock icon to display the Date and Time Properties dialog box.
b. To change the month, click on the drop-down arrow within the Month section.
c. To change the year, click on the up or down arrow within the Year section.
d. To set the time you can adjust the values displayed within the Time section of the dialog box.
e. Click on Apply





Step 3: Configuring the Volume Setting To adjust the volume setting

a. Click on the Show Hidden Icons (bottom-right of the screen)
b. Click on the Volume icon to display the volume control
c. Adjust the setting by dragging the slider up or down


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STEP 4: Minimizing, Maximizing and Restoring Windows

a. Click on any of these buttons that are located in the top-right hand corner of every window.




STEP 5: Uninstalling Application To remove an existing application from the computer:
a. Go to Control Panel
b. Click on the Add or Remove Programs
c. Select the name of the program you wan to uninstall
d. Click on the Change or Remove Program Icon



5.2 State two common sources that you may need to install software from.



5.3. What is an installation wizard and what does it do?


5.4. After installing software where should you be able to easily see it to use/select it?



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6. Question & Answer

6.1. Provide the Procedures on how we can create, delete and rename a folder on your desktop.










6.2. What three keys are pressed together to open the Windows Task Manager.





6.3. It is not possible to save your work after your computer has crashed. Therefore outline a strategy to
minimize the effect of any application you are working on crashing?



















7. Assessment (Rubric for Laboratory Performance):
16

T I P – V P A A – 0 5 4 D
Revision Status/Date: 0/2009 June 15


TECNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES

RUBRIC FOR LABORATORY PERFORMANCE

Subject: _________________ Experiment No. :______________________
Name: ______________________________________________________________

Evaluated by:


________________________________________
Printed Name and Signature of Faculty Member
Date: _____________________________

CRITERIA
BEGINNER
1
ACCEPTABLE
2
PROFICIENT
3
SCORE
I. Laboratory Skills
Manipulative Skills
Members do not demonstrate
needed skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate needed skills.
Members always demonstrate
needed skills.

Experimental Set-up
Members are unable to set up
the materials.
Members are able to set up the
materials with supervision.
Members are able to set up the
materials with minimum
supervision.

Process Skills
Members do not demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate targeted process
skills.
Members always demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Safety Precautions
Members do not follow safety
precautions.
Members follow safety
precautions most of the time.
Members follow safety
precautions at all times.

II. Work Habits
Time Management /
Conduct of
Experiment
Members do not finish on time
with incomplete data.
Members finish on time with
incomplete data.
Members finish ahead of time
with complete data and time to
revised data.

Cooperative and
Teamwork
Members do not know their
tasks and have no defined
responsibilities. Group
conflicts have to be settled by
the instructor.
Members have defined
responsibilities most of the
time. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed most of
the time.
Members are on tasks and have
defined responsibilities at all
times. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed at all
times.

Neatness and
Orderliness
Messy workplace during and
after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace
with occasional mess during
and after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace at all
times during and after the
experiment.

Ability to do
independent work
Members require supervision
by the instructor.
Members require occasional
supervision by the instructor.
Members do not need to be
supervised by the instructor.

Other comments / Observations:
TOTAL SCORE
RATING = (Total Score / 20) x
100%

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Activity No. 3
WORD PROCESSING
Course Code: CPE001 Program:
Course Title: Computer Fundamentals Date Performed:
Name: Date Submitted:
Section: Instructor:
1. Objective(s):

To demonstrate the ability to use a word processing application to accomplish everyday tasks
associated with creating, formatting and finishing small-sized word processing documents such as letters
and other everyday documents

2. Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):

The students shall be able to:
2.1 Express with documents and save them in different file formats
2.2 Apply different formats to documents to enhance them before distribution and recognize good
practice in choosing the appropriate formatting options
2.3 Set up document page settings and check and correct spelling before finally printing documents

3. Requirement/s:
 System Unit
 Microsoft Office Suite ( Word 2007)
4. Discussion

Microsoft Word is a proprietary word processor designed by Microsoft. It was first released in 1983 under
the name Multi-Tool Word for Xenix systems.

Subsequent versions were later written for several other platforms including IBM PCs running DOS
(1983), the Apple Macintosh (1984), the AT&T Unix PC (1985), Atari ST (1986), SCO UNIX, OS/2, and
Microsoft Windows (1989).

It is a component of the Microsoft Office software system; it is also sold as a standalone product and
included in Microsoft Works Suite. The current versions are Microsoft Office Word 2010 for Windows and
Microsoft Office Word 2011 for Mac.

MS Word contains rudimentary desktop publishing capabilities and is the most widely used word
processing program on the market.

Word files are commonly used as the format for sending text documents via e-mail because almost every
user with a computer can read a Word document by using the Word application, a Word viewer or a word
processor that imports the Word format.



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STEP1: Opening a New Document

a. From the OFFICE BUTTON , select New
The New Document dialog box appears. OR Press [Ctrl] + [N]


b. From the Blank and recent section, click BLANK DOCUMENT
A new blank document appears.

STEP2: Opening an Existing Document
Follow these instructions to open already existing documents.
a. From the OFFICE BUTTON , select Open
OR Press [Ctrl]+[O]
The Open dialog box appears.
b. From the Look in pull-down list, navigate to and select the desired file .
c. To open the file, click OPEN




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STEP 3: Saving a Document: First Time

a. From the OFFICE BUTTON , select Save As
NOTE: Do not click on the side arrow as it will not allow the Save As function to occur.
The Save As dialog box appears.
b. From the Save in pull-down list, make the appropriate selection:
To save to your H: drive or another network drive, select (H:) or another network drive

c. In the File name text box, type a filename
OPTIONAL: From the Save as type pull-down menu, select the type of file
NOTE: To share this file with users who have a previous version of Word, save as a Word 97-2003 file.
d.Click SAVE
The document is saved.

STEP 4: Printing a Document
a. From the OFFICE BUTTON , click PRINT
OR Press [Ctrl] + [P]

STEP 5: Closing a Document: Exiting Word
a. From the OFFICE BUTTON , click EXIT WORD
OR Click CLOSE in the upper right corner of the Word window
If you have made changes that have not been saved, a prompt appears asking you if you want to save the
document.
b. To save any open document(s), click YES
To close without saving, click NO
To continue working, click CANCEL




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5.Proceduress

STEP 1: Creating documents using shortcut keys
Everyone knows that fast and efficient typists rarely let their fingers leave the keyboard. Having to lift your
hand to find the mouse, then point and click at an icon, only slows down typing speed. Becoming adept at
using control key shortcuts will not only save time but will increase your knowledge of the power of your
word processor. In this activity, you will practice using shortcuts for common editing tasks in Word.
a. Create a NEW document in Word.
b. Insert a header – Name Shortcut Keys Date
c. Starting on the first line of the document, type responses to the statements provided below: Type one
answer per line. Do NOT type the statements or preceding letters.
 Your first and last name
 Your nickname
 Your parents or guardian’s names.
 Your birth date.
 A career that interests you.
 One sentence explaining why you chose the career in 3e above.
 Your best friend’s name.
 Your grade level preceded by the word Grade. Example: Grade 6
 Two of your hobbies (separated by the word and).
d. Carefully proofread the document for spelling, grammar, and accuracy.
e. Save the document as BIO to your computer folder.
f. Select the appropriate text and make the following changes using shortcut keys only:
 Bold your name.
 Italicize your nickname.
 Bold and italicize your parents or guardian’s names
 Underline your birth date.
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 Decrease the font size of the career that interests you by 2 points.
 Increase the font size of the sentence explaining your career choice to 24 points.
 Center align your best friend’s name.
 Right align your grade level.
 Copy your hobbies and paste them two times at the end of this list (on separate lines).
 Cut the sentence explaining what you hope to learn in this class and paste below your
first and last name.
g. Carefully proofread the document for spelling, grammar, and accuracy.
h. Save your document.

STEP 2. Creating, Saving & Retrieving Documents.
With programs like Microsoft Word, an entire document does not have to be re-created in order to make a
copy with minor changes. The following activity illustrates how a Word document can be saved using one
file name, editing that file, and saving it with a new file name.

a. Create a NEW Word document. The font should be 11 point Calibri.
b. Starting on the first line of the document, type your first and last name, then hit ENTER.
c. Type the name of your favorite snack food, then hit ENTER.
d. Type the name of your favorite pizza topping, then hit ENTER.
e. Type the name of your favorite movie, then hit ENTER.
f. Type the name of your favorite song, then hit ENTER.
g. Type the name of your favorite TV show, then hit ENTER.
h. Carefully proofread the document for spelling, grammar, and accuracy.
i. Save the document as LIKES to your Computer 6 folder.
j. Close the file, saving changes upon exiting.
k. Open the document LIKES from your Computer 6 folder.
l. Change your favorite snack food to your least favorite snack food.
m. Change your favorite pizza topping to your least favorite pizza topping.
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n. Change your favorite movie to your least favorite movie.
o. Change your favorite song to your least favorite song.
p. Change your favorite TV show to your least favorite TV show.
q. Insert a Header – Name Dislikes Date
r. Insert a Footer – Page Number
s. Insert a page break after your least favorite TV Show.
CTRL + ENTER or Insert Tab, Pages Group, Page Break
t. Save the document.



STEP 3. Adding Bullets and Editing Paragraphs
Whether you are creating a to-do list for yourself or typing an outline for a school project, adding bullets or
numbering to the list can be helpful. A list is much easier to read if each item is separated by a bullet or a
number. Word allows you to easily add customized bullets and numbers so that you can enhance the look
of any list in a document.
In this activity, you will insert bullets and numbering into a “Top 5 Vacation Destinations” list.

a. Create a NEW blank document in Word.
b. Insert a header: Name Vacation Date
c. Set spacing after to 0 pt and line spacing to single.
d. Starting on the first line of the document, type the text shown below. Leave one space between the title
and the list as shown. Also press enter after the last word “Nevada” to begin a new line.
Top 5 Vacation Destinations
Caribbean
France
Rome, Italy
Hawaii
Las Vegas, Nevada
e. Select the title Top 5 Vacation Destinations and format to Arial, 16 point, and bold.
f. Select the remaining text and format to Arial, 12 point.
g. Turn on the Show/Hide codes to view paragraph marks and other hidden formatting symbols in your
document.
h. Select all the text and copy and paste it three times on your page. This will give you a total of four
duplicate “Top 5 Vacation Destinations” on your page. See Figure 4-1 as a guide.
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i. Separate each of the lists with three blank lines (ENTER) ¶ as shown in Figure 4-1.
j. Select only the list portion of the second “Top 5 Vacation Destinations” (beginning with the word
Caribbean and ending with Nevada). Format it

k. Select only the list portion of the third “Top 5 Vacation Destinations” and format it as a bulleted list
using the bullets feature. Use the standard bullet style ( ). Decrease indent. See Figure 4-1.
l. Select only the list portion of the fourth “Top 5 Vacation Destinations” and format it as a bulleted list
using the bullets feature. Use a bullet style of your choice. Decrease indent. See Figure 4-1.
m. Carefully proofread the document for spelling, grammar, and accuracy.
n. Save the document as VACATION to your Computer 6 folder.
o. Print the document if required by your instructor.


6. Question & Answer

6.1
Your school has a Microsoft Word document with a .docx extension at the end and you found out you
can't open it at home. You are running Microsoft Word 2003. What should you do?






6.2.
Aside from MS Word what other software applications can you use for word processing? State at least 3.












7. Assessment (Rubric for Laboratory Performance):
24

T I P – V P A A – 0 5 4 D
Revision Status/Date: 0/2009 June 15


TECNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES

RUBRIC FOR LABORATORY PERFORMANCE

Subject: _________________ Experiment No. :______________________
Name: ______________________________________________________________

Evaluated by:


________________________________________
Printed Name and Signature of Faculty Member
Date: _____________________________

CRITERIA
BEGINNER
1
ACCEPTABLE
2
PROFICIENT
3
SCORE
I. Laboratory Skills
Manipulative Skills
Members do not demonstrate
needed skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate needed skills.
Members always demonstrate
needed skills.

Experimental Set-up
Members are unable to set up
the materials.
Members are able to set up the
materials with supervision.
Members are able to set up the
materials with minimum
supervision.

Process Skills
Members do not demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate targeted process
skills.
Members always demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Safety Precautions
Members do not follow safety
precautions.
Members follow safety
precautions most of the time.
Members follow safety
precautions at all times.

II. Work Habits
Time Management /
Conduct of
Experiment
Members do not finish on time
with incomplete data.
Members finish on time with
incomplete data.
Members finish ahead of time
with complete data and time to
revised data.

Cooperative and
Teamwork
Members do not know their
tasks and have no defined
responsibilities. Group
conflicts have to be settled by
the instructor.
Members have defined
responsibilities most of the
time. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed most of
the time.
Members are on tasks and have
defined responsibilities at all
times. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed at all
times.

Neatness and
Orderliness
Messy workplace during and
after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace
with occasional mess during
and after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace at all
times during and after the
experiment.

Ability to do
independent work
Members require supervision
by the instructor.
Members require occasional
supervision by the instructor.
Members do not need to be
supervised by the instructor.

Other comments / Observations:
TOTAL SCORE
RATING = (Total Score / 20) x
100%

25

Activity No. 4
SPREADSHEET
Course Code: CPE001 Program:
Course Title: Computer Fundamentals Date Performed:
Name: Date Submitted:
Section: Instructor:
1. Objective(s):

To understand the concept of spreadsheets and to demonstrate the ability to use a spreadsheet
application


2. Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):

The students shall be able to:
2.1 Illustrate rows and columns in a worksheet. Copy, move, delete and appropriately rename
worksheets
2.2 Enter data into cells and use good practice in creating lists. Select, sort and copy, move and
delete data
2.3 Work with spreadsheets and save them in different file formats

3. Requirement(s):
 System Unit
 Microsoft Office Suite ( Excel 2007)
4.Discussion

Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet program for Windows and Macintosh computers. It is part of the
Microsoft Office suite, which includes other productivity programs, such as Word and PowerPoint.

Though Excel is developed by Microsoft, the first version of the program was released for the Macintosh in
1985. It wasn't until 1987, when Microsoft introduced Windows 3.0 that Excel was made available for
Windows. Since then, Microsoft has supported the program on both platforms, releasing updates about
every two years.


Step 1: Creating a new, blank workbook in a spreadsheet

Step 1: Left-click the Microsoft Office Button.
Step 2: Select New. The New Workbook dialog box opens, and Blank Workbook is highlighted by
default.

OR
Pres Ctrl +N

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Step 2: Inserting a Text

a. Left-click a cell to select it. Each rectangle in the worksheet is called a cell. As you select a
cell, the cell address appears in the Name Box.

b. Enter text into the cell using your keyboard. The text appears in the cell and in the formula
bar.

Step 3: Editing or Deleting a Text
a. Select the cell.
b. Press the Backspace key on your keyboard to delete text and make a correction.
c. Press the Delete key to delete the entire contents of a cell.
d. You can also make changes to and delete text from the formula bar. Just select the cell, then
place your insertion point in the formula bar.
Step 4: Moving through worksheet using the keyboard
a. Press the Tab key to move to the right of the selected cell.
b. Press the Shift key then the Tab key to move to the left of the selected cell.
c. Use the Page Up and Page Down keys to navigate the worksheet.
d. Use the arrow keys.





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Step 5: Saving the Workbook

a. Left-click the Microsoft Office Button.
b. Select Save or Save As.
NOTE:
* Save As allows you to name the file and choose a location to save the spreadsheet.
Choose Save As if you'd like to save the file for the first time or if you'd like to save the file
as a different name.
* Select Save if the file has already been named.



5. Procedures

STEP 1: Creating Grade sheet

a. Enter the information in the spreadsheet below.


b. Set an equation that will compute for the sum of grades under column C to column F and show the
answer to Column H.
c. Set an equation that will compute for the average of grades under column C to column F and show the
answer to Column G.










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Step 2: Sorting Data


a. Enter the information in the spreadsheet below.
A B C D E F
1 Month Client Category Service Class Date
2 January Rick Towner Private Training Access 1/12/2004
3 January Darlene Davis Private Training Access 1/15/2004
4
January
Hometown Community
College Educational Training Word 1/15/2004
5
February
Hometown Community
College Educational Training PowerPoint 02/05/2004
6
February
Harmony Kitchen And
Bath Corporate Training Excel 02/07/2004
7 February Database Consultants Corporate Training Access 02/10/2004
8
February Bay County
Governmen
t Training Outlook 02/12/2004

Select the entire spreadsheet and Sort the data by Month
a.1 Did the Months sort as expected or did they sort alphabetically?____________
a.2 Try the Sort again: use the CUSTOM SORT and change the Order to Custom List.



STEP 3: Creating a Checkbook

a. Enter the text below in the cells indicated.
A1: Sure Balance Checkbook
A3: Ck. #
B3: Date
C3: Item Description
D3: Debit
E3: Credit
F3: X
G3: Balance
b. Modify column widths for columns A through F. Instead of selecting the best fit option, indicate precisely
the column width desired. Follow the steps below.
i. Step 1: Open the FORMAT menu.
ii. Step 2: Select the COLUMN option.
iii. Step 3: Select the WIDTH option.
iv. Step 4: Type the desired number of columns in the box labeled “Column Width"(e.g., 5).
29

v. Step 5: Click on <OK>.


Use the following widths for each column.
Column A: 5
Column B: 8
Column C: 30
Column D: 10
Column E: 10
Column F: 1
Column G: 12

c. Format the numbers to show dollars and cents for all entries in columns D, E, and G. Follow the steps
below.
i. Step 1: Click on the letter at the top of the column to be formatted. (The entire column should turn
dark.)
ii. Step 2: Open the FORMAT menu.
iii. Step 3: Select the CELLS option.
iv. Step 4: The NUMBER option automatically should be selected (if not, click on the tab labeled
NUMBER).
v. Step 5: Under the Category label, select the option CURRENCY.
vi. Step 6: Under the Format Codes label, select the format -$1,234.10 which is the third choice.
vii. Step 7: Click on <OK>.


d. Format column B to enter the date of transactions. Follow the steps above but select the
DATE as the category option and M/D/YY as the format codes option which is the first choice.

e. Enter the formulas below in the cells indicated.
G4: =-d4+e4
G5: =g4-d5+e5

f. Enter the information below in the rows indicated.
30



g. Copy the formula from cell G5 to cells G6 through G13.
h. Save the file as Checkbook Exercise.


6. Question &Answer:


6.1 Is there a way to create shortcuts to the MS Excel Functions? If yes, enumerate the steps.







6.2 List down at least 5 major differences of MS Excel 2003 and 2007.







6.3 Enumerate 3 ways on how we can resize a column and row in a worksheet.







7.Assessment (Rubric for Laboratory Performance):
31

T I P – V P A A – 0 5 4 D
Revision Status/Date: 0/2009 June 15


TECNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES

RUBRIC FOR LABORATORY PERFORMANCE

Subject: _________________ Experiment No. :______________________
Name: ______________________________________________________________

Evaluated by:


________________________________________
Printed Name and Signature of Faculty Member
Date: _____________________________

CRITERIA
BEGINNER
1
ACCEPTABLE
2
PROFICIENT
3
SCORE
I. Laboratory Skills
Manipulative Skills
Members do not demonstrate
needed skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate needed skills.
Members always demonstrate
needed skills.

Experimental Set-up
Members are unable to set up
the materials.
Members are able to set up the
materials with supervision.
Members are able to set up the
materials with minimum
supervision.

Process Skills
Members do not demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate targeted process
skills.
Members always demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Safety Precautions
Members do not follow safety
precautions.
Members follow safety
precautions most of the time.
Members follow safety
precautions at all times.

II. Work Habits
Time Management /
Conduct of
Experiment
Members do not finish on time
with incomplete data.
Members finish on time with
incomplete data.
Members finish ahead of time
with complete data and time to
revised data.

Cooperative and
Teamwork
Members do not know their
tasks and have no defined
responsibilities. Group
conflicts have to be settled by
the instructor.
Members have defined
responsibilities most of the
time. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed most of
the time.
Members are on tasks and have
defined responsibilities at all
times. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed at all
times.

Neatness and
Orderliness
Messy workplace during and
after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace
with occasional mess during
and after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace at all
times during and after the
experiment.

Ability to do
independent work
Members require supervision
by the instructor.
Members require occasional
supervision by the instructor.
Members do not need to be
supervised by the instructor.

Other comments / Observations:
TOTAL SCORE
RATING = (Total Score / 20) x
100%

32


Activity No. 5
Presentation
Course Code: CPE001 Program:
Course Title: Computer Fundamentals Date Performed:
Name: Date Submitted:
Section: Instructor:
1. Objective(s):

To accomplish tasks such as creating, formatting, modifying and preparing presentations using different
slide layouts for display and printed distribution
2. Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):

The students shall be able to:
2.1 Understand different presentation views and when to use them, choose different slide layouts and
designs
2.2 Enter, edit and format text in presentations. Recognize good practice in applying unique titles to
slides
2.3 Apply animation and transition effects to presentations and check and correct presentation
content before finally printing and giving presentations
2.4 Work with presentations and save them in different file formats
3. Requirement/s:
 System Unit
 Microsoft Office Suite ( PowerPoint 2007)
4. Discussion:
The term "PowerPoint presentation" was coined when Microsoft introduced its software program
PowerPoint. PowerPoint is commonly used by presenters as a digital aid when presenting their topic to an
audience. Microsoft has called this type of software a "presentation", which is a misnomer. Many
presenters often forget that they are the presentation that the audience came to see, not their PowerPoint
presentation.
PowerPoint presentations consist of a number of individual pages or "slides". The "slide"
analogy is a reference to the slide projector. A better analogy would be the "foils" (or
transparencies/plastic sheets) that are shown with an overhead projector, although they are in decline
now. Slides may contain text, graphics, sound, movies, and other objects, which may be arranged freely.
The presentation can be printed, displayed live on a computer, or navigated through at the command of
the presenter. For larger audiences the computer display is often projected using a video projector. Slides
can also form the basis of web casts.
PowerPoint provides three types of movements:
a. Entrance, emphasis, and exit of elements on a slide itself are controlled by what PowerPoint calls
Custom Animations.
b. Transitions, on the other hand, are movements between slides. These can be animated in a
variety of ways.
c. Custom animation can be used to create small story boards by animating pictures to enter, exit or
move.
33

STEP 1: Creating a New presentations
a. Click the Microsoft Office Button, and choose New from the menu.
b. Click inside the placeholder. The placeholder text will disappear, and the insertion point will
appear.
c. Type your text once the insertion point is visible.
d. Click outside the placeholder when you have entered all of your text into the placeholder.
e. When you enter text or use the icons to insert items, the placeholder text and/or icons
disappear as soon as you start typing.
f. Click the New Slide command in the Slides group on the Home tab. A menu will appear with
your slide layout options.



g. Click the slide you want to insert. A new slide with the chosen layout will appear in the center of
the PowerPoint window and in the pane on the left.
h. Select the slide you wish to change.
i. Click the Layout command in the Slides group on the Home tab. A menu appears with your
options.
j. Click an option to select it. The slide will change in the presentation.




34



STEP 2: Copying and Pasting a Slide
a. Select the slide you wish to copy.
b. Click the Copy command on the Home tab.


c. Click inside the Slides tab on the left task pane. A horizontal insertion point will appear.


35

NOTE: You can use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl and C to copy the slide and Ctrl and V to paste it.
STEP 3: Moving a Slide
a. Select the slide you wish to move on the Slides tab in the left task pane.
b. Click and drag the slide to a new location. The insertion point will appear.
c. Release the mouse button. The slide will appear in the new location.

5. Procedures

Step 1: Changing the Design Background
a. Click on Design on the Formatting toolbar
b. Select a Design Template of your choice

On Slide 1 type the title: PowerPoint Practice
Type the subtitle: Your Name
Step 2: Inserting a New Slide
Use one of these options:
 New Slide on the Formatting Toolbar
 Insert on Menu Bar, New Slide to create a New Slide
 Insert on Menu Bar, Duplicate Slide if you want the same slide again and then make changes to
it.

Insert two new slides.
Step 3: Changing the Layout
a) The Layout options will appear in the Task Pane on the right hand side of the screen.
b) If you do not see the Task Pane, click View, Task Pane
c) You can also change the Layout with Format, Slide Layout
d) Under Text and Content choose Title, Text and Content
e) On Slide 2 type the title: My Family
f) On the Left Hand Text Bullets type: Each member of your family then tab in below each of their
names and list their relationship to you and an interesting fact about them. (Shift Tab moves to
the left one bullet and Tab to the right one bullet.)

Example:
Malia : Daughter : Wants to travel
Shayli : Daughter : Likes sports

g) After you have typed all the text, you can select it and then adjust the size by clicking on the
Increase Font Size or Decrease Font Size on the Formatting Toolbar. Usually the text size will adjust
automatically in PowerPoint if it is too big.
h) On the Right Hand Side select Insert Picture if you have a picture of your family on your computer or
choose Insert Clipart and find a picture that represents something your family likes to do.
36

Slide 3 you get to be creative as you tell me about your favorite place to travel:
 Choose a different Slide Layout depending upon what you want to include on this slide (text,
clipart, chart, pictures, table etc.) Include at least two different items.
 Add an auto shape (found at bottom of the screen) and change the color of the shape.

Step 4: Custom Animation
a. Use the Help feature to learn about custom animations.
b. Click on Help, Microsoft PowerPoint Help
c. Type Custom Animations
d. Choose Animate Text and Objects
e. Read the two options.

On Slide 3 do a variety of custom animations. Instead of having to click on the mouse change the setting
(on right hand side click on the arrow) to start after previous.

Step 5: Transitions
a) Use the Help feature to learn about transitions.
b) Click on Help, Microsoft PowerPoint Help
c) Type Transitions
d) Choose Add Transitions Between Slides
e) Read how to add the same transition or different transitions.

f) Add a different transition for each slide.





















37

6. Question &Answer:


6.1 Is there a way to create shortcuts to these PowerPoint functions? List down the steps.









6.2 What are the different ways that you can view your slides?






6.3How can you save a PowerPoint 2007 presentation as a Word file?






6.4 How do you insert a graph into your presentation?














7.Assessment (Rubric for Laboratory Performance):
38


T I P – V P A A – 0 5 4 D
Revision Status/Date: 0/2009 June 15


TECNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES

RUBRIC FOR LABORATORY PERFORMANCE

Subject: _________________ Experiment No. :______________________
Name: ______________________________________________________________

Evaluated by:


________________________________________
Printed Name and Signature of Faculty Member
Date: _____________________________


CRITERIA
BEGINNER
1
ACCEPTABLE
2
PROFICIENT
3
SCORE
I. Laboratory Skills
Manipulative Skills
Members do not demonstrate
needed skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate needed skills.
Members always demonstrate
needed skills.

Experimental Set-up
Members are unable to set up
the materials.
Members are able to set up the
materials with supervision.
Members are able to set up the
materials with minimum
supervision.

Process Skills
Members do not demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate targeted process
skills.
Members always demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Safety Precautions
Members do not follow safety
precautions.
Members follow safety
precautions most of the time.
Members follow safety
precautions at all times.

II. Work Habits
Time Management /
Conduct of
Experiment
Members do not finish on time
with incomplete data.
Members finish on time with
incomplete data.
Members finish ahead of time
with complete data and time to
revised data.

Cooperative and
Teamwork
Members do not know their
tasks and have no defined
responsibilities. Group
conflicts have to be settled by
the instructor.
Members have defined
responsibilities most of the
time. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed most of
the time.
Members are on tasks and have
defined responsibilities at all
times. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed at all
times.

Neatness and
Orderliness
Messy workplace during and
after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace
with occasional mess during
and after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace at all
times during and after the
experiment.

Ability to do
independent work
Members require supervision
by the instructor.
Members require occasional
supervision by the instructor.
Members do not need to be
supervised by the instructor.

Other comments / Observations:
TOTAL SCORE
RATING = (Total Score / 20) x
100%

39

Activity No. 6
Number System Conversion
Course Code: CPE001 Program:
Course Title: Computer Fundamentals Date Performed:
Name: Date Submitted:
Section: Instructor:
1. Objective(s):

To define the four basic number system used in computer process, and derive its importance

2. Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):

The students shall be able to:
2.1 Familiarize in the four Number System: binary, octal, decimal, and hexadecimal.
2.2 Apply conversion on different number system.

3. Requirement(s:)
 Number System Conversion process
4. Discussion

When humans are speaking to one another, they speak in a particular language they understand. This
language is made of words and letters. Although we type words and letters in the computer, the computer
does not understand the words and letters. Rather, those words and letters are translated into numbers.
Computers talk and understand in numbers. There are three most common number systems that are
frequently used in computers. These number systems are: Binary, Decimal, and Hexadecimal. Octal is not
the usual number used in the computer, thus it may be used also by the computer.


Table 1-1 Numbering Systems Summary

40

5. Procedures

STEP 1: Decimal to Other Base System
a. Divide the decimal number to be converted by the value of the new base.
b. Get the remainder from Step 1 as the rightmost digit (least significant digit) of new base number.
c. c. Divide the quotient of the previous divide by the new base.
d. Record the remainder from Step 3 as the next digit (to the left) of the new base number.
Repeat Steps 3 and 4, getting remainders from right to left, until the quotient becomes zero in Step 3.
The last remainder thus obtained will be the most significant digit (MSD) of the new base number

Examples:

Decimal to Binary

Decimal to Octal

Decimal to Hexadecimal




41




STEP 2: Other base system to Decimal System
a. Determine the column (positional) value of each digit.
b. Multiply the obtained column values (in Step 1) by the digits in the corresponding columns.
c. Sum the products calculated in Step 2. The total is the equivalent value in decimal.

Examples:
Binary to Decimal

Octal to Decimal


Hexadecimal to Decimal






42



STEP 3: Binary to Octal
a. Divide the binary digits into groups of three (starting from the right).
b. Convert each group of three binary digits to one octal digit.
Example:


STEP 4: Octal to Binary
a. Convert each octal digit to a 3 digit binary number
b. Combine all the resulting binary groups (of 3 digits each) into a single binary number.
Example:

STEP 5: Binary to Hexadecimal
a. Divide the binary digits into groups of four (starting from the right).
b. Convert each group of four binary digits to one hexadecimal symbol.
Example:



43

STEP 6: Hexadecimal to Binary
\ a. Convert each hexadecimal digit to a 4 digit binary number.
b. Combine all the resulting binary groups (of 4 digits each) into a single binary number.
Example:


STEP 7: Octal to Hexadecimal

a. Convert each octal digit to a 3 digit binary number (the hexadecimal digits may be treated as
b. Combine all the resulting binary groups (of 3 digits each) into a single binary number.
c. Divide the binary digits into groups of four (starting from the right).
d. Convert each group of four binary digits to one hexadecimal symbol
Example:


STEP 8: Hexadecimal to Octal
a. Convert each hexadecimal digit to a 4 digit binary.
b. Combine all the resulting binary groups (of 4 digits each) into a single binary number.
c. Divide the binary digits into groups of three (starting from the right).
d. Convert each group of three binary digits to one octal digit.
Example:




44



5.1 Refer to Table 1-1; fill out the table with the equivalent values.

Decimal Binary Octal Hexadecimal
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30


5.2 Convert the following:

Decimal Binary Octal Hexadecimal
365 10
101010001110 2
1057 8
3FA5 16

















45

6. Question & Answer


6.1 Why do we need various number base conversions (number system conversions)?







6.2. Enumerate 3 techniques you can use to make conversion of number system faster and easier.
































7.Assessment (Rubric for Laboratory Performance):
46

T I P – V P A A – 0 5 4 D
Revision Status/Date: 0/2009 June 15


TECNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES

RUBRIC FOR LABORATORY PERFORMANCE

Subject: _________________ Experiment No. :______________________
Name: ______________________________________________________________

Evaluated by:


________________________________________
Printed Name and Signature of Faculty Member
Date: _____________________________




CRITERIA
BEGINNER
1
ACCEPTABLE
2
PROFICIENT
3
SCORE
I. Laboratory Skills
Manipulative Skills
Members do not demonstrate
needed skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate needed skills.
Members always demonstrate
needed skills.

Experimental Set-up
Members are unable to set up
the materials.
Members are able to set up the
materials with supervision.
Members are able to set up the
materials with minimum
supervision.

Process Skills
Members do not demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Members occasionally
demonstrate targeted process
skills.
Members always demonstrate
targeted process skills.
Safety Precautions
Members do not follow safety
precautions.
Members follow safety
precautions most of the time.
Members follow safety
precautions at all times.

II. Work Habits
Time Management /
Conduct of
Experiment
Members do not finish on time
with incomplete data.
Members finish on time with
incomplete data.
Members finish ahead of time
with complete data and time to
revised data.

Cooperative and
Teamwork
Members do not know their
tasks and have no defined
responsibilities. Group
conflicts have to be settled by
the instructor.
Members have defined
responsibilities most of the
time. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed most of
the time.
Members are on tasks and have
defined responsibilities at all
times. Group conflicts are
cooperatively managed at all
times.

Neatness and
Orderliness
Messy workplace during and
after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace
with occasional mess during
and after the experiment.
Clean and orderly workplace at all
times during and after the
experiment.

Ability to do
independent work
Members require supervision
by the instructor.
Members require occasional
supervision by the instructor.
Members do not need to be
supervised by the instructor.

Other comments / Observations:
TOTAL SCORE
RATING = (Total Score / 20) x
100%

47