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1.

ANTHRACITE COAL
a. Anthracite is a hard, compact variety of mineral
highest carbon content, the fewest impurities, and the highest calorific content of
types of coal, which also include
b. Anthracite is the most
metamorphism), in which the carbon content is between 92.1% and 98%
applied to those varieties of coal which do not give off
other hydrocarbon
ignites with difficulty and
burns with a short, blue, and
smokeless flame.
c. Anthracite is categorized
into standard grade, which is
used mainly in power
generation, and
(HG) and ultra high
(UHG), the principal uses of
which are in the metallurgy
sector. Anthracite accounts
for about 1% of global coal
reserves,
[4]
and is mined in
only a few countries around
the world. China accounts
for the majority of global
production; other producers
are Russia, Ukraine, North
Korea, Vietnam, the UK,
Australia and the US
2. Bituminous coal


sequences, which are classified according to either "dull, bright
dull-banded", is how bituminous coals are stratigraphi
ANTHRACITE COAL
is a hard, compact variety of mineral coal that has a hig
content, the fewest impurities, and the highest calorific content of
types of coal, which also include bituminous coal and lignite.
Anthracite is the most metamorphosed type of coal (but still represents low
metamorphism), in which the carbon content is between 92.1% and 98%
applied to those varieties of coal which do not give off tarry or
hydrocarbon vapours when heated below their point of ignition
ignites with difficulty and
h a short, blue, and
smokeless flame.
Anthracite is categorized
into standard grade, which is
used mainly in power
high grade
(HG) and ultra high grade
, the principal uses of
which are in the metallurgy
sector. Anthracite accounts
for about 1% of global coal
and is mined in
only a few countries around
ld. China accounts
for the majority of global
production; other producers
are Russia, Ukraine, North
Korea, Vietnam, the UK,
Australia and the US
Bituminous coal
a. Bituminous coal
coal is a relatively soft coal
tarlike substance called
higher quality than lignite coal
quality than anthracite. Formation is usually
the result of high pressure being exerted on
lignite. Its coloration can be black or
sometimes dark brown; often there are
well-defined bands of bright and dull
material within the seams
sequences, which are classified according to either "dull, bright-banded" or "bright,
banded", is how bituminous coals are stratigraphically identified.
that has a highluster. It has the
content, the fewest impurities, and the highest calorific content of all
type of coal (but still represents low-grade
metamorphism), in which the carbon content is between 92.1% and 98%.The term is
ignition. Anthracite
Bituminous coal or black
coal containing a
bitumen. It is of
lignite coal but of poorer
. Formation is usually
the result of high pressure being exerted on
lignite. Its coloration can be black or
sometimes dark brown; often there are
defined bands of bright and dull
seams. These distinctive
banded" or "bright,
cally identified.
b. Bituminous coal is an organic sedimentary rock formed by diagenetic and sub
metamorphic compression of peat bog material. The carbon content of bituminous
coal is around 60-80%; the rest is composed of water, air, hydrogen, and sulphur,
which have not been driven off from the macerals. Within the coal mining industry,
this type of coal is known for releasing the largest amounts of firedamp, a dangerous
mixture of gases that can cause underground explosions. Extraction of bituminous
coal demands the highest safety procedures involving attentive gas monitoring,
good ventilation and vigilant site management


Lignite
3. Lignite, often referred to as brown coal, is a soft brown combustible sedimentary rock that
is formed from naturally compressed peat. It is considered the lowest rank of coal due to its
relatively low heat content. It is mined
in Bulgaria, Kosovo, Greece, Germany, Poland, Serbia, Russia, the United
States, Canada, India, Australia and many other parts of Europe and it is used almost
exclusively as a fuel for steam-electric power generation

4. Lignite is brownish-black in color and has a carbon content of around 25-35%, a high
inherent moisture content sometimes as high as 66%, and an ashcontent ranging from 6% to
19% compared with 6% to 12% for bituminous coal
5. Lignite has a high content of volatile matter which makes it easier to convert into gas and
liquid petroleum products than higher ranking coals. Unfortunately its high moisture content
and susceptibility to spontaneous combustion can cause problems in transportation and
storage. It is now known that efficient processes that remove latent moisture locked within
the structure of brown coal will relegate the risk of spontaneous combustion to the same
level as black coal, will transform the calorific value of brown coal to a black coal
equivalent fuel while significantly reducing the emissions profile of 'densified' brown coal to
a level similar to or better than most black coals.