AutoCAD

and Its Applications
B A S I C S
Student Web Si t e
Copyright by Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Drafting Symbols, page 1
REFERENCE
MATERI ALS
Drafting Symbols
Symbols provide a “common language” for drafters all over the world.
However, symbols are meaningful only if they are drawn according to relevant
standards or conventions. This document describes and illustrates common
dimensioning, GD&T, architectural, piping, and electrical symbols.
Recommended ASME Dimensioning Symbols
The size of dimensioning symbols is consistent with text height. In the
following illustration, H = text height.
Diameter Radius
Taper Slope
H = Letter height
All Around All Over
Depth or Deep Arc Length Dimension Origin Reference
Counterbore Symmetrical Shape Spotface Countersink Square Shape
Spherical
Diameter
Spherical
Radius
Controlled
Radius
Places
or By
H
60°
1.5H
2H
H H
0.8H
90°
H
H
0.3H
H
1.5H
60°
H
H
0.6H
0.3H
1.5H
0.5H
2H
0.5H
30°
15°
H
H 1.5H
H
2
1.5H
AutoCAD
and Its Applications
B A S I C S
Student Web Si t e
Copyright by Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Drafting Symbols, page 2
REFERENCE
MATERI ALS
Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing
Symbols
You can create a library of GD&T symbols, use AutoCAD GD&T tools, or
use an AutoCAD GD&T font to insert symbols as text. The following tables
show examples of GD&T symbols. For complete coverage of GD&T, refer to
Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing by David A. Madsen, published by
Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc.
Any
needed
length
2H
2H
H
H
60°
Datum Feature Symbols
H = Letter height
Datum Target number
Target area size, when used
3.5H
Datum Target Symbols
H = Letter height
Datum Target Symbol Movable Datum Target Symbol
0.3H
60°
0.8H
AutoCAD
and Its Applications
B A S I C S
Student Web Si t e
Copyright by Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Drafting Symbols, page 3
REFERENCE
MATERI ALS
Form
Profile
Location
Orientation
Runout
Total Runout
Circular Runout
Angularity
Perpendicularity
Parallelism
or
or
Symmetry
Position
Profile of a Surface
Profile of a Line
Cylindricity
Circularity
Flatness
Straightness
Concentricity
Geometric Characteristic Symbols
1.5H
0.8H
H = Letter height
Material Condition and
Material Boundary Style
2H minimum 2H minimum
2H H
Feature Control Frame Symbol
H = Letter height
AutoCAD
and Its Applications
B A S I C S
Student Web Si t e
Copyright by Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Drafting Symbols, page 4
REFERENCE
MATERI ALS
Basic Dimension Symbol
H = Letter height
2H H
2X 0.4H
0.8H
1.5H
0.8H
3H
0.6H
2.5H
0.8H 1.5H
30° 30°
0.8H 1.5H
2.5H
3X 1.5H
Additional GD&T Symbols
H = Letter height
Free
State
Tangent
Plane
Projected
Tolerance
Zone
Independency Unequally
Disposed
Profile
Statistical
Tolerance
Continuous
Feature
Between Translation
AutoCAD
and Its Applications
B A S I C S
Student Web Si t e
Copyright by Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Drafting Symbols, page 5
REFERENCE
MATERI ALS
To draw GD&T symbols as text, create a style using the gdt.shx, GDT_IV25,
or GDT_IV50 font. Then use the lowercase alphabet to type the symbols. The
following table shows the symbol produced by each lowercase letter.
Lowercase Letter Symbol Produced
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
AutoCAD
and Its Applications
B A S I C S
Student Web Si t e
Copyright by Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Drafting Symbols, page 6
REFERENCE
MATERI ALS
Architectural Symbols
The following table show basic examples of architectural drafting symbols.
Common Architectural Symbols
Exterior Door
Interior Door
Pocket Door
Bifold Door
Bipass Door
Window
Lighting Outlet
Recessed Lighting
Outlet
Wall Lighting Outlet
Fluorescent
Light Fixture
Single Receptacle
Outlet
Duplex Convenience
Outlet
Triplex Receptacle
Outlet
Special Outlet
Floor Single
Receptacle Outlet
Floor Duplex
Receptacle Outlet
Single Pole Switch
3-Way Switch
220V
Outlet
Weatherproof
Outlet
Thermostat
Doorbell
Fan Hanger
Receptacle
Clock Hanger
Receptacle
TV Outlet
Toilet
Wall Hung Toilet
Urinal
Oval Vanity Sink
Rectangular
Vanity Sink
Single Kitchen
Double Kitchen
Water Heater
Shower
Shower w/ Seat
Tub
Washer/Dryer
Range
Refrigerator
Fan
Conduit
AutoCAD
and Its Applications
B A S I C S
Student Web Si t e
Copyright by Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Drafting Symbols, page 7
REFERENCE
MATERI ALS
Piping Symbols
The following table show basic examples of piping drawing symbols.
Name Left Side Front Right Side Left Side Front Right Side
Buttwelded Screwed
Single-Line Piping Symbols
90° Elbow
45° Elbow
Tee
45° Lateral
Cross
Cap
Concentric
Reducer
Eccentric
Reducer
Union
Coupling
AutoCAD
and Its Applications
B A S I C S
Student Web Si t e
Copyright by Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Drafting Symbols, page 8
REFERENCE
MATERI ALS
Electronic Symbols
The following table show basic examples of electronic drawing symbols.
Amplifier
Capacitor, Polarized
Microphone
Receiver, Earphone
Resistor, General
Resistor, Adjustable
Resistor, Variable
Transformer, General
Transformer,
Magnetic Core
Shielded
Transformer,
Magnetic Core
Auto-Transformer,
Adjustable
Circuit Breaker
Twin Triode Using
Elongated Envelope
Voltage Regulator,
also, Glow Lamp
Phototube
Inductor, Winding,
Reactor, General
Magnetic Core
Inductor
Adjustable Inductor
Ballast Lamp
Fluorescent,
2-Terminal Lamp
Incandescent Lamp
Ground
Chassis Ground
Connectors,
Jack and Plug
Engaged Connectors
Triode with Directly
Heated Cathode and
Envelope Connection
to Base Terminal
Pentode Using
Elongated Envelope
Antenna,
General
Antenna,
Dipole
Antenna,
Dipole
Antenna,
Counterpoise
Battery, Long
Line Positive
Multicell Battery
Capacitor,
General
Capacitor,
Variable
Common Symbols for Electrical Diagrams