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C [1] 21. D [1] 15. C [1] 17.11. A [1] 20. C [1] 2 . B [1] 16. A [1] 14. D [1] 18. D [1] 13. D [1] 19. B [1] 12.

B [1] 23. C [1] 30. A [1] 25. D [1] 26. A [1] 24. D [1] 27. D [1] 28.22. C [1] 29. C [1] 3 .

A [1] 37.31. C [1] 41. B [1] 34. C [1] 35. A [1] 40. A [1] 4 . B [1] 32. A [1] 38. D [1] 39. A [1] 36. B [1] 33.

B [1] 5 . B [1] 47. C [1] 46. C [1] 44. B [1] 50. C [1] 49.42. C [1] 43. C [1] 45. D [1] 48.

C [1] 53. C [1] 6 . C [1] 61.51. A [1] 57. A [1] 54. D [1] 52. A [1] 59. B [1] 55. B [1] 58. D [1] 56. C [1] 60.

C [1] 7 . A [1] 63. B [1] 66. C [1] 68. C [1] 67.62. D [1] 65. C [1] 64.

Accept calculation using pV=nRT.69. [1] for correct formulas. Al2Cl6.15 moles of Na = 23 = 0.0125×22.25  = 0. 20.0125 moles CO2 (allow ECF). [1] for balanced. more vigorous reaction with HCl/OWTTE. 1 [9] 8 .4) = 0.05  –3 concentration =  0.25 100 .20 (mol dm ) Allow ECF from moles of NaOH 3 [3] 71. Full credit can be obtained if the calculations are carried out by another valid method. 267 molecular formula: n = 133. moles of NaOH = 0. 98 Al Cl 35. state symbols not essential. 1. amount of CaCO3 = amount of HCl = 2×0.0250 mol (allow ECF).0167 dm /16.7 cm (allow ECF).8×10 m (allow ECF).45 or similar working (no penalty for use of 27 or 35. 2HCl(aq) + CaCO3(s)  CaCl2(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(1).05. Accept “same as moles of Na”  0.28 dm /280 cm /2.3 79. 1.05. 3 3 –4 3 (0. empirical formula AlCl3.09 (no penalty for use of 100). (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) bubbling/effervescence/dissolving of CaCO3/gas given off (do not accept CO2 produced). Two correct formulas but no valid method scores [2 max].5 = 2. 2 2 3 1:1 ratio of CaCO3 to CO2 /use 0.5).0125 = 0. [4] 70.70 26 . 3 3 volume of HCl = 0.

(ii) C4H8. –3 2NH3 = H2SO4/mol NH3 = 6.017 mol = 56.00  22.6 : 14. RT molar mass 8. [5] 73.314 J (273 K) mol K number of moles of gas n = .03×10 . No penalty for using integer atomic masses.00 g 0. (a) 85. Accept two.0201×0.3 (g mol–1) 2 OR mass of the molar volume 22.01 1.399 dm 3 ). . (a) 2NH3 + H2SO4 → (NH4)2SO4 Accept correct equation with NH4OH instead of NH3. three or four significant figures. 1.0 to 56. Apply –1(SF) if appropriate. –3 [NH3] = 0.150.72.241 (mol dm ). 2 1. 1 No ECF.4 dm 3 molar mass is the at STP. Award [3] for the correct final answer for the concentration calculation.01 = 7. 1.399 = 56.4 mole ratio C:H = 12. PV  mass .01  10 2 kPa (0.3.13:4. 4 9 . empirical formula is (b) (i) CH 2 .3. mol H2SO4 = 0.1 (g mol ) Accept answers in range 56.4 –1 = 0.

102 10 3  0. 3 Accept answer in range 87. Kb = 10 –4.01 1. pH range of bromocresol green is 3.121 .83.4 / occurs at pH < 7. [7] 10 .(b) (c) bromocresol green.8 to 5. Do not allow ECF.0785 10 3 Award [1] for 368 even if incorrect expression given. Do not allow ECF.8.78×10 .O .78  10  0. 4 Award [4] for the correct final answer. C2H4O. Mr  0. Mr = 87.230  8. 1 and 16 are used. only first mark can be scored. [NH 4 ][OH  ] [NH 3 ] Kb = – /[OH ] = K b [ NH 3 ] .H . Award [3] for correct formula without working. 12. (b) mRT pV = nRT/pV = M r /correct rearrangement. reaction of weak base and strong acid/OWTTE.31 368 .4. –5 – [OH ] = 1.75 3 –5 = 1. Award [3] for correct final answer (c) C4H8O2. 3 If atomic numbers or incorrect Ar values used.01 16.00 Do not penalize if 12. C 54. for example any correct conversion of [OH ] to pOH. – Allow ECF. (a) % of oxygen = 36. [11] 74.1 36.4 . pOH = 2.5 9. 1 Answer does not need to show working to receive the mark.8 to 88.

(i) C N H 62.01 Award [2] for above.16 12. 12 C/compared to OR (iii) average mass of a molecule mass of 1 /12 of one atom of 12 C Award [2] for the equation above. No penalty for use of whole number atomic masses. 3 Correct empirical formula scores [3]. (ii) the average mass of a molecule. If atomic numbers used then only mark for % of H can be awarded. and last mark cannot be scored. compared to 1/12 of (the mass of) one atom of C-12 taken as 12. 2 C6N2H16.01 13.9 / 13.0 / 5. award [1].8 1.75.01 24.1 / 1. C3NH8. If H % and calculation missing. 1 [6] 11 .72 14. If H % calculation incorrect apply ECF.

8 1.1 / 1. 3 20. (i) C N H 62.01 24.0 dm CO2.0 / 5. 3 Apply 1(U). (ii) 3 the average mass of a molecule. 3 80.01 Award [2] for above.76.0 dm H2O.16 12.01 13.0 dm O2. 2 C6N2H16. 3 60. If atomic numbers used then only mark for % of H can be awarded. [3] 12 . C3NH8. If H % calculation incorrect apply ECF. 1 [6] 77. OR (iii) average mass of a molecule mass of 1/12 of one atom of 12 C Award [2] for the equation above. Correct empirical formula scores [3]. and last mark cannot be scored. No penalty for use of whole number atomic masses.72 14. If H % and calculation missing. 12 compared to 1/12 of (the mass of) one atom of C/compared to C-12 taken as 12.9 / 13. award [1].

98 1. V and T are both doubled.0122 0. overall there will be no change to the pressure. V  1/P.0122 0.0609 mol.00 0. OR Use PV = nRT.0736)g = 0.731 g and m(H) = 0.01 g mol ) = 0.0609 0. OR OWTTE for mathematical interpretation e.195 16.657 g÷18.0730 0.g.195g. 3 [3] 79.731  0.0122 0. P will remain unchanged. 1 n(H)(= 2×n(H2O) = 0. double volume and the pressure halves.02 g mol ) = 0. Since n and R are constant. n(C) 0.01 g mol 1 = 0.0730 0. Apply ECF if points 2 and 3 are incorrect. (i) 1 n(C)(= n(CO2) = 2.0729 mol.68 g÷44.0122 0.0730 0. 6 Steps used to arrive at the correct amounts (in moles) are required for full marks.0122 4.99 empirical formula: C5H6O. therefore ½P.78. T  P. m(O) = (1.0729 mol×1.0609 0. For C5H6 award [4 max].01 g mol 1 = 0. m(C) = 0.0736 g.0609 mol×12. ½P×2P = P.0609 n(H) n(O) 0.00  0.00. 13 . 5. therefore 2P. No change to P. double absolute temperature and the pressure doubles.

2 [8] 14 .(ii) 1 M(crocetin) = 98.5 g÷0. ( 328  4) 82. ECF from (i).300 mol = 328 (g mol ).11 molecular formula: C20H24O4.

04/17. Accept answer in range 418 to 419. States not required for mark (ii) n(HCl) = cV = 0.008401/8.00250 mol. [1] for balanced equation and [1] for states.002800/2. n(NH3) = n(HCl) = 0.04g mol ECF 1 = 0.0425g.0426g/0. states.9 (g mol ). (a) (b) + 3– 3Ag (aq) + XO4 (aq) → Ag3XO4(s).01 + 3(1.6 g mol 418. 2 [5] 81.00250 mol.002800 mol = 418. m(NH3) = 0. Working must be shown to get point. No penalty for too many sig figs. :N C C N:. 2 15 .401×10 mol (–1 SF) Ignore units even if wrong.2040 mol dm ×0.172 g 1.01) =) 17. empirical formula = CN.0250 dm = 0.80.172g –1 1 mol weighs 0. 3 [3] 82. ECF (iii) 3 1 3 2 1 (M (NH3) = 14.0 (g mol ).04118 dm –3 = 0.100 mol dm ×0. (ii) n Ag 3XO 4 = 1 3 nAg+ = 1 3 1 ×0.800×10 mol 1 ECF from (a) and (b)(i) (iii) 0.6.002800 mol weighs 1. –1 Mr = 51. ECF from (b) (ii) –1 g mol Do not accept g. do not award mark unless 4 sig fig.00250 mol×17. (i) –3 2 3 nAg+ = cV = 0. (i) NH3(aq) + HCl(aq)  NH4Cl(aq).008401 mol –3 = 0.

therefore) zinc is in excess. Must be consistent with calculation above.8 (g). 2 3 3 (O2 remaining) = 100 (cm ).87) + x + 4 (16.    (b)  (moles of) zinc   100. x = 30. 3 (reacting ratio is 1:1.8) = 125.8 g mol –1    = 0.530. Award [1] for formulas and [1] for coefficients.8 ×(65. Accept equilibrium sign.0 g 65. 2 [8] 83. P/phosphorous. 2 [4] 84.0) = 418. (a) Zn + I2 → ZnI2. [5] 16 .0 (amount of zinc iodide = amount of iodine used = 253. (b) (CO2 produced) = 200 (cm ).0/31). –1 (SF) possible. ECF from 2(a). 1 Use ECF throughout.3940.6 therefore.8 moles) 100. (a) C2H4 + 3O2 → 2CO2 + 2H2O.37 + 253. (moles of) iodine ECF throughout.(iv) (3×107. –1 (SF) possible. (c) 100.   100.0 (mass of zinc iodide = 253.37 g mol 1 –1    = 1.0 g     253.99 (accept 31.

95 = 20. 1 1. 2 Allow ECF from (a).00 = 0. Allow ECF.9 mol.5 = 1. 1 2 [7] 86.9  12. 3 n(Cu2S) = 5. (a) (b) to prevent (re)oxidation of the copper/OWTTE. Penalise failure to convert kg  g once only. m(Cu) = 188×63.8 63.10) = CuO.95 = 79.85.25 3 1.0×10 ÷143.10. ECF from above answers.29 (c) H2 + CuO → Cu + H2O.2% 20.55 = 0.4 mol.35 63 . Award [1] for CuO with no working.2 16 = 1. 6. allow 3×n(Cu2O) and 3×n(Cu2O)×63.16 = 31.1 = 69. (a) 3 n(Cu2O) = 10.4 = 188 mol. Accept change colour. number of moles of copper = empirical formula = Cu (0. Cu2S is the limiting reagent.10) : O (0.55.60 7.60 number of moles of oxygen = 16.10. (b) 3 n(Cu) = 6×n(Cu2S) = 6×31.35 7.00×10 ÷159. Alternate solution 6. (d) (black copper oxide) solid turns red/brown. Do not accept reduction of sample size. [5] 17 .0 kg.55 = 11900  12000 g/11.8% 70. Allow ECF. If Cu2O given in (a). condensation/water vapour (on sides of test tube).

88×10 (mol).4 but not 233     n(BaSO4)  (b) (c)  0.40 g mol 1  3 = 0. [5] 88. 3 n(Fe2O3) = 30×10 ÷159.0×10 ÷12.31 / 174.2 ECF potassium/K. ECF from Ar value 2 18 . ECF  m  0.502 g     n 0.00)) = 233. m(Fe) = 376×55.. ECF from M value 3 n (alkali metal sulfate) = 0. or 3 sig. otherwise use  1(SF).06 + 4(16. Fe2O3 is the limiting reagent or implicit in calculation.672 g  233. fig. (2(Ar) + 32 + 4(16) = 174. Correct final answers score [5]. Accept 2 sig.3 / 174. Accept 233.00288 mol  M   2 1 174.85 = 21 kg.88×10 (mol).01/n(C) = 416 mol.34 + 32. 3 n(C) = 5. thus) Ar = 39 / Ar =  Accept answer between 38. fig.40 (g mol ).9 and 39.00288 / 2. Allow ECF.87.00288 / 2. n(Fe) = 2×n(Fe2O3) = 2×188 = 376 mol.7/n(Fe2O3) = 188 mol. ECF 1 units: g mol . (a) 1 M(BaSO4) (= 137. (d) 2  (174  (32  (4 16)    2  =39.

then award [1 max] 2 [9] 89.600 mol used.600) mol H2SO4/0.200 mol.900 mol H2SO4 needed. but correct equation given involving any alkali metal. 2 0. Penalize incorrect units. but only 0.4(g). H2CO3 and carbonic acid/CH3COOH and ethanoic acid. 68. 1 Use ECF from (a).5)(0. (a) (b) (c) 0. 2 0. Some working must be shown in order to score the second point.200 mol Al2(SO4)3.(e) K2SO4(aq) + BaCl2(aq)  BaSO4(s) + 2KCl(aq) Award [1] for balanced equation and [1] for state symbols ECF if another alkali metal arrived at in (d) Accept net ionic equation If no answer arrived at in (d).600 mol Al(OH)3 ≡ (1. A Lewis base is an electron-pair donor. Accept any other weak acid and correct formula. (d) (e) + A Brønsted-Lowry acid is a proton/H donor. 2 1 [8] 19 . H2SO4 limiting reactant.