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SUMMARY

The Master Plan Study of Walanae-Cenranae River Basin Area belongs administratively to six
districts: Enrekang, Wajo, Sidrap, Soppeng, Bone and Maros District.
The water resources used by the community in the objective area consist of PDAM1 (11 %),
water springs and wells (82 %), rivers, rainfall and other sources (7 %) and water purchased
in/from containers (0.3 %).
PDAM that exist in the Study Area are: PDAM Soppeng, PDAM Sengkang, PDAM
Pangkejene, including Water Supply for the sub-districts towns (IKK) in every PDAM.
The service level of PDAM is limited to towns and adjacent areas only. The percentage of
households covered by PDAM is about 10 % for Soppeng District, 7 % for Sidrap District, and
3 % for Wajo District. Most of the people who do not have PDAM’s service in the Study Area,
secure domestic water for daily life by: i). Deep/shallow well, ii). Spring water, iii). Storage of
rainfall from roofs, iv). direct intake from rivers/streams, v). Purchase water.
The raw water source for daily life by storage from rainfall on a roof and direct intake from
river and purchase water is 0.3 % for Soppeng District, 3.5% for Sidrap District, 12.3 % for
Wajo District, 10.6 % for Maros district, 6.5 % for Bone District and 7.4 % for Enrekang
District.
Problems and Constraints for Water Supply Services in the Study Area are:
(1). PDAM Watansoppeng
• Even though rotational water distribution is applied, the PDAM stops water
supply to users two days a week due to insufficiently pump capacity. The present
pump capacities are insufficient for reaching the pressure required.
• The efficiency of water delivery by the PDAM is very low due the high water loss
rate of about 44 %.
(2). PDAM Pangkajene
• Deep well pump capacity is less than required.
• The Groundwater potential necessary for the extension to the proposed new town
area has not been verified.
(3). PDAM Sengkang
• The PDAM’s pump capacity is less than required.
• The Water Treatment operate does not at full installed capacity.
• Water quality of the raw water becomes poor in the dry season.
• Water distribution services by PDAM Sengkang is at present estimated to be
about 5 hours/day with an one day stop interval for each service area, which adds
to the negative image of PDAM.
Some locations of individual water supply in hilly areas and in riverside zones of downstream
Tempe Lake have a shortage in water. The problem with water supply in the hilly zone is

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PDAM is Regional Drinking Water Supply Company
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insufficient quantity, for the riverside zone of downstream Tempe Lake it is the poor water
quality.
Summary of proposed water sources development:
(1). Soppeng District
Following the development of Watansoppeng district and the increasing water demand it
is proposed:
1). Planning of additional production capacity for:
• Watansoppeng, additional reservoirs and pumps
• IKK Takkalalla, Marioriwawo Sub-district, construction of Bulupincakoro
water spring intake
• IKK Cangadi, Liliriaja Sub-district, the construction of deep well and pump
• IKK Cabenge, Lilirilau Sub-district, the construction of Walanae river intake,
water treatment, and pump
• IKK Tajuncu, Donri Donri Sub-district, the construction of water spring
Pincengnge intake
• IKK Batu batu, Marioriawa Sub-district, the construction of deep well and
pump
2). Analysis of water loss and Inventory of piping network in PDAM Soppeng.
(2). Sidrap District
Following the development of Sidrap district and the increasing water demand it is
proposed:
Planning of additional production capacity for:
• Pakajene Town, Additional water reservoir and pump
• IKK Bilokka, Pancalautang Sub-district, the construction of deep well and pump
• IKK Amparita, Tellulimpoe Sub-district, the additional Reservoir and pump
• IKK Rappang, Panca Riajang Sub-district, the construction of deep well and pump
• IKK Empagae, Sidenreng Sub-district, the construction of deep well and pump
• IKK Lancirang, Pituriawa Sub-district, the construction of deep well and pump
• IKK Barukku, Pituriase Sub-district, the construction of Bila river intake, water
treatment, and pump
(3). Wajo District
The technical proposals of PDAM Sengkang are listed as below:
• Increase capacity of raw water transmission pipe
• Construction of reservoir with capacity of 300 m3
• Installation of primary and secondary distribution pipe
• Network expansion in line with existing capacity
• Recalibration of water meters
• Laboratory supply
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The Locations proposed for small and medium scale water supply systems in sub-district
towns (IKK) are:
• IKK Kota baru, Sabbangparu Sub-district, raw water source from Walanae River
• IKK Kampiri, Pammana Sub-district, raw water source from Walanae River
• IKK Solo, Bola Sub-district, raw water source from water spring Watanbola
• IKK Paria, Majauleng Sub-district, raw water source from deep well
• IKK Lajokka, Tanasitolo Sub-district, raw water source from deep well
• IKK Belawa, Belawa Sub-district, raw water source from deep well
• IKK Anabanua, Maniangpajo Sub-district, raw water source from deep well
• IKK Gilirang, Gilirang Sub-district, raw water source from Gilirang River.
(4). Maros District
The Locations of proposed small and medium scale water supply systems in sub-district
towns (IKK) are:
• IKK Cempaniaga, Camba Sub-district, raw water source from Bulu Tamappulu
water spring.
• IKK Watanmallawa, Mallawa Sub-district, raw water source from water spring
Bulu Pademme
• IKK Bengo, Cenrana Sub-district, raw water source from Camba River
(5). Bone District
The Locations of proposed small and medium scale water supply systems in sub-district
town (IKK) are:
• IKK Palattae, Kahu Sub-district, raw water source from deep well
• IKK Tanahbatue, Libureng Sub-district, raw water supply from Batupute Tributary
• IKK Ujung Lamuru, Lappariaja Sub-district, raw water supply from Walanae River
• IKK Bengo, Bengo Sub-district, raw water supply from Coppo Palibunang water
spring
• IKK Lagori, Tellulimpoe Sub-district, raw water supply from Bulu Lagori water
spring
• IKK Taretta, Amali Sub-district, raw water supply from water spring Waepubbu
• IKK Uloe, Dua Boccoe Sub-district, raw water supply from water spring Bulu
Mampu
• IKK Ujung Tanah, Cenranae Sub-district, from deep well
(6). Enrekang District
The Locations of proposed medium water supply systems in sub-district towns (IKK) are:
• IKK Maroangin, Maiwa Sub-district, raw water supply from deep well
• IKK Bungin, Maiwa Atas Sub-district, raw water supply from Naran River
Present condition (2001), is 165 l/s with total population number of 1,337,719 people
The action plan for water supply development exists of four action periods, these are:
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• Urgent (2004-2005), 314 l/s with total population number of 1,370,529 people
• Short-Term (2004-2008), 421 l/s with total population number of 1,395,777 people
• Middle-Term (2009- 2013), 663 l/s with total population number of 1,439,120
people
• Long-Term (2014 – 2028), 889 l/s with total population number of 1,579,292
people
The water capacity standard for small towns is 1 l/s. This will be adequate for 800 to
1,000 people. The calculation of water requirement to fulfill population demand is based
on the assumption that a capacity of 1 l/s is enough for serving 875 persons. The present
and future percentages of the population in the objective area served with water supply are
according the planning: present 11 %, Urgent Plan 20 %, Short-Term Plan 26 %, Middle-
Term Plan 40 % and Long-Term Plan 49 %.