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1 . NABTS stands for?

A. National Association for Broadcasting Teletext Services
B. North American Basic Teletext Standards
C. North American Basic Teletext Specification
D. National Association of Broadcasting Teletext Standard

2. Its original purpose was to allow early television receivers to have very simple sync recovery circuits
A. Vertical Blanking Interval
B. World Teletext Standards
C. Antiope
D. Teletext

3. These are captions or subtitles which are “burnt in” to the video.
A. Burnt Subtitle
B. Open Caption
C. Closed Caption
D. Video Burnt Subtitle

4. It is the French version of the teletext.
A. Antiope
B. French Teletext
C. NABTS
D. European Teletext

5. It is used to allow early television receivers to have very simple sync recovery circuits.
A. Teletext
B. Vertical Blanking Interval
C. Antiope
D. Packets

6. A popular text and data distribution system in Europe that use spare capacity of VBI.
A. Teletext
B. Vertical Blanking Interval
C. Antiope
D. Packets

7. There are how many types of Teletext Packet?
A. 33 types
B. 32 types
C. 24 types
D. 16 types

8. Theyare special packets and are not used in the original UK specification.
A. Packets 24-31
B. Packets 0-1
C. Packets 1-7
D. Packets 23 -31

9. It is to disregard packets in the 24-31 range.
A. Vocoders
B. Decoders
C. tricoders
D. Header

10. Packets in range of 24-31 cannot be usually associated with a row, all packets are usually described as
packet followed by?
A. Tee number
B. Dee number
C. Roman number
D. Both b and c

11. It contains the Page Header Row, which only contains 32 bytes of binary information.
A. Header Packet
B. Packet 0
C. Starting Packet
D. Packet 1

12. Header Row contains the magazine and the page number, which is between.
A. 100 and 899
B. 100 and 699
C. 100 and 999
D. 100 and 799

13. Packets 1-23 contains up to how many displayable data?
A. 10 bytes
B. 40 bytes
C. 20 bytes
D. 25 bytes

14.This contains up to six labels, four of which are displayed at the bottom of the viewer‟s screen.
A. Packet 24
B. Packet 25
C. Packet 26
D. Packet 31

15. This can contain data to replace the normal Page 0 Header Text. An example of this is subtitling.
A. Packet 22
B. Packet 25
C. Packet 24
D. Packet 31

16. This packet can also address character positions in the „side panels‟ possible with some of the
enhanced forms of teletext.
A. Packet 26
B. Packet 22
C. Packet 24
D. Packet 31

17. The labels in _______ tell the decoder which bank of memory to display when a special remote control
key is pressed.
A. Packet 0
B. Packet 24
C. Packet 26
D. Packet 27

18. It is used for data broadcasting, usually to private networks; 28-36 bytes of user data can be sent per
line of VBI, giving a data rate of 5600-7200 bit/s.
A. Packet 31
B. Packet 32
C. Packet 24
D. Packet 21

19. Standard teletext test page used by ________ broadcasters.
A. American
B. German
C. African
D. Japanese

20. It indicate which of the four Data Channel Groups the message belongs to.
A. Byte 4
B. Byte 5
C. Byte 6
D. Byte 7

21. Is the process of electronically encoding television speech in such a way that, although it is invisible to
the regular viewer
A. Closed Captioning
B. Roll Up
C. Paint on
D. Pop Up

22. Method of captioning where captions are wiped on from the left and then roll up as the next line
appears underneath.
A. Pop Up
B. Roll Up
C. Paint On
D. Brush Up

23. Method of captioning where a single line of text is wiped onto the screen, remains there briefly and then
disappears.
A. Pop Up
B. Roll Up
C. Paint On
D. Brush Up

24. Method of captioning where the complete sentence must be pre-assembled off screen.
A. Pop Up
B. Roll Up
C. Paint On
D. Brush Up

25. In Closed Caption Character Set what Hexadecimal code correspond to symbol "!"
A. 20
B. 21
C. 22
D. 23

26. In Closed Caption Character Set what Hexadecimal code correspond to symbol "#"
A. 20
B. 21
C. 22
D. 23

27. In Closed Caption Character Set what Hexadecimal code correspond to symbol "@"
A. 40
B. 41
C. 42
D. 43

28. Process which read the Closed Captions and remove objectionable words from the caption or the
soundtrack, or both.
A. Profanity Removal
B. Closed Caption Removal
C. Transmission Removal
D. V-Chip Removal

29. A Chip that allows parental control of material that might be viewed by minors.
A. A-Chip
B. V-Chip
C. X-Chip
D. Y-Chip

30. VITC stands for ____________
A. Vertical Interval TimeColoredl
B. Vertical Interval TimeCascade
C. Vertical Interference TimeCode
D. Vertical Interval TimeCode

31. Are two systems that Nielsen use for assessing audience numbers and other purposes.
A. AMOL-I and AMOL-II
B. LOMA-I and LOMA-II
C. LAMO-I and LAMO-II
D. None of the above




32. AMOL stands for _________
A. Automatic Measuring of Line-Ups
B. Automated Measurement of Line-Ups
C. Automated Metric Line-Ups
D. None of the Above

33. The process of converting an analogue waveform to a digital representation or viceversa
is called __________.
A. Heterodyning
B. ACDC
C. Digitizing
D. None of the Above

34. The final layer involved in connecting the digital signal to the rest of the world involves converting it into
analogue voltage wave-form
A. Physical Layer
B. Error Handling Layer
C. Serial Layer
D. None of the Above

35. Digital waveform monitors will show the signal on a graphical display and this is the way to check signal
timing etc.
A. Screening
B. Monitoring
C. Handling
D. Transmitting

36. Allows for 8-bit or 10-bit operation on digitising layer.
A. Handling
B. Transmission
C. Monitoring
D. Quantization

37. The Digital Active Line of ITU-R BT. 601 has _______ luminance picture samples.
A. 720
B. 820
C. 920
D. 620

38. The most fundamental colour components of a T.V. system are signals conveying quantities of the
RED, GREEN and BLUE colour television primaries.
A. Component Colour Systems
B. Monitor Colour System
C. Television Colour System
D. None of the Above

39. In Closed Caption Character Set what Hexadecimal code correspond to symbol "1"
A. 30
B. 31
C. 32
D. 33

40. In Closed Caption Character Set what Hexadecimal code correspond to symbol "%"
A. 24
B. 27
C. 26
D. 25

41. ITU-R stands for
A. International Telecommunication Union –Reference
B. International Telecommunication Union –Reccomendation
C. International Telecommunication Union –Radiocommunication sector
D. International Telecommunication Union –Requirement

42. The luminance sampling in the industry standard
A. 15 MHz
B. 13.5 MHz
C. 27 MHz
D. 41.5 MHz


43. It indicates what field the following data represents, 0 for even field and 1 for odd field. It changes state
at the beginning the first line of each field.
A. Field Bit
B. Vertical Blanking Interval
C. Horizontal Blanking Interval
D. F.V.H. bits

44. The ______________ for each sub frame are concatenated into two blocks of 192 bits each.
A. Parity bit
B. Auxiliary Bit
C. Mode
D. Channel Status bit

45. It is used to ensure even parity for each sub frame in the multiplex
A. Parity bit
B. Auxiliary bit
C. Mode
D. Channel Status bit

46. SCMS stands for
A. Serial Consumer Management System
B. Serial Communication Management System
C. Serial Copy Management System
D. Signal Communication Management System

47. It indicates the number of user data words contained in the packet.
A. ANC packet space formatting
B. Data Count word
C. Digital count word
D. Data block number

48. A total of how many data identification (DID) values are reserved for 8-bit application?
A. 189
B. 178
C. 167
D. 29000

49. A total of how many data identification (DID) values are reserved for 10-bit application?
A. 189
B. 178
C. 167
D. 29000

50. It allows regeneration of the word clock essential for recovery of parallel data from serialised digital
video and correct identification of the Y, Cb and Cr values.
A. FVH bits
B. Digital Active Line
C. Timing Reference Signal
D. Field bit

51. The Timing Reference is composed of how many 8-bits values?
A. Nine
B. One
C. Twenty
D. Four

52. EBU stands for
A. European Broadcasting Union
B. Engineering Broadcasting Union
C. European Broadcasting University
D. None of the above

53. Most consumer applications, notably Compact Disc, use this sampling frequency.
A. 32 kHz
B. 44.1 kHz
C. 48 kHz
D. 96 kHz

54. The preferred choice for most broadcasters, allowing some leeway in anti-aliasing filter design and,
most importantly having a convenient relationship to television field frequency.
A. 32 kHz
B. 44.1 kHz
C. 48 kHz
D. 96 kHz

55. It can carry user-specific information.
A. User bit
B. Validity bit
C. Parity bit
D. Auxiliary bit

56. It presumes that the two channels have been simultaneously sampled.
A. Mode
B. Stereo-phonic mode
C. Single-channel double sampling frequency mode
D. None of the above

57. It can handle two completely independent audio channels
A. Tsingle-channel double sampling frequency mode
B. Two-channel mode
C. Mode
D. Stereo-phonic mode

58. It is a standard exists for carrying timecode data embedded in the SDI multiplex
A. Error detection and handling
B. Timecode
C. Audio channels
D. SDI video

59. If this bit is set the accompanying data is identified as being unsuitable for conversion to analogue
audio.
A. Parity bit
B. User bit
C. Auxilialry bit
D. Validity bit

60. EDH works by embedding _____________ checkwords as ancillary data within the multiplex.
A. FVH
B. SMTPE
C. CRC
D. NRZ

61. It indicates the number of user data words contained in the packet.
A. Data Identification
B. Data Count
C. Secondary Data Identification
D. Ancillary data

62. When ancillary data is carried in the horizontal blanking period it is often referred to as __________.
A. Type 1 ANC data
B. Type 2 ANC data
C. HANC data
D. ANC data

63. The DBN or Data Block Number is only valid if _________.
A. the DID is 80 hex or greater
B. the DID is less than 80 hex
C. the SDID is 80 hex or greater
D. the SDID is less than 80 hex

64. The type 1 ANC requires how many bit interconnection?
A. 8-bit
B. 10-bit
C. 12-bit
D. 16-bit

65. In an ANC data word, what bit/bits define the audio channel within a group?
A. bit 1
B. bit 2
C. bits 1 and 2
D. none of the above

66. Data count word ranges from _________.
A. 0 to 55
B. 0 to 155
C. 0 to 255
D. 0 to 355

67. This is the only class that must be carried by the video index data and contains information required to
display the signal, not including pan and scan. It indicates the aspect ratio used.
A. Class 1.1
B. Class 1.2
C. Class 2.1
D. Class 2.2

68. Was developed to allow high-bit-rate data to be sent over an SDI link using the active line period.
A. D-VITC
B. SDTI
C. Video Index
D. Betacam

69. This is a type 2 ANC data packet with data ID of 40h and a secondary data ID of 01h.
A. SDTI header
B. SDI encoder
C. SDTI formatter
D. SDI decoder

70. Is a unit that has the ability to receive and decode an element, or a set of elements and associated
metadata, carried within an SDTI-CP stream?
A. SDTI-CP layer
B. SDTI formatter
C. SDTI-CP decoder
D. SDTI deformatter

71. This application provides for transport of picture and audio information, along with auxiliary data such
as teletext or ANC data packets, within the payload (active line) area of an SDI signal in the form of
SDTI data blocks.
A. SDTI-Content Package
B. Digitizing Layer
C. Multiplexing Layer
D. Error Detection and Handling

72. TCP stands for _______.
A. Transition Control Protocol
B. Transfer Control Protocol
C. Transmission Control Protocol
D. Technology Control Protocol

73. The Audio Engineering Society has standardized a method, referred to as ______, for carrying digital
audio across an ATM network.
A. SMPTE
B. AES47
C. AES3
D. IEEE1394

74. Has become one of the most popular options for interconnecting DVB or MPEG-2 transport streams.
A. Synchronous Serial Interface
B. Asynchronous Serial Interface
C. Synchronous Parallel Interface
D. Asynchronous Parallel Interface

75. The difference in the number of „1‟ bits to „0‟ bits.
A. Running Disparity
B. Percent Error
C. Code Efficiency
D. None of the Above

76. __________ transmits each byte in a transport stream packet contiguously, adding sufficient stuffing
words between each packet to increase the data rate to the 270 Mbit required.
A. Burst Mode
B. Serial Mode
C. Channel Mode
D. Packet Mode

77. CORBA allows software objects on one computer platform to interact with each other, probably across
a computer network, exchanging control information and perhaps data. CORBA stands for
___________.
A. Computer Oriented Roll-Back Access
B. Common Object Request Broker Architecture
C. Common Office Request for Back-up Agent
D. Code-operated Random Burst Access

78. The "payload" present in the ANC packet.
A. Data ID word
B. Data Count word
C. Checksum word
D. User Data word

79. If CORBA is for control, ___________ is about the exchange of information.
A. SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol)
B. XML (Extensible Mark-up Language)
C. DVE (Digital Video Effects)
D. Low Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS)

80. An/A ____________ provides MPEG data, along with associated headers or PIDs (Packet IDs).
A. MPEG coder
B. MPEG compressor
C. Both a and b
D. None of the above


















































81. A fixed size packet of 56 bytes. This contain information about the AV content.
A. Track description
B. Media description
C. User data
D. Material description

82. A fixed packet sized of 48 bytes.
A. Payload
B. Atom
C. Data
D. Stream
83. Is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file.
A. File
B. Format
C. File Format
D. Computer File
84.Is a file exchange format for the transfer of simple and compound clips between television program
storage systems.
A. GXF
B. AAF
C. MXF
D. MPEG-7
85.The process of translating data structure or object state into a format that can be stored .
A. Serialization
B. Quantization
C. Binarization
D. Quantizing

86.A wrapper into which a system places video, audio and metadata.
A. File
B. Format
C. File Format
D. Computer File


86. It specifies the packet identity and the total packet length.
A. Pacaket Header
B. Packet Length
C. Data stream
D. MXF Data

87. Provides up to 1000-byte offsets into the stream.
A. Field Locator Length
B. Track description
C. Media description
D. User data

88. This contains detailed material description and used defined information.
A. Track description
B. Media description
C. User data
D. Unified Material Format

89. Defines a new range of compression technologies for both high and low bit rates.
A. Mpeg-7
B. Mpeg-4
C. GXF
D. MXF

90. Formally called Multimedia Content Description Interface.
A. Mpeg-4
B. GXF
C. MXF
D. Mpeg-7

91. An extensible multimedia framework developed byApple Inc.
A. Mpeg-4
B. GXF
C. MXF
D. Quick Time Format
92. Used to encapsulate both metadata and elementary streams.
A. Payload
B. Atom
C. Data
D. Stream

93. This is based on the extensible Mark-up Language (XML).
A. Description Definition Language
B. Extreme Schema
C. Data Access
D. Mpeg-4
94 .A professional file interchange format designed for the video post production and authoring
environment.
A. MXF
B. GXF
C. AAF
D. File Format

95. Part of filmmaking, video production and photography process.
A. Filmmaking
B. Video Production
C. Authoring
D. Post production

96. These are source material base. They allow detailed description of individual AV clips.
A. Clip Frameworks
B. Production Framework
C. Scene Framework
D. Material Framework
97.Metadata in these frameworks relate to the entire production of the material.
A. Clip Frameworks
B. Production Framework
C. Scene Framework
D. Material Framework

98.These are creative notes on the production.
A. Clip Frameworks
B. Production Framework
C. Scene Framework
D. Material Framework

99.It is where information on raw material storage is stored
A. Composite Packages
B. Physical Source Package
C. Material Packages
D. Source package

100.It contains location and access detail of the AV content.
A. Composite Packages
B. Physical Source Package
C. Material Packages
D. Source package