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Form 2 Science

Chapter 5
FORM 2 CHAPTER 5
WATER AND SOLUTION
1. Diagram 1 shows the apparatus used in the electrolysis of water.


(a) Suggest one example of substance Z.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) Which of the two carbon rods function as the negatie electrode!
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(c) When the circuit is switched on" some gas is collected in each test tube.
(i) What is the gas collected in test tube #!
………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) Suggest one way to identify the gas collected in test tube #.
……………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) What is the gas collected in test tube $!
……………………………………………………………………………………………

(i) Suggest a way to identify the gas collected in test tube $ .
……………………………………………………………………………………………
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%est tube #
Water & Substance Z
Diagram 1
%est tube $
'arbon rod ( 'arbon rod )
Form 2 Science
Chapter 5

(d) State the expected ratio of the olume of the gas collected in test tube $ to the
olume of the gas collected in test tube #.
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
*. Diagram * shows an actiity conducted to determine the free+ing point and the boiling
point of water.

(a) Why is salt added to the ice cubes in ,!
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
(b) What is the function of the glass tube in -!
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(c) State the temperature of water in , when it begins to free+e.
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(d) State the temperature of water in - when it begins to boil.
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(e) What is the change in the state of matter when water
(i) free+es.
…………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) boils.
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Diagram *
Form 2 Science
Chapter 5
……………………………………………………………………………………………
(f) What happens to the motion of water molecules when water
(i) free+es.
…………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) boils.
………….………………………………………………………………………………
/. Diagram / shows an experiment to study the effect of humidity on eaporation.
(a) State the ariables in the experiment.
(i) 0anipulated ariable.
………………………………………………………………………..
(ii) 1esponding ariable.
……………………………………………………………………….
(iii) 'onstant ariable.
……………………………………………………………………………
(b) What is the function of the anhydrous calcium chloride!
………………………………………………………………………………………………
(c) 2ame another chemical substance that can be used to replace the anhydrous
calcium chloride.
………………………….………………………………………………………………………
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Diagram /
Form 2 Science
Chapter 5
(d) Why is the bea3er containing water placed in the bell 4ar #!

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(e) What would be obsered in bell 4ar # and bell 4ar $ after one hour! Why!

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………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(f) State two other factors that influence the rate of eaporation.
(i)
………………………………………………………………………………………………....
(ii)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5. Diagram 5.1 shows pictures of substances P, Q, R and S.
%able 5.* shows the p6 of the substances P, Q, R and S when tested with uniersal
indicator
Substance P Q R S
p6 7 / 8 *
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Diagram 5.1
0il3 of magnesia
P
9range
Q
%oothpaste
R
:inegar
S
Form 2 Science
Chapter 5
%able 5.*
(a) -ased on your obseration on Diagram 5.1 and %able 5.* state one property of
substances #" $" 1 and S .
#.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
$.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
1.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
S.
…………………………………………………………………………..…………………….
(b) 'lassify the substances #" $" 1 and S into two groups based on their common
properties.
Write the names of the substances belonging to each group



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'ommon
property
#" $" 1" and S
2ames of
substances
Form 2 Science
Chapter 5
;. Diagram ;.1 shows the reaction between dilute hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide.
%he results of the actiity are recorded in %able ;.*

'hange in colour of
uniersal indicator
<nitial =inal
#urple 0
p6 alue 7 >
%able ;.*
(a)(i) State the colour of 0.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) 2ame the process that causes this change in colour.


…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) 'omplete the word e?uation that shows the reaction.
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Dilute hydrochloric acid
Sodium hydroxide solution &
uniersal indicator
Diagram ;.1
6ydrochloric acid
+
Sodium hydroxide
+
Form 2 Science
Chapter 5
(b) Diagram ;.* shows seeral substances with different p6 alues.

(i) -ased on Diagram ;.*" complete the table below by giing one example for each
group of substances.
,cidic ,l3aline
@* marksA
(ii) What is the p6 alue of distilled water!

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
@1 markA
(iii) Why do we use toothpaste to brush our teeth!


…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
@1 markA
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0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
lemon apple tomato toothpaste soap
0il3 of magnesia
Diagram ;.*